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date (1900-02-25) newspaper_issue » SWJnONTWO. 
• PAGES 9 TO 12. 


PAGES 9 TO 12. • 

The Lexington Press — Bsrtablished 1870. 

The Press-Transcrlp't — Consolidated January 1. 1895. 



The Morning Transcript— ESgtabllshed 187 t 

15 cents per week by carriers. 
Single copies 5 cents. 

A Day in The Herald Office 


In connection with a story of some 
lof the troubles of a newspaper man’s 
.life, a glimpse behind the curtain at 
the daily and nightly work in a news- 
paper office, we republish an editorial 
.from The Morning Herald of May 4, 
1899, on “The Province of the Press.” 
.How well or how ill The Morning Her- 
ald has lived up to the ideal therein 
suggested— how it has filled or failed 
to fill the full province o: a newspa- 
per in this town and county, only those 
who are its daily readers are capable 
of ti-uthfully telling. Day by day it 
has done the best possible, every effort 
has been made to give the people of 
T.,exin'gton the best paper possible, give 
■the news as it happened, to give in 
the news columns all the happenings 
of the world Of the day before without 
liias and without coloring; to print 
dll the news that was true and fit to 
print, to do justice to a.i and show 
kindness to aii. In the editorial col- 
umns those politics which were believed, 
with all the might of an intellect and 
all the yearning of a heart that de- 
sired only Kentucky’s good have been 
advocated. Whether it has done its 
work in its sphere well or not time will 
tell. It has never printed a line through 
malice, nor suppressed an opinion 
through fear, and has tried to do unto 
•others as it would have others do unto 
it. The editorial referred to above fol- 

(Prom The Morning Herald of May 4. 


In the New York Times the following 
paragraph appeared some time since, 
to be from one of the recent 
aermons of the Rev. Doctor Ralnsford: 

“There was a time when journalism 
•was seriously regarded as an opportu- 
nity for public education, and those at 
the head of it held fast by that ideal. 
That time, alas! is i ast. I know many 
young men on newspapers in this city 
and several of the chief editors. I know 
I am not guilty of any uncharitable 
criticism when I declare that there is 
not one single paper in this city with 
any considerable circulation that cares 
a fig for any mortal thing but making 

The universal condemnation of any 
class of persons may be accepted as 
Inaccurate, and it is not possible that 
Hhe statement can be true that there 
'iS not a single paper' in the city of 
New York with any considerable cir- 
culation that cares for any mortal 
thing but making money.” The pub- 
lishing of newspapers is a very com- 
plicated and expensive business. Those 
who are not familiar with the manu- 
facture of a paper can scarcely realize 
the skill, expertness, intelligence and 
capital required in this business. It is 
also a combination of practical busi- 
iness with a profession. Those who 
write for it may be said to belong to 
the profession of journalism, and no 


The Working Force of The Morning Herald. 

paper can be successfully conducted ; 
without capacity in the writers, and i 
this capacity is of the, most varied ' 
forms. It is also a complex business, i 
and is necessarily divided into two, it , 
not three, distinct branches. There is I 
the mechanical skill of the printer, the | 
pressman, the electrician, the engin- | 
eer and others who are required for the ^ 
mechanical work upon the paper. ' 
There is the counting room, with all 
the diversified necessities which are ; 
required to provide the means for sup- , 
porting a paper and which must come i 
in direct contact with the patrons of , 
the paper. And in addition to those | 
who write, those who transact the | 
counting room business and those 
whose mechanical skill produce the 
paper, there must often be a general j 
manager under whose supervision all i 
of these work. And that management , 
must control the general political poli- 
cy of the paper, its special features, ; 
and give tone and color to its col- 
umns. It must also supervise the busi- 
ness of the counting room and the skill 
of the mechanical department, and of- 
ten, in addition, manage difficult finan- 
cial transactions. The daily paper is 
connected by its telegraphic associa- 
tions and its reportorial forces with 
every neighborhood in the world, but 
it is also peculiarly situated accord- 
ing to its own individual and local en- 

Its chief businees is to print the be obtained, but this is not the sole 
news. The skill of the editor is shown ' object nor the main purpose, any more 
iu the nearness of its approach to be- j than it is the sole object of Doc'-or 
ing a m'icrocoem of the world of the | KQiii£;£,rd to^.obtasn a salary wb^u he 
day before. But it could not live if ■ entered the pulpit or his only purpose 
it only printed the news. Those pa- , to be paid for his services. “The la- 
pers which depend for existence solely jjorer is worthy of his hire,” whether 
upon telegraphic or local news have a ^ ti^ preaches in the pulpit or manages 
comparatively short existence and are newspaper, and one of the necessary 
without permanent influence. The pa- I elements in the character and cai)acity 
per must have a distinct and defined of g, successful manager is that he shall 
policy. Its editorial columns must ; t,g capable of making his paper profita- 
etand for something. It must make for i)ie_ for otherwise the enterprise fails, 
itself an Individual character. It must . jjyf while this is true, the main pur- 
become as well known for its individu- pose of the journalist is to affect pub- 
.ality as the most conspicuous citizen [jg sentiment, to build up the commu- 
of that community. It talks every day which he lives, to add to the 

to a constituency which has become so pi-osperitV of the city in which he pub- 
accustomed to listening to its columns | Ughes his paper, to increase the power 
that the failure of a single, issue to au.,i usefulness of the party whose be- 
reach a patron causes iiTitation and | ijefs he shares, to be a power for good 
disappointment. It becomes a necessity with the people among whom his pa- 
in the households into which it goes, j pgr circulates. And there is no busi- 
Its patrons do not realize how neces- ! ness in which more charity, in all 
sary the morning or evening paper la ' senses of that word, is daily distribut- 
until it fails to be delivered, and then ed than by the manager of a euccess- 
the patron discovers that he has lost ; f„i newspaper. There is no business 
something. Such a paper could not be | where gratuitous work is so frequent- 
suecessfully or permanently publish- , ly performed. In the columns of a 
ed in any community if it were truth- properly managed paper doily appear 
fully guilty of the charge brought notices, recommepdations, enconiums, 
against the papers of New York by Dr. j friendly aiticles in support of good 
Rainsford. ] enterprises, of religious, political, so- 

Of course, those who owm the paper j cial and often business movements, 
print it os a means of livelihood, and This is partly done because of the 
for the pecuniary results which can : news contained in these publications; 

partly, no doubt, because it forms ties 
to the paper, with friendly bands, to 
those who are interested in these va- 
ripua. movements; partly out of the 
■ general good nature of those who con- 
: duct the neavspapers, but largely and 
! mainly out of the general policy of 
1 journalism, which is to cordially add 
any enterprise of interest and advant- 
I age to the community in which the pa- 
per is published. Charity in another 
and more precious sense is daily ex- 
i ercised in the editorial and reportorial 
' rooms of a newspaper. The glaring 
i fault of what is known as “modem 
journalism” is the erroneous concep- 
' tion of many of its members that 
i scandal and acts of Immorality, dis- 
honesty and acts of other 
; improper nature are news, 
and the private homes of 
families are Invaded and publications 
made for which there is no defense. 
But this is the exception rather than 
the rule. Any one who has been for 
any length of time connected with 
newspapers knows how frequently 
! scandals are brought to the notice of 
I its reporters to which no allusion is 
ever made, how frequently the knowl- 
edge of wrong doings is forced upon 
its reporters and no reference allowed 
in the columns of the pamper. We do 
! not hesitate to say that as a rule the 
I better class of men who control news- 
papers are more charitable in their 

judgment of their fellow men than 
any other class of men with whom we 
! are acquainted. Thefe are reporter's 
: who are mere scavengers; who live as 
scavengers do, by cleaning the garb- 
age of the gutters, and there are peo- 
ple to buy this gai-bage, precisely like 
market gardeners buy the garbage of 
the cities for manure; but these scav- 
engers are no more relatively numer- 
ous than those preachers who disgrace 
their cloth, or those doctors who sen- 
sationally figure in criminal cases. 

The province of the daily press has 
constantly grown with the progress of 
civilization. The practical use of elec- 
tricity in the transmission of news, the 
constant development of rapid trans- 
portation have brought into close con- 
nection the entire world. The result 
upon the daily paper has been to 
enormously enlarge itsiield from which 
it gathers its news. If any one will 
take the trouble t(5 compare the New 
York Tribune when first established by 
Horace Greeley with the Tribune of 
today, or the New York Herald, or the 
Louisville Journal with the Ckuirier- 
Joumal, or the Leader and Herald of 
this date with the papers of a hundred 
years ago, the contrast is simply mar- 
velous. Not only has lae size of these 
papers been increased, but the diversi- 
fication of their contents has been mar- 
velously increased. This has required 
great expense and necessitated the 
employment of men of Various capac- 
ities and qualities. The editorial col- 
umns have not grown in importance 
relatively to the news columns, but 
the daily of today under the control of 
an able man, managed so as to supply 
the demand of the business -world, of 
the political parties and of social life, 
has grown until it is one of the most 
important, if not indeed the most im- 
portant, factor in the settlement of all 
questions that are political, social and 
economic in this complicated civiliza- 
tion of today. 

And we do not hesitate to add that 
its influence is for good; its advocacy 
of truth and right is able, oourageoua 
and mainly unselfish. The profession 
has among its members some who dis- 
grace the calling; it sometimes is ve- 
nal and base, but this, alas, is true of 
all callings among sinful men and will 
always be until that millennium for 
which we sigh and yet- don’t want to 
j come in our day. But today the press 
is a potent, if not the most potent, de- 
fender of truth, the most powerful de- 
fender of liberty, the most courageous 
tribune of the plain people and the 
least awed of all professions by wealth, 
power or position. 

To all preachers who serve the Mas- 
ter, to all citizens who love their 
country and strive to serve it, to all 
who seek the right and follow the 
truth, the press is friend, helper, com- 


For everything that is done in this 
goodly world some one must assume 
responsibility. The man who willingly 
assumes this responsibility with the 
determination to make it part of him- 
self is the man who succeeds. That 
responsibility is the standard by which 
the world will judge him. How well 
and how honorably he performs the 
duties assumed represents his capacity 
and his character in t-e public mind. 
And in a newspaper office, as in every 
other organization of any importance 
or any magnitude, that responsibility, 
while it stands before the public in the 
personality of one man, is within itself 
divided into many component factors. 
There is one man who receives the 
praise or the blame, the credit or the 
discredit of the people of the commu- 
nity for the work done by the men un- 
der him. He may have ctle or noth- 
ing to do with the maaing or the mar- 
ring of his own paper, but none the 
less the proprietor of that paper is thf 
man who must answer to the public 
for the talents entrusted to his keep- 
ing. It is the men under him who do 
the work that attracts attention, that 
causes favorable or caustic criticism; 
it is they who let the litLe errors, the 
little inaccuracies creep in, or keep 
them out; it is they who judge the im- 
portance of the news, what space and 

what prominence each item is worth; 
it is they who make the advertising 
contracts which are to bring in the 
revenue on which to run; it is they 
who push the circulation, which is the 
other source on which the paper must 
depend for its legitimate expenses; it 
is they who buy his machinery, make | 
his paper contracts, who watch the i 
corners, who look out for the little as 
well as the big items that enter into 
his expense account — who, in point of 
fact, literally take the running of his 
business out of his own hands, publish 
his paper, whether good or bad. and 
turn over to him all profits earned as 
a result of their work, or the deficit 
that must be paid. 

The proprietor promulgates the ideas, ; 
but it is the men under him who must ! 
interpret those ideas and execute them. 
He controls the general po.-cy of his ' 
paper, but it is the men under him who ' 
can make that policy effective or inef- 
fective, beneficial or injurious, by their 
handling of the news, by the coloring 
of their headlines, and by the general 
tone of the paper through its news 
columns — for, after all, these have 
more to do with the expression of the 
policy of the paper to the average read- 
er than do the editorial columns. But 
the proprietor is the man who stands 
responsible to the public, and his wis- 

dom or his folly is aemonstrated by 
his choice of the men under him. 


There is as much difference between 
the business department of a metropol- 
itan daily and a paper the size of ’The 
Herald as there is between that of The 
Herald and a country weekly. In the 
caro of the last mentioned the editor 
and proprietor and business manager 
is one and the same, being directly and 
I personally responsible for every detail 
' of every department of his paper. On 
I the metropolitan daily the proprietor 
j has merely a general supervision ol 
‘ his paper, if, indeed, he lives in the 
I same city where it is published. He 
is, however, the real head, while the 
business manager and the managing 
editor are the active heads of their two 
departments, and have the making or 
the marring of the paper in their 
bands. Under each is a small army of 
men. The one has entire charge of all 
the business of the paper; the other en- 
tire- charge of the news of the paper. 

^ The first has two principal men under 
him — the advertising manager and the 
I circulation manager. In each of these 
j respective departments are dozens of 
j solicitors and clerks. The managing 
editor has under him the city editor 
and the telegraph editor — the one re- 
sponsible for all local news, the other 

for all telegraphic news, and working 
under each dozens of reporters, head- 
writers and sub-editors on the one 
hand, and on the other head-writers 
and sub-editors as well, with special 
correspondent® in every city and town 
of importance in the country to gather 
and furnish the news. 

The editorial writers are independ- 
ent of both the managing editor and 
the business manager, while the fore- 
man of the composing room, primar- 
ily responsible to the managing editor, 
is also under the supervision of the 
business manager, and the foreman of 
the press room, directly responsible to 
the business manager, must also an- 
swer to the managing editor. 

t'he business manager. 

But The Herald, of course, has not 
yet grown to all this. The business 
manager, whose woes - am here sup- 
posed to record, is both advertising 
manager and circulation manager. He 
has under him solicitors in both de- 
partments, but he it is who must make 
the advertising contracts, he who 
must give instructions to his solicitors' 
who must devise ways and means for 
pushing both departments, for getting 
contracts for more advertising space at 
better rates as the circulation of the 
paper grows and it® expenses Increase, 
for working that circulation in sur- 

rounding towns as well as at home— in 
short, it is he who must watch the 
thousand details of a business which 
affords a man as much to think about 
and gives him as much to do as does 
any other business on earth. 

The first thing that he hears in the 
morning is the “kick” of some irate 
subscriber whose paper has been 
“swiped” by some nomadic sleuth or 
“chawed” up by his dog, and who 
swears that the carrier with premedi- 
tated design and malice aforethought 
failed to leave the paper, knowing 
that he (the subscriber) desired it es- 
pecially on this particular morning — 
and the last thing that the same poor 
devil’s eyes rest upon before he turns 
over to drown bis sorrows in sleep is 
a letter from a foreign advertiser 
swearing that if his ad does not get a 
better position hereafter he will im- 
mediately withdraw it from the paper. 

The business manager hais his trou- 
bles every day, but of all days Satur- 
day is the most trying and the most 
pleasant. There is more business on 
that day and more work, there is more 
money taken in and more paid out 
than on any other. From the time he 
comes down at 8 o’clock in the morn- 
ing until the night is half over he has 
his hands more than full. The book- 

keeper has preceded him an hour whi.tx 
he reaches the office, and has entered 
the new advertising in the advertising 
register and checked over the paper, 
marking each display and reading no- 
tice, each “c. c. ad” and each inch 
card, both home and foreign, so that 
the foreman will know whether to run 
it on the succeeding aay, whether it is 
to be “killed,” or when it goes again. 
The business manager must go over all 
this and either o. k. it or correct it. 
The circulation report must then be 
gone through, a balance taken for the 
preceding day’s business, new letteis 
read and answers to old ones dictated. 

Then there are many parties to see 
with reference to advertising. Some 
desire a display for Sunday only, some 
want to run a week, others a month. 
Rates must be made for each, the ad- 
vantages of the paper shown to ca-..h. 
the scope of its circulation, the thor- 
oughness with which it covers its field. 
Some advertising is refused. The ad- 
vertiser is unwilling to pay the paper’s 
rates, the paper will not cut below 
those rates. Others who are new at ad- 
vertising want advice with reference 
to it — as to how large a space they 
should take, as to what position will 
be most beneficial, as to whether local 
reading notices or display advertising 
Is more effective. Some want their 

PAGE 10, 



xds written. All of Oiese the business 
manager must attempt to satisfy. The 
one he must advise to the beat of his 
ability, for the other he must consent 
to write the ad, for both he must 
strive to make the lesuits from the 
advertising as beneficial as possible, 
80 as to make them permanent pat- 
rons. On ordinary occasions tliis is 
enough to keep a man iiretty busy, 
but when a paper is caro'ing over 
1,200 inches of display advertising and 
nearly a thousand lines of local read- 
ing notices from over an hundred dif- 
ferent patrons, as did The Herald on 
Sunday, December 17, it is almost 
enough to make one’s hands full. 

Saturday is a great day for the coun- 
try people to come to town and either 
pay up their subscriptions or subscribe 
lor a paper, and frequently there are 
a dozen good, substantial farmers to- 
gether waiting in The Herald counting 
room till the clerk behind the desk can 
get to them. Since the establishment 
of free rural mail delivery in Fayette 
oounty The Herald goes into hundreds 
more country homes than it did for- 
merly, which has caused no Incoimid- 
•rable Increase in its businese. 

All day Saturday the fifteen carriers 
of The Herald are straightening up 
their respective routes, collecting from 
their patrons, receiving orders to start 
the paper to certain houses, to stop 
leaving it at others, and then coming 
to The Herald counting room to settle 
for the actual number of papers taken 
out by theni during the preceding 
week, as shown by the circulation re- 


And then there is the paying off | 

time, saddest hour of the day. T'ii® 
Herald pays all its employes except 
the composing room force on Saturday . 
and they line up before the counter, a 
distinguished coterie, all sizes and 
kinds, from the pompous managing ed- j 
itor with his glasses and his 250 pounds : 
avoirdupois, to the gentleman o' color | 
who manipulates the furnace below. ; 
Each alike accepts his “roll," little or | 
big as the case may be, with that smile j 
of contentment which can only come ^ 
with money well earned, each signs hi 3 | 
name to the slip placed before him, 
and each goes on his way rejoicing, 
leaving only the business manager to 
mourn the depleted cash drawer. 

The day proceeds, the work piles up. 
More people come into the office each 
succeeding hour. Changes for the old 
advertisements and copy for new pile 
up fast as the day draws to a close. 
Tow'ard® evening the circulation solic- 
itors come in. They turn in the names 
of the new' subscribers they have got- 
ten. A number of times recently there 
have been as many as seventy-five of 
these secured in a day with only three 
solicitors at work, aside from what the 
carriers themselves have gotten. These 
must be entered in the “start” book, 
which is so arranged that there is a 
stub to be retained by the office and a 
slip to be taken by the carrier. And 
the entering of seventy-five or an hun- 
dred names in this book, where each 
name, each address, the date and the 
route to which each is assigned must 
be written twice, is of itself no small 
job and one which requires the great- 
est accuracy and closest attention to 
detail. And this is tnie of everything 
connected with the business office of a 

newspaper. The mere renewal of a 
subscription, for instance, requires five 
entries. It must first be entered in the 
receipt book, where a stub is retained 
and a slip given to the subscriber; it 
must be entered in the cash book to 
account for the presence of the re . enue 
thereby acquired; it must lie entered 
on the slip#.'hich keeps that sub.^crib- 
er’s account with the paper, and it 
must be entered on the mail clerk’s 
order book for him to mark up on the 
mailing list. This, of course, refers 
merely to out of town subscribers who 
receive their paper through the mail. 
For the city subscribers the carriers 
are entirely responsible to the busi- 
ness office, collecting from and settling 
for them. 

However,when the advertising copy 
is all in — and it continues to come un- 
til 10 o’clock at night — 'the business 
manager’s work is by no means done. 
Perhaps the hardest part of his work 
is the arranging of the various adver- 
tisements so that they will show up to 
the best advantage. Certain of them 
have already been placed in the sup- 
plement which has gone to press about 
9 o’clock. But much remains, and each 
advertiser wants the' best possible po- 
sition. Some of them have paid for 
certain positions, but the large ma- 
jority have contracted for simply "run 
of the paper.’’ It Is then a question 
between the business manager and the 
foreman of the composing room as to 
where they shall be placed. 


The night more than half over, the 
business manager is now at liberty to 
seek his downy couch. His work for 
the day is done, but the work of some 

of the men under him is practically 
i)cginning. The supplement is already 
off the press and ready to be inserted 
in the first section as soon as it is 
;irinted. This latter comes down from 
tlie composing room in two sections. 
What i? krown as the first side, com- 
prising the second, third, sixth and 
seventh pages, is sent down prompily 
at 1 o’clock. The second side goes 
to press between 3:30 and 4 o’clock, 
and it is in connection with this latter 
that the rush comes. If it is held back 
until after 4 o’clock it takes both 
speedy and concerted action to catch 
the early trains. A hundred and fifty 
papers must go to Paris, a hundred 
to Cynthiana, fifty to Carlisle and 
twenty-five to Sharpsburg on the 4:40 
E. & N. train, while the 6 o’clock Q. j 
C. carries an hundred and fifty to 
Georgetovc'n. Thus nearly SOO papers 
must be printed, folded, stamped with 
the news agent’s stamp and wrapped 
by 4.35, when one messenger is hur- 
ried to the L & N. depot and another 
to the Southern. This first rush over, 
of course the work can proceed a little 
raore deliberately, though it must at 
all times be brisk and unceaKing. Over 
100 papers must be put up in single 
wrappers, train packages varying in 
size from 150 to fifteen must be sent to 
Mt. Sterling, 'Winchester, Morehead, 
Owlngsville, BeattyvillA, Jackson, Clay 
City, Frankfort and other towns 
throughout Central Kentucky, where 
they are handled by the Herald’s 
agents. The mail clerk and his assist- 
ant are very busy men from the time 
they come down at 3 o’clock in the 
morning until they leave at 7, and, out- 
side of these immediate working hours. 

the mail galleys must be straightened 
up daily. 


By 5 o’clock most of the carriers have 
reported to get Gie papers for their 
several routes. These are college stu- 
dents who pay their expenses by car- 
rying the paper, and their 
routes range from 150 to 
100 each. It is the policy of The 
Herald to always have a route as large 
as can be properly attended to by one 
man, so that each carrier may make 
as much as possible out of his route, 
rather than to have a multiplicity of 
carriers. The carriers are all out by 
6 o’clock, and the newsboys then hold 
the stage for some minutes. Eiach one 
is allowed not more than fifteen papers 
at a time, so that they may get out as 
nearly as possible together. 

t he mail is always at the postofflee 
by 5: Jo, frequently earlier, and the 
hour from 6 to 7 is devoted principally 
to getting up train bundles for the 
later trains, filling any supplemental 
orders from the carriers, supplying the 
newsboys with papers for later street 
sales and cleaning and straightening 
both up stairs and down. 

The rural carriers do not go out on 
Sunday. On every other morning in 
the week they call at The Herald office 
about 6 o’clock to get the papers for 
the subscribers along their routes. The 
Sunday papers are taken Monday 


At 7 o’clock the mail clerk is reliev- 
ed, and another day has beg’jn in the 
business office. And thus it is one un- 
ending routine, alwajs the same, yet 
always changing. FVequently there is 
news of such importance as to warrant 

an edition that requires the running of 
both The Herald’s big presses at once. 
This necessarily doubles the work and 
the worry, the rush and the grind. 
First it is politics, then it is murder  
Ujen it is war, but whatever it may be 
the newspaper goes ahead day in and 
day out, an immense machine, all its 
many component parts, each of equal 
Importance in his own department, 
working with that harmony and accord 
necessary to bring about the best re- 
sults for the whole. And for the run- 
ning of this machine, upon which hait 
an hundred men are dependent for 
their living, it requires a monthly out- 
lay throughout the year of $2,500. 

The machine is always at work. 
While one section is resting another is 
working, and while the other perform* 
its duties the first seeks its rest. It 
knows neither night nor day, neither 
fatigue nor defeat. If there are greater 
obstacles to overcome, if there is more 
work to be done, it is reinforced by 
greater and more general strength. If 
one man is ground out another i« 
brought forward to take his place; U 
one is off, another is on. Its effort* 
are unceasing, its energy untiring. In 
the face of a great disaster, where oth- 
er business stands appalled, it alone 
is unshaken. Its possibilities Increased, 
its scope widened. Day after day, 
week after week, year after year it ap- 
pears regularly in its place, the embod- 
iment of the world’s Interests, the pub- 
lic mouthpiece of the community’s best 
thought and feeling, the harbinger of 
good and ill, the recorder of triumph 
and disaster, faithfiil in its effort to 
fulfill Its pledge and its promise in' 
publish the news. 


Perhaps no man connected with a 
newspaper office, except possibly the 
business manager, has more to aggra- 
vate and to chasten the soul than the 
gentleman who occupies 'the chair of 
the managing editor. 

In the larger offices his labors are 
so arranged that his chief occupation 
consists in selecting the most offensive 
brand of tobacco to smoke in his still 
more offensive pipe, that can be se- 
lected, and his next most important 
hmotion is to distribute his general 
dignity and tobacco smoke so os to ir- 
ritate the largest possible number of 
ftBeistants in the office. In these larger 
offices he is not infrequently the gen- 
tleman who “owns the plant,” whose 
office is so situated that the slightest 
'iereliction of duty cannot pass him 
annoticed. and who, when he decides 
to become unpleasant and dictatorial 
and dogmatic, seems to possess more 
latent ability in that line than the 
devil himself. 

He guides the destinies of the news 
columns of the paper, meets all the 
wealthy callers, plays fast and loose 
with nobility whenever it comes to his 
town, points with pride to the great 
moral engine he fancies he is running, 
accepts all the credit for all the bright 
things that appear in its columns, de- 
plores all the “unfortunate references 
that will inadverteiiGy creep in de- 
spite the greatest watchfulness,” ap- 
pears in court as the defendant in all 
damage s\dts against the sheet, and 
occasionally goes to jail for some other 
fellow’s slanders. 

In short, he may be said to be an 
irresponsible agent cloti.ed with the 
gravest responsibility; he presides 
over the most impoi-tant desk and yet 
seems to do the least amount of im- 
portant work. He is not the gentle- 
man who manufactures that indistinct 
and dangerous something called the 
“policy of the paper,” but he is the 
gentleman who is expected to keep it 
within the bounds of that policy an- 
nounced by the editorial columns, and 
is the one personage besides the edi- 
tor to whom the nation, therefore, has 
to look for guidance wfien the ship of 
state is rocking in uncertain waters. 
He is the gentleman, also, who rarely 
ever forgets to remind the nation of its 
undying obligation to the paper in 
double-leaded editorial, a yard in 
length (written by somebody else) af- 
ter the trouble has passed. 

But he is the man who can scent a 
crisis afar off, and can discover the 
outlines of a coming calamity with" the 
naked eye seven years in advance. 
■VV’hen the vast machinery of the gov- 
ernment begins to show signs of c ^t- 
lapse he mounts the lookout and 
through the headlines shouts the 
alarm to the trembling world. He is | 
supposed to be familiar with all forms j 
of eaithly ills; to know where the cave 
of the winds is located and how they [ 
are loosed and why; to tell the exact | 
spot whore an earthquake will break 
forth and dispatch a man to “handle 
it;’’ to know what brand of liquor will 
produce red devils and murder, and 
■ 'hat form of alcoholic damnation will 

duce as.sjissination and insurrection. 

' is supposed to hear the rumble of 
( Tter and civil discord marching 
the wind and to be ready to tele- 

graph the correspondent at the next 
station what time R will reach his ter- 
ritory and how many words to send 
the paper. He it is who “jacks up” the 

I correspondent at Jericho for encroach- 
ing on the territory of the representa- 
tive at Jerusalem, and informs the 
business manager how much to “dock” 
him for the misdemeanor. 

By the reporters on tue paper ho is 
regarded as a malignant form of latent 
assassination, a being without a soul 
and de\'oid of sympathy. He dwells 
by himself, away from the world, cold, 
austere, sedate, alone, wrapped up in 
the fascination of his work. To this 
being the reporters bow respectfully 
as he passes to his desk, present the 
glad hand and work the oleaginous 
smile overtime in his immediate pres- 
ence, but make bifurcated remarks 
about him after he has passed that the 
city editor would not allow to get into 
the paper for |20,(K)0. does not 
'drink; he never smiles; ne is sarcastic 
enough to darken the entire future o: 
the urbane and pious church reporter 

i by the slightest retort He is not ne- 


to the two inches of space, the hairless 
foreman of the composing room hrs 
blocked ^his enterprise by pre-empting 
the same sixice with a patent medicine 
“ad.” He then retires to the lower 
floor in confusion and precipitates a 
personal difficulty with the smallest 
man on the staff in order to “even up” 
the score. 


His trials begin at 7 o’clock promptly 
in the evening. As soon as he gets 
fairly sC'ttled on a busy nignt the tele- 
phone on his desk stabs him with a 
short, piercing ring. 

“Hbllo!” he ejaculates with great 
mental poise. 

“Is that 158?” 


“How’s that?” 

“I said ’Yes.’ ” 

“Yes what?” 

"Yes, this is 168.” 

that and work yourselves to death. ' the office save the gentle "choog 
Now who wrote this church notice and chcog,” of the steam pipes and the oc- 
abbreviated the laat name of the ' t-asional diluted snore of the office boy 

preacher? I’d like to ,g-rt hold of the 
idiot who did that. The next man who 
does a trick like that in this office is 
going to become involved in a personal 
conflict with the business su'd of a 
very rough call down.’ ’’ 

By this time it is 8:30 o’clock, and 
the proof reader, alias city editor. 

dividing time with old Morpheus on 
the exchange table buried be- 
 'ond resturection in a for- 
est of old exchanges, and 

so the calm continues until the luuoh 
hour, when the office boy awakes. 

The police reporter telephones that 
"Big Mag,” the terror of “BevH Alley,” 

srtridos into the Office, yanks the office 1 has just sliced her boon companion in 

boy off his desk, hangs -up his $4.98 
overcoat and takes his seat ■with great 

The city editor is a gentleman of 
great poise of mind and a wondeo'ful 

38 places and that a riot Is going on in 
district No. 2. He wants another man 
at once, as he ex'pects the whole settle- 
ment to get into the melee. He Is now 
acting as a policeman and has been de- 

proposition for the local staff. If there 
is a saloon fight in Goodloetown, a po- 
litical meeting at the court house and 
a freight wreck just ou'tside the city 
limits, all “open” at the same time, he 
“Oh, well, ring off^ I wan'ted to g.;t I is perhapis the most interesting indl- 

cessarily brilliant, but this never oc- 

j curs to him. 

! And yet. for all that, he is a genius, 
j and without him the dally paper would 
j flounder and go amuck so fhr as the 
j news feature of it is concerned. 

1 In The Herald office he is an entirely 
different combination from what he is 
on the metropolitan daily. In this of- 
fice he is a combination supposed to be 
gifted with foresight that is coexten- 
sive with all coming events, with mod- 
esty that is a perpetual 'rebuke to all 
repertorial vanity, with judgment that 
outrunneth the festive law suit, with 
precision that would rattle the carping 
critic, and accuracy that -would make 
the most carefully construoted Mergen- 
thaler look like a counterfeit dime in 
a church collection. He is a modest 
man. not good looking, rotund of 
girth, dignified of poise, and careful of 
his finances, impudent, guileful; and 
his most intimate associates fail to re- 
call any special display of piety in his 
past life. His time is so admirably 
consumed at this time that he is not 
in “society,’' but up to the hour of go- 
ing to press society has sought no in- 
junction to prevent the outrage, nor 
is he in position to offer the slightest 
consolation in case it should decide to 
clamor for his presence. 

In The Herald office he has his trou- 
bles. In connection with the city ed- 
itor, w'hose office and his are some- 
times so merged that neither can rec- 
ognize wliich is his own province, he is 
the one who reads all matter turned 
into the paper, except editorial, passes 
upon it and decide® whether it should 
be printed. He confers with the city 
editor, accepts all donations of bad 
language from irate readers for allow- 
ing their names to be misspelled; lis- 
tens to complaints from the injured 
who desire restitution through journal- 
istic channels; takes all back talk off 
the energetic and urbane reporters 
with smiling patience: quarrels with 
the business manager over two inches 
of space on a crowded night as if he 
were arguing with St. Peter over his 
credentials for entrance into the city 
of the New Jerusalem, only to find that 
after he has secured the right of -way 

connection with The Herald office.” 
Running his flnge;-s impatiently 
through his fast receding hair he tart- 
ly replies; “This is The Herald of- 

“Oh, It is, is it?” 

“That’s what I said.” 

“Well, then, that is also 168, is it?” 
“Yes, 168 is The herald office, and 
The Herald office is 168. You see we 
have a telephone number just like oth- 
er people, and the city allows it just 
the same as if we were sure-enough 

“Oh well, then, I’ve got the right 
place then, have I” — why say — hello! — 
hello! — hello! 

Here he lifts a handful of hair out 
of his head as he ascertains that “cen- 
tral” has accidentally cut him off. 

’’Central.will you for goodness sake, 
put me back on that man I was talk- 
ing with and give me a u-alf a chance 
— there, thank you.” 

“Say, what’s the matter with you 
Herald people that you are too stuck 
up to talk with me over the tele- 

“Is that the editorial rooms?’’ 

Please do me a favor by telling me 

capacity for making life an interesting | tailed to go out and assist in the ar- 
rest of Dennis McDougal, who has just 
cleaned out McFiagin’s saloon with a 
pick handle, and he will not be back 
until late. 

“Then,” says the managing editor, 
‘“if all that ‘stuff’ is to come, we will 
have to cut Buller in two and ‘klir 
Cronje and Oom Paul In order to get 
in that ‘Devil Alley’ fight,” and he pro- 
ceeds, with calm Indifference, to do to 
Buller what the flower of a nation’s 
fighting forces has thus lar failed to do, 
and to perform on Oom Paul a service 
that would make an Oriental monarch 

vldual about the premises, for three 
men murt go post haste under his or- 
ders to the different points of interest. 
Sometimes he gets rattled and orders 
the same reporter to all three places 
at the same time, and discovering his 
mistake he becomes insulting. 

“You go to Goodloetown and cover 
that saloon fight. If that fellow is bad- 
ly cut. make it pretty sensational, but 

left ear and told to go and find the- 
horse reporter and bring him to th» 
office, dead or alive. 

It is 1:30 o’clock. 

Tlie police reporter has just arrived. 
He divides his mattej with his com- 
I anions and the story of the ri5t im 
Devil Alley is in manuscript in 20 min- 
utes and in type in ten more. E\'ery 
man on the staff is at his desk. 'The 
clicking of tho typewriters fills th* 
sanctum with an Indiscribable din. 
The court reporter “turns in’’ his mat- 
ter and is about to go when the tele- 
phone announces the suuaen deatto. of 
on aged and respectable citizen 'who 
has a very respectable estate, and he 
is told to take the church reporter and 
get a photograph of the deceased, a 
story of his life, and be back in 29 
minutes. At tlie end of the allotted 
time they are back and a pathetic 
story of the death scene and an elab- 
orate sketch of his life appears In print 
two hours later. 

It is 2 o’clock sharp and space Is 
limited. There are seven columns of 
matter to go into four columns of 
sipace, and the foreman tells the down 
stairs office so in lang^iage that sounds 
like a threat of assassination. 

“■Very well, then, cut the head off 

tremble, and interrupt the autonomy of Congress and reduce tlhe United States 
an empire— he kills Oom Paul a col- to t«rty Jines solid.” 

stick to the facts, but cover it In a i umn at a slice. 

half column. If he is a prominent 
man get his picture and make it two 
columns and a half. Get back in 30 

“Now j”ou go,” says he to the sec- 
ond reporter, “and cover that political 
meeting. Get all the speeches, and 
don’t you attempt to get funny and 
roast anybody as you did the other 
day. Roasting is all right in its place, 
but when the roastee comes in and 
forces me to use the barrel of a six- 

j “I’ve killed Buller and cut the life 
I out of Ooom Paul as you ordered, and 
j if I take any more out of McKinley and 


It is now 11:3Q. and the wayfarer on 
i-.s road home drops in to ask 1,765 ! them.” 

questions at the ver - busiest moment; I 

to read over the exchanges 
sitting on the telegraph ed- 
itor’s desk; forms himself In- 
to a board of strategy and explains 
how Buller could lick the Boers in 
three weeks if he would only listen to 
him: shows where Oom Paul has erred 
and the Queen of England has placed 
shooter as a telescope while I am ex- j middle of it; dubs Mc- 

plaining your funny little ecceotrici- | Kinley a.fooi, Salisbury a jackanape. 

ties of comic genius it is entirely j Buller a coward, the Emperor an ass, j 

different and loses almost all of its [ disturbs everj’body in tb© build- i 

charm for me. Now g’long and hurry ' to the office cat. He then 

back. Get what C says about ex- | and there is no mandamus sued 

pansion, because he is a kicker of the force him to remain, 

worst stripe, and if you quote him ! Things are beginning now to warm 

Ijow old Mr. Beckham is, when he was ! come down here and I’ll j up at both ends in The Herald office, 

bom, where, his iniUals, and please ' bave to lick him.” j and confusion comes on apace. There 

state what you think are his chances ' Just then the reporter in the south | element of unrest up stairs, and 

to be Governor; and if you have any- 1 end comes in with the report of the j Pi'csentiy the foreman blcws the whis- 

thing new from Franlcfort. and also railroad wreck and a load rolls off \iis i from the composing room and yells 

tne name of the winner of the last race 
at New Orleans; will you please tell 
me right quick. Thark you. Now if I 
call you up in fwenty minutes again 
will you tell me what the news from 
the Boer war is?” 

shoulders as he settles back to work 
for the evening. He gets out a “sassy” 
looking little book and assigns work 
for every reporter on the staff to do; 
has a brief “spat” with the society ed- 
itor over misspelling Miss Goodmon- 

Here he makes remarks that are not ey’s name; she calls him a mean old 

printed. Just then he raises his eyes to 
gaze on the tall, lithe form of the so- 
ciety editor who has slipped into his 
sanctum unawares, to ask "{1 civil ques- 
tion, and the chivalrous autocrat apol- 
ogizes to her in sackcloth and ashes 
for his fantastic style of expression. 

At this juncture the foreman in the 
composing room informs him that the 
printers are waiting for ‘‘copy,” and 
that It Is costing the office $4.20 an 
hour for them to wait. 

“Tell the printers to go to the douce. 
How can I prepare ‘copy’ and every 
citizen in Lexington tiring to talk me 
into paresis over the telephone? Oh, 
y !s, here’s a church notice. Sail in on 

thing and retires poutingly to her 
desk, w-hereupon he stares at her and 
falls back into his chair, the personi- 
fication of injured dignity, the photo- 
graph of overmastering authority in a 
state of enforced calm. But back of 
all this apparent irritability there is a 
streak of gentility in the make-up of 
this same city editor, whose influence 
falls like a ray -of light across the 
checkered path of the hard worked re- 
porter, who comes to him for assist- 
ance on a hard asslgnmC'nt and whose 
sv'mpathy furnishes a foil to the edit- 
or’s criticism. 


It Is 9:30, and there is no sound in 

“Copy” like a (Jomanche Indian on a 
war dance. But there is no copy ex- 
cept a funeral notice and a poem on 
“Beautiful Snow,” which the city edi- ! 
tor reads over and then reaches wild- I 
ly for an imaginary axe with which to I 
mangle the poet. ■ 

“Copy! Ain’t you got no copy? Ev- i 
erybody up here is waiting for copy.” 
shouts the irate foreman. This is the ' 
beginning of chaos. j 

It is 12 o’clock. 

In two more hours and thirty min- | 
utes the paper must go to press to j 
catch the early mails. 

“If you don’t send up th© head and 
introduction to that bouquet about Mr. 
— — . who is going to spend $20,000 

Kentucky Legislature and let it go at 
that. It won’t hurt it and the differ- 
ence won’t be noticed. Don’t kill Mrs. 
R.’s dog item; that’s paid for at 20 
cents a line and has to go top of col- 
umn next to reading matter.’’ 

It is now 2:10, and the foreman finds 
that he has four inches of unfilled 
space, having cut out too much matter, 
and the managing editor gasps back 
up the speaking tube to “slug’’ the 
man who died last nignt until h© fits 
the space, and let her go to press, as 
only ten minutes remain in which to 
catch the south bound train with Che 
mail edition. 

There is a rat-a-tat up in the com- 
posing room, a hammering of forme, a 
shuffling of feet, a little back talk on 
the part of the “pninter’s devil,” who 
has just been kuocked In the head 
with the mallet for getting in the way, 
and The Morning Herald slides off the 
stones, down the chute, onto the press, 
into the packages and then to the 

A night in the office of The Morning 
Herald, with all its trials, its labor, its 
anxiety and its unrest has been passed. 

here for horses. I’ll have to go to press 
•without them,” says th© foreman, and 
his bald head begins to assume the 
hue of a red hollyhock. 

Then the office boy is seized by the 

Poor old Pattison. ..^e found it in 
the “Answeit; to Correspondents” col- 
' umn of a weekly contemporary: 

’’Sarah — You are not legally bound 
' to live ■with your husband.” 

I He blue-penciled it and left it about; 
j but his wife did not see it. She sim- 
' ply put it in the pile of other papers. 

I He cut it out and stuck it on a card 
and left it about with some more. 
Next morning he took it out of the 
. waste 'paper basket and painted the 
etige of the card red; but he found it 
just thrown on the fire that evening, 
and he knew the attempt to call her 
attention to It was hopeless. 




PAGE n. 

The reporter 1b an essential to the 
guccese of a newspaper. Many people 
who feel very little Interested In what 
la going on in South Africa wsh to 
know what their neighbors and fellow 
townsmen are doing from time to time. 
On The Herald the dally round of the 
reporter begins between 11 and 12 
o’clock in the morning, in accordance 
with the time at which he left the of- 
fice the previous night. Down town, 
the first thing in the duty of the day 
ig to read his own paper, every line of 
it, except what he has written him- 
self. This he passes by, as reading a 
newspaper soon becomes largely a 
matter of business, and there is no use 
wasting time on what you already 
know. Each of the reporters on 
Th« Herald has his own particular 
field to cover. This is his “beat,” and 
SOvering it is his routine work. If an 
item occurs in the territory of another 
man he lets it pass wi„aout a further 
thought, because he knows it belongs 
to some one else and that It will be 
properly handled by the proper re- 

One reporter on The Herald looks af- 
ter the hotels and police station, an- 
other has the field of society, another 
the court house, and still another the 
city hall and the railway stations, 
while another covers all politics of lo- 
cal nature. Each man, however, must 
keep thoroughly up in all of these de- 
partments, and so is careful to read his 
own paper. After them come the dail- 
ies of Louisville and Cincinnati, for 
each has a certain bearing on local 
news. The announcement that the 
president of the Whisky Trust is en 
route to Lexington means something 
to the hotel reporter, and some meas- 
ure passed in the General Council of 
Newport or Covington may have a di- 
rect bearing on local municipal gov- 
ernment. Then follows the cursory 
round before dinner time just to ‘‘gel 
a line on what is going on,” and then 
dinner, if there is time for it. When 
there is not, a sandwich and a glass 
of milk at a lunch counter is accepted 
as on ample substitute. 

After dinner each man takes up his 
routine work. Bach man must go over 
hlB beat and pick up every thread of 
news as a gleaner gleaning wheat. It 

I may be that the reporter is a caller at 
I your ofllce. You have seen him come 
! in, loaf about tor ten or fifteen min- 
1 utes, talk State politics or other mat- 
I ters of general interest, end up with 
I having you talking about your own af- 
fairs and saunter out of the door with 
a passing comment on the weather. 
He may have gotten news out of you 
and may not have, but you never know 
the difference until you see the paper 
next morning. 

By 5 o’clock he should be back in the 
office and grinding away on his type- 
writer in order to get up some early 
“copy.” Everything anybody writes 
for the paper is “copy” when spoken 
of from the point of view of the print- 
er; when you speak of the same matter 
from a reportorial standpoint it is a 
“story.” Everj’thing that is to be set 
up in a newspaper office is a stor ', 
with the exception oL the advertise- 
ments. But advertisements and storjes 
alike come under the head of “copy.” 
In the editorial rooms the terms 
“story” and “stuff” are used indiscrim- 
inately. And while on the subject of 
definitions it might not be out of place 
to say that with reference to a news- 
paper no reporter ever speaks of it as 
such. If the hotel reporter speaks to 
the court reporter in complimentary 
terms of the morning’s issue he says: 

■ Pretty fair sheet this morning,” and 
he will probably get tor an anwser, 
“ The old rag did show up pretty well.” 

Supper comes at 6:30, and then the 
work of the evening. The editorial de- 
partment begins to get under way by 
7 o’clock when the city editor rolls up 
his sleeves preparatory to “dashing” 
into that “bunch of early copy.” The 
little room just back of the business of- 
fice is lighted by a number of electric 
lights seemingly far too many in pro- 
portion to the size of the room. Above 
each desk is a globe, and about it by 
way of a shade is wrapped a piece of 
copy paper which has to be renewed 
every night of two, as it soon becomes 
charred and falls away. There 
is a smell of paste which 
is not always pleasant to 
the outsider, and a litter of ex- 
changes and copy paper on each desk. 
All seems confusion and chaos, and the 

stranger wonders how mortal man can 
compose a readable and grammatical 
English sentence amid the turmoil. 
There is the clicking of typewriters 
and an occasional call from the city 
editor for some more of that “stuff,” 
The printers are knocking on the 
“copy box” for copy, and it must be 
had. Scattered over the desk of the 
managing editor are the yellow sheets 
of telegraph, for he has to combine 
largely the duties of the telegraph ed- 
itor with the responsibilities of his 
more important position. Up on what 
is known as the “hurricane deck” in 
The Herald office the repoilers are get- 
ting rid of their work as fast as they 
can operate their machines. 

The society editrees does her work 
during the day all of the week, except 
Saturday. On Sunday morning she 
makes a spread, and the extra work 
keeps her until 8 or 9 o’clock. She is a 
machine for work and gets her “stuff” 
out of the way with little effort ap- 
parently. On Saturday night it is a 
different story, and the six or eight 
columns of work mean hours of work 
after the matter hae been collected. 
Four or five thousand words are a 
great many, and that is what the so- 
ciety editress writes on Saturday night. 
Sometimes there are half a dozen wed- 
dings to be described, and all are the 
same to the casual ^ye, but the society 
editress must make them different. 
Society copy must be the first to go to 
the composing room, and the foreman, 
with bald head shining, often comes 
on the “hurricane deck” to Inquire in 
a polite but insinuating way “When 
that society copy will be ready.” And 
it is often the struggle to make these 
various marriage ceremonies appear 
different, and at the same time make a 
limited number of adjectives do for an 
unlimitetl number of themes, that 
makes the society editress tell the 
foreman that he is “A horrid old 
thing.” and insist with a shake of her 
head, “If you want that copy you had 
better leave me alone.’’ And the fore- 
man does, .and it really is the best way 
to hurry the copy after all. And when 
her work is done there Is a struggle 
among the force as to who shall take 
her home, and she settles the difficulty 

by telephoning for papa and ignoring 
the entire delegation. 

Then the ofllce settles down again 
and business resumes full sway. The 
electric lights shed their yellow glow 
over the confusion of the telegraph, ex- 
changes and all of the little room. Up 
on the wall the sporting editor has 
carefully plastered the pictures of nu- 
merous sons of various nations who 
have made their reputations with their 
fists. Jeffries and Sharkey and Terry 
McGovern stand out prominently. With 
fiendish glee they have been placed 
above the desk of the reporter who 
takes care of the religious news, and 
when the local ministers come in with 
church notices they look at the pic- 
tures pasted on the wall and at once 
reckon the young man of the church 
news among the ranks of the ungodly. 


From now until midnight the repor- 
ters flit in and out, more in a hurry 
each time, as local copy must be in 
early and the pages reserved for the 
telegraph are not to be encroached up- 
on. Editorial and society copy have 
been set up early in the the night, and 
the proof reader Is calling for some one 
to hold copy on the editorial; that is, 
to read aloud from the copy while the 
proof reader corrects the errors in the 
galley of proof. It does not make so 
much difference with a local story, but 
i no mistakes must creep into the “old 
: man’s” stuff, for so he is familiarly, 

' but affectionately called by the boys in 
' the office. The telphone rings and 
some one telephones in a society item. 

; The society editress has. gone home, 

; so some one else attends to it. A brief 
^ notice is made, and in a comer at the 
I top of the page divided off by a line of 
■ the lead pencil are w'ritten these cabal- 
. istic words “add soc.” 'The foreman 
knows what it means, and sees that it 
I is set up at once, for the society page 
is the first page of the paper to be 
“locked up.” 

Half-past eleven, and it is lunch 
hour. The dynamo in the basement 
ceases to run and the gas jets are 
lighted before the electric bulbs hav« 
faded from yellow to black. The late 
train from Cincinnati brings in the 
“package.” This contains from fifty to 

sixty pages of "manifold” with the 
markets and the race results and en- 
tries. The sporting editor siezee it, 
and while the operators are eating 
their lunch prepares the race report 
and writes the “head” for it. The 
races must go up in a hurry, and it 
requires hustling to get them to the 
composing room. And the proof read- 
er knows that racing proof must be 
read as soon as it comes down. 



Sometimes the night passes quietly ' 
and the reporters linger at their 
desks. Night assignments are scarce 
and the police and hotel reporters 
alone have to be on the alert. Then 
lunch hour is a jolly time, and the fun 
that passes and the bright retorts 
would make some man famous could 
he note and reproduce them. Copy is 
plentiful and the pressure of work is 
relieved for a tima Then it is that 
the managing editor whistles down 
the speaking tube for the telegraph 
boy, and he is sent to the neighboring 
lunch house for pickled pigs’ feet and 
a bottle of milk. Not over the walnuts 
and w'ine, but the pigs’ feet and the 
milk, are discussed the topics of the 
day, and many a man is sized up and 
mentally noted by eacn of the crowd 
as being “crooked” or “straight” or a 
little of both. The repoiter does not 
believe all that is told him nor all that j 
he prints. Many a man has given out ! 
an interview on a certain subject and ' 
reads it the next day with a sort of 
mental satisfaction at having fooled 
the seemingly gullible reporter. But j 
the up-to-date reporter nine times out ! 
of ten has “6ize l” his man up and i 
knows when he is being “strung” as f 
well as the man who thinks he is de- \ 
ceivTng him. 

Between midnight and 3 o’clock is 
the time w*hen the desk men are busi- 
est. These in The Herald office are 
the proof reader, the telegraph editor 
and the managing editor. The tele- 
graph has begun to come in more 
rapidly and the best of it comes late 
in the night- Minutes grow of more 
value as time advances; the galleys 
of proof come down in the copy box 
frster and faster. The whistle of the 
Eiieaking tube gives a piercing shriek 

and the managtag editor picks up the 
tube and says “Hello!” 

"How many heads for the front page 
this morning,” asks the foreman. 

tv ell, I am going to run a number 
one on the last column over that 
Frankfort stuff and let it carry over 
to the eighth. If this Boer matter 
keeps coming I think it will stand a 
d c head, but I can’t tell yet.’’ 

“I wish you would get them up aa 
soon as you can, for I want to have 
them set and get them in the forms,” 
comes the reply. 

All right; I am just waiting for 
thirty,” goes the aiwover, and the con- 
versation has closed. “Thirty” is the 
closing sheet of tofegraph, which gen- 
erally comes a* about 2; 30 o’clock. At 
2:40 it is in, and then the speaking 
tube is brought into use again. 

"I don’t think Oom Paul will stand 
that double column head,” says the 
managing editor to the foreman. “That 
last stuff in wasm’t much account. Sup- 
pose you run that Council meeting 
story on the last column and put 
Fmnkfort in the middle. We will lead 
with the Boer story and make up with 
only three heads,” and the tube is 
dropped again. 

Then the managing editor goes up 
stairs to help In the make-up of the 
front pa^e. Instructions have already 
been given about the disposition of the 
leading heads, but then there are the 
details to be looked after and the more 
important of the ijmalier ones are to 
be selected to OH up the space after 
the main stories have been placed In 
the forms. The managing editor doas 
not remain long in the composing 
room. It is 3:30 o’clock; time is valu- 
able, ami the foreman moves with the 
greatest possible speed. Soon the ed- 
itor is down stairs again and the proof 
reader is informed that the last gal- 
ley has been read and that the paper 
is ready to go to press. ’1 of the 
exchanges are pushed off 1 ’° and 

the various desHis. the del ting 

from the night's work is  ell 

mell on the fl K r, the el '.ta 

are turned o^x, ami the al 

rooms are closer! for perha urs. 

Before 7 o’clock the sf rooms 

are swept out by the oifi, ; , and 

at 7 the business office opens Ils doors. 


tn the second story of the Printery 
building is the composing room. Three 
Mergenthaler type-setting machines 
click, click all the night long without 
ceasing, save thirty minutes when the 
machinery stops and the men have 
time for lunch. Work begins in the 
composing room at 7 o’clock, and it is 
always a quarter of an hour before that 
time when the foreman strolls in. With 
a cheery good-night to the men who 
may be in the office, ne turns to the 
“ad” hook tor “ad” copy. That is to 
say, he takes the advertising matter 
off a hook on which it has been placed 
by the business manager. The hook is 
in the business office, and on it, besides 
the regular advertising matter, are the 
instructions of the business manager 
as to positions of the advertisements, 
etc. Often in contracting for advertis- 
ing the business manager agrees to 
put the “ad” in a certain position in 
the paper, and the foreman is the man 
who sees that it is done. 

Passing on then into the editorial 
rooms the foreman calls at the desk of 
the city editor for all early copy, and 
consults with the managing editor as 
to the general run of the paper for the 
night. He knows just what advertise- 
ments drop out on that day and a 
glance tells him how many inches of 
new advertising there are in place of 
It. He can therefore estimate the 
the amount of space in the forms for 
pure news matter, and according to the 
number of “open” columns there are, 
news is cut down by the editor. It is 
more often a question of how much 
can be gotten in than where to get 
matter to fill the open columns. 

It is 7 o’clock by this time, and the 
foreman hurries up stairs. The oper- 
ators of the machines have assembled 

for the night’s work, and the devil 
hurries in the door, having carried out 
a fixed determination to come in at the 
very last moment. 

The engine in the basement has 
started up and the machines begin to 

one-third as deep and an eighth of an 
inch thick. On this long edge is 
moulded in the metal the letters which 
have been touched by the operator in 
working the keyboard. 

Once up stairs with his sleeves roll- 

run. Big. queer looking things they | , j 

ed up, apron on and a cloth cap on 

are, with nothing familiar looking 

about them with the exception of the 
keyboard, w'hich somewhat resembles 
that of a typewriter. There are several 
differences, however, and the most 
striking is the great number of keys. 

1 uere are ninety in all, two sets of let- 
ters which are known in the parlance j 
of the composing room as “caps’’ and 
“lower case,” or what the school boy 

about two sizes too small for his head, 
the foreman begins to clean out the 
forms of the previous day’s issue. The 
forms are the paper in type made up 
into columns, and a facsimile of the 
sheet as it comes from the press, with 
the difference that to — *e unitiated all 
j seems upside down, and backwards. All 
of the news matter of the day before 
and the advertisements which do not 

would call little letters and big letters. „ , 

,, , , I gd the next morning are taken out 

Then there are all t-e punctuation I _ ^ 

marks and other symbols used in the 

composition of a paper, which in- 
creases the total to ninety. They are 
arranged in six rows, fifteen keys to a | 
row, and the letters and«i»characters j 
are shown in the following lines, he- ' 
ginning at the upper left hand comer ' 
of the key board as you face it: 

V* ? (|‘! -).’% 123456 7890$.. 

and nothing is left hut the column 
rules, the chases and the advertise- 
ments that are to run the next day. 
T'ae advertising copy has meanwhile 
passed into the hands of the “ad” man 
who has taken it from the hook on 
which it has been placed. The man 
who sets the advertisements then goes 
to the little room in the front part of 


the composing department and pro- 

ETAONI SHRDLU CMFVV YP VRGKQJ j ceeds to make an attractive display of 

the matter that the aavertlsers have 

The machine itself is almost human . given him. He must skrietly "follow 

in the way it performs its various op- 
erations. The type fall into a recep- ^ 
tacle as the keys are played by the 
operator; when a line is full a tiny 
bell rings, a lever is raised and the j 
brass letters are raised against the hot ! 
metal which is forced out to meet it, 
the line is moulded, and the brass 
matrices are grasped by a descending 
arm and carried upward, where they 
are distributed and are ready for use 
again. The line set up by the opera- 
tor comes out in the shape of a rec- 
tangle the width of a column, about 

copy,” that is, change nothing in the 
matter which the advertiser has sent 
in, for there is a prevailing theory that 
the man who pays for tne space knows 
what he wants to put into it. He is 
bound down, too', by the allotment of 
space. The business manager has 
written at the bottom of a page of ad- 
vertising copy a few marks like this: 
"Dis 4 in d c,” and the “ad’’ man knows 
that the space given him is four inches : 
double column, and that he is to make | 
a display advertisement of the matter : 
before him. 

The man that sets advertisements 
has a large collection of the choicest 
“cuss” w'ords and does not neglect to 
use them. He is proud of his ability 
to make an attractive display when, as 
he puts it, he is “Given a chance,” but 
he says, “The trouble with most men 
is that they want what ought to 
be a half page “ad” in six 
inches double column, and so they 
never get results. They crowd them so 
that they lose their effectiveness.” And 
so he passes hie time. He rarely has 
an advertiser after his own heart who 
will give him a chance, but in spite 
of his troubles he is never a pessimist. 

While the “ad” man is telling his 
troubles to the reporter who may have 
strolled into the composing roenn “just 
to see how things were going,” the 
machine men. or operators, have been 
busy on the editorial and society copy. 
The society page is on the first side. 
That is to say, the paper is printed 
four pages at a time, and the forms for 
tne first four pages must be in the 
press room shortly after midnight So 
by 10 o’clock the sixth page, which is 
devoted to society, must be locked up. 
The foreman speaks of locking up a 
page when the type has been placed in 
the forms and the quoins along the 
sides driven home so that when the 
forms are lifted the type are held 
tightly in their places. Following the 
society page comes page three, devoted 
to local news. This is locaea up fifteen 
minutes after the foreman has finished 
his work on the society page. Number 
2, the editorial page, comes next in or- 
der, and 11:15 finds it ready to go to 
the press. The last of the inside is the 
sporting page. At 11:30 it is all ready! 
except the races, which come by mail I 
from Cincinnati. At that hour the men ' 

have quit vx rk for lunch, and the 
sporting editor in the editorial rooms 
has his racing matter in hand. Before 
12 it has been placed in the copy box 
to be distributed among the three n»en 
at the machinee as soon as midnight 
is tolled by the court house clock. Here 
comes the first rush of the night. 


Down in the basement they are 
clamoring for the forme. It takte but 
little time for three men to set up a 
column of matter, and no sooner is it 
set than the proof is in the 
box and down stairs. The 
proof reader, knowing it is coming, 
wastes no time in correcting the errors 
The foreman has not waited for the 
corrections, however, and has placed 
the type in the foims. Up comes the 
proof. New lines are set in place of 
those in which are errors and still hot 
from the moulds they are placed in tlTe 
article at the proper place and the old 
line containing the errors thrown up- 
on the floor. Then the page is justified 
and the form locked up. The "devil" is 
reacl 5 - with a tiny wheel with a rider 
on it in which the edge of the form just 
fits and taking the form from the stone 
with the assistance of the foreman, he 
trundles it to the elevator by which it 
is lowered to the cellar. Then it goes 
upon the press and the foreman 
breathes easier as the first side is 

The “stones" are the big tables with 
tops of stone on which the forms are 
placed when they come back from the 
press room in the morning. They re- ! 
main there until the foreman has ! 
cleaned them out that evening, put , 
new matter in place of the old and sent 
them to the press room again. The ‘ 
first table is clear when the first four ’ 
nages have gone to press and he begins 
to count the columns in the last side i 
and throtigh the speaking tube tells j 
the raaniT)^jj-~^or how much space ! 
there is 'lei *"»om this time on the 
speaking tul"' in almost constant 
use. .'^s the ti sjifyoes on the space be- ' 
comes more vimited. Now it is two 

columns and the telegraph editor be 
gins to prune down the telegraph, th 
next bulletin hsus jt one column; thei 
half a column and then the messag 
comes. “Got enough Copy,” and th 
managing editor goes up stairs to su 
peVintend the makeup of the last twi 
pages of the oittside, as the last torn 
is called. 


t he foreman is e man of long expe 
rience in the bMsiqess and has placet 
the matter as be has seen fit, in th( 
first six pages of the paper. The firs 
and eighth pageb are last to be fillet 
and the posltlob of th4’ items on then 
are indicated by the man downstairi 
who gets up |from his desk and hus 
ties upstairs to the composing room ai 
soon as the message comes that cop; 
enough has been supplied. Time i: 
valuable for there are early trains t( 
be caught. Meanwhile the copy hook: 
on the foreman’s table and the "takes’ 
are getting smaller and smaller. J 
"take” is the amount of copy the tore 
man gives to the operator from time 
to time. Each man is supplied wltl 
a limited amount of copy and when he 
has set it up he comes back to tii 
foreman for what he calls notoei 
take.” As the clock ticks away am 
the hands move nearer and nearer the 
mark which indicates that the fourtl 
[ hour of the morning is half gone. Th: 
amount of copy each time gets small- 
er and smaller and finally the operat- 
or is given enough to make 12 oi 
15 lines in type. This is probably 
3:20 and it takes probably two m.nutes 
of work on the machine for the Iasi 
"take” to be disposed of. 

The eighth page and the first 
alone are still open. The heads of 
the leading articles are already in 
position and the matter placed under 
them as fast as the proof is read. 1 ive 
minutes pass and the last proof comes 
up in the box. Corrections are the 
matter of a minute and then the busi- 
ness of locking up the first p 'go com- 
mences. By half past three the last 
form is on tue elevator and the "dev- 
il is paying out the elevator ro:-o as 
the forms descend to the presc r ioin 
and a night in the composing room is 


The history of newspapers in Lex- 
ington, as in all small towns, is one 
of ambitions defeated, hopes crushed 
and money engpilfed in a very mael- 
strom of expense. Not that there have 
not been some notable exceptions to 
this rule, but they serve rather to em- 
phasize the melancholy truth which 
that rule conveys to the minds of men 
who have ever been engaged in the 
newspaper business in this locality. 
Misfortune seemed to wait especially 
upon bright young men, with editorial 
Instinct well developed, freSh from col- 
lege, with a little money, few good 
advisers and a large supply of confi- 
dence. But it sometimes met older 

men, right in the middle of the road, , 
and robbed them of all their earthly j 
possessions, in the gruise of a newspa- ^ 
per — pro bdno publico. Not on" of th-; 
fellows vlho had set up the printing 
press and mounted the tripod had the 
least doubt that he uad a mission to ^ 
supply “a long felt want,” the grim ' 
humor of which phrase ne never real- ' 
ized until his own wants began to be 
felt, and an unsympathetic public, in- . 
stead of supplying them, laughed at 
his failure. As a matter of fact, nine- 
tenths of those who rush headlong to 
become owners of a newspaper, do so ; 
under the impre.^'sion that tiiey ate 
drawing a lottery prize and not thai, i 

they are entering upon an underLak- 
ing, which, more than an; ’- f r in 
the world of human industry, lemands 
for its successful management the 
highest order of business talent. And 
the smaller the town, the more heart- ! 
breaking the labor, the raori discour- ; 
aging the obstacles, cal’in fc ' rr'e 
and brain and courage -tnore than n!!i- 
cient to promote, build and equip ,r' 
electric railroad from here to SlickA- 
way. And oh! the drudgery of it all! 

nt that would be bearable if success 
aw.uted the laborer at la=t. Instead, | 
he toils on, if he is woiking ui on a 
morning paper, from fifteen to tw'enty 
houi-s out of the twenty-four, with 

reeseless drafts, upon his powers, men- 
tal and physical. Knowing only work 
and fatigue, often so great as to ban- 
ish sleej). If, perchance, he sleeps, he 
wakes to find his printers on a strike 
and his creditors urgent for payment 
out of a treasury that started in busi- 
TK'fs full of money, but now as emW 
■. gourd. Poverty is as certain to 
vorce a man from his newspaper as 
from a soulless wife. Possibly, some 
editors of village newspapers may read ' 
this and ’eei unhappy. Let them enn- ' 
•50le themselvr--. -a-ith the reflection that 
they .-an be in no danger, so long as 
their subscriptions are mostly paid in ' 
farm and dairy products, the editors 

board their printers and pay the bal- 
ance of salaries with orders on adver- 

Lexington nas 'oeeii a seductive field 
for amateur newspaper publishers and 
editors who thought those already oc- 
cupying the territory were not up to 
date in their business, and whose 
newspapers on that account fell far 
short of the excellence of the great 
city dailies. In this view they were 
encouraged by certain uneven-minded 
citizens, who wanted the Lexington 
Morning Bugle to publish as much 
news as the Cincinnati Enquirer, and 
were thus led on to their everlasting 
dertrucUom Some men who embarked 

in the newspaper business in 
I ton and failed were men 
! who. after struggling for awh lc, 
doned the printing press. Ti:. . .os 
I .striking instances of this kind w ;i 
: of men who had failed in ether c - 
Ings, for, singular to say, a fellow v/'t 
j wlucatlon, who is unable to sue ’ c d i 
anything else believes he siicc ss 
fully run a newspaper. Thi.s -rci 
I fatuus of printer’s ink has lur;,l • -m 
a good man into the dismal sw,. : c 
financial distress, out of which h ■ wi 
never after extricate l. I rc' s-i;u 
smart fellows who, after .‘indi.-ir *L   
they had “put their foot in it.” in m 
' aged to sell out to somebody else, wiu 

PAQ€ 12. 



was leCt to hoW the h?", but they have 
been rare and te%v o! tueui are liivng 
lXK ldng back over iihe journalistic 
history of Lexington since 1865 there 
come to me recoUeeCicmti of some in- 
teresting publications, all of which are 
now extinct. Standing for the first 
time upon the steps of the Phoenix Ho- 
tel and looking across the street I be- 
held a large Union flag floating over ' jeuse. He indulged in e.egant diction, 
a building, now occupied by the Thor- [ flowing periods, long ec.corlals and set 
oughbred Record, and wpon the house , apart a corner In his paper for poetry, 
wrl the sign ‘•The Union Flag.” I ! He wrote mainly tor the farmers, who 

was a paper well known, and univer- j 
sally liked, called ‘ The Observer and . 
Rcpoiter.” It was a Whig organ be- ' 
fore the war, but aXcer the war it rep- | 
resented the new D?m'Ocrdcy. Its ed- 
itor, Mr. Mike” Wickluff, was a fluent 
writer, a fearless, genial gentleman, 
oourteous to his opponents as to 
ill others, and an extiemiist in no 


thought this sign wholly unnecessary, 
until I was informed that the name 
was that of a newspa(j er published by 
Col H. K. Milward, ‘better known as 
“Kav,” and that that place was his 
ofllce. There was an air of militarism 
everywhere, for as yet Lexington was 
in possession of the i^eral soldiery, 
Gen. Burbridge had not yet let go his 
hold and Gen. Brisbtn, fat and fussy, 
in command of colored troops, was 
conspicuous everywhere, from his head- 
quarters on Broadway, l)etween Main 
and Water streets, to the Phoenix Ho 

were his prineii al patrons, and whose 
subscription fees he generiUly collected 
fiom their executors. Ccl. Wickliffe 
had for a sort of understudy one Col. 
Richard Marsh, who had a taste for ; 
literature and was addicted to poetry. 
These two men took life very easy, and 
they both passed away with the same 
ease. The paper passed into new 
hands. Capt. Thos. M. Bush and Maj. 
B. G. Thomas were at the helm for 
awhile, and then Col. W. C. P. Breck- 
inridge, who made the Observer and 
Reporter famous, by advocating in its 

tel, where, on the front steps of the columns the admission of negro test! 
old building, in full uniform, he bore mony in the courts of Kentucky. This 
calmly the admiring gaze of the crowd, attitude of the paper cost Col. Breckiu- 

It was ho who gave me the informa- 
tion concerning the “Union Flag.’ 

ridge the election for Commonwealth’s 
Attorney of this Judicial District, for 

The following is a complete list of 
the force of men employed by The Her- 
ald. The half-tone engraving printed 
with this issue is from a p.iotograph of 
the Herald force. Not all are included, 
however, as several members of tlie 
force could not be present. 


Col. W. C. P. Breckinridge, Editor. 

Desha Breckinridge, Manager. 

Enoch Grehan, Managing Editor. 

Miss Nellie Muir, Society Editor. 

R. J. O'Mahony, Wood Ballard, D. P. 
Campbell and S. A. Smith, Reporters. 

S. P. Smith, Engraver. 


Jouett H. Shouse, Business Manager. 

Spencer Best, Manager Press-Tran- 

Miss Margaret Payne, Bookkeeper 
and Stenographer. 


F. C. Learning, Foreman. 

T. J. Baker, A. B. Murphy, J. D. Mar- 
vin, F. W. Tunmore, Operators. 

Jas. H. Weeks and W. J. Shanahon, 

R. E. Garrison, Machinst. 

B. C. Snedaker, Assistant Machinist. 


! E. E. Johnson, Chief of Carriers. 

J. Robinson, Mailing Clerk. 

R. W. Cole, H. E. Huber, J. D. Burk- 
hart, Thomas F. Giblln, F. R. Buck, W. 
N. Sherrer. Virgil Hope, J. H. Brown, 
Roy Potts, E. W. Steers. L. W. Martin, 
J. D. Long, F. L. Schneiter and Barry 
Bullock, Carriers. 

A. C. Sageser, Pressman. 

T. P. Davidson and Richard Will- 
iams, feeders. 

James Davidson. Electrician and Ma- 

Joe Shidell, Engineer. 

Wm. Cravens, Train Boy. 

Richard Curd, S. W. Dancer. J. W. 
Dancer, offlee boys. 

one editor and another, now susi end- 
Ing and now resuming, until 1878, an 
old newspaper man from Indiana came 
along. His name was D. W. Caldwell. 
He bought what was left of the Tran- 
script and made a morning dally of it. 


Mr. Enoch Grehan, now of The, 
Morning Herald, controlled the 
columns, and it was a bright, newsy, 
progressive paper. It rode on the creet 
of the wave for free silver, both of the 
other papers being opposed to It; ad- 

with the dispatches. It was a Demo- i vocated the cause of the laboring man, 
cratic paper, but independent, its car- j attacked the street railway, and seem- 
dinal principle being oppoeitlon to . ed to have been started at an au^- 
anything advocated by the Press, j clous time. The free silver craze died 

Through the columns of the latter pa- 
per, Judge James H. Mulligan attack- 
ed Caldwell, to whom he gave the 

out, the excitement Incident to the 
county election in 1897 passed away, 
and after two years and a half ex- 

I obtained a copy of the paper, and , which he was then a candidate. The 
as its editor had been a gallant sol - 1 local news in the paper never attracted 
flier (for everj' soldier wuo exposes his much attention until Mr. James H. 
life on the firing line is gallant), it Mulligan, then a young man, became 
was. as you may suppose, the most tiie city editor, t rora that time the 
rampant organ of the Union party local columns furnished lively i-eading. 
that it w-as ■ possible to print. Col. ^ until the young attorney grow w'eary 
Milward’s paper, after a time, became , of his job and turned to his law' books 
too extreme for his ow'n party, and , and politics. 

the ’’organ” stopped piping altogether. The paper afterwards passed into 
It w'ent out w'ith Burbridge and Bris- tne hands of a corpoi-ation and under 
bin. Col. Milward afterwards became | the control of one of the shrewdest 
connected with the I^exiugton States- . manipulators of his day, one J. J. Mil- 
man, and of this paper 1 have some- j ler. w'ho contrived to effect a sale of i 
thing to say. The Kentucky Statesman j the paper to Messrs. Duncan and Gib- j 
was established in 1849 by one B. B. | son. of the Lexington Daily Press, | 
Taylor, from Ohio, as a Democratic , while the paper was under the busl- j 
organ in the very midst of a Whig ^ ness management of R. J. O'Mahony. i 

district, and at the home of Henry j and its editor was Hon. J. Soule Smith, i 

Clay, the leader of the Whig jiarty. At j KENTUCKY GAZETTE. j 

the first general election after it made | 

its appearance it assisted in securing | About 1869 Mr. Howard Gratz, re- 
the election to Congrss of Maj. John C. j turning to Lexington from Missouri. 
Breckinridge. It fought Kr ownothing- i revived and re-established an old or- 
ism, but when the war came it fell out | gan, known as the Kentucky Gazette, 
of sight After tlie war it was revived, | Underneath the title ran this legend, 
and imder various edStors. including j “Here we come, the herald of a noisy 
the late Col. W. C. Goodloe, it was a , world, the news of all nations lumber- 
strong opponent of the new Democ- j ing at our back.” For some time the 
acy, in times when politics were ex- paper was printed in the Yeoman of- 
fice in Frankfort, but Mr. Gratz soon 
settled in an office on Cheapside, with 
a printing plant of his own, and pro- 
ceeded to make his way with great 
success into the good graces of the 
country people, until he a/t last became 
firmly seated in command of a profit- 
able business. The Kentucky Gazette 
became quite a factor in the political 
disputes of those days. It is flourish- 
ing today, just as positive in its utter- 
ances and just as clean, but not half 
as pugnacious, as it was thirty years 
ago. Long may it prosper. 

The first daily newspaper that was 
ever published in Lexington was es- 
tablished In 1870 by Messrs. H. T. Dun- 
can and Hart Gibson. It occupied quar- 
ters in the bulldng at the corner of 
Snort street and Market, owned by the 

xemely hot. It advocated the passage 
 f the fifteenth amendment bo the Con- 
stitution, and championed the cause of 
ffie negroe’s right to vote. The vio- 
ence of its language brought upon it 
1 \-iolent factional demonstration, re- 
sulting in the destruction of a large 
[ art of its printing plant. Tt suffered 
In patronage, and the eleemosynary 
fund having become exhausted, the pa- 
per died in the hands of its last fedltor, 
a. gentle, kindly man, who had mis- 
taken his calling, Mr. K P. Tarlton. 
Jr. The ‘‘Kentucky 9t:itesman” was, 
while It lasted, a very lively partisan 
newspaper, but It furnished the best 
example in my experience of the truth 
of the maxim that a newspaper cannot 
live by politics alone. 


Flourishing alongside the Statesman 

late W. W. Bruce, and took up the 
whole house for a hundred feet back. 
The paper was four pages, supplied 
with the Associated Press dispatches | 
and othenvise up to date. The first j 
announced editor was Capt. Ed Mar- | 
shall, of Versailles, who whittled away 
a bundle of pencils without producing i 
one editorial. The other editors were ] 
Col. Gibson and the late Col. Frank 
Waters. The latter was a genius, and 
if he had been as big as the Hon. Jas. 
B. Beck, he would, it has often been 
said, have been a greater man. It 
came easy to Col. Watei-s to write. 
On one occasion, having to leave home 
to be absent for a month, he handed 
the foreman a bundle of editorials, 
each marked with the late on which . 
it was to be used, and filling every ' 
date up to that of his return. Such | 
was the Colonel’s ilea of editorial j 
work. If the editorial dd not suit the ! 
day, nor the occasion, that was the   
fault of the occasion. But it could 
never be much at variance with either, | 
for his diction was as placid and color - 1 
less as filtered water. j 

The plant of the Lexington Daily and 
Weekly Press cost an enormous sum 
of money, for that day, for everything 
was up to date. In connection with 
the Press was published an agricul- 
tural paper called ‘‘The Farmers’ Home 
•Journal,” ■ which Messrs. Duncan and 
Gibson purchased of Ool. J. 
J. Miller. This paper was 
afterwards removed to Louisville, 
where it disappeared. The equipment 
of the Press establishment was i erfect. 
The composing roons were supplied 
with the latestimproved type, the best 
printers were employed at good salar- 
ies, and nothing was left incomplete in 
this department. The editorial rooms 
were handsomely, if not luxuriously, 
furnished, but the business, office and 
the private office of the manager was 
a dream. Presiding over the count- 
ing room was a mathematical 
genius, a superb looking gentleman, 
an ex-Rebel soldier, which you could 
tell from his figure ana martial air, 
and expensive ways. But all these 
things cost something. They cost too 
much for Messrs. Duncan and Gibson. 
Business drooped and the paper droop- 
ed, little by little, until at last its pub- 

lication as a daily was suspended. It 
became a weekly. But Col. Duncan 
stuck to his paper. It soon became a 
semi-weekly, then a tri-weekly, and at 
last a daily again; but oh! how differ- 
ent its quarters now from what they 
had been. After striking bed rock the | 
Press took a rebound and began to, 
rise. By degrees it gained strength 
and influence, maintaining its own pe- 
culiar and striking individuality, until 
it became united with the Transcript. 
Today the Press-Transcript has lost Its 
identity in The Moniing Herald. 

Speaking of tribulations, perhaps not 
the least of the paper’s tribulations 
was the late Capt. Paul Conlon, who 
was eternally running to the editorial 
room, upstairs, on Cheapside, with the 
request that certain “squibs” which he | 
had written should be published. There 
never was any troulile about the pub- 
lication of the “squibs;” the trouble 
was that they all had to be rewritten, 
while some of them had to be excluded 
from reasons of public policy, which 
Mr. Conlon could never thoroughly ap- 
preciate. The foreman was as distinc- 
tive as the paper, his rugged, 
though eccentric character giving 
a certain tone to the publication 
which it would be difficult to 
explain. This man was G. Y. John- 
son, printer, poet, Shakespearean de- 
lineator and tragedian. For a benefit 
for some public charity on one occasion 
in the old Opera House, he appeared as 
Pythias In the play of “Damon and Py- 
thias,’’ acqulttng himself with credit. 
Everybody around the office deferred 
to him and to his judgment until he 
became too determined to have his 
own way, anid then there was a thun- 
derstorm. When the clouds cleared 
away, everything went on in the Press 
offlee as though nothing at all had hap- 
pened. Mr. Johnson is still living, and 
is hale and hearty, though long past 
the allotted age of man. 


This paper first appeared as an after- 
noon dally, published by one Ben Deer- 
ing, since joined the ministry. He 
made a good, lively sheet of It, but he 
was too anxious to reform the world 
all at once, and got himself into some 
trouble, which caused him to resign 
from the paper. It worried along with 

soubriquet of “The Big Yellow Man,” | Istence it passed away in November, 
on account of Caldwell’s stature and 1898, while the United States troops 
saffron hue. With an experienced man ; were here. It was owned by a stock 
at its head the Transcript managed to i company capitalized at $5,000 and paid 
last some years and make a little mon- in in $10 shares, but the major part of 
ey. It was sold to Messrs. J. H. Mulll- J the expense for its publication was 
gan and E. D. Farrell, who, after a | borne by Mr. J. Hull Dav'idson and the 
brief and fitful carper as editors, sold j young n;en who gave their services in 
out to Mr. S. G. Boyle. It soon be- | the hope of making it a success. The 
came apparent to this old and experi- j two and a half of its life cost the 
enced publisher that two morning ! stockholders and Mr. Davidson over 
dailies could not thrive in Lexingflon. [ $14,000 in cash, and the young gentle- 
One or the other must Qie. He con- ; men who worked on it many months 
eluded the best thing that could be done ! of unrr compensed toil. Mr. Farns- 
was to consolidate. After some nego- | worth went to St. Louis, Mr. Gribben 
tiation the consolidation was effected ' on the Leader, Mr. Grehan and Mr. 
and the paper came out under the head Wasson on The Herald, and the latter 
of the Press-Transcript. has recently gone to the Courier- 

Thia consolidation left but one mom- ' Journal. The owner of it, 
ing paper in the field, and upon it were ; time. could have 

employed the best of the men who had 
been on either The Press or The Tran- 
script. Mr. Henrj- Duncan, Jr., man- 
aged it, and for the year he ran it made 
it one of the best papers ever published 
in Lexington, and one that gave signs 
of being ivrosperous. After a year’s ex- 
istence it passed under the control of 
Mr. S. G. Boyle, who on the first of 

sold it to advantage to a political fac- 
tion, but that chance disappearing, 
nothing was left but to give up the 


[ Other attempts were made at various 
' times in the last thirty years to estab- 
lish a daily paper in Lexington, but 
the attempt has always been made in 

January, 1896, changed the name to The : furtherance of some private scheme, or 
Morning Herald, which w'as edited and 
managed by him that year. He contin- 
ued the high standard of the Press- 
Transcript, but found it such a losing 
venture that the first of January. 1897, 
he relinquished the control to the Lex- 
ington Publishing Company, which 
still owns and publishes it under the 
management of those who took it then. 


The most notable newspaper success 
which the history of Lexington so far 
furnishes, is that of the Lexington 
Evening Leader. Th is paper was es- 
tablished on May 1, 1888, by Messrs. 

Sam J. Roberts and W. W. Huffman, 
of Ohio. It had a hard fight for ex- 
istence at first, and was compelled tor 
financial reasons to pass into the hands 
! of a stock company. Mr. Roberts was 
j and is its able editor, and by his in- 
I dustry, ability and perseverance, he 
; has achieved a brilliant success where 
failure seemed Inevitable. The paper 
is politcally Republican, hut It has al- 
ways given more attention to the ma- 
terial development of Lexington than 
to politics, and thus has made its 
way into the homes of hundreds which 
it otherwise would not reach. 


In 1896 a stock company, with Mr. 

Byron McClelland as its first president, 
and Mr. Pat Farnsworth as secretary 
and treasurer, established an evening 
paper known as the Daily Argonaut. 

Some of the best newspaper men in the 
city formed the company and worked 
on the paper. Mr. Farnsworth and 

the advancement of some political fac- 
tion. A case in point was the establish- 
ment by Regent Bowman, of the A. 
and M. College and Kentucky Univer- 
sity, of an afternoon paper called the 
“Dispatch,” which was intended to ad- 
vocate the cause of the Regent in his 
struggle with the Board of Curators 
of Kentucky University. He put at its 
head a bright young college student 
from Cincinnati, named Otto Rotha- 
ker. He was utterly without experi- 
ence and made a failure of the venture 
financially. But the Regent kept it 
going until his fight was at an end, 
and then allowed it to collapse, which 
it did very promptly when his support 

Mr. Rothacker afterwards became ed- 
itor of the “Argus” in ijouisvlle, in 
1876, making quite a reputation as a 
brilliant paragraphlet. He afterwards 
went to Denver, where he became in- 
terested in the “Denver Tribune,” of 
which he became editor. 

Such, briefly, is the n.story of enter- 
prises in the newspaper field, in Lex- 
ington, within the recollection of the 
writer. It is, as indicated at the outset, 
a story of success and fai.ure, of real- 
ization and disappointment, of perse- 
verance with skill and of halt-hearted- 
ness with inexperience. It does not 
prove very much, but it offers a pretty 
fair Illustration of the fact that a 
patch of ground which affords only a 
fair living for one family would be 
wholly inadequate for the support of 
two. R- J- O’MAHONY. 




Lexington Steam Laundry 

109 and 1 1 i"E. Main St. 




I^o^al Insurance Co 



Barbee & Castleman, 

Managers Southern Department. 

Building, ■•LoniSYille, Ky. 


WAREHOUSE— Phone 87 
Third and Georgetown streets. 

OFFICE— Phone 274. 
No. 5 West Short Street. 

B-CL37- "Z"o-u-x s:em.p. 

G ?org ? feand 

Sells the best 




Call up Phone 275 or 229. 

Chinn & Frye 

Stocks, Bonds, Grain, 

Provisions and Cotton. 

Correspondents Ware& Leland, 
members Board ol Trade, 


• 9i 

Lexington Brewing Co., 



OUR products are pure, pleasant to the taste and 
very invigorating. The production of same is 
the result of the most expert labor allied to the 
most scientific processes. -^ 8^ 



No. 16 and 17 Phoenix Hotel, Lexington, ^Ky. 

Stocks, Bonds, Cotton, Grain and IProvisions 
bought and sold on margin or for cash. 

Orders by mail orj telegraph prompily^.executed 
Bank and commercial references. 

Commission— stock %, Grain 1-16, Cotton 1 point, Provisions 2%c. Margli 
Stocks and Grain one to three per cent; Cotton ten i olnta. 



The Vbridi Triumph 
of Master Brewing. 

With the like of which 
ancient Norsemen built tneir 
splendid strength .and 3 mew 
-beer thats rich with the Ma* 
vor of choicest hops and malCA 


and you •will be repaid! 



Morning herald (Lexington, Ky.), 1900-02-25

4 pages, edition 01

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 Local Identifier: moh1900022501
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  Published in Lexington, Ky., Kentucky by [Lexington Pub. Co.]
   Fayette County (The Bluegrass Region)