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date (1825-10-06) topic_Whig newspaper_issue KENTUCKY WHIG 




Yol. I. — No. 




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From the National Journal. 

By the Florida Capt Trackball), which arrived at 
New-York, on Monday evening, London papers to the 
13th ult and Liverpool to tho 16th, inclusive, have been 

Another extensive house in Liverpool has failed. 
The debts of the first house which stopped payment, 
are stated at 400,0001 sterling, about 1,800,000 dollars 
These defalcations are attributed to injudicious specu- 
lation in Cotton, it is, notwithstanding, asserted, tb-t 
Cotton will soon experience a new rise; when a hope 
is expressed that the evil of the present distress will be 
retaliated on the spinners who have caused it 

Mr. Graham, the aeronaut, made his 30th ascent at 
Norwich, on the 6'h ult. The balloon rose calmly 
and majestically until it was lost to the beholders, hav 
ing entered a cloud. But, having passed through the 
intercepting medium, it again made its appearance, and 
rose beautifully. It descended in about half an hour 
in perfect safety; and the bold adventurer returned to 
Norwich in time to partake of the pleasures of the 

Mr Colton, the author of Lacon, is in Paris. 

A journeyman baker in London, has just gained by 
lottery, the barony of Forkleschin, in the principality 
of Anspadb, and is now in possession of 120 000 francs 
The first use he made of his riches, was to boy 70,000 
loaves of rye bread which he distributed to the poor, 
with a pot of beer to each. 

There ere rumors of a change of the French Minis 
try; and a number of names are mentioned as abou* 
to be called into the Kirg’s Councils, but no reliance is 
placed nn the list. 

M de Villcle’3 financial measure of reducing the na 
tional debt by inducing (be French holders of 5 per 
cent, stock, at the rate of 75 1 cash for every 1001 
slock — or, in other words, in inducing Ihc holders of 
5 per cenls. to accept an interest of 4 per cent on a 
newly created stock though be proposed giving them 
a nominal bonus of 25 per cent on their principal, has 
not as yet been successful; although the Courier de- 
clares that it has been far more so than the opponents 
of the Min ster predicted, and will eventually be com 
pletely so. The Morning Herald says—" Had M. 
Villele proposed the exchange at the rate of SOI cast' 
for every 1001 stock, he would in all probability, have 
carried his point; in such case, we hardly think there 
would have been a dissentient. It would appear that 
out of a debt of about 200 000 0001. of our money, 
paying an interest, or annuity of about 10 000 0001 as 
sentees only to the amount of 25 000 0001 paying an 
interest or annuity, of 1 250 0001. have been found. 

The sum a s nted to of capital in En- 
glish money is bout 125,000 0(i0 

The t'.i-HCntients amount to 175, Out) 00 ) 

12 00 000,0 ,0 

And so for as inf rest is concerned— 
The asseniees amount to about 
The dissentients to about 

8, 750, (K0 

110 OuO.OO j 

The a9sentees, therefore, are in the proportion of 
1 14, as comp:. red with 8 S 4 dissentients. 

It is reported, that five or six persons employed at 
Marseilles in protecting the pubhc health against the 
plague, have taken the disease and died. 

The workmen employed in (he extensjve Cotton 
manufactories near Rouen, to the number of 7 or 800 
have imitated their F.ngiish brethren and turned out 
for an iucreate of wages. They attacked the property 
of the manufacturer with sticks, staves, and muskets, 
and were not quelled until the military were called in 
A battle then ensued, and several were killed — among 
them one soldier. This is the first “Turn out” that ev- 
er occurred in France. Other scenes of devastation 
have occurred in the Communes of Pavii-ly, Parentin, 
and Desville, iiy the workmen of the cotton imnufac 

France and Hayti — The news of the recognition of 
the independence of Hayti, bv France, is received with 
general satisfaction, both in France and England The 
Courier says, in a political point of view, it is of great 

The news from Madrid is to the 23th of July. A 
battalion of (he Sd •regiment of the line Las revolted 
at St. Andre, whan it had received orders to embark 
for the Havana; the embarkation, however, was en 

Several of the members of the junta of Public Safe- 
ty have sent in their resignation Among these is the 
Duke de L’Infantado, the President — l’he cause is 
iiid to be the irresistible force of the Ultras, who will 
not allow the existeoce'uf a bod) to exercise a survdl 
lance on their plots. 

The celebrated Optician, Sfrayel, of Bale, has just 
finished an ioiproved telescope, sixty-four feet long. 
It is said, that with the aid of this enormous instrument, 
several learned persons have been enabled to discov 
or animated beings, roads, monuments, and temples, in 
the mcon. 

'The speculative shipments of cotton from Egypt 
havo been checked, the crop having fallen short about 
70,000 bags, which has compelled the. Pacha to violate his 
eng gements.and to send away the vessels chartered by 
hi9 agents, with short cargoes. The revenue of the 
Pacha, will, it is expected, present a gloomy aspect this 
year. The character of the Pacha for fidelity in his 
pecuniary eng gements, has also suffered materially; 
and many cargoes shipped to England, on his account, 
have been attached to liquidate claims rising out of those 

From the National Journal. 
The British in Burmah . — By the latest official ac- 
counts, it appears that the British forces, down to the 
tenth of February last were making considerable pro- 
gress in the Burinao territories. Assam was a prov- 
ince of the Burmese Empire, and the inhabitants by 
the Asiatic right of   onquest, were held as slaves' 
When the British Troops landed at Rangoon, the As- 
samese, through tfi e i r Rajah, requested military suc- 
cours, for their defeuce against the invaders, from the 
King of Ava. These succours were collected and 
sent. The Burmese Comander, MooDkoong Alamhoo, 
(or Samhooken,) finding that the Assamese were play 
ing a double game, by giving countenance to the Brit 
ish invaders, and showing an intention of weakening 
noth parlies by exciting them to fight with each other 
wrote a letter to Lieut. Col. Richards, the English 
officer commanding in Assam, offering to evacuate the 
country provided he might retire unmolested. To this 
the British officer agreed; so that it is possible, before 
this time that the country of Assam is entirely in the 
hands of the English. 

The barbarous practice, so prevalent with Eastern 
nations, of considering the inhabitants of all conquered 
countries as slaves, is probably the principal reason 
why those conquests have been so little durable. In- 
stead of being received upon equal terms among the 
rigioal subjects of the conqueror, the enslaved peo- 
ple have been degraded by the harshest treatment and 
the most oppressive exactions. The consequence has 
invariably been that they have seized the first oppor- 
tunity that presented itself to escape from the cruelty 
of their imperious masters, even if it were only into 
different kind of bondage. The English find the 
• arne facilities from this source of discontent that the 
■Spaniards did on their invasion of Mexico. The na- 
tive tribea who hid been sabdurd by the Mexicans 
joined the standard of Cortes eagerly seizing the oc- 
casion to wreak their vengeance on their former con- 
querors. The British Government has too nearly] 
imitated this despotic policy of Asia, in their treat ! 
:nent of the Irish whom they have too long regarded! 
as a conquered people. Jlence the spirit of revolt is 
so often displayed in Ireland, and the invitations held 
out to the French to invade the Island. We refiect, 
with pleasure, that under our happy form of govern 
incnt, oppression by conquest can never occur. Con 
quest, indeed, is a term almost unknown to our poll t 
ical vocabulary. But whether the United States ac- 
quire additional territory or population by purchase 
or arms, there efin be no room for complaint; for our 
free institutions guarantee to every one living under 
our constitution and laws, religious and civil liberty 
in its highest degree of perfection. Indeed, so well 
adapted to the felicity of mankind at large are the 
principles and practices of our government, that arbi- 
trary sovereigns are as much, if not more, afraid of 
our political doctrines, as they are of our physical 
strength; fearing, as they do, the natural disposition 
if men to embrace whatsoever is conducive to their 

Late accounts from India aHo inform us that Siam 
and Pegu are throwing off their allegiance to the Bur- 
man Empire. Pegu was an independent Kingdom 
until 1751, when it was reduced to subjection by the 
sovereign of Ava. These Eastern acquisitions of 
Great- Britain will, for the present, only have a com- 
mere al effect in her favour, although it cannot be 
doubted that, eventually, they will give her increased 
political influence in the affairs of Asia. The British 
will never content themselves in that region, we pre- 
sume, until they have broken up the Chinese policy 
of exclusion, to which all their conquests eastward of 
the Bay of Bengal will be only preliminary. 

By the last accounts it appears that the British arms 
had met with a slight check, which had caused a tem- 
porary interruption to their conquests. Two unsuc- 
cessful attempts to take possession of the island of 
Ramree had hecn made. At each time they were 
met so resolutely that they were compelled to retreat 
to their shipping after suffering severe losses. 

From the following remarks upon the recently pub 
lished financial statements of the British East India 
Company, it would seem that the effects of the pro- 
tracted war with the Burmese will, probably be seri 
ously felt; for, besides the enormous expenses incur- 
red in their endeavors to extend their conquest to- 
wards China, it appears that several of the govern- 
nents are now a heavy charge to the Company. These 
burdens, added to the great expenses necessary in 
continuing the contest with a people numerous at d 
ave, (notwithstanding their ignorance of the art of 
war.) as the Burmese are represented, must, in the 
end, so absorb (heir means that they will be unable, 
alone to continue the war for any prolonged period. 

[ From the London Times of August 2.J 
The primed statements of India finance arc at 
this moment more than commonly entitled to notice, 
from the increased public interest arising out of the 
war pressure upon the company. 

The accounts extending to 74 folio pages of ar lh- 
metic, wc shall not trouble our readers with more 
than a brief abstract of the sums-total. There is, or 
appears to be, (for we do not vouch it,) a surplus 
revenue from the Company’s empire, after paying all 
charges, military and civil, in India, exclusive of the 
interest on debt; but the expenses of the home estab- 
lishment, viz. Leadcnhall-atreet in its innumerable 
departments and dependencies, form no item in the 
statements of charge referred to, so far as we can dis- 
cover. These home disbursements constitute, no 
doubt, together with interest on debt, the application 
or consumption of the net revenue, as of the profits 
resulting Iroin the China trade, for the monopoly of 
which on behalf of Leadeuhall-strcet, the English na- 
tion is so preposterously, but so grievously, taxed. 

Phe revenue of Bengal only, as estimated for 
1823-1824 stands in the accounts at - - 113,215,300 

(being less than that of the year preeding 
by upwards of DOj,C0O ’) 

The charges as estimated for the same 1323- 

1824, are .... 19,490,772 

(being more than the expenses of the year 

preceding by above 580,000?.) 

I'he net surplus, iberefore, from Bengal, as 
cs'imuted for 1823-1821, would be - 3,72-!, 728 

(f iling short oi ti e net revenue of the pre- 
vious year by nearly a million : nd a half) 

But agaiu an estimate made in contemplation of 
war, is very apt to be too favorable in its anticipation 
both of receipts and charges. The difficulties, cross- 
es, delays, and consequent expenditure of the Bur- 
mese war, were, we imagine. Dot quite of a nature to 
be correctly appreciated by the sort of men who un- 
dertook that contest. There seems reason to tie ap- 
prehensive, therefore that the net income from Bengal 
enjoyed by the company, for the years 1823-1824 w:ll 
by no means exceed, if it shoo'd not on the contrary 
fall short of the estimates in the official document. 
However Bengal is the only presidency from which 
anything like a surplus revenue is not anticipated; 
all the others, without exception, yield what is face- 
tiously termed “a net charge”— that is to say. an ex- 

cess of; expenditure over income. Thus Madras for 
the abo ementiooed year, is, instead of a profit, to be 
a bill'd ii of more than 660,000?.; Bombay, 101,000?.; 
Bencoi. u, 70,000/., Prince of Wales’s Island, 50,500/.; 
o" V 1 'ip Phis will be a deduction from the 
surplus reveuue ot Bengal to the amount of 887,500/. 
To this must be added the interest on the Company's 

South Eastern Division of the army under Brigadier 
! General Morrison, C. B. The preparations fur the at- 
tack commenced on the 24th March, and if we may 
judge from the cififeial reports, were conducted w-iib 
great energy and spirit up to the time of the capture, 
i Many difficulties were encountered, owing to the Bur- 
debt amounting Tor all the presidencies to l,?35*,(IDd/.:| mese having chosen tucli an excellent posit. on, hung 
add St. Helena, about 112,000/.; and these several .by a broad river, whose turds were only passable &t 

sums, when subtracted from the estimated net income 
of Bengal, reduce the proceeds to 988,000/., short of 
a million sterling, with which to pay off debt, to sup- 
port (as wc most take for granted) large home estab- 
lishments, and to carry on a tedious, extensive, and in- 
calculable war. Of the China trade, to be sure they 

only passable 

nearly low water, and whoso banks were not only steep, 
but were covered with sharp stakes 1 he final attack 
was msde at night and the enemy’s stockade was gained 
situated on a Peninsula, protected without a sing e u an 
being killed, and with only a few slightly wounded I'he 

tell us nothing; but if it be not more flourishing than!, Burmese troops amounted to shout 10 0 0 men und.r 
(he Bengal treasury, it may be said that the Honora- |j Atown Mungza, and were nearly annihilated the ru- 
ble Company had better look about them. }' port stating that it was more than p.obable that not 1000 

EGYPT. — Letters from Alexandria, of May 28 j’ ^ Id reach Ava, and not even then but by the permit, 

state that it was understood that the Pacha of Egypt 
meditates to possess himself of the countries bordering 
onoiir Indian possessions, and that Lis Egyptian High- 
ness afforded very evasive replies and explanations to 
questions of our Consul-General on matters so import- 
ant tb the British Empire. We have always heard 
from travellers complaints of French influence in 
Egypt, and believe what the letters express, that the 
French General Boyer is tu high favour, and, the army 
of the Pacha is to be made and to be considered a 
French r rmy. 

The Pacha continues unabated shipments on hia own 
account of cottou and other valuable produce, to every 
European market. The extraordinary turn which 
Cotton had taken in this country, was known, and the 
high speculative price which it bore for a short inter- 
val in the British markets; the consequence is, that 
do goo,% ,tton can be obtained at any price. 

Tli  Pacha, allured by the prospect of immense 
price; for cotton, is said to have refused the delivery 
of ten thousand bags, sold to his own favourite agents, 
an English house, prominent In the trade between 
this country and Egypt; but this is not surprising, as 
indi/iduals of every nation are subjected to similar 
disappointments, for, we understand, an American 
Geitleman has not fared better — having, through a 
liigi and diplomatic channel, sold a fine vessel to hts 
Iliyhness at 16,000 Spanish dollars, two days after the 
sauo his Highness would not pay more than 14,000 
Spinish dollars, and every lepresentalion of such a 
departure from the word of a Highness proved una- 
vailing. London Paper. 

Paris, Aug. 11. — Gen George M’Gregor, Cacique 
of Poyais, in Central America, has just granted a large 
trset of territory to a company about to establish a 
Fiench colony on it. 

Madrid. July 27. — “The necessity of having expe- 
rienced officers in the corps which are going to Amer- 
ica, has induced the Minister of W ar to employ a great 
number belonging to the ancient army, w ho have not 
yet undergone any sentence of purification.” 

■‘It is said that a battalion of the third Regiment of 
ths Spanish line has revolted at Saint At drade, in 
consequence of their having received orders to em- 
bark for the Havanna. They were disarmed, howev- 
er, and cumpetled to embark.” — 

Translated for the National J urn al from the "Gaceta 
dc Madrid 'of the 14//i July, 1825. 

On Sunday, the 10th instant, the King our Lord re. 
ceived at a special audience, and with the usual cere- 
monies, Mr Hugh Nelson, the Minister Plenipoten 
tiary of the United ' tales, who, on presenting to His 
Majesty his letter of recredence, addressed him in the 
following terms: 

“V\ ith your Majesty 's permission, I have the honor 
to present to you a letter from the President of the 
United States, addressed to your Majesty, their great 
and good friend 

“ „ he President of the United States, whom I have 
had the honor of representing for some time at the 
Court of your Majesty, on permitting me to return to 
my country, has charged me to avail myself of the 
occasion of taking leave of your Majesty to assure you 
of the continuance of his friendship, and of his sincere 
desire to preserve and consolidate the harmony and 
good understanding which happily subsists between both 

“ I am likewise commissioned to assure your Majesty, 
that President Adams, recently advanced to the Chief 
Magistracy of the United States, is animated by the 
same sentiments of good will and friendship towards ; 
your Majesty and the Spanish Nation which were enter j 
tained by his predecessor, President Monroe; and that J 
President Adams will checr'ully avail himself of every 1 
opportunity which may be presented to him, during his 
administration, to demonstrate the sincerity of these 
sentinents. adopting on his part whatever measures 
may tend to strengthen and perpetuate harmony and 
friendship between both governments. 

“ 1 have been also d rected to represent to your Ma j 
jesty, that, although there still exists some unsettled 
questions which arose between the two governments, 
and which were presented by me to the government 
of your Majesty, nevertheless President Adams places 
the utmost confidence in the justice and uprightness of 
your Majesty, and, therefore, trusts that these questions 
will be decided in a fair and liberal manner, and that 
my successor. Alexander H Everett, who sometime 
since resided in the capacity of Minister Plenipoten 
tiary of the United States at the Court of the King of 
the Low Countries, and who is now about to fill the 
same station near the person of your Majesty, may be 
enabled to bring to a happy conclusion all the negotia. 
tioo9 pending. 

“On taking leave of your Majesty, I cannot do less 
than express to you my profound gratitude for the 
kindness and good will which you have manifested to- 
wards me on various occasions; and 1 pray you to re 
ceive my sincere and ardent wishes for tho happiness of 
your Majesty and your Royal Family, and for (die pros- 
perity of your people. May the Supreme Creator of 
the IJniv'eree preserve and prosper your Majesty for 
many years ” 

His Majesty received Mr. Nelson with his usual 
kindness and benevolence. 

From the New-York Gazette. 


We have received Calcutta papers to the 20th of 
April, which we mentioned in our last. They contain 
■the official accounts of the capture of Arracan from 
Iwhi'dt it appears that the affair was conducted by the 

ssion of the Governor General Little or nothing of 
lvalue was found in Arrucan, and it was supposed that 
they had either secreted or carried off their valuat l  s 

It appears however that the British arms were not 
successful in every instance, as the papers conta'rt un- 
favorable accounts from Rangoon 'i’he division hi d* : 
Sir Archibald Campbell reached Sarave on the Iraw 
uddy (112 miles from Rangoon)   n the Sd March, and 
eight days march from Prome, whither he was destined, 
without losing a man. It vras the inlr nfian of the com- 
mander of the forces to halt at (his place until he could 
cornu unicale with Brigadier General Cotton, of whose 
operations subsequent to the capture of Palany, no ac- 
counts had been received al Head Quarters down to tLe 
4th of March 

The following account of the defeat of Brigadier 
General Cotton is given in the Calcutta Government 
Gazette of April 4: 

‘ Brigadier General Cotton alt' eked tho enemy’s po 
sition at Donabew on the 8th inst. at Pagoda, which 
was carried with a loss to the enemy of 4000 killed, 
wounded and prisoners. The second stockade, distant 
from the fort 500 yards, was then cannonaded and at- 
tacked. This attempt proved unsuccessful, and the 
Brigadier General finding that his force was not strong 
enough to carry the mam stockade (even had he token 
the second,) and being exposed to a heavy fire, judged 
it prudent to re- embark the troops and drop down four 
miles below Donabew, until reinforced — Our loss was 
heavy on the occasion, amounting to 130 killed and 
wounded including in t!je former Captains Rose and 
Canncn, of H. M. b9th.” 

A subsequent account fora Rangoon of the SOfb 
March states, that General Cotton had been repeatedly 
attacked in the position to which he r  treated after the 
affair of Danabew. 'I nc enemy’s war boats hud become 
formidable, and it was not deemed prudent to t« ust the 
steam vessel too near them, as her capture or destruc- 
tion would be severely felt. Donabew is said to be the 
strongest hold in the Burtnar. Empire, being cicum- 
vullated with three intrenched stoekades and in the re- 
proach to it there were two others 

Bassein was takcD possession of on (lie 4th of M rcb, 
without opposition; the Buririans driving away tin* pop- 
ulation, and retiring after setting fire to tho town aid 
destroying five ships which they had there. 

The letter which gives the foregoing particulars of 
the attacks on general Cotton adds — “By some mistake 
the main army under Sir Archibald passed Donabew 40 
or 50 miles before they were aware of it, and the ene- 
my between himself and the Brigadier; but on his find- 
ing he did not join him hehasfalbn back to his assis- 
tance, w here report says he has arrived and we are now 
waiting the result. Some say a grand attempt is medi- 
tated by bombarding it with the whole of the heavy 
guns and mcitars; others say he wiil attempt it by sail- 
ing ” 

The attack on Donabew .was expected to be very cb 
stinate. The English soldiers were very eager to at- 
tack them, and would take few prisoners, as the Barba- 
rians, as they are called, had dug up the F.ngli-h who 
had been billed, and having mutilated the bndiess fixed 
them ou rafts and set them adrift among the English 

A letter from (he District of P.'.rncah, dated March 
29th, says — 'Our Indigo prospects are far from promis- 
ing, owing to the refractory state of the I yets which 
renders Indigo planting an arduous and unpleasant 

A volcano has recently been discovered in the Ilium 
laya Mountains. 

Frcm Peru — The Garonne, at N York, which left 
Lima, June 18th, has brought numerous letters. The 
fr.gate Constitution, Com. Hull, had arrived at Clio- 
rillos. Callao it wa9 thought by some would be starv- 
ed into submission in about two months. Other letters 
state that there is no prospect cf its surrender for a 
long time, as Rodil had still a large supply of previ- 
sions The Patriots had thrown up a battery within 
gun shot of Callao, and mounted six 24 pounders and 
they were continually firing upon one another, but 
withou) much effect. The object of this battery aas 
to prevent llodii's cattle from coming out to grrze, 
which in some measure succeeded. The castle mounts 
upwards of two hundred brass 24 pounders, and n 
number of smaller cannon — it is surrounded by a ditch 
70 feet wide and of the same depth. 

The letters complain much of the vexatious regula- 
tions, or rather want of regulations, of the Cus-ifto 
House, which occasion much unnecessary inconvenience 
to our trade. The ship Arethusa, of Baltin ore. after 
waiting several weeks for a clearance sailed wilhcu’ 
one, bound to the coast of Brazil, with her outward 
cargo of 2200 barrels of flour. 

The ship Gen Brown, of New York, under se zure, 
charged with having Spanish property on board contra- 
band of war, “ha9 been waiting 5 or C months for a 

trial ns soon as it comes near to a close, they turn 

out a judge and institute a new court— if the ship ie 
cleared, which is very doubtful such unheard of de- 
tention will run her voyage. There is a brig in port 
in the same situation.” Nat. Gaz. 

Captain Putnam, who arrived at Salem on Thursday 
last, in the ship Eliza, from Leghorn, states that pre- 
vious to his sailing a report was in circulation that en 
uusucaes9ful attempt had been made to assiuat* tb? 
Pope of Rome. ^ 



To Jon.N Ij. Wilson, Esq lute Governor of the State of 
South Carolina. 

Sir. I have read, with much satisfaction, your Ict- 
-ter, addressed to me, in the New \orlt National Ad- 
vocate of this morniog. 1 am glad that you follow the 

example of President Cooper, in giving publicity to 

your sentiments. If discussions of important topics 
ne of auy use, their utility is greatly increased b) 
the extensive and rapid circulation ot a daily paper. 
It was so that the wise and virtuous Franklin thought, 
and his communications through that channel were of 
more use to his country than the most ostentatious 
volumes, and, 1 think, concealing his name is hut false 
modesty in a writer, whose aim is to do good, h or. 
though a name he no authority, it is stili a pledge of 
loyalty and confidence. It shews that there is no 
hidden motive of intrigue; no mystery or disguise; no 
fear of personal attack which the shield of an honest 
character cannot repel; and 1 shall, therefore contin- 
ue, though at a distance to imitate those who have so 

You say, and I trnstyour prediction will be fulfilled, 
*hal New York is destioed to he a great precursor in 
the deveiopement of the riches of our common country; 
and what you say of our present Governor is deserving 
of attemon. 

The message of Governor Clinton to the last Logis- 
lain re comprehends a great variety of important to- 
pics, but uboe more so than his recommendations of 
a digest of the law; and 1 cannot better do justice to 
him, than to repeat his words, which were these: 

“A cbinplete code, founded on the salutaiy prmci- 

inost in request. The rogue that will share the spoil 
of a miserable creditor with the helpmate of his ini- 
quity, will leave unrequited the honorable advocate, 
whom ht will consider hut a secondary instrument, or 
a spy upon his acts; and a low and vile brokerage will 
degrade that profession which Mr Clinton would ele- 

With consideration and esteem, 1 remain yours, 




pies of the common law, (I wish lie had said common 

law, which would have embraced the common sense!. , „ , .. , . , ,. . c, . 

of mankind,) adapted to the interest of commerce and Federal Government the. Federal Judiciary. State 

From the Georgia Patriot- 
Head Quarters — Astern Department 
Milledgeville, dug. 29*. 1825. 
Sir:— I have received your comrounicatiro. through 
Mr. Secretary Pierce, with two papers purposing to be 
copies of letters from your Excellency to th» President 
of the. United States, bearing date the 26tti-,July and 
6tb August; wherein, it appears you are pleased to 
w rite at me and of me. notwithstanding your avowed 
resolution not to write to me. 

To this wise expedient, to preserve the immense 
weight of dignity under which your excellency labours, 
I can have no objeetion. I take this occasion before 
mentioning your assumed ‘facts and arguments ” to 
assure you that I have no authority, whatever, from the 
President of the United States, or Department of War, 
to write or speak to you upon any other than public 
and official su^j-ets — such as I have, with perfect frank- 
ness and enrdi li*y . communicated to you, previous to 
the receipt of your letter of the 17th July In that 
letter, you will recollect you so far l  st sight of your 
own proper sphere of acti n, as to attempt to give roe 
hat vou term "a gentle rebuke ” You thus then, laid 
aside, the wonted h gh ’h roes of your hrilliant pen — 

From the National Journal. 

The following correspondence between the Hon. T 
H. Benton and the Secretary of War, on the subject 
of au advanced post on the Upper Missouri, with a view 
to check the progress of the British Fur Agents in their 
encroachments on our territory, and to acquire more of 
that lucrative commerce into our own hands, 'will bi 
read with much interest. It was the opinion of the 
British North West Company that the most valuable 
fur, were to be obtained in those sterile tracts of coun 
try which lie in the vicinity of Lake Winnipec, where 
the rocky and swarmpy districts are favourable to the 
beaver but unpropituous to the multiplication of the 
larger game In this tract is to be found the territory 

of the Assiniboin Indians, a little south w rd of which precariousness of its supplies at this time, will be more 

the useful arts, the state of society, and the nature oi 
our government, embracing the improvements which 
are enjoined by enlightened experience, would he a 
public blessing. It would free our laws from uncer- 
tainty, elevate a liberal and honorable profession, and 
utterly destroy judicial legislation which is at war 
‘with the genius of representative government ” 

Against such clear positive and overwhelming truths 
as these no true American wiil set his face; no so- 
phistry can hold. 

Have the Legislature done their parti That is an- 
other question. Much of their time was certainlvl 
consumed in things less valuable or beneficial to their 
constituents. But something they have done. Far 
from declaring the measure inexpedient, they have 
given very large powers to a committee for the revis- 
ion and amendment ol the statute law; and ldo believe 
there is in reserve a great force of good plain common 
sense, as well as professional and lioeral iearuiug that 
will, now that a breach is made in the antique reudal! 
hold, mount it, sword in hand. The people will have 
it; reason will have it. May prudence and integrity 
guide their counsels, and may the execution he com- 
mitted to pure hands aDd soundheads. It must bg 
a work of time and labor, but it will be a glorious 

Besides this general recommendation. Mr. Clinton 
particularly advised an amendment to the common 
law on a point very interesting to the mercantile 
world. This was also referred to a committee, and 
there it rested. In the mean time, another country 
bore away the honor, and we must now be content to 
play the part of imitators. Our merchants were of- 
ten aggrieved by the security of goods upon which 
they had made advances, being wrested out of their 
hands by latent claims of foreign consignors, upon the 
ground that those who pledged the goods were bill 
their factors. This law was oppressive and unjust in 
its operation. It rendered property insecure, winch 
is the bane of commerce. The possession of the goods 
made the factor, to gvery appearance, wner. I heir 
relation was known to themselves alone. The ad- 
,ance was in good faith, without any notice of any 
other owner; and natural justice pointed out that he 
who trusted the person should look to the person, and 
he. who was a stranger and trusted to the goods, should 
have his lien respected. Prudence suggested that 
this law must lead to collusion aDd deceit, and he but 
a commission to rob, and experience warranted the 
presmnpt ion. It happened that the same measure was 
brought forward in the British Parliament, and passed 
there into a law. in spite of the obstinate resistance 
of that “regular built” common lawyer, Mr. Scarlett; 
and the n teres t of commerce triumphed. Why could 
not this have been effected with usl It surely was not 
worse for being recommended 1 » y Governor Clinton, 
than it was upon being brought forward by au Englisl 

One word more. Mr. Clinton has said that, his 
proposed improvement would elevate o liberal and 
honorable profession. 1 think every honorable mem- 
ber must, if prejudice do not cloud his judgment, feel 
this truth. The vices of our jurisprudence are ruin 
-oils to the high-minded and highly qualified. I met 
with an observation lately, I think in the American 
that “our great lawyers were most genteelly poor.” 1 
was struck with the force of it. Printing or hook 
making, for good or for bad has brought about a migh 
ty revolution' The mysteries of practi e and special 
pleading are divulged. They have passed into infe 
rior hands Even had Latin now is of no avail. 

\ A constable can take the distinction between tres 
pass and case, and move and obtain a nonsuit, and 
glibly retail all the learning of the roguish entries of 
the “ Ires erudite Edmund Saunders, Chivalier Nrtd- 
gairs Seinnior Chief Justice del Bank le Hoy,' 1 ' r, h  
began by being a beggar boy, grew up a filthy persor 
and a dissolute wag, aod with these qualities rose 
to be Chief Justice to the 2d Charles, of his “ Bank le 
Roy." And this was he who boasted, as you have 
shown, that he had more law than king, lords, and 

If the law continues trirky and dishonest, it will he 
for rogues and tricksters to pursue it. IT it he noth 
ing hut stringing of cases, a dunce, with a t asc, will 
as '5 r. Wadduck observes, do better than a Ciceri 
without one. If it run into affidavits' by advice of 

ou.n set,” the counsel that will advise them will be 

•JtfT’-eys did n t immediately succeed Sir Fr: nci 
Pemberton, whose immediate secct s-or was Sir Edmund 
Saunders, a man of too extraordinary a comp I   *ion to he 
passed over in silence. He was originally a strolling' beg. 
gar ibout the streets, without   ilher known parents   
rt-litions. lie came often to beg scraps at Olt meni’ In 
where he was * ken notice oi for his uncommon sprightli 
ness; ai d as he expreseed a strong inclination to learn t 
write one of the Attorney's Clerks taught him a*vd s on 
qualified him for an hackney writtr. Mi took i ll upper 
trinities ol improving himself, by reading such bocks 
he borrowed of his friends, and in the course i.f a few 
year-; he ante an able Attorney and a very eminent c un 
sel. His practice in the court of King’s. Bench w .s  x 
coed d bv none; tiis art and cunning were equ-lto lus 
knowledge; and he carried many a cause by laving snares 
If lie was d tected, he w-as neve out of or un ., but 
evaded the matter" wi  h a jest, which lie had s.lway s at hand. 
He was much e ployed bv the king against the city of 
London, m the business of the quo •warrunto His person 
was as h avy and ungai ly as his w it Was : I rt and sprightly. 
He is said to have been ‘a tnrr lump pf morbid flosh:”|| 

rights Yazoo claims VC 8ec -—and leaving all these great 
readers to statid or move in the separate and dis 
tinct orbits in which th- federal and state constitutions 
and law i bare wisely placed them you have “descend 
ed ” rather lustily as it would seem, *o unauthorised 
personal animadversion and ‘ rebuke ’ touching certain 
offi,- al dutie confd d to me 

In repelling the personal censure aod menace con- 
fined in what you have termed your ‘mild rebuke,’’ 

I have ac'ed on my own respocsibility, without any au 
thority, save that which is implanted in theAfireast of 
every upright mat'. civil aod savage, and which isknevn 
to the virtuous and wise, as the first law of natrre'’— 
a law winch authorises the free use of the bayoiet a 
gair at die hiehway robber of money whose weayon is 
of a deadly hue, and ibe free use of the pen ajainst 
• he offi ial robber of reputation, whose known wnpon 
i« the oen. I have 10 money; and but little property 
of any kind, that would command money— and, tiere 
fore have no occasion to guard against the b ghway 
robber; the li tie store of wealth of which I am matter, 
consists of an unurri«hed reputation, with some tes- 
timonials of applause generously and sponfaneoisly 
bestowed on me by the National and some of the Sate 
Legislatures, of which Geoigia is one, and by wlicb 
she and they have secured my lasting gratitude iod 
strengthened the ties of friendly feeling and brotherly 
union between ua. This little store is Inghlv valued fav 
me It is roy own— -my all It will beheld in trust 
by me, for my children and my country; and it is, 
therefi re, ruy rghf and hounden duty to preserve and 
defend it! It would be grin iral in me to neglect it! 
No earthly law can impair the higher law of self de 
fence and si If pteservatton 

My letters of the 14 n. 16th and 22d June, and 
those of the 1st and lOih July have convinced n-.v 
friends, whose good opinion I value m st highly of my 
uniform and earnest desire to abs'aio from collision with 
you; and, in my answer to yours of the 1 7 1 h Inly, if 
is known that your suggestion of the b ,j ste n which 
you wrote induced me to decline a reply for a week:! 
nd until your letter made its appearance, as usual 
newspap-r doubtless by y- ur permission If, m 
mine of the 29th July, of which you complain to the 
President, or in my last of the lC’h of this month, it 
h'-uld appear that nature or a def dive education should 
have io planted in me a little spice of that knight er- 
rs try for which vour excellency is so much renowned, 
nd that I should thereby have been tempted to break a 
lance with you in something like your own proper style, 

I cannot but hope that my fault, in this case, in follow 
ng your example, and quoting your own expressions, 
(the only fault with which I can possibly he charged,) 
will he pardoned by the President and people of the. 
United ‘tales of wlose wisdom and justice acd mag 
•animify I have had the most nndnubted proofs. To 
your Excellency I have no apology to offer——! purpose, 
however, that in our future correspondence, after dis 
posing of your futile charges against me, that yen and 
1 may confine ourselves to our public and official duties 
When these are accomplished l hereby proncse should 
you desire it, to correspond with you, unofficially unt I 
‘ we shall Irve exhausted the argument;” and then v e 
will stand by our— goose quills, and talk of ‘valor' 
Lout which vou have written to the President. 

In the interim, since you appear to he fond of quo 
ations from the poets, upon the subject of ‘ viler " I 
will here give y u ore for your particular consideration 
and benefit. “The brave vent not their prowess in a 
storm of words the' let actions speak for them ” 

In your letter of the 26th Jn ! y, recount ending to 
'he notice of the Paesidcnt the report of your commie 
sinners, you remark that the report “n ay indeed he 
said to carry with it its own commentary,” and yet you 
iave taken care to furnish it with an elaborate common 
tary It has gone forth doubly armed with its own end 
your comroentaty Thus armed and shielded at all 
points, it remains for me to approach and try its boast- 
ed strength In this necessary measure of self de 
fence I shall proceed upon the principle, indicated ini 
the following quotation: *■ Out of thine own mouth will 
I convict thee ’ 

Fr. m y« ur “documentary evidence” and from the 
report of your commissioners, it is my purpose to 
prove— 1st, That your attempt to associate your com- 
missioners with me was an usurpation, as unwarrantable! 
as it was indecorous. 2d That theii report is tainted 
with misrepresentation and perfidy. 8d That the re-! 
si object of your commissioners was to thwart my ef- 
forts to restore peace among the Indians, notwithstand-j 
ing their professed desire to co operate with me io the 1 
deveiopement of troth, and the restoration of peace 
and harmony. 

If l do not, in my next letter, establish these three 
points, then will I agree to submit it to the denunciation 
of your excellency and the w ole tribe of your servile 

Heao Quarters Washisotos.   
Ju y 21st, 1825. $ 

Sir:— T he attention of the War Department has 
been called to the subject of the fur trade c,f the Mis- 
souri, and the necessity of preserving it from the en- 
croachments of British skill and enterprise. 

With this view it has been sugges'.cd to occupy some 
advanced point on the river, with four or five com- 
panies of the number comprising your expedition; so 
located as best to favour the objects proposed. 

The nature and value of the interests thus to be pro- 
tected, as well as the obstacles attending the execution 
of the measure thus contemplated, the remoteness of 
the position, its difficulty of access, and the extreme 

lie the American line, and the V\ bite Earth River, we 
believe the only navigable stream which runs from the 
British territory into that of the United States, and 
which runs into the Missouri, at the very bend where 
the Secretary cf War has ordered the establishment of 
the new post. From this country the North West 
Company were always roost anxious to|excludc all com- 
petitors, as we find it is stated in the earl of Selkirk’s 
Sketch of the British Fur Trade, who goes on further 
to state— “if any one of these Indians venture to sell a 
heaver skin to a trader who is not of the North Wes' 
Company, it is a crime for which he is sure to experi 
ence the severest vengeance. ’ Of the value of the Brit 
ish Fur Trade we have formerly spoken; and we rejoice 
to find, from (he letter of Mr. Benton, that the vast 
disproportion which has hitherto existed between that 
and the value of our Fur Trade is beginning sensibly to 
diminish We have so unreserved a confidence in the 
activity and en'erprize cf our own citizens, that in (he 
absence of impediments which are really insurmounta- 
ble. we have no doubt they will succeed in turning the 
current of that trade which has hitherto run to the north 
e st, into our native channels; and in effecting this most 
desirable change it gives us sincere satisfaction to see 
the General Government so ready to lend its powerful 

ST LOUIS, APRIL 20, 1825 

D au Sir: The expedition for (be Upper Missouri 
expected to leave Council Bluffs about this time. 
The treaties which will be formed with the Indians, and 
he imposing appearance of 500 well appointed men 
will doubtless have good effect upon the state of fur 
trade; but nothing short of the complete execution of 
the plan of the late administration can give to that im 
portart interest the protection which it demands A 
permanent post at, or beyond the Mandan villages, to 
serve s a point d'appui to our traders, can alone enable 
our citizens to expel the British from the Upper Mis 
sonri, to recover the rich fur trade of the Ro ky Moun 
tains, and to maintain their own position in that remote 
region. Ir is my intention to renew my exertions at 
the next session of congress, to obtain the establishment 
of (his post, and, I flatter myself, with better success 
than heretofore, inasmuch as that stumbling block 
iclept "expense,” which was got out of the old Yellow 
^t-me expedition, can no longer be thrown into mv 
path The present expedition has removed it forever 
The cost of the whole movement, including the pur 
r.h*se of ten or a dozen boats, which can be sold here 
after, and rein. burse a part of the expense, will not 
exceed the extra appropriation of g 10 000, being ?3 000 
less than the estimate of the Quarter Master Gen 
eral Jessup which itself was so low that several 
gentlemen thought it was a take in Even if the ex 
pendi'ure of that «um has to be repeated the amount 
w 11 t e »oo inconsiderable to furnish a reasonable ob- 
jection to a national enterprise; still, it w  uld he of 
some a va I in the argument to say, ‘‘we want no money 
— the troops are there-,'' and to be Rble to say this, a 
part ot General Atkinson s command must be left above 
during the ensuing winter I have to propose to you 
th-refnre, to ohtain the President's consent to this ar 
rangemprit (far your wishes are well known to me ) 
dependent, of course, upon the General s opinion 
of his own capability to provide for the subsistence 
and safety of his nopn; points upon which I have no 
doubt, but of which the officer commanding on the 
spot can be the only proper judge. Even if Congress 
should refuse to make the post permanent, we should 
still derive some advantage from the stay of the troops 
during the winter, as the longer the visit the more im 
posing and durable will be (ts effect upon the minds of 
the savages 

The able and cordial support which you have given 
in the Sen tc to all our measures for the protection of 
the fur trade, assures me of vour ready co-operation 
in your new situation, in any feasible plan for its further 
security. It bas a fair claim upon the national pro 
.tcction, both, as an object of commerce, and as a means 
of governing the Indians. The British avail themselves 
'■f it for both purposes. Their commerce in furs has 
been about a million and a quaiter of dollars per an 
iium. fi r forty years; ours has been nearly extinct, but 
is reviving, and will yield 300,000 dollars this spring at 
this place I ast vear we imported ?320 000 worth 
'■nd the year before. 3270 000 worth; nearly one half 
in each year from Canada, that is to say from our o • n 
territory on the Upper Missouri. by the way of f 'anada 
This state of things I have endeavored to alter, hut 
Sisyphian is the labour of effecting any change in the 
p licy cf a great nation With great respect, your 
obedient end faithful servant. 

Hon. Mr. Barbour, Secretaryof War. 

fully presented to ymir view, as possessing that person- 
al knowledge of the country and its resources, so essen- 
tial to a right decision. 

Under these circumstances, you are authorized, at 
your discretion if you approve of establishing such a 
post, to locate it at such eligible point on the Missouri 
as shall most effectually secure the objects in question, 
and to make such arrangements f r the accommodation 
of the troops through the winter, as your means will 

It is suggested that the exlreme north bend of the 
Mis-ouri, approaching as it does, most nearly to the 
British boundary and settlements might afford a position 
embracing the greatest advantages. 

I am aware that the War Department is every way 
disposed to promote all the just views and interests of 
our fellow citizens of the Western States, and I ad- 
dress you this letter, conferring upon you the discre- 
tionary power it contains, from the conviction that it 
could not be placed in better hands. I have the honor 
to be, Sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 


To Brig. Gen. H. Atkinson. 

General Samuel Smith presented a starve! of colours 
to tbe “Find troop of independent Light Dragoons,” 
at Baltimore, on Monday last. The colours are said to 
be beautiful 

The tro'-p being formed in readiness, General Smith 
delivered the fallowing appropriate address on present- 
ing the standard to Lieut Turner. 

The flog which I have the honour to present to the 
first troop of Independent Light Dragoons on this 12th 
day of September will stall times, when unfurled call 
to their recollection the day on which an invading foe 
met his first check, a day gloriously venerable to the 
citizen soldier, a day on which the third Brigade of 
Maryland under the brave General Strieker, nobly sus- 
tained a conflict against three times its number of the 
best and bravest troops of an enemy flushed with vic- 
tory in which your troop sustained its character for 
good conduct and discipline a day which will ever be 
held dear to the citizens of Baltimore and their pos- 
terity, their children and their children s children will 
boast that their f-thers fi ugbt on that dav. and (he city 
was s^ved; should a future occasion offer, (which I 
pray G'd to avert ) the First Troop of Independent 
Light Dragoons attached to the 5th Regiment of the 
cavalrv of Maryland will be always prepared, by good 
discipline and by « heir natural bravery, to maintain the 
high character so nobly sustained by the militia on the 
12th day of September. 1814. 

On receiving the standard, I/eut. Turner tho 
follow : ng reply; 

Venerable Sire, 

Wnrds are inadequate (o express my feelings on this 
occasion this stand of colours being presented by tbe 
hind of a fellow citizen, whom onr country delights to 
honour, and who«e name is enrolled in the annals of 
her liberties, we. as Baltimoreans hi ve ever heen proud 
to revere vou as the faithful friend and guardian of her 
rights, and no less G-n ral am I proud of (he honour 
of bearing this standard than in the receipt of it from 
vour hands, and assure you. sir. anil hereby pledge, my 
honour as : n American soldier that ! wifi defend it with 
honor, and surrender it only with rrv |if . 

National Journal. 

ffensiv ', ihut people usually | newspaper slanderers, during the remaining period of 
my life. 

I have the honor to he. 

Major General Commanding. 
To his excellenci G M Troup, 

Governor of Georgig, 

thesrmli ofliim w-»s 
held their noses when lie came into court. Or e of his 
jests on this occasion was, that “none could say I e want- 
ed issue, for he had no Ipss ban nin,- in Ids b ck ” Sir 
George Jeffreys *.urceed' d him Septemper 26 h, 1683 
Grang. Biog. History, vol. 3. oct p. 367. And Itemi ng 
ton’s noteto the life of Sir Mathew Hale, prefixed 'o his 
edition of his His. oftfio forntnan Lsv of England, p- 42. 

Department of War 
20th July 1825 
Dear Sir:— — You do me only justice in referring tr, 
my support as fir as it can be properly extended in the 
very important branch of our d mestic rcs"urces, the 
fur trade It will give me great pleasure to be insfru 
men'al in securing it for our ow n citizens, to the exclu 
tion of all others. 

That a military post high up the Missouri would es- 
sentially contribute to that result, is obvious; but 
whether its advantages would compensate the dbad 
vantages w hich are anticipated from such a measure, 
is a question that you have very properly referred to 
the wisdom of Congress, whose favorable opinion you 
mean to obtain, if practicable, at the next session 
Meanwhile, bs tbe mo9t entire confidence is reposed in 
the very sound discretion of Gen. Atkinson, I have 
with the sanction of the President, caused an order to 
be addressed to Him, gwing him a discretionary pow- 
er to continue, if he tliirks proper, the force under his 
command in some faroralle situation, on the Upper 
Missouri For your more particu'ar information I 
enclose you a copy of the order. I have the’hnnor to 
he, your obedient servant, 

Hen. T. H. Benton, St. Louis, Missouri. 

The Grand Ship Canal Company is organized and 
going into operation in London, with (be immense capi- 
tal of four millions sterling, (£ 17 777 777.) Its object 
is to construct a canal through w hich ships of the line 
mny pas- from Portsmouth to I onden, without expo- 
sure to the delays aod danger of the sea naiigaticn a- 
round the Forelands, &c. Arotber company with a 
capital of 1,75 0001, is incorporated for the construc- 
'ion of harbours and a fhip canal, of 15 feet deep, by 90 
in width, and 44 miles long, from Seaton Bay, in the 
English Channel, to Bridgewater Bay, in the Bristol 
Channel; considered a9 a highly advantageous and ler.e' 
ficial work.— Nat. Guz. 

The followrng account of a Turkish army in cam- 
paign. is from a recent number of the Military Journsl 
of Berlin: — “An Ottoman army may be compared to 
'hose bands of armed pilgrims who at one time inunda- 
ted all parts of Europe; but instead of a long train of 
pilgrims, bearing the cross and rosary, a Turkish army 
is followed by dervises, clothed in strange mantles and 
ridir g upon asses, in token of their humility They 
are at the bead of a troop which carries the colours of 
the Prophet. After them come a light body called 'the 
lost children.’ who pillage and ravage the country thro’ 
which the army passes They precede the timariots, or 
national militia, mounted upon asses or mules, procured 
at their own expense, or rather that of (ho country in 
which they levy their contri titions. Then come the 
infantry, foime.rly the pride of (he Ottoman army but 
now entirely degenerated They are. armed with guns 
without bayonets, and pistols without pnignards. — 
They march without order in detachments, like so many 
flocks of sheep Behii d them are the topebis or artille- 
ry men, whose cannons are drawn by oxen or Christian 
slaves whose pace is quickened by the lashes of (he 
whip. Among these soldiers some are singing others 
crying, and others firirg their pieces in the air— The 
ei.r guard of this mixture is closed by a chief, richlv 
dressed and mounted on a courser. He is surrounded 
by a crow d of insolent domesfies or by slaves to whom 
he distributes freely strokes of the sabre, when they do 
not keep at a res per t* ul di-lance Under the protec- 
tion of these dompsties are frequently seen Greek sut- 
lers. Jews who sell elothes. Bohemian story tellers art! 
thieves and exicu'ioners A Turkish nrrrv never 
mar 'hes without a number of Jew commissaries who 
sell the, barley fur thp horses, aod wheat for bread: and 
when the army lakes up a position, all the inhabitants 
of the environs, friends or foes aro put under contribu- 


cur f&rmttctuj JLSFiita. 




The Court of the People ard the Court of the Jacobins 
are both in se-sion at Frankfort. The death of Mr 
Sneed had left the constitutional court without a Clerk 
We are pleased to learn that Mr. J Swigert has been 
designated s his successor A better selection could 
not, probably, have been made, fur Mr S. is every wt y 
qualified to discharge the duties of this highly import- 
ant and responsible office He is 3 gentleman of res 
pec table talents, and fair character, and has moreover, 
enjoyed extensive opportunities of qualifying himself for 
the faithful discharge of the trust w hich has been con- 
fided to him. 

We learn that the Court ol the People will proceed to 
perform its duties, without deiguing to notice the rival 
and hostile tribunal, which it is supposed, will continue 
to pretend to expound the law and to admin ister justice 
It seems to be the general wish and determination of 
the constitutional party that prev ious to the meeting of 
the Legislature, no strong measures should be taken 
8 gainst these audacious usurpers of power, and mid 
ni»-ht assassins of the constitution. Their fate will then 
be decided in a firm, but temperate manner; and if 
they are hurled from their seats in disgrace, their parti 
sans cannot complain, when they advert to the base and 
dishonorable means by which they procured their 
unmerited elevation. 

Contrary to our expectations we have not been able, 
this week, to conclude the remarks which we deem it 
our duty to make in relation to the recent trial of Isaac 
B Desha. In our next they will be continued, and we 
shall endeavor as soon as possible, to get rid of a sub 
ject, which is unpleasant to us arid must he to society. 

Isaac D. Desha — If the partisans of this convicted 
murderer were disposed to manifest even a semblance 
of decent respect for the op'ni ms of ic etv; if they 
had continued to hide tlroir f til i*c - und r the ve'.l of 
secret juntos and mid nigh’ caucuses we w uld have ob- 
served the established rules and pseserved 'lie ueual 
silence in relation to his ca»e. But since the creatures 
of the Governor have thrown aside all shame, and ex 
bibited their unblushing profl gacy in open day; sit ce 
Judges sworn to enforce the laws have disgracefully 
aided in obstructing their execution, it has become our 
painful duty, to bring the ease of this unfortunate 
young man before the public, and to invoke its ven 
geance upon the heads of tbo-e tfficers who have ig 
Dorantly, or corruptly, protected him from the merited 
sentence of the law. 

It cannot he fogotten by our readers, that at ihe last 
session of our l egislature Governor Desba, by his per 
sonal and official influence, procured the passage of a 
law to remove the trial of his son from Fleming to 
Harrison oounty, and that to effect this object, a petition 
was presented to the Legislature, which was said to be 
the act of the accused VVhetber this instrument was 
genuine, or whether, as has been suggts’ed, it was man- 
ufactured by the Governor and his able associate 
John Rowan, it is unnecessary now to inquire. The 
subsequent submissions of the accused to the law, have' 
demonstrated, (bat, if he did not solicit its enactment, 
he was willing to submit to its penalties It is a well- 
known fact that, this petition was presented to the 
House of Representatives by Mr Rowan, who was 
then employed as counsel for the accused; that, not 
withstanding the delicacy of his situation, he openly, 
advocated it in all its stages; that he procured it to bo 
committed lo himself, and then reported the bill which 
was so indignantly and eloquently denounced by Mr 
Wickliffo The gross and palpable defects of ths 
bill warrant the belief, that it wss drawn with the in 
tendon of securing the escape of the. Governor’s son 
from that punishment which his crimes demanded It 
is known that, when this corrupt and impeifect hill, 
was under consideration before the committee of courts 
of Justice the Governor, in utter disregard of all de- 
‘ ceacy intruded himself upon the Committee, interfered 
with their deliberations, and induced them to report in 
favor of the change of venue This measure was 
however, subsequently contested in the House of Rep- 
resentatives, with vigor and success, by Wickliffe and 
other friends of the constitution, who distinctly allcdged 
and demonstrated, that the object of the Governor, 

1 Rowan and their satellites, was to impose upon the 
public with the farce of a trial; that th e y had not only 
provided for the removal of Isaac R. Desha from the 
county in which he had perpetrated an enormous crime 
but that they designed to rescue him from the hands of 
an honest and intelligent Judge. and place him in the sffie 
keeping: o f one who was known to be an humble andj 
subservient tool of the executive In spite of the in 
fluence of the G ivernor, and the intrigues of Mr Row 
an, the House decided the bill to be radically defective, 
and ordered it back to the Committee to be amended 
Accordingly, a new bill was reported providing for the 
trial of Desha in the county of Harrison, the friends ol 
the Governor obstinately refusing to place him in the 
bands of any judge, save Jrhn Trimble. This last 
bill contained a provision that a called court should he 
summoned, a grand jury empannellrd and an indict 
^V~snt presented in the county of Fleming . previous to 
the removal of the pri-oner to Harrison, if he should 
elect to bo tried in the latter county, and record his 

consent to be tried according lo the provisions of the 
law, specially enacted for his benefit. This act further 
provided, in the most ample and explicit terms, that 
upon the prisoner so making this election, the Circuit 
Court of Harrison should have full power and juriadic 
tion over the offence supposed to have been committed 
in Fleming The prisoner made (he election, and, in 
conformity with the provisions of the law, was removed 
to Harrison. A venire was summonsed, and after al 
lowing to the accused the utmost latitude in his chal 
lenges, a jury chosen by himself, found him guilty of 
(befoul offence charged in the indictment. But, for 
tunately for him, he was the son of the Governor, and 
it did not comport with the tender mercies of Judge 
Shannon, to consign one, so exalted by his blood, to 
the ignominious fate to which he was doomed by the 
impartial award of his country. He granted him a 
new trial, upon grounds as false as they were illegal, 
and as illegal as thev were false. He boldly cast aside 
the dignity of the Judge, and assumed the office of the 
advocate He rejected testimony which had been un 
questioned, and discredited witnesses who had beer 
unimpeached. He conjured up facts which had no ex- 
istence, and misrepresented statements which did not 
admit of refutation. His part had been allotted to 
him, and if we canDot admit that he played it with a- 
bility we must confess that he, at least, manifested sin 
cere and unshrinking devotion to his employers Let 1 
him look to them for his reward, for from bis country 
he has nothing to expect, except her indignant execra- 

Since the decision of Judge Shannon, which will 
constitute an epoch in criminal jurisprudence, another 
effort has been made to procure the acquittal of the ac 
cused, by another sham trial. Another jury has been 
elected by young Desha, and he has again put himself 
upon his God and bis country, and again has he been con 
victed 'I he indictment under which he was arraigned 
charged him with the murder of it ker in the county ol 
Fleming and ttie jury upon their oaths found him guil 
ty according to the ind.ctment Thus has be been a se 
cond time convicted of a murder perpetrated on the bod) 
of Baker, io the county of Fleming Twenty four jury- 
men, selected by himself, have, after the most patient 
investig .tion. and mature deliberation, pronounced him 
guihy of murdering Baker in the com ty ot Fleming and 
the same fact had been previously established by the 
Grand Jury who preferred the indictment. And yet 
Judge Brown ha 9 granted him a new trial after his 
second conviction upon the assumed ground that it was 
not proved tbe offence was committed in Flemming 
The people of Kentucky will pause, bef re they pro 
nounce their sentence upon this Jgdge and his judg* 
ment, bnt when thev shall do so, he will shrink under 
the frown of his indignant country. We are satisfied 
that the time has not yet arrived, when a Judge can 
with impunity, pollute the fountains of criminal justice, 
and herd the laws to subserve the purposes of those 
who are invested with power and to whom is cnnfiJed 
the disposal of offices. The proud freemen of Keutuc 
ky can never be brought to sanction anv s stem - f 
jurisprudence, which, in its d spensations. d »  rr 
nates between the poor and the rich, the humble and 
the exel'ed. 

Whether B,.ker was killed in one county or another 
was a fact for the jury and not for the Judge to de- 
cide. The jury in the last as in the f trial, found 
that B iker had been murdered in Fleming by Isaac B. 
De-ha. And yet J  dgc Brown has granted a new 
trial upon the grou. d that it was not proved where the 
offence was committed. This is si gular indeed The 
body of the murdered Baker was found in the county 
ol Fleming, the bridle and the whip of the murderer 
were f und near it, and as Desha did not shew that he 
had murdered him at a d ff. rent place, the jury were 
found to find, that he was murdered where his body 
was discovered. They did so, but to the eternal dis 
grace of the Judge, he has ordered their verdict to be 
set aside, without one legal, or even plausible pretext 
The violated laws of Grd and man, are still unsatisfied 
and the blood of the unfortunate Baker, still cries to 
Heaven for vengeance. 

To grant, or refu e a new (till, is matter of discre 
lion with the. Judge, in criminal, as well as in civil cases; 
but no Judge, who understands his duties, will ever 
grant a new trial in any case , except when he believes 
that justice has been violated by the verdict of the 
jury In the case of Desha, it was perfectly inornate 
rial whether he killed Baker in Mason or in Fleming 
If guilty of perpetrating a murder in Mason, he de- 
serves death; if in Fleming, he deserves death What 
were the grounds of bis petition to the court for a new 
trial? Not that he was innocent but that the Com 
monwealth had failed to prove by any witness, that the 
murder was perpetrated in the county in which the 
murdered man was found; and that although he was 
fully convicted of having murdered Raker, still there 
must ex as to the precise spot where the mor 

tal stab 9 were inflicted. Such reasons may be gravel) 
urged by h red advocates, and as gravely sanctioned 
by pliant Judges, but there is no lawyer, or man of 
sense who will deign to bestow upon them a moment's 
cons deration. They are the most flimsy cobwebs of| 
knaves, and can ensnare none but the roost airanl foob. 
They are at once an outrage to our feelings, and an in- 
sult to our understandings. 

When Desha consented to be tried under the law 
which had been passed at his special instance, which 
invested the Circuit Court of Harrison with the same 

power and jurisdiction over his crime, as if it had 
been perpetrated in that county, there no longer exist 
ed any necessity to prove tbe venue. No matter where 
the offence was committed, he had deliberately selected 
the county in which he preferred to be tried and was 
tried by a jury of that county, chosen by himself, on an 
indictment properly found by a grand jury ofth coun- 
ty of Hemiog. This special act of our Legislstuie 
was the only law under which Judge Brown could act 
in this case. It was in consequence of the expressed 
assent of the prisoner, to be tried in conformity with 
the provisions of this law , that tbe Judge obtained tbe 
r ght and the power to decide upon his fate. 

(To be concluded in our next.) 

Governor Desha — *\Ve have recently been told bj 
several of tbe subaltern officers of the relief party, that 
it is in contemplation, to petition Governor Desha t  
resign bis office. His partisans have at length di cover 
ed, as we long since anticipated, that he hangs about 
their necks like a millstone, and that it is necessary 
o 'her to cast him off. or to sink with him. His Ex 
cellency, as we must call hitn from courtesy, is unques 
tionably a most oppressive weight to his psrly, and we 
rejoice lo find that they begin to groan under the pres 
ure In utter defiance of the decrees of Heaven, they 
pertinaciously insisted on making him a great man, and 
it is now out of their power to reduce him to his native 
nsignificance If we are not mistaken as to tbe char 
acter and feelings of G ivernor Desha, we arc convinced^ 
that the petitions of his friends, and the denunciations 
if his enemies, will be found equally unavailing, to 
induce him to abandon his office, and, what is of sti;l 
gre ter consequence, io his estimation, to relinquish his 
salary, lie was elevated to his "bad eminence” by 
base means, and seems resolved to exercise his power 
for base purposes His party should be held strictly 
responsible to his country for his conduct. However 
disagreeable it may prove, they must submit to the 
award of an impartial public. 

From the Harbinger. 

On Monday next, the first Monday of October tbe 
O urt of Appeals will meet. Judges Boyle, Owsley 
and Mills have always been so punctual, that n ap- 
preliension need lie entertained of a disappointment. 
Besides the ordinary dutyo* the court, the important 
task of appointing a successor to the late amiable and 
excellent clerk, Mr. Sneed, is to be exercised. Many 
applicants are prefering their respective claims to 
promotion. Tbe selection having been made, tie 
court will probably adjourn for a short time, to afford 
an opportunity to their new officer to prepare for the 
execution of bis trust, by arranging his papers, ma- 
ll ng out a docket, tic. The court will theu, no doubt, 
in obedience to the declared will of the people, resume 
its functions so unfortunately suspended. It cannot 
be believed that the legislative tribunal will attempt 
to hold the papers, both against the constitution, and 
the people. It is time that spme order should be re- 
stored under the guidance of principle. Should the 
papers which have been seized be retained, no force, 
it is to e hoped, will he resorted to for their acquisi 
tion. — The court will proceed with the business alrea 
dy before them and with such other business as is in- 
stituted. No man will be bound by the opinion of 
tbe unconstitutional court The Circuit Courts will 
not register their mandates. The officers of the state 
will nui venture to execute their mock process. No 
individual will pay the fee bills pretended to be issued 
by their amantieusis or recorder, as lie holds no office 
r  ’cugnised by the law of the land — the constitution. 
No new business can get into this new tribunal, under 
such circumstances; the decision will be a mockery, 
’erhaps some delay cases may be filed with Biair — 
ut the Court of Appeals, upon a certificate of the 
Circuit Court clerk shewing the judgment, appeal 
and appeal bond, and ascertaining that the record ha- 
rot been filed with their clerk and in the proper office, 
will dismiss such appeals with damages and costs 
When the community perceive the difficulty and cm 
arrassment to which litigants may be reduced by th« 
pertinacity of such men, who must be couscious that 
they are neither constitutionally in office, uor approv- 
ed of by the people, detestation and abhorrence will 

Such an event must certainly be deprecated by Barry 
and Haggin, even if Trimble and Daiidge should be 
too callous, or too desperate, to feel its force or dread 
ts effects. Barry and Haggin, from their legal at- 
tainments and reputation in their profession, certain- 
Iv, uiav calculate upon maintaining themselves res- 
pectably, without the treasury pap; and to them tbe 
opiuion of society must be of more importance than 
the $2000 per annum, dependant upon a dissatisfied 
and murmuring community . This is not a personal is a question in which the people arc the 
parties interested; and certainly, when Kendall, the 
mouth piece of the New Court party and the leader, 
says, the people do not want tiro services of Barry 
and Haggin and Trimble and Davidge, there will be 
more pride than to force upon their own party unde 
sired services. There is more honour iri retracting 
error than in obstinately persevering. There is more 
magnanimity in retracing false steps, than in pushing! 
on headlong until the power of recession is lost. The 
earlier an evil is remedied, the belter for all parties. 
Let Barry and Haggin resign with what pomp and 
parade they may choose; let them speak from the 
 ench clothed in their officials, and surrounded by the 
appearance of a judicial tribunal, or address the pub- 
lic from the closet; either may he granted to their 
vanity or their pride, or to the desire of making show 
of importance; but no time should be lost in announ- 
cing to the public, that quiet is restored, and that the 
business of the country is no longer to be interrupted. 


Cuba they have not only abstained from making ca-. 
hires, but have concealed themselves so effectually r.j 
to prevent detection. 'Ihe orderly conduct of tl. 
fishermen on the coast, the steady pursuit of their on 
cupation, and the absence of all suspicious persons, in 
dure a belief that these outlaws are not at present 
collected »n any force. 1 shall, however, keep :• 
watchful eye on (he Island, and prevent, 11 p«.sn le, 
the commission of depteda ions which may be atten pi 
ed under a belief that we are relying too much on ap- 

I am, with great respect, your oht. servt. 

l. Warrington. 

To the H 011 . Secretary of the Navy, Washington. 

Extract of a Utter dated Cincinnati, (Ohio,) Avgust 
30, 1825. 

“Judge Bates has completed his surveys of (he Lou- 
isville Canal, and estimates the a st at 450,000 
dollars, including two dry docks,  ! lc. We have hail 
offers from two different companies, to take the work 
at the Judge’s estimates. He (Judge B.)sajs ti nt, 
however sanguine we may have been as to the profita- 
bleness of the slock, we si all find that it will go far 
beyond our highest estimate, aud (hat the charter is 
the most favorable one ever grauted in the United 

A Giant— On Ihe 18th June, a man named Peter 
Tuchan died at Posen, in the 29th year of his pge, 
of dropsy in the chest. He was a native ol Tula, 
and remarkable in gigantic stature He measured 
eight feet 9 even incho* in height so that tbe hinds of 
the tallest man hardly reached his breast. It is re 
markable that he hid no beard that his voice was soft 
and feet weak; he was a very moderate eater and it is 
said he was seven years old before he hegan to grow 
in such an extraordinary manner His stature contin- 
ued to ncre 8 ?e, and it appears that he continued 
growing to bis death. 


On the evening of the 29th irist. by the Rev. Geo. 
Chapman, John F. Anderson, Esq. of Lexington, to 
Miss Nancy O. Alar tin, eldest daughter of John L. 
Martin, Esq. 

On the same evening, in F rankfort, by the Rev. E 
Smith, Mr. Jacob Ryman, to Miss Elizabeth L Huices 


Let the orator and sage with swift words abound, 
And the faithful pen shall copy every sound : 

Ages tinhorn shall rise and read this quaint art. 
And quick to their children its mystery impart. 


VfFFEL deliver a public gratuitous introductory 
v v lecture, on the science of Stenography, in the 
Medical Lecture Room, this eveuing, commencing at 
7 o’clock. 

Q^^Tlie ladies and gentlemen of Lexington, who 
feel interested in whatever is calculated to facilitate 
t tie acquisition of useful knowledge, are respectfully 
invited to attend. For further information see hand- 
bills. October C. 


Jesse Bledsoe «$f ( harles Humphreys 

 140 POSE delivering a course of Lectures on 
LAW respectively during tbe ensuing season, 
commencing the 1 st Monday in NOVEMBER next, 
and ending the 1 st of March. The Pupils of both will 
have tiro use of 'heir joint Lil'roric 9 . and tiro Tickets 
of both will not exceed 50 Dollars in currency, and 
$5 for contingent expenses. Their Tickets may lie 
taken separately, and the instruction of one or both 
be had, at the option of the students. They wll Lec- 
ture on different branches of the Science. J BntD- 
soe on Common and Statute law, including the vari- 
ous branches of Remedy in Equity; and C. Hum- 
phreys on Equity, Martiine and Mercantile I, aw. and 
the Practise of Law, including Actions and Pleadings. 
A Legislative Assembly and Moot Cours will be 



October 6 . 3-3w. 




3L O T 


Will lake place al I.ouisvvls within 


Present price of Tickets in Lexington, al 


$3 each, but will soon rise to jS 50. 
October 6 


(Kraufc JHaocme &otfrrg, 


The last of this month. 

T ickets, three dollars each, a dis- 
count of Un per cent, will he made to those who 
purchase SIX or upwards. 

Orders from abfoad (post paid) addressed to J AMES 
M. PIKE, Lexington or Louisville, will receive thu 
same prompt attention as if personal application were 
made. • October 6 . 

From the National Journal. 
We rejoice to have it in our power to lay before our 
readers the following official report from Commodore 
Warrinoton, by which it will be seen that the pirate 
hords along the coast of Cuba have been completely 
broken up T he fact that these depredators can no 
longer exhibit themselves in such force as to cause any 1 
serious alarm, will give new confidence lo those engag- 
ed in the peaceful pursuitsof commerce; and the energy 
which has been exercised in the extermination of the 
corsairs, will add still more to the favour which our 
gallant navy already so deservedly enjoys with the 
people ofthe United States; 

U. S. Ship Constellation, ) 

Off Havanna, Aug. 29th 1825. jj 
Sir: To enable you to ascertain what exertions 

have been made by, and what sttcces has attended the 
efforts ofthe squadron under my command, 1 forward by 
this conveyance, a copy of all the reports made by tbe 
different commanders of its cruisers If pirates are 
now, or have been, in force lately on either side of 


a This is the time of day , my Flown .'' 


152,000 DOLLARS ! ! ! ! 



S', Uto 


By purchasing Tickets in the 

^intr SioUcvt?, 

Which will be drawn in Baltimore 


Distributes the above splendid sums in PRIZES cr 

30 000 DOLLARS ! ! ! 

10,000 DOLLARS!! 

5,000 DOLLARS ! &c. &c. &c. 

Ofr A few Tickets ONLY remain on hand, which 
can now be purchased for $6 — on Monday next they 
rise to SEVEN. October 6. 


TIT" A NTS to purchase a NEGRO GIRL, from Iff 
Tv to 15 years of age Make application at his 
Lottery and Exchange Office, Lexington. 

October 6 


Lexington , Sept. 19, 1825. ) 

C M1ECKS. at sight on the HANK OF THF. UNITED 
/ STATES, at 1 2 per rent 

Sept 19 Tnw 


[From a volume of Poems by the Authoress of the “Im- 

Ife sleeps, his head upon his sword, 

His soldier’s cloak a shroud; 

Iiis phmeb-yard is the open field — 

Three times it has been plough’d: 

The first time that the wheal sprung up 
’Twas blade as if with blood. 

The meanest beggar turned away 
From the unholy food. 

The third year, and the grain grew fair, 

As it was wont to wave; 

None would have thought that golden com 
Was growing on the grave. 

1 1 is lot was but a peasant’s lot, 
iiis name a peasant's name; 

Not hjs, the place of death that turn r 
Into a place of fame. 

*IJe fell as other thousands do. 

Trampled down where they fall, 

While on a single name is heap’d 
The glory gain’d by all. 

Yet even he whose common grave 
Lies in the open Gelds, 

Died not without a thought of all 
The joy tliht glory yields. 

That small white church in his own land, 

The lime trees alinost hide, 

Bears on the walla the names of those 
Who for their country died. 

His name is written on those walls, 

His mother read it there. 

With pride,— oh! no, there could not be 
Pride in the widow’s prayer. 

And many a stranger who shall mark 
That peasant roll of fame, 

Will think on prouder ones, yet say 
This was a heroe’s name. 

have shyed the dogs, hut our Correspondent though! 
otherwise, and that two or three hours a day at the 
best dogs in the country (coupled - ) would only amuse 

A Secret Committee was now held in the menagerie 
of wounded dogs in the factory, amongst the owners ol 
the animals. \\ edgebury, the purveyor of Ihe London 
dogs, swore with more energy than elegance, that he 
would not briog Ihe dog Billy to the scratch. Edwards 
bad got his dog I'iger ready, and said, ‘ why you Would 
not disappoint the Gemtnen, would you? This seemed 
lo have an impressson on Wedgebury, who rallied Billy 
casting a most piteous look upon the wounded dogs around 
him. Billy was brought to the scratch, and then he 
was told with vociferations vulgar enough, as people ex 
pected that six dogs would fight Billy was more wil 
ling than his master, who at last, reluctantly let him 
loose, and both dogs went to work, when Wallace 
seized him by the loins, and shook him severely, Tiger 
his p al having run away. Wedgebu y 'hen sung out 
‘ there you see, you have gammoned me to have the 
best dog in England killed,” and though he was not 
exactly killed, he was bit an inch or two deep in the 
loins, and thus ended this scandalous exhibition ; and 
we are sorry to add. that, to the disgrace of the ‘ War 
wirkshire lasses” several well dessed females witnessed 
the contest from the upper stories of the Factory. 


The Subscriber is receiving bis supply of 

Fall and Winter Goods. 

HE h»s an tl gant assortment of superfine and common 
GRAIN CARPETING — Flowered Paper for rooms — 
Bolting Cloths — Olive Oil in cannisters for machinery. Sic 
His GOODS will be disposed of at his usual low rates, 
either wholesale or retail. 


September 2G 2ow 

A celebr.Vted improvisatrice, named Rosa Taddei, 
;s now at Rome where she excites the enthusiasm of 
the numerous audiences, who behold her performances 
with delight and astonishment. On the 3d of J uly she 
composed extemporaneously on 3evcrt subjects in dif- 
fereut metres. An elegant style, splendid imagery, 
rhymes always happy, and verses always harmonious, 
have distinguished her effusions. She unites profound 
learning to the most lively wit. The Latin Academy 
have hastened to inscribe this new Corinna in the 
number of tbeir members. — Nat. Gaz. 

Tbe Scotch are a very inquisitive people.— Their 
various questions are deemed obtrusive and are carr ed 
to a gn at length. Two gentlemen fell in tog»ther, 
both travellers on horseback, and strangers to eaeh oth 
er. when the following conversation took place: — Raw 
evening. Sir, rather"’ observed the one, with an Aber 
deen accent: "Yes, rather,” replied the other. “You 
wdl l.kely be a stranger in these parts, * cotioucd the 
Abeubeoian: “If 1 cun ’" laconically replied the other 
looking neither to the right hand nor to the left “Per- 
haps like myself, you may be going to Banff?'* “Per- 
haps, ’ responded the other, yawning “In that case 

perhaps, you will pet up at Cullen?” “I may, or I 
may not ’ answered his companion “Pardon me the 
liberty of the question. Sir. may I ask if you are a hatch- 
tlor?’ “No” Oh! married?'* ‘ No, no.” “Sir. I begj 
your pardon. I may have unintentionally touched upon a 
painful subject; your black dress ought to have checked 
my inqu ries; 1 beg your pardon, sir— a wido.ver? ’ “No. 
no, no.” “Neither a batchelor, nor married roan, nor 
widower; in Heaven’s name, sir, thin, what can you 
be?” “A divorced mqn, and be d— d to you. since you 
must know!” exclaimed the stranger, clapping spur? 
to his horse, and dashing out of sight in an instant. 

London Courier. 



E. Warfield, 

AS just received, and have now on sal ', at his store, 
Main-street, Lexington, an elegant assortment of 


Which he will Sell on reasonable terms, for cash in hand 
Also — Superior rifle GUN POWDER by tbe keg, and 
WHISKEY by the barrel. 

Sept. 22 low 

Transylvania University. 

session for the four academical classes will open on 
A. Saturday, the first of October. The stud' uts, tVho 
are then in town, will report themselves to tbe President 
at that time, and collcgialtx; rcises will begin c n Monday. 

Sept 29 


It will be a mutual convenience to the students and the 
inhabitants of the town to have such families, as are wil* 
ling to take boarders, make it known to the President of 
tbe University, with the price, when washing fuel, and 
candles are included, and when thev are not. S udents 
from abroad generally ask him for inform t un. 

September 29 2-3w 


For publishing at Lexington, Ky. a Newspaper , entitled the 


This shameful — (his disgraceful breach of the peace, 
S Aas, by the pusill miraitv of ihe Magistrates, suffered 
to be repeated on Friday at Warwick, when the sav 
age hearted Wombwell produced another lion of a 
more fierce description than the gentle Nero to be bait 
ed by deg?. This animal which was whelped at Ed- 
inburg in the year 1819 and weighs about 4001b pro 
duced in consequence mere sport, end gave greater 
pleasure to the inhuman bipeds who delight in cruelty — 
\’» ould they could a little of those tortures they so un- 
feelingly inflict on the poor animals 
The conditions ol the contest were: 

1st. Three couples of dogs to be slipped at him, two 
at a t ; n c. 

2d Twenty minutes or more, a? thp umpire should 
think fit, to l e allowed between each attempt. 

3*1 . The dogs to lie handed to the cage, namely 
Tinker, Ball, Billy. Success. Turpin and 'I igcr. Mm 
pires Messrs Phillips of Shrewsbury, and Mr Rain 
fold of Liverpool; Messrs Edwards and Wedgebury, 
seconds to the dogs. 


Jo the first round. Tinker and Ball were let loom, 
both made a gallant attack, the lion tv their harking 
hating waited for them as if aware of his foes, lie! 

showed hi nisei I" a forest lion and fought like one. He 1 

clnpt his paw upon poor Ball, took Tinker in his teeth, 
and ddiberst* ly walked round the stage with him as a 
cat would a mouse Ball released from the paw, work 
ed all he could, hut Wallace treated his slight punish 
men t with a kick now and then ~He at length dropped 
Tinker and hecr nled off the slag* as well as he 
could 'The lion then seized Bdl by the mouth, and 
played precisely the fame game with him as if he had 
eclually been trained to it. Bill wou'd have been out 
and outed there and then, but his second got hold of 
him through the bars, and hauled him away. Bettin; 
j to 4 on the Lion at setting to, was row 2 to 1 . 

Bout 2 Turpin a London, end Sweep, a Liverpool 
dog. made an excellent attack but at three or four 
minutes before the ingenuity of their seconds could 
get tlrnm, Wallace squatted on his hinder haunches 
and ph ced himself erect at (he slope where the dogs 
mounted the stage, as if he thought they dared not ap 
proarh The dogs, when on, fought gallantly, but 
both were, served out in less than a minute after the at- 
tack and however game, maiming took it out of them 
The London dog bolted as soon as he could extricate 
himself from the Lion’s grasp, and Sweep would have 
been killed on the spot, hut lie was released and bolted 
as well. Some murmprs Rrnse that the dog Sweep had 
a right to go on again. 'The umpires said no. If was 
only a genteel wrangle, for the dog could sc rcely have 
been dragged on. It was now all the pictures in War- 
wick Castle, to the broken casement of the Factory 
•‘p the noble Wallace) who however, was supposed to 


From his Memoirt. 

It was to the central focus of my cabinet that all 
the great affairs of state, of Which 1 grasped the 
strings, finally converged. It will not be doubted 
that 1 had salaried spies in all ranks and all orders; I 
had them of 'both sexes, hired at the rate of a thou 
sand or two thousand francs per month, according to 
their importance and their service. I received thei 
reports directly in writing, having a conventional 
mark. Every three months, I communicated my list 
to the Emperor, in order that there might be no doul 
le employment; aud also in order that the nature ol 
the service, occasionally permanent, often temporary 
might be rewarded either by places or remuneratioos 
As to the department of foreign police, it had two 
essential objects, namely, to watch friendly powers 
aud counteract hostile governments. In joth cases 
it was composed of individuals purchased orpensioned 
and commissioned to reside uear each government 
or in each principal town, independent of numerous 
secret agents sent into all countries, either by the 
minister of foreign affairs, or by the Emperor himself. 

1 also had my foreign spies. It was in my depart 
ment, also, that foreign gazettes prohibited to the 
perusal of the French people, and transcripts of 
which were sent to me, were treasured up. By that 
means, 1 held in my hands the most important strings 
of foreign politics; and 1 discharged, in conjunction 
with the chief of the government, a task capable of 
controlling or balancing that of the minister charged 
with the functions of foreign relations. 

1 was thus far from limiting my duties to espionage. 
All the State prisons were under my control, as well 
as the gendarmerie ; the delivery and the visa of pass- 
ports belonged to me. To me was assigned tho duty 
of overlooking amnestied individuals and foreigners. 
I established general comissariats in the principal 
towns of the kingdom, which extended the net-work 
of the police over the whole of France, and espe- 
cially our frontiers, 

My police acquired so high a renown, that the 
world went so far as to pretend that 1 had, among my 
secret agents, three nobles of the ancient regime, 
distinguished by princely titles.’ 1 ' and who daily com 
miinicatcd to me the rc-ult of their observatiions. 

1 confess that such an establishment was expensive: 
it swallowed up several millions, the funds of which 
were secretly provided from taxes laid upon gambling 
and prostitution, and from the granting of passports. 
Notwithstanding all that has been said against gamb- 
ling, reflecting and decided men must allow, that in 
the actual state of society, the legal converting ol 
vice into profit is a necessary evil. A proof that all 
the odium attendant on the measure is not to be attrib- 
uted exclusively to the republican governments, 
that at the p.csent day, gambling taxes form part of 
the budget of the old government now re-established 
Since it was an unavoidable evil, it became necessary 
to employ severe regulations, that the disorder might 
at least be uuder control. Under the empire, the 
establishment of which cost nearly four hundred mil 
lions of francs, since there were thirty families to be 
provided with dignities aud honors, it became neces- 
sary to organize the gambling-houses upon a much 
larger ■H'ale, for the produce of them wasnot solely- 
destined to reward my moving phalanxes of spies 
nominated as superintendent general of the gambling 
houses in France, Perrten tlio elder, who already 
farmed them, and who, after the coronation, extended 
Iiis privilege over all the chief towns of the empire, 
upou condition of paying fourteen millions yearly, in 
dependent of three thousand francs daily to t! c min- 
ister of the police. All, however, did not rfeinain in 
his hands. 

All there elements of an immense power did not 
reach my cabinet there to expire without utility. As 
I was iuiormcd of all. it became my duty to centre in 
myself the public complaints, in order to make known 
to the head of the government the uneasiness and mis- 
fortunes of the slate. 

1 will riot, therefbre. dissemble, that it was in my 
power to act upon the feat or terror which either 
more or less constantly agitated the possessor of un 
limited power. The great searchers into the state. 
I could complain, censure, and condemn, for the 
whole of France. In this point of view, What evils 
have l not prevented! If I found myself unable to 
reduce, as was my wish, the general police to a mere 
scarecrow, or at least to a benevolent institution, 1 
have at least the satisfaction of being able to assert, 
that 1 have done more good than ill; that is to say. 
that I have avoided more evil than it was permitted 
me to do, having almost always to struggle with the 
prejudices, the passions, and the furious transports ol 
the Chief of the state. 

In my seco 1 d ministry, I succeeded much more by 
the force of informations and of apprehensions, than 
by the restraint and employment of coercive measures. 
I received the ancient police inaxirn, namely, that 
three persons Could not meet and speak indiscreetly 
upon public affairs, without its coming thenextday to 
the ears of the minister of police. Certain it is, that 
I bail the address to make it universally believed that 
wherever four persons assembled, there, in my pay, 
were eyes to sec and ears to hear. Such a belief, no 
doubt, tendril to general corruption and debasement; 
but on the other hand, what evils, what wretchedness, 
what tears has it prevented! Such then was this vast 
and terrific machine called the general police of the 
empire. It may easily be conceived, that without 
neglecting the details. 1 was chiefly engaged upon 
its ensemble, and its results. 


'TMIR SUBSCRIBER has just import'd from Philadel- 
fi. phia, and is now open i g at his store, Main-street, 
Lexington, opposite the Court house, a choice assortment 
of GOODS, selected with great care by himself, among 
which ar*- the following articles, viz: 

Superfine Broad Cloths and t.assimtres, assorted 

IVli-se Clo lis, Flannels and Baize, do 

Figured and Plain BoiYd.azetts, do 

Denmark Satins and Silk Stripe;, do 

Irish and Ru.-, ia sheeting.-, do 

Table and Iltis.-du diapers, do 

Irish l.nens nd brown Holland (to 

Linen and cot Cm drillings do 

Furniture calicoes and ginghams do 

Wide and n rrow fancy ca.icots do 

Cotton and linen cambrics do 

Long law n and cotton handkerchiefs do 
Jackonot and mul inul muslins d» 

Figured and p am hook do do 

Canton c ape and crape robes do 

Crape and cotton handkerchiefs clo 

Italian crapes ai d crape scarfs do 

Pink muslin robes and wid e do. with col’d borders 
Pla n and figured silks, assorted 

Figured silk and gauze handkerchiefs do 
Bandana and nlack silk do do 

Srilc, o tton.and worsted hose do 

Silk and Be.-.ver gb Vi* do 

Nankin, silk, twist, and buttons, do 

Ribbons, tap* s, laces, and edgings do 

T- rlois--, tucking, and si e combs do 

W il; anil narrow domestic pl ods do 

Homes ic Circassian plaids & bed ticking do 
Furniture and domestic checks do 

Brow n and bleached cotton -h clings do 
Fine Sea Gland and common cotton shirtings 
Silk Meisailtes and Valenti.* vesting, as.-.oned 
Bolting cloths, from No. 1 to", warranted 
Siuff, Morocco, and leather shoes, assorted. 

U st Madeira and London P rVtcular WINES 

Best 4».h proof FRENCH BRANDY 

Best Imperial, Gunpowder, and Young Hyson TEAS 

L'lAF’ SUGAR, Coff'ce, a:. d Chocolate 

All-pice. O' pper, cloves and mace 

Nutm gs, cinnam n, and mustard 

Be-t Bengal I id, go and Patent blacking 

Madder, copperas, and alum 

Qu ens, China, and Glassware, assorted 

\V  ndow glass and cut nails 

Spades and shovels 

Cradling ,nd Grass SCYTHES 

And a general assortment of HARDWARE and 

These Goods being laid m very low, and with such great 
cate, th .t all who may wish to purchase, will find it their 
interest to call. 


September 22 l-4'.v 

•The Prince de I,— t, 
Prince de M — . 

the Prince de C — , and the 

he addition of carriage 
Sept. 22 


- of SHOP k 
at Louisville prices, wit' 

J HAVE on hand, a supply crl SHOP k LEAD fron 
the Herculaneum, for sal 




Segur’s Expedition to lttissi .. 

Memoirs of Foucur, Duke of Otranto, Minister of the 
General Police of France. 

For Missionaries after the Apostolical School, a series of 
Orations. In four parts: 1. The Doctrine, 2 The Ex- 
periment, 3. The Argument, 4 The Duly. By the Rev. 
Edward Irving, A M. 

ales of the Crusaders, by the Author of "■Weave Ay” 
Gaieties and Gravities. 

Just received, by 


CiT Books, such as Novels, History, Biography, Travels, 
&c. hir d by the volume. 

03“ Fancy Job Priming and Letter Press Priming gen- 
erally, neatly anil promptly executed at W. W. Worsley’s 
Printing Office, above his Bookstore. 

Sept 22 l-3w* 


( Jordan's row. opposite the Public square ,) 

G 1 It \ I KFUL for pasr .‘avours, respcc. fully informs his 
T friends- and the public generally, that he has on hand, 
an elegant as-ortment of 

Boots , Shoes and Pump*, 

Of the best materials, and executed by firs i rate work- 

Also — Ladies"’ Fine Leather Shoes. 

CC/HIc will employ five «.r six first rate Jounsr.TMrx, 
•*' immidiate application be made, to whom he will give 
highest prices. 

Sept. 22 low 


Counsellor and Attorney at Law , 

IlflLI, leave Louisville, his present residence, on tin 
TT 20th of October i.eXt, to establish hims  If in NEW 
• RLF.AN5, w here he will attend strictly to the duties ol 
'is profession He will also attend to the Settlement of 
*c counts anil receiving monies of Commission Merchants 
r others Previous to that time, letters may be directed! 
‘o him at Louisville To avoid the risk and detention of 
dip mail, he will if directed, remit monies collected, to 
Dniisville, to be deposited in the U. S. Bank subject to 
he order of the owner. 



RICHARD H CHINN, C Lexington, A'.. 

SNEAD id ANDERSOPi, C Louisville, K . 


September 22 low 


( AONTiNUFiS to practice law in the Fayette and Scott 
J Circuit Courts. He will in future regularly attend 
he Circuit Court of the United States — the Court of Ap- 
peals and General Court at Frankfort. His office is kept 
m Short street, two doors below the Branch Bank, Lex- 

Sept. 22 low 


Leslie Combs , 

NFOHMS his clients, that his Office is kept open du- 
ring his occasional absence, and Mr J B. Coleman is 
authorized to transact all kinds of business 

Scot 29 *ow 


When public patronage is solicited fir a new political 
journal, it is belli necessary and decorous f t the editor to 
avow, with distinctness and can lor, theohjects which he 
proposes to accomplish, and the principles which designs 
to inculcate. This 1 shall attempt to do as briefly and 
perspicuously as possible. 

For several years past I have viewed with suspicion 
and alarm the conduct Of the domin.nt party in this 
state; and their recent acts, whilst they have demonstra- 
ted that my apprehensions were wcil founded, have im- 
pressed me with un: fleeted horror anil indignation. I 
have been a rinse observer of their perfidious machina- 
tions from the comm' net incut through every progressive 
stageof their career; and hough at an ta; ly period l be- 
came fully jjjttistied of the ill irnate objects of their lead- 
ers, the cautious prudence of the press, manacled as it 
was by fal-e delicacy, or puerile timidity, precluded me 
from exposing those wily conspiratois, wlr  t beheld 
hum ing my country into that aby-s, in .vliichtliey have 
finally buried ht rpc -ce, her reputation, bud her glary. 
My suspicions and predictions were too generally regard* 
ed as the chimerical suggestions of an over-heated zeal, 
and I found but fi- w who were d spofed to hcl.eve that the 
leaders i f this party would ever dare to pro eed to those 
desp.’-ate lengths by which th- y have sealed their own 
infamy, and consummated tl e di grace of their country. 
Few individuals were prepared to anticipate the posoibd- 
ity, that in 1824, our Leg-stature would, by solemn mani- 
festo, prod im to the world, that Kentucky had no consti- 
tution, except the will of the as .endcint party; that minori- 
ties hud no rights; and that majorities could do no wrong. 
Three years since, there was nrt a public man in the 
state would have dared even to u In- per such .nefarious 
and treasonable doctrines; and if any person had pre- 
sum il to announce to the wold that such principles 
were secretly entertained by Joseph Desha, John Rowan, 
and William T. Harry he would have been unhesitatingly 
denounced by these gcntli men and th ir partisans as an 
unprincipled and fl igitious calumniator. 

This early matui ity of political corrupt n and pn fliga- 
cy in our infant republic, is an awfully ii struct h e lesson 
to the people of ihtfnecessity of w tching their public 
(servants with stern jealousy and unremitting vigilance. 

I If the sentin* lr, of the press had not slumbered at their 
posts, those insidious demagogues who, b  perverting the 
principles and d ludip.g the understm d;r,gs of the- p ople, 
have acquired such pernici us ii fluerce, would never 
have been able to consummate their d signs and we 
j should not now be required to x* eep over the rair.o ol our 
cousiituti n. If these impostors had been expo; fed at the 
proper time in their native grostness and defotmity of 
character the people would have recoiled with unaffected 
horror from their contaminating unbrace, and v. ould l ave 
! con spared the anguish and mortification v it!: which they 
at present revert to their blind credulity and disastrous 
ir.fa nation They would have expelled the subtle ser- 
pents from their bosom?; hey would have rep s tl their 
confidence in less sp.ctous, but mere faithful a ents; a d 
poor degraded Kentucky might still h.,ve sto  d proudly 
ere ct among her sister states, displayirg h :r unblushing 
brow, gracid widi the modest wreath awarded to the in- 
telligence of her honest state. men, and decked with the 
prouder laurel purcli std by the bloodoi* h- r heroic sons. 

1 i' cl no hesitation in express ng the. n.o t unqualified 
detestation of, and dete rmined hostility to, the weak ar.d 
wicked policy which has hern so st udfastly pursued by 
our Legislature, and which has rendered our state f.n ob- 
ject of g  neral w under, contempt, and ridicule, to the 
whole union- i bdit-ie that it has been a elislu ne.-t, one 
sid d policy, designed to benefit the few at the expense of 
the many, and that it has disgraced, humiliated, and impo- 
verished tbe country. Deeply impressed as I :.m 
these convictions, I sh .11 labour assiduously to open the 
eyesof my countrymen to their real situation a ,d shall 
unceasingly animate them to cast   (f the yoke of the dis- 
graceful bondage which has been imposed upon tin rr. by a 
bankrupt aristocracy. 

YVhiist I shall ever be among the foremost in sounding 
the tocsin at the approach of real danger, I shall con- 
sider it my duty, as far as it lies within 'lie coinpass of 
my power, to rescue iny countrymen from those idle 
and visionary apprehensions, which have, l.t'c-rly, been 
so indu- triously instilled into them by dcsin-ning politi- 
cians. 1 shall plate before them a fn e and candid expo- 
sition of the conduct heretofore pursued, and of the 
principles here tofure profess, d, by those ir.j di ,uS den.a- 
gogues who are playing upon their fiats. By thi* means 
1 shall be enabled to satisfy them, that all the lively and 
by poci idea! sensibility manifested by these di* Organizers 
for popular liberty anxl state right's, i ; nothing m. t o than 
the shallow artifice, ordinarily resorted to by tin te, win 
« nd. avor to rise upon the credulity-, and to fatten upon 
the plunder of the people. 

In the investigation of public measures, I have ever 
found it to be impossible to separate in n;v mind, the 
actors from their acts When, therefore, I shall con- 
sider it my duty to expos- the felly, or nrnous tendency, 
of the measures of our rulers, I shall likewise, when 1 
deem it nece-snry, fearlessly inquire into the secret and 
corrupt motives of their conduit. It i.; remarked by ti e 
celebrated Junius, that “Mevslt.h Avn not Men, is the 
common cant of affected moderation; abase, counterfeit 
language, fabricated by knaves, and made current among 
fools. Such gentle censure is not fitted to the preset. t 
degenerate state of society. What it avail to expos--; 
the absurd contrivance, or pernicious tendency, t f mea- 
sures, ii' the- man who advises, or executes, shall Le suf- 
fered, not only to escape with impunity, but even to 
preserve his power?” This is correct tcpuLlican doc- 
drine, in entire consonance with the genius of our gov- 
ernment, and in perfect conformity with the reccgnized 
freedom of the pres?. Upon this point, my individual 
feefings and c invietioris fully coincide with ir.y public 
duties, and 1 trust that I shall ever be found prompt in 
invoking and directing the vengeance of an injured and 
insulted public upon the head of the wretch who shall 
endeavour to gratify his personal ambit ion or avarice at 
the expense of the honour and happiness of his coun- 
try'. D magogues, however exalted they may be in pub- 
lic station, or in popular estimation, shall be dragged 
b-fore the public, stripped of their “blushing honours,’* 
and pageant plumage, and exposed in their native de- 
formity to the ridicule and detestation ol society. Even 
the dazzling halo which stirr Hinds the executive and ju- 
dicial chairs, shall not intimidate me from investigating 
the propriety of the conduct of the high functionaries 
by whom they are occupied. It is one of the best Set- 
tled, and one of the wisest principles of our government, 
that every agent of the people is directly amenable to 
tliem.foi the manner in which he discharges his public 
trust; and it maybe safely assumed as a c; r.sequeotial 
axiom, that when lie is known to neglect, or abuse it, 
the editor, who hesitates to proclaim the fact, is a dis- 
grace to his profession, and utterly unworthy of public 
confidence, or support. Under these impressions, I shall 
consider myself bound to enter into a severe investigation 
if the characters and conduct of certain individuals, who, 
by a long course of cunning and treachery, have become 
the unworthy depositories of the confidence and power 
of the people of Kentucky. 


Kentucky Whig (Lexington, Ky. : 1825), 1825-10-06

4 pages, edition 01

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 Local Identifier: kew1825100601
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  Published in Lexington, Kentucky by N. Nicholas
   Fayette County (The Bluegrass Region)