view raw text
date (1881-02-12) topic_Agriculture_and_Livestock newspaper_issue t VOL. 13. NO 7. LEXINGTON, KY.. FEBRUARY 12, 1881. WHOLE NO. 315 MAMI3RIIVO KING, ol I i*. L. Ileii*, ITorowt Pnrlt, H.exiii ^tou, Ky. TABLE OF CONTENTS. MaiiibrlDO King (joireaponUence Our New KorK Letter The Duchesses: The Stud aud the Ken- Qel . ,98~99 The Turf St. Liouls Jockey Club Entries Which Closed February 1, 1881 100 List of Odds Offered by Kelly Jt Bliss 100 Stud News 101 Slock Oosalp 101 Herd Uossip 102 Fleuro-Pneumoula 102 Foot and Mouth Disease lu England 103 Literary - 108 Kdltorluls Turf History; Imp. Bonnie Scotland; Monmouth Park Association; Krlk^ Uulde to the Turf; American Jockey Club; Death of Mr. Thoa. 'Car- lyle; Closing of .Stakes; St. Louts Jockey Club Entries; Cattle Disease In Eng- land; Mr. Ambrose Stevens: Lexington; Commissioner of Agriculture lOt-105-106 Poultry - 108 Queries and Answers 107 Names Claimed 107 Markets 107 Wkpresentour readers this week with a very spirited cut, from Mr. C. W. Alexanderpainting of Dr. L. Herrs (Forest Park, Lex- ington, Ky.,) magnificent trotting stallion Mambrlno King, the finest and handsomest stallion In America. Though the cut Is an admirable one, it does not do Justice to the horse, and It Is no disparagement to the artist to say that no brush can convey a proper conception of the high beauty, style and fin- ish of this extraordinary stallion. Mumbrl- no King Is a rich dark chestnut, with a star in the forehead, and the right hind foot white up over the pastern. He has a beauti- ful head aud ear, beautifully arched ueck,ex- cellent and well Inclined shoulders, deep through the heart, great length, strong back and loins, great length from point of hip to the book and thence to the ground, sound feet and legs, with beautiful, smooth, level action. It is Impossible with Ihepentodo Justice to him, for there Is an indescribable air of grandeur and beauty about him, that has to be seen to be appreciated. Taking all in all, for form, slr.e, bone, muscle, disposi- tion, gait and grandeur, he Is the most beau- tiful specimen of a horse we have ever seen. Mambrlno King Is nine years old this spring, by Mambrlno Patchen, own brother to Lady Thorne: 1st dam by Alexanderwin Forrest; 2d dam by Birmingham; 3d dam by Bertrand; 4th dsm by Sumpter: 5lh dam by Imp. Buzzard. It will be seen by the above pedigree that Mambrlno King has a strong Infusion of thoroughbred blood, bis sire Mambrlno Patchen being by Mambrlno Chief, dam by tiano, sou of American Eclipse, and on his dam's side the other crosses except Edwin Forrest are thorough- Mambrlno King has no record, bnt Is a trotter, as he showed in an exhibition trot last last fall at the Lexington Fair, when he was speeded a half mile In company with Von .
ntm In 1:14. He was Jogged around to the half mile pole and repeated In exactly the same time without a break or the least urging. His gait is smooth and frictlonless, aud Impresses you at once that he can trot low In the twenties. We have often won- dered why this splendid horse has not been taken through the grand trotting circuit and exhibited. Hecertalnly would be the great attraction of the year, and he would bworth more to the Aasnclations, and be i. greaterattractlon than the hippodrome trots of fast horses. Breeders In the country are in our Judg- ment short sighted that they do not secure well bred Mambrlno Patcben brood mareK^entucky Live Stock Record. Voi. 13, Nu. 7* and we predict U'al luslde of three years they will be more In demand as brood mares than those of his noted sire, Mambrino Chief, whose get are now so highly valued and are the dams and graudams of so many fast trotters. There but few .MainbiinoChlef mares living, and they are old , the youngest being twenty^two years old. The reason or proof for our bellet In the value of Marabrl- DO Patchen mares as producers Is, that he has more lu the 2:H0 or under list than Ins Hire, Mambrino Chief, breeds more style and quality, better tempered, clearer of defects, and more suitable tor the turf or gentlemen's roadsters. Hels the sire or the floeststalllOD in the country, and has sired more flue and stylish Btalliousand mares than any trotting stallion, such as Mambrino King, Rothschild, Hailstorm, Kllver Chief, Great Western, Ho- luer, Black Cloud, Mambrino Diamond, and many others. The dam of Alcantara and Al- cyone, two of the iHSiest and most valuable colts iu Ibe country of their ages, four and five years old. Is by Mambrino Patchen. Al- cantara sold for more money than any colt the noted sire t-ieorge Wilkes ever got out of all other mares, aud for Alcyone large olTers have been refuse t, and he is considered as good or better at the same age than Alcanta- ra, being a year younger. Another grand daughter is Lida Bassett, record 2:20* (dale, a grandson, record 2:20K ^ thlid heat; Ike Marvel, 2:80^; Lady Thorn Jr., Lady Kllen, 2:28;Kosa Wilkes, 2:ll,nud has shown trials In 2:20, showing that Mam- brino Patchen Is breeding on and that he has sired trotters out of many diflerent families of untried mares. Breeders wilt regret, when It Is ton late, not breeding some of their best and tried mares to Mambrino Patchen to raise mares to breed from and cross with other trotting families. There IS now a rapidly growing demand for Mambrino Patchen mures to breed from, aud they must advance iu price for that purpose. Many of the noted trotters by other stalllouH are out of Mambrino mares, and many of the successful trotting sires have Mambiino blood on one or both sides, such as Woodford Mambrino, Clark Chief, Kelmoot, Fayette Chief, Almont, Wedgewood, Mambi^lno Patchen, Great Western, Blackwood, Moin- brlno King; Administrator. MarabKlno Princeps,; AJIle West, Blsck, Cloud, dn- siorro, Mambrino Boy and many oilers whose produce are promising, but noi old euougli to show In public with credit to their OUR NEW YORK LETTER. New York, Febuary 7. Senator Beck, of Kentucky, recently delivered a speech in the United States Senate In favor of the bill which is be- fore the Senate in regard to granting of American register to ships purchased by Americans in foreign markets. As pre- sented by Mr. Beck the subject is one of great interest for the farmers as well as merchants. Mr. Beck argues that in- asmuch as our ocean carrying trade is almost entirely in the hands of foreign nations, a war between two of them, or among more than two, would put an embargo on our export of agricultural products. For instance, as the bulk of the carrying trade is done in British ships, incase Flngland were to go to war with any oll)er nations, it would injure to a great extent if not stop the ship- ping, whereas with a merchant marine owned by our own citizens our flag would carry our surplus all over the world regardless of the contests and en- tanglements of European or Asialic powers. Theie are three principal reasons why the ocean marine of the United States is not prottlahlo. First, there is no ocean marine worlli mentioning; second, the building of ships in this country is from twenty to twenty-five per cent, more expensive than similar work on the Clyde or any where else iu Europe; and third, the system of admeasurement and taxation in this country discriminates against vessels ow.ied at home. In I'mgland the tax on vessel properly is one per cent, of the net earnings, while here the State tax on such prop erty is two and a tialf per cent, of the assessed value of the property, whether the vessels are sailed at a profit or at a loss. To remedy the tirst and second of these evils it is proposed to modify our navigation laws so as to permit citizens of the United .States to go to foreign markets end buy sliips wherever they clioose, and grant to tliem an American register, and allow them to carry llie American flag. .s these laws now stand only vessels built iu this country are allowed to sail under the .merican (lag. II these laws were repealed, it would enable onr citizens to purchase ships in tlie clieapest tliii) yards. Tlie way out of* the difliculty would seem to he to admit foreign built vessels to American registry, provided such ves- sels do not engage in tlie coasting trade. A subsidy to the steamslilp lines would aid the movement to replace onr flag on the high seas; Imt such a movement would seem like a direct tax on the pro- ductive industries of the country, and one which the great mass would not like, while the benetits are indirect and remote. That it is wortli while to con- sider the subject of restoring our mer- chant marine, would seem evident from the efTorls France is making to wrest a share of tlie carrying trade from Great Britain, and the elTorts.tbat England has always made, and the great efforts that.@he is now making to control and retain it. Before the late war our ships did the carrying for the world, and our flag was seen everywhere, but tlie war coming on, broke up the trade, and the introduction of iron ships also revolu- tionized the Viuilding of ships, besides the protective tariff on all matei ials used in the construction of ships closed the door for building of ships, as cheaply here as in foreign countries, and drove the trade elsew here. And so our ships have dwindled to nothing. Great Brit- ain, last year, imported nearly twice as much as she exported, without becom- ing i 3 ihly poorer. One thing which enabled her to do was that she reaped the profit on more than half the ocean carrying trade. These profits hacked up by subsidies are generally large, aud the savings of the sea are invested in land. The nation that surrenders the profits of its foreiga. commerce gives itself away in two respects, it bands over the profit of the carriage to an alien, and it sur- renders the choice of a market for its goods, and a return trade in the pro- ducts of that country, at figures which are not increased by the foreign middle- s commission. In the last ten years we have paid over 1,200,000,000 to for- eiga ship owners for carrying our goods. The course of our trade is to go to Liver- pool or I.,ondon, and then there to be distributed over the world. There is no doubt but the amount we have lost by not dealing directly with our customers, would exceed what we have paid for the mere carrying Hence, something should be done to rebuild our mercantile marine, and put us on the same footing witli other na- tions of the world. If the repeal of the absurd navigation laws is necessary, that should be done; if subsidies can be honestly awaided the people will be benefitted by them in the end. There is no income without a previous outgo. At any rate it seems as if Congress might pass a law relieving vessel property of the oppressive local taxation an exacting system of admeasurement for tonrjpge, and severe and unjust port charges. Congress should pass a law admitting to register foreign built vessels that are owned by American citizens, and thus help to build up our foreign carrying trade, and give us a cliance to compete with other nation^ The government protects its bonds from local taxations, and there is no reason why the merchant marine, the right arm of the nationprosperity in peace and power in war, should not be fostered and protected, as well as the nations credit. The follow- ing extract is taken from an editorial in the New York AVorld: Mr. Becks clear and forcible speech delivered yesterday in indictment of our medii -val navigation laws should convict them in the eyes of every man in the United .States whose personal interest is not involved in maintaining those laws. We do not except even Mr. Blaine, for it is inconceivable that Mr. Blaine can himself he deceived by the nonsense which he yesterday talked. It is Mr. s misfortune that, although he is not a lawyer, he apoears oftener in the likeness of a retained advocate than any other Senator, and in this matter of free ships he can only he held to an advocate's belief. Mr. Blaines clients, in Maine at least, are not really assailed or endan- gered by Mr. Becks bill. It is not pro- posed to open the coasting trade to com- petition. It is the nxu^.'i^arkahltkthat Mr. Blaine, instead o trying ti) unde- ceive bis constituents, should make the amazing plea which he yesterday made in behalf of what the more ignorant among them imagine to be their inter- ests. American shipping has disappear- ed from the ocean because it has been taxed out of existence by the cost, in great part artificial, of ship building here, and by the absolute prohibition of competition from ship-builders abroad. With this fact staring him in the face it was reasonably audacious of Mr. Blaine to say that the revival of Ameriijan com- merce must he brouglil about, not by taking off one of the taxes which have killed it, but by imposing fresh taxes in the form of subsidies. It is wonderful that so shrewd a politician as Mr. Blaine should presume so far upon the igno- rance of his countrymen. But it is ap- propriate enough that a survival of medi- icval legislation should he defended by an argument worthy of amedin val econ- It is to be hoped that the bill w ill be- come a law, and thus place us as a carry- ing nation on the same terms as England and other foreign nations. Gotii.vm. The Duchesses. With all respect for this assert ion, that it is impossible to defend the position that little new blood has been tried with the liuchess tribe, we venture to doubt it. The F.dilor says, Surely the state- ment, that few crosses have been recent- ly tried upon the Duchess tribe is hardly accurate, we think it is fairly accurate, recently, we should think four- teen or fifteen years a reasonable length of lime to fall under that term. [The word recently is not used by us in this sentence. Ed. A. G.] A descendant of the Matchem cow, when used as a sire upon the Duchesses, is not now looked upon, we believe, by the public as an outcross, but is considered almost the same as a Ihichess sire. In support of this we find in the Agricultural Gazette, of January 3, a short paragraph entilled The Duchesses, under which heading we find recorded the death of an Oxford from chronic lung disease by her owner, Mr. Evan Baillie. In America since 18. 2 Borneo, tlie eon of Sir C. Knightleys Kosy cow. Grand Turk, Clifton Duke, Albion, and F.l Hakim have all been tried, w rites the Editor; hut we think he will find that they have not been tried w ithin the last dozen or four- teen years' [We did not say that they had: our sentence runs:It is impossi- ble to defend the po.sition Uiat little new blood has been trierl with the Duchess The word recently does not oc ild. A. G.] Surely it should he again time to try and find fresh cross s for this celebrated tribe, to keep llieni from falling into dccav, as we fancy there are but few specimens now left iu Amer- ica. At the present day, we believe, there is only one brance of female Duch- esses breeding iu that country, viz., llie Ducliesses of Airdrie. In England (besides Usurer), Prince Imperial, Faust, Duke of Holton, and the Maynard elwnents in Lady Oxford 4lli have all (besides Colonel Gunters latest experiments' been introduced, contin- ues the ICditor. If he will refer to the beginning of my article, he will find that when roughly calculating the number of Duchesses iu this country I used the exclusive of the Grand Duchess tints excluding the Grand Duchess branch from any further notice, as there is no doubt but when they were . E. Bolden's hands they were largely crossed from outside sources, be- sides Prince Imperial, Faust, and Duke of Bolton, the sires mentioned above; he also used Cherry Duke-and Duke of Bol- ton 2d. Baron Oxford 4th cannot he considered an outcross, as he was by tlie pure Duke of York 7lh (17704), from Lady O.xford .'ilh, although the blood,of Grand Turk and The Lord of Eryholrae flows in his veins. The only real onlcross put upon the Duchesses, nteDtioneit bv the I'.clitor is Usurer, used by Earl Ducie some thirty years ago, although Lord P.eclive, about two years since had Duchess of Under- ley and Duchess of ( tneida 8th put to the Red Rose bull. Lord of the Isles, the re- sult being a heifer calf from each, wliile Col. Gunters experiments have not been very successful as yet, most of the cows having died soon alter birth, or else be- ing born dead. Lord Feversham, about thirty years ago, used P.en Nevis to liis Ducltess cow. But as these are all or almost all the outcrosses used upon the Duchesses (excepting Mr. Boldens) since Mr. Bates sale in 18S0, it can hardly be said that the experiment of crossing the Duchesses has been largely experiment- Compare the number of these new infusions with the number of outcrosses used in the same period at Warlaby, at Mr. Killicks, and such a herd as Mr. Trelhewys in Cornwall, writes the Editor. . Warlaby certainly the herd is doing very well with theuseof its own sires, but our opinion is that Booth cattle are as a rule hardier than Bates. But with regard to Mr. Trethewys herd in Cornwall we cannot understand how the Editor can make any comparison be- tween the Duchesses and Mr. Trethewyherd by comparing the number of new infusions of blood used in that gentle- s herd, as against those put into the Duchesses during the same length of time; for our own part, we consider al- most every sire used at Tregoose an in- fusion. 'Tlie earliest bulls used were lyOrd Carlisles Frantic, Mr. HawkeIxird Fingal, Earl Ducie (by Frantic from Ruth), Mr. Ripleys Sir Ittiger, Sir C. Kniglileys Von Dumper, Mr. RobartsDuke of Manchester, and Mr. FawkesLord Montgomeiy. Since 1875 Mr. J. B. s British Lion, Crirsus, and M. G. have been in use, followed by Mr. Down- s prize bull. Viscount Lismore; so saps Thorntons Circular. In thejibove will be found almost every kind of blood any one could wish for. Ruth, the an- cestress of the Tregoose lierd, was only purchased in 1848, while the Duchess tribe has been inbred from a much longer period than that. [Tde statement marie by ^'eb. 12, i88 I Kentucky Live Stock Record. reference to the Duchess tribe was this: But few crosses have been tried upon tho Duchesses as yet; but the day is not far distant we hope when more ch.uij'os of blood will be infused into their pedi- Krees directly or indirectly ride Agri- cultural Gazette, January 3, p. 14, column 1). To the accuracy of this statement we took exception, and writing offhanii,, without books of reference, were able to enumerate at least eleven sires (without Bail Bectives or Colonel Gunterrent experiments) which, since Mr. the beginning of modern practice have been used to the Duchess cows. Is this number in excess of the truth, or is it not? If it be no exaggera- tion, and not only admits it to be true, but adds two or three more names of bulls used then his statement that few crosses have been tried upon the Duchesses as yet must fall to the ground as being inconsistant with fact. People who write about shorthorns must abide by the ordinary laws of language nd of evidence. To draw a distinction be- accuratefairly accurate,and to attempt to confine the word (which, by the way, C.not introduce into the sentence weobject to) to something under 15 years in a career which is claimed to extend to nearly three centuries, is not discussion, but special pleading. Ol this there is no end; and, it may be added, in this there is no profit. Ed. A. G.] fEontion Agri- cultural Gazette. THE STUD AND THE KENNEL-NO. II. Close Breeding. (uv ocn fOL'.XTKY CORUKSl'ONDKXT). After examining the many results of breeding from stud books, racing calen- dars, and kennel records, one cannot get away from the idea that there is some- thing yery material in the elements which compose the character and merits in animals. We cannot, it is true, accept aW the Darwinian teachings, although there are facts which are indisputable to show- that brute life, at least, is guided by the influence of an uuaeeu but natnrnl law, as exact as the workings of si ma-chine or a clock. In the study of nature there is very little to be seen that is not perfectly level and exact. .A herd of buffaloes or wild horses wifl each indi- vidually resemble their fellows in such a degree as to form no sort of contrast from one to the other, but when man has domesticated such races, the diffi- culty is to find two that are precisely alike, and when we improve in this one particular, the greatest possible proof is given that the breeder is succeeding in the rules he has laid down for Himself. The great breeders of race horses, when they are beginning to have what is called a run of luck, are seen to have horses very much of a stamp. The pack of hounds, as it gets a reputation, becomes sorty, a term easily recognizable by those who take an interest in hounds, and a kennel of dogs of any breed comes to a stage of perfection as soon as whole lit- ters of puppies bear a very unmistakable likeness to each other. It seems, bow ever, that no one up to the present dav has thoroughly succeeded in a degree to get perfect equality, but only made im- provements, superior in comparison with the efforts of other people. At the same lime, the effoits of mgn in this derectiori have beaten nature in bringing races of animals to a much higher standard in every particular than when seen in their original wildness, only that the high standard fails to produce an even or level result of all the latent merits dis- covered. The approach to success, how- ever, as I have above stated, shows that the study of the subject might bring about desirable changes that might at any rate diminish all the chances of breeding. Common sense probably dictated from the first that the laws laid down for man as regards consanguinity would hold good when applied to animals, and that the results seem to accrtje to man when such laws were not followed would, as a matter of course, oeseen in animals, but it would seem that nature, in the first instance, provided for animals in this respect, for, whereas isolated and unciv ilized tribes of man have become degen- erated and destroyed under such condi- tions, animals have continued for cen ^turies. This fact, I have often thought, nas been wrongly construed by breeders of animals, who frequently quote nature to strengthen their arguments asm favor of close breeding; it has been put for- ward many times in print that the strong- est and best favored male fii a wild herd beats off those inferior to him, and be- comes the parent of the next generation, and that in the course of tfme he mates with his own daughters under the same circumstances. This is onlv surmise, and when deeply considered it would seem that such an arrangement cf nature was very improbable; and, indeed, that the facts, a.s thus presented, are direct proofs that no such consanguinuity ever takes place amongst animals. The horse, for instance, is very slow in his progress towards maturity. The mare is in foal for the long period of eleven months. Then, in a state of wildness particularly, the animal, either male or female, is some time getting to its full growth, so three years at least must elapse from the time a sire commenced his reign of predomi- nance to the time the next generation arrived at anything like maturity. Is it not more than probable that such a champion would be ousted out of his position in that time, and that a new aspirant to honors had taken his place? The lights that take place annually on the eve of the breeding seasons between the males of all animals that herd is a source of argument in this direction; and taking for granted that the strongest succeed, it might follow very naturally that a horse, not being at bis full prime until seven years old, would not take honors until that age, and in that case it would not be very difficult to calculate tho probable relationship that he would bear to the majority of the mares in the herd. It would show a sum of several generations, 1 calculate, and this might be taken as a much better basis for breeding than to consider that in-breed- ing is a natural feature in the condition of animals. The chances against the latter supposition, again, would be that there w-ould be more than one master staHurn- in rrffir4-that the number limited, and, to judge from the behavior of a herd of moor ponies, these stallions are very wary and sharp in keeping the younger and weaker in order, there is much to show that the very instincts of nature bestowed upon such animals is to confine breeding within a certain space, and to ensure that recrosses to the same blood shall take place at, for all we can tell, exact periods from one generation to another. When we have learnt what these ex- act periods are to let a nick, as it is called, recur a great deal will be obtain- ed towards perfection in breeding, but at present there seems to be a deal of chance speculation in these sort of mat- tars, notwithstanding the proofs that we are constantly seeing that these returns to a strain are actually necessary to ob- tain anything like a lasting success. It seems quite reasonable to believe that we may nick a deal too close or too far off to obtain a benefit, and, therefore, the examples cannot be too carefully noted, or the endeavors to follow success- ful precedents too closely carried out. The non-observance of such a strict pol- icy is, I fully expect, the reason of a great many failures, as, take the Stud Book and a record of past races of im- portance, and we find the usual course is to mate a winner producer to the same sire that crossed succesefully with her, or to something as near the blood as possi- ble. There cannot be better policy than this, as what has been done before can be very likely repeated; but to get at tbe nearest blood in tbe absence of tbe sire that produced the success I do argue that tbe son of that sire ont of another mare is not at all the cross to be advocated; and yet if one refers to the Stud Book it will be found that this is almost a uni- versal practice.^ It must, however, be opposed to tbe principles of nicking which I so thoroughly believe in, i. e., to cross back again at certain and, if possi- ble, equal intervals. Mr. Parry, in breeding foxhounds, made this his rule at an interval of five generations, but to return to the dam fii a winner, mated to the son of her successfal consort, it is plain that if the exact cross was obtained with the sire, something too much or too little must be gained from the son. For instance, supposing a mare has two crosses of Sir Hercules in her, and the sire she is mated to hits back three times to that line, it would make the produce have live crosses; but the son of that sire must have more than three crosses, or otherwise ho is out bred from the line altogether on his dams side, and such a bred horse, according to my idea, is nev- er to be recommended, as they are sel dom successful with any mares. I can find many instances of this sort of breed ing in the Stud Book; but I cannot find a Derby, St. Leger, or Oaks winner, out of such a winner producer by a son of her successful consort, au J I have tried in vain also to find a great winner at all so bred. The own brother of a success- ful sire would, ol course, be a reasonable substitute for the original, but the hit has seldom proved successful, probably owing to the fact that two brothers are very seldom of the same quality. I should prefer an own brother in blood, that was somewhat similar in st le and as, lor instance, I have always thought that the mares that mated so well with Lord Clifdih should all have gone to Cathedral, as both are by New- minster out of Melbourne mares, and they were horses of a good deal the same character. 1 can see no reason why it should follow that because a mare hits to one sire she should do so to another bred in the similar way, on the sires side only, as some horses take entirely after their dam, and a half brother might bear no resemblance in any respect- I think that the great merits of i wo horses should be often considered, and that, if they are tolerably even, such merits might very well come out in an increased form if a son of one is mated to a daughter of the other. I have seen this brought out in dogs Vfery satisfactorily, and 1 can well believe that it is a point in the study of nicking strains of blood. To conjecture how close breeding can be pursued is a matter difficult to decide upon, though it may be certainly con- IL tk Mi,|^yyl in iliU,r..Mt accoi-.l inu- to of such sires is very circumstances. To a breed broughTfb perfection like race horses, where the an- imal is sensitive in temper and constitu- tion through his long and continued high breeding, it should bo certainly carried no further than that already found in a fairly successful horse on the Turf. There would be no great probability of getting better horses than Robert the Devil or Bend Or by inbreeding them to any lines appealing in their respective pedigrees, but to intercross such strains as they possess at the same distance as they represent might well lead to the success looked for. By endeavoring to get too much of a particular quality great mistakes are often made on the very subject of inbreeding, and hence the weedy little brutes that are seen as the representatives of really good sires. 1 maintain that race horses and foxhounds require no inbreeding, but only recrossing to old sorts at carefully studied distances This has been the best policy pursued in breeding for a century or more, and the failures that have been perceptible are principally the results ol people trying to do too much, or neglecting rules which are based very much on common sense. If a list is taken of the results of any great race, such as the Derby, a splendid record of breeders successes is furnished, in which it would be found that sound breeding has carried the day in nearly every case. It has been in vogue to get W'axy crosses through Whalebone, TouchstoneSir Hercules, Stockwell, and down to grandsons of the last-mentioned, and as time has advanced it has been easier to divide the different strains in the proper proportions. This is not in- breeding, nor can it be called close breed- ing, but it is the ordinary crossing of a fine breed that may have originated by crossing one sort with another, and in breeding to the side it was desired to per- petuate. Here comes the question of in or close breeding, and it isdifficnitto see how any absolutely outside breed can be improved, or a new breed formed with- out the process of inbreeding. Mr. Blunt has proposed to raise a better breed of race horses by forming a foun- dation of Arab blood, which he says is purer than the source from which the English race horse sprang. It would be interesting first of all to know whether ..Mr. Blunt proposed to improve the Arab through the means of the race horse, or the race horse through the means of the Arab. If the former was tne primary object to be attained very little progress would be made by crossing an Arab with a race horse, as one cross would breed out in a few generations, and the result would still be an Arab. In like manner the race horse would continue to be a race horse, although he possessed an Arab cross; but from what we can gather aboitt the systems of old breeders in the establishment of particular sorts, it would appear that actual inbreeding was a necessary element to form a founda- tion. Bates, by all accounts, inbred father and daughters, and mother and sons, when he formed the family of short- horns out of the Teesdale cattle, and I know 1 had a conversation with old Laverack, the setter breeder, on this very subject. He denied that he inbred at all; but when 1 took an outside bred setter bitch to his kennel he advised me, so as to get his breed, to save a bitch puppy by one of his dogs out of this outside bitch, and in due course to mate it with its father. I told him I did not fancy that kind of breeding, and put some questions to him about his own. He re- plied quite readily that he had no neces- sity toinbreed his sort, but only to inter- cross them in his own way; but that to breed level stock from such a bitch as mine I must get in a strong basis by in- breeding, or, in other words, if I wished to do as much in three or fonr years as he had taken forty to do. I asked the old breeder whether the second cross would be better than the first. Certainly, he replied, for breeding purposes, and 1 -have often thought that he was quite right in this remark, as I have found out in various ways that inbred animals on one side in dogs at least produce stock of greater levelness and quality than others. Ordinary sporting dogs, wheth- er it be pointers or setters, are not as far advanced, however, as race horses and ij^inds are, although they can be brought u*it from tfieir present cumiitiou, amt in a few years more the same rules will be applicable to all in an equal degree. Even at the present day I should decline to inbreed dogs, but I should ' breed them close rather than accept outcrosses, and I know I shall be right in the end. As I remarked in the first paper of this series, to form a new breed of horses, or even a new breed of dogs, the process is so long as to occupy a lifetime, and, therefore, it is far preferable to obtain the purest sorts of the day to continue it, and, perhaps, improve it; but to im- prove certain breeds of horses, such as, for instance, hunters, I should be much inclined to make experiments in close breeding, and more especially if tbe out- side source,! ., the mares were of a very common order. At any rate 1 should choose as a hunting sire for such a quar- ter the most inbred thoroughbred horse I could find that po sessed the other requisites necessary. I am of opinion that in some quarters of Ireland, and again in Devonshire, a good deal of the merit of the stock is attributable to close breeding to such horses as Hutchins Hercules, Zouave, and Arthur in one country, and Gainsborough and Jack in the Green the other. It might not have been apparent at the time, and the results might nave been really brought about by the mere ignorance and stupid- ity on the part of the owners of the mares, as in Devonshire everything went to Gainsborough as long as the old horse was comeatble. Future results at a dis- tance of years, however, do come out, which at first may have been the result of prejudice and folly, and they serve to teach lessons that the influence of breed- ing is extraordinary, that signs crop up years after whole generations have pass- ed away, and that all such signs must be considered carefully for future breeding operations. There is every side to be considered also, as we can apparently accumulate merit by crossing judiciously to a strain; and, in the same ratio, that merit will rest almost dormant for a gen- eration and then reappear, so in like I manner will infirmities, for a roarer will iCentucky Live Stock Record. fteu produce Bound progeny, but the lat- er in turn will get roarera this being, n fact, the general rule. In breeding, therefore, one must endeavor to stamp out all that is objectionable whilst en- deavoring to stamp in at the same time an accumulation of merit. s Life I in London. Si. Louis Jockey Blub Entries which ! Closed February 1st, 1881. ! Coquette Stakes, Kor two yewr o^d rtUles.of fDOeacli, h f, with 1^400 adde i, of which $100 to second, third to Mave stake; three-qunriera of a mile. 40 en* 8 A Pratt*R b I Nannie U , by Concord, dam Fannie Moore. Joslab Allens b r Mias Fancy, by Vigil, dam Masnet. John Hhaw H ch f Bernice, by Intruder, (lam Bettie. Wrn UhrlHty'ach 1 by Cnarlton, dam Flora. 8 Powers & Sons b f Albracca, by Aramls, dam Experience Oaks. The same, b i .lclua, by Aramls, dam Car J R Watts &: Co's ch f Buxom, hy Bonnie Scotland, dam Lady Lindora. Same, br f Bessie Bell, by Bonnie Scotland, dam Bryonia. The same, b f Katie Creel, by King Alfon to. dam Marguerite. F B Harpers b f by Longtellow, dam Little Killeen, Scott & Co f Anna Hcott, by Governor Bowie, dam Dixie. John G McFaddens ch f Fiona, by Waver- ley, dam Nora reliia. A ft J M Hlmpsous b f Arno, by King Al- fonso, dam Lady Harry. The BHuae, ch f Alice, by Lisbon, dam Fan- G W Bowen 4 Cos b f Carrie Hanson, by Billet, dam Bettie Lewis. 8amuel Eokers ch f by Harry OFailon, dam The Banshee. R F Johnson's b f Frenchle 8hy, by Billet, dam Millie J. The satne,ch f Nannie H, by Vigil, dnm C A Lewiss br f Uattle L., by Waverley. dam Pest. WOottrlUsch f Bonny Lass, by Buckdeu, dam Bonaventure. The same, b t Mlnuerette, by Buckden, dam Bannerette. .1 8 8hawhan 4 Cos cb f Bayadere, by King Alfonso, dam Bay Flower. s b f Arabia, by Liever,dam .4sla, The same, b f Heartless, by Lever, dam Heartsease. B u Thomass b f Dixie's War FlegWar Dance, dam Dixie. G D Wilson A. Cos ch f KoonomiMt, U!enelg, dam Gertrude. The same, b i Hermme, by Alarm, d Purls Belle. Milton Young's b f Beatrice, by Bonnie HcotUud, dam Mailposa, Harae, b f 8oz dont, by Longfellow, dam 8allle Morgan. J A Urlnsteads ch f Square Dance, by War Dance, dam Sue Dougherty. The same, b f Flora!, by War Dance, dam Florae. The same, ch f Pinafore, by Knquher, dam by Boverelgn. Tne same, ulk f by Strachino, dam 8onhy Baddeley. J T Williamss ch f Verbena, by Vigil, dam Bprlngbrook. The same, b f Me.ssmate, by Alarm, dam Full Cry. Morris 4 Pattons ch f S'lpper Dance, by War Dance, dam Slipper. D McDaniels b f 8arah Bernhardt by Harry Bassett, dam Penny. Same. cnfEnie Kllsler by Harry Bassett, dam Lizzie Rogers. Same,chf Lady Alice by Harry Bassett, dam Cordelia. Diiu Mace 4 Cosch f Bankers Daughter by Limestone, dam Leap Year. Jockey Club Stakes, For two-year old colts and fillies, of $^'x) each, h f, with $.XX) added, of which $liNi to second, third to save stake; three-quarters of a mile. 51 noinlnatiou.s. 8 A PratteH hr o Ouray, by Aaron Penning- ton, dam Lucy. Joslab Allens gr c Silvio, by King .Ufouso, dam Geneva. Wm Christys ch f by Charlton, dam Flora. The.same, ch c Billy Sping, by t.'liarlton, dam Viola. 8 Powers 4 Sons b c Avalon, by Aramls, dam Hprlghily. The same, chc Allendale, by Aramls, dam Della Hern. . Haydou 4 Harrys ch c Palhfluder. by Pat Malloy, dam Amy Farley. The same, ch c by (Denelg, dam liong. J K Wailssch f Buxom, ny Bouule Scot- land, dam l ady Lindora. The same, br f Bessie Bell, by Bonnie Scot- land, dam Bryonia. The same b f Katie Creel, hy King .Vlfonso, dam Marguerite. W K Hawkins be Latestring, by low, dam SjUIIo Owsley. athcart, by Lisbon, dam Ju. F B Harpers!) c by I^ongfellow.dam Belle Kulvhr. G W' 8tewarts b c Dr. Bryfogle, by Buck- den, dam Jenny McKinney. A 4 J Mtslmpsons bgSmntou, by Aramls, (lam MollleMorehead. The same, b o Sullivan, by Pat Malloy, dam Night Rose. G W Bowen a Cos g g Thaler, by Billet, dam Thalia. The same, bg by Blllei, dam HI. Samuel Eckers ch f by Many OFallon, The Bansliee. The samo, ch g Jack of Spades, by Harry Fallon, dam Anna Travis. same, ch o Splngleherg, by ('hariton, dam The BuDHh**e. Hall PhlUlps's b c .Malvollo, by Silent Friend, dam .Mary P. H C Stratton '8 ch c Barney Lyons, by Bar- ney Williams, dam Maud livou. James .McIntyres b c Ballard, by Killet, dam Katie Pearce. LPTarlton, Jrs b c Mitttral, by Virgil, dam Glenella. C A Lewiss br f Hattie L. by Wnverley, dam Peat. W CottriUs ch c Baberw^k by Buckden, dam Ethel Sprague. The same, ch c Harry Gilmore by Buckden. dam by Wagner. J 8 Shnwban 4 Co.s b f Bayadere, by King Alfonso, dam Bay Flower. D Swlgert/s ch c Apollo, by Ashsteiut or Le- ver. dam Rebecca V. Price. B G Thomas b c Ben Himyar, by Alarm, dam Hire. Thesame.be Aurelius, by Alarm, dam Aureola. Thesanie, b c Gunner, hy Alarm, dam War Keel. The same, oh c Romar, by Alarm, dam Ho.sallne. Thesame, bf Dixies War Flag, by War Dance, dam Dixie. G D Wilson 4 Co's ch c Monarch, l)y .Mon- archist, (lam Kith. Thesanie, b f Heriiilue, t y Alarm, dam Paris Belle. Milton Youngs b g Boatman, by Bonnie Rcotland. dam V'alerlan. The same, b g Burglar, by Bonnie Scotland, dam Vocalls'.. ^ The same, ch g I..o^Cause, by King Alfon- so, dam Nellie Knight, The same, b f Beatrice, by Bonnie Scotland dam Mariposa. J A GriiiHtoad's cb c Baliencer, by War Dance, dam Ballet. The same, br c by Waverley, dam Call Tne same, ch 1 Square Dance, by War Dance, dam Sue Dougnerty. Thesame. eh c by Gilroy, dam Perhaps. J T Williamss b f Measmate by Alarm, dam Full Cry. W B Scullys br c Raymond, by Virgil, dam Nannie Butler. Morris 4 Pultons ch f Slipper Dance, by War Dance, dam Slipper. D McDaniel's br t Susslnne, by Harry Bas- sett, darn Letty. Thesaine, Ch f Lady Alice, by Harry Bas- sett, dam Cordelia. ^Tnere most be an error In the pedigree of one of these. Hotel Stakes, For three-year olds that did not win prior to Jauu*ry 1. issi. of S.*)!) eacti, h f. with ad J- ed,of which 1100 to necond, third to save stake; one and a quarter mlDs. 02 entries. Ell Jordans Ch c by Creedmoor, dam Bran- O E LeFevres bl c Force, by West Roxbury dam Nora Force. DCoIaIzzis br g Valparaiso, by VlrglJ, dam Accldeuta. W M. AsblocKs be Cape Henry, by Cape Race, dam Carrie P. Thesame, ch f Frand, by Cape Race, dam Nlangua. A Stapless b c Vaudeville, by King .VI- fODso, dam Verona. 8 Farrell 4 Cos ch f Allegretto, by Bonnie Scotland, dam Panama. The same, b f Morgan Belle, by John Mor- dan, dam Hally Doswell. 8 Powers 4 Sous b f Belzoni, by Billet, dam Sally Renfro. Thesame. b f Patti, by Billet, dam Dora. Haydou 4 Barrys be Boatllght, by Bonnie Scotland, dam Romping Girl. J K Wattss b f Florence Davis, by Ix ngfel- low, dam Cbasseuse The bf Margy Womack, by King Alfonso, dam by The (Lionel. J H Merrill 4 Cos be Robett Ingersoll, by Intruder, dam Jennie Rowt^u. J H Merrill 4 Co.s b c Wlndrush, by King Alfonso, dam Glenlnlne. F B Harpers b f by Longfellow, dam Belle Knight. s b f Maggie Ayer, by Bonnie Scot- land, dam Arnica. The same, ch g Fleming, by Buckden, darn Jennie C. John Duffys ch c Tom Monnite (formerly Spinner) by King Alfonso, dam Spluola. Killeen, Scott 4 Cos ch f Flngal, by (iov- ernor Bowie, darn Derby (Mrl. John McCalls ch g The Boss, bv Brown Dick, dam Mary Diggons. A A J M Simpsons b c Slorv, by Monarch- ist, dam Tuscola. G W Bowen 4 Cos ch g Edison, by King Alfonso, dam Lotta. Thesame, br c Vida, by Virgil, dam Man- Samuel Eckcrs b f by Brigand, dam The Banshee. The same, ch g Billy Ward, by Brigand, dam Anna 'lYavls. J .M Arnold b g-Ballast, by BonnleScotland dam Planobette. Churchill 4 Johnsons chcSirocco. by King Lear or Glenelg, dam Cruciform The same, b or hr f R-Jle of the High ands, by Bonnie Scotland, dam Valerian. The same, ch c Churchill, by War Dance dam by Solferlno. A J Scoila gr f Ingside, by Intruder, dam Mck Beckers Dorbrf by Hiawatha, dam Rapid Ann. John McElroy's b 0 hM Reordan, by Olen- elK. dam Alert. '' HallPbllllp'sch f Primrose, by Fllerlm, dam Beemore. * W C MeOavock 4 Cos b t Bribery, by Bon- nie Scotland, dam Tallulah, ! a W Darden * C.'os b f Aranza, by Bounlo I Scotland, dam Arizona. j J K Malones b c Balauco Wheel, by Ballou- . keel, dam Fanny Malone. John 8 Clarks blk g Vltalis hy Virgil, dam Amanda Bay. VV' H Rogers's b c by Hallankeel. dam Al- J S Shnwhau 4 Co's ch f Fonwlt Jh, by King Alfonso, dam Weatherwitch. D Swigerl h br f Pride, by Vli gil, dam Ken- tucky Kelje. B G Thomas ch f Hatef, by Lelaps, dam Hazeiu. TbehUine.chf Heglaz, by Waverley, dam The same, b g Macer, by Lelaps, dam Myra. J F Robinsons gr f Minnie D. by Ijongfel- low, clam Luna. .Milton Youngs br g Manttou, by John .Morgan, dam C^uecn of the West. I James A tlrlnsteads b g Jack Haverly, by Waverley, dam Katie. J A Grlnsteads ch f by War Dance, dnm Florence I. The Kame. b f Quandary, by Virgil or Mon- ! archlst, dam Maze. George Cadwallader8 ch 0 St. iatrlok, by Letups, dam Impudence. Thesjime, be Buckra, by Buckden, dam .Marsella. James T. WUllams's b c Valedictory, by Virgil, dam Spriogbrook. The same b c by Creedmoor, lam Farfalet- UbodesSmltiis ch c Golden Era, by Bull- ion, dam Leona. Morris A Pattons b c Explorer, by Enqul'*- er, dam Slipper. The same, b c Fellowplay, by Longfellow, dam Plailna. Dan Mace d f Kilt, by War Dance, dam Florae. Bride 4 Armstrongs b f Belle of the Mead- ows, by Intruder, dam Phmulx Belle. Huntley Lodge Siable's b o Athos, by Alarm, dam Cali Dusk. T M Broadwells b c Clifton Bell, by Veto, dam Sytiipalhetlc. George Kuhn 4 Cos b g Prince of Denmark by Ballankoel. dam Alice Burford. Hall Phillipss bo Thorn, by Rebel, dam by Asterisk. Merchants* Stakes, For three-year olds, of $50 each, h f. with $700 added, of which ^200 to second, third to save stake. Winner of Hotel Stake to carry 6 lbs extra, and winner of any other stake after tne Closing o! this stake, of the value of $1,000 to carry 7 lbs extra; of any two such stakes, 10 lbs extra; one and a half mllee. 34eutrles. Ell Jordans b c Uberto, by Virgil, dam La Grande Duchesse. Eli Jordans b c Maretzek, by King Alfon- so, dam Meteila. Dick Mackeys ch f Sisterly, by War Dance. DColazzls brg Valparaiso, by Virgil, dam AcMUdenta. W M Ashlocks b g Cape Charles, by Capo Race, dam Phllomena. S Farrell 4 Cos cb f Allegr^tito. b.v Bonulo Scotland, 0am Pauamu. Tne same, b 1 Morgan Beile, by John Mor- gan, dam sally Doswell. Haydou 4 Barrys b o Boatllght by Bonnie Scotland, dam itomplug Girl. J H Merrill A Cos D c Wlndrush by King AltouMo, dam (.^lenlulle. F H Harpers b f by Longfellow, dam Fan- ny Wells. John S McCalls cb g Tne Boss by Brown Dick, dam MaryDlggous. A 4 J M Simpsons b c Story by Monarch- ist, dam Tuscola. J M Arnolds b c Ballast hy Bonnie Scot- land, dam Planchette. Churchill 4 Johnsons b f Belle of the High- lands by Bouule Scotland, dam Valerian. The same, b g Acme ny King i^ar. dam Twinkle. John McElroys b c Ed Reordan, by Ulen- elg, dam Alert. Sidney Taylor 4 Cos b c Bend i )r by Buck- den, dam Kate Walker. G W Darden 4 Cos b f Aranza by Bonnie Scotland, dam Arizona. The same, b or br f Hattie B. by dengarry, dam Katnieeu. ^ R F .lohnsons ch f Lucy May by Buckden, dam (Georgia Bowman. Wiley Bucaless bf Habee by Billet, dam Lizzie Vic. A Waddles b c Barney Dale by Barney Williams, dam Maga. D Swigerts b f Cameo, by iTever, dam Locket. H U Thomass b g Lelex by Lelaps, dam War Reel. J F Robinson Jrs g f Minnie 1). by cong- fellow, dam Luna. Milton Youngs ch K Boot Jack by Bonnie Scotland, dam Sparrow Graas. The same, brg Manttou by John Morgan, dam Queen of the We.si. Janies A (rinsteads b cCIaii Alplu by Wa- verley, dam Income. James T Williamss b c Valedlclojy by Vir- gil, dam Sprlngorook. The same, b c by Creedmoor, daiu Farfalet- Morris 4 Patlous b c Fellowplay by lxfelluw, dam Flatina. 'Tne same, bo Explorer by Enquirer, dam Slipper. D McDanlelK ch o King Nero by Harry Basset, dam Lizzie Rogers. Huntley Lodge SlHbless ch c I^ord Eldon, by Waverley, dam by Red Eye. For all age**, $100 enlranco, h f, with Sl.OOO added, of which $200 to second, third to save stake; two and a quarter miles. 2'2 entries. E D Stones b h Jim Murphy, aged, by West Roxbury, dam Ada Leonard. S Farrell 4 Cos bg Mentor,. 5 y o by frlen- garry, dam Mattie Morgan. Hunt 4 Shaws ch gJohn Davis, 5yo by Faliou, dam Bettie. John Hugginss b h Income, aged, hy Mel- bourne, Jr., dam Income. Voi. ij. No. F B Harper's b h Jlls Johnson , 5 y o by Longfellow, dam Fanny Wells. J G Greeners cU c Jim .Malone, i y o by Hiawatha, dam Mollle W. , , W C .McGavock 4 Cos ch c Boulevard, i y o oy Bonnie Scotland, dam Mariposa. J B Muloue'K br f Long tude, 1 y o bv Long- fellow, dam h'anny Malone. Wiley Buckles b li Headlight 5 y o l y Bil- let, dam Lizzie VIc. George Rices b o John Happy, -lyo by Bonnie Scotland, dam Kathleen. . W screes ch f Mary Anderson. 1 y o by Ventilator, dam Queen of Scots. D Swlgert's cb c Talisman, 1 y o by W'aver- ley, dam La (iraude Duchesse. B G Thomass b h Himyar, 6 y o by Alarm, dam Hira. Milton Youngs ch g Bancroft, ^ y o by BonnleScotland, dam Plancbetle. James A Grinstoads b ni Mararoon, 5y o by Waverley, dam Mishap. James T. WlilluniH s b g v beckraate. $ y o by Planet or Glen Athol, dam KullL'ry. John JacKsons g c Bowling Green, 4 y o by Tom Bowling, dam Gertrude. Morris A Pattons bh Long Taw.6yoby Longfellow, darn slipper.^ The same, ch i (ioldbuir. 4 y o by John Mor- gan, dam Boguet. Huntley i.odge Stable's cU g Red Prluce, 4 y o by Brown Dick dam Elecira, E.l Baldwins b m Clara l ., 0 y o by Glen- elg. dam The Nun. The same, ch m Jennie B , 5 y o by Glenelg dam Uegan. Street Kailroad Stakea, For al ages, of each, h f, witli $70U added, of which to second, tnlrd to save stake; one and a half miles. iHeutiiea. Ell JordauK ch h Blue Eyes, yo by En- quirer, dam Buchu. F D stones b b Jlra Murphy, aged, by West Roxbury. dam Ada Leonard. W B. ilowards b m Bolls, 4 y o by Buckden dam Jennie C. Hunt 4 Shaws ch h John Davis, 5 y o by Harry O'Fallon, dam Bettie. The same, ch i Duplicate. 4 y o by Torn Bowling, dam Crescent. S Powers A Sous b I Belzoni, Jy o by Bil- let, darn Sally Renfro. .las H Summerss br li Renown, 5 y o by West Roxbury. dam Nora Worth. John Duffys ch c Tom Meulfee, (formerly Spinner) .S y o by King .Mfoiiso, dam Splnola. Samuel Ecker'seUm Minnie Lewis, 5 y o by Unde Vic, dam Alta Vela. Churchill A Johnsons b h Little Ruffin, 5 y o by Monarchist, darn imp. Bon Kon. A J Scotts ch f Annie S ,.)y o by Uncle Vic, dam Ettle Powell. W C McGavock 4 Cos b c Boulevard, 4 y o by Bonnie Scotiaud, dam Marlpo.sa. W S Creesch f Mary Anderson, 4y o by Ventilator, dam Queen of Scots. ^ G W Durden 4 Gos b or br f Hattie B., .o by ( flengarry, dam Kathleen. James McIntyres b f Lizzie S,Hyo by Wanderer, dam Katie Pierce. J 15 Malones b i L-maitiuie. 4 y o by Lr iig fellow, dam Fanny Malone. U F Jobusous ch f Lucy May, 3 y o ' Buckdeu, dam Georgia Bowman. Wiley Buckless b h ( ten. Rowett, 4 y o oy Intruder, dam Mammouu. George H K^'s b o John Happy, 4 y o by Bonnie ScotlaiTd, dam Kathleen. D Swigerts ch c Talisman, 4 y o by Waver- ley, dam La (rrande Duchesse. B G Thomass b g Lelex, 3yo by Lelaps, dam War Reel. Milton Youngs ch g Bancrolt, 4 y o by Bon- nie Scoilaud. dam Planchette. Same, ch g Boot Jack, 3 y o by Bonnie Scot- land, dam Sparrow Grass. James A (trinsteads b m Maramon, 5 y o by Waverley, dam Mishap. The aiune, ch c Aliunde, 4 y o by Alarm, dam Ladv Richards. James T Williamss b g Checkmate, 6 y oby Planet or Glen Athol, dam Full Cry. John Jackson's gr o Bowling reen,4yo b.v Tom Bowling, dam (iertrude. Morris 4 Pattons b h i^ong Taw, 5 y o by Longfellow, dam Slipper. The same ch f Gold Bug, 4 y o by John Mor- gan, dam BoqueL Fiank Wests gr li Gabriel, 5 y o by Alarm, dam Electric. Clifton Hellsch ra Lillie R., 5 y o by Glen- elg. dam Florlne. E J Baldwins b m Clara D., 6 y o by Glen- elg, dam The Nun. The same, ch in Jennie B., 3 y o by ftlenelg dam Regan. List of Odds Offered by Kelly & Bliss lTIIKRS STAKK. 4 to 1 agst Crickmore. 8 to 1 agst Spark. 7 to 1 agst Lady fUiHebcrry and Brambaletta. lU to 1 agst Compensation. 16 to 1 agst Ael a. Blazes and Sir Hugh. 20 to I agst Banter, Sir Waller, Geranium and King Allouso-LIUy Duke colt. 25 to 1 agst Bugler, CamilUis and Olive, to 1 agst Haruton Catoctln, Reber. Mnca- roon-Julietta aud King Ernest-Kevolt 40 to 1 agst Bona Fide, Aspiration, FUlette, Potomac, Rob Roy, Sauaicrer and Pro- phet-Regardless colt. 50 to 1 agst My l ord and Ganmiaclta. THKCONEV ISLANl) CVV. 3 to 1 agst Luke Blackburn. 7 tol agst Monitor and ParAle. 5 to I ugHt Uncos. 12 to 1 agst Grenada, Glidella and Long Taw. 15 to 1 agst Sensation, Falsetto, Fernciifle aud Glenmore. 20 to 1 agst Greenland, Quito, Ellas Laa- fence, Jim Malone uod Report. 2o to 1 agst Iilsh King, Bowling Green and 30 to 1 agst Randolph, Compensation, Georgt* McCullough and Mendelssohn. .35 to 1 agst Pequol and Springfield 40 to 1 agst Ada Glenn and Kiukead and By the Way. Feb. I 2 , 1 68 A.cntueky Live Stock Record. SOtolagHt Harnton. Baltic, Merrlmuc, Er- (leDbeim aud FMeuderry. Ti to 1 acKt Tom Kinwella. Ricochet, Vaude- vllleand the King Alfonso-SplnoJa colt. MONMOUTH OAKS. 1 to 1 Spluaway. U to 1 o^HlThora. 7 to I agRt Bramhaletla aud HpKi k. H to I agst Lady Uosebei ry. 12 to 1 agRt Aella. 15 to 1 ag.Rt Ada and Bonnie 20 to 1 agRt BIIhs. Zlugari and (vlrolla iera- Dlumand Lady Caroline. 25 to 1 ag8t Olive. 80 to 1 agat Bride Cake, aud By the Way. to 1 agRt Htonehenge-Kaverdale and King E''ueHt-Miuorlty filiies. 40 to 1 agRt ARptratton, Killetto, Rattle Aze* Etiquette. Jr. Ully and Mabel. o() to 1 agRt Bodh Fide, Hphiux, Pinafore, Gainmaclta and Oaisy. TKAVSl^H RTAK1C.S. 7 to 2 RgKt Hindoo. 12 to 1 Hgst Compensation, Roudre, Hermit, and Creedmoor-Karfaletta colt. 15 to 1 ag8t Lord Patrick. 20tolagst Bantcrand Barometer. 2ololagRt bugler, Valedictory, Vlcl and Herman. :K) to 1 agst Baroton, t/aloctiu, Keber, Cavau, man, uod Torchlight. to to 1 ligHt Bona Fide, BhUic, Getaway, Rap- id, Rob Hoy and CalycantbuH. oO to 1 agst Gararnaclta, Kalconbrldge, Eole, Sligo, Texlan, Kehel-Leamiugion tllly. Duke of Montalbaii and Asia Minor. Address Kelly 4: Blls.s No. 15 West 2Street, New York t'lly. STUD NEWS. LIST OF KOAhS IN ISIW. I*ruperty of JmiucsJA. UrniKtead, Walnut Hill Bum, LoxlugtoD, Ky. April 7th Brown colt by Gilroy, dam Sis- ter to Kune by Sovereign. April 1.5-t;he8lnut colt by Hi. Martin, dam Sophy Haddeiey by AuHiraliau. April l y Martin, dam Cicely Jopson by Wealherblt. March 30-Chestnut dlly by War Dance, dam Tarantella by Australian. CheHtmu colt by War Dance, dam Perhaps by AUBtrallan. March 18 Chestnut coii by War Dance, dam Adele by AuhLraliuu. Bay filly by War Dance, dam Bank Stock by Bayonet. ChtHlnuL filly by M ar D.iiice.dam .MlHforiune by Gilroy. OF lb8l. l*ioi)eHy ol D D Withers, Brookdaie Stud, New jorhey. i 10 . -kiny colt l y BtoneUenge, ilaiii y Buckley by Benmlneton. n. 20 -(Jhehtuut colt by King t.iueat, ilaiii Imp. Cycloue ay PKrmehiiu. roperty of A. Keene Ricliarile, Bla^Orass Park, lieorgelowu, Ky. Kly. by Malioiuet, foaled a cbest- iiul Ally by War Dance. The Ally bas a bald face aud left blud leg wblte above Ibe ankle. Death of a Uivoli Colt. John Roebe, Huntingdon, Ind., lost recently the brown colt foaled 1879, by Rlvoll, dam Lady Laroy by Ullroy. Sale OF Bleefv Geoge Dr. W. C. Fair, Cleveland, O., bas sold to Melvin Smith, Montreal, Canada, the fast pacing gelding Sleepy George. Sale of Coach GELDiso.-Jobn T. Hughes sold to R. .S. Strader an e.xtra Ave-year old coach gelding, sixteen and a half bands, by Harrison Chief. Sale of Geneveive. Mr. Chris Doyle, Carrollton. Ills., bas bought of Ed Harrison the cbeslDut Ally Genevieve, by Intruder, dam Yellowblrd. Death of Matinee. Hon. James A. Walker, of Virginia, lost lately the bay Ally .Matlnee.5 yrs old. by John Morgan, dam Sue Walton by Jack Malone. Bakkett. Mr. P. lorlllards bay colt Bar- rett, by Bonbie Scotland, dam Sue Walton bas been backed for the Eugllsb Derby at the odds of 1,000 to 15, twice. Death ok Governess. Messrs. A. B Lew- is A Co., Spring Station, Ky., lost recently the chestnut mare (foverness 11 yrs old by Plan- et, dam Katona by Vonclier. Sale OF a Coach Obldino. J obu T. Ma- gowan, Montgomery, Co., baa sold to R. S. Strader three extra coach geldings, all Ave years old and sixteen hands high. Caliban.- Note the advertisement ol this successful sire of trotters, aU 10 to Insure, by V. S. Buckner, Paris, Ky. Ills expected he will make a very large season. Lottery, by Monday, dam Vlrglma, the property of D. Mace, daring a gallop at Charleston, S. C., January 301b, broke down completely, having strained the sinews In bis olf fore leg. Sale OF Blackwood Maid. Messrs. Wil- son A Beuolsi, St. Louis, &lo., have bought of Gus Qliddeu, Chicago, III., the black mare Blackwood Maid, by Tuckers Blackwood, dam by Cockspur. SALE OF Invoice. Thomas W. Doswell, BuIlAeld Stud, Virginia, has sol^ to James R. Keene, New York, the bay mare Invoice, 9 yrs old by Lexington, dam Volga by Glen- coe. She Is In foal to Abd-el-Kader. Sale of Trotters- J. A. Rlchlcy, Elkhart, Ind., has sold to J. F. Stndebaker, South Bend, Ind., the bay horse Gov. Tilden, by Hambletonian Star, dam by 51ambrluo Chief, and also the bay gelding Magna. Salk of Miss Adstine.- Col. Wm. D. Johnson, Madison, Tenn.. has sold to M. B. Richardson, Lexington, Ky., the gray mare Miss .Vustlne, foaled 1872, by Lightning, dam Kelpie by Bonnie ScotlandJIJanets dam). Sale OF GoLDSMiTh. A. F. Phillips, Rock- ford. 111., bas purchased from Hugh Williams Racine, Wis., the brown colt Goldsmith, 3 yiH old, by Alden Goldsmith, dam Rosallu, by Swlgert, out of Merry Bird by .Mickey SALE OF MtKNlK.-O. B. Dickson, Chicago, 111., has sold to L. C. Merrick, the black mare Minnie. OF Spunk i.t rank Watson, 1 hlla- dolphla. Pa., has bought the bay gelding Spunky. ___ _ SALE OF JENNIE C. Mr. Boins, Chicago, 111., baa purchased Ibe gray mare Jennie C. by Bine Bull. Sale OF Farmers Maid.- H. D. .McKin- ney has sold to Eastern parties the brown mare Farmer's Maid. SALEOF Nutball.-W. H. S. RiU'bie bas imrcbased the bay Ally NutUall, 2 yrs old. by Nutcracker.dams pedigree uuknown. SALK OF A Roadstdr. R. 8. Strader baa sold to Mr. Goodwin, of Ohio, an extra bay Ave-year old roadster gelding, sixteen bands. Salk OF A Pacino Make. Dr. Lucas, Chi- cago, III., has bought a pacing mare by Legal Tender, dam by Gen. Taylor. She has a rec- ord or 2:'20. _ SALEOF ATWOOD -A. B. Watts, Fariulug- dale 111 , has sold to Eggleston * Fisher, Sen- eudoah, Iowa, the hay colt Atwood, by Vol- llgeur, dam Ate. SALEOF Fink HoKSES.-^Voodard * Bras- lleld, of fcexlugton, Ky., have told to J. I. Clark.of New York, one Ane coach gelding To same, one combined gelding. Importation of Spanish Jacks. \ o are glad to record the departure of W. J. Lyle, Danville, Ky., to Spain, to import a number of Arst-class Jacks. This Is a move In the right direction, aud Mr. Lyle Is a most com petent man for the work. Salk of Harness Geldings J ohn B. Sbockency, Madison county, has sold to R. S. Strader two nice barneus geldings, Alteeiij aud a half bauds, Ave years old. | Death of a Weanling.- M essrs. A. It. Lewis J: Co., Spring Station, Ky., lost recent- ly the bay Ally, foaled 1880, by Hunterington, dam Skylight by Jack yfaloue. Jim M.xLo.^ ri.ne nurse, by Klawn- imi, dam MolUe W. by .tslerold. Is believed to be permaumtly lame, as bo bas been com- plaining for leveral weeks In the right fore Sale ok .Harry Bassett Filly. D. Mc- Daniel. Priicetoii, N. J., bas sold to a Savan- nah Ua. par.y the black mare 1 yrs old, by Harry Basset, dam Fleur Angeby Learning- .Sale of Dler. Capt. J.C. Franklin, Gal- latin, Tenn, bas sold to Dr. E. S. Carr, same I Iplace, the Ir m Idler, 5 yrs old, by Leam- ington, dal Lemonade by I^exlngton. for Salk OF li'fNNKK. .V. s J. M. Simpson, Taylorsvlll, Ills, nave sold to G. W. Broome, St. lAiuls, do., tbe chestnut colt Spinner, three yearold, by iflng .Mfonso, dam Hpl- Sale osLilly Thomas. H. O. Thomas, North Mldletown, Ky., bas sold to W. H. Kerr, sanuslace, tbe road mare Lilly Thom- as, by DlclWest, dam by Maiiplns Cana* dlan. ^ Sale ok jOngfkllow. John C. Lowe, Bath Me., hi sold to P. H. Babylon, Union- town, Md., te brown gelding Longfellow, by Garrard CbRdani said to be thoroughbred, for $.500. Death oiClarissa W Mr. Lelaiid of the SlurtevSt House, New York, lost Febru- ary 2d, the ipstnut Ally Clarissa W., 3 yrs old by Sprgbok, dam Mattie W. by ited Death o a Filly by James Wm. Armstronglontgomery Square, Pa., recent- ly lost thecarling bay Ally by James A. (brother totrole) dam Nellie McDonald by Coloasus. ' Bale of acHiK Chief. W. H. S. Ritch- ie, Canonstg, ., has boughtof W. Green, same placdie bay colt Ritchie Chief, year- llu ',hy D.ioroe.dam the dam of Monroe Chief by B Chief. SALEOF BALLESKEEL COLT. Capl. J. U. Franklin, allatln, Tenn., has bought of Mrs. WaltJulld. the chestnut colt, foaled 1879, by Jlenkeel, dam Wenona (Lord sfn) by Capt. Elgee. Glidelja. We learn that Capt. Wm. Con- s chestnut Ally Glldella, 3 yrs old, by Bonnie Scotland, dam Waltz, In tbe stable of Mr. J. B. Pryor, Uolmdel, N. J., has grown aud Improved very much and Is really a very Ane mare. Salk of Lucy Patchf.n. T. H. Wilson^ Paris, Ky., has sold to .^. U. Young. Lexing- ton, Ky., the 5 year old brown mare Lucy Patchen by Mambrlno Patchen, dam by s or Parson's Abdallah: In foal lo Coas- ter, record 2:20)i. Sale of Virginia:- Gen. B. T. Tracy, Marshland Sind, Oswego, N. Y.. bas pur- ci^su from Uc-akluan Brooks, Washlngton- vllle. N. Y., tbe bay mare Virginia, 4 yrs old by Volunteer, dam Batemans dum by Rys- s Hambletonian. Salk of Hambletonian Colts. J acob A. Edge, Downluglou, Pa., has bought of J. Bax- ter Black, Compnssvllle, Pa., tbe bay year- ling colt by Green Aeld, dam Lillie b.v SeelyAmerican Star. Also tba bay Ally 2 yrs old by Black's Hambietonlan, dam Lillie, above. .Mr. C. Boyles Stable.- This Canadian .stable, coDststlng of Ada Glen, 5 years old by Glenelg, dam Callna; and SprlngAeld, 3years old by Bonnie Scotland, dam Bo |net, and Rosapblle by Waverley, dam sister to Nellie Gray, arrived at Nashville, Tenn, on Feb.Stb. Salk of Hoksks. Macey Bros., Versailles. Ky., havcsold to Giis. Ollddeii, Chicago, 111., a bay gelding 5 yrs old by Eureka, dam by Paddy Burns; also to same a bay combined gelding 1 hands high. To Charles Kahn, Cincinnati, O., a bay gelding by