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iFKANKFOK'i , KENTUCKY, MARCH 15, 1859. 



NUMBER 1375. 



Naval Coiitrucls mid R\pciidi(tircs — 
1’siii^ iUoncy in Klectioiis. 

Messrs. Slierman and Riichie, from the minor- 
ity of the Special Committee on Naval Con 
tracts, have presented a report, the material parts 
of which have been made public. The first 
point of inquiry was the purchase of fuel for the 
navy. Previous to 1851) it was supplied by con- 
tract to the lowest bidder; Pubsc(|uently the See 
retury of the Navy has obtained full discretion 
to buy as lie might deem proper. During the 
Fillmore administration, Mr. Springer was the 
agent who always obtained the lowest bid, and 
charged 5 per cent for Ids services. 

In May last, Benjamin Tyson was the coal 
agent, and several applications were made to the 
Secretary of the Navy for the place, some of 
whom met at Washington, and nt a conference 
with each oilier and their friends (among whom 
was Hon. J. Glancy Jones), it was agreed that 
Dr. Chaa IJ. Hunter, of Reading, Feunsylvania, 
should be Appointed coal agent; and that the 
emoluments of the oflicc rhould be e |ually di- 
vided between him, John F. Smith, and J. Law 
rcncc Oc(7., warm personal and political friends 
of the President, wlio had contributed largely to 
his election. Hunter and Smith were both appli 
cants for tho oflTico of coal agent; Getz was n 
member of the Pennsvlvania Legislature, and 
then and now editor of (he Reading Gazette. 

That the arrangenienl was communicated to 
the Hon. J. Glancy Jones, then a member of the 
House, and tlnit ihe President also umlel'^lood 
that tlie emolumenU of (he oMice were to go to 
tlic three. As this was deemed impoi taiithy (lie 
committee, llic witness was examined by dilVer 
cut incinbers of (he eoinmiUco as to the knowl- 
edge of the President; he repeated that the Pres 
ident Knew (hat thu throe. Hunter, Getz, and 
Smith, were to divide the emoluments of tlie of 
flee, and that (he parlies were salisUed with (he 
decision; but he knew nothing about the arrange 
inent w bother one half was to go to one party 
and the other half to the other two or not 
He conversed witli the President about llicap 
pointment of Dr. Hunter, and (he President said 
to him, “Mr Jones urged me to appoint you, 
but you arc nj applicant; 1 have miuie up mv 
mind to appoint Dr. Hunter.” 

Mr. Beach (C. Niuliol.s) testilied that he is u 
nephew, by mariiage.ol the Secretary of the Na 
vy; that he was on intinialo relations withliim; 
tliat he w;n  in Wu^liiugion when the arrangomoiit 
of the nppoiitlinent of Dr. Hunter was made; (hat 
he was himself anapplieant forthconice; (halhc 
converged with Mr. Jones about it; thatiiekr.ew 
that the emoluments of the ollice were to be di 
vided up among these parties; am! that it was a 
matter of general itiinor in Washington before 
and ni the time of appointment; that he l.ilked 
with the Secretary about the appointment of Dr. 
Hunter, and that the Secretary inloriued him 
that, us the application was a Pennsylvania one, 
he would defer to the wisli of the President 
Dr Hunter had hccii for years, was then, and 
still is, a practicing physician in Reading. He 
had never purchased coal for sale; he did nut 
know its nnvrket value, took no pains to ascer 
lain it; did not purchase any coal for the gov 
crnmenl, or yjo any act in the performance 
of his duty except to sign formal p.ipers sent to 
him by Tyler, Stone &. Co., certifying that a 
specific quantity of coal of (he best (piality had 
been duly inspected and weighed by liim and 
shipped on board a named vessel. These papers 
were sent to the proper bureau, and all parlies 
knew or ought to have known that the certificates 
were false, so far us relates to his personal know l 
edge ol the facts certified. 

By an underslumling bolwecii Hiiulcr and 
Smith, the latter was to make inqiiirioe as to se- 
lecting coal at Philadelpliia, but it is munifest 
that be did but little in the execution of (his 
trust He was in the omnibus business, and had 
no connection with the purcliusc of coal. 

The coal was required at Philadidpliia, and 
was there delivered on shipboard to tho govern 
ment. Neither Hunter nor Smith saw the coal 
inspected, weighed, or delivered, and the wiiolc 
business was turned over to Tyler, Slone Co 
*Mr. Smith testified llnit he took no personal su 
pervihion of the matter, except to see that the 
lieat coals could he had, and depended upoli J\v 
ICr, Stone & Co. to iiuspcct the coal. When the 
government needed coal a rccpiisilion was sent 
to Dr. Hunter, which by him was sent to 'Pyler, 
Stone k Co , who becunic at once the purchasers 
for and the sellers to tho government. 'I’vler, 
Stone Co., and Dr. Hunter fixed the price at 
$3 85 per ton. The testimony of many witness 
cs establishes (hat the market value of such coal 
as was delivered to the government would not 
exceed $3 50 per ton, and several respectable 
dealers would have furnished the government at 
^lal or less price, and then made a profit. Tlie 
purchases of coal thus made for tlie government 
by Tyler, Stone &. Co. for the six months from 
the 1st of July, 1858, to the 3lst December, 

1858, was tons, at acoslof $3 H5perton. 

'File amount of emoluments received by Dr. Hun- 
ter, and divided by liim with Mr. Smith, was, for 
the same six months, $7,452 92, or, a the rate of 
$14,905 84 per annum. In addition to this di- 
rect loss, the mode of purchase adopted furnish 
cd no guarantee against fraud in the quality or 
amount of coal, w hich, when delivered, was nev 
er inspected by any government officer. 

The second point of investigation was the Live 
Oak contracts: 

W. C. N. Swift, a wlialcr, of New Bedford, 
had, prior to 1844, been contractor for the sup- 
ply of live oak and other timber for the Govern 
inent. In 1854 he entered into a w ritten agree 
ment witli George Plitt of riiiladclphia, an ac- 
tive and intimate friend of President Buchanan, 
by which Plitt agreed to aid Swift all he could in 
obtaining live oak contracts with the Navy Dc 
parlment, for which Swift was to pay Plitt ten 
per cent, on the gross amount of the contracts 
made. The aitl' contemplated was that Plitt 
should place Swift upon familiar ridations with 
the Departments. He introduced Mr. Swift to 
Mr. Dobbin during President Pierce’s adminis 
tration, and to other gentlemen, and used all his 
intluonce iii behalf of Swift. Pending the Pres- 
idential election of 185G, Plitt introduced Swift 
to Mr. Buchanan, and sought to place him in the 
very best position he possibly could with the 
President. Plitt, at the time, wan Treasuicr of 
the Democratic State Central Committee of 
Pennsylvania, ami as such, received from Swift 
the sum of .$16,000, of wliicli Swill contributed 
$10,090 and received ^10 balance from his iin 
mediate friends, to bo used in the pending elec 
lion. Mr. Buchanan was informed before the 
election, that iMr. Swift was an Old Line Wlii^ 
who had come over to his party, and w'as taking 
an active part in the election; and lie was sub 
sequeully informed of the nuiomu contributed 
by Swift. 

Plitt testifies that — 

“In introducing Mr. Swift, I told .Mr. Touccy 
that (he was a gentleman whom I should be very 
glad to have him aid in any way tliat he could, 
tcgUlinalcly, of course; that he was my very 
warm friend, who had contributed very liberally 
towards llic election of I85G, and that ho had ; 
number of Old line Whig friends, in Massachu 
setts, who were equally liberal, some of tlicni, at 
least, and 1 thought that such gentlemen ought 
to be patronized of course.” 

Plitt further testified that he regaidc l the cun 
tract witli Swift, of April, 1851, as a cotUinuing 
contract, and “supi o?ing that agreement Vas 
still ill force under the present administration as 
it was under the former one, I had taken pains 
to make him acquainted witli every one of my 
political friends.” 

Contracts for live oak wcic awarded to Swift 
ill 1857 for 150,000 feet at three navy yard.'*, and 
. a cancelled contract of Mr. Blanduinl was alsi. 
awarded to him, making the w]ioIcamouiit$2.l2 
940. Prior to June, 1858, Swift had hemght ot 
some of the navy yards large ({uantiiies of live 
oak, which was rejeclc«l; some hcc.iuso the size 
was below that prescribetl by the contract, and 
some for inferior quality By the rule of the 
department at mostof the yards Umber not com 
iiig within the contract was re(|uired to he remov 
cd before that which had been accepted would 
be paid for 'I’his rule seems to have been strict- 
ly enforced, except to the timber delivered by 
Swil't k. Bigler. 'Pho officers on tlnl.y at the 
navy yanls were required by an onKr of the 
Secretary to allow this timber to remain in the 
yards, wIrtc, in some instances, it Heeame v. 
grievous incmivenience. 

Before the advertisement of June, 1858, was 
issued, Swift Sc Bigler each had interviews with 
! the SccreUry to purchase timber on open con 
j tract. Bigler testififs as follows: 

“After I got my conlracU filled, I went to tlie 
I Secretary of the Navy to get him to l)uy iny 
, limber u|H)n open purchase. He gave as a rca 
I son for nut buying upon open purchase that it 
was against the law to buy timber upon open 



purchase, except for immediate use. Mr. Swift 
went to him on the same score, that he had tim- 
ber over, which he wished to sol! to the Govern 
ment. 'I'his induced the Secretary, I suppose, 
to make this advertisement to cover about the 
amount of timber that we had.” 

5Ir. Leiuhall, Chief of the Bureau of Con 
struction, tcj-tifie.s that tlie Secretary inquired of 
him tlie shortest time within which the timber 
could be ent and transported to the various navy 
yards. He named the 1st of February, 1 59, 
and by extraordinary exertions and unusual ox 
pense and ri^k it could have been delivered at 
the navy yards at that time. Mr. Lcnthall in 
serted this date in the advertisement, and scut it 
to the ofiicc of the Secretary. It was there al 
tored go as to re iuire one half of it to be deliv- 
ered by the Ut of September, 1658, thus exclud- 
ing all competition. Bigler testifies that such 
was the design. He says: 

“The Secretary of liic Nayy knew , and the 
cliief of the bureau knew that there was nobody 
else in all America that had the timberand could 
put it in ut such a time but .'Mr. Swift and my- 
self. There was not any such limber in the 
United States tliat was already got out except 
ours. There was nobody else in the business but 
Mr. Swift and mygclf wlio could furtiisli it. The 
Secretary knew there was no other timber any- 
where else in the market.” 

By the advertisement as issued. 150,000 feel 
w.as reijuired, being 25,000 feet at each of six 
yards, and a larger ({uaiitity than had been pur- 
chased in :uiy year pre\ ious, except in 1857; but 
it was Ilf a smaller s'zc of straiglitcr form, 
and theteinn much los.- v :iIua! .lo for si. ip build-, 
ing, biit'ir, ^ihc pecnl uiid description' 

then owned l y Swift in the difTcrent navy yards. 
It was impor^ibic for any dealer but Swift to 
comply in point of time. The whole amount of 
live o.ik iiml)(.-r in the market within the reach 
of the Navy i\pai t*ncnt, other tlian SwifCa and 
Bigler's timber, was less than 4,000 feet. The 
yellow fever was prevailing in the live oak re 
gioii; none could lie cut and transported by the 
1st of Sept , 1858, even in Pensacola, in midst of 
the live oak district. Work was then suspended 
in the navy \ard there, and neither htimaa cn 
durance nor enteiqiri.'^o  ould meet the dangers of 
pestilence in that region 

The advoi tisement being thus :ii ranged, it is 
manifest that but two men could compete, and 
tlicsc two wcie Bigler and Swift 'Phey were in 
VV'asliinglon Ciiy about (ho time the bids were 
to be opeii'-d, and (lien entered into an agree 
inent by whii'h Swift was to put in his bid and 
Bigler was K» hid above him, so tliat lliore would 
he no pos.sibility of Bigler coming in competition 
witli Swift. 'Phe contract was then to be taken 
by Swift for tlie whole amount ol timber — 150, 
UOo feet, at $I 95,000, Ol $1 30 per cubic foot — 
and ^wiU was to take of Bigler the timber he 
had on hand at (ho vniious yards at contract 
prices Bigler totl ties that he told the Secre- 
tary: 

“1 uid not cure hnw he arranged the matter, 
if he would give the contract to 5Ir. Swift, for it 
would make no dinVrence to me, ns he had 
agreed to take my timber.” 

t his attempt of Swift and Bigler to procure 
the contract would have been entirely successful 
but for the int‘ rvi'iiiion of several other bidders, 
who, being engaged in the business of lumber 
iijg, vuTO anxious to obtain a eontr.act with the 
government. Some of them had been for years 
conlraclors for delivering live oak to the gov 
ernment, and in no previous c.asc was the time 
of delivery legs than fiom one to two years. — 
Not supposing that the Secretary would enforce 
an imposaihility, but would allow a delivery of 
tlie limber at any lime wUhin the six months 
prescribed fur the delivery of the whole, and, 
supposing that, by extraordinary exertions, they 
could nccoiiiplish tliat, they made proposals 



rt nee, who ofiired to deliver 25,000 feet at each 
of the yards at Porismoulli, Charleston, and 
Brooklyn for .$81 ,750 for the whole; Sami. II 
Grice oflered to deliver 25.00t) feel at each of 
the yards, al Philadelphia and Norfolk for $57, 

400 for the two yaids; Coates, Degraw & Beach 
olfered to deliver 25,0t)0 feet at Pensacola for 
$27,750; in all being 150,000 feet (or $1CC,700, 
being .$28,300 less than the pre arranged bids of 
8witi. It the usual time of one and two years 
had been allowed by the advertisement, the tes 
imony sht-*' u? that the l»lds -add havo F in ov‘ 
educed at least 15 per cent, or about $25.000.— a ^ 1 
But the bids made were upon the b.asis of an en- 
tire delivery before the 1st of Feb , 1859, involv- 
g unusual expense and risk. 

'i'he succcsstul bidders promptly look steps to 

coinplcle tlicir contracts. General Ber 

ry, of Maine, was applied to by Messrs Buxton 



'Hie lowch 



was absolutely necessary for immediate use, and ! 
the ((uaiuity Actually used has been so small, | 
compared with the amount purchased, as to be | 
worthy of no consideration. In fact, the tosti i 
mony of the naval constructors nt Norfolk and j 
some of the other yards renders it probable that 
the timber purcluRScd from Swift is of sitt.aH 
value to the Government, as, in ease it should be 
used, an equal quantity of limber already in thc^ 
yards will be sufTcred to decay. 

Vet the Secretary, without notice to the 
next bidder, and witliout advertisement, and 
without such a necessity as would justify 
an open purchase for such an amount as 
Swift had on iiand, entered into a contract witli 
Swift for 150,000 feet. 'Pliis contract is dated 
September 23, 18,58, but was made as early’ ns 
September Ifi. On that day Mr. Lcnthall wrote 
to Grice, the lowest bidder, that he was instruct- 
ed by the Department to inform him that .as he’ 
had not complied with the terms of his contract 
for live oak, a new one had been made with other 
parties 

'I'he aiuHigemcnt between Swift and Bigler 
was carried out. AH their limber on hand at 
the difi’eront navy yards that would pass inspcc 
tiori has been taken. It was tlie same that wa.s on 
liaiid when the advertisement was issued, and 
no other has yet been delivered. Tlie rejected 
timber of Swift is still allowed to remain ut the 
navy yard.s. The price paid is higher than Big 
Icr ofiered liis limbec to the government on open 
purchase. The only failure in Swift’s plan is, 
that by the inlervening bids lliC government 
saved $2H,30U. 

Uii ill * 15th day of Uclobcr Swift foi tho fi‘ y 
liiMc“ repudiated his wiillcn iigrccmenl wiili 
Plitl; Piitl thereupon consulted the Pre.sidcnt. 
Phe result of this conference is thus stated by 
him: 

I did not want to invol/c the present .Ati 
ministration in any ditliculty, and. ilicrcforc, 1 
asked the President whether tliore would he any 
ohjectioii to my prosecuting Mr. Swift in Court 
for thi.s claim., 'Phe President looked at the 
agreement made in 185J, and said he could not 
see any ohjection toil He had, of course, no 
advice (ogive, and told me that i might do as 1 
pleased about it.” 

At a recent interview of Plitt with the Sccrc 
ary, the latter remarked to him: 

Your friend Swift, I am afraid, lias failed in 
delivering one of his last contracts at the Pen 
sacola yard, and if so, I intend to annul it.” 

Swift also claims (hat, as his arrangement wiili 
Bigler did not entirely succeed, Bigler should 
pay him $1,000 for nameless expenditures in 
obtaining tho contract, and he testifies to an 
agreement to this effect, which Bigler denies 
The committee have fully considered the 
statement of the Sccioiary, of the date of Febru 
ary 14, 1859, that the contracts were made to 
supply the pressing and immediate wants of the 
government, and have directed their attention to 
that olijcct. The yards nt which llio Secretary 
says the live oak was uiostnceded were Norfolk, 
Kittcry, and Pensacola. The naval constructor 
at Norfolk testifies that they have used to this 
time less Ilian 1,900 feet of Swift’s timber, and 
tlicy have un hand over 500,000 feet. Al 
Kittcry the wants of the Government were sup 
plied by open purchase from Bigler of about 3,000 
feet. 

In Juno, 1857, a greater necessity for timber 
existed than when the contracts were awarded to 
Swift, and yet the usual advertisement was then 
ssiicd. It is worthy of observation, moreover, 
that at Pensacola, »vhcre the Secretary informs 
us the wants of the service were most press 
Swift bad no timber and did not deliver 
it a.s soon as the lowest bidders coiMd have 
done. 

Phe next point of inquiry was the management 
of, the Navy Yard 



ht bids were those of Buxton & Law r: Shortly after the organization of the present 



and Lawrence to become their security- Before 
doing so, he wrote to his friend, .Mr. John Ap- 
pleton, Assistant Secretary of State, to obtain 
an extension of the time for delivery. Mr. Ap 
pletoii applied to the Secretary of liic Navy, and 
was informed that if the contracts w ere not com 
plied with he would buy the limber in open mar 
ket and cliargo it against them under the law. — 
Mr. Appleton urged that unless the timber was 
needed for immediate use it certainly would be 
better to extend the time for its delivery and 
then get it at a low rate, rather than purchase it 
at once at higli rates. The Secretary said he 
would consider that point before he decided. — 
Mr. Appleton called the second time, and was 
then informed by tho Secretary of llie Navy that 
Mr. Swift had oflVrcd to take the contract at the 
rates proposed by the lowest bidders, and he had 
accepted his otfer. 

51r. Samuel B. Grice dul) executed Ids con- 
tract, and promptly delivered at tlie Navy Yard 
at Philadelphia over 14,000 feel. He arranged 
to get tlie residue as rapidly as possible, and had 
on shipboard at Pliiladciphia, on Sept. IG, 1858, 
some 8,000 feet, when his contract was abrujitly 
canceled, aud a new one made on similar terms 
with Swift 

Coates, Degraw Sc Keach, executed their con 
tract, ami immediately took steps to fulfill it 
This contract related only to tlie Pensacola navy 
yard, where Swift liad no live oak, and w'.is in 
no better condition than other bidders. .Mr. Do 
raw immcdiuiely wenton to Florida to makear 
rangements to comply with the waiitsof the gov- 
ernment there. Ho wasinforniod by tho naval con- 
structor that but a small portion ot the timber 
would be needed immediately; and sixty days 
would be in time for tlie delivery of Ike most of 
it. He made arrangeiucuts to ^uppIy the few 
sticks wanted in tlie eonstruclion ol a vessel tlicn 
un the stocks; as for the hulaiiee, he arranged to 
deliver itwhen required, and all before the Ut 
of February, 

Before Mr. Degraw went on to Florida, M 
Coates, on the first of September, the very day 
upon which one half of this liinher was to have 
been delivered, asked for an extension of time. 
I'hc Secretary said he was not in -the habit of 
doing that, to which Mr. Coates replied, that if 
their contract was to be annulled for non fulfill 
ment he wanted to know it at once, and ho 
would expend no more Mme or money upon 
He toM the Secretary imit they were ready 
do what other conUaclyts had done to meet th 
wants of (he government, asked it one of their 
firm had belter not go on to Florida and ascer 
tain what the wanU of the government were 
there. '1*0 which Mr. 'Poucey replied that he 
had huUor do su, and report to tlie department 
In couscqueucc of this, .Mr. Degraw went oa to 
llorida. Belore he returned, however, the con 
tract had been annulled and awarded to Swift 
*1 his was a case of peculiar hui-dship. A pneti 
cal lumberman obtained tho contract, evluccd 
unusual energy in its prompt execution, risking 
tho dangers of the yellow fever in iu wor.st sea 
son, supplying by purchase the immediate wants 
of the govenimenl, and pioviding for tliem in fu 
lure; yet he is suddenly deprived of his contract 
at tlie loss of his time and labor, because he has 
not complied with an impossible condition, not 
designed to he performed, ami the contract 
awarded to a favored contractor who could not 
comply, and who has not yet complied 

During all this time 8wift remained in Wash 
ington, in confidence that he would finally get 
the contracts He assured Bigler “that he was 
satisfied that the parlies would have to give them 
up. The Got ernment were under obligations to 
liiin, and he thought he could bring such infiu 
cnee to bear that they w ould give him these con 
tracts He s iiil it was due to him for services 
rendered.” 

The Becietary alleges, in his defense, llial 
there were fears of a rupture with Great Britain 
when tlie advertisement was issued, hulall these 
fears were completely dissipated bofore tbe end 
of June; ami in .September, when tlie contract 
was made, our relations with Great Britain 
were certainly as harmonious as they have ever 
been at ail} time in the history of the (wo gov 
crniiicnts. 

'Pile allegalion of want of-timber in the yards 
is equ ally idle as tlie prolence of fears of Great 
Biilain. 'Phe teilimony shows clearly that little 
of this (inihcr was required, perhaps none of it 



Administration, the patronage of Ihe New York 
yard having been previously confined chictly to 
few of tho Ci-ngrcssional districts of New 
York, an understanding was entered into be 
tween the Democratic members from New 
York, with the acipiie.sccucc of the Secretary ol 
the Navy, that it should, as nearly as practica 
ble, be divided among them. In some cases the 
Secretary created new places of master work- 
men. The correspondence of those memhers 
with the Department exhibits on its face the 
ovM cfTecla of the system. * 

Tho division of patronage among members 
was well known in the yard. Eash master work 
man understood to whom he aud each of his fed 
low w’orkmcn owed their places. Thus the con- 
structive ctf^iuoer, the master plumber, and the 
master block-maker represented Mr. Sickles; the 
master painter represented Mr. Searing; tlie 



to 



master spar maker, master blacksmith, and tim 
ber inspector, represented Mr .McClay ; the m.as 
ter laborer, under the constructing engineer, the 
master boat builder, and the master ship car 
penter represented Mr. Taylor; the master 
caulker represented Mr. Cochrane; and the mas 
ter stouc-cuUcr represented Mr. Ward. Until 
May, 1856, the master laborer, under the con 
structing engineer, represented Mr. Clark, and 
the master carpenter represented Mr. Haskin, 
and so with all the heads of the dcparlinenU of 
labor iu the yard at Brooklyn. 

l^awTcncc Cohane, appointed master carpeu 
ter upon the nomination of Mr. Ilaskiu, in the 
general division of patronage, was removed on 
the 9ih of June, 18^, on account of Mr. Ilask 
ill’s course upon the Lecompton constitution, as 
ho says. Alexander Ward was appointed in Oc 
tober, 1857, for 5Ir. Clark; and in May, 1856, 
after Mr. Clark had taken position upon the 
Kansas question, he resigned. He states that hc  
wanted to use his influence for the re-nomination 
of Mr. Clark; and he knew that if he did so and still 
remained in the yard, be would subject himself 
to being removed. Rather than that, he preferred 
to leave himself. 'Phese places were then given 
to .Mr. Taylor. 

'Phis system, added to the abuses previously 
existing, has reduced the navy yard to a mere 
political machine, where idleness, theft, insuhor 
dination, fraud, and gross neglect of duty pre- 
vailed to an alarming degree. Members of Con 
gross, officers of the yard both naval and civil, 
master workmen, contractors, aud laborers have 
all testified to many abuses. 

Hon. John Cochrane testifies that the tenden- 
cy of “the distrihulioa of patronage by members 
was very deleterious upon the purity of elections; 
injurious to the workmen, ill that it teaches la- 
bor.s and mechanics to look to political influence 
for sustenance and support; injurious to the 
member of Congress, that he himself had been 
besieged — beset by hundreds of claimants at his 
house and in his office, until now’, having been 
driven from his office, he was iu doubt whether 
he should return to New York.” 

Most of the members of Congress went to the 
yard during the hour of work to look after their 
interests. Each was anxious to have his friends 
the yard, and most of them In person fre 
uouily pressed these applications. In one ease, 
*uii. John Cocluaiie, believing that L:\wTeiicc 



ho mi 



Cohane, the master carpenter, did not fairly divide 
tho patronage in his department, w’rotc Cohane 
thus: 

“Mr. Cullen tells me that you are to take men 
on Tuesday; now I ask you to take him on 
and the others I have asked you to take on- 
tcill have my proportion of men under you; if 
you do not give them I wiil lodge charges 
against you. You have turned away all the 
men but one from my district already. Of this 
1 have complained to the Secretary, and now, 
unless you rectify this injustice, I will make ap 
plication that you be turned out The bearer 
will bring me an answer. 

Yours, &c , 

— ' JOHN COCHRANE.” 

.Mr. Cochrane wrote letters cf a similar char 
actor to the master blacksmith. 

In anollicr case Lewis W . Berry, llie matter 
painter, discharged a man for habitual drunken- 
ness, who had been appointed upon the rccom 
nicmlation of Hon. Jolui Kelly. Mr. Kelly re- 
quested that the man be taken on again, and told 
Berry, “you may set it down as a fact that I will 
liave you removed, if I can, if you don't put tliat 
man on again.” 

Within Iwoor three months Berry was remov 
cd. 

William Purner, the successor of Mr. Berry, 
was appointed for Air. Searing An immediate 
controversy arose between him and Hou. Geo. 
Taylor, about the division of his patronage. 
Letters produced by Mr. Berry, from Mr. Tay 
Icr, lo illustrate the control of members of Con 
gross over master workmen, show that, through 
ihe •master workmen, nearly all the workmen in 
the yard were sclccied by members of Congress 
ami mostly on account of political services. One 
of the tnn.ster workmen testifies that when unfit 
men were pressed iqKxi him by members of Con- 
gre.ss, lie reported it to the Naval Constructor, 
•Mr. Deluno, and lliercply was, “He was sorry 
for me, hut he could not help it.” He informed 
Captain Rootes, who said “lie saw it tmt could 



not help it.” It wa.s reported in tho yard, and 
the report was noted upon, that it was the order 
of the Secreliiry that the patronage of the dif- 
ferent departments wa.s to be divided among tlic 
members of Congress. 

That tills report was well founded the follow 
ing corrc.«ponilonce ivill show: 

Navy Dfpart.me.nt, July .30, 1656. 

Sir: Tho Hon. Mr. Sickles has complained to 
the r oparlnicnt that unequal and unjust course 
is pui'sucd towards his district by Air. Fraganza, 
the niiistcr joiner, who, though he has about 130 
men under him, has not employed a single per 
son from his district, although Mr. Sickles has 
made only one rccomnicndation. 

'Phe Department desires that a fair and liber 
al course be’ pursued towards iMr. Sickles’ dis- 
trict, ami wishes you lo impiirc into and report 
upon matter. 

I am respectfully, 

Y our obedient sijrvant. 

1^ ISAAC TOUCEY. 

^‘uommodorc L. Kkarnkv, Commander Navy 

YanI, New York. 

I lie natural result followed; many of them 
employed were of an inferior cl.iss of men. 

Wortldcss persons, old men, pliysically un 
able to work, “priinarie.‘i,” A*e., WTresentby 
members of Congress lo master workmen, often 
merely to get rid of ihuir importunities, and 
they were taken into the several departments, 
until their unfitness was palpable, and even then 
in some eases partisan services outweighed pub- 
lic interest. 

i'lmse abuses incieased in the yard as the 
f leetjo'j fu.” mehihcrp of Confr**c8S apnro.achcd. 
A2ciutlci9, master workmen, ail were interested 
in packing tho yard. If the master workman 
was rebicliint to increase his force, he was urged 
to do so by the members of Congress and was 
compelled to yield to tlie do^nand. In this way 
the master hlacksmilh increased his force Iwcn 
ty five men. He testified (hut tho same general 
increase, for tlie same reason, occured through- 
out tho yard in all the difrcroiit departments; 
and that of the force of about 2,100 men thus 
employed, one-fourth were useless; that it was- 
understood that particular master workmen wore 
to administer this patronage for the benefit of 
particular mcnibers. In most cases this pros' 
sure was yielded to with alacrity, :riid a tempo 
pary pressure of woik in Soptcniber. 1H58, to 
fit out the Niagara for Africa, and which lasted 
for four days only, was made the pretext for re 
tainiiig men after they were no longer needed 
Insubordination increased; in one ease the mas- 
ter laborer and a number of men an.swered roll 
call and went to the primary election in Mr. 
Sickles’ district, and yet drew full pay. A short 
lime before tho election, tlic men got lo leaving 
off twenty to (hilly minutes before hell ring in 
tho evening, and would collect near the gate 
ready lo go out of llic yard. Commander Rootes 
attempted to stop this; as soon us he got near 
them between (he ship houses, 8«*nie of (hem, in 
large gangs, sang out his name, and hooted and 
hissctl him, 'Phe only reason given by Com- 
mander Rootes was tliat the men thought that 
the members of Congress put them there and 
could keep ibcni there in dcfiauce of the ofiicers* 
^ the yard. 

'""The abuses under the direction of George N, 
Saunders, Navy Agent, and Anson Herrick, N.\ 
val 6torekccper, were even more shameful. No 
contracts were iiindo with tho lowest bidders; no 
proper imoiitories of Government property were 
made out, and all purchases and appointments 
were controlled by political reasons, and not from 
fitness or  (ualificatious. 

^ In the Philadelphia Navy Yard the same slate 
of things existed on the eve of tho election last 
fall; a rc(|ui.^ition was made upon the naval con 
structor for eighty oakmn spinners, about adozen 
old sailors being all that were necessary. Capl. 
Carr, tho commander, refused to sign the requi 
silion 'Phereupon Hon. Thus. B. Florence, a 
inembcr of (he House, came to Washington, and 
asked the Secretary to direct the 80 oakum spin 
tiers to be employed. It was was referred to the 
Bureau of Yaids and Docks. Commodore Smith 
declined at first, but he received a slip of paper 
signed by Mr. Welsh, the chief clerk, on which 
was written in pencil as follows: “'Phe master 
workmen have made a requisition for 80 addi 
lional pickers; yon will see tliat it be complied 
witlu” M ills was enclosed in the wriUeii appli 
CASirfa of Mr Florence Tlu* order was ibon is 
sued to the commander of the yard, and the 
“oakum spiuners” w ere set to work. Commodore 
Cair testifies tliat when the men came in he 
went down and took a look at tlicm — “they were 
the lame, (lie halt, and the blind; but they did 
the wot k. I made a place for them until they 
worked the oakum up.” 'Phey were then dis 
charged. 

All tlte oakum spinning for a year was crowd- 
ed into a few weeks. 

The fourth inquiry was into contracts for na 
val machinery for vessels under the act of June, 
1658. Sealed proposals were invited by the Sec- 
retary, and the leading marine engine builders 
sent them in, but before the Secretary pas.^cd 
upon any of them Col. William C. Patterson 
wrote directly to the President in favor of Merrit 
&, Sons, of Pliiladciphia, as the only old Whig 
in Florence’s District favorable to his re election, 
and stated that with Mcrrii’s shop nt work full 
handed, two weeks before the election, the re 
suit would be placed beyond all doubt. Air. 
Buchanan inclosed that most important letter 
with an indorsement calling the attention of 
the Secretary to it. The award was made to 
Merrit Sons for $120,000, when the lowest 
bid was that of tho Novelty Works at $96, 
500 

— On the20lh of September, 1656, the Sccreta 
ry appointed an advisory board of engineers to 
examine the proposals, composed of Samuel 
Archibold, engineer in chief of the U. S. Navy; 
W. W. Wood, Henry Hunt, and Daniel B. Mar- 
tin, chief engineers Martin was the patentee of 
Martin’s vertical tubular boiler, and previous to 
the proposals had made arrangoments with some 
of the bidders that he w as to receive a specific 
sum, varying in amount from $750 to $1,000, for 
the privilege of using his boiler. There was 
nothing in the specifications advising bidders 
that the adoption of Marlin’s boilers was a re- 
quisite to success. It was not generally adop- 
ted, except in Government vessels. The hor 
izontiil tubular boiler was generally used in 
marine engines. Merrit k Sons specified 
Martin's patent in their proposals, although 
they did not use it in other marine vessels. — 
One of the firm testified that one motive 
for including that boiler was, they had supposed 
(hat. they would perhaps be more likely to suc- 
ceed in their proposals if they adopted that form 
of boiler. 'Phey therefore, previously agreed 
upon a stipulated price with Marlin for the use 
of his boiler, and embodied it in their plans. 

'Phis would necessarily involve a previous 
agreement of Alartiii with those parties who in- 
cluded his boilers in their plans, and would make 
him directly interested to Ihcextcnt of his patent 
ri rjjt i n accepting the bids of those who would 
paj^ him for their use, and rejecting those who 
preferred another boiler. 

U is clear this was known to the Secretary.— 
It had hcen the subject of complaint previously. 
.Marlin had placed on the record a release to the 
government the right to use his boiler on 
government vcsscl.s while he remained Engineer 
in Chief of the United States, hut he was re 
moved in 1^57 because of his interest in patent. 
Alurlin testifies that he told the Secretary of his 
interest, and on (hat ground asked to bo relieved 
from service on advisory boards. 'Phe interest 
of Martin was also discussed between the Sccrc 
tary and Dickerson. 

Ill deciding upon the proposals, no award was 
made except to those whose drawings showed 
the .Marlin boiler. The lowest bid for the Nor- 
folk sloop was by C. Reeder, of Baltimore, and 
was for $94,000. Two of the baard, Alessrs. 
Archicold and Hunt, were in favor of accepting 
this bid. 

If the boiler had been “satisfactory” to Mr. 
Martin, it would have secured a majority of the 
board in favor ol this bill. As, however, the 
board was divided, a new advertisement was is 
sued, new bids were received, and the contract 
for the Norfolk ship was finally awarded to 
♦Messrs. Murray &. ilazichurst, of Baltimore, for 
$131,000, or $37,000 more than Reeder’s first 
bid. It appears from the testimony of Alartin 
that he prepares plans for bidders; tiiat he re 
eeives pay for such plans, in one case as high as 
$500; anil that his fees now as consulting engi 
necr for private parties amount to more than his 
salary ns chief engineer in tho navy. In addition 
his patent fees for the boilers and valves used 
in the machinery of five sloop.s, awarded partly 
upon his opinion, is over $4,000. He has now 
a claim pending before Congress for $13,000 for 
tho use of his patent boiler in tlic vessels of the 
United Slates. 

For tho I’ciisacola sloop the board was divided: 
.Archibold and Hunt were in favor of the Bo?ton 
Locomotive Work-*, at $115,01*0; .Martin ami 



Wood were for the Morgan Iron Works, at $120,- 
000. Marlin had previously engaged with the 
proprietors of the Morgan Works for the use of 
ids patent, at $1,000. The Secretary, without 
further proposals or refcrcuce, awarded the con- 
tract to the Morgan Works. The lowest bidder 
for the Pensacola sloop was Murray & llazle- 
Imrst, at $100,000, marine engine builders of high 
character and ample facilities. 

For the Boston sloop Alartin and Wood were 
in favor of the Boston Locomotive W orks, $104,- 
000; Archibold and Hunt were for other bidders. 

The Secretary awarded the contract, without 
further proposals or rcfercDce, to the Boston Lo 
comoiivc Works. The lowest bidder was the 
Allairo Works, New York, at $97,000. 

For the Portsmouth or KUtery sloop the board 
was unanimously in favor of Woodruff & Beach 
at Hartford at $125,000. Tho lowest bid was 
that of tho Novelty Iron Works at $98,500. It 
is proper to say that Mr. Beach is remotely con- 
nected by marriage with the Secretary. But 
the committee see nothing iu the evidence to 
show that he was favored on that account. 

For the New York sloop Archbold, Martin, 
and Wood reporte l in favor of James Murphy 
Sc Co., at .$130,000. The lowest bid was that of 
the Allaire Works of New York, one of tlic 
most extensive works i:j the United States, at 
$105,000. I). B. Allen, one of the proprietors of 

these works, made one of the written complaints 
which led to this investigation. Their bid was 
low because of the general depression of com- 
mercial marine, and their machinery such as 
has been sanctioned by private er’crprisc.— 

They copstructod niorf C’jglncs 

than any other establishment intii country. 

From the staiementof tkercport8*oi*tho mem 
hers of the board, it appears that the vote iT 
.Martin prevailed in every instance. Upon an 
equal division of the Ixiard his opinions were 
ailoptcd by tho Secretary tho. ooen of the Pen 
sacola and Boston sloops, and that upon his ob- 
jection to the boiler proposed lor the Norfolk 
sloop a contract was refused to Reeder, and was 
finally awarded to meet Alartin's views- 

The aggregate dilTcrence between the lowest 
bids and the accepted bids for tbe machinery in 
tlie sloops is $62,000. 

» * * * * ^ * 

'Phe committee next say that the struggle for 
the contract for the machinery of the smaller 
sloop of-war building in Philadelphia, known as 
the “Giilfith ship,” presents some features le 
quiring notice. Ilcforc the law of June 12, 

1858, was passed, Air. Norris, an engineer, who, 
for some years had retired from active business,, 
desired, in connexion with John W. Grilfiib, to 
build a vessel of light draught and great speed 
lor Ihe navy of the United Slates. Upou the 
recommendation pf Mr. Norris, iu June last, and 
in pursuance of a previous promi.se by the Presi- 
dent to Air. Norris, Mr. Griffith was appointed 
temporary naval constructor nt Philadelphia. Air 
Griliiili at once prepared his plans for the ship 
and sent them to the department. Tliey were 
somewhat peculiar, and designed to secure light 
draught and great speed, but to have u heavy 
annamont. Air. Norris prepared Ins plans for 
the machinery, and made a bid in September, 

1856, to construct that machinery for the govern- 
ment at $126,000. The two plans were design 
cd, and the machinery and the vessel were in 
tended for cadi other. When the bids were 
opened it was found that the jiiachinory of Air. 

Norris was the only kind proposed that was 
adapted to the peculiar model of the sliip, and 
that ho alone of tiic bidders had been luruislicd 
with the midship sections, plans, and views of 
the vessel, and know that it was to have two pro- 
pellers Under these circumstances, new propo-^ 
sals were very promptly invited. Norris adher-\ 
cd to his bid, aud proposals were submitted by 
Kcaney, Neafic k Co , of Pliiladciphia, and llie 
Allaire Works of New York. Plic contest, 
however, was soon narrowed down lo Norris and 
Reancy, Ncalie Sc Co. Tho bid of the latter 
was $139,000. A board of four engineers of llio 
navy was called to consider those bids, with tho4 General 
plans and specifications of caclu 'Phe board was Tre 
equally divided in its report. 

liiacli party, witliout complaint from the de 
partment, sought lo succeed by political inliu 
cnee. This singular spectacle was presented of 
an ex member, without knowledge of an eucine, 
niauoiau;; fui, 
ir.r. pa - 

the acceptance of his proposal.^, in a letter to^the 
Secretary, thus: 

“On the score of politics, which I have never 
mentioned before, I have greater claims upou 
the government than my competitors. Our shop, 
at Bush Hill, Philadelphia, was the first iDstilu- 
tion in this country that raised the banner of 
Buchanan and Breckinridge. The day after the 
nomination we raised the standard with full 
length portraits of the President and Vice Presi- 
dent, and ol the election our shop furnished 7G4 
votes for them. Notwithstandiug the present 
monetary depression we gave 312 votes for the 
administration at the last election. We have 
supported the party with material aid by thous 
nnds of dollars, and worked hard, as any of the 
party in Philadelphia .vill testify.” 

On the 9ih of November last, Hon. James 
Laudy, a member of fliis house from Philadcl 
phia, appeared before the Secretary of the Navy 
to urge that the aware be made to Ueaney, Nca- 
fic Co. The same firm employed Wni. H. 

Witte, an ex membir of Congress, as their 
agent, who at once ciiablishcd intimate social 
relations with some ol the officers in the Navy 
Department. 

This agent was to nccive for his services one 
fourth of the profits of the contract, iu case it 
was awarded to Rcanc), Neafic k Co. It is to 
be remarked that he w® employed by that firm 
only to secure governnent contracts, and had 
been successful, iu 1657 in securing the contract 
for the Lancaster, for wiich he received, as part 
of his share of tiie prdit«, $5,000. lie knew 
nothing of machinery, md was only employed, 
as lie testifies, on accomt of his “character and 
standing.” 

On the iGih of Novenber last Norris sent to 
the Secretary a letter fnm J. B. Baker, collector 
of Pluladclpliia, of wliidi the following is nn ex- 
tract: 



and these abuses arc tolerated by the people, 
then may the money of the people be taken di- 
rectly from the public treasury to corrupt or 
overthrow the elective franchise. Yet these 
motive arc strongly and confidently urged by 
high ofiicers of the Government to the high offi- 
cers charged with a Judicial duty, and also to the 
ciiicf magistrate whose duty it is to execute the 
law*. 

On the 29tli of November, 1658, the Secreta- 
ry desired a Board of Civil Engineers, not of 
the Navy, to examine the propositions of Mr. 
Norris, and of Ueaney, Neafic & Co., and to 
express iu writing which of the two was prefer- 
able. A majority of the Board reported in favor 
of Air. Norris’ plan. Thus the matter stood 
until December 2l, 1658, Air. Norris supposing 
that tho question was settled in his favor. At 
that date the Secretary submitted to Air. Norris 
a written proposition of guarantee of speed, 
which, at the request of the Secretary, Air. Nor- 
ris copied and signed. Norris was not inform- 
ed that it would be considered as a new* offer, or 
as varying bis former bid, but ho signed it for 
the satisfaction of the Secretary, and iu the 
w’ords written by him. 'Pho next day, if the 
date is correct, December 22, 1858, Witte, ns 
the agent of Ueaney, Neafic k Co., submitted a 
written “explanation” of their proposal in 
which they stipulated for a somewhat higher 
speed. Their guarantees wore treated ns new 
proposals, and wero on tlie same day referred to 
Archbold, the Engineer in Chief, who had 
steadily opposed Norris’ plans. Archbold on 
the same day reported in favor of Reancy, 
o; Co., and tli# cenmu*^ w.is j'vardcd to 

them 

The undersigned do not deem it necessary to 
piirsua this controversy further. Charges of 
fraud, favoritism, and improper disclosure of 
the plans of competing bidders were made. 

As an incident to this branch of their inquiry, 
it became ncce.'-sary for your committee to ex-' 
amine a charge that Hon. J. Glancy Jones, now 
a civil officer of the government, had while he 
was a memhor of this House, received money 
from the Reading Forge for his services in ob- 
taining for it contracts w ith the government. 

lion. W, H.Kcim,a member of this House, 
testified that he, as secretary aud treasurer of 
the company, made an agreement with Air. 
Jones to the efiect that, if he would get work for 
the forge to do, the company would allow* him 
five per cent, on the amount he obtained; that 
the kind of work contemplated was foreign 
shafts, Ac., for vessels for^thc Ihiitcd States 
Navy. Tbe inducement to the company lo 
make the contract with Air. Jones was the fact 
tliat he was a member of Congress, and it was 
supposed that he would have facilities lor get- 
ting work tliat others would not. 

Prior to this agreement, Mr. Jones wrote the 
following letter to Gen. Keim: 

IIoeSK OF Rf.presentatives, I 
May 18,1854. 

Dear C$enrral: I received your letter this 
nionnng, and have just had nn interview with 
the Secretary of the Navy. He informs methat 
all the machinery will be given out on contract, 
except, perhaps, what is made in Washington. 
The Secretary will ailvertisc for bids, but will 
not give it to the lowest bidder; he will contract 
with the olTor which he thinks is best for the 
Government. Now, I think T can serve niy town 
and constituenU by securing a fair portion from 
those who want these contracts; with this the 
Secretary has nothing to do, but we can do a 
great deal ourselves by being ready to meet those 
contractors. 1 will write you again soon, and 
send you the notice wlion the Secretary adver- 
tises. Yours truly, 

. J. GLANCY JONES 

Gen. W. H. Keim. 

V'’ Under this agreement Air. Jones did get work 
for the forge iu 1851, for the steamer Wabash, 
amounting to $IU,0UU or $11,()00, upon which he 
was entitled lo five per cent. 'I he contract for 
the work was made to Alerrick Sc Sons. 

Keim ceased to be Secretary aud 
rcasurer of the company in the spring of 1855, 
and was succeeded by Al. A- BertDlct, Mr. Ber- 
tolot testifies tliat the contract with Mr. Jones 
w as frequently spoken of iu the meetings of the 
boanL when the justness ol p.aying him what was 
agreed upon was spoken of. On two or three 

told 



li^'caaiiiL occosiotti the witucas met Air. Jones and 
i . , him that h»* was \crv hoi.-/ that the ooiiocrn 

the .«d ol November, 18o8, Norris urged iu such a condition pecuniarily; that ho dii 



was 
did not 

see liow' ho could pay him any money then. He 
testifies he always understood that Air. Jones was 
the agent of the company, and that the company 
had either agreed with him or proposed within 
themselves to give liitn a certain per centage for 
such work us should be procured through his 
agency. He testifies that Mr. Jones did get 
work for them from the government iu 1855, in 
the repair of the Minnesota, the amount of 
which was $3,109 46, and that this sum was paid 
to the forge company by the government. It al - 
so appears from the books of the company that 
the forge company did work for the government 
in 1856, in the items amounting to $6,481 16, 
and for contracts under the government for a 
large amount Air. Berlolct continued in office 
but one year aud was succeeded by Charles Ale- 
Clenigau, who is now in Rio Janeiro. 

Tho agency of Mr. Jones was known general 
ly. At New York it w’as supposed lo be an 
ownership of the lorge. Air. Bartol, a partner 
or agent of tlie firm of Alerrick k Sons, Phila- 
dclpTiia, writes under date of July 21, 1854, 
to the superintendent of tho forge: “Colonel 
Florence, who is just from Washington, says it 
is a settled fact that tw o of the new sloops arc to 
be built here.” After suggesting that the forge 
bid for the machinery of one of them, he in- 
quires “will Mr. Jones support your proposition 
so as lo get the job?” 'Pho reply of the treasur- 
er iu due time declines the ofler aud says: “Air. 
Jones is aPso of opinion that it might seriously 
affect the interest ol the forge company.” 

No account was opened with Air. Jones in the 
ledger of the Reading forge. The check book 
of the company was not before your committee. 
How' much he roecived for his services how 
much is due to him still on his contract it is im- 
possible to tell. Iu the expense account items 
of money paid to Air. Jones at various periods 



were found. 

“I have been iulimaiily acquainted with the ^^'^he undersigned therefore report that Hon. J 
Alcssrs. Norris Brothen for many years, and^ Glancy Jones did, wliilc a member of this House, 



have had large business ransactions with them, 
and it may not be amiss state that they have 
always heartily advocatid and sustained the 
Democratic parly. In lae campaign of 185C 
their establishment not oily contributed many 
hundred votes to elect our present Chief Magis 
(rate, but, to my knowlcdg?, contributed largely 
in other ways to bring aboit that result.” 

Also, a letter from Hon Henry M. Phillips, 
of this House, of which the following is au ex 
tract: 

“Alessrs. Norris are good Democrats, willing 
aud faithful members of Bie party, who, ‘through 
weal and through woo,’ have lubort^ zealously 
for its success. ' » ^ 

“'Pheir fame ns mcdm5ic*s is world w ide, and 
they arc men of high character; and it will be 
to the P'ourtli District a matter of essential scr 
vice for them to succeed in their present applica 
tion 

“Personally, mechanically, and politically 
meritorious, if their proposal is not extravagant 
I  ‘nrnesily hope tliat it will be accepted.” 

Also, a letter from John Hamilton, Jr., of 
which the following is an extract: 

“1 know no men better entitled to receive the 
attention of aJJcmocratic Administration than 
those composing this firm; with a worldwide 
celebrity as machinists of the first class, they 
have also been known as Democrats who have 
never faltered in their active and earnest devo 
tion to the cause; men who, amidst the very 
howling of the tempest raised by the opposition, 
are more energetic aud determined in their sup- 
j)ort. 1 trust tliat the claims of these gentle- 
men, who are so well qualified to perform 
whatever they may undertake, and who arc so 
deserving as Democrats, will not be overlook 
cd.” 

'Po counteract these letters, Ueaney, Ncalie «S:. 
Co., relied upon the active interested agency of 
Air. Witte, who pressed tlieir claims as a Demo- 
cratic firm. 

Col. Florence, a member of the House, in an 
interview with the Secretary, recommended Air. 
Norris. 

These eftorU to enlist political iulluence in 
awarding contracts were received without ob 
jeetion or reproof, and were placed on the files 
of the department, and with the aw-ards and 
other papers were sent to your committee. A 
highly intelligent contractor testifies that with 
in two or three years it has been a common 
thing for bidders to satisfy the department as to 
their political opinion.s. If jobs and contracts 
become the recognized rcwai^s for pariizan ser- 
vices, and are disbursed and distributed without 
regard to the wriUeii law, as a mode of refuml 
ing money contributed and apont in elections. 



enter into a contract with the Reading Forge 
Company by which he agreed to procure work 
for it from the government, in consideration ol 
which ho was to receive 5 per cent, commission; 
that he did procure contracts to be made between 
the government and said Reading forge, in which 
he was Intcrc.stcd to the amount of said commis- 
sion; and that he did receive money from said 
company for said service. 

The evil tendencies of such transactions are 
manifest. If members of Congress and other of- 
ficers of the government may be employed with 
money to solicit at the executive departmants 
aud bureaus for contracts and jobs, it cannot bo 
expected that their influviKje will be rcs!3t^d — 
The law will soon be disregarded, and offices, 
employments, and contracts will bo bartered 
and sold without regard to the public service. 

The interest of Air. Jones, in the contracts be 
tween tho govcinmcut and the Reading forge com- 
pany, was certain, direct, and purely of a pccu 
niary nature. 

In conclusion, the undersigned recommend tlic 
adoption of the following resolutions: 

Resolved, That the Secretary of the Navy has, 
with the sanction of tlie I’rcsidcnt, abused his 
discretionary power in the seleciiou of a coal 
agent and in the purchase of fuel for the gov- 
ernment. 

Resolved, That Ihe contract made by the See 
rotary of the Navy, under date of September 23, 
1858, with \V. C.’N. Swift, for the delivery of 
live oak timber, was made iu violation of law 
nd in a manner unusual, improper, and injuri 
ous to tlie public service. 

Resolved, That the distribution by the Sccrc 
tar  of the Navy of the patronage of tho na 
vy yard among members of Congress was de- 
structive of discipline, corrupting in its in 
flucnccs, and Wghly injurious lo tho public ser 
vice. 

Resolved, 'I’hat the FresiUeut and SccreUry of 
the Navy, by receiving and considering the party 
relations of bidders Xor contracts with the United 
Stales, and the cITect of awarding contracts 
upon pending elections, have set an example 
dangerous to the public safety, and deserving the 
reproof of this House. 

Resolved, That the appointment by the Sccrc 
tary ol the Navy of Daniel B. Alartin, chief en- 
gineer, as a member of « board of engineers to 
report upon proposals for constructing machine- 
ry for the United States, the said Martin at the 
lime being pecuniarily intcrc.«tcd in some of 
said propo.sals, is hereby censured by this 
House. 

k All of which is respectfully submitted- 

JOHN SHERAIAN 
DAVID HITCHIR 



/m 





FRANKFORT^ 

TllOMAt» M. GKKKA, Kdltur. 

FRIDAY,::;:::;::;:;:.::::::;: MARCH II, Ie59. 



M U»u till* LocoHk'oh say of Hell. 

‘I'he DeinotTucy not only cannot agree upon 
their own principles, hut they difl'er in the chaiges 
which they hiiiiir against the Opposition. 'Fhey 
can bo *'h.irmuiiious’' in iiotliing save in their 
pursuit of olhce. While one portion of the Lo- 
cofoco press ol Kentucky appeals to the Old 
Lino Whigs to desert the Opposition ticket, be 
cause tl'.e candidate lor Ooveinor i**, us they al- 
lege, a Know Nothing, another (K rliuu calls up- 
on the Know Nothings lo repudiate him be 
cause he has never belonged to their orgaiiiza 
tioii As an illustration of these ditlerent luc 
tics wc subjoin tao extracts from articles pub 
lished in diflerent localities on Thursday last: 

Mr. Hell say-i that he has never associated 
with any other political organizatiiui than the 
Whignariy. In our view ol things, thia state 
ment is gr #ssly incotreci- Save and except, 
perhaps, that he never took Sum’s oaths, nor 
wa-i r**giilarly iniUat«-d in a t».i n loft, cellar, gar- 
ret, or .^ink hole, wc rejiurd Mr Bell as having 
been a very pood Know Nothing. We admit 
that he has done a deal ol' iiarmless grumbling 
at the precepts and practices  »f the late under 
ground ord*-r,hut he has always found their can 
didiites and their principles good enough to ob 
tain his active and efl'ective support as a stumper 
and voter, when needed. His practice has been 
uniform in this respect. In lBo5,in ’56, in '57, 
and ’5B, he voted the tickets put out by the de 
fuoct society. He scratched but one upon the 
ticket of *55, which carried the State by bloody 
hearts, brass'knucks, and slung-shoU. He voted 
for the presidential candidate in who was 

sworn into the order by the great Augustus 
Adolphus Scroggs, in the form prescribed by the 
ritual. He did more than tliis. During the can 
vass he went about stumping it lor Fillmore and 
then indorsed "the position that the American 
party took against the organized inlluenco of the 
foreign portion of our population, and said tlic 
time had come when it was neces.-»ary to move In 
that direction ** He became so warmed up 
in favor of Fillin -re that he was evidently 
ready to become a member of the order, if 
he could have got in on easy terms. Con 
sidoriii" Mr. Hell's lab(»rs during that can 
vass against the candidate of the only na 
lional and conservative party in the hold, we 
should not be surprised now at his indorse 
ment of the wholesale slanders against the sariic 
man contained in the resolutions of the Louis 
rilic Convention. — Woman o« Ihll. 

Cool.— The Hon. Joshua F. B^*ll gives the 
Know Nothings information us follows: *‘Hav 
ing never been associated w itli any other politi 
cal organization tliiii tlic Wliig party, and hav 
ing in some measure opposed all other parties, it 
is but proper that 1 should say that tlic accep- 
tance of this nomination implies on my part a 
change in none of my political opinions.” 

Hear that, oh, ye disciples of Sam! Hear that 
distinct repudiation of you by the man who is se- 
lected to be your leader. It was known that he 
opposed you, but that was not suHicient. He 
clearly, positively and explicitly repudiates you. 
But that’s no affair of yours. The elite have set 
lied all that. Your opinions are nothing. All 
you have to do now is to submit and vote for the 
man who scorns your principles. Klite has made 
you over. Vote, common people, as Elite die 
tales, and don’t meddle in affairs which yon do 
not understand. 

It is creditable to Mr. Bell, however, to tell 
you frankly beforehand that you cannot blame 
him. If you vote for him you canuolsay he do 
ceived you. He repudiates vou from the first — 
Lou Dem on Bell. 

When the Democracy will thus contradict each 
other, it is useless for us to answer **ither. Let 
(hem fight it out. Tliere is one thing, however, 
about which no one can have a doubt: Mr. Bell, 
undoubtedly is oppoied lo the extravagance and 
fseetionalism of the Democracy. 



Fillidustering. — Stories being nfioat that 
Gen. Wheat and Gen. Henningsen and other fil- 
libustera are in VVaphinglon, preparing for an in 
vasion of the Isthmus, the States undertakes to 
correct the rumor by authority in this wise: Gen 
Henningsen is completing an organization of 
l.OOU men for the silver mining distiict of Ari- 
zona, which he claims is an entirely lawful ex- 
pedition. Gen. Wheat itaa hud «u A*lTri' Tiuu* 
Alvarez to come back to .Mexico, and is only 
waiting the recognition of Mr. Mata lohtarl wiih 
some peisonal friends and ammunitions to re 
sume (be position of Brigadier-General. 



The Allkokd Slaver at New London —The 
case of the alleged slaver Laurens, of New Lou- 
don, before Judge Ingersoll of the U. S. Dis- 
trict Court at New Haven, siill progresses slow 
ly. (’omraander Foote, of the Brooklyn Navy 
Yard, who had been on the African coast in 
. command of the U. S. brig Perry, spoke of rice, 
of which the Laurens had an unusually large 
supply , n.s being the food prepared for slaves. 
The Hag of the Laurens was unusually large for 
a signal fitg, (he largest he had ever seen, and 
her charts of the ('oast of Africa were large 
enough to navig.ttc along the shore with. Mr. 
Wm. H. Barnes, of New Londou, who hud been 
in the whaling business for )25 years, testified 
that her outfit was not suitable for a whaler 
Capt. C. Strong Holt testified that while in the 
usual whaling gear she was greatly deficient, or 
wholly unprovided, of some things never used 
by whalers she ba.s a great supply Another sus 
picious point is the large amount of fresh water 
taken, and the manner in which it was stowed 
Whaleis always have lin'ir nil casks salted, to 
preserve them, .as fresh water would rot them in 
the waim latitude’', b«U the casks of the Lau 
reus w ere not s.ilted, showing that thev could not 
have been intended for oil. Capl. Holt showed 
in detail that she was wholly unfit in her prepar 
ations for a whaler. 



0*We publish the subjoined letter from an 
old and valued friend, who was a member of the 
Convention which framed the present Consiitu 
lion of Kentucky, and who had been several 
times honored by his coiisiiluents with a seal in 
the Kentucky Legislature before his removal to 
Missouri. We give our friend’s letter entire, 
that Kentuckians and others set king homes in 
the "Far West” may give him a call, and our 
word for it they will receive an old fashioned 
Kentucky welcome. VVe have visited the 
••pintle Purchase*’ twice within the last 1*2 or 
1.5 years — though we did not go quite as high 
up as St. Joseph— and we can testify that it is a 
most beuutilul country — probably, the finest 
hemp eounti V in America. If our life is spared, 
however, we intend to visit our old friend be- 
fore long, and in resprtnse to the latter part ol 
his letiei, we have only to say that shall not 
lax him with our expenses to St. Joseph, becauso 
"Old Ktniu(k ” is good enough for us. 

St Joskfh, .Mo , March 2, 1B59. 
(?OL A (* Hodges: 

Dear Sir: Enclosed find five dollars wlikh I 
desire passed lo my credit as a subscriber for the 
Coiiimonw ealth 

On the 2.’d inst.. at this place, we celebrated 
the completion ol the Hannibal & St. Joseph 
railroad. I would be very glaU lo see a good 
Hccuuni ol the celebration, sueh as the one that 
appeared in the St Louis Democrat of the 26tb 
lilt., in the Covitnon wealth. St. Joseph now oc- 
cupies un exceedingly enviable position. Situa- 
ted in the heart of one of the very finest agri- 
cultural countries in the world— with u population 
exceeding souls — at the head of heavy 

steamboat navigation — being the starting point 
for the great overland mail route to Utah and 
California — being L5U miles further west than 
any town in the northwestern portion of the Uni- 
ted Stales, th.it is connected by railroad with 
the .\tlantic seaboard, andbcing'l5U miles near- 
er the newly discovered gold fields of Kansas 
and Nebraska than any other town on the west- 
ern bordM^h^t can be reached by railroad, you 



cuir^u^p«r5aive, gl^e her advantages possessed 
by few towns or ci^es in the Union. 1 can now 
leave rov office at any time, and in 40 hours be 
in Frankfort, and at much less cost than w*as 
uecessary before our railroad was finished. If you 
should have any acquaiotauees wishing to go to 
California or oVegon by land, or to Utah or New 
.Mexico, or Pike’s Peak, you can assure them 
that if they consult their purses or their com- 
fort, or regard time us of any importance, that 
they ought to come by lids place. Or if you 
should find a mun of capital, of enterprise, or one 
who is seeking a home in a new country, des- 
tined to be in a short time rich, populous and 
powerful, tell him that the "Platte Purchase” is 
the place. Thetiuthis. Colonel, you ought to 
mR, at least, this country. It would be of ser- 
vice to ^ou. I never saw a Kentuckian, (at all 
events from the blue grass portion of it,) who 
did not feel hims»^If almost insulted when any 
one presumed to compare any other country with 
his own But if you will come here, and I do 
not show you a country vastly more productive 
than any part of Ky , and of an almost unlimit- 
ed extent, 1 will pay your expenses upon your 
visit, constituting you the judge. 

Very* respectfully, Ac., Ao. 

SILAS WOODSON. 



(I7The treaty lately ratified by Utdted States 
Commissioner Mix, with the Yanclon-Sioux In- 
dians, was drawn up with unusual ooleniuity, and 
was signed on the part of the Sioux, by the fol- 
lowing redoubtable chiefs: Pa-la-inc-a-pa-pe, 
the man that was struck by the Ree; Ma-to-sa- 
be-che-a, the smutty be.ir; Charles F. Picottee, 
Eta-ke-cha; Ta-ton-cha-wete-co, the crazy 
bull. Pse-ch.i-wa-kea, the jumping thunder; 
Ma-ra-ha ton, the iron horn; Nombe-kah-pab, 
one that knocks down two; Ta-ton-ka-e-yah- 
ka, the fast bull ; A-ha-ka-ma-mi, tho walking 
elk; A-ha-ka^na-zhe, the standing elk; A-ha- 
ka-lio-che-cha, the elk with a bad voice; Cha- 
ton-wo-k.a“pa, the grabbing hawk; E-ha-we- 
cha-sha, the owl man; Pla-sou-wa-kan-na-ge, 
the white medicine cow that stands; Ma-ga-che- 
ka, the little white swan; Oke-clie-la-wash-ta, 
the pretty boy. 

lU’Somc idea of the importance of the post- 
office appropriation bill may be formed by the 
following synopsis of its contents: 

For inland transportation of tho 

mails, |I2,G33,(KMI 

k' fvf '^*1* poauna#icrs» 

For compensation of clerks, 9.' O,()00 

.Miscellaneous expenses, - 6.^9,0(K  

For deficiencies and arreuragt s foe 
the present fiscal year, - 3,83B,000 



North Atlantic Telegraph — I’ul. P Shaff 
ner, of Kentucky, in a petition to Congress, states 
that he 1ms engaged engineer-* and other assist- 
ants to accompany him in an expedition to start 
early in June next, for the survey of the pro 
posed route for a submarine cable by way of 
Greenland, Iceland, and the Faroe Isles. He 
petitions for ilie aid of government ships in con 
vcyiiig this expedition, conditional upon the 
telegraph being, when completed, "open to all 
nations alike,” in conformity with concessions 
from the Danish government already obtained. 
Mr. Shaffner refers to the theory promulgated 
by him some years ago, respecting the impracti 
cability of working long sub aqueous conductors 
of electricity, and regards the failure of the At- 
lantic cable as demonstrating its correctness. — 
The longest cable by the North Atlantic route 
would be about 500 miles. Mr. S. suggests that 
this might embrace some half a dozen electric 
wires, so that different nations can have their 
preferred wires for their respective interests. 
The petition stales that Mr. S. has spent !|100,- 
000 in furtherance of tiii.s enterprise up to the 
present time. 

Importa-nt Appoint.mrnts— Holt Post- 
master General . — The telegraph announces the 
appointment by the President and confirmation 
by the Senate of .Mr. Joseph Holt, late Commis 
sioner of Patents, as Postmaster General. The 
appointment is a good one. .Mr. Holt is an able 
und practicable man. 

Ex Senator Jones, of Iowa, has been confirm- 
ed as Minister to Bogota, Judge Pettit as Chief 
Justice of Kaii.sas, Mr. Hubbard, of .Maine, as 
CommUsioner of the Southwestern boundary, 
Mr. Fuller, of North Carolina, as Fifth Auditor 
of the Treasury, and Emery D. Potter as Col- 
lector of Toledo. 



Total, $20,425,000 

It is by far the heaviest ot all the appropria- 
tion bills, to such magnitude have the opera- 
tions of the Depai tment arisen under the pres 
sent and the Ute Administrations It is re- 
markable that though the bill passed at the hifit 
session provided nearly the same gros4 amount 
of $20,000,000, the arrearages for the very fiscal 
year covered by that bill amount to nearly 
$4,000,00(1. But in addition to this there is paid 
$700,000 for the Californa and Oregon mails 
via Panama and $2J!?0,000by way of Tehuante 
pec. 

[CrThe pigeon shootingmatch between Wil- 
liam King, of Fort Wayn*, Indiana, (the man 
that was beaten by Blautoi Duncan a few years 
ago at Cineinnaii.) and Jas. Shannon, of St. 
Li ui3, came off a few dva ago near St Louis. 
The stakes were $200 a sde, for the winner in 
sixty shots at pigeons at twenty one yards dis- 
tance and within a boindary of one hundred 
yards. Shannon killed brty one birds and miss- 
ed nineteen, and King Ullcd fifty one and miss- 
ed nine. Thirty three o King’s birds were kill- 
without a single intcrveiing miss. 

K.\tal .Affrav Betw*e:n Two Little Broth- 
ers. — The Spencer, (Own county, Ind.,) Jour- 
nal learns that on Siturday week two little 
hoys, aged respectively wound four years, sons 
of Mr A Goodwin, of Green county, got lo 
quuiTcliiig us to which one should have posses 
sioD of an axe. After i short scufile the elder 
one succeeded in gettiig the axe, and immedi- 
ately struck his little brother in the head, killing 
him almost iiislanily. 



(D' The Journal of Commerce says the im- 
ports of foreign goods at that port for the month 
of February are more than twice tho corres 
ponding total for last year, and, in fact, arc larger 
than for any previous February since the com 
mencement of their commercial history, with 
the single exception of February, 1857 



Four State elections take place this spring, 
viz: New Hanipshiic, March 8; Connecticut, 
April 4; Rhode Island, April 6; and Virginia, 
.May 2G. In caeii of lliese £ tates a Governor 
is lo be chosen, and hIh   members to the next 
Cof)gr*-«{s ! . 



John H. Collins, Esq., has sold bis farm of 
360 acres, in rfcott county, to Mr. Daniel Larey, 
of Bourbon, for $2G,000 — about $72 50 per 
acre. 



Dow.n on Old Buck — Alluding to a Demo- 
cratic meeting held in Petersburg last week, 
which was addressed by Roger A. Pryor, Esq., 
the intelligencer of that city says: 

"We were not present, but if what we have 
heard about Mr Pryor’s speech is true, it was 
about one ol the most merciless pummellings of 
the President and his Cabinet that has yet been 
administered by anv hand upon those high dem- 
ocratic dignitaries. We understanding th.at the 
speaker raked the whole concern fore and aft, 
in that fierce and scorching style of denunciation 
which is peculiar to his uttterauces.” 



Col. W. H. Polk on Hard Money. — In the re 
port of a Democratic meeting held at Centreville, 
Hickman county, on the 21st iilt., we find the 
following paragraph: 

Hon. W. II . Polk, being loudly called for, 
took the stand and returned his thanks for the 
compliment. He said he had no right tospeak, 
nor had he any desire to interfere with the ac 
tion of the Hickman county Democracy. He 
had learned, however, that a member of the last 
Legislatuie had an appointment to speak on the 
currency question to day, in which case he might 
have something to say in reply. He would 
merely venture to predict that there is not note 
in the Slate a boy overtwenty years old who is in 
favor of hard money, who, if he lives to be fifty 
years old, will not die an idiot! 



tCTThe Republicans hare carried New Hamp- 
shire 



For the €ommonweaUb. 

Tho Position of the Free Ulnck^ i»» Hii» 
Cf niitry. 
number II. 

It has been decitled by the Supreme Court of 
the United States that "a free negro is not a cit 
izeii ol a State in the sense in which the word 
citizen is in-ed in the Consiitutioii of the United 
States.” He therefore cauruU "become entitled 
to all (he rights and privileges and immunities 
guaranteed by that instrument to the citizen.” — 
We have a great number of ih*’ Alrican race in 
our country, out of which there are many every 
year set free to live in this uiioumIous position in 
some of the Slates in oi;r Union, rhe children 
of such persoiis will he fiee born, and yet can 
never he citizens of the country. .And no law 
can he tnade to stop the owneis ol slave.s from 
freeing them, if the iiiasiers are themselves freed 
from debt, or have other property lo pay their 
debts 'I he master can take his slaves out of 
the State, and free them when he pleases, or di- 
rect his Executor l »  lo it at his death. The 
Stale can uct in the mailer only lo say, when 
Ukeii out of the State, and set free, they shall 
not teturii to the State to live in it. It is true a 
free Stale, (and Home h.ivedoiie so.) may,b\ law, 
reluse liberty to mcli emaiicipaled slaves to enter 
their States to live therein. As .slavery exists in a 
Slate bv its own municipal laws, so slaves sot 
free caimot have a residence in a State, be it a 
slave or free State, but by the same kind of 
laws. The emancipation of slaves can be made 
by law in a slave Slate troublesome and expen- 
sive. Where it "as once the law that the mas 
ter could go into court and have a record made 
of the fact that he did emancipate his specified 
servant, or servants, and gave a bond that they 
should not he a county charge ut any time, the 
servants were free, and could live am^die as 
freemen in the Stale. They Could also^ be stV 
free by will and stay ill the State But where 
the law compels the master, or his Executor, os 
the case mav he, to lake the slave out of the 
.Stale to set him free, it makes it more expensive 
and trouhlesome. But no further can the I 
go to check einancipalion; und llii’* is found to 
be no prcveiititive to emancipation, in our Ro 
public the free negro stands, not only in his civil 
but in his social stale, dificreiit from all olli 
free person.-t residing in it. l^hlic sentiment is 
against hin color, his associations, his race, und 
his cwiiforination of bo»ly. He is a creature of 
animal heat that keeps hiiii separated from ainal 
gamuliug but with his own color. Hu caimot be 
elevuic-d lo compunionsliip and equality in our 
social relations ol life. Tlio pi ivileges he has 
are ol a very marked, limited character, and 
show that they aid him to become a more de 
graded man. He is by the presence of white la- 
borers forced to idleness, and has no stimulus 
to pursue some honorable occupation in life. — 
When theiruumerical position shall have reached 
a number that will throw them more in the wav 
of the business life of the whites, they will have 
a greater curtailment of the present little pit- 
tance of protection granted to them. t)f course 
these remarks allude to the tree blacks as a body. 
llicre are some praise worthy exceptions to these 
statements. Some free blacks show a religious 
character, intellect, economy, thrill, und self re- 
spect. They excite the hope that the race 
placed to themselves, and properly trained can 
be self susuining und self governing. 

As a class, the free blacks in the country have 
their limits of aiuchmenu. A few circuiii- 
acribed associations fill up the range of their 
minds. Their wants are limited for mind und 
body; and in their lainily relations. 'I'hey lmv»j 
no inducements for that cure, that industry, that 
inlermingliiig of parental and filial afieciion and 
relation, w hich act to tdevaie the whole house- 
hold, and provide means to start the children in 
the business of life. As moral, accountable be- 
ings to God they arc shut out by their peculiar 
situation in society froiu possessing and enjoy - 
the operation ol all moral and civil associa- 
tions, and tho assistants, in the force and extent 
hirh while citi-zeiis possess, use, and iwijoy 
them. And no system of moral measures can bo 
pul in Operation, especially in a slave Slate, to 
remedy this want. And if the elVorl be made in a 
free State, the body of ibe whites around them 
have no sympathy for them to be benefilted by the 
means. They must go down to the grave living 
iu our laud, with tho absence of tho.'ie direct per- 
sonal elevating means lh t greatly aid iu ex 
liibiting and enjoying the grace of God that 
sanctifies and edifies the converted soul for 
the joys and life of heaven. Is there no 
relief for their moral und civil state? We 
see no relief to them in this country. But 
will not their number be Icssencil by the law 
that forbids the cmancipaled slave to reside in 
the State in which he was a slave? Yes; but 
the number is not lessened in the free States, 
unless ail the free Slates, by l:uv, forbid him to 
come into the State to live. But some of the 
slave Slates, though forbidding by constitutional 
law, the setting free of slaves to remain in the 
Sl.ile, will find free blacks having a right lostay 
the Stale for some years lo come. .Many 
owners of slaves, before the new constitution 
went into force, went into court anti had record 
cii that their slaves were lo be free at their death. 
Tliis legal measure secured not ouly the freedom 
of the slaves at the death of their master with a 
residence in the State, but secured to them the 
security that not rw« Meir could sell them 

IS slaves for lile. VVe know tif seventy (7U) 
slaves in one family in Kentucky in this condi 
tion. It is true the addition to the free black 
in the State liom this source will have' an end 
And death will be yearly lesa«iiing the capital 
stock. Ami are they lo dwindle away by the 
ainentable social inlluences that yearly operate 
powerfully upon their temperate habits, their in 
dustiial pursuits in life, and their good oondij 
lion for food, raiment and shelter for all the sea 
pons of the year, and all attacks of Hickness?— 
This is a mournful picture lo contemplate. 
’J'his is not a consequent of freedom. It is the 
result of their peculiar pO’*ition among the 
whites in their freedom. It is freedom without 
colonization But they will not go down to the 
grave alone in their wretched exposiif-e to teinyta 
lions lo evil I’liere is a ela- s of slaves and 
that class increases, wlio associate much with 
free blacks. We refer lo ihoseslaves who are al 
low ed by their masters to hire their own time — 
they paying a certain sum of money for their 
me. The illegality of this practice is not the 
point for discussion. It is its existence and its 
effects, both on the slave himself and the free 
blacks, that we call auention to. This practice 
is emancipation in another form. It gives lati 
tude to the slave to have time for idleness, means 
for dissip.ition, and an opportunity lo be free 
from the daily control of his master. In this 
•eiui -freedom the slave has this self assurance, 
whatever betides me in health, or want of food or 
clothes, I can fall back on my owner for relief: 
The body of this class associate with the free 
blacks who are not the best of their class. Tliey 
have leisure and disposition to loiter away their 
time, and be induced lo spend their earnings. A 
mutual corrupting intercourse is cultivated be- 
tween the two classes, and the master finds it Is 
so by the excuses of his slave for not being able 
to pay his promised hire of himself, and by his 
personal evidence that his habits of life have 
lessened his value as a mun, or as a hired ser 
vaut to a master. And do not many of this class 
of self hired servants become worse in their hab 
its for industry and morals by a.^sociating with 
many of the free colored women? We ask tho 
question and leave the reader to think of it 



Prom Uie Observer and Reporter- 
Henry Clay and Linn Boyd. 

The last issue of the Statesman of this city, 
contains a long and laborious defense of Linn 
Bo\d against the charge of having villified und 
slandered Henry Olay with uncommon und per 
sistent malice, almost unto the end of this great 
man’s existence. To defend Linn Boyd or the 
Locofoco party in regard to this matter isimpos 
sible. Boyd merely gave utterance to the death 
les.-* malignity of his party towards Mr. Clay 
wliil.st denouncing his character and seeking to 
blacken his fame Henry Clay was not a negn 
live eharaciei That which he believed, he 
opi-tiiv proclaimed, and tliose whom he thought 
wronu he feurly tieiiounced He loathed, as ev- 
ery true Whig must and does loathe, the perfidy 
ihe meaiinesH and ilie madness of Democracy. — 
III* miide no compromises with it, but fought it 
w ithout iriice or treaty until he died. Hismigh- 
IV .-ipiilt gave new life and vigor to his party in 
tlie darkest hour of ndveisity, and well did the 
Locolocos know that the sceptre wa.n not secure 
in iheir Imiids. loin; as he was grasping at it. 
Ill short, he was the greatest of all the great 
U liig Icudeis, ami lienee it was, that lie was 
wronged niid outraged by his enemies in a great- 
er degree timi any of Ins associates. He al- 
ways led in bailie, -^iid npoit his own C'CSt tll6 
heavifsC and fieieest bhiw's ever fell He drove 
the Democracy to the wall time after time, atid 
wheiiex or otluT s*»mee« faile i ihev resorted tO 
li  s and .slanders. I.^;  to the time of the Admin- 
isiraliun of John Quimy Adam.s it was gener.xl- 
ly considered lliroiiglioul the country that the 
.’“^ecreiHiy of .''tuLe was entitled t«i the successiou, 
and wlieii Mr Clay was mado SecreUtry by 
Adams, the Democraey raw that he would be the 
leader of their opponents in the next Presidential 
struggle, and such men as James Buchanan trum- 
ed up and circulated the "bargain mid corrup- 
tion” slander. We repeat it, that lo defend 
Buchanan or Boydortlie Democracy in regard to 
this slander is impossible, and no degree of 
impudence and mendacity less sublime than that 
winch characterizes Locofocoism, would be 
e iual to the task of denying it The Demo- 
crats not only deny that they ever played the 
part of assassins and thugs towards Henry Clay, 
hut they even charge his olil friend — those who 
w-cpl over his reverses and rejoiced over hU 
triumphs — with being his enemies and betrayers- 
'i'his is bad enough, but they go still further 
and ill their blasphemy Against truth and honor, 
tell ns that he would be a Democrat (God 
save ihe mark) if he were alive to day; that he 
was the enemy of Native Americauism ; and 
that like one of his own sons he would be hand 
in hand with Locofocoism and cheek by jowl 
with James Buchanan, his mean and pitiful and 
pitiless betrayer in other years. Yes, we are 
coolly informed that he would be enthusiastically 
interested in Linn Boyd’s success, ami tliat be 
would be lending him the might of his immor 
tal name. Such effrontery as this elevates usto 
the lip top notch of admiration, and we will not 
say a serious word in refutation of these out 
rageons slanders upon the dead statesman, sim 
ply because we do not wish to make ourselves 
ridiculous. I'he Locofocracy, from one end to 
the other, from James Huclianaii down to the 
lowest and vilest subalterns of the party, villifi 
e l, slandered, haled and feared Henry Clay 
They all seized upon the "bargain and corrup 
lion” lie with earnestness like that which char 
acterizes the struggles of a drowning in.in when 
he seizes a plank. This lie rang like a bugle 
blast through very vale and over every moun 
tain in tlie land. It did more to crush Henry 
Clay (liaii all the rest of the multitudinous falsc- 
hooiis of the Democracy. Prolific as Locofoco- 
isin is, in the production of slander und detrac 
tion, the "bargain and corruption” story, of 
which James- Buchanan was the father, was tbe 
Aaron lie which swallowed up all others. Lion 
Boyd WHS the busiest and most tireless of all 
those who delighted indwelling upon this topic- 
There was something iu his pursuit of Henry 
Clay that reminds tis of the steady and en- 
during gallop of the wolf. Long after other 
retailers of this potent falsehood had ceased to 
breathe it, Boyd, Linn Boyd as he delights to be 
called, dragged it up from its grave hyena like 
and filled tlie air once more with its horrid stcuch. 
That he did this foul and unworthy act is a mat 
ter of history, nnd yet this resurrectionist — this 
body sn.itcher-— now parades letters and sum- 
mons witnes.ses to prove that he was a devoted 
personal fiiend of Henry Clay, and that the old 
statesman when far descended into the valley of 
the shadow of Death, and when he was doubt 
loss thinking of deeper nnd stranger things than 
the enmities of old days, had forgiven him. — 
Look at the cowardice and baseness of such con 
duct upon the part of Linn Boyd and his friends. 
Boyd knows that he haled Henry Clay and slan- 
dered him. In his heuil he hatV.s him yet, nnd 
still ho puts on the guise of gtiof and helps to 
swell the insincere eulogy which Democrats now 
lavish upon him Any attc-iiipl to free Mr. 
Boyd front the charge of knowing and malicious 
enmity toward Henry Clay is idle. It cannot be 
done, and it would he hotter for him and for his 
friends lo let the subject rest forever 



Items by Telegraph . 

Philadf.lphia, March 8. 
I’he New Yord Herald’s Washington dispatch 
.Mr. .McLane,. appointed Minister to Mexi 
CO, will leave to morrow for New Orleans and 
tjike the 'rennessee, sailing on the I5th for V» ta 
Cruz, .'’^o desirous i-* the government that lie 
should he in Mexico without delay, that a tt le 
graphic dispatch will bi- sent by the State Do 
partim-nt to detain the Tennessee, should .Mr. 
McLaiie by any chance not be able lo reach Now 
OrleuiiH by the regular day of sailing. 

-Mr McLane goes out with discretionary pow- 
er.’* to recognize and present his credentials to 
whatever government he may find in a position 
to maintain itsell and t ased on the will of tlie 
people. Ii is believed ho will find the cunsti 
tutional guvernniciit in this position. Still the 
administration, whatever in.iy ho the sympi 
thies of our people as reganls the Liberals, will 
not interfere with cither parly, but will be gov 
erned by the existing state of things. In fact, 
the administration is careful not to lake any step 
to afford European powers any pretence for in 
terference 

F^ostagk Rates not Raisko. — Tlie ciiactmeut 
for abolishing the much ahiKcd franking privi 
lege and nearly doubling the r.ites of po.stjige 
came to in untimely eiuJ in the last monienls ol 
the second of ilie 35ih Congress. Tlw 

measure, w hieli originateil in the Senate, wa-* 
met in tin- ilouso hv an objection from .Mr. 
Grow, that, iimsinuch as it im;M sed a lax (by 
increasing :iii exi.sling inip'»sl), it wa.s contrary 
to the constitution, which re.-*ei ves to the House 
of Representatives the sole power— identical 
with that iiivarialdy exercised by the the British 
House of Commons — of originating all bills rais 
ing revenue. The House would not yield the 
point. There was not time for any Adinini.slr 
tion member to recast the measure for the House, 
and 80 it fell lo the ground. It was, in all i 
spects, a Goternment measure, and, had any sim- 
ilar attempt been made by an English Mini.^try 
to introduce  /rar in place of cheap postage, mil 
lions of angry loiter writer.’', from tlie Peer to 
the Peasant, would haye sent such strong and 
stern rcmoiistr"^,^^^^ PurliameuX ^tid to the 
SovereigTt that tne peccant .Minister who had 
made the proposition would have been dismissed 
or compelled lo resign. Dear jmstage must not 
be resorted to. Five cents for post.agc and de- 
livery of a letter, as against two cents paid in 
England is really bad enough, without douhliug 
the price « f the stamp. 






a. 



Arrest OF a Horse Thief. — A very valu.abic 
horse, together with a new and costly saddle 
and bridle, were stolen on Friday night, from the 
stable of Mr. Bciij. Osborne, nboiil four miles 
from town on the Cincinnati pike A reward of 
one hundred dollars was forthwith oifeied for (ho 
recovery of the stolen properly and the appro 
hension of the thief, which telegraphed to 
different points, and on tho following mornin 
the thief was arrested in Covington, nnd tlie 
property recovered. The thief was brought to 
town on .Monday, by Deputy Marshal Riff, who 
made the arre:*!, and had an examination helore 
Judge Sheperd. The bail was fixed at one thous- 
and dollars; the prisoner not being able, at tho 
time, to give it, was commiited to jail. His 
name is Wesley Philips, of Harrison county. — 
He is lather a good looking young man, i.’* mar 
ried, and a brother to the Philips who killed 
Whalen on the Cynthiana fair gromi 1-*, in .Sep- 
tember last . — Georgetown Gazette. 



Aaron Vail Brown, Poslrna.ster General, who 
died at Washington city on Tuesday morning, 
was a native of Brunswick county, Virgini i. He 
wa.s educated at Chapel Hill Universiity, North 
Carolina, and choosing the profession of law, 
settled, not long after, at Nashville, Tennessee. 
He was for some time a p irtner of the lal»* Pres 
ident Polk, and for many years a member of the 
Tennessee Legislature. From 1839 to 18J5, lie 
was a Represeiit.uive in Congress la tlu* latter 
year he was elected Governor of 'I'ennessee. He 
was subsequently an active politician and reported 
the Democratic National Platform, at Baltimore, 
in 1852. He was appointed Postmaster General 
by Mr. Buchuiiaii in IK57. At the time of his 
death ho was in his bixty fourth year, liaving 
been born August 15, 1795. — Jjou. Jour 

Palmf.rston and Buchanan — A London cor 
respondent of the Constellation tells of .a euri 
ous contretremps committed hy our Presideut on 
a certain occa.sion ; 

Mr. Buchanan arrived in London early in 
1854, and gave the usual notification to tho Brit 
ish Government After having vimicd LonI 
Aberdeen (the Ihimo Minister) and Lord Clar 
endon (the Foreign Secretary) he called upon 
Lord Palmerston who was then Home Secretary, 
and was received, of course, with Hie utmost 
politeness nnd respect Palmerston, it is known, 
married the widow of the Earl Cowper, to whom 
he hud been attached before her fir«t marriage. 
A great deal of scan. mag. was circulated in tin* 
London circles as lo his continued intimacy with 
her after marriage, which caused the parlies con 
siderable annoyance. On the occasion of .Mr 
Buchanan’s introduction, after the usual saint* 
lions, Palmerston said: "Pray accompany me in 
to the next room, wliere w e shall find my lady 
Palmerston and some of the family. We are afl 
going to a grand llower show iit Chiswick; they 
have coaxed mo into giving them an imjtromptu 
luncheon here in my official resilience, where, 
by the way, I do not reside, and we shall be 
very glad if you will join our partv, without 



Not Bad — .\ cotninitlcc ol the New York 
Legislature on Medical Colleges and Societies, 
to whom was referred a petition of Herkimer 
Sternberg, asking the Legislature to print a 
book, giving the means to cure intemperance, 
nervous debility and other ailments, have re- 
ported: 

"That they have had under serious considora 
tion the subject referred to them, and have be 
come sati’shed, il the prayer of the petitioner be 

grunted, that the result of the scheme proposed j ceremony, ana aiierw.uas accompany ns to Chis 
l)v (his Herkimer Sternberg, if successful, w ill be j "'ick. Lady P^ilmerston will have lli»* honor of 
tITe anniliilation of the medical profession, and calling upon your charming neice, .Miss Lane, 
thus five or six thousand doctors of our Stale I'n (-he course of lo morrow, and we hope to see 
w ill he turned out upon Ihe coM charities of an | great deal of you both at Cainhridge House.” 
unfeeling world; that it will ittlroiliicc the mil- ; saying, Palmerston drew back the folding 
leniuni several hundred years before its proper itloors, and there, in the next room, wa« a iiierrv 
advent in the regular order of business; that it I pni'ty, making glad over a luncheon. Mr. Bucli- 
will dislocate every joint in the system of the jaiiau was intro lueed lo Lady Palmerston, who 
moral universe; ami therefore the cumniittee ask U***id, with a smile: ‘*'1 hese are iny children, 

to be discharged from its ftirilier consideration ” Buch-inan Ibis,” pointing to tho pro.-'cnt 
^ ^ , Earl Cowper, "tliis is my ehle^-t son.” Mr. 

I Buchanan smiled, bowed, glanced from Lord 
Monthly Sale of Live Stock, etc. — 'I'he ! Cowper to LonI Palmerston — always remeniher 
Paris (Ky.) Flag, of March 9, says: ! Buchanan had never heard of the p-*ilicular 

Lust .Monday w.is a beuulifnl dity. «nd a Kro.n I never known timt Ln.ly 
crowd of business men from this siid adjoining ^ ^ ' "'■'7 'lint tlie lady 

Stales were present at our monthiv sale Tlu.re I "as fifty But 

w as not as large a number of mnles offered ‘ from Cowper to alme.ton, and wish 

usual. Good stock sold at liigli prices; mules , ‘7''': 'T.'! 

three years old sold at tl7ll, $15b, l;i;t0 to j J 1‘^‘ve recognized tins gentlcmaii, 
Two vcaroldsattlfij. tl60,$l0l to*f.b. Year- V' ‘‘'r’:®'.,, Lord lalmersloirs son, 

lings at *110 to *.7(1. Match mules from JLlll to ! rrsemfi/aner ,Mr. Hueh 

Common cattle only w ere sold. „„,j ' b.hl how- the case really w as-»//rr his 

hrought lair priees; two year olds al .*2?; 20 ! ' ‘ . 

ditto, at $‘20; olheis as low as ^i2tl Cows with I , 

calves from *30 to $2f*. Oxen from *100 to *b«. i ,1','*®" '’^''^? . I'OO'f'Kr-rKRs.— y a recent 
A larger number of horses were sold than we j'^'" f rio.inal Court lu I hil idelphia, Ld 

have hefore noticed— manv of them were from '‘"ger.v. having de 
Indiana and Ohio. Thc'i.riees realized „ere ‘■'■‘•'‘‘res and f.iUe add 

from*l7.'i to A large number „f jacks | 

were on exhibition: a lew common ones were “re, ultermg of a figure, or other alter.Uions bv 
sold from *1,IH.5 to Two negro men sold i '■/ ““k “'‘-| i;r m the busiuess jouinal ol Ilia em 

at *l.'2.5!l and *1,15:.; a negro woman and chil.l i ll' ‘ P-'rOoHc “I deceiving or defraud 
al*l,l.V . A large amoiuit of saddleware, bu-r '"f! ers, is deeideU to be (orgery in 

gies, etc , were sold. 'I'lie money transactions, i 1,““,“^.' Iv-vum. and tlic perpetrator, on eoiivietioii, 



I 1 

A .\ l  

HI ILDERS’ WAliEH00Mt ! 

next 'tour to Farmers* Uank, Frank* 
tort. Kentucky, 

J O LIN H ^ JL. Y 

n .A VlMf made arrunj^amentAwith Uiffereut Manufuc 
(uroA Id the ubovo bu.sinc. A, is how prcpureil to acII 
ul prii-ex fully as low as ('iiu-iiniati or l.oiiit villc, w itU a 
Ktiiult advance lor freight, Ac. 

riia stock in ittorc ul present ouniprisoH (^urpentori* 
and Jolliers l.ocks. Uoli«,*Hiiiie'', Screws und 

Nails, all sizes; (fun«tand Pi loU; Hla’iii and Ivorj-hai 
die Oiiuierand iH-sserl Knives, with Plated or Meel 
Porks; t'urving Knives. Porks, i.nd .Steels. A lino as 
sorinientof Nloven, Mantels, and (irate-*, in every va 
rieiy of size and gl le: Spring and ('a^l .Steel; Fla'. 
Hound und Bar Iron; Plow Plate**, Ac.; Paints, Paint 
BriKhoi, Oil. Varnishes, nnd White Lead; French and 
Pittsburg Cilas ; Moulded an«l Plain PHiim-l Poors 
Sash and Shiilter-*; Yellow and While Pine Flooring. 
Laths, Shingles, ('ement, Piusu r Puriss, Li.ne, White 
.Sun«i, and every neces.'tily for the full coiiiplelion 4)| 
buildings of all descrlpli--ns. 

In comiccUon with Ito above bii’«iness, as also that 
of HoMse-buiiditiff, 1 have opened a 

.\[AI!1JLE VAlfD, 

III Lexiiuton, Ky., near the Broadwa) Hotel, und an 
nreparetl to contrucl, on reasonable terms, for the ero« 
lion of all kinds of .Muii lo .Monuments, Tombs and 
Head .Slones, of tho best Italian or Amorieun .Marble; 
and w ill »l^ ) sell lo the trade Block or Slat* Marble, oi 
the abovi* kiiMls, as cheap as they can be purchased ii. 
nncinnaliur Louisville. Having bought this stock ol 
•Marbl * for v.*i! h. I am enabled to offer it nl tho above 
rates. 

Orders left at the yar«l in Lexington, or the store, 
iievt t» Farmers* Bank. Frankfort, will receive imme 
diale utlenlion. 

t'oiitra'-u inude for Bnildings of all kinds, ami the 
erection «*f .Momiinents, Ac ,iii any part of the Stale. 
Febrnar* IS, W U-3m. 



A CHANGE. 

{ H.\ \ F this day soM my cstabliAhnienl to Mr. K. (*. 

BULL, and take great pleasure In recommending him 
lo mv old friendsand patrons. 

Jan. :t, IF.V*. W. M. l OlU). 

Books, Boots, Shoes, &c. 

S. C. liULL, 

(iiHcetaeor to h’\ M. Todd^ 

n .\s purcli.Ti*  d this ‘ ld and well-known phtablish 
im-ni, and eolicii.« a eontimiance of the putroringe 
ol its fiTiiier customers, plc-tlging himself that no pains 
aiiall be sparetl to give h tiif raetlon to those who may fa 
vuT him wiih a call. [.JtHL5-lf. 

Tj a 11 d r e t li ’ .s 

W. Mi RANTED GARDEN SEED. 

q*HK I 
L and 



pHK nmial uasorlment, 
for '*ale ul 
Jamiar) -Je?, 1F.V.I. 



fresh and genuine, now op ■ 
.• . t . BUi.L .S. 



i50UK8 STATIONERY. 

\ GKN'KIv.^L asBurtinent of School, Medical, Law and 
.MiHcellaneouA Book 



.\ll tho lute publications of 
S. l*. BULL'S. 



tha du  to be had ul 
Jum'iary 28. l&.V.b 

Fresh Arrival of Boots and Shoes. 

ADiK.s'KII) BOur.N. diMiblound single . ol*, w Ih 
J « r wiillou' heel.**. 

LADIl'iS* ,\NU .MI.-SK8' KIH SUPPFHS, with and 

wiiiioiii 

I.AUIK8* l.A.N riN(i (J.\ U EPS, with* wUbouthoels. 
— A l.S O — 

A great variety of Mis.sen* and rhildrcn's latsllng, Kid, 
Goal .M*»roeco and Calf Shoes. 



Yniilh's BOOl S and SHOES 
Jnn. 



loys a 
S. C. BULL, 
Todd"t Old Stand. 



HATS AND CAPS. 

^ GlfK.M* *Tirie y of Gent'^, Ko)*s and Vouth'e 



Hals 

Caps for sab* by .s. C. BULL, 

Jun 'ir*, ■ Jit w. Todd's Old Stand. 



CUTLERY. 

r d’KKI* Knives nml Scissors of Kodgers’ superior 
make; also, WadetSr Butcher's Razors at 

S. G. BULL*.'^ Book and Shoe Store. 
Jaiinary IPot). 



“Wan Paper.” 

I L.\ KGE and well selected slock on hand and for sale 
:\ by g. r. BULI 

ranuRr  



\ lIonK ihtitpvrry I'olitician should have. 

THK POLITICAL TE.XT BOOK, 

OK 

Ii: YC Yci.op*ii:Di^, 

Containing everything necessary for the reference oj 
the Politicians and Statesmen of the U. S. 
Edited by M. W. CLIT.8KV. postmaster of the House Of 
Kci»rcseiil.itlves of the UiiUed Slates. 

^I*HE iimli'rsigneil lias been appointed .Agent for the 

I Stat«»ur iietidicky fur Ihe above valuable work, 
and reapecirnlly cull-* the atlcntinti of Politicians, nn«i 
all who wish to be thoroughly po.sted up in the political 
events of the coiinlr}, to the advantages of this book. 

II if* designed lo enable every citizen to acpiaint him- 
self readily with the irno bearing *ff each pcditical issue 
which i.s presented lo him fur his decision, and will re- 
lieve him from too groat a de| eiidence ujioii the partial 
statements ol gr«!al political ipieslious, wliich general- 
ly charade riz** the speeehf*sund e-*a  s of the politicians 
of the pres ‘iil 'lay. 

It is published in one large octavo volume of 71M 
pages, w iih copious index and apiiemlix. coninining sta- 
tistical tables ol tile imports an«l e.vnorts of the United 
.8iale.s, the area  jf each Slate, tVc. It is printed on tlae 
paper, in plain ly] e,und bound in a snbsiuntial form. 
Ptibli»hed bv subscription. Price $3. 

M. WHIITINGKAM, 

Jan. .*», AtwJm. Frankfort, ify. 

lEflTUC y GENT8AI RAILROAD 



as usual at the firet ol .M ircli, were very lari:e. | t' “ | euii..ii!i..ry.-/y,«. 

probably a million and a ball’ changing Immls — i'* tur. 



There was a great dein tnd for inone 
rales of interest paid, *»ne per cent 
average. 



Hll'l go )d 
being the 



Star 



Another Fight at Washington. — I h 
of Saturday evening has the following: 

In the course of last evening the Hun. riio . 
\V. Bowie, of .Maryland, and .\lr. A . S. H. White, 
of this city, while enjoying themselves as friends 
in the saloon of the National Hotel, had n ints 
understanding, in tho course of wliich the for 
mcr used very harsh and severe language to- 
ward the latter, and laid his cane upon his shoul- 
der. 'Chis was resented by a half dozen heavy 
blows from the enne of Mr. W., ere bystan lers 
could interfere. 

After that was accomplished, however, .M 
White pitched into a mutual friend, .Mr. Ciutcli 
ett, who had aided in dragging him away from 
the scene of his first encounter, 'i'hey were 
separated only after a pretty free use of their 
walking sticks and a rough tumble und rolling 
over which generated a commotion hardly second 
to the main fight of the niglit in that ring. It 
is said that in the melee a pistol was fired, the 
b.ill of which went through Mr. Bowie’s hat, but 
wc have been unable to learn from any one 
pre.scnt that any such weapon was drawn or used 
on the occasion. 



0*.-\ Utter from .'^avannali stv-: 

.A large ‘'aleof negroes i-* t. iking place to day 
at the race course Nearly four hiimlred ami 
•fifty lu'lungiiig to Pierce ^'tller, the late hi‘«bain1 
of .Mrs. Fanny Kemble ILiiler, are to be sold. 
I learn that the average price tlius far i.s about 
$7ll0. Thi.s sale has attracte*] a large numhor 
of buyers (rum all p.irls of the country; and the 
competition has been quite spirited. Prices rule 
high, and is prolt able the paties selling will be 
well satisfied. 






c. 

[C!r In ?“outh Carolina Ihe slave population is 
383,000. The white population 283,000. 'I'he 
increase of population among tbe blacks is three 
times as great as it is among tho whiles 



Pales OF Property. — We neglected to notice 
a short time since, that Dr. Jackson, had sold 
hie three story brick building, on the cast side of 
the Court House lot, to Mr. VV. Al. Stout. The 
price paid Mr. Stout, was $G,5(K). 

Mr. John U. Rochester has sold his fiue resi- 
dence, at the west end of .Main street, first be 
yond the College property, for the sum of $4, 250, 
I'lie purchaseris j. H. Thomas, Fistp, of Bartis 
town, of the firm of Robertson & 'Phomas, mail 
contractors. 

On Wednesday last, Mr. George H. Dobyns, 
sold his farm, 1G7 acres, in this county, to Dr. 
Burke, of Shelby, for $40 per acre. Tho farm 
lies on the Hustonville turnpike, and was for 
merly owned by Col. A. A. Anderson. The 
laud is only second rate in quality. ~Danrt7/« 
7Vi6Mr?e 



.Mr. Lowe. — Wc deem it *lue to the memory 
of the late Thomas S'. Lowe to say that two re 
spectable genllcineii from H.iwesville, who were 
witnesses of the late occurrences lht*re, have as- 
sured us po.-iliv' ly ih.il Lowe di l not wear a 
co:U-of-mail or ;inv defensive armor upon tlie 
occasion of his encounter with .M.ixwoU and 
others. One of them assorts not only th.it he 
saw Lowe's person b. trod to the skin, but that 
he examined his clothes, and llmt, altliougli 
there were a go'nl many lioles in the coat, there 
was not one in the vest or shirt. 

Our inforinant.s say it was in direct proof Ito 
foie tlie Grand Jury that Lowe wore no coat of 
mail upon the occasion of the affr.iv- — Lsu. Jour. 
W'ednesday. 



(rm I.VtiTO.N wit LKJkl.MH'O.V niVISION 

NOW OI'KN TO MCHOLASYILLK ) 

( tilNNlCC'n.NG al il|c. morning und evening. 

. wlilj xplondid lw»*lv«’ soil pus*engcr coaches for 
Uanvillf. Lunca-lor. f iarrotUbiirg. Soinor&ot, ('rab Or- 
clmrd. .’’’'(uiirord aiu! I.ot anoi*. 

T\v*» 'rmiiiH Each \trty. 

IIIK KXFliE.'^.S iHAiN 
('o* niiftoii Rt 7:l.» f -M. und arrives ul Lexing- 
ton al i‘J . M .. and ul Nirhol.-if*vill ' nt A. M.— 

jf. L.- ivot .Niriiola-viin- :it 1:10 1*. .M. and ar- 
riven at CoviiiKi.ni iit 7 F. .M. i*.t-*-».‘nger» by tlila train 
arrive In Hanvtilc. llarrod.- burg or I. tiica*l«‘r, in lime 
Tor 'liiuier. 'I'liis tram uNn coiineciH w-ltli ntagn 1 m« 
ul PariH. lo .Ma sville, Miltcr^biirg. ('ariiale, Sharjis- 
bnr;f. Bine l-ick. \^‘inchC3l♦•r, .Ml -'•'le rlii.g and George 
town; al I.«‘\mgfoii with (*tage lineal** J{tchtnoiid, Lon 
don, V»’r-*;iille’* tVii.cliCHl'-r. BarboiirHville, (’umber- 
land Gap. 

rHK A(:CO.M.Mt)H,\TIO-N I'HAI.N 
I.eave.s Nicliolasville al .»:in A. M., I.exingtnn at A 
M ,:knd arrive«* at Covington ut It A. M.; {*toppiiig al 
Haris for breakfast. Keliirning. I(*aves Covington at 
.arlt) P. .M.. Lexingirm al 7:l.i P M .and arrives ut 
.Nil liolaiiville al7:.' 5 P. M. I'ab'i-ngers l y inl? train ar- 
live at Danv ill«* wiino eviming. 

FHKlGlir 'IHAI.N.N le.ive daily. Fri’iglil received 
np to 5 O'clock P. .M. 

F )H TICKKT.s, or informalioii, al tho Ticket 

Oirc**-* ‘»f Hd' (‘ompanv, in Cincinnati and Covington. 

C. A. WU MEKS, Sup'l. 

I». 'I C|.«RK, (•eiieral T icket .Agent . 

TH K (.LAIN I BUS I.INE will cull for pasHcngors in any 
paA of Cincinnati, ('* * ington. O' Newport. 

MareiiiL I^.V.^. Cl..\YTO.N A YOUNG. 



Sale OF Fayette Land— High Prick-*. -.Mr. 
C. T. Worley, auctioneer, sold on 'riuirsday. 
thre*’ parcels of land belonging lo Thomas Jack 
non, four miles from this city, on the (Lorge 
town pike, at the following pric» s; one tract of 
9 acres at .$*318 50 per acre, one tract of eight 
acres at $160 per acre, and tlie other at $77 per 
acre. 'I’he latter piece lie.**  ome distance from 
the pike, and was porch ised by James Poarson. 
'Phe first iiam*Ml wore pnrchaS'Ml by Mis. Wil- 
son, and aie but laiorly improved — Observer tV 
Reporter 



Ah! .Mr. Magoffin, 

Your siieeriij* and .«coffin’ 

Will do you no good against Bell! 
'Pile pe* pte tloii’t like von, 
Next Allgu^t they'll siiike you 
A blow that will send you lo— ahem! 
warm place, politically 



Residence for Sale in Frankfort. 

I AA'l.^H t  -«elt inv Family H*‘sidem'e, in tho city ^ 
of Fraiikfori. UislovaUtd lav orably for a fam- |j|| 

Uy re9i*l**nce, ai»«l is protml»lyoneofiho most con. 

venloiil hmiMM in (lie city ft»r a larg** family, having 
nbniiihtnce of room, willi a lurg** fl'ie )urd. sot in Fruit 
Tre*’ ; uNo, good nUibles. und oilier out hou.'tes, all In 
good or*ler. 

.MohI of Co* room-* liavo been luleL I'urpeled with 
the best c:irpe|«. nil of whii h w i I be dd with iho house, 
to i»;i* e tfoi.ble. 

I |(ri'* iiinc Uiul iio ii-'rson would purebuso without 
Ilrs .1 i^vumliiiog the premise-*, I tliurv'loru reijuest thoso 
who mav vvisii to obtain a g  od r *’«idence, to cull and 
exumino il for themstdves. 

It will l «  . old for imieh iu-*)* thiiii it Ikih eu«l mo, and 
iip«»n rea oiiab|t* term.’*. 

l)- c. A G. HOIHJES. 

I Notice to School Teachers. 

|rpHK undersigned, InHleo-* of School District No. 13, 

. I Fr.Mikiin couiilt. Ky , wish |c cinplov n Classical 
• ^••„cllcr for Hu- Di“iricl School. 

ITic number of scholars ure suilivient for one teacher, 
j ainl the p.-*  iomd ‘ * ' .... 



very 



) ply imihCiiiutelv . 
lulKN C.AHTErt, i 
J. ti. rHUTCHEK, ^ 



A. qUIN, 
Frankfort, Fob. ?1, IH59-wA:tw2w. 



The Frankfort commonwealth, 1859-03-15

2 pages, edition 01

 Persistent Link: https://kentuckynewspapers.org/catalog/xt7crj48q83z
 Local Identifier: frc1859031501 : 24712
 JSON Metadata: https://kentuckynewspapers.org/papervault/frc/xt7crj48q83z.json
Location
  Published in Frankfort, Ky., Kentucky by Hodges, Todd & Pruett
   Franklin County (The Bluegrass Region)