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date (1865-03-23) topic_Church_Faith_and_Free_Thought newspaper_issue 


Volume I. 



The Ancient Theory of the Prrsbjjertan The spiritual rewlaris sould requyre the all “ loyal” Presbyterians to rejoice with | love One Another. : truth ns it is in Jesu». Ob isitnot' But if the lack of all poetic table and 

^ •» • : “*'■ f-- eb,uti.u , c.p.oi.j .wuy di.,u.u6.. . b. 

ana punisu vyee, ana to maintain ine Synod of Wissoun, (a Synod injunction, and it becomes all Christian ' 


Toeonto, Canada, March 8 , '65. 

3Ir. Editor : You are aware that the 

Rev. Stuart Robinson is not an idler in independence of the Church | their boundis. 

To show that the doctrines of the spiri - 1 liber tie and quietness of the kirk within 

the Lord B vineyard. Persecuted in one , which it is the exclusive aim of j 

cifj?, he may fleo to another ; but wher- , Christian Commonwealth” to 

ever he goes, his voice is lifted up in de- , gjpj,und, advocate and defend, are not 

' the faith once delivered to the 

new — are not originated by us for any 

fence of 

^**'"*®- _ . . 1 purposes of disturbance, as has been 

During the present winter, in addition l charged, — hut are the old 

to the Sabbath morning service, which I doctrines of the Church 

has u-iually been an expo-itor^discoui.''e I which we spring ; we publish for 

the benelit of Bueh of onr readers as 

on some portion of the New Testament, 
the Doctor has been delivering in the 
evening a course ot lectures on the Pent- 
ateuch. services have been well 
attended, the lectures especially, attract- 
ing largo and intelligent audiences, a 
great proportion of whom are profes- 
sional gentlemen, and young men in 
er''i';''"''on with the \arioiis lit^rsry in 
Btiiuuuus of the city. 

Recently having reached, in the regu- 
lar course of his lectures, that poriion 
of the Mosaic code relating to the insti- 
tution of Hebrew slavery, the Doctor 
was necessitated to make a break in the 

have never investigated the subject — 
an extract from the Second Book of Dis- 
cipline, according to which the govern- 
ment of the Church of Scotland was es- 
tablished in 1592 and 1G90. This quota- 
tion, it will be perceived, covers the 
whole ground oooupied by the “Free 
Christian Commonwealth.” 

It may also he worth our while to 
state, that those same doctrines are laid 
down with great emphasis and clear- 
ness in Robinson'.s “(iJhurch of God,” 

18. The magistrate commands exter- ■ when all its members arc present,; 

nail things for externall peace and quy- ! defaced and mutilated the Recoids ol 
etnes amongis the subjects ; The minis- that Synod last fall, ‘by expunging the 
ter handles externall thingis onlie lor ; jg^l, against 

conscience cause. ■ , . « i i 1 1 n 

19. The magistrate handles externall General Assembly of 

things onlie, and actions done befoir ! that year, known as the “ Spring Reso- 
roen : Bot the spiritual rawler ju Iges I lutions;” a protest agaiust whicli was 
both inward affections and externall ac- ; entered upon the Minutes of the A.ssem- 
tions, in rc.‘ pect of conscience, be the ; jjjy^ unj i^igacd by sixty names. Dr. 

-ti • j 1 Hodge heading' the list. These editors 

20. The civill magistrat craves and I , , . - , -r 

gettis obedience be the sword, and uther i ^erdy to pick up, if not in- 

externall meanis; Bot the ministrio be l^ent items, which they call Church news, 
tno spiritual! sword, and spirituall niea- ■ only calculated to iniaio tho good name 
nis : ; of faithful ministers oC^he gospel. Ihc.-ie 

21. The magistrat neither audit rebuke ago, i^dom aqd good 

preich, minister the saoramentis, ' „ess, with a flipancy which ill becomes 
execute the ceusuns ot toe kirk, nor yet : , ' r- i. xt -rr- 

preserjvo any rewll how it sould be 1 successors ofjlr. M Kinney, and 

which numbers one hundred and teveu- • people to ascertain whether they are ful- 

I mightily •unto God, that lie would deliv- a critic on all matters of a poetical na- 

done; bot command the ministeris to 
observe the rewll commandit in the word, 
and punish the transgressouns be civill 
meanes : The ministeris cxerco not the 
civill jurisdiction, bot teich the magis- 
gistrat how it sould be excreit according 
in the second volume of Rev. Dr. ! (g rrord. 

! Breckinridge’s work on Theology, ch. ! 22. The magistrat aucht to assist, : 

course, or proceed in the face ol popu-' 21  t. These facts speak for themselves, mentain and fortifio the jurisdiction of I published in Cincinnati, Ohio and edit- *• "i" ' Y.n* " r-ij"' "" 

which makes somo of their wise»t reauers 
wish that he had vacated his editorial 
chair, if it were necessary at all, to those 
who would not so boldly advocate a gos- 
pel of blood. Coming still further west, 
we notice 

"the sresbyteb,' 

and fully acquit tliu editors ot tins pa 
of Scripture, he cho.-e the latter alter- Church 

native, and delivered the ablest ! jigtygy into strange and perilous paths, by 

on the Bible view of slateiy it has ever | gyugig^jy^iy proving, that on the con- 
hcen our pleasure to bear. On the. 1 ri- ,^^y^ whole spirit and bearing of 
day evening succeeding, he was "oex- j 

pectedly called upon by a committee of | Church back to its true and 

Canadian gentlemen, who, in tire name j, from which it is now 

of lire Canadian portion of his aueiience ; blindly wandering t 

filling this command. It was given by 
Christ himself as a test by which his 
disciples would be reeognixed as being 
his true followers, in contradistinction 
to all those who followed him from oth- 
er than pure Christian motives. *• By 
this shall all men know that ye are my i 
disciples, if ye have love one to another.” 
This then is a distinctive mark of Chris- 
tian character, and a careful reader of 
the Bible will not fail to see how fre- 
quently this injunction is repeated, and 
what fearful threatenings are denounced 
upon those who violate or disregard it. 

This “lovo one to another,” was not 

only a test of discipleshipito others^ hut. and without design. With these dark 

according to the Scriptures, it is a test 
unto ourselves , “ We know that we have 
passed from death unto life, because we 
love the brethren.” 

Tlie ScriptureB arc equally explicit in 
declaring that hatred toward our broth- 
er, is no less a test of our condemnation : 
In this tho children of God are mani 

the word, providing they neglect not 
their awin charge be involving theni- 
selfis in civill affairs. 

23. Finally, as ministeris are subject 
to the judgement and punishment of 
the magistrat in externall things, if 
they offend: So aucht the niagistratis to 
submit theinselfis to the discipline of 
the kirk.gif they transgresse in matters 

—comprising more than four-fifths of | ^ The kirk of God is suitttymes larg- ! of conscience and religidun 

R — presented him with a complimentary . ]|g Pyj. all them that professe the 7 ... ■ . *"*r* I i” 

address, beautifully engrossed upon ; Evangill of Jesus Christ, amd so it is a j '' 

parchment, accompanied by a handsome j company and fellowship not onrly of| 

as a token of their personal es- godly, but also of hypocrites pro- | 

by i;r. :uoniort. Lt is a large paper, | fiycver doeth not righteousness is not of 

(its own oft repeated recommendation; ; by that loveth not his broth- 

the exact number of inches in length .. jpg that loveth not 

and breadth we have forgotten, and not . brother ahideth in death.” 
having seen the paper for some month “ | iiy,y the import of these state- 

past, we have probably missed the latest j myi,ts to the professed people of God at 
measurement. In general terms, we j this moment ; and what an appeal should 

er us from the fearful eonsequeuces of ! ture, how much more tUoroughly does 
this apostasy ; and implant again in the ; ignorance and inexperience of religion 
hearts of his professing people that ' disqualify men for being the historians 
which is still the test of true disciple - 1 of great religious movements and prin- 
ship, viz: “ i.ove one to another.” | eiples in the world? It was altogether 

i to bs expected that Gibbon should write 
I as he did about the spread of Christiani- 
j ty. Utterly incapahlc of underatand- 
I ing the nature of that great power, he 
ten by inGdels, or by those who hardly j equally incapable of giving any 
acknowledge God in the affairs of tho ! satisfactory historical account of 

tor the Free Cbridtian Commonwealth. 

TroTldence in History. 

Most of our histories have been writ- 

world. And ho who finds no God in 
history, is not likely to find him anywhere 
else. History has been written and read 
as if it were a succession of accidents, 
a wild region oj events, without order 

it. And what was true of Gibbon, was 
equally true of llume. Blind as to the 
truth and worth or the Christian reli- 
gion, his arguments against it are the 
blunders of ignorance and the prejudi- 
ces of a corrupt heart. We might as 
^;cll expect the flottentot'to understand , 
and rejoice in all the departments of 

Can it be a wonder and philosophy, as 

for historians of this order to give 
any just account of the men and move- 
ments which Christianity has produced 
in the world. Amiccs. 


teem and their high appreciation of his 
mioisterial services. On the following 
Sabbath, at the close of the evening ser- 
vice, before pronouncing the benedic- 
tion, the Doctor alluded to this incident, 
remarking with evident emotion, that, 
while he had been heretofore unwilling, 

may say, that it i.s a fraction of an inch 
larger than the “• Presbyterian" and 
“Standard,” i. c. taking the statement 
of Dr. .'lontfort himself as authority, 
though in justice to the “ Prcsbyteiian, " 
we may also say, that the latter claims 

It is not the purpose of tho present 
fessing aiwayis outwardlv 77 e true reli- ' writing, to give the hi.story and gencalo - 1 to he the largest of the two 


2. Uther tymes it is takiu for the god- 
lie and elect onlie, 

3. And suiuiyne.s for them that exer- 
cise the spiritual function amongis tho 
congregation of them that professe the 

4. The kirko in this last sense lies a 

i gy of these journals, but rather to present 

and was still, under existing circumstan- : certaine power grantit be God, accor- 
ces unwilling, to receive any conipensa ; quhilk it uses a proper juris- 

. • • .1 . 1 1 • 1 . diction and government, exerciseit to 

tton for his services, that his good might „ f , 

not he evil spoken of, he had not found | 3 ecclcsiasiicall is an au- 

it in his heart to decline what had been thoritie granlit be God the Father, throw 

so generously tendered merely a.s a to | the Mediator Jesus Christ, unto his kirk 

ken of good-will and esteem; that he ; K^^ierit, and having the ground in the 

had been actuated in his labors among 

them, solely by a Je^ire to instruct them. 

in brief outline, their various, though 
somewhat similar characteristics. 

The first which we shall mention, is 

"the rnESBVTERUN,” 

published in Philadelphia, and the old- 
est, perhaps, of all the religious journals 

Dr. Monfort has at present a.s his hob- 
by, the union of the Old and N w 
School, upon the anti-slavery basis, and 
so earnest upon this subject is !.e, 
that he has gone into partnership 
with somo New School minister, and 
publishes another paper, with its title 

in our Church. For many years this ! story, to-wit: “Re- 
paper sustained a h gh reputation fgp , uDioti 1 resbytorian. Thislatter journal 
conservatism and sound judgment, in all j I'ave not seen, butas it probably will 
matters pertaining to the welfare of the \ ‘-‘oD'-ern, we expect that 

Presbyterian Church ; heuee its circula- j exist ; for it must bo re- 

tion extended over ihe whole country. I ™®“G-iercd that Dr. Monfort is always 
We do not mean by this, to say, thatj ^®®^'"8 •‘I'ler llio “main chance, 
we have approved of all ihc me.asures | M e now come to  *hyi one nearest home, 


word of God ; to he put in execution 
be them, unto ijahom the spirituall gov- 

ru- vr • , advocated by this journal, but only, that, 

to the best of hi3 ability, in a knowledge is commitnt. ' ^ ^ 

of Divine truth, and to counteract, as / The polieie of the kirk flowing 

far as pos.siblc, that subtle form of De- : 

. 1 . • • • ppinruall goverument, quhilk is exer- 

ism which 13 beginning to insinuate members appoyntit thereto 

itself into Lnglish and American liter- | ^ 1,0 word of God : And therefore is 

ature, and which regards the Old Testa- ' gevin immediately to the office leararis, 
ment as a book containing a religion 1^® quhoui it is exerci.sit to the weile of 

adapted to a semi barbarous age, and w , , j • n- • • . 

^ J • 1 .u .u 1 - • power IS divcrslie usit : Forihas become drivelling in its weakness, 

less pure and spiritual an he religion seryerally cxcrmsit.chief- i petulant in its malignity, and “ loyal,” 

ly by the leacharis, sumtyme coniunctly : .... .. . . ^ . 

.L . u • : not to the constitution, but to the fool- 
be mutiiall coosent of them that beir ’ 

it maintained in all its discussions a dig 
tiified tone and bearing, and exerted a 
wide influence for good in the Church 
generally. In an evil houf, however, 
icnth-rate-ism mounted the editorial 
chair, and for several years past it has 
not sustained its former character ; but 

taught in the New Testament; that he 
had endeavored to show them that iho 
gospel by Moses and the gospel by Mat- 
thew were one and the same gospel ; 
that all Scripture is by inspiration of 
God, and profitable for instruction in. 
righteousness ; and that if in this way 
be had armed any young man, or rather 
had enabled any young man to arm him- 
self in the whole panoply of God, he 
would consider that a mure ample com- 
pensation fur his toil than all the gold 
in Canada. 

It is worthy of remark, that on the 
Sabbath evening succeeding that upon 
which the Doctor delivered his lecture 

the office and charge, after the forme of 
judgement. The former is commonly 
callit poteflus ordinh, and the uther po 
ttstiis j II r isi I i rliun is. 

8 . These two kinds of power have 
both one authority, ene ground, one fi- 
nail cause, but are different in the man- 
ner and forme of execution, as is evident 
be the speiking of our Master in the 16 
and 18 of M itihew. 

9. This power and polieie ecclesiasti- 
cull is diS'cient and distinct in the awin 
naturefrom that power and policiequhilk 
is call it tho civill power, and apper- 
tenis to the civill government ot the 
common welth : Albeit they be both of 
God, and tend to one end, if they be 

on the Bible view of slavery, he had a ' ' '.Rh'lic usit, /o loi’r, to advance the glorie 
larger audience than ever before ; every ! to have godlie and gud 

scat was taken, the platform occupied. 

I subjcctis. 

' ! 10. For this power ccclcsiasticall 

the steps ou each side of it, and those flows immediatlie from God, and the Me- 
between tho rows of seats in the gallery, 
while quite a number stood up in the 
aisles. Although the services we e pro- 
tracted, and the subject of the lecture 
not of peculiar interest, (the Tabernacle 
and its Design ) there was the profound- 
est attention, without any sign uf impa- 

It can be justly said of Dr. Robinson, 
as it cannot be said of all men similarly 
situated, that he preaches as one set for 
the defense of tho gospel, not shunning 
to declare all the counsel of God, wheth- 
er men will hear or whether they will 

Should you see proper to give this 
communication a place in your columns, 
you will doubtless confer a favor upon 
tho numerous friends of Doctor R. in 
Kentucky and elsewhere, who will he 
pleased to learn that, while persecuted 
by, and at the instigation of breth- 
ren, as many suppose, who prefer the 
sword to the keys, and would lay the 
crown of Christ at the feet, of Cresar, he 
is still battling for the prerogatives of 
the King in Zion, and, in the good prov- 
idence of God, his sphere of usefulness 
has been rather enlarged than diminish- 
ed. T. G. 

diator Jesus Christ, and is spirituall, 
held ou earth, bot onlie Christ, the onlie 
spirituall King and Governour of his 

11. Therefore this power and polieie 
of the kirk sould leane upon the word 
immediatlie, as the onlie ground thereof, 
and sould be tane from the pure foun 
tains of tho Scriptures, (the kirk) bear- 
ing the voyco of Chri t the onlie spiri- 
tuall King, and being rewlit be his laws. 

12. It is a title faislie usurpit be 
Antichrist, to call himselfc held of the 
kirk, and aucht not to be attribute to 
angel or man, of what estait that ever 
he be, saving to Christ the onlie Held 
and Monarch of the kirk. 

13. It is proper to kings, princes, and 
magistrates to be callit loidis, and dom- 
inators over their subjectis, whom they 
govern civilly, hot it is proper to Christ 
onlie to bo callit Lord and Master in 
the spirituall government of the kirk, 
and all uthers that beiris office therein 
aueht not to usurp dominion therein, 
nor be callit lordis, bot onlie ministe- 
ris, disciples, and servantis. For it is 
Christis proper office to command and 

ish and absurd schemes of the pseudo- 
philanthrophy of New England, which 
has made it no longer a journal carrying 
weight in its arguments, but a loathing 
rather to the true men of the Church, 
who have stood up for principle, amidst 
all the fanaticism of the times; that 
principle which, in days past, has been 
the glory of the Presbyterian Church in 
the United States of America. VVe come 
next to 

"the standard,” 
published also in Philadelphia, but why 
published there, or anywhere else, would 
be a question too difficult for any “Phil- 
adelphia lawyer” to solve? The “Stan- 
dard” is edited by Alfred Nevin, D. D., 
not Niven, but Nevin. This he is care 
fill to tell his readers, lest they might 
suppose him to be kin to some “ rebel” 
preacher, who spells his name with i in- 
stead of e after the N. The “ Standard” 
is a large paper, and, according to Dr. 
Monfort, who is good authority upon 
that point; is nearly as large as the 
“Presbyter;” the latter being a frac- 
tion of an inch larger than the “ Presby- 
terian,” and the “Standard,” he says is on- 
ly some halfinchsmallerthan tho“Pres- 
byter,” according to actual measure- 

tbey make to Christians to examine their 
hearts before God, and see if they can 
stand by this test ; or whether they will 
not have to say, “ we are verily guilty 
concerning our brother.” It will be vain 
to put this enquiry aside. It must be 
met ; and it will be better that we should 
meet it now, while God is waiting to be 
gracious, than that it should meet us as 
our condemnation at the bar of God. It 
is a fact as well established as any other 
in Christian experience, that tho failure 
to cultivate a spirit of love t jwards each 
other, is sure to produce leanness of 
soul and rob us of much of the joy 
which springs from the cultivation of 
this grace in the heart. 

What a spectacle do we behold -as we 
look over this once fair and happy land. 
Our churches full of contention, one 
ni ‘mbor arrayed in bitter hostility 
ui'aiiidt unolhor, and tho pure spirit of 
: the gospel supplanted by the spirit of 
hatred and malice. This spirit is also 
found in families where once it was care- 
fully excluded, and has poisoned the 
very fountains of love and peace, having 
engendered strife between husband and 
wife, father and son, mother and daugh- 
ter, brother and sister. To our minds 
there is nothing so sad amidst all the 
sad events which pass before us in such 
rapid succession in these times, as the 
utter breaking up of these pure and 
holy relations in the family circle. And 
it does not stop here. We find it in all 
the social relations of life. Friendships 
of long standing, and thought to be so 
firmly cemented by repeated acts of re- 
ciprocal kindness, are snapped asunder 
in a moment by this foul spirit which is 
brooding over our land. 

It has no doubt appeared strange to 
others, as it has to ourselves, that many 
of those, who, in days past, have always 
exhibited so much of the spirit of kindness 
and affection, are now transformed into 
blood-thirsty persecutors,yea persecutors 
of their former friends and companions. 
Thisppiritscems, in an alarming degree, 
to have taken possession of many of the 
ministers of the gospel in every denomi- 
nation ; and in many parts of the country 
hey are making sad havoc of the church. 

ment! Its articles generally, are windy , ^33 embraced the popular doctrine of 
and superficial, rather of the braying 

which is published in Danville. Ky , aid 
edited by Drs. Humphrey and Yerkes, 

Professors in tiie Danville Theological 
Seminary. This journal is the successor 
of a Monthly Migazine, bearing the 
same name, which lived one year in this 
city, under the euitorial management of 
Rev. Messrs. M'Keo & Cleland. Th ^ 
party who projected this journal seemS 
to have been somewhat doubtful as to 
which they loved most — the Church or 
the Country. And to show their com- 
plete impartiality, they chose for its 
motto, “ Our Whole Church, and our 
Whole Country.” We have only glanc- 
ed over a few of tho numbers of this 
paper,and consequently can say butlittle 
about it. In their prospectus, the edi- 
tors told us that tho Old “ Presbyterian 
Herald,” would bo their model, hut so 
far as we are able to judge, they have 
not yet actualized their ideal, which by 
the way is never easily done. We have, 
however, a good share of patience, and 
we will in this instance, “ let patience 
have its perfect work." The paper may 
grow better as it grows older. 

There is one journal which wc have 
passed over — the 

NEW YORK “observer." 

published in New York City, which, 
though not, strictly speaking a Prc.sby- ! -A gentleman in one of the largest cities 
terlan paper, its prime editor is a Pres- j in the interior of a neighboring State, 
byterian minister. This journal boasts 1 stated to a friend of ours some two 
of two departments, a “Secular” and I months ago, that though tho two great 
“Religious,'' though it is oftentimes dif- ^ political parties are about equally divi 

' ded in that city, that nearly all the Chris- 
tion people of one of these political 
parties had been driven from all the 
evangelical Churches in that city, by 
tho blood-thirsty spirit of the clergy ; 

ficult to tell which is which. It former- 
ly had a large circulation in the South, 
as well as in the North, and to make up 
for its loss of Southeru patronage, it 

order. Its editor uses the scissors freely, 
and intimated some time ago, that the 
“selected matter” was the best part of 
his paper, which is the only evidence 
we have ever had that he was conscious 
of his own productions lacking the 

war and abolition. Of late the editor : nnfl '“““J Protestants are now wor- 
seems to have, speaking in tho vernacu- : '’niping in the Roman Catholic Church, 
lar “ struck ile.” This we judge from w^'®''® H ®y ‘^®y ®®®“P® G*® 
the’ marvelous drenching of his re:uler.s ®ff®r®d them by the ministers from Pro- 
with long flaming advertisements of Pe- ^ ^ incident occurs 

troleum stocks; also his pointing out the i t® '^® 

safest and most lucrative investments in ® refined Christian lady of that 

ability to interest his readers; though, this kind of stocks, which is no doubt j ®‘‘y- ^®r husband and herself were 

we suppose, in the natural fitness of . interesting Sabbath reading, especially | traveling ; when suddenlj he was taken 
things, he has probably found read- , to those whose consciences have become j sick, and before he could reach home, 

. ersonough who could not contain more i guppiounder the inflaence of Petroleum, be died; and to the kind minister of 

rular'kirk! ih“row Y'spirk 7n7Xd, ' ’ We have simply mentioned a few of | ‘be gospel though a stranger to her, 

be the ministrie of men. ; ^®.®'' '"®®'"- w“bout producing some the peculiarities of these journals. It 1 ®®‘ beloogmg to the same denomi- 

11 . Notwithstanding, as the minis- ®^'* consequences. Coming westward, jg a fruitful theme; but we refrain from | “®Gon, who had afforded her consolation 
! feris and uthers of the ecclesiasticall es- we notice the , nnt;p» of them for the nresent 1 ‘® ber sad and sudden bereavement, she 

tail arsuljcet to the magistrat civil,, so " raESBYTERtAN ban.ner” I:d mly^u^^^^ 

aucht the person oi the magistral be 1 1 - r , - ^ ^ the funeral service of my husband ; for 

subject to the kirk spiritually, and - P.ttsburgh, Pa., edited by ^ ture occasion. ^ J.jj 

Dr. Payson says, “ If you put a bright 
shilling into a child's hand, he will be 
pleased with it ; but tell him of an es- 
tate in reserve for him, and he pays 
little attention to you. So men and wo- 
men are olten more delighted with pres- 
ent comforts than with the prospects of 
future glory.” 

ecclesiasticall government. 

i Rev. James Allison and Robert Patter- 

shadows resting upon it, can we woudes 
that scepticism has not been more com 
mon than it has? 
that it has darkened the spirit of so ma- 
ny in life, and robbed them of all conso- 
lation in death? With what delight and 
minuteness have historians dwelt upon 
the events and characters of great men? 
their birth, their native land, their 
education, their battles, their victories, 
their and failures, the na- 

tions they conquered, and tho splendor 
of their deeds. Statesmanship, oratory 
and war fill up the splendid panorama. 
All this is made to pass before the reader 
in gorgeous and magnificent review. 
But in all this parade of empire, and in 
all this grandeur of imagery, the whole 
stands out boldly and bleakly without 
the movements of a providence or the 
showings of an Almighty hand. Every 
thing is shown and acknowledged but 

We are made to see from what small 
beginnings a State arises — how gradual- 
ly it extends its territory, its strength, 
and its renown. We follow tho histo- 
rian in all his details and amplifications 
till we see the great national structure 
rising in all its power before us. Small- 
er nations recline in its shadow, and 
feel safe in tho protection of its power. 
But after awhile every stone begins to 
loosen, the foundations begin to give 
way, and age and decay distinguish the 
appearance of the whole structure. And 
as wo advance along the historic jour- 
ney, we see the fall and hear the sound 
afar, of that mighty fabric which grew 
for centuries before onr eyes, and which 
seemed to reach an eminence, a strength, 
and a stability which time itself could 
not destroy. Yet, strange as it may ap- 
pear, and stupid as it is, this empire 
which has spread its arms abroad and 
afar, and whose power and duration were 
measured by ages upon ages, is scarcely 
referred to as manifesting the divine gov- 
ernment, or as illustrating the wonders 
and existence of a supreme and eternal 
Providence. Yet it rose and prospered, 
declined and passed away, and filled its 
destiny on earth, under the care and 
guardianship of Him, without whom it 
could not have existed at all. And yet 
all this passes unnoticed, if not un- 
known, by the paltry shallowness of the 
historian. This bastard offspring of 
unbelief is a disgrace to our historical 
literature, and a source of corruption to 
its readers. 

Our histories to a great extent need 
to be re-written, not only by men equal 
to the tasls in all the learning proper to 
the case,' but by men endowed with all 
the moral and religious qualifications 
necessary to the proper understanding 
and statement of such things. The 
grandest scenes in all tho universe ap- 
pear in the majestic movements of an 
all powerful Providence extending to all 
that is small and to all that is great in 
universal existence. 

The idea of a universal Providence, 
dropped out of the pages of history, be- 
drivels the whole affairs of all history, 
and leaves us in the midst of a confu- 
sion to which there is no end. But give 
us the Providence so fully and every- 
where taught in the Bible — a Provi- 
dence operating alike in all the events 
of individual and national existence — 
overturning or favoring the schemes of 
men, and thus conducting his own wise 
plans to a certain fulfilment in spite of 
all powers to the contrary. Such a Pro- 
vidence fills our minds, because it occu- 
pies and fills the fields of history and 
of the universe. 

How stupendous is the power, and 
how glorious is the wisdom of God? In 
all the darkness, disorder and confusion 
of human affairs. His ever directing hand 
is over all. The basest of men rule the 
world when God designs to chastiae it. 
Ho takes away the wise and the mighty, 
and puts babes to rule over nations. 
With such great and worthy ideas of i 

15. And the exercise of both these ' 
jurisdietiones cannot stand in one per- ' 
son ordinarilie. 

15. The civill power is callit the pow- 
er of the sword, and the uther the pow- 
er of the keyes. 

17. The civill power sould command 
the spiritual to exercise and doe their 
office according to tho word of God: 

son. The st. iking peculiarity of this holiness, but a bccom-  ®^® “f ^he ^ (jod, ambition itself grows mild, reck 

political views which he held. 

I lessness of blood dies out, and kings, war- 

journal, is its fierceness of opposition holy ; not health, but a becoming ^ 

to all good men, who are not willing to healthy; not a being, but a becoming Can any man who has not utterly apos- riors, and statesmen, and all the great 
run with them to the same excess of riot, to be ; not a rest, but a labor; we are tatized from the truth, look upon this actors on the theatre of human affairs. 
It is also a stfong advocate of ecclesias- not yet what we shall be ; all is not yet state of things and not be filled with ! assume the true aspect of mere instru- 

. , . ■ . , , , „ done and finished, but in progress ; this , , , 

ncal courts being under the control of .^e way; it glows  =®dness and alarm; 

knowing the result 

Provost Marshals, especially in Missou- i ‘not 7or spaVUes yVt, but every thPng is of it all, must be a fearful relapse into 
ri. It bails with delight, aiul calls upon purifying. — Luther. infidelity, and an utter rejection of the 

ments in the divine hand. It is an omen 
of good when men begin to write about 
God in history. 

Of what use now to Discuss the Slavery 

This is a question now upon tho lips 
of hundreds of honest men, who have 
been made to believe that both political- 
ly and ethically the question of slav'ory 
has been finally settled. However that 
may be as to the political aspects of it — 
which wc are far enough from admit- 
ting — the ethical question, so far from 
being finished, has only been brought, 
by the events of the times, into a shape 
to bo properly understood by tho mass- 
es of the Christian people. 

Hitherto the great principles involv- 
ed in the slavery discussion have been 
developed by a few of the more far-sight- 
ed thinkers of the country; but they 
seemed to the people “ as one that mock- 
ed.” They were sneared at as “ ahsrac- 
tionists” — or, as something worse still, 
the selfish advocates of sin. Meantime 
the leavenof the infidel humanitarianism 
on which the whole anti-slavery move- 
ment has in reality been resting, logic- 
ally, ha* been permeating, not only so- 
ciety at large, but under various treach- 
erous disguises in the Church itself. But 
so subtle has been the process, and so 
well disguised, that even those who per- 
ceived it were unable to make t he_yeoplc 
of God see and comprehend it. Now. 
however, as the calamities tha^ necessa- 
rily follow from fundamental error, be- 
gin to develope the real character of the 
treacherous doctrine tho people can com- 
prehend what before seemed the mere 
reasonings of “abstractionists” and 
warnings of “ alarmists.” 

Just as the naturalists describe to us 
the formation of those great coral reefs 
in the ocean : once founded in the depths 
they begin to rise — slowly it may be, 
but surely toward tho surface — millions 
innumerable of the tiny creatures work 
in'uDsceQ depths silently, but sedulous- 
ly, and the wall rises unobserved by 
the most watchful navigator, t il at 
length some noble vessel, richly freight- 
ed dashes upon it and perishes. So with 
the growth of error in the Church. Lay- 
ing its foundation in the remote depths, 
it rises slowly but surely to its develop- 
ment near the surface. Not the work of 
any one or two or a score of minds, but 
of innumerable unconscious minds, it 
grows up imperceptibly, and they who 
even may discover it and give warning 
of danger lurking under the smooth ex- 
panse, are treated as alarmists, till the 
Church strands upon its perilous top. 
Then the treachery and danger is palpa- 
ble, and all are ready to listen to expo- 
sitions of the nature of the evil and 
the methods of escape from it. 

Those who now stand amazed at the 
condition of the Protestant Churches in 
the United States, and imagine it has 
been brought about by this or that re- 
cent event, or the unaccountable change 
of character in this body of men or 
that, are not less wide of the mark than 
tho navigator who should imagine the 
coral reef to have sprung up within the 
few months since last he passed that way 
safely. The fanatical bloodthirst, and 
malignity ; the laxity of ethical princi- 
ple, and general demoralization of Chris- 
tian practical life ; and the painful in- 
difference to the great doctrines of grace 
for which our fathers testified to the 
death — all this comes not of the war 
merely, but of causes in operation long 
before the war. They are the logical 
and inevitale results of the setting aside, 
or rather the making void the ethical 
law of the scriptures, if not by “tra- 
ditions,” yet by tho glosses put upon 
it to force it into conformity with that 
treacherous philanthropism which so 
skillfully counterfeited the gospel law 
of good will to men as to deceive the 
very elect. It has gradually undermin- 
ed the confidence of the people in the 
gospel as a practical rule of ethics. — 
Hence the present wreck of the Church- 
es. The time has come for pointing out 
calmly and faithfully the cause of the 
evil in the anti-slavery rationalizing in 
the Church. The people can now un- 
derstand the “ abstraotionits.” 


FrCP ClU’iStitUl COIlIltlOnWl^ftUll. j aulijeet of tbo cliurcli ^ And jet in the f icc ol' tlie fact that ' hare proaohed down filavery as the sin, 

— ' wore accepted only under proti st by the . the Scotch fathers iurl to •• tcdcrate what the hatred to which constitutes the Char- 

Coildufteil by an Assotintion of existing organized J’reshyterianism of ■ tliey could not amend,” the evil princi- ity which covers a multitude — nay oov- 

Kev. Jt)HX YOUNG. See. .iiid AgeuU 

LlinSVILlB, kY„ THCKSbAY, IIIRCII 11 1505. 

J» - 

Tlic Westminster doctrine of the rcia 
lion of the CI tII Pon or to the thurih, , teachintrs of .'^cviptu'c 
ii Compromise. The principic of inter- P ' 

preting the utterances of that hra. 

One of the most fruitful sources of 
error, and of the present false position 
of the adherent.^ of the Westminster 
creed, no doubt has arisen from the to- 
tally false conception of the Westmin- 
ster theory of the Church, as being the 
original and germinal Presbyterian view 
of the matter. Hence, learned Doctors 
of Divinity, if they can find an utterance 
or an action of the men and the Church 
Courts that were contemporary with the 
Westminster Assembly appearing to 
countenance the mingling of the civil 
and ecclesiastical, seem to imagine they 
have drawn an authority from original 
sources, whioh ought to silence those of 
ns who acknowledge the YVestininster 
standards, and yet protest against the 
current confusion of the civil and the 
ecclesiastical in.thc United States. 

Now, to say nothing at present of the 
vii' d; different positions of the Church 
: d the State, under the English civil 
■ ■ ‘ion of the 17th, and the Ameri- 
caa CIV., constitution of the 19th cen- 
tury ; and, therefore, of the absurdity of 
arguing from what the Church icas 
obliged to say and do under the tyranni- 
cal and fanatically High Church Stuarts, 
and the no less tyrannical and fanatically 
no- Church Cromwell, to what the church 
ought voluntarily to do under civil 
magistrates, prohibited by the very con- 
stitutional Charter under which they 
hold power from intermeddling with re- 
ligion in any way; it may be shown, his- 
torically, that even the Westminster de- 
velopment of the theory and rights of the 
Church in relation to the civil power, 
was not that which the true repre-enta- 
tives of Presbyterianism preferred, but 
rather what they were obliged to accept. 
That, under the same delusion whioh led 
their American successors astray at the 
opening of the nineteenth century, they 
were led to believe that the no- Church 
Puritanism of England, became doctrin- 
ally accordant with themselves and earn- 
est in its zeal against Episcopacy, eould 
easily be keyed up to homologate with, 
and become even one with Presbyterian- 
ism, they therefore committed them- 
selves to a joint council, which should 
enact common standards comprehensive 
enough to embrar, , both. And, like 
their American uccessors, they found 
thciiiselvei finally jiu ;hed into a oom- 
•-'r oiiii!^e _COvent .V in which, like Paddy’s 
love, ihe reo; :'^ijci;y was all on one 

No ono will suspect a Free Church of 
Scotland man of radical views of tho 
Church and State relation. I'et says 
Dr. Cunningham : “ Tho truth is, that 

at the period of the second lleformation 
and the YVestminster Assembly Presby- 
terian writers, being generally accused 
by their Erastian opponent.s of denying 
the just rights of the civil magistrate, 
because they maintained strictly and 
resolutely the line of demarkation be- 
tween things civil or temporal, and 
things ecclesiastical or spiritual, and de- 
nied to him all jurisdiction or right of 
authoritativecoutrol within theChurch’s 
province — were particuhirly careful to 
bring out prominently, and to c.rprru 
itrongly the whole power, which they could 
honcftly and consistently ascribe to the 
civil magistrate in regard to religion.” 
(Dr. Cunningham in North British Re- 
view, Feb. 1849, in review of Duke of 
Argyle’s “Presbytery Examined.”) 

Even though the Scottish Assembly, 
in adopting, in 1047, the Westminster 
Confession, accepted without modifica- 
tion tho twenty-third chapter, which al- 
lowed to the civil magistrate the right to 
call Synods, yet the same Assembly vir 
tually sanctioned Gillespies “ one hun- 
dred and eleven propositions” as illus- 
trative of the sense put upon the lan- 
guage of the Confession. Among those 
the ninety-seventh proposition declares: 

“Therefore, as to each member of the 
Church respectively, so unto the magis- 
trate, belongeth tho judgment of such 
things, both to apprehend and to judge of 
them; for, although the magistrate ir, 
not ordained and preferred of God, that 
he should bo a judge of matters an:l 
causes spiritual, of which there is con- 
troversy in the Church, yet he is, ques- 
tionless, judge of his own eicil act about 
spiritual things.” 

And the fifty-first proposition de- 
clares ; “ The magistrate calleth togeth- 
er Synods, not as touching those things 
which are proper to Synods — that is not 
as they are assemblies in the name of 
Christ, to treat of matters spiritual, but 
as they are public assemblies within 
his territories.” 

And the act of Assembly by which 
the Church of Scotland formally accept- 
ed the Westminster standards, contains a 
formal statement explaining the sense in 
which they accepted, chap. 31st, viz • 
that the magistrate could call meetings 
of a Synod of Ministers and Pilders 
only in a district where the Church is 
not constituted ; and that the Synod has 
intrinsic power from Christ to meet even 
in spite of the magistrate. 

Nothing can be plainer, therefore, than 
the facts— First, that the Westminster 

Scotland, as the f e«t could be got at 
the time and a- ■•omctliing to be borne; 
with ad idtcri’ri. until those in England, 
with whom it w is desirable to be united, 
could be brongl ' tc cli ::rcr views of the 
•And. secondly, 
that the claim set, up lor the rights of the 

, tion and the solemn command of Assem- , IS (fetn'menfa? to human happiness can- of Chrysostom,, Theopby- 
bly and Conference in the name of, not be productive of virtue . — [Genuine iact, Wolf, Bengel, .t i., ic., is required 
■Christ? or did tho eloquent address of i New England Hermaneutics.] The true by the o / pactiefesii k"i. It 

pies which they were een’ncllcd to toi- er.= a!! their sin ? How far the ministers 
crate concerning the autonomy of the who have sapped the laith of the people 
Church, are now cited .os* their convic- '• in the inspiration and authoritative char- 
tioDS, and as authoritative in justifica- . acler of scripture by tbeir diatribes 
tion of the volunfacy sccukorizatiou of that, as the sin of sins, which 
herself under a free civil constitution! the people esn’t help seeing tho scrip- 
But we weary our readers with such ture tolerates as ethically proper ? If 

civil magistrate in die Church, wore ! discussion of the profound thoughts of space permitted, wc would undertake to 



most jealously waLched and restricted. 
Those familiar with discussions- in the 
Presbyterian Church, i'or twenty years 
past, touching the c.impctency of the 
General Asscmbiic- .md Synods to direct 
secular education, recommend secular 
societies, and mabo deliverances con- 
cerning secular afl'nirs, cannot fail to be 
struck with the resemblance between 
some of the statements of the matter by 
Dr. Thornwell anil others of the same 
views, and this fifry-fir^t proposition of 
Gillespie, endorsed by the Assembly of 
li»47. The very argument of the strict 
constructionists in the modern Presbyte. 
rian Church ha.s been the Assembly 
and Synod as such, .and in their capacity 
as a court of Christ, is incompetent to 
entertain and decide upon saccular ques- 
tions, or make deliverances other than 
upon matters d  fide, binding the con- 
science to duty., if it is important 
to the accomplishment of tho ends of 
the people in establishing secular enter 
prises, to have the weight and influeace 
of the judgmens of ministers and elders, 
let them take advantage of their being 
thus met and go into public meeting or 
convention on the subji ■' I - i ' -'nder- 
taking as a constitv ■ 
to pronounce in th 
cerning matters without their sphere. 
Thus the end can be attained without 
either subverting the reverence for 
Church courts in the minds of tho peo- 
ple on the one band, or invasion of the 
ebristian liberty of the gospel on the 
other. This was obviously tho view of 
the Assembly of 1647, in the an.aiogous 
case of the right of the Civil Magistrate 
as representing the civil interests of 
the people to call for the opinion ot 
mini.sters and elders. As George 
Gillespie would put the case — they could 
answer tho call of the secular publii 
through the civil niagi.stratc not “ qua 
Church,” but only ‘-.{lu prominent cit- 
izens of the St.ate.” 

So far from being the original judgment 
and final of the true Presbyterianism of 
that age as to t! ? toachiug.s of the scrip- 
ture concerning the autonomy of the 
Church, the evidence is clear and abun- 
dant that many of the principles of the 
Westminster Directory were condemned 
by the men in it, or at lea -it regarded as 
confused and iueon.-i.stcuc sUtcmeuls ol 
the truth. Thus in reference to the 
provision for the election of ministers, 
Baillie says : 

“YVehadthe greatest debate for an 
election of ministers. Air. David Cal- 
derwood, was pjrcmtory that, according 
to the second Inok of Di.scipline, the 
election should be given to tho Presby- 
tery, with power to tho major part of 
the people to dissent, upon reason to be 
judged of by (he Presbytery. Air. 

Rutherford and AIv. YVood were as per- 
enitory to put the power and voices of 
election in the body of the people, con 
tradistinct from their eldership ; but the 
most of u- were in Mr. Gillespie’s mind, 
in his miscellanies, that the direction 
was the Presbytery’s, the election the 
Session’s, and the con.-ient the people’s. 
Sundry draughts were offered. Mr. 

YVood’s most siudied, was refused ; Air. 
Calderwood’s also. Air. Ijivingstonc wa.= 
nearer our mind, yet was laid a-idc. 
Mine came nearest tiie mind of all, and 
almost had passed ; but for avoiding di - 
bate (how history repeats itself ;) a ((en- 
ER.VL ('iiNKtrsEi) £.1 Yorm.vG 

leading ns into so many questions there- 
after as any pleased to make,) p.vssed 
WITH .MY (ONSENT. But Air. Caldcr- 
wood and Air. John Smith reasoned 
much against it in the face of the As- 
sembly.” (Baillie’s Letters, pp. 33!»— 10.) 

And yet these compromise utterances, 
like all aompromises of “ the fathers, 
eating the sour grapes to set the chil- 
dren's teeth on edge,’' are now cited by 
indolent Doctors of Divinity, who 
thinking and logic as they fear the 
small pox, as the ultimate final and un- 
embarra.ssed convictions of the fathers 
of that age, touchiog the sphere of the 

But, evtu to go back behind the com- 
promises of the YY'cstminster Assembly, 
the fathers of the purer Presbyterianism 
of the second book of Discipline, have 
left it on record for our caution and 
warning that, even under that ecclesias- 
tical constitution, they were far from 
having attained the realization of their 
views of the teachings of the gospel 
concerning the autonomy of the Church, 
but had rather to take half a loaf than 
no bread. 

Thus the great and wise Alexander 
Henderson, the Nestor of the YY’est- 
minster Assembly, in the “ government 
and order of the Church of Scotland, 

I Dr. Mcllvaine fail to convince Mr. Lin- 
|coln? or did Congress, just in cold 
; blood, treat the wishes of such men 
; with contempt? YY'^e shall be glad to 
have a history of the movement. Cer- 
tainly tho country owes an apology to 

Drs. Alcllvainc, Alusgrave, and their CO- 1 mean.s,’ &c. — [Comp. Cora. I Cor:   
laborers, for this apparent indifference 21-2-3. 

the fathers, in this age of excitement, , show that slavery has indeed been the 
surface skimming, and plausible deniu- occasion of the siirt that causes God’s 
gogucry in the Church Should this angry judgments; but this, because of 
line of thought prove interesting to our thesemi-infidel tampering with His great 
readers, it will be prosecuted bereofter. cthicil laws by thosc'who denounce what 

, TTT , * * ’ T , He tolerate*. 

Signs or Keturniiig Consciousness iiiitl 

Penitence after the debauch. 

Our .attention was arrested in glancing . 'Uij' to Pay Old Debts, 

over the columns of the Presbyterian , recent pro i e nata meeting ol 

for Alarch 4th, by tho description from I Uouisvillo Presbytery, held in the 
a correspondent, of the recent grand i first Presbyterian Church of this city, 
Sunday jollification at Chicago, by the j objection brought forward with great 
present patriotic legislature of Illinois. | '■oiilideneo, and most vehemently urged 
As that body is now understood to bo ! •'■omc ot the brethren against the 
representative of the great party of all , ordination of Rev. Jno. C. Young as 
the religion, as well as all the patriot- ! oo pastor ol the I'ocoiid Church, was 
ism in tho country ; the party, backed up ( would be illegal ; that under the 
by innumerable deliverances ef church ; circumstances it would involve the vio- 
coiirts, and its gospel preached from all ; ^^^*00 of .a fixed law of the Church, 
the pulpits; the party illustrious for its ; ^ hieh prohibited the ^ffiee of a co-pas- 
holy days of thanksgiving for victorie.-, t-w, except in ca, es where the pastor 

and its perfect familiarity with the plans ' already in charge was disqualified by 

and purposes of Providence — wc eonfe?-s , n^c, sickness, or any other physical ail- 
to some amazement at the story of the nients, for the discharge of his ministc- 
legislative Sunday visit to camp Doug - 1 rial work. Rev. Stuart Robinson, the 
las, the military pageant, /'sK-Jc-yoii , i ps-'tor in charge, in the present instance, 
festivities, &c. And yet we romcnibcr being able to plead none of these disa- 
that tho nmitiplication of holy d its has bilities, it was contended by these lireth- 
destroyed the Sabbath in Europe. ; fcn that to join n co-pastor with him 

But what was specially suggestive to ; would bow clear, flagrant and unjustifi- 
us, was the very vigorous paragraph of ichle infraction of this law. Now the.=c 

to their labor-saving plan of making us 
all Christians by act of Congress and the 
State Legislatures — Messrs. Sumner, 

: Greeley, Jas. Gordon Bennett — all of us 
I Christians together. YY'hat a glorious 
I advance of the nation in piety, to have 
I gotten the new orthodox Constitution 
all ready by the 4th of March, for Air. 
Lincoln to swear to, after his inaugural 
address, and Mr. Andy Johnson, also, 
with all reverence, after his speech ! It 
would have recalled to our good Sece- 
der friends the olden times of swearing 
i the covenant, first by king Charles and 
' the nobles, then by the people ! Though 

intent seems that of Bezi, Grotius is also required by the context, for the 
Hammond, and most recent commenta- burden of the whole pn-ssaTc is, '• le' 
tors. ‘Do not feel too great a trouble each man remain in the state in whicli 
on that account,’ &c. Grotius add.s: he was called, Beza, Calvin, Grotius 
“And ABOVE ALL, LET IT NOT DRIVE and almost al I the modern.s under-sland 

YOi.‘ TO SEEK KREEDOM BY UNLAWruL ‘'freedom" after ■ use.” The objections 

to this are: (1.) The posiiion ot the kai. 

(— •) The clause would hardly have begun 
Such, then, are the views taken of this ' with alia ct, but with ci de ; so the alter- 
Seripturc, even by commentators who native proposition in vs. 9, 1 1. 15, 28 36. 
are strongly anti-slavery in sentiment as (3.) The absence of a demonstrative 
many of their obiter dicta, interpolated , pronoun alter “ use,” by which we are 

among their eiitical interpretation.* . thrown back, not on the secondary sub- 

evince. YVith all their zeal against sla- ject, “freedom,” but on the primary, 

very, however, flioy had not att.ained yet 1 c slavery.” (4) Its utter inconsistency 
to the more recent recklessness of con- with the general The Apostle 
science that scruples not to thrum the , would thus he giving two examples of 
very language of  .lod, as though it were the precept, one of which would carry a 
tho strings of an old fiddle, and draw recommendation of the contrary course, 
forth therefrom such utterance as the I Sec this folliiwed out in Chrysostom. (5.) 
fancy of the player or the occasion and | Its entire contradieti  n to verse 22. (6.) 
exigencies of his case may require. I It would be quite inconsistent with the 
Of our second clas.s may be cited Pool, teaching of the Apostle, that in Christ^ 

; our recollection is that Charles did not | Henry and Gill. Thus Pool’s Synopsis : ■./V'-enioH and s/arc are all one (Gal. 3: 
I keep the covenant very well, and indeed 

I got to hanginy people, afterwards for 
; swear iiiy it' 

" But if thou mayest be free, use it rather, ” \ 2S), and his remarks on the iir 

lue servitude rather : serve rather, for 1 gency and sliortncs.s of the time in this 
the sake of the greater good, namely, chapter Iver-o 29), to turn out of his 
to thine own, discipline and the salva- way to give a precept of mere worldly 
The iposfle’s .Vtlvlce to Slayes In I for: I tion ot thy master. But even though wisdom, that a slave should become free. 

this correspondent, more vigorous by far 
than any thing wo have seen iii the 
“Presbyterian” for some time past — 
touching tho national sins ns suggested 
by tho above curious incident, and in 
rebuke of those who prophesy at the 
corners of the streets of the near ap- 
proach of peace. It is interesting as 
indicating at least uneasy dreams or half 
waking, even after the general negro- 

objecting members, being all of them in- 
telligent, men, occupying 
prominent and responsible positions in 
the Church, and supposed, of course, to 
be deeply read and thoroughly versed in 
her Statute-book, wo would naturally 
expect them to raise in public debate 
DO point of ecolesiastica! law which they 
would not be amply prepared to sustain 
by proper authority. How astounding 

7 : ‘ 21 -‘ 2 ‘ 2 . 

' “ Art thou Cidled being a servant {slavef) 

' care nut for it; but if thou mayest be made free, 

I use if rather.” 

j Perhaps no other instance more fully 
j than the commentaries on this text (I 
Cor: 7,21) illustrates the marvellous 
untruthfulncHS — willful or ignorant — of 
the pavt.izan homiletics, which declare 
or insinuate that such views as those 
held by tho slaveholding churches, are 
confined to persons who-ie slavery pre 

philistic debauch, and politico-spiritual i then is the discovery, that this law reg- 
rcvcl wiiich has been going on so long in i ulating the office of co-pastor, and pre- 
the Churches 01 the North. Says this i scribing its condition, which they so cm- 
oorrcspondciit : i phatically cited and so earnestly pressed 

“Ah! these oily-tongued prophets of 
“smooth thing? ' to the ears of a credu- 
lous and sinful people, forget that God is 
the righteous ruler of the nations, and 
that the nation that will net servo him 
shall surely perish. They forget whose 
law we have so recklessly violated. They 
forget that God will vindicate his .justice, 
and maintain his rightful authority, 
though earth be swept of its nations. Tell 
me why we should expect peace. Are these 
our present n.ational calamities, a]iunish- 1 
ment for our national sins ? Undoubtedly. I 

upon the attention of Presbytery, as 
disposing of the whole case in point, has 
no local habitation in the Confession of 
Faith, which is the complete and estab- 
lished constitution of our Church. Y'es, 
however ominous it looks for the accu- 
racy of these brethren, it is none the 
less an indisputable fact that the law to 
which they so triumphantly appealed. 

But have we humbled ourselves under tho j on which they so firmly planted 
mighty hand ot God, that he might exalt tlieini eives, has no existence in our sys 
us in duo time Have we repented ns a ..i. m i. a tiu 

nation '.' Perhaps, so, if slavery was our 
sole national sin. But if God's sovereign- 
ty over tlie nalion.s, and their responsibil- 
ity to him are stern verities, and not idle 
and unmeaning fictions — if pride, dishon- 
esty, cupidity, corruption in high places 
and in low, licentiousness, drunkenness, 
faithles.sness, .Sabbatli desecration and 
profanity, are not Christian graces, but 
sins — national sins — of tho deepest dye, 
what reason have we for such confident 
expectations of a return of peace? Even 

tem of Church government. There are 
only two references to the office of co- 
pastor in our Form of Church Govern- 
ment, and to show that both of these are 
purely incidental, and say nothing what- 
soever of regulations or conditions, we 
give them here literally ; 

“ In. congregations where there are 
two or more pastors, they shall, when 

while snfl'ering under the heavy hand of present, alternately preside in the ses- 

God, we seem to have carefully cultiva - 1 s'io„.”_Form of Gov., chap, ix, sec. 5. 
tea every national sin upon the catalogue. ■ » i » 

We have done worse than that. If wc | “Every congregation has a right to 
have erased one from tlie long and sick ‘ be represented by one elder ; and every 
ening catalogue of our national offences, ,, ■ i l 

we have, with a persevering and devilish “oUegiate Church by two or more elders, 

ingenuity, added a thousand others, and : in proportion to the number of its pas- 

,®‘’ Pf"®® I tors.”— Form of Gov., chap, x, sec. 3. 
ol God s favor, we certainly show our- I 

selves ignorant of the fixed principle.? [ Now unless these brethren are dis- 
upon which he governs, and blind, pei^ | jg^y the evidences of their 

versely blind, to all the solemn teachings ■ . ,   • . 

of the history of the past. If peace comes ! i‘«nses. or question the authority of the 
to us n-w, it must bo because this awful I "‘Confession of Faith. ’ they must admit 

civil war has failed to lead us to renen- ' * ii. -n • i • i i i. 

tance and humiliation, and must bo sue- 1 mislead, when. 

Deeded by some more terrible affliction — ! itt profeusing to quote, they were really 
something that i/if'f/ humble us, aud lead i engaged in nianufacturins law for their 
us to turn to God. ' L-,, , r . , u . 

I Church. Is It too much to hope that 

It is ccrvt.nly a favorable sign if this exposure may have the salutary ef- 
corrcspotideni is a repre.sonlive nian — 
that soiii'.; other sin has been discovered 
to maurn over beside the sin of slavery. 

It is equally a sign of the return from 
dreams to waking thought, that there 
may be judgments yet to be inflicted for 
sins, even on a people so deserving of 
special favor for "saving the life of tho 
nation,’’ which Dr. George Junkin was 
pleased to tell a General Assembly, ‘'Al- 
mighty God could not afford to lose.” But 
there is manifestly yet groat eonfused- 
ness of mind in this lialf'-awako mutter- 
ing of sins and judgments. In the first 
place, this vague denunciation of nation- 
si sins seemed ever, to us, to amount to 
very little. As nations, like other cor- 
porations, ‘-have no soul,” no '"on- 
science, it is therefore practically of lit- 
tle use to charge sin home upon that ideal 
personage, the nation. 

feet to shame them hereafter from ma- 
king rash statements in order to gain 
coveted ends? 

YY'e would in all kindness bid them 
remember that few things can injure a 
Church more in the eyes of men of the 
world than gross ignorance on tho part 
of her ministers, of that whicli every 
master- in Israel ought to know by 
heart , 

Wliat become of the JIoTenieiit for 
an Orthodox t onstltiiUon of the l iil- 
ted States? 

Many months ago the whole Christian 
people were called upon to send up me- 
morials to Congress for an aiueudmenl 
to the Constitution, such as would make 
every citizen, at least every citizen who 
aspired to office, declare his belief in the 
Inded, tho dan- ' Divinity of Jesus Christ, and in the 
ger is that the people shall expend all { word of God — the inspired rule of faith 
their penitence in virtuous iudignation ! given to the Church as the rule of faith 
at tho ‘- nation ’ for being so wicked. VY'’c ( ci''’*! government also. YY'hat 

would rather see so vigorous a preacher 'was equally singular in this singular 
of sin descend to tho individnal sins movement, was the selection of Senator 
which make up the sins of the nation ; 1 Sumner, notoriously a rationalizing, 
BO that cOD.scicDoc woula say — not “ the 1 Christ-denying humanitarian. So little 

thou art the : notice has been taken in Congress of 

thou mayest be able to become free (that 'I he could. (7.) The import of ehraotnai 
is-, bg thine oien trick and /'r««J) prel'er i (li  use), in such a connection, which 
rather to continue in slavery. This ^®Ber the remaining in, enduring, 

sense best conforms to the following under, giving oneself up to an 

consolatory argument — ‘for he that is j already existing state, than the adopting 
called being a slave, is the Lord's freed - 1 or taking advantage of a new one, &c,, 
man.’ Ho docs not mean, however, verse 22. C round of the above precept — 
that they should prefer slavery to free- 1 f»r the slave., who was called in the Lord, 
dom voluntarily offered by the master, ^ is fbc Lord’* I’recdnian : similarly ho 
but an illegitimate freedom by flight or \ that was called being free is the SLAVE 

fraud. — [I’oli. synop., I Cor; 7: 21.] 
Note, that neither Fool here, nor 

judices lead them to pervert the Scrip- „ , i ... 

^ , Grotius above quoted, on this place, 

tures from their generally accepted 

sense. By way of illustrating this, the 

citations of commentators on this pas- 

sage are hero arranged in three classes; 
First, generally received older commen- 
tators of the modern anti-slavery era. 
Second, commentators prior to that era. 
Third, the most learned and generally 
accepted ot the more recent living com 
mentators. It will be perceived that 
while they take opposite views of the 
phrase, ‘-use it rather'' all agree in the 
general construction of the passage fol- 
lowed in slaveholding churches. 

Of the first class may be taken as 
specimens, Alacknight, Dr. Clark and 
the Comprehesive Commentary. Thus 

“ Art thou called being a servant'? 

of (.llirist. The (actual) slave is (spir- 
itually) free, the (actual) free is a (spir- 
itual) slave. — [Alford’s (!om., I Cor; 7 : 

though the former had some knowledge j 21-22 ] This elaborate criticism is here 
of the ethical judgment of the Reform- j oifvd so (uily, and in a form to be corn- 
ed Cburelies, aud tho latter at least a | preliensible to the English reader, rath - 
smattering knowledge of the ethics of i er than brief citations from several au- 
the “Law of nature and of nations,” | tliors, for the purpose of exhibiting 
had yet been disenthralled from popu- ; clearly and sharply true scholarship 
lar prejudice, touching the ethics of i can reason for its faith,” in eon- 

property, nor attained to the ..uhliine ' ‘rast with the loose dogmatism that sim - 
heights of the ethical higher law” of: P'j declares a passage must mean so and 
our day, which teaches as a duty, and ! '’“''egono 
practices as a virtue, the stealing; of his 
freedom, and with it any of his master s 

property, by a slave, or the aiding or 
abetting such theft. How paradoxical 
to Pool or Grotius, the gospel, .lecordiDg 
to “ might makes right;” that having 


And this extended note exhibits re- 
markably the (act, tliat however com- 
mentators differ about (he construction 
of “ use it rather," they universally sus- 
tain, and more than sustain, the argu- 
ment of llic Soiithoi'ii teacher.^, and flat- 

the power to steal his freedom and his - partizan quibblcrs who 

j master’s property, either of h.s own 

- . . , , . .avery existed in 

t cord, or by the iiistipation, the ingeniuhi i r *11. a 

; ’ ^ ^ 1 . L ♦ ta^ Apostolic Church. J‘*ven the honest 

I tbieverVv or the open robbery by vio-   . . . 

: , 1 / • , ^ , and consccntiou^ anti slaverv commen- 

1 Icnce of his friends, the slave lias a right 

tian remain iu the same political state 

“ Since tlie gospel makes no alteration 
in men’s political state let every chris- 

I tators admitting more tli.Tu the i 

in which ho was called. Agreeably to 
this rule, wast thou called being a 
bondman? Be not thou sol.citous to 
be made free, fancying that a bondman 
is less the object of God’s favor than a 
freeman. .A'ct if thou oanst be ever 
made free bg any lawful method, rather 
c^btain thy freedom.” 

Y’erse 24th — Brethren let every man; 
Ac., (notes.) “ This exhortation, which | . 

Since according to the sauio gospel of 
“might nikkcs right,” the master hav- 
ing the power to hold fast to the slave, 
must obviously have the right to do h. 
Not much unlike this is the odd logic of 
the “YY’oman’s rights,’’ and “Free love” 


i “ by the daveliolding cluirchc." •, G 
And yet tlie-'e partiz.m^have tl'c lira'/iii 
assurance to tell the people, tiu' Gi'V-’ 
views arc liekl only by Southern men, in 
eonsc(|uencc of their sectional theories 
and prejudices ! I 

section of the anti slavery school, which ] Re-isun and Faith. — --Y. Divine com- 
bewails the bitter bondage of white men I mand, as such, is entitled to our regard, 
and women under the Anglo-Saxon mar- i YY'hatever God commands, man should 

1 1 A ^ obey, whether he be able to perceive the 

, riage law:^, and yet goes into cxtncies ol ; *i ^ j 

is three times given in tho compass of « , .1 . ' nricilptrpc 1 reasons for the command or not. 

of horror that the rights and privileges j -g good, our Creator, our 

the discourse, was intended to correct Anglo-Saxon marriage law are 

the disorders among the Christian .slaves ■; extended to negro men and women 
at Corinth, who agreeably to the doctrine • 

of the false teachers, claimed their liber- j Thus Matthew Henry : “' Art thou 

(y, in pretence that as brethren in Christ, i called being a servant,’’ Ac. “It was 
they were on an equality with their j common in that age ot the world for 
Christian masters.” — [Macknight on the i many to he in a state of slarery, bought 

nation is the sinner’’ — but 
man?” liet such men as ho pause, ana- 
lyze the matter, and determine who are 
responsible for this general prevalence 
of sin in the nation. How far tho min- 
I istors, who have been occupied rather 

: with the war news, patriotic speeches aad 

written for the information of the Eng- ; beating up recruits to tho neglect of Iho 
is 1 peop.e in before the YYcst- people s instruction in the eospel? grant- 

mg a sort of dispensation from goopel 
‘•This liberty of election is in part ethic* till the war is over. How far the 
prejudged and hindered by patronages , „,ini,ters ot the King ol’ Peace. 

and presentations which are still iu use have preached up the war, and thereby 
there (in Scotland) not by the ra/es or ^ realiy advocated the bringing in of the 
their discipline, but by toleration of |sia3 which are inevitable as tho result WHICH THEY CANNOT AMEND.” 'of war? How far the ministers who 

this maguificent movement of the Alle- 
gheny Convention, endorsed by the Old 
School General Assembly, the Methodist ' 
Conference, and we know not what other I 
bodies, that we are somewhat curious to ! 
know the causes of the break-down. — ' 
The petition of some Roman Catholic 
sisterf. of Charity for a remission of ta- ’ 
riff duties on stuff enough to make them ‘ 
some gowns, seems to have attracted far 
who more of the time and attention of Con- 
gress. YY’ho is to blame for this inag- ■ 
nificent failure? Did Mr. Sumner prove 
faithless to bis trust? or did the peo- 
ple dLs'ibey the request of the Conven- : 

Epistles, I Cor ; 7, 20-24.] 

Thus Dr. Adam Clark ; “ Art thou 

called being a servant, care not for it.” 

Art thou converted to Christ while thou 
art a slave — the property of another 
person, and bought with his money, care 
not for it ; this will not injure thy Chris- 
tian condition ; but if thou canst ob- 
tain thy liberty, use it rather ; prefer 
thi.s state for the s.uke of freedom and 
temporal advancement connected with 

“ Lor he that is called,” Ac. The man 
who, being a slave, is converted to the 
Christian faith is the Lord’s freemen ; 
on the other hand, ail free men who re- 
ceive the grace of Chr ist, must consider 
themselves the slaves of the Lord, i. e. 
his real property.” Ac. Y'ersc 23 — “Y'e 
are bought with a price .” As truly as 
your bodies have becom-e the property of 
your master iu consequence of his pay- 
ing down a price, for you, so surely are 
you now the Lord’s property, in conse- 
quence of your being purchased by the 
blood of Christ.” — [Clark’s Com. on I 
Cor; 7: 21-33.] 

So Dr. Jenk's addition to Scott A 
Henry, in the Comprehens ive Commen- 
tary on Cor. 7 ; 21-23 — “The senseis 
not clear. Chrysostom, a.ud all the 
conniieiitacor.s understand, ‘ you need 
care so little that, even if y on can gain 
your freedom, prefer your se; rvitude as a 
greater trial of Christian, pati ence.’ (So 

a religion of despotism, eounsels, con- i , _ , , v- i , i 

= . ! freedom offered to him by his master, or 

trary to the precept, ‘ do not evil that ' 

good may come.’ By what right can 

any man imbrute (roii’s image, which 

and sold for money, and so the property 
of those who bought them. Now says 
the Apostle, “ .Art thou called being a 
servant.” Be not over solicitous about 
it, Ac. He who is a slave may yet be a 
Christian freeman : he who is a freeman 
may yet be a Christian servant. He is 
bought with a price, and should not 
therefore be the servant of man. Not 
that he must quit the service of his 
master,.,or not take all proper measures 
to please him. — (This were to contradict 
the whole scope ol the Apo.stle s dis- 
course,) Ae. No man should make his 
faith or religion, an argument to break 
through any natural or civil obligations, 
Ac. — [Henry’s Com., I Cor : 7 : 21 ] 
Thus tho great Baptist l)r. Gill : — 
“ Art thou called, " Ac. The Syriac 
.version renders the last clause, "choose 

Father; he has a right to govern and 
command us; his character is admitted 
to be such that all his commands must 
be right and good, founded on reason 
and benevolence whether the jiarticular 
manner in which they are so founded is 
obvious or discoverable to us or not. 
Some of his commands may rest upon 
reasons wliich we cannot at present com- 
prchcii'!. perhaps never shall ; these 
reasons m-ay be such as infinite intelli- 
gence hlone is adequate to appreciate. 
The plans of God are mighty in their 
compass, and infinitely complex in their 
workings and ainu — the rule of a wise 
and kind father over his children. But 
it is our privilege, nay oiir duty, never- 
theless, to seek to uiider.--tand as far as 
possible fir us, the natural reasons in- 
volved in the commands of God. This 
will give us that satisfaction. It yields 
then a satisfaction to our reason. Faith 
may not need cxplana ions for its com- 
fort — it docs not ask them — ittrusts that 
all is well. But we have also the faculty 
of reason ; this ssk • explanations — it de- 
sires the rational grounds of its action — 
if it can not have tlicm, then in case of 
a Divine command, it is content to be 
mutely submissive to faith. But, what- 
ever may be the necessity or the pro- 
priety of things in some cases. God or 

for thyself rather to serve,” perfectly : dinarily places within our reach the 
agreeable to the sense given by several reasons of his commands. God does not 

great critic* aud excellent interpreters, 

set at naught man's reason which he has 
himself made one of the chief glories of 

I All (A "A w \e lAV.* aalfXwi ^ 

who take the .'Vpostle s meaning to e, | p^ture. He says, with respect to the 

that should a Christian serYant have an 
opportunity of making his escape from 
his master, or could he by any art, trick 
or fraudulent method obtain his liberty, 
it would be much better to continue a 
servant, than to become free by any such 
means. Y'ea, some carry the sense so far 
that, even if the servants eould bo made 
free in a lawful way ; yet, .servitude wa.s 
the most eligible, Ac. But ono should 
rather think that tho more obvious .sense 
is, that when a Christian servant has his 

can obtain it in a lawful and honorable 
way he ought to make use of it," Ac. — 
[Gill's Cora., I Cor; 7: 21.] 

religious duties of man, ‘' Come and let 
us reason together.” It yields also a 
strong reinforcement of our cmvictions 
of duty, and thus sustains us in the pur- 
suit of it. Faith and reason then, run 
hand in hand in the delightful paths of 
duty. With united voice and strength, 
fhev then impel us on in the way of God’s 
com mand me nts. — Chris. Witness. 

The Bible. — O utofit have come all 
the pure moralities, l•'rom it have sprung 
all sweet charities. It has been the mo- 
tive power of regeneration and reforma- 
tion to millions of men. It has com- 
forted the humble, consoled the mourn- 
ing, sustained the sufl'ering, and given 
trust and triumph to the dying. The 
wise old man has fallen asleep with it 

Christ atoned for bo a mindless, will-less, 
soul-less, riglit-lesH chattel.” [The rea- 
der must rememb er, this is the logic of 
a Boslon Aboli cionist, wli   as usual. 

must make God. s word conform first to 

some eitr/ standard of right, and * ^ ; j heard a grave divine say that 

second to his filse facts eooceriiing slave- ) “ I Cor : 7. 22-24. ’ NccohJ Exam- . God has two dwellings, one in heaven, 

ry.] Se. Catr er, Schmidt, Ac., aud the | pie. Slavery ; Wert thou called (i. e. | and the other in a meek and thankful 
Syrian, (read it) It is also ably defended [ converted a slave,) let it not bo a trouble 
by DcDieu and YVolf- But there is a ! to thee, but if thou art able even to bo 
cer/a-in harsh.sess about it, to which ne- | come free use it, (i. e. remain in slavery,) 
cessity alone would reconcile; me. irUat   rather. This reading 

Of the third class of Commentator.^. ’ folded upon his breast. The simple 
, . , 3 1 II „ ' cottager has used it for a dying pillow ; 

the most learned and generally accepted , child has breath- 

contemporary critical scholars, Dr. Al- happy sigh with his fingers 

ford. Dean of Canterbury, will liiriiisli between its promise freighted leaves. 

hear'. — Walton. 

There i- but one earthly flower that 
blooms unlading in our earthly path — 
which is that it is the true love of virtuous hearts. 


Free Chrisliaii Couimoinveallh 

li 0 U I S V I L L K. 

Installation of Dr. S. U. Wilson. 

On .SabbatU evonitifr, the 12th inst., 

remeiubiance. Mr. Bell tras the main 
han'l in geitinc u» n lionse of wor.-hij  


For Oue Tear, or 02 Jfoe., Id advauco, $ 3 00 ^ 

« ** after r iz Months 3 60 


Not liicoQsisteDt with the charartor of the paper, will ^ 
be admitted on the following term* : 

Kor one Square (ten linee) or lew, one Insertion... S 1 W  

4 * 44 tt 0 Q 0 month 3 

II 44 u three month« 0 

II II 4* gjn months 

II II 4* one year ^ 

Advortlsemoute exceeding one square, will b« charged 
at a proper reduction on the above ratea. 

All communicatlone touching the paper, whether 

bnalneM or otherwise— addressed to 

Free Christian Commonwealth, 
LOno^VILLS, Ky. 

Kev. .S. n. Wilson, D. D., was installed i when we were few in numbers and feeble 
pastor of the First Presbyterian Church "'«»"»• the 

in this city. Dr. Hill preached the ser- 

Exchanobs. — We would request editors 
to whom we send the first number of the 
Free Christian Commonwealth, who desire to 
exchange with us, to place our paper on 
their list of exchanges. Address “Free 
Christian Commonwealth,” Louisville, 

To Post Masters. 

IVe hope that Post Masters will see to 
it, that the persons to whom we send the 
Free Christian Commonwealth receive it, or 
if the parties to whom it is addressed re- 
fuse to take it from the office, that they 
will notify us of the fact.. 

Postage, — IVo would c.all the attention 
of our subscribers to the fact, that Post- 
masters have no right to charge postage 
upon tlie ‘‘ Free Christian Common- 
wealth,” other than the law requires — 
which is five (5) cents per quarter. This 
is the law for w/'ekly papers, and they 
certainly cannot charge more for a paper 
which is only published every two weeks. 

.Meetings of Ppcsbyterles in KeiHiickj. 

The Presbytery of LouisriHe stands ad- 
journed to meet in the Ciieotiiut Street 
Church, Louisville, on Wednesday, tlio 
12th of April, at o'clock, P. M. 

The\Presbylery of Hhihlcnbury, by order of 
the .Synod, will meet in Bowlinggrecu, on 
Thursday, the 30th of March, at 7j 
o’clock, P. M. 

The Presbytery of West Lexington, will 
meet in Frankfort-, on Thursday, the 13ih 
of April, at 7 o’clock, P, M. 

The Presbytery of Transylvania, stands 
adjourned to meet in the Kew Providence 
Church, on Thursday, tlie 13th of April, 
at 11 o’clock, A. M. 

The Presbytery of Ebenezer, will meet in 
Newport, on Thursday, the 27th of April, 
at 7 o’clock, P. M. 

The CoTenantcr's Scaffold Song. 

Sing with met sing with inc! 

Weeping brethren sing wuh aie ! 

For now an open heaven I ste, 

And a crown of glory laid for mo. 
How my soul this earth despises I 
How ray heart and spirit rises! 
Bounding from the llcsli I sever; 
World ot sin, farewell for ever ! 

Sing with mo I sing with me ! 

Friends in .Jesus, sing with me ! 

All ray sufferings, all iny woe, 

.\11 my griefs i here forego. 

Farewell terrors, sighing, grieving. 
Praying, hearing;, and belieyiiig; 
Birthty trust and ^If Its wrengings. 
Earthly love — and all its longings! 

Sing with met sing with me! 

Blessed spirits sing with me I 
To the Lamb our soug shall be. 
Through a glad eternity ! 

Farewell earthly morn and cveu. 

Sun and moon, and stars uf heaven , 
Heavenly p  rtals ope before me. 
Welcome, Christ, in all thy glory ! 

Kxtract from a Business Lettpr. 

Winchester, Ind., March 15,1803. 
Rev. J. C. Yoong, Louisville, Ky. 

Dear Sir : — On yesterdav 1 recived your 
first No. of the “Free Christian Common- 
wealth,” and am in every way pleased 
with it. I rejoice at its appearance on 
the scene at this particular time, the 
need for such a paper was never so 
The State has openly prostituted the 
Church in all its branches, so that the lat- 
ter is but the echo of the former. What 
fanatical politicians command, that a 
subservient Church does. 

This subserviency has become so shame- 
less, that it is fast stripping the Church 
of all its power for good, and degrading 
it in the estimation of a very large part 
of the people. 

I trust that your enterprize will suc- 
ceed, and that you may be 
in arresting the defection of the Church 
from the position she once occupied. 

moi), from the text, “ And I will give 
you pastors according to minu heart, 
which shall feed you with knowledge 
and understanding.” .lercmiah iii : 15 

The sermon was timely and appropri- 
ate to the occasion; showing, (1.) that 
pastors were appointed by God, or rath- 
that they were tlie gift of God; and 
(2) that they were given for a specific 
purpose, to-wit: To feed the people 
with knowledge and uiider.'tanding. The 
preacher then stated what kind of knowl- 
edge it was with which the pastor was 
to feed his flock. That ho was not to 
preach human wisdom, nor philosophy, 
nor morality. But he was to preach the 
gospel, to expound the word of God ; to 
preach Christ and Him erucified. 

The Rev. E. AVurtsgave the charge to 
the pastor. He referred to the great re- 
luctance with which the M ulberry Church 
gave him up ; to the testimony of the 
oflicer bearers of that Church as to the 
good which he had been enabled to ac- 
complish for his Ma-ter during his short 
pastorate over that Clsurch. Mr. Wurts 
then gave a brief history of the First 
Church, over which Dr. Wilson had 
been constituted pastor; sliowing that 
it was the pioneer Presbyterian Church 
of this city ; that out of this Church 
had grown a second, a third, and a fourth 
Church ; and that to -all our Churches 
it given some of their most active 
and useful members. He then alluded 
to the responsible duties of a minister of 
the gospel in a city like this, and espe- 
cially in these peculiar times, and ox 
horted him to be faithful in all his du- 
ties, and more especially in proclaiming 
the gospel of Christ. 

The Rev. John L. M’Koe delivered 
the charge to the people, in which he 
used great plainness of speech, urging 
them faithfully to perform their vows, 
as they had solemnly covenanted before 
God ; that they should carefully avoid 
laying upon their pastor burdens too 
heavy to he borne ; especially that they 
provide amply for his temporal wants, 
and that they secure their pastor a com- 
fortable parsonage. 

The audience was very large, most of 
the other Presbyterian Churches being 
closed on that evaning. We hope that 
a brighter day i.n dawning upon us in 
this city ; and if we are all faithful in 
performing our part, may we not confi- 
dently look for a blessing upon our 
Churches from the great Head of the 

Death of Dr. U. 11. M'Mullcn. 

Thfr sad Inteilig^nd? reTifhea us ’a few 
months ago, of the death of Rev. Dr. 
M’Mulliui, of Clarksville, Tenn., though 
we have seen as yet no notice of his de- 
cease in any of the journals which have 
come under our observation. From the 
same source we also learned that his wife 
died only a few weeks previously. The 
nature of his disease we could not learn, 
and it was intimated that the physicians 
were not agreed as to its precise charac- 
ter At a later period we were told that 
it was small pox, but that it did not de- 
velope itself until after death had taken 

Dr. M'MuIlen was an able minister of 
the gospel, a sound thinker, and a strong 
and forcible writer. He was much belov- 
ed by the people of Clarksville. For ma- 
ny years he had tlevoted the greater por- 
tion ot his time to the instruction of 
youth, and in this he was very successful. 
Since the troubles in the country began, 
he had suffcreil much, having been pre- 
vented from teaching, because he refused 
to take certain oaths prescribed for him 
by military commanders and Provost 
Marshals. He has gone where all wars 
and strife are forever excluded, and where 
eternal peace and joy forever reigns. 

Superintendent of our Sabbath .School, a 
work in which ho took great delight 

Mr. Bell was in a strong sense, a Jvr- 
trinal Christian; not saying but all Chris- 
tian.s must be doctrinal Christians, but 
justification by faith in the atoning right- 
eousness of Christ, held a high and con- 
stant place in his heart. He died in his 
seventy-fifth year, and singular to say, 
exactly twenty years from the day he was 
ordained an elder till the day he died. 
The one being March 1st, 1845, and the 
other, March 1st, 1865. 

And now we may ask, where will wo 
not miss our two elders, whom we have 
lost so near each other, and who will rise 
up to take and fill their phices? 

A Xew Book hy Key. Stuart Robinson. 

We see by the Toronto, (Canada) pa- 
pers, that Messrs, Rollo & Adam, book- 
selleri. Toronto, have in press, and are 
soon to publish a small book by Rev. 
Stuart Robinson, entitled ‘'Si.avebt, as 
recognized in the Civil Code of Moses; 
recognized also in the -Abrahamic, Mosa- 
ic an l Christian Church ; with Notes from 
British and German Commentators.” 

This littlo volume is one of a course of 
Sabbath evening Lectures on the Old Tea 
tament Scriptures, which Dr. Robinson, 
recently delivered in Toronto, and which, 
at the earnest request of a number of gentlemen, who were present 
during its delivery, he has consented to 
prepare for publication. 

We presume that few men in this coun- 
try are more competent to discuss this 
subject in its Biblical aspect than Dr. 
Robinson, and doubtless the book will 
have a large number of readers. We 
understand that Messrs. Rollo & Adam 
are having it stereotyped, which wouUl 
indicate that they expect a considerable 
demand for it. 

AVe wonder what these special and 
ever selicitous frien ls of Dr. Robinson 
will say to this? We take it, they will 
advocate more strenuously than ever, 
that he should return to Kentucky, What 
a pity it would be, now, when some of 
these former admirers of Dr. U. are al- 
most ready, like Beecher, Barnes and Co., 
to cast the Bible overboard, if it can be 
shown that the holding of human beings 
in bondage is sanctioned in that sacred 
Book ? that he should be so corrupting (?) 
the minds and hearts of these Canadian 
brethren, so as to cause them to receive 
with meekness and love, the Bible — all of 
it, with all its teachings, even to the 
sanction, recognition and regulation of 
that accursed thing called Slavery ! ! 

cheerfully, BisKop When years ago, tho No' CoMMc.vio.v.-At a meeting of the ' The EGvn i.ix CRRONor.ocT.-The F.gyp- 
separatKin' took nl---''-' — TT„r..j n — i.... — ..... 

on tlie South 
ly placed, 
stating my 
have always 

once more to ^ at the old homostVa-l 
door. The aqPoh of the Methodist Epis 
copal Church ot the great.question olihf 
day meets my lieaiti»-st Approbation. 1 
expect never -to ' ' 

views.’ ” 

Now, when we e.dl to rei*emhrane 
the fiamirii; arKclo?- which Dr. Bars 
wrote against Northern brnneb of 

the Methodist; Church, while eord: r other places, as 

of tho “ Chri.-'tian Advocate” [iu! ‘i-Ji -d in Ty’w York, Romanism is gaining 
in N ash vil!e,i^!naofsee ; ami when - 1 I" York the gain is by im 

I pi 

tenans consistently join in associations i tal.lei. in a  lientoinb. d’ temple at 
for religious worship, prayer-meetings, Memphis, with a long re.;ord of royal 
and the like, as a party to th« same, when . names. It places m divecl succession, 
- - songs of praise, other than the Psalm*' kingsof ine .5th and 10th dynasties, and 

ativoente any other are usei^ part of the time; and can they | the 12th and IHih, omitting all the inter- 
do 80 and be faithjul witnesses for tho ; mediate one , like the tablet of Abydos. 
truth ns contained m the 18th Article of ; M. Marietle confesses that it seems to 

prove that the intermediate ones must 

the Te.slimony of the United Presbyteri- 
: an Church ?” 

Roman Catholic -^The Boston Recorder 

, , , , .1 migration, and among the lower classes, 

remernber also, that ho was one ol the In Boston the increase is by conversions, 

have been contemperaueous nionarclis, or 
kings over other parts of Egypt, and that 
this deducts 1836 years from the suppos- 
ed .duration of the Egyptian kingdom. 
As lie has been an advocate of the long 
chronology, this admission has great 

-A party   1’ English engineers, who are 

now ni.aking a survey of., Jerusalem. have 
discovered anarch of TenVfdc cause- 
way mentioned by J tsij:4ius 11ns arch 

Death of Dr. J. C- Barnes. 

We notice by the last number of the 
“Western Presbyterian,” the death of 
Rev. J C. Barnes, D. D., a minister 
much beloved in Kentucky. He died at 
Stanford, Ky., on Sabbath afternoon, the 
12th inst., after having, as we learn, 
preached in the morning — thus sudden- 
ly was he called from hi.s labors on 
earth to his rest in heaven. 

Dr. Barnes was probably the oldest 
Presbyterian Minister in Kentucky, and 
a man much beloved by all who knew 
him. He loved to preach the gospel, 
and though he has had no particular 
charge for the last year or two, yet 
whenever his health would permit, and 
an opportunity oflered, he was always 
ready to urge sinners to embrace the 
Lord Jesus Christ. 

Several years ago. Dr. Barnes moved 
to Missouri, and labored there for some 
time, but after the troubles of the coun- 
try came upon that State, with such vio- 
lence, he returned to Kentucky. We 
hope some of his friends who knew him 
intimately, will furnish for the “ Free 
Christian Commonwealth” a short sketch 
of the life and labors of this crood man. 

TliPh.itc Mr. William Bell, of Owensboro. 

The following constitutes the substance 
of tho remarks made at his funeral by 
the Pastor of the Church ; 

“ All the days of my appoin'od time will I 
wait till my i-bange come ” — Job, xiv : 14. 

I. Man’s days are appointed upon earth. 
“TIisdaya are determined, the number 
of his months are with thee, thou hast 
appointed his bounds, that he cannot 

II. Death is here called a change. 

1st. How great a change is death to the 
body. The most beautiful forms have 
to be buried away speedily out of our | 

The l.atcst Somersault of Dr. Parsons. 

The “ Western Christian .Advocate” 
furui.she.s us with an account of the do- 
ings of the Kentucky Conference, which 
recently held its meeting in the North- 
ern part of thts^State. One of tho acts 
wf'this body, was the reoeiving into its 
membership Rct^ C. B^Pars'dns, D. I)., 
who has been i'or many years “ oflT and 
on,” connected with the .'lethodist Epis 
copal Church South. Some six years 
ago. Dr. Parsons, through a dream, we 
believe, probably the result of a late 
supper, believed he was called to come 
out of the Methodist Episcopal Church 
South, and seek admittance into the Prot- 
estant Epi“copal Church. Dr. P. doubt- 
less fancied that he could act well his part 
in reading “ our excellent liturgy,” and 
present an imposing appearance, dress- 
ed in canonical robes. But somehow, 
the liturgy and vestments did not suit 
the Doctor as well as they appeared to 
do in the dream, or he did not suit 
them ; I'or, in a short time ho came be- 
fore the Conference bowed down with 
sorrow and mortification, asking its 
forgiveness, for what he considered the 
most foolish “ act” of his life. The 
Conference, after administering to him 
some sharp reproof ; and after manjj 
solemn protestations, made with tears 
and penitence, that he would never again 
wander from the fold, received him hack 
into full fellowship with the Methodist 
Episcopal Church South, the “Church of 
his love, and the Church of which he 
hoped to live and die a minister.” 

But a change has again come over the 
spirit of Dr. Parsons’ dream, from what 
cause we do not affirm, though rumor 
has it, that “ late suppers” had much to 
do with his recent change of ecclesiastical 
relations — notwithstanding the Louis- 
ville correspondent of the “Methodist’’ 
asserts that “ loyalty” was the moving 

It would seem from the Catechism 
from which the questions propounded to 


2d. To the righteous, it is a change ; Parsons were taken, that the Ken- 

tucky Conference is a political concern, 
rather than an ecclesiastical court, a? will 

committee apjtointed by tho Southern , the richer and better educa- 

c /'L 1 ' ted people; at least this is the claim of 

branch to setti...the question of CburoU ; ^iholics themselves. They say that 

pioporfy in the civil courts after the di- j there is no city fn the world in which , . . . _ , 

vision, what coBfidence can be placed in : intelligent and well-infprmed per- , feetin.span- to 

, . ,* ,, ,, sons are coming to acknowledge that cotresjamd. in styl  of masonry, to tjie 

his veracity, wlicn lie now telL the Bish- jg the true religion than in Boston, j* wall m its best parts, and m 

op, "that when tlie separation took .\nd to continue this work they are select- f'' state o( prejei yation, 

place, and ho,.*ois thrown on the South preachers and most refined 

‘ 1 . 1 i  tf !_ * , aii«l »iplivatiu;?piie8ts. and locating them 

Bide, that he felt that he was 'wrongly here to exert their influence. 

placed.” V. lily, lint atatcmeri! Is not ,s7ints-No less than twenty/ioe 

much to the credic of Dr. Par.“0-iis. tt-ho new saints are to be canonized this year 

The Congregational Board of Publica- 
tion thought best, two or three ye.ars 
since, owing to the state of the country, 
to suspend active operations. The Board 
have laid a noble foundation in the pub- 
lication of tho works of several of our 
Puritan fathers and of our standard New 
England divines, and in securing a few 
thousand dollars as a publishing fund. 
It is now determined to re-commence 
operations, and to diversify the charac- 
ter of their publications. — Boston Bee. 

from a mixed condition of sin. sorrow, 
and happiness, to an unmixed condition 

of pure holiness and happiness | ^ following statement 

3d. A change to a real knowledge and i / ,,, nu • .- . i 

I, . , . r 11 .1 - .1 T from the “Western Christian Advoc- 

I true judgment of all things then known | 

to them. How wonderful and glorious j ■ 

will redemption then appear, and how : “ Dr. C. B. Parsons, late of the Twelfth 

insignificant the pomps, glories, and Street charge, MethodistEpiscopalChurch 
ortl,. ,or.d ...,n -.-.a ^ 

I the only portion of the soul . | jjjg documents in his case were read. It 

I 4th. What a change of companionship ? was shown by a letter signed by Presi- 
I All the good of all ages and nations. And ! ding Elder Bottomly, that the Doctor 
■the pure and infinite God will then rule excellent repute in his former 

. Church — highly popular, successful, and 

j in them, and reign over them without a It was also shown by other letters, 

i rival j that his record on the great questions of 

! 5th. Then too, will come the change of the day was clear. Bishop Morris stated 
Uhe resurrection, and what others beyond, ' he had mdained the Doctor dea- 
.. r ' con, and that Bishop Soule had ordained 

; Revelation does not inform us. i separation, and that 

. 11. 1st. As to our brother, in Christ, who the Doctor hehl these parchments still, 

' lies here before us, he was a man of pub- in which the word “ South’ does not oe- 
lic spirit. He took an interest in all cur, and that therefore the matter of re- 
, . , . . , admission was reduced to a simple shape, 

those things that promote the general j£g,hpngaij: 

welfare ol society. , “ Brother Parsons, I have two questions 

2d, Mr. Bell and Jlr. Anderson were to ask you: 1st, are you, in the sense which 
ordained your first elders, twenty years Methodist preachers understand the 

;„,i .1 1 „ ' terms, an unconditional Union man? Sec- 

ago.and during that period, they have  p subscribe fully and faith- 

gone in and out belore you in such a way j^e anti-slavery principles of tlie 

as to commend them, mostly, to your , Methodist Episcopal Church ?” 

I cordial approval and most affectionate i “ To which Dr. Parsons replied . ‘ Most 

fact, that he fiat 
all things were, conip, ir-uvoiy  i-‘Ge-l, 
we inighi say, ^ ’»!y/ora|»i((,v...', . , ii,.; 

mutamur cum illis. But it docs ivnt «p 
p!y to Dr. B.irsons I  .'t 

In order toshoy why we have clii'j'l'ed 
the Kentucky Uonlcreneo with being a 
political ponvention, rather than an ec- 
cle-iiasiical court, met in the name of 
Christ, and ai-io fo lot our fiioiidtin the 
Methodist Church .South sec wh..t kind 
of an evangel this Confereiicn i ; about 
to promulgate in Kentucky, we pnbli'.ii 

battled with snrh apparent earnestness ' i! '» ? very expensive process, 

.a . and os tlie Pope s exchequer is running 

on I ic ot er . i re -n uot, . .us-tlie | toil, it j:- clu-apei' to cu^oisizo sjimt* wlu»le-.i omi^jon will count lor nothiiig^ idnce 
I'len ehaiigt-o. w’icn ! than retail. Nineteen ol Ihr^twenty- no inne Fajojicwill !■■ tU., 

Kai oleon's ErroRTS. — The. 
Enifteror Aapoleon has atlopled a new^ 
style oi publjcatioii^Iis Life oYCtcsar” | 
will appear in Freimli, Engli.-rhT »and Ger- 
man ut the same tone. No ni^iae is to 
appear on the title page except that of 
Ca-sar. The writer is to be ufniei stood, 
not cxpi essed. So far i*'. .N-q»oli-on goia . 

■Valuable and Interestiug Books. 

Lango’cTCommentary on Matthew 00 

Jthronicles of the Schonberg -Cotta Family, 1.7f 
Early Dawn, or Sketches ot Christian IjiIo 

in the olden time, l-7t 

Diary of Mrs Kitty Trevylyan, l.'i 

God s way of Holiness, by Rev. Horati,is 

Bonar 1-^® 

Egypt's Princes, by Rov. Gulioii Lansing, 1.50 
History of the Reformation in the time 67 

^Calvin, by D'Aubigne, 8 vois., 

Last Time.', by Scies 

Prophet of Fjro, by WcDuff, 

Sunsets  11 Hebrew Mount'-. ns, 

Patriarchal Shadows, by Winslow... l.itt 

Human Satfiiess, by Madam Gasparin, 100 


Abbott’s IlisUiries, 8 Ifols $6.00 

The Percy Family, 5 voU., 

WaUer’s Tour in tho East, 4 -rots, 

The Florenoe Stories, 6 roll,.. 

Arthqjr’s Home Stories, 3 vol;, 

Brighthope SS-rJes, i vole,! 

Georgey's Mehsgerie, 0 vol" 

Aunt Mary’s Library , 0 vols 

Btoriosof old, Bible Narrative* for Young 
Children, by t?aroIine Hadley, 2 vols. 

each, ., '-s- 1-20 

The Night Cap Stories, 6 voia,..^....... 6 00 

Aimwcll Stories,’ 6 vdls, 6.00 

The Leslie Stories, 4 vols 4.00 

A^amnia's Talks with Charlie ®0 

For 'sale by -A. DAVIDSON, 

303, Third Street, i/.ouisville, Ky. 








4 00 

2 50 

l;v t were Belgians, and Mgr. dq^Merode 
I is r. B.-lgian. .Spain, Poland, ann'France 
, arc tho Other coutries hoqpred. Eleven 
' were Franciscans, four parish priests, tw^ 

Moreover, seeing the present position 
of Ills own dominions and prospects after 
the evacuation of the French, he has 
proclaimed a Jubilee to be observed dur- 
ing this current year 1865. In fact the 
Pope’s health — as may be gathered from 
bis multifarious activities — is so good, 
that there is no speedy prospect of his 
dying. — Church Journal. 

The late Lord John Beresford, Arch- 
bishop ot Armagh, received from the trea- 

the following resolutions p.ssscd hy this | sury of the Church during the sixty years 
, , “  of his ecclesiastical service, from his first 

■ I being of Kilmore at £0,000 per 

“Resolved, Tlift with profound rever : annum, to his being at -Armagh, forty 
ence we recognize Almighty Go l as the | years, at £18,000 a year, the immense sum 
Governor of nations. In the hi; tory of | of £887,900, or about four miWion, /bur Aiin- 
our fathers, anJ'tif the United i^talcs of ; dreJ and f«rtg thousand, five hundred doVars. 
America, and o.specially in the progress | 

toward univ4“rs:d freedom sinco the Na- | ■ ■ * " 


tional struggle with the slavtdioldc 
bellion began, wf see the power and good- 
ness of God as clearly as tibo heavens do 
clare his glory. 

“Resolved, That we haVe great respect 
for and confidence in the Chief Magis- 
trate of the nation, Abraham T.incoln 
We congratulate him on the brightening 
prospect of speedily crushing the rebell- 
ion, approve his administration, inclu 
ding his proclamation of freedom to the 
slave, and hereby pledge ourselves to l.t- 
bor for liberty and the elevation of the 

\MRIWN REL 1 G 18 LS I,\TElLieE\eK. 

I Rev. .John Montgomery, who has for 
' some time past been supplying the Church 
human race, an l to continue to | iay ''; rj Rocheport, Missouri, has agreed tosup- 
the President, tlie Government, our noble ] plj' for A time tho Church at Sullivan, 

Generals and br.sve men in the field, as 
also for their families at home, in the 
hope that we shall soon have peace in ail 
the land. 

“iiCAo/eci/, That tfte prospects of thi- Af. i h- 
odist Episcopal Cfcurch in Kentuck '. at- 
encouraging, theiprobablo emancipation 
by the next session of the legislalun*, an , I 
the growing anti‘slavery setiinenl of the 
common people, together with the fact 
that truly loyal jjeople in the State who 
wish Mvt-t!"!?F -I -, fo.'k io rjmJdinrtrh 

for a home, present us a field whitening 
to the harvest We enter on onr work 
afresh in the fear of God, knowing that 
there yet lies before us a great struggle 
the right. We meet the issue, ami ex- 
pect to conquer in Jesus’ name. 

“Resolved, That the Kentucky Annual 
Conference cheerfully, bountifully, hear- 
tily, unanimously concur in the amend- 
ment of the General Rule on slavery, as 
proposed by the General Conference, so 
as to forever forbid slaveholding in the 
Chnroh of God.” 

New .Albany Presbytery. 

The New Albany Presbytery stamls aJjotirn- 
e J to meet at Brownstown, Ind., on Thiirsday, 
the 6th of April, at 7X o'cloek, I*. M. At the 
last regular meeting, the Churches were as- 
sessed the omoent annexeil, for commisoner’s 
end contingent funds: 

New Albany, $12 ; Jeffersonville, $14 ; Livo- 
nia, $11; Jackson County German, $1 50; 
Charlestown, $14 ; Now Washington, $6 ; Ow- 
en Creek $5 ; Rhobuth, $4 ; Sharon, .*4 ; New 
Philadelphia, $10 ; Utica, $1; Oorydon, $1 
Orleans, $0; Paoii, .$3; Utica German, $2; 
Bedford, $2 ; Browustown and Greenbrier, $2. 

It is urg'-ntly requosteil that all the Chnrch- 
es uniler the care of Presbytery 'orward liy 
their representa'ives, or by mail, their u”ual 
statistical reports, upon the blanks f -rnerded 
for that pu'poso. A particular account of 
what has been done in the way of systematic 
bcnificence is also requeitc-J in reports, sent 
only by mail. 

R. J. L. M.VTTIIEW.8, 

Stated C'erk. 

Indiana. Correspondents will address 
him at the latter place. 

The Old and New School Churches at 
(Jbnneautville, Pennsylvania, have be- 
come one. , A correspondent of the Pres- 
' ,'frrlan Banner says, that “each Church 
vo'ted unanimously to receive the other as 
part bnd parcel of itself, and the work 
was done.” As a result, the writer adds, 
" wc'have a comfortable Church idifice, u 
p“**p*vMivei- parsonage, and the churctf 
debt will be paid. 

The new edifice erected for the congre- 
gation of the Canal Street Presbyterian 
Church, in Greene street, near Canal, New 
York, was dedicated on Sunday morning, 
2Gih ult. 

Rev. Dr. Ormiston, of Hamilton, C. W., 
has declined the call to the Scotch Pres- 
byterian Church, New York. 

Tlie WestminsterChurch, Philadelphia., 
under the pastoral care of Rev. Dr. Irvine, 
formerly of Hamilton, C. W., has recent- 
ly hail large accessions — twenty-two mem- 
bers having been received at its last com- 

Rev. .Joseph Stevenson, a member of 
the Presbytery of Sydney, died at Belle- 
fontaine, Ohio, on the 24th of February. 

Rev. Robert M'Cartee, D. D., a member 
of the Presbytery of New York, died at 
his residence in - Yonkers, N.‘ Y., on tho 
12th inst., in the 7 Uh year of his age. 

Rev. S. J. Nicholls, late of Chambers- 
burg, Pa., has recently been installed 
pastor of the Second Church, St. Louis, 

Tho Old and New School Presbyterian 
Churches in Greenville, Ohio, have pass- 
ed a unanimous vote, agreeing to unite 
under one organization, under the care of 
tho Presbvterv of Miami 

StBU-iTU RE.tuixG. — The Rev. Thomas 
Guthrie, D. D., widely known in this 
country by his numerous books, is editing | cim^ch 
a monthly magazine, entilled “ The Sun- 
day Magazine," which we doubt not will 

/ Misc'hllancous. 

Rev. J. H. Bristow, of the Louisville 
Conference of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church South, has wiihdrawn from that 
body, and united with the Kentucky 
Conference of the Methodist Episcopal 

have an extensive circulation in England 
and Scotland. The price of it on this 
side of the water, is $4 50 a year. 

I Rev. Thos S. Malcolm, of the Baptist 
i Church, has been appointed Correspond 

ing Secretary of the Pennsylvania Colo- 
nization Society. 

Rev. .James Stewart, who accompanied 
Dr. J.ivingtone to the Zambesi, in Central 
Africa, has been appointed by the Free 
Church of Scotland, a missionary to that 

“A Scotch clergyman was suspended for 
irreverence in religious matters. The prin- 
cipal fact alleged against him was hisliav- j Jaik and spiritually needy continent. — 
ing asserted in a letter, which wa.s prodii- | Jijs place of labor will be Lovedale. 
ced, that he considered Pontius Pilate ii : „ t i -u- r .u t- 

very ill-used man, as he had done more for ! i', 

Christianity than all the other nine apos- | Baptist Church, of New Brunsw'ick, sailed 
ties put together ” ' o'’ "It., for Calcut- 

If all the American clergymen who are ' "'‘y missionary service in 

guilty of irreverence in religious matters, 
at the present day, were suspended, a 
large number of pulpits, we fear, wouM 
bo vacant 

Union of I’resiitteri.'n C'HrucHEs. — The 
joint committee of the Presbyterian 
Churches on Union met in the offices of 
the Free Church on the 8th and 9th inst 
There was a large attendance of the mem 
j bers of the several committees The 
I fourth article of the programiun, viz: — 

“ Election of Office Bearers and Constitu- 
tion of Church Courts,’’ was fully consid 

ered, and it found that an entire har- . . - t . - 

monyexistsastotheprinciple.sregulating ® gn Bible Society, in London, in May 
I such matters in the several churches, n®*'- 

, .Some satisfactory progress was’ also made Through the liberality of John Hender- 
in considering the fifth article of the pro- son. Esq , of Park, a copy of the “ British 
: gramme, viz: “The law an l practice of and Foreign Evangelical Review " is fur- 
the respective churches as to Public Wor- nished gratuitously to every United Pres- 
ship.” The joint committee adjou'-ned to byterian Minister in Scotland, and Eng- 
meet again in the same place on Wed land. 

I India 

' 'Rev. J. O. Dykes, the young and prom- 
ising colleague of the Rev. Dr. Candlish, 
in charge of St. George’s Free Church 
Edinburgh, .Scotland, has been compelled 
by ill health, to resign, and his physician 
. recommends his removal to Australia. 

I His congregation has provided funds for 
I the outfit and passage, and will continue 
his salary for one year. 

Rev. E. S. Janes, D. D., one of the Bish- 
ops of the Methorlist Church in this coun- 
’ try. has been appointed a delegate from 
I the American Bible .Society, to attend 
the anniversary ot the British and For 

Fajqjiejpiiu _lg 
fact, P.iittbLiic t'riintlato 
convenient, weshould thiirJc. though tiieir 
names will also be pretty well known. 
Mr. Thomas Wright, the antiquary and 
historian, has been appointed the English 
translator. It was impossible for the Em 
peror to have made a better choice. Mr. 
Wright is a thorough master of the two 
languages, lii« French style beipg almost 
as good and idiom.atic as his English stylo, 
the put^ily and vivacity of whicli require 
no certificate from us. — Alhioi(eum. 

Mice to Undertakers, 

^ M A u m j; i). 

On NicTPH ae  ho residence of Mr. F. 
Lewis, in Wiishingttm county, Ky., by Rev. 
M. BaiindorSjlMr. Franklin Boil und Miss Euz- 
ABKTii Lewis, 

On the 7th inst., in Cynthiaim, Ky,, by Rev. 
W. B. Knvauaugh, Bisbop IT. H. KAVANAUGUof 
the Meth'^dist Episcopal Church Sooth, and 
Mrs. Martha Lrwin, of Louisiana. 

Obituary notices will be inserted only upon ObC 
following terms, viz : Ngi exceeding ten lines, 

gruhs. ten lineSf ten cents per line — 

payment in advance. 


In this city, on Friilay, the 10th inst., Fran- 
cis Nrwcomb, in ibo 40th year of his age. 

.. iuko plci.;JUTO if aunoiin^i’ig to the Vn- 
K i^^uotso*^^ dor wR'^- In»Hr.n|, T«u 

nctsee, AH* •■ i'- ui d 

Louiiiittl,ibat in addition to hur'njr .‘n‘’y for 
♦be bide oj I. C. Shulcfs ^ Co'a^tly oel-etlraXod; 
RTtighl, vanned 'VfTougat iron Ot\k.ft»*ud 
Cases, which for lightno^S; olei'ducc of stylo 
and richness of finish and  hastni^ of naount- 
ing, excel ail other burial C^sca ever oflered 
to the public; w« bavo ot mdudod un arrange- 
ment vjth W. M.‘ Rjymond A* On ^of *fiew 
York, whereby we ran suppiy undcrtkkw in 
the aboYo uamod States w'lth Caslcets and'Casi'^ 
from their juanufactory, at the current Sew 
York prices, with cost of tranaporunion ad.ied; 
which ia about XO pi»r cent less than any  -ih«r 
Metallic Burial Gaso can bn proji^nl for. 
The Ceses of VT. M. Raymond * C.mipauy’s 
manulacture poaseen in’eat advontagea over apy 
other cast nietabOa*eS- nea'tae,. of Cniali 
and in having a flange covcriBi; the cement 
joint entirely Jrofri viftwj thereby protecting 
the clothing Irbni the injurious effect, of the 
cement oozing out of the joint, which every 
undertaker knows is a great objection to the 
Metallic Cases in common nso in this part of the 
country. With our (resent arrangements wo 
can make it to the interest of Undertakers to 
purchase their Metallic Coses from ns. We 
ere the only house in tho United States which 
can furnish the trade with the goods of both 
these celebrated manufacturert at such low 
prices. ... 

We hardly deem it necessary at this day to 

The Law of Newspapers. 

1 . Subscribers who do not give 
notice to the contrary, are consiricred as 
wishing to continue their subscriptions. 

2. If' subscribers order the discontinu- 
ance of their papers, puhlishers.niay cor,- 
tinue to sciid them until all sums due 
are paid. 

3. If subscribers neglect or refuse to 
take their papers from the office to which 
they are directed, they are held respon 
sible until they have paid what is duo, 
and order their papers discontinued. 

4. If subscribers remove to other 

places without informing the publisher, 
and the paper is sent to tho former di- 
rection, they are held responsible.^ 

3i The Tiiw declares Inat any person 
to whom a periodical is sent, is responsi- 
ble for payment if he receives the paper, 
or makes any use of it, even if he has 
never subscribed for it, or has ordered 
it stopped. ilis duty in such a case is, 
not to take the paper from the office, and 
to notify the publisher that he does not 
wish it. 


wuoi.Es*i.e rniCEs oni.t — oorbectzd weeelt. 

Applkb — Sale*' of green upplrs at $5 26(g»8 50 

bbl. tor good. 

Cotton Yarnn — S ellingat 74 to 75c, for No. 500. 

Creesr— S ales at 22 to for Western Ro- 

Ca.ndlm — F irm. Star, 14 os, selling at 27 

Bctter and Egos — Butter aelling at 28(g35c. 
Very little in market. Eggs in demand, and 
selling in market 22 at to 23c. doE. 

Coal — Stock fair at 18 to 20u. for Pomeroy, 
and 22 to 23 for Pittsburg, afloat, with resail 
sales at 33c per bushel, delivered. 

pRiKD Fruit — Inre .][uest and very firm. Ap- 
ples at 12 to 14o. Peaches, none. 

Fkatbbrs — W e quote at 54c. lb. 

Flour and Grain — The demand for flour is 
motlerate and prices steady. We quote superfine 
at $7 60(^$d 50; extra $8 75@9 00; and family 
$9 20@$9 75. 

Gr»k:brik8 — Sales Rio coffee al37@S8c: — New 
Orleans yellow sugar at 22®20. Molasses, N. 
0., sold at $l 30 to 1 35 per gallon. 

Hat — Market dull. We quote at$27@$2-8 00 

Hrmp — Market dulU Kentucky hemp is soli 
ing at ¥ ton, according to quality, 

laoN AND Nails. — A dvanced ^ tb.; bar 

iron 8. ft^^c., 0. C. at 9*^c, sheet iron 8 
C. at I3c. 0. 14c, Juniata at 15c. Nails, 
lOd nt 73^c in lots; other siaes proportion. 

Oil — Coal and carbon oil advanced to 85@ 
$1 00 ^ gallon. Lard oil advanced to $2 10@2 
15. Linseed advanced to $1 62. Sperm at $2 50@ 
2 50. Lubricating oils selling from 55@1 00. 

Onions — In demand at $7 00(^8 00. 

Mackfrkl — Limited receipts, and we quote 
No. I in kills, at $3, No. 2, large, in kitts$2 85, 
half bbls. at $10 40, and bbls. $18 60; No. 2, 
common, in kitts, $2 65, and half bbls. $9 60. 

PoTATOKS — From store at $4 50@,4 75 ^ bbl. 

Provisions and Lard— Nothing whatever do- 
ing in mess pork, but a round lot was offered at 
$38. Small sales of sugar cured bacon hams. 
Stage’s make; in lots of 100 pieces, at 25 cents. 
Larif we quote at 21 to 223^^ in tierces, and 25 
to 25).^c for prime ic«f in kegs. 

Skrds — Market active. Clover in good de- 
mand at $14 00@M ?5 timothy at $5 50@5 75 
Hungarian grass at $2 75@3 00, Blue Grass and 
Red Top $2 50 to $2 75, Orchard grass at $3 00 
to $3 25. 

Shkktikos — The market firm at 65 cents. 

Soap — German soap is selling at 14(g)15e ac- 
cording to quality. 

Tallow and Gkbask — Tallow is selling at 
17(^18c, Grease 14c. 

Wool — In good request, and w© quote in 
grease at 60c, wa.shed $80. 

Tobaoco.— We quote the ditferent grades as 
follows: Lugs $7 80(^$I0, medium loaf $13 

(^20 00, good leaf $26 00(^32 00, extra $40 00 
@45 00 tt 100 n 3. 

l.ouisville and \aKliville Railroad. 

NaMhviUc rH’ '*fiigor Trnln... 

Lebanon Trntu 

Bard»rowu Train 

7:0 ; A. M. 

7:30 A. M. 

2:UH P. M. 

neaday, the 15lh March, at twoo'clock. 

Univkusitv Degrbes. — The Senate* of 
the Univer.'^ity of Glasgow, at their meet- 
ing recently, unanimously conferred 
the degree of D D. on the Kev. William 
Snodgrass, Principal of Queen's College. 
Kingston, C. W.; and the Kev. Alexander 
Macleod, minister of Trinity United Pres- 
byterian Church, Birkenhead. 

The- two Baptist papers in New York, 
the Examiner and Chronicle, have united, 
c,\\d are now issued under the title ^^Exam- 
.••'cT A Chronicle.’' 

Rev. Dr. J M. Isowrie, pastor of the 
Presbyterian Church in Fort Wayne, Ind., 
i- publishing, through the Presbyterian 
Board of Publication, a work, entitled, 
* The Hebrew Lawgiver. 

Isuuisvilic and Fraiiklort and Lexington 
and Frankfurt Railroad. 

xpr Truia A. M. 

*• 2:20 P. M- 

Avcommodatiou Traiu 4:50 P. M. 

L.oui’ ville, N'ew Albany and Chicaero Rail, 


CUicagn Express 0:30 A. M. 

St. l.uuis Xigot Kxpr«B3 9:20 A. M. 

nou’ce the superiority of the Metallic Oases over 
any wooden box that can b© made in imitation 
of them; in which the remains are floating in 
water after the first rain that falls after inter- 
ment, often for months, and in many instances 
for years, to say nothing of tho decay of wood, 
which renders "the removal of remains an im- 
possibility, should it become necessary. 

We also keep on hand a general assortment 
of wooden cofiine, ami are prepared to attend 
all funeral calls in city or country by day or 
night. king & OWEN, 

South-east corner ofJeli'erson and Third 
streets, Louisville, Ky. 

March 9th, 1865. 

Rare and Valuable Books. ^ 

The Complete Works of Rev. Ralph Ers- 

kine, 2 vols. Folio, $18.00 

Mngeo on the Atonement, 2 vols, 6.U0 

Witsius on the Covenants, 2 vols, 4.00 

The same in 3 vols, ^-^0 

Romaine’s complete Works, 8 vols, 8.00 

Hunter’s Sacred Biography, 6 VjIs, 6.00 

Milton, 5.00 

Observations on Various Passages of 
Scripture, by Rev. Thomas Harmer, 

4 vols, 8.50 

An Essay on the Doctrine of the Trinity, 

by Rev. James Kidd, A. M 2.50 

An exposition of the Prophet Ezekiel, by 

Rev. Wm. Groenhill, 7.50 

.\nalecta Theologica : A Critical Philogi- 
cal and Exegetical Commentary on 
the New Testament, adapted to the 
Greek Text, by Rev. William Trollope, 

2 vols, 

Contemplations on the Historical Pas- 
sages of the Old and New Testaments, 
by Joseph Hall, D. D.,3 vol. % mor,... 
Sermons on several important subjects 
connected with the Gospel of Christ, 
by Rev. Robert Lovett, A. B., Chap- 
lain to the British Embassy at Paris,... 

Works of Bishop Cranmer, 2 vols, 

Works of Bishop Jewell, 3 vols, 6.00 

Works of Thomas Becon. 3 vols, 6.00 

Works of Bishop Ridley, 1 vol, 1.50 

Works of Bishop Coverdale, I vol, 1.60 

Works of Bishop Piikington, L vol, 1.50 

BulUnger’s Decades, 1.50 

Zurich Letters — 2d Series, 1.50 

For sale by A. DAVIDSON, 

Louisville, Ky. 







L SCOTT A CO , Now York, contiono® to puMfsh th« 
• followiiiK ietwliUR Biitiab Poriodicals, viz: 





The preeeut critical state of Enropoan affairs will reu- 
der these publicatioDs' Dniisually iDtoresting during tba 
forthcoming year. They will occupy a middle ground 
between the hastily written news-items, crude s^jecula- 
tions, and flying rumors of the daily Journal, and th© 
pouderuus Tome of tho future historian, written alter the 
living interest and excitement of the great political 
ereute of the time shall have pasM d away. It is to these 
Perit^icals that readers must look for the only really in- 
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such, in addition to their well-established literary, sclen* 
tifle and theological character, we urge them upon the 
consideration of the reading public. 


The receipt of Advance Sheets from the British publish 
ers givcfl additional value to these Rcprinti^ inasmucU ss 
they can now be placed in the hands oNjube^ril eni about 
soon as the origiaai editioos 

Per atiissMn* 

Fer any one of the four Reviows $3 00 

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For any three of tho four Reviews 7 00 

Kor all four of the Reviews 3 00 

For Blackwood's Magazine 3 00 

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Money current in the Slate where issued ttiU rs* 
eeieed at par. 


A discount of tweuty-flve i er cent, from the above pri- 
ces will bo allowed to Clnbe ordering four or more copiea 
of any one or more of the above works. Thus: Four 
copies of Blackwood, or of one Review, will be sent te 
one address for 69; four copies of the four Reviews and 
Blackwood for $3U; and so on. 


In all the principal Cities and towns these works wll 
be delivered freeo/pottaae. When sent by mail, the Pj^st- 
ago to any part of tho United States will be but Twenty- 
four cents a year for “Blackwood,” and bat Fourteen 
cents a year for each of the Heviews. 

N. B.— The price in Groat Britain of the five Periodi- 
cals above uaiaed is 831 p^r anmim. 

JeffersonvUle Haitroafl. 

Cincinnati Express.. 
St. Louis Expr ’ss .. 

2:25 P. M. 
U;00 P. M. 



Xo. 5«! , Main-street, otiposite tlie Galt 


March 23. l( 

r. Scientific and Practical Aj-rlculture 
By Henrt Stephens, F. B. S., gf E.linbnrgh, and th. 
late j. P. Noston, Prof.-aeor of Sclenfitto Agriculture 
in Yale College, New Haven. Two volume., royal oc- 
tavo, liiOO pagee, and numerous Kugraviug.. 

This ia, confceaedly, tho most complete work on Agri- 
culture ever publisli^, and in order to giro it a wider 
circulation the publiihers hava reaolred to radnee tha 
price to 


When sent by mail (post paid) Ur Oalifornfa Ore* 

on, th© price will be $7. To every other part of the 
Union, and to Cantida (post-paid), |G. »^rThu hook tt 


alway. be sddre.«d, P-'-^*^'J; 

No. M Oold Street, Sew York. 



i. I. 00»M»B MAIII lltB ratiD 

"Free Chriatinn CommoB- 

Prmllng^om« , Recorder.’ 

ae i 

Orders will b« promptly Bllsd for .Tor. oatistj o 
Pamphlet, •id Joti Prlrtin.j, 

Free Christian Coniniosiw ealth. 

There is another way in wiiich this of those who give thanks to God for of prayer are to he used. These are to ' pie mourn.” The cases of Ilaman and anv one couM have ni,.ii 
Jt i.  when nun what has no existence anywhere exvcpt he offered for all men. _ Especially is Mordecai are fine illu-lrations of this clearly." 

i: K V I K 'V s . 


ly.— B y Two of Themselves. 12 mo; pp. 

662. New York, M. W. 

ville, A. Davidson— Price $1 “o 

We have seldom read a book which 
has .afforded us more ple.asuro than the 
“Schonberg Cotta Family." style is 

simple, yet very'robably the 

more so, because of its simplicity. 1 he 
authoress, who, we believe, is a lady of 
Edinburgh, Scotland, seems to enter with 
wonderful facility into the spirit of the j 
times in which .Martin Luther lived and 
acted, of which this book professes to 
give a history. She seems aUo, to be an 
ardent admirer of the character of the 
great Reformer, and her descriptions of 
the scenes in which he and his followers 
were called to act a prominent part, are 
so graphic, and yet so natural, that her 
readers are carried along with her, until 
their sympathies are lully enlisted in be- 
half of the Reformer and the truth which 
he openly proclaimed, and as fully 
against the fierce persecuting spirit of 
priests and dignitaries of the Komish 

The book is singularly arranged. Sev- 
eral members of the Cot^a Family art- 
made to tell their own story, and in this 
also,' the authoress has ad.vpted her style, 
to all appearance, to suit the various wri- 
ters. Mr. Dodd has made a capital hit in 
publishing this book. It has had already 
a large sale in this country, as well as in 
Great Britain ; and we would recommend 
those of our readers who have not read 
the book, to get it, read it themselves, 
and let their children read it also. It is 
truly evangelical in its tone, and througli- 
out breathes the spirit of the pure gospel. 

During the bccular d.iys this is enough 

marked. But it is Sunday that puts an error manifests it-clf. ", this to be done for all rulers.' The oon- 

Amenesn homo to proot. 1 hat is the balance accounts with God in tlu ir in their own iorw.-.rJ im .gination.s. I senuenccs nrisinir from this would bo 

in-.iigs out so 

IV. A fourth error, or rather the 

sequences arising 
(wo; we would be enabled thereby to 

Christian family day. T he fa.nily seems conclusion, that 

made up on that day. e c jjjg ^hole, God has done them more iii- “i impious perver.-ion ijf the duty of live godly lives, doing our duty to the 

t7ieir° heads. ‘ They scL^ to recognize I good than evil. Thus, some will say, j thanksgiving, is to impute our sins and | great Heavenly RuK ““d second, we 
hTgre.Lr and tlfe less love-to God ^ u there are always plenty of things to ' wicked deeds to God, leqd then thank ! Bhould be enabled to hve honestly and 

and to fr.ends. Ihe house is pcacefd, t, thankful for.” This is very true, but him lor them. If you should hear a, this happiness of the people in any govern- ' er without bein.^ tired.-^^TB^'o^^^^ 

but not p t expression they generally mean, I man give thanks to God after this man- j scripture, all the kings of the earth were i ment is promoted by the gooincss of i Si ci'i:li/. ^ 

dious trill of c 11   ren in i u i.uii inaiiy things which ncr, '• Gud. I thank thee that I am a i heathen and wicked rulers, and yet he I the rulers, and we ought to pray for' ^ 

great truth ; and there have been scores *• me fini.-h then by ohservlnrr that 
of others since their day. It is the in- the jaekal is a hunter, the hawk an cx- 
tcrest, then, as well as the duty of all to pert bird eatcl*» r, the leech an e.ycellcnt 
pray that God would guide and so con- surgeon, and the monkey the best rope- 
trol their rulers as to direct them into dancer in the world.” ^ 

all truth, and restrain them from the “ Well done, undo ! you have amused 
commission of any evil ; because the , me, indeed. I could listen an hour lon-- 

day comes too still now. There is si- 

Tbe Early Daw.v; or Sketches of Chris- 
tian Life in England in the Olden Time. 
By the author of the “ Schonberg Cotta 
Family,” with Introduction by Prof. 
Henry B. Smith, P D 12mo. pp. 397. 
New York, M. \V. Dodd. Louisville, A. 
Davidson — Price $l 75. 

The “Early Dawn,” is quite as inter- 
esting a hookas the “ Schonberg-Cotta 
Family.” It is a graphic and iiileresling 
account of the introduction of Christiani- 
ty into England. 

The author has adopted the most popu- 
lar method of imparting a knowledge of 
the early struggles of Chi islianity with 
the many systems of false religion exist- 
ing at that time; for while it is a history 
of the times, it is also a series of beau- 
tiful and well told stories, bringing out 
the various religious beliefs of the people 
who took part in those scenes. 

The short introduction by Prof. Smith, 
is a very concise statement of the scope 
and aim of the author, and, like him, we 
feel that the youtii of our land would do 
T..!' t. --ead the book, and learn how, in 
if. i. I1C-. .f -1 to in this age of 

.-vii : indebted to those 

' ! ci iiv 'll -nded for a pure 

laith and a pure Cm isiianity. 

Itnce that aclus in the car. There is 1 Ood bestows upon them, and which call ^ great .sinner, that th m 
too much room at the table, too much j for gratitu le, there are many things ; life to commit many 
at the hearth. The bed rooms are a i which they receive from him of an op and couimisaion, and ’ ■ 
world too orderly. There is too much j character, which is a great error. ; praise Thy great and ho 

leisure and too iit le care. .. .. r ! So aoain, there areothers whose thank.s- have been enabled this 

Alas! what mean the.«e tilings f p-u = . ,, , 

somebody growing old ? Arc the.-e signs j giving is summed up in this, “ I am not , poor widow ot all he; i 
and tokens? Is life waning? : as well off as I might be, but thank God deprive her orphan cliidren of the 

it is no worse. I have lost a good deal ; mean- of support.” If you should hear , 

t spared my | urges that prayer shall be offered for I that goodfiess. 

of omihsiou fl'vm. The worse they are, the more im- 

dd especially, 
■'■ inio that I 
y 0 defi aud a 
-ions, and 

Fjr iho Fri ‘'l.rJ-jlLAU C.nmio wealth. 

portant it is that the pious pray for 
them. Observe, say.s Hurkitt, the Apos- 
tle does not say for good kings, or right- 
ful kings, hut simply for kings. Few 
can tell the dreadful annoyance and 
perplexity that wicked rulers are to tho 
pious. It is the humblo, orderly, and 
conscientious that suffer most. The 

Li:ad theChii.iiren toChiust. — Let 
' Iw'o examples tell what I mean. I know 

One other point needs a remark or two: 
it is the position assumed by some that i c .u i , 

the “ powers that be” have the right to “ who never ceased to pray lu se- 

command me to pray for rulers when '^'’'“' daughter, at least occasion- 

and whore they pleasl Now. prayer be she, a youug lady came for- 

.1 .1 1 • n .1 , " -.iiwaid and took her p ace bv his side 

ing the outbreaking of the heart. It will ! • . F “J 

be given to every ruler and government 

who has the affection of him who prays. 

I among the professed people of God. 

1 knew a mother who never cea-;cd to 
pray iu secret with a eon until she was 

i This being the nature of prayer, to sup- 'Mpltrih' K' 'hi 

of my properly, bttt I have a litte - any one thanking God in thi.s manner, ; unscrupulous have many | pose that any ruler, high or low, uray ^ rin^ im wit ler to o 

Perversions ol the Duly ot fiiniiksglvlng. i j- health and friends.” j you w luld pronounce it a most horrid ; methods of evaaiug and molli'ying the 

‘Givmg thanks nhvai.s lor all things unt^ ^ ^ |.,i.,5pi,em v. And SO again, if the can- ' orders of oppres-ive and wicked rulers 

God and the Sioher lu Ibo name of .  ir Lord ^ ’ xr , , i 1 -i i • i, l . F *ho iatmds **1“^ pure in heart will not resort to, 

siv -‘I have suffered a great loss, . niLial inhabit.nnts of one ot the islands, ^ l . u • .i i 

i iioYc p . , , , so that the better the man is, the more 

the Lord hss taken from me my chil-;nho had once been I lwu.stiar.s, should | -pije ^pogtig, therefore, di- 

dren or my parents, but I ought to be relapse into their former savage habit of j i-gcts that these good people should pray 
grateful to Him that He Las given eating human flesh, and alter one ofjtoGod cotinually, that He would give 
me His own dear Son and the hope of their diabolical meal.-r. sh'ouldwipe their : them_ good rulers, in order that they 

Jesus Cbrisi.” — Er.'’ '.‘ .v : 21. 

The duty of thanksgiving is as liable 
to be perverted as any other duty en- 
joined in the word oj’ God. 

I. The first perversion to which I 
would call attention, is to take the above 
text in an absolute and literal sense : 

moro'-,^pcclany iu ibo -two pj4pre?st Otis' a spirit of true piety and resignation to ' recking with human blood, to heaven i of honesty, and fait dealing for one single moment to such an out 

\ — '* » 

“ always” and •* for all things.” 

It must be evident to all, upon the slight- 
est reflection, that these terms cannot 
possibly be taken in an absolutely unlim- 
ited sense “always;” that is, at all times — 
under all circumstances — on every occa 
bion — continually — without interniis 
bion. What man could possibly comply 
with such a coinniaml? 11 could wc 
attend to the disc i arge of •■eul jr 

business? How 

inent for the e-tuilly iinc- riaiU aid 
cleat ly commanded duties of humbling 
ourselves before the Almighty and ina 
king confubsion of our sins aud cur lo.-l 
and ruined condition? How could we 
always give thanks, if the word "alicoys" 
is to be taken in an absolutely unlimit- 
ed sense. 

is to mock the heart sear hiiig God 
Furthermore, prayer being the conver.-a- 
tion of the heart between a man and lii- 
God, it is the height of wicked pre- 

, .1 ,1 . . „i (..f ..,.,1 : may live lives of quietness and peace- i sumption for any other mortal man to 

eternal life. Such than 'Sgivings are no j mou is ^an c . i fulness ; spending their time in exhibi- I attempt to control it ; and a man ought 

k their lips, aud Aise their hands ' ,,i.. i...» . i i .l..» i.i., 

pose that any ruler. Inch or low, uray ! I . , x. ■ 7 t l h . 

" „ • .1 1111 ^   table or the l.ord. I hardly need say, 

coratnanu it, is maoiiestly a bold absur- . .i, j • 

ri'u ' 1 • . 1 - • . that these were converted young, or 

dity. I hey may, by virtue ol pains and ,, , ,,   . r u j i i 

J F I that thov beiutifuliy adorned the pro- 

penalties, torco soino men to utter hypo- '  • F c c L I L • ■ 11 1 

, , ... II .1 . lession ot faith which they thus imbib- 

critical w.irds, but to call that prayer, i r .u • . - j 

- - ’led Irom their parents devotion. 

wrong iu them^elyes, they often breathe i smack 

tions of g'.dly conduct toward their | rather to die, than submit his conscience 

God’si will, but nevertheless we ought ; give thanks to GoJ for the savory meal | toward their fellow men. All hearts are rage, 
not to stop tliere. If we do we take a , ha has prepared for theui. If you could j in the hands ol God, and he can turn ; 

^ery pitiful and unworthy view of the witness such a scene, would you not 


even the hearts of kings as the streams 

duty of thank.sgiving. Paul takes high- 
er ground. He teache.s us not merely 
that there are always, even in distress- 
ing times, many things to he thankful 
for, but toat under all circumstances we 
should give thanks to God for all things 
hat come from Him, no matter how dis 

shrink. hack aghast and horrified at such 
infernal blasphemy ? 

Think you that such scenes arc alto- 
gether imaginary? 1 need only point 
you to the persecutions of the early 
Christians — to the crusades — to the hor- 
rors of the inquisition— Ato the massacre 

fox tl)c Cl)il^reu. 

Trades Carrlfd on by Birds, Beasts, amt 

tressing they may appear at the time, i of St. Itartholomew s night. .Alter the 
' tui the reason for this is found in that I latter dreadful time of carnage and 
never to be forgotten passage, “ all things 1 slaughter, when the news had reached 

shall work together for good to them : Homo, it was immediately decreed that 

An Epitome of Ge.nebal Ecclesiastical 
History, from the earliest peiiod, with 
a condensed account of the Jews since 
the destruction of Jerusalem. By John 
Marsh, D. D. Sixteenth edition, revised 
and corrected by the author, and brought 
down to the present time. 12mo pp lOG. 
New York, M. \V. Dodd. Louisville, A. 
Davidson — Prico $1 75. 

We are glad to sec a new edition of 
this compendium of Church History. It 
has been out of print for several, 
and such a book as this is a great desid- 
eratum, especially for those who have not 
the opportunity or leisure to road the larg 
er works ofChurch History. Thebook is 
well adapted for the use of Female Col- 
leges, or for schools generally. It is di 
vided into three periods. The first, from 
the creation to the caH of Abnihiim. The 
second, from tha call of Abraham to the 
birth of Christ — and the third, from the 
birth of Christ to the present time. 

Qodby’s Lady's Book — for April — has 
been laid upon our table. This nunihev 
contains the usual amount of interesting 
reading, with a great variety of fashion 
plates, and other engravings. Godey is 
always a welcome visitor iu all “well re 
gulaled families.” 

Address, L .\. Godey, Philadelphia. — 
Terms, $3 a year. 

Home after the Children’ have 
GroW.N dp. — Nothing on earth trows so 
fast as caildreu. It was yesterday, and 
that lad was playing with fops a buoyant 
boy. He id a man, and gone now. His 
foot is in the fial"*, his hand upon the 
sword. There is no more childhood foi 
him or for us. Life has claimed him. 
When a beginning is made it is like a 
raveling stocking ; stich by stich gives 
way, till all are gone. The hi.uso has 
not a child in it. There is no noise iu 
the hall — boys ru-hing in pell-mell — it 
is very orderly now. There are no more 
skates or sleds, bats, balls or strings left 
Boa'tered about. Tilings are neat enough 

There is no delay of breakfast for 
sleepy folks ; there is no longer any task 
before you lie down, of looking after 
any body and tucking up the bed clothes. 
There are no disputes to settle, nobody 
to get off to school, no compluinis, no 
importunities for impossible things, no 
rips to mend, no fingers to tie up, no 
faces to bo washed, no collars to be ar- 
ranged. There was never such peace in 
tho house I It would sound like music 
to have some feet clatter down the front 
stairs! 0 for some children’s noise. 

What used to ail us that wo were 
hushing their loud laugh, cheeking their 
noisy frolics, and reproving their slam 
ing and banging the doors? We wish 
our neighbors would lend us an urchin 
or two to make a little noise in these 
premises. A house without children. 
It is like a lantern and no candle : a 
garden and no flowers ; a vino and no 
grapes, a brook with no water i urgling 
and ru.'hing in its channel. We want 
to be tired, to bo vexed, to be run over, 
to hear obild-life at work with all its 

the Pope, with his cardinals, should 
march to the Church of St. Mark, and in 
the most solemn manner, give thanks to 
God for so great a blessing conferred 
on the See of Horae, and that mass 
should be celebrated and a jubilee pro- 
claimed throughout the Christian world. 
It is a great mintake to suppose that 
human nature has so much improved of 
late, and that the spirit of civilization 
alone is sufficient to repress such dia- 
bolical wickedness. All that is ncces.-a- 

of Water. It was not without knowing 
whereof he spake, that Solomon said, 

“ Wjicn tho righteous arc in authority, 
the people rejoice; but when the wicked 

beareth rule, the people mourn ^ M hat. Please tell me something to amu-e me, 
is needed, and to anxiously desired, is | will you ? for I am so tired.” 

good men. It is not ordered that we j But if you are so tired, Henry, what 
shall pray lor the success ol those ru- , likelihood, is there of your listenitig-to 
lers. I his may or may not be done, | with attention ?” 
according to the conscience of the sup- j .  y i will not lose a word ! I should 
plicaior. But we are ordered to pvaj [ never be tired of hearing you talk." 
that they may be good men, who will , .. yvell, if I am to talk to amuse you, 

protect and defend us in the exercise j mugt be about something entertain 

ing. Suppose I tell you of the trades 
which are carried on by the lower crea- 
tures ?” 

“Trades! Why, how can they carry 
on any trade? Do you mean to say that 
beasts, and birds, and such like, carry- 
on trade? " 

“ You shall hear. The fox is a deal- 
er in poultry, and a wholesale dealer. 

that love the Lord.” 

III. A third perversion of the duty of 
thanksgiving, is to thank God for things 
that have existence only in our imagin- 
ations. “ Two men went up into the 
And we are not only always to give ! temple to pray : the one a Pharisee, the 
thanks„ but we are to “ give thank." ul 
ways for all ihing.s.” Taken literally] 
this would involve a threefold imposs 
bility. (1 ) Wc would have to kiio 
all things, which is impo" ible. (2.) W 

would li-ive to know all tilings at once- 

the “all thiiigi " would havc to he pres- goodness of which he imagined himself; ry to re-enact such scenes, is simply to 
cut before our minds at one and the same to be the possessor. But evidently such let passion and prejudice have lull sway, 
moment — HLd(3j Wo would have to goodnCss as he gave thanks for had no Men are as skillful aud plausible now 
give thanks at each and every rooineni ' exi.stence anywhere, except in his own , as ever in christening the foulest crimes 
for all things, whiL-li again is an iiripoa- vainglorious imagination. Now, reraem-j with the names of the greatest virtues. 

'ibility. j her, that pride has a lurking place in j And if God's restraining grace should 

It is perfectly plain, thercioru, that ■ (he heart of almost every one, and un-j be withdrawn, we should again hear Te 
the words of Paul were never intended j less wc are very careful it w'dl mix itsell ; Deums chanted for the blackest deeds 
to convey any such meaning as this. | in our thanksgivings. We are constant- j of cruelty and barbarism. 

Now, this is indeed not a practical error. ; |y prone to think more highly of our- ; God may, and eominuilly docs over The-e prayers were to be made in or- I under the water; but the heron ii fre- ! times iiciessary to con.- urc and 

No one will ever try to give thanks in I .elves than we ought, and de.spise others. ' rule ovil for goij - ■ lUe wick- der that Lhristians mij^it lead a quiet j qusntly seen standing with his long thin | pnnish. i!ut much more maybe done 

of our civil and religious liberty. Some 
have very strangely supposed that this 
direction of the Apostle requires us to 
pray I'or the succes.-i of the measures pro- 
posed by those kings aud men in au- 
thotily. Such a view would lead to the 
utmost- confusion. If that interpreta- 
tion he adopted, it leaves men as mere 
senseleis machines, without either mind 
or conscience. Ho is not permitted to | too ; as the farmers and the farmers’ 
judge of any proposed measure, whether i wives know to their cost.” 
it would be advantageous or disadvanta-    That is true, certainly.” 
geous; nor to exercise his coDscience as “Not satisfied withchickens and duck- 
to whether it be right or wrong; he | ijngs^ he must needs push on his trade 
must adopt it at all hazards, and so among the full grown cocks and hens; 

and many a good fat goose is conveyed 
to his storehouse in the woods.’’ 

‘ A wily Iradi'r in h.a way. 

I» Reynard, both by Digbt anti day.' 

“And what other creature carries on 
a trade besides the fox ?” 

“ The otter and the heron are fi.shcr- 
men, though they neither make use of 
a line nor a net. It i.s not very often 
such as they designate. Dr. Thos. Seott, j that we catch .sight of the otter, for he 
in commenting on 1 Tirn. 2; 1—2. says, | carries on his trade, for the most part 

adopt it us to pray God that it may be 
carried out. Now, to call this by the 
very mildest term, it is sheer non-ense; 
and yet this is held by some now in this 
country. Nor is this the half of the 
absurdity ; it is held not only that it is 
right that I should be expected to do it, 
but that those in authority have the 
right to make me pray for them, or for 

Mark : wc cannot send an infant into 
the strict to leain to walk all by it.scif, 
because it has limbs of its own. Wo 
aid those tottering, stumbling little feet 
till they are strong to walk alone, and 
then let them go lorth. Even so weave 
bound to su- tain and guide the feet of 
prayer till indeed the little ones pray — 
not merely siy their prayers. 

We ate bound to 1-ad them toward 
Chiist till indeed they meet h'ra, and 
wc are sure we have put their little 
hands in his. In other words, parents 
are under the most sacred obligation to 
superintend the private devotions of 
their chiluieii till their little hearts 
catch from them the true fl line of prayer, 
till they love jirayer, till they can pray 
alone, and will pray alone. 

But how many parents, alter having 
begun this work, it may be in the earli- 
est infancy of their children, drop it 
just at the point where there is hope of 
its becoming really effectual. The moth- 
er teaches tho little one to “say its 
prayers” for the little time that it is too 
young to go to bed alone; but ns soon 
as it is able to undress itself or to be 
trusted with a light, it i.s sent off with 
the o cisional heartless injunction, — 
“Don't you forget your prayers and 
soon she knows not whether or not any 
attempt is made to pray. 

GoJ said to his ancient people, “ Thou 
shall teach these words which 1 com- 
maii'i thee, diligently unto thy children 

:i: :i: when lliuu licst down and when 
thou rises! up.” Ttie quiet hour when 
“ he lieth down,” when the day can all 
be calmly reviewed in the light of con- 
8 lienee, is the time when the door of tho 
child's heart is most open, when evil 
can be best turned out of it, and Christ 
be brought in. 

Lead the children till you arc .sure 
you have brought them all tho way to 
the Saviour. .Never let go their hands 
till then — EemiyeUst. 

Finding F-um.t with Children. — 



any such sense aslhis. .-And ilieve-vvoubJ I .\nd this applies not merely to individii- I ednessfand tin .. iii''' 
be no propriety in alluliug to sueli a : als, but also to families and churches Him, and to ppm'.  16 tie 
futile conception, were it not for the and nations. In former years on thanks- ’true children, jut we •; ■ hi- 
fact that some per.sons, not at all anx- • giving days, I apprehend, it would not I wc impute to God our own wickedness 
lous to give thanks to God, make this i have been difficult to find many coun- land the wickedness of others, when we 

o praise ' peaceable life in all godliness and | legs in the shall iw part ot llin river, i [jy cii viuraging children '.vhen they do 

of His 
are how 

theoretical error the basis of their piac , terparts to the Pharisee's prayer. — 
tical perversion of the couiniarid. God. we thank thee that our nation is 

It is not at all difficult to conocive ol j not as other nations are, tyrannical, be- 
a state of society, if indeed i: does not ■ nighted, intolerant. We do much for 
already exist, in which men would thank j ihe cause of civil and religious liberty. 
God for very improper r-bjeet.s in a veiy i We have .set on foot vast missionary es- 

improper manner, and (Icnouiiec all viho 
did not join with them in sUouiing 
glory! hulleluj-.h! as violators of the 
duty sot forth by tho apo.stle. It is well 
to bear in mind, ihircfore, that the 
words oi this command are not to le 
taken in an absolutely unlimited and 
literal sense. 

II. .V sec.ind error to which I wii-h 
to call attention, is one into which many 
Christians fall, namely: to limit capri- 
ciously and unduly, the terms of this 

In (he first plnre, they limit the term 
'■^alicoys" in a very improper manner, at 

thank Him for the good which He 
thereby accomplishes. 

.Against such perversions of the duty 

bouei ty ;. coiisciericiously attending on ! suddenly plunging his lengthy bill be 
all their duties to G. d and man, without | low the surface, and bringing up :i fish, 
being moli-st d either by public calami - 1 You cannot deny that the heron ai.d the 

lies or pcT.-ecutions. Tins object they 
Were to atm at, and with this quietness 
aud security to be satisfied. This dif- 
fers widely from desiring and praying 
for the success of those enterprises which 
leem to serve to aggrandize one’s coun- 

otter are fishermen.' 

“ N o, that I cannot ; hut never should 
I have thought of it if you had not told 

“ Ants arc day la'borors, and are very 

well. Bo, thcitfore, more careful to ix- 
press Y'oiir iinprobation of gisid cond iol. 
than jou, disapprobation of bud. .No- 
thing ciii 111 ore disoourage a child ihao 
a spirit of incessant fault finding on the 
part of its parent. And hardly any- 
thing Can exert a more injurious itiflu- 
cnec upon the disposition both of parent 
and child. Thero are two great motives 
influencing human actions — hope and 


tablishincnts and benevolent societies of 
every description. Lord we thank thee 
that we are a g'eat 

Beware, lest instead of giving thank.", to tiecide. 

you boast of your own supposed supe- 
riority in goodness. All such self exal- 
tation is .abominable in the sight of God. 

.Another way in which this perversion 
manifests itself, is when men arrogantly 
and presumptuously undertake to fath- 
om God's plans, and thou thank Him for 
what they in their profound wisdom re- 
gard as the only feasible one — which 
God, of course, must adopt, and in ac- 

industrious, too, in their calling ; they 

of thank-igiving, every Chri-^tian should i try by the depres-ion and mi.iories of j always seem in earnest at their work. 

C. I’. other countries. Dr. Clarke says, “ M c j Catch them asleepi in the daytime, if ] fear. Both of these are at times ncces- 

^ ^ lor the govern ment that the public i you can. They sot up an example ol i But who would not prefer to have 

,,,, , ,, . r.f o “‘“J ^0 prescrvcd. G ood T u I c TS | i nd ust Ty . ” i her child influenced to good conduct by 

le o owing 3 . y have power to do much good; we pray :  .Auu freely work, without JisguiRe; ja desire of pleasing rather than by the 

I part of the prophecy ol Isaiali. now i their authority maybe ever pre- j Their wsy» conAider, and be wise.’ i fear of offending ? If a mother never 

nd glorious „a- ; much the extravagance of that time and | served and well directed. Bad rulers; g Go on uncle ; I am not half so tired i exprc-."cs her gratification when her 
the present are alike, we will not under- | have power to do much evil ; we pray ^ I children do well, and is always censur- 

: that they may be prevented from thus] “You seem all attention, certainly, i ing them when she secs anything amiss, 

Thus saith Jehovah I ; using their power. | Henry. The swallow is a fly catcher ; they are discouraged aud unhappy. 

This whole subject is beautifully and ; and the number that he catelies in a day 
forcibly set forth by Jeremiah, under! would quite astonish you. Often have 

le ist in praefieo, by thanking God only j eord.ancc with which He works. God' 

in tiuics of signaFpiDsperity, in fruitful 
seasons — when lile-sed with jJonty, and 
peace and quiut — whoa in the erijoy- 
inent of health and comfort — when the 
family circle is unbroken — when all 
dangers and trials, all sorrow." and grids, 
and the bony lioger'^ of death keep at a 
respectful dist.inee. 

In the second place, they limit the 
tho expression “ for all things," to such 
things as they in their finite wirdoni re- 
gard as blessings worthy of gr.iteful re 
mcmbrance. They arc willing and ready 
enough to acknowledge their obligations 

dealings with men are like many other 
things in this world, locked riddles, 
which in due time will he unlocked. 
But some people h ive not patience to 
wait, and so they press on the lock and 
turn on the lock and peep into the key- 
hole, and then announce their vidt tur 
or supposition, as though they had 
really seen something. Now, it stands 
to reason that in the key. hole not 
much is to be seen, and the method 
ol prophe-ying by means of it must he 
somewhat inconvenient, and it has this 
disadvantage, that every one sees just 

Rlcrusb the dai'ghterA of Zinii arc haughty, 
.\ml walk with inilsireic-bed necka, 

Amt gliiDoc their eyes wantonly 

And mineioK their Steps as they go, jthe Lord's direction, in thrse words : i YOU seen him skimming along the sur- 

T^n^ w^tUh^^ haid. ! '• i 

An I Jehovsh wdl Iheir iinkeduesL i whither 1 have Caused you to be Carried I ‘- A’es, that I havc ; and .swallows aio 

In that day ehall the Lorii take Iriuii them 

The oriiMiiien's of the fontelu- i)s, and the net- |-gj. jj, [|ie peace thereof shall ye 

The ear rings, aud the bracelets, and the mull- , have peace. 2!l : r . Now, observe, in 

away captives, and pray unto the Lord i as busy as ants, 1 think.” 

“ The beaver isa wood cutter, a build- 

lers; ^ all this it is not required that they shall 

The lii'rs, and the ankle chains, and the bells ; ; jgyg (»ovei nment, or by voice or 

The perlume hoxcH, amt the n-nuleta; ■ i l i . . • i . .l . 

The finger rings, omi the rare jeivels ; ; hand help to sustain It. but pray that 

The embroidered robes, and the tunics, and tho ; peace may prevail therein, and that for 

cloaks, aud ti e purses, I q(- reasons, because in its peace 

Tb« mirrori. ««)u tho one nii'i the tur- • . i_ n l fm.* ^ 

bans, and the veils. they shall have peace. This prayer is 

And instead of perfume there shall bo eorriip- not that the government or rulers may 


Instead of a belt, a rope; 

Instead of curled beaus, baldness; 

Instead of a wide mantle, a narrow sack ; 

Kire scars instead of beauty. 

Thy men shall fall by the sword, 

Vea, thy mighty men iu lbs battle; 

Her gates slisll lament aud mourn, 

Aud she; being desolats, shall sit upon the 

In that d ly shall seven women lay bold of one 
man, saying 

Wo will eat our own bread, 

And wear our own garment, 

Only let us bo called by thy name, 

To take away our repro-eh.” 

he ;-uccessful in the^course they are pur- 
, suing, but that God would make them 
;gooda:.d lead them in the right way. 
It is not the good of the rulers we are 
to seek, hut their piety aud goodness. 

Dr. Scott, ahovc mentioned, says here, 
“To pray 5 ,for the peace of a city or 
country, and for the he.alth or eternal 
salvation of the rulers, is very different 
from wishing success to their ambitious. 

er, and a mason, and isagood workmin 
at all these trades. He cuts down the 
small trees with his teeth, and aftt r he 
has built his hou"e he planters it skil- 
fully with his tail.” 

“ Well done beaver! He seems to out- 
do all the rest.” 

“The wasp is a paper-maker, and he 
makes his paper out of materials that 
no other paper maker Would u e. It 
ever you should examine a wasp’s nest, 
you wilt find it all made of paper. ” 

“ How many curious things there arc 
in the world that I never thought of?” 
“Singing birds are musicians, aud no 
other musicians can equal them in har- 
mony. Hardly can we decide which 
has the advantage — the lark, the black- 

Fruiu the Chriitiaii WitL^'Si*. 

, , . , , , , . , . . , I'rayer for Rulers. 

I to the kind band of Providence when whatever his predominant passion, hope . „ , . l i ,hi» ni.«"-.oe was written was ravao-inir 

i „ , , . p . . , L- • . . That there is a God who hears and this passage was wriiicn, was ravaging 

; that hand with solt and gentle touches , or fear, may picture to his imagination. ■ prayer, is a doctrine admitted 1 the Church, slaying thousands, and in a 

1 caresses them; hut when it is raised to j Whenever such people have come to a ■ whom I choose now to write, 

chastise — when it comes to administer voudusion in regard to what God is ] !□ what particular way he is operated 

i rapaciou.s.'Nir sanguinary undertakings ; bird, the throstle, the nightingale, or 
though llii.s distinction ts not generally the mocking bird. 

I attended to. ’ Tins is the true doctrine. 1 *()i, the feathery wing they rove, 

■ If it were not, then Paul is made to' Ami wake with harmony the grove.’ 

pray for Nero, who, at the very time] “I am afraid you are coming to an 


the bitter cup of tribulation, then they about to effect, and this supposed do- upon by our prayers is not now a ques- | lor the success ot e ru ors, 

can SCO no loving kindnos.s ; then they -ign of Providence happens to suit their ; •'J*' disfu^'ion ; He ® 

I 1 V - I I . • 1 . to be Huler of the Universe, it i.s sufli- ] tor the success or inetr pcrsei 

look upon It as hideous, and as an un- desires and prejudices, then they ; ejeut it present to know that 'lie com- required the French Christia 

short lime afterwards, slew Paul him 
self If the text requires them to pray 
for the success of the rulers, then it re- 

rs to pray 
persecutors. It 

.V present to know that ne com- ; rciuireu luo a- Christians to pray 
inmgatcd evil, and it calls iortli in them discover ui every passing circiimsWioce. ' ,„gnd8 us to pray for ourselves and oth- f' r the success of Hobcspierre, Marat 

only tears and groans, hut not a iiote ol ' -t means to bring about this supposed ‘ Xfee rulers of a country being, , and Danton, and their bloody associate." 

thanksgiving. providential end, aud consequently they . at least officially, the most prominent! in their fiendish career. It required 

It is an thing to give thanks to "'ill thank God for it, and be anxious to i actors in the government, need, in pro- 1 H*® Amcirican hristian patriots to pray 

L. 1 r . 1-1 I L . 1 .. ■ • -.1 .L - .L - portion to their elevation in office and for the success of the armies of George 

God for temporal mercies when they are have others join in with them in their d ffieulties of their duties, the spe- HI- at ‘he very moment that they were 

presented to us in an attractive and love- ] thanksgiving. guardianship of Jeho- , fighting to prevent that success. 

: ly form— when our senses and our feci- Now, tho only end which God has vah, the great Huler of tho tiniver-e. | But God never gave a law iha  led in 
j ings testify to their sweetness and beau- seen fit to reveal in reference 
  ty and excellency ; but it is hard to give vidential dealings with us 
thanks for those merciful di."pcnsations things shall work together for good to g^Q^jid 
against which our carnal nature rebels “them that love the Lord,” and this sure- , ernors 

“ 0, never fear. The (ire (ly and the 
glow worm are lanip-lighter.s. Fire flies 
are seen in this country ; they light up 
the air just as the glow worms do the 
grassy aud flowry banks in the country 
places !" 

“ Yes, I have seen them. I shall not 
forget the lamp-ligli ers.” 

“ The bee is a professor of geometry, 
for he constructs his cells so scientific 
ally, that the least possible ainonnt of 
material is formed into the largest sp.ace 
with the least waste of room .Not all 
tho mathematicians of Cambridge could 
improve the construction of his cells.” 

ce to his pro- Heason, therefore, would teach, and it its ob.-ervanco to such ridiculous follies : “The bee is much more olcver tlun I 

th t II is aH® ihe express command of God. ! and consequences. The Lord tells Paul . thought he was.” 

^ ihat tho people of every government , to say. Pray for them, that you may live “ The caterpillar is a silk -spiniier, and 

-i (pray for their rulers, and gov- i quiet and pe.aceuble live't, in godliness far before all other silk spinners in crea- 

j and ai! that are in authority ' and honesty. It is mainly for your pro- tion. For the richest dresscs that wc 

I and revolts. It is natural for Ihe lake ly isextensiveonougli, and explicitly be- I over them. This we should do for their fit, not theirs. Pray for the peace of see are indebted to the silk worm. \\ iih 

I in the calm and in the sunshine to re- nevolent enough to enable every Chris- good, still more for our country’s good, ; the city says Jeremiah, for in its peace ^ what wonderful properties has it pleas- 

‘ * ii- I 1 . F und, moht of nil. for our owa. jyou shall have peace. Pray lor them | ed our heavenly rather to endow the 

give thanks always lor all 'pho Apo»tle Paul, when writing as he j that they may be good and righteous, ; lower creatures !” 

God and the Father in the directed by the Holy Spirit, said to for, saith Solomon, “Righteousness ex- “ I shall be made wiser to day, uncle. 

I fleet the beauty of the surrounding see- tian to 
nery, and the soft blue of the firmament things to 
and the brigatness and splendor of the name of our Lord Jesus Christ.” AVhen Timothy, “ I^exhort, that first of all, alteih a nation, but sin is a reproach to ^ than I have ever been before.” 

’ ■ ■ ‘ i^Mipplications, interces'ions, and j any people.” So he says again, “When “ The mole is an engineer, and forms 

They I'eel that it is useless to try to Their dispO'iiion.s become har- 
dened and soured by this ocascle-s I’ret- 
liug; and at last, (indiiig that whether 
they do well or ill, they are equally 
found fault with, they relinquish all ef- 
forts to please, and become of 

But let a niotiier approve of her child's 
conduct whenever she can. L'lt her re- 
ward him for liis e.fl'orts to please, by 
smiles and affection. In this way she 
will cherish in her child's heart some of 
the noblest and most desirable feelings 
of our nature. She will cultivate in 
him an iimiahle disposdion and a cheer- 
ful spirit. Your child lias been through 
the day, very pleasant and obedient. 
Just before putting him to sleep for the 
night, you take his hand and say, “ .^ly 
son, you havc been very good to-day. 
[t makes me very happy to see you so 
kind and obedient. God loves uhildren 
who arc dutiful to their parents, and he 
promises to make them happy.” This 
approbation from his mother is to him a 
! great reward And when, with a more 
than affectionate tone, y )u say, “ tjood 
night, my d' ar son, ’ he leaves the room 
with liis li;tlc heart full of feeling And 
when he closes his eves for sleep, he is 
happy, and resolves that he will always 
try todo his duty. — The Mother at Home. 

Discontent. — Herodotus te'.ls us of 
a people in Africa, who live in the neigh- 
borhood of Mount Atlas, who.-e daily 
custom was to curse the sun, when he 
rises high in the lieaveus, bteause liis 
excessive heat scorched aud tormented 
thorn. Wc have always thought this a 
fine illuitraiion of di.-conteut, which 
overlooks blessings and dwells upon 
evils. Did they forget that to the sun 
they cursed they were indebted for light, 
for food, for the fertility of the country, 
for ten thousand blessings, without which 
theii coiitinued existence had been impos- 
sisible? Did they think wha’ their condi- 
tion would have been had the sun they 
cursed left the ungrateful eomplainers 
for a month in darkness? His absence 
but for half that time would have made 
them pray for his return as their bene- 
factor, as heartily even as they cursed 
him for their tormentor. — Family Trea- 

; sun ; but when dark clouds cover the wc abandon this plainly revealed eird, prayers, 
skies, and tho stormy wind howls across and tiy to pry 

the face of the water, then It no longer hers of the Almigntj, un.a u.n.^ that we may lead a quiet i 

renecti the surrouuding beauty, but ! passions, desires and prejudices along^ life in all ^odlioesa aud bonepty." Chap | already quoted, “When the righteous his sails as he floats along the water, part, ignorant of the churactor they 
rises in turbid, angry waves. So it is j then we are in danger of occupying the B : 1--2. Here are several things men- are in authority, the people rejoice; but | and easting anchor at pleasure.” ; leave aud of the character they assume, 

with the heart of man. j rediculous and not very pious position i tioned well worth- of note. AH kinds I when the wicked beareth rule, the p«o- “ I should never have believed that — Burke. 

. . _ ... ' „jy;po.oVthanks, be madeforall men; for tao wicked rise, men hide 'hemselves, ' a tunnel quite as well as if he had been , Htpocri.^y. — Those who quit their 

in 0 le counci c lam- g|| are in authority, j but when they perish, the righteous in- j instructed by an engineer. The n.autil- proper character to assume what does 

mighty, and bring may lead a quiet aud peaceable | crease and to he adds the text ' us is a navigator, hoisting and taking in ' not belong to them, are, fur the greater 


Free Christian commonwealth, 1865-03-23

4 pages, edition 01

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  Published in Louisville, Ky., Kentucky by An Association of Ministers
   Jefferson County (The Bluegrass Region)