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date (1870-09-07) newspaper_issue CHR ISTIAN OBSERVER      CHRISTIAN OBSFRVFR    Richmond  Vol  XLIX  No  36     LOUISVILLE AND RICHMOND  WEDNESDAY  SEPTEMBER 7  1870      FREE CHRISTIAN COMMONWEALTH   Lonisvllle   Vol  V  No  IT      CHRISTIAN OBSERVER     AND     FREE CHRISTIAN COMMONWEALTH      A  00NVKK8K      D      HKV     1   CnSVMt E        Editor     PRINCIPAL OFFICE      No  88 Main St   between Second and Third  LOUISVILLE  Ky    BRANCH OFFICE   No  1214 Main 8treet  oorner of Thirteenth   RICHMOND  Va    tscT or terms  Ao   see foot of fourth page of this     department      Contonte of the Religious Department   Artists   BDITOBIALS  Author   Poor      VACANT CHURCHES    The Appendix to the minutes of the  late General Assembly  exhibits some  facts relative to the supply of our Church   that are worthy of earnest consideration   One thousand four hundred and sixty nine  churches are reportid in connection with  our Assembly   but only three hundred  and forty of our ministers are marked as  being pastors  They minister to lour  hundred and nine churches  Of the thou   sand churches that remain  nearly six  hundred are supplied more or less fre   quently by two hundred and fifty nine    Stated Supplies  and four hundred  and thirty nine are reported vacant I     Vacant Churches J             Reception or Missionaries   More than one fourth ot our churches are   Death ol Dr  It  Shore  Criticism of a Missionary     fc     f vacant  There Ls little prospect of their  I growth without stated ministrations   1 There is danger that their members may     CORRESPONDENCE AND COMMUK IOATIO  B    fetter Irom rrussia     Don       Virginia  The Free Christian Common      we 1   b be drawn off to other denominations more   Letter fromVwcnsooro  Dedication of the Frcsby  f d or   worse 8 lil  form habits of   terlantnurch         Testimony from th  Forth               neglecting public worship altogether   and   To the v hurches of the synod of Kentucky l r     Affliction  Thoughts for Quiet Hours  No  l   I these churches  planted m some cases with   The Hebrew Commonwealth L  e   S         The Coming of the Lord 2 many prayers and tears  cease to have an   poetry  existence  Is there no remedy for this     ThioSabbath Mrs  M  T  B   2   What Christ did For Me Selected   3     SELECTIONS      state ot things    A further Examination of the same ta   bles show about one hundred and twenty  ministers who donut seem to be engaged     Acknowledging Christ 2   A Rot  of calvinists 9   Children Members ol the Church 9   Missio s nor   Failure a in any regular ministerial work  Some ol   Komish Schools 3     Agreeing to Disugrce 3 tuem   The Presbyterian Church  Nonh 1     THE HOME CIRCLE      are infirm  and otherwise unable   But it is probable that half of them  if  not more  are ready  and willing to work     Sw  e 0 HapVy  C        when Providence opens the way  In ad      hjother s Kiss   3 dition to those without charges  there are   Quick and Well s   The Daughter of a King 3     RELIGIOUS INTEI LIGKNCR      S t  W  T  McElroi  Rev  T  A Lyo v T  D  Union  Theological    minim  Minister  without Charge    Churches In Utah  Ac   Ac 4   Marriage   Hiatus ano obituakibsl 4   Roilesias t ical NoriCRS 4   ADVEKTIS    PN TS 3 4     The remarks on uic Circus  in anothi r  part of this paper   merit the attention of  parents whose children are tempted and  exposed to the corrupting scenes witnessed  at circus exhibitions      Critioism o  a Missionary    A correspondent at the North sends us  the following remarks of a missionary in  a foreign land      The religious newspapers of the North  have lost their value to uie  because nearly  ill tin columns are filled w ith mere news   r per   icles  They are  all corresp ind   ence   Those articles most refreshing to  me  which have a direct bearing on the  vital piety of the church  seem to have  dropped out of sight  But tne Christian  Observer and the Central Presbyterian seem  to maintain  thus far  these rtally valuable  articles in good proportion       The Letter from Prussia  insert  d in our  subsequent columns  does not give such  hopeful views of spiritual life and progress  in that country  as our readers would re   joice with us to receive from churches     many acting as stated supplies whose la   bors are not being used to the best advan   tage forthegrowthof Presbyterianism and  the spread of the Goqiel    In some cases  the ministers best quali   fied todo good are the most modest and un   obtrusive  Such a one receives a cali  from a little organization to supply it for  a few months or a year  The church is  very weak  The salary offtred is utterly  inadequate  The servant of God  unwill   ing to force himself upon an abler church   accepts i   but necessarily devotes a large  part of his time and strength to farming   or some other secular pursuit  Thus he  settles down in afield not one half as  large  it may be  as he could successfully  cultivate  if freed from worldly cares   Vacant churches around that need his aid   take it for granted that he is fully em   ployed  They langu   sh because they do  not know how to proceed to find a minis   ter  and he was es energies in worldly  cares that are needed in the Lord s vine  yard  Others equaMy capable and equally  modest  remain unemployed for long pe   riods  waiting for a call to the church  where they can be useful    Gaunot one half ot the six score min   isters without charges be set to work    And could not the efficiency of one third  of our stated supplies be greatly increased   A plan that will do this will augment the  efficiency of our ministerial force as much     bearing the illu trious name of Luther   we trust there is life in them  and that they as   he addition of a hundred ministers   are preserved to aid the cause of truth in     continental Europe      Death of Dr  Robert Shore    In another column we record a brief  memorial of Dr  Robert Shore  of Nottoway  Co   Va   by whose influence  in connection  with the late Dr  James Jones  the Pres   byterian Church was planted in that coun   ty  forty seven years ago  The senior edi   tor became acquainted with those excel   lent men in 1824  Dr  Shore was a man  of humble  unaffected piety  and his life  and example commended the gospel to  many in that community  His name will  long be cherished as that of a beloved  brother by those who have known his  worth      RECEPTION OF MISSIONARIES    On the 1st of August the London  Missionary Society gave a public reception  to three of its veteran missionaries who  had spent fifty years in labors in the for   eign field  The re union of these excel   lent men   the Rev  Robert Moffat  from  South Africa  Rev  Wm  Ellis  from Mad   agascar  and Rev  Wm  Beynor from wes   tern India  returned from their long ser   vices  was an interesting and joyful meeting   They had severally witnessed most remark   able changes  not OBly in their professed  converts  organized into churches  with  native pastors  but in a general elevation     of piety aud the great advancement in 1  morality  and the abandonment of degrad  j an    tbe   tau  Bntf Coinmit    ing vices and abominations  The recep  i   ees on subject would form a conve   tion meeting was an occasion of immerse n   en    1 communication between   interest  The Christian heroes  returned minister   not full   v employed and churches  from bloodless victories  were warmly wel   D 0   5011    6     corned  Their conquests will be more 1 In the P ractical  P erati   n of such a  enduring than those of the warrior  for p an   il is not im P robable tba    H would be     they have been won by love in the hearts  and lives ot the people  They have taken  no lives  destroyed no cities  desolated no  homes  but they have explored unknown  lands  have introduced new races to the  comity ot civilized nations  punched the  world and heli ed to redeem it  Although  the state gives them no honors and en     1 800 stations and out sta  ions  760 organ   ized churches  and 60 000 converts  of  whom 4 000 have beeen received within a  year      For the Observer ana Common wealth    To Churches in tne Synod of Kentucky    The Synod s Committee of Sustentation  calls the attention of ministers and other  officers of churches to the fact that only a  few weeks remain of the Synodical year   and earnestly request that such congrega   tions as have uot re ponded to the appor   tionments made to them  or have not made  contributions to the Sustentation Fund  at  once give the matter attention  The  Committee are making energetic efforts to  provide for the second payment on  salaries of our ministers  by the  1st of October  and will have ur    gent need ot all funds that can be trans   mitted to them by that date  What is  done by the congregations should be done  in the present month    The Committee again remind the  churches that all being done by the Synod  in the way of Domestic Missions  is being  done through the Committee in connec   tion with the scheme of Sustentation en   trusted to them    The Committee also call the attention  of the churches drawing from the Fund   to the necessity of their settling with their  ministers for parts ot salaries to bo paid  by them before the 1st of October  as the  receipts of ministers must accompany the  orders of the congregations upon the  Committee    Funds lor the Committee should be sent  to the undersigned  and may be sent in  check upou any bank in the State    By order of Committee at its meeting in  Lexington  Aug  29th  1870    R  L  Breck      Richmond  Ky   Sept 1st  1870      Secretary      And it probably can be done  It comes  within the province of the Presbyteries at  their next meeings to combine all the  churches within their bounds into pasto  rates  group the weak churches with the  strong in such a way that a weak church  will be connected with a strong one   or  two or more weak shall be combined to   gether  Let this organization be so com   plete  if possible  that every church in the  Presbytery shall be a portion of one of  these pastorates   and entitled to receive  stated ministrations of the Gospel  Let a  standing committee on this subject be ap   pointed with instructions to secure from  the churches systematic contributions for  the support of the Gospel  and provide for  them efficient ministers  By such a com   bination of the strength of several  churches in a single pastorate  sufficient  salary could be raised to enable the pa toi  to give his whole time to the pastoral work   and every congregation would be assured  of stated ministrations  Ministers  we  believe  would be found for every such  pastorate  We have on our table letters  from clergymen  efficient men  who are  anxious to be employed fully in the work  of the ministry  W e have letters  too  from  churches that are unable to support a pas   tor unaided   asking lor counsel and aid  in obtaining a supply  By such an organ   ization of pastorates  the applications for  aid Irom the Sustentation Fund would be     found serviceable to appiint a central  Agency under the care of the General As   sembly that would serve as a bond of  union between all these standing commit  tees  iu the same manner that the Central  Committee of Sustentation unites the  presbyterial committees of sustentation    so that all parts of the cburch may be     ed sboi td appeal directly to the intelli    renceSL r the whole Church than that they   hottl 3 aise a faction at home  by the logic  of tht oersoual influence       h i  Dr  Thomas E  Peck  tV o lPe long  friend fiif Dr  Stuait Robinson used to say  of the meetings of Presbytery  is equally  trkie of the prees    There was no discus     was neither interesting nor   profi ible   because theie was no differ     ence of opinion   So discussion in   crease  the interest and ii structiveness of  the press    hor tuese and similar reasons  I  with  the vast majority of your readers  cordi   ally approve of your determination to allow  the minority to be heard  Christian love  and fellowship demand it  Itcaodo little  harm  it does much good    i am yours  very truly      4       every Sunday  The pastor now appears houses are epeu   children pi iy on tl 4  fer the third time  A small boy  whose streets  people amu e them e vis  so that  D   ii   ms is to open the doors and throw   it Is more a day of frolic than msditath E   back the curtains  walks before the minis    I eligioua service is held early in the  tor to the box  which is situaed bgh up morning  so it does not interftre  In ic   over the pews and galleries  but in the end p y to the question why th   s is notdifferen   and not in the side of the church  as in a pastor said it was a matter of conscience     Catholic and Episcopal churches  Here as to how each one should remember the     dows them with no pensions  the tribes  P ee dily invoked to aid in supply ing the  among whom they have labored will never destitutions in every other part    forget them   What is more important  i       the Lord will not forget them  They will I Tie American Board   Fifty years   shine as the brightness of the firmament f   t American Board hud in           me xirmament h a  hen lands  butone missionary aud one   and as the stur forever aud ever        ouvert  Now they report 13 m slcna      For the Observer and CommonwealttL   A LETTER FROM VIRGINIA        The Free Christian Commonwealth     Mb srs  Ehitoes   The Church of God  is free  Though founded in an age of des   potism  both political and mental  Christ  tstabliohed it a Free Christian Common   wealth  It is a republic  an independent  commonwealth  free from all the com   mandments or opinions of men which aie    contrary to the Word of God  or beside   it in matters bf faith or worship   It is  not  as a Church  subject to any worldly  government  or political party  or school  of philosophy  or system of science    But bv freeing his Church  Christ  does not confine its members to the doc   trines of the Word  They must submit to  Ctesar  must adopt political and philosoph   ical opinions  The freedom of the Church  is iuternal as well as external  Aud the  internal freedom of the Church  the liberty  of i s members  is limited only by the  Word of God  Christ has given us no  monarch on earth  to prescribe the lim   its of our freedom  One is our King    even Christ  We acknowledge no pope   bow at no bulls or syllabusses  We have  only one statute book  the Bible  Our  standards do not claim the authority of  law  They do not sptak of their own au   thority  They are merely statements of  Scriptural teachings on certain points  or  prudential arrangements necessary to the  carrying out of Scriptural disc   pline  They  are to be obeyed and adopted by all who  belong to our Church  If any do not join  in their interpretation of Scripture  they  cannot honestly continue with us  But  our book does not state every biblical doc   trine  nor undertake to interpret the whole  Bible    As the Christian Commonwealth is thus  internally as well as externally free  we  must expect differences of opinion   Many  men of many minds  will not always  think alike  Within the limits of the Bi   ble as interpreted by our standards  they  have a perfect right to differ in opinion in  our free commonwealth  And  if they  have a right to differ  they have a right to  express their differences  The Roman  Catholic writers assert  that the inquisi   tion never persecuted opinions  because  forsooth  it never burnt a man unless he  expressed them  The right to think in   volves the right to speak  The only use  of speech is to be the expression of  thought  Without language  clear precise  logical thought seems to be impossible   If the Christian Commonwealth is free  its  members on points not settled by its char   ter as interpreted by its courts  have a  right to think what they please and say  what they think    Some in exercising this right will think  erroneously and speak foolishly  Are  they  therefore  to be gagged   By no  means  If they are arbitrarily silenced  the liberty of all is gone and the minority  has no rights  They must aud will speak   What is the safest outlet for these errors   Where will they do the least harm   1  reply  that the religious press is the best  and safest outlet for error  There it can  be examined and carefully scrutinized    through the press the same minds that are  liable to be injured by it  can be reached  by the clear and c  nvincing statements of  the truth   which  in i s antagonism to  error must  ever be triumphant  it is bet   ter that those who feel tin  jis  Ivor   gg i v      CorreapimUenoe of the Observer and Gomroon wealth    LETTER FROM PRUSSIA    Religion  Bervioee in Lutheran Chnrohes   Some time since the writer stood upon  tbe spot where the greatest of the Reform   ers 60 bo  iy defied the Pope  and showed  his coutrge and determination by burning  tbe Bull which Rome had sent to crush  Luther  a i with him the opposition he  was   eating  While thinking over  this dati ig act  the perils tx which L itbei  exi OsedmLiuiseif were more fully unuer   stood Hf n ever  What c u  cl he end a  few otii  a  lo against the power of the  Pope  wh ch  at that time  seemed to sway  all Eurai e  L ite Reformer dared  and the  world knows who won  The scenes of the  labors pi Galvin and Zwingle had bten  visited  the effects of their labors on the  people tvi o now live in Geneva and Zurich  had been observed  so a dt sire was felt to  see the n ore particular effects of Luther s  teaching   as shown by that body of Chris   tiauskaown by his name  Since Witten   berg w as visited  much of North Germany  and the v orhings of the Lutheran Church  have bee t seen    It i  pr iposed to write for the Observer  somethin   of what has been seen and  learned  This can be done with some con   fidence  r ot only because of the reason  giveo  hi   from the fact that a considerable  stay has been made in the family of a  very int lligent Lutheran pastor  When a  Lutheiin  Church was Ii ll ou cit   the  effect was unpleasant  In Italy and France  so much l  a  l been seen of crucifixes  ma  donnas  wax tapers  crossings  bending    etc   that every thing of the kind created a  feeling of horror  What  then  were the  feelings when  upon entering a Reformed  Chu ch  the same sights  with two excep   tions  so common in Catholic churches were  seen    It was at once thought that the Refor   f irmation was entirely a spiritual one  if  a reformation at all  Better acquaintance  taught that the change was both external  and internal  The crucifix seems rather  accidental  as there is only one in aChutch   and it is not used during service  except  for a moment by the pastor  who contem   plates it while saying a short  silent prayer  at the opening and closing of the service   In every Citholic Church there are dozens  of crucifixes  Here there are only two  large wax candles  and these are used at  no other time than during the Sacrament  and one or two feasts  The explanation of  the candles is at once understood as being   in the opinion of those who use them  au   thorized by the fact that the Sacrament in   stituted by our Saviour was a supper  In  Catholic churches are hundreds of wax  caudles  and these are kept burning on all  occasions  The Lutheran service is quite  different from ours  When the male por   tion  large and small  of the congregation  enter the Church  they say a short prayer   concealing their faces in their hats  before  taking their seats  The females take their  seats  and then say their prayer  It is not  usual to close the eye3 during prayer   a  great mistake   as many  if not most of  your readers  will say  While the congre   gation is gathering  a hymn is sung by the  choir boys  accompanied by the organ  if  t iere be one  which is the case in most of  the churches  The chorist boys are found  in every church  They are not only the  principal singers  but make the responses   It is not meant that the singing is done  alone by the choir  The entire congrega   tion join and siug with life and vigor     something after the manner of our country  congregations  The hymns are never giv   en from the pulpit  but the number is in   dicated by figure  on boards placed in con   spicuous places in different portions of the  church    When the first hymn  if it be a short  one  or a few verses  if lengthy  has been  sung  the pastor appears before the altar   dressed in a long black gown   After his silent prayer  he chants the  prayer appointed for tho particular Sun   day  to which the choir say amen  The  singing is again resumed and interrupted  by the pa tor  who reads from the Bible   During this reading the congregation  stand  At all other times it is the general  rule to be seated  but many stand during  the entire a rvico  While another song is  song     again the pastor says a silent praytr  pro  Bab bath   nouncea the Apostolic benediction  and  reads from the chapter in which is his  text  The benediction is regarded as a  salutation  and so must come in the early  part of the service  Next comes the ser   mon  a memorized one  and usually half  an hour long  After the sermon  a written  prayer is made  in which the King and  men in power are prayed far  This prayer  is said with very little feeling  so of coarse  has no impression so far as one can see    The deaths  births  and marriages of late  occurrence in the territory belonging to  the Church are read  and prayera said to  suit each case  There is something pecu   liarly interesting in thus committing to  Gad s care  in public prayer  those thus  interested  The Lord s Prayer having been  repeated by the pastor alone  he descends to  the altar and chants a prayer  The congre   gation then arise  when the 24th  25th  and  26th verses of the 6th chapter of Numbers  are chanted bv the pastor  accompanied by  tiieorgan   le waves his band while these  ver  es are repeal  d  as the Lutheran trans   lation authorizes  The males say a prayer  as at the beginning  the females being re  seated for the same purpose  The service  is then onded    Not the least interruption has been seen  or heard in the Lutheran Chur  h  It is  lawful to administer tbe Sacrament every  Sunday  but this is rarely done  On com   munion days  before the regular service  b gins  the congregation meet for confes   sion  The pastor reads from the church  book  a form of confess on  then asks if  all do in the same manner confess their  sins  which is answered by the congrega   tion  Tho pastor  after some other form   ula questions and atiswens  absolves all who  have heartily repented  The reader will  remember whence this authority is said to  come  The pastors have a way of ex  plaining this  but they fail to clear up the  difficulties  It seems to be a mere form   as no powe r to forgive sin is claimed  The  Supper takes piace after the s rmon    Only apart of the members commune a   thesame time  They form in a nglc file  the  men first  and walk around the altar till  the first three are in front of the left side  of it  They bow  then receive a thin wa  fer like a bit of bread from the pastor  who  places it in tbe mouth  repeating at the  time    This is my body   etc  He then  puts the C  p to tbe lips with the words    This is my blood  shed   etc  A few  words of advice are then given  when the  three who have received the communion  bow  and the next take their places  and  so on  If the bow is forgotten  the pas   tor brings it to the memory  In ah the  forms of the Church where tbe word Lord  is repeated bows are made  The commu   nion hymn is sung while the Sacrament is  being taken  It may be owing to the use  of a different custom  that a want of be   coming solemnity  in the opinion of the  writer  attends the performance of this  sacred rite  Indeed  there is an oppressive  dulness about everything but the singing  and sermons  The latter are generally  vigorous  but never boisterous    Here  as at home  some of the members  are good enough to have time for a quiet  Bcooze at church  but not so many  as with  us  have got that far  The church furniture  is quite limited  The communion service   the altar  lecture box  and font for bap   tism  constitute the chief features  Some   times flags are seen as also paintings    The baptismal font is decorated with the  representation of a lamb  denoting the  innocency of the ohiidren baptized and  conveying the usual refrrence to the Re   deemer  The altar and box are decorated  with red to remind the beholder of the  shed blood  White is also regarded as  particularly suitable for church ornament    Th e salary of the pastor ranges from  239  to  1440  according to the importance of  the district  They do as many of oufmin   isters   complain at so little  and with rea   son    There is no such thing as the Sunday   school as we know it  but the children are  catechised regularly on Sunday evening  and once during the week by the pastor    The little fellows are attentive and seem  interested  but many fail to attend on Sun   day    The Sabbath is a very different day  from the Sabbath with us  The business     One man could beep it in one  way  another in another way  Many of  the ladies appear to put off knitting till  Sunday  when they make up lost timel  Pa tors  wives are the ring  leaders iu the  knitting business  There is not so much  profanity as in America  and far less  drunkenness  Only one very drunk man  has been seen in Germany  though these  are times of excitement on account of the     The time of confirmation is about the  fifteenth year of the age  All who do not  belong to other sects are confirmed   There is no such thing as not belonging to  some religious association  Bu in spite  of this  there is a looeene s and want of  religious stamina  that is quite unpleasant  to a Presbyterian  Religion externally is  too much a  matter of cotfr e   Everyone  from six months old must be buried by the  pastor  otherwise there is an unhappy  feeling in the minds of those whose rela   tive has died  The burial ceremony in  town and iu the country are quite unlike   In the country there is more form  Some   time since a funeral was attended  When  the corpse was near the Church  the chorlat  boys met and returned with it  singing the  funeral song  The Church being reached   the pastor joined and all marched around  the Church  The latte 1  is regarded ss the  representation of the cross of Christ  and  in this way it is embraced  The t ody in  then deposited in the grave  the pastor   ays   In the name of the Father  Son and  Spirit   then throws in some dirt  repeat   ing   Earth to earth  dust to dirt   etc     short talk is made  the grave filled  the  Lord s Prayer said  a silent prayer by till  present  and the service is over    The Lutheran Church is the prevailing  one  and is the State Church in some of the  South German States  and in almost all of  the North German and in Denmark  Nor   way and Sweden  So that within it  fold  are many millions of people  Prussia is  regarded as Lutheran  but there are three  distinct and important bodies  The Luth   eran  Free  the late Reformed  and the  United  which includes those who are not  particular about doctrines and forms   King William belongs to the United  though he is regarded as the temporal  head of all  Luther s Reformation  when  compared with Calvin s was only a tw   thirds reformation  But those two thirds  make it vastly different from and better  than the Catholic  Though in some  points  there is a seeming similarity  thern  is as much antagonism felt towards the  Church of Rome by the followers ot  Luther  as by those of the other Reform   ers  Whatever the books may say in re   gard to the trouble among the R formera  about the Sacrament  at this day Calvinists  can find but little to object to in the  preaching and practice of Lutheran minis   ters on that subject  As explained to the  writer by a Lutheran pastor  and said by  him to be the accepted belief  there is  nothing frightful or Romish about the  Lutheran administration of the Sacrament    Don      PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH NORTH    According to the statistics reported by the      The good result of tbe religious teach   ing  so far a  mere knowledge goes  is il   lustrated by every little fellow you meet   who  in answer to the question who is the  Creitir  wiil say L   eber Gott  and is ready  to answerother Scriptural que ti  ns  In  addition to the pas or     catechetical teach   ing  the Lutheran childr n are ex raised  every day in the Scuools in Luther s cate   chism aud in Church history  Hence the  children are well posted in religious mat  ters  Dow many Presbyterian children in  our country know anything about the his   tory of tho Church in general or the r     Chore   in particular  It ii hoped th t     a Co     ett  n is made for benevolent t is may serve as a hint to Ban oath  school   T           _  1 t who reidthc Oit3  uvr p     P  iK f 1 077 tail to give fcomctut ic       Reunion Assembly  the Northern Church  contains 4 828 ministers  4 526 congrega   tions  338 licentiates  541 candidates for  the ministry  51 Synods and 259 Presbyter   ies  The church received  the past year   44 ministers from other churches  and dis   missed 16  It added 32 003 members on  examination  and 21 447 by certificate  and  10 122 Baptisms of adults  and 15 476 in   fants  It reports  366 274 contributed  for Home Missions   328 847 for Foreign  Missions   246 898 for Education  and   42 040 for Publication  These sums add   ed to their contributions for congregational  and other purposes  make up a grand total  of  8 440 121    The Northern Church has numbers and  resources sufficient to sustain it iu accom   plishing a great work for Christ in the  world  and though we cannot desire any  organic uuion with it in the present state  of thing   we would cherish the best hopes  lor its peace and its enterprise and labors  to promote truth and holiness throughout  this land  and in other nations to which it  ha   free access  We will rejoice in the suo   eess of its efforts for the advancement of  pure religion      THE BENNETT PROSECUTION    The Rev  W  J  E  Benuett has been  tried in the Court of Arches for hclding  and publishing ritualistic doctrines con   trary to those of the Church ot England   The Dean of Arches  Bn Robert d hilli   more  has delivered a judgment in the  case  virtually acquitting him  This de   cision gives an implied sanction to Romisn  Dogmas in the chnrch of England      The Holy Synod in Russia 1ms been pro   voted by I he suectss of t  e British and  Foreign Bible society  to off   Btliies at  the Bt  Petersbu g Exhibition   r tatea  coats each                         2     CHRISTIAN OBSERVER AND COMMONWEALTH  SEPT  7  1870      Jleltgiou          For the Observer and Commonwealth    THE SABBATH    Oh 1 the day of all the seven   That the Christian loves the best    Is the holy  quiet Sabbath   ar nest of the heavenly rest    Hushed is very sound ol labor    Toil worn garments laid aside     And the pearly gates of glory  Open noiselessly and wide    v In the bosom no commotion     Pressing on the mind no care    Hands for once are calmly folded  Willing knees are bow d in prayer    Souls are basking in the sunshine  Of the blessed Father s smile    And the sweet rest of the seventh  Can e en six days  cares beguile    In the consecrated temple    Where the Lord delights to dwell      ton s wise and weary watchmen   Hasten  tidings glad to tell    Teaching now to labor nobly     How to bear affliction s rod    How to wait with prayerful patience  For the blessings of our God    Oh 1 the day of all the seven    That the Christian loves the best    Is the hushed and holy Sabbath   Foretaste of the heavenly rest    M  T  B    For the Observer and Commonwealth    DEDICATION AT OWENSBOBO  KY    The following are the closing remarks ofthe  address of the venerable Dr  Hopkins at the  dedication ot the new and beautiful Lecture  Boom ofthe Presbyterian Church  Owens   boro  Ky    You have reared this house and now  de dicate it  not only to Christianity in  the general  but to Christianity as a  kingdom which is not of this world   to  the preaching of the Word  the Word  of God and not the word of man  You  dedicate it to the service and support of  a kingdom  which cannot be moved  to  deciding and settling great spiritual and  eternal interests  and not in any way   organically  to settle  decide  or con   firm the affairs of States or Empires   The Kingdom of Christ cannot be used  as a military or political power  except  by destroying its nature  and by making  Christ the double faced Prince of  Peace  and yet  the very Moloch of  war  We cannot  and dare not  unite  in putting this terrible interpretation  on Christ and His Kingdom  And  w hen in time to come  your children  shall inquire what mean ye by these  walls  as distinguished from those of   Other bodies called Presbyteriaty  they  will answer  that they were reared and  dedicated to the great  pure and conser   vative Christian principle of the non   political and non military nature of the  Church of God    But should it be asked here  why  make a division in the Church of God  upon such grounds  1 answer  first   that the grounds are the most solid   Scriptural and constitutional possible   I answer secondly  that the division   however proper and just on our part   was forced upon us by the  Spring  Jlesolutions  of 1861  Had the South   ern Presbyterian people followed these  oruel resolutions  they were liable to be  hung upon the first tree where found   But outside of this danger  they were  compelled by the necessities of order  and of ecclesiastical preservation  to  form a General Assembly of their own   And the blow of ecclesiastical destruc   tion being struck at our own heads  we  oast in our lot with the Southern Pres   byterian Church  not because they are  Southern  nor because of any possible po   litical complexion of theirs  but because  they hold sacredly to the true doctrines  of Christ s Kingdom  Did they live in  Nova Zembla  their faith would be  precious to us  Faith in and fidelity to  Christ  are not things of politics  or of  geographical position    But  further still  it is the impera   tive duty of the Church in all her parts   to bear testimony against all ungodly  opinions and dangerous practices within  hor borders  And when she can best  do this by standing separately in her  own lot  it is her unavoidable duty to  stand in that lot  And while her heart  swells with this sacred resolution  men  and monarchs  popes  bishops  and great  ecclesiastical bodies are no more to her  than motes floating in the air  Formal  unity and greatness of numbers are the  idolatries of the times  Let us wait  and stand in awe    Had Luther and Calvin given heed  to the uproar that was raised around  them  in regard to peace and unity   the Reformation would have died when  they did  Many great preachers and  reformers arose before Luther  but they  left no organized body behind them to  perpetuate their faith  or to  be wit   nesses for the truth    Had John Wesley  like George White   field  left behind him no distinct eccle   siastical body of people to represent his  doctrines and imitate his zeal  we might  have known him as we know Whiteficld   but no further  His followers would  soon have been swallowed up and lost in   toL fr08t y formalities of the Eng   is Churoh  Wesleyan Methodism  wou d not have been known to day  and   e world would have lost that which it   louM not afford to do wit  1     As we read the history of the Church  down along all its ages  we find  that  when in the Providence of God  it was  necessary to exalt before mankind some  great religious idea  and to show it in  the greatness of its truth  and the vast   ness of its importance  it has pleased  God  mostly after long and sore contro   versy  to put it into the hands of some  ecclesiastical body who have studied its  nature and its value  and who oarefully  and sacredly reach it down to their suc   cessors  Shall this doty and this honor  fall to us   Shall we prove ourselves  jworthy of our trust    f   A re 1 ST 14th  1870    For tie Observer and Commonwealth    AFFLICTION     THOUGHTS FOR QUIET HOURS   Afflictions the common lot of all men  but   especially of believers  End s to be accom   plished    The world is full of trouble and sor   row  Tribulation is our birth right   Life is made up  so to speak  of sun   shine and shadow  light and darkness   There is no period of bnman life be   tween the cradle and the grave alto   gether free from trouble  One in the  far past who was greatly afflicted  says     Man that is born of a woman is of  few days and full of trouble   Job  14 1  Childhood  youth  middle life   and old age  all have their troubles   The new born infant enters upon its  existence weeping  and the cheeks of  old age are furrowed with tears  Child   hood  which is  perhaps  the happiest  period of human life  when the cheeks  bloom with the rose tints of health  and  the spirits are free and joyous and hope   ful  when the life current bounds  through the veins with healthful  glow  and oare and sorrow sCem to be  far away  nevertheless has it troubles   To those of mature years they may seem  trivial and foolish  yet to the youthful  mind they are sometimes grievous and  sore trials  Nor can we be free from  trouble until the grave closes over our  sleeping remains  and shuts us out from  the scenes of earth  Sorrow is a her   itage from Adam  and none of his pos   terity have been exempt from it since  the day when God cursed the ground  for his sake  and told him that he should  eat of in sorrow  all the days of his life    Yet life is not all shadows and dark   ness  Sometimes we have long seasons  of sunshine  broken only by fleecy clouds  drifting across our skies  and casting  light shadows athwart our pathway   Troubles come like waves of the sea   chasing each other to the shore  Some    times we are calm  sometimes agitated   Yet in our brightest  most joyous mo   ments  we are not perfectly happy   Perfect happiness is of heaven  not of  earth  Here below  our nature is un   satified  restless and craving  We have  ever a vague longing for something  we  scarcely know what  Every day  too   if free from weightier burdens  has its  petty grievances and annoyances  little  things in themselves it may be  but  yet of sufficient importance to detraot  much from the sum of human happi   ness  Then sometimes come heavj  afflictions  crushing bereavements  which  wring from our poor hearts tears of an   guish  and cause us to go for a season  with heads bowed with grief and sad   ness  But God has mercifully so con   stituted us that  by the assistance of  his grace  we are enabled to bear up  against these things  and gradually re   gain our wonted cheerfulness and oom   posure  But for this  we should sink  prematurely into our graves under the  weight of accumulated woes    I have said that troubles and afflictions  are the common lot of all  but the believer  is more especially led by the teachings  of God s word to expect them  The  Psalmist says   Many are the afllictions  of the righteous   Psa  34  19  The  Apostle Paul says   Whom the Lord  loveth He chasteneth   Heb  12  6   Christ says   Verily  verily  I say unto  you  that ye shall weep and lament  but  the world shall rejoice  and ye shall be  sorrowful  but your sorrow shall be  turned into joy  And ye now there   fore have sorrow  but I will see you  again  and your heart shall rejoice  and  your joy no man taketh from you  In  the world ye shall have tribulation    John 16  20 22 33  Such is the pe   culiar lot of the chosen flock of Christ   and thus are we warned of these things   The Saviour himself tells us that we  cannot escape them  that we must suffer  muoh  and endure many things for His  name s sake    Not many years since  a Christian  lady seemed peculiarly blessed and fa   vored of God  She had a pions  affec   tionate and devoted husband  and three  interesting children  Her disposition  was contented and cheerful  and her  life one uninterrupted flow of happi   ness  She was esteemed and beloved  by the many friends about her  and  be   ing a warm hearted Christian  was  happy  very happy  in her lot  Once  she remarked to a friend that  she was  so entirely free from care and trouble   she sometimes feared her heart was not  right in the sight of God  or that He     had forgotten her  The sequel of her  history is one of heart rending afflic   tion  Her husband  cut down in the  very prime and vigor of manhood  was  laid in the silent tomb   all of her lit   tle ones drooped and died  and were  taken to the bosom of the Great Shep   herd  two dearly beloved sisters en   tered upon their rest   other near and  dear friends were called away froarthe  scenes of earth  very nearly the whole  of her large property  by a sudden re   vulsion of fortune  was swept Jromkber  possession   and all of this in t  space of about tw  years  Y  t mu i  all these afflictions  under the  jfi 1     For the Observer and Commonwealth    THE HEBREW COMMONWEALTH    In bis last proceeding number  our corres   pondent cited the judgments which God pro   nounced on the serpent and the man for the  transgression in Paradise  In the part of his  article which follows  he proceeds to speak of  the sentence against Eve  and of the sacrifice  and penalty for sin     The sentence pronounced on woman  was pain and suffering  even in that  which is her special duty and greatest  delight  She was reduced in station    made subject to the man she had mis   led   no longer his co equal  she     burden of all these accumulatec  her crushed and bleeding heart jot  cease to trust in God  and praibe mm  for His goodness  She drew near to  the Saviour  and found comfort and con   solation  In a letter to a friend she  says   You would scarce recognizd your  once happy  happy friend  My life  seems so suddenly to have been  changed from one of sunshine to a dark  and dreary pilgrimage  every prospect  seems so blighted  my home so deso   late  These afflictions were almost  more than my poor  weak nature could  bear   and had not the Saviour s loving  arms been around me  I must have sunk  keneath them  but he has mercifully  sustained me  and I  trust will to the  end     Thus it is that God sometimes deals  with His people  Thus the followers of  the meek and lowly Jesus are sometimes  tried in the fiery furnace of affliction   Tnen   think it not strange concerning  the fiery trial which is to try you  as  though some strange thing happened  unto you  but rejoice  inasmuch as ye  are partakers of Christ s sufferings   that when His glory shall be revealed   ye may bejgladalso wi L exceeding  joy   1 Pet  4   12  13    Let us consider some of the    da God  would accomplish in the chasMSoment  of His people    First  He would thus test a jJ exer   cise our faith and obedience It is  sometimes necessary for our good that  these Christian graces should be sub   jected to very severe trials  God knows  it  and applies the test  It was applied  with great severity to the faithful and  obedient Abraham  to the meek and  gentle Moses  to the perfect and up   right Job in his integrity  to the heav   enly minded David  to the zealous and  energetic apostle Paul  It has been  applied to saints in every age  is being  applied to them now  and will be until  the last redeemed of Adam s race  shall have gone home to glory  When  the world smiles upon us  and there is  nothing to disturb our tranquility    when our skies are unclouded  and there  is no ripple upon the current of time to  break the peacefulness of our life voy   age  we are prone to forget God  to for   get our covenant engagements wi h Him  and our dependence upon Him  to for   get the debt of duty  praise and love  we owe Him   to forget even the best  interests and eternal destiny of our  own souls  Oar faith grows weak  and  our obedience falters  and we glide  carelessly along upon the stream of  time  delighting ourselves with the  pleasures  and admiring the fleeting  vanities of earth  Then God sends  storms and tempests upon us  and sor   rows and afflictions painfully wring our  poor hearts    God thus disciplines us  The test is  applied  and will be applied again and  again  perhaps with increasing severitv   until our iaith and obedience are  brought into full and lively exercise   The Israelites were a stiff necked and  rebellious people  hence God led them  forty years in the wilderness to humble  them  and prove them  and to know  what was iu their hearts  whether they  would keep his commandments or no   Deut  8 2  And He deals with His  people now as He dealt with them then   He tries them and proves them to know  what of faith is in their hearts  and to  see whether they will render obedionoe  to His commands or no  One is tried  in one way  and another in another  way  according to the character  dispo  sition and circumstances of each  Some  are greatly bereaved  some suffer loss  of property  some are persecuted and  slandered  some are stricken by dis   ease  some are subjected to great and re   peated disappointments  some are vexed  and annoyed by the cares and troubles  of every day life  yet these things are  all tests of our faith and obedience  and  these are God s measures to bring these  Christian graces into active exercise   Ibis trial of our faith is said by the  apostle l eter to be  much more pre   cious than that of gold which perish   eth   1 Pet  1   7      J  B  R      Mission of Sunday Schools    Among the old Romans  there pre   vailed the touching custom of holding  the face of every new born infant to   wards the heavens  signifying  by thus  presenting its forehead to the stars  that  he was to look above the world into ce   lestial glories  It was a vain supersti   tion   but Christianity dispels the fable   and gives us a realization of that pagan  yearning  in the deep solicitude which all  its disciples cherish for the spiritual wel   fare of the young  The great de   sign o  the Sunday sohool organization  is to turn the faces of the little child   dren towards heaven  and prepare their  spirits lor immortal glory    Biblical  Treasury      Children in Heaven    Perhaps God does with His heavenly  garden as we do with our own  He may  chiefly stock it from nurseries  and se   lect for transplanting what is yet in  its young and tender age   flowers be   fore they have bloomed  and trees ere  they begin to bear  flu        was   made an inferior to be ruled  From  his state of subjection she was not to be  raised until the child   that is Messiah    was born  The V irgin Mary redeem   ed the race of woman from her estate  of humiliation    The man was condemned to toil and  care and suffering   In sorrow shalt thou  eat bread   in the sweat of thy face  shalt thou live   I have shown in a pre   ceding number  that this was not  merely a eommand to labor  for labor  cannot be a curse  The sweat of the  face   not of tbe brow  does not mean  the perspiration which toil will bring  out  it is sorrow not toil  that is a  curse  and the sweat of the face are the  tears which grief and sin and care force  from the eyes of man    Another and a present part of their  punishment  was that both were driven  out of the glorious garden of ease and  pleasant delights  Unto Adam and  also his wife  did the Lord God make  coats of skins and clothed them  These  coats of skins were taken from animals  slain in sacrifice  as atonement for tbe  sin of the lord of creation  and thus  God taught the origin and the meaning  of sacrifice   and as a memento at once  of their sin and of their having made  themselves naked  were they clad in the  skin coverings of sacrifice torn from the  bleeding victims    Skeptics have tried to ridicule the  Bible  because death was the penalty  of their eating the forbidden fruit  yet  when they ate  the penalty was not in   flicted  God accepted an atonement   life was given up  blood was shed  and  the victims were selected from the most  valuable and most gentle of all animals   Every sacrifice must be of something  valuable   and yet every sacrifice is  necessarily vicarious  It is something  in place of another   some life instead  of another life   that thus atonement  may be made  The justly incensed law   giver and judge accepts the victim in   stead of the criminal and pardons  yet  punishes  For although man did not  die at once  yet death began his mission  within him then and there   moral  death  mental death  physical death    the body became liable to disease  the  soul to sin and the mind to madness       hat a grand and solqmn sacrament  that first sacrifice must have been   God  in person superintending and directing  it  Trial  condemnation  sentence and  punishment all at once  The angry  judge  mollified by the repentance ot  the criminals  and showing them how an  atonement could be made  Animals  slain and solemnly burned upon an  altar  the shrinking sorrowing world of  man and woman participating  penitent  for sin  yet rejoicing in hope for the  future   and  Satan for spectator  baffled   blasted  doomed to certain punishment   without hope and without repentance   If God had not accepted the repentance  and the sacrifice ot our first parents   Satan s malignity would have been fully  gratified   as it was  his hatred wes baf   fled  his whole scheme rendered unsuc   cessful   man was restored  but for him  there was no repentance  We find this  custom of sacrifice   of worship by blood   wide spread among all ancient na  tions   it was universal  Man did not  worship by simple prayer and praise    he shed Vlood  and thus by offering life  for life  he acknowleded that his own  life was forfeited    Man had never shed blood before   had never seen death  certainly not  death by violence  until now  by com   mand of God  he takes the live 3 and  burns the bodies of those animals he  had reared  loved and cherished   both  inflicting and receiving pain in so doing   With the skins of these victims thus  slain God clothed them   it was at once  a coverieg for the nakedness they had  discovered  a memento of their crime   and a token of God s forgiveness  The  very wearing of clothes is a constant re   minder of man s first and greatest sin   We shall speak of sacrifice more fully  when we come to mention the offering  of Cain and Abel  or when we treat of  the Mosaic law    THB GARDEN OF EDEN    There is but little said of this choice  spot and special creation of God   we  have nothing that will guide us in find   ing out its exact locality  or in giving  any account of its appearance   that it  was somewhere on the earth s surface  that God first formed Adam  and then  placed him in it as lord and keeper   that he had to toil in dressing it  that  he was driven forth from it into the  outer world  that it had  like the taber   nacle and temple   but one gate or en   trance on the east side where the guard   ing cherubim stood with flaming sword   and that it stood and remained visible  to Adam and his descendants as a proof  of God s justice and a reminder to the  exiles of their loss and punishment  this  we know  Probably  Eve may have been  born within it  after Adam had named  all the animals and found no compaa   ionship in their society   and when he  probably named all the birds and flow   ers  We never hear of its destruction   unless it perished in the general flood   Doubtless  before its closed gate  where  the first sacrifice was made  our great  progenitor and his family were wont to     ence of the heaven they had lost  1  think the supposition  that the Tower of  Babel and the city of Babylon occupied  its site  is probable  Tbe ante diluvi   ans knew its position by tradition  if  not by actual sight   and when men mul   tiplied and journeyed East to build an  eternal city and temple  they naturally  sought that spot most famed in the an   nals of the race  What daring im   piety was exhibited by those giants of  antiquity who lived before the flood   when they sinned so outrageously  against God  with this token of His  wrath standing in their very presence   Perhaps  they may more readily have  disbelieved the message of Noah  be   cause they could not persuade them   selves that God would overflow and de   stroy the beautiful garden His hands  had made  L   e    For tbe Observer and Commonwealth    THE COMING OF THE LORD    Be patient therefore  brethren  unto the com   ing of the i ord   James 5 7     The passage of Soripture  quoted  above  with kindred expressions   is  almost universally interpreted as though  it read   Be patient therefore  brethren  unto death      or during your natural  lives  Notwithstanding the injunction  is not limited to this life  but to the  ooming of our Lord Jesus Christ   though that event be a thousand years  hence    Nor is there anything inconsistent or  unreasonable in the injunction  We  read in Rev  6 chap    And when he had  opened the fifth seal  I saw under the  altar the souls of them that were slain  for the word of God  and for the testi   mony which they held  and they cried  with a loud voice  saying  how long  0  Lord  holy and true  dost thou not  judge and avenge our blood on them that  dwellon theearth  and white robes were  given unto every one of them   and it  was said unto them that they shou d  rest   be patient   yet for a little sea   son  until their fellow servants also  and  their brethren that should be killed as  they were  should be fulfilled   Here  the exhortation to  patience  extends  beyond this life  The similarity of the  two passages is apparent enough    In 2d Timothy  5  8  we read   Hence   forth there is laid up for me a crown of  righteousness which the Lord  the right   eous Judge  shall give me at that day   and not to me only  but unto all them  also  that love his appearing   Now if  the word  appearing  is intended to  mean the same as the word  ooming    and tbe expression   the coming of the  Lord   is intended to mean the close of  the Christian s life   then Paul seems to  make it necessary that the Christian  should love death  that he might obtain  the crown  the rightous judge shall give  him in that day  In the 2d chap  of 2d  Thessalonians  the Apostle Vn speaking  of tbe coming of our Lord Jesus Christ    beseeches  the brethren that they be  not  troubled  with an expectation of   His coming  immediately  and informs  them that certain events must take  place first  This chapter  at least  can   not possibly be tortured to mean any   thing else but the second  coming of  our Lord Jesus Christ  We confess  that we are illy qualified to  understand  all mysteries   and yet we can see the  need of no other genius than common  sense to comprehend the  fitness  of  the continual effort of Christ and his  anostlcs to fix the eye of tbe believer  upon the second coming of his Master  It  is then that he shall receive his  crown  and behold in reality the  prom  ised restitution of all things    Acts 3  21   It is then that this  mortal  shall put on immortality  and death be  swallowed up in victory   It is the  day of his great triumph  and though  he die ages before the longed for time   yet he  liveth  and still cries  bow  long  0 Lord    His language is still  that of the Apostle   And not only  they  but ourselves also  which have the  first fruits of the spirit  even we our   selves groan within ourselves  waiting  for the adoption to wit   the redemp   tion of our body    Rom  8 23   The  second  coming  of Jesus was the hope  of the early Christian  and the terror  of his enemies      When God gives confession he demands  confession  To be effective and useful   this must he prompt  open  hearty and  decided    Rev  T  L   Jug lor    Children Members of  the Church    I have  during the past year  received  forty or fifty children into church mem   bership  Among those I have had at  any time to exolude from church fel   lowship  out of a church of twenty   seven hundred members  I have never  had to exclude a single one who was  received while jet a child  Teachers  and superintendents should not merely  believe in the possibility of early con   version  but in the frequency of it    Spurgeon      A ROLL OF CALVINI8T8    It is quite fashionable with a few brill   iant magazinists in our day to sneer at  Calvinistic theology as antiquated  and be   numbing in its influences  and at its advo   cates as deficient in scholarship and ele   gant culture  A writer on the other side  gives a different view of the past achieve   ments of Calvinism  He says    Who for ages suffered the confiscation  of property  exile  imprisonment  and  death  rather than renounce the truth as it  is in Jesus    The Waldenses and Hugenots  those  noble Calvinists of France    Who  besides Luther  were the great  leaders of the Reformation of the six   teenth century    Melancthon and Zwingle  Calvin  Farel  and Tinet  Knox  Cranmer and Ridley    all Calvinists    Who  alone kindled the precious spark  of Liberty in England and gave the Eng   lish the whole freedom of their constitu   tion     According to Hume  they were the Pu   ritans  those revival Calvinists    Who elevated Scotland to her high em   inence among the nations    Her sturdy Calvinists    Who bore the most important part in  our Revolutionary struggle     Calvinists  according to our distin   guished historian  Bancroft  himself a  Unitarian  He says   The Pilgrims of  Plymouth were Calvinists of France   William Penn was a disciple of the Hu   genots  the ship from Holland  that first  brought colonists to Manhattan  was filled  with Calvinists  Ho that will not honor  the memory  and respect the influence of  Calvin  knows hut little  of the origin of  American liberty   By their fruits ye  shall kuow them       1     offer up their sacrifices in the very pres      ACKNOWLEDGING CHRIST    In nearly every community  thereare a  few timid  irresolute persons  who have a  trembling faith iu Christ but who do not  come out decidedly  and confess him   They may be Christians  but the world  is not allowed to know it  They carry  dark lanterns   Shining lights  they  certainly are not  No one is the bet   ter for their secret  clandestine at   tempts to steal along quietly toward  heaven without letting any one overhear  their foot steps  Now this is a miserable   we are almost ready to say contempti   ble  mode of living    this concealment  of the colors when danger threatens  this  following along after the church  with a  vague hope of being counted among God s  people when heaven s prizes are distrib   uted to the faithful  We do not say that  no one can be saved who does not openly  join some Christian church  but we do say  that the person who expects Christ to ac   knowledge him in heaven  and yet refuses  to acknowledge Christ  before men   is  a self convicted coward  and  while diso   beying his Master s orders  has no right  to expect his Master s blessing  After  fifteen years of pastoral observation  we  have come to the conclusion that every  day spent by the genuine convert outside  of the church of Christ is almost a day  lost  lie loses the sense of responsibility  that he needs to feel  he loses the oppor   tunities of doing good  he loses iu self   respect  in the respect of others  he loses  the approbation of him who has so im   pressively said   Whosoever is ashamed of  me before mqn of him will I be asliaiue    when I shall come in my ownglorj      Romish Schools    A Catholic young lady told us the  other day that  while attending the  school at Carondolet  near St  Louis   she knew of ten Protestant girls who  joined the Catholic communion  and  she expressed surprise that Protestants   holding the views they do towards her  church  should send their daughter  to  Catholic schools    Standard    missionTnoTa failore    In his sermon at a recent ordination  of four members of the Auburn Theolog   ical Seminary  who were about to sail  as missionaries  the Rev  Dr  Clarke  of  the American Board  said       Eighty one years ago  Carey felt  called to be a missionary  That was  the beginning of the modern missionary  movement  Now  there are forty two  societies  with one thousand eight hun   dred missionaries  engaged in giving the  Gospel to the heathen  Sixty years  ago  the American Board was notin ex   istence   now it has two hundred church   es  and has  reckoned in all  70 000 con   verts  Sixty years ago  nothing had  been done in the Sonth Seas   now  there are eight hundred native preach   ers  and 200 000 communicants  There  are one hundred preachers in Madagas   car   six hundred missionaries iu India    twenty thousand communicants in South  Africa  one hundred native churches  in Turkey and Persia   40 000 people  taught to read in the past twelve years  from a single station of the Amerioan  Board in eastern Turkey  The King  of Burmah  instead of holding poor Dr   Judson in a filthy dungeon  is building  a school house to aocommodate a thou   sand scholars  and has commanded the  translation of the British Encyclopaedia  into the Burmese language  The queen  of Madagascar  instead of persecuting  her Christian subjects  is crowned be   neath a canopy inscribed   Glory tb God  in the highest  and on earth  peace and  and good will to men   In money mat   ters  the change is very striking  In  1788  there was nothing given for the  evangelization of the heathen   in 1808    100 000  in 1828   1 000 000  in  1845   2 000 000   and in 1868   5    000 001b   Successful Teaching    A man  who commenced life as an  errand boy  rose rapidly  through Lis  untiring industry and earnestness  to  the head of an extensive business   which he conducted very successfully   Meeting an old friend one day  he  spared a few moments to describe to  him briefly the extent of prosperity  and of his prospects  His friend in   quired the secret of his success   I  put all my soul into it   replied the  prosperous shopkeeper   It is only by  throwing my soul into my business  that  I make it succeed   So must the  teacher do    Agreeing to Disagree    A man and his wife agreed in every   thing  except that he was a burgher and  she an anti burgher  During their  whole married life they had always  gone to their separate churches  The  union of these churches was proposed  and the respective ministers approved   to the great grief of the worthy couple   Said the wife   We have lived a tesli   feein  life a  our days  and isn t it hard  ve cauoa end as we began V      

Christian observer (Louisville, Ky.): 1870-09-07

8 pages, edition 01

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  Published in Louisville, Ky., Kentucky by []
   Jefferson County (The Bluegrass Region)