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date (1910-02-16) newspaper_issue A Pkipcr For th« Peo^ 
By the People 
and of Uio Poo^ 


An Uptodate A^Tocato 

of tko priac iplw 
Of F.E.4kCU.of A. 




msm BARREn's address 

An Interesting Talk on the Work Now 

Being Accomplished by the 
National Commission. 

Officers and Membertof 

the P'armers' Union: 

I have the honor to rep .rt to 
you the results thus far of the 
most remarkable and sitfnificant 
eoDferenee in the history of the 
Parmert' Union— the National 
lesialative eonferenee of officials 
and repreaentatiyes that has been 
in pmjress the last few days in 
Washingrton City. 

The conferenca was called by 
myself to consider specifically 
means to curb gambling in farm 
products of the nation, and many 
otkar maaaorio of Congroaaioaal 

From the earlies^ days of this 
organization, we have been striv- 
ing to expose sn 1 rout that ele- 
ment of gamblers using National 
crops as pawns in a game to beat 
down prices in the producer and 
demoraliio bnitfnaaa and trade 
condittona at large in tUa coon 
try. We also have been laboring 
to secure other measures, such as 
the Parcels F*ost and many others 
of interest, to cut membership. 

We have long recognized that 
to insure victory it would be es- 
ao^tial to btiag mvaaora opor 
Congraas, piaaaura of aoeh an 
o«k» tiiat the Itepreaentatives 
and Senators would realize our 
determination and busy them- 
selves in co-operating with u$ 
towards the materializing of 
many important laws— this re- 
pcMTtia intended to show you the 
reoaptive attitude of our law 

The conference of the^ last few 
days has achieved signal success 
along these lines. 

Congress is awakened to the 
power and the determination oi 
.the Farmera' Union aa never be- 
fore in my raodleetioo. 

Republicans and Demoerata. 
Senators and Representatives, 
faom East and West and North 
and South, they crowded into our 
meeting. Frequentlv. aa you 
will see by the subjoined Min- 
jotea, whole State delegations at- 
(soded in a body, other State 
delegatkma wor» repr e s ent ed and 
still others adopted ringing rss- 
oiutions favoring the cnisade ol 
the Farmers' Union and pledginjj 
their utmost aid in making them 

At the outset, I want to srive 
ftdl credit to tha devotion and 
the energy of your c mmiittee to 
aasist me in the work of this con- 
ference. To a man, thev were 
on duty night and day. frequent- 
ly laborinji n.itil the .small hours 
of the morning in the prosecu 
tion of the details aaaigned them. 
Without beaitation or' iniermis 
sion thay approached Congresa 
men, aacarUined their peeitions 
on re'cMTD legislation and urged 
their attendance at our sessions. 
Not a man lajrge i; all of them 
were faithful, industiiuus, wil- 
ling and eager to b« of thegreat- 
•at poasiblt aaaiaUnce. 

Aa a eenseqgence of their en- 
deavors we are gradually lining 
vip the Congreas of thia country, 
committing them by word of 
mouth and by public expression, 
separating the sheep from the 
goats and paving the way for 
such legislative CMuita ato no 
farmem organlaaHon hat'fver 

In thia connection. I should in 
juatice aay taat there are Con- 
grMNMB irtM wUl wovk tinctr^ 

for the fanner of their owr. 

free will and inclination, with 
never a thought of doing so in 
order to keep their political 
fences straight. This class 
would really accomplish much 
more than it does, had not the 
farmer in the paat been indiffer- 
ent or slow to undertake to sep- 
arate the true friend from the 
friend for revenue only. 

Brethren of the Farmers' Un- 
ion, the main thing I want to 
impress upon you an a result of 
this conferen^ is that Congress 
isthoroui^y receptive to the 
Jenumda and rights of our organ- 
ization. In every session of the 
conference, many of the most 
influential members of both par- 
ties and each house, formally, 
and in unqualified language, ad- 
mitted the atrength of this mr- 
ganization, deelaring they would 
oe afraid to offer for re-election 
if they had not made a sincere 
effort to to procure such legisla* 
ion as would justly advance the 
[iterests of the union and agri- 
ultural interests generally. 

I want to say further to you 
chat, in the furtherance of th«  
»mpaign against gambling in 
igricultural products. Parcels 
/ost. and other national meas- 
ires. a tremendously efTtctual 
nethod is for you to approach 
/our representatives and senators 
)er8onally and by letter. 

Write them at Waahingtos. 
(;epreaenttttg the platform of the 
mion with regard to National 
egislation acrainst these and 
)ther crying evils, and demand- 
ng such action as will promote 
■iuccess consistent with equity to 
IS and the countrv-at-large. 

I regard our ehancea to obtain 
-esolta as noat excellent On 
FetMruary 9th, we will appear 
lefore the House Committee on 
Ai^riculture to speak in favor of 
:he anti option bills, and to urge 
che enactment of such legislation 
IS will protect our members and 
che farmer generally airainat the 
^mioal extortions of the men 
who toil not, nor spin, but fatten 
»n the toil of the husbandmen. 

You can aid this fij^h^. individ- 
lally and as officei a Make your 
t'^titude plainly known to your 
Congressman. The humblest 
Tiember has more in fluence than 
ne realizes in a matter of this 
lature. I h. ve had this matter 
impressed uponj me recently as 
lever before in my experience 
with the organization. Cungress- 
:nen respect organization; es- 
pecially do they respect our or- 
ganization, for they have felt its 
wei}:ht in .their home districts, 
and tiieyappreeiatathe fact that 
we are rapidly attaining such na- 
tional dimenaions as will force 
every man-jack of them to a rig- 
id accounting, sooner or later. 

Another thing: We have gone 
to moch labor and conaiderable 
expenae la iwipare theae Min- 
ute* for your inapeetton. These 
Minntia are a falthfU tranacript 
of the way in which we kept tab 
on Congressmen and officials gen- 
erally at Washington. Read 
th**m, every line. You will ^ain 
more knowledge of the nature 
and praapeeta df the fight befcrc 
us, and mora information as to 
how to make ft a aueceaaful one, 
oy studying thia report of the 
battla at doaa range tbaa bjr 

KHtwkii's Twi MMrters tf tii6 CsmiiHssiM 


HON. M. B. TAP? 

years of desultory reading or 
listening to the speeches of pro- 
fessing pfjliticians. 

I do not maintain that the en- 
emy is not represented at Wash- 
ington, and that the enemy did 
not make eiforta to secure ad- 
mission to our conference. On 
several oecaaKma outrigKt or dis- 
guised agents and workers of ex- 
changes made efforts to get into 
our counsels, and sought infor- 
mation on the outside, of our 
members. These people are 
awake to their peril. They know 
from the organized efforta of the 
Farmers' Uokm that the doom of 
gambling in the products of the 
people is sounded, and they art- 
making frantic cfToris to stave 
off defeat. 

This they cannot effect. The 
utmost they can accompliah is to 
delay their own extarmination, 
although I luive a good reason to 
hope that even to thia axtent 
they will be disappointed. 

In the fut'TP, the task of 
crushing the rivrhts of the farmer 
and of defending the vampires 
that seek bia life's blood will 
grow increaaingly difficult We 
will not aeovrga the tampU of all 
aboata todav or tomarrew, but 
our early success is written. 

L«t me tfill you a liltJe incide nt 
which illustrates the whole mat- 
ter: On«« of the most prominent 
itepreaentatives on the Demo 
eratic aide of the House, a leader 
\n Natiooal legialatkm, and one 

of the roost respected I'V lea''ers 
of both parties, openiy .stated at 

1 one of our sessions that men - 
bei-a of Congress might as well 

j cease trying to fool themselves 
or the public as to their motives 

; in supporting the Farmera' Un- 
ion. "Frankly," he aaid. **I am 

jafrak) of the Farmers' Unk n 

j I know its strength, and I sim- 
ply realize that if I want to re- 
turn to Washington it is incum- 

I be It on nie vO pledge myself and 

I to koLp faith in the reformative 
crusade 9f thia organization." 

Numberleea other Congreas- 
men expreaaed tberaaelvea in the 
same vein. Wa let them know 
we were tiMM for 1 usine^s 
That independent attitude had 
ius effect. 

The picture at the head of this 
report showa you your repre- 
aentativca at the conferaMC. 
We had half aa boor'a co a vara a - 
tk n with Preaidoit Taft and 1 
believe his attitude is favorable. 

! However, we are not depending 
upon any one iiidi' idual. howev- 
er powerful, in this war. We 
are dep Miding upon ourselves, 

  upon the smallest and humblest 

jaa well aa the higbaat and mos: 

I teamed, m ambat a of thia organ 
ization. Wearv depeodiag upoi 
the proved power of cohesive or 

, g%niz:ition to attain its end, whe 
this end does not conflict wit) 

' "eiiuity. juatiea and Um Qotdn 


i (Coa^iaiMdaalMtysfe.) 


Of Farmers' Union Of f icials Held in the 
National Hotel, Washington, D.C 
Beginning Jan« 7y 1910. 

The National Officials of the 
Farmers' Union, toge hti wi h a 
number of bretliren who had 
been selected by aaveral of the 
Statea to aasiat in aecuring legia- 
lation, by Congress that would 
be of great benefit to the fam.- 
ers of this countrv, met in the 
National Hotel at 9 a m. 

Present were: C. S. Barrett, 
President; W. A. Morris, O. F. 
D  rnblaaer, A. C. Shuford, S. L. 
Wilson, mambara of tha board of 
directora; Alax Davia. Aairiatant 
National Secretary; J. J. Robin- 
son, .Jr., Chairman of the E.cecu- 
live Committee of Alabama; and 
VV. W. Meyers. President of the 
Indiana State Union. 

After a general discussion in 
which it waa agreed that all work 
undertaken here by the confer- 
ence ahould be done in a syatem- 
atic manner, the conference ad- 
journed until 4:30 p. m. 

President Barrett opened 
deliberations wit,ha brief talk 
strongly outlining the purpose of 
the conference and the melhodo 
essential to oroaecuting it to a 
aoeeeeaful eondualeB. 

"We are here to watch Con- 
gress, to find out our fnends and 
enemies and to compel action." 
he said. "But, in order to do 
these things, we must watch 
ourselves, not spare ourselves, 
mind or body each man giving at^ 
complete attentkm and aa intelli- 
gent devotion to the work as 
though Ua Ufa dapandadoB the 

"Realize, brethren, that it is a 
trrimendous stake for which wt 
ire working the elimination of 
chose criminal abuses that reach 
down into your pocketa, that de- 
prive fom wivea and yoor diil- 
ireo. and tna wives and ddkiren 
A the S.000.000 mambers ycu 
ivpreaent of the just reward ot 
their labors. 

**Keep rhat fact ever in mind 
vliileon the firing line. Th* 
Farmers' Union has alread\ 
fnught and won many great bat 
lea. The one now sonfrontinii 
IS is of vaat importance to tiie 
)resent and futurf , and it la not 
et won. Victory wiM conic only 
-hrough con.secrated and constant 
abor, fearless facing of the 
^nemiea of the farmer, making 
inversion where it is possible, 
ihowing no quarter where it is 
lot possible Find out too. the 
false friends of this organiaa- 
ion— the men who promise 
glibly, smile pleasantly, but 
fail to live up to their pledges 
*hen the time for action arrives.' 

The welfare of the farming 
interesta of thia country ia now, 
very largdy. in our liattda. l«t 
us no* he i ate to lose sleep and 
rest to sa.'rifice ourselves to the 
limit for the men and the women 
and the children on the farnis of 
ihia country. If we would rid 
them of the terrific weight o  
{omblingin the products of their 
toil, we most first dtapiav obedi 
ence to ordera, implicit and on- 
I luestioning, harmony among our- 
selves, incessant lat)or and refuse 
10 be diverted from our ri.jhteoiis 
mission. If we religiously ob- 
serve these rules, delay or failure 
-annot be Ui i at our doors. Wt 
hold a commission froaA the pro 
iucers of this cii  intry; let us 
diaohargait aa a sacred, God- 
4ivan tmat*' 

Polkvteg thia •Mnm, tht 

members enthusiastically agreed 
to its sentiments and reached an 
understanding that all tha work 
of the conference iteoM prliaiiJ 
akmgtba ayatematic linea ad- 
vanced by Preaident Barrett 
The conference tbm adjoonwd 
until 4:30 p, m. ; . 


The roil call showed in addition 
to those present in the morning 
session, brother T. J. Birooka of 

Considerable discuarion waa 
indulged in with reference to tiba 
o«st course to pufioe in preadng 
our chimaupon the Congress for 
(he abolition of gambling in farm 
Droducis by the ' xchanges. which 
resumed in the selection of T. J. 
Bruok.s to represent us before 
the Committee on Agriculture, to 
whom all bills aeeking this randt 
have been referred. 

Brother Shuford was appointed 
to take full chaijreof tlie Parcels 
i'ost matter, and to press our 
claims fur the enactment of a 
cornprehensive law on this sub- 
ject before the committee to 
which the matter niay ba ■!  

An adjoammeht was taken 
unta S. a. B., Jannavy 28th. 

The conference met parsuaat 

to adjournment. 

The roll call showed all mem- 
bers present, and in addition 
thereto Brother Ben F. Ward, 
editor of the "Official Organ of 
.Missiaaippi;" M. B. Tapp, Sacrs  
tary of the Executive Committos 
of Kentockv, sad John Gra^. 
member of the Board of .Di- 

After discussing in detail the 
controversy between tha Miosis- 
siiif i State Union and tba Boat 
Office Departmant with iafar  
ence to thdr official onrna, Presi 
dent Barrett appointed brothers 
Ward and Shuford as a committee 
ro pre«:ent the matter to the Post 
Office Department 

The conference sg1wsd,- apon 
a motion of O. Domblassr, 
that a correct record AoM ba 
kept of the acts, of the union 
men while in Washington, and of 
the attitude ai sumed by the 
members of C/ngresa in regard 
to m«^ures we are advocating, 
auch reeorda to be given pablieitjr 
at the pregmr tin& 

After agreeing to vWC tba 
Capitol in a body, the conftesMS 
adjourned until 6 p. m. ^ 



I Brother Brooks reported that 
'the Committee on Agriculture 
i have agreed to begin the hear- 
1 ings onthe anti-option bilJs, flsbr 
I niary 9tli. and each 
requested to invite j 
andSeaatocs ftaoa. bia State to 
attend these bearings. 

It was agreed that we invila 
the members of Congress to nsssi 
with us fa M BOcrws fSMiagal V 

Upon tbeinvitaM 
Witrd. Hon. Wm. A Dickson of 
Mississippi appeared and assured 
tha^ he would render all the 
assistance possible to secuia tba 
regula^ona of the Exchangai^ * 
Adiourqsd until 8J0 a. m, 



(Continued from p:ge l) 

Tb«rell eall liiowtd ■tl m«m- 
taiyitMent except Ward, Wil- 
ioii, llejrera and Robinson, who 
came in five to ten minutes late 

A letter to ihe members wat- 
drafted by the deleirates, and 
fonrard«d;to;the Stjita SecreU- 


At tlM «yMjing miinn a num- 
bar of CoQfNMmen 
iMviai^ eoOM at the invitation of 
Praaidmt Barrett, and other 
members of the delejration. 

After reports of several mem- 
bera of their work during the 
day, abort taika were given by 
itwmlof tiMCoofraMBMB prM- 

Tbe fonowinK members at- 
tonded:-Judge C L. Bartlett. 
L. F. Livingston, Wm. Howard, 
Chaa. G. Edwards. Thos. M. Bell. 
Dudley Hughes and Judge W. C 
Adamson, Georgia; E. Y. Webb, 
North Carolina; Jack Beall. Tex- 
■a; Ollla Janwa. Kantucky; J. 
Thoa. Haflin. Alabama; T. U. 
SiaaoD, J. W. Colli 3r. Wm. A 
Dickaon and I. &rCaiKUar, Mis- 

Mr. Bball'i Ymrs.— Re- 
sponding to the invitation of 
Pres. Barrett to expreaa hiaopin- 
km as to riia probability of pro- 
eurinff the passage of such a 
inea.sure as we are advocating. 
Mr. Beall of Texas, a member ot 
tht Agricultural Committee, said 
that there was little likelihood of 
a meaaure introduced by a Dem- 
ocrat being reported bythe com- 
miktaa, bat that as Mr. Seott of 
Kansas, tiia Chairman of the 
Committee, had himself intro- 
duced a bill of this nature, he 
was inclined to believe that a bill 
covering the essential features 
eould and would be evolved, and 
that, 80 far aa be was concerned, 
he wooki support any Republican 
a aa aaure that would offer us 

Mr. Webb. -Mr. Webb of N. 
C. said he was in favor of an\ 
bill that would abolish dealing in 
futures by Eixchanges. After 
atodying tbb quealion at close 
range, having visited some of the 
Exchanges in the course of hif^ 
inyestigation, he was positive ii 
. his op^KJsiiion to their business. 
He thoughi the government had 
a right to prohibit . the use, h} 
Exchanges, of inter-state mear.s 
of transmission of intelligence. 

Ho further atated thataeveral 
attoBpCs had been made in the 
pist to pass such a measure but 
that no vote had been obtained. 
He was of the opinion that r 
favorable rep jrt by the Commit- 
tee on Agriculture and a roll call 
vote would be a long step toward 
tiM passsgs of die measure. 

Mil LtvnfOBTON.— Mr. Living- 
ston aakl that the fight before u^ 
was a hard one. He sugi^ ! 
that there were two ways ot 
eliminating the ovils of the Ex- 

1. By criminal prosecution. 

2. dsmriog them the oso of 

He advocated getting the opin- 
ion of the members of Congress 
upon some spedfie bill eoming 
the subject 

Mr. BARTETT.-Mr. Bartlett 
vaa glad that the farmora were 
ieiof as all odMT bosiiMss people 
iMd been doing for years, e. tr.. 
asking for what they want. He 
congratulated the Farmers* Un- 
ion- He wa3 of the opinion that 
no Democrat could get a bill 
paaaMi; it would have to be fath- 
ered by a Republican. He stated 
that the Hatch BUI died in the 
Senate, and that in his opinion 
there is where the greatest opp   - 
sition to our measure would dc-j 

Mr. Collucr. - Mr. Collier aaid 
that one of the planka in his 
platform, when ho asked the 
P3uple to support him for Con* 
greis, was the suppression of 
the evils of the Exchanges, and 
that he still stood for the rass* 
■f« of sueh a asaasura, 

M9L CAMKm-Mr. Gtadtar, 

a former member of the Com- 
mitee on Agriculture, citt'd his 
record while a member of that 
committee to show his poaition 
upon this subject. 

Ml. AlUlMON. - Mr. Chair- 
ouib: 1 have just arrived, late, 
and am not advised as to the 
puri)ose nor the progress of your 
meeting. I received no notice of 
your meeting or its purpose until 
a few moments ago my Secretary 
incidentally remarked that you 
were having a meeting of South- 
em Congressmen. I immediately 
dropped my work and came here. 

I presume, from what I have 
seen in the press, that you are 
discussing ways and means of 
ridding the country of gambling 
in agricultural jnroducta. I have 
often expressed to yoa and other 
workeraia yourofderW i^tifi 
catton at the organfsatkm of t\ e 
Farmers' Union and its declaia- 
tion of principles, for you aie 
working for a great many good 
things, which I have been advo- 
cating and striving for thirty-five 
years. Qf course I am wiUiyou 
against fnture speeolatfon in 
farm products. I am against alt 
forms of gambling, but that is 
the wickedest, most inexcusable, 
and most disastrous. These gam- 
blers are parasites meaner than 
the vermin that destroy your 
meat and your grain, for they 
devour and destroy your sub- 
stance in anticipation, unsettle 
your prices, and rob you of youi 
profits even before you plant 
\our crops. 

1 stand ready and glad to co- 
operate with you on any plan 
that you think promises success. 

Mb. Hughes. — Having been 
preceded by the  ^der men iri 
Congress, they have left little foi 
me to say. I wish to add, how- 
ever, that the district I repre- 
sent is largely agricjltural, beinj. 
second to no district in Georgia: 
and whe^^ you add to this horti* 
culture it stands first. 

Cotton is not only the money 
crop of Georgia but of the South- 
ern States. The South has a mo- 
nopoly of this product, given tt 
her by soil and climate. This 
great staple not only keeps in- 
tact the gold reaerve of thii- 
Uni m, but upon it depends the 
operation of about two thousand 
cotton mills, now in operation it 
the United States. Upon thi.' 
staple the pc^^ple deptrid for tht 
indispensable article of clothing. 

Gambling in cotton causes dt- 
structive fluctuation, and is o[ - 
posed by' the fanner, who is the 
prodaeerar.d the eoasnmer, and 
should be by the manufacturer. 
I bespeak the sentiment of th( 
Third District of (J- orgia, whost 
servant I am, v\hen I declart 
that they not only wish but ur- 
gently request this gambling 
evil to be cheeked, and they cal. 
on Congreaa to paaa a till thai 
will remedy it. In my opinion, 
and I will go fur*her ihan thaf, 
^nd say I think I know every 
.nember of the Georgia delega- 
tion will give this bill their un- 
qoalifled support as representa- 
tivea of the aeoond greatest cot- 
ton growing State of the Union. 
There are so many interests af- 
fected by this great cotton gam- 
b'ing, and so few benefited 
thereby, that I believe this Coi - 
grass will pass the bill which will 
be iwesented for their ioonsidera- 
tkm aad aetkm. 

The farmers of the coontry are 
united aa never before. The Far- 
mers' Union is the strongest agri 
cultural organization ever form- 
^d in the country. I am happy to 
^reet them here, led by a Georgian 
 vho is president of the National 
)rgania«tk n. They are hero to 
contend and ilght for the paasage 
of this bill. Let us give them 
ojr undivided support. 

Mr. OllieJamfs, Mr. James 
of Kentucky stated that tht 
State of Kentucky had felt ti.e 
benefits of the Farmera' Union. 
He waopleaaod to know that the 
farmora w«re taking aa interest 
in thia matter, and pledged him- 
self to the 3 ipport of cur bill. 

Mr. Ujspun.— I am glad to I e 
wits you toHidglil; Mi I wtmt to 
mmn you that I •» icadiy ai d 

tnxious to do anything that will 
K'lp to bring about legislation 
hat will permit the law of sup- 
ply and demand under natural 
■onditions between producer aad 
nasufaeturvr to fix the^prlOMl 
farm products. rrhave advocat 
id such a measure ever "since 1 
lave been in Congress, .iml I am 
nore convinced now than ever 
that gambling'.in^farm products 
s a crime againat the producer. 

Let ua go to fhe^Membera ol 
Congresa from trie Weat, from 
vhoae people we buy corn, meal 
»nd mules, and ask them to joir. 
torces with us of the South' iii 
passing a law suppressing gam- 
)ling in cotton and other farn 

I am' at ynar service for th« 
uxomi^ishment of this gooc 

Mr. Ralph fMiTH.-I hav« 
he honor to inform you thatthf 
it'orgia Senators and Represent- 
ilives in (congress today adoptee 
inanimously the following reso- 

"Resolved, That the Senatori 
md Representatives from Geor- 
gia heartily favor le^zislation foi 
lie suppression of gambling ii 
'arm products, and will soppor' 
neasures tothatend. " 

The meeting was attended 1 j 
Senatora Bacon and Clay, andatl 
of the Georgia Repreaentatives. 

Other Members. — Every 
Member of Congress present 
)ledged himself to the suppf^'ri 
jf legislation against the dealinj 
in future upon the pvoJufis c: 
the farm by Exchanges, art 
promised to aid in every manner 
possible to seenre the passage of 
a meaaure that would gain tht^ 
results desired. 


Conference convened at 6:9r. 
The roll call ahowed all members 


Upon motion it was agree* 
that we co-operate with tht 
Grange, or any other farmers 
iTganization, that would worl 
with us along the lines that W' 
have adopted to secure the le^'i:- 
lation we are seeking, in ket i 
iriy with this rtsolution 

Brother D. J. Neill of Tex^ 
appeared, and upon being quv,-- 
cioned by . President Barren   
18 to whether or not h« 
ATOuld abide by the Rules an( 
.{e ;ulation8 of the conferenct. 
inswered in the affirmative, tl.u 
.dding one more to our force. 

Brothers W^rd. Neill, M »rti. 
ind Grady were app ^.'inled a coii • 
nittee to interview represent;, 
.ivea from other ontanizations, i 
iny are in the dtv. 

7 P. M , JANUARY 31ST. 

Roll call ahowed all member.- 
present except Brother Neill 

vho came iii Sf-.f:i !T;i;rjr»'* r. • 
Mr. VV. M. Ho'.varu (.1 ('r.-ov^iu 

jppeared and asked ir there Wi; 
anything that he could do to a.- 
s St us. It was sugge:ited tlu i 
we discuss some of the measure i 
pending before Congress. Broth- 
er Dornblaser read the Scott Bill 
During the course of the discus - 
sion, Hon, W. W. Cocks of Ntv 
/ork appeared. 

President Barn tt ''ntroduc   
Mr. Cocks, who spoke in part : - 

Mr. Cocks of New York.- 
"When I came in, one of y ,ui 
members waa asking ah^ ut the 
N'ew York Exchange. I have 
nad a great deal of missionarj 
work done with me in relation t  
the exciiang«'.and I ams.jmev. h; 
familiar with its history. Y( l 
all know the business of a Cottor 
E {Change is the baying and sell- 
ing of cotton, and the future 
feature is the great thing. LittU 
or no attention i.i paid the har.d- 
li ng of spot cotton. 

We have several bills befoic 
the committee anr*, we have had 
aevcral heaHnga. What wt 
h ive alwava tried to get at wa» 
ao ne way to prohibit ih:-  Luvin^ 
and sailing of futures. What 
we waat to kaow ia some prac- 
t cal way of ridding ourselvt s 
this evil. Up to the present 

kind of a plan that] in sympathy with this movement. 

I want to see you again when 1 
have more time, and I hope that 
we, all together, will be able to 
alight upon some plan that will 
right the evil that now extsts in 
this particular. I will come back 
and see you all again. I regret 
that I cannot stay this evening.'' 
Pres. Barratt. "I hope, gentle- 
men, you will not take my re- 
marks to be an invitation^to jour- 
ney; but, if there areothors here 
who have ongag«nenta, we 
would be glad to have you volun- 
teer; especially would we like t  
nave ail those speak who are i' 
sympathy with u.s. " 

Mr. Gronna of North Dakota 
—"Mr. Chairman and gentl.- 
men, I live out in what .is caliei 
ihe frozen North, t have beei 
.n touch with this movement Ii 
('act, I have talked the matter 
)ver with somelSouthern mem- 
bers of Congress, and I am glad 
CO say there are many who sym 
jathize with you in your efforts 
"I hope we will be able to dc 
tway with the baying and selling- 
of options, which I believe is the 
lineaiong which y ,u are wor ir\i. 
I belong to the Society of Equit\ 
jp in ou*- Sfato. It is a farmers" 
jrganization which has for itt 
porpose, that baa in view, thi 
purpoio of eontrollmg their owri 

*There is no question but wliat 
che selling of futures, whether 
hat is gambling and speculutiot 
 ;ither in wheat or cotton, ii 
letrimental to t h e producing 
classes. So far as I am eoncemeo 
lam aboolutely sare diafit is 
letrimental to them. 

"Now. then, instead of dealinp 
.n futures, let them deal ir 
the actual cotton. Instead ol 
iealing in futures in wheat, let 
them come to the farmer's gran- 
iry and buy a bushel of wheat or 

0 the southern plantations anc 
SUV a bale of cotton. I believ^^ 
t would be a relief not only tc 
he farmers but to the peoplt 
.vho depend upon the farmers. 

* Gentlemen, I also have ai 
ingdgement tonight, but I havt 

1 friend here who has been : 
farmer for a number of years, 
vir. Haugen of Iowa, and I ah 
 ure you want to hear from him.* 

Pres. Barrett. — "We want tc 
^ear from the gentkwum fron 

Mr. Haugenof Iowa.— "A fev, 
minotea ago I waa invited tc 
MOM here, and I am glad to bt 
lere, although I do not kno« 

jvhat it is expected to do here or 
A'hat you have under con^idera 
'ion. I infer, from the remark.*- 
hat have been made, that it ha. - 
■JO do with the dealing in options. 
• - • • • • 
"Now, about the proposifior 
that you have under considera 
tion. I find that the farmers in 
ny community are not in accorc, 
vith your proposition here, tht 
dealing in options or futures. 

"As stated by Mr. Grotni. I 
was bom a farmer and lived on a 
f ;irm, having always been a farm 
er. We thresh oor crops and 
haul them to the elevator. They 
are stored— stored withoiit a cent 
of expense*. I find there is a 

orm ar.y 

voitld not interfere with l^ti-j 

 .ate bu.siness. • • • • ' 
Here is one thing to remember: 
The people lihat deal on the Ex- 
change elaiin that it is a great 

evener. that it is a steadier of 
rhe market. At the same time, 
he spinners and manufacturers 
)f New England aieoDposing the 
Exchange for an entirely difTer- 
 nt reaaon. They say it raises 
he price, while^there 'are others 
who claim it unduly deprssass 
'he price. So, after all, I do not 
aTiow but that perhaps we have 
leen over-e^tiinatmg the real 
iTcct upon the market of this 
-peculation in cotton. « • * 

'Ian   ppo •. d i idividualiy to 
all kinda of snecolatMiL I have 

brother who is a broker, bat I 
iave never bought a share of 
4tock on margin, because I do 
not believe it is a goftd thing t« 
to. 1 do not believe it is the 
oest way for busineaa to bo eon- 
lucted. « « • * 

"I understand 'that the gentle- 
men are deairous of knnwin^ 
.vhat the situation is betcm tht 

imn.itfeo. with regard to tht 
•wtton hills. I will say theposi 
ion of the commiitee is gener- 
tily friendly. I have beer, 
^peaking with reference to tht 
)ld committee. We have a new 
.•ommittee this year. We have 
",ow gotten the agricultural bill 
)Ut of the committee, and it i^ 
.loA in s!-iape to take up these 
'• bi!h ." » « * 

.Mr. liiii t •'. of North Dakots 
vas introduced and said in part: 

"The Sute I have t ie ho lor to 
represent here in Congress is 
North Dakota, which Is enttrel.\ 
1 grain state - wheat, oats, bar- 
ley and fl -ix, being the staple pro 
lucts that we raise. ^ I havt 
 eard that question raised in the 
Hate a good many times, as t  
lotions, as to whether it Twas t 
:ood or bad thing forua. I have 
luite a large farm up there my 
s il ^ and am interested on that 
ide of the (ju "slion. • • * 

In every conimunity almost, al! 
over the Siate, there are farm- 
;rs' elvivators. When a farmej 
omes in with his wheat, anc 
s iys that at such a time he wih 
ieliverhis whe^t, the elevator 
i iiii.e lia'i-!;." wires to Minneapolii- 
m l sells tliiit wheat. Thus, tin 
vheai is .«■(•!(] way ahead, sold, 
orirstance. for May delivery, 
md then carried into Jane and 

' So that looks to my mind as it 

 erl.Rps there were two sides tc 
t. Oi c )urse. what the farmers 
.1 mv country :.nd in the south 
ire coi te . lir g against hrgelj 
.i the fu. i; al some men lik  
•Ir. Leiter v\iil go in the market 
md throw thousands and million.' 
if hu.^heIsor fictitiaua wheat am  
•.  a m upon the market, and boll 
)r Ijreak the market • • 
■'I can see where your troubh 
.s ill -p'-cijlat i'-n. where there an 
liilioi s of fictitious bushels ol 
;rain thiown upon the market U 
 ull or bear it. And the same 
way wf.h respect to cotton. 1 
lo no not know very much about 
■ o'ton. I .-Ml pose I buy it some in tr.e bhain; of clothing, 
)ur I  ;'» r (.!: know much about 
.; i.: a. I. . r say. I know the 
'f'''! os:(i  it that you are up 
- :iti6t; but how to get at it? I 
an only say this, that I believe 
^e throwing of theee vast 
:ii;0'Jti's of giain and cotton upoi 
the market that is. where it i.- 
I'jli ious - is (iitin ly wrong 

think that no farmer or any bus- 
ineaa man but would heartily ap- 
prove of this present speculation, 
I agree with Mr. Gronna and tl e 
rest of you, andl hope it will be 
possible to draft a bill that will 
accomplish the resuh to be ao 
much desired, and that will, at 
fhe same time, not interfere with 
the legitimate conduct of busi- 
ness; and anything that I can do 
along this line I will be heartily 
in accord with." • • • 

President Barrett— "Wo . afs 
very much obliged to you. As 
to the Southern cotton planters, 
I think we can claim with assur- 
ince that 99 per cent, of the 
Southern cotton planters would 
favor almost any one of these 

Additkmal i«narks of Mr. 

Mr. Gronna.— "I do not Icnow 
whether it is permissible to speak 

a second time." 

President Barrett. - "We sbatf 
be quite glad to hear you." 

Mr. Gronna. - "What I want 
to get down to is the principle of 
the thing. As a farmer I grow 
such a Domber of bushels of 
wheat There are so many bush- 
els of wheat consumed each year. 
The proposition is this with me— 
whether or not the producer shall 
control the marketing of that 
grain, or whether it should be 
strolled by somebody who has 
no interest la the growing of that 
:rop7 Tluit is reaUy the propo- 
sition with me 

"As a farmer I am interested 
in the growing and to get the 
best price possible. I presome 
Lhere are tens of thoosanda of 
badiels of wheat sold, and tboa- 
saAds of bales, millionaof bales, 
if cotton sold that is not really 
and actually sold." » » » 

Mr. Brooks. - "Do you not be- 
lieve it possible you have 
«vatched the West, in wheat— do 
you not think it possible for the 
great operators to sell the mar- 
icet down or up? For instance, 
iuchasMr. Patten?" 

Mr. D. C. Edwards.— "I be- 
lieve they can absolutely control 
it cither way, so far as that is 

Mr. Gronna. — "When I get 
hungry I must have wheat And 
 vbenever the manner m manu- 
facturer runs out of cotton he 
must have actual cotton. In a 
transaction of that kind he must 
have the acturl stuff, but the spec- 
ulator, the man w ho deals with 
t for ccmmercial, speculative 
parpoaes, he probably never aeea 
-he cotton. I snppoae a nomber 
)f them do not know what cot- 
ton is. The same witn reference 
.0 wheat. I belie. e. in answer 
to the question of Mr. Brooks, 
that they can send it up and 
down. I believe ultimately that 
the produce will get a lower 
price for his product than if I • 
were denied the privilege of deal- 
ing in futures. I believe that if 
1 farmer could  imply get the le- 
giiim.ate price we do not ask 
*ny more for what we produce 
rhan the legitimate prieo. That 
is all we ask for." • • • 

President Barrrtt — "Senator 
Clapp. vou are from away up in 
the wheat country. We shall be 

great deal of opposition to this'Qi»'te V.^-Ad to havf vou talk to u 
measure in my part of the coun- 
try. To me it has been a great 
advantage. For twentr-fivo years 
I hsuled my cropa to ttie nearest 
town, and s.ored it free of chargF. 
It does not cost me one cent The 
grain dtaler hedges, and mi that 

and we are pleased enough to 
have you with us to-night " 

Mr. Clapp of Minnesota. — 
"Mr. Chairman, Senator Smith 
of South Carolina came to me 
this aft»^rr.oon and ask'd me if I 

ne ([uesiion is, as I said, how U \ way makes it wjssible for me to : would not com.e down this . v 

ret a: ii. how to right it. As t* 
iiat, \ am not so sops^ 1 woulo 
 e glad, if you gentlemen art 
oil g to l e here for a few daya, 
o meet with ^ou again. 1 shall 
■e uh:d tu cum«' up here at an\ 
ime and me«t ^ith you, and to 
.ear this matter disrnssad by 

Pres. Barrett—' If thfva are 
any others hers who have eo* 

-Hgements. we would he very 

f'^d if VI. u Mujld volunteer." 

A {C iluiu) from the E^t 
a ' and ' : 

"I I ) tnert'lv say that I 

store my grain without expenifie, 
and saved me the expense oi 
baiMing a graaary, and saves hm 

the shrinkage on the gra.n. So 

I nay in my part of the country 

1 find a great deal of ohjeotion 
to the proposition, such as intro- 
duced by Mr. Scuit or ( tht'r&. 


ing. I ca/ne down with him to 
learn the general rature and 
drift and purpose of the gather- 
ing. Feeling an interest in all 
pabHe matters, I am always aax-. 
ious to learn about them. I real- 
ly do not know what the de- 
tailed p'ir5»ose or soojfe cf the 

"I am heartily in accord with j meeting i.s. but I gather that the 

auhject of gambling in options 
has been under discusfion. Of 
ooorse, I believe that that is a 
vicious thing. Tbare la ao doubt 
that thara are timea when, if the 

ever, you will hnd some difficulty ' J™^ ^'^.^^^ T'^**^ 
• J M.i u i. .1. . 11 .he could selnt. he could get some 
in drafUng a bill that wUl n^^^^\^^^rnTy benctil fro,n gambbng 

II yoQ can And the place 
wlMM yoB eaa draw the line bo- 
tweea the legitimate investor and 

the speculator, I think you will 
get along all right. I think, how 

ralA' li several members this , . . ,. . i ^ - 

if( Mii.. I. ai.U. lam »iad to sv.l ' beliwvf, ia 
tuuud everyone to Whom I ipai« tha iwrti la MMh d^|rf. I (CMiii u a on 7^^ psgk) 

The Modem 
Fuel For 
Hell Fire. 


Said Judge Ben Lindsey of Den- 
ver, at the convention of the Na- 
tional Educational Association, "1 
lEnow poaitively from personal 
•xpertenM and actual knowledge 
that some of tha mmi dlr«etly or 
by implication held up moMa 
to the yonfh of the nation are 
mf*n v^ho (l..'')ricioh ro'.vri eouncilp 
or legisla'-uri-a in order to defeat 
lawa for the just protection of 
ntn and woineo, and, prov ing 
by {t, become geiieroas contribu- 
tora to or maintainera of the in- 
Btitutfons presided over by the 
intellectual sissies who are ton 
incompetent, too icrnorant, or too 
cowardly to tell the truth." 

Of course Judj?e Lindsey should 
not have made that disclosure, 
"even if it were true." It was 
10 pessimia'.ic of him, don't you 
know? It exhibited 10 Htria eon- 
ildenee In human nature, can't 
you see? It could da no i;oo6, to 
be sure; and only tended to im- 
pair the simple confidence of the 
adolescent in great and good men 
who, however they get their for- 
tunes, do keep out of jail one 
mnat admit, and do apand timn 
so generously for objeeti that 
each person applauds. 

Nevertheless we sympathiz( 
with Judge Lindsey. We honor 
his righteous wrath at those whi- 
ted sepulchersof men whose in- 
iquities he exposed, and their 
white Uvered apoiogiata for whom 
he showed so much wholesome 
contempt. If he had said 
"Damn!" said it in italics, and 
repeated it in capital letters, still 
we should feel for him and honoi 
him. And we will remind both 
him and the gentle critics he 
might bavroffandad with airord 
that has nnfortanately bean de- 
based to profane uses that he 
would liava had the best of Chris- 
tian sanction for its use in this 
connection. There was One who 
in similar circumstances long ago 
said "Damn!" with just that em- 
TpHmma and in precisely that qrfrit 

For do wa not read: "Woa on- 
to yoQ, scribes and Pharisees, 
hypocrites! for ye are like unto 
whited sepulchers, which indeed 
appear beautiful outwardly, but 
are within full of dead men's 
bones, and of all uncleanness. 
Even ao ye also outwardly appear 
righteooa unto men, but within 
ye are also full of hypocrisy and 
iniijuity. Woe unto you, scribes 
and Pharisees, hypocrites! be- ye build the tombs of the 
prophets, and garnish the sepul- 
chers of the righteous, and say, 
'If we had been in the days of 
our fathers, wa' would not have 
been partakera with them in the 
blood of the prophets.' Where- 
fore ye be witnesses unto your- 
selves that ye are the children of 
tht m which kilUd the prophets. 
Fill ye up then the measure ( f 
your fathers. Yeserpente! Ye 
generation of vipersi How a n 
ya escape the darnnation of hell? " 

Wanted, at Once! 

One or more good live Farmers' 
Union nun ia each county of Ken- 
tucky. Tennesaee and Alabama 
to ^ aa our raprsaa nt ative or 
business agwit, aalling farm im- 
plements, fertilixers, salt, fenc- 
ing, etc. Also to collect and for- 
ward to us poultry, eggs, hides 
and other farm products. 

Profitii^K: employment to the 
right party. For reply enclose 
ala»p and address the 

KnrrucKY Farmbhs' 
Union Exchanoi. 
m EMt JaSsnon 8t. 

LodavUla. Ky. 

LABOR nm m 

iinMMt CNtfl Mm of Hm 
and. Capaoltyi 


VmI ^mmt WMM kr Hm4* af l«' 
^MMel On ewHe i liiw \tmi WNk la* 
flt l i mM ami' OtsiMlm Oissin «« 

If you wratlo sell your farm 
write J. Bl. Dodaon, La Center! 
Kjr^^maUan not ill 

XoUyag aCMii bom eaaalaiiT* ert- 
denoe •( tfes hlgb pISM which hat 
bc«n Nsehtd br tha oiiaalatd tabor 
moTtaMBt la AsMrtaa thaa tha «haf   
nctcr aad sMBftast sanity of tha omb 
who art now at tha htad «t anieot 
and .who for lett aalarjr thsa thtjr 
wonM receive la otter flelda of en- 
dMivor are dorotlng tbeir eotlrv Ume 
to furtberlng tho common cause of the 
wii«e enrnrr. ir Is ltw)( e l a fur cry 
from the old time, niucti niri Honied 
"n ulklrig (It'loRntc," who In yoars gone 
Ity represented the popular Idea of 
labor aaloo antbccttjr, to tha pwatat 
idf-al oatloBal tabor oflletal— a maa of 
!*uc-b manlfeat InteDIgeoce, tact and 
broadmiadedaets that be can command 
the reapeoct of every cnpltallst or em- 
ployer with whoin lir may come in 
i-outact. erea tbougb the latter bt not 
In aympathy with hto Mcaa. Tha cali- 
ber of moat of oar twtDtlath cantary 
lulior leaden U furtber attested by 
the dlacrethon with wlitch thsy use 
tbeIr Taat power. Altbougb the 
jrrowth of the rariooa dlrialons of the 
labor armr enables them to wield an 
infloence llttla dftaaMd of « ftw y«M 
ago, most of thena g t yta l h S af erfaa* 
l/f I labor are coBatmtiTa rather than 
nullcal In polic7-Ht femdancy attested 
b.v the fact tbat oowadnjra they con- 
 ent to a atntral atriha ooly at a last 
resort. Indt td . oaa ^ Hw ehtaf fhnc- 
tioos of tha nMdtfB taadtr tetrnt to 
u  to preToat ttrthat, not to precipi- 
tate them. 

From thp stari.lpoiut of the union 
worklDgmeo the most coutip'icuoua re- 
lalt a( tha atw are aC tabor taadarahip 
ta ^oad til tte coodoet of the more- 
tnent on sound business princlpl«4. 
When tbe present 'atlioor' of labor 
cbleftalos began to make their preo- 
eoca felt la executive positions many 
of tha ODiona, national as well as lo- 
• ai. waia la a devloraMa caMUttoa. 
t^mpamttraly nnall membenhlp la 
luost Instances gave them very limited 
lnflu»^nce, and too often there was slip- 
shod management that manifested it- 
xetf in ill kept recoidt, tax eondoct of 
mrrespondence. etc. £Ten more teri- 
oiis was tbe indifference in tbe rollec- 
tioa of duej— sbortcundngs io flnnnclnl 
policy that neeeHsltatcd many of the 
r)rKani7jilion8 leadinu a hand to mouth 
existence, whereas other national bod- 
ice wara heaTily la debt when tha 
preeent otBctato took charge. Now all 
ihiK is changed. The avemf;e national 
headquarters are conductwl on up to 
date economical business policies, at^d 
He Tetarial officials keep tbelr r.-eords 
by means of card lodes and other fil- 
ing tyttama that art tbe peer of any- 
thing to te foand la tbe corponte or 
banking world. Better still, union la- 
bor flnances are on a ituund twtia, many 
of the great national bodlea htTinc on 
haad Mrpiai faoda ta exccet af a 
qaarter of a million dol*'*n each. 

Tet other evidence ot die farsigbted 
Judgment of the field marshals now In 
command of tbe labor forces la found 
In the extent to wliUh they are sul - 
M-rlbing to the theory of co-operutiou 
ou tte SMiat farrsaehlac tcato. Tbe 
mudera tendency ta tte corporation 
and commercial world toward great 
aifsrogatlons of capital Is being met 
with correspoudlugly potent consoli- 
dation of tte organized labor forces. 
Tills dItpoaltlOB of tte lending lalM*r 
Ml^okeanan to anfiat ta aStetire team 
work tet onqncatloaably beea doe In 
some ineasiirv to that kulttliit: f' (.'•■tlier 
of lutorest.s whii h han rf iij;,  l In I lie 
treaivudous growth lu recent years of 
tbat comprelieaalre; couotry wide or- 
gauiantlon. the American Federation of 
Ijibor. an aQled army of craftsmen ot 
allrlaaeee that is now ;iiore tten 2.000 ■ 
OUO Mtront;. It Is not solely attributable 
lo tbU luMuem-e. however, for there 
are some vury powerful labor orgauiaa- 
I loos whieh tarn att aMUated with tte 
big fedetattoBK-at. for Instance, tte 
Kuightii of Lnbor and the Brother- 
aooda of Itallnoud Kiijjliii-ers. Condurt- 
ors. 'i'ruinmeu nnd Klremen, with a 
total member »hlp of 170.000 workera. 
The leaders of these Independent bo l- 
ieii have for tte most part, however, 
become Imbued with the spim   f the 
llKe. snd all of iheni iiiMy be fomil 
working? slioii! 'l.-r v  '•!.■. ul ler for any 
reform that prouilMS beuetlt for labor 
lu genaraL 

As tte pretidaat for many years 
past Of tbe Anerlcan FederatloB ol 
ijibor Samnel Uompers Is donbtlcee 
entitled to reioguilion as the foremost 
.\merlcan lab ar lender, nnd certainly 
uo ctemplon tii tbe rights of tte toll- 
ers baa artr bad a ttroaser bald apon 
his foBowteB. Friar to each tarccs- 
itire aoaual conerentlon of the fo 1era 
lion there are rumors afloat of at 
iempts lo aoMat Qomprm. but wiien 
the great labor conference convenes 
each aulumu tt ta always found itel 
ite Tatacaa aatcatlra ta tte cteka of 
ab larflt a pteportlaa of tte tabor boat 
thnt his election to leadership la lo ef- 
fp«'t uDuiiimuus. There Is no doubt 
tint much  if (k inpers' strenjfth lies 
III (be recoiaalllon of hi * ruK|{«"d hon- 
enty ami iDtegrlly. Temptations to 
'Hell OMf* tte tator bilereeia have 
coata ta bla ta every Imaginable form, 
and be uilvhrt be a rich man today h«d 
he n* ettay n o  m 'lcine ai« wu* re 
puled to «ou e of the latxir guardlane 
Jt Auf» tfoue toy — WuUlon Fawtttt la 
IMtlaburg Dl 

Prominent in Kentucky Union Circles 

les II 

Geme In Tiree 

Foreman Mechanical DepartnsenI of tte 
LUntf PabUshiat romp»mw aad 
TarraU Laeal - 




UnUI tte sua 

cover tbam faijga|t 

FroBB Mayfield. 

Mayfield. Jan. 28. 1910. 
Mr. J. J. Perry. 

Dear Sir and Brother: Give us 
a little space in your iiherty. 

On the 26th wt want to Car- 
\ lisia Co. ; spoka at Riddick Local, 
No. 41, Alicia Hobbs Secretary. 
Received 4 members and got 10 
stockholders for our Farmers' 
Union Warehouse and Supply Co. 
located in Mayfield Eachbroth- 
ar paid h.s stock in cash as he 
atibaeribed it; so you see wa laft 
thasa good brothara and sisters 
$80 in tha grand anion cause 
We give their names below: 

J. T. Ballard. J. P. Haden. J. 
I T. Hobbs. W. A. Moore. J. B. 
! Franck, G. A. Richards, W. T. 
Haden, Elisha Hobbs. 

Now. brethren, if a more ap  
to-data local can ba found in Car- 
lisla Co. than the above, please 
inform us at once, ss vve are in 
some doubt about it. Overalls 
and brogans are common among 
our Catholic brethren, but thev 
are strictly union, and they have 
the dough. We notice that they 
hava a fina naw high aehool 
buUding withtba aehool In ses- 
sion. Look out, brethren and 
sisters, we only asked Carlisle to 
help us; they are doing it. Let 
us wake up and do our part. 
Come across row. 

We spent 'he night with Broth- 
er and Sister Hobbs. All of them 
are union paople. That is the 
plaea whare Broi-^er Bamett took 
possession when we were on 
rally campaign They told us t'^ 
tell Brother Bamett to come ar.d 
-speak for them again, but didn't 
say anything about staying all 
night If you ail ramemher, we 
had mighty gnod appatltaa about 
that tima. W. D. Austin. 

Mayfield. Ky. 

Then ther buret 
•o jojroualy, 
So tenderly, so sweet, 
To give do free 

Buch beauteous color* day by day — 
And yet the pathoa of a daad r«d rata; 
I wonder why It MttawS hat tt Sieaf 

Thia (rannlent Ufa tt tan li Mht that 9t 

the roup. 
In the mnrtiln* rosebuds open; 
At evoiilldp they clone. 

Though brief their life, they leave behind 
A memory that Krows 
Greater each moment when one recalls 
Tho atately grandeur of ii red. red rose. 

— BesBle Glea Buchanan. 

tC othflrf thr- 
a^Msyaar ««lt*ii 
htytaS artat tC 
thaa vaitt t( 

7*r . w — 

County Union.. 

The Ballard County Union con- 
vened in Liberty Hall, city of La 
Center, last Saturday. There was 
a very good attendance. 

Pres dent Newton called the 
body to order at 10 o'clock sharp. 
The morning session was occu- 
pied with tha diseosaion of plans 
for an laeraaaad mambarahip and 
the tobacco question. 

The afternoon session was de- 
voted to the questions now being 
discussed by our representatives 
at Washington, and closed by 
conferring tha AdoptioR Dagree 
on Louis AwifvmB lad L. D. 

Terrill Local promises soon to 
start a boom. 

We had several visiting breth- 
ren from McCracken, amongst 
them Chairman W. U. Jones. 

We adjournad to maet sgain 
on the first Saturdsy in March 
with Tarriii Local. Liberty Hall, 
UCtBltr, Ky. 

A Few Line* from Almo. 

Dear Editor of Liberty: We'll 
writa a faw tinea to your valoa- 
ble paper concerning mtttari in 
Calloway County. 

Farmera' Unfon onkmlsm is 
progre.ssing nicely here. Tha 
members are being educated, and 
are beginning to graap tha fact 
that there i? something in the 
union worth striving for. New 
kwala ara being organiiad and 
new members initiatadat almost 
every local meeting. 

There was a called maating of 
the Vancleve Local on January 
27 at which five new members 
were initiated. At Vancleve Lo- 
cal, No. 512, we now have about 
60 members, of which most are 
active union workers. 

There was a called meeting of 
the County Union at Vanelavaon 
til? 28th. A large crowd of act- 
ive union workara wara present. 
A boantifni dfainar waa spread 
by the lady members, which was 
enjoyed by all. Soma vary im- 
portant aobjecti wart diaeoased. 

The meeting adjourned at 4 
p. m. and everybody went home 
feeling glad ha was a member of 
the Farmers' Union. 

The County Union holds its 
ntrxt regular maeting at Van- 
cleve cn February V.hh. M( 
of the members seem to be great- 
ly enthused over tha iwoapaet of 
having a produce and other unioi; 
houses located in Calloway. In 
fact, evarybody, both young nrd 
old, great or small, laama to be 
filled with new zeal for our great 
cause. I think oura ia a grand 
ordar. and I believe every farm- 
er owea it to his family, his 
friends and his country tojoir 
the Farmers' Union. This is i-  i 
great battle we are waging ir 
the union, a battle for freedom, 
for the oppresaed fiirmers of our 
Southland, and I believe we shall 
be victorious in tha coiidict. 

Union members, let us go fot 
ward this year with the firm res 
olution to do more to promota tha 
cauaa of unioniam and bring us 
cloaa tosraChar, not only in anion 
ism, but in brotherly and sisterl.\ 
love, and to possess and promote 
the three great principles of our 
order- justice, equity and the 
Golden Rule, resolved to up 
hold tha hands of our brothers 
of tha ordar in tha grar.d (Ight 
they are w ging. 

Wishing much success to I i ) 
erty and all membaraof tha F.E. 
and C. U. of A., I am, 

BiATiuai Cbiw. 

l psn and myrUe may blooic forev«r, 
*• Bat loYo from your eyea will be cone 

•ome day. 

Laughter and aong may t e silenced never. 
But sinsinc of youra can but ceaao for 

AND What mrm an 

And what ia aU 

Then death watt a 
And attanot 


rpiiE old, old quattlaa to at tOfatlMr 

Gives pauaa to Joy la otir ■airiM Ham 
Why trembia with lora la thlt gM /am* 


When death muat at laat ba our lav^a 


I SPEAK and jrtQ antwar, jroa 

And Just for a a w a nt tha wmlA mmm 


But then In tha silence a tear Sfoa'* gUa* 

Outshines forever tha bopo wa had. 
rrziE Joy that wa driak fron a yaat 

pain's rhnllm 

Is .twcotr r by far thaa a Joy aartHBtS^' 

But UuKhicr an lova, thoofh thajr l^t 

a palace, 

and cold from their end pre- 

—Lewls Worthlngtoa SaUth. 

with the old. 


I AM the unqjlPt .■sirst 
V.'ho went forth from my home to 

I am the Immortal child who yearned 
for th.  niojn and the utar" sown 

I am the dr« amine k^tI who burned 
For the toui h .jf a. i- d on Jicr cheek. 

I am tbe un iul 't i-'.^lcr with tho jroaagV 

ancient boautlfiU  -v,g 
Whose feet with morning were *hod: 
I have traveled the lorij. lung n id wher» 

the caravan smoke anj the golden. 

dust up tiles: 
I am the dreaming plrl w'lj awoko 
And dlacoYcrrd a vanishing god. 

I aai tha uoQulat alater with tho tun 
roving beauUful eyea 
Who plucked at tha world ta ita Moooa 
Oh, to l e OS 1 waa at flrat. traaaparaa^ 

eager, unwise! 
For tha dear little brook I thirst 
Where 1 drank wlu n tiio  lay was youn? 
And tha door of my girlhood's room. 

I an tha unquiet sister with tho oM, wBd 

baautlful eyes. 
I bava aeen so many thlnc^ 
Hops dauinad la a algbttaat ttwtr aad 

gravaa for quoMonlaM 
Lrova that andarad for aa hoar and tho 

ajrao of wotiadad thtaia 
I would Uko to go back ooeo aMMra^ vnw 

bach, dark foot hi tbo rata. 
And timidly kaoek at tha doaa I fall. I. 

can never go back again. 

- Florence Wllkl 


Of Raising 



LOKO ainca I haard tha call of tha wild. 
It cama with tho vrlng'a flrat day. 
Than lato aay blood erapt tho waadarluac 
Aad far ftaai tho ihahh^ oRy St 
I Sod to tbo wood* away. 

BREAKING my paaea In that forest 

There murmured a cantoning braaaa. 

Bearing ttiu call of the restle 
Whii-h sang lu my ears and atolo 
And lured me over tha saaa. 

RECKLESS. I aaUad to tho froM polaa 
Or voyaged to aaat and waot. 
For Btoro calla cama to aM oim bar OM^ 
And. followlag blladly oa aad 
I waartly prayad far not. 

I7*V'E;r I a:.sw -red and hope«l for paaca. 
And ever they called anew. 
Till, low and clear, from the i\.at ap.irt. 
Thai a oaaia tha ourer call of the heart, 
'Whteh tad at tha laat to you. 

-Alfrad Huatwlck. 


TWO DOORa. is a door that 

A chambor 
gloom. ^ 
A ghostly light ahtaao ta 
Tha dwoOara ta thta 

Btva faar and trouMo pana ahaal  

Aaslaty aad waa aad grIoL 
Forabodlag. waartoaaa and daaht 

And worry that aaeapaa raUaf. 
Tbia door I caU "ForaatfHteatr*— 

In lattara daap tha word la cot— 
And. though the dwellers madly presa, 

1 kaap It ever tightly shut. 

This other door "Remembrance" la. 

It uijfctis on a cheerful scene — 
Pust joys and little tastes cf bliss 

And happy moments that have beaa. 
Dear peace and sweet content are hero 

And little devda uf klmliieba done 
And hope and love and faitli and cheer 
And bleastngs that my life hath won. 
This duor Is open all the while. 
Flong wide that every one may shara 
th.1t Inane li/f a sT.'le 
pat to rout all tho':j;hts of care. 

—John Kendrlck "»"g« 


all atmaga 


raa of naw kaowladgt aad wMt 
dar awaat. 
Kooo la mora darUy^ attttlg ntimm 
iraddaaMi htaaMl 

Than tha long 


all stranga powara 

soul holds sway 
nona mora starkly luarvelous than 

push Ita dearest f.Ulhs away 
I strong moment -and behold 

— Charlotta Perklxia Oilman. 


AMD aaly tha 
Aad aniy tha 
Aad no oaa ahall wark for aaowy. 

Aad ao ona tball work for laaM. 
But aaob f*r tha Joy of tho working 
Aad aaeh ta Ma aopafata atar 
" diMr^«h( thtaf ta.ha taaa It for 

The Union Farm Canner Co., 
with BroCbar ChaaCaHMd as tho 

head man, will be ready to begin 
sending out cannera by ue:;^ 
month» and ovonr tirad toboeco 
raiser should plart ? largp crop of 
tomatoes, beans, cabban:e, sweet 
potatoaa £nd other grrden stuff 
that can bt canned, and thuspret 
in the fight. Think of it! You 
can boy a canning RUMUBa for 
$25, v/ith which you can put up 
400 cans per day. And there ia 
a ready sale for ararr CRajrmi 
ara able to torn out 

Brother Chesterfield himaalf 
sold $800 worth of tomatoea, 
which he put up himadf on hia 
farm near Padneah. 

Tho best way of beating tha 
Tobacco Trust is to let it alone. 
Raise something'else. Ify read- 
er.s, can't you sea through this? 
Get a cannar. and gat it now. 
Tell yeur neighbors to plant lota 
;f tomatoes, and vou will have 
1 ; job of working them up. 
The Central Warehouae wOl fat' 
nish the cans at a cost of about 
a cent, aiid you can put them up 
and ship to tha Exdumgo fnir 
ice house at Louisville, and 
viil handle them for yotu 
Now'a tba tima to gat boRr* 
W. &SvAm 

f woaal UrIoMs Taka Naiioaii 

The next Coonty Unitm will 
ueet on Febn»ry 24th and 26th, 
1910, with Gum Springs and 
Jonaa' /ioeala. Tho following 
ire the su Meets fthiA wNliBQBR 
under discu.vion: 

1. Diaeoaa tha weal qoaatkii, 
and let your ^legate,? come pte- 
oared to vote on said question. 

2. IHsenaa tha prodoea tad 
^ankinir system, an.i also how to 
-ell your next tobacco crop. 

3. If you have a»»ything you 
wish to ask of the Fiscal Court 
m the administration of county 
iffairs, or of your Repref entativa 
in the way of good laws of Ccn* 
nraea, and want the County Un^ 
itn to act on the question, just 
K nd it written by your delegate. 

4. Sseretariea of loeats are re- 
quested to spnd dues to the 
Couniy Secretary at once if they 
have not Rlrwdy doM ao. Lat 
us have a good RiasllBt tofli^ 

B. & Pais, Co. Pkoaidant, 
B. B. Dmof . Ca Soofotery. 


Rflow we give the standing of 
t he candidates in oiw Correspond- 
3nt8 Con teat 
InaKplley. Heath, 
Beatrice Crisp, AJmo, 
LaRoy Childress, Kevil, 
Minnie Lyell, Hickory G 
(Jolda Frasher, Paducah, 
Jessie Grace, Kevil, R. 1, 
Icy Shain. Brooklyn. 
Mary Thomas, Marion, 
Flors Houston. Ci!bertsville.2125 
Essie Myera. Wickliffe, - IMS 
Ullian Raffland. fttone Gnt.. IOD 
Louise Copel itarlow, 1800 
(..aura Jone?, i • lasburg, 
i!lva King, Wheatcioft, 
KiUie Arivett, R. R. 1, 
Esther Wayne, Waverly, 
Lola May Ivey. Maxon, ^ 
Ines Williams. BandRBR,' 
Eora Rigi^Xalhoun. 

Ltl aa ssa 



"^.^ "^'■'initifllifc II I J I 

0,.- ■.■-■..H^i.t. 

Tti LaOewter Adva noe 


is trjrlaK vwy lutfi: t» k« i» 


to to feav* a %atloiileM 
whjr Amt man hart • butUn- 


It to coitig to be 
tto poor. Tko 

hard winter for 

OoM north $11,000,000 IS comins out 
of tho Taaaao vallejr, AlMka, tbta lea- 
MB. It ■koold MtSeo to in ««tU • 
■ortor ot tooth. - 

 OTTto OMM boM ooHkioktec for 
teo^. Tho llttlo klBfioa wtn dto- 
cevor trouble is a thing much caster 
lo ted than to loso. 

TMa cooBttr to Bot eopttam aa« 
eurrtao ao ehl» oa tta ohoaMor. hat It 
iuoi aay fotolga aavy to sail up to 
tho aorth polo aad tahe tt 

Tho Ifooro haro caught another 
Bpaatoh fOreo unawares. That war 
MWBS to he conducted br the hostile 
trthooiMB on the Burprlse-party plan. 

Western crop and trade reports con- 
tinue highly fsTorable. And big bar 
vests aad good huslasoo la the west 
mean goaoral pro op ority for tho coun 


Aulokly Cwroa Mioimialia l ata% Atoa 

Go to a^r goo« prooerlplta* irag- 
■tot aad set tho folloalag aad mix 
them: If he does not haTO thooo la- 

gredipnts he will get thOM ttmm his 
wholesale house. 

Oae ounce compound synip of 
Barsapartlla, and oae ounce Torts com- 
pound. Add these to a half plat of 
Brst-class 'whiskey, and ooo a table- 
spoonful before each meal and at bed 
tlmo Tho bottlf! must be nrll shaken 
each time. This simple remedy is 
one of tho aoot o «nUn haown. The 
restorattre aettoa wHI bo felt after 
the first few doses. 


•We are now oiaetly 1.M0 
tbore the level o( the MO." 
"VMiat sea?" 

"The guido-book  eooa*t lajr." 


A Chicago man shot a motorman 
because h« laujjlifd at him. Of 
course, luotonueD should taught 
Danners. but there may be methods 
less drastic. 

While It Ik tnio that the poor wo 
hare always with us. It is also a c» r- 
talntjr that some of the rich hardly 
ovor aUow ao a rooplto from their di- 
vorce tronbleo. 

Another man Ii.ts been miftakea for 
a deer in the Adlrondacks.' He Is 
ioad now. This to the open oeasoa 
for doer, but it should be the closed 

for huinanR. 


Itching Torture Was Beyond Words - 
Slept Only from Sheer ExhauOlion 
— Relisved in 24 Hours and 

Tho amateur hunters are already 
isttinc la their crop of hnmaa game. 
Aad it to part of the Irony of fhto that 
■o matter what bad shots thoy are. 
thoy caa always hit a man. 

JTho latest triumph of oargleai 
sefoaeo Is successfully to remoTo a 

man's stomach. Some cynics say, 
however, that to the vast majority of 
masculinity death Is preferable. 

Oleaa H. CurUn appears to he ths 

reigning aeroplane favorite. Hto vic- 
tory at nrec^clH. Italy, supplements 
that at France, where ho won the Id- 
taraatlonal championship. Curtlss also 
reooives $6,000 of the prise money, 
aad this, in addition to the aums given 
In other contests, makes a total of 
$15,000 from thfse sources alone And 
it is addf-rl that the Curtiss afroplane 
cost only $1,000. That inreutlon ap- 
poars to have bdoa oao of tho host 
larestmeats oa record. 

A Vew York judicial authority hao 
been called on to decide whether a 
■taa's grave xaa ho asisod aad soM 

for hto debts. Whatever the abatraeC 

Justice of the proposition, there is 
■omothiiig so rt\'iliii p tu human nv 
ture's most sacreU iastincts in busi- 
ness which carries its claims beyond 
the grave that no one was surprised 
to find the court forbade the desecra* 
Uon of the dead. There was some- 
thlag too ghouliab in the mere pro- 

cured by Cutlcura In a Month. 

"I am sevcnty-Kf vcn roars olil. and 
■omo years ago I was taken with ec- 
I soaia from head to foot. I was sick 
for six months and what I suffered 
tongue could not t -:i. 1 could not i 
sleep day or night b':' of that I 
dreadful itchin?; when I did sleep it 
was from shoor exhaustion. I was 
one mass of initation; it was even in 
my scalp. Tho doctor's VMdldao 
seemed to make mo worse aad I was 
almost out of nr mind. I got a 
set of tlio Cuticur. I Soap, Ointment and 
Resolvent. I used them persistently 
for tweaty-four hoars. That night I 
slept like an Infant, the firrt solid 
night's Bleep I had lia y for rix months. 
In a month I was curtd. W. Harrison 
Smith. Mt Kisco, N. Y.. Feb. 3. IMS." 
Nawaws hCbaB. Wi  .totofsna,»iMsa. 

Ono Waa tnooflh for Johnny. 
The Bnaday school Isssoa was train 
that scripture which teaches that If 

your brother strike you on one cheek, 
you should turn the other atoc and en- 
dure even for seventy times seven. 
Johuny bad listened to his teacher 
very attentively, whilo bhe emphasised 
this fact, and after the lesson ihe bu 
perintendent ruse to make a few re 

"Now, boys," ho said, "how many 

times ought anoth* r boy to strike you 
before you hit him back? " 

"Juat about once!" promptly an- 
swered Johnny. — ^Delineator. 

IT 0f Pjt^^ and 

Fcr mcming 4mn '^nd •'Owning d&tm, 

F or px)ery bud that April Knetv, 

F or jtorm and silence, gloom and l(ghu 

And for Iff .eoim^  9tart at night t 

F or faltottt field and burdened byre, 

F or roof -tree and the heanh^id» firmt 

F or ex)ery thing that ^hin9* ang  Hng€» 

F or dear, familiar daily things — 

The friendly trem^, and in the j/iy 

The tvhite ctoud^uadront ^atli^g byt 

For Hop0 that t^aiu^for Faith thai dare^^ 

F or patience that ^ill *mile^ and bear*, 

F or Lo-Oe that faiU not, nor tuith^tand* $ 

F or healing touch of children** hand*. 

For happy lahcKhigh infnt. 

For alt tif^* kle^^ed -tacrament, 

O Camradh af our nighu and day*, 

Thau ihf4t alt thing*, taKp oar ptaUtt 

. .-.^ -XrtKlir KHekmm. 

The Story 

of the 
Tu r key 

Earthnuakeo. fires, floodn and tidal 
aaves have been especially numerous 
and destrucflvf in Mexico this yt-ar. 
The latest of tlie \ f.-^lt ail-jns is a tidal 
wave along the coast of Lowe' Call- 
fomia. eaastag tho loos of sororal 
lives aad tho domoNtUm of many 
buildings. As the wav« .swept Inland 
for two raileH scrxj " liii;p rf the force 
tad extent of the flood may be con- 
sslTSd. Msileo wUr have reason tc 
rssBOBher lf09 because of the fro 
fsa e y of calamlUes durlag that po  

8ing Sing to Be Removed. 

Slag Sing pri.sfin is to be removed 
across the Hudson river 15 or 2u 
mliss Borthwsrd, Just night miles 
south of West Point, where a large 
tract of land ha.s been purchased and 
a gang oi s.-veral hundred convicts 
has been working for two y^ ars. 

The prosent prison wus also built by 
eoarlcts In 1826. with material found 
OB tho iroundR. but, although it has 
beoB oalarged every few yeiirs, aad to 
aow oao of the largest pcnitentiartos 
l« tho world, it to not largo saoogh. 

She Could Not. 

With one wave of my wand," says 

the fahy, "i can make you grow young _a term thei 

|.N 1620 the PuriUas dis 

covored .New England, 
and the next year, when 
they were going to have 
their first Thaahsglvlng 
dinner, they discovered the 
rkey." wrote n small 
V in his Thank.-;,'iving 

'' reposition. Th\19 he set- 

tliil, ro hl« own satlsfac- 
ii' ri at least, a long Uis- 

puted qup.stlon — when 

and where the first turkey was found. 

K century ago wluer heads than bis 
did nor tind the ijiiestion easy to dis- 
pose of, and their discussion was im- 
portant enough to attract tho attoa- 
tlon of the learned Prof. Beckmann. 
Some claimed It was first found in 
Africa, whence it was brought In early 
days for the banquets of the Romans. 
Others hoUeve that, because of its 
name. It must have come from Turkey 

Tho Bpaatoh pross has rohelled 
sgalaat tho strict censorship of news 

by the authorities and announeo thoy 
Mill publish new true news of tho war 
in Morocco. The policy of wlthhold- 
tag information from the public ^s on 
a par with that of the ostrich who 
hides iu hsad whoa sooklag to con- 
ceal its whereabouts from its enemies. 
The eventual truth cannot be sup- 
pressed in Uiis ajie of nifcjriiialion, ai.d 
the nations can uo longer be treated 
SO chUdrea to haro only what their 
ndors thinh la good for them. 

The dull biU nce tbut huag over that 
Now England dinner tahio- has bosa 
liftod of Into, says tho Dsltaoatar. M 
to gsBo Hko tho dow la tho suaUght 
o( tho now social laflaoaoes. The Iso 
latloa of tho farm was the chilling 
cause that drove men into the cities 
Now, by telephone and free mail de 
livery, all the warm world curreau 
are being carrtai l» tht oooatry aad 
are vltaltoiag fko rvsi eenuaoalty 
tato a life that is rich and abundant 
la the variety of lis interests. A rea; j 
heart huager has been answered. | 

km oSetol of the aatlooal geor- aph ' 
leal survey asserts that there to 
rnough unmined coal la this country 
to isit for 7,a69 ycara We ar» gjlftd 
be waH particular el/ Jut those odd 
jrcarf. for it makes bis aasertloa se 
much u ifre coarhMtac 

Halley s comet baa been seen again 
and Is gftting brighter, which la evi- 
deace that the visitor is drawing 
aoarar tho oarth. if it had com* a 
conot might bars 
Wo a HsiUg g mn i M to thn 

"Excuse me," replied the woman, 
"if I decline your hiad offer. If you 
can bring youth to me at my present 
age, ail right; but I positively refuse 
to tr.tvoi b.iLk through pyrograj'hy, 
the fuit stages of bridge, the habit 
hack, tho straight front. hallooB 
slooros, aad all the rest of the fads 
I caa romemb'T " 


Woman Osto Rid of "Goffso Heart* 

The injurious act ion of Coffee on th« 
heart of many pt-rbons l.s well known 
by physicians to tie caused by caf- 
f olao. Thto to tho drag fooad hy eh«» 
isto la coffee aad toa. 

A woman sulferod a long time with 
severe heart trouble aad finally her 
doctor told her she must give up cof- 
fee, as that was the principal cause 
of the trouble. She writes: 

"My heart waa so weak U eeald aol 
do Ito work properly. My hosbaad 
would sometimes have to carry me 
from the table, and it would seem that 
I would never breathe again. 

'The doctor toM bm that eoCse waa 
eaastag tho weakaeee of my heart He 
said I must stop it. but it seemed I 
could not gl\ e it up until 1 was down 
in bed with nervous prostration. 

"For olevea weelca I lay there and 
snlered. Finally Husband brought 
homo some Postum and I quit coffee 
aad sUrted new and right Slowly I 
got well. Now I do not have any head- 
aches, nor those spells with weak 
heart. We know it to Postum that 
ti sapeda w . Tho Or. Mid tho athw day. 
'I Mver fhooght yon woald he what 
yoa are.' I used to weigh 93 pounds 
sad now i weigh 15$. 

"Poetum has done much for me and 
I would not go back to coffee again 
for any money, for I beUeve It woald 
kill me if I kept at it. Postnm must 
he well boiled according to directloas 
oa pkg . then it has a rU h flavour 
and with cream U 0ne " 

Read "The fload to Wfllvllie,- found 
»a pkga. "There .s n Reason." 

sevw t^ad %hm !■««•» r a _yn 

ppli'd vaguely to Tar- 
lary and •■\  n A.,ia in general. Its 
Uerman name, kaUnuter, led to the 
•ssortioa that the first upeclnienB had 
been shipped from Calcutta; but those 
Inclining to lAls opinion were toughed 
at by others, who aaid that kalekutor 
was »imply the German attempt to 
express the bird's cry a i. -a bf-u- ve 
that the bird was an importation from 
the new world. And white teamed 
heads wagged over the problem the 
turkey went straight on gobbling its 
*ay Into FTurop'-an barnyards. 

It was introduced Into Kngland as 
early, some say, as 1524, and at a f an- 
4uet given by Queen Mary in 1555 
yooag turkeys are asoatloBod as tho 

greatest delicacy on tho table. la a 

otirioiiR old hook called "Firo HuBdrod 
Points of Hiisbandry," by TnSBOr, STO 

to be found tho lines; 

Prtfi'. iniittor and pork, shred pies of 

llio l 08t; 

rig. veal, goose and capon and turkle 

well dreet: 
Cheese, apples and nuts, jolle carols tc 


As then In tt.o co'intrle ia roiint '.l S" d*- 

Here is proof that the modem up- 
start of a torkey was already rivaling 
in favor the clasaic capon aith the 
llritish farmer. 

The Jesuits long were credited 
with having introduced the turkey into 
France from Spain. This may ac- 
count for the lifelong animualty to 
the Jesuito of the great critic BoUeau 
of Louis Xrv.'s time. For Bolleau, 
as a child, fell ono day In his father's 
barnyard, and lu fore ne (ouid pick 
himself up was so severely bitten by 
two old turkey cocks that he suffered 
from the effecto for maay years aft- 
erward. What more natural than that 
he should hate the Jesulta* 

The first official mention of our na- 
tional bird in Italy la in lou7, when 
the magistrates of Venice, In an ordi- 
nance to suppress luxury, forbade its 
presence at any tables but those of 
the clergy, the nobility and their own. 
In lo'u Bartollomeo Scappl. chief cook 
to Pope Pius v., gave la hto cookery 
book several recl|;)os for roaetlag tur- 
keys and dressing them with Aest- 
nuts and garlic which have aot hoea 
improved apoB to thto day-Hh Italy, 
nt least 

J. r. D. laiythe. who wrote fai 1784 
a 'Toor of tho Ualted States of Amer 
ica," declared that in the unsettled 
country back of Virginia be saw wild 
turkey flocks of more than 5.000; while 
la the wooda of Pennsylvania they 
were so numerous that their eggs 
were easily found by the farmers' 
children and carried off to be ptoced 
under setting bens. No doubt tur- 
keys were abundant ( nough within 
gunshot of the Plymouth settlement, 
and for this very roesoa would have 
formed, even had they hoea less deli- 
cious in flavor, the piece do restot  
ance of that first Tbanksglvtag fOast 
with which ever since they have been 
inseparably connecte'l 

Ghe Wi^hbone-yi ChanK^^Mn^ Hint 

you sad. or ar* yc . y-Ay. 
)o you blanM yuuraWt f /r fui; , 
When tlwrr*'! nolhlna but tii« wtal^bo 

Are yuu full, or ran   ou eat 
(.\ft r n..lii.liinj i'lil..   ii..«t» 
\\\ Wit •Atlarylna tMii^a tbal 

TUanfeaglvlng day oowplats. 

Kbsso^ aMMag ton the wtsbtoaa 

Mlt • 

Hi-'.t«r spars ths Jul«y t«rk«y; 
Thmi you'll •till ba looklag parky 
Vilwn ihera's DoUtlas but 

For tha loodlas. ta a dock. 
Uke to iuatp aroMad aad aM— 
Util* tuUia whe've aobOUd ■skSln 
ua thay aea 


The United States CIrcui. Cour'. for 
the Southern Dtotrict of New York-  
sltttov hk New York aty— has joet 
awarded to the Carter Medldae Com- 
pany a decree which again stiatalas 
the company's exclusive right to use 
tho red package for llrer pti to 

By the terms of the doeroOb It to, 
among other things: 

Adhidged that tho Cwter MedidM 
Compsay to the owner of the eoto aad 
exclusive right to the use of red col- 
ored wrappers nnd labels upon said 
small, round packages of liver pills of 
the styto deecribed ia the bill of com- 
ptolat; said right having been ac- 
quired by tho prior adoption of said 
style and color of package for liver 
pills by the complainant predecewsors 
more than thirty years ago. and es- 
tabttohed by the continuous and ez- 
einelfa aee «( the same ta eoaetaMly 
laereeslBg qaeatiaee by said prodo- 
cessors and by the complainant, the 
Carter Medicine Company, Itself, from 
the time of their said adoiition until 
the present day. 

The derision Just announced is per- 
haps the most Imiwrtant aad far-reach- 
ing of all. by reason of the character 
of the tribunal which rendered It. No 
Court Iu the country stands higher. 
^national Druygint, 81. Louia, ifkK 


SchiK l children 
should eat 

Scotch Oats 

at least 

twice a 


A Simple Gold 

la ■ aerloaa Iblaa. Oftea, la- 
^r** haa «he arsleet of a mr*m' 
iadr triaiDK rold hm fol- 
lowed br dUaalroaa coaaa- 

It ahnuld hf linrne la nilad 
petvataallr «bat Ibr I niJ) of 
to-day ia tbe I'oaaaatptloa af 

The tealaalSraat cold la tba 
wMlataa vataaaOar •  

Pitumonla Pleurisy 
Bronchitis Coisiapiioi 

Thrr alart rtUh 
mtop tt tberr. 

sliMis.Miii snip 

wtn de M. 

HftnelMlvfvtf ^tfce 
A C. tlMltONS. JR.. MED. CO.. Sbanass. Tsiat 

Weary— Oee; I wonder wot dat 
dorg bit me on the foot for? 

Hto Friend — I suppose it's cause he 
eoaldn't reach no higher. 



A paper out In northwestern Kansas 
tells of a pious old farmer who has 
the habit of gazing at th" rafters in 
his dining-room when saying grace. 
One day while so engaged he for- 
got himself, and his grace sounded 
something like this: ' We thank thee 
for this food and — by.Ioe! there's that 
darned gimlet I've hven looking for for 
tho last six months I'll hiivo ,lim 
go up there and get it. Thou bast 
been gradoos to as, O Lord, and 
again we thank thee. Amen!"— Kan- 
sas City SUr. 

For Headache Try Hicks' Capudine. 
^.Whether from Colds, Heat, Btomacli or 
Kenrous troubles, tlte aches are apot-dily 
relieved by Capudine. It's Uquld— pleas- 
ant to take— Eflfscts Immediately. 10, 2 
aad SOc at Drug Stores. 

A man w^qt realizes what a small 
iwtato hf itally in Mitil he hears In a 
roundabout way what the girl whom 

10 could have -married hat dldat 

hinks of him. 

\ OO-Snw (iln Filed In 
Tlire« lloura. 
Or*-!- lOO.OOO CottoB Olna 
nre iix d In tbe Soolb to 
(Tin thn crop ot eoitoa. 

^^^^^^J^H^ and tbrr bare to be fllsd 
^^^^^^^^ one or more tlmea eaeb 
^^^■^^^■e KcaaoB. By aalag Maw* 
^^^^^^^^r tou'sHawainrUer.every 
(Tinner ran kvfp liU li i D in tf rst-claaa onter, 
mill tlie will ilo murv work and make a 
brtter H.-tmple tli.-tn any other method oi' tillnir. 
Prt«raof ruerand f Ue. ------ Oa.OO 

Pfleaof Kstraruea. p»eh, ..... .71 

Bf Mail. I'lMta^v I uld. 
THI W. t. NEWTON CO.. N«« Leaden. Conn. 

F-OR liganlgtMiMf iMPbito 

m sqnars iaehae or fsasb to 

In Newapaper or on Sta- 




Portrait, nullillnr, 
Live .stork ur »ny 
II may select. Xbia 

papar wUl du tbe p: luting yoa 
ttoslsfe hsess^vsf Ustos. LNNe hssS. 

Five Minutes in the Momintf 



W. N. U., MEMPHIS. NO. 4«-19 ». 

Not Sisters 

Now and at ain you see two women pese* 
ini down the afreet who look like sisters. 
You are sstooisiicd to team that thsy are 
lootlier and daugbleri and yoo realise tiHt 
o woman at forty or fiicty«avo oa|ht to be 
at her finest and fairast. Whylsa^llso? 

The general health of woman b so in  
timalely assodated with the local iicaltli 
of the esseadally fcminioe organs 
there eea he ao rs' ' ' 
form whsrs Mmts to 

Woesaa who hare sniTered 
ttto troabto hare fouiid 
relief and our* in the use of Dr. 
Pierce's Fairorite Pres cripti on. It 
organs of womanhood. It elears 
eyes and reddens tbe cheahs. 

giree yt§or and TitalitT to 
the eoiplsslnn. brighlsas 

No alcohol, or babit-fonning drugs is oontahied to "Favorite Prsac np tioa.**; 

Aay sick woman niay consult Dr. Pierce by letter, ffoa. Every IcMsr to 
held as sacredly confidential, aad answered to a plato eisvelope. Addrsssi 
Wodd's I W ri Medtoel A seecto ri ea, Dr. R.V. rimee, Pns.. B«*to. nTy. 

Di^erence That Ten 

Minutes Make 

From 35 degrees ip t6 

from SI aabMrsble eold to s^glov- 
ing hesc thst eootrlbutes the cheery 

comfort you want In your home is 
the diflference that can be made in 
10 nlaoiM vhsa yoa ksve the 

OU Heater 

to do your heating. It is unrivaled 
for quick work— and effective, clean- 


Impossible ro turn the wick r  o high or too low— imposaiblo 
10 nsks it smoke or emit disa^: eeable odor— the self-lockinf 

Automatic SmokdeM Device 

abaohltdy srerents smoke. I.ijjiiti .l in a second—cleaned in a mintlto 
^bttms Nine Hours with one lilling. Rustless brass font. 
Aiitoniatic smokeless device instantly removed for cleaning 
Ilighrst effiriency in heating power— Beautifully ftntshrd im 

iapan or .Nickel— aa onMUDSsl s eyw h sfs s Mcsaaity i i sf ie h sH^ 
Variety of styles. 

se. li AS YsM, Wdm I 
to *s KsBNH Aasasy el Ms 


th« Ingredients Enteriog Pemoa 
Am Tiwni, Its Power u a CaUrrh 
llMfar and Tonio is 
COLUNMUt. OHIO^Th* ao-' 
Ifva IngratUanta antaring tha fM tt 
popular heuaahold ramady In tha 
world hava baan mada known to 
tha public. This meant a new era 
In tha advertising of popular fam* 
lly madiclnec— Peruna leads. 

Paruna contains among other 
tMngat geldan s««l, powerful in its 
•Hfeet opoA tha mucoua mam* 
kftMiaa* Cailiwi aaadi a cara 

Gubaba. iraluaWa^n^MM^^ 
•nd affMlona al tha kidneys and 
Maddar. Stona root, valuable for 
tha nervaai mueeua mambranes 
as well aa la drofMy ami IndU 


WiMtf li Amn Gtii Sdhf frm 

Troubles bj Takiaf Cardoi, 
tk« WoBai'sTauc. 

Aafan, lad^-^ was aaiartng from 
Um cbaaga aad had thoaa hot flajhaa 
and savara bachaiAa all tha tlma. At 
Umas I could bardir straighten up. 

"I read atwut Cardul and got a bot- 
tle from our druggist and It helped 
me at once. Now the hot flashes have 
alm  at gone and I feel much better. 

"1 kava racommendad Cardul to seT- 
aral lady ftiendt." 

Tou need not b ) afraid to take Car- 
dul, whenever you feel that yon need 
a toniv. Its use will not interetere with 
that af any other madlcine you may 
ba taking. Its action Is very gentle 
and without any bad after-effects. Be- 
ing purely vegetable and non intoxi- 
cating, Cardul can safely ba taken by 
yonng and old, aad eaa  o aottUns but 
good. ^ 

Osrial aatr m vaatatf a coBstita  
tlOB, baUdlBt ap womaaly straagth, 
toning up womanly nerves, reguKtlng 
womanly organs. Half a century of 
success, with thousands of cures, sim- 
ilar to the one described above, amply 
prove Its real, scientific medicinal 

Toa ara urgad to taka Cardid. tha 

woman's tonic. It will help you. 

KOTR— The Cardni HoBie Tr»a aM«l 
for Womrn, ronalnta of Cmrtnt (Sl)  
Thpdfurd'a tllark-l r«aKht (SBc), or 
Vrlvo (r 4 f). for the Ilrer, mui Cardul 
AalliMrptlc !.'»(  •). Tbraa rvai idtea mar 
a» labrn alnKlj-, br themaclrea. If de- 
•Irrd, or Ihrvc t«velh«r, ■■ ■ ««aiplct« 
tr«n infot tor womra'a Ilia. Write tai 
l^sdlea' AdTtaorr Dvpt., Chnltaaoova 
HcaiclBa C*., CkattaaooKa, Tean., for 
gayrtal lMtra«tloa«, aad S4-»aB« boak, 
"nODM Trealmeat (or Woaica," aaat la 
ytala wrapper, oa rrqarat. 


PoalUYoly cnrad by 



Tb«7 alM f*ll«T« IM» 

treu from Dyspepula, In* 
dlirestioD and Tou Hearty 
KatlDgr- -V perfect rem- 
•d/ for Dliiiueaa, Kaur 
t, Drowalneu, Ba4 
Taate In th« M outli. Coat, 
•d ToBcoa, Pala In tha 

aise, TOBvm um. 
flhs7 wa»lan Om Bewela. V«Mly T sa* « a hl   



Genuine Must Bear 
Fao-Simile Sigmturt 


Millions Say So 

When millions of people use for 
yeara a medicine it proves its merit. 
People wbo know CASCARBTS' 
valtte huf over a milUon boms e 
month. It*s the biegrest seller be  
canse it is the best bowel and Uvet 
medicine ever made. No matter 
what you're nsinsr. /Mi try CAS* 
CARETS mue—^oMiM See. «7 

CA8CARETS 10c a bos lor S WMk'S 

Ireatmrnt, all dran »l«. BlgSMt aaUar 
In Uie wurld, MlUloa boiM a aoatb. 

Paper-Hugers & Piuitsri 

Ton can vrMtlr la *MM TOB*  i»ila— aMfeaa 

ir* ln ». uieut by AUrttl I'taM* Prlsa 

WaUpap -r, Vi'« vant on« food «ork«r la aach 
«lclnltT wtl to «k« fnl worthy apvlicaat Dill wai 
EE. by propaM umBwrn, flvo largo aamplo 




tn iALSAM 

Ud WotiflM tha iab; 


a hair faiu 


■IBiii atrnwrum tiiaa. tmta Ba«i 

ThoHMM't Eyt WatM 
Children's Cougiu ^^TmJ^ 

Oaaa Maafc uJa mT wy B w M mlm 


Cbm kM iiiaa aai 

daaa ami gmwXi MM waM la 

Farmers* Educational 
and Co-Operative 
Union of America 

Mstten Especial JNaownt te 
tbe Protressire Africalhinst 

It is worth while to sar kind things. 
'A am slaad bow and tha hattla Is 

Qraat tha new BMUbar with a tot- 
dial wa l eeag e . 

Poor seed corn meAns a corrrspoad- 
Ing poor yield. 

A poor homp and a good farmer do 
not go together. 

It does not hurt to hope that the 
eost of llTtng wUl ba radaead. 

The peraM who baltavas himself 
miserable is eartateljr miserable. 

A man's MaadS can sometimes 
make him mor   lincomforinblc than 
bis enemiitH. 

Vroxa tbe rolling stone's point of 
aiaw noaa mmr net ba a daairable 

Maar • Ma who tails yea ha la da- 
8f rTins la MQr to aaeaiw what he 


Whon a man bagtaa to lira la tha 
past instead of tha yraaant ha ha  
comaa a baek ntuaber. 

The Farmers' anion has set the 
pace and there should be* no hesi- 
tation In following Its lead. 

The steady onward movement of 
thfi members of fh« groat farmers' 
organisation is shaking the earth. 

A fmlt professor says an apple 
came Into the world after a pear. 
That Is Romething learned !f a little 

The south has been and is a seller 
of the raw material which haa proran 
unprofltable. Whr not manufacture 

the raw product and make the profit 
both ways that the other fellow now 
dof's, and kuvj freight both ways. 

Ferfer-t  o oiierai ion anioug all the 
members of the union «ill bring a 
certainty .that yoir caa eoassMUMl the 
price of yonr ohiaf conntodlty. The 
qiilrkT yoti all k«H In line the sooner 
all v^ill ii- I the !tn"W(i actlviiicfs in 
their lives owing to the better prices 


Splnnara Up ta All Kinda ef BtoMno 
In Order ta Ind a aa nirmar ta 
Market Staple Quickly. 

While there is always more or less 
talk among the spinning interests dur- 
ing that portion of the season when 
eottoB Is aiost active la passing out- of 
the hands of the g rowers, especially 
when a shortapo In the yield forces an 
advance In il.r iirici', .'ibo'it curtailing 
consumption because of the dearness 
of the raw material, we doubt if there 
has been a single instance since the 
resumption of business on a normal 
scale follow ing the Interruption caused 
by the civil war where the price of the 
raw niat.'^rlal Itself was dirtitly re- 
sponsible for the mills operating on 
shaft tlsM. The htghar enat e  the 
raw eottoB might. It la tme, alliditly 
affect the consumption demand for tbe 
finished product, yet not to pvk h an ew 
tent as would make It good business 
Judgment to let the machinery lie idle 
and the inrestment, conaaauently, re- 
turn notbiag. Indeed net— tha pitMM 
baTe always been too larga for that, 
says the Houston Post. 

In this connection tht Kansas City 
Times calls attention to certain pub- 
Hahad Btatlatlea baariag on tha protts 
af the Industry In New Wagland that 
arc worth noting. "When tbe tariff 
bill was pending," says the Times, 
"the cotton manufacturers of New 
England di mandcd and secured re- 
vision upward Instead of revision 
downward far tha aehedola affecting 
them. They declared that tha cot- 
ton industry could not pnaalbly stand 
a reduciluu uf the import dutks. A 
few days ago a Boston newspaper 
published a big display advartlaament 
for the sale of new stock In a cotton 
mill located in Boston. To show how 
profitable cotton stock inveatmenta 
had bepri in the past, a list .)t 18 mills 
was Kivcn. together with their lapi 
tallsatiou, surplus and dividends for 
INT. An aaalysia af tha tnbla ahoffs 
that the dlTldaoda averaged tl ^r 
cent. OB tbe capital stock, that the 
accipmuUted surplus was almost as 
much as tbe capital and that the mar- 
ket value of the stock of the 18 com- 
panies was almost two and one-balt 
times the par value. Therefore, con- 
gress increased the "prote\:tlon" on an 
Industry in which the value of stocks 
— market quotations and accumulated 
surplus being taken into account — has 
increased mere than 3M par eant. over 
the par valaa. and which, in addlttoa 
to this increase in value, are paylag 
21 per cent dividends. " 

Tho truth of tba matter is, the spin- 
Ding wi'uld Is up to all tha arta nt 
blutfing in order to hastaa tha aMvka^ 
lag of the crop, aa it la la sueh entek 
movcincni that it is best enabled to 
dictate the price. The farmers" inter- 
est llCH in getting wi^ic to thi^ fart 
and in arranging bis affairs so as ta 
msrkoi. hla atapla eaiy wha»M 
blm to do so. 

Right Temperatui*e. 

trst mattsr of Impartanca la 

that our milk should be kept at a uni 
forujly low t»'mp«rature from lUc uii  
nioBt it Is receivod uutil It is used, 
praf erahly at abflUt «• d e gress rahren 



He caught a little cold— 

That was alL 
So the neliihbors sadly said. 
As they gathered roond Us bei, ._ 
Whea they heard that ha wag dead. 

He VMght a llttla eaM— 

That was all. (Puck.) 

Neglect of a cough or cold often 
leads to serious trouble. To break up 
a cold In twenty-four hnura and cure 
any cough that is curable mix two 
ouncea of Qlyeerlne, a halC OBnee of 
Virgin on of Pine oonpoond pore and 
eight ounces of pure Whisky. Take a 
teaspoonful every fo'ir hours. You can 
buy these at any good drug store and 
aaaUy ti them in n httga h attle  

PROOF poairrvL 


"I believe I once had the pleaanrs of 

meeting your wUa." 

"If you co B s i is t Jt n f lan snr s, it 
was not she." 



How to Make a Bad Back Better. 

Women wbo suffer with baekaehe. 

bearing down pains, dizzy spells and 
that constant feeling 

of dulluess and tired- 
ness, will find hope 
in the advice of Mrs. 
Mary Hinson of 21 
Strother St., Mt 
Sterling. Ky. "Had 
I Dot used Doan's 
Kidney PiUs, I be- 
lieve I waUld not be living today," says 
Mrs. Hinson. "My eyesight was poor, 
I suffered with nervous, splitting head- 
aches, spots would dance before my 
eyes and at times I would be so dizzy 
I would have to gia.-p soinothlns for 
support. My back was so weak and 
paiafal X aooM hardljr bend ever to bn(  
ton my shoes and eooM not get around 
without s'lffering severely. Bonn's Kid- 
ney Pills helped me from the first, and 
I continued tmtll j^acUcaily well 

Remember the aaae— 'Doan's. Sold 
by all dealers. Sd eents a ben. 
Milbam Co. Buffalo, N. Y. 

Mistake Somewhere. 

A story comes from a Kentucky 
town that is worth repeating. There 
lives there a woman who says that 
she has Inuiiediatu romm'inlon with 
the .Mniit^hty, and now ^nd thvn do- 
livers to those of common clay a mes- 
sage that aha haa ree^ved Iroaa «• 
high. The faet that theaa ■sssssas 
sometimes take on a very awterlslla- 
tic hue does uot alter thatr effaetlva- 
uess, in her opinion. 

One day she went into the office of 
a wall hnown attorney and approached 
hiu solemnly aa ene about to reveal an 
awe-inspiring secret 

"The I^ord sent me to you for |23," 
she annoiiiued. 

The attorney looked up and smiled. 

"That must be a mlataha." ha re- 
plied, blaadly, "baeaaaa the Lord 
knows I have not set ft." 

Celestial ooawianlsatlen waa there- 
upon broken off. 

How's This? 

Wt eBt Oaa Koadicil Doaus BawaiS Mr aw 
•M a( ouank tkat caaaol ba mmt* br U*U% 

r. J. CBcmnr a oou iM««o^ a 

Wa. m ■■lirianii ha*t kaaa« F. y. . CH iaiy 
Mr tt* Iwi It yaank MS tut n * Um S«tKtir boa- 
«nMa to as MIbms Wanwrtlnas aa* a aa arl il l jr 
abia M Mity aat anr obaiaUoaa mmtt br bk Sna. 

WALBiaa, Kimaa * Mabt», 

WholiMala OnasMi TOMo. O 
BaffSCManfe CWa.k Ukca toiMaaDr. actlas 

battMu SoM by aU IHuMH 

Dibs aattiyway nas iw ( 

BreveM Thair Relations. 

Small Nettle, seeing some large in 
sects on tlie hark porch, asked what 
they were, and was told that they were 
ania. Tha aait BMraIng she discov- 
ered a number ef small anta among 
the large ones, and exclaimed: "Oh. 
mamma, ilic aunts have brlnged their 
little niett'C with thuni fodayl" 

Many Children Are Sickly. 
Uottier Oray'B Sweet l»owiler» tor Chil- 
dren. UMd by Mother Gray, a nurs« In 
Children's Home. New York* cure Sum- 
mer CompIalBf, FBverlahneea, Headache 
Bromai h Troiiblea. Teething LSsordarS and 
D.Htroy Wurnii'. At ill! DniaSfSt|P, Sc. 
f i.ri | U' niatlf.l KRRB. AddrsaS AHM B. 
Olmau i, lA! Hoy. N. Y. 

He thut dot.-s a thing in seal 
for his friend bums the golden thread 
that tiaa their henrta tosather. 

oorrx KEOLBCT TnsT cor in 

n •BMamly nrU* yoar kTat.*!,! aiHl uu 

lasaaHuo*- AUra   l.uait HalHuu vili . i. . k 
lyaad urnuaaratlr. For »l«alallilni(g  »  

Many a man suspects bla natghbor 

I be suspectfl himself. 

Mra. Wlualow'a Roothlac Sjrraa. 
Witt ablMna ter«iilii« , mutvna Ui« sura*, radar*. (». 
iaaaaltaa,aUi4rtpaia.eafaswla4oa4l« . iickbiHil*. 

The spirits fall to meter lalixe at a 
temperance seance. 

Dr. PlafMl nraaast MlaM »v«Ui« an4 larte. 
Uar.snuii''**. ***r Miafea. iMastfrtyeT 

Oftt-ii the ni'.lk of human kindneif 
taat.   ,.f 111.- . .Ill 

Mean Trick ef Ballantlna That Prah  
ably Mada Meah TraeMa far Nia 
Friend manh. 

Capt J. P. Chase of V^'teran City, 
na., waa In Washington last month 
to regiater hla forty-aeventh, airship 
patent. Capt. Cbaae Is best known 

as 'he inventor of the hoop-skirt. 

Discussing the hoop-skirt's remark- 
abb' success, Capt. Chase said to a 

rriMi' icr; 

The success was due to the 
sklri's stranteneaa. W oa i s n Uka 

strange tbiaga. By eatertnff to wom- 
en, by studying their taste a man can 
twist thorn around his finger." 

The veteran ofilcer smiled. 

"Uallantlne," he sidd, "cams in 
late to a song redtat in Palm Beach, 
and there wasn't a vacant scat in tbe 


' Hailantlne noticed Mrs. Jerome 
Blank. Mrs. Jerome HIank, he know, 
had a very handsome husband that 
she kept strlet wateh or ar ah a didn r 
like him to aaaodata with any of the 

fair sex. 

I'uiiaotlne, edging n«ar to Mrs 

Ltlank, who had an excellent seat, said 
in a loud voice to a friend: 

" 'Wbo was that uncommonly pretty 
girl I saw Jerome Blank talking to oa 

the plerr 

"In about four seconds Mrs. Blank 
was gone, and nallantine was seated 
comfortably In her uhalr." 

As to the Haeelan Ply. 

Th * llesslan fly is s German product 
whl h wa.s conceived In iniquity and 
born in sauerkraut It is a long, rangy 
fly with a bite like a steel trap, and it 
lays a pale blue, oblong egg at the 
rate of 30,000 an hour. The Hessian 
fly will eat anything from decay»»d 
custard pie to a glas.s inkwell, but Its 
favorite dish U the doutiN- neck of a 
fat gent. Thik bird can perform a 
two-step on sticky fly-paper without 
crooldng Ita toea, and is proof against 
rough on rats, the daisy fly killer, and 
a strychnine hypo«lermlc. No Ho'^sian 
fly waa ever known to die of anything 
but old age. whieh aeeonnta lor the 
color of Ita srhMkars. II It ever fas- 
tens upon your jowttft will stey nntu 
rentuved by tha nndertafcar^Man- 
chester (la.) 

Lost In Antiquity. 

A little fellow who had Just felt the 
hard side of tho slipper turned to 
bis mother for consolation. 

"Motber." be asked, "did grandpa 
thrash father when be wss a little 

Yes." answered hla aiothar, im- 

pres.-i vfly . 

And  ii'i his father thraah Mm 

when be was little?" 

"And did bis fSther thraah hfmr 

"Yes. ' 
.\ pause. 

"Well, who started thin thing, any- 
way r'—Cassell's Saturday JoamaL 

Relics of the Stone Age. 
During excavailon.s   omJiicted near 
WiUendorf, on the Danube, by the pre- 
hlalarle aaetlon of the Aaatilan Natur- 
al ffistory museam. a ehalk flgnrine, 
11 esntlmeters high, has been discov- 
arod In a stratum containing instrn- 
ments and weapons cbaraeteriRtic of 
the stone age. Tbe figurine shows 
traces of having been palated and rep- 
resenu a female flgara wltt laaarifr' 
able precision ef artistle a a e ent le n . 

fmpertantto Motttare. 

Examine carefully every bottle of 
f ASTORIA, a safe and sure remedy for 
infaiits and children, and see that it 
Dears the 
Signature cf 
In Use Por Over 80 Tears. 

The Kin d Ten Have Alwap n Banght 


"Just think of It! One person in 
every 37 in England la a pauper!" 

' Why, John. " she returned, "It isn't 
so. I met more than 37 peoeple in 
London last aummar, and there araant 
a paaper in the lot!" 

Take a iiint, do your own mixing. Rough 
on Hilt", lM"int  all [iiii* jn, one 1.x- lov will 
dpri-.ut or n.nkn ft) !u \") little rakps that 
V. ii\ kill AN) or iiiou- rats aii'l um-t'. It's 
the iinbe.itiible extcriiuoalor. Don't die ia 
the houae. Beware ef j nit^jtyB, aa h^ 
sia^fdiwnM e^ 

til tea sad flsteb-psoaff 


Wigg— Scribbler's stories all have 
such sad aadlaga. 

Wagg— Tee, they generally And their 
way Into the wastabaaket— Philadel- 
phia Record. 

Tor Colds and Gripp — Capudlne. 
Tli - l»-3t n-inedy for Orlpp and Colds Is 
Hli-kn' ('»pudlne. Relieves the achlna and 
fLYi-riahneas. CuiM the eoid— Headachoa 
atao. ii a UqnM-Mtesta tmeisSlststy-iO, 
•a and 5Ce at Dma ttovaa. 

Some people's cast-ofi baiipinesa, 
like their caat-off clothes, would make 
some otlier people vary happgr. 

Strong Winds and Sand Storma 

caune granulation of tbe cvclul-i. HE'ITITS 
i;V£ SALVE soothea ami  |uii klv rrlifveo. 
All dniMiaUorHewardBro« , llii/ . N Y. 

Tha aareat 


euvy.— La 

af being endowed 
is h» ha tree from 

Ii a mun is a Uar it la useless to 

t  II hiiii nt) He knew it all tbe time. 

PKRRT uAvirt- -? Ar!atii.uen 

baa BO mitMtuui*. Nu n-.hor r»BMiyT« au vMaUra 

for lnntT»tfi  DtlSnfM, B*«ralc(a or 
ouMofaar K rt. I ut i |i In So. Uo aad H) - buiilc*. 

.K cynli 

s a person who makes a 

tfliiiiK (!.■• tiutti 

from womanV aOments are fartted to vrrKe to tbe namee and 

jddieagcs here given, for iK sitivo jftxx/l that Lydia £. Ilnklinu^ 
Yegrt n b te OofnTx iiiKi (I k?m cure fennde ills. 

Tomor Komovnl. 
Cl lr«(0, Til.— Mra. Alveua Bi «rliiic 11 J^Hiig- 

 loii Stri-ot. 
Mndlcy, In-l.-Mm. May Fry. 

KUuler. Kaiia.aHnu 8t«lU Olfford B^oBiAn. 
aaoM, KVf Ita. 8. J. Barber. 
CorawanvinSL ]I.T.oMra. Wm. Boojhlnn. 
CinHimOl A*lfn. W K.Hoiuh.TEiutvioir.A t 
Milwaukaa, Wli.BMra. Knima Iium, 8ki 1st 

St., Clrrmaa. 

Chanmof I.tfa. 
Sotith lUnd, Ind.i^MM. Frad Certia, 1014 a 

Lafayette Street. 
N 'tli, Kentncky.— Mffc tItS WoPand. 
Ilr okfleld. Mo.-Mrt. Barah Luacixnont, 207 

8. Mark.-t St. 
r.ii t.. .i, N .J. — Mr#. Wm. S imei !l'e, 115 

ll^tiiburgh Ayenus. 
Phi I vie III ilia, l'a.»Mr*. K. E. Garrett, 2407 

North Uamet Straet. 
XewMkos, Wls^XM. Cart SaSIkeb 

KatonUtv TMMm. ^ 

Won-Mter. .MnKL-Sn. Mylia OMS, 117 

.Soiitlivatn Str««t.| - 1i( liKLajfifL A.^. 

K. Pratt Htrwt. 
Big Kan, Pa.-Mra. W. K nnalar. 
Atwater Station, O.^Mn. Anton Kaathsapt. 
CiucInnaU, Ohio..Mn. g. U. JIaSSoelu, sLs 

Gilbert Avenoe. 
Mogadore, Ohlo.~Mi«, ! •• Mangea, Bos 131. 
UrwlttvilJe, N. Y.-Xn. A. A. Olleik 
Johnstown, N. T.— IteBoMr X. Sesouui, MS 

Barloetrlev, nL-lbs. FMie Isegietihs 

HamiMtead, Md"**" 
Adrian, Ua.— Iipiia ^ 
ladlanapoUa, Ind.i 

Ad ll(on Htr ^t. . 
I»ni Tllla, Ky^ Mra. Bam t S »BMf iej lb Ht. 
Huuth WmC ll.irtxir. MaiaSbaMnw 

K/ l bliH, Mr. l - ert IJgbt 
Detroit. MIeb. -.Mm. Frieda 

Uoldnun Arenue, ^ermcM. 

Onranle IMfiplaoeinenta» 
llosier, Illt.-Mr«. Mary Bali 
fjnaler. Ind.-Mr«. KHaaWood,K.r.T . No. 4. 
tblboaraa, Iowa. « Mm. Olara Watemuuu, 

R. F. D. Mo. 1. 
Burdito'vn, Ky.— Mr«. .Toenph ITatl. 
LewiKton, .M ;il ne.— Mrs. Houry trio-.tiir, 66 

Oif. rd Slr N t. 
Slinn^npolil, Minn.— Mr». John G. Man, 

2115 ftec in l Street, N. 
Hhamroi'k, .Mo.— Josie Ham, R-F. f). N... 1; 

B.7X 22. 

Marltoo, N J.— Mrs. Oeo. Jordr, Boute No. 3, 

Chester. Aik.-lfrs. na Woe4. ' 
OeiUa, e«.aMrt. T. A. CHbb. 
Pendletoa, ]nd.-)lrs. lf»T MMiihan,B.B.4a 
OoabrMga, Meb.-MrB. Nellie MoshuMlar. 


Painful Perlodk 
A1a.-Mri .W. T. Dalton, RoateKo.S. 
,,UI.-Mr*. Wm. Tally, MvOgdea At. 
m, Jllioh.— Mni. Bmroa l ra&ar. 
' lUoh.*Mts. Bur* Uxjk, B. V. I . 


NoTl J eareeC D. A. nMkora. 
CrdreerllTa, MbC-iMis. CZjoMSl 

Cinel nnati, 0UOi«Hn. fkm Ahr, U 


ClcTeLiiid. Ohio -Mlaa Uztle Stilger, &5ie 

Kloot ATenvio, H.K. 
W.:«leTTille, Pa.-Mr*. M«nieEfter3.P.U.l. 

lP9asB^a,-JIrs. Mayme WiadW 

HerrlB. HI -Mrs. T'lia... Folkol. 
\\lncli.-l.-r. III. 1. -Mrs Mny Deal. 
|iv.-r, I.Kl.-Mrs. Wm.   il» r1 ,li. R. P.I .Ko.l. 
Baltim ore, .M.I -Mrit. W. H. Y;iA, 193S LaB^ 

downo fitri-.'t. 
neabon-, Mass.- Mrs. F-anelaMerkle.UFWlS 


C1arksd.ile, Mo.KMin Anna Wallaee. 

GoTSTlIK Ohio.-Mrs. KUa MIebaal, B.VJ Jt, 

I iiirtoB, Ohio. Mrs. Ida Hale, Boa aS, Mo- 
tional Military Home. 

Lebanon, Pa.-Mr8. Harry L. Blttle, 233 l.«b- 
mao Street. 

Syk«e,T«nn,— Minnie H.iU. 

l atroU,Mlcb.— .Mrs. LKJUioe Jciig,332Chsstiiiil 
Orarlan Tronhle. 

Tlm-annes, Ind.— Mrs. Syl. B. deraald, BOS V. 
T•!^th Street. 

Oardi.ier, Mitine.-MTt. A. WIllIsM, B. F. 
l .lfei.M; Bosas. _ 

Pblliulelphla, Pa.-l(is. ChaS Mi, SW M. 
Game* Street. 

piambwi, Mi as » i in s F   i sa i n» i» B . T Ja 


Woodalda. UabiM-lbs. BartMi Jpaseis. 
Boebbnid,  fal««.»lta. «oea|b S  M. 

nmhta Avenae. 

S -ottvilIe. Mlch.-Mr  .T.O .Tohnson. R.F T  .1. 
Ii^ivton. I lii.. -nVIr-. K. H. Srilllh. 4J1 Kim SI. 
i:rf«, P.-i. - Mi s. .1. r. KiKliii ti, It. Y . P. No. 7. 
bejtvor Falls, l a.-Mrs. W. P. Boyd, 2109 

SeTenlli Avenue. 
Falrrt.iDOP, Pa.— .Mrs. T. A.nnnhain, Box HO. 
F .rt IIiiiit."r, Pa. -Mrs. Mnry Jane Sh.itti . 

Rirl. I'l. = .^rr!^. Aiiifuj.tu.1 K.F.U.S 
Vituiia, \V. \ a. = .Mr8. Eiiiiiia WUealon. 

Nerrona Prostratlim. 
Ornn"(jo, M".— Mri. Ma« MoKnight. 
Camden, N..l.-&lrs. liUle Waters, «1 Liber- 
ty Sir.rt. 

Joseph, OrKgon.- Mr*. All  e Hnffmaa. 
rhll^elnbU, Pa.«ifn. Joha Jubaalae,«S 

CkrC2w%1iMa.«li» mn irosa, B.F.nk 

Fseos, Tessa.— Mrs. Ada Toimg Figleston. 
SnuStartlia, Vl.-Mra.C'bas. BarcUy, U F.D. 

Iliese women are onlv a few of tiioiORandg of living witnes-ses of 
the povrer of lordia E, Pinkham's VeRrtriblc Compoiuid to cure female 
diseases. Not one of these women ever reccivod conipensation in any 
form for the twe of thoir names in thi.s a lverti.sempnt — but are will- 
ing that we should refer to them Iwcaiwe of the goml they may 
do other satfering women to prove that Lydia £. Pinkhamn 
Vegetable Compound is a reliable and hoiMSt wmmIH^ and thai Ubb 
statements maae in our advertisementi nfUd&Bf iti MOdk an ttt 
tnUk and nothing but the truth. 



As we get older the blood becomes sluggish, the mus- 
cles and joints stit'fcn and aches and pains take hold 
easier. Sloan's Liniment quickeas the blood, limbers 
up the muscles and joints and stops any pun or ache 
with astonishing promptness. 

Proof that it is Best for Rheumatism. 

Mra PAJttSL H. On«,ol Mann^ CMcs, ft.F.D , No. i, Pa., «The8^— 
" F)sassssaS bm s bottkof Slooa's liniment for rheumatism snd sUfi joiats. 
It Is tlMfcasl tmnAf I am knew (or I can't do without it." 

Also for Stiff Joints. 

Mr. Milton Wrkkleb, aioo M«niB Am, 
" 1 ara glad to sav that Sloaa^ liitissest has A 
|alMs than anjrtbing I batrs am tilsS,** 


is the qlckest and best remedy for Rheuma- 
tism, Sciatica, Toothache, Sprains, Bniises 
and Insect Stings. 

Pric* 2Sr., 50c., and SI. 00 at AU Dealers.. 
Sead tut bloaa's Vrae Itouk on Horsea. Addreas 


A Certain Cure for Sore. weak 6 fNFLAr^ED Eyes. 




Hflf^ i^^W izARD Oil 

P AhI INk 

You Look Prematurely Old 




■s «Jinif»lbnaa* MaBi«si*'aiiiii t«rri^ h-  ^ .^.a. „. . ». ! « .. . 



Bf liberty PwhHiliiwi 


J. L. Newton Prasident 

M. B. Tww .latViMPraiidMii 

Albert Furto^ Id Viet Prwidcnl 

J. C Siamptj fMNtary 

L. T. Yaney .■ ■TUMiirer 


Wm. Chesterfield Chairmar 

J. W. Cooper ViceCh'm 

L. T. Yancy Treasurei 

J. J. Perry Sw. 4 Manap:ei 
F. E. Taylor Auditci 


TIW Bditeor Takes A 

Trip 10 

OJtyMT. - - - . $1 (X 
BislfMtbi. .... (( 
Three mentha, - - - ' £ 

Single copies ... - 0£ 

Pajable atrictly in advince 
Ail ■111*11 lUlM lOe ptr ineh  tr»ight, 

Catered at the LaCenter poetofflct 
■e matter of eeeoad-elaM. 

iMOLkauoKM or w n f uit 

To establltta Justice. 
To secure equity. 

To apply the Golden Rule. 

To discredit tbe credit and mort- 

To educate the acrlealtaral clasb 

tn Bcieniific famlag. 

To asaist oar Boabm la fevrlac 

ai;d selllns. 

To teach farmers the diversifica- 
tion and rotation of crops, domestic 
economr aad tlM jroBSii of marliet- 

To qrstomatlse the methoda of pro- 

ductoa and dletributlon. 

To eliminate gambling !u faro, 
products by Hoard of Trad-*. Cotton 
Exchanges and other speculators. 

To bring farming up to the stand- 
ard of other industries and business 
oaK tpf lMfc 

ly» eeenre and malatata profitable 
and uniform prices for vraio, cot^ 
ton. tobacco, live stock aad other 
prodi.rts of the farm. 

To strive for harmony and Rood 
will among all manicind and brotht r- 
l7 love aaitfhc oamelTe& 

To garner the teare of tbe dls- 
treeed. the blood of the martyrs, 
the laugh of Innocent childhood, tht 
■weat of honest labor aad tbe virtue 
Of a happy home aa tka brightest 
Jewels Iinown. 

On arrivinflr in the busy city 

we set out to look for -well, %v( 
did not know for what; not one 
of Um plow and hoe boys could 
W3 see; only the master class 
Tooth-pick shoes, standing col- 
lars and diamond studs, passing 
a id repassing in every direction 
Qjr mind is carried back to the 
farm and to our people and to 
the cause that we are so earn- 
estly striving to help and uphold. 

My God, brothers! Can't you 
stop and think for a single mo- 

hous? as tne one thai was burned. 
His postoffice is La Cente*, Ky. 


You can get Liberty free for 
three montha if you will give 
the ad. of R. H. Marshall care- 
ful attention and cut the coupor 
from our last page, then Uke ii 
to his store in person, have hin 
■ign it, and send it to us. B  

sure your name and postoffice 

are written plainly on the cou- Write him at 121 East Jefferson 
pon. And remember that thif  Street. 

A eopy of Liberty, pultlibiieu 
at La Oeikter,' reached our desk 
lest week. A verv neat pipor» 
spicy. crisp, and biim-full of un- 
ion news.— Clay Courier. 

The dynamite Uncle Sarr 
'loiiKht to destroy the Wolfe 
Creek ice gorge might verv prof- 
itably be used on the lar^e meat 

pickiuir cstal lishnv'P.ts of the 
Ci'Untry.- Ca«Jiz Rcconi. 

About one farmer in every 
three hundred has a pig or a cow 
to sell, and yet so;ne people havt 
the nerve to say that the preseni 
high price of what we eat is ber- 
ifiting the producer.— Cadiz Rec- 

nent, and try to realize who is 

dependingonyouforihe'stafTol l A collection of $2 15 uss taV 
life" (br«id)? OhlyouwiUsay.j'^'^^P^*^''^''' Yancey Fund last 
Wife and baby. No. no! Not pat»'-d^y- L t ovory local con- 
30. If wife and babies were all t^''^''-^ to Hrocm-r Yancej'. am 
t iis would not be 80 awfully haid ^^^"^ have aa pood - 

on us; but, think. There are 
t'lis moment 244 moir.btrs of the 
master class who never produced 
and who never will produce a 
s'ntrle valuable object through 
toil, and who are looking and ce- 
pending upon each one of us 
farmers for bread. 

There are also two women of 
leisure and refinement for eacii 
farmer to support; while, on the 
}ther hand, we are feeding over 
300 slave.-? of the ma.^^ier class. 
I mean the working men, of 
course. This we do not so mudi 
object to if they are getting any* 
thing for their labor; but they 
are not They are nothing more 
than wage slaves. 

We are also feeding our be- 
loved Uncle Samuel and his gang. 
This we wouldn't mind if heM 
only remember us once in a cen- 
tury and grant us one request. 

Well, back to Louisville. VV', 
travel down that busy street 
named Jefferson until we reach 
the 100 Block; and, !o and be- 
holdl we spy this inscription on 
the door of one of the bus  

"Farmers' Union Exchange.*' 
This does us more good thar 
all the sights we have seen. Thi.- 
looks better aiid grander trar. 
any of the 15-story sky-acrapeis. 

Well, on the inside we see Bio 
ther William Chesterfield an J lu.- 
two assistants, Messrs. Slack atid 
Rosenthal busy among the qu^ick- 
ing ducks and cackling hens. 
They are Farmers' Union fowls, 
and Brother Chesterfield is get- 
ting the highest prices for them. 

Evx4-ybody Looking for Bargains 
Will Find Them a1 

R. R Marshall's 

27 in. V ii o fenco, 20c per rod 32 in. wire fence, 23c per rod 

u.) ill. wii-e fe;ic3, 26c per rod, with steeples to put your fence up with. 
Ohio 1 iver salt, $1.35 .3 boxes Big Buffalo matchet, lOc 

3 bars Lenox soap, 10c 6 lb. keg soda, 10c 

1 set of glasses, iOc . 1 two-quart glass pitcher, 25c 

No. 2, glass lamps, 85c complete* 


Gilbertsville, -:- Kentucky 


Tv.-( iit.v 

cl.Uliiiu; ikar, clean aiiil 

coupon will not be effective un- 

e33 it is s^rit to us by Mr. R. H. 
Marshall of Gilbertsville. 

We lef£ Louisville Thursday 
and returned to old Ballard to 
attend our County Union. 

Rex Restaurant 

Dinners and Suppers 20c each 

Farmers' Union Headquarters 

Everything first class 

J. T. HUTSON, Proprietor 

119 South 3rd St, Paducah, Ky. 

Ubttrty Free for three months 

This Coupon is good for a three months' £ ibscription 
to Ldsbty. if it bears the signature of Mr. ii. li. Mar- 



[ wan.^idl alone to thii.k anf 


On the banks of the n!d Ohio; 
The ice was passing down the 

Movin,T  'irely. but very slow. 
I did not feel that the -vir.''. bU v 

  For my heart was wa.m witl 

pure love, 
Thinking of one more preciovs 
than gold 
To me, as an angel from heavei 

May God ever keep this love 8( 

Like the dew of heaven, frewl 
and pure; 
And help me ever my duty to do 
L')viiig always, may it endure 

.^'or in that beautiful, froldei 
When we have done all that w  

Dur happiness, then, will be snl: • 

If we do riyhl; for God isgc* l 

Jrop a tear for the past, one i^r 

Angels will keep the recorr's 

\\\ will be blessed by heaven 

If we are true while wuiiii^ 

--William Chesterfield. 

Brcom Corn ct Mcr.fc.d. 

Why d(..i:'t the farn.r r ; ; ' , 
j,;oorji corn? Brooms Li. ! i.-i 
ii price than was ev» r kr.o^^-; i 
the recolleclioa of Llie v, t '. r, 
I was talking to a ihunnv. ii:c 
o:^er dav, an i uniong ot! cr 
things he remarked: 

"Ilrocms are .?4ad'^Z'?n. w)/ilc- 
sale, and tl.ey v, i!l .soon lie .^l.CO. 
This is 37i cents apiece." 

He also observed that Lroom 
corn was worth ?J G!; t v.. 
A'ter he left me I got cut u j 
pencil and be;.an ^o "fiiiger." 

I found tl. at 0.1 oi ilir.ary g'u -( 
Imd a farmer can lais; ir^Ct 
pounds of good Lroom cxo. 
•v.jch, Ht IG60 per ton, v o\\\C 
brini $324 per acre. 

What can you raise that wil. 
ipproximar.e thi.s i:^ valuf ' AL 
.solutelv nothing. Bestir your- 
self. Brother Union Man, and 
ylant a p^-^ od t a'ch of broom com. 
The supply of thiif plant is awsy 
behind the demand* And the 
.r*ost '.vy;.rleiTi,I i)art of iKe !/US- 
iness to me ii that the fanner 
will stick to tobacco at 5 cents a 
pound when he am raise broom 
( ( rn at IJ cents a pound. 

The consumer is paying right 
rnw H.K'O for the brcom corn 
taken from a single acre in the 

Miij tlie 

Write i.r. ;ii antl learn how 

ju can Kt't a year's supply and tbe 
 rmula for Tr.anufucturlng same Id 
our own home frte. Address 


LaCenter. K.v 

m %m\iv HOUSE 

Mlio. J. A. D " XIEI.. Prop. 


F'jucia! nltention to the 

I: :i\ f i iv jMl)lic 

V i'.r i'u'io'inte is Solicited 


Mris. S. GtLL, Prop. 

The Fanners' Union Home 

MAniO.V. KV. 

.iestone d ;l!ar a day house m 
the country. 


\ Money on the Farm ! 

« ' er « 

(\S'K ALI.  VANT IT i 
and can get it by canning our tomatoes, peaches, I 
\ apples, rhubarb, pumpkins. ?auer kniut sweet pota- 
f toes, beans, etc., as you can get the full instructions 
V how to do it with the 

Union Farm ann c i 


No. 1 Kitchen Canner, complete, capacity 400 cans... 
No. 1 Farm or Nf ijfhborhood Canner, complete, 

capacity 3,000 cans daily „ 300.00 

Larger sizes— complete factories at corresponding low rates. 

All Members of F. E & C. U cf A. 

[niri-hr.sipff under th*- 'ioal of the Oidt r arc (:iv»n \\\ 

't u;aboul a i.-.tniiin.s' factol'y i'' rannip;: write 

THE UNION mm CANNER, Paduca!*, Ky. 


.e..«..e»e«*..e..*.^.«. .1 

thi).k tl.ia all wind;, but, 
r n.i..d. "old boss." \'\( 
. r, !. :\ .1:1 factories anf 

v, r.i.l I ;..a abcu.. 
Si, op'jn y.ur eyes, Brothei 
.\-ir::i-c, and blai.t about thret 
i.K :- iif cm, and see how you 
y\A :: ' ( lit. Get some f?oo'] 
.i ed; lay o Tf jour ground in 2- 
t' ot ro\^ s i.'. l plant the seed ir 
the i .v. ti- t') average a stalk 
•\»;y '/-.K iuciies, if the land is 
sii ui^'. nnd thinner if the land is 
:i jt so ' .itivate it just a^ ! 

 ( u Wo uld iij-jiiium. When tht | 
: ..-l ^f  .rins to pull the straw ovei | 
i i ■ liii O, cfo d'jwn the 1 
•••v. s .i: i i,e!.d the stiav.' with j 
I .e It. .1 J.,v. n in order that the | 
; :t.-.v i-.iy i itiai^jht. This is: 
'ciy iiece:isary. At gath- 
•1 ir:ii time cut the stalk about ten 
v. A.-.s-^y i, K I ra.v. Cure it 
Veil, ui. l uiy. Then thrash ll • 
.ctii 1 fT. bale it up, and it's read. 

■ : : . "i •;•] muk(-S fine 

c .iui.oN fvi'.u. and will pay the 
.i.:; r-r/o i.f c :l:ure. 

I u ; / '.'•..ii pof pie of 

th j i^A ii:..; t ' i/i»nt the crop,' 
a I a l e.-ult numbers are et it. 

■ V .'v.'i Ex'liange 
wi';.. u'- at l.oiiia . le will be 
the plucc' to ship the straw to, 
and I'.ero ii will be sold fcrthe 

Garden Skkij 

Fii;i,D Seed 


Always Best Seed Grown 

Flower Bulbs and Poultry Supplies 

124 South Second Street 
Paducah, Kentucky 

Al|, Any Farmers Union mem- 

ttCllllOll. ber, who is in need of a 
wagon, buggy, wire fencing, fertilizers, 
salt, etc., should at once write us for prices and 
ou ^ great Dividend-paying plan, to the member- 

Write At Once 

as this means dollars to you. This will save you 
all tlie way from $5.00 to $10.00 each on a wa- 
gon or bu^^-'Ky, 10 ronts.ind upwards per rod on 
wire feix-in;'-, 5 per cent lo 15 per cent on your 
fertilizers, 2o tu ;jO ctnls on each barrel f-f salt, 
and other thir.ijs in pi oportion. Kemembcr t hat 
these j;j-ices ar.d plans will Le given none but 
Union members, who write under the seal of 
their Local. No time for curiosity seekera, so 
do not v.-rite i nk.^s \(.\\ nuan husincLS. 



121 East Jefferson St, UukvlU, K? 

'•Itloa*. KTx • * 

I. C. Time Table for Kevil, Ky. 

8.12-7 o'clock a. m. 
7:25 o'clock p. m. 

.- ) TU BOUND. 

'Z "J.iHJ o'clock a. m. 
801—7 o'clock p. m. 
For rates and further infcrma 


shape of manufactured l^i corns. | j^^, j^^^ j,^ j^^^ 

How. lomt matton-beadcd fellow , phones. W. W. Ua. AfMt 



(Cootindcd from page 2) . 

long run he lows by it. 

"Mm ar» manipalating th( 
nwrint wh» htve no intorwt in 
eith«r th« prodoetlnD or ooBMRni)* 
tlon of the wheat, tnd the same 
is true "of cotton I merely speak 
of wheat becduse that is moie 
particularly % product of my coun 
try. I have always found thif 
th« nile, and I am no angel bj 
any uauia. You can rub rm 
•hoaldcrt without any danger oi 
tfiaeloeing any wings; but I havt 
always found that in the \onfi 
run an immoral thing is injuriouh 
to the many, and a moral thing is 
for the advantage and benefit oi 
the many. And if on no other 
ground a rodii diu not know 8 
aingle thing of the detaib of th( 
busineM. I think he eoutd safeb 
say that the producer in the long 
run is the los'-r Uy a practice that 
isesse'itiHily iftini.H ai ( Aoplause) 
because it is simply gambling. 
• * • • • 

"I came down here more to 
learn what this movement or 
meethiff was f to', and after hear- 
ing this discussion on options I 
have no hesitation in saying, for 
one, that I am eternally in favoi 
of anythini? that can stop them, 
(applause.) It does not make 
any difference whether it is pop- 
ular or not; it does not make a 
bit of difference to me. I gather 
from this conference that a great 
many of you are raising cotton. 
But if you ivere raising wheat in 
Minnesota, and I had an oppor- 
tunity to contribute any particu- 
lar amount of vitality to a move- 
ment to prevent options, I would 
do It, whether it met the approv- 
al of men who might feel that 
they were possibly at times ben- 
efited by it or not, because I lay 
it down as a fundantental princi- 
ple in legislation that in the long 
run the mass of the people are 
benefited by what is right and 
joat, no matter If temperarily 
they may be hurt" (Applause.) 

Presidenc Barrett. — "Mr, Ed- 
wards, we shall be ii\a(\ to hear 
from you, if you will talk to us." 

Mr. Edwards of Kentucky.— 
"I do not know that I have any- 
thing to offer, especially. I would 
Hka to iMm more about the qoe^ 
tlon myself. In the particular 
district that I happen to come 
from in Kentucky the bu.siiiessof 
the people is mixed. We Ho not do 
farming entirely. We have a 
timbered and coal section, and 
this has not been a que  tion that 
baa been discussed or agitated in 
ny part of the State as it has in 
the Rtrictly agricultaral portions. 

**I want to say that I think, on 
the broad ground stated by Sen- 
tor Clapp, that we can all join in 
with you on this movement, that 
whatever is most moral and the 
best for the people generally 
ought to be supported as a gen- 
eral proposition. I confess, how- 
ever, tnere is a grtat deal about 
the question of suppressing the 
dealing in futures that I do not 
know, and I would be glad to 
have the advantage of the expe- 
rienea of this society and this 
organisation from its inveatiga- 
tions. and from whatever infor- 
mation you have." • • 

President Barrett. "Mr. 
Brooks, will you tell briefly what 
w want?" 

Mr. Brooks. -"I would rath- 
ar not take up the time. We 
want to hear from theaa gentle- 
men who are with us to*night 
Qar position is a mere matter of 
statements. We are in favor of 
the measures that hfi' e l)t'fn in- 
troducfcd. Ic is not a new ques- 
tfon: it has been agitated before 
—to prevent dealing in futures 
where the goods tre nos delivered. 
4 think thatis the ahorteat sUte- 
iHent tlwt I eonld make to give 
you an insight as to the nart por  
pose." • • 

Mr. Austin. "Suppose the 
Congress enacted the leKi"latiun 
you deaire. What effect will it 
hftfa on the prieea of products of 
thafarmT Suppoaejrou gain this 
legislation you are speaking of 
now. what practical benefit will it 

be to the farmerr* 

Mr. Brooke. take the 
moat unfavorable stand that could 

possibly be taken, suppose it does 
aot affect the farmer at all; it 
ibolishes a nuisance." 

Mr. Austin. "I am seeking 

Mr. Brooks. -"You Uke. for 
instance, Herbert Kiiox Smith's 
''Sport,. an4 look at bin chart. 
Hia chart shows that futures are 
)elow spots in the cotton market 
dmost invariably; and, that be 
ng the case, and spot prices fol 
owing future prices, it has ade- 
iressing tendency. To relieve it 
it that depreaaing tendency you 
4rottKi have to aboiiah the prac- 

Mr. Austin. - "Does specula- 
ion in cotton, in a cotton ex 
•hange, enhance the value of cot 

Mr. Brooks.— "As it wa.H stat 
id, sometimes incidentally, and 
aceotdtfngly the apeeulation on 
.he Exchange do so if the crop U 

/ery short. But it is an injurj 
,t) the consumer. It cannot helj 
 nt injure him if it is abnormal 
ly high. If it has this effect, 
it is an evil whieh ought to bf 

Mr. Austin. — "Suppose th  
stock market is booming wheat 
and com and eotton. Does it 
not really advance the prices oi 
those articles?" 

Mr. Brooks.— "If it raises it 
abnormally, contrary to the nat- 
ural law of supply and demand, 
it ia just as much, an evil as if 
depressed it." 

Mr. Austin. — "I am not -peak- 
ing about evil. Is it not a bene - 
fit to the farmer?" 

Mr. Brooks. — "Abenefit to th( 
farmer apparently. But it is f 
OSS to the consumer, and there- 
fore an immoral benefit, and wt 
are opposed to it, if sadi a thin? 
could happen." 

Senator Clapp. - "May I sug- 
gest there that, in that particulai 
incident, throwing aside now al 
guestion of morals, it might 
benefit the farmer, but the min- 
ute you introduce into farming e 
rule of prices that is not baser 
on values— I do not know how ii 
ATould be with the cotton crop, 
but I know in our country w  
would immediately the next yea* 
run into that crop and run into t 
loss on that crop, beeause thai 
price had not beaii the result 
a fair equation of the deman  
and supply. • * 

"It may seem an anomaly, bu' 
from experience in our own coun 
try it is a fact that speculatior 
rot s the farmer and rob.s thi 
consumer. In the first place tht 
farmer is I hardly ever in a posi- 
tion when these booms come oi 
to sell his wheat. But the con* 
.sumer is always in a position tc 
.^at the fl j"r, and the flour goe.- 
up. The speculations b e i n ^ 
largely after the wheat has ac 
tualiy passed from the farmer, 
it does not benefit him. but it 
ioea make a burden that the con- 
:)umer haa to bear, because you 
oannot raise wheat on futures 
iiid speculation without seeing 
some corresponding increase ii 
the price of flour. " * • 

Mr. Neill. — "You take the pco 
pie South, aud I want to say to you, 
gentlemen, that far yearfc and years 
we have been afflicted with thi. ' 
thi'ig called Kaniblintf. Now, thert 
is a disiincti'Mi tHrtwecn actual spec 
Illation and gambitiig. You take 
the Soutbem people and the West. 
And one reason for their oppu6it:jn 
to exchanges is ihiit "it nukes a 
duetuating price. It renders an 
unstable price." 

Mr. Howell — "I want to fTud 
out from somebody the proportion 
III tiotue commodity, say in cotton, 
of transactions wli'ch result in a 
real commercial tr.t isacii jn , and 
th-)sc thit are piii Jv K 'liil'liiiK. " 

Mr. Neill.-" Well, von take the 
investigation nude !   Mr. Dur e 
Sun, which was done under an act 
uf Congre^; and I think you will 
find in that report that the New 
York Rxchange sold over 200,000,- 
i)cK) hales of futures, and Int than 
5,iHX) bales of spot. 

We contend tint the exchanges 

Mr. Brooks.— "Just a word on 
that mme point. If they have 
,jower to do that, it certainly is go- 
ing to be exercised . No one would in futures if prices were always 
the same There wouiil b? no in 
iiici-mc'jit. The future f! alines 
absolutely depend on fluctuations, 
iiid tli  y iivv K' i"g to ste that tlie 
.llictuations cimMnue." • • 

Prc-i(knt IJarrctt — "Wc hivt. 
with us this evening Chairman 
Scott, and I will ask him to speak 
to OS now." 

Mr. Scott, Chainnattof theCoal- 
inittee on Agricohote.-^"Gentle- 
nen, I assure you it is a great 
pleasure to nie to be here and to 
and these gentlemen here. I have 
jeen interested in this subject for 
ilon^jwhile. Two years hko I in- 
troducL(l pr ictically the same hill 
IS you arc now considering, but at 
hat time it attracted no {articular 
attention, aud I did not seem to 
 f ablo to awaken enough intercut 
u it to warrant the committee in 
ven giving it consideration. Last 
spring when the special session as- 
sembled, in the routine way that w e 
nave of introducing all bills in a 
new Congress that faikd in tlie 
ast, I introdaced this bill, among 
)ther8. But it happened to be the 
isychological moment. It was just 
it the time when Mr. Patten was 
iiniiing his spectacular corner in 
vheat on the Chicago K.xchange 
The news which went out from 
sVashington that a bill had been 
ntroduced to prevent a repetition 
)f such operations attracted atten 
ion all over the country. I pre- 
sume some reference to it was made 
m every newspaper, certainly in 
.'very daily newspaper in the Unit- 
'd States. 

' It was taken note of by such 
)rganizntions as your own; by ag- 
icultural s cit tiis all ovir the 
•ountry; by the inilLrs, and par- 
ticularly by the t)akers who were 
ouched very by the advance 
II wheat, whicli had compelled 
lieni to raise the price of bread or 
liniinir^h the Size Of the loaves, 
md they were hearing from their 
customers, and were very anxious- 
y looking for relief. Accordingly 
f wa-« overwhflnv.xl with corre- 
spondence in regard to the hill, 
/ou would perhaps be intcnst'd 
md a little bit surpris e! to k!i.»w 
h:il I re'-cived letters from men:- 
bcrs of the Canadian Parliament, 
rom members of the Briti-li Par- 
iainent, and from economists in 
.•ranee and Italy, asking for cop- 
,s of the bill, and inquiring alout 
he possibility of its becoming u 

"Naturally I was greatly encour- 
 ged by this, and lam siill more 
encouraged by the attitude which 
/our organization has taken and 
)y the fa- 1 that you are here now 
wishing this bill, because the in- 
Uieii'-'e of a few carinsst. deterniif.ed 
nen, r'ght on the grouutl bvliino 
I measure of this kind, is worth 

I car loa l of resolutions sent in 
.y mail, no matter from how in:in  
liffereiit people they come. § § 

"It s -etns to me there are but 
wo propositions to be considered 

II connection with this whole 
luestion. The first is, are the 
Kwrds of trade or p-oduce ex- 
changes, as now conducted, an 

vii.' Are the methods that they 
mrsiie inimical to the interests ot 
che country? In the second place, 
f thcsj questions are answered in 
Jie affirmative, then will this bill 
neet the evil and supply a remedy 

"There i.s practically but one 
irgument in defence if the boards 
 f trade as they are now conducted, 
iiid that is that yon most have a 
uture market in order that mauu 
('actnrersof flour or cotton gfiodf 
 r of other commodities ma  
protect themselves by what is com 
monly known as bulging. There 
IS possibly another argument, and 
tiat is that the distrilmiion ot 
hese coinnioditits is han llf J iu i. 
 .tter sliajie l»y means of a future 
narket than it couKl be otlierwij,e. 

' Ih.' answer to the hedging 
p;op;is'.ti  n is that the most conser 
vi'p. eaiid s;*ul manufacturers 
of flour, as well as of cotton goods, 
Qo longer resort to hedging to-any 
considerable degree. I have been 
lasured of that by letters that have 
come to me from 1 .rge numbers of 
'.lillers and by the testimony of 
large number of spinners. § § 

"Now, there could not be any 
ccner in wheat if there was not 
any future in wheat, bec.'Ui-.e no- 
'lO'ly could get mt)ney enough to 
geiher to actu illy t'Uy the win- it 
of this country in sufficient (juanti- 
ly to c.jr iier the market, «iiy more 
than hv could get the money to buy 
the cotton of the countrv. You 
Canlttt paper posaeasion of 20,- 
000,000 bttuhds of wheat w th a 
million dollars, hut ynu would 
have Vi have $20.006,00o to get 
actual posdeiriiion of tks wheat. 
(Applause ) You could get pos- 
S(."8sioii of the ootton crop with 

reaentativfls; very fe v of th !n will 
give me very mi ch of their tim;, 
becauM they are otherwise engaged . 
But it there are anv m ments I can 
spare to as.sis' \  \\ m tliis great 
w rk you are undertaking, wheth" 
tre I agree with it or no* so long 

■- ' f . 

speculative fenture in the boards of 
trade, we wUl hive done an enor 
monsly good thingJor this country. 

"I cannot conceive of any other 
measure pending before Congress 
'hat compares in importance with 
1 his one, because aside from the 
moral aspect of the case, looking at i vou agre ■ with it, if I can rend- 
it from an economical standi)oint,  •'' V'"" '^"V --^trvice you may count 
cnnsi.lering the enoi ni )ns sums of ""^ '^^st who is willing to 
Mionr y constantly tied np in these' j''i° hinds from factory tothefarm 
gauii)ling speculations, lumdreds for the benefit of hmnaiiity. I 
ofmillions of dollars, it should ap- thank you for the opportunity of 
peal to us from that standpoint. speaking to yott." 
"Wehadapanicin 1907becaa !e ^^es. Bir.ett: Mr Austin, 

we would like to hear trom you.' 

Mr. Austin: "I did not come 
out to-night to make a speech, but 
! I had an invitation this afternoon 
! from Represcn alive S'ms. who is 
ianvniber from th-: Kighth Ten- 
tussee Disli id, to com ■. * * 
I "I am for any legislatioii that will 
advance the common people, and I 


System § f the bittmAtional Hwt- 
vettor Company. 

there was not mdy money enough 
available at a critical time to meet 
the demands for cash, and the banks 

closed all over the country or sus- 
;en('e(l payment, thirty days, and 
there w,ns two years of depression 
on .11 i-ounl of u. 1 liave nlway-. 
rjelicved tint the pmic of i'J' 7 w is 
due dirtctlv and absolntelv to the 

gambling ope rations of the board of I a™ • believer in President Taft, a 
trade and the exchanges, which at I P""«P'*« 
a critical moment tied up a thous- 
and million dollars which were not 
available for commercial purposes. 

Men in commerce, men ia maoufac 
ture could not pay l02 per cent for 

money. Men in gambling opera- 
tions coul 1 do so and they gathered 
it all up and the bankers in New 
York financed the gambling 
 )perations instead of financing the 
mantifa tunng and commercial 
operations of the coiiiitr-'. 

' .N'ow, this money whicli is tied 
up in these operations belongs to 
able, energetic, leen, ambitious 
aggressive men. They want to 
make mon^y. That is the reason 
they are there. But if they could 
not go there and invest it they 
would invest it in something else. 
They would build factories, they 
would open farms, they would put 
the money somewhere where it 
would do somebody some good. 
As it is IK w. it do' s nobody any 
goo i I xi ept the few who accumu- 
late enornions sums, by which tliev 
usually suffer even more than the 
vict ms from whom they filch it. * 
"l want to close, as I began, by 
expressing the personal thanks 
which I feel to all of you gentlemen 
for the aBsi.«tance you arc giving in 
it. Let me add just one more word 
Mr, Chairman. Every member of 
the Kansas delegation would ha e 
tjeen here this evening if other en 
gagements hud tiot detained them 
They are all in hearty accord with 
this proposition " * * 

Mk. C amI'hi'.i.i, of Kaiisas: — 
",\Ir Chairman, I did not come ii; 
with any intention whatever o' 
taking any of vour time- My 
friend Scott, however, haamadc it 
practically necessary that I should 
sav a word. 

"Ian very glad to see this agi- 
tation by this organization. Ihave 
wanted to see the farmers of the 
t'liited States organized in this 
n inner and for this purpose, ever 
since I was a bov raising wheat on; 
in Walnut (irove township. I 
knew then that nun who d'd not 
know how to make a t  iiid were 
makiiig more out of the wheat that 
I was rasing, (and they never saw 
a grain of it) than I was 

'In answer to Mr. Austin's 
question aa to whether or not the 
-itock ei^hangea effect the prices 
idvanta^eotisly to the farmer, I 
remember very well an occasion 
when the gambler push  ) up the 
price of wheat. They d.d not 
have a bushel to sell and they did 
•lot want to buy a bushel Hut 1 
rushed around a' il g )t i he thi esli 
to thresh the wheat and rushed the 
wheat to market: Cv the time I 
 ot there the price had tumbled 
lovvn and I got exactly what whe:it 
vas selling for the ten days before, 
and in the mean time it had bee' 
up fifteen cents a bushel. It resuli- 
in bringing wheat into the market 
t hat would not have gone to mar- 
ket at all if it had not been for that 
innatural stimulation in the price. 
• • I am glad for another reason 
to see the people of the I'nited 
itates beiiind this sort of a bill. In 
;ietting ready to take care on th, 
ilt or of the House of a l)ili that 1 
h id charge of a year ago or more I 
discovered iu my lese irches th it 
every continentil country in l-ai 
rope had enacted laws to protect 
food products against the gamblers; 
thxt is to say, it is a crtMe in al 
most every country in Europe to 
gamble in the price of food pro 
ducts. I do not see why the Am r 
ican people should h* behind, oth r 
countries in that respect. * " 

"Ciuit'emen Ihop^you will stick 
tog.'ther aud stand behind this bill 
ir a similar l)ill. and .accomplisli 
this As .Mr Scott ha-, 
stated, no hill before this Congie^ 
will reach further into the count r  
and benefit more people than this 
bill, if itbecomeaalaw." * 
Mr. Holder, rcpresentinff th^ 

he stands. I intend to support his 

administration and vote for and 
labor to carry out his recommenda- 
tions in Congress. I am in sym- 
pathy with this movemc^ L ecause 
I know that you genti^mfu are 
more d:r ply i.itfresUi' ji it th'tij 
I am, lor it is iie.i ei lo \ oui nearts 
and yon have given it s'udy. lam 
not a farmer. I am a lawyer, but 
t am elected to Congress by the 
farmers and the laboring people. 

"I will vote to pntoutany great 
evil in this land of ours: I will vote 
for any legislation that will ad- 
var ce the interests of the many 
against the few. I would cer- 
tainly do all I can to advance legis- 
lation that will prevent the com- 
biiiat'oiis that we ha.e in this 
country, to put dowi the tru.sts 
and their operations which I believe 
to be against the best interests of 
the American people. 

"I would be very glad to be 
present at the hearing before the 
Committee, 4ind I am at your serv- 
ice and will be very glad to do any 
thing I can to aid you in carrying 
forward to a success the meritoriou.s 
proposition that brings you to the 
Capitol City. If we have not the 
right thing the truth needs to b*. 
brought out " 

Adjourned until February 1st, 
at 8:30 a. in. 

The Conference convened .it 8:30, 
regular hour. .\ roll crM showed 
all the nieinhers present except 
Mro. Myers. uli.  wa.s excused on 
account of sickness; and Hro. Neill, 
who came in four miiiules laie 
Brother Ward was excused from 
having to answer a roll call on ac 
count of pressing bu ine:s with th. 
Postoffice Depa: tment- 

Mr. J. P. Campbell of the Farm 
Demonstration Work, called and 
paid bis r»pect8 to the members 
tf the 

After outlining the work for 
•ach member for the day, the Con- 
•erence was adjourned by President 


Upon convening in the evening 
Brother Morris read the following 
from the Alabama delegation in 

"At a mteting of th^ Senators 
and Representatives from Alabama, 
held in the Minority K )om in the 
House office Building today, Feb- 
l, 1910, with Senator Bankhcad 
i residing, the following resolution, 
offered by Mr. Clayton, seconded 
by Mr. Underwood and favored by 
.ill the Senators and Representa 
tives, was unanimously adopted: 

Resolved, That the Senators and 
Representatives from Alabama 
iieartilv f ivor l gisl ..ion for the 
suppression of ganii Mug in lann 
products, and will support a meas 
ureor measures to that end." 
(ConHiuMd on last pag*.) 



WaSM of Lcbor and Cost of Living 
Horo and Abresd. 
The Latior Oaastt* o  th* iMari of 

tmdo of London glTM tbs rtsolt ot 

uu Inquiry niude by the Imperial sta- 
ti tit il dp.mrtment at BerUu Into 
li. u:^i-li  1 1 t-KpeadUuros of famU «« of 
Mui.'iii nieaii.s Id Oemuuir. The sver- 
age yearly income for the Aillsd work- 
laaa was (458.85 and th* aTorace ex- 
pcndltwr* $4B7.T1, of which 51.5 p«r 
' cent was spent for food alone. Among 
the uiiMki'.ltil lalxirers in Ix^th indus- 
trial aud cummercial occapatlons thero 
! was an arerase yeariy -incoino of 
I 9411.78 and an sTerage yearly expend' 
I ture of $-109.70, 54 per cent of which 
I went for foot! alone. | 
i Compared with this, a recent study i 
of the HtuUiJard of livlnf la New York j 
I Ity, made nuder th« Sags fouudation, j 
led to ta* coscUMkn that It was Im- 
l oMlbl» for a family of avom&e bIm to j 
luulnlain n uorninl ntandard of living I 
oii an Income uuUor |«00 a year. Thla 
i coucluslou has been substoati^ted by i 

have the powt-r ti  make a-id uii I *5,0 »i),o(U) oi muki.oOo, hut .t- 
III. ike our inarkvts They 'render   nr fiivitd li.i.   ^.ud it would take 
tlu- piopositioti unlKarahle, aad de- ^7^ .i^  * **^^^ to ^^vt possesslOB of 
siroy eumpetitiou, and takeaway the actual coit(Mi crop, 
actual HpecttlatiOaeo: eftiM cotton 1 "Soits^oms to 1110 if we can 

^ ^ . - . ^ aa lavMtlf&Uon by tke fMerai barwa j 
.\merican Federation of Labor, was of laber. wlilch alwvfld that ths av«r- 
introduced and aaid iii part: ! age laco«M tn/mtt 1.41S wortr— la 

' I ant, however, k  .i i\g to offer tht oMth Atlantle alataa. a na g whsa 

vou my services. /U theleijisla the pMvwlas* of akUled labor waa 


ttve committee of the Araeiiean 
Fidcralionof Lahor, I am the onl  
man repriH».iitmj{ o(ki,(AXJ work 
iuK men over there ni tlio Capittd, 
aiul I can see i ^ ii;i|   u ativcly 

high, was |WM.8a. AgalDHt tUla waa an 
average espMulUurt yMrly of 9778.04, 
of whlffh b«t «• per csal was ^paat 


paaa a bill which will eliuiiaat* the *'"'^1' aunibcr ot Senators and Rep^ 

Let u  H«:id yoo 
«oaths ea (rial, 

the Adfaae* i 

•f ran 

•f P m a t t m , and Ne Cm» 
t H hWlta la WuMtirt eff Mw ftm 

Two T*u» ago the Internatioaal 
HaiTe«t«r coaptny «tart«d a ptiiaion 

vysten which, the cfflrcni declare, has 
Riven the employer and employee mnch 
satisfaction, says ti e  : IiIosko Eren- 
Ing Tost. Fifty men and one woman 
already are on the list, drawing from 
$18 to 903 a month. The ayttem waa, 
put Into effect tciM. 1, IMt. t 

"When the Harrestor company de- 
cided to adopt a pcnpion a most ex- 
haustive study was made of the qo« -' 
tkm," said O. Raaaay, one of thai 
organisers and at present a trusts* dt, 
the pension tnu \. "The most iBplisI 
tant point was sett!od when ws WSrei 
infornicci (ho ofncer.s tliat ih« com-' 
paii.v wniiid assume the payment (f 
I lie full amount of the pensions aud no 
contiibatlon woaM be aseiswf/ ikoasi 
the men." j 

in maicln? Ita announcement of thej 
.• of its pension system: 
the Ilarvesier company Issued the fol-' 
lowir^ statement: 

"The dire 'tors establish the pension i 
fnnd as an eTldence of apprsciatioa of j 
the fidelity, elllciency and loyalty of; 
their employees and hnve approved ; 
the followlug plans as the best and 
most liberal for those who by long, 
and fattbM ascrle* have eanad aa 
honorable retirement.** 

Tills st.itt--; In a few wnrils the policy 
of tli'^ • 'iii.i.aii.v. !"((ll.)\ving are the 
dlcribility rales laid down by the com- 
p;iny : 

"(a) All employees of this company 
and of snbs.dlary and alHUated eoe^pa* 

nies engaged in any eapactiy an 

b!;  to pensions as hereinafter i 

"(b) All male employees ftko 
have reached the age of lUlf^f* 
years and hare been twenty or mcie 
years in tlie Berrlce may at tbelr oiwa 
request or at the dUcretlon of the 
pension board be retired from active 
service and become eligible to a pen- 

"(c) All male employees who have 
been twenty or more yean in the serv- 
ice shall be retired at the age of tm- 

eiity years, on the first day of the cal- 
e!;(J.".r uviilb following that In which 
they shall bare attaiued said age, un- 
less, at tbs diacretloa of ti|S psaslSB 
board, some later date be fixed for 
such retirement, rersoos 
executive positions are 
ma.xlii'um age limit. 

'•(di All feiiiale employees who shaU 
have reached the age of fifty yean 
and have been twenty ar nan yean 
in tlie service may. at tbelr own n  
finest or at the discretion of the pen- 
sion l)oaril, !)(' retired from active 
service and become elleibie to a pen- 

"(e) All female employees shall be 
retired at the age of sixty yean, on 
the llrst day of the calendar month 
following that in which they shall 
have attained ttie age, unless, at the 
discretion of the pension board, a later 
date be fixed for snch 
Persons occupying exeenttre 
are exempt from maximum age limit." 

In computing the length of service 
of an employee allowance Is made fOr 
time loet aa a econa t of e l e li asss *r 
periods daring whleh certain depari- 
ment* have besa ahat dews on ac- 
eonnt of npain er l a ?ea   Bry. A tem- 
porary layoff on account of these rsa- 
Kotis whii h (IceL: not exceed six con- 
becutive months is not deducted fK m 
tbs to|al length ot ssrvlcc In etbsr 
words, if one of the men waa sMc 
for, say, four months In any one year 
he would be given credit for a fall 
year's service. The subject of tbi^ 
total length of asTnee la inqiartaaa, 
for the two eondttkma on wbleh a 
pension is granted ara the nnmher of 
years the employee has ser\ed the 
company and toe amount of bis aver- 
age wages each year for the tea Tasas 
next preceding retirement 

To illustrnte. If the average pay per 
year for the but tea yean of serrtee 
equals fGi'O and if the service has been 
coulinuuii.i fi.r iwe.iiy -Ave years, the 
pension would be 25 per cent of $000, 
er f UO per year. «r 9i2JB0 pet moath.. 
Since the mlnlmnm pension has been 
fixed at fia per month, then to thm! 
re^'uhir pseesntage $5.S0 would be 
adJeil, making the mtnlmom $1S. 

A provision which tbe bosrd seems i 
to be well pleased with is the mlei 
wbkb provides that tbe board has; 
power to eontlnne tbe pensions toi 
widow or other dependent membera of 
the family if in Its jiulgmeut the eir-: 
cumauuces warrant its contionaaee, I 
and the b^ rd also holds the ffgkt to! 
give tbe money to soese nmnlNr eti 
the fjraily if It is found that tt ti astj 
being expe!:ded for the potpMS la* 
tende«l-t   maintain tbe IsmUy. 

Another |a-ovialon of tlM peaslea a^ 
tent which Is considered to be tbe maal 
UbMial a dsp t sd hr any concent is the 
annewieed perml»*i''a tbst tbe eoss- 
pauy gives to a "iier to do what 
he plea Ken i.fte; The accept* 

.'ince of a penal ; jm does uot pre- 
vent an ompktyee from ssearlttg em- 
ployment eUowhere. prerlded It la net 
pralodlclal to the latafasts of tbe com- 
peny. Tbe granting at a ps n s inn . bov 
ever, nl'solutely ban fnrther eroploj- 
went wlih the '•ompauy. 

Iu ca»es where an employee bas not 
naehsd the peaMeaabie a^. bat has 
welted ttM^fally twenty yean er 
mora aad on seeonnt of physics i dls- 
nblUty ia tf^lgad to retirs, th* peaskHi 
boaid has h-J/^ fast a peastea- 




••org* Mcrcdiih Did Net B«H«v« 
Novtlitt'a Work Would Live — 
Contfamns Othtr Writtr*. 

*^oa may htetorlM, to«t rmi 

••onot have novels on periods so long 
•CO. A novel can onljr reflect the 
moods of men and women around us, 
and, after all, In depleting the present 
we are dealing with the past, because 
dM OM ki aaMied ta tke other. I 
dBMot' ■toiarti tk* Modem taistor^ 
fcAl novel aar mm tkan I can novels 
which ara t fct aa imrths dialect. 
Thackerar'a aota waa too monoton- 
oos: the Xlreat HoaarCy Diamond,' 
B«st to 'Vanitr Fair.' te most Ilkeir 
to live; It la full of aicellent fooling. 
I met bin and Dlcldns only & very 
few times. Not much of Dlcklns will 
Mve, because It has so little corre- 
spondence to life. He was the incar- 
nation of tuMlaijii. » carteatvrlat 
wbo aped th« mondlat; lia sboold 
hara kept to short stories. If his 
aoT«b are read at all iu the future 
people will wonder what we saw In 
tbc-m, save some possible element of 
. fun meaningless to tbem. The world 
^ wUl aavar M Mr. Pl^wlek. who to 
ma Is Mn of tha luabar of Imbeetltty. 
share honors w!th Don Quixote. I 
never cared for William Black's nov 
els; there is nothing In tbem but fish- 
tag and aonaata. Oaorta BloC had the 
heart of Sap^o, but tha taa» with 
the long proboscis, tha iMOCnidtag 
teeth as of the Apocalfptte heraa, ba  
trared animallty. What of T,ewes? 
Oh, he waa the son of a clown; he 
bad the legs of his father In his 
hfata.'—yactalghttir Karlaw. 


Many Pannar aandlta New Enrolled 
In Mexico's Famaiia Corps of 

Mounted Police. 

The ruralea or mounted police have 
pretty nearly p\it a stop to brigandage. 
Several years ago the government 
Wf«i«aliad tha wladem of tha old 
adaga, ttat a thM t« aateh a thief, " 
and offered pavlaa and pralacthm to 
all brigands who vaaM aaUat as 

Most of tbem took advantage of the 
offer, wrttaa DUlon Wallace In Outing, 
and with thaaa men on the side of 
law and ordar hoMaps soon became 
Infrequent, and the rurales developed 
into a wonderfully efficient mounted 
force to hunt down bandits. They are 
faariaaa rMara.thay know arwy noun- 
tata paaa and i Md a aw . and whaa tbey 
once start aflar a Ma ha la pratty 
Fure to ha aaasM at hlMMI laatcally 


Tlie ruralea of Mazleo eompara fhr 
vorably in bravery and raeklaaa dar- 
IhS^wtth that woMd arf Bl organisation 
tha Northwest Meontad Police of Can- 
ada and are by far the best armed 
force In Mexico. Their calling (rUes 
them opportunity for wild adventure, 
and than satlalaa tha craving for a 
Ufa of danger, which lad many of 
tbem to be brigands in the first in- 
stance. Tbey are a free and easy 
lot. quite In contrast to the peaceably 
Inclined pollreu-.en of the towns and 
tha slow moving. Indolent soldiary of 
Mm ragalar aray. 

Now lana far Ftnfar. 

Sargeons In all parta of tha country 
are Uking great interest In the re- 
markable surgical operation which has 
just been successfully performed in 
Trenton. N. J., by Dr. B. B. Whtta, far- 
■Mrly head of the staff of tha McKln. 
lay haapiUl. Several weeks ago ten- 
yadNoM WalUr Barry was playing in 
his father's barn with a hay cutter, 
and his hand slipped through the fe^d 
cbuta. Oaa of the fingers on his left 
hand was saMplstely sararad hatwaaa 
tht flrat aad aacoad polnta. 

Dr. White was called and tried to 
hare the bones united by stitctingthe 
severed parts together, but failed. As 
a last reeort, before entirely amputat- 
ing the Anger, the surgeon removad 
tha hoaa hatwaaa tha Irat and second 
leiata aad ^wad tha aacretiobs of 
the body «• in tha ipaaa. pracUeally 
growing a hoaa hi piaaa aC tha cm i»- 

I'v* loi-kod th« door 
upon tha all. 
thfv're waltlns 
on the walk— 
The man to teach 
ma how to 
breathe, tha one* 
whn teaelMStfJk, 

T)ie «n ? Wbo gMT- 

anteae to give a 
gracafui, easy 

And all the other 
speotelMs; m 
laave them there 
to wait. 
T-m Ured. tired, tired 
-•ad their books 
are on the abelf. 
And for to-day rm 
golnc to be Bsy 
simple, awkward 

I Khali not draw my 
br i»th Just ao 
Hti.l hold It tvhila 
1 .'lunt; 

o ni t care how 
murli I breathe, 
nor measure tha 
rm aimply soing xa 
take my breath 
SO that It geU In- 

The yearning ef my araeclas tsr a reel 

won't be denied. 
O. what relief to draw a breath and noi 

think of the rulea 
For braathlng from the diaphi-asm, as 

ordered by the achoolat 

To-day I shaU not talk just so-X shall 

not plaee my tows 
So that I fset a tremor In the mtle aasal 


i n vocalUe to ault mysolf. I'll turn my 
larynx loose 

And let It ahuttle up and down and sim- 
ply raise the de w ee 

Tha elorution teecber (sat bsrs npoa tbe 

Aad I iatend to have a s pree a hagaal 


To-day I win not hold my chin at Just 

the right deirree • 
Nor keep my belt -line gathered la sad 

balance from my knee; 
I'll walk Juat any way I please.' lat-foot- 

fA. pigeon-toed. 
Ox any way I feel Inclined tliat Isn l a 
la mode. 

I'll drag my ff-et. I'll ahuffle them. I'll 

Bt'-p iin ti'O ■ r ti' 'l— 

And would ti.Ht I h id words ta teU the 

thrill of joy I feci: 

rm Independent for a dayt I Will not 

hold the thought. 

I will r ot worry my poor brain by think- 
ing as I ouifht. 

I will not plumb my consciousness, aor 

' turn my ••(To on — 

I Aha! I looketl out.«i ! - and SOW my teach- 
ers all l.ail ijor.i': 
I I'm tired, tired. tlr d— and their Iwoks 
aie on tl.i- ahrlf, 
Aad for to-day at least I'll be my simple, 
awkwaro self I 



(C iiitinU'-d from p. l) 

The Minutes reproduced below 
are only partial, and are pub- 
lished mmly ss a beginning. 
Bvery deUfl of the conference 
will be covered exhsnstlMly, 
and in due course of tira#^ will 
be presented f«»r your perusal. 

This preliminary statement i.«= 
to draw your attention to the d«  
termined efforts of your com- 
mittee in yortr behalf, and to 
4ntm you to renewed Tijrilance 
and energry in bringing pressure 
upon C jn^ress. 

The reports and mii.utes of 
this CO iference will goto more 
newspipers, more farmers and 
more American readers genemlly 
thtn thereio.tof in/ p eieiing 
L 8islative fann««' conference 
I estimate that in the neighbor- 
hood of 600 papers will be pub- 
lished complete or summariztti 
stories of the conference at.ti 
Minut !S. Therefore, it is incum 
bent upon us to be exacMy fair 
in the face of this tremendous 
pablicity. So that if any Con 
gressinsn thinks he has been 
misr.-pre.setited or treated Unjust- 
ly, or should say so, you n.a\ 
know for your own protect' n 
that th»»3e Minutes are testiried 
to l y numberless witnesses. 

Mr. Fanner, you should realize 
from the fruits of this confer- 
ence, now manifested and to 
.•ome, that you are the mcst 
powerful factor in An.trica. if 
,uu only v.aRe to that fttct. Va- 
:ng your power through organi- 
zation, and justly, you can Rive 
without any trouble these great 
refmna for which we are striv- 
ing. It is only necessary that 
v  u make your determination 
plainly iiriiieriitood. in a business 
A'ay free from prejudice or pas- 
sion. Chakles S. Barhett, 

Waahingtoa.D. C, Feb. 7,1910 

Chlnsse Secret Societiee in Java. 

An ordinance Just paased in Java 
falls heavily upoa Chinese societies 
to NatharlaaSs. Mia. A tea of ICS 
gulldars or thraa maths rlgorooa ^ 
prisonment is the penalty for every 
Chinaman found In possession of se- 
cret society documents or emblems 
or caught wearing tliil SlatiagMlahlag 
marks of tbssf QSgbaisaUoas. 

Those who preside over the meetings 
of such abcieties, allow meetings to 
l « held In their bouses or fail to In 
ioTia the authorities of 8u  li gather- 
logs being held Incur similar penal- 

who laef aH tm thaaa sodatlaa, 
thaai with moaay or giva than 
half is aar war. I 


Cured Hen af Daaira to Sat. 

A Marion (O.) woman baa discov- 
ered an original practice for breaking 
bens of the practice of batching, ra- 
9mm»m m iiiiMsgi. whish ia aa al» 
tashlnasg ssathod o( prarantlaa. Tha 
woman had such s hen, which she put 
to set ou a nest of twu chiDa eggs 
aad an ordinary alarm clock with the 
alarm set. When ihe alara. went off, 
tha haa came off the nest with a dut* 
tar uU ahrtaklag that dlstarbag tha 
asHira aslihfcwrhnni Tha haa haa 

Oe Ner lye. 
H-agg-HofftMs slpaat e 
waeat ItT 

■ aaag— What was It? 

TVaiS • woBiaa ha4 bar aye oa a 
asat aatf a maa sat Sowa oa lt~ 

'Ti* ■urnmer. aad the drsamlna sky— 
'Who raised that wtadowT What a 

la sailed by doudships that beat by 

In arsoalea of tasy craft— 
(Put on more coal: The flrs's 'moitt 

And I an chilUns to the bone^) 
I'rnm far fields ,'.-omM a sleefal shout 
That OB the vacrant wind is blown 

The roses blase with royal red 

A-blush with kiaaas of the bees— 
(Say. shut that door!)— By fairies led 

The sephyrs play ameas the trees 
All thmuah the drowsy hush of noon. 

And forest ahadows now entice 
Tlkf perfume btrarlaa slavee of June— 

tGri^at Scott: My fingers are like 

The ftfiiften Rlimmer of the wheat 

l« 8.^ A ahitfid of beaten (old: 
I'hr niinniiine slaneee. far and fleet— 

( U'o  h ' O-mun-nee! But it la 

Th - silver rivulet leaps oa 
I'nflliiiting jewels as It slnss 

•  f dusky night aad JeirM «aw»- 
lOiKh' How that fish J cbllblaln 

Anil through the window, open wide, 
With draperies but faintly stirred 

Th. r.- ..mee a asuraiar, soMjr sighed. 
Th of soiae tar. gladsome 

t .f! 

V • ■■ vmi'itlts tiod unil Bwuy, 

: ..l.'lK.ns k'"*^' siiblini - 
il I! i.iivr Id frees.- mvsflf lo- lay 
To get (tils p«em donr on turn   

T»i« shad'iws lengthen on the gr^m 
Tt.e Hi;;. I .iupiile^ ,.-.r \h- 


(What? Kurnaie out? Turn on tl.« 
gas' I 

The lines sway In th  liafv n iok. 
And Ibis is n'Id.lle Jun.-, uu^i I 

Mar sit and wall li t)ic aunsliim 
p jur   
(Hey. tlicre: l o you want nic to db-' 

Vm eeid as ice. Oe. stiut (bo doort  

wiuniR D. KBsarr 

Contest Closes March 15. 

The correspoiidciil*' c o n t e .s t 
will positively close March IS st 
noon. The votirg has been heavy 
for the past two weeks, and it isnp 
to you to get busy if you wish to 
•secure one of the three prizes 'of - 
feretl, any one of which in \vt.ll 
.V )rth trying for. Just think of 
the one yoii want, aiiil llit.ii ^how 
the other con'.estaDt.s by your tf 
forts that you mean to M'in it- 

The first prixe is a beautiful bed 
room suit, valued at iSO the sec- 
otid prize is a scholarship in Draug- 
h n's Business College; the third 
jiri/j is a hand.some gold watch 
 ■ iliR(l at $25. 

These prizv.'s will soon Ik; on tx 
libitioti ill one of Li Center s iju i 
■ iie-s h'UiS' ?-. \'otts will be count 
.'(1 by three disinterested judges 
I 11 mediately after noon on the date 
ii;!ntioned. You may bo one of 
' t It . 
M2   » 


-he winners. Following 
^•a;i iiiv 'if the- C')ntL-^t.iii'.  
(na Kf'iley.' Heath, 
itfatrice Cii.^^p. Almo. 
f^Roy Child re.s.s. Kevil. 
♦lintiie Lyell, Hickori G 
jolda Fraaher. Paducab, 
lessie Grace. Kevil. R. 1. 6499 
[cy Shain. RrcMkiyn. 6600 
V!ary Tiioma.-;, M;irion, 5400 
:«'lora Hou.stoii. CiH msv illt- 2125 
Cssie M.vens. Wicklifr.', V.m 
L.illian Rairiand. Storic Cor., 11-0 
Louise Copeland, Barlow, 
LAura Jones, Br ansburg, 

King. Wheatcroft, 
kittle Arivett. R. R. 1, 
v-jliier Wayne, Waverly. 
[joVdL May Ivey, Maxon. 
(nez William.'^. Bari(Jai.a, 
!i^ura Rigg. Calhoun, 



Aa la Slaeaei 

Wk*. true t« his title, had baea bad. 
The OM Mas of the iea 
Bald; "riay donkey fnr lae"— 
ie peer Blabail. wbe'd bMS bad, was ir 

An editor approached St I'eter 
it the Golden Gate aud }u.r.dir.g 
him a long liat of delinquent HUb 
scribers said: "Look this list over 
carefully, and see if any of these 
I fellows have Hneaked throuKh the 
I nearly ffatis " "No." said St 
j Peter, "there are none of them in- 
I side, hilt a 1'. . low slipinil thrDiiKli 
I hire tin. ollu r il:iv who Uxik \\h 
pai  .r f' T a .\i-ir witln'iu puitiK 
for it, and the | o. iiiii.istei iii.iik 
it re'iis-d. hut a'e aftii him. 
and whi-ii caiiKht he will l o euii 
sit(iu-d to the pl ice whcrr he prop- 
erly l elongH He is meaner than 
.vin the delinquent subac:ibcr, 
4u4 Iwawn ia aol kia hcuae. " 


(Continncd from pnRc 7) 

Preiiiient I'arrf^tt. — VVc Have 
with us tonight Mr hpight of 
Mississippi and Mr. Hardwick of 
( eorgta. Wc will be very glad to 
hear from you gentlemen. The 
only thiiiK under consideration ie 
Some bill for the prevention of gam- 
bling in farm products. Mr. Spigfat. 
do you thtuk we ate oatlit right 

Mr. Sf.ight — "In the suppree- 
-y\i n » f fill nre jJt.nlitiK.*" 

Presi(Uiit liarrett — "Yei--, sir." 
Mr Spiijht. — ' I do, iiuU-e*!. 1 
liave thoiiKht so for a lonn time 
I notici- the rcsilutifnis that were 
adopted by the Alabama delegation 
today. I think I can pledge you 
that every member of the Miasis- 
nippi delegation, in both Htmse 
itid Sei ate. wruld be In bcarty 
svnipathy w'th yon. I do not 
know anything to the contrary 
and every t xpres ion I have ever 
hi aril has luf. n of that sort." 

Fr s' ii:it Har'-itt. — ' We would 
iif iiiiL:ln - ^lad to ha\e a stijiK^'' 
tion from you :iiid Mr Hardwick. 
Voii li uf hc.-ii hereijtiite a while." 

Mr. SpiKlit. — "Ifyou want vjtne- 
th'.iiK in tile form of a resolution, 
[ do not think there will be any 
trouble about getting if. I know 
I can speak for the membership of 
the House from Mississippi. They 
are all he re e-xct pt one. and I am 
sure that he wouI l he just as loyal 
;in\- • f lis — .Mr. Byrd. I know 
!!ow h - fed-  ut it There ism, 
i|in.stiun l)i;t that 'Jie Mississippi 
Represfnt.iti vc s will he with you. 
af.d I thii k tile Senators. I do 
no* think there 's any doubt about 
it. I feel sure about Senator Mon 
ey . and I feci the same way as 
to his colli ague." 

Pres. Barrett. — "I hope you 
gentlemen will not hesitate to tell 
us what you think would be best 
to do. Last night we had Mr. 
Scott with us, and beseemed to be 
very K-ad that we were here to help 
him with his hill. " 

Mr. Hnidwick.— "That is ex 
actly the reason I came here." 

Pres. liiirrctt.— "That is Chair 
man Seott. you iinderstand." 
Mr. Hardwick. "Yes." 
Pres. H.irrelt: "Then there wa.« 
Mr. Plu;:d( y of Vermont, Howell 
of Utah, Senator Clapp, add a 
great number from a majority of 
the Northern States, that is tb* 
Noith a: d Middle West. We had 
one oi two from cut in the direction 
of tlx !' aific Slope. Just talk to 
us ot e cf the family." 

Mr. Il inhvick of Georgia. — "I 
will -;i.\ a few words. In the 
first tlicre will nf)t be the 
slightest difficulty in ).;etting the 
Georgia (K it Ration in CoOf^ress to 
iin uimiKtisly pass a resolution like 
l!ie .M.ibama people did, if yon 
w III' it done. iVe would be very 
glad lo do it, and wotUd like to 
have some sugg« stion along that 
line If yon want these States, I 
think I can have it done, because 
I have disctia^ed this queMion with 
members of both house*. 

The rc are some practical d i Sic u 1 
ties that I want to suggest, and I 
would like to hear from aomc of 
y 'U in r- gard to them. 

"I do lidt think th- re is a tneml)cr 
 •:' C' 'iitfrt ss, ceriaiiily not from 
ntluri St.ite who is not in 
heart V ^e^' rd w ith any prop -sition 
that will stop the future gambling 
in agricultural products, corn, 
wheat. c« tton, and anything eUe; 
but the question in my own mind 
!- this. Whether or not in any of 
h.e bills that have already been 
^iiK'gested the provisiona contained 
in them are li.ible to do some harm 
. Siloiig certain line!* That is what 
, I want Ut a^k \ i-i; ^'eiitknien alx)Ut 
' I «lo iii.t ki.ow \x hi ther it is true 
lor not. but ilure are a gfj«jd many 
r'.'t.ton Siij'ii- in f''i(.rj;ia, in my 
d;s»riet ai.i! l.r. i:^;!,uiit ('iiOi;,'i,t. 
who c!; ini 'lui if Ug.hlation pa.ssed 
I by Congress is so drastic as tu pre- 
' vent them from covering, as they 
11 it, agaitHt purchases they make 
,:roni the farmers who bring their 
cotton to town tbey will not be 
I able to buy cotton all; that if 
'the rtsult of any measure yon gen- 
Itlemeii agreed on, and that wc all 
should pa^s. is to reduce the num 
bir « f tj;i\i.i-^ :i tc i lily on the in- 
jterior, ami '.hfil/y le -eii coniiK.ti 
lii ion .'ii.iong th(.ni, it might be 
I that it would do some harm. 

"I do nut say this as mv own sug 
gC'^tion; I do nut kiiow that it is 
I M). Hut that il* one question, one 
difficult V, that has been calltd to 
my attontioo. I do twt know ex 
actly where we ought to draw the 
line. For instance. I have sub- 
mitted Mr. Scott's bill to a num- 
ber of the b St cotton men in Ocor 
gia. in diiTmeiit parts of the State, 
and some ' t tliem sav that if it t!ii\ will not l c able, as 
tli.y t)iiv cotton fioni day today, 
to ^^il .i ;.iiiisl It ill Ni w York.uiid 
that if ihey aic not able to do that 
th  V w ill not be able to Uqr at all 
What do yuu tbiuk.^ 

Pii!iid«nt Barrett.— " Oe yOll 
mean the local buyers?" 
Mr Uardwick "Yei.ilr. Ver 

instance, I will give you the infor- 
mation I obtained frooi one gentle- 
man with whom I bad a long dia- 
cussitMi. He is one el the biggest 

cotton men, Mr. Pope, of Augusta. 

He has his buyers scattered 
throughout Georgia, and he says 
he would noi buy for a minute 
unless he could protect himself 
against the fluctuations of the 
market He says il is not gam 
bling in bis case, but legitimate 

' 'I do not express the opinion that 
he ia fight about it. I do not say 
that any oL' these gentlemen are 
right. But I want to know from 
yon,, as ^vactical knners, if there 
is anything in that centcnliou. 
e e e e e 

■'I can o ily tell y.DU that I have 
never been in the cotton business 
myself. Although I live right ii; 
the cotton belt, outside of one city 
iu my district, everything done is 
cotton- There are a number of 
cotton bii\crs in niy ('.istrict who 
claim thi v have no regular connec- 
tion with ary expoiiers or with 
any shippers, but that they bu\ 
.and then cover in New York . Then 
they look np a pnrchaser. * * 
* I am ia stich hearty sympathy 
with the main object you are seek, 
ing to accompHah  I do not know 
whether there is any danger of that 
sort or not. If there is none, I 
do not think there can be the slight- 
est objection to the legislation you 
ofTer, IjecauRc there in no doubt 
about the fact that it has been de 
cided in its efTtct upon the pro 
iliicer. It is the most fruit fnl 
.source of crime, ruination, suicide 
ind so forth in the south." 

Mr. Spight: "Have you heard 
cotton bnyfra express that opinion?' 

Mr. Hardwick: "Oh, many." 

Mr Spright: "I have heard 
just one or two advance thai idea 
The great majority of thep) take 
the other view of it." 

Mr. Hardwick: '*I ()o not think 
they are tel^sh in it, the men 1 
have ii. mind, because they say 
that some legislation of this kind 
ought to be passed They claim 
to be opposed to gambling, pure 
ai:d simple, on cotton, and they 
only say that we ought to draw this 
line between what is legitimate and 
illegitimate future transactions." 

Mr. Spight: "We have either 
1 1 prohibit it abteltttcly or not at 

Mr. Hardwick: "That is the 
difficulty in drawing the line. I 
am afraid if we draw the line as 
close asaomcoltlieni think it ought 
to be drawn, that everything will 
go thr«nigh- That ii  the difficults 
.about the proposition. I am not 
Mire ni self ululher there is any 
such thing a.s legitimate future 
operations in cotton." 

Mr. Weill; "No, sir." 

Mr. . Hardwick: "Ther claim 
it u necessary for the business in- 
terests of the country that there 
should be some, but I can not jec 
why it is." 

Mr. Brooks: "It is absolutely 
impossible to draw the line you re- 
fer to." ' 

Mr. Hardwick: "I an afraid it 
if , and I will tell you why. I have 
been trying for three or four years 
to draw a bill myse'f thai would 
draw the line, but I can not succeed 
iu doing it; in getting a bill that 
will not be so loose that ii Icoks 
like anything will get by. If you 
do not want to draw that line, you 
can draw the bill in one-tenth of 
the words that has been considerc d 
That is, by following the lines oi 
the Loni a!ia Lottery bill and pro- 
hibit the whole thing. That bill 
has Inren approved by the Supreme 
Court and has passed all the tests. 
Therefore, if yon want to go fur 
thcr, yon can draw soch a bill. 
That is my view. Of course, there 
may be no real danger in what I 
have suggested. I have ofT.rv.d it 
jin absolute good faith, and not as 
its advocate; it is simply what has 
been told me." 

I Pres. Barrett: "We. appreciate 
that, too. If we ate not on aafe 
grovnd, we woo^ like to know it. 

We will not consider that you are 
against us, because you bring up 
'any objeitional features. ' 

Mr. Brooks: "Di l you ever 
trace that saying that the man who 
hcdgee «akca to the loter, and 
cantWw Ua weMwe ia thia traas- 

Mr. Hardwick: "Who loses?" 
Mr Hiooks "Who i, under 
obligation to furnish the lo^s that 
this man saves?" 

Mr. Hardwick: ' ' I admit I waa 
Ml leeUi« at it fren that alaad' 
petal. Ulhneiaanythiaff la the 

contention that it would matcrinlly 
reduce the numlM-r ui competing, 
sure-enough buyers, it nii^ht fall 
on the cotton producers. ' 

Mr. Brooks: "Do those local 
buyers, that you speak of, furnish 
the market fw.ootton?" 

Mr' Hardwftkt "They do id my 
town, I know " 

Mr. Brooks: "Have you traced 
the source of the demand for eot* 

Mr. Ha;dwick: "No. Here is 
the poiiit they make. They say 
they would not take the risks of 
the fluctuations of the market for ) 

the margin of prOf!t there is in it, ^ 
unless they could cove.-. Here is 
the proposition: Some of them 
say — whether truthfully or un- 
truthfully, I do not know; and .1.. 
do not know how much Setfiahilieity^ 
there is in it—that if we fix it so 
they can not sell in New York, they 
will not buy." 

Mr. Brooks: "Would that cut 
us out of the market for cotton?" 

Mr. Hardwick: "No, sir; not 
permanently, right away. Bnt, if 
that contention is trtu , there are a 
consideraUe nntther of bnyera 
scattered throughout the country, 
and it might have the effect that, 
next fall, '.vhen the fanners come 
to them to market their cotton, they 
might not find any buyers " 

Mr. Brooks: "Would it not be 
better to the farmer to regulate hia 
supply by the demand, inatead ef 
dnmpinff all his eottoa en the mar* 
ketin the fall?" 

Mr. Hardwick: "Undonbtcdly." 

Mr. Brooks: "Would it not 
have a tenc' to bring that 
about ^" 

Mr. Hard nick: "It might; but 
it would be pfetty hard o^ him for 
awhile, at least. If a farmer coMM 
in the fall, in my county, andean 

not get money for his - otton, I 
would hate to be at his mercy when 
election time comes, if he felt that 
I had had anything to do with 
bringing about that situation. Let 
me «^ yon thia qtication: If the 
f ttthre market were entirely abolish- 
ed, would it injtirioaaly aficct the 
price of spot cotton?" 

Mr. Neill: ' 'No, sir." 

•Mr. Hardwick: "Vou think it 
vvouid hi.lp it?" 

Mr. Neill: "It would help it. 
H^re is the main thing that b min  
ing the Sontltern farmer, and has 
destroyed the Southern merchant 
and the banker. '^'(JU rtali/e that 
the business of the nurch iiit de- 
jKiids upon the fanner." • • • 

Mr. Hardwick: As I said, I 
am very glad, indeed, to be with 
jroH. I doubt if there is a man in 
the House who feels more deeply 
upon this subject, and who would 
go further in regard to it. I am 
thoroughly with you. .MI of our 
Georgia meiiil ers arc with you- 
Further, I was tall ing, only this 
evening, to both of our Senators, 
and they said that they w^ lor 
this proposition." (Applause ) 

IRm Hecie Show* 

The lianiiaiia Kacirg Club will 
give  ls aiiinial horse and jack show 
at the Bandana I'air (Jrounds, 
some time tluring the month of 
March. Kach horse and jack own- 
.■r will be notified by letter. All 
stock-owners aad all citizens in- 
terested in the improvement of 
stock ire cordially invited to be 
present, as it is intended to have 
all stock in Ballard County reprO" 

The track will be put in first- 
class shafKr, and all wishing to 
show thtir -tfnjk in harness will 
have a goo l place in which to ex- 
liibit them, and those wishing to 
show t j halter can do so. 

This notice is given in time for 
all horsemen to have their stock in 
good shape to step some if necca- 
aary. Tlw me eti ng will be held^ 
ea«|y in March aa the weather will 

Baitdaiia RACtwo Club  
♦ • 

If you wan^ your picture to 
appear in our Tromii.ent in 
Union Circles" column pleaise 
i«id your photo to thia office at 
once, together with |t19 !• 
payfercttt, Ltlar en t h a m p ti 
aretotMf jMii ii^a history of the 
unioii ^ Kentucky, announce* 
ments for which will be 
ia theae columns in March. 


Liberty (La Center, Ky.), 1910-02-16

8 pages, edition 01

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 Local Identifier: lac1910021601
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  Published in La Center, Kentucky by Liberty Publishing Co.
   Ballard County (The Jackson Purchase Region)