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date (1870-07-20) newspaper_issue CHRISTIAN OBSERVER    RirKimoncl  V ol  XLIX  No      LOU IS VI LLE  WEDNESDAY  JULY 20  1870      FREE CHRISTIAN COMMONWEALTH    Louisville   Vol  V  No         e V           CHRISTIAN OBSERVER     COMMONWEALTH      K li tom      FREE CHRISIAN   A  CONVERSE  l   D  t  BEV  F  B  COSVAKSK      PRIXCIPA L OFFICF    Na M Main St   between Second and Third  LOUISVILLE  Ky   branch office    No  1214 Main Street  corner of Thirteenth   RICHMOND  Va    rw For terms  Ac   see foot of fourth page of this   1  partment      tfljmtinn  bscruer    AND FREE CHRISTIAN COMMONWEALTH      ern press to correct the misstatement  The  overture was kindly and courteously re   ceived   the Committee sought for confer   ence  was appointed   and that Commit   tee is waiting  and no doubt ready to meet  the Committee from the North  which was  discharged shortly after the de egates re   turned  should it ever be re appointed   And  we trust  that our Church  by   pure   ness  by knowledge  by long suffering  by  kindness  by the Holy Ghost  by love un   feigned  by the word of truth  by the pow   er of God  by the armor of righteousness on     deed true  men I would cordially embrace I to extend any courtesies to the delegates  them   Men wish to know before they act  I from the Northern Assembly would per   God says no  Act   mate your lives true       be earnest in all your life  Do the right  that is kuown to you and   you shall  know whether the doctrine be of God   It  is by right action that faith is made strong  and man is prepared to know the truth      WEDNESDAY  JULY 20  1870      C  C  W      G  C  C      Contents of the Religions Department    Article   smToalALS  Author   Page    Wbatls Truth      The Louisville Assembly     Controversy Predicted     Dr  Dabney s Letter to Dr   an Dyke   j   Dr  Lyon s Speech 1   OORKSSPOtiDENCK    Our English Letter   Once a Month   Letter Irom Dalton  Geo     The Old Question   Baal or God      COMMUNICATIONS    The Lord s Prayer Norman      The Christian Race     i   The Brolsed Reed and Smoking Flax        1  M     SELSCTIONS    The Evangelical Alliance     The Source of Pulpit Power     W ashing the Disciple   Feet     A Blessed Jntimac  Meditating on the   Advice to Ministers      Can t Find Time   Sabbath Law Unconstitutional   ruing Sense ol Justice     The Hawaiian Jubilee     Future Punishment 4   TUK BOMS CIRCLE    Whos   Ami  Poetry       Speak Gently   Prayer without Ceasing   The Deacon and the Miller     THE LOUISVILLE ASSEMBLY   We have on our table several communi   cations on the course adopted by the Lou   isville Assembly with reference to the  the right hand and on the left  by honor overture from the Philadelphia Assembly  and dishonor  by evil report and good re  f or Correspondence  Most of our corre   port   will commend the spit it of peace 8 p 0 ndents cordially approve of its action  and the truth to the Northern Church aDd courteous  manly  dignified  Christian    to the world  One  a very highly esteemed Christian  A  10 Northern church    i brother  laboring on the borders  thinks     WHAT IS TBUTH1  with Lyon that our Assembly was not   Jesus did not answer this question when j sufficiently courteous in its response   that  asked by Pilate  whose skepticism was no  it should have appointed a committee to     A Blessed Intimacy jj     Truth 4            I   4     ticed in our column s last week    If a minister were to take this question  a text  some of his hearers would think  his duty to present a statement of the  truth in the form of a few propositions   If a minister were to treat it in this way   he might give his audience the poor frag   ments of the truth which his own mind  could grasp and call it the gospel  the     s   3   3     H  C  K  3     The Memories of childhood        HOW to be Charitable     Reproved by a Child     Parental Responsibility   DoAlg God s Will   RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE    Death of Rev  Dr  Kingsbury  Death of Rev  J  F   Watson  Rev  Thus  R  Welcb Abtngdon Pres    bytery  Ac   Ac   Miituion  Deaths and obituaries   Ecclesiastical Notice   ADVERTISEMENTS      3 4     DR  DABNEY S LETTER TO DR  VAN DYKE    A pastor in Eastern Virginia says in a  recent letter to the editors     Dr  Dabney s  letter is nobly written   Another excellent  pastor in East Tennessee  writes under  date of July 14th   The paper ofDr Dab     ney in your last is just the thing that is    wanted  It gives me new light  and I m    grateful to you for its publicatiou  Can t    w    have 5 000 or 10 000 copies printed     d given to our churches   It seems to     me it ought to be done  and poor as 1    am  I feel like pledging half the cost of    publication   In another letter from  New York  the writer says   The paper  with Dabney or  Van Dyke came to hand  and is making a noise  We want more of  them  Can it be thrown in a tract form     I would like  10 worth  and Colonel    would like  10 worth   It is now asked     Can it not be published in pamphlet     We answer  yes  and if those calling  for it will immediately advise us what  sums they will pledge for  50  100 or 500  copies  it shall be done as soon as practi   cable          m m m   CONTROVERSY PREDICTED   It haB been predicted that there is to be  much controversy resulting from differen  ces of opinion  touching the course taken  by our late Assembly on the Overture from  the Northern Church for correspondence  The prophecy  we trust  is apocbryphal  Not that we regard disagreement in all   cases as an evil  Disagreement in opin  ion  and even controversy is refreshing  when two brethren discuss a given ques  tion and lovingly compare their views to  find out the truth  But controversy is  wretched thing when it is merely an at  tempt to prove another wroDg  We do not  know of any one in our Church who wish  es to engage in a debate of this kind    Our Church has a far more important  work in hand  As a Church  we occupy  a wide and noble field   which  if duly cul  tivated  will yield abundant harvests  It  ueeds many laborers  To speak without  figure  we need not only minister   but  more prayer   fervent  importunate prayer  more self denying effort and larger offer  ings to the Lord s treasury to extend the  blessing of a preached Gospel  And are  there not thousands in the Church  who  will practice self denial and make far  larger offerings to God than heretofore  in  time and money as well as in prayer and  effort  to aid the cause of Sustentation and  Missions and eyery other evangelical work  of our Church  With such work on oar  hands  we cannot afford time for contro   versy    And in regard to our Northern brethren   we need not have any controversy with  them  The only defence our Assembly  needs touching its course on the overture  for correspondence is a simple statement of  facts   of the things done  This  we think   is the only argument required in the mat   ter  And  we trust  that the misstatements  that have been repeated will at length be  corrected in the minds of thousands at the  North  In the words of the Southern Pres   byterian    it is not true  as been repeated  over and over again   that the Southern As     sembly rejected the overture for friendly    correspondence with the Northern   This  statement is not true  nor is it based on  truth   and we will yet hope for magna   nimity enough connected with the North      consider the question of official correspon  dence without making any reference to  the difficulties of the past  Another  who  is also highly esteemed  and some of whose  remarks we subjoin  also thinks the  Assembly erred  but that its error was in  exactly the opposite direction  He writes      It seems to me that its proper course  would have been that adopted by our  Methodist friends at Baltimore when a     haps have provoked expressions as bi ter  in the Northern Fresh  te iin as in the  Northern Methodist church  An unquali   fied acceptance of their invitation would  have fully developed the fact which Dr   Van Dyke plainly intinrated that the    Northern church had no purpose of ad   mitting any wrong on their part in the  past to be apologized for now  or to be  guarded against in the future  and that  this initiatory step towards union contem   plated merely the absorption of oar owi  body  The middle course  adopted by our  Assembly  viz   the exhibition of ever   possible courtesy to the representatives of  the assurance of  none but kind and Christian feelings  and  the acceptance of their invitation to a  conference  guarding it hv a candid state  menf of the difficulties that separate us    difficulties which could not be ignored    will probably prove to have been w iser  than either ot the extreme courses urged  upon it     truth  and require his hearers to receive it i 3 j m ii ar proposition came to them from the  on peril of their salvation    Then they who lean on other minds  would leave the church bigoted   and they  who think would go home smiling bitterly   perhaps sarcastically  doubting whether     Northern Methodists  accompanied too  as  in our case  with delegates who expected  to be heard on the floor of the Confer   ence    Our Southern Methodists seem to have  better understood the parties with whom  they were dealing and did not allow them   selves to be drawn into an aw kward posi   No says the preacher   the answer to J tion  They simply permitted the overture  cannot be compressed to be read and then in as few words as pos      the truth can be found      whi  ll imp v needles  submission   Dr   Cuyler  of New York  who is considered  the most spiritual minded minister of the  North  and whose writings are  without  doubt  humid with the unctuous moisture  of a spiritualized and spiritualizing sanc   timony  is a rabid and violent political par   tizan  I see no reason why a minister  should not he an ardent and enthusiastic  patriot  but I see numberless reasons why  his religious duties should not be modified  and subordinated to his patriotic zeal  and  why his fidelity to his Lord and Master   hould not be overridden by the excessive  fervour of an ultra political partisan spirit    Oncm a Month    July lira  1870      Pilate s question  into a sermon   or into a few columns of a  newspaper  No verbal form can give a  full idea of the truth  Think you that if  Christ could have answered the question  few sentences he would have spent  thirty years in witnessing to it   The  truth is infinite as the firmament above  you  In childhood both seem near and  measurcable   but with years they grow  and grow and seem farther off  and farther  and grander  and deeper and vaster as  God himself  till you smile to remembsr  how you thought you could touch the sky   and blush to recollect the proud  self suf   ficient way you used to t ilk of knowing or  preaching the truth     The truth in religion is a life like  Christianity itself  It is hod 3 character   the Divine life in the soul  How can  this spirit  character  life  be defined in  ten words  or ten thousand   The truth  which Pilate  needed   which you want  and I want  is not the boundless verities   but the truth of inward life  The percep   tion of your relations to God  your spirit   ual poverty  and of the excellence  glory   and grace ot Christ  faith in him as the  light of the world  the only one that can  guide me safely amid the darkness in the  way everlasting and teach me  how to live  and how to die     How can you attain to the knowledge of  this truth   It will require independence   humbleness of mind  action  Let no one  imagine that independence savors of pre   sumption  Romanists greatly err who  think that Protestant independence is  pride and self reliance  It is in truth a  deep sense of personal responsibility and  a purpose to trust in God  and not in man   When walking among precipices and gla   ciers you choose your guide  but he will  not carry you  you must walk yourself  and use your own strength and tax every  nerve to avoid the perils of the way  This  is independence   decision of character     sible resolved that they were not prepared  to take any step in that direction at pres   ent and thus dismissed the subject without  even inviting the delegates to a seat on  the floor or permitting thaai to address  the Conference    Such a course on the part of our Assem   bly would have been more simple and dig   nified    It would have enabled us to pres  i t  that masterly silence which has maned j  our action for the last nine years in reier  i  ence to the Northern Assembly    But as the matter now stands they wii      garble and misrepresent our action and  they will iterate and reiterate their false  statements until the Northern people who  seldom see any of our papers will come to  believe that what their editors tell them is  all true    As to instructing our committee and send   ing out a manifesto to enlighten the world  in regard to our action and the reasons    for it  it was simply useless  What doe  j  the world care about us  or our actions  or    our views    They stood aloof from us in the time ot    our sore trial and calmly looked on wh ile    our homes were desolated    and sisters reduced to povel  now  if the fires of religio   were kindled against us tl_  on with equal indifference   course then would have been  quiet tenor of our way   cultivate our own field an  vors either from the North 1  portion of the outside world    Our brother is evidently not aware of  the bitterness  and rancor  and threat   with which the exponents of public feel   ing in the Northern Methodist church re   sented  the action of the Southern General  Conference to which he refers  Their po   sition was    Come  brethren beloved  and  be absorbed into our great and noble or   ganization   The Southern Methodist  church mildly but firmly declined  Then  the response was a reiteration of charges  as offensive as those made during the war   The Southern church was declared to be a  thoroughly corrupt church   sanctioning  the immoralities  if free love  etc   but it  was threatened that as they had been      edi         without a  particle of presumption or pride    s hipped politically  they must and shall      To know the truth requires humility   We must know that there is no infallibili   ty in man   that we are not infallible  and  that no council of men or angels can  make one infallible  We may err in our   selves   we are all miserable sinners  desti   tute of all righteousness  This one  thought is enough to keep us humble  Be  j     as a church  adopt the notion   of their  Northern brethren  The action of our  Assembly has provoked nothing from any  papers of the Northern Presbyterian  church quite as severe as the following  from Zion s Herald  a Boston organ of the  Northern Methodist church       The whole feeling of the Church South     Correspondence ol tbeooacrver auu I  Jill III in wealth   OUR ENGLISH LETTER    Bishops in Parliament   The Primate and Ir  fallibility  Lav Preachers in the Established  Church  A Union Mania in Ireland      A motion was sought to be introduced to  Parliament to relieve the bishops from at  tendance in the U pper House  but it wa   defeated by a small majority  The opin  ion is  however  gaining ground that the  bishops are very indifferent legislators and  ought not to be required to do Parliamen  tary work    jHxne of them are also very unprotest  ing Protestants  Bishop ElHcott wrote  tc the Archbishop of Canterbury a few  days ago requesting him call a meeting of  tlw  occupants of the Bench to record their  protest against the dogma of infallibility  proclaimed at Rome  Dr  Tait declined to  to the request of the Bishop of     ter  He thought it would not be  lent or necessary for the Bench to  igfartVre with Rome at the present time  i f   t s delicacy is puerile   but then the    i j t  r has always been pretty tolerant of     s    jd more so since his elevation to  tn  Primacy    Another bishop  Magee  of Peterbor   iAIs  si Irishman  and a most eloquent    Afi r   is very anxious that his right  i r   V brethren should be persuaded of  in    tillt   of employing lay taient on an      ve scale in the working of the  ehirefc  He publicly inducted a layman  week to the office of  Reader     took occasion to enlarge on the func     of the la ty  He considered that  y should ba employed to hold prayer    tiogs   exhort   and even preach in all  plsWs but the  parish church   None  treidhe o  gv had any right in these con   aiftrated buildings  Methodism is very  jf rd r  H on Dr  Magee s diocese  and he can  not but recognise the fact that lay preach   e   are largely employed by the various  aBchea ot Methodism and hence he has  been f untrained to the conclusion that  what is so useful under the control of the  irregular ministry of Methodism  might be  more useful under the supervision of  the regular clergy of the Established  Church Dr  Magee will possibly find   however  that lay preachers in general have  net that reverence for regularly constituted  ecclesiastical authority and prerogatives  imagines them to possess  and they  will be very impatient and restive  even  under a bishop s influence unless permit   ted to exercise more privileges than Bishop  Magee might be willing to allow    Several influential dignitaries of the  Irish Church  late established  are trying  to devise measures for absorbing the Prim   itive Wesleyan Connexion of Ireland  and  are also sanguine enough to hope  that the  Irish Church will also absorb the Presby   lexiaji  There is a regular union mania  abroad everywhere   an inordinate desire  to heal the divisions of Christendom by  one organic uniformity  Its divisions may  be healed more effectually by a less organ      sides  we are of yesterday and know is yet hard and hot against the national sen   notbing   And if God enlightens us to j timenU  It adjourns to commemorate the           l  t   Confederate dead  It puts Jen  Da i  id neaiea more eut uuauy uv aiwa uigau    see h s glory as  t shines in the face of Je  its platforul  on it8 chietseatof honor   1    Crgauic hug   ne ss 0 f operation   sus  even when thus taught  we but see though it is so tearful of being entangled r     through a glass darkly   we know only in in side issues that it refuses to appoint a   would oe too s  W or  iggressiv  part and in part prophecy  In this in  I Commitiee on Temperance lest it may  of our bolus It become  u  to bumble     t   T     ourselves and receive the truth in its puri   ty  just as God has revealed it    Action is essential to a knowledge of the  truth  This was Christ s rule for discover   ing truth    If any man will do His will  he shall know of the doctrine whether it be  of God   It is a plain  simple  a blessed  rule  intelligible to all  Here we are in a  world of mystery  where all is mystery  and much it dark   where a hundred jarr   ing creeds declare themseles to he the  truth  some of which appear very plausi   ble  How shall a man decide  Let him  do the right that is before him  Though  much is uncertain  yet many things are  clear  Whatever else may be wrong  he  knows it must be right to be pure  to be  just and tender  merciful  and honest  He  knows it to be right to obey and love God   to deny himself and love his neighbor   Let him do the will of God so far as it is  known to him  There are many who sav    If I could be sure of what is truth   if I  knew that the doctrines of Christ were in      a question  be equally   averse to expressing its views on divorce  and free love   or would if these evils  were popular iu the South  as the last  certainly was during the prevalence of sla   very  Its whole feeling and conduct to   wards the people of color are the very op    posit e of ours      These differences run yet deeper  Their  hearts are not as our hearts  They under   stand that  if admitted  they MUST ACCEPT  OUR ideas and usages  Their own notions   on which they have prided themselves so  greatly  must disappear  and the prevail   ing sentiments of the N  M  E  church  will subdue all their hostile traits to itself   No persons know this better than the lead   ders of the Church South  If two ride  the same horse one must ride behind   Messrs  Bond  Summers  McAnally  Mc   Ferrin  Marvin and othgr real leaders of  that church have no desire yet to dis   mount their sorry secession nags  bony  and starved though they he  and mount be   hind the victorious steed which for years they  mocked and sought to kill  They must be  indulged in a little more bitterness of spi   rit and make one new attempt to regain  the South to themselves     Its refusal by the Louisville Assembly     be   The number of sects might be reduced to  advantage  and should  but they cannot  be absorbed iD one ponderous ecclesiasti   cal organization  Much gladness possesses  the heart of Presbyterianism here over the  union of the two Schools in the United  Pirates  and Presbyterians hope that it may  be the precursor of the union of all the  Presbyterian bodies in the United States   If such a union  ould be effected without  compromises unnaturally forced  and there   fore  likely to produce irritations and in   harmony of heart and sympathy  which  jyould likely work out further divisions  it  would be very desirable  but otherwise it  should be deferred rather than effectuated   If the desire for union which pervades the    orthern ecclesiastical mind of the United  States  was purged of its political element   it would be justerin its ideas and demands   A politico religious idea for union involves    Af essarily involves demauds which  Southern ecclesiastical bodies cannot con   sistently recognize nor respect  It is im   possible for such men as Drs  Palmer and  Robinson to  mtertain proposals     Correspodeuce of the Observer and Commonwealth    LETTER FROM DALTON  GEORGIA   Dalton  Georgia   A Railroad Centre  The  Sceoery Around  The New Presbyterian  Church   Dedication Services   Sermon by  the Rev  John Jones  A Growing Church  The dedication of the new Presbyterian  Church at Dalton  Georgia  took place on  the second Sabbath in June  Perhaps  a  few thoughts in connection with that mem   orable and interesting occasion may not  be w holly unappreciated by the readers of  your valuable journal    Dalton is beautifully situated amid the  mountaius of North Georgia  iu a fair  valley running parallel with the Georgia  State Railroad  which at this point  is in   tersected by the Eftst Tennessee and  Greeuville  and Dalton  Rome and Selma  Railroads  The scenery here  contains  much of the sublime and beautiful in na   ture  and the country in and around our  little city is full of the glorious  foot   prints  ot the great Creator  We trace  them in the quiet landscapes  stretching  tar away over a wide undulating country  glowing with luxuriant vegetation  in sil   ver  murmuring cascades   and  farther   still  where peak upon peak of the distant  mountains rise  like everlasting pillars   bathed in the blue clouds of heaven    In this quiet inland town  with its pic  turesque surroundings  stands the newly  finished church alluded to  The building   though not a structure of magnificent  workmanship  is neat  pretty and graceful  in appearance  It is erected upon a fine  lawn or gentle eminence  the identical  gpot where the old and cherished house of  t Jod was saen are the wild war storm of  61  swept by  numbering it with the things  that were  When that sad  sad storm had   ceased  and white robed peace returned   our little band of Presbyterians assumed  the responsibility of erecting and paying  for a new church  This they did with  some misgivings as to the result  many  or  indeed all of them  having been greatly  impoverished by the war  But with the  cardinal virtue of patience to sustain them   and resting with a firm and unshaken re   liance on the blessing of God  they nobly  bore the burden  and finally  with grateful  hearts have been enabled to dedicate to  the Divine One this new and beautiful  temple    The dedication services were to have ta   ken place on Sabbath morning  but owing  to an incessant shower of rain that fell at  the appointed time  it was deferred until  night  As the day waned  the dark clouds  dispersed  the gales sighed themselves to  rest  and the distant chambers of the west  were curtained with the purple aud gold  of a royal sunset  The splendid radiance  trembled through the purified air  tipping  the tree tops and the mountain s  brow with  strange beauty  while like a joy it lay on  leaf and stream and flower    Rev  John Jones  of Griffin  Georgia   distinguished for his intellectual attributes  as well as goodness of heart  and the same  minister that organized this church twenty   two years ago  preached the dedicatory  sermon  It was a matchless discourse  full  of beautiful imagery  the godly fervor em   anating from the inspired heart giving to  the language itself a sort of lustrous glow   like the rich coloring of an Eastern land   scape    His reference to the early history of the  church   to the little band of members  present at its organization  only eleven in  number   to the triumphant and happy  death of four of them  among whom was  that good old   father in Israel   Elder  A  E  Blunt   was touching and impressive   bringing tears to the eyes of many in that  vast assemblage of attentive listeners  The  sermon  the dedicatory prayer  and the  deep  solemn notes of the organ  all com   bined  were sweet  soothing  heavenly  and  we doubt not  the membership of the Dal   ton Presbyterian Church will treasure up  in their hearts these beautiful  hallowed  scenes  and in years to come will love to  linger over such memories    This church is now in a flourishing con   dition   none more so in the Cherokee  Presbytery  The membership numbers  almost one hundred  earnest  devotod  uni   ted souls  The Sabbath school in connec   tion with it is well conducted and forms  one of its most interesting features    The minister  the Rev  A  W  Gaston  is  highly esteemed by his congregation   har   mony  peace and love form a connecting  chain between them  each link glowing  with unity and good will  Faithfully he     performs his Master s service  and with  earnest zeal points out the narrow path  wherein must walk the pure in heart   Gently he counsels and admonishes his  little flock  and  Sabbath after Sabbath he  impresses upon their hearts the scenes  that have transpired beneath the deep  blue of Syria s heaven  and reverts again  and again to the grand and controlling  events which have thrown such a halo  around Palestine  With pity and love he  points out to them the dark valley and  shadow of death  and the green pastures  and still waters beyond  to which the  Heavenly Shepherd leads all true believ   ers    Surely  his good deeds will live after him   and many stars will be added to his crown  of glory  C C  W      DR  LYON S SPEECH   We insert in the   Literary Depart   ment  of this number  a corrected report  of Dr  Lyon s speech on the subject of the  Conference proposed by the Northern As   sembly in regard to a correspondence be   tween that body and the Southern Assem   bly  A synopsis of this speech ap  eared  in our columns in connection with others   shortly after the adjournment of our As   sembly  and we regret that the report  then given was so imperfect  that Dr  Lyon  in justice to himself felt constrained to re   produce it  We cheerfully comply with  his request to place it before our readers    though  we think  the course advocated by  Dr  Lyon and the minority on the ques   tion  could not have changed the result   Had the Committee been appointed with   out instructions  no correspondence could  have been initiated   for it was very evi   dent that the Northern Assembly on the  return of its delegates from Louisville was  not prepared in mind to disavow the op   probioas epithets and injurious charges  against us on its records  It would not in   struct its Committee how to meet or re   move the difficulties in the way of Chris   tian correspondence  It  therefore  dis   missed its Committee      THE EVANGELICAL ALLIANCE    The London Christian World of June   the 17  says   The arrangementsarebe   ing matured at New York for the ap   proaohing meeting of the great Protes   tant Conference in that city  which is  to commence on the 22d of September   and continue to the 2d of Ootober  At  this meeting  representatives from the  Evangelioal Churches in all parts of  the world  are expected to be present    It is yet too soon to speak definitely  of all those who may take part in the  proceedings   but it is understood that  the Rev  Dr  Stoughton is to address  the Conferenoe on the religious  spirit   ual  and ecclesiastical relations be   tween the United States and the  British Empire  Rev  Dr  John Cairns  on modern infidelity  Dr  De Pres   sense  of Paris  on the Ecumenical  Council  Mr  Chas  Reed  M  P   on  family religion  Dr  James Me Cosh  on  Materialism and Positivism   Dr  Davis   on Christianity and the presa  Profess   or Woolsey  of Yale College  on the  constitution and government of the  United States as related to religion   Rev  Henry Ward Beeoher  on war and  its prevention  Count de Gasparin on  Christian philanthropy  Rev  Dr  Jos   eph Angus  of London  on vital union  with Christ  the basis of Christian  union  Rev  Dr  Steane  of London  oa  the present state of religious liberty in  the different nations of Christendom   Rev  John Gritton  of the Lord s day  Observance Society  London  on Sun   day laws  Rev  Dr  Mullens  Secetary of  the London Missionary Sooiety  on mis   sions among oivilized and uncivilized na   tions  Rev  Dr  Charteris  of Edinburgh   on territorial divisions of missionary  fields of labor  and Professor Tholuok   of Halle  Rev  Eugene Bersien  of  Franoe  Professor Revel  of Florenoe   Bishop Martensan  of Copenhagen  and  Dean Kind  of the Grisons  on the state   of religion in their respective countries   There will  in faot  be no lack of speak   ers or important topics  and the only  difficulty will be to find time for all to  be heard    The arrangements for the Conference  contemplate a voyage aoross the Atlan   tic at reduced fares  The Inman Ooean  Line have offered to oonvey the min   isters ef the different denominations to  New York and baok for twenty five  guineas as first class passengers  inclu   ding everything  being little more than  single fare  on the understanding that at  least 150 tickets are taken  The sum  of  2 000 will  it is thought  cover all  the liabilities connected with the un   dertaking  toward whioh about  800  has been received and promised   Among others expected to atteud the  Conference  in addition to those stated  above  we mention the Earl of Ca   van  Lord A  8  Churchill  Sir H  Ver   ney  Mr  W  8  Allen  M  P   Mr  Can   dlis  M  P   Mr  T  Chambers  M  P    Mr  R  N  Fowler  M  P   Mr  W  M Ar   thur  M  P   and Mr  R  Smith  M  P       CHRISTIAN OBSERVER AND Cl     WEALTH  JULY 20  1870         light  Observe the crowd thronging  through the doors  Ah   you see one  and another of those with whom you  i came to the table of the Lord  They  j are flocking in  shoulder to should   j er with the viciouB  the abandoned   the depraved  the worldling  That  temple belongs to the world  Its plea   sures are designed expressly to kill  time  The devil means them to kill  souls  and he does it  What are these  Christians doing there  Jesus never     For lie Observer and Commonwealth    THE OLD QUESTION    BAAL OR GOD 1   A New York clergyman was recently  put out of his church for drinking gin  and milk with some reporters after his  Sabbath morning s sermon  a tremen   mendous hullabaloo was raised over his  inconsistency by   the world    A preacher of a fashionable church goes there  It is the pleasure house of  was recently seen at the Opera  The   the world  the flesh and the devil  Are  man is a worldling and the people took j the opera and theatre going Christians      it easily    What if our minister had  been seen there    said a Christian to a  worldly member of a congregation whose  pastor is a consistent man of God    I  should never go into his church again    was the reply    It is a self evident truth  that the  world knows what a Christian ought to  be  Hence  its sneers at the miserable  shams of Christians  who  to day  are  frittering away their priceless time in  dress  in sickish fashionable babble   at  the theatre or opera   at dancing parties  and at cards    The world expects something widely  different from the followers of Jesus   It expects a man or woman  who pub   licly consecrates a life to Christ and  solemnly renounces the world  the flesh  and the devil  to right about face and  march ceaselessly  steadily  firmly and  unfalteringly along the self same path  which the once despised Master trod  before them      What difference does it make what  the world thinks    is asked  A great  deal  beoause  very decidedly Christians  are to be the burning and shining lights  in a world j f darkness  and if they let  the devil  maliciously snuff them out   they contribute the known quantity of  their lighted area to the kingdom of  darkness    The average Christian example is  pitiably weak  It would be far better  to train a child in absolute normal  worldliness  than to place it among pro   fessing Christians who dabble in creeds  and confessions and church services  but  whose essential life is drawn from that  very world  which they profess in form  to renounce  It is frightful to contem   plate the distorted ideas of religion  which thousands of young persons have  at the present time    Here is a Chiistian who takes his  quiet  toddy   at home every day  He  has a son ten or twelve years of age   After awhile  the very villainous smell  of liquor is detected in the boy s breath   In a few years  he is seen to stagger   The end of the little story is apparent    Here is a father  who keeps a billiard   table in his house  He has talked the   matter over with Mr  B   who is a   church officer  B laughs at the   idea of their being anything wrong in  it  He says he has one  finds it a fine  thing for his boys  etc  So the billiard  table goes in and the good angel goes  out  He tells us that the boys have  now  no inducement to play billiards  down town   thinks it a capital invest   ment  Perhaps  you go by that house     those who are growing in grace and  likeness to Jesus   Are they crucifying  the flesh with the lusts thereof   For  whatsoever is born of God  orercometh  the world   Worldly Christians  does  thistoucb you     Love not the world    neither the things that are in the  world     If any man love the world   the love of the Father is not in him      For all that is in the world  the lust  of the flesh and the lust of the eyes  and  the pride of life  is not of the Father   but is of the world    Does this cover the ground   It does    so completely  too  that you  very  worldly Christians  have no loop hole  to get out of the way of its searching  arm  Your position is unmistakeably  on the devil s side  It is the wrong  side to be on in this fight and you know  it  May God s Holy Spirit use these  poor words  to make you stop just  where you are and consider  Remem   ber  God s heaviest judgments were  written against His people  just for the     simple reason   not consider      that     my     people   G  C      For tie Observer and Commonwealth    THE LORD S PRAYER    First Petition   Our Father     IV  THE SONSHIP OF BELIEVERS      Our Father   teaches the sonship  of believers and that they should ad   dress and think of God as Father  This  is a precious truth and yet few  if any  of the systems of theology make it  specially prominent  We do not think  that there is or can be any other than  two systems of theology  the Calvinistio  and Wesleyan  the former beginning  with God  the latter with man  All  others must be comprehended in these  two  and if held as separate systems they  are only patchwork whose parts are  hung together without a support on  which to fasten the whole  And even  the Wesleyan stands on nothing  Grant  its premise  or its foundation  the abso   lute freedom of the creature  and logi   cally it will form a system that leaves  the sinner just at an infinite dis   tance from God  so far from him that  he cannot touch him  There can be  there no intercourse between God and  the creature  much less can the creature  claim to be a son  But this premise is  the very thing that cannot be granted   It has no existence  Hence that sys   tem is like the Irishman s kettle    without a bottom  The Calvinistic  system by making God its starting  point has a bottom and a foundation  no less solid than eternal truth  Hence  step by step it approaches man and logi      late at night  The click of balls is in  cally finds him  clay in the bands cf  cessant  They beep it up every night  the potter   God is the Sovereign  It is a fascinating game  Studies are Architect  the sinner is the material  neglected  and about three hours are with which he builds  As a system it ap   cutout of the body s rust  After awhile pears at first view somewhat cold  but it  the boys go off to college  or remove to gets warmer as we contemplate its foun   distant cities  Do they stop playing dation  the Sovereignty of God  which  billiards  It is a ruling passion  They   i  the rule of love  I et this system   continue to play the innocent game  as also the Wesleyan  holds the sonship  Where  There is a smooth way from of believers in less prominence than  those brilliant reoms  where you hear some other doctrines that we consider  the repeated click of balls  to wine  to of less importance   revel and to the women of the town    It is true  and we rejoice in it  that  The devil knows it  j God is a Creator  and a King  and   I asked a little boy once  in my Sab  j Judge  but it is not true that he is  bath school class  why he did not study these separated from his latherly char   his lesson on Saturday evening        Mother  makes us all go to dan    cing school      My heart sank within me   a Chris   tian mother pushing her children into  temptation  from which the teacher is    seeking to lead them       They must be taught to be grace   ful   So the grace of a meek and quiet j  spirit is despised  So  lovely girls  grow up to tread the meretricious steps  of Salome  whose laseivious grace  brought about the murder of a saint    So they grow up to find their pleasure  in the dances  which unveil the sacred  chastity of their sex and befoul the im   agination with the slime of hell    There  cannot be any sin in it   no more than  in walking   Ah   friends  where do  you find the godly living  holy consis   tency   purity of conversation   happy  religion   Among men and women who  cannot meet together on an evening  without tearing aside the distance  which should lie between the sexes    No  never  and you know it    i  i3S me   reet where an opera   th T r    ows its blinding     acter  He is the Parental Creator  and  the Parental King  and the Parental  Judge    If the chiefest of parables teaches  anything  it is that the sinner has to  come  not to a Prophet  or Priest  or  King  or Judge  but to a Father  And  this model prayer of the Savior sets  God forth only as a Father  Look at  the contrast in approaching a King and  approaching a Father  In the case of  the former we must have on the livery  of the oourt  we must be introduced  by one of the highest officials  we must  stand in the presence of the Sovereign  as a poor subject or foreigner  unable to  speak or act freely  bowing and scrap  ing and exchanging the cold formalities  of court   glad to get away again to be  free to breathe the pure air and sun  shine of heaven  In coming to a Fa   ther how great is the change  We may  be in rags   we are going home  the  Father is waiting and watching for us  In the distance he sees us  he runs to  meet us  we fall on his bosom and rest  in a father s love  There is nothing of  the strangeness or formality of the     oourt  all is affection  home  sympathy   freedom  Thank God  Christ has  taught us that this is the sinner s true  relation to God  and that in coming to  him we are not ooming to a King who  may take no note of our circumstances  or petitions  We are not Cuming to a  Priest to have him intercede for us   we are not coming to a Prophet merely  to reveal things to us  or to a Judge to  condemn us  but to a Father  loving   sympathizing  forgiving    This the plain teaching of s ripture  that we are in deed and in truth  chil  dren of God  believers are  bom again      born not of the flesh  nor of the will  of man  but of the Spirit of God  The  second birth is as much a fact as the  first birth  It is a new begetting  Not  by our will or power  but by that of  God  Believers  then  are children by  birth  not by any legalism or judicial   ism as adoption  or a successful proba   tion of six months of morality  It is  not first heirs  then childrep   but first  children  then heirs   heirs as the  neces   sary and natural result of being chil   dren  If I am a child hy nature there  is no need that I should be one by adop  tion  By nature I have all the rights  that I can possibly have by adoption  A  child can be made heir to another man s  property by adoption  but it can never  be made that man s child  Christ was  not made a son by adoption  or probation   he was generated  and yet believers are  aid to be joint heirs with Him  How  joint   It is not by the union of a ju   dicial declaration on the part of the  sinner and a birth on the part of Christ    It is joint by its beiug a birth in both  cases  Christ generated  the believer  regenerated  begotten again by the  Spirit of God  Hence the believer    share in all the possessions of God    This leaves no room for a doctrine of  probation or adoption  The word trans   lated  adoption  is composed of twr  words  the one meaning son and the   other to place  to constitute  Hence it  correctly means sonship  to be con   stituted a son  Wherefore God hath  predestinated believers to sonship    1 test    to the adoption of children   as it if  badly translated   Eph   1  5   S    God has given believers not  the spirit  of adoption   but  the spirit of soqf   ship  whereby they cry Abba  Father      An adopted child has not the epirit Jf  sonship   the affection of a natural  child   it cannot in truth cry    Fathead  It is only the child begotten  that frdL  the depths of its heart   from  the im  etinctive spirit of its nature  can ci     Father   And it is the privilege  believers to have the fcpirifc in the  the Spirit of Christ  nt  her sjirij     intended to pieroe all who are without    n   r does he use texts of Bcripture as  n  sites to hurl at his antagonists   W Lao you feel is  that this great man  loves with his great soul the things that  he preaches  that they are his life  that     good fight  1 have finished my course  I  have kept the faith  henceforth there is  a crown of righteousness which the  the Lord  the righteous judge  shall  give me in that day  and not me only   but unto all them also who love bis  he utters them with a grand and simple appearing   Oh  what an eternal ca   joy  We sat and listened to his expo  j reer of progress  perfection  and glory  sition of one of the Messianic psalms  j will there be set before us in the     and we forgot to watch him critically  any longer  As he went on talking of  the Messiah in his great  child like  way  we did not  could not  criticise ei   ther his methods or the correctness of  his exegesis  It may have been right  or wrong   but we floated out on the tide  of Christian sympathy on which the  preacher bore us   we were critic no j  logger  we worshipped with him  and  saw    My Lord and my God       heavenly state in our Father s house    N  8      For tM Observer and commonweal tn    THE CHRISTIAN RACE     Earnestness is essential to success  in any profession or pursuit of life in  which men engage  In nothing else is  earnest effort so important to secure the  desired end  as in the life of faith on  the Son of God  Hence  the strongest  language is used in the Word of God  to fire the souls of men  and rouse their  spir ual energies for the service of  Christ  from the very incipiency of a     g  ou9 life   Strive  agonize  to  enter in at the strait  should one so strive       For the Observer and Commonwealth    The Bruised Reed and Smoking  Flax    Thoughts for Trembling Believers    Owing to a peculiarity of mental con     stitution  combined with physical cau     ses  a certain class of believers seem to  be often camping in Bochim  the  place of weeping  With a feeble hope   which  weak though it be  is perhaps the    growth of a sad experience   soma  1 Christians  even while standing upon the  j Rack of Ages  are ever passing through  I the deep waters and with a trembling    faith are continually crying with tears   Lord save us  With them the light of  I faith has ever burned with a fitful flame  i Theirs has not been the experience of  one who has been suddenly smitten by  convictions of sin  and with intense  mental agony having groaned out a faith   ful cry for mercy  have at once seen the  light of the Saviour s face and joyfully  greeted the flaming light of a new bom  faith which has since burned on with a     gate   Why steady blaze  On the contrary  under    For man v I    P erat  on of the Spirit this class have           7     perhaps been very gradually brought to   say unto you  will seek to enter in  and   geng   e of their 9iD   6 and when they   nal     shall not be able    I he striving re    iy beoame aware ot their lost condition      quired in the case is illustrated by a  reference to the Isthmian games  In  writing to the Church at Corinth  in     they cluug with tearful eyes to the cross  of Christ  The new born life was per   haps manifest to every one else before     allusion to these games  which were held they saw it  Such persons are often of     on the Isthmus on which that city  stands  he says   So run that ye may  obtain     In these games  there was a prize to be  won  a wreath of parsely encircled the  brow of the victor  Just so in  the  race that is fet before us   there is a  prize held out to our aspiring eyes  ex   his second birth  has a right to a  1 pressed frequently and in various lan   guage in the sacred Scriptures   There was in the Grecian races a course  marked out  and laws were published i  f  r the regulation of the contestants   aid no one was crowned except he  strove lawfully  To gain the prize  it  was not enough for a runner to out   strip his competitors  but he must do  it according to the prescribed course  and laws for the regulation of the con      very sensitive and retiring disposition   Dwelling in an atmophere of tears  they  weep alone  choosing rather to allow the  shadow to rest upon their hearts than to  tear a way  the veil of secresy and expose  the wound to the the touch of an intru   der shand  They are found following  Jesus weeping  and although in Christ  is their only hope of salvation they never  seem willing to believe that they are  saved    Believers of this class are often even  morbidly conscientious  Carefully dis   charging every Christian duty  they  grow in grace  yet the fruits that are  seen by others are seldom felt by the  tree that bears them  and if they rejoice it  is with a trembling joy that is akin to sor      row  To this class the Great Physician  So we ought especially to mark i has left a precious promise in Is  42   l   that the most earnest and successful j and should any such sorrowing one  pursuit of Paganism  Judaism  Mo  doubt the adaptation of the text to his  hammedanism  Romanism   Unitarian  case we refer him to Matt  12 19 20   ism  or Univertalism can never obtain j where the passage is repeated and quo   heaven  simply because all these isms j ted from Isaiah in the following connec   do not set forth the only way of ealva  tion  The Pharisees bad gone forth to  tion revealed in the Scriptures  Iu hold a council against Christ to destroy  these our  Lord and Saviour says    I am him  But when Jesus knew it  he witb   the way  the truth and life  No man   drew himself from them  and as he heal   cometh unto the Father but by me   ed the great multitudes that followed  And all Scripture testifies that faith in him  charged them that they should not     not another nature  By this spirit t    believer s nature is changed and sarj   j  tified   but  adoption  or  probati j       does not affect the nature or chara kfiy  but only the judicial or legal relat   III nSW  All that these can mean is secured by    regeneration  and secured in ths true  and dearer way   I make these remar s   i     Him  entance and holiness are es  make him known  A reason for this  sent    Christian race    injunction is stated below where it is   In    iuu ga ies many ran who said  That it might be fulfilled which   it w    did not run never which was spoken by K jaias the proph    pbtnin the prize  So in et saying    Behold  my sonant whom    race many will fail  I have chosen  my beloved in whom I   i iu     not because I dislike the doctrine of i we     to acknowledge his am well pleased           He shall not  nen  by a public   strive nor cry  neither shall any man  ith in Him  can have hear his voice in the streets  A bruis    h   11 be saved  For ed reed shall he not break and smoking   ri L  ise for those who flax shall he not quench  till he send  r ue  it gate   forth judgment unto victory     In this race a preparation is neces  The 19th verse indicates then that  tary as in the 1st  mian race  In these   Christ was not to come  assuming  the athletic prepared themselves by di  pomp and the rude violence of an earthly  eting  exeieise  temperance   c  So prince  but this kiug was to be a Prince     aside every weight and   of Peace and humility  who should quiet      adoption  but because I think these are  the plain facts of Scripture and pim   mou sense  of which two things sou e  theologies appear to lack much  I  want to stand related to God  not as a  child of another nature  by la  e   heir  but as His own child begot  e  Jf 1  His Spirit  and made heir  as the apos   tle teaches  by my relations as a child   First  children  then heirs    heirs of  God  and joint heirs with Jesus Christ    So believers are the born children  of God  the natural htfirs with Jesus  Christ  God is their Father and Jesus  Christ is their elder brother  From  this relation flows all that is grand and  glorious to believers  Regeneration ex   eludes  adoption  and probation    Now for a few practical thoughts    Norman      THE SOUBCE OF PULPIT PC i R    A writer in an exchange  impress j  with the wonderful power exerted Dy  the Rev  John Hall  D  D   of New  York  has been studying this question      How does he do it   and gives the  following answer     Hq surely has enough of the   physic  cal basis   Never were the gown and  cassock  to which he still adheres  or  which still adhere to him  more amply  filled  He is almost large enough to fill  your idea of Fenn  the Irish giant  But  he is not a bit terrible  It is as though  Mont Blanc were crowned with sunny  meadows  for this is surely the kindli   est of faces that is above the great  frame  How could the fairy stories  represent giants as having terrible  voices  Surely  there fs none kindlier  than the speech of this great Irish doc   tor    His words distil as the dew  His  tender sympathy is felt from the begin   ning  His own soul is full   brimming  full   of the truth he preaches  He has  just one great  masterful sowree of  power  It is what men call  unction    That is to say  he does not preach doc   trine as though it were a brier hedge      ness after those poor weeping spirits  who make their couches to swim with  the tearB of affliction  If the ray of  hope is feeble  remember with grat   itude that your merciful Saviour will  not quench  but nurse the light of your  faith  Jesus has a full sympathy with  your sorrows  and beckons you on  Then  lean more entirely upon him  and if Sa   tan insinuates the dark suggestion that  no true Christian would be as sorrowful  as yourself smother it by flying to  Christ  If your hope is feeble and faith  weak  think for what would you be wil   ling to part with it  what could per   suade you to leave that Saviour whom  you have so long been following in sor   row    Do not regard yourself as a useless  member of the body of Christ  as a  crumbling  broken stone in the Master s  building  Christ has a part for you to  perform and will make you adorn the be   autiful temple which he is erecting for  his eternal glory  Rely upo   it  Jesus  has a work for you to perform  Christ  chooses an office for each one of His  elect  and every elect one for an office   Humbly following the Shepherd of the  flock  faithfully discharging the duties  of your sphere  and Jesus will glorify  himself through even the bruised reed   and honor His name with the smoking  flax  and when finally He in triumph  brings forth his judgment or righteous   ness  to the great victory  with a joyful  heart you will thank God  who doeth  all things well     W  D  M      WASHING THE DISCIPLES  FEET    There cannot be a symmetrical growth  of Christian character without sympa   thy and intercourse with the poor  es   pecially the poorer brethren  What  Christ did so much of  must surely form  a part of our duty  One of his last and  most significant lessons to his disciples   that of washing their feet and com   manding them  so to wash one another s  feet   was not so much to teach humility  in the ordinary sense of the word  as to  impress upon them a sense of willing   ness to do even the most lowly and  troublesome service for eaoh other  By  nature we stand aloof from each other   and try to slip the noose of every me   nial office  But Christ oame to reveal  a love which must sacrifice ease  care   lessness  and selfishness  to do kind   nesses  and to perform even the lowliest  services  if need be  for our brethren  and each other      Better to weave in the web ol life  A bright and golden filling    And to do God s  will with a ready heart    And hands that are swift and willing    Than to snap the minute delicate threads  Ol our curieus life asunder    And then blame heaven for the tangled ends   And sit and grieve and wonder      A Blessed Intimacy    A friend once asked Professor l  raukd  how he maintained so constant a peace  of mind   By stirring up my mind a  hundred times a day   replied Franke     Wherever I am  whatever I do    Blessed Jesus   I say   have I a share  in thy redemption  Are my sins for   given   Am I guided by thy Spirit   Renew me  strengthen me   By this  constant intercourse with Jesus  I enjoy  serenity of mind and a settled peace of  soul        the 6in which doth so easily beset us    j ly organise a spiritual commonwealth    we must dismiss unbelieT and the cares not by imposing and noisy demenstra   of this world  ua  we  must  forsake  j ions and offeriug such vain inducements  all our sinful  ways  and  thoughts     to selfish ambition  as the earthly con     if we would win heavenly glory  It   queror present to men of influence to    was not sufficient that a Grecian ran   secure their adherence to his standard    I well for a while in order to win  he   But this new Prince is to seek the hum    j oust be first at the goal  Likewise   ble and lowly follower  and will call       st  run with patience the race the poor vagabonds and beggars  from  that set before us   The Gallatian the highways and hedges to join his   Chri  ians failed here  they ran  well standard  Again the earthly conqueror   for a while  only  The Saviour speaks seeks for men of stern hearts and fierce  of a certain class of hearers   who  for indomitable spirits  to further his war   a while  believe   and then fall away   like schemes  He has no wish to enlist  but we must rersevere to the end  the poor  weak and trembling soul    Be thou faithful unto death   and who can not lift a lance and wield a  then comes the ciown of life    sword  while on the contrary  this   The Grecian athletic ran with all their Prince of Peace will take pity upon  might  They strained every nerve and   just such lowly spirits  and with great  tasked every muscle to the highest de    tenderness and care  he will incorporate  gree  and sped their way to the appoin  them into his spiritual commonwealth  ted goal  Paul did this  so must we  and make them a post of the glorious   forget ing those things which are be  church of which He is the head   hind   says he   and reaching forth Worldly princes with hard hearts and  unto those tbit gs which are before  I selfish natures  may despise and reject  r res  toward tie mark for the prize of or even ca6t ofl 6uch materials  But   ne   igb calling of God in Christ Je  the bruised reed He will not break  and    Whatsoever thy hand findeth the smoking flax He will not quench   to do  do it with all thy might    o  The primary significations of the words    We must labor to enter into that of this prophecy in their original lan   rest   Multitudes from all Greece and guage  is especially suggestive of the  from the surrounding states  witnessed above interpretation  The word trans   the Grecian contests  with much inter  lated reed  means a species of water  est  Paul mentioned this circumstance plant  which is quite delicate and ten   to induce to guater diligence on our der  while the Hebrew word  the sense  part    Wherefore seeing we also are of which bruised but partialy ex   compassed about with so great a cloud presses  signifies broken without being  of witnesses    c  Moses and the entirely broken off  The Hebrew  prophets  Christ and His apostles  and scholar will also recognise the word  the whole host of Christian martyrs rendered smoking  or more properly  are holding us in full survey  Yea  Jeebly burning   as of kindred signfica  heaven  earth  and hell  are looking on tion to one meaning rery sad and des   with intense interest while we run  and olale  So the sorrowing heart may   let ns  quit ourselves like men   Those with much comfort reflect upon the gen   who ran in the Isthmian races  were not tie love of the Saviour  who  although  not crowned till they had successfully the reed may be very much broken aud  finished theiT r bqe   then they they were worthless  will not break it off  and  filled with joy and gladness amid the though the spark of faith in the deso   congratulations of their friends and I late heart be very feeble  and though  fellow citizens  while bearing away the the light burns with a sickly gleam   emblem of victory    yet He will not quench it    Paul enjoyed the assurance of the Then hope on  sorrowing penitent   prize in anticipation  and so may every   The good Shepherd loves his feeble  true b eliever    For I am now ready to wounded lambs and will bear them  be offered  he ssys  and the time of my j home in his bosom  His great loving  departure is at hand  I have fought a j heart yearns with inexpressible tender      MEDITATING ON THE TRUTH      I find it exceedingly difficult to keep  my attention  fixed  or to get my heart  suitably affected  in reading and medi   tating upon truths which have become  obvious and familiar by daily study    but there are times  when I find that  while I try to muse on the subject  a  fire as it were kindles  and contempla   tion terminates in adoring gratitude and  admiring love      I have found it ad   vantageous sometimes to read the Scrip   tures with such exactness as to weigh  every expression  and its connec   tions  as if I were about to preach on  every verse   and then to apply the re   sult to my own case  character  experi   ence and conduct  as if it had been di   ctly addressed to me   not as a new  promise or revelation  but as a message  containing warning  caution  reproof   exhortation  encouragement or direc   tion  according to my previous or pres   ent state of mind and my peculiar cir   cumstances At other times    I have read a passage more generally   and then selected two or three of the  most Important observations from it   and endeavored to employ my mind in  meditating on them  and to consider  how they bore on the state of my heart   or on my past life  or on those things  which I beard or observed in the world  or the Church    Rev T  Scott      Advice to Ministers    Do not scold  Do not abuse the faith   ful souls who come to meeting on rainy  days  because others are too lazy to at   tend  Preach the very best you can to  your smallest assemblies  Jesus preach   ed to one woman at the well  and got  all Samaria to come out to hear him    Can t Find Time    lie who cannot find time to consult  his Bible  will one day find time to be  sick   he who has not time to pray must  find time to die   be who can find no  time to reflect is most likely to find time  to sin   he who can find no time for re   pentance will find an eternity in which  repentance will be of no avail   he who  cannot find time to work for others may  find an eternity in which to suffer for  himself    H   More      Let your life be a pure evangel   seen  and read of God and angels  though  perchance unknown to men      CHRISTIAN OBSERVER ANIR      WEALTH  JULY 20  1870      Dome Circle        WHOSE AM I      Tis a point I loDg to know     Oft it causes anxious thought     Do I love the Lord or no    Am I Hie  or am I not      Mourner  why these anxious fears    Wherefore shouldst thou doubtful be    Christ  thine advocate  appears    He has died instead of thee     He thy punishment has borne    Look to Jesus    Cease to mourn      If I love  why am 1 thus     Why this cold  this lifeless frame           j    can they be worse    Who have never heard His name   Frames and feelings fluctuate     These thy  aviour ne er can be    lay oft abate     Learn myself in Christ to see     Then be feelings what they will    Jesus is thy Saviour still        PRAYER WITHOUT CEASING      A sailor who had been long absent  Plrsm his native country  returned home   mushed with money  Coming to Lon   don  where he had never been before   lie resolved to gratify himself with the  sipi F of whatever was remarkable     other plaoes  he visited St     P  iis  It happened to be at the time  o  divine service  When oarelessly  passing  he beard the words   Pray  without ceasiDg   uttered by the min   ist    without having any impression  ma  13 on his mind by them  Having  satisfied bis curiosity in London  be re   turned to bis marine pursuits  and con      iii  sd at sea for seven years  without  ny remarkable occurrence in Lis bis   ory Olie fine evening  when the air       Mt  the breeze gentle  the heavens     r     err tie  and the ocean calm  he was  walking the deck  with bis feelings  soothed by the pleasing aspect of na   ture  when  all on a sudden  darted on  nis mind the words    Pray without   ceasing    Pray without ceasing        What words can these be 1  he ex   claimed   1 think I have heard them  before where could it be After a  pause    Ob  it was at St  Paul s in  London   the minister read them from  he Bible  What   and do the Scriptures   ay  l rai without ceasing    Oh  what  a v  etch l must be to have lived so  0  n g without praying at all    God   s io v first caused him to hear this  passage in his ear  now caused it to  iprutg up iD a way  at a time  and with  i power peculiarly his own  The poor  ellow i ow found the lightning of con   FIci  D flash on his conscience   the  hem i rs of the law shake his heart    md tae great deep of destruction  ihr   tens to swallow him up  Now he  began for the first time to pray   but  p m Trj i s not all    Oh   said he    if Phad a Bible or some good book     He rummaged bis chest  when  in a cor   ner  he espied a Bible which his anxious  mother bad  twenty years before  placed  in his chest  but which  till now  he  never opened  He snatched it up   Ut  it to his breast  then read  wept  pray   ed   he believed  and became a  rew  fman      God before I die  As soon as I can  ease off from such a power of work on  hand  I mean to  tend to the business of  religion  I and my family   said the  miller with an air of dignity     Ab  neighbor   said the deacon    see to it that  when you grind your  corn  you don t gift the flour to the  devil and the bran to God   as too  many folks do to their own undoing     Time passed on  bringing cares and  crosses to the miller  His sons trou   bled him  his wife died  his affairs  went wrong  To make bad matters  worse  he took to drink  and after a  while his mill and grist went for debt   A little farther on  and he died a drunk   ard s death  his wild  hard  spendthrift  sons scattering to parts unknown     H  C K      how little room there is for seif satis   faction  for we should quickly see how  much more of selfishness we have than  love   in a word  how little goodness  there is within to please our vanity or  flatter our pride        The Memories of Childhood    Make it pleasant and joyous for your  children to remember the days of their  early childhood  Grant them in their  infancy every innocent pleasure  without  fosteriog the spirit of selfish indulgence    We have often felt our temper rise   to see how carelessly their little plans  are thwarted by older persons  when a  little trouble on their part  would have  given the child pleasure  the memory  of which would last a lifetime  Don t  think a child a hopeless case  because it  betrays some very had habits  Sympa   thize with them  that sympathy may  strengthen and invigorate them to bear  with firmness the trials they meet    s p eaFg n TL Y    Speak gently    it is better far  To rule by love than tear    Speak gently  let not barsh words m ir  The good we might do here     Speak gently 1  Love doth whisper low  The vows that true heatts bind     And gently Friendship s accents  low   Affection   voice is kind    Speak gently to the little eh ld  Its love be sure to gain     Teach it in accents soft and mild      It may not lODg remain    Spean gently to the young  for they  Will have enough to bear    Pass through this life as best they may    Tis full ol anxious tare     Speak gently to the aged one    Grieve not the care worn heart     The sands of life are nearly run    Let such in peace depart     speak gently  kindly to the poor     Let no harsh tone be heard     They have enough they must endure   Without an unkind word     Speak gently to the erring  know    They may have toiled in vain     Perchance unkindness made them so     Oh  win them back again     Speak gently   He who gavu His die  To bend man s stubborn will    When elements were in fierce strife    Said to them    Peace  be still     Speak gently     tis a little thing  Dropped in the heart s deep well     The good  the joy  which it may bring   Eternity shall tell      deacon and the miller     Come   said the deacon to the mil   der   what are you going to subscribe to   Lvards our meeting house   I m round   jkou know  for subscriptions  and I take  It you are glad  for the sake of your    rowing family  that there s a prospect  p  our having a church and all the   blessings that come in the wake of a  phureh       Why  y  s  I suppose I am  or ought  Ito be   answered the miller    but   building a church is a great undertak   ing  Hadn t we better wait till we get    more forehanded     I    Can t afford to wait till then   said   he deacon   for nobody would ever gel  Fforcrrauded enough for that  The mat  Lter has been up before the people for  r  ome time  and they pretty generally  lhave a mind for the work  You ve  thought it all over  I dare say  How  auch   neighbor  shall I put your name  rn fort    l Yell  I reckon I ll think more   IW e ve lived so loDg without a meet    g house  we needn t hurry  I ve got  in expensive family  you know  and   must look a little forward  However     ll buy a pew when  tis done    Ah  neighbor  I see how it is   said  khe deacon gravely    Mind ye    when  wbu grind your corn  don t give the  Hour to the devil and the bran to   Yod        little church was built  no thanks   to the miller  Hut his lukewarmness  I and evil forebodings of the matter so  chilled his family  that they felt no in   terest in taking a pew when it was done  and a sale of the pews took place     1 fcirever  the brave little band of men  and women who did build it  laying   every stone and rearing C7ery rafter in  faith and prayer and self sacrifice  were   owned and blessed of God  He sent   His Spiiit down upon their sons and   their daughters  and there was a great    spiritual ingathering into the little    church with gladness and great joy    Again the deacon called upon the  1 miller   Well  neighbor   said the   deacon    i want you to come to our  aeetings   they are good       I don t know about so much meet   ling going   said the miller gruffly    1 Religion don t all consist in meetings   reckon       No   said the deacon    but a per    t n who loves religion will love to go to  e house of God       That s not certain   returned the  filler shortly     You believe m religion  don t you   Jeighbor   asked the deacon      Of course  and I intend to serve     REPROVED BY A CHILD    It was Saturday night  and I sat with  baby on my bosom  and a hook in my  hands  so absorbed in its interesting pa   ges that the numerous cares which had  been circling around me were forgotten   My little boy of four years came from  the bathing room  and dropping on his  knees before me  commenced his eve   ning prayer  I knew that he had en   tered my chamber  and was half con   scious of the object of his kneeling po   sition  and yet so absorbed was my mind  in the book  that it was not diverted  herefrom until the little brown head  was raised  and two large blue eyes  looked solemnly up  while in a slow  tone  all weighty with reproof  he said    Do you know that I am praying to  God  mother     I dropped the book  laid my hand  upon the bowed head  and holding the  little clasped bands as usual  listened  with an humble spirit  while my little  son lisped forth    Our Father   When  he had kissed  good night   and gone  to his pillow  there was a shade of sad   ness on my heart  and it had no relish  for the volume before me  for my  thoughts dwelt upon the inattention of  myself and others when prayer is of   fered to heaven  How often at the  family altar  at the prayer meeting  and  Sabbath worship  while oue is voice for  many  does the mind wahder  and few   very few  heart desires rise up with the  offered petition      Do you know that I am prayiDg to  God   Reader  may not those reprov   ing words of a little child sometimes  strike with force across your Tieart   Sometimes be a  Aiming sword  to  turn back your wandering thoughts  and  direct them to Him who requireth  heart worship   Happy for us if we so   apply our hearts  as not to deserve the  reproof which fell from sacred lips     This people honoreth me with their  iips  but their heart is far from me      He usehold Reading      HOW TO BE CHARITABLE     Sarah Simmons is charitable   said  one sister to another as they sat and  sewed   If every visit to the poor  could be a round in her ladder to heav   en  I am sure she would climb high       I should pride myself upon it  I am  afraid   said the other   if I did half  the self denying work she does       If i l is Christian to pride one s  self on anything   remarked uncle  Henry  lookkg up from his writing   desk      Yes  uncle Henry   hut how can  one help being pretty well satisfied  with one s selt who spends so much  time among the poor as Sarah Simmons  does  If I were as charitable  I  should think I was fit to be a saint       Then I m afraid it would not be  Christian charity   answered uncle  Henry    If we give but a cup of cold  water to the humblest of our brethren   it should be done in Christ s name   And perhaps the need of our remem   bering this is greater than we are apt  to imagine  There is something so de  lightful in kiodness  so exceedingly  sweet in the consciousness of having  done good to others  aDd in receiving  the return of their grateful love  that I  am afraid our charity is very often un   sanctified  We think only of our suf   fering  fellow men  without remember   ing who it is that presents himself  iD  their persons  to plead for our love  we  do Dot see enough of Christ in those who  need our charity   we do not see enough  of God in our ability to relieve them   For what have we that we have not re   ceived  and that which we give them we  are not the owners of   we are only the  stewards of God s bounty  Whenever  we give  or whenever we show kindness   without thinking of God  the conse  quence is evii both to ourselves and to  others       I don t see how that is   said both  girls at once      It is evil to others   continued un   cle Henry   because  thinking that  whatever kindness we show we had a  right not to show  we soon become sat   ictied with what we do  and even indulge  sometimes perhaps in a little ill humor  and neglect on the strength of what we  have done      The barm to ourselves is  that for   getting our Master  what he has done  for us  and what he asks of us  we  compare ourselves with ourselves  and  then are easily enough contented with  our progress  Little things become  magnified when the scale is so minute   we are pleased with our good qualities   when  should we try our hearts and  motives by Christ s law  we should find     THE     Doing God s Will    Do little things as if they were great   because of the majesty of the Lord Je   sus Christ  who dwells in  hee   and do  great things as if they were little and  easy  because of His omnipotence     Pascal      IMPROVED   HOWE SEWING MACHINE    THE OLDEST AND LATEST IMPROVED       The Howe machine illustrates the excellencies  of  ail other Sewing Machines    Points of Superiority    1  Simplicity and perfection of me   chanism    2  Durability  Will last a life time    3  Range of work  without parallef   4 Ease of operation and manage   ment    It yon are prejudiced in lavor of any particular  machine  at least examine the HOW t before you pur   chase  It has all the lats improvements    Every Machine Fully Warranted    Satisfaction guaranteed in every case  It make   the celebrated Lock Stitch invented by Mr  llowe    Agents wanted In every TCwn and County  Send  for circular    A  II DORRIS  Gen l Agent    L No  16C Fourth St   Louisville  Ky      PARENTAL RESPONSIBILITY      Papa  if I do all you tell me to do   will uod love me and let me go to hea   ven      It was thus that my little hoy of sev   en summers questioned me   abruptly   without warning  without premeditation  on mv part    What answer oould I give     I looked upon his young face and saw  the earnest  thoughful waiting for a re  ply which should satisfy alike the crav   ing of his affection and the promptings  of his conscience     Yes  my son   I answered slowly   for I was tempted to make a mental  reservation with the words    if I tell  you to do what is right     The bright look which the boy flash   ed upon me showed that he was satisfied   but the question had moved me greatly    I thought how great was the responsi   bility devolved upon us who are par   ents These little ones not only ask us  for gentleness and unwearied care and  love  but they say   Show us what is  right   teach us how we may find tbe  truth   We send them to school aDd  entrust them to masters and tutor    that  they may be instructed in the rudiments  of knowledge  We take them to church  with us because it is seemly so to do   and because we wish them early trained  in the knowledge of God and in rever   ence for His service  Yet they come to  us from their books  come to us even  from the House of God  and nestling  by our side  exclaim     Do you tell us  what to do   We cannot put them  away  We cannot say    Go toyour Bi   ble  let that be your guide   for they are  only putting together  with faltering  speech  the few and simple words of their  first lessons in reading  We cannot say    Go to the open book of nature  and  on its fair pages read the wisdom and  goodness of God   That is the food  of the strong  not of children  We are  their interpreters  We are to provide  nourishment that may appease the hun   ger of their moral nature  Their edu   cation must begin at home by the fire  side  at the family altar    What watchful  faithful care will be  required at our hands    What wisdom will be needed  that  our teachings may mingle strength and  tenderness   and that the principles  which are to determine the character  and secure the happiness of mature  life  may have a strong and durable  foundation    With what vigilance must we hold  our own passions in check  and so regu   late our daily walk and conversation   that the unspoken lessons of our ex   ample may give strength to precept  and  indelibly impress a reverence for what   ever is true and good    How constantly we need the aid of  the Holy Spirit that our hearts may  faint not   and our intelligen  e falter  not in the performance of a duty whose  consequences are infinite    Think of it ye who are parents  and  when your child stops from its play  and  with a face glowing with a new light  from within  rests his soft hands upon  your firmer clasp  and murmurs   tell  me what to do  teach me where to go    may God give you grace to lead him to  the  open path  and the  shining  light     S  IV  Presbyterian      SOUTHERN MUTUAL   LIFE   4   INSURE XO U CO      OF KENT  KY    Merchants  Bank I Main Street    f y       LOUISVILi   Cash 4 M  llal aud A    a Million I         over Hall            STATE   E    i Uf the Condition     SOUTHKRN   LIFE INSURANCE     V     ASSE    Cash    City of Louisville Bond  Lou  and Nash  Railroai  Lou  Ci    and Lexington R J   road Bomfc    Accrued Interest on Bonds  and other Investments    Bills receivable secured by    on Real Estate  Bonds   fa  Stock Collaterals    Premium Notes    Individual Accounts    Furniture   Deferred Premiums     Premiums in hands ol  and in course of Co      UAL    1PANY   28  1870      tes          ccounts      j       6 276 69  21 WO 00  62 000 00   70      0 00      r  28 53     1 4   S57 22  175 738 32  884 46  2 553 93  7 273 28   30 819 37     LIABILITIES    Capital Stock         All other Liaoilities        Losses unpaid        Surplus  including reserve       529 926 80    191 500 00  3 576 14  Xone    334 850 66      529 926 80     THIS COMPANY   Issues Life  Endowment  and Limited Pajment Poli   cies on as   FAVOKAi 7 IHMS  As any sound Cqmpauy it  United States    UTS POLICIES ARE       HERITABLE    And there are m     ns as to   Travel and Residences the United States   Rigid economy is observed iu the management of th  Company s business    Dividends on the Contribution Plan for 1869  iB half   note JPollcies  issued prior to July 1  1869  and on all  Cash Premium Policies Issued prior to July 1  1867    From 30 to 48 per Cent    OFFICERS AND MANAGERS    J  LAWRENCE SMITH President     1  H  LINDENIiSKUER Vice President    1  B  TKMPLE Second viee President    L X  TRUSTIN  Secretary   JOHN B  SMITH Treasurer    IV  E  HARVEY  CJWSSiRInC AeSuary    S  T  WILSON  General Agent      M ED TCA L rBO A R D   W  B  C  LDWELL  M  D   E  D  FORKE  M  D   LEWIS ROGERS  M  D      DIRECTORS    J  H  Lindenbergcr  W  C  llite     V  F  Barret    J  fi  Bat ret    J  M  Robinson    I   II  Davies    T  Thustln      orge W  Morris   George W  Wl ke    I  B  O Bannou    James A  Graham   Ji  P  Campbell   il  D  McHenry    J  M  Fogle    L J  W  Proctor      SAYRE INSTITUTE      LEXINGTON  KENTUCKY      H  B  McClellan  A  B   Principal      Assisted by competent Instructors in all Branches    rpHE Schoiaatic Y ear is divided Into two terma of  I twenty weeks cacti  The next sessioD will open  on the FIRST MONDAY IN SEPTEMBER    rw for particulars apply to the Principal    Rkferexcks   Rev  R  L  Dabney  D  D  and B  M   Smith  D  D   Hampden Sidney  Va    General Wad  Hampton  Columbia  S  C    the Editors or the  Chris  tian Observer   Louisville  Ky  a     LOUISVILLE AaND NASHVILLE     AND   MEaMPHIS and louist   RAILROAD LINE      ILLE     Trains run to and from Louis villa as follows    Leave  June  6  1870 1 Arrive   b  30 a  M  Nashville  Memphis A N  O MaiL 10  Ifl p  m  I   45 p  m  Nashv    Mem   N  O  A Mobile Ex  6 A o a  m    a  m  Nashv A Southeastern Ex  Mail  1  40 p  m   6 05 a  m  KU hin d A Mt  Vernon Ex  Mail  2 10 p   m   8 40 p  m     Bardstown Accommodation    8 05 a  sl  rw Nashville  Memphis  New Orleans and Mobile  Express  and Nashville and Southeastern Express  Mail run daily  All other trains daily except Sunday    I    For Through Tickets  Baggage Checks  and In   formation as to Sleep  ug Cars  Through Connection   with Railroad and Stage lines  Ac   apply at Ticket  Ofttces  corner Third and Main streets  corner ol  Fourth and Main streets  Louisville Hotel  Willard  Hotel  Galt House  and at Depot  corner Ninth and  Broadway    dec8tf L ALBERT FINK  Gen l SupL     WILLS  HAYS   CO     160 Fourth Street    Parr s Block     LOUISVILLE  KY     Agents for   CHAMBERS   SONS PIANOS          ORGANS     AKD IIEAI KRS IN     SHEET   AND     MUSIC     HOPE   MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE   COMPANY   OF   New York      J  H  WRIGHT  State Agent    203 Main Street  between Fifth am  Sixth    LOUISVILLE  KY    T HIS Company commenced business November lea  ls69  with a paid up capital ol Ji io imo  one how  dred thousand of which was deposited with the Super   intendent of the Iusurance Department of the   40   1    of New York  as the law directs    The following statement of the affairs of the Con   pany up to January 1st  1S7U  has been placed m the  Auditor   Office at Frankfort  and the Company au   thorized to transact business in Kentucky     ASSETS    Cash on hand and in Atlantic Bank  18 122 0C    Debtsrdue the Company  secured by mort   and unincumbered real estate worth loo  gage per cent  more than amount of mort    IS  OOO 0    Debts due to the Company secured by poli   cies  3 Si   Debts due the Company for premiums  66 892 19   U  S  6 per cent  stocks 55 690 o    New York 0 per cent  stocks 36 020 0    All other securities  fixtures  and accrued   merest 4 64 4 tST   Total assets  mi 692 et     Claims against Company for re insurance  42 656 or   The above statement filed and license issued by tbs  Auditor  March ISth  1810  and a duplicate of each 1C  led with the Clerk of the Jefferson County Court    Since the 1st January last  the assets of the Com   pany have increased   280   000   and the Company hav   ing issued since its organization  iese than live  months  more than 1 500 policies    EvfGood reliable agents wanted      J  H  WRIGHT  Gen  l A pent    L 203 Main street  Louisy Jlt    KENTUCKY   CARRIAGE FACTOR IrU    Established 1850      J  Lawrence Smfth    John B  Smith    Thomas L  Barret    George W  Norton   fieorge C  Hunter    James B  Wilder    S  T  Wilson    C  Henry Finck    William Mix    T  J  Tapp    J  S  Kehnedy    Joseph Adams    T  IL Grinter    S  P  Walters    James A  Dawson      Active and Reliable Agents Wanted    WM  KAYE    M ANUFATURER of Church  Academy  Factory   Fire Alarm  Steamboat and Plantation Bells   warranted for quality   one  Ac  Also Brass Castings  and Finished Work of every description  Water  street  between First and Seutmd    L LOUISVILLE  KY      MUSICAL MERCHANDISE    Skif  dinsic Books for Sunday Schools and  Singbtfj Classes    ts T Pianos to Bent   Instruments repaired  tjsS  Musie neatly bound    So   Music received daily   tfWe are agents fur Peters  Musical Monthly   Give us a call  L   H  W  RUDOLF    SOUTHERN GLA9S STAINING WORKS    M ANUFACTURERof Stained and Enameled Glass  for Churches  Steamboats  Halls  Dwellings Ac   Show Cards on Glass  Tin  Cards  Ac   Ac   as cheap  as sold at Pittsburg and the East    VA Third street  near the Levee    L LOUISVILLE  KY      I     BUCKEYE  Bell Foundry   Estubiished 1S37   Superior Bells for  Churches  Schools   etc   made of Pukk  BELL METAL   Fully Warranted   and mounted with  our Patent Im   proved Rotary  Hangings      fk IUv traUd Cata   logue  tmxt free   VANDUZEN   TIFT    102 and 104 E  Second street  dhdThnati       HART   MAPOTHER   Lithographing  Engraving and Printing Es   tablishment    Nos  Its and 120 West MAIN STREET    Louisville  Ky    Orders by mail promptly attended to  Work don   n the best style at lowest prices  Drawings for Pa  lent Office according to the requirements of the law   and Wood Engraving executed in the highest stylt  of the art 1 mchso ly      COD LIVER OIL    Baker s Pure Cod Liver Oil    Fougera s Iodized Cod Liver OIL  M oiler s Norwegian Cod Liver OIL  Dr  De lohng s Brown Cod Liver Oih   For sale  Wholesale am Retail  by   GEO  II  CARY  Druggist  jan2  3mo t  No  St Fourth Street  Louisville       STEEL COMPOSITION BELLS   For Churches  Schools  Ac   Bly myur  Norton A Co    MANUFACTURERS    Cincinnati  O    These celebrated Bells  not  Cast Ironor   Amalgam    rival in punty and volume  tone those of copper ami  tin  are more dural  le and  cast only one   bird as much    Send for descriptive  circular  L   A  DAY1D90N  J  DAVIDSON  J  W  NOURSK    DAVIDSON BROS    CO     STATIONERS  PRINTERS  BINDERS   AKD   MANUFACTURERS   FOl KTH AND FIFTH    LOUISVILLE  KY    We keep ou hand a large and well selected stock of  MERCANTILE STATION FRY  which we will sell to  business men and the trade on the most favorable  terir 4    V  e are prepared to execute every description of  BOOK mid JOB PRINTING in the very best style   and at the most reasonable prices    PERIODICALS  NI1KKT Ml sic  Ac   neatly bound  at a small cost  BLANK BOOKS of every kind made  to order    Orders are respectfully solicited    l AV l ON BROS  A CO     162 Main Street  Louisville Ky     BLANK BOOK   102 MAIN ST BEET  BFT      DYSPEPSIA    The causes o   Tlyspepsia are so numerous that it  would require a volume to describe them  The pri   mary cause  however  is a disturbance of the digest   ive organs  The food instead of undergoing  that chemical change which should tit it for the sus   tainment of the system  often lies for hou s in the  same state as when first taken  In this case taere is  a feeling of weight in the stomach  sleep is broke  and the whole body utterly down and exhausted  This prevalent and distressing malady is controlled  and cured by the use of   II IL SARGENTS LIVER PILLS    25 cents per box    FOR SALE BY DRUGGISTS  L     A NEW BOOK    Messrs  Davtuson Bros  A Co  have received a large  supp y of  Faith s Battles and  Victories   a new  Dook  by Rev  J  S  Grasty  of Shelbyvitle  Ky   which  they are ready to turulsh to the trade on the most  liberal terms  or will send   v mall to any address for   r  L g      BAKER A RUBEL  manufacturers of aRJ ndi    Carriages  Buggies  8pring Wagons  Ac   No  s t  street  east side  between Main and Market  Lorf f  vine  Ky  b   HfRepairing and Painting done In the l cst stylw   W Energetic  reliable business men will he offered    Iberal Inducements to act as solicitors in the city o    Louisville  and as agents In every comity in ttvi  8 ate  for the Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance  Companv  This Company la so well and lavorabr   known that the right kind of men cannot fail to se     egre good a Income In working for it  a i vly to or a     dress  with reference    KEL8EY A DAVISON  Gen l Agents    134 Main street  over Louisville i nsnrance and ibine   ing Comnanv s office  t      JOHN WATSON   LEATHER A SADDLERY WAREHOUSE     No  286 Main Street    Between 7th aud 8th  Louisville  Kit     Would invite the trade to examine hiss  stock  which be will sell at the lowest prices  consistng In part of    Sole Leather  Fad Skins    Upper Leather  Enameled Leather    Bridle Leather  Stirrups  Bltts  Buckletr   Harness Leather  Saddles  Bridles    Skirting Leather  Harness  Trunks    fob 8 L Carriage Makers  Materials  Ac    CAR R 1 A G E ST    j  McQuillan    9  Third street  between Market and Jefferson   LOUISVILLE  KY    r   f ri OFFERS his stock of Buggies Roc     S  2  wuys and Baroucn s at gn arir redu   ced prices  Purchasers willaowctf   to cal  and examine his stock before  purchasing elsewhere  Remember  that J       an was awarded ihe premium over J  Endcrs  at th  iast meeting of the State Fair    N  B    We repaint old Carriages and Fuggies s      very low prices  and keep on hand Second hand Bn     gies and Rockaways for sale  Call aud see price llsw     THE OLD AND POPULAR   photo  rai H gallery   os   J  C  ELROD    Has been removed from Main  below Fount   to 08 Main  below Second Street    LOUISVILLE  KY   TAVO LARGE SKY LIGHTS    BABY PICTURES TAKES IN A SECOND   W Prices reduced  best In the city  L initr J      fay    PORCELAirW     JOHN B   FERREOTYPE AND  ROOMS    No  74 Fourth St  Louisville  Kentucky   POUR GOOD PICTUP E8 FOR FIFTY CENT       ALSO   COMMERCIAL PHOTOGRAPHER    Photographs ol Building a  Architectural DrujHifs  Live Btoek  Stereoscopic I ieics  d c       r    neatly aivs  cheaply done tn short notice    OllDERS SOLICITED  I      DR  BLONDIN    V ALU ALE discovery in Dentistry  Beautiful set   of TEETH  115  Particular attention pan   t  the treatment o  exposed nerves an   w icerated teeth  which renders them pain  less and useful for years  l56 Fourth  between Grem  and Wajnnt  Louisville  Ky  i     FRANK C  WILSON    PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON    No  24S East Walktt SrsEn    Louisville  Ky      Office aours  rom 4 t 6  P  M    Oct IS S moa j      THE EARTH CLOSET SYSTEU   recommended in report of April  187U   by the Iouisville Board of Health  at   superior and more conducive to heaitf j  than either the old fashioned privy oiv  common water closet  Call at our office    see samples and get circulars    Home testimony ample enough to  convince any one    SPEED  MAGENS   CO     No  73 Third street  between Mainandl  Market  sole Louisville agency  Mi ule s Patent Earth Closet  L      4     CHRISTIAN OBSER      COMMONWEALTH  JULY 20  1870      from tlje  Sljurcljeo      Hev  Edward B  Allen  who was formerly   apparently con Hie ing claims  the straight      De th of Rev  Dr  Kingsbury    The South   ern  Presbyterian brings the sad news of the  death of the venerable Dr  Kingsbury  He  died on the 27th ult  Next week  it says   we shall publish the  Rev  Allan Wright s  letter  which brings us the melancholy in   telligence    Death of Rev  J  F  Watson   The Rev   John Franklin Watson died in PrincetOD   Arkansas  on the 8th ult   of consumption   The deceased was a son of the Rev  S  L   Watson  the venerable pastor of Bethel  church in South Carolina  In the early  part of the winter he was a tacked with  typhoid fever  which completely prostrated  him and prepared the way for the develop   ment of the insidious disease that termin   ated his life  His death was quiet  peace   ful and happy  His last words were  Jesus  is with me      Degree Conferred   The degree of D  D   has been conferred upon the Rev  Tbos  R   Welch  of Little Rock  Ark   by Centre  College  Ky    Rev  James R  Oilland  late of Camden   Ark   has taken charge of the church at  Palmyra  Missouri  at which point corres   pondents will please address him    Rev  C  S  M  See s post office address is  changed from Fishersville  Va   to Philippi   Barbour county  West Virginia    Mr  Wm  M  Ingram has been licensed as  a probationer for the ministry by the Pres   bytery of the Western District  Tenu  Mr  Ingram has received and accepted an  invitation to supply the church at La  ri range  Ga   which was rendered vacant  oy the death of the lamented Dr  W  M   Cunningham    Mr  John J  Reed has been licensed as a  probationer for the ministry by the Presby   tery of Mississippi  Mr  Reed is a member  of the last Middle Class in the Columbia  Theological Seminary  to which he expects  to return in September  He is supplying  the churches of Catholic and Pleasant  Grove  in Bethel Presbytery  during the  summer    Rev  J  B Shearer s post office address   since his connection with Stewart College   has been changed to Clarksville  Tenn    from Black Walnut  Virginia  Corres   pondents will please note the change    Grenada  Miss   The Rev  C  R  Smith has  accepted an invitation to supply the church  at Grenada  Miss  His post office has been  changed from Trenton  La   to Grenada   Miss    Abingdon Presbytery held a called meet   ing at Dublin  Va   July 8th  and received  from Roanoke Presbytery Uev   1  M  Kirk   patrick  Mr  Kirkpatrick  with great ac  ceptance to his people  commenced his la   bors  about two months since  in the  churches of which Rev  Mr  F wing was  lately pastor  G  C  Painter  son of Rev   i Father Painter  who for many years was  the leading Presbyterian minister of this  section  was received under care of Presby   itery    Second Church  Covington  Ky    This new  church in Covington  opposite Cincinnati   under the pastoral charge of the Rev  F   P  Mullaly  Is meeting with a fair degree of  encouragement  At the recent commu   nion there were fifteen additions to its  membership  six of whom were by letter  from the Church in connection with the  Northern Assembly  of which Rev  Dr   Worrall is pastor    James Island and Harmony Churches  S  C      The churches on the coast of South Car   olina  which were so terribly desolated  during the war  are continually growing   under the labors of the evangelist  Rev  J   B  Mack  On the 19th ult   two ruling  elders and two deacons  were ordained in  the James Island Church   the former  charge of the Rev  John Douglas  On the  26th ult   six persons were received into  the newly organized Harmony Church  on  the profession cf their faith  On the 3d  Inst   Mr  C  J  C  Hutson was ordained as  ruling elder in Stony Creek church  The  tame day  fourteen adults were baptized  and received into the Salem  colored   church    nucleus of a Presbyterian Church    A cor   respondent of the Southern Presbyterian  says that there are seven members in New  Harmony church  East Alabama Presby   tery  living in and near Mantua  a flour   ishing little village in Collin County  He  hopes that this information may lead to  the organization of a church at that place    or at least prevent this little band from  being overlooked by the Presbytery of Cen   tral Texas and its evangelist  Are there  not many other points which furnish start   ing points for the organization of Presby   terian churches     Probationer for the Ministry   At a late  meeting of the Tuskaloosa Presbyteryj   Alabama  Mr  John S  Moore was duly  licensed to preach the Gospel  as a proba   tioner for the ministry  This youDg bro   ther  says the Eutaw whig   is a native of  Sumter county Ala   who commenced his  studies for the ministry before the war  en   listed amongst the first in the Confeder   ate struggle  fought as a soldier until the  surrender  resumed his studies  and now  about to begin his work as a well trained  minister  His examination was very rigid   but admirably sustained  and he gives  promise of great influence    Death in the Ministry   Rev  Miles C   Wilson  a licentiate of the Presbytery of  Missouri River  and stated supply of the  church in Sidney  1 remont co inty  Iowa   JW ts accidentally drowned  near Sidney  on  the 15th of June      a member of the Presbytery ot Albany   j  an 1 some years since united with the Epis   copal Church  where he has since preached   has n iw returned to the Presbytery and  resumed his former relations to it      Rev  A  P  Putnam  a prominent Unita   rian minister  said  in speaking of Christ   in the course of a sermon a few Sabbaths  since in Brooklyn  N  Y   It is bondage  to accept him as a  spiritual authority  He  and his religion  being both imperfect  must  both perish  in order that a better faith  tnay possess the world  The free soul  must break with the church  with the  Christ  and with the Bible  and live alone  in the Spirit   What but the rankest in  fidelity can be the fruit of such teaching    Rev  J  M  Wise  a leading Jewish minis   ter in Cincinnati  O   delivered a few dajs  since an oration on the   Dignity of Man    ia Columbus  Ohio  on the occasion of the  laying of the corner stone of a new Jewish  Temple in that city  The stone was laid  with Masonic ceremonies in the presence  of Gov  Hays  the city officials and sevtral  thousand spectators    Jeremy Taylor said     from David learn  to give thanks in everything  Every fur   row in that Book of Psalms is sown with  seeds of thanksgiving     Presbyterians vs  Baptises    The Presby   terian General Assembly and the Baptist  Missionary Union  recently in session in  Philadelphia  held one day a fraternal  meeting  and one of the speakers said the  occasion reminded him of a stanza in a  well known hymn       Sweet fields beyond the swelling flood  Stand dressed in living green    So to the Jews old Canaan stood    While JOBDAN ROLLVD BBTWBBN     Young Men s Christian Association   The annual report of the Young Men s  Christian Association Executive Commit   tee  made at the Indianapolis convention   gives the following statistics   There are now  773 associations on this continent  178 hav   ing been organized last year  About one   half ot these have reported   261 report  their expenses for the year at  203 400    118 report the number of the volumes in  their libraries as 103 889   287 report 50    901 members   52 report daily prayer   meetings  11 report Bible cLs es  57 re   port open air services  and 9 report ser   mons  2 227 conversions are reported     The receipts of the American Home  Missionary  Society during the year  amounted to  283  102   larger by  38 000  than ever before received    The Rev  Andrew Cameron  one of the  Free Church ministers of Forfarshire   Scotland  has received a call from Mel   bourn  to settle there as colleague and sue  cessor to the Rev  Dr  Cairns  an Austra   lian minister of eminence  The Church  is one of great influence    MEMORIAL OF A RDLING ELDER   At a meeting of the Presbytery of Tus   kaloosa  at Eutaw  on the 15th of June  the  following minute   as adopted  as a tribute  to the memory of Capt  Richard T  Nott   a highly esteemed ruling elder in the  Presbyterian Church  and ordered to be  published    With a profound sense of our loss  and  with sentiments of atfeotion and honoring  regard  we record upon our minutes the  death of our co presbyter  Captain Rich   ard T  Nott  who was born at Saybrook   Conn   in Juue  1798  graduated at Y ale  College in 1818   removed to Virginia in  1820  to South Carolina in 1822  and  thence to Alabama in 1834  where here   sided till his death   October 26th  1869    Few men have been so universally hon   ored and loved  or have left a purer or no   bler record  Though remarkably unob  trusive and free from ambition  his pre   eminent worth could not fail to be widely  appreciated  With an intellect clear and  strong  admirably trained  well stored with  varied knowledge  refined by the best cul   ture  and singularly balanced  with a pleas  ing person  and mariners at ooce dignified   gentle  and courteous   and with a disposi   tion amiable  generous  and kind  and yet  pre eminently candid  honest  firm  and  true to principle  he possessed qualifications  suited to give him the widest popularity  and influence  and whioh  had he been  fired with ambition  would have raised him  to exalted positions in the State  This is  proved by the powerful influence he wield   ed in the smaller circle which he chose   and of which he vaaashiaig ornament  an influence acknowledged by all classes   and always exerted for good  His justice   kindness  and generosity  his elegant hos   pitality  his public spirit  his prudent  counsels  his faithful friendships  his spot   less purity of character  and his extended  usefulness  will livelong in the affectionate  remembrance of many    We can say all this as his acquaintances   neighbors  and friends  But it is our pe   culiar privilege to speak of him as our  beloved Christian brother  and co laborer  in the Church of God    In 1830  in the very vigor of early man   hood and in the very midst of earthly suc   ces  he was born again  of the Spirit  and  at once brought all his noble gifts and ac   quirements and laid them down at the  foot of the cross  For twenty nine years  he was a ruling elder of Bethsalem church   which he served cheerfully and faithfully  with his best powers  his time  his sub   stance  and his open and decided influ   ence  Surely  if  as the word of God de   clares  the elder who rules well is worthy  of double honor  we as a Presbytery will  cheerfully add our testimony to that of all  the members of that church  who  at the  mention of his name  will rise up and call  him blessed  We thank them for choosing  him as their ruling elder  as he thereby be   came a member of this body  and we were  thus pei mitted to enjoy not only his genial  companionship  but the matured fruits of  his richly furnished mind and of his noble  Christian heart    He was very often a delegate to our ses   sions  which lie attended aud aided with a  punctuality  zeal  and industry  which were  a powerful aid to our proceedings and an  example most worthy of imitation  He  took a deep interest in every part of our  work  and was always prompt and earnest  to promote our success  He was a hearty  ana faithful laborer in this part of the  Lord s vineyard  It would be difficult to  describe to others  but those who knew     forwardness of his views  and with all  his simple  ardent  and evident zeal  for the Church  made him a most inval   uable co presbyter  and one whose useful   ness cannot end with his life  Being dead   he yet speaketh  Our fervent prayer is  that his mantle may fall upon one or more  whom God calls to this important function    The Master was kind in giving and wise  in removing our dear brother from these  scenes of usefulness  He has other work  to do  in a nobler sphere  and with even  more exalted capacities  He trained him  here for that higher work  first by the  trust committed to him in the Church  and  then by most painful and wearisome suf   ferings on his sick bed in an illness of  more than two years  duration  That ex   jerience of trial opened to his soul  brighter and happier views of Christ and  his salvation than he hgd ever before en   joyed  expanded his knowledge of divine  truth  strengthened every Christian grace   and thus wrought out for him that far  more exceeding and eternal weight of joy  which he has now gone  to inherit    C  A  Stillman    Slated Clerk       eli0tou0 itliscdlani       RETURNING SENSE OF JUSTICE    It is with pleasure that we bring to the  notice of our readers the following act of  justice on the part of the Northern Meth   odist Church  May this be the beginning  of a general restoration to the Southern  Churches of their property violently and  wickedly wrested from them by the north   We trust Jacksonville  Shelbyville  Dan   ville  and similar cases  will not be over   looked by the Northern Presbyterian  Church  Wien it beg ins its acts of re ti tut ion  and its withdrawal of suits for property  not belonging to it  Such a Course would  pave the way for correspondence and em   bassies of love as hardly anything else  would  Our Methodist brethren  like our   selves  connot understand tender words of  affection dropping from the honeyed lips  of those who have ruthlessly torn their pro   perty from them and still hold it in their  clutching hands  Let acts like that recorded  in the tollov ing paragraph becomecommo  j  and then we can all see that sincerity may  be prompting the words of affection and  regard     The Methoiist church building in Jones   boro   Tennessee  which has been occupied  by the ministers of the Northern Meth   dist Episcopal Church since 1865  and for  the recovery of which the Church South  instituted suit in chancery  has been vol   unatrily surrendered to its owners  and  will henceforth be occupied by them     HMuthern Presbyterian      FUTURE PUNISHMENT   A correspondent  sends us the following  letter from a Prejsbyterian clergyman to  the Editor of thelCincinuati Enquirer in  reply to the arguLut of a Universalist  which recently apfeared in that paper     To the Editor of t e Enquirer     So much  pace having been given this  morning in you  paper to an advocate of  one side of the question  touching future  punishment  I l dLe you will not refuse  small portion of  6ur columns to one who  desires to defe nd J h e other    The main ariffiLient of Mr  Spaulding s  sermon may be thtis briefly stated   A doc   trine concerning f the future life which the  human heart  with the light we now have   revolts from  cannot be true    But our heajjs revolt from the Evan   gelical doctrine   of future punishment  because we are unable to see how we could  be happy in heaven with the knowledge  that those nhw dear to us are in perdition   Therefore  thfc Ev angelical doctrine   c    This simple statement of the gentleman s  premises is sufficiiUit to show that his con   clusion is gratuitous   Let it be added that  if God can be nappy himself while his  creatures are suffering He can impart to  us enough of his own light and of his own  character to insure our happiness also in  view of eternal perdition    Now  before presenting a brief state   ment of the positive argument let me call   the reader s attention to the fact that pro   bability is the guide of life  In practical  questions we must not look for demonstra   tive evidence  If there is a probability   however slight  that ju  suing a cer   tain course we shall incur an eter   nity of suffering  we are  in the eyes of  common prudence  under a tremendous   a i infinite  obligation to desist from that  C lurse  He who should disregard the  slightest probability that an attempt is to  be made to night to burn his house and  should quietly retire to rest without exer   cising any precu   ti secure his proper   ty and the live   Ymnitted to his care   would be deemt fool or a monster    Let me abo r   that there is a law  of the mind knot    as he law of continu   uance  and that    ho expects any change  without  knowing tea an adequate cause  will operate t   ociuce it  violates this  law  We believe the sun will rise to mor   row because it has risen every day for  many years and we know of nothing to  produce a change  The presumption al   ways is in favor of the belief that things  w ill continue as they are  In order to be   lieve that anything will be changed we  must be convinced that a cause will oper   ate sufficient to produce the alteration im   plied    Confining ourselves now to the teaching  of reason and the light of nature  does not  the doctrine of unending suffering appear  in any degree probable     The soul suffers in this world  We of   ten see evidences of its sufferings left by  the departed spirit on the features  of the dead  What we suffer in  this life and iu the article of death can be  reconciled with the perfection of our su  preme moral Ruler only by saying that it  is necessitated by our relation to the Di   vine Justice    It is not true  but grant  for argument s  sake  that all the human suffering in the  present life is inflicted through the body  Y et this would not help us in the solution  of the great moral problem suggested by  suffering  The body may be the instru   ment or channel through which suffering  is inflicted  but the ultimate personal cause  of suffering must be God himself  What  reason is there  then  to believe that tie  moral relation  which makes suffering nec   essary  here  will not continue in the next  life and make suffering necessary there  also  If it be answered   The goodness  of God   then I ask   YVhy does not the  goodness of God prevent suffering now     The presumption  is that the relation exist      Therefore  under that law of continu   ance by which we believe the Enquirer  will be issued  to morrow because it has  been regularly issued for many days past   we would  if left to the light of reason  be  led to believe that every soul of man  must suffer eternally    What hope have we then in reference to  the dead  None at all  except what we  derive from revelation  This teaches that  the relation to Divine justice of those who  believe in Christ is  by the operation of  His sacrifice  so changed as that justice  secures  not their punishment  but their  aggrandizement in eternity  But the  scriptures also declare that he who be   lieveth not is condemned already    Future punishment is not a doctrine pe   culiar to revelation   but a heaven of hap   piness to be attained only by faith in  Jesus Christ is made known by the word  of God alone  Yours respectfully    Covington  July 11  1870  F  P  M    THE SABBATH LAW UNCONSTITUTIONAL    We learn by the Herald and Presbyter  that Judge Va 1 ny  of Milwaukie  has  pronounced the the Wisconsin Sunday  Law  prohibiting dancing in beer gardens  on the Sabbath  unconstitutional  This  decision of the learned judge has brought  out several papers hitherto non committal   in defense of the law   It is one thing to  wink at the infraction of the law  but it is  a totally different affair when a judge ju   dicially asserts that the American people  have no right to protect their Sabbath  against foreigners   that the claim of liber   ty of conscience overrides all law     This decision presents a false issue  No  man  not even a heathen  can pretend that  his conscience requires him to dance in  beer garden on the Sabbath as a religious  duty  Such a pretense is monstrous  This  is not a question tbuching the liberty of  conscience  but the riyht of protection  Have not the people a right to enact laws  by their legislators  to protect them against  disturbing annoyances when assembled to  worship God according to the dictates of  their consciences  and in accordance with  the precepts of the only religion recognized  in the great charter of their rights and  liberties       ture of the case was beyond the reach ot rem   edies  The suddenness o  the stroke found  her family and friends but illy prepared to re   ceive and bear it  Yet  they have tho greatest  ol all the alleviations known to sorrow in this  world  the assurance that her life was hid  with Christ in Uod  Many years of Christian  fai h and consistency had imparted such sym   metry and strength of character  that it was  habitual in her to adorn the doctrine of Christ   her Saviour    Mrs  Cleveland possessed superior attain   ments  which rendered her company always  desirable   a refined sensibility which  contrib   uted to the happiness of her friends and ren   dered her the delight and charm of her little  household  She had no enemies  and many  friends  We will miss her fnendlv greetings   her heartfelt interest in the welfare of others   her frank and good thoughts and that gentle  and healthful example ot goodness  that diffu   sed happiness in her lami y  in the church and  in society generally  The departure of such  an one is earth s lots and their gain    H      STEWART COLLEGE    FACULTY      Rev  j b  SHEARER  President and Professor of  Ethics  Metaphysics  Ac    JAMES DINW1DDIE  Professor of Mathematics   Pure and Applied    DUNCAN M  QUARLES  Professor of the Latin  Language and Literature    JAMES A  CARRIGER  Professor of the Greek Lan   guage and Literature    Professor of Physical Sou ores   not     THE HAWAIIAN JUBILEE    The Semi Centennial Jubilee commem   orating the introduction of Christianity  in the Hawaiian Islands commenced at  Honolulu on the 15th of June and was to  be continued for one week  The Honolu   lu Gazette gives the following account of  the initiatory services      On Sunday morning Rev  M  Kuaea de   livered a Semi Centennial sermon in Ha   waiian at Kawaiahao Church  and in the  evening Rev  Dr  Damon delivered the  Semi Centennial sermon in English at the  Fort street Church  On Monday evening  Mrs  Thurston gave readings of reminis   cences of fifty years ago  at Fort street  Church to a large audience  which was  deeply interested in the recital of the ex   periences of the venerable lady  who is  one of the few remaining of those devo   ted missionaries who  fifty years ago  land   ed on these snofles and commenced the  work of evangelizing this people   a work  which they have so gloriously accom   plished  Last evening the reminiscences  of Rev  A  Bishop and Mrs  M  P  Whit   ney were read at the same place     The Gazette describes the jubilee pro   cession composed of clergymen  members  of the Legislature  Sunday  schools  citi   zens   c   and gives a programme of the  various addresses and other public exercises  of the occasion    A collation was given at the close of  the exercises to which the King  to show  his good will and desire to co operate   made a right royal donation of ten thou   sand pounds of poi  twenty hogs  eight  sheep  400 mullet fishes  one bullock  etc    There were also examinations ol schools   missionary meetings  commemoration  speeches  and social festivities  The Jubi   lee  in honor of the greatest event iu the  history of the Islands  was observed in a  spirit worthy of so great an occasion      At a meeting of Hall Presbyterian church   Rutherford county  Tenn   the 26thot Jun    1870  the following resolutions were adopted   and ordered spread upon the minutes of the  Church session    Whereas  It has pleased the great Hfkl ot  the Church to remove from us our t eloved  bro her  Walter P  Coleman  who departed  this life  June 10th  187c  And whereas  in the  death ot brother Coleman  th s Church hat  lost one of its most worthy and efficient mem   bers  the session one of its safest counsellors   and this community one of its staunchest  friends  Therefore    Resolved 1st  That we deem it due to fhe  memory of our de teased brother and to the  Church he represented  as ruling elder  to say  that Ur  Coleman acquitted himself with hon   orinall tne positions he occupied among us   as teacher  physician  citizen  neighbor   friend and Christian  gauingnot only the con   fidence and respect  but also the love of all    especially of those who knew him best  As  an elder of the Church  he approximated the  Scripture pattern  Ruling well his own house   hold  and shirking no duty or responsibility  of his office  he was an example worthy to he  fo lowed in laitb  in patience  in humility  and  in uolirinj  devotion to the crown rights of  our blessed Redeemer    As a rr vatc t hristian  he was u assuming   confiding  zealous  ever ready to do witb his  might his Master s work  He counted all  things but losi that be might win Christ  and  be found in Him  So when he came to die  death was disarmed of its sting  he knew in  whom he trusted and calmly fell asleep in Je   sus    Resolved 2nd  That we tender our warmest  sympathies to the wile and children of our  deceased brother  commending them to the  tender care of our kind heavenly Father  who  promises to be a Father to the fatherless  and a husband to the widow    Resolved 3d  That a copy of these resolu   tions be sent to the family of our deceased  brother and that a copy be sent to the   Chris   tian Observer  for publication    J  R Chapksn  Moderator    K  L  Matthews  Clerk      yet elected      WILLIAM M  STEWART  Professor F meritus Of  Geology and Mineralogy    Modern Languages and the English Department  will be assigned to the Faculty  and the President  will give special attention to the lower classes    CLASSIFICATION    Colijioi ate   Freshman  Sophomore  Junior and  Senior    Sou Coi leq i ate    The First  Second and Third   The lower classes wilt no longer tie committed to  tutors and men of an Inferior position  but they will  enjoy the direcystultlon of the Professors in their  several departments          TERMS    Board  lodging  Ac   per month of four weeks  g oi   Washing         I l     Tuition in Collegiate Department per annum  o     Classical Snb CoUegtate W i    English     i oo   Contingent fee  i oo   Modern Languages  extra 20 oo   Payable half yeariy in advance    Boarders will be well provided for  Session Sep   tember 1st  1870  to June 14th  1871  For Circulars   Ac   ad dress the President  Clarksville  Tenn  a     MARRIED    On Wednesday evening  June 1st  1870  at  the residence of the bride s lather  Wm  H   doyd  by Rev  A  A Killougb  THUS  1   RAMSEY  of Lenoirs  East Tenn   to Miss J   AMELIA C  BOYD  of Go iad  Texas    At Moiumental Church  in Richmond   July Bui  by Rev  Dr  Woodbridge  HoWAttD  CRITTENDEN  of San Francisco  Cal   to  LUCY N   daughter of the late Charles Fisher    At the residence of the bride in Pulaski Co    Va   on the Bih of July  by the Rev  I  N   Naff  JAMES A  PRATT  Esq   to Mrs  SA   RAH J  SAYERS      DIED    On the 25th of June  at Greenville  S  C   as  it drew near to the Sabbath  FlORA Mc   NE1L  infant diughier of Rev  Dr  and Mrs   E  T  Bulat  She sweetly fell asleep in Jesus   bosom  aud awoke amid the joys of a Heav   enly Sabbath    At the residen e of her father  Edward  Elam  Tipton county  Tenn   Mrs  LUCY  J   the wile of James S  Mayes  aged 28 years    Central Presbyterian please copy      At her residence in Bardstown  Kentucky    on the  evening of the 4th of July  Mrs  SAL   LIE R  BLAKE Y  fell asleep in Jesus  in  the seventy filth year of her age    Mrs  Blakey was for many years a member  of the Baptist Church   but for more than  twenty years has been a faithful member of  the Presbyterian Church in Bardstown  She  was by nature a woman of marked and deci   sive character  and this trait was also conspic   uous in her Christian life  From the first ol  her protracted illness  she was satisfied that it  was mortal   but all was calm and peaceful   with the peace of God in Christ  Her mind  grasped with increasing clearness and delight  the fundamental doctrines of grace  until the  whole Gospel appeared as an exponent of the  liviug  all sufficient Christ  causing her great   ly to rejoice in hope  acd to exclaim in gentle  triumph  over and over again   Accepted in  the Beloved   is it not sweet and precious       him  remember with gratitude to God  his  singular excellencies and usefulness as a  counsellor in our deliberations  His prac  j  tical wisdom  his clear and correct discern  1 ing and demanding suffering will continue  ment  his sound judgment  his freedom j to exist and demand suffering indefinitely   from extremes and extravagances  his   To this presun  n        son has absolutely   ability to unravel difficulties and reconcile nothing to oi           Many friends will experience a deep  9enae  of bereavement  when informed of the death  of Mrs  LAURA HARLAN CLEVELAND   consort of the Hon  F  L  CleveDnd  of Au   gusta  Kentucky  She was the daughter oi  the Hon  James Harlan  of Frankfort  and in  tho society of that cultured people she was  long known and cherished  She died of Acute  Rheumatism  on the 26tb ult    She had spent a few weeks in Frankfort   watching arouna the couc hot her now sainted  mother  woose premonition that this daugh   ter would be ths next of the family to follow  is thns early verified  Filial attendance and  nervous exhaustion i 1 vited the attack  which  soon concentrated on tne heart  and in the na      Died at Springfield  Kentucky  July 9th   187b  Dr  W B  MOURNING in the iorty first  year of his age    Dr  Mourning was a native of Taylor coun   ty  Kentucky  He attended his first course ol  medical lectures in 1857  and after graduating  in medicine in Louisville in 1858  practiced in  his native county till 1884  when to gratify a  long cherished desire for the benefit of a course  of lectures from Dr  Gio s  he spent one ses   sion at Jetter on College  Philadelphia  On  his return  he moved his family to Springfield   Kentucky  where he contiuued to live till bis  death    He married Miss Jennie Speek of Danville   November 7th 1861  Since 1854  he has been a  pro esse d follower of the Lord Jesus Chi 1 st   and has habitually lived up to that profession   He was a modest man but a good and a true  one  A man of high conceptions of Christian  duty   a mild and temperate man m all his  views   slow to find lault with others  and ger   erous in the interpretation of their motives   but a mao who never yielded principle for  policy  He feired God more than man    Dr  Mourning was painfully afflicted fbr  nearly three years before bis death  and though  Dr      Yandall and Dr  Preston Peter  or  Louisville  Drs  Dan Polen  ol Springfield  and  Cleaver  ol Lebanon  all attended aud watched  over him with all the skill known to the med   ical faculty and with all the devotion of warm  and manly hearts  yet he continued to suffer  as lew are called to suffer  Bu t  as is always  true of the child ot God    affliction worketh  patience  and patience experience    c  This  wl  en ine  tly true of him  beseemed to grow  in grace and the knowledge ol the Lord and  Saviour Jesus Christ from day to day  A more  striking instance of ripening tor the grave   has never fallen under our observation  He  loved truth for truth s sake   he loved the  Church as the    Bride of the Lamb   aDd  loved Christiaos as be saw in them the image  of the Master    The death of such a man is a loss  and casts  a gloom over any community   it is a percepti   ble witudrawal ot a part of the light that llght   eth and of the salt that preserves  In bis  death  the family sustains a heavy loss hut to  him  it is beyond question a great gam  He  has put oft  the flesh with its weariness and  suffering  for immortal joy and peace    M  S      The Presbytery of West Hanover will meet  at Rockl ah Church  on TI u  sday  Ai gift 18th   at 10 o clock a  m    Members will leave the Orange and Alexan   dria Railroad at Rockfish station   and those  who wish to avail themselves of the convey   ances provided by the church  must reach the  station by the trains of Wednesday    E  Woods  Stated Clerk      COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE    SHELBYVILLE  TENNESSEE     A BOARDING and Day School for Young Ladies   specially recommended to public patronage by   the Presbj terians of Middle Tennessee  Careful and  thorough Instruction in every department by experi   enced teachers  Expense  low compared with the  superior advantages offered  The third year under  the present Principal  begins September 5th   fiY Send for a catalogue to  a REV  T  D  WARDLAW      SARDIS FEMALE IN8TITIE    rnHR exercises in this Institution will be resumed  A on the first Monday in 8eptemt er next  The  Principal wishes to employ a Teacher  who is a good  disciplinarian aud can teach all the branches of an  English education  and especially the higher branch   es of Mathematics  Algebra  Geometry  Plane and  Spherical Trigonometry  Good wages will be given   No one need apply who cannot teach with facility  the last mentioned branches    Proper testimonials required  Address   Princi   pal of Sardis Female Institute   Sardis  Musa  a     CHRISTIAN OBSERVER AND COM  MONWEALTH    More labor is expended upon the   Christian Observer and Common   wealth to make it an acceptable and  valuable paper than at any previous   period of its history  i   Its recent enlargement enables it to  present a greater variety than hitherto  Its contents are arranged in two de   partments which are easily separated    one filled with religious articles and in   telligence  and designed more espec aliy  for Sabbath reading   the other con    taining literary aud misceilaueou arti   cles and news    It therefore furnishes its readers every  week with two complete pape r   me  Presbyterian journal  the other a liter   ary and seeuiar tiewspHper of a high  standard for the family on the terms  usually charged for a single paper    In view ot these and other consider   ations it is believed that by a moderate  effort on tne part of its subscribers  its  circulation can he largely increased      As an inducement to them to make  the effort  and a return for the labor in   volved  the following offers are made   CASH PREMIUMS   FOR NEW SUBSCRIBERS  We wu   send the paper tor one jear to one 0    awl one new suheenher for      2   Instead of  6  One old and two new suDscrfbers for    7 25 instead of  9   One old and three new subscribers lor    9 instead of  12   One old and seven new subscribers Tor    16 instead of   20   One old and fifteen new sabscribers for    30 Instead of  48   OTHER PREMIUMS    Or in lieu of the above  we will give any one  who tda one n   subscriber  paving three dollars  a year    A Hymn Book    of our church  bound either in muslin or sheep  For  2 new subscribers  a large type   Now Testaments and Psalms    published by the American Tract Society    For one or more  any   Books for Family or Snnday 3 ihooL   advertised or noticed in our columns to the ts  one dollar for every new subscriber    For 80 new subscribers a handsome   SUver Plated Communion Service    ct n listing of a flagon  baptismal bowl  two goblets  and two piatea They are a superior article  furn   ished by J  L Lemon A Co   Louisville    For 15  a handsome   Brittania Communion Service   the same as the preceding  but not silver plated    Church and Parlor Organs    1 hose made by Mason A Hamlin are highly recom   mended  They are well made ami of excellent tone   and cost from  100 upwards    20 new subscribers  paying  3 each  will ent   the  person obtaining them to a ciedlt  on any rg u    selected  of  yr    30 new subscribers  a credit of to  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these Us accommodations every way are very  complete    For Circulars and other specific information  apply  to the undersigned  Principal    J  V  COSBY    Bardstown  Ky  a     CHARLOTTE FEMALE INSTITUTE    CHARLOTTE  SOUTH CAROLINA    REV  R  Burwbi L    Pni c na 9  Jno  B  Bi kwkij  a  m  f Pnnc  P a   9     The thirteenth annual session of this Institution  will   ommence on the 30th day of SepL  and continue  until the 30th of June  1871    A superior and accomplished corps of Teachers  employed in all the branches usually taugtU in  first class Female Seminaries    For Circular and Catalogue  containing lull j ar   ticulars as to terras  regulations    REV  K  UT KWELL A bON    Charlotte  N  C      CHRISTIAN OBSER    AND   FREE CHRISTIAN COMMONWEALTH   PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY   Richmond  Va   1 owipr    Ixitusvims  Rt     1 14 Main street f   58 Main sjxsoi    Term    T hrrb Dollars per annum  i paui wi hin  the first two month  of the subscription year  or Focb  Dollars it payment is delayed    No paper discontinued until an explicit order to  effect Is received at the office of publication and ar   rearages paid    Postage    Five cents a quarter  payable In advance  at the office where the paper is received    Credits    The slips  pasted on the papers  con   taining the name ot the subscriber and the date to  which he Is credited  are a precise duplicate of the  account on our ledger as it stood one week before  the late of the paper  If  therefore  flie figures that  follow the name should not be changed within a f ew  weeks after a payment is forwarued  the editors  should be notified    Remittances should be made by Check  or  offxe Mone t Orders   or the money should be inclosed  in a letter  kkoistbkbd by tuk postmastkk  If nei   ther of these precautions be observed  the money is  at the risk of the sender    Adrertisements    The Obseryrr and Common   wealth is an excellent advertising medium  No re   ligious paper in the Southern States has a larger cir   culation  Circulars containing terms will be for   warded on application    obituaries over ten lines in length wil  oe charge   at the rate of Seventy five Cents for every Inch i  length down the oolumfl  Payment should acco   pany the notice    hen SubscriberM   Liberal premiums will be gt  to those who obtain new subscribers    Communications for the paper should be addresser  to the Editors 0   the Christian Observer  and Letters  Business   A    F  B  CONVERSE    Ijouisvilie  EHj       LOUISVILLE  KY     and Richmond  Va                   M 1     fl                 Jiterarg and IfUsi ell a neons      WEDNESDAY  JULY 20  1870    Volume 49   Number  9       flje  Dbsmjer         THE OLDEST AND NEWEST EM   PIRE    Tbe following paragraphs are from the in   troductory chapter of an important work on  China and the Chinese  which the National  Put lishing Company will shortly issue in Cin   cinnati and Cbicag   The subject Is one of  growing popular interest to our country  We  copy from the advance sheets sent to us by the     days must praise God for the new form  which His almighty power ha  given to  the immesne work of regenerating the  oontinent of Asia  through the multi   tudes of its people to be brought hith   er  enlightened with Christianity and  returned to it again  Taken in whatso   ever aspect we will  the coming of the  Chinese to America is excelled in im   portance by no other event since the  discovery of the New World  It is one  of tbe impulses  beyond all human con     publishers   Eds     The Chinese Empire was planted in ception or management  by which Uod  the earliest generations after the reno  j is moving the history of mankind on      vation of the world and of human his   tory  by the Deluge  Assyria  Persia   Egypt  Greece  Rome  have risen and  gone     their pride  their wealth  their  dominion  all are things of the past   But the Chinese race is still the same   scarcely tinged by the admixture of  others  The primeval religion  customs  and literature are still vigorous and  fresh  Virtuous examples of their own     ward to its great consummation      For the Observer anil Commonwealth    THE HEBREW COMMONWEALTH    Look on the race of man and behold  what ruins  especially in that which he  has fondly hoped would live the longest   I mean national life and government   Still the work of Moses stands  the  ancestors who lived four thousand years Hebrew nation obeying his laws still  ago encourage the generation of to day  j ex j 8   gj and though disintegrated as a  School books prepared by a con  1       temporary of the Jewish prophet Dan  nation  separated by ti me and country   iel are yet the manuals of the teacher exposed to every agency of destruction   of children  The language is the un    living by sufferance in the midst of bit   hanged monosyllables of the infancy of j ter enemies  trampled on  scorned  trod   social usages are those     j en un  j er banished  proscribed    as much a   people  as thoroughly one in every re   spect  as euduriDg and likely to endure      mankind  The   which have been made familiar to us ini       the patriarchal pictures of the book of ma88aored   8t   11 llve      Genesis  e contemplate  amidst all  the ruins Time has wrought elsewhere   such an empire with constant amaze   ment and curiosity  And when we be   hold at length a change in the wind of  time beginning to blow the seeds of  this stupendous ripe tree across the wa   ters  so that they are seen taking root   our new virgin soil  tbe study of its                  l     he made a nation  and but tor him and   whole character becomes to us a subject m   w v    uu       m ktn  vwHm awaaq v hvo AAAtxl A m All I  I hana   of such interest as has few parallel to it      as firm in faith  as fixed in purpose  as  vital in any part  as when tbe united  tribes ucder Joshua marched through  Jordan to take possession of the prom   ised land    Now  all this is due to these laws of  Moses  for out of a tribe of herdsmen     We are the newest  as China is the old   est  empire of the world  Our institu   tions are but the raw experiments of  yesterday  We are only beginning to  realize that we have a national life  and  that God has formed it for some great  commission  the mere alphabet of which  we are just learning to stammer    The nations of the West boast of their  greatness  but how paltry they seem in  the eyes of an inhabit  nt of that ven   And is this pride with     his ordinances this people would have  been scattered and mingled with other  nations  just like any other mass of no   mads under similar circumstances of na   tional disaster    I propose to investigate these wonder   ful ordinances  and find wherein their  strange power consisted  to mark the  difference between them and those of  other legislators  who have all more or  less failed in giving permanency to their  work  and chiefly to show how near and  yet how far we are from following them     erable empire  Auuiat u su n v   i         out foundation  It alone  in Asia    our own laws    customs and practices   and many Chinese know this   is equal     self and his worship into one family and  one nation  we know not    We do know  however  that he thus    specially revealed himself and made  known his power and love in a peculiar  manner  and kept distinct and pure the  knowledge of his name and a true faith   For this mighty work of separation and  distinct expression Moses was appoint   ed  Before his time man did receive j  a communication from God and offered  him pure worship  He  first  however   was allowed and directed to write down  these communications to preserve them  as guides in matters of faith  and to or   ganize and set in order a system of wor   ship  This was bis distinct duty  and  the nation whom he led and created was 1  appointed to preserve these holy writ  j  ings and keep up these forms of reli  1  gious worship    This was the mission of the Hebrew  on earth  and he still lives and must   live to the end of time as a living wit   ness of the truth that God gave his Holy j  Spirit to enable man to write out his  Divine law    Every Jew now gives testimony to   the fact that Moses lived  was inspired  of God  taught the law  governed the  people  formed their worship  predicted  the Messiah  and served God    Every Hebrew now is as much a  proof of this march of Moses as if he  had been one of those born in the wil   derness  who passed through Jordan  and besieged Jericho  The world can   not do without this nation of witnesses    And what they have endured is due  to the laws end regulations still obeyed  by them as implicitly as of old  of their  inspired lawgiver     Hence the permanence of the raoe  and hence also their importance in hu   man history    No other nation has such a beginning   no other people ever so distinctively  arose from the will and works  the  words and deeds of a single man as this  Hebrew people  All other legislators   all other nation makers sink into insig   nificance when compared with him   Lycurgus  Solon  Romulus  mythical as  they are and yet real too  are as noth   ing contrasted with this shepherd of     0 UR CHILDHOOD   BY GSOKliS D  PBKS IC      Tis Sid  yet sweet to listen  To the s ft wind s gentle swell    And think we h ar the music    Our childhood knew so well     To gaze out oo the even    And the b undlesg B ldr of ai     And f el   gam our lioy hood s wish  To roam like angels there     Th re are many dreams of gladness  That cling around the past    And from the tomb of feeling  Old thoughts come thronging fast     The forms we loved so d ariy  In the happy days now gone    The beautiful and lovely     So fair to look upon    Those bright and gentle ma dens  Who seemed so formed for bliss    Too glorious and too heavenly  for such a world as this         I Ought to Have Anticipated This     A few days have passed over the grave  ot a noble young man from whose lips  fell these words  He had well repre   sented the grand enterprise of life insu   rance  but neglected his soul  When  t e physician informed him that his  sudden and severe illness was fatal  and  his time on earth very brief  he said   with the deliberation of a deep and  awful conviction    1 ought to have  anticipated this   but now it is too  late     A MINISTERIAL ERROR    It is  I think  an error into which  many of our modern ministers  whose  education has been carried to a high  pitch  have fallen  that everything is to  be doue by the head rather than heart   We know very well  that the true meth   od is to reach the heart through the     W hose dark  soft eyes seemed swimming    bead  and men must be made to feel by     to the whole of either of the other con  tinents of the world in the number of  its people  Bewildering as it is to our  idea   there can be no just exception  taken to the computation which makes  its population to amount to one   fourth of the entire family of man  It  stands first of all existing nations in  agricultural productiveness  first in  some important manufactures  first in  the sum of the wealth of its subjects     Chin   to one who can bring his mind to  measure what these  statements eii orace   seems almost a world of itself   a world  which  like those strange binary stars j  which revolve about each other and  communicate mutual powerful influen   1  ces  but are each a distinct sun  has I  moved in all time  strangely connected  with  yet separate from  the world of  our ancestry and history    Interesting as China may be to the woa  other nations of the world  it is related an 1 3  to ours aud to our continent by ties far  closer thau to any others  The first and  the last find themselves most nearly al   lied    CHINESE IMMIGRATION   The subject of Chinese immigration  to this continent is one of anjimportance  and interest which language can hardly  exaggerate  Tbe reader of history be   holds in this contact of the populations  of America and China  on the shores of  the Pacific ocean  the termination of     that westward course of empire whtoh     I have even held that we Anglo Saxons    men of the Bible   are nearer the  Jews in many respects  by our adopting  their Holy Writings as a living rule or  daily faith  than any other ancient or  modern people    What is the Hebrew Commonwealth    This is not to be considered merely as  an abstract question  It involves not  only all religion  which is the true root  of the whole matter  but all law  govern   ment and art   in a word  everything  that goes to make up what we call civ   ilization  I consider the march of Moses  as the grvyjest  event in fheffrisisory Df  the human race  Into it all previous  knowledge and civilization flowed to  aid in developing and rendering it per   fect  and from it has sprung forth all  that was good  then and since  in reli   giou  government  and social life    Before speaking  however  of this  wonderful life   this marvelous march  results   I must speak of the  mighty men who preceded him and of  the form and tnauner of religion as  practiced by the patriarchs    Religious Dispensations    We speak of two dispensations   the  Hebrew and the Christian   we speak of  the Mosaic law as distinct from that  taught by our Lord and his apostles    and we utterly ignore the long race of  patriarchs from Adam to Abraham  or  rather Moses  who worshipped God in  spirit and in truth according to light  given them directly by God himself    I thiuk that we speak wrongly here      Horeb  Their works had merit and  they endured for a time  yet where are    they now and where the result of their  lives and works   Houses built upon    the sands of time swept away by the  rushing waters of the ages while his j  work stands firmly based upon that en   during rock  firmer even than the solid    foundations of tbe earth itself    Its foundation was God   its laws  Vrere based on the God made  lemet ts  of man s best nature  It has in it the  very endurance of eternity  It will  live as long as man exists    We often mistake   we 8M that God  chose the Hebrew to be   he deposit     cation of his holv     Vl itt tbenx H H lhc    ance  and woukT  by the  their very stiff neckedm  to last  more and high  than any other people  tinue to exist    We forget that God  endure  that he formed    than selected them  that h  created agencies and adapts tfT  ends  He gave Moses wisdom  aul he    laws of Moses  by being observed  cre   ated the very endurance of the nation      Io a sea ot liquid light    And whose locks of gold were stream lug  O er brows so sunny bright    Whose sir iles were like the sunshine  In the spring time ofthe year     Like the changelul gleams of April    They Wowed every tear    They have passed  like hopes  away    And their loveliness has tied     Oh  many a hea t 0 mourning  That they are with the dead    Like the brightest buds ol summer    They have fallen with the stem     Yet oh  it is a lovtly death  To fade from earth like them 1      And yet the thought is saddening  To mute on such as they    And feel that all the beautiful  Are passing last away     That the lair ones whom we love    Grow to each loving breast  Like tbe tendril of the clingitg vine    Then perish where they rest    And we can but think ofthese    In the soft and gentle Spring   i When trees are waving o er us    And tne  lowers arc blooming     And we know  that Winter s coining  With his cold and stormy sky     And the glorious beauty roUDd us  is budding but to die     CHURCH COURTESY     Before we were born  the reverend  er of the writer came to this coun   try   He entered the great city and on  th L Sabbath went to the great church of  tb a rAl y  and was coldly shown to the   winger s pew under the gallery  near  jr  At once he felt th t this was j   i t      his plain apparel and humble    np  trance  and determined never again  j t l  Sf pdse himself to a like discourtesy  j  following Sabbath he became a     yer through tbe streets  and might j    ar from God  Accidentally   s i   passing along John street      r pecple entering a church there   entered witWthem   heard a  e t     being shown why they should feel  and  what it is to make them feel  But in  many eases  especially in the least edu   cated  the head is to be reached by ap   peals to the heart  We often hear the  remark     Yes  it was a smart sermon   but wanted heart  It sparkled like the  stars  or shone like the moon on a wintry  night  but it warmed no one   I have  been sometimes struck  as every one  must have been  with the varying effect  produced by different speakers at a  public meeting   and how much power  over an audience  and how much more  the object of a meeting has been accom   plished by a few gushes of simple elo   quence from tbe heart of some earnest  and ardent advoeate  than by the elab   orate  but passionless pleader  The  latter was coldly admired  and admitted  to be an eloquent speaker   but the  former melted and moved his audience  by the depth and intensity of his own  feelings    James      faff     Influence     Remember the power of indirect  influences   those which distil from a  life  not from a sudden brilliant effort   The former never fail   the latter often   There is good done of which we can  never predicate the when or where  It  lies in that invisible influence on char   acter which He alone can read who  counted the seven thousand nameless  ones in Israel       the     INFALLIBILITY OF THE POPE    If the Pope is infallible why don t  he so  and be done with it   Let  him dissolve his Council  and be all in  all  If he is infallible now  then ac   cording to the conditions of the dogma   he has always been infallible  No de   cree of the Council is therefore needed  to make him what he is already  And  no decree of the Council can make him  other than just what be is ho   bjis not  Lve  titi uffw infallible    1       1   v  _    s    iiber he is  infallible or he is not        Kr    i If  he is  there id no use for a decree on    2   ciJ wn     J that dogma by the Council defining it       for he can then himself define it infalli   1 bly  ex cathedra  Or if he is not  there  is no power in the Council to give him    infallibility  by simply defining that  which he has not  The Romish Church    claims to be always in all places  and    under all circumstances  one and the     im shook his hand and cordi   d him to come again  He was  and dqj so   he became a regular  tOiMifc   a large family  then unborn    a  mainly Methodists  and a son  itarly twenty five years been in  imnretry  We shall save families  generations  who else might never                    same  According to this  it cannot   which has made the Hebrew a perpetual   Presume the ociality V rl da ys    change   that 18 14 cannot add to its faith     Th    social power was immense   no   a it for a parlor or appointed occa   sions  but beamed out in all places and  at all time    Dr  Reid      witness for God    They had in themselves no more    power to remain existing than any other  people  Their life is in their observance    of law  and failing this they perish  like every other nation under disintre   grating circumstances    We see it in the fate of the Ten  tribes  They failed to keep up Mosaic     oegan in the first periods of the history j There are really three dispensa      f man  and in it the completion of one  great cycle of the Divine government  on earth  and the commencement of  another   the glorious and golden age  of mankind  The philosophic mind  finds abundant material for the pro   foundest thought in the numerous ques   tions of a political and social nature  which arise from the return of the  grand current of civilization  transform   ed by all the changes which so many  ages and influences have wroug t  and  freighted with the spoils of so many  lands  to the regions whence it origina   ted   and in considering the results as  they will affect the nations which hold  that civilization in its oldest and in its  newest forms  the chief empire and the  chief republic of the world  the pat   riot must speculate upon the effects of  the introduction of a new and bound   less supply of productive labor  of me   chanical skill and of commercial enter   prise  as they shall tend to settle the  national embarrassments which havejfol   lowed our employment of the African     tions   The first  the most ancient  pa   triarchal  from Adam and Noah to Abra   ham and to Moses   the second  the  middle  Hebrew  or Mosaic  from Moses  to the time of our Saviour  and third   the present  or that of Christ and his  apostles  The Hebrew was as a bridge  between the two   religion  which had  been as wide spread as the race of man   was narrowed down to one nation   thrown as a bridge across a time of  darkness and danger  to be again ex   panded by our Lord s followers and to  be again as broad as humanity itself   Yet the new is surely a true revival of  the old  expanded and developed  merg   ing the middle one into it and then all  becoming one    The whole world was on one side un   der Adam and Noah  All the world  will be on the other under Christ and  the apostles  The Hebrew system stood  between  uuiting both  and yet in many  respects distinct from either  Now  this distinctiveness of the Hebrew dates  not so much from Abraham as from     A POINTED ARGUMENT    _ j M r  Mason Good once asked a  young scoffer  who was attacking Chris   law and they perished like any other I tianity on account of the sins of some  scattered people  Much time and study of   profesBOrs       Did you ever know an uproar made  because an infidel had gone astray from     and learned wit has been wasted to  prove that these tribes still exist some   where  The Nestorians  the wild In   dians and others have been fancifully  found to be the men of these lost  tribes    J Men see that the Jews endure and  therefore they think that endurance is    such a Hebrew characteristic that these    people must be somewhere now     r  j j nor take away anything that it holds at  11 dld any time for faith    All articles of faith must then be held  always by all the faithful  or they can   not be saved  Until the dogma of the  Immaculate Conception of the Virgin  Mary was promnlged  it was possible to  die without believing it  and yet be  saved  Now  no poor soul  who does  not hold it  can be saved  though he  holds for faith all that others have in  former years held  who were saved  So   the infallibility of the Pope was not a  dogma of faith in former years  But if  once proclaimed as defined by the Coun   cil  none can forever thereafter be saved      the path of morality    The young man  admitted he had not   Then  you  allow Christianity to be a holy religion  w h 0 Jq not gulp it down in their oreed      Endurance was no more a Hebrew  j  _  than that of any other people    f     by expecting its professors to be holy  thus  by your scoffing  you pay it the  highest complimeut in your power    People are not surprised when they  find a rejector of the Bible living in im   but let them detect a man       power wau tuat o auy uvuer peupie ho fes3e8 to ob it pur8u i Dg a 8in     they live because they observe Moses           forthwith   with   ra     The whole stupendous presumption is  a climax in the Romish system  at which  the world may well stand aghast        laws  if they disobey they perish and  are wanting in history  The very de   struction of the Ten tribes is a proof in  itself of the permanence of these life   giving ordinanoes  To obey is to live     ful oourse  and forthwith  with sneers  and scorn  they publish his  inconsis   tency   What a condemnation they  thereby write against themselves   They  see that Christianity requires purity of  life in its adherents  They oensure     to neglect is to suffer  to disobey is to require    perish This very endurance of the na  enta Be c   uae of that fai i ure   t hey       n  obeym g these laws   s a proof that   eX0U8e themaelves f ro m obeying it  Yet  the laws are divine All that other         t oondemn J 8 t   e inoon    men made died of age and disease         race  as they may prove useful in de   1 Moses  He made the nation and set  veloping the resources of the western   them apa t from all other people of  portion of the continent  and elevating l all other countries  The God of Abra      it to a full level with the eastern por  tion   and as they may modify our in   stitutions and possibly even our form of  government    The Christian must watch with deep   est concern the infusion of new  subtle  and powerful elements of religious er   ror and forms of vice amidst the more  bold and unregulated mind of our na   tion  And the man who waits for the  consolation of the Israel of the latter     ham is the God of the Christian  of all  men who believe in the faith of Abra   ham  The God of the Hebrews seems  to be  yet is not really  a national God    Now  our Lord would seem to have  been a Restorer    God was then on each side of the  Hebrew dispensation   and God  through  Moses  in the middle dispensation also   Why God separated himself as it were  from the rest of the world and put him      What this man made abides in life con   tinually  He said that his laws were  divine  Tbe result of ages  the long  tria  of time has proved his assertion  true  Of all miracles this race is in  its perpetual existence the longest and  tbe strongest  Moses wrote  the Jew  lives    ilo  prophecy has been and none  is more completely fulfilled   no better  refutation of the sceptic   no stronger  proof of the truth of the bible can be  found than this permanent existence of  the Hebrew nation  I am willing to  base my faith in God on this alone had  I no other evidence of the existence of  God and the truth of his holy word    L      sistenoies of professors as strongly as  they do  Will the sins of disciples  excuse them   Did the treachery of  Judas lessen the guilt of the Jews and  Romans who killed the Lord   It is a  t  ibute to the divinity of the Gospel   that it has triumphed over the stabs  which it has received from its recruits   Nothing but God s truth could have  survived such treachery  But that does  not justify either the man who thus  W0 iDd3 it in the house of its friends  or  the bitter enemy who makes it respon   sible for the wounds which are inflicted      Old Age      Old age is a public good  It is in   deed  Don t feel sad because you are  old  Whenever you are walking  no  one ever opens a gate for you to pass  through  no one ever honors you with  any kind of help  without being him   self the better for what he does   for  fellow feeling with the aged ripens the  soul        A Sunday given to the soul is the  best of alt means of refreshment to the  mere intellect      Isaac Taylor      A Warning      Young men  inclined to excesses  will  find a warning in the history of Theo   dore Clay  son of the   Great Harry    of Kentucky  He was very wild in his  youth  but gave great promise in the  opening of his career as a lawyer  In  a short time  however  the effect of  youthful excesses began to tell on his  mind  and be was soon an inmate of a  Lunatic Asylum  where he died recent   ly after a residence of thirty eight  years  During the last few years of  his life  Mr  Clay was a drivelling idiot   He that sows the wind  will reap the  whirlwind      Half truths are often more calum   nious thanwhole falsehoods      DR LYON S SPEECH   In tbe General Assembly at Louisville on  the Report ofthe Committee ot Foreign Cor   respondence  to whom was committed the  Overture of the Northern General Assembly  proposing a Conference in regard to a friendly  correspondence between the two bodies    The Committee  It will be recollected  pre   sented a report in iavor of the appointment ot  a Committee of Conference  to which the As   sembly gave instructions showing what are  tbe obstructions in the way ofa Christian and  fraternai correspondence between the two As   semblies  On the motion to adopt this re   port  the great debate in the Asssembly took  place  The Rev  Drs  Dabney  Robinson   Palmer  and others  spoke in favor of the re   port  and the Rev  Drs  Lyon  Ross  Rice   and others  opposed it  The following is a  synopsis of Dr  Lyons  remarks     Ms  Moderator   lam on several accounts  decidedly opposed to the adoption of the pa   per reported by tbe Committee of Foreign    Correspondence  as our response to the kindly  overtures from the Northern Assembly  pro   posing fraternal intercourse  But before I  urge my objections  I beg leave to premise in  the first place that it is with sincere sorrow  that l lcel constrained to difier with brethren  so distinguished for eloquence and great  ability  and who stand so high iH my esteem  as do Drs  Dabney  Robinson aud Palmer   who advocate the adoption of that Report   Indeed  those who know me best  need not be  told that it is painful to me to assume an an   tagonistic position against anything  Conflict  is not congenial to my nature  though my  name is Lyon   Laughter   If I am a brave  man  some of my friends say that I am   it is  the bravery of will  not of inclination  for my  whole nature shrinks from contention  Noth   ing but a sincere love ol the truth  and a deep  sense of duty impel  me to engage in conflict   and especially with such opponents  If  success depended upon my ability to cope  with such men  each a giant   I should des   pair  But I feel that I have truth on my side   which sooner or later will prevail     In the next place  1 trust that I may not be  deemed wanting In modesty  when 1 say  and  I say it for a defensive purpose which some ot  you will understand  that 1 yield to none in  my zeal and love ior the Southern Presbyte   rian Church  which 1 regard as the purest  church in the world  It has been my honor  and good lortuue  to have as much to do  to  say the least  m its organization and mouldiug  as auy other broLhcr in tins body  or in her  borders  1 speak not of influence but ot ac   tual labor  Five times in nine years have 1  beeu a member of tbis body  It was my priv   ilege to assist in its original organization at  Augusta  Georgia  1 have been Chairman of  two ol its great and memorable Committees    the oue that admitted the New School  brethren at charlotte  and the other that  opentd the door for the reception of the hon   ored synod of Kentucky  at Nashville  1 have  also bad the rare honor of being numbered  amongst Its Moderators  Besides  i am South   ern  intensely southern  in all my rulaliom   aud proclivities   ilre  fusl ol mjf ancestors   extending back beyond tne revolutionary war  to their fountain heads in Wales and the  North of lrelaud  lie in southern soil  bo that  1 do not permit auy oue to insinuate a suspi   cion with regard to my zeal for the honor aud  prosperity of my native Church iu whose  ouiluuig up 1 have becu  however humble   yet a cniei actor  At the same time  sir  I  yield to mv brethren on the otherside uu equal  leal  although J thiuk they arc mistake g as  to Inc best course to pursue tu the present      place  that according  to my judgment  ana iu this I may be pecu   liar  nevertheless 1 am sincere   ecclesiastical  courts cannot  dare uot  make compromises of  their honest convictions for the sake of har   mony and unanimity  l hi  may be dope by  political assemblies and legislative bodies  but  not by the courts ol the Lord Jesus Christ   in the lormer iustauce  no pretension is made  to being directed by the Spirit of God  hut iu  latter the case is ditferent  The Chur h which  is the   Bride of Christ  cannot make com   promises  It would be a virtual receding  Horn w hat was believed to be divine truth   which we dare not do  We constitute as a  church court with prayer  We ask God lor  His inspiring aud guidiug Spirit  The an   swer to the prayer we expect to find in our  own hearts individually  each oue  therefore   is bound to give his vote according to his in   ward convictions  irrespective of ail other in   fluences  This done  the voice ofthe whole is  the voice of God  Whatever the result may  be  that Proyiaeuce which briugs good out of  evil  aud causes even   the wrath of man to  praise him   will cause it to redound to His  own honor and glory  bo that much as 1  would love to be In accord with my esteemed  brethren tu the opposition  and much as a  would be delighted to see this Assembly a  unit  yet 1 cannot sacrifice my own honest  convictions simply lor the sake of harmony in  outward action and utterance      With these preliminaries I now proceed   Mr  Moderator  to assigu briefly some of my  reasons for opposing the adoption of the Ma   jority Report    In the flrst place  Mr  Moderator  I object  to the Report because it sets out with the dis   tinct allegation that the Overture from the  Northern Assembly is lor     re uuion   which  is not the case according to my understand   ing of the document  The Overture expresses  the   desire  that the day may uot be distant  when we may again be united iu oue great or   ganization  But this is no proposition to  re   union  uo more than the Lord s prayer   which says   Thy Kingdom    c   is an in   junction upon all Christians to enter at once  into organic re union   It is true  sir  they  express the  desire  that all who inherit and    hold with them the same ancient symbols of  taitb  and the same forms of government and  worship  and who were in former days in one  organic fold  may in the course of time  be  one iu happy union again  But this  desire   for tbe future is not a proposition to us for  present action  And we do but put ourselves  in a false position  when we say so  More   over  sir  it there were any doubt with regard  to the interpretation of the Overture of  69   there can be none with regard to the meaning  ol the present proposition to appoint a Com   mittee of nine  to meet thsir Committee   charged with no other duty than that o  re   moving obstacles that may now exist in the  way ol friendly and Christian intercourse be   tween the two Assemblies  The brethren  who have been sent to us solemnly declare  that this is the only object of the Commission   that they do not come with propositions for  organic re union  but for friendly intercourse   and that alone  And shall we not believe  them  Were not all hearts touched and  made to beat with responsive affection as we  listened to their words oi lraternal greeting  and love   Were they not sincere   Who can  suspect lor a moment that they were capable  of presenting to us a   Grecian horse V  ot  coming to us with   Punic faith     or that  they could be made the dupes ot   trick  or   clap trap   Impossible I No  Mr  Mode   rator  these brethren beloved were inlinltely  above any such suspicion  I pity the man  whose soul is eaten up with   suspicion   It  is a cancer that eats out everything noble in a  man s heart  I would rather be deceived ten  times  than to harbor in my mind suspicion  and bate  It is the bane of all cha ity  A  brother that preceded me said  that if we      2     CHRISTIAN OBSERVER      NWEaLTH  JULY 20  1870      nwmed a friendly intercourse with the North   openea a r      wonld no t be six months     ern Church              demoralized and  I             Episcopal   Mr Mod    e rtheVrother Is mistaken  This is not      nieces  scattering off to the Episcopal  anrf other denominations   Mr  Mod      with a     until our    h cb another denominations   erator  the brother Is mistaken   oor danger  But we are threatened   that is fearful  The danger is  s r that  bv our quarrels  and hatred  and _ suspicion   and the crimination and recrimination of Pres   byterian against Presbyterian   Greek against  Greek   we shall drive our people to infidelity  and atheism 1 Our young people  and outsi   df rs sir  do not understand the difference be   fw n Northern and Southern Piesbyterians   All that they know is that these Presbyterians     reat and distinguished lor talent  and learn   ing  and orthodoxy  and high culture   each other s hair  at each other s throats  and  trying to destroy each other    whose watch   word  is hate  hate  eternal hate   This i6 our  danger  I can assure you  Mr  Moderator  that  in my humble judgment  and so far as my ob   servation and experience go  the greit heart  of the Church is sick and sore on account o   this strife  1 do not believe that editoi 8 of  newspapers please the majority of their read  ere when they fill their papers with accounts  ofthese dissensions  The people  sir  want  peaoe and not war    My next objection to that Report is  that in  my judgment  it is not calculated to bring  peace  but war  It is to return   ikindnesstor  Eindneee  They ask a fish  we give them  stone  In their Assembly in Albany  in  68   they by formal action  acknowledged our sej    irate and Independent existence  and placed  os on the same footing with all other brethren  of the great Presbyterian family  thus virtu   ally and in effect rescinding and retracting  their offensive action at Pittsburg  In their  Assembly at New York  in  6   they reiterate  this action with words of kindness  sending  their   Christian 6alutation6   And now they  go still further   they not only express their   desire for the speedy establishment of cor   dial fraternal relations with the Southern  Presbyterian Church  upon terms of mutual  confidence  respect  Christian honor and  love   but they send a de egation consisting of  our friends  of brethren known and beloved  by us  conveying these words of kindness  and  informing us that they have appointed a Com   mittee of Nine  of which this delegation of es   teemed brethren constitute a part   to meet a  similar Committee appointed by us  to con   sult together  not as to how an organic union  can be brought about  this they solemnly dis   claim  but   with a view of removing what   ever obstacles may be in the way of Iriendly  intercourse   They bring no charges  They  insinuate no charges  expressed or implied   All thev ask is a mutual conference with  friendly intent to remove whatever obstruc   tions may be in the way of fraternal inter   course  This friendly conference might re   sult in the withdrawing of law suits  in the  settlement of difficulties in divided churches   and even  for aught we know to the contrary   to a removal of all the   irso racro  proceed   ings  But sir  how do we  according to the  paper reported by the majority  propose to re   spond to their kindly overtures   Do we send  a similar Committee  untrammelled and trust   ed to return kindness for kindness  courtesy  for courtesy  to consult according to their bes t  wisdom and piety  for the peace and honor of  our beloved Church  Surely  sir  we have  brethren whose wisdom  piety  zeal and love  for the honor of their Church we can trust   This would prove courteous and Christian   and enable us to maintain our hitherto envia   ble position  But  sir  instead of this  we go  through the form  it is true  of appointing a  Committee of nine  sent shackeled with  in   structions    bound hand and foot  allowed  no liberty  but made simply the beare s of a   bill of indictment  against our Northern  brethren  to bring railing accusations  to  charge them with having discrowned Christ   surrendered all the great testimonies ol the  Church for the fundamental doctrines of grace   having outlawed members of their own  church  and misrepresented the Southern  Church before the whole word  These are  the charges that our Committee is to be com   missioned to bear and prefer   the acknowl   edgment of which  it would seem  is to be made  a condition precedent to friendly consulta   tion   Mr  Moderator  is this kind  is this cour   teous  is this Christian  is it respectful even  to our Committee   Is it respectful to our   selves   Can they receive us with proper self   respect   Suppose  sir  that two neighbors  were at variance  and oue is anxious lor a re   conciliation  and sends a third party to pro   pose an interview with reference to a friendly  settlement  and the other should reply    Yes    I will meet you on the condition that you firs   acknowledge yourself to be a liar and a scoun   drel 1  Sir  would he meet on such terms   would you  I would not  I do not see how  our Northern brethren can meet our Commit   tee  coming shackled as they do with this bill  cl offensive charges  Sir  what have we to do  with their heresies and misdeeds   Nine years  ago  we declared ourselves to be a separate and  independent Church  we signed  sir  man by  man  our names to the declaration and our  reasons for the step that we had taken   of  which  sir  1 am as proud as our forefathers  were of the Declaration of In ependence   They themselves  at Albany  in  6S  acknowl   edged us to be a separate and independent  Church  Why then  sir  should we  eel it to  be incumbent upon us to bear testimony  against them any more than against any otne r  church that entertains error   Why not tes   tily against the Cumberlands for their error  on the subject of predestination   and the As  aociate Kelormed tor their strait lace notions  about Rouse s version of the psalms  and their  close communion  Why not instruct our del   egates to these bodies to bear charges against  them for their heresies  Why  Mr  Modeia   tor  we are not the keeper of our Northern  brother s conscience  We do not require per   fection in all things as a condition to friendlv  intercourse  The only condition  sir  is that  they should be a part of the tiue Church  If  they love the Lord Jesus Christ   if they bear  His image  if they are His children  then they  are our own brethren  and we are bound by  the great law of brotherly love to fellowship  them as such  The grandest thought that  ever came into my mind in connection with  this visible Church of Christ  is that the law  ol Christian love is infinitely superior to patri   otism    It knows no section  no caste  no co   lor  no blood  no nationality  no country  but  only the world  the whole world   for all are  one  in Christ Jesus 1   fcPor nine years  Mr  Moderator  we  as a  General Assembly  have occupied a high and  noble position   We have kept out of all strife   We have not uttered a word of crimination or  recrimination against the Northern Church   although all their terrible acts against us have  been passed in the mean time  Why not still  maintain this exalied position  Why now  come down to mingle in strife  and to prefer  chargee  If we caonot send a Committee  without being trammell d with these offecsive  charges  then  sir  1 am not in lavor of sending  a Committee at all  I would simply prefer  that we should inform our Northern breth   ren  that we do not  at this time  see any way  clear to enter into any correspondence with  them whatever  This would be dignified   this would be candid  this would not be dis   respectful to them or to ourselves  and o t  this we could maintain our prestige lor peace   But  sir  the adoption of this paper will be a  coming down  It will be the tocsin of war   We shall enter the lists  and the thunder be   gins   Alp answering back to Juro  and Juro  to Alp  What a spectacle to the world   The  saddest thing connected with fallen humanity   is not hostile conflict between two nations  this is bad enough   not civil war  this is  worse  not the separation of a united  a lov  ing family by the death of some olits members   not any one ol there  nor all put toge her   but the mortal conflict of brothers  born of   the same parents  dandled on tl e san e knees  nourished by the same paps  and lam in the  same bed  trying to cut each other s throats    Similar to this  sir  will be the strife of Pres   byterians  one in origin  and in history  and  s  recentlv one in happv organic union     Mr  Modera or  ii necessary let us bear a d  forbear  but let us not begin tne strife  let us  not throw down the gauntlet  let us not de   scend from our high position which we have  occupied ever since our organization  nine  years ago   let us net give up our impregnable  vantage ground  which we have so long and so  honorably maintained despite all the hard ut   teran es of tti  it  hem Assembly  which  Tb  y  whi s  ii  d r lbs  iron rule of violent  men tempora by i   i  e Macs    Ian    who had at  t  etr c f  Uiinand under ine u r ible name of    ljy lt    the bayonet arm r e  uspension of  the  r tol B4RSA8 corpus    ered against  I hi  e revor believer    Moderator   th t tin re t  jKucaV     N r l m Old     School Church was in accord with those harsh  and cruel measures  But on the contrary  1  have ever been of the opinion  that the great  heart oi that Church was with Dr  Hodge in  his protest against the  Spring Resolutions    Let us not then play into the bands ot those  violent men that temporarily ruled the  Church  but which are now going under  but  let us give   aid and comfort  to those who  believe as we do  and sympathize with us    I shall exceedingly  regret the adoption of  the paper before us  because it will stop the  mouths of our lriends  and humble them in  the presence of their violent and jeering ene   mies  who will be jubilant at their defeat    But  Mr  Moderator  whatever may be the  action of this Assembly on the paper in ques   tion  which may be carried by the great pbks  Tide and eloquence of its advocates  it will  not in the least degree diminish my zeal and  reverence for my honored and beloved Church   tne purest and most homogeneous in the  world  Let there be no strife amongst our   selves  We may differ  as we do here  sin   cerely  honestly  earnestly  tut in all good  feeling  as to the best plan  to be adopted  and  the best policy pursued  but there is no dif   ference as to our love and reveience for our  united and homogeneous Southern Church     Cl rt0tiau  Dbscrofr      L      Contents of the Miscellaneous Department   SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES    Caldwell Female Institute S   Stonewall Jackson Institute S   Collegiate Institute  Shelby ville  Tenn S   COMMC8ICATIONS    The Hebrew Commonwealth   Speech ol Rev  J  A  Lyon  D  D   SELECTIONS    The Oldest and Newest Empire 1   Chinese Immigration  1   Our Childhood  Poetry 1   Church Courtesy 1   A Pointed Argument 1   A Ministerial Error l   I Ought to Have Anticipated This     Influence 1   infallibility of the Pope I   Old Age 1   A Warning 1   PAKHEK S bEPAKTMSNT    Carbolic Acid 4   Improved Hee Keeping 4   The Best Breed of Chickens 4   Henry Ward Beecher on the Crow  4   Curcnllos   Chloroform and Plants   Beef Hash    Mush Bread  Best Varieties of Fowls  4   News of the Week    War In Europe  Domestic News Items   Death of   Closing Scenes of Congress   Miscellaneous   Summary  Ac    c 2 3   RECENT PUBLICATIONS    The Oldest and Newest Empire  Stepping Heaven   ward  Lite in Utah  Put Yourself in his Place    Ac  Ac  2   Price Current 3   Advertisements 3 4     Delayed    The delays incident to making some  needed repairs in our printing office  is  our apology for a little tardiness of this  week s paper  It will be issued with its  usual punctuality hereafter      An Answer to Dr  Dabney s Letter    A letter from Rev  Dr  Van Dyke was  received too late for this number  We  will publish it next week      CALDWELL FEMALE INSTITUTE    At Danville  Kentucky  there is a very  superior institute for girls   under health   ful Presbyterian influences  known as the  Caldwell Female Institute  It is under  the care of the Rev  L  G  Barbour  who is  highly esteemed Jboth asja min  s  er and a  teacher  If we mistake not  his labors  have been rewarded in building up  the largest Presbyterian school in that re   gion of country  The last examinations  were attended by a very large crowd   The graduating class was the largest since  1862  The next session will open on the  first Monday in September  with very en   couraging prospects  He will be assisted  by an excellent  tried band of seven or  eight teachers  The Rev  W  F  Junkin   late of Virginia  who is also principal of  an excellent school for boys  is the pastor  of the Presbyterian Church here  The  pupils at Mr  Barbour s school therefore  enjoy excellent religious privileges in ad   dition to the other attractions which are  afforded by the school itself  and the beau   ty  healthfulness and comforts of its sur   roundings      Stonewall Jackson Insitute   We have received a oopy of the Cata   logue or Register of this excellent school   under the care of Abingdon Presbytery   which indicates that it is in a flourishing  condition   and doing an imporant ser   vice for the rich valleys of Southwestern  Virginia  and East Tennessee  The fol   lowing is a testimonial from a committee  of gentlemen  who were present at  he re   cent examination     The undersigned were in attendance upon  the examination ol the pupils of the    8 tone   wal  Jackson Institute   and do most cheer   fully testify that we were more than satisfied  with the result  The examination was abso   folutely impartial  the examiners being solic   ited to question  to any extent  on the por  lion of each branch studied  The answers   promptly given  gave evidence of an under   standing of the subjects  which would not at   tend a mere act of the memory  Altogether  the examination was most creditable to ita  efficiency of the instruction given  and thi  diligence of the pupils      Signed     Rev  A  L  Hogshead       G  R  Barr      E  H  Barnett      H  C  Neal    W  Y  C  White  Esq     Mr  D U  Thomas   Another statement  respetthg thorough   ness of instruction  is an extract from an  article in the Abingdon Virginian  which  is signed with the initials of Rev  E  H   Barnet  Pastor of the First Presbyterian  Chnrch  Lynchburg     We were glad to see the that the study  of English Grammar has not been neglect   ed  The correct use of the English Lan  guage is  after all  the true test of good  scholarship  We have daily practical  use for all the correct knowledge of our  mother tongue  which we can acquire     It was  therefore  with hopeful pleasure  that we found those young ladies able to  discuss the proper use and place of the  adjectives  adverbs and verbs  which they  will daily use in after life    W e were specially pleased with the ex   aminations in Mathematics and the Phy   sical Sciences  Woman s mind does not   s  em formed by nature to grasp or under   stand the more exact sciences  But the  young ladies of the  Stonewall  displayed  a knowledge of Algebra and Arithm fi    which wou d bEv  r f cru           school in the land  In Natural PE  and Chemistry  the examination was efi   and rapid   the answers prompt and cc u  rate  And here  where more progress has  been made in the last ten years  than in  any department of education  the pupils  showed themselves fully up to the times   Their answers showed a knowledge of  principles and facts  which far outstripped  that of tiie examiners   and they were forc   ed to class themseives among the  old  fogies     Iu addition to the usual musical exercises  at the close of the session  there were two  essays that were highly complimented  one  by Miss Julia Martin  of Athens  East  Tennessee  and the other  the valedictory  by Miss Alice King  a granddaughter we  suppose  of the late Father King  of Bris   tol      rent publication      Judge R  M  Page   J  N  Humes  Esq    Col  D  4   Dunn    S  Bekem  Esq    Mr  H  Preston      COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE    Shelbyville  Tenn    Messrs  Editors  Being present at the j  annual examination and commencement  exercises of this institution  I desire to  call the attention of the Christian public  to this most excellent school for the ed    cation of young ladies   The examination occupied Monday   Tuesday and Wednesday of the third  week of June  the first day being devoted  to the more juvenile classes  and the last  to the more advanced  all giving evidence  of the conscientious care and ability of  the teaching    The second night was devoted to music  and the reading of compositions  and the  last night to the annual concert  and the  giving of Diplomas by the President  The  large hall of the Institute was beautifully  and tastefully ornamented with pictures   flowers  and festoons of evergreen  Many  of the pictures were painted by the ladies  of the Institute    The classes were examined in the usual  English branches  Natural Philosophy   Higher Mathematics  Latin and Frencn   The entire examination gave the highest  satisfaction  and evidently was not made  up for the hour  We understand that Dr   Wardlaw is perfectly willing to submit his  classes to an examination any day during  the scholastic year    In this Institution  particular attention  is given to the careful and critical study of  the Languages  though not required  for  graduation  This might be expected from  the known reputation of Dr  Warlaw tor  classical attainments of the highest order    In the department of English Literature  a  d History Dr  Wardlaw is an enthusiast   and the pupils of his school enjoy advan   tages in this part of their education not  surpassed by any University in the land   The instruction given in every deportment     The Oldest and the Newest Empire    China and the United States  By Wil   liam Speer  D  D   Corresponding Sec   retary of the Fresbyterian Board  for   merly Missionary in China and to the  Chinese ic California  Cincinnati  O     National Publishing Company  Chi   cago  Jones  Junkin   Co   8vo    This handsome volume comprising seven  or eight hundred octavo pages contains  more valuable information respecting Chi   na and the Chinese than any other work  known to us  Its author  Dr  Speer  was  sent as a missionary to the Province of  Canton  in China  in 1846  and in 1852 to  California to preach the Gospel 10 the  Chinese immigrants  His work is largely  made up of materials collected during his  residence and acquaintance with that peo   ple Connected with graphic pictures  j of the Chinese at home  he gives the read   er a summary history of their Empire  their manners  arts and institutions  The  new relations  in which very many of  them are coming to us  renders this work  a matter of great practical interest to the  people of this country  The reader will  find extracts from the introductory chapter  of his work on the first page of this paper    Stepping Heavenward  By E  Prentiss   author of the  Flower of the Family       The SlliiV Itrwita       I i      T aii u CL       is thorough  Dr  Wardlaw has f  rience in teaching  Heisan cco  ed  scholar himself  and will have non  Uut the  best of teachers in Lis school  A   S oung  ladies who expect to qualify then  fres to  teach  would do well to avail tbei elves  Othe ad vintage of spending a y   or two  With Dr  Wardlaw    The different classes examined in ancient  Languages exhibited good advancement   and gave evidence that they hid bqen well  instructed  The graduating classidid ex   tremely well  It is rarely you ffri  i pils  so young that get such a correct kr jUiedge  of the structure of the language   1  The musical department of school  was well sustained  The lover  ff good  music had a rich treat offered the A The   high praise given showed that all  ere  pleased  Some of the most diffi  p  cueces  of music were rendered by the ait   tsDced  pupils with correctness  expression and  effect   One of tije compositions of th   ating ass was in  biench  and  with  ettness fcf tone and en   rarely equalled by one who   language  The names of the gr  class were      Jliss Lilly Bemiss  of New irleat  Mis  Venie Burton  ol MurtieeMNoro    Miss Bessie Day too    1 8I1 1 ryLie     7   Miss Jessie Hume  of Smyrnu  Tenn      pleasure to     It will be a source of    the friends and patronb of tin school to  learn that the same ab e corp   teachers  will be with the school ne v  t er which  begins on the first Monday Sepwei ober   We would take pleasure it   mm  ding  this most excellent school to the attention  of parents and guardians  We know  what we say when we say that more thor   ough and critical instruction is not given  by any school in the land  and at about  one third the cost of many otht t  Ju      The building i  large and WfjfcslfSsdioiw  I  The Principal with his fs  in the j   Institute  and the boartlers form pan of  his household  A large school is expected  next session  It is the only Presbyterian  school in the State  J  H  B    We take pleasure in adding to theab ive  article  which will be recognized as from  the pastor of the Presbyterian Church at  Shelbyville  the following resolution   which was adopted by the Presbytery of  North Alabama at its meeting K      Eds    Resolvcrl  That we have heard w 1 th i    as   urc she statements of Ktv  T JD  Wardlaw  ana Rev John H  Bryson respecting the   shelbyville Female Institute   under the  are of Dr  Wardlaw   and we appreciate the  efforts and success of the Principal  anfl cor   dially comin nd this school to l  and patronage  of  the c Pure Is  care  and we deem it of prime  r     irtance  hat  we patronize Prisbtterias schools in juVIer   enccto schools of other denominations      Stewart College   From the advertise   ment of Stewart College in another col   umn  it will be noticed that Jas  Dinwildie   Duncan M  Quarles  and James A  Car   riger have been elected to professorships  therein  We can congratulate the insti   tution on securing the serr 0   gentle   men so eminently fitted for Gr r ipective  positions      The Susy Books     Li tle Lou s Say  ings and Doings    c    c  12mo   pp    425  New York   A  D  F  Randolph   For sale by T  L  D  Walford  No  918  Main street  Richmond  Va    The tale is of the  great change  of a pas   sionate  head strong girl of sixteen  to a  meek  even tempered woman  seeking to  live the life of a Christian  and to be a  blessing to all around her  The form of a  diary is adopted  as the most suitable for  the delineation of the various changes  in temper and character  which the lapse  of time is ever making  The quiet scenes  of home life are admirably drawn  and  though less exciting than those drawn from  the lives of men whom the world calls  great  are much more improving  and not  less entertaining to a well regulated mind   The spirit of the work is good   a true wo   man is sketched  and as the true in man  ever begets the true  the effects of its peru   sal must necessarily be good    Life in Utah  or the Mysteries and  Crimes OF Mormonism  Bing an ex   pose of the secret rites and cerimonies  of the Latter Day Saints  with a foil and  authentic history of Polygamy and the  Mormon Sect  from its origin to the pres   ent time  By J  H  Beadle  Editor of the  Salt Lake Reporter  and Utah Correspon   dent of the Cincinati Commercial  Phil   adelphia and Cincinnati   National Pub   lishing Co  12 mo  pp 540    The author of this volume  took up his  residence in Salt Lake City  in October   1868  as the Editor of the Salt Lake Re   porter  a Gentile paperjin that city  His  business being to collect and publish facts   he has had abundant opportunity to ob   tain a vast amount of information respect   ing this mysterious people  who have es   tablished or are trying establish a sepa   rate nationality within the limits of the  United States  His impressions of them  are by no means favorable  With a cli   mate tlmt should be  and probably js the  mostcTOf ubrious on the continent  thi mor   ong them  resulting from the pe   heir social system is greater  almost any other portion of  States  The volume is an in   ne  It is more free from excep   Qetails than its subject would in   The style of narrative will seture  Attention of the reader  while it im   parts a good deal of valuable information   Put yourself in his place  Author s  edition  By Charles Reade  Author  of  Foul Play   etc    Mr  Reade seldom writes a novel without  some practical aim besides that of tickling  the imagination and pricking the sympa   thies of lovers of romance  In  Never Too  Late to Mend   the purpose was to illus   trate the wickedness of the prison system  in England aud the colonies   iu  Griffith  Gaunt   his moralizing was directed  against the vice of laziness as cultivated  by the boorish Englishmen who persuade  themselves that they are  country genth   men   and in  Put Yourselfin His Place    which ha  been running for nearly a year  in the Gala ry and is first published in book  form  his incidental purpose is to give a pop   ular idea of the miseries and crimes of the  system of  strikes  that has been adopted  to so large an extent among the mechan   ics of England  France and America  I 11  doing this  he has projected and developed  astory  though he tells us that it is founded  on fact  even more sensational than    Griffith Gaunt  or  Foul Play   It is  ur one of the best works of fiction of the age   Three editions of it are for sale by David   son Bros    Co   one in paper covers  pub   lished by Sheldon   Co  in large type  and  two in cloth  respectively 8vo and 12mo  published by Harper   Bros    Vivian Grey  A Novel By the Right  Hon  Ben  Disraeli  author of  Lothair    Ac  Paper covers  Svo   pp  221  New  York   D  Appleton   Company  For  sale by Wooohouse and Parham  No  1205 Main street  Richmond  Va  Price      Professors Elected    At the late meeting  of the Board of trustees of Princeton Col   lege  Dr  J  C  Welling  now President of  St  John s College  Annapolis  Maryland   was elected Professor of Rhetoric  English  Language and Literature  in the College   and General Karge  Professor of Modern  Languages and Literature    University City College  C AL   At  an election held on the 28th instant to  fill vacancies in the Board  Rev  W  A   Scott  D  D   Rev  T  M  Cunningham   D   and Hk  C  Ralston  Esa   were    e i Trustees      60 cents    White as Snow  By Edward Garrett   author of   Occupation of a Retired  Life     Crust and Cake   and   Ruth  Garnet   16mo   pp  211  New York   A  D  F  Randolph A Company  For  sale by T  L  D  Walford  No  918 Main  street  Richmond  Va    A pleasant little story by an unusually  lively and readable author  At times  levity and familiarity of language is per   ceptible while treating of sacred subjects   which though apparently unintentional   is none the less unpleasant  The book bears  interna   evidence of Northern birth but is     free from those flares of so called patriot   ism  which taint so many from that sec   tion of our land    Summer Driftwood  for the Winter  Fire  By Rose Porter  16mo   pp  175   New York   A  D  F  Randolph  For  sale as above    A girl s autobiography full of good  thoughts and well suited for the young    The Lady of the Ice  A Novel  By  James DeMille  author of  The Dodge  Club Abroad    Cord and Creese   Ac   With illustrations by C  G  Bush  Paper   Oclavo  pp  146  New York  D  Ap   pleton A Companv  For sale as above   Price 75 cents    Little Prilgrim Series  Number Two   Desigued for the Youngest Children in  Sunday Schools and Families  By Jo   seph Banvard  Paper covers  pp  42   Boston   Henry A  Young A Co   24  Cornhill    A series of questions on the early life of  Jesus  intended as an aid in teaching the  very young    fldS A number of Moore s Rural R cw  Yorker  the Great National Illustrated Ru   ral Literary and Family Newspaper   will  be sent free to every reader of the Chris   tian Observer and Commonwealth   who will send address to D  D  T  Moore   41 Park Row  N  Y       jjfttfrol Intelligence      WAS IN EUROPE    This week we have the exciting news of  the commencement of a war between two  of the great powers of Europe  that may  be long and will almost certainly be bloody   On Friday of last week  the 15th of July   France declared war against Prussia   The continent of Europe is swarming with  troops in rapid motion   millions of dol   lars are to be expended  and thousands   probably tens of thousands  of families are  to be desolated  and it may be Europe is to  be drenched in blood  and all for what     The Occasion of the War   T he tel   egraph told us a short time ago that Spain  had nominated the Prince of Hohenzollern  for her king  France bristled up  A  German prince should not be permitted to  sit on the throne of Spain  The prince   therefore  declined the proffered honor   The French Government demanded of the  king of Prussia a pledge that he should  not be permitted to reconsider his declina   ture  This the king refused  Added to  this was a personal quarrel belween the  king and the French Minister  The latter  insulted the King on one of his walks  and  the King demanded his recall  ThL was  accepted by Napoleon as a declaration of   r  and the French Government imme   diately issued a manifesto  1 sserting that  hostilities had commenced  and declaring  war   basing it on the following grounds     First The insult offered at Ems to Count  Beneditti and its approval by the Prussian  Government    Second  Refusal of the King of Prussia  to compel the withdrawal of Prince Leop   old s nsme as a candidate for the Spanish  throne    Third  The fact that the King persists  in giving the Prince liberty to accept the  Spanish crown     The declaration   says an extra of the  Constitutional   awakenk slumbering recol   lections of 1814  Let his cross the Rhine  and avenge the insults of Prussia     The excitement in Paris is intense    The Reason for the War   The main  reason for the commencement of hostili   ties is undoubtedly t he jealousy that   xists  between Prussia and France  Under Bis   marck Prussia hasj made tremendous prog   ress  Its growth has been much more  rapid than that ot France  A large part  of Germany is united under Prussian lead   ership  She i6 the most formidable rival  of France on the Continent  Louis Na   poleon doubtless feels that the maintain   anee of his own supremacy requires her  jride to be humbled  Ihere have been  mutterings of discontent in the French  Empire  fierce and loud  It may be that a  foreign war was regarded as necessary to  unite the people at home  and avert the  horrors of civil strife    Movement of Troops   French troops  were rapidly being massed at Strasburg   Metz  and Mezieres  The Rhine was  passed and Germany invaded on the night  of the 15th inst    The Effects of the War in France     The Constilutionnel says that the dissen   sions in the French Ministry have ended  in their unanimous vote for declaration of  war  against Prussia  The treatment of  Gen  Benedettiby King William was suf   ficient to convince every member of the  Cabinet that only in the humiliation of the  French nation or in an immed ate declara   tion of war  could the menace of Prussia  be properly met    Scenes in the Corps Legislatif  when it  was announced that the Council Minis   ters had finally decided to declare war  against Prussia w ie of a most exciting  character  Loud cries of   Viva la  France    vive 1   Empereur    viva Na   poleon    issued from every quarter of the  chambers and c r ler was restored wiih the  greatest difficulty  An unbounded satis   faction at the course the Emperor hi d de   cided t  pursue was manifested    Popular Feeling in Prussia    A  special to the Tunes says King William  was walking in the   Kerr Garten  with  Herr Lespendoff  his adjutant  when Gen   eral Benedetti  the French Minister  ac   costed him  proffering an extravagant de   mand  The King turned round and or   dered Lespendoff to tell him that there was  n 1 reply   that he would not receive him j  again  The excitement in Berlin has be  I  come intense  and crowds of people are  parading the streets  crying    To the  Rhine     To the Rhine    To the Rhine    The feeling in Prussia is that the French  Minister had received instructions from  Paris to offer such an insult to their King  as required his dismissal    The War from An English Stand  Point    In the House of Commons D ls   1 aeli severely denounced the proposed war   He said it Vae impossible to believe that     anything so barbarous as a war of succee   8ion could now happen under the civili   zing influences of the nineteenth century   That pretext had ceased  Great power   should oppose with all the skill and wis   dom at their command the attempt any  sovereign should raise to disturb the peace  of Europe  Such a war was an outrage in  the opinion of an enlightened world  Mr Gladstone  in replying   aid he con   sidered  that there was nothing in the dif   ferences between France and Prussia which  could justify a war in the judgment and  conscience of the world  The English  Government had used its best efforts to  mediate between the two Governments  but  as it appears  bad been unsuccessful  in preventing the precipitation of warlike  measures    SPAm   The Spanish Cabinet has made  every effort to maintain peace  As far as  8pain is concerned all difficulties are re   moved    Russia   At St  Petersburg there is  strong feeling in favor of the Prussian  Government znd against France  It is be   lieved now that the Emperor Napoleon is  bent on an aggressive war to destroy the  balance of power in Europe  seize an over   mastering position  aud force the restora   tion of the Bourbons in Spain by arms    The b rench Official Account of  the Difficulty    Paris  July  15  The  following is the text of the declaration  made by the Duke de Gammont before the  Senate to day    Messieurs  The manner in which the  country received our declaration of the  6th of July led us to commence negotia   tions with Prussia to secure her recogni   tion of the validity of our grievances   We did not treat with Spain  whose inde   pendence we do not wish Ip trammel  nor  with the Prince of Hohenzollern  whom  we consider to be under the shadow of the  King  nor have we advanced any other  grievance than the candidacy of the Prince  for the Spanish throne  The Prussian  Minister ot Foreign Affairs opposed to us  a determination not to receive our repre   sentation  p re tending to ignore the affair    We then addressed ourselves to the King   who maintained that he was a stranger and  could not intervene except as head of the  family  but he avowed he had instructed  Bismarck  We could not accept tha  answer  and we demanded that the Kicp  should influence the Prince of Hohenzo    lern to desist from the project which came  from the quarter whence it was least ex   pected  We then demanded that the King  should give a promise for the future  This  moderate demand  made in moderate terms   we declared to be without any reservation   The King declined to say that he would  refuse  in the future  to countenance the  candidature  and he refused to authorize  us to transmit to you the declaration that  he would  in future  oppose the candidature   He declared that he reserved to himself the  right to consider the circumstance    Even after this reiusal we did not break  off negotiations  but adjourned our ex   planations to you until this date  Y  ester   day we were apprized that the King of  Prussia had notifled our ambassador that  k e would  io longer receive him  and to ren   der a rupture more obvious  he gave notice  of his action to the Cabinets of Europe  At  the same time he gave notice that Werther  might take his leave  and that the armiDg  ot Prussia had commenced  On our part  we yesterday called out the reserves  and  we have taken such other measures as the  interest and honor of the country deir LC   ed    A copy of this declaration has been ore   sented to the Corps Legislatif by the  Keeper of Seals  The Government ask   a  vote of supplies and the call to arms of ail  classes owing military service    The Corps Legislatif has voted the ex   treme demands of   he Government  the  Left voting in the negative    PRUSSIAN ACCOUNT OF THE DIFFICULTY    The North German Gazette has a dis   patch from Ems  giving the particulars of  the withdrawal of Benedetti  It seems he  accosted the King of Prussia while the lat   ter was drinking the waters  demanding   peremptorily  his intentions on the pend   ing imbroglio  He was  therefore  dismis   sed immediately    Its Effects Financially The im    mediate effect is to cause a large rise in the  price of breadstuff   It also caused United  States bonds to fall six per cent   and gold  to rise in New York from 112 to 116    It is reported that England wants to  maintain a position of neutrality  but that  she will interfere to assist Prussia if France  should obtain decided advantages in the  conflict  Denmark enters into alliance  with France  Holland and Belgium w     remain neutral unless forced into the  conflict by contending parties  A tele   gram from Pesth states that the chiefs  of different parties in Hungary had met  there and adopted resolutions of sympa   thy with France and declaring that every  victory of France would be a victory for  Hungary  Bavaria  one of the North Ger   man States  which had been counted with  Prussia  has declared her neutrality   he  suffered from Prussian arms in 1866  She  has a population of five million and an  army of two hundred thousand  The Em   peror Napoleon has issued a manifesto to  the States of South Germany and on his  borders  assuring them of the good will  of France  Prussia is making every effort  to prevent iis circulation  Austria is  believed to sympathize with France  Prus   sia has ottered her a province in relurn for  her alliance  Russia sympathize  witb  Prussia  but will remain neutral if Amtria  does  L  Opinion Satie mile  I riuce Na   poleon s organ  says   We learn from  giod authority that Italy has tendered to  France letters witb the option of either  her friendly neutrality or unconditioned  aid     It is believed that the sympathies of  the United States are with Prussia  The  policy of Prussia in crushing out the little  Germanic States aud its stride   to a strong  centralized German power of which Bis   marck shall be the head  are very similar  to the present course and policy of the  Feueral Government    The Strength of the Contestants     Prussia ha  a population of twentv eigbt  million  She can undoubtedly bring into  the field within sixty days an effective ar   my of 500 000 and could re enforce it  with 300 000 more in three months  France  on the other band  has 40 000 000  of population  She is a military camp   and beside her effective army of nearly  500  000 men that will be in Prussia before  a week elapses it is safe to say that she  can throw into the field within sixty days  fully W 0 0 i i additional well trained  troops  beside having reserves to garrison  all her seaports and ether points liable to  be threatened    The French nr vyjg far superior in efi  t     CHRISTIAN OBSERVE      WEALTH  JULY 20  1870      tive strength to the English  and Prussia  will scarcely venture to send her fleet  away from the protection of her land de   fenses of her ports  Nearly 80 000 h rench  sailors  now in commission upon her mag   nificent vessels  is a power which landsmen  s  arcelya ppreciate  It is enormous    The War Feeling in France   T he  enthusiasm for war is intense  M  Thiers  was almost the only statesman who had the  courage to protest against the enormous  crime of precipitating such a conflict on  so flimsy a pretext  He spoke in support  of a motion calling for the correspondence  which would furnish the facts by which the  war is to be justified  He was voted down  by an immense majority  and it was found  necessary to guard his house with police to   E revent popular demonstrrtions against  im    THE 41st CONGEEES    THE GREAT FINANCIAL MEASURES   of the session   the tax and tariff and fund   ing bills   passed both houses last Wednes   day the 18th inst  The funding bill was  modified so as to strike out that section  relating to future national banks  thus  placing the latter under the control of the  currency act passed last week  The bill   which after all is merely discretional y  with the Secretary of the Treasury  now  simply proposes to fund the debt  and  tines classes of bonds   two hundred mil   lions at five per cent  for ten years  three  hundred millions at four and a half per  cent for fifteen years  and one thousand  millions at four per cent  for thirtv years   Mr  Boutwell was at the capitol to day  and expressed his intention to enforce the  law  The tax and tariff bill as it becomes  a law  reduces taxation about eighty mil   lions of dollars compared with the basis  of revenue for 1869  The bill covers  eighty printed pages  but its principal fea   tures may be stated as follows   The in   come tax stands at two and a half per  cent   with two thousand dollars and ac   tual rent of homestead deducted from the  income  Special taxes on hankers  bro   kers  and a large class of dealers  includ   ing hotel keepers  are abolished    Closing House of Congress   The cor   respondent of the Courier  Journal  states  that on Thurday last   the 14th inst   the  necessary business of the two houses was  disposed of earlier than at the close of the  session for many years  The general In   dian appropation bill has been lost by the  persistent disgreement of the two houses  owing to the refusal of the House to be  bound by treaty stipulations involving an  appropriation made by the Senate      Five millions    A bill appropriating  five million dollars to be expended at the  discretion of the President  was passed by  two majority  It was Btated that if the  bill failed the President would at once  convene an extra session  which accelera   ted its passage  It subsequently passed the  Senate    The Army Reduction    The conference  report on the bill to reduce the army  was adopted  The bill places the army  at thirty thousand men  saves about four  millions a year after 1870  and musters out  all superfluous officers  The salary of  Gen  Sherman is reduced to  17   r  00   which includes commutation for quaters  and allowances  and that of Gen  Sheridan  to  11  000 per annum    Mr   Lincoln s Pension   The naval ap   ropriation bill also passed both Houses  while the House bill to give Mrs   Lincoln a pension of  8 000 a year also  became a law by eight majority    The Ne v Minis ter   The President nom   inated t  the Senate ex Senator Freliughui   Minster to England  vice Mr  Motley  re   called  It was moved in executive session  to tr rceed at once to his confirmation  but  as it required unanimous consent  both of  the Massachusetts Senators objected  am   the Senate resumed its open session   There is no doubt of the confirmation  some time during the night  The nomi   nation  however  does not meet with the  very general approval of republicans    Mr  Motley Recalled    It appears  that the President addressed a note to Mr   Motley requesting his resignation as Min   ister to England  which he met by a flat  refusal  thus throwing himself upon his  friends in the Senate  and the tenure of   office act    Mr  Frelinghuvsen was at once appointed  as h   s successor by the U  S  Senat   with  but three negative votes  He will leave lor  London before next August  as the Admin   istration is anxious  just at this time  to  have him at his post    Adjournment of Congress    The sec   ond session of this  41st  Congress closfed  last Friday amid unusual excitement and  interest  Frelinghuysen s appointment as  Minister to England was opposed by  Messrs  Suinuer and Wilson  but confirmed  by the Senate  The session was extended  five hours beyond the time for adjourn   ment  ami the Indian Appropriation was  passed as the Senate wished it  and signed  bv the President but fifteen minutes before  the expiration of the Senate  The Geor   gia bill was passed and signed by the  President    The War News    The House being in  open session the crowds gathered there   and  though the heat was excessive  they  remained throughout  The am ouncement  made by a dispatch from the Speaker s  cha r that France had declared war for the  insult offered to her minister  was received  with applause on the floor and in the gal  cries    Railroad Accident   Tuesday mght   the 12th inst   an excursion train on the  Richmond and Fredericksburg Railroad   having on board the Sunday School chil   dren of the Union Station Metbodi t  Church  of Richmond  Va   was thioan  from the track by a fallen tree  while returning from a picnic at Ash   land  One man was killed instantly   one  had both legs torn off  and has since died   and a number were slightly wounded   The Heated Term    The present is  said to be the hottest summer  thus far   for many years  The hot sped extends over  a Urge tract of the United Slates  ana  seems to increase in intensity as we go  northward  the thermometer rangiug from  90 to over 100 degrees in the shade   The Indians    me movements of In   dians in the neigeborhood of the Platte is  creating considerable uneasiness  and the  prevailing opinion is  that a war is inevi   1 ibie  The youug men of the Sioux ti ibe  are moving in large numbers off their  rtservation  under the pretence of huntii g   b it it is believed for far different purposes   4 1 the available military forces are being  lorwarded to Sheridan as fast as possible      The Far West    Indian outrages are  again becoming frequent on the plains   and the telegraph brings daily a budget of  depredations and murders  A Cheyenne  dispatch states that a large force of the  savages assembled at Medicine Bow river   on Monday last  and from their action it  was inferred that they were bent on mis   chief   Some of the Sioux are reported on  the war path    A Severe Earthquake in Greece    A sharp shock of earthquake was experienced  t iroughout Greece on the 1st  The town ol  Sirtoria is in a heap ol ruins  An island In  that neighborhood suddenly disappeared at  the time of the shock    Activity in Navy Yards   All the  a ailable resources at the different navy  yards have been brought in requisition to  get as much force as possible ready for sea   in view of the exigencies arising out ol  the European complication  likely to affect  our merchant marine    Prussian Precautions    It is under   stood that orders have been sent to New  York t y the Prussian Minister at Wash   ington to detain the steamers of the  North German Line  so that they may not  be captured by the French fleets that are  about to blockade the Prussian ports  or  by F rench vessels of war sent out to in   tercept them    EDUCATIONAL    A gentleman of experience and marked  success in teaching  is desirous of making  an engagement  Would offer any com    munity a zealous and enthusiastic devotion  to the cause of education  Has received  the degree of A  M  of one of our highest  Institutions  Will also furnish the best of  testimonials  Address Professor 8  at the  office of Observer and Commonwealth     price current    Tlie following is a statement of the why resale  price of the appended articles at the close of t 3 last  wee   it gives the quotations In Louisville an 1 tlch   moDc     The figures qooted below are wholesale prices   retail are higher       lAlUlsVlLLK      AKT1CLKS      1 Si   Gold  Selling price        1 60  2 00 Apples  new y bbi    IT     18 4 Bacon  Sides  Its  12 u  14 j     Shoulders    22 24     Hams sugar c d   2 25 2 50  Beans   Navy prime    76 142 oo      Common         15   26 Butter  Prime c try tt   10   20       Common to fair   1 us  1 10 Commeal  C ntry   bu    18   23 Coffee  Rio  m   28   27    Java   is   isx Cotton  Middling         17   17 2      Low middling    l Xl     Ordinary   4   4   Dried Fruits   Apples    4 re  5   4        Peaches     14   15 teggs    6 50 6 oo Flour  Family y bbl        6 oo 5 50    Extra   i 75 5 oo I    Superfine   1 26 1 SO Grain  Wheat    bu     Hu              Com    58   68    Oats   90  1 06    Rye      18 oo  20 00 Hay  Ti tby  prtme ton  0  422       gT       Mixed 16 60  20   17V  19H Lard    tt  1 M   4   Live St R  Beef  gr s 4   9   7   8 If       Pork  It  net  UM  14   3   4   4          Sheep  Vltigr l 8   4   S   40  1 oo Molasses  36   S5   20   28  Oil  Coal    gal 31         69   78 Potatoes    bu  new     40   8 e   8   9  RlCe  V lb       M     K 1CH MOM       1   5 60  5 60  17 i  18 4   16 yj   22   22 4  I 75  2 00  1 00  1 60  IS   20  10   12  1 20  1 35   19 4  22 4  28   SO       a                       a       4   5   6 4  16  17   16  7 25  7 60   6 50  6 75  6 25  6 50  1 50  1 56  1 16  1 20   60          1 00  1 OS     2 66         Salt  large bbla 2 76  2 80     11     Seeds  Bluegrasa          Clover    7 oo I     Timothy    2 50     Orchard grass         12   4  Sugar  N  Orleans   It    10    11   2    T  Cuba   73 s  14 V     Refined A   12 4   3     C     12     3 1    Yellow   6 50  10 75 Tobacco  Lugs  H tw   10 oo  15 oo 1    Shipping leaf    26 00      Bright wrap s   28   31 Wool  Unwashed      4 2 g  45 I   washed  y lb     p    a   4 0  9 50   7 00        2 26  2 50             10    11 4  1 V       13   13 A   U5i  12   5 50  10 50  8 50  15 OO   30  60   24   27  40   43     Note  T he lower Louisville quotation of corn is  oe lowest pne for It in bulk  The higher inclu dee  the sects     SPECIAL N  TICES      WANTED    4 GRADUATE of Hampden Sidney College desires  A to secure a situation as a  ub Professor or Teach   er in a Boarding  Day or Private School  He would  refV r persons wanting such a teacher to the Faculty  of Hampden Sidney College  Address  Box 490  Pe   tersourg  Va  a     CIDER MILLS    liICKOK S  Keystone   Cider Mills   smith s  Old Dominion        American       Hutchison s  No  Family    small  Cider Mills    WHE AT FANS    Mongomeiy a  Ro kaway  Wheat Fan     C lade s    Dixie         Persons ordering of us may rely on getting  t he  neat and mom approved Mill   Fully warranted   Des criptive circulars forwarded on application   IWFor further information  address   ALLISON   ADDISON    r Richmond  Va      IOLBY WRINGERS  Best and Cheapest     IMPOSED ol mdistructtble materials       OMPACT  simple  durable  efficient     I COMPARE it with an  other machine       OLBY BROS  A CO   408 Broadway  N  Y        HEALTH S BEST DEFENCE       The weak eateth herbs   Bays St  Paul  so that  eighteen hundred years ago the value of medicinal  plants was appreciated  In the Old Testament  bo   tanical remedies are repeatedly recommended  but  in no passage of sacred history is man recommended  to swaliow calomel  or blue pill  or any other mini   mi preparation  The sick were directed to eat herbs  to strengthen them  to purify them  to heal them  to  restore them  In that day the art of making vegeta   ble extracts was unknown  The herbal medicines  were mere infusions    It was reserved lor a later age to unite the sanita   ry essences vt tonic  aperient and antibilious roots   oarks ana plants  with an active stimulant  and thus  scare their rapid diffusion through the debllltai ed or  disordered system  The crowning triumph of ths  effective mode of concentrating and applying the  virtues of medicinal vegetables was achieved In the  production of Hostetler s Stomach Bitters  Never  before hall a perfectly pure alcoholic stimulant been  combined with the expresssed juices of the finest  specie  s ol the vegetable kingdom  Never yet  though eighteen years have elapsed since its intro    dec  ion  has this great restorative been equalled  It  is taken at all seasons  In all climes  as the most po   tent safeguard against epidemics  ns a protection  against ail unhealthy exhalations that produce de   bility or beget disease   as a remedy for Intermittent  an i other malarious fevers   as an appetizer   as a  sovereign cure lor dvspepsl    as a general tonic and   n  3 goraut   as a gentle  painless aperient   as a blood  depur  nt   as a nervine   as a cure for bilious affec   tions   ns a harm eas anodyne   and as the best dk   itMt oe health under unfavorable circumstances   sii  L as srdentarv pursuits  undue liodily or mental  exertion  hardship  privation and exposure      AN AWFUL PESTILENCE    W ith the season of fruits comes the dangers of that  frightful i esttlence  Cholera  What untold and in   deecrlbaole misery it has brought into thousands of  households in our land every year for generations  past  A specific and certain preventive as well as  speedy and absolute cure for this awful disease la the  Great Household Remedy  now known all over the  world as M shler s Herb Bitters  It will positively  fortilv the system agalnsi the attacks of Asiatic  Cfcole a  Cholera Morous  Cholera Infantum  Dlar   ihiea  Summer Complaint  Dyreuterr  Cholic  Pain   ter g Cholic  Ac  D  H  Bissefl  M  D   Pbysician in   chief of the U  8   Hospital Ship    Falcon    highly re   commends it lor Cholera  and has used It with mar   vellous sucoess in such cases  It acts like a charm  in every lnetar ci  Sold by all druggists and dealers   Dr  S     Bin man   Co   Proprietors  Lancaster  Pa      PIEDMONT   LIFE insuranITE Company    HOME OFFICE  RICHMOND  VA    ASSETS AND INVESTMENT          2 000 000    POLICIES ISSUED IN ABOUT THREE YEARS  12 000    INSURES OX MUTUAL NON FORFEITING A XL  RETURN PLANS    ANNUAL DIVIDENDS ON THE CONTRIBUTION PLAN    OFFICERS    JNO E  EDWARDS  Vice President   J  J  HOPKINS  Ase t Secretary  C  H  PERROW  M  D      C  H SMITH  31  D  Med  Advrs   GEORGE R08S  M  D      JAMES E  WOLFF  Sup t of Agencies    DIRECTORS      W  C  CARRINGTON  President   I   J  HARTSOOK  Secretary    B  C  HARTSOOK  Cashier   PROF  E  B  SMITH  Actna y     Wm  B  Isaacs  Parker Cambell    W  C  Carrington  Daniel J  llartsook    John E  Edwards  Wm  H  Palmer    H  K  EllvB n  C  H  Perrow  Geo  S  Palmer      John Enders    J J  Hopkins   Win  G  Taylor   Jno  C  Williams     This Company has met with a success beyond all parallel in Lfle Insurance  and offers  o  the Southern public a Home enterprise equal to any and surpassed by none in existence  It advises the payment of all cash premiums  because their dividends will continually g   crease each next payment until nothing will be required  and the policy may be a source of imi  come  but it will allow one thir loan on participating policies   part ies who fail to pay all ca h  premiums will please remember their cash payments are not likely to decrease and that in   teresl is to he paid annua    on all loans not absorbed by dividend     It requires no notes lor loans of the part ol premiums  but  indorses the loan on Its nol  icies until absorbed by dividends  or the policy is payable  1   It has no restrictions on residence or travel  All its policies are non Iorleitable   and the  right ot parties guaranteed on the pace op the policy  as a part of tbe contract      It has tbe lollowing valuable feature which no other Company gives   The late war tan hi  many the penalty of being separated from tbe Home Office by having their payment forfeited    The Company   guards against this in its policies  and in event of separation from its of   flee by any intervention guarantees to such all the rights of non forfeiture  paid ud noliev  surrender value and reinstatement  as though there had been no such intervening cause      The F1ED MONT AND ARLINGTON asks all who wish to msure to compare its rates    terms  progress  with an  company  and feels confident tts merits will eqnaJanyothercom   pany    tt AGENTS WANTED EVERYWHERE      AGENTS WANTED   To sell the AMERICAS COMBI SA110S PM LOCK   tbe safest and beBt Padlock ever used  No key re   quired  Burglar Proot  simple and easy tu handle   sample Lock sent free to any part of the l ulled  States on receipt of Two Dollars  Circular and price  per dozen sent with Sample Lock  Address A Mr li    CA  COMBISATIOS LOCK CO WP 4A1  Room s   Reynolds Blo k  P  O  Box 9   Chicago  Ills    _     LARGEST  BEST  CHEAPEST    TJnterprise  Industry  Tact  Liberality   l a and ftc Reel VVdcii   have for over Twenty A ears  been freely uaetl u  on   MOORE S RURAL NEW YORKER   And as a reqult it is now  pre eminently  the j argei t   Beat and Cheapest 1 u us tkatkd Kukal  litkhaky  and Family Wkrkly in the World  Tens of thou   sands of wide awake people all over the tontuient   take and admire the Rural for its superior A bUit i   Val us  J llwitrat ion   StjU  d e    The PreMN and People Praine It    For example  an exchange say    Tue Rural     tin Kleqantt j l rinted  Abtj Editri  Width  Cir    culated and Heartily Welcomed Caper  a   a ulu U  which  io w n nd  i    uuti a i noun the people     The Rural New Yorker is invaluable to all Farm   ers  Horticultural 1st   As a Utkkaky and I am    fly Paper it is superior  while Its epitome of the  News  and Report  of the Market   Crop   A c   are full  and reliable  Every reader of the Christian  Jbiercer  and Commonwealth w how ants another flrst   lass paper  should take the Rural  wbirh is National In Charac    ter and Objects  aud has a Continental Circulation    fVVol  XXU  begin  July 2  Try it   Only 1 1 60  per volume of 20 numbers  or  3 per year  Less to  clubs  So hunt  now  Address  a D  D  T  MOORE  41 Park Row  New York    OUR NEW CHURCH MUSIC BOOK    THE PALM    By C  M  WYMAN    The unprecedented circulation and popularity of  the   Triumph   coupled with a general dtsire lor a  new  orx ol the saui   size  induces us to isaue this  year oiur second large book of church nsu lc  The  Palm    In undertaking this wnrk we have spared no labor  or expense  and entertaining the belief that he who  would lead others in aaored song should first feel the  spirit of  acred things himself  and that he who would  show others how to teach  should himself be an ex   perienced practical teacher  we have great satisf ac   tion in announcing a  the editor ol the work  Mr  C   M  Wyman  of Boston  who is undoubtedly to da v   the foremost man in the convention work of New  England    Price   1 60  single    U 60 per dozen    FOR SALE BY THE TRADE GENERALLY    a ROOT d CADY  Clticitgo  111m      Just Published       SONGS OF DEVOTION     FOR   Public and Social Warship    BY W  H  DOANE    288 Pages  about 650 Hymns and 250  Tunes  handsomely printed on good  paper  of convenient size  and  bound in cloth Price  75 cents     SONGS OF DEVOTION      Contains Hymns  new and old  It has i en prepared  by W  H  L oan k  of Cincinnati  the weli known au   thor of  Silver Spray   aud of much of the most  popular Sunday School music now in use  Mr  Doane  has had the counsel and co operation of the leading  men in church ami association work  aud it is be   lieved that     SONGS OF DEVOTION   will prove the most valuable Hymn and Tune Book  lor universal use ever published  the low price at  which it if offered will bring it within the reach of all    The first edition was nearlv all sold at the   Inter   national Convention ol the Young Men s Christian  Afooctations  held in dune  si Indianapolis  This  Convention unanimously rewmftBded  SOM       Devotion   to all Youug Men s Christian Associations  in the country  The second edition 1 b now in pr  gg  aad will be ready August 1st    A single copy mailed  post paid  to any address on  receipt of 75 cents  Don t fall to examine it    BIGLOW   MAIN  Publishers  N  Y     Successors to William B Bradlnirv      AGBSTS H  4 STBh   flow tn jfs prr Month  COr w   men  School Teacher   Smart Youmj Men and Lathe   wanted to Cane a   for the new Look      OUR FATHER S HOUSE   or   THE UNWRITTEN WORD    By Daniel March  author of the popular  Night  scenes   This master in thought and language shows  us untold riches and beauties in the Great Hou      with its Bio  ming flowers  Singing birds  Waving  palms  Rolling clouds  Beautiful bow  Sacred moun   tains  Delightful rivers  Mighty oceans  Thundering  Voices  Blazing heavens and vast universe with  counties beings m millions of worlds  and read  to  us In each the Unwritten Word  Rose tinted paper   ornate engravings and superb binding  Send for cir   cular  in which is a full description and universal  commendations by the press  ministers and college  professors  in the strongest possible language    ZKIOLKR  McCl RDY A CO    tang3 ICS Sixth street  Philadelphia  Pa      SCHOOL WANTED    A Presbyterian Minister and hiB wife  who have hail  considerable experience in teaching  wish to secure a  First Class School  a Female Boarding Schoo  pre   ferred  Address   Teacher   office of Observer ar d  Commonwealth  Louisville  Kv      a   H  O  b    One Pound of Cramptou   Imperial     I Rpndrv Soup will make twelve quiirtn  of Handsome Soft Soap  Ask vour   ru       r for it and Try ft  CK A TIPTON  BROTHERS  84 Front Sc   New York      Presbyterian Minister   Church South   who    bet  h engaged for a number of years in   teaching and preaching  wishes to obtain a pastorale  ch S rc t   H   h    l lh  9 good aud famliv verv  small He has a write work  He Is prepared to fill  a professorship in a college  or would not o  je    to  the superintendence of a  school  in onnection w   u  a church  The beat of reverences cap pc   i    cres         editor      NEW AND VALUABLE BOOKS    FRESH IMPORTATION OF ENGLISH I OOKS  Life and Newly Discovered Writings of Daniel   DeFoe  3 voL  Illustrated     Creeds and Churches  by Moncrem  i vo i         Church ox Christ  H Barmennan  2 vo i 8  Mediatorial sovereignty  by Sterrard  2 vols 9  10   H wortcal  I heology  by Omn  ogham  2 vols 9 0 1   commemary on Mmor Prophet   by Kell and  Dellkech  2 vols   Commentary on Hebrews      I f   D Tt  ne    f   h    A on   u    nt     aught by Christ  Hlmaeli  by Smeaton   ExpoaiUon of the i  iatle of James  by Adam   4 00   fecience of bptntuai Ufe  by Cooper 4 00   Exposition of Hebrev a  by Rev  John Brown    History of the Jteg fcb Bible   by Wescott     urioalues  5f the Pulp t 4   The Peace of God  by Archdeacon Jones j to  Pbe Presence of ciist  by Thorold     Scripture Portraits jby Detrn Stanley   Norman MacLeod sl Travels ln ttie East   The Cross of Christ     God s Glory in thTlp aveps 1 50   The An i Nirene fhr   an Ubrary   4 vohk      cloth  red edges  a   toe     fEW   Manvrilom in Mes p  Life of Mary Ru se  i     P1SGAH MALE AND I  EM ALE  SEMINARY    P1SGA H CHL RCU  WOODFORD COVSTT  KY    The third annual session of this Institution opens  Sept  oth  1810  m charge of A  Spencer  A M    Thorough Instruction given In all branches taught  ln the beat schoo s of the surrounding country    For particulars apply to the Principal or  a Rev  K  DOUGLASS  Versailles  Ky      3 50     Christianity and i   Robertson s Sermorl     BOOKS   2 vo s      rd      3 vols 3 59     l o iosophy  by Cocke   Dr William n    diet  m one volume   PeT trJ      f 00r LOrd          M g C   ram nar   th  Adigio Saxon Lan    Ufe ol Bismarck  l j Hcsekiel  Froude s Engiaodilpvo a  r      lasue l  Per  oiJ    leetures on SacrekRoetonc  by Dabney  Chips from a Ger   urka    p  by Max Mul    Mom sen s History cjr Rome    abridge   noveus    Place  by Charles Reade      Cast out  by Abby I     volume oow     5 00   4 vols 9 0         paper 1   r y Anthony Trollope    1 25         1 00   3 Amelia B  Edwards  pv     3 60     Put Yourself in H  paper          Lothair  by t  VI ar of Bu  pap r      Miss Van Kortlani  Debenham a Vow    per   Stem Necessity  b  fT W  Robinson  paper   Gwendoline s Hai est  paper        The Woman of Buajiese  paper  Hammer an l Anvil  by Splelhagen  cloth          The story of a Honey moon  cloth   Hammer and Rapier  by John Esten Cocke    The Schoolmaster ol Albach  cloth   Mark Twain s Great Book  The Innocents Abroad  ortne New Pilgnm s  Progress  cloth        or AJ 1 orders promptly attended Va   DAVIDSON BROTHERS   CO   102 Mam Strut  between Fourth and Fifth     Lot ISTIU E  Kt   VIRGINIA HOME     INSURANCE  JO    CHARTERED FEBRUARY  1866    NUTT ASSETS  OVEH  350  OOO    K I Ii E AND 31 A K I NE      Dl RECTORS    M B Istat s  Join Rndere    W  G  Paine  E  8  Turpin    A  V  Sr  k   C  T  WortLam   G o 8  Paimer   Z W  Piekrell   P  Cauip rifc    A F Harvej    S  C  Tardy  p  W  Grubbe      D J  HAESOOK  President    BAVID J  BURE Secretary    B C  WHERRY  Jr   Assistant Secretary    GKEICE   13 H  Main Street    RICHMOND  VA    JOHN EARBEE  Esq    a 8nl   Agent  Lomsville  Ky      MENEELY  S BELLS       Established m 1826        T  KLL 8 for Churches  Academies    f  F f  b rlcs  etc   of which more  i ave been made at this establish    iient than at all the other loun   1 iriesii   he country combined  All  lit lls warranted  An illustrated    ataiogue sent free upon aprdicu   fonitLI l O  It MENKELY   a West Trey  N   Y      THE MEDICAL COLLEGE OF MEM    PHIS    Session of 1870 71    FACULTY    Benj  W  A vent  M  D   Professor of the  Principles anil Practice of Surgery    Richard U  Maury  M  D   Professor of the  Principles and practice of  Ut K irie    Dudley D  Satders  M  D  Professor of De   scriptive and Surgical Anatomy    Ale auderErskine  M  D   Professor of Ob   stetr i and Diseases of Women    Hobt  W  Mitchell  M  D   Professor of Ma   tenu Medina and Therapeut cs    J  Jos  Williams  M  D   Professor ol Physi   ology and Physiological Anatnmv    Alfred H  Voorhies  M  D    Professor cf  Aural and Ophthalmic Surgery    Feltx McFarland  M  D   Professor of Chem   istry nod Toxicology    Gustavus B  Thornton  M  D   Dcmonstn    lor ol Anatomy    Robt  Tbuo inel  M  D   Prosector to tbe  Professor of Anatomy    The seventeenth course ol lectures in this Inatltu   l n Oct   and continue to 1st   of March  For particulars as to board  tuition  text  books  Ac   apply to   ALEXANDER ERSKI E  W  D    a Dean of the Faculty      EDUCATION OF YOUNG LADIEEv     W  E  WARD S     SEMINAR Y r     NASHVILLE  TENN      O NE OF TUE LARGEST INSTITUTIONS ln the   country  fui niched with teachers of the beet abil   ity  and with every aid to high cultnre    The Seminary has completed its fifth year with 291  pupils  and no death of a pupil has ever occurred tx  tbe house    Next session will open Sept  1  Catalogues will be  sent on application    W  E  WARD    References  Rev  T  V  Moore  D D   Nashville   Tennessee   Rev  Dr  Bunting  Galveston  Texas  a     bellewood female seminary    The next session will open on Monday the 6 th of  September  and Continue forty weeks     i  W  MDL  D  D   FrtDcipaJ  teacher of Men   vLa A Science  Logic  Rhetoric  Astronomy   Evidences of Christianity   c   Ac     m   bb VALUE E HANNA  Assistant Principal   teacher of Mathematics  English Grammar  Botany    c   fcc    aJ    BARRE1TE  native of France  teacher of  French  Paluting and Drawing  Latin and Natural  Sciences  Ac   Ac    McKEE  teacher of ITlinary Depart   m fi 1 i vl   1  f   rork    Embroidery  Ac   Ac    RILHARD    WILEY  teacher ol xMuslc on Piano   Guitar  and Organ    Miss MILDRED CARRINGTON  teacher of Vocal  Music with Piano    The new buiidiug is uow  oropleteand handsomely  furnished  capable of seating one hundred and fifty  pupils  The faculty is sufficiently large to teach all  departments well  and made up of experienced  teachers    For particulars address   Rjrv  Dk  W  W  inLL    a Anchorage  Jefferson Co   Ky      TWO GOOD TEACHERS    T HE editors of this paper have been advised of two  young ladies in Huntsville  Alabama  both quali   fied as teachers for a school or private family  who  want situations to teach  Persons wishing to com   municate with ei her of them  should address   Mlsc  Florence  eare of Rev  F  A  Ross  D  D   Huntsville   Ala a      BINGHAM SCHOOL    MEBANEVILLE  N  C     T HE SESSION of 1S70  71 opens August 24th  The  course of instruction is preparatory to a iTniver   sity course or to business  and Includes the Latin   Grenk and French Languages  the entire course ol  pure Mathematics   the elements of Natural Science    Book keeping and the usual English Branches   fy For Catalogues address   COLONEL WILLIAM BINGHAM      CALDWELL   FEMALE INSTITUTE    rpHE eleventh academic year will begin on Mon   J day  September 5th  and continue forty weeks   with an Intermission of one week at ChriBtmas    The terms have been reduced to  3oo per academ   ic year for board  fael  lights and washing  and tui   tion in the Engl sh conrse  In Instrumental and   oeal Music  Oil Painting  French  German and Ital   ian  first  rate facilities will bfc furnished al moderate  charges    As to health  comfort and convenience  Caldwell  Institute is unsurpassed In the United States   ta For particulare  Ac   address  a Rev  L  G  BARBOUR  Principal   HAMPDEN SIDNEY COLLEGE    PRINCE EDWARD COUNTY  VA    rpHE next session of Hampden Sidney College will  1 commence Tnuraday  September 1 st  1870  and  close Thursday  June 16th  1871    FACULTY t   Rev  J  M  P  ATKINSON  D  D   President  and Pro   fessor ol Moral Science    CHARLES MARTIN  A  M   Professor ol Greek    L  L  HOLLADAY  A  M   Professor of Physical Sci   ence    WALTER BLaIR  A  M   Professor of Latin   DELAWARE KEMPER  A  M   Professor of Mathe   matics    Ordinary annuai expenses of a student  including  tuition  room rent  matriculation  deposit and con   tingent expenses  board washing  fuel  and lights  are  27   In the case of holders of  tchoiarahips  the price of  tuition   D 0 is deducted   ami students boarding  themselves in clubs  sometime lessen the price of  their living by some fbO    For further particulars  apply to the undersigned   Sm a j  M   p  ATKINSON      FLORENCE   SYNODICAL FEMALE COLLEGE    T HIS Institution  which has long enjoyed a very  high reputation among the Female Colleges ol  the South  is situated at Florence  Alabama  which is  admitted to be one of the most delightful and salu   brious towns In the Southwest  It is very easy of ac   cess  A branch of the Memphis and Charleston Rail   road runs to South Florence  Its President  the Rev   Dr  WM  11  MITCHELL  is well known as one of the  ablest teachers in the country    The next session will commence on the 7th day of  September next  For further particulars apply to  the Pj esident  i a   FOREST ACADEMY    A MALE SCHOOL    Situated on Louisville  Cincinnati k Lexington R  R  twelve miles from Louisville    By it II  McCown  Principal and Proprietor  assist   ed by three professors    1 he school has a liberal charter  and seenres to Its  pupils all the advantages of a thorough and practical  education  preparing them foranv profession  The  School maintains Its discipline mainly by lnfiuences ol  home association and the Sacred Scriptures    For ample information apply for catalogue to  B  H  McCWN     Achorage P  O   Lou  k Lex  R  R  Ky    P  8    Music  instrumental and Vocal  is taugtr  regularly  The latter  without extra charge  a     WASHINGTON COLLEGE    LEXINGTON  VA    General R  E  LEE  President      T HE next session will begin September 16th  oti  end Jane 22 d    Expenses P2L to  3 o    r  For particulars apply to the   CLERK OF THE FACULTY    a Lexington  Va      SOUTHERN HOME SCHOOL   FOR YOUNG LADIES     BALTIMORE  MD    E Ntabli ihp l in 1 42    Mr  asp Mrs  Wilsos M  Cary             Mrs  General John Pegram  f   incipaia     A corps of seventeen Experienced Teachers    Duties resumed on September 21  1870    French is the Language of the School  No pupils  received who are not willing to study French   Distraction in this language il iil be given gratuitously  in the Primary Department of the School   arm a pure accent imparted hu a   PARISIAN TEACHER    in the Musical Department no pains or expense are  spared  None but Professors of ability and experi   ence are employed  The verv extensive patronage  received by this department in our school is the best  evidenct of tts excellence    As our number is limited  parents who wish to  place their daughters with us as boarding pupils are  counselled to make early application    No pupil can lie withdrawn before the close of tue  academic year    For full Information see circulars  which mav be  obtained at the principal book stores in Baltimore  or  upon applying by letter to either of the Principals as  above    Personal interviews with the Principals can be  held until July 1st  and after September 1st  at the  school eow a   JUST PUBLISHED       SECLUSAVAL    OR  THE   ARTS OF ROMANISM    By Mrs  A  0  Graves  author ol   Jephtha s Daugh  ter   Price  SI sc  Published by the   Bouthwe s  tern Pahlishing Company    Na 36  Main street   Memphis  Tenn    General Agents for the work   American News Com   pany  Nassau street  New York    This work deserves a wide circulation  it etrikitur  ly illustrates how institutions of education in the  bands ot Romanists  may without resort to avowed  and direct arts of prosely ism  l c perverted  all the  mof effectually tor that abstinence   into engine    for overth owing the faith of the pupils in Evangeti    tan Christ latiiiy  We do not  see how Protestant and  Baptist parent  can read it  and escape a conviction  of the egregious folly of which thev are guilty when  they place their children or wards in such institu   tions  and subject the young mind  in its formative  state  to the    cunning craftiness  of a system most  false but searce y less plausible am  Imposing  The  plot of the story possesses sufficient interest to keep  alive the curiosity of the reader without atumrhine  the attention due to the progress and merit of the  argument   and The argument is very nearly us deck  sice as a discussion of the subject  not distinctly  Baptists  we 1 can be  and will exert a healthful In   rtuence   we commend It to the patronage ot out  readera   Jnueje aru  Baptist  Oa    The Trade supplied l y the   American News Com   pany   Nassau street  New York  or sent post paid  on receipt of price  a     JUST PUBLISHED    A BOOK FOR THE SEASON    TEE VIRGINIA TOURIST    A HANDBOOK OF THE   SPRINGS AND MOUNTAINS OF VA   COMT AIRING   An Exposition of the Fields for ti e Tourist j n Til   ginfa  Sutural Brautie  and W nders o thr  Mate  Also Accounts of its Mineral  Spniifrft  and m Hediral GuMt to  be  Use of it  Wafers  et    ctr    EYE  A  POXLAkD    APTBOR OB  TEE L08TCACEl r ETC   ETC    Illustrated with a Map and Numerous En   gravings from Actual Sketches   i2tuo  Toned paper  Extra   oth  2 no    Will be s  ni tree ol i harg  rece pt of price by   J    Iippixicott   Co     a PUBLISHERS    7 5  n l  717 vfatrket s    Phi Ip      COLLEGIATE INSTRUCTION   IN NEWPORT  H  I     BY E  R  HUMPHREYS  LL  D    Formerly of Cambridge University  England   Author of  Lyra Hellenica   manuals of  civil Law     Political Science   and other works    DR  HUMPHREY S will be prepared to reau  with  some additional private pupils  for the American and  English l niversitlci  during the approaching summer  aud autumn  The success of hl  system in thorough   ly preparing pupils lor college in a shorter time than is  usually required  is now well attested    lie has also made arrangements for receiving two    small Classes   strictly limited to twelve pupils in each   for two hours ou alternate mornings  the one class to  consist of young ladles  the other of young gentle   men    cards of terms  references and subjects of study  can be obtained by applying to him as below    As several pupils are already entered  parents de  siring to secure places for pupils are respectfully  adviseo to make eirly application    Mt  Vernon Court  Newport  R I   May 23  1970  a   AUGUSTA FEMALE SEMINARY     STAUNTON  VIRGINIA    Miss Mary J  Baldwin  Principal    THE ACADEMIC TERM of this Institution begin   the middle of September each year  and closes the  middle of the following June  Early applications are  necessary lo secure a place In the boarding depart    Terms for session ot forty weeks   for board fuel  furnished rooms  servant s attendance  tuition ir   English aad scientific course   26o   tr Mustc aud Languages  Drawing and Painting  ex    Payahfe half in advance  the balance the Istof Feb  ruary  For further particulars  apply to the Princl   pal f  r catalogues  The character and reputation o    the schoo  may lie learned frem the testimonials of i  few of its patrons      1 consider it the best Female School  I ever   knew  B m SMITH       Hampden Sidney  Va     Two of mv daughters have been pupils of Mis  Mary J  Baldwin s school  The school Is a Chifstiat  household  in which love and duty are the control  ling powers  ALEX  H  If  STUART       hTAl NTON  Va      1 considet this school  as among the best if no  the best in the South  wm  H  McGUFFEY        University of Virginia      1 regard this school  in Its whole organizatiot  and conduct     worthy of the unreserved confidence  of parents  who wish t heir daughters taught sonne   learning  graceful accomplishments and corree  principles   JOHN B  BALDWIN     Staunton  Va     a       sHELBYYILLE FEMALE SCHOOL    T HE FALL SESSION commences the 5 th of Sec  tern bet  I87e  when with greatly increased facflt  tries  together with a full corps of expe rienced teach  ers  this well known institution offers superior advan  lages for the educa lon of young ladies  The terme  jre moderate  but special tl ihtctinn  w I  be road     r  lavor of Southern patrons  w   Dr  Stuart Rom n  on says t   Nor have I examin  ed any female school  which in my judgment offer   a more desirable opportunity to parents havim  daughters to educate  than this well appointed  a  t a hlish ment of Mrs Stuart     i for circular and cataloarue  AddresM  Prop  W  U  STUART  ITliicipal    _  ut Shelbyvflle  Ky    SCHOOL FOE GIRL8    th s W p  U rP o n n a tta h001 f0rG    B   0n         ir   First Monday of September Next    Oiily a limited number of pupils will be received  with ray children  to whom every attention wiil la   given for their thorough Instruction in all that should  be embraced il a   oung lady s education  A suitable  building wm be  n rtaifiness  adjoinibg my resWence  which will furnish retirement  pleasant grounds am  every comfort for pupils  grounds  am   All pupils will be well drilled In all elementary  branches  I have an excellent Philosophical Appar   atus   1 he Latin language and Vocal Music will be   among the regular studies  without extra charge  Instrumental Musi  an l French  at teachers  prires    inVr mST    T n cymn nodated with boarding  in my family  and in th  lamlly of mv brother   i  a   H  Breck  Esq and my sister  Mrs  Judge McDow b   wlirmfown ar   a   lj  lniD r to   8n   vomni unicat e   There will be but one price for tuition as the  youngest pupils will make equal demands upon and  vanced are ei Uany m   T    Dtlon with the most ad       I h L S rl 0iaitK       ar   ln he divided into four quar      Ml bills pavalde quarterly  Tuition   5 oo per quarter  Boarding  fo oo pet   week  includinjf wa sbuur    9   Peraous destrine to enter r upils  are reaue ted  communicate a itu me  requested to   n y   Jujy iev            CHRISTIAN OB       COMMONWEALTH  JULY 20  1870      formers  Peportment      Curculioa    A  sworn foe of curculios writes that  he has been very suooessfal in his cru   sade against them by the use of oat  ratraw  which he plaoes on burning coals  and treats the pests to a thorough  smoking while the dew is yet on the  trees  Two or three good repetitions  scours a good crop of fruit    Chloroform and Plants    A French observer  M  Jourdain   ends that the administration of chloro   form to plants produoes strange effects    analagous to those of some drugs upon    animals  For instances  it gives the  barberry plant a sort of lockjaw   vio   lently inverting the leaves as if they  had muscles    Beef Hash    Slice some cold beef and some cold  boiled potatoes   put an onion to a good   gravy  either from the joint or stewed  from the bones  Let the potatoes and  the beef simmer in the gravy  Add   pepper and salt  thicken the gravy    md serve hot  with slices of toasted  bread in the bottom of tbe dish      Mush Bread    Make some thin Indian mush  and  when cool add a little salt and flour   enough to make a thiok batter ani stir  In some yeast  Let it stand all night  to rise   in the morning add flour  enough to make a dough  Knead it  well   set t to rise   when light mould  at out in loaves   grease your pans  and  when it gets light again bake it    Carbolic Acid    A correspondent of the New York  Evening Post furnishes the following  suggestion respecting the value of car   bolic acid to the farmer  In using it  osre presume he dilutes it with water  before applying it     I have perused the two communica     tions in your late issues  one on whale  oil soap and the other on white hellebore  tfsr the destruction of insects  Twenty   ou  years ago I used very extensively  whale oil soap and found it quite benefi   cial in young orchards and on old trees   in making them shed their bark and as   sume a good healthy color  but it did  not prevent insects from making their  ravages upon the fruit and leaves   White hellebore I have never seen ex   tensively tried  but I have had some   experience with another article which      in my estimation  is superior to any  iiing ever yet tried by amateurs or   those who raise fruit and flowers for a  caarket  It is an article called carbolic  rolant protector    Carbolic acid is well known as a   worn enemy to all fungus and insects    f every description  Using it on small   plants whose tender early shoots are  subject to fly and worm I have pre   sented their ravages on rosebushes cov   red with bugs and lice  It drives  i hem away immediately and destroys   the larger part of them when they come  n contact with the solution  On fruit  trees it has all the good effects of  vhalc oil soap  and may be relied ou to  revent the borer and other pests  f  1 he fruit tree  I have never tried it  f n plum3  but do not hesitate to sav  kliat I believe the curculio  that curse  of that fruit  would take wings upon an  introduction to the Plant Protector  I  think your friend R  A  G   if he will  try all three  will unquestionably en   dorse my friend  Hoping some poor  sufferer  whom neither whale oil soap  sior white hellebore has saved from the  destruction of the fruit of his labor      ill try the carbolic plant protector    I remain yours truly    Staten Island      surplus honey  which yon can turn  into cash  Efforts are being made to in   troduce different species of the honey bee  into this oontry  I have now an Egyp   tian queen which I intend to thorough   ly test  they are somewhat smaller  than the Italian  Use the best mova   ble comb hive  procure the Italian bees   if you have not already got them   have  everything nicely arranged about your  apiary  uridestand your business  and  and you will find bee culture pleasant  and profitable    Car y      THE BEST BREED OF CHICKENS    Within the past thirty years I have  tested most of the fancy breeds known  in this country  and have discharged  all but one because of certain defects  which rendered them unsuited to my  purposes  my object being to secure  good layers and setters   birds that were  large  meaty r   and hardy   that were in   dustrious without 1 eing nisohievous   good feeders without being gourmands    Both English and Northern poulterers  speak highly of two or three F rench  varieties tor table use and laying  qualities  but they are non sitters  and  their young are delicate and difficult to  raise  For general utility  the pure  Brahma  dark or light  is the bird of  all others for Virginia farm yards   With ordinary oare  the Brahmas fur   nish more eggs  the year round  than  the White Face Black Spanish  Leg   horn  or Creves  and will raise treble  the number of chicks  They are har   dier  less mischievous  grow quicker  and larger  and are far less liable to  roup  gape and other diseases  They  set well  make admirable mothers  the  pullets lay earlier than any other  breed with which I am acquainted    and their young grow off more rapidly   and suffer le s in fledging    Let me here repeat that cleanliness   sound food  pure lresh water and dust   baths are essential  W here poultry  have warm  well ventilated lodging   rooms  if they are Brahmas   they will  lay as regularly in winter as in spring   I have been in the habit of hatching  out the young every month in the year  and I have found no difficulty in rear   ing them  My plan has been to keep  the chicks in a warm dry location   where they could get the sun and air  and yet be kept out of the morning dews  and fogs as well as the rains  For a  few days after they are hatched I have  fed them on hard boiled eggs  well  mixed with dry corn or oat meal  feed   ing every two hours and always on fresh  food  After that I have fed on hard  crumbs  soaked wheat  boiled potatoes   raw hominy  or grits  and grass and raw  cabbage leaves  cut very fine  In their  water vessel I sprinkle a little pulver   ized copperas every other day as a tonic  and twice a week I put into the water a  few drops of camphor  I also give them  every ither day a little boiled fresh  beef  out very fine  and such worms and  insects as may conveniently be ob   tained in the garden  If they become  infested with vermin  as sometimes hap   pens  I mix a few drops of carbolic acid  in a gill of water  and with this mix   ture anoint them under their wings and  about their heads and necks  A few  applications dispose of the intruders   and once clear of them they are apt to  keep so  I prefer this application to  grease because the latter is too chilling  in early spring or winter  Weakly   delicate birds produce vermin  Fat   strone  healthy fowls are rarely an   noyed by them    Correspondent Sou   thern Planter      31   WATCHES   CLOCKS   1   SILVER AND PLATED WARE    73 Fourth street    Under National Hotel LOUISVILLE  KY   ty Watches Carefully Repaired  L dedM ly      IMPROVED BEE KEEPING    The subject of bee culture is a very  aterestiDg one as well as a remunera   tive pursuit  if properly understood  and  well conducted  In the first place      l person  in order to be successful   i nust understand the nature and habits     f the bee  and then have hives and all  iheir fixtures so arranged that they can  abor to the best posible advantage  A  Jery few days of neglect by the bee   xeeper will make the difference be   tween a handsome profit and actual loss    have had a single colony of bees store  away 60 lbs  of nice surplus honey in  2 4 days  Now  if I had neglected to  save given that colony the necessary ar   angements for storing surplus for 6 of   hose days  the product would have  seen only 30 lbs    if the neglect had  oeen continued 12 days the result  vould have been no surplus  which  would make a difference of  18  There   annot be too much importance attached  u  o giving bees plenty of room to store  surplus  and that at the right time    One man says he wants his bees to  swarm   he will not let them have   hance to store surplus  until they  swarm  if that man gets any surplus  it  will be but a small amount  and that of   n inferior quality  It is very obvious   hat more than one half of the surplus  S liocey is lost by actual neglect on the  ipart of tbe bee keeper in giving bis  be os a suitable chanoe to store    Some may ask   When is the right   and proper time to give their bees    hance for storing in boxes  It is the  sright time when your bees become nu  xnerous enough so as to occupy all their  Bombs in the body of the hive  As  soon as one box or a set of boxes are  Llled  remove them  and put empty   canes in their places  I have often been    iold if we manage in this way we will    v  et no swarms  I think differently    Suppose you do not get quite as many   tvarms  you will get a large amount     ELGIN WATCHES     MANUFACTURED BT     THE NATIONAL WATCH CO       H     arri   Talmmige A Given      IKALFRs IN     PURE LAKE ICE    Having laid In a supply of lb  000 tons Northern  Lake Ice  we guarantee a supply during the season    Parties wislung to he supplied regularly during the  season should leave their orders at once at our office   162 Third street  between Green andWal uL kuu  weighi guaranteed  L   J  DIXON BROWN   CO    Manufacturers aad dealers in   DOORS  SASH  BLINDS  FRAMES   BRACKET3  PACKING BOXES     FLOORING    ROUGH AND DRESSED LUM   BER OF ALL KINDS   Sawing  Planing and Turning done to  order with Neatness and Dispatch   WA REROOM NO  12 WEST MAIN ST     PLANING MILL A OFFICE ON FLOYD STREET   One Square North of Main    L LOVISViUE  KY    RHEUMATISM   RHEUMATISM       T HE undersigned  an oldTesident in this city  about  a year since succeeded in compounding a purely  vegetable remedy for this most painful and trouble   some disease  Bv giving away a few dozen bottles to  persons so diseased many remarkable and perma   nent cures have been made  ISee testimonials in cir   culars   He now offers it to the public  guaranteeing  a perfect cure In every case  Address  or  call upon   H  H  MUNROE  Proprietor    Office 282 Westdefferqon Street  Iavuisvllle  Ky   FOR SALE BY ALL DRUGGISTS  L     IIACKETT  ANDERSON   FORMAN   Manufacturers of   PLAIN   ENAMELED AND MARBELIZED     p        IR0  TELS      STOVES AND   SA1   7 3 W E   NEAR BF   LOIJISY     1        CLARK   COACH ANTI   MAN LEA  No  20 Mj   Between 1st and 2n  OLD STAND   2i  Manufactures  hand  a geuciai   c   of the latest fashloi   W  F    MANUPAC1     Henry Ward Beecher on the Crow    In a recent issue of the Ledger  Henry  Ward Beecher speaks of the crow as  follows     Aside from this special queition of  profit and loss we have a warm side to   ward the crow  he is so much like one  ourselves  He is lazy and that is  human  He takes advantage of those  that are weaker than himself  and that  manlike  He is sly and hides for to   morrow what he can t eat to day  show   ing a real human providence  He  learns tricks much faster than he learns  useful things  showing a true boy na   ture  He thinks his own color the best  and loves to hear his own vice  which  are eminent traits of humanity  He  will never woik when he can get anoth   er to work for him   a genuine human  trait  He eats whatever he can lay his  claws upon  and is less mischievous  with a belly full than when he is hun   gry  and that is like man  He is at war  with all living things except his own  kind  and with them he has nothing  else to do    No wonder men despise crows  They  are too much like men  Take off his  wings and put him in breeohes  and  crows would make fair average men   Give men wings and reduce their smart   ness a little and many of them would be  almost good enough to be crows    Best Varieties of Fowls    The Scottish Farmer gives the fol   lowing estimates as to the value of sev   eral varieties of fowls     P or chickings for the tablo   nothing  like the Dorkings    For size of egg   Dothiog equal to the  Spanish   but they do not lay very reg   ularly    For number of eggs   nothing like  the Hamburgs  but the size of egg is  small compared to the Spanish  The  Ham burgs lay abont eleven months in  the year  and never sit    For eggs during very hard frost and  snow   there are nothing like Brahmas  Hard weather does not seem to affect  them  and they always look well and   soncy like   let the cold be ever so se  vere        HOLLOW WARE     om    MAIN     STREET    K KY  L  ADLEY    CARRIAGE   iJTURE L   IN S BfeT   Lotisville  Kt      RS   STANDING     ps constantly on   of Carriages    c    L nov 22  tf   YBEY    R OP FINE    CARRIAGES   Hue K A WAYS    BUGGIES      ALL WORK W ARRANTED    Repairing ol all kinds    JEFFERSON STREET    Between Sirfk rind Seventh    L LOUISVILLE  KY      H h r      4   RANKIN S MARCH PATENT  IS f     GRATES AND MANTLES    CLEANEST OPEN FIRE    Please call an l examine  or send for Circular    N  B  Have removed our salesroom from the Bur   nett Honsc to new store    Pearl Street   East of Plum    C  S  BANKIN   CO     Architectural Iron Works    l cisciyyA ti  ouio      J  A  FAY   CO     CINCINNATI  OHIO      MANDFACTUAEK8 OP   WOODWORTH   PLANERS AND MATHERS    Sash and Molding  Tenoning  Mortising   and Sawing Machines   and every variety of   Patent Wood Working Machinery   of the moat   APPROVED CONSTRUCTION    Send for Circular  1     RCKU9 8  LBR    Late Pres  ol Ohio Ma   chine Works      n  K  HORTON   Late of the Ohio Machine   V orkK         V         a     WHEELER   WILSON     w       a      All the grades o f the Elgin Watches    INCLUDING THK   LADY ELGIN   READY FOR   THE SPRING TRADE     u        The Company also call the attention of Watch buy   ers to the fact  that the Elgin Watches now offered  have an added improvement over all others  in a new   PATENT DUST EXCLUDER    so constructed as to enclose the works  and form a  protection against dust  enabling the movement to re   main in order without cleaniug double the time that a  Watch will ordinarily run without protection    The Company feel confident  after having had their  wa ches three years In market  and selling many  housands of them in all parts of the country  that the   Elgin Watches are the best time keep   ers now offered to the American public   OVER FIVE HUNDRED DEALERS   in various parts of the land have unreservedly endor   sed them  They are in use upon numerous lines of  ltailroads  Including the r V O V PACIFIC and the  PEXXSYL V A SI A CESTRAL  an l officers of these  roads  with other prominent It  K  officials  endorse  them as the best Watches for the use of R  R  em   ployes and travellers  yet Introduced    The following are presented as specimens of these  testimonials    TESTIMONIAL    Union Pacific R  R   Office ok Gbn l Sup t v  Omaha  Dec  1   1369      Hon  T  M     very  President of the Xatiunal Watch Co    Chicago  UL     Dear Sir  During the month that I have carried  one of your  11  W  Raymond  Watches  it has not  failed to keep the time with so much accuracy as to  leave nothiug to desire in this regard  For accuracy  in time keeping  beauty of movement and finish  your  Watches challenge my admiration  and arouse my  pride as an American  and I am conildent ihat in all  respeets they will compete successfully In the mar   kets of the world  with similar manufacturers of old   er uations  They needonly to be known to be appre   ciated    Yours most respectfully    C G  HAMMOND  Gen l Sup t   Office of the Hudson River R  R    Gen 1 Sup t  New York  Jan  17  1370 j   T  iff  Avenj  Esq   President Xational Watch Company    Dear Sir  The Watch made by your Company  which I have carried the past two months  has kept  excellent time  I have carried It frequently on en   mes  and have been on the road with it almost daily   luring tins time It has run uniformly with our stuud   ard clock  Truly yours    J  M  TOCCEY  Genl Sup L  The following dealers also  in various parts of the  country  have certified that they consider the Elgin  Watches to be al  that the Company have advertised  them  as better fli lshed  more correct and durable   than any in market of stmilar price  and that they have  great confidence iu retommendiig them to the public   on account of their geueral merit     Wheeler  Parsons   Co   N  Y  C  Hellebush  Cinn tL  Warren  8pad one   Co     E  Jaccard   Co   St   Middleton   Bro     Louis    T  B  Bynner    N  E  Crittenden   Co     Ilenrv Ginnel   Cleveland    Geo  VV  Pratt A Co     M  Burt  Cleveland   Scott  Barrett  Co   Pittsburg  Morse  Reddiu   Ilam   J  K  Reed   Co    ilton  Chicago    Pahme   Co   Cincinnati  J  II  Dense  Denver   Jenkins   Hatch    Colorado    M  M  Baldwin   Co   San Francisco  Cal    Koch   Dry f us  New Orlean    And over 400 others    Various grades and prices made to suit different  tastes    No movements retailed by the Company   The real Elgin Watches  elegant  accurate  dural  le   in many styles and at various prices  each accompa   nied by the special warranty certificate of this compa   ny  and usually also guaranteed by the local dealer or  watch maker   can be had of most jewelers in all  towns throughout the United States  Call and ask to  see them  As au additional protection  look for   Na   tional Watch Company   ou the dial  and one of the  following trade marks  viz    B  W  Ravnioiid     H   Z  Culver    II  ILTaylor     G  M  Wheeler    VV  II  Ferry    Matt  Laflin    J  T  Ryerson    Lady  Elgin   or  Frances Ruble   together with the words  Elgin  Ills   engraved upon the gilt plate inside  These an  the trade marks to denote the various  grades and styles  but eve nas these have been pira   ted  require also the special warranty certificate   duly signed by T  M  Avery  the President of the com   pany  and numbered to correspond with the watch    THE NATIONAL WATCH COMPANY   FACTORY AT ELGTX  ILL IXO IS   Business Office  159 Lake St   Chicago  l     FURNITURE               sm     WAREHOUSE     fishermen    TWINES AND NETTING    X ANUVACTURKD BY   WM  E  HOOPER   SONS    Baltimore  Md      With a history of eighteen years and a sale  amounting to 450 000  the WHEELER A WILSON  SEWING MACHINE stands to day  as at first  with   out a rival  It courts no praise   it needs none  All  over tbe habitable globe these admirable Machines  are speaking their own worth  In our own State   Kentucky  the sales of the Wheeler A Wilson arc  more than double that of auy other Sewing Machine   and over 5 ooo are In constant tfse in the city of Lou   isville alone    At all  the great national and international exhibi   tions and fairs  the Wheeler A Wilson has  without  exception  borne off the First Premium  At the  World s Fair  held at Paris in 1867  it was awarded  the high premium over eighty two competitors    The superiority of the Wheeler A Wilson over ail  others consists in being able to perform a great va   riety of work with less machinery than any other    Ease and quietness of motion    It makes bnt one kind of stitch  the lock stitch    It uses no shuttle    It has but one tension    It is the best Sewing Machine  and the Radies will  have it anyhow    We warrant each Machine sold for three years   We give full instructions in its use  and perfect sat   isfaction is guaranteed  Call and see them In opera   tion  or send for a circular with price list and samj  pies of work at   NO 1   MASONIC TEMPLE    Locisvtllk  Kt    WILLIAM SUMNER A CO   General Agents  1       M  C  Association  and Building   HE amended charter of this institution contains  _ liberal grants of power in perpetuity  and a reor   ganization thereunder Is now progressing  Purchase   mproveiuents  and sale of real estate  and making  loans of money upon real estate  to lie used In the  erection of manufacturing establishments and homes  for the members  embraces the geueral business trans   actions of the Association    The first and original issue of half a million of  stock is now ottered to the citizens of Louisville and  Kentucky    Thlrty sLx dollars the first year  and  26 per annum  until the shares are paid up  Is the minimum  and   l  o per annum the maximum payments on one share  of stock    It is confidently hoped that there is sufficient enter   prise in Louisville to warrant a subscription of one  housand shares of stock at once  No one can gain   say that the Investment will be profitable and se   cure beyond contingency   real estate security  or that  the work of the Association  and its effects will prove  of Incalculable benefit to our city    Stock certificates are receivable at par la discharge  of liens held by the Association    The stock books arc now open ar the office of the  undersigned  Payments oa stock wi 1 Jcommenc on  the 1st day of June  1870      LEE   NORTON     SUCCESSORS TO   LEE   LEAVITT    Manufacturers of   Steam s Patent Saw Mill Head Blocks    Circular Saw Mills    Portable and Stationary   Steam Engines and Boilers     and dealers in   Saws  Belting  Brass Goods  Steam Fittings    c    c    S  W  Comer Broadway and Second Streets    L CINCINNATI  O      OF   BENNETT   BOURNE   No  66 West MAIN STREET   LOUISVILLE  KY    TO OUR COUNTRY FRIENDS  WE ARE OFFERING   THIS UNUSUAL  INDUCEMENT     If you wish an article or set of Furniture  yon gen   erally know wbat amount yon can afford to pay for it  If you wttl enclose os the money hy Bank Draft  Post  Office order or Register Letter  at oar risk  stating  the kind of wood yon require  Walnut  Cherry  Ma   hogany  Oak or Rosewood  we wil  send you fust as  good an article as yon coaid get in person for the  money    Try us once    L BENNETT   BOURNE      SCHOOL PROPERTY FOR SALE   I OFFER WALNUT IIILL FOR SALE  This prop   erty is located on the Richmond Turnpike  six miles  from Lexington  Kentucky  In consists of Thirtv  and a half Acres of first rate Land  a large Frame  Dwelling  containing twenty three rooms  a School  House of three rooms and ail  necessary out buildings   The situation is remarkable for Ita healthfulness and  beauty    Further description Is not necessary  as those  wishing to purchase would wish to see the property  before purchasing  Address E  FORMAN    L   Lexington  Ky      aprlS      OLIVER H  STRATTAN    I5y West Jeff erson street      LANE   BODLEY     WSend for Price List      B ARNARD S FLOWER GARDEN 1   BOOK U 8 practical guide tor every lady to I          low  who has any ground in which she can rear now   era  He tells them how to start a Flower Gard  u  i  what It wlL  cost  an l how to stock it so as to have 1  flowers the year round  with the work for each mon h I  This is information every lady who loves flowc a i  wants  25 cents is its cost oy mail    a LOKING  Publisher  Boston      BELLEWOOD   FEMALE SEMINARY    The next session of this Institution  located at An   chorage  or Hobbs  station  twelve miles from Loa   isville  Ky   on th Lexington and Cincinnati Rail   road  will open on the FIRST MONDAY in SEPTEM   BER  and continue forty weeks    Rev  W  W  HILL  D  D   ITincipal  teacher of Men   tal and Moral Science  Logic  Rhetoric  Astronomy   Evidences of Christianity   c    Miss VAI LJE K  HANNA  Assistant Principal   teacher ol Mathematics  Engl ah Grammar  Botany    c  Ac    J  De la BARRETTE  native of France  teacher of  French  Painting and Drawing  Latin and Natural  Sciences  C   Miss MOLLiE McKEE  teacher of Primary Depart   ment  Needlework  Emi roiclcry  Ac   Ac    Prof  EDWARD MALIK  teacher of Music on Piano   Zlthar  Guitar Ac   Ac    Mrs  B  F  POWERS  teacher of Vocal Music  with  Plano and Guitar   c   Ac    The new building to supply the place of the one  destroyed by fire will be complete and ready for occu   pancyby the 15tu of August  at a cost of  12 000  Il  is far more commodious and beautiful than the old  one  and will seat  with desks  one hundred and flitj  pupils    For terms  address   Rev  Dr  W  W  HILL   Anchorage  or  Hobbs  Station   jy2 L Jefferson county  Ky    Established 1837   HAWKINS   THORNTON   KENTUCKY   MUSTARD MANUFACTURERS    SPICE MERCHANTS  coffee roasters    AND   Great Western Blacking Makers    WHOLE AND CKOCND SPICES    Steam Mills  28 Bullitt Street    L LOUISVILLE  KY      CINCINNATI  0    3VT nil iifAotnrera of   STATIONARY AND PORTABLE STEAM ENGINES   AND MILL MACHINERY    freminm CIRCVLAJt SAW MILLS  with  Wrought Iron Head Blocks    frood Working Maohlnery    haft lug Hangvn and Pnllcys    CvulofUM forsistraU on  ppltowioo      1 LANE A BODLEY    Joha Si Water Streets  Cincinnati  Ohio      PASSAIC MACHINE WORKS    NEWARK  N  J    Manufactures   STEAM ENGINES    Boilers  embossing machines  calenders   g  aring  pai   leys  Hungers anti shafting  cast anil wrought  r  i  pipe ami fittings  power  drop and foot presses ma   chinist   tools of all kiDds  William War     Steam pump  iron and brass castings made   i ordet  Jobbing promptly attended to    a WAITS  CUIl BKI L   CO   Proi  Wm  Watts  D  T  Campbell  G  Watts  U  Parsons      J OUISA IL ALCOTT tS FIRST NOVEL    MOODS    We wanteveiv one who has read   An Oid Fus    ioned Girl  and   Little Women   to read her first  novel      MOODS    A new edition  with six elegant illustrations   an     form with her others  is sold for  1 25   a LOILING  Publisher  Boston    45 000   Now  n Use   Georgo A  Prlnco     o  s b         and  fiKLODKONS will be delivered in any p             United states reached by Express L where th e  UO Agent   frce     char t   on receipt of list pri  Bend for Price Lists and Circulars    Address   Geo  A  Prince  Co   Buflalo  A  Y   or Geo  A  Prince   Co   Chicago  111    CONSUMPTION POSITIVELY CUM   UPHAM S FRtSH MEAT CUR    Does cure Bronchitis  Consumption  all lung  Diseases  and Spitting of Blood  and strei g     and build up the  ystem to a healthy cor 11    n   This has been tested by Prot Trosseau  in two   housand cases  o  the Hospitals of Paris  in  which It cured nearly ever case  unf in this  country Physicians are daily ordering and ttau     mendin  t to their Patient  It has ma        astonishing cures  One Uottle w li prove its  efficacy  Sold at  1 00 per Bottle  or au     5 00  Sent by Express to any address    JOHNSTON  HOLLOWAY   COWDF   602 Arch Street  Fhitade   WATT   KNIGHT     Richmond  Va     MANUFACTruaa OF THS     WAT T P L 0 W   AND   AGRICULTURAL IMPLEWF      A GENTS for the Climax Reaper and Mow     I     Renpnr and Mr v  r   Uui Best  Gru i Dn   the Best  Hay Rake and Gleaner  whir   t wr    lectod as the be    Price   reduced to Mil          Stud for circular and price list      M  GO WAN BROTHERS    Manufacturers of the   McGOWAN  and   BUCKEYE    Double acting  and all kinds of Cistern  Wefi  Fire  Engine and Steam Pumps    HYDRAULIC PRESSES    For Cotton Seed Oil  Tobacco  Ac   Ac  Sad and Dog  Irons  Wrought Iron Pipe and Fittings    Nos  94 and 9t  Elin Street    L CINCINNATI  0      DITERIDGE S   XX FLINT GLASS   LAMP CHIMNEYS      taDd heat better than any other made   Ask for Dithridgee  and lake no other   See that our name Ison t jp y a   Ditliiidge  V  ou    Pittsburg  Pa    CW Send for price list  a     The undersigned  successors to HAIUIL80  DAVIS  Bell Founders  offer to the public the Best    and Cheapest Bells made in the country  Use only  the beat metal   have the only rotary mountings ik    existence   have never had a bell broken or returne  V  or a customer dissatisfied  Bells warranted for  twenty years or longer If desired  Special arrange   ments made with feeble societies  Send for our Illus   trated Catalogue  coutaiumg important information  Direct VEAZEV A WHITE  Fast Hampton  Connec   ticut  a     M ANN S IMPROVED DOUBLE TRO  LING SPOON 9tand8 unequ led for catci       ng P Ike  Pickerel  Trout  Bass  Ac  For sale  who  sale and retail  bv the manufacturer  and by th  ttrade generally  Sent by maiL Price  1 each       JOHN H  MANN  Syracuse  N  Y      AAA A YEAR  AND HOW I MADE IT IN  fivk years time  starting without  capital  By EDWARD MITCHELL    In this book the authortells wiri   ity how he engaged  without  scale  in the occupation of g    err   t  of creating for himself  at t   business worth  j ooo a year Th  iv ok       f   all who have opportunity or inclination to follow Ins  example  It Is also a pleasant  sprightly book  fuff  of iuformatiou for those who may wish to cultivate  fruits  flowers  or vegetables for their own use  The  modes and the expense of doing so are here stated  verv fully  The price of this volume is butiS ce nw  by maiL a LOKING  Publisher  Lit   l     ASTHMA   ASTHM ASTB MA   H iksta xds asthma rk mhd  is a xkv  ilthcovery  anil la the only AHltiin   reme dy th at  will rKRMANKNTLr cuxe  Semi for our new   reat 2     HIE3TAXPA TO    Dayton  Ohio      E VERY HORSE A TROTTER   Oyer 5 000 men  and boys are training their horaea and colta in  ever  part of the world with wonderful aucocaa  by  VAN HOESKN S DEXTER TROTTING OT       which glvea full particulars for gi wi h 1  encea  Addieea 1   D  VAN HOEr        encea    N  Y   Box 6 033        reler   Jt J tt       H  KILL AM   CO   NEW HAVEN  CONN       Honey   4 Oiyce i ie     Brown Windsor    Elder Flow   er    Spring Violet    Citron   and over two ucndrbd  different varieties  For purity of materials  frar   rrane of perfume  cleansing and softening effects upon  the 6kin  theee Toilet Soups have no equal in this coun   try  and are warranted superior to any imported  For  sale at all first claea Drug Stores in the United Statef                MANVFACTCRBK3 Ok   ELEGANT CARRIAGES    ot the finest quality and lateBt styles  sncli as  LaNDONS  1 ANDONI ETTKS  CLARENCES  COAC    18  COl PXS  COCPELBTTES  BAROrCHKS   li SETTS AND I H VTONS    which for lightness and durability are warranted  equal to any built in this country  Our prices are  uuiform  Orders by mail receive the same carefn  attention aa if given in person      

Christian observer (Louisville, Ky.): 1870-07-20

8 pages, edition 01

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  Published in Louisville, Ky., Kentucky by []
   Jefferson County (The Bluegrass Region)