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EX A MINER: 




ptituky Colonization ,\vt  - 
*re*ty/«ri j» Chunk, Frank - 
hff Ho.s. U F. Hi LIMi k 
nawatkuon of die African mm\ as a 
J. our population, and ilit ousiijueni 



Jutv 





Mea^tO Ol 

Xod. 1: 
should 



•lve« upon us as citizens, is 
hieh your alieniit.n it  invited. 
Be admitted that the quota ions 
io/nlved ait- eminently pnM i.cal. 
• bare. « lass   !   jr jiopiila- 
'effect* uli.cli that ix |Hil.nioii 
JK and must continue to exert upon 
garter of our institution*, present a 
a which fon t s iisclf upon out se-riejus 
uous cuaaideratioii 

our duty in rc!cren c to the free 
atiou of the I 'mud Stalls' ' 
of our tiuiv 
siveVnk. 

UKludtt all our obligations — our 
ouisclv'  . to oar fellow men. and to 
is, tii«;cl'.ic. HCMKy that we 




IM 



nnd. i. stand our 



if 



 \\ u nili-rcsis, 

aarfai'i.' sm:i ■ tir.ic have a just and en- 
lightened appie  iatii_.ii ol the rieii ot other*. 

_Jed 

^BBthror 

by, u nut oi appi ciiension 
fk ia the naiure and force ol fMk 

at tho.; -it it ! fvid It 0111 pt initial 



die 



r endition of this class, as 
eye of tin- statesman i 
a aubiect of serious ditn 
and alarm 

at 

aal 

Ihe man of roior is excluded I rum 
1 rights and immunities ol 



i^. ■ 



citizen. A free and equal pani.'ipatioi 



de 



the rigriis ol" citizenship is not only 
aijaJuin, but every attempt to assert the 
Mice oT tlie t lai in is fiercely denounced. 
HbLmi outre [uently accompanied with acts 
Tew o* pre*»..(. n and murage. Kvcu in I 
Mauienun!tie  where then is supposed to cum 
sh»-v .uipathy for this class, ha M 

jttdu'ioi :rom tiiat full participation in the 
^ftvilegrs of the governine-tii, which eonler 
character and thgnity upon the citizen. It 
iitieiit l . Mip|»"r*tl. troin the loud i lamour 
of the Abolitionists, that the people t»f die 
nona were fast approaching to thai |tcriod 
wht-n the blacks were to o  cup\ die broad 
plat'orui of t qual rnthis. li is not doubted 
that such is the wild  hca.n   i the enthusiast . 
But auch is not th  result of a calm 8'd 
sobei ohservaiiou ol passing c veins. On 
the contrary, there is a hied ami unalterable 
dt termination to widen ami deepen the poli. 
ucal disiuit lions between die twe 
Sucb is lite inevitable tendency of the laws 
of nature, and of die current of human 
events. Notwidtstaialiuc the ardent xca 
and indetoiigable efforts which have lee- 
made, to extend to the blacks an equal pai 
Ucipaiioc m die privilege* of tt.c (jovjn 
mem, imperceptible progress has liceii mad 
mm ii the free Slates, towards die *c -or. 
p..s:..iieut ol this purpose 



any chana 
.subject. 



W a have pa evidenca of 
publ c aentniM nt upon this 
receaely the i;ueation has been direct Id flnV 
presented u  the people of New York, md 
decided by an overwheliii nj expraasif   '" 
l ublic opinion. The cxteusj..ii of tlm ght 
of suffrage i.« itterly denied to, the to ie.l 
population hj i he organic^' an of the S nr. 
m d. pl\ s. :i'.'d and universal is this op'r 
merit in the iWO-slavelioldinc States, ihot 
the efforts of ihe Abolitionists are no le-nnr 
dir. t A-d Ui tbf amelioration of the , idi 
lion  )f thefp-e people of color, wiihin ii»cir 
own limits, bal io the abolition of all * iv 
w ithin the sl ue States. 

W ha; h • condition of this clas  in 
ihowe comiriiniuea where their nghb are 
uiosi eherislnd and respected ' This i;n*a. 
tion enn bt best answered, by inquiring 
u hat hav«: in- f gained by lilx-ration. They 
are liirown ."ni then own reviurcs  n ! 
endowed v' h the power lo acquit   and 
hold propci tv No longer subjected t" die 
control of a master, da y enjoy the rh:iit of 
pursuing the dictate t.f their own p 
sub, -t 



^ LOUIS VILLE, KY. 

, , f l«a"irr »««• »* «■ 



t 1 



tiu 



o a just arc— its 
l»w» of^fx Staai Mt -mat 

that this i s a iiiom important a.quisit ■ n. — 
They are » ihjs mtm free. But tlv ev 
senee of needoni is wantins. Hat ht*c 
no voice in originating the laws bv which 
mm ire governed, and no parti  ipat ion in 
the mhrtn isiration t.f th « law% no n.Hlter 
bow .leaiiy their interests may be rtl i nd 
The prottction of life, lihertv. and pn ; ertv, 
is lt»ige«l in  jihii lian.lv They a;' thus 
deprived of the strong and powedh] n,..uves 
which ennoble and dignify the eharaeier of 
th» eiu/t ii. The eoiL^itutinn and th. laws 
rerf.snvc ,herr. ns a degraded and u "-rior 
caste It is undoubtedly true, that ifaue 
hjai f^-en and are noble specimens of 
h'umai 'v atnctie diis ill.fanvj | eoj,l v 
no atoaajpk of t4»racier has enabled tlrm 
w sn mount the barrriera which the com|h 
tution ind the laws, asded by inexorabk 
iKinl semiiiient, have thrown intheu way. 
book at the condition of die mav ..i fm 
* opn iuou.. What are the relauou* wbieh 
he\ Main to aoctetv and the  iu\ crime nt ? 
It is inquestiouablv true, that ihis - the 
mt « unproductive t hiss of out ptx pl- and 
is. linently distinguisud as idle. Juao|aal 
and iinthrifiy. Such has Item, and b I ow. 
the .iiagnitude of this evil, where this 
!n  ii prevails to any extent, that it a fre- 
q uiiv exposed to |Jm outbreak of \, tu- 
Utus popular fury. It i» the inciting ansr 
l ' the LTosstsi violauuns of justice, i; has 
■at unl'rerpjently happene l ihat tin \ have 
■rn driven by lawless violence frot.i the 
ooni of that society, %rhuse duty it u.« to 
icnih and protect diem. On a latt »cca- 
' ^.s. hOUj fa MvlU pi lo colonize d.r freed  !aves 
 f ihe laxe John Kaudolpii. within the limits 
A a sii'er Stale, was vehemently   j ; osed 
widi strong expresMons of popdaV diN^tpro- 



••ra«a ii.e 

• SJII.M.. K- n 



C1IAPTI 



of 




tW uuiy «tTe« i which ""- been produvd  nu tw j j„ x[nWt unerdigFitencd by kis^w 

fljc. ai'tl unredeemed by ihe sentim- ms ol" 



r.y the mistaken zeal, and ill-direct h! efaVs 
01 the Abolitionists, has Iteen the eh »-p limi- 
tation of the public mind, resulting in in 
increased and accumulating weight   f Ls  
judice against die luifortmiatt- obje. iseif o ir 
sv-mpathy and regard. 

For n»ore than half a century, in mair of 
thi Sottas of this Uaioa, the man oft olor as 
been fretd mm the shackles of pcrspi.sj 
bondage, and left to struggle w idi hisdes4: y. 
What progress has he made in t ie . 1. via  u 
of his caste' Where have his equal 
been practically recognized * 

Tl»e pages of our history are barrel 
v evidences of his social and jiolkical 
vanoenient. Whilst our Ctwernttent 
arTo.-dt-d an asylum to tlv nations o 



of 
iaV 

c- 

lll 




bation. The reason is an obvious on A 
(ioveniment like ours can tlerive no sc. ngth 
or scppoit from such a |MipuIa'jon. The 
streugth of our Government is in the v rtne. 
intelligence and patriotism of its citizens. 
And wlu.t cflt . I th:« growing !ii:w nnn 



Lirth, an«l its glorious immunities and f »i 
lfge* an* freely bestowed upon all, 
African, brought here azainst lis w 
made to oc v.uj»tr in his lte ! estrte. n   
tion ri unqualified inferiority. V 
lorcibiy reminded of the prophetic 
'• God shall enhvgr Japheth. and he 
'iv.eH m the tent? of Shrin ar* 
stiBii be his servant.' 

Political degradation is the irevitabb *te 
of me African, so long as ha remains 1 1 ier 
the ;nf.uenct of American instilutioi i — 
Thf d. ferenct of color, the recolle  tit i of 
 ricin, his natural instinct!, the *m  
liar haUts impressed upon him by a I .ng 
coone of serviUty and bondage, even die 
r.iemory of his wrongs mark him a« ihe 
vict in of political and social pm«cri( ton. 
Thi- is a truth which cannot be disgi i ed. 
We ( .in tot fail to ace it in all the 4 nts 
which ate passing arotrnd us. Ixtok a| hai 
spaciom edifi.   wrapped in flumes ' i is 
the Hall of Freedom, erected for fre^ dis- 
cussion, nnd dedicated to liberty of spt -t h. 
Men anr women, who had p. aceabl| as- 
scmhlcd to exercise the dearest riiehv of 
spiritual ind inlellieent being*, arc driven 
forth bv m infuriated populace. Thrt man 
of genius, whose thouehu ' burst frot his 
md w,d: the fire and indignant cner-ry of 
an anciea' prophet ' — the woatan, th  em- 
bodiinen; of all diat elevates and adorns 
her sej. and who religiously lieliever that 
siie was engaged in a mission of Christian 
■JWpadiy— these, and such as these, we ihe 
■nctinis of popular indignation. It was a 
n-wctinz of diose who honestl) belie td in 
•*» right of political and social Kuality, 
*nd advxraied its unqualifictl cxteu-ion to 
die whole human family. That conflagra- 
tion is im* the work of a inuinight incen- 
-^'Vy. It was not done in a tram-port of 
fory. h was the fearlesss exe-;udon of the 
cahberaie purpose of a great majority of the 
pcopie. 

•'such a manifestation of p  pular preju- 
dice cannot be mistaken. It is evident 
that there must bt a powerful and sifficient 
cause, which lies at the root of this public 
sentiment. The most corrupt political 
party, a c-qnveniion of atheists, might have 
aarembku within the same walls wi h per- 
fect acTurity from external violenoe. ft 
was not because tin y were fanaucs. There 
ia nothing peculiar in the fanaticism of the 
AboiitioiSU/, that it should in-cl with such 
indignant retribt#ion. The irue ause is 
sariafsesntily developed, when we refor to 
the fart diat the public mind ia radically 
opposed to the $ocial ajualxiy of the two 
races. With equal political rigott, the 
barrier to social equality is at once reorovod, 
and practical amalgamation is the conss- 
mence. it is .lis principle which so ati 
the depths of aocistv. and 
aible that oottai rigi 
•d » Mm cula^d race. 



te ^ 

pa.notisi.i, may exert upon the future desii 
nies of our # country. lime alone I :m de- 
velope. 

It is confidently asserted, that as ■ t lass, 
occupying the position assigned them by 
our aws, and the public sentiment of the 
land, th. ir moral, mental find phvsi. I con 
dition mux ruttl will deteriorata. Tht e e 
t.f reason di seems the cau«e in the n it-irc   l 
man. He it oppressed. The nio..v«s to 
exertion, and the rpwards of virtnoit- ambi- 
tion are denied him. His pride of   harac 
ter it .-wpped at the root, and ha« no'hii^ to 
-nstniti it. Tell nie not thai the chu c is to 
be f«Mind in the inferiority of his nature. — 
Thai nature is the gift of God, endowed 
with tlt-e rapacity, and clothed with al 1 fhe 
attributes ot man. Under the influence of 
his own clime, it will u&pand as it has ex- 
panded into the proportions of intellectual 
and moral grandeur. 

(To he Confined ) 



In examining the causes which have re- 
larded the aci m novation of wealth and pop. 
ulalion in die Southern pi slavenol.ling 
States, it will be [.roper to advert to the 
particular circninataiK ea in which the in- 
feriority of die South, as -Contrasted with 
the North, consists. The reader will par- 
l v, tw turning to the map, that the 
■lanreholding States, fourteen in number, 
commaneing with Mnrrland, conatitut. 
much the larger portion of Ihe Union, and, 
■oeofd u ag to the computation of geogra- 
phers, contain:- an area of six hundred and 
y thousand square miles.* whereas 
the fouraa n free States, logether with Iowa 
a. 1 \\ ist onsin.t contain only four hundred 
and filiy thousand square miles. The South- 
em climate Reneially is esteemed the more 
wliohaonie, li-i soil c.ji.a! lo that of the 
Northern Siaies, and he* projsji 
pa«ug in iu»porq*nc 
any rouinry in the world. For, while her 
enpacity for the production of grain, ami all 
oiher articles wlii  i make up die staple of 
human miSksicu* ! and human i oinfort, is 
BMVpassed, shst «"njoys an almost exclu- 
sive monopoly in the supply of two articles, 
etiiton and tnhacro. whit ii form of them- 
aeives. il not die chief object, certainly the 
m mtm mm of die mmmmm of nations. — 

To these niusi lie added the imporiani nr. 
licit s sutai. m e ami iudij? , the piiKluction 

m" mmm in the GfaMI St«te$ i» entirely 
• "iifuied to the South. Ifer mineral le- 
i-'iircos, and her natural fiuiliuesof internal 
and external coin.iierce, are equal oi supe- 
rior ut tiiose of the Northern State*. If. 
therefore, the Southern Stat?s ate behind 
the Northern in all the i leu ejus of social 
improvement, the cause is clearly not irare- 
aile to physical inq ediiiicuts. For with 
superior Miil. i lima e. and productions, equal 
paiuraj facilities of inlantl na'.igaiioii and 
t Merual coinmert \ and greater extent of 
tt tritorv. it i  quite icasonabl. io infer that, 
thincs being eqiuU. the Smith 

North 
as a 

consequence, tu tht number nnd siac of her 
i own* and cities, nnd the if,w rnl improve- 
ment of the country. Rut, for so»ae i-ause, 
die reverse of all this is the cam The 
Noithern States contain a much larger pop- 
ulation upon a much smallei territory. — 
They monopoltse nearly all the foreign 
. ommerre at die- country, besides earning 
on a more extensiee internal trade thti the 
South, their manufa'-tures, ami perhaps «c- 
riculture. are treater in quantity, as bodi 
ar - - tinr^uestionibly soju-rior in quality.-— 
Tnc Northern niiesare numerous, large 
ami elegant, ami evince a rapidity of growth 



of years, as it the 
maintain a propor 
bers at the end of 
ThuK Virginia in 1 

tion of 8HVWI ' 

sand. 



icd of 1790, wou 
superiority of uum- 
aeries in 1840. — 
contain. *l a popuhv 
and forty seven ihriu- 
diat of .N. wjatwk was only dinte 
hundred and forty ihjtoand ; and die rain 
ol one u» the other W«aeometbin ( inor. than 



employed in the 



oi' the cotton 



ticn 



two to one infavar 
\fier maMng rha 
foe a gr .atefeini^ 

lous State, it. would 
without the intern 
that the populati 
pitation of fifty 
twice ae gre"»t as thai 
ihe ceusaa of 1840 « 
ing fact, that the 
ia within a Hnall ft 
that of Virginia,- 
milttaM foor " 
Mtnd.— fS,429,0M 
million two huadral 
(i,24o.o()0) 
in favor of New 



tua. the result, 
show much to the 

cr. But 

bered. lies renioic froif 



Vugima. 

owanoe, iherefon , 
from the inoie popu- 
reasonable to exjiect, 
rt of some latent evil, 
Virginia, ai the ex- 
v.*iN would In- nearly 
bf New York. But 
lopes mt astonish- 
ion of New York 
of being d.-atble 
nuer being two 
^ntv-nine thou- 
  * latter only urn 
fortsj^housand. — 
nearly two io oik- 
if the .DinrmriM ■ 
I an.! V 
less strikinu. will 
of the fonn- 
be reinein- 
tln Atlantic, and 



no 



son ariih Virginia in us 
of inMraal C*n.munn anon 
of t oaaxier. c \Philaclel( lita. 



all other 

would have hecai in advance t.f the 
in popo latioH ami commerce, and 



source 
which 



evi iv HM CeHRive census, lo 
ltd m to he kwiml in history. 



•hid 



t no jtif. 



Napolkos. s MoTiirn. — 'My eiotllflnt 
mother." said be. "is a voinaj i.l irieat 
cou a^re and of r^cat talent, more c i a mas. 
culinii than a feminine nature, proud and 
high maided. She is capable o: selling 
everything, even to her chemis, foi me. I 
allowed her a million (francs) a year, he- 
sides a pahv e, and giving her many presents. 
To the manner in which she fornitd nic at 
at tai eaily age, I principally ow. my aob  
scqjent elevation. My opinion it, thai the 
futurt: good or bad conduct of a child de 
|)crds entirely upon the mother. Sht is 
vex, rich. Mo3t of my family considered 
tha. I might die, dial accidents might hap 
pen. and consequently took care to se - 
curt something. , Thrv have pr.  etv»d a 
great part of their property." 0( Joseph 
he thus speaks "lbs virtues and talents 
are those of a private character, and for such 
nature intended him; he is too good to be a 
great man. He has no ambition. He is 
very like me in person, but handsomer. H* 
is extremely well informed, but his ham 
inj is not that fitted for a king, nor is h  
capable of commanding an army." 

A Smuggler worth Twekti Mill 0*1 
or Dollars. — There lives in Silesia 
peisant, named Gudalla. He Was for DM 
ly a smuggler. One day the custom-hoiiM- 
ofh' i is were in pursuit of him, and hiiving 
fij.xl, the ball passed through his- right mm, 
which was obliged tt  be ampmatcd. (iu- 
dalla, forced to resort to another callin r, es 
tablibhod himself in a village called Rita. 
He had only been there ■ few days before 
bin fortune turned, and he had the lurk o 
dL-icovering a valuable zinc mine, t illed 
Mary 's Mine, and it has now become one 
of the most profitable of any in Europe 
GodaLa having obtained permission to awl 
hi « discovery, is now in possession of a for 
tune estimated at 30,000,000 of thaltrs. or 
af ou! four millions sterling 1 He is unuuir- 
Dttd, and, being a foundling, has no nHa 
tions or offspring, so that die whole of tliis 
immense property, according to the Prussian 
laars, will go to the King ol' Pmss'a. Dtir- 
irg his recent tour, the King visited Gudal- 
Ir, who felt highly honored by ihe visit. 



The Bey of Tunis has fonraided a sol 
did pair of slippers, ser. with diamonds, to 
jjl. Guizot, and di (unpad bracelets to that 
upos^«nu«ers aaughters. iTieae prc»:nt»i, which 
» abail ever be ettend. im valued at lOO.OOOfr. (4,0001. ^were 
lh5wever,pohtelyde C Ui«i. 



t)n the other 

h.tn.!, ihe towns and cities in the Southern 
States, (excepting those upon the Northern 
border and New Orleans, which, as the 
 m| tirii.ii of the witolr Miwaaippt laihij. 
psa res in principal contributions of irade 
from ill" North-wssK) are few in number, 
and meagre in appearance, eihihitiaja little 
ofths acdvity ami spirit winch ;  i , he seen 
in the Northern cities, and many of them 
nre n troeadini: in population. 

1 1 we revert to the history ol" the country, 
we find that :he Southern pari of it was 
settled bv Europeans even Itefore the North- 
ern; ami that at the period of 1790, whan 
'.lie fir* census was taken under ihe tJonsti- 
tution.*the population of tin- Souih was but 
little Itehind ihat of the North. — the former 
being one million nine hundred and ibrce 
thousaisl. the lntier two millions and forty 
thousand, the difference aniouiiUng lo only 
one hundred and thirty-seven thousand. It 
niiLtt U- resarded as a circumstance which 
renders the present ^rreat disparity of laim- 
xts, ainounling to near I v three millions, 
according to the census of 1840. the more 
remarkable, dial the breadth of the frontier, 
which lay contiguous to ihe Southern Siates 
at the |* riod of 171*0. was several times 
zie.m r than thai of die North; and ronse 
qiiemly admitted of an earlier and more 
rapid settlement man ihe remoter parts to 
which the North-western emigrant must re- 
sort. The early settlement of the North 
west was likewise retaided by the presence 
of warlike Indians, which is another cir 
cuinstancc favorable to the increase of popu 
ation in the South and South-west, as it 
would naturally turn die tale of Northern 
md F.i ropean emigration in that direcuon 
And the result has been, accordingly, that 
two Suites had risen up along the Saithern 
frontier, (Kentucky and Tennrssee.) before 
ihe settlement of any North-western State 
Th-se advantages of position, climate, and 
productions, it would be quite natural to 
suppose, would have given to the South 
at the expiration of fifty years, a popule 
lion much greater than that of the Northern 
part of the Union, — not only greater in the 
aggregate, but greater in proportion :0 cx 
lent of territory, — greater to the srfuare 
mile. The reverse of all this, however, is 
strangoiy true. 

But the contrast will become more strik- 
ing if we compare the contiguous parts of 
ihe North nnd South with each other : this 
narrower view of the subject is the fairer 
likewise, their- being less dissimilarity of 
circumstances. New York and Virginia, 
thoqgfa not contiguous, enjoy nearly equa 
advantages of position ; each touching th 
Atlantic, and possessing an excellent harbor 
on its coast. If the harbor of the city of 
New York is superior to that of Norfolk 
th. difference is fully compensated by the 
advantage of a more extended conraunica 
tion with the interior. New York has but 
one natural communication with the inte 
rior, while Norfolk has many. The terri 
torial extent of the State of New York, is 
estimated at fifty thousand square miles, that 
of Virginia at sixty-five thousand ; so that, 
if there be any superiority in the soil of the 
former, which may be questioned, the more 
genial climate and extensive territory of the 
latter may be set down as a fair equivalent 
One would think that the ratio of incrcasd 
of population in the two States, under these 
equal circiimstanccs, would be equal ; and 
dial the Statepjvhich contained the larger 
population at be ginning of any series p 

• This wppiMe. Ihat tb« lintti «f the State of 

miles ; which ii about trie avrr»g« size ol cue 
large Stales. 

+ This computation «n 
\Vmou#id will 



rival, loo, as the SjUtpOnum of (he 
tunny, on wihe^hand. m N't w \ .irk 



it« srrt at centre 
it a 
 ack 
ui Baltimore 
If the comparison he extended to th 
1 Vcsn-m Stales, it will be attended witi 
similar results, — as ft* instance, Kfsititckv 
and Ohio. The 

population of sevent, 
alter only three 
Kipclation of Ohio i 
ive hundred and twenty thousand, (l.-'ilO,. 
1)00) while that of Kentucky was only stv. 
a hundrtd nnd eighty ^uvuid (THO.OOft). 
"he general improv* meat of die face of the 
country, tin- 1 « ns'. mtioo of roads and canals) 
•rrit ultural improve m.^-,, p ' , MI ,| 



in 1700 eouttiniiig 
ree thousand, the 
but in li- IV the 

il. .1 lo one mil 



crop, the roady capital necessary to produce 

it, apart from die value of land, • : tli 
utensils, ore. as in the above cah ulutiocs. 
will be ten milbous- of dollars, (10,000,- 

000 . ) which is the sum necessary to feed 
and shelter the laborers for twelve months. 

It follows from the foregoing illusrrauons, 
that die ready capital necessary to employ 
slave labor, is io the ready capital necessary 
to employ free labor, in the production of a 
given quantity of cotton, or the cultivation 
of a given number of acres of laud, in the 
ratio of the value of a slave, together with 
the cost of his yearly maintenance ai d 
clothing, to the price of board and shelter 
for a free laborer l T pon the above Mippo- 
sitions of die value of slave property, the 
price of provision*, &e., the ratio is fifteen 
io one. (15 to 1. ) But it must not Ik- in- 
ferred from hence that the whole .capital 
'•inj. loved to yield a given p-oduct with 
slave labor is fifteen times greater than that 
necessarv where free labor is employed be- 

1 miaii ia ihiaaiMii i'ii ill f limd rnxsUr, 

tools of husltandry. &c.. come in the calcu- 
iaribq, and constitute a part of the capital 
inverted : since these items will be the same 
in the two cast*, th. ratio of capital to pro- 
duct, which w ith reference to labor only is 
fiitoen to one. is varied in proportion to the 
value of laiais,  Vc. To speak arilhmeu- 
calk . ii ia the addiuou of a exautaui quan- 
tity to the antecedent and consequent, or to 
numerator and denominator of a fraction, 
wal of course •Las the effect of lessening 
the rauo. or the quotient Thus, in the 
cultivation of one hundred acres of land, 
(he ready^apnal necessary ia emplov slave 
|.d or, ai the rataa pSpoi cd above, is seven 
thousand five Isimwed dollars, ( $7."  X).) 
Add *.o this sum the vahje of the land at htt) 
dollar* per acre, or of^e thousand dollars, 
44l.t H). ) lo^edic-r with the value of the 
cattle, their provewiqr, and the mentis of 
husbnmlry ne. ,-ssary to its cultivation, which 
may he worth five htByl'cd dollars more, 
(^500.) and ihewhJbie amount of capital 

»' : J^mpi-'ved beeonMsnine thousand dollars, 
buildings, ihe groJlCh -i u.wns and (4'.4.lKli) ) ] n the . nli.vatkm of die. mm* 
W York, Pemml- lfma t U y „f ] aiM j f rt ,. Iah()C? llir v;1k)1p 
ama. iin.l Ohio. Ss-m «t la; more than capital nweaeary |s the price of provisions 
omasensuraie with theirjjen use of |topula- lin/ \ sh ,.| fe , im i a br TOr .. which bv the 
in. , if compared w ith ihrtjndi tion ol things ar J ve auppositions amounLs to five hundred 
\ irginia and Kenttiikf ' (!ol | anii ( ^.-^ , t( ljr ,her xrith tlv- valu q of 

These- result*, so unprorjising of* the fu- lhf , | 81ltl  0I10 thousaiid dollars, rftl.iNJM ) 
ire prospenty of the Son*, have excitetl before, and of the cattle, iiteas!^. & 
nneh specula! ,on in repudto their causes: flVt . \ iun   ((x \ loorf . ( f 5 no,) aaaktaw the 
.ut public e.pin.ort seems- to have settled wM „ ,. ap ; (nI wo UK)llsand lk llan ,^ ( 3 -  
ipon the convicti^h that slavery is tin 




the 

may 



labowrla- estimated* A be worth the 
to hirnaailUtat a slave is to 
agriculture operation with fsae 
be regard..-d js a joint stock or partnership 
business, in which the- employer invests two 
thousand dollars, and each laborer seven 
hundred, or he ten seven thousand, which 
would mahe the capital equal to that where 
slave labor is 




Animal life is sustained bv three 
vater. and fO£d. 



easemial, 

exist a ccraidarabh 
|)le appear to ruw 
food theii chief 

1 ttlo.of the other twu as pa«i 

never diink of air , and sc  in 



incut 
may 

peo. 



tWO, il. i I 

tiuie;. But most 
the order. They 

 »o with u» 
Me. They 
be infiicied 



with an universal hydrophobia, drinking 
liqukl in every other possible form in pref- 
erence. They appear to imaga* thai cieeui 
wate%i»«u{| requiaWia* ««ehiia» ami then 

uie\ wa-si a» little of the [s-rson as may be 
—only he hands and the face. T was 
amused trte other day, to hear a man in a 
barbe-r's shop ask the barber, after he had 
done shaving, - Poe* mv .neck want 
washing ! " as if a man's neck did not want 
washing every  lay. In my early life I was 
troubled with headache, sadness, and a 
hundred 5ifier arrahilannus notions. I sel- 
dom passed a summer without a fit of sit k- 
nesa of 1 mger or shorte r iluration. Three 
years ago, I removed to the seams*, w h. n- 
'n-e air 



of all the evils, or the chief evil, 
mars the prospeawn career of th- 



CM A PTES IV, 

Reflection upon the facts s l forth abrne, 
M h-d the author of these pages into the 
ominon opinion dial slavery has been the 
obstacle which has retarded the improve, 
ment and population of the Southern States. 
Jd\ at this point another question arise*, 
low does slavery present ' (hat obstacle' 
Tht* Hnnfltnn. *ind I TietleV tlie universal 
pinion is, that slavery afftfrts the prosper 
ty of the country by its tendency to degrade 
abor ia the estimation of the pc -... and to 
■ nc-iider pride in the richV and as a con- 
sequence, to produce Kilenaas and inatkn 
on to businei* in all. And besides, it is 
said to have the effect - :' keepinc sway 
foreign immigrants : whose *Mituiients are 
averse io ihe institution. These eombui.tl 
' ause.-.. it is thought, lave ppuluctd the 
great disparities between' u - North and 
South shove adverted to. 

It will not be attempted in deny the ex- 
iatence or the operation of the causes as- 
signed, but my picsent purpose, will be to 
show, thai the chief evil* pf slavery to the 
xxly politic result from principles more 
stubborn and powerful than its moral efu  is 
upon the pcopie. 

If a farmer in Ohio own one hundred 
of land, with the rattle, the food to 
subsist them, and utentda of husbandry 
necessarv' in its tillage. h| will, as is obvi- 
ous, be able to enter upi its cultivation 
with an additional ready capital snffi tent 
io supply his laborers with maintenance. 
Thus, if the food and .shatter of a free la 
jorer be worth fifty dollars per a-inum, and 
one laborer be necessary to the cultivation 
often acres, then five hundred dollars wauld 
be the additional capital necessary in the 
case above supposed. The laborer's wa- 
g.-s inva/iably come out of the sale of the 
rop. and consequently diere existed no 
necessity for the employer to hare il by 
lim. 

The i .lustration may be varied by esti- 
mating the amount of capital necessary ut 
;he making of a given aroduct — one him 
dred bales of cotton. Mr instance If. .as 
is asserted, onr man can produce ten bales 
of cotton, (of course the product per hand 
is 



x-rn- 

Since 




blows. tog»»SVr 
survived! TV 



mmaterinl to the i|lmtration. , » then the 
capital necessary to the production of one 
hundreel bales, apart from the land. etc. us 
above , will h* five hnmaaad dollar*. 

I will now^nqire the amount of capital 
necessary to employ slate labor in the cul- 
tivation of one hundred acres of land, or 
the producdon of one. hundred hales of cot. 
ton. If men slams be worth seven hun- 
dred dollars. 

a slave fifty dollars per annum, the GultitB- 
of one hundred acres of land by the 
labor of ten slaves in Alediama. requires a 
capital of seven thousand live hundreel dol- 
ars, apart from capital invested in land, 
cattle, die. as above. Or the producdon 
of one hundred bales of cotton by slave la- 
bor requires a capital of seven thousand 
five hundred dollars, apart from the value ol 
land, &c. I have based the illustration, for 
convenience, upon the suppewition dint the 
labor of men only is employed, but it is per- 
fectly obvious dial the principle is true gen- 
erally of all free and all ilave labor. 

Again. The average annual cotton crop 
of the United States for the last three or 
four years is estimated to hat ? amounted to 
two millions of bales, ($,000,000.) If it 
be suppoaed, for convenience, that the labor 



IMS) ). Hence the whole capital invested in 
the cultivation of one hut dred acres of land 
w :di slave labor, is to that nenessary where 
free laboi is employed, as nine thousand is 
to iwo thousand, or as nine to two. or four 
and a half to one. This rano of coins*- be- 
loiues less iu proportion as the value of 
land, cattle, etc., is augmented. 

Thus, if the land be worth one hundred 
dollars per acre, or ten thousand dollars. 
($10,000): then, the other items remain- 
ing a* before, the capital becomes, where 
slave labor is employed, eighteen thousand 
dollars ( * lef.«H» , and where free labor 
is employed, eleven thousand ( $11,000) : 
.ui ibis ease the ratio is something more ihan 
three- to two, (3 to 2). 

Ii is apparent from this, as well as from 
tiie preceding illustrations, diat without re- 
ference to the rauo. the capital invested, 
where slave labor is employed, in the tulti- 
vaticn of a given number of acres, e r the 
making a nven product. cxceetU the capi- 
tal necessary where free labor is employed, 
by the vrIih* of die slaves. 

All the foregoing calculations are ha«ed 
rrpoii the supposition that slave labor is 
necessarily and exclusively employed in 
the slave holding States, and that each 
planter is the ownier of the- slaves he em- 
ploys. This is not true in fad. much of 
die labor of the .Southern States being per 
feumwl by freemen . but that circumstance 
by no means affects the principle involved . 
it only serves to mitigate us consequences 
upon the prosperity of the countiy ; and 
it is obvious, that to make such an objection 
to the principle is to acknowledge its oper- 
ntion in every case where slave labor is em- 
ployed. Tho employme nt of hired slaves 
forms no exception to 
slaves being nothing else than borrowed 
capital . 

It mar not he improper her-* to antici- 
pate a probable objee tion tr the principle 
maintained in the preceding pages. It mav 
be trtought irreconcileeble with the well 
known fact thai agriculture is equally or 
perhaps more profitable where slave labor 
is used than is the ease where the laboi of 
free men is employed 
be removed oy 
above, where one hundred acre* of land 
are supposed to be cultivated bv ten men. 
The capital necessary where the labor of 
slaves are made use of was nine thousand 
dollars ($9,000) ; where free is employed, 
onlv two thousand (*-2.000). The pro- 
duct being the same it is thought unaccoun- 
table that the smaller- capital should not 
yield a larger profit. This is accounted for 
by considering that the employer of free 
labor is compelled to give up a large por 

derived from 



1 have alaindanee of free air. and where I 
bathe in the salt water almost eiulv 
times tw ee a day. » ven in Mareb. 
that lime. I have scarcely had an ill 
my mine 1 is as free as- die air, ana my •pints 
buoyant as the was*. -My h.-sl'm and 
strengih^ftre butter than when I was eight- 
een years at aire | live in a town con- 
taining eleven thousand iajhaltuams. and J 
suppose liai one half of ihem nevtr baibed 
in their lives — thev would much sooueff 
ihlnk of taking a voyage of three thousand ti.' w a h V^^ 
unlet, ov.u ih« oc«an. than of being lhre. 
seconds under it. I know one man who m 
more than sixty years of age. who says'he 
ue-vvi washed all ow-r in his 1-fe, 1 ct bt is 
a wealthy and respectable uia^ and wouhi' 
be very nu».ji offended if any one were to 
t all him a dirty follow. The celebrated 
Judge S was remaikable for his inattention 
to personal cleanliiios*. and somctiuns wore 
his liner two weeks. One elay a young 
lawyer i.nxkriuok to reiBoew-trate «ith him 
on the subject. " Herwofun do you change 
vour linen : " aakft the Judge. ■• Every 
day, " was the reply. "WeU." asid the 
Judge, * what a elirty fellow you must be ' " 
Some ptsmle too. never clean their teeth. 
I know one man mm is a good moral reaonii- 
er. yet his breaui is so ofaonarve ihat it is, 
unpi«a*ant to converse with him. I haws 
had some cor.ipi.. . n - p.ni u.. ■, t .tunt 
of my writings, but never one which I valued 
so h ghly, as the remark of a lady— H p 
breath ia sweet as new uiilk." I can have 
or  idea of a person baing piorts, Vho is rfor 
le.anly. It has been said cleanliness is a 
part of godliness. I dunk it is a very 
essentia, port. It was the advice of an 
apostle to one he loved — "keep thyself 
clean." 

There was great wisdom in the rabbini- 
cal injunction, not to eat with unwashed 
hande— -,t showed I 
themgh: bathin 
He who created the 
knowledge of the 
he made it palatable to i 
exhibited his aenae of its 
he covered three-fourths of the globe 
water ' If some people had created 
world r. would have been all land ! I am 
often excited to laughter, whan ladies ask 
me, •• Are von not afraid to live so near the 
water 1 " What do such ladies imagine 
water to be ? 

Mulutudes of people shut themselves up 
bv dozens, in sho makeiV shops, factories, 
and book-htnderirs. past nc paper over the 
window joints to keep out the a 
wonder they are sick. If they 
out iu the open atmosphere, and bathe three 
times a week in the ocean, 'hey might have 
less fancies, and jump over a five rail fence 

\Stor 





tv exen-iae4 by 

*e/b* ruted to srwnai. mrpmmm aasaaa. t »ai 
the PoMafc jiwmili puuaaas saVaia. 
Europe too 4m rsaadaa tnaaasnt of Jac ussss 

in whit. u Muscovite lyiaaa* atnaasTS MHftat 
intervsa*, awi u r, some vfe^i ssespai, aaa 
'lenousftse to Use cNIUaoa worM ats uMatfal 
shea a by tai* govorssMMt ef savafBS 
tboao dt lis sasjoeai whose eiggw Is la 
up I re te liberty. Oar ntli is BMr (ceuMact 
•aalsame w tsa agaaW jeaaaaai oaauiuad • 
uangraph stating I bat a Ml Bad boca aaaaataa 
»t Kwoigsberg by ta«Pr«is*Ua police, who fjcai 
bun a |ee H on the :ttp* of ■ ebarek. Tkia Pole, 
who at rbst staaaaW to pw tnaawtf off so • 
r'rsacaasaa, of Laagaafioe. oa belaf etoarfr 
1 iMsliSBod, roafjMd Umi ne ww a podneal ea- 
il- whx. bau rscapedhxwn Sii-rn.. Uawatiaa. 

six or 
tha 

•n ion imalslVi he • f ia 

This fwf.il ive, by aoflsS 
. a naflve uC the I'krolae, has 
Pari*; he ia b saws to a oa i el ci'taa 
■Boat b»uontbteanembai» of loo Petwboaolfssata, 

aba attest uto laaaltv . f bu character, sac bis 

rf«t 



" WSBV IBsaWJ r STS. OS^FVTaa fimmtt s^aWnTI saw* MB** Wf W* | 

mcdialety Throw a iafo prioaa, isl by oa 9r 
frosi Bostis, was about te bo seine roil up te 





of Poles eali. 

od ia : 

to bant labor 
nas; lb- inaiorit. 
beloagiug to tho mim 

a r oft .!■ 
sad two pri«rt» of t 
lu raat 

follow iu^ — T-natf throw n^ht oa the labs cf 

• -it • ot liasa -.!..! tj ;.% i en, t «: Wy; 

-©ski. chief of the lao yu aaB T ai 
». i-HI.wb.wa- as-ajaa*- awd saaaa 
.lunar attack on Warosw la Mil, pm oaa- 
sa saa id U 1 *4 to hart labor m u.- wiivea ef 



ate annuafv 
lolhceiiloa. Tko 





St uatsk. ia 
ered, a boat 
am in^utrv 
1. 



WTU 



the 



cape hy a Polish prwwt, 

of other exilea 

bevn likewi- 1 ^   I 
toil POba we're arraslsii. After 
which lasted three vewrt. tha '«* 
aCaptaaa ciarkaki aua four oUseoa. were sen* 
tetareu to receive seven ihousau'i blows "sea, 
and two hsndreu ar- ,-• ■ from jrti to 3,000 
with hard labor forltf-K l bey 
•.»eeuti..n look place at Otjnok, 
in March, 1 T,, a lieueral GalaAjyetT ItaVblf 
been s»st expressly from St. P-ler«iiurj tosre- 
•ide over it. liearnst Pilaaa KorteaakoaTVaa 
Governor General of .^•baaas at the tiaao.. On 
the dor rixod for ihis vmguui »r . act , IW7L aat- 
Ulktna of 1,000 men eajt, were drawn npaan tho 
place of execution, eroaV Pole iu l*e- n-Ukaiicaa 
 iiv-Bwb«-n pr^vi  n«tv iw|sasaa bv aswatia r 
1  no«? these baUaiions was to inoV:^* pun- 
islaneal oi -ur cou^rmiicd aaaapocedjMo t.000 
blow- liar atkar condemsaJ wt»s aam -i for 
ttw-^secoad baftalioti. Aucorirta^toafoViaaitary 
penal law of Rnsnhv tba saSks oood to faaiaa- 
- . -n . .. . axos jc » 5 -u- wtal '.i"rto 

wui fit th.9 barW of a :-enJattoa waioawS] bat 
each of the kticks oasploysv m la- eaeeuiioacf 
taw Abbe fHerainkl and bjjacrompilfes wers ao 
large that a single oaa  -waoaat seara* t) fo La to 
lao ■ lasbsl aVOaaWslrnw Sta '' , raw* Una  aa 
sotoasrs oa«ht to roaaaiu In cioac order, mad sot 
■ov "aha eihow from the  i \a *trt*iny; for 
hfc. spoetoraaas to »W" - rev. aa ' - jer nau oaru is* 
aaaat to leave xbv apave of oae r act bar 
.-^ch solta» r; they werr alaa comn..scr: to 
vance the right foot, ana, rabw their am 
etc las the Slow, in ordeato kSfiaa with fan force. 
The rterutioa cttnaanoaoaxt wuii 1.1000 eon - 
ttoniutM to receive 7,'SX) blows, tho As'ue. Si*aa- 
cinaki beina tost. Each of the csaasnaad* as- 
ked to the waist, was led fosl»en rises betwaea 
the ranks two soUien  'naia« at oaco ooiy 
couuttac as one Uow. When Ihe aaTermr fail 
from exhaustion be was p'aeed on a sort cf 
 l -rige. in onier that he might receiTS the fail 
    n iwemeal t.f bis sentence. When turn 
of the Abhr SienuaclaabJ came, a t aiy sp- 
ur oar be, i UAto to taake iilm Use a *trea£iaeuicg 
J -ink, but to? refused ii. and wtlkrd torn ,r^a hit 
eseenttoaert  inffnjr the paalas, labaaai ax.' 
Dcra. As be was of a dHtawto coaatitmioai 
and exh iiuteai by l»n% ft 



ne Uioii and 



Thisdlilicdty -Will 
•  tr. tlw, »m - ' - 

l in i ne iiiunratran 



tion of his crop, or 

the sale it, as the wages of labor ; and this 
and the food and clothing of gum oorresponds to the profit on the excess 

o( capita! which the   .11 plover of slave la 
bor makes use of. But this necessity. w hi. h 
the employer of fret* labor is under of* dis 
tributin^ a large part of his crop among his 
laborers, had no tendency to check its peto. 
duction. the wagrs not being paid until the 
end of the year, out of what is produceel by 
die laborer himself ; and it is equally e bvi- 
ous that the distribution of it can have no 
effect in enhancing or diminishing die ag 
gregatc product I have already remarked 
upon die case of hiring slave labor, that it 
is nothing else ihan borrowed capital; and 
consequently that the inakinj a given pro- 
duct, or uV cultivation of a given nutaifler 
of acres of land with hired slave la*** ha- 
volves an equal invested canitof as when 
the slaves are the property at the emproy- 
ers. But the emplojaw of hired labor is 
under the same neoeadty of parting with 
die wages of hi* laborers as is the emplayer 
of free labor. Hence, though the capital 
employod is.the same aa would be rtscsssa- 
ry liad it been the eenaploaer's. Iris profit 
lasnry equal to that of the'amphrawof firee 



On 



LITERARY STYLE 

trie Miltou Loirs this language 



•For uie. readers, althou -b I 
am utterly untrainetl in 



it?:; 

tha 

I ia 



"Oltl 



-tetzoti, and placed rn a knee 
sledge, his arms 1s-in; aeain 
«ncb a aaaaner al not to p: 

htoodv iafeUalion; bis herd. 11 aaavsaioaaj. f « 
downwards, to beams at the bock of the %l-£m», 
and in this pa-rnr • Uary a« istls«»ea ia  bear him 
al  ag tofcre bio e xoxanaaasawa. ha all 1 1 brostkei 




cannot say I 
rules which 

the best rhetonciaos have written in any 
lann'tge. yet true eloquenre I find vt hr 
none but the serioit* and the hearty lnv« o( 
truth, and with die dearest charity to infusa 
the knowledge of them into others— when 
sut-h a mtt tronld speak,, his word-e. by 
what I can express, like so many nimble 
and airy servitor, trip about him at e-om- 
mand, and in well ordered file.*, as he eeaili 
wish, fall aptly into thair own places."— 
Foster, in his inimitable essays, aharrana, 
"False eloquence is like a false alarm of 
ihirnder. where a sober man. that is 
to seat-tic at sounds, looks* to see if it be not 
the rumbling of a cart." /nd agai 
' Eloquence reside* in the thought, end no 
scannanke that eloquent whir 



af.er   .rl- 

his last breath Hu iuaaka«e'carpaa re- 
the reni»titrw»;two rhoasaad Mews, Tba 
others senasaeed to awren ihaaiaaatt b lew I (.lai 
.mrnig tba eaocatioJi. with toe sxeapalne cf 5u» 
alone, wba was spaaed becau-w he was \i. a a. - f- 
ter recovering from bis won 11 's. was sent to 
Nertchinak- Tharss beat- v-r, be I 
and killed bnaiaK tho dev aOoatha I 
bta seeteuae. The boai. » of fiv.« i.urtyrs 
berioxl arar the town uf Onaab 
were to aufft r f-ont 5.'"} to ?,niH» blows 
n-ither pardon eor . animul ition. Of 1 
sons, through 1 

eajn h*"* ° r * u 1 

4. loth-r .irowneal; the authors of th. . trt cf re„- 
r -nie-e have never beau aisrav^red. Taw thiru 

afsaoJaetr. be 




there. flUVr 
occurred, and slul occur 



saT tha- — rrn 
-i'». ... Ta 




mi at a uue taaa 

mm 

iv« oasertWo goon 

the hoe aai enuxnaeaaV catty is 



not 



plainest that could possibly 



If you see a dozen Laulaa in a, woman, 
you may rest aasnied she has a hundred ru 
tues to counterbalai. • iheni. We love 
your faulty and fear vo ir faultless women. 
When yon see wnat   . rmed a faultless 
woman, dread her as you would a beautiful 
colored snahe. Th-* art of completely con- 
cealing the defect* that she a.usi have, is. 
of iateif, a serious vice. — B'tshcp Sttrndtrs. 



f men slaves only, is employed in iu pre- 
suppositions remain- 
eaca to the value of 
slaves, the product per hand, and the p-ire 
of provisions and clothing; then the num- 
ber of slaves employed in the prtatuctioti of 



the crop of the coimtry will be two hundraaf labor ; 



and 



pay* the wq 



Thi .Ueov — Sir John Hersehel. at* late m--t- 
taf of the British Aaaertotson tor tho advanea- 
ruentaf .Science, expreaaori tho oplnioa th .t tha 
art* Of the moon's climate must beverv 
tooe leat »r kming taator.** v. 
l/ie reason is that its sari ire is expose* aVerteen 
4ays al a Mate lo tii« unmitiptod heat of the sun 
At the jtstl ana for a f-w dners afterwataa. 
moon mnst certain I jThe the reflector 



cars, pa  
r koe: ere pa, 
a 1 '■ sti ii^fs wtut 
aVs n— on. tad 
How woukf fteiss ef 
aatuiua^ aaeu tbacssp steal Be 
ind cleared off. a smooth cloa* serf tea, 
n. wly ptoaghed *Vla. as they engtat to'' i. 
gf w'hi. h. we fir mora f u i a asetl j soaaati" a 
of laxarianl w o o ds to 

The old at) inf at, jmr'\ ajaritny will 
roaksfive year's weeduy '' aTot atete u 3 ao- 
|. Jr -, i WaM *-e.-.-.  »t*- n;^ oerar be sy mmm 
to g« to seed. Tb*  ~«*i a a mHom. eaaaaat ejr axow- 
tof mtlabl -. which aaa.t'.r«i;ovad au aba oat- 
face, and not aaii-Ml to she sai.. easty oae kstiaSI 
but the eaaaeeTtoa prototad by the Jb^sailaa 
sad ripening at" seaaV, bi 
It baaeoeii ja^ilv 
strength of sot) 
on a aitgl*- piaat ef the I 
large •axxetoat bad 
weighing tiflcea poll 
portaaea of novec a 
draw tba life from tkv 



•3 - 



a 



ef 

yaasd*. 

g weow* 



theoaeaa. ana 

as it baa the 
soiar heat, ttaaawata* 



no doabt ef the Stc', bua^ 
of -uliaary rather than 



»v, 



•It eastofittce fmn 



body below tho temperature of fgairJow," It w+H' 



thousand ; and the capital necessary 
plor them will be one hundred and firO/j property, 
milliona of dollaia, (• 110,000,000,) which | thejame 
sunt includes the valuaof the slaves and the 
of Iheir yearly maintenance. But if 



lafjorev, or to a maa. who bolda 




eaureiv performed by 
aatt I I ' *T -  ' 

ifcaa. 

— -• legad 



who holds him aai . Ther* iu oaly 
•ealtlt ptoducad is 

, cloainlamodera 



The dirTereoce betweeaa ahay^aa capitals 

) which 



aafl he ha caaawrt Tiatkto 




Tba import aasi of eatimg m* 
was as whoa eats- mm took) toffee* 
bndid ana BtwBtad toe taaauj ( 

the work can be doae with. ot|S- 
ber sabaeg'tealty loa^atrsd, 
to taww tat ■■aaa i -. Taw 
the sou saiisarv bac irota 



•tirti 



LcNonte* casta hoon— s 
ripo-tirwe wf 'te**o r  j. idling. 

ieeatt^toUow^c totu Taet 



lions U.e fbiioW -tg 

\afioael 



As aprW «f toa  
fcUawar^ to«»- 
Taeaaari «*a St aba 





■PHI 










1 1 ■ i . 


i , 















il 



K M. EXAMINER^ 



E 19, 1847. 




' our Ui a*ch pcrsoea 

w ill become »i b- 
requested that thv«e lo 
i fcienee eigltif. their w 
tance or diecoutiiiuum * M 
it ewHlM \ let them forward ihe 
i; if Ihejr wish it die. u ..t.ane... IM 
aheuld fa »at Wk. With the MOW aud 
tike poet ofn-e to whirh It vt  addressed marked 

it. HHfW owxoe regulations nr. i I • 
u, tending hack of all such paper, ir, ■ ,.| 



The Legislature of 
act, called npon the 
• they would 



y. last wiet.-r. by 
of tbr State Ik lay 

a Coxvbntios lu ■»• 





T he holding of a conveuliou, always import- 
ant, ic especially to »o» , for it iavolvo ihe 
u-nt of question* of vast 
tube , — question* which ought l   r.  atai . 
which will receive, doubtles*. tbr beat 

of whi.h vir 

unity are c 

be, legally, u j limit to the d.s. ut- 

aion of these qucsiiuiu, ibiu authoritativel , and 
y broached by tbe high—i authority, 
we wiU bo, we are puisdxuci, uu effort, 
quarter, to hedge u tbe lltsrrty oi ihe 
•b. whi.e tti. s- pri» ilcj'es 
with a juat regaid to the peace ef 
the community . arid the lategr.ty of the law 
tren that most difficult problem ol all — eaaa a ri- 
pens a- nay be fully and fearlessl) present d. 
if iU advocate* be thus guarded : — for uo rvg\\\ 
.» i.i-.re tarred, ia Kentucky, than that main li- 
able and fundamental rig it, which Ku.Tr* to 
every citiaea •the liberty to know, to utter, to 
argue a. corc.ng to fonacjaace." 

Nor could any doubt-cxi.it, on ibi. 70ml. were 
it not f^r those causes, external aud iutenutl 
tee the laat few year*, have arretted 
the ducuauou of eie*»w  b| Ike pre*, over the 
^tate Tbeae are : 

I. The violence will, which th. iMjift of 
alavtry una linen agitated euf of th. slave  tat *« 
There has been no form of exaggerated speech 
— uo language in which wrath could be clothed 
— which haa uot been uae i iigaiuatthoae u lw live 
ataid aiever. The charac terist ir« ol loo inaty 
even oi tbe proteased advocate* of freedom bv - 
'Kfp aw from tha avll which they dre:d. 
have been, v-eheiueuce. aud excess. They have 
be allow ance fur the education Ull 1 l-ol- 
.age of a aleveMluing community. Th.gr, at 
uueauaa of em.ucpal.ou. therefore, wham 
ahoald always be presented without paasiou. a:id 
urged in a apirit of love, an J geaerout good » ill. 
haa been involved in a noim of fierce .-..nrti. '. 
topic have been a ) hem ildered hy exe'tr- 
or fired by pasaiou, a* uot lo ana or tuow 
at least, new lo utter it ^oCiety. 
VrJ^iieu (tagnanl, uee.ni/a whnl- 
to purify it. ana t.. «..i»^Tiut when' 
M v.rtue and mtel-igeu^r enough lo 
hear and conatdVr tlntn. l!r? iWje anger of the 
T-torai without, will only entiudl.- .1 ruder ang^r 
within- Violence. iuvariabU . i^rl* violeuer, 
nn«i .di that Uie beat ol u« cm d« . at »u  h tinva. 

M» ta «valeh the exeiU-utent a» it *. ar» |» av - 
and then, to labor and lo w tit. 

S. Tbe uliraawn with which ahvery htibvn 
aphehi is law aW Stataa 

Tha perue:u!lata— tapeaiitlv lho«r led by 
tbe able meu of (he Caraltatl a.*a*i— have he.* 

ever in exttrmo They have deinande,! of .11 
paraona and rmrtlee unqualified obedience to 
their dogma*. ilr.sa« t i *i, beoauae he refua.-u 
to then*, wa* denousred hy thrni aa au 
. n ; for the aaine ■■•.1- . xi.va WaH.KT 
exe -rated now aa Jiau C Bibmcv. 

a Od II tu cieepon the pro- 
aUvery excitement, ao that ll.-y may baud all 
the alave Stateo iu one j.o.n  -al uaiunrand ihua 
win power and eecure it ; an i, for tin- .-ud, they 
appaal couatautly and aUy to the pi ide. pafeaou. 
aectioaal prejadive, a.anc. aud fe»ra of ih -w 
fisreSutea. Nullification, the demal ol ibe 
t. t !ii of petition, the bill, r aud Bleadf.iat oppoM- 
tk u u* :ree labor, the manurr m whirh Texan 
am* annexed, laat though uot leaat. Mr. I al- 
Ihi'i "fins-brand" re«M«tioii , to. Senator 
them— al. the ■ ■ Ihinga abow 
to be the.r ana, ami they ahow. in ai.dilioti, 
that it .a rheir parpoae, by Ihia action, to vex 
and fret the North, to drive the people there to 
exceee. lo iraacden them and maae theiu aa ultra 
en AM aide aa theae perpetuaiiata are i,u the 
oiaer How .n.ecoroul.lthevgaina- . ii  o, v 
tn tbe South, a era U not fur the cieaiion aud 
attention 01 fanaticism at the North ' Tbe 
•torm.er it be-'oi.tes the bngttter and auier their 
political or.«pect» They have done a* much I) 
1am by their exc. aa, aa haa been 
inatrumentality. Aa to their maiu 
the um on of the South upon pro-alavery 
filled ; bnt. ow- 
ing to tne cloie diviaion of parties, ami the dif- 
fieuity vhirh exiata auiier t.ie«e  • ,r» it instance, 
of rpanklttj the truth on a vexed qneation. they 
have uet failed in making pablic opinion inon* 
atruxgent. and a treating by the preea tbe free 
of erunncipntion, and aubjerta con - 
t».-n . .1, lliroufhout the aUve Stal«a. 
Notw.thstax.oing the operation of theaecauaea. 
however, liattinguiahed ;-'outaerj. men hav u..' 
heaiuteu to utter plainly tb« 11 Mnlmi. m  
U mu,, tiaaro*, of North Carolina, a Utile 
while before hi* pare apirit panvd away, bargee 
the young men of that Stale, jaj ap.tl.lic adore*-, 
to auahrv thu awlaaael at aiaaory tl ~  ataui| . ami 



I frrru*. n. i 
' Uiwa. They inu«( u 
aaajn e i regaad on 

ward thrni off; ufeifl! each ii,hireat, and be 
anil liotate no Tight tn retnty mi; » wrong. It 
iaoftea thought enough thai the truth be apok- 
en 1 but it It a* Important, almott. to apeuk M 
njal/y. When Otter. .. in li .r-Jt tcrint, clothed 
in the garb of bigotry, or enforced In an in»o- 
leut or overbearing manner, in 11 apiri'   \t lunit a, 
oue-xide.l or rabid, il will be reaiated. often, ati a 
11: 'llie »uvocatea otliulh muni ri. .; up to the 
level of it* oa u cigntiy. They nMaal b. pure ill 
heart, and cru b ull f.-cliug* of aue»'r auJ Iw- 

tred, ere lie , .an '.. • lit led f n^ll. or eul'oiee 
auy great, laiui of humanity. 

Wr shall w rite au l arj ue iu the I. vaniincr, iu 
thi» apirit. and |.-iiii .-r. giving no jiiat cauae of 
off. uce to a wugle bumiu beiug, y. t free, alike, 
irom thut tuui-li.v. which would cringe- Ufore 
error, or that violence, which would battle with 
il iu anger 

"I he no \ ol hUi'h a p.i|M-r a-- the llvami- 
lier neeinm-jenr enough la our frieuds. Be. au»e, 

apuri from other weight) reasons 
1*1. tU Uie exteut of anti-aluvery aeulinient 
iu k. Qluckv . 

There never wan a period when our people 
did uot feel it. At the formal .011 of the t'ou- 
alitution, the Convention came within a few 
vote* of iuaertiiig iu it ti griiuii.il eiiiaiicipation 
rlauae. and ia Mai ptMhl op.uiou waa almu t 
ripe for aucb a alep Tin* f iling is uot, appa 
reuiiy, aa atroug now It it «till, however, in 
it* out-itpokeu form aueuergeii. element, and if 
all cauae* of reatraml were removed, we believe 
it would be 7 overwhelming in rV aciioti Khali 
Ihia aeuliment have uo organ ' la 11 just or 
geuerou* tu deny It the mean* of apeech I Let 

it be heard! Let it have full t 1 t* speak 

out ita thought*! l.et all |uirtie*,as tlt-y grapple 
with each other in manly argument or moiuj^ 
fori, prove their loyalty lo liberty by the lurg **t 
toleratiou, and thua rear up our social,*. . 1. 1 1. mm 

atreugtb. and aifcV uiajcRli. in. Uaunlul i 
outline. 

2. The welfare of the Stat- 
W ho linukaalavery a bUamag ' What body 
ol uteu in tbe church -regard it I What uuiu- 
ber of cilixeua, out of the cLur«h, to hold ' If 
alavery were uukno-vn among us, aud M iulr..- 
duet.oii were prw.osed. il.e vol . of the people 

w ould pour fleei'. out. iu one concentrated pi-al, 
for aniteraal ire.^0111 1'hoMe who are for 
euiauicipaliou, indeed, 00 any term*. hnMva, 
that w hile hit* ni-a»ure 1* deferred or tief. atej. 
neither ll.ey nor llieir children caii be truly 
ble««ed I thai Ubor. t!te mean* of indivUual aue- 
eHOj 01 . icial grvwll.. mutt lie uegnuled . and 
thai il»e r*tale mnsl la j Im-IiIi. • her siwler Mat.-.-. 
In iK-rmaiient |irusj erit . nnd fovv. r Shall they 
no' siv an? May the) not do all, within tin ir 
il rlu. -nee. to . n force theae vi.-us' i.l.iri.ni- 

Joliti Milton, arm. I rev . lutu t :.r\ t .-.11 .. .: 

Kugl.ind, made an a.iiir. v. on Libert \ of S|H*acfc, 
aud look, for ho. motto, wlu-h mm- 11 1 • tin- 
whol.. arguiie tit. ill.- spir.ttd w or.la of a bol.t 

tirecnn poet: 

"1 hw I* Iru*  iwn, , w ban frc« U.in men, 
aim ta atfeaw the pu-.lir iu*. »i*at free 




4 



0*' 



e w om Ubi 

prejudienaanitph}' 
ar nil narll* 



it IT over 
aav .1 irrartr-ininJeff parahironv 

t.a.iJ, bus she diwrg«d Into 

that path ol wiU and profliifute otpe.wUhue 
which himl.-dodi -toihedofai.clua.ik- 

and renwdUtion. She owe* nfflebt that 

animal expenaea; aud tin*, too, withoat the im- 
position of any State lux Upon the people, and 
without the mvana.il) of reaortiiig to any new 
loana. 

\111i, lioubtlea*. her greatneaa and growth re 
mil. wholly, trom thi* wiae and liberal Mute 
wihiy. Aud thus will it ever be with any Stale 



— — ■- 





m " 



* 

to aee if they could nol, in their day. tin some- 
thing to eradieate " the great cam* " of aw-ieiv . 
Senator I * nun ooo and other able Kentuek- 
mna. in year* gone by, have *pok -u with per- 
suaaive eloquence tn a like tone ; un.: only a f.-w 
month* aince. Judge Bn.i^ k of thi* eity. with 
ahthtjr, proved that th malilu'ion must 
from natural eauaec, aud that it n iht  
a wiee forecaat to prepare for auch a re- 
*ult Ncr should any citizen heaiUte to *p« ..k 
out hat raind a* freely. It i* hard, .udeed. lo 
conceive that offence could be given hy Ike ei- 
•f a common liberty, nnd. especially, if. 
» the indiridualt named, all who n»e it, 
t upon tbeae admitted principles: 
1. That thin State alone ha* exelnaive jur.«- 

wltl.m ita ter.i- 

i* a domestic iuai.itutiou. Neitin r 

baa the right, legally, to touch il- It at for 
Kentucky, and Kentucky nb»ue. to *»y wh~u 
nnd how her bond ahnll be ael free, or whether 
they eheUbeeetireeetull 
t. That the Free alone nhnll W vlJreeae.! 

; ..julion neena only to be aUted, to h« 
fl||ltaa everywhere. That being ia a demon, 

la any Bannner, to trm man agaiasi master No 
a«ere fiesaa-hke constnet can b* imagined. It 
would reee.ve the nniveranl ex c  ration of earth-, 
us it would he sure to meet tjie indignaiit puu- 
lahtMai of heenrcn 

To our view, indeed, there ia but one ronrae 
fltnaajad eat far him, who labours oarneatly nnd 
honaalty to benel. 1 . auf Weas nuiii Jt II M Jite 
^^** mi authority haa aaki. to apenk the truth alwayn 
in laUs* 




VI' nwu he Mhuuu. a ad will, d as i.e. I..xl  prn^« 
Who eetlhrr ran. i.ur w dl. teal laial hn ;s'«. r. 
What raa I* jUMer 1.1 a tl.au ih»' 

The object of the Kxaiuiuer v.- ill ! ■• t" r. ■ 

and. aa far a* it c in. to -xten.t .1 — to tu.iuir • iu- 
*e a ad diacua* ..I: - .Hire* — sms to a.l- 
veeaae. lo the be.l ..I it* al.il i v . very . lanu of 
hiimainry. As its name import*, it* glume will 
be a wide one. and we ahnll aim \o make it. with 
the o.d of friend*, a welcome liaitor alike to tl..- 
man of though), and the 1 u;., , , r , !, 

We have lieeu aoln iled by UUIIierou* indi- 
vidual* in Virgin.   au l North ( .nolinn, nnd bv 
a large « in le of friend* 111 Kentncky, to oernpy 
ourprewui post We w. re known toall of lh in 
to have b.-. n boffj and t.ro.ight up in BsMrth 
Carolina, and l.re,i a slsveiolder, ami. therefore, 
KUjipoaed to be acquaint.-.! wild the prejudice, 
interests an., right* of *lav eh aider*, ami thus 
fitle.1 lo diicuaa the qu**tu ti of alavery ; lo he 
aWmg. yet 11.. partisan, an.! he nee not lik.-l) 
to introduce or iik Idle w ith party polities, or 
with parlies sff witv charjrter in or out of ihe 
Mat. IV.' khull 'al^v- !o meet llieir w i«he« and 
fulhl heir . xpe. ialiou* « »f Mr. K. I  »n»v w ho 
is a *vs ixted with us. we ieed hardly say a 
word. He trrndj hi  owu Mil: Louisville u his 
•Utiv. home, lie Map ro the i.,sU he ha* un- 
dertaken a clear head. And a resolution te labor 
earnestly for th« reai. bating w.-ll-beins of his 
native slate and city 

We aend the Ltxmn.rr. a ith this brief outline 
of i:s proposed course ttn.l of o-ir views, to its 
friend* ua.l the public We bef 110 oue for help. 
But a* the ,^umarv nciepei.dence of »uch a 
journal i« all-iin|M rtant, we ask Ihoae who 
support Ihe cauae, ami Ihoae who are will tin 
to conaider it. i.i lake the paper, aud to ext. 11.1 
ita circulation »Ve a«k foi their e.,rne.| sym- 
pathy, and yet more far their cordisl anion, 
our Irieads must unite, if they woull have 
Ibelr strength felt. It a s.ngle p,-r«oii 1,-x.r* hy 
himself, the power winch consist- in union, is 
w ..tiling. A drop of nin will pro luce no moist- 
ur* ou the dry clod ; hut when it is unite.! with 
other drop*, the copious shower rev ive* tl e «;v - 
ing plant* and giaddru* the whele fire of n.iluiv. 
If tbn* we are unite.!, we shul make Kctiluch) 
the home of the free, aa well a* of the hrave. 
ami awaken in our sister state* of the South, a 
•pirir which will not lire, until crow n«d w lli ihe 
glory of univrraal emaurinatinu. 



which makes education universal, uud makes it 
pproximate, nx* ; to what it should lie! W e 
catiuot .-duoate the mind, withoul giving to the 
uiaeclei a new vigor. We cannot make a peo 

pie |sjr*atttgent, nnd thereby inventive, without 
addiuj; tenfold to their r^aourcea. We cannot 
give universal moral insight without ensuring 
to humanity a loftier progress, and a more . 
raind character. Let Kentucky apeu.l lar»/» 
sums far charitable institutions, let her eudow 
and aid schools, l.-l her permit no great point of 
poli. v lo ! •• overlooke.!. from timidity or uuy 
narrow -minded parsiinon \ . while the "avoid* 
prorligate expenditure, u id wildorraali schemes, 
and she, the ceiitrul Mate of ihe I'tiion, would 
b. 1 l» the West what M issue hura-tta i» to the 
Kaxt. 

1 . • . .1 in the teeth. 

Tin- 1 ourta iu the slave Stales, a* a genera! 
rule, do lh. .r duty, whenever the freedom of Ihe 
colored int. n is concerned, and planter* invaria- 
bly auataiu them iu A- 

We are uot sure that the following statement 
iseorreel; but out convicliop ia, that il i* au. 
\ negro, aome y.rar* ago, wa* delivered up in, 
and taken from. Ohio, a* a alave. without dirti- 
ultv . ami carried int.. Loiiiaiuna. When there, 
In- i»M , 1\is s!or.. int. t -ste.l slave-holders 111 Li- 
ra hall, sued for hi* freedom, and obtained il! 
Tbe wrong that was tolerated iu Ohio, would 
not 1m- subsjiitted lu in Louisiana. 

Another inatan. •• of a like nobleiiea* of con- 
duct iu defence of liberty haa occurred iu Lou- 
iaiaua. Ou the 1Mb .ill., a case involving ihe 
freedom of 11 w oman ami h r five children . alio 
up in one of lbs- courts uf that Stale, and. nfl.-r 
trial, they were all lila rated. The R-d River 
Republican remark* loereiipou^ . 

•• It is only in a caan of thi-* nature tout .- 
can be a party to a ami in our court, aud 1 on- 
aiderable interest was Mt ,u it. 1'huugh slave 
holders, our citizens ar- a* advene to holding in 
bondage any one legall) entitled tu freedom aa 
would be the vcrieet .\Lolilioiii*t .11 the North, 
and hence Uie mosl sllmttiary jnatice wnt ad- 
tniaiater.-d in the case 

m ii was the first cam- tri.nl; and theevidencv, 
arhlch w is taken main \ with a view lo euala 1 -' 
the li.ihn r ot ihe nefTH** ... indemnify lii msr 1 1 
iiganisi the r vei.dvr. beii.^ • lea'lv 111 then i^.,- 
ivas suluniiled to the jurv without urgumeiit, 
 vh" ;.t uuee jo.' them .1 veroa't. 

••The woman and her children were, iu IHll?. 
.laves in Kentucky . from wha-h Stale the v wer« 
tak  .i lo the I erntorv of In.11.n1a. where tbev 
weie iic.eiiturej la serve tWeulv v ears — the law- 
..I the terrilory prohibiting slaver) for a longer 
iN-roni 

"Subaeqii'-ullv they were *old, am: their new 
l« i.rt hronghl ihem to M is»is»i|.j i. and again 
mi ihem aaalav-e for life lo the f itber of the 
pre* ut. or, more properly, late own. r here. 

-Oi.-uf ihe family a boy • wa* left hchiud 
ia Kei.tuekv. and sue.! for and re. overed his 
um some vears ago. snn-e which iiuie be 
1 m . 11 ruiiiiit'i: ..s .1 slew ard 011 a boat. 

- Not long aince. w Inle at our landing, he I II 
iMto conversation with . hoy belonging hare, 
whom he soon niarotered lo be his brother. He 
laforuied hull of the l.et ol Ihe family being 
f/e '. and al once took steps that have eventiia- 
I sl in eattblishing It   » »• or two highly re- 

- .. inl.leciliietisf.om Im 1 ma were her.- tu w ii- 
neanea ia the case '• 

The ground . f this aVfrnmh, we leern. w is. 
til.- good old civil law rule — ear/ fur tmWp frtr. 
Ttiese negr.M-s had lieeu taken l»v their uv. uer 
into Indiana. Thai act gave them their free- 
dom, and 110 earthly powerVould rob them of il. 
Honor la slave-holding judges, and the judiciary 
ofaahive State, that thus stand out. manfully , 
m ... (MM of liberty' 

And that *' *teward" of the boat ought te he 
reinenil.ered. ||e was a Ime son and brother 
He did hia duty well, aud there 1* nol a planter 
w M w ould not tell him so. and honor him. loo. 
f.r hi 1 h-roisni 



1 here as rrsagreae. 

Oi all tiling* II is moat deelrnhls tit know the 
»xtct truth » ilk reg^dntd Olaverr. There haa 
sVeen ao much of mere j*tug»*im$ geiietnlly. en 
the lubject, that, moat aaeh heeekes-u amnew hat 
at it lose what to say evwliat to believe. We 
have had, iu cor. ^uence, much of ex*ggeral iou 
u one side, anc a* m«ej| oi exteiiuatiou en the 
other The iiu.e hn«JSj|jna . we trust, when the 
who e truth mi  be daschat d. and all purlioa 
beuefitled therehy. ba- 
ilie first general rea.erk we un.ke ha that the 
. oudltioii of the slave has been materially im- 
proved within the laMfteeii Tears all over the 
South .-*  

It is uot nee-saury, pfr h n p e, to go into a con- 
sideration of ihe ennjae whieh have produced 




thi* result. 'ITiey are rarious, and apring froti 
inriueuces arising wM^n and without the alave 
State*. The fact of Uls beneficial 



,. lr . b.- self-evident to every eimoid 



e*. 



4 M.-i. 1 

V. 1 lih.- to hear of State* in this I 'nion doing 
their w hol. dutv in a spirit of enlarged wiadom. 
and iu know thai none hut the very beet conse- 
qucute*, hoc .all) Mad i....r,.ll\ , flow from ML — 

W. srnni m h riinayl '■ I Nka r Staiea may la- 
slow to follow 111 tin- |miUi au brightly trod; b-.il 
the) will do it. ni ihe end, a* the only »ne 
w Inch can lead lo a «ure progreaa and a perma- 
nent pro*|M-rily. 

M tsskCiii'Htri   . i.-|M»rt ol whose fii.snc.al 
1 oiicition lie* b- fore us, ia certainly the model 
St ile ol thi* I'nion She i  before all other* in 
universality of edu.atlea. and Uie power of 
a disciplined, well-directed, aud intelligent mor- 
al energy She 1. unequall. .1 in modern uu v 
considering her few ualu.al riMKiurees, ill Ihe 
might of her physical ktrenjeih ami iuveutive 
genii*, the general coinfon an ! in leiend .nee 
of htr people, and l.r self -Made peculiar) 
abUily. 

What is Uien-. indoe!, fur which Ma*M-hu- 
aetu is not re nark aid ' II r aoil i* lin.-d with 
MVaWaia. I l. r ships dot every sea. There is 
no mm that doc. not M the spri ig of her 
comn-.ercial activity, no chin that iio«,i i, 0 | 
know her eulerj ri*.- Whiie aheeompet.sj with 
Greet Britain in manufacture, at Calcutta, ai.u 
buy* and ro-bailda a railroad in Michigan, or 
loan* moury te the Ohiuan* to complete lli- 
iron link between llieir great river aud greater 
lake. There is ao market, home or foreign, n, 

win.!, hat   apilaleu Uot felt, uo State where 

her luen nnd women are not ut work in simp or 
00 farm, in pulpit, platfiarm, or preea, uoing 
aoui. thing to make the euuntrv an I Hi- world 
better nnd richer. 

Whence haa ahe acquired this eminenetl— 
How haa nhe attained Ihia growth* and power ' 
One of her own aona uaya of her: 



Sbe haa apt ut, am! la still spending, large 
of money for tin. eatnhllahment nnd support of 
her noble ebarituule institutions. She has II 



endow ed md Uded her 

She has yielded her 



c^unttr 



Hie 

col. 



arthta 
i 



Di 

1 My ■ f-w months nam, audi ol M.Kar. Lt. 
1 ol. 1 10. \d|iitant VaVCHaa, I apt*. Wilms 
and l.i roi \, Lieut. Pi «r.i.i.. and Private II. 
Ta.crrit. were amoug us in I ill lif- Ml that 
remains uf l.eni now is hushed iu death, an.! 
we diall meet mmb to bear tbe last sad word* 
ftpokc-.i over tln^e deparUvl ones ere tuev are 
put in their earthly bed 

What a aad change • When they lefl us. fife 
and drnm.and Ihe roar of camion ami the about 
ol the multitude, amiounred llieir departure, as 
.f they were going to a merry-making. Th.-y 



are brought neck to us cold, and lileh 



.and th  



loll of the hell, and Ihe aorrowing of friend*, 
and the ailence of ihe gathered throng, an 1 the 
deep.deep grief of the relative*, tell ua now only 
of death, and it* »lern and harsh reality ! 

Oh ! war ! How unnatural art thou ! How 
wrong ! 'Ti* when striit of garish show . and 
outward .piendor. that we know thee ' 'Ti* 
w hen ben.iing over the lorn ami mangled corpee 
of relative, or friend, or even foe. who fell fight- 
ing f .r their fUg. that we see toy brutality, thy 
inhuman nevaslatmn ! I«et us aa we bend the 
knee over our brave dead, or lift our voice lo 
Heaven m prayer for llieni, emember, that 
nun wa* m.-ule to love hi* fellow*, aud that God 
will bio— Dial people moat who, in p-nre, act 
out 



Cta 

'| he waters of the Indian lh-eau ami the Vle- 
lilerraneau are lo meet aud .mug!.- |sj one. The 
.hip - anal aeroea the l.thmus of Suet ia de. 
teriiuned upon, and the condition* of the eon 
tract are set foeth thua: 

Kgypt is to aland in tie* relation of a neutral 
power; Prussia. Kuasiu. aud the I lilted States 
are invited to respect this neutrality guarantied 
by the Porte, France. Knglr'nd.and Austria. the 
contracting |wrties. The laiji three are to charge 
themselves with the construction of the canal, 
mi l are t» receive a touting.- duty until thevare 
completely relmbuna-d fur all their extiense*. 
The execution of this work is not to be inter- 
rupted, even if war should break out between 
the eoutruciiiig purlicw. Auatrta is ulao to un- 
ci rlike the work ol making the Nile Navigable 
for larjre vessel* as far up as Damietta, which is 
.iestilled lo le-ec.me a great port Kngland   to 
turn h.-r attention especially to Suer, and to 
make excavation* there similar to those tt L i 
mietia. aud with Kreaaoe it to coiwlruct the cu- 

Bail. 

Suppose wc should lum our attention. in like 
spirit, to cutting it sh.ip-w.iy across the Isthmus 
of Uarieu! We could have 11 little rivalry a* lo 
that' I^-t the west aee If it cannot outdo theeasl 
iu making a ship-canal! Thi* certainly would be 
better than throat -cutting. iKimbardineut, l.h.w- 
ings-up on tea or land, and that wholesale 
butchery w Inch war ever cauae*. 



Urd Morpeth at the York Diocesan National 
.UOatk.11 Society, o I. serve J : — 
••I will not any a village school-matter it a 
.orient pereomigc in the mate than he 
who is peculiarly entrusted with the Prince of 
Vale*, though I trunk he to- hj * a far , norr 
important pi rscnage than the h.ghenantate ofh- 
oer in the King's houaehold. The materiei he 
haa to deal with ia atnn. and, J think it ahoald 
be rather harsh t«  venture to hmil hU range in 
capacities." 

' e ri jhtt. Let such sentiments prevail, 
Md we ahhil have no thmcultv I lur 
wn:l be tare, the cxiaae oi 
onward. 




fafMUke have 

than iu any ef iMphiut.ug Sutes 



may have lived in, ol visited 
the last fifteen v.ar*. Go I 
Abxbexna, and w e shal fiad 
eet|a a plantation*, ata general 
at lent 100 j..u.i to 1Mb comforts 
Their houaea are U better 

ic keeaj and work pnirhe* of ground 
whereon they nury nite art ie lee of their own, 
for home uee or foraathj- la e .nsequeuce % the 
negroea are better fta and claJ.tnd are making. 
iui|ierceptlbiy a rTeeJer progreaa iu varioua kimit 
of um ful knowiedtal All a« .al progreaa attest 
the fact, that phyaira. iiupiotrenient mutt pre- 
cede spiritual attainment, and lhat the mind 
. .niuoi be well imaroved tatttU tbe bony it well 
care.! for lu Uyd|Mfl0l We cannot easily rX . 
aggemt- the iflrfaaWSe^ kareiaar tk. boahly 
condition of Ihe slave improved. But iu addi- 
tion l» this change, there haa beeu, and is, a 
grow iug disposition on the part of the religious 
portion of the South, lo lucree**- iu every way 
the religion* opisartnuitie* cf Ihe slave*. True, 
that diaposinon deeeaot menlaVel laaakf always 
in the right way. *t iu the truest form* ; but it 
exists, thereby acknowledging on the part of 
slave owners in the inoal pro-«laverv region* of 
".nth — nol an!) that the negro it made by 
ihe stine common father, but that he i* capable 
of living the lif- which a common Saviour 
to Mkth. Heuce miatioiuriee, nnd pr 

aisl sul.l.atli-school* have Is-eu mul: 1 : . ie, . fifty 
ftld throughout the planUliene *r.«fhin Ihe last 

(fteen Vears. •*~'-. : — 

The wH-oiid general re'^rk a e - 'a'.e te 

it Kentucky h .... .:vai ce-rt all the South- 
ern -taUt 011 tbh tyrfnecj^^ 

Slavery exist* hf^faK Its aitldtll form There 
i-.- those, ituqu stiouably. who niallr.et iheir 
negroe* Barh •  a general rule, the) are bi tter 
II. 1 at^ajtj. au l in eve-v way better 
able lo judge, 
of the South 

Hard driving, chatity, ecanty fc-*. iu g. arr PVlJlli 
comparaiivel| ap taking, nnhnownin Kentucky . 
and that tuau would la- outlaw od by public opin- 
ion tr'io shotld vetilure thua to outrage the 
common dictalee of bumauity The phytlcal 
onnd lll Mi ineeed, of the negroes nj Kentucky. U 
so far advuntcd that if they were ael free they 
w ould be belter aide to take care of iheiueelvet 
in n state of Ireedom it. an uuy lwd\ el bonda- 
men we huvtj eyer kuown. Ami w hat is beltrr 
still, is, thai Ihe, r religion* instruction ha* kept 
pace with their ph)*rcal improvement In 
  .,it .   ' .r.s'iua the law fori.. us lh. .-mancipaCon 
ol the slave. In h. ntuckv auy man who chooses 
ma) give freedom to his bouJ. aiul large inuu- 
hers are daily giving llinu tin ir liberty. In 
South Carolina no fro- negro is permitted to 
euler ihe State except under a penally of a fjr- 
f. iture of his freedom In Kentucky n.» man 
is allow eo to asid lo tiie MMvWt of slave* h'-re 

t arellni no etuicu m or out of the pulpit, dare 
declare, w hatever ma) la- hi* opinion, thai the 
alave should hr taiighl lo rt aii th - word if M 
In Kentncky able oitinesnnd *c»r t of worthv 
citi/  ns assert otM-nly, thai 1.1 no other way- 
can we perform our duly trul) to oureelvee or 
the black una. or to the . 01111:10* l ather of 
both. \nd the casual otvterver. poined though 
he may be l.v ihe terrible evils which flow from 
slaw rv in it- best .state, cannot ful M observe 
thai the. is. ia Kentucky gem rallv . a determiu- 
atlou on the p.rt of MM M extend rather 
than curtail the privileges of the alave. aud an 
unwavering resolution on the part of the 
public everywhere lo enforce such humanity. 

The fir*: conclusion we draw from this tlale 
of thing* is. lhat the pwMtc mind all over the 
South is Is ing gradually drawn toward* eman- 
cipation So long aa the negro w as regarded as 
a mere slave— a chattel— and nothing more, 
there could la- but lifle I...|m- for master or man 
In thi- stale hf things it waa l ot murder iu 

■Maw Carolina, for a white citizen 10 kill a 
negro ; the lat» doomed him simply to pay his 
value in dollar*, a* though he were a bullock 
thai f«d on geass. Hut aacaatj advanced, aud 
even iu that stern pro-slavery region, the slav e 
is now held to ! e u 411:111. aud he w ho killa bim a 
murderer, lu th. former stage, emancipation 
could not Is- dreamed of; it would he an impos- 
sibility in tbe v.-rv nature of thing*. In the 
latter it will 1st thought if ; for tin- moment the 
iniiu: reoogniars the negro a* a"\tiau. endowed 
with like f.icojties ns ourselves, and destined 
h- reiifter, to lire, like us, forever, that moment 
new responsibilities arise and are felt m the 
master's boson, aud iu the public mind, until 
another advance is made, when freedom shall 
lie lnlktdmf oaellke essential to white ami black. 
\n.: Is- it r *ic inhered that this progreaa has 
been made, while Carolina perpetuaiiata have 
been exerting themselves to tighten every pro- 
aluvery prejutlce, and ttrenglheu every p»o- 
alavery iir.e-.-t How well and forcibly dues 
thia prove list eloquent declaration* made by 
Hen iv ('mi, in hi« speech delivered before tbe 
Colonization Society at Waahington, Jaanari 
*». lte 7, when replying lo theae tame perpet- 
ual itU: — 

" If they walitd repress sdl tendencies towards 
lihertv and uhimnte emancipation, they must do 
more tl.. hi put down Ihe benevolent effbrta of 
thi* society Thev must go hack to the era ol 
our liberty ahd independence, and inaxxlo the 
aapmaoa wiiichihumlers ita auuual return. They 
mutt revive th • afenre trade with all ils train of 
ultrociilcs. Thi-y must suppreaa the workings 
of Hritish plidaulliropy, w.sskiiie to ameliorate 
the coadition ol the unlortuiiate We.: India 
slaves. The) must i.rrest Ihe cureer of South 
American deliveram e from thraldom. 1'hey 
nttMl Itow out tin- moral lights aro iml us, end 
evlinguish thai grentett torch of all which 
•\mericu (.resents to a Is-lllght.-d world, pointing 
Ihe way lo their right*, their liberty ami their 
Ixeupiutws. And vvheu they have achieved all 
these p.irposes. th.-ir work will he yet MM 
pie e I h.-y must jM-netrate the hutnanaoiil and 
e rat' leal* the light of reason an.) the love of lib- 
erty. Then, aud not till then, when universal 
dark nest nnd despair prevail, can you perpetu- 
ate alavery aud reprees all sympathies, and ull 
humane and benevolent etTorts among freem. 11, 
iu liehall rM the unhappy portiou of our race 
doomed l» bendag. -." 



ed : hat not* iiliv 
uient has beet 1 takiugd 



True»£ronva*traneo i» cauae* it Ilea heeu defhit- 
ithstandiag thia.nnti-alavee/ a* "i- 

II Je- I ^jt "~ 

•011. The advanced condltioa of tbe a lav 
Iteiitiick) gV» fir lo prove thto famg^Tlic 

it almost beyond the power of contradict on 
that it need* only lhat the generous and hu- 
man.- among slaveholders aud no«- slavehold- 
ers should express tlic mttl ve * ahould take-the 
lead in the great aud good work — tw'relleve thein- 
 elves from ilia which no human power can 
gu ige, and the State from an inenbns which no 
human energy can 




Royalty ia at a low ebb in Portugal. It can- 
not defend itself, or make head-way against a 
rebel force. 

Iln 1 this promises well both for monarch and 
people. There It now a pr—p*el of peace, which 
could not he. while the Court bad power to 
maintain ita position. Gut of the weakness of 
the King, growt the strength of the people. 

At the last accounts, (we suppose all our 
reader* know that for aome time Portugal I. is 
been rent by internal I roil th- Kovalita, by ad- 
vice of the King, had determined to settle all 
home difficulties without further bloodshot*. — 
This ia well. The Northern insurgents were 
triumphant— had aetzed the oul) steamer be- 
longing to the Queeu — and, without foreign aid. 
would have beaten the Royal family of Por- 



■ Are yon m th* habit of Vl** #•»■*■ Uz There are 
B _ for Ua^aetM, serrid ft»r r« I ^ ^ CoBti 



WW 



Well, I co derlaiv 
11 have made a 
hy you so. fiir young folk- 
it young miniaher. th .t k- 
B.niater. has rem 
tr hear them before y 



•Why 



w-reaU the la . 'raa_|| 



llav- a cart 
son • yonng 

to give, t»*l V»u nasi bri- 
ttle 



prlcgaut exclamation — - Wt 



tugal. 

Uut the Itmu of this settlement — that will 
be the difficulty. The Queej will grant all the 
ith her notions, the people may demand 
hear foreign powers think is ju*l I . 
suppose, however, that John Hull, through fhe 
grand aeguiour. will arrange mato-rs very much 
aa he 



dowu, far da\ the cot. J mma 
 ung ladto* of ») aeesaasa- I 
.. * . it lite .11 v. it wool.: r 0 "' 1 



the - .t Bat 

of 

peaeibie c  
tain hereultary 
of the Spnnlsl. 

u.umphaxt M.e beat Uie Eaarl**S 
reutlv, had everything her own way a 
^lomarie Mne. Bat ane ew ss has net . 
with hmaor. or lilt le her strength 
Knginth authority may he credjaad, sMhaa 

rificed the former, am. week-ned Una latlaa. 

U to, that ebe 

a far-sighnf 
sad. thetehv . given new vigor 
object, of anxiety to Laftojanf 

haa gained nothing to •-pain-'' 
eoneeuuenJy are. or have asainvj 
aaweng the pesvom ahnt Eniaape. 

fortunate)., do 11 ,t often -ad to open 

Still they k—p ius. it. tlx** 
in ore way. to check, t 
" n freer policy lt M 

inaf^aMM 



King O -.ho ia a puppet He .lances as Grecian 
generals direct, or when foreign powers orter- 
A poorer »lave there does nol exut. on earth, 
than KiugOtho of MM 

Greece ia now a sort of latitle- field for France 
ajtdeKngland. The Soul haa the advantage in 
influence The Kuglishinan own Ihe mouey 
power King   i ho w iahea Ui do what France 
says; F.nglaud aay* lo him, pay what thou 
oweat. and he is oblige.1 to heed her This be- 
ing in debt i* a bad bu.inese even with royal 



Were Pie writ, 
straution of *on» young 

asce. and then to interpret |* Uie rally, ix weeio 
mpl\ that, within the ct»aif**' ot i****' 9T 
fourteen hour*, they iiad nasi »'th more mar- 
feilou* adventures ana hair-blt—'h escapes, had 
mseed through in or- uittrotatng exjieriaaaaaa, 
kad seen more imposing apes-M***. hadendoreo 
m»re fright and enjoyed loere rapture, than 
wtuld tumce for half n doarn coanm 
Thi* habit i* attended with nt»ny 

'"/l dearire* yea •/ Ike la/e/atj**'' «»' •/•*''•■*' 

rxrrettioai. rken gen need ato». If you u*e I «erted now. for ir 
them all the time, nobody understand* or I with Rome. the' '.rtctw an 
UVtes you when you uae them '•' lr ™ , *' , ' l? a I England and r ranee were 
are in the same predicaroeut with the t»y wno 1 - 
cried WOLF so often when itotre was no wolL of speech and tic- pre- wil 
that nobody would go to In* reliei when the wolf I ^ uram^ l, x the Pope to Jty . \e_ 
came y I But Uaeec .-vil*. we tho tm t 

7 ... kabU as* esse tygkS ktsi marel aeertng. • 
Our wortlt have a^eeflex iti«nen. upon our 
I  *£geraled »peeeh mnmt one car - 
ruth The hd.il of uaiaf word* 
regard lo their aigl.tfal I u .nag, ait— 
one 10 distort facts, to intsteport conversa- 
tions, and to magnify alatemenaS. in matters in 
which the literal Urnlh i* important te be lold. 
You can uever truat th- lestmioB-. of one who 
, n common conv-raation is indoT' reul to the 
nupert. aud regardless of th- pow-r, of wor.t. 
I un acquainted with person*, whose irpreeen- 
ttlion* of far I* alw.v. nee,i translation and eor- 
rection.nnd who have allrrly 1 oat their repwtn- 

sol-lv through this habit 




mi to tot^tJ|t| 
', as in no etna 



uou for veracity, , 

overstrained and exlravagaut speech 1 hev So 
»ot mean to lie; but they have adlelect ol th-.r give 
own. m which words bear an euiirelv dim-n m | lo 
•rnae from Uiat gl*ea them m the 
cours.- of tecret and tober people " 



of 



has relieved the King, bv agre— 
ing to .ay the interest due Kngland. and tbut 
this difficulty will be surmount.-.!. Only, how- 
ever, to make nay for auotber, aud another, 
and vet another The fact is, tireece is mott 
w retchedly governed Nor would I Hho be able 
lo -t.m. a luomeul, were it not lhat this laud is 
eoutidered a tort of out-post of the Kaat. Thi* 
make* French or Kngliah supremacy so impor- 
tant in tireece. 

Wait, aav the Q«id •nunc.- 'til the Pacha and 
Louie Phillippe die. Then we tball have rare 
work. The atruggle wilt he for Kaatern empire 
in Kurepe. and with it wars, long and bloody 
We hope not ; but we shall aee. 

asf Kagtoas. 

uow under a inonie,: 
paralysis What is the cause' Rati- way 
*|ieculation. bank speculation. drain* for foreign 
grain, rentufeur aa an old polio). Ac, \c. all 
these are see., to operate. U e dare aav they ..»• 
We ilan  say all of them have helped tu cauae 
••a pressure in money " But this i.uiiue will 
b.- of ahert of duration, aud. a full crop, whi-li 
i« p^iniised. will sec F.ugUnd throne.i aa.nn iu 
her monied power, aad as prosperous a* ev.r 
We only bei e. wives that prosperity returns' 
to Irelanl. aud to iter 




-Why Pa." snya on- 
more in tbst than I thought ' •• Ther ladaugh- 

ter." we know he wonkl replv , • aad I am glad 
U, hour vou aay to, for these words aawgiurice,,!. 
^.lendid. gmnd. •** ?" tu ' 

among ut ' Then come 

advice. Pa." And so will MM "f 



resolve, we are 

th- youug 

minister t 

«tjr vouag friends, and be all the la-tter l»r i 
We don't know thi* minister, nor Ma « M 

lives: bnl if he. nnd thoae who writ.- Iik- hnn. 
will onl) tend ut their »idresaes, or armsaus. 
we will try and torn th. m lo 




Ave ! all the time. There is ,0 balm like il 
for Ihe wouuded or grieve,! 
impenetrable 



Hie old hurd says: 
•• Thrr* ■• ■ i-.ned win. t.atti tit* .|viari 
Very true; but no justice can be 
done — no virtue won — uo progreia. made — with- 
out work Thai i* the talisman of all virtuous 
au. cess the means, end the onl) means, whereby 
noble thoughts may Is- converted into a nob'er 
action— f arful dcobt ehangesi to 
tion.and the man himaelf put wl 
vpite.ami fortune's ills caunot hurt him Would 
yon break the rancor of a high swollen bate — 
would y ou eever opposition knit together 11. inai 
anger — would you heave ofl' . logging bumma 
which fret the IhmIv and make guilty the soul — 
work, work honestly, work liravely. and yon 
may "frame the season for vour own bare.* : 
Well does one 01 our own poets amg: 




1 ii ytt ; 

I ( \ ou staad ana ihusap in base. 
Sorry bruise* you ins) |e f 

kttp al work 
Ikie* Maa. rnriuna's fare ksit sour 

keep ai wort 



Are you restart*) by - 

keep at work 
Whether ibey are wn.ng or right. 

May be you mntl -hist your iline 
If aw vletoey yoorithi 



Tin- second conclusion wo dniarit thut. Ken- 
lucky, of ull Un- slave Stat.s, is the ripest f„r 
emancipation. 

Although, from the first, disturbed by this 
greatest ol ha man ciiract. yet from the firat have 
her people hern moat mindful of the iiuprove- 
'  of the aegrone. A bold spirit of lilvorty 
haa ever been then characteristic. N ot here, aa 
in South l.arohna and the other pUi 
  on id a rottag borough system be established to 
•ustain sUmnv-. The white east* haa always 
P 

ed, the   otkvenitoii came 
ITttiBg oaft of the evil. 



hftM 

kaepalwork 
rtis. - the best a nj 10 

It . on 'i.'l.l aa arg 
\ 011 may feel hit iroa ftsl. 

Keep al wo- 1 . 

\rt vour talent* yillifled ' 



If you're right, then go 
l.r.t will ha apprtr 

keep al work 
Kverv thing I* done br 

keep al work. 
If you would .in.-rove your 

They have h* 
Who w ork oul 



".niata veer Tnlh." 

(MM*j vouug lad.es. a word wtlh you, if you 
pie.ise. It w ill not do to-tor^et you, or allow a 
week to |hx«s wilhoit offering you a "little" ad- 
vice. 

-•Oiavhaw! we hear sotne lur , x. laim. 

"what dt we want with •advii-e" \ ru t Fa- 
ther or pother, or Aunt Betajry or I'ncle Thomas, 
always siring u* plenty of it' You may as 
well keep it to Yourself— w - u0 ut want auy 
of it." 

Wei!, that's plain enough. Dut .ye shan't he 
foiled; ao the advice you mutt hear. Bnt nnud 
ye. young lad Us, it is not ours alter all; it ia 
that of a good man, :. rery good Mi and ywu 
may imagine him ever so youug. ever so hand- 
tome, and withal, it minister! Now what *uy 
you I 

"Oh! if that be ae," lota of 




You will, eh ? Now out of very 1 
have half a notion to aay, we won't 
But lhat * a fit for tal principle which ia nut 
right; if carried out, it w oul l ae* lite girla to 
putting hair, and the boy* nt awant thing worse 
than knocking china off each other t thooloert: 
Of I and ao we must e*en let you hare the adr ice, 
I given, certainly, hy a very goad man, who is a 



Start not, n-adei ! This i* no trilling matter, 
no mere arbeme at which von may turn up 1 our 
not. 111 contempt. In tireat Britain, tl eaaisject 
of btnldiug house* f» r the laboring eh . .coil the 
cities or nesr them, occupies a large porttea of 
the public p-ese, aad has. through the hnmsne. 
erlbrts of l^ord Morpeth, been brought before 
Parliament. And well may thta he ao ! Onl) 
think of fortv -five thomn.id people in Liverpool 
living in cell ir* — of fifty-eeven per cent, of the 
population of Manchester, he-ause they fare no 
better, dying before the age of f.ve years,— of 
on!, two hundred and thirty-eight out of tlx 
hui.jr.-d and fourteen who ..ad enlisted to Bir- 

•111. .- , 1 ,1. '» ing approv. .:. from :! • -.1 :u . . 

ami of nearly Ibe whole race of operative* a t 
Spittaheld • being in a ttah- of decay " 

Nor art a-'reitie* exempt from like troubles. 
New York. Boston. Philadelphia, f .vtinuat.. 
and all the larger cities, have thousand, of 
boring poor who falter and die for want of i* ug 
welt-housed, weM-fed, nnd well-clad Ael we 
rejoice to say. that good rra n in all aMH citiee 
are rxammiug thetubj.sct wUh a view of rinding 
out. aud applying the proper corrective. Mr. 
Stephen Perkins, of Bo-ton. ami Daniel Min- 
ium, of New York, and other kin.ired spirits, 
with a jrisc benevolence worthy of all praise 
 ad uiiitatn.it. have already begun the work ... 
these cities. Sncceas be with them, and nil sncli ! 
The Ml of tociety would qnkkl) dis.pp.ar if 
who have, would only labor wisely and 
y for those who have not. 
Toe feet a* clearly t a tak ltshed — that ao pro- 
gr -*s can ha aaade where the physical want* of 
man an- unattended to or neglected. Let the 

 ive bim or hi*. No missionary — no SaShnth 
school — ao occasional or regular bt u*volence— 
can uplift iheec who live amid hith. who know 
not the blessings of pure air it pure wafer, who 
breathe ia ev ermore the taini ot n murky atm .s- 
phere. or w allow amid crime and impu nt v of every 
sort. The body must he cleansed ere the sonl 
can Is- purifV-d The physical want* must rat 
applied .-re a spiritual progress raa be 
And so well satisfied are the clergy 
and public of London, and Ihe larger cities, of 
Kngiaml. of this fxct. that very little donkl re- 
main* of W B Moffat ', plan being cam -A fully 
into effect That is as follows : 

Tn establish an association. wh»re share, sh .11 
be dirideci into five pounds, to attain no mc*s 
than fit ... per cent, upon the capital. 1 1, of which 
it to be Ml MM aa a MMMa fund for repairs, 
and for the benefit of , i-;r-sser) widowt and 
orphan* ; to call for ten shilling* only on tVie I 
receiving small monthly payments for t.ie 
.mi a* to allow industrious workmen to 
themselvet a freehold And oul of Uie 
capital so rnisvd. to build along the lines af the 
different railroads, leading to Londou. vill.ig-t 
containing some rive thousand cottages, giving 
houtv-roo.11 for a population of some thirty-five 
thouaand souls Connected with these cottag . 
are to b . lecture room*., hatiis.librseiea.4tc.: the 
collages to bo of three cl.iaeee — the first to con- 
tain six rooms, with a yearly rental of $1-J1». 
the second, four and rive rooms, at gfift. and the 
third, MM rive and tix, at Ice* th.tu a dollar a 
week — these renta securing fr -   passage to and 
from 1... in 1...1 by rail-way. 

Thi* 1* Ihe spirit that should prevail in large 
cities; and it leiff prevail — for when tuch inci- 
vldual* a* wehave named in Knginn.i. aud in this 
country, lead iu thi* groat enterprise, hacked a* 

help 
be 

tax. si a* they are in our crowded marts ' Win 
should 1. it. .ring men in London or New York, 
bo forced, aa they are forcd, to pay from fifteen 
to twenty per cent, more than any other class 
for house-rent ' Why do this at every moral 
sacrifice — at the sacrifice of life itself ' Go 
into the lanes and allies of crowded cities. See 
how llieir inmates are dwarfed in body and mane 
callous iu heart, and ia every amy degraded. — 
The peat of the places they 11*%, a. stand, out 
upon thetu.and covera them over with a leprous 
diatUkctneaa. And is it right that thi* should be, 
that man thould to degrade hia fellow* anywber* 
— and more especially, that a cold-blooded ava- 
rice ahould be tbe cause of such opprvasaen ' 

Bat aa weaav 
upon labor and the laboring man. 
rising 1 p who will defend their right*, 
claim t   them their dntiea. True, in 
aa here there are court moral lata, rev« 
comforter*, that once 
messed are the poor, and tell t 
But the miari know better ; the eaMMml 

reus Mtl humane of every claaa 



temporar) 

.'.resiled. 

Powers eh 

they check her ambition a» arrest 

tag march The F.a 

hate to Franc . the frenchman hk 
England: and th- Piutsaan rid 
distrutt towards both, il r - u fct] 

beawtdatbr) H- w ii -e to :he nathaaaof EhJ 
rope a bond al anion. oVaaate of aff* 
causes of quj-rel. 

The King of Prussia, evidentf 
national ". ' 

tn part, tbeir aMMM 
tW government, has granted 
slitutiou Tbiaisanew move; 
- a once rf 11. ..1,. -n s tf 

not comport with ,ur id. tt ..f 
siruu.eut should br. norwd. .1 prove 1 
to th- liuerals .1 I'm— 1 But it 
step; it paves the way for a ate* 
lor a thiru, until despotism shall I 
power, and beaten b 
even m thin land of u a l ianMa" roytj 

The gnsal raaak treaa that ate p. thei 
the letahlishmr nt 1 1 1 ...siitutu nai gov. 
m their free sense, over all tlerma 
(•eimaa mind a» well mioraeed. ia 
and art. is infornutiou il has adtaarm at ass 
Ihe boldest uf the human faim. . 
popular rights, let it f-el aa th- T.., t 
feels make it. aa in ArnertCa, part aao ps- 
gov-ernmenl. its life ami light, and   errant' 
would soon become the very centre of 
talion aa truly great as nay yet da vt lop. » tpaa 
■ ur globe. 

Aad htti d tn. that is the very mahry I 
the Ciar — !» restrnn all internal tvran 

a hiredaeaVfiery fertVfeaee 
rmv. creahai hy force, aaai naxiBa-a- 
ed at enormous expense, npiiol..- •. • 1 • 
the people, and snstaii .  U.th igainst l ' -» 
Tnru that hired band of n«Mi-pro.:ureea htto pra- 
dacers, make every citizen free m his heaas, 
that he hia caetJe. *tufe alike against ir. 
and Mhs, -1t l he w ill lore il. Ma) a\fh  
no paid soldier can do This at.irit of n 
pie. t i. us f wslsrf. is ever the savivur of ti 
pie. It will he as a rock against all for- . 
pr.-ssion. breaking threatening wave* j 
dash against it wit!i a stunning, deacen. 
throw. A p e aya V . indeed, rhuefree. . ou, 
at yid the shock of a world in arum. 

The l.emvau. owing entirely to the ce* .. 
character of his government, rtaj) saat. a: 





reed a... ■ 



But 



tho-e suSosri* which are 0 
to write upon, to argue a So 
rrianges; no spirit of nvention. 
to seize new truth*, or rank- new app. 
old ones; they Ireau the path their father- 
and he 1* ueemeda had citizen by theaata. - 
and looked upon as I poor manager by the 
lac. who tiiuly venture to act fag lume- 
star' ..ni on ni.tr r. pias '. I.. hazard 1.. w 
rirts-nls. to build up fortune or family bv 



they an- by the laboring cliitsvs. it cannot 
prevailiag. W hy ahoald the poorer artizn 



In tag. am., aim eamtetally ia the 
Stoles, the arttat qaammeo pgedtm.nat. 

but he cann« r he lor.e ; ni hi* religion 
m a bargain, or 1....- . .... p.«as • 
long ueceivod m bis politic*. He act* for 
self in all these things. 1{ M government 
catea him to this, and the spirit of the peop- 
aroun.1 make* him ■ te his igaoranc- 
ceaaful. often aatroaj man. He is, mc— -t 
ahead of 1 lie w ell- Lr* ..«-.., »-i.-... ;ructa-. • 
sian n. : .-. cjual.i. s of lutellnt whn. .* 

rigor 1 a . and practical power to Ii ■ 

mM kani i in ail Germany there trt 1 
t .l.iish. . . nsi.t ji.oi,,. ,1 , v j ,.a,e Ka, • 
t there were g  verum. 11!. in tush the 

such gov. rnmeut, freedom to think audio vrgy 
according to conscience were tolerated, a sprji| 
would be giv.-n to the liernvaa luiao. a paanr 
implanle.1 in the leermau heart, whuk toii- 
qiikkiy make a t.vimaa the tnkir weal m   
Britea. not alone in lite rata re aad art aa he a* 
is, but ia every branch of haataa in isatry. to* 
especially in that energy aad enterprise srbjcJ | 
»n tea or laud, iu shop or farm, in counting 
room or manufacturing estahtatbev-nt. "ii*" 

s.. thriving, and whi h. with ou- free IMhto 
tions, have mode as of the I' 
we are. 

\mong all the important a* 
occurr-d. then, since Luther's day , we k 

consider mor. trm ort. ir than th - gnnting of' 
coustimtion hy Far-net . « Wi.aaaa. King « 
Pruasia. to his people It ie a great aeea* Karl 
at wa* ttartle! Sv if. -.id th- maa ar -h *»| 
ntaaW it had to ap o legto- to Us* Czar, aad  l 
A ustria. for haxarding an Isaid a «lep- It is a* 
en. and cannot he recalle.J. Let tht*   oatea 
the lovers of hitman freedom everywhere' f* 
in it is eontainei the germ of human pr.igraa 
and. in a more genial day il will burst aa 
ripen, uiak.ng- th. 
land free, aad happy and vi 
free; the law. as mad.- U the neeatt'a 1 
* illative*, being their true 
best defence the inn ..J 
u.vu minds and hearts. 



id 



ace and vigor • - *»♦ 




:k proruxM how 
it, all afwesl- 



»t her I 

' will Ita capture as a auejagslaea 
1 ton naasaamam fortrvsa, »*j 

t 




"f.h... s. 



'•ug mf 



' rre»t mm 



rr not , u 



ut.i 



i • .r II 

hr 

• uf, • 
wa j» fs^H 



"° t aa* Uuav. 
•t 

i^tem,- «, 



t.USm 



• tl I 
4*M§ 
yOM^ 
' entawj 

1 

 i mm 

" ek| 



the CadVj 



veaatts 



■  .* 



lu /P. 

V litre ,i 



.« pr 



ht for ir .# 



"a at t 

'Omg oxt. r - 
onld with- 



by anr 



! to 



mmir up almost of home nun - 
,r, rir*pling a f -w aorta that wer* 
fcyao here, were furnished by H. L. Com. 
ar ta from the manufactory of Mesera. 
^^BMmaat * Co, and it ia printed co 
pre** of W. N. Haux- 

JV.j — YS r   ouiinrn. e two paper* Id 
t , whack w* ar* desirous should be 
: at Judge Bt'LLix K'a able addrctaj, 
», an argument by a CorWiai**, oa 
sjaoei i upon tin* wraith of thr 
ttrt Wr shall refer to botii ajruln. 
I te Invite n frc 
■ayajlrad Thia p 
comti.ua i. alios*. 

I'ao*.— On thi. pag*. the render *il' 
UoM We mean thai them- ahull br 

aon and daughter to r sui. 
Will he, to make the Kvaiuin- 
a paper, which, while 
V of the day and free ironi 
fa t ofFcud the most aenaitive 
aatru  i Um) mind, yawag or 
fit fau, -■ thoughts 

writer* of the war! 
afe'of th. g  oernll) aw i 

t m €   




Adt ice* Irani New Orleans to the *th briii 
late  -.»te* from the army in ^aica. 



• .- ■ ..^mmmm 



On the 
»ome thirty 
Mexifana, under 




aaaaix *■*-■■* 
I^Rd ■ 



pa 

lasfrcrtisinu, n.ir 



kimiiner a 



I..d. 



fra« 

pari Senator ia artua-eyci aa n a; ard. 
ft Mr Calhoun, aad hia ultra 
^■Blasts He ha* never allowed 
IMWara iiieir ulterior purpose* w ith- 
i iu battle array; aud thia. too. 
flfeaatora from the free r-"ttte* haw- shrunk 
:'ratn the t»»k \*i ha* he permitted aaj 
row of their "slinking" effort* to be made with- 
jposurr, and Uit». also, it thr ri»k of ex- 
* sectional clamor o(im t, or incurring 
i fi aw|i;aatttinr to in. pernaMllj 

beta which calW forth thi* \ iu :, may 
|ac thaw 

of R'-pri-»..- illative*, at \V*ahiaf- 
• Bill eataWiahing a Federnl Coi- 
lOrafou — w hich bill • x  ludec alnvary 
Xian Soinf oppo»ilion n*a* 
nfiu^: ciiierly, however, to 
i nj\«an'» friend, in thai body. Hat it 
a Urjf luajontv , moat of 
tint far it. 

of eaarae wrnt to the Senate-. Ita 
would have been to t»e cotn- 
Itorira But Mr. Calhoun had Ka 
: it waa pu' UBC'i the i-are 
•e.- Itwa* HOOD report 



L*»l tte j.. ' i in i iimmitt 

- ' ' - ..at- Ul tkt 



a» iraa ■ Mat M- i .l.ti-un carried hi* j oint 
• ,. - ,. « . - . \ \ thi* atep. in defeating 
\ iirt Mr IWton. "a man of Ihr South 
. . to.U thi' i »r»-gon !olk« kr  t 
ii'jn-n-.!. :n very plain I mjunjr 



!le.d  dated Mexico, Ma, 



• r below. The judieiary 

^ : M r   alhoun. t-ie feaera 
•firf-bran i n-*o!ution«.*' olwhich hv 
■ ia' author of t ui* move 

aaent Bm let the Mumoajri Senator apank far 

• ...i. I! 

T   THE PEOPLE OF OREGON. 

\^ s - s r.ri. Mnn-h. I-4T 
„,:._ (. r .„ •(, i may call many of 
van front peraoua! ui^uaiutanep, and all of you 
- • ■. oiii.n I., the i.it Tv«t* 
f . I think it right to mak- thi* 

oaaaanaaicaitou to youiti the pre*et t uioment, 
wberi lb.- adjournment of CoiijrreM*. without 
paaataaj Uir bill lor vour cov. ruin *nt aud pro- 
tectma. aeetu* to l.a. • .■■ft you in a atate of 
abanuoiinieot bj vaajc mother country. Itut 
•o-w.* not tli- ■ ■-• \ ^'U ar - not aha adorned ! 
will yon \- .-otfctlou for not scree- 

• - .v. r\ |.j mail of the routh and 
a aiavwhataar, let I yaw tkta. 

The Hoatr of hVpreaentatirea, a* early aa the 

'•■•■ f Jaajtawjr* mi mtmi mt M to five 

. a TerriU.rui GaamaTaaaWnt. and in that bill 
. '• iv our P'ovi»io:ial 
. - if wl, on- o| it; . juara of which forever 
prahiiMt* the ri:«vi,r- ,.( klareri i i Orefon — 
■ —dni^l • - -n.itr'« rommitte"'. to 

:. v.- ; to .ihrofat* 
thia prehit.on: aa : ia Ihe d -lav  and vexation* 
wha .1 fh.if unnii:iii .iii anaaj rue, the whul  
P Van lam on thf tabl-. jnd lost for the tmmm 

n y u. 
ithou  

r lejal taatitwtiaa tor the praaactiaa of 
f» ihnrty and ft mwtt j and now doom.-d to 
■ "ar I. infer. Thi* i* u Ktrjhf and aanMa*' 
i liiiinatincredibaetocaunmalate, | 
and aaoat critical to endure ! — a colony of free 
"" I' ■■ ' 'I' • tropaliUti fovrru- 
. nd without law* af fov-rr meut to prr- 

anjanj then. Bat do riot be ilainm ii ar aVapraaav, 
 ou aj aajaaj ,. ha] uot udanatnaag a|a  

N jr tundanK-ntal « t afain*t that MlaV 
' ■•  :i the i irdinance of lT-'T — the 
work of the groat men of the eouth. in the fre-at 
day of th? aoulh. prohil.itinf »latrery in a tern- 
■ ' ir lea* nortli -n than your* will not I* 
•r-rofb!efj : i it ,» | S i) M( t],^ mtepiion of the prime 
;nov.r «.f the amendment. I'p»n the record 
'He j Ulician rotiimittee of the Senate I* tha 
» u:, '" r i o .-it 'nit not w  the fact. 

That 



Febmarj I 
'lien, were n rroun«h»d 

Geu I'rien, and captured, 
The wafonrn of the traiu which he w M r««. 
ducting were nuanucre,: Thia ocenrred lie- 
I ween Mout.T'y and Can.arzii. 

The prison* r* were mar. bed off to the mtf i f 
Mexico. a„d encoanten.i h«H uatare on tbaif 
They arrived there 16lb Mo  Mr. 
rreiiwilt.lil»tral«l through the interference of 
the Uritiah M nuter, report., that Major. ( iuhie, 
udBorla.ul.„„dC.pt.C. M Claj. w ith -their 
. ompaniona ».ere yet clo« iy confined in 
:i»urea V tgm f ot U,,, cruelty. 
\ letter fraaa Mr 
•- . Heaaya: 

That you may underaland Ante JU «//y tht 
Ifnrrat \  -ga ap^recau, lb. g'oo.1 irrai- 
neul extended to mm now an.! heretofore by 
the American., lha lollo w f iO£ ta  w are commu- 
nicated: All our hor.e. ware taken from u«, 
the uieli wilked, aud Uio officer* rode pomea 
•en ii hiitu red inilen, often travelling forty 
nilea a day, to thi* city. The m«n aufl'eiec 
»ai«nar/y in in *ore fi rt, and when a Diau hx i - 
cime ao diaibled that lie could Walk no longer, 
ihe officer having rha'ge of u« would imprexa a 
Icukey for him lo mi*. To San Lma, Lieut. 
Churchill, tevrnleen iio-O and myaelf, were ia 
charge of V.aj. Kouiaro v Aniela, of Vera Out, 
who treated u« moat respectfully, and kisillv. 
Maj. (iaiue*, Capt. I'Ihv, I.ieul. l avidaou aiid 
thirty-five men. with Vaj. Borland. Capt. Mau- 
ley and thi-ty five men, were taken to .-.in 
t*Mt by l.i 'ut Col. S.mbrauino, aid to l«eu. 
Miuon,. W he u (.'»(. t lleurie, who had enjoyed 

• foielaate ol what *a« coining, whilat a .Mini 
prisoner, broke tl.e tltiarri and run toward our 
camp, tbi. redoubtable Colouel gave the or, tt 
lo lance Ihe reinaiiiiug aevenl) unoffemuiig 
iifticer.aud men, am. theliuea of the whole aajfa 
tjr were *»\ c d by Ihe timely order of Capt. 
Clay to drop on the frouud, winch waa lO.tant- 
'X obeyed, aad aatmhYd the officer an aaauafsj 
waa uot cuntemp^trd. At San l.ui. lh*v gate 
Ihe officerit thirty-iu'Ven and n hull and ahwanan 

iglileen and three i|«iarlera i eul* each | er day 
lor .abeiateace. Kiom thnic« to Qgrrri.ro, 
file huudted and ril .y mile*, we were in charge 
of t ol. Mjleno, ol I ampr.chy. who treated, us 
very courleoualv and well. From there here 
«a were guarded hy oue muy grande '.,■: , n. 
  f no place part.oularly. whod.ily . ...burard ihe 
mag oauiniou* tliirty-aeveu and aud a half cenu 
to each officer, and the l.|,.» aJlll| three ,, cj. 

• une« to each mau, «xcept when he mm~ bi* 
reasurv waa exhaualrd. which we* three daya 
aj Ml wo got here dunug which tune, oleourae 
we supported ooraalvea and meu. \V|,eu the 
nen *ere unable to walk, he would lake the 
hr.l mulf. ordoukej.on the road, .nd awlr u« 
pay lor them at night, and by way of debenture 
or draw lack of Ihe Ihre. bile. |,a charged u. 
four Ul. each a day pomea we rode, which *p*i - 
iltaliou. piaMafj mm a elrar profit ol mwm bit. 
»dav, ti aay I 'ihiug of the 
profiU 

»elear«e.l .n ap|ir»arliinf this ear. tbai Oea I. 
\ na was in con. nan.l of Uir Vera ( rui line, and aad 
bis quarl-r. mi Meiiro. where w.wria lot* ronnne*) 
anlllexr  *i (mi and tins mirilif e,«- r elated our tiean. 
« ntt Inch h ■ ••• ..I rood treaimeiit from a inatnarumvias 
soldier and |l.nOn , elhss sense of aialiiud* wouU 
fe1» I u|«mi u. til lha emirtesi and Iteari and soul of out 
iiwureu nr. iii. ii. Villi Imm. Wr were I roufl.i into 
iae city al I r*«-a al nifhr, in Ibr ■,.„!., „r » re,m., 
kaa, .nd u. , Ml I «nliaco. a in is.. m for rhanied r ii fall 
aad /s/ras, ■ i»loi»» (»- » *s.s'-m. amr pa  i M-reased 
■o four al ih rrful iTls a riai . and HothiRf to pul on Hie 
i.^X r".«.r - -rp  m tsil lour Man kels beds v  rre r tiled 
f« r.fcul r....id aol l« otuaineil News of ii« tailM ol 
Hum. \ b « -i* !-ed !irret«io.U  sailer* trds. and h*  
mt the Of 'e-t up stair*— le.vlnf Hie men « Nrrr ihey 
as*w aat\aa« aj rot*ers Mai uiu drrrr* l.t \rt» wa- 
in Ihe atrv ihrea nr hsar week. witbc«l rotniug to —t u. 
or send, i,; ... to. wi id ol ciiuifon . or sei dm( us Ins aid 
liar i ' «e a tmed .nuttier l.l.nkel.or lo see kf we 
would |ret anr ; aro  .mi iiti. Ik liis-rly ul iiir uv 
Waiarrt d io uiore ailention fnioi loin or am ulhrr 
• iftirer , • , r , it  , el. epl lt.« . i.lonrl a I,,, |,a« roinn si il 
of ihe pr.snn. than ao uia") astaiair.s sent trout Inr m 
lerlnr | . i .» .efttal lo iceelir tlx titnjoitn's knot . The 
aensni t erra Uordn ratne. tnd ihrr gat r ua the 111*111 
of Hi* r il i . eftrr we arnutsieit ac.inst an order lo st'kI aa 
On parrle m Uarwa. ten rsefues off. w raadj thr noun 
I ■aajh the raclhe and roalt uiiij a real rut 

iii'..». sts.li of .ao HiousaiKi. ontii wlar.l of't H 

sxkra Wehavereeeieed] Ibegreaieet tltrnism and kind 

eras Ir facrlcm r» .»f all taluas. Ami m-tns . Kru lish. 

rreneh. Irish. rVou-h. Ber.iara and *.*nli Amrrvaa.! 
aiiMMf a mmm ther* i. a •troruj st mpailir. It . the.i M . 
patin .il r ratrarn rrly- i m i ari i Iih h»li laaaasnn aea- 
linten- and ofleu rommon injury from ih* Mriirtn- — 
► rom eier.1 Met lean at«rer  aihi fa.ulie* I mmwn 10 
i-nvs : • kinrtesl irralnieil Where! i r wr meet a uh 
an anV-er er  ahrr person, (est rata. »» ladi . who has 
err* ii tue I'nued States, wa are t rem d u uh t Ir arn 
rord * • i rpiion. rxer|it in the rase af lien l.t \ ( rt 
We will i* eirhai.crd in ate* dais, artnrdina; H the 
atsr.'t iretof Bat Mel . ant ami word rere.vtw from l.tn 
*Vell. wl»  aait ha w ill five Ihe rariiwi al lent ion lo our 
. \ nu I r waal. 

wv j Hr.vnr. 



irsin brujui four In land! A 
thine: With a iu,il 
Barbour. f|H Dial aa any earth kn 
ded by *l,(tfj(l I aa ever btsat lu hum 



Irelnm4. 

A aad and bitter fate ha. been 
as rich and a climate aa ge- 
nowa.and with aa true heart, 
tan bono in. t cold and rank 
oppression hus made all th  »e Ueealngk a luo«4- 
ery or acurae. Na opportunity baa bean fivea 
the lYuh peaauntto nae ia the acale of inauhood: 
aud had it not been for their inbred valor, and 
iiin-omjueiable gnuln.»   t npirit. they had long 
ago bin uv lied before landlord .upreraac) . Hut 
Irishmen v. . re aot boru to be aerf*, and if they 
are not they will soon be free. 

Heretofore, Grant Britain and the cirilued 
world, in part, have turned a deaf ear to Ire- 
laud's home ciiaiupiona. No matter what they 



their plana. And even 
liiumum \ conipela Ihe 
Ul itisli public to acmiiiixter 
land, not a aiugle atep 
tlttly, to root out the 
uainely, lo put the people in a right position, by 
changing. legally, the mou.troua ayatem, by 
of which the land-owner, of 



Daew 

Ml 

Majta_p 



aaMah har 

,il«|^lr. Hi 

rr Brawn, W 



thtJi laWrnjaaaj^ I'm (at G«- 

Bm w n , wlt.h hid new gtr — and 
_ , wrtth hla new poney — ■ana Knama 
Brrfx n with her new Pidka jat kea." 

" And even th* ernand boy, wkth. Uce round 
hu hat', Mr. Dcbba." 
. " Bat every body cnivtd aae Wh/it waa coming. 
It could uot go an «o for ever, "'lltat'a what 1 

aaid. " t -fi— ir. ii'irb a laalfw in " 

- Never would take any Isody 'a attvlca but hi. 

own — there, it waa no later than Wednesday 
week, when my hoaband, fJohba. eHhfy aaked 
him in the moot neighborlt w ay in the world, 
if he wanted a. little conversation w l a tl tt friend 
about his affaira^ike^ka they weregoin|; backw ard 
visible— what do vou think tie brute aaid ? 
• Dobba,' said he, 'yon and your wlf" go i h at- 
teriag about the parish like a eo«j)i 9 of human 
magpiea, oajly the birda' instinct k belter than 
your 




whether they will it or not, 
eat of human oppressor*. 

in 



of Ireland. We mourn oxer it; but we rejoice 
also: f ir that starvation will do for Ireland what 
half a century of struggling could not have 
.tl.- ie' Tm Knglwh |M-ople understand now 
what i iej I ever uuderatood before — that all the 
In-di people ueeo is to poaaes. in 1\» a part ot the 
land In 1s t. um' as proiperou*, flourishing and 
happi , aa any portion of the empire. And they 
« HI lorce their government to do justice to the 
Irish people by iiemauUing a radical change in 
the mauageiuent mid distribution of property in 
Inland 

^ v what they have affected already. Kvrrv 

man in the British Parliament ha* looked main- 
ly to one end — to the aa\ mg of Iriah landlords, 
am. not to tin uplifting at th*  Irish people. 
W .isle lauds were to b-.- redeemeo — rallroada 
hu.lt through :arg.- estates — but the blid-own- 
er», though so directly benefitted, w en not even 
railed upon b\ law to furnish the mean, of aub- 
sUtence or employment to the people M theae 
• t! ite, Hut thank* to the energy of the Kng- 
llsh Tress, and the virtuous determination of the 
English people, this narrow and selfish policy 
has beon tliwarted, and we may look soon for a 
ohaiige in the laws of Ireland, which w ill give 
to Iriah energy all the freedom aud opportunity 
now enjoyed by English enterpriae. 

The woee i f Erin, then, will prove her re- 
demption In thia .pint, evidently, one of the 



bbbbbbj — . '■• ' " « • " aaaxet- . U ti H I Vr-» I |U| k I AST B*t TW 

That hi I will he a great diaappoiataaeat to 
ana! a real calamity; already hee ) ears wit 



Baa »oV-r t.DTaoors —  ien. eiuentaisdoiur aitl 
Ma. a K Maramon l. Pavmasirr. V. t  \..dieil on oar.- 
si. « • .1 |.  'rs oi run, whkth hrlnrs .!t;es from \era 

• • ..nthr It* in.t 

('..-, Seoltleft Jalanaoa the -.'3d all. i.en Twurft 

BT Rr|. rts.-« 



oeMl of 
lale 



to the 



seen 



out of the White Hart thai raty 



Drunk, 

• Well, I don't know exactly ; but 1 think M 
is much more lik.-ly he wiu drunk, than ih.it ba 
wa  sober." 

"Well, well • its poor Mrs. Brown that I pity. 
Cm aure 1 .han't have a w ink af sleep a |l ihU 
it, a thinking of her 




THE \\ OE or Ell N. 
at eoocwvB ataaav. 
I'tironed upon the (looai) summit 

  if t tirftand't lurfv pile. 
Frln sal w hile W a-klow'a mouniaiaa 



.-^td de «ai s.ir .wtrrd no ereptrr. 

l»n hei head norrowa ahe wort. 
N'etr her l.jr t bre^ei aapllng . 

And Hue* withered It.t rathe l,oi*. 

Hildl,.- larks flow tdo'rrhtr 

birr.taing o'er her a-tut. 
Ilri and foodlea. for lier rhlldraa- 



. tik* a airtof 

W hen Ihr win! 
t out ted her leart. aa w avta of 
Chateeaelitsihrr.dowB uer 

\rt.lh.HMrh Mm 




  hrr tluag. 
oar harp sir in, onl  
r atone* le run, 




•' Poor woman. I'm .ure I feel for her Not 
that ahe wa* ever much better than him. Thev 
do 8% — hut I don't know of my own knowl- 
edge, you see ; and I'm the last person in the 
world lo slander anybody behind anybody - * 
back— but they do say, not that I believe it— 
that before they came to our paii/h, there iv.-rr 
reports — eort of in.innation*. rurioua stone* 
like. I don't know the rig h,a ot t T I 
about a couain of Mrs. Brow n's, a baaataBaaBM 
man in the haberdasher)- lint ; but I dare mts its 
all uousenac— only, of course, there are wune 
people w ho will talk." 

- There now— who'd ha' th»«ghf it. Did i ... 
r~\ Bui there wa. alw.»w-- », e ,hlng very 
hold about Mra. Brown : I've aeati U often i." 

-What I hope is that Kin ma wan'i take after 
her mother — poor thing — that'a all." 

■Mlh. a* for that, blew yon— like parent like- 
hut I say nothing. No, no ! nobody ever heard 
Nancy I obbn. Mum is my word— mum. What 
I aay la, that fmnm ought to keep |rople's 
toitguee between people's teeth that * all. Km- 
ma Brow n :— ha, ha, ha I Lord bl-rw y0 u." 



We aee an interesting account of a \ nit lately- 
paid to the American contractors, Messrs. Har- 
riaou. Winan. and Eastwiek at Alexandroffskv. 
six mile* from St Petersburg, Russia, In H * 
Majesty the Emperor Nicholas I, accompauiru 
by the first mew of th.- realm. Hi* Ma Batj 
amined every thing connected with the manu- 
facture of loconiotiTc* Eighty- had built 
during the year 1Mb, and the -.ubi.sl.n-. .   w o. 
turuiug out aix loi otnotives and tend«r» every 
mouth H* next proceeded to the works erect- 
ed by theae enlerprisuif Vankeeo for preparing 
the material* for freight an.) asxaaengtr cars.— 
Here every thing w as rxamiued with the aame 
attention .u. at the locoenotive dapaxtinaiit. and 
the beauty ami effinenry of the i.inct.iDerv.. .la- 
mented apon in strong i nm by his M*jeM\ , nil 

the various operat - being rniUuaao by the 

coutnsrtors. Iu this .hop taef* "t»"|- d 
every da) , five sets of Wood ***** 'ie usual 
sue . aghl w heel box ears, tuck aa are , 
Anverii an railroa.1 

He..e,t went into the shop where the propri- 
etors wen- putting together four af Ihe u.nul 

site eight wi rv-rv ruoitl I'.vr-. 

thing waa examine.) wiih she cloaiat a. 
id with the higheat adniiration. 
.  n the following day. aa a teatitionv of hie 
Majesty'. «ti.U. t,o... ha .romottd   oh.oaia 
Kraft aud Meinikoffto the rank  f Generul.. 
d ordered the eros. of St. Anne fo be confer- 
1 upon Major C. \\ Whistler. Ike American 
giue.-r .abu. that valuable i.ianion  rinireshoaU 
he presented to the contractors. Measrs. H.irri- 
*oti. \N inan. and I^stwirk. 
The eaublUhment of Meaar*. Harrisont Wi- 
insand Eastwick einplova at areaent l.! -Jtl 
workmen, inclu.Haf i.bl.'t' Ruasiae*. Ii|i.. r - 
u. v 164 Swedes. 17 Kugliah, audi Americans, 
which iunflb.-r embraces the who!* uumber of 




Th. rwattekt 
-t l travel 

• a. Scott reached Puelua on the 29th. Hia 
ef..-u e force was 4.t*NI men The re.-ruiU will 

jajn him soon Gen. Cadwalla.ler hud arrived 
at \'.fa Cm/, and a portion of hi* command. 

-• rr» Am tin Mkxu .. — Tli-  • 

• led President, but declined Herrera tt is said 

» " then i liosoil Nothing ve-y i:e!"i|tlte or re- 
  is known about the true condition^ of 

• ngs in the city. We suppose | to be very- 

It i- ' - that Sanbi Anna has been *uper- 
■ -d.sd by Valevacio. 

r.roar- kaa) F.vesTs — It was reDorted that 
IJHI Ben w ere sick at Vera l. ru», en the rtl.t 
it, and that a great many were dying daily. 
\rxin B m dec ared that there ia very little rorni- 
tu prevailing. The new r.-cruit* suffer. In 
irehiug t   Jalapa. over roads of sand, and un- 
of thern gin ut 



I wepi a not. m nkuakr. 
I. ike . waUUkg cry in Irr 

rtaMafea kiaasd her onli harp Mriiuj 

And us lour, lorn w ,r. she runf 
MM hrr wan and tremhlin ( flnffr-. 




was It Erin' 
■ hrr name' 
arrpireleaa. and trroktii. 
It Istr harp't one* clorio.it Unit' 

■Woe-Erin- a or la Erin' 

M.lkksss' foodlrr. lor herrhl draa- 
U !.e' hreaats. .nd parr lied her 

•Wo*i.Erln w ieajErin 

Sri 



tnd hei i 



mllkletadle 



cofiimitlee is only midwife u il Iisautbot 
'».e same mindthat generated the Fire-brand | . |^ Uta - 
rteao.uiion*. of which I aead you a copt , ami of , _ L JV . . . , 

• deh t i..:,„ent i. the |eg-,„na:e derhra. F '«•- **  •«* •« ••l«P»- 

tloa. 'iregnn i« not ihe obi s t The moat '.'ol Sou * and aeven out of bit escort, and 
u lut of alaverv cannot eapert to . |,, . ut McDonald of the Riflr Regiment, were 
shor- of the Pacific in the In., ^ d trh „ 

iuur oi iv uvrtnain and the Lake of the    ncors. ) j 

BSi .giution for rleeiloi. M nd rii.uainti i ' w.foa raaaicr kg ttie uaate of I arker, and a 



itiioion . 



purpose*, ia ail that it intended by thrusting this 
fire-cranj question into your bill ! aud at th- 
aei! session, when it is thrust ii. again, we will 
wo urge it jut. and paas your bill as it ought It 
°* Ijiroinaw you thi« in the name of the 
baoth. a» well as of Ihe North; aud the rvent 
»'..l not receive me. In the mean time, Hi 
''resident will give vou ail the protection whirl, 
exuniog laws, aad detachment* of the armi 
and navy can enable him to extend to you, an.: 
natd f'ongrea* has time to act. y . ur friends rau-t 
rejy up..;. •, on to coutinue to goi-ern your**" \ • • 
at ioj hue heretofore done, u ider th- prnvi«- 
s»ns i f jour own voluntary compart, and wi'h 
"...*»nv inn moderation. trtie-H is due 
"• your ..wn chajrarter ai d to the honor of the 
Aroeru an uame 

J iM*j you by Mr. Shinty, • copy of thr bill 
late aeawion, both aa it passed the afawaar 
•■! '•e : ,r.. M . n t a fj Trt)  U( j a^, p ri ipsn*ed to lie a lie :i - 
n tli- Senate, with thr Seaate'a vote upon 
'■ ing ii on the table, and a copy of Mr. Cal- 
houn'* raaoiatioua— posterior in date to the 
ameiidmenf. but, nevcrthle*., fitb-r to it ) alec a 
eopy of \ our own ptavi.ional organic act. as 
printed by order of tii» Senate; all of which trill 
put you completely in possession of the pro- 
ceeding. ..f Congress on your petition to- 
Territorial Government, ana for the pretaatte* 
I security of your righto. 

In conclusion I have to iksMire vou that m* 
ime spirit whieh has mace me the friend 

for ."hi years — which led me to denoun. •• 
Jaint Isreupution treat.- the day it 
•in : to opjM.*.- its renewel in IsrjM, and to 
labor for it* abrogation until it terminated ; the 
same spirit which led ine to reveal the f*r:iii i 
destiny of Oregon, in articles written in I -1 -. 
and to support every measure for her benefit 
aince — this same spirit slill animate, me. turn 
will continue to do so while I live; which. 1 
hope, will he long enough to aee an emporium 
of Asiatic commerce at the mouth of vour river, 
aad a atxaaaa of Asiatic trade pouring into th. 
•alley of the Miasiwippi thr..,,,;-, the channel of 
Oregon. 

\ our fri.-u.: and fellow -citizen, 

THOMAS H DKNTtiV 



lei'srlerk bfiuanaate of La'hrop. hoili eapiired 
on tee road frooi I'aaiar^o to Monterey, and who wet* 
• i rpnaed to h.re been killed, were In put in in Me tiro 
'irona .ntps-iont wrrt en'.eitainetl at Jalapa of an al 
 iapt to retake the plaee. Ian CM C'htlda ut al wayt wide 

0 ilr for .n.iainf of thai kind. 
rVim* MeiH-an* al*n r.mr down  r*t*rday frooi Jala 

.•t, h.rint heeii raMs-d on the road of everything thev 
kfdj of value . hm thr htghwaimen thrw ed their g» n*r 
nthy and klndnrst lo th* unfr-rtonat* afirrwar.lt, by re 
i.rnlpg them tw.ntv «t r rrntt rtrh to par their *«|--.ta*» 

1 llil. plar*. 

The kmc* of he lanrheria, r jh'srr*. nr., on the road, at 
vtiroaled at HtU men. dlMposed ofaa follow. 300 men 
, star the road, and MM on eaeh tide of n. anrini al a .uf 
i-irnt disl.nrt to prevent until |.sn tt froo. laklna lha 
hf| alh* 

Baa frVotl left Jalapa for TenMa mi th* Nil Intl., at th* 
head of ah.Mil S.i*«i ui.n. 

Tie train whieh rame down a at escorted be -iltr I 
BMtn. irraatlvdiwbarged soidirra .ml tonie of lb* wounded 
J al fierro l.ordo. in rhaigt of f'apt. Whiilng. The» taw 
1 f-equenilyon lha rout* aten on ihr heifhts, and It the 
l (fsrtanr.. men oa the look out 



•War is Krln' wo* s» Erin 
toahaj deafthat God an 

't'hra death. O Kavlout com* ' 

Thua aha tung. until *»Kh aid 
Ualy tan plaint laiuiw i 
Wo* uj Ertn' wo* la I 
■ a* 




Ki.1 i hrr* r 

To* fullerhoof » vok*. 
\ t it'ii tbua Britannia 

To Ihe tuner of le-r rhotr* 



"I will give lay babe, ray breasts, l'.rlu 
l or I feel a mother's sigh — 

I » ill glv. ih) babea my milk. Urn.' 
tnd Ihf cblh 



rutlliv 



forcingn and workmen 

The rontrai u of the*. geuUrmen ewthrwee 
164 tweuty -live ton locomotive, ami tenders 
:.,jtjt» Iron trucks, for eight paeseager cart, and 
unproved car. on sixteen wheeh. ■ » feet long. 

hed, 10* locomotive* 
uragwi. trucka ; 9 l6 



I  ut of which are now 



and duruobn/ked. Theaearrtad ixmsef i^sjutd 

to the .ide of the ba4 instead „f ItrtiK 

herself overhoard, sha aassMaaask th erawajr ou 

the ,| U iy. telling her story, aavi mhaabed by^nahr- 
Ing herself on honorable icrma to nay , iuug 
follow who would take the place of her aaj^^H 
swain. A bandaome yattng inar-o-n, wba haa- 

penad. to be among the ttaaders bv, unused lately 

odWetl himself, aud was accepted on the spot 

The Captain very properly ae n t to make inqui- 
ries about bun. and found that ha waa, aa ha 
represented himself to be, a siiagie aaan; and the 
parties to thia extempore match, sailed with thai 
wery tide for the shores of America. 

MaIX C AI-SIS or THE POTATOE DlSEASL IV 

la*j m axeani nf aWJaaauW, « ;th n.inr v.er Haadha 
of applying it. bad methods af storing, want af 
attention, to selecting seed from soil* different 
from the soils the seed is intended for, and using 
inferior instead of the very finest tubers to plant. 

Lietrpml Mrreury 
(•enerally, the accounts of the appearance of 
the potatoe rrop, iu Ireland, are Vavoaaaut; but 
the Aing't-coaaty Careaicie contains louie weil- 
autlieiilicaled evidence uf the re-ai.pearance of 
the blight which haa produced sud, disastrous 
cousequences. — lb. 

FOTM Iulaxu 0!« F-aioaiTioi — On the 22d 
ult., the Young trelaudere met in the I'aion 
Hall. DuWiQ.wneu Mr. Devm Reilly reported 
on the Colouualiou project, laid before the 
English Minister, by Sir. Morgan O'Coiinell, 
&c, for removing a million Ind « half of per- 
to Canada- It waa opposed. 



J*! Jmmw**mi wUieh had siiow , i tuch 
«*i procrsyii .jsa to gw^t)^ 
^•••auJ^gwtioM. u| 
the ARsiaaw the Veraaau. the V 
U»n a.bai. sfafiMMP Albert, the t 
the IMiah, and aWsaat every .hip lasM 
hi die vara, of P art a aaa w 
aykh, aaWnaan, Ckwthaca 



1st. Ireland does now. in the at 
.ts agriculture, produce, one year l 
more than sufficient to feed all ita 
TJie export, of food in 1K35, were climated bv 
Ihe Railway Cotnmleeiou at nearly ^la,lXMJ,OO0. 
We believe they were even then greatly under 
estimat-d, and have enormously increased since. 

J.I Wa assert Ihe absolute right of the Irish 
people to be fed upon the fruits of their own 
soil and their own industry , seeing that there 
are sufficieut lo support theiu. 

3d. The conteni plated loan of JE9.INKI.flW, if 
lent to Irish proprietors und tenauts.for improve- 
ment of the Irish soil; and lo Irish Railway 
Compauies. and Companies for I Ornery, Mining 
a-jd Manufacturing purpose* — aud if permitted 
lo la- expended without the Control aud inter- 

rn ana ft n g af Qmnnummt ofiVula — would more 
Ibau repair the ravages of this year's famine, 
and make Ireland Ihe most eligible residence, 
us she is the :ia-ural home and iudefoaaibie prop- 
erty of all her own people. 

Ms. There are in Ireland, according lo the 
estimate of S ir Robert Kane, 4.6IMI,U00 acres of 
land elsily reclannable and well worth reclaim- 
ing. 

Father Meehau, in seconding a motion for 
the adoption of the report, aaid that : 

" There were, and ne waa proud to aay it. 26 
geutlrmeu present, commandeia of American 
.hips, ;greal chi-ers and he wished them to car- 
ry away the cordial thanks of the Irish people 
to their nation; and furthermore he would add. 
• that M in the hour of her danger, ahould the 
felon hand of England or any otuer rouutrv be 
raised against her, Ihey ' — [The rest of" his 
Revereuce's sentence waa laat in the hurricane 
of appl.uise which burst forth.] 4 Should calam- 
ity of any kind ever threaten her, ye who have 
-scaped t.ie f miine and pestilence produced hy 
English inisgoverument, remember America, 
-'nicrnbe- her noble st. : generous lehef and 
sympathy." [Cheero.] lie wanted them to 
support home manufacture* and aid earth other. 
The Report was adopted. 

Ian Mr Valiancy .totes that in bis parish of 

CWhford. the population of which ia C.IN30, 
the average „t deaths from faauine is 
ly; Rev. Mr Harry, V. C, at 
I. (SHI pet»ons have fallen victims to famine in 
Baulrv alone; and Dr. Walsh, Bishop of Cloy ne 
and rfoas, state* ou the authority of a parish 
priest of his diocese, that in one of his parishes, 
I o,,uiuiiig a population of 3.7INI. the number of 
Vatlis for the la*t month was aNO; and that •• in 
one of the sea -coast tillages, which six months 
ago contained a population of iVI persons, there 
are now standing but three hovels, with about a 
•iu*-u peraoiu;" he adds, "the other hamlet, 
nave been entirely depopulated.'' The Cork 
hi ami ne r says. • U'e this day witness a must 
tppalling spectacle at th- Shandon guxrd house. 
I iider the sheds attached to that buildiug lay 
some thirty-eight human beings— old aad young 
■ten. women, children, aad infants of the ten- 
derest age — all huddled together lik- so many 
pigv or dogs, on th- ground, without any other 
covering but the rag* on their persons, una 
these in the last stage uf filth aud hideousnese. 
There they lay — some dy ing— some dead— ail 
mi nt and yllow . and hideous with famine and 




Toniage sailing 

ataaniers 15,950— tola 

Vraeel* sold and transferred in l»»4ti, bedosw- 
inir to the I'aitod Kingdoaa, Including wtswla 
sold to foreigners : sailing vesousa ; 

saw I li  — total *2,499. Tannage : aail.ng v 
351,261 ; .teamers 13.221— total 364.4^ 

Vessels and tonnage wrecked, Aav lu \-46 . 
■ailing vessel. ataaawara «— total 537. — 

Tonnage : sailing 91^291 ; 67t— total 91 JW. 

\ eaaela and tonnage broken up In l»4t  : sail- 
ing veaaels 71 ; ataauters 14 — lolal (4. Ton- 
nage: sailing r f s tale wyV?" ; steainer. 995 — total 
7,5.3 

STkTlOSii or TaTJC BaiTlsH Abhv in M 
ic*. Maw 1. — tith regt. reserve battai.ou. Hud- 
son s Hay; 14th. Halifax, N S. depot ; 33d. 
ib. and reserve ball. Canada; -20th, Bermuda, 
both belt. , 42d, ih; »Cth, Cinada. 5'2d, Que- 
bec ; Gnth, 2d batt. Halifia : reserve bait nf 
"1st, Canasta. 77th. St. John. N. B-; rlsi, Can- 
ada ; mm, ib.. 93d. ib.; '2d batt. of Rltfe Brigwie 
ib ; Reserve batt. ib.; Quebe.: ; koyal Canatiiai 
Rifle.. Canada ; Royal Newfoundland Co.. New 



ITPJU. 

tinist Fort. Oa s awsstioa hir 
e Huuts ul Couiaaona a till lo allow or ad vast 
y lo Mitd an ambassador to tome. t «d John 
I la li taaai laeiprdMni. tail satd, " I aate 
wlia very grsal pieasu.e, Ihr roor*r a deli In* |.te 
»•"' fun* baa pursued, ir brers frowi h**h ajasai ol th* 
I out* and I mink It will land niu-h lo tncreaet the asp 
piars. of iba paoole uf lie y. I Itate as basilalsaa ia 
 *) ln« thai I II. Ink II wuuks he d.tUaat* thai lbs 
f .ruial r.iaiiorrt .1-sjld i« i.klaSjld ; (I 
its. quala.1 is on« in 



■ of a* aad asdieg I ia sekal 
a. aad n. peoa i-«ry ««. 
. . ..Ji^ossam." 



•a 



1 he convention for internal improvement*, 
| w«stern, ; " come* off" July 5th. 

Thi- VVett generally will be repp- hen ted; ard 
so will the East. June the 4th a meeting mm 
held in Boston, nt Jam ft K. Milli »V Cs.'a 
eoiiuting room, at which Mr. NathaM ArrLt- 
TOt presided, to determine what should le-dofle. 
Mayor Uriacv, A at* err L*war\  and D. K. 
H.RosaiNs explaine l the objecti of the Con- 
vention, ami its importance. A public m--ting 
of the Commonwealth was then determined 
upon to choose delegate*. 

What ia Kentuck) doing ' What has Louis- 
ville done ' The Atlantic is seeking to multi- 
ply its rail-way connections with* the w oet. 
From Baltimore to Boston the question is. how 
large city secure western trude' And 
are allee and energetic, if our 
merchant, and public men will look ahead, and 
manifest a fair forecast, they may do much to 

chsver connection with the East. The industri- 



shaii ewtii Ii 
if Wr't**rn 



By a late ardiaaVce of the king of Bavaria 
ff males a»- prohibited from pronouncing any 

mouast.cvnw until after having paased tn*„ ou- only can etpect to » in them. The hike 

aad 




Quakers belonging to the Philadelphia 
iog have contrititited m nioa*)' and 
aeany flG.OOt) far tua rahef of 

***** ■ w t- . r.. . 

*4 



warm, whatever 
lose the rare. 

There ahould b* a 
Kentucky, at Ch 
« lose Ic all Internal 
act too vigorously i n 
ever beneficial infl 



from 



We cauoot watch too 



nor 



ahould fall to 



Kenny Meadow * deserves a medal for hin rich 
of Village Gossip. It is a capital thing. 
Four women are grouped together evidently ea- 
ger to hear news, and just from work. The one 
who relate* the startling goes; p has her hand 
partly over her mouth, telling the wonderful 
news as a great secret, while the li*t*ners. w ith 
eye. fairly popping out in anuui ment. and hands 
uplifted, stand awe-struck at Ita importance 
And what think you. reader, was the subject 
matt, r of tins gossip | Just what is the subpsct 
inattef af nearly all the gossip we bear 

Th' only thing we object to is that poor wo- 
men should be made always to bear the sin of 
gaaaipping. Tiie men are as bad aa they — every 
bit. They love it as well, and practice it in aa 
ludicrous and wicked a spirit. Nor should they 
. hm ie The next time. Ihen lint KaMJ Mea- 
dows makes a design of Village Cossip, we hope 
lo- will let the women alone, and give the men 
a touch of his awtire, or that Mr. Angus B. 
K«a.:h, the author of the following »tory, art* 
rear n far enough to include them: 

Who'd hu' thought it. Mrs. Dobba 
'- You don't say so, Mrs. Dobba ' " 
"tlh. hut it's quite true. It must br. Besidisi. 
Willinm heard it at the barber's shop." 

"Well, now, do you know I always had mv 
suspicions — there was always a something— a 
whut-do-ye-cail-it sort of a look about the 
Brown*. »■ hrr h I never liked. They say It was 
all along of the railways. But whether or no — 
that's the fact. John Brown's shop la shut np 
thia morning. Depend upon that." 

'•Well, well," rejoined Mrs. Dobbs, "it's no 
more than I have aaid it would coma to. They 
always lived above their position. A* Dobbs. 
my husband, often said to me— ' Nunc v.' "ays 
he. 'mark my words, for all that thorn Browns 
hold up their noaea like conceited peacocks as 
they are, pride will have a fall,' saya he, 'pride 
will' have a fall.'" 

"And anch goinga oa, Mrs. Dobbs, to be 
sure— such goings on. I'arties. parties, parties, 
from Monday till Saturday — the beat joint at 
the butcher's, the t-ruatietit loaf at the baker's, 
always bespoke for the Browns. Well, thev 
mu*t be content with scrags of msittnn now. ' 

"If they can get even em. Fcr aa Dobbs, 
my hnsberid, says, they will be sold out and oat 
— do w n to the baby '• go-cart. Dea ry n*% deary 



■*»aitor « trwl. mm* Ih. «tl«a 

We are permitted to lay bet r • oil 
.ay. the I. at -.\.-t!e | Ind.; Joumalniid Free IV.—.. 
the following letter received b' a gentleman of 
this place from Senator Corwia: 

l.aaaxoN. tibia April 4. l?47 

Dr.* a Sit: 1 had the pleasare ol receiving 
yourlettrr of the , -tl, March, yesterday ; and I 
cannot deny myaelf the gratification of express- 
ing to vou the satisfaction witn « lii.-b I r-H-eiv.-d 
that among many other such et uiem   of ap- 
proval of m  course on the Mrxi.-m War. I 
felt aa etronglv a* any one could, the responsi- 
bility I assumed. I differed with all the leading 
Whigs of the Sensle. and saw plainly that thev 
all were, to some extent, hound lo turn, if they 
could, the   urreut of pursV affile a agam*t nie. 
They all agre«»d with me that tm war was un- 
just on our part ; that if properly begui.. which 
none of them admitted, we h... aln-n.|\ NaaV 
cirutly chastised Mexico, and t.iat 'urther pros- 
ecution of it was wanton waste of Uood and 
treaanre ; vet thev would not undertake lo slo|. 
it. They said the President ajone wa* respon- 
aible. 1 thought w e w ho aided him or furnished 
mean., must lie in ihe judgment of rwaaaa and, 
conscience, e.i.ially guiltv witk luni I se,. the 
• Democratic ' preseea prate ahoul refuting to 
to feed and clothe the brave me., asm in th« 
field. Do not these praters know that it was 
not for that purpose that we aaked for supplies 
Did the President want twentv-eighi milli..,,* af 
money and ten Regiments more „f , I|P „ t„ bring 
Cew. T awlnr iaei to C.wargo ' No. he told us 
he wanted them far th* purpose of farther pros- 
ecuting the War lie wanted to storm the 
Hall, of the Monteruma*! And lot what ' 



las. . *ar »i.s i san -. io r a suie. 



That question he will not answer! It is f 
conquest alone. The great model Republic , I 
the VY «rld make* war upog one modeled after 
her. to take away her territory, an! ntteriv de- 
stroy her. till her leading mea are driven i.. baa 
the aid of King, to prevent us. the pawn Re 
public, from robbing and mardering those, who. 
as well as they know to do II, are trying to es- 
tablish fr-e governments af*i» our exampt*. I 
am amaxed that a people calling itself Demo- 
cratic— hating Kings, and laving free govern- 
ment, should art thus. What dees tt portend | 
I confess it fills me with rtarhaichovy forehclinaja. 
I can honor the brave sold** whp does hi* dutv 
in battle, but I despiae tie mistaken, wicked 
policy that semis him to fight in such a war. 
Had the Preaidcnt iuk j\ money to bring 
home our army after the tasting of Monterey, 
and to aend a commission of one or more of the 
first men in America to t**wt,for peace. I would 
have given my vote with ;nore hearty go xi- will 
for auch a bill, than any lever gaw  ia tut whole 
public life. I often urged this coornn In private 
interviews with leading men of both part.es. 
But all in rain. Further 

borhar 



Al Awrt i 1 BM _ I„ „ house iu Peacock- 
lane, wilhm one or two doors of Clarence st . 
some wretch.-.! tan, ,,i-, from the countrt have 
taken up tbeir rrti.ism e. In that portion of .t 

ihe wife Ui' moaning iu the agonic, of death 
from »forr«/iori in oue comer of a bare, tiadlv 
ilghted, and ill- venUlated hole of a room; and 
iu another corner, ou the remains of a sop of 
aw. lav (Jar «W aotfies of raso ckitJrtm. one a 
girl of I t. the other a boy of '. Their ap|.ear- 
aucewas hiiie,.u*lv ifhastly. The father seem- 
ed almost iincoiisciou* of the sutTeriug and death 
nund him — Cer* 



A Pkjs.in w.HXoat a Paaxwsr. ! Hcaa! Haxa 
—Tli.- Liverjsool Mercury of May 4, .hows the 



fleets of nunine. bn.1 crops and Iriah Landlord- 
ism. to be as follows : 

-Here we see landing on onr pier* thousands 
of pitiable . re.it un-s, "w ho have no choice bat 
hi get into cellar* loogsiuce condemned as unfit 
for habitation, and into garrets already over- 
crowded. Disease is at work there, and fastens, 
a* it instinctively, upon their poor frauiea. w hich 
ire predisposed to Its deadly effect*. When fe- 
ver has marked its own. we remove the victims 
to temporary shed*, for the chance of relief or 
death   n their first landing, we know that 
they must pine in comparative hunger, though 
we relieve them, we know many of them must 
die, because they must resort for shelter to 
place* saturated with filth and foul air. and aaW 
•as, .; t l low -sufferers. I lur police otlicers can- 
nol mmt them out. becauae there are no hospi- 
Ul* or prisons tiiat would hold a tithe of them. 
Their begging In the streets, au.l the disgusting 
exhibition they make with squalid, perishing 
.-hiliireii in their arms, cannot be euppreast-d — 
for tie awnM reason A pd*on would be a par- 
aiiiae to thrm — a luxury we cannot give iheni: 
and henre the tanattry and vagrant fews are. 
4t this moment, in this town, «€tmall , kerett sf 



il.al it.i.cl, I 

A Nan lontu.i Tl*. aaaifM-eai *«m eftia.) 
iboosar.it dallart ha* haen |.laetd at th* s kWWaWl  *f the 
i;orpofalk a of Han .... i ..iie,r. •■, Uaa. Xaasrtt Us 
aasaaWi for ibe fuundaikm aad endow snWM of an Inaliiu 
kaa for liusrurtioa oi all hranrlm of im u e*liaaie arts 
-The whuNi inrouieofu.lt wi *al." la lu* lancuaa-r 
hr BaaaWwaw donor. ■ *  a* •• devoted lo II e *. quWusin, 
Huatralion and dlatratisatsaii of la« firsclacai srataers. 
forever.'' 

M M. Waislos —A lannrr wa. (ivca to i list |n,tr 
nan on the loth is New Vork. Ahoul I'.il rues 1 1 oar 
took of n. Mr W aas aattsd hit roaairjr stall, and 
meriis ilia » tirouw b* oa* rsceived. He said, ia real, 
to ibe rorai-liuicatart total, aatona other food Ihinta 

-Th* rswea ol a forelfa mwiater ajihe  .aV. ot ■ 
pear* makrr. UluloauKjr haa »-e«n a«.pfsawd lo be a 
lis of era* and deceit; hui I hertrvs thai iuts.ru . 

fi do.s UaaTB.-Tne VVh*ahn« Tines of Frkdat lati 
annoonres ihr sadden dean, ol R*v Mr. fne*. tl Ui 
"H'-ut, Ky., was wa* a It* day. .ine* la Kleui 
Va , aa a rormher of lb* Praabriarian Ornrral X 
II* dssd in th* slate, the day btfora.oa katrstara lean*. 

Tub PkksiDivT't Visit — Th* Collarior ofv.w Ikwi 
aa* laforuMtd tile Mayor of that rliy, .oal It*. I ta.rt, 
axay k* » ipartrd ilsrrs "on ihe IStnor .Oth" of the pre 
tent stosik. II laexaeetcd Uiat lie wUI ail.nd lis.' . 
aay to Unaton, aad 
lawn adopted hy ItM 

\ aakterraiaa » rare, of It- •* d 
he*., recently dUrovrred in the II sir q 

Keun*.-i, in MonuToroery couuly, Fa 

Ta* atport* of D o f ile Couoa (sotait f,-om B.M 

lO rsxIe ^Vb*   *bo"'' - °'' lt  * 3 "" " 

preraaw  r.r, of %g*wtsaaWk '**"" "*° n " ,bC 

Th* F.usbarta Uixtia says that Ibe whole 
aavMist tt.S*r„b*d In that mv to ihe slack of in* Fen* 
ttlvaaiat'eatral Kailroae. up i o 
awj la 



awaat of t 
it 

ttaa i 

•lur itlr* dale, from \rw • 1-1**0* tit np to tlka ate 

last., owe week later than raportrd nt oar last, at that 
iu.e no latelt.^oee rta.1 i**n raretvad af iba 
newt, isaa*i|uaatly ih* ajaVi u »..| »iaa*ai a *s*ss I 
market i*i remains s p at W ilt. Frkra uf ■ 
id'VVislern F-oduee. al :hal tia... -saaaiaed 
aajaaa aawutartsl m *stt laat. Froo. Sew Tart. I 
phia aad Bait iiiore nor dale* are ap haa be I 
aawi iiMt. ai iksw* sat nw tli* 
troat Die pana- wkurb area r red *h*rtl) 
of ih* atramera new*, heavy part n asrt af 
••ru uiaor. but toey weie i 
ol a apevalaove nslur* In F-asi »*« i 
fork was Sot well nudaiaiaed. m .slir «jthl*|aN  
vaei. rales wer* t* it   aad *alrs i n caw rait ; 
.lemand for ror* bad su' sided, and lb* pruwlj 
I nan doinf aas for hutu* ronaau.idtow. 

act war last as are bad  «u i* a mar kad rhsafa la 
the weaihrr wnah at bow txlr*st*ly cool (or lb*, aaasna 

olibsy* 

To day are i 





fan .ot 




Faorir 

ri |Si.rlenl o thr 

of ine Tin last.: 

\u order baa fon* from ih* Vavy n*|*irtuMnl loi the 
•teamer Frinrrlon lo i* fitted for atrvlr* tortbwtib. She 
i. to prorata to the Msdilrrranran in rairMilt of lb* M*i: 
BBW pnvsisr ..or pirais*. that are said to n* UtaMisc o.ir 
,n lhai wa H « expect .1 that she will be 



Nt* II tarsaist —The anV-iai returns ot ine vou ftw 
Gorrrnor (irn* William* Draio 3nj*ut C'oO-y VVhia 
2l.ro9: Rerrv Ind *^J1. araltarii'S Vt Majortty tot 
Vk illiamt. 111.. 





Ttatrirerai lot. pai uls ti^ntit r*ra liaj. 
if iota FHtaburgb »l ia* I 



« free far wdkaary 
lltM.ilNi; aso tOFt— Ti 



fot so...* lis.* yst 



.to e taiatol to | 
403 do a U a a 13 &l%c, i 



r i«doat Ua;9aa at iSa; 
aosktat JaV. asa**atawa 



STsTtaasT or Stoaisa **a 
 ■ band. Juaatat. MM* • 

lat • • * .••**ane* 




V 



k— \r» worth tl 

laaldv. 

Bl TTEa - I rrtn laatetsatter 




There war* between forty aud Aftv 
hnar«| and an usual nrorinrtS.n nf them arera 
ehlldree Vane nt Ibe l.tier wte* baft. Tw  
Ibe tkaWBswaaaWl owe tbalof ibe akkW, Th*f 
o*rrf* ImnlwHIy tt was a Irvine mfl.nent. 
when ih* Harrtsr.* n as i i t ihe strerk w'thooi d t at u tei i a* I 
it. Oar ol tbe ladksa said ssnin'i nlrrrinf shrunk r .n'.l ' 
he heai il fan her than man's vo-ee and noered a teirlll | 
wad of tm.der moan at the sea. and the Han-ana 
on lea»iny a.lai |»a-*sii\ h op a l asa Paat 




as won aa h* Isrard of ike are drat. paaUit,! *«f tkr.r re 

Teltrraacisa Flatt is-t|tte« — Mr. John I'orrard. of 
la'lsfion . aif»rst« thai f   »- 1 . e**rl abonld ram at Ihe 
sotlnmofber hoL 4 . a* n*"a*«. a.|uan*'tv nfrbalk. wt* h 
wklrh eee ot twr».-nt!l m*la  in'sst ahonM ctwasaanarai* 
In lb* rv»nt nf n re in the i isa a l's hold, hv 
fed •slphnrir arid ml of vrtrol 
nnantltv  f 

efTfrtiiallv anj out ih* n.mea.— *?.*•/.* k 

We Ira-" ' at sn aitm-atlna tank place 
t h* loan of Si ( llarl**. hetsrsea l  
M th* nam. of Arnokt. lawbleh lb* latter bad his skull 
had Iv frail n red hv a sione'hemvn from -he han.W of i.hr 
former —Sr. Aas a JTr*. ,'ss* 10. 




WAX-aaaaaty sat 
BEkkfk— CaaUnit* ka fond i 
a 9l p*  haanel: lio*a *lo.*i %i pat ti. 

tTiFFEE — Frv«* caaa.aa* aha seme 
weak. a«4 ta.'*. are fair at I 
and ' aa .... . 

'Tflt Talk. r ai^iasfcawaJk 
siaa.l Ir at. 

CaVTTIal S*~*b of a item ay **U«c. 

I tt. M*wa *U audV- i\ Ve. 

•M..-TI 




OJTTQ*  T.\*X.- 
lumi-n.kt s, 9 aad ibr 



at  0. f, 



W* «u of a* 



I Star •• I ..• *n ml 



Ho- at itnt ro* vat t'tows — ut Mondav nit hi wha 
anarVertint pletur* did Lord R**a*'l rlraw nf her Ma)** 
tt al Bo -k Inr ham Fabv*. with her rhlhtraa at n.irse in 
Wtadaor . »M'ii'«™ mtv. ia'.i*. jslta. Mr Ban re bad 
• n. ther X l.'Si.natl »-TV  «s. er-sri sn addoional front 
to the nalae* " Thasm £ 'ta iS«i am railed far to aeeorrMv 
dale five rbt'dren. Vow if ihr • BSSSS.W** haep.ness" a* 
preltlly phrased hv the Fost — -eon'ret XlaA.raw al r'~ \  . Kari» 
we mnrh tsar tWar abonld 'he ".tintetss- haeeonea* FISH —V 



ou. aiiiiratiou. of 
of a Nation 
Christendom ; vaunting 
ing which is uot right, 




w t»old the power 
the exemplar of 
fcr noth- 
lo noth- 



ibti which is wrong." 

I send you a few ropieo »f my speech on tl»c 



subject. I only re C ret that it is not 
thv the great cauae it pripose* to up 
shall lie satisfied if H shall Induce a few 
der. not the 



or- 
1 



to pon- 



treat* Verv truly, vour friend. 

' THOMAS C 



it the subject of which it 
CORWIN. 



I 'lltt-.lt. V 



for the last week in May. aw l 

.ahowaa DF.CRKASR of 



ia circalation. r^5, XrO-s»f Hani Cash. 
000— of public and private Depot is. -Jh.-J 
—and of (rovernmeut and other sectirilif 



tT^JsD.tlOO. The notes in circulation were 
about $100,Ono.(MW, theybeinjra legal tender 
evervwhere except at the bank itself.) The 
Specie in bank vaults, April 24, waa $4b. H)(,.- 

A  naiTKi) ItusH Lass. — A whimsical incidsnt 
happened on Tuesday last, on board of one of 
the emigrant ships lying at the Custoir 
Quay. Dublin. Amcng ttv  paawi lagers were a 
strapping country girl and her sweetheart, who 
intended to be married on the njiirr aide of the 
Atlantic. The fair emigre*) had a little fortune 
of £200, which ahe had discreetly placed in Um 
hand* of Um oat* tain. Sow had hardly done ao 
when hot intended aakaw ttar 
1 



DatTiaH Cowuot Schooij. SrsTtw.— The Brit- 
iah f iovernroeiii find, that it mu.t rest on . pia- 
ton. and that it is be-t that that opinion should 
bo onUgntencd In .lef. nce of hi* scheme, and 
the Government errant. Lord John Rusm iCin 
Ihe House of Commons. April l'J. .mid. We 
felt that there pressed upon u» the imper itive 
dutv of iinproviug, as far a. in u* lies, the BBr 
cial'eondition of the te«chers iu thi* country — 
Of allen.img. as far as in ua lies. ,l,e know 
ofwirtue. of truth, ami «.f relifiou. We felt 
tint tliw waa one of those measure*) n 
ble Cat the welfare of the country . and 
oppo.iiion what it may. and however 
ble may be those opponent. — however 
bit. I .ay. they may be— and 1 lament to aee 



that at each a time, among them are those who 
hare now withdrawn their aid. bat who, through 
good report and evil report, were the .upporter. 
of .o,r political course— at.ll | sal . tie t ie pump. 



sitiou what itmwy. it ah all he a eoraaoialkoa to 
ua to reflect that w. hav* made the attempt to 
diminish the empire of ignorance, and to raise 
the people of thi* country in the scale of religion 
and virtue among tbepeotilr of the globew" 




lOUMaaX— Vol 

( iviiLta-Wtn 

Would at lOKwll. 

DO V ti( sppa— CaboiAaud On ro*»a»D *Wt*awl|aV9*. 
aawaj F»:i*. Mttiar 'mattu. he . ao*. A t. A. itcaa 
tlOOtl-r Meihu*n itcko sHOJiTe. Kim Frtnoj Fail 
ki»*t at Id J o. • Mwrlavac al "|c- laacy Frtaiaas 
trisw faaylsc-areori.yi*; -a aaaklity aad atysa. BliacBOd 
rood»-3t ine.1 Dwsjhls I l T *: 'wcB 4". ta. 



FEtTH 



lata WOO aas* --Tb* .¥tark»*rr- Crmtur at.rrs. 
with reference rn the mananVrarint dtatrWH*. thai M~ 
m.lls ar* r"n» fnli um*. ao. 1 . short list*, and  * rkw*d — 

(if the ayarfetaaa TT,fs*j bowo roeaasn •mp'orment t*. 

son rrt wnrt a part of the w«*k. and M.uM are iin*m 
phiitw Th*r* wa.no proa pari of anv uwaia d lat* uw 

;*rovemeni. 

Fa Witt 1 1 Boi th I's.oi is. — The o wn e, stiMtahed 
at t;*»r*elow n . a r . nf ih*?nd tn.f .aiatrstfakl lu'f nf 
ihe toiTrr.aj ot i rial .Itairiri bat nrrw h*en told. Th* 

nopn'alfon reaMtnr f-om fifteen lo twenty stile* fmtn ' rord. al reixil. at %% p*t " 
thai town tasd.i isa wd to per real wbbta taw 'aM 30 
v»am irnm Doverf t disease an.1 posii it* wasr. Tb* O*. 
aerrrr aavs "We knew re*lrrdar rsf Ihre* anadlratto** 
for r..r" from I short rut men af laaallsr* rut Mark rtrer.aad 
throotn a rrrv r n Basa taB** too rre. beard thai a namharr 
r. war* In the *am* tWBnWBWna who **nl to 
thesaarlvra. for hread a 
aay. The-e Is a -.■-«-• •* i : ■ • : ■ 
i he eammaaiesieea a*f ib* aow a ill .aa 
aay doaal on* thai atav be otr*r*d. 

Awrd Cakaarrv — We learn frt tn th* -Roadn aa* 
Read v" nn «ii«b* l at Chartowtnw lltl.okk. th*' ntt lb* 
*n . while Mr Chandler, bat wlf*. haj«on WUhan. 
and rink*. kW son aad lauthtrr. a -id a Mr*. Motsdrr. 
metre tolnc in prearhint ta a two hn-sr wagon, a larna.a 
•tors, artmr. aad triaS* ir.n  Ihe Sins a Ire* fell, aad 'a 
il. fall milked tboason Ih* hark t**t. Wr* M t*ri . \|-. 
■ •.an tler and ehtld. Mr* MraaHv aad the mod Oyaw at 
siantly kllhsil: Mrs Cbandktr sarsltrd only half hour - 
Mrs Moasilcv. .kail wa* fractured r.Hnra*a*ly arrass. 
•tm e the Ino.rlaa la Mr*. C'h. .dt*r and rhild weer prm 
npallv umn lb* llmh. and lady. Tb* otbersaasaxped. in* 
hndr of th* ire* fell on ibe waaon 

Wtltkl — W* undaraiaaal that on Mondav last a row u 
mas nani-d F.urh.n.a . who laatbl arbaot near in* !*sV' 
River Mokd.ktew mile* from l^ooartdl*. was si '•»% 
Fendenrraat. a tsaaswwt of lb* saaaV 
rareirad the roe tents of a shot gas. 



We quote Ma | Mackerel d git 9* M» I0W- 
a. .. gi« Mi-. v»Jti tioaj;.: wa - 3, iae]*. at tm: 

.salmon al SIC. H*rrln( al $'. 

aad iV.hu si or** al SB. 

FMLTTS 1 , — WsaasstW BkOnt JkaaWas 1 ■ waaon* atM 
00 from sistas. f  basnet. Ortad t) M par 

aa; Otanie*. gSSnfd F   Lamont 13 "S pat hwx, FtoB 
l*»|jrrs at Fa M. t BBSBBWBMM fBJJO 0) bo. OV «. 
Vlieads al Mr f %, and w. t Franaa at ftc f  % 
Zanlc ruraalaat 14c. f  , 
VV EL — Wood ky tb* aaau lead eat Is at ■ M) pat 




•n a^ray wlih t r 

iitlTi t'v rWi»4 with ruck ahol. ane dssd hi al 
an hour. A M. FrrwUI. who *ra*al Ih* arfmrX 
ib* time wassevrrelT '**•« i.y two ant 
W* bare not vet Maril of ttoarrasfraf th* 




Kuio.aVTtrko* «*rt»t* 
•rams from Swain arrlrrd ai CbtrafO. a f- w dai a at'i. 

■Xaaaa .o. nit I HlMru* W*a K 1 1 BBah f f^wetjj) 



on ibmr war to Henry . ottniy. imams _whu 
nnadred of lh*ir rotinirvroen ht* or*. e,i»rl them ky a 

Ht.eiu.wer ,o inouiritt m^mfrnW J-^ffi k,TnwtSK^ 
riunting and the \\ esleyan body was, that the ^iV, lu . 



- savine I or r.» aanaey. and cm am* 




ipproi ed of by the Wesley in body might. If ap 
prowesl by the Government, be made inspectors 
of W'oawkyaii schools; ond that of the grant 
a ro p aww w i for this year, aw pertie* teas xnUadad 
t* be granted to irkooU wlmnpelp Roman Cath- 
olic Whenever the question of the Roman 
Catholic schools might be brought before the 
Governtneot, and wn«n the Roman Catholic 
prelates ami clergy should express their views, 
then the Government would consider that very 
•iiffk ult subject. -* I could not,"said Lord John, 
« give mv aawent to give State support to any 
schools which are in connection with the moo- 



L.ss— Wt hear of 
ttoa*. W* quo* frat 

a 

ar »f 

I.E\ I IIE  — WtaawkaB* ■ ir at «\r . Paji* i*aia 
rr at H*m»* o % Cprnm at tidcwtrU • doa Cai- 
skin* wax aitla*r-24 • doa. ■ridfaat fM|«l gr »  » a*a. 
wks. at Q J OQl s t • doa. 
LE.tD.-la pa %aar*eJ . 

MULVdsCS.— jalasof V O at Ma. W* %mam at  **  
ts. iba sapoly ux mar k*t ai Haute* 
V \|U  — Wt qaot* al 4) assart *d. 
.  1LJ» — *Ta a*** ao cb a ng t I* m.t. Wt q***8 Lard 
OH at U jkOw pot oa tl aa. Liwtaa d On ttartl a Tan- 
Mr'* oil QIOO XI I par bM. as par ta* Uf . 

POtK-Jale. of .vaP-iuie.i gat «X MOW Meat 
at 01* to. tt do M O, at **X 
rhjr A-nira-JJwaaiar. made ot (ram tl I 




la bar n*w work. " A Yow *f C 
a pli asi at and spirited aarrallee of hat ttwrtiay Ibivjaww 
France lo IiaJy. To* i*jc*.v*nWne** *ba safTbraal ta j 
rrra: 1 1» bar mind bar travel liaa 





N n ii 
the House of 

unc«d the 
Architects, m 
launched '41 



r Hi nt, in 
April -"J, exposed anal 
of the British Naval 

at "sinew ItCW we hod 
fngatos, 7 cor- 




31 brigs, and vwrious packet*, at a coat of 
±  millions, [equal to H»e3 niilliona of dollars.; 
.vhich the aT r-Ur P* rt abeofately woa.'-d. 

' to prove, that In aiawaot eeery 
-or* had been corona it ted in 
af thrs.' vessels— that their 
rto *agt3, floatiug and lighting  {ualitie* had been 
altirtwdkot failures . that the alterations mmm Uv 
them had baea Interminable, and that the ex 
pcitse of thee* alts rations had boon ai 
That 



oaaWwat aw bar* Wat sayt 

" Oh, my paor dear Aaaarwan font 
humblr oa my an*** I do law roar pardon for ail uvt 
rrproacke* I awe* Mr**|i*d aawlaat ymw natlmkal 
mmm *» Mt»ao. JOtd U*» cooawju.nl * lta J^ 

asTsMurny ta * brt a°wJtjaw^£ajr *" 
from Ueorfui to Maine, Iba; ram ro.ni try, certaia of *a  
• ttanr*. at lent ion, tb* most r«*p*c*fal c 1*0 My . lb* 
human* laoteeiMn. from ***cy ataa to* 
lb* fo.r nf injur ft,, inaull. mia. a td by tb* 



for tt 

of prV*a kfUtOjta qwel*d— ... r i JTpc 
SALT — Weqwst* at ilea D . a d 




S3 bbMFOJ V mm* yarn 

i ToaTS*. 
aJkkaawat tl t» 

•OAF -VV. qoot* Vols tc 

oTAlCH— W* quota a vary to serial orttelo. 

froatikwtoai wawat. at He. at waicb 
um *r* *»hl**cD w*»a tram la* i 
Owaibm** * Tybw, aw I 
TOBACCO -aand la • 





aMTgOoa njo riling, Ptl pjowau. , *»a|aim -a, bbbj 



pait sf th. aopauaifoa la Ca;ia nna will «.* to Mar - ^._rT: 

loon Baa eeea attw*. a. he.*. tb*y ■»— a ta to saajt.lkt *» ■«*•*— W* a at fi. 

dbWarawtraa and ir» baoua T«* Ciufumut aaj a . WHISK I — r.*Ma *f aa* 

asMU«a^aalnscaawaa JsMt|* awtj ' 








A VMM e f *M S-w 

rialoe la toe T cere gene by- 
l of • vast gcpslrhral  eH. 
tMtal an ftefeniiccoltuune.Uferk ai 

► an tMcbcor 



srl». 




Tb*t In lb« elor n e battle d»j.  f oM ' 

Had *m ibelr rkjhi u  'bat pecaMl eminence 

And ahead ibererroWVe:. Mejeetle eliapee. In aooih. 

rHrong Ucnbeel.etera etaae**. and with Ilk like ejrafe. 

Thai naai'd brever glaring al gaunt OeeJli 

WUk • tart* aiorkerr,— ell aogliiy a ea, 

Man ol eanowa wiae lhajr, for«n.oet la fta t, 

* eie blaaoaad in the artel la of feme 
la IWi heudeitey be'd 
iit , and r»r li foot 
firml) oo lu granite teee 





•wife* «• renewal of oar 1 1 or low , 
ADoeeiheea hung, old bantam- . mat 
Ob eaenr aeolcken Acid, and wlibt 
A kMpt! reverbaralc, awok* 
Tba bollow erboea of iter vau Ileal aeV.ea 
Willi l a elrtorloue clangour ,— wbereupon 
Tbnaa banner! ru-ile \ waving, to and fru 
Al In ibe ruab of bailie, ai d a •'• enjr 
Ai.dgboetiv aiannur Kcmtii to ibilll arounl. 
At It ibt mu We ltpa of tboee Ar ad wen 




Thai 
Wua a • 

All pouring (brtli ihe tide of tbelr baart a love 
i at iba fr. t 



Mualag. I gaits!, 
with raddeei phafetaaiee of ttiougbi. 
all waned ibe Tlewr from wr fl{hi, 
by tliadawn. and to my waking ear. 
x fin* maun aonf of liafp. Nr.le. 
.■■enroot gree.1 settle*, wot. »•»• 
of elfeufhler, Karnafd In b) daub. 



Tinw rolled on. 
And onre a; a n. la dream, i aa.ru. d lo eland 
Wttliln tbe portaee of Ibal ball of Fane 
Lo 1 criaeige wii Kue, tberc— cleare—ay the grand 
• a u  Aiedneae tbat reigned eu.rrttie 'efore 
Had eeniehed w lw i  • In lit place waa I 
Working lu ptrliraa ravage, lell Do. a\ 
Villi burnt i be tun baa ihxu^hwltl fj.'.i.gl 
Sn I on flu li pe.-iertain weir rai c«l thr i 
1 be t-ffujlt. of iho,e MM men of old. 
•tit all the jew ale ■ lltelr erowne i 
And from il.a drooping Irowe of a 






ara . 

i,«Mr. un 

Gxow arte.. ti.g.eoe and eolrf. ihair etatclt hulk 

J —all Ibe r grandeur gr«ae. 

-■I ine-fehnnda 
i  ayn.'uboi '.f.elrawej. 
. eei. ruetel ewortle and eiett — lowering, 
.Va if n'eriueeieal ay a laieau' una. 
Tli. f aiaud in art to fa — «..u wbai. IS* (run p 
i  ka .ir drear ei'eu.-e. noi aa oral It did. 
In iiolea ur em laOon oud ai d king, 
ktui wfcfea See r me an-hn y noon. 
It woae no rt-cogi.uioii an. aa died 




twuaa oi 



\A .« feeeM . . ., i 

s.wr„.,f of mm 

 e  keaeee were Saul , no vow a wore 
/no i"- a - . • Uray a una 
•la »'« iyr irm.rrt !l rn«gh ilia tone dim shMfeV 
So ;«va'd Iiotira, ktt one by one MM Aamra 
ftf the waxen kwrebaa rlvker d and wrm ool, 
Aual pitr'n- darkn^aa lioeer'd orrrall. 
T on aawtoVni) . a trusliiy ttium'ei praJ 
8ra oa Hat uoae le'iiw— ine tall M umna 
Tba a« at a « nOHia Iran' !• d. and Ir. tbe 
•Tnal no* Iba .rum.et breatuaw Ha f na 
A wall ef • . « i .: ,.ea: e.-.— 
Moat like the rrv uf a kwi apmta 



tmmU the din. 
t a -o m voire (.rurlaim, 
T:ia to reaa uf an angel. rlear a id etn ag,- 
•r»a*- raeaaero mf eta a a A.aW. (ar cimci 
r»etr /.'ary • , da.arfW I - f,ad kmlk aa.d. 
£aaa OW, ike Aoee 1 Owaiaa'aar. ka:  
Tkena tkUl ka H eaaee Bwe — 

Ob M 

I kao  in'ough the tortf   .aia of trv 
f we :be • . nx ol ggaj meek men of 

i ibooghrfu. etra.and 
• •af 
.of 




mmu 

1 at- lham waa' the WMnal of iSe wnrH'i h 
Ma earn -at heimaire ••• r fed -Ing fanh— 
W»«r tfiem. no r!»rk'y In ae; u'rh al bare, 
•tli in tba open aun.i.i. e. "nealb Hie an, lie 
Of Iba iwm heaeen. I look aVoa.l and art 
Thferlrhpifeinfeof the popwlottaefenb.ttai 
lu o.irl ly iltkfe . o'er ibe eeaa I I 
Lira. wrltB whit* eallao! tbe ■ 
Awd M tbe lengtn M j b.twdth of the fair world 
I ett no llnearlng taken of the rel.n 
"f ibe deatrorer. t» ,r But to my ear 
. tb* tiurdea of • aoieoia hymn 
Boating upward from iheaoula of men 
1'porerd oud juwaM etr !. from etar lo alar. 
I at! Iheerieeea M (be t'efeerae. 
k*U m  ■* a»a- a war' —Ob I • ewjeel d'ean 
T Uferrwoufe " 



.car i.rlung 
A (itrtjuend year nf Joy and o/oa. 
And dark tnd kjbj alike are pxal 

Tew roaj fend iboru at um-e laid law 
All tbiagaartcbangfed- pjal I am rhanged 

lean in tHe lovf | knew .'afore, 
Xot t taavr my heart eon  ■» ». . g„  
Hal I bat 



- Vaa. to mine aar tblntt atvema all 

Harfe grown mere welcome and 
Tby coming a.'; more mnetra'. 

And thy depanlng tread more eat. 
They ur tu Aral orlgh' dawn ol loea 

Uath hitaa i o ot.ier time rati /how . 
But I bare Mead tn 'earn and prove 

How dearer far lu future (low. 

-e"iern daafeppoinimt ma w e hare proved, 
Ikfera rloodi wmm "ur i«ath have horn. 
Yn **ner. ilirougl) ggfloa all, we toeed. 

Aa da-k and drearier grow the ~ an*. 
Oh' wi^'dlhalefeihl 
T.. ibeew lerear Ml/ « 

/ r.a^d raraar aaere rkg /r iV 
•■ a», kar , Jn r 



Tf*ry elofjwnt in ius wMcri] tiuns of the 
future happimya *f*Hbo9c »"trO obey hii 
; be laionui tbaai that they, or 
jg mxae «Mh} iu whom tfc«T 
h niteretued, will enjoy ridbes and 
in after life, as a reward for the 
attention and rwpect they har»i paid to the 
reuiainn of their father* : that as the rtream 
wbich they then behold when suntlinj' 
around thei'r fatlier*fl ^ave flows and » \MV$ 
again'in ita wijidinjta. no shall honom, and 
riehi s. and .•ven ihinj? winch they can deste 
flow into Un'ir posse*aion. These faUowfe 
are generally gicat rogutK. and play u|»on 
the prejudk-ts of the p^jplc It frequently 
happcn.i that aftrr interment him taken plaee 
fur bttnif time, they call upon the relatives. 
Kiid inlomi tliem that for tOtOC emmo, it b 
absolutely mm tmmf to remove and re-intei 
the liody. Should the reluiions object to 
this, die answer ia, -Very well, I don't 
care ; but your •. hildren atnl relatione! will 
also be regardless of you when you die. and 
vou will be miserable iu your gravi s." — 
The feeliuga of ibe poo* deludrxl Chine*' 
are thus wrouolit ujkiii, and a further sum 
of money is extracted in the finding of a j 
more suitable grave for the relative in ijucfo 
non. 

In my traveU in die south of t'hina. 1 
often came upon graves in trie mout retired 
places amongst the hills; they wer« all lens 
or more of the same form, namely, a half 
cm le cut out of the hill ado, having the 
body interred behind it. S):notaii er., imU-ed 
generally, there ucic several of ihesc hall 
circles with a suiceasion of tei races in front 
of the grave ; and in die casta of die more 
wealthy, the semi circles were built of brick 
or stone.and on rather a more eneitsive s  ale. 
Iu the centre of die netui-ciicle, and of course 
cloMJ to the body, the gravestone is placed, 
with its inscription. M. t-'alhry, who is an 
excellent Chinese kvliolai, Lnftiriued me that 
these inscriptions are of the most simple kunl, 
merely stating the name of the de .ea ed. 
that he died m such a dynaKy, in such u 



IT MOAkCX CSXXLT. 

Three millions of youth, between the 
ages of six and twenty-one , are now ranid- 
ly coming forward, to take rank as the 
future husbands and fathers, legislators and 
divines, inatruciois and governor, poliucians 
and voters, capitalists and laborers, anizans 
and cultivators, of this vast country, whose 
destinies are even yet so faintly imagined, 
much less developed. Not one is so hum- 
ble that he will not certainly exert an in- 
flueiM-v — it may be an immense and im| » '- 
ishable influence — on the happiness and 
elevation of his countiy and his race. The 
humblest cottage maiden, now toiling thank- 
fully as die household set vaut «il some proud 
family, by whom she is regarded as notxxly, 
may yet be the mother of a future president; 
or nobler still, of some unaspiring but 
God-directed man, who, as a teacher of 
lighteousncss, an ameliorator of human suf- 
fering, a successful reprover of wrong, 
sensuality or selfishness, may leave his im- 
press on the annals of the world as a lcvei 
and server of his ra  m. Neatly all our 
now eminent men, jxtliticallv — Jackson, 
Clay, Van BoMBS, etc , wore not m- ri l  ol 
poor ojul humble parentage, but left orphans 
in early hie. and thus depnveil of the sjp 
jvirt and counsel which sei-in-s must e:ni 
nently necessary to success in the world's 
rugged uays. 

In die higher walks of genuine usefulness, 
the proportion of those enjoying no advanta- 
ges of Jamily influence or hereditary wealth, 
uh'^ attain tiie loftiest eminence, is very 
great. Call to mind the lirst twent) names 
that occur to you ol men distinguished for 
ability, e/ierfj) - , philanthropy, or lo'iy 
achievement, uid generally three-fourdis of 
them will lie thyseof men born m obscurity 
and dependence. 

All literatuie is full of anecdotes illustia- 
live of ditse euiouraging trudis ; a single 




year. This is the plain and unflattering 
ale which the Chinese tombstone tells, and 
might, pei haps, be a useful lcison to those 
who are so fond of flattering on tombstones 
n our own country. In some instances, I 
cannot tell if iu all, after the body has 
decayed, the bones are dug up, and carefully 
put into earthen ware cans and placed on 
the hill side above ground. These, as wtll 
ts the graves, are visited at stated times by 
the relative*, they go first to the patriarch, 
c r father of n tribe, and then to the otlicrs 
in rotation, there they pewfaap their devo 
t ons, offer incense, and dine together after 
tne ceremonies are over. 

A« the traveller proreeds northwan 1 , the 
circular fo.-m of construct ng he tombs is 
less common, and they become ninrt variid 
n the.i appearance In Chusan. Ningp o. 
aied variot* o.leet plates in tint (liMrict. a 
g ent propor:.Oii of the coffins are placed mi 
die surfac e of the ground, and merely than li- 
ed over with straw You meet these cola n* 
ii all sorts of places, on thr 
public highway, on ihe banks of rivers and 
canals, in woods and other retired pans of 
the cojntry Soinetim f  the thrrteh is com- 
pletely off, the wood roiton, ami the remains 
of the Chinamen of former days exposed to 
view. On one hiil side on the island of 
Chusan. skulls and bones of dirint it L.n.ls 
ar * lying about in all directions, and more 
dm; once, when wandem u through the 
lone brusliwtod. I have found myself mmU 
myh»g.i thiotigh the lid of a coffin, amon/si 
I tht' btHies of a p* r CUiiiamaii. In.-.'ore I was 
■ware of the circumstance. 

Tie wealihv in Uarse disViCts I believe, 
generally bmy their dead, and some of them 
Iruild very chaste and beauiiftil tombs — 
There ate ihrce or four very fine one* in the 
island of Chusan, where the jtaving in front 
of the mound which coniains d.e body is 
rea ly beautiful, and the caning elaborate 
and superb, the whole of the aone work 
being square, insuad of circn'ar, as in the 
tombs in the south of China Here, as at 
home, and I believe in almost every part of 
the worhl, the p'.ne tribe are great favorites, 
and hariuoni«»e well with the last rest in e 



fart now occurs to me which 1 have never 
seen recorded I hnve often worshipped 
m a Baptist meeting house in Verniout, 
whereon, at iu construction, some thirty 
years since, a studious and exemplary yount 
mini was for some time employed us a cat 
penter, who afterwards qualified himself and 
entered upon the ic-poiisibilitius of U e 
Christian ministry. That young man wits 
Jared Sparks, since editor of the Nor.h 
Aiuv'iitan Review, of Washington's volum- 
inous writings, Ace, and now tecognixed aa 
one of die foremost scholars, historians and 
critics in America. 

1 propone heie to set forth u few annuit- 
ant maxims for tiuguidamc and encotuace- 
ment of those youth who will hearken 0 
me — maxims basod on my own immatuie 
expeiien. a and observation, oui w*tacb btW* 
doubtless iu substance ken proj-O-in !od »kI 
enforced by older and wiser men long Bgo 
arid often. Still, as they do not v  : BpMfM 
to have exenetl their full and piopir clfr»t 
on the ripening intellect of the country— as 
thousands on thousands arc toil'toii.i ]\ 
sitles of the pa.nfully stniggling forward iu the race ioi 
position and knowledge, n. palpable deli- 
am » of their scope and spirit — 1 will hope 
that their presentation at this time cannot 
be without some effect on at least a few 
expanding minds Tl.cv ore as follows — 

I Avotd the common error of esteeming 
a colltgc education necessiry to usefiiln, .*. 
or MMetMBaca in life. Such an   ducation 
Ml be dcsiinbe; und Uiu ficial — to many 
it doubtless is mi IJut Creek and Latin 
an- not real knowledg - . they a.-e only the 
niians of acquiring such knowktlge, tU re 
have In-en gie.it, and wise, and suipax-aiiik: 
useful men. in all ai;t , who knew ikj uiu 
tmnge but their mother tongue, lb *hI« s, m 
our tiny the treasures of ancient and con- 
temporary foreign liieratu.-e are biougtn 
home to every man's door by translation, 
winch embody the substance if they do not 
exhibit all the beauties of the originals. If 
your circumstances in h'c enable voU lo 
enjoy the ad\ antaires of a college ■ du  ation. 
do not neglect them — al-o\e all. do ImM 
misimprovc them lint if vour lot be dif 
ferent. waste no time in idle repining, m 
'iuunliating beggary. The stern, sell re 



abandoned his aiore quiet and rtaturil life. 
If he is less fortunate, anxieties for "the 
morrow, a constant and difficult struggle 
for the means of creditable subsistence, and 
to avoid becoming a burthen or a detrimeJnt 
to others who have trusted or endeavored lo 
sustain him, these crowd out of being the 
thought or the hope of mental culture and 
advancement. Nay, more, and worso — 19 
the isimuliuous strife of biisine-4, and money- 
getting, whether successful or otherwise, trie 
very dfjtire of iuU-llectuul elevation is too 
stilled or gleatly enfeebled, and that death 
of the soul ensues in which intisfaction of 
the physical |rppetitc become,* ths  aim of 
life — 'lie rebut -is sunk iu the capilulist ust 
trader, and the gathering ©f shining tlusr 
made the great end of his being. 

I'u* what shall the youth do who finds his 
means of intellectual ciduire inadetpjale to 
his wiuits: 1 1 hesitate not n  say that he 
should cheiti; lirore aid better just where 
he is. Not that I would hnve hini reject 
any r» i/ cipportunity or proffer of iucreavd 
facilities wfiich may open liefme him. 1 
will not say that he should not accept a 
university edut utiou, ihe means for studyiui' 
foi u profeatiou, if such should conic fuirly 
iu his way, and be seconded by his own 
inclination. Ru: I do insist that nothing 
of this sort is essential to the great end Is 
has or shiruld have m view — namely, sell" 
culture. To this end it is only needful 
thut he shonid put faith fully the powers 
within him, and rightly mould die   ircuin- 
siances by which he is .surrounded Are 
the books within leach few und faulty' let 
him purchasi a few of die very best, and 
study them intently and dioroughly. He 
who is acquktiiued with the writing of a 
veiy few %i the world's master spirits can 
never after be deemed ignoraw. or imdevel 
niied To ki.ow intimately the Bible and 
Shidicspcajv. and the elements of history 
and the physii al sciences, is to have imbifi. 
ed die subsanoe of all human knowledge. 
That knowledge may be ijresenied iu a 
thousand vjrnd. k*raceful. and attractive 
forms, and the variations may be hurhU 
agreeable and useful — nay, they are so. — 
But, though they may .inprove, refine and 
lertahze, (so to speak.) they do not maki 
iba .MAN. If he has the elements within 
luin, no fimire hour of solitude can be lone 
sonic, or tiiesome, M profitless. The mild 
mx»n and the calm high stars are corupau 
onship and instiuciion, eloquent, of deep 
significance, anti more impreesive than the 
profoundesi \ol times. 

But grani tbat greater or more varied 
means of culture than the individual's uar 
row means • un supply are desiiable, has L- 
not 3uU tnodes of pni. uritig tiieni.' I.the a 
solitary, and our good land his Isle of J urn. 
Forvfetwailesf Are there not others all around 
him, il ao-felf kuidud (fetes and .. 
at least in whom kindred aspiratijns mav 
ie awtlr^Mfd? May he not gather arousid 
him in the* rudest township or vicinity some 
dozen »r more of young men in whom the 
cell sun. sjiark. if not already growine. may 
be kincled t" warmth and radiance. And 
I l y the onion of these*, mny not all their 
uiuuial mental WMMt| l e abundantly siiji- 
plied? 

And herein is found one of the perv'atlini.' 
ttdvantivt* of the cause I would commend 



places of die dead. The Oiines»  frequent. , . 

1, plant them ,n half circles gWSS 1 gS^^JlTJ^ D ™*** 
tom.w. 



Tfefentfe* Mf Uae I klaaawc. 

In the aou:h of China, the natives form 
no regmai ce.'neter.ea or churchyards, but 
the tombs of the dead are scattered all over 
the sues of the hills, genera, ly in most 
pleasant situations. Tl.e mora wealdiv 
generally convey their dead to a considers 
ble d:aance, and employ a kind of fortune 
teller, whose doty it is to find out the most 
p.oper rcst.ng place. This individual goes 
wiih tilt corpse to the place appo n;ed, ami 
of course pretends to be very wise in die 
•election of the spot, as well as the choice 
of the so I in which the ashes of the dead 
are to m n/le in after years , and upon trial, 
-hould the particular earth appear ur.Miitable 
he unmed^tely orders the pioc4»a»ofl off u. 
*o.ne other place in the neighborhood, 
where he expects to be more successful in 
the cho ce of sol. I believe many of th« 
Chinese have ail these pomta aouled bsfei 
ikey d.e , for one day, when one of our 
pnnc pal merchants in China went to call 
on old Howqua, the late Hong merchant at 
Canton, a tray was brought in with several 
kind, of eanh upon it, which the old man 
chained with great care, and then fond 
ou one to accompany his remains in tl.e 
grave. A particular kind of situation on 
the hill side is also considered of great im- 
iiortance. A view of a beautifuf bay or 
lake, or perhaps what is better, a winding 
stream, which in iu course passes and almost 
returns aga n to me foot of tbe hill waere 
the grove is to be made, is considered as a 
eligible aituation, and always chosen 
it can be. found. The director of the 
ceiejaonie* above alluded to, with a com- 

l"" htf 'f nd - * aU * -J* direction in 
which the body is to lie, which is another 

cI^^L 1 * 1 ^ 1 * 0 ? A" imeUigent 
with whom I was a^uaintad, 

■ of;«n 



In the Stianeliae district I have frequently 
visited large liousei which seem (o have 
been built by the rich to hold their baJies 
I when ihey di«. In these houses I generally 
! r ' urail a coffin in one of the principal room*, 
and ui alifir with si. die uappings mi kh 1 
atry, where iacensc on high (leys Is burned 
to fh i memory of the deccasfvi. and various 
j other ceremonies are gone through by die 
! relatives. These houses are generally in a 
p.ne **-ood, and somettnies the body is buried 
out o" doors, the altar and the records being 
kept in the house, where a Chinese wiij, 
his fenoily is slwsy? placed to look after 
them. 

Bur. the most curious tomb of all, was 
one I met with dnrin? a journey in the in- 
terior, near the town of Lun-kiang-foo. It 
was placed on the side of a hill, and rei 
dently belonged to some very wea thy or 
importont personags in that citv. Froin 
the bwsje of the hill to where ihe tomb was, 
which was about half way up. the visitor 
ascends by a broad flight of sicps, on each 
side of whi-h a n nnber of figures carved 
out of stone weie placed. As far as I can 
recollect, the following was ihe order in 
which die figures were placed ; first a pair 
of gor; oi s'ic-'p, one on each side. sec. ml 
two dogs, third two cats, fourth two horses 
saddled and bridled, anc 1 fifth two most 
gigr.nuc priests, the whole presenting a most 
strange and wnking pa-turn to th? view. — 
I hove since s«en another OS two of the same 
kind near Ningpoo, but on s much smaller 
scale. 

The poor, as well as the rich, often kr^-.p 
their dead in their dwelling houses for a 
lonr time after they die . 1 should imagine 
liro.n the numerous coffins which I met vtith 
in such circumstance*, that manv arc thus 
kept for years. Tbe coffins arc remarkably 
thick and stiong, and the joints careful lv 
cemented, in order to prevent anv unpleas 
ant smell f.om being emitted during the 
decay ttf the body Murh of this respect 
which is paid by the Chinese (o (he memory 
of their ileceased relatives, is doubtless a 
mere maiiev of form, sanctioned and ren- 
dered neosasarv bv the customs of sees ; but 



■ charity we must suppose thai a conside, 
able portion springs from a hieher und 
purer sou-ce. and I have no doubt that 
when tbe Chinese periodically visit the 
tombs of their fathers to worship «nd pay 
respect to their memory, they indulge j n 
the pleasirg reflection Uiat wher they them 
selveis are no more, their eraves will' not be 
neglectod and forgotlcn. but will also be 
visited by their children and grandch.ldren 
in whose h jarts and affections they will live 
for many, many years after their bodies 
have moulcered into dust.— Ath* neum. 

ro« Ijnacted Plavs ~ 
Thf King of the French has jrmt rnide a 
•resent of some rich sevrea porcelain to M. 
M. Louis Ltiline and C. Guenot. the authors 
oftwodrammic pieces, written for the Opera 
and the Opera Comiq le on the o :casion of 
the marrig\gir oftheDukede Montpencier, 
but th* repaMkmiaiiou of which, from mo- 
tives of stat*} policy, did not take place. 

x 1 



worth whole shelves of class* s All men 
cannot and need not be college bred — not 
even those who axe born to instruct and 
improve their kind. You can never be 
justly deemed igno.ant, or your ac«juire- 
meiKs coutempuhle, if you embrace ant! 
fully iinprove the opportunities which are 
fairly owiod you. 

II. Avoid likewise die kindled and \» x 
nictot-s crror'that you must have a profession 
— mint be a clergyman, lawyer. Met**; or 
something of the sort — in order to b - infiu 
entia^, useful, respected — or, to state the 
case in its best aspect, thai you mny lead 
an intellectual life. Nothing of ihe kind is 
necessary — very far from it. If your ten- 
dencies are intellectual — if you love knowl 
edge, wisdom, virtue, for themselves — you 
will erow in them, whether you earn your 
breMl by a profession, a trade. CM by tilling 
the ground. ISay, it may Ik* doubted 
whether the farmer or mechanic who devotes 
his leisure hours to intellectual pursuits from 
a pure love of them has not some advanta- 
ges therein over the professional man. He 
OMIsl to his book at evening with his head 
clear and his mental appetite sharpened bv 
the manual labors, tax ng lightly ihe spirit 
or brain . while the law yer, who has been 
running over dry old books for precedents, 
the doctor, who has been racking his wn.s 
for a remedy adapted to some new modifi 
cation of disease, or die divine who, immured 
in his closet, has been busy preparing his 
next sermon, may well approach the "eve- 
ning volume with senses jaded and palled. 
There arc few men, and perhaps few.- 
women, who do not spent! uscleMly in sleep, 
or play, or frivolous employments, more 
tinre than would be required to render them 
lit diirty well versed in history, philosophy, 
ethics, as well as physical sciences, die. 

II. Neither is an advantageous location 
'SM-ntial to the prosecution of ennobling 
ststlics, or to an intellectual life; on this 
point mityipprehetiston is very prevalent run! 
very pernicious A youth lorn in some 
run I or but thinly settled district, where 
books are. few and unfit, and die means of 
intellectual culture apparently seamy, feels 
with in hini the spirit of inquire, a craving 
to acquire and to know aspirations for an 



The awalvi ned youth who has wiihdntwn 
to the stjtiinm v M ihe oily may have secured 
his ow» iwlvimcemt nt : but he wrm has 
reniainal constant to his th'ldhood's hoa.e 
Us rbdifs ami a^K Lotas, »ill probably have 
BUfeaWtMwbfewMSI SO ' OU r with iiilil OU the 
true pathway of life The good thus nc 
complishjd linn* may no- measure. Doub: 
less man. a village lyceuni, many a town 
.-hip library, owes us existence to the 
imprtse^lTen by some jxxir and humble 
youth, gfipiii il by (he love of knowbd.-e 
nnd of vsisdoiii. 

IV The great centra] truth whu-n I 
would unpres  mi the mi ml - of my tead  r  
is this — ptemisim; a n iMsiiST energy sml 
singlenes.'. of purjxts* — the circiunstar* e  
ir  Mgth na. the man is all. We mav be 
thf vave* »r toys of circumstance if wc 
will, most men, pcihnps, are so; and to 
these all circwnsiatKes are alike evil — dia: 
is. rendertd so. if not by rugged dithculiy. 
then by soft leitiptntion Hut that man who 
truly ruleth his own sp-.rit — and such then 
is, even among us — readily defies all jmii 
rial influences, or bends them to his will 
Be hopefuj. he confident, then. O friend 
if thou hast neh'eved this gTcat conquest, 
and bsiisMl dial all else shall follow in aba 
season. 



COTThe solemn scene of the proiea-ioti 
of a nun in Rome is thus described in 
ler front a Baltimorean iu the Eternal City, 
which we find in the Balun'ore American: 

At the appointed hour I attended at the 
church, and was surprised at the smallum,. 
her the i v t,n. scene had assembled. Va- 
rious were the stories of the past life and 
fortune of tbe fair being who was this day 
to take the v*il, which were told in wl - 
|ier.s by those assembler). AM. however. ;u 
corded that hers h d been a life marked by 
even's so full of sorrow, that her history was 
not listened to without deep emotion By 
his own hand, or by casuality, lie hatl [iasn»-d 
, and she. weary of a lib- which he 
I not share, now sought shelter in a 
sanciuarv. where the afflicted may weep in 
silence, and whpre, if sorrow lie noi asnuagwl. 
n tears are hidden. All awaited the mo- 
ment of her entrance with anxious impo- 
rience; every eve u, is directed towards her 
with an expression of the dee just interest 
Splendidly adorived and altendtd by die 
Princess Karberini. die slowly advanced lo 
the seat iissigntsl her near the altar. Her 
fine lonn rosi' alxive the middle stature n 
gentle bend marked her contour, and het 
lull black eyes, which were occasionally in 
pious awe raised m heaven, and her lone 
dark eve lashes gave life to a coiu.n naii I 
on which resignation feemid portrayed. — 
The piaccs allotted to us as strangers, whoti. 
die Italians never fail lo disliiiguish hy (hi 
must courteous lnauneis. bjbjbj  uch BS not 
ouly to enable us lo view the whole cer- 
cmony. but to contemplate the ftatures and 
expression of this interesting being Th. 
■ ereiiiony now began, and. condiictr-d by | 
Cardinal, he first pionoiinced lather a gMBf 
discourst — after which she passed out   f th  



MSion^^ Sl-DUKinca— Tl 

Bhy, having asked a 
( . (| tarnation -.vnat means 



| J 



1 



itiljoiiuiii; ' ""vi 



ntellectual condition above the dead level 
around him. At once be jumps to the 
conclusion that a change of place is iveces 
sary lo the sausfaction of his desires— thai 
he i.iust resort, if not to the university or the 
seminar)', at least to the city or viliage. — 
He ffuicjes he must altei his whole manner 
of IM) — thai psrSsslM.ee in manuel lal»or is 
uusuiled |p, if not absolutely inconsistent 
with the aspirations awakened within him 
— that he must become, if not an author, a 
professor, a lawyer, at least a merchant, or 
follower of some calling unlike that of his 
fmheiii. 

Wiapped in this delusion be betakes 
himstlf to the city's dusty ways, where 
footver or later the nature and extent of his 
misiaie breaks upon him. If he finds sat- 
isfaetu-y employment and is prospered in die 
wayol life which h» prefers, the cares and 
demanls of business almost ' constrain him 
to islLiquish those pursuits for wbich ho 



There is no speetabie which nauire can 
offer to us tliore beautiful than the sunset ol 
nn Kasiern clime. It is beautiful , yet how 
unlike the not less lovely perishing of the 
day in our own land, when the sunbeams 
linger on the green fields and gushing 
streams, as thoush they mourned to lenve 
(he sweet earth they had gladdened with their 
smiles, long after the pale, timid stars hiv. 
come stenling forth, one by one. from the 
depths of the unfathomable. In die East, 
it is a magnificent sight to see the sun going 
down to his rest, like an uuconquend wnrr Of 
still fierce and terrible 1 Throughout the 
whole day, he has rolled glaring and flam- 
ing along tso burning vault, drinking up 
the mists fom the parched eanh. and de- 
stroying evety fleeting cloud : and now, 
when his bpur is come, with unabated 
sti muli, and with redoubled swiftness, be 
nuhes down (he etherral height, and perisli- 
es. as he has lived, in a blaze of glory ! — 
Then, swift and sudden from his gorgeous 
dci.th-bed. n i^t arises to .daim the inherit- 
ance he has heft ; she flings her veil of dark 
lies* over tkMt world, now dull and raylew 
like one who ctsts a slnoud on the cold limbs 
oi lbs (it-ad, and ascending to the cloudless 
heavens, she mlln hack the dazzling sheei 
of light that curtained them, ami unfolds the 
portals of infinity , that all may see at once 
ihe fjorioas ranks Mf the interminable worlds 
within. \\ hen her dominion is thus estab- 
lished, there jitver fails to sieal through (he 
air, like the last sigh of nature for her 
departed sanahine, a gentle broew, which 
is named (he • Imbat. ' and beneath whose 
coo], sofi bieath the drooping earth revives 
at last. 



Church and into iht 

which was to be her future- bsiM She 
now uppeuml in a smali « hapel of th* 
nunnery , divided from the church by a largt 
open widow, tovered with an iron grating, 
un; the ceremony proceeded. In the back 
ground, iu a blading fo us of light, stood an 
altar, from which, in a divided line tin 
iiiiii." of t)ie community w-.-r - .-•« n. each 
holding a large burning wax taper The 
 h**prvanee? were nuincrfnis and imposing. 
At length the sole. l.u moment ensOMcJgsdl 
whii h was to bind her vows to Heaven — 
She r«r«e and stotd a few moments l-eforc 
the altar, when suddenly, vet with a no;s  
less action, she sank upon her knee*, and 
.he deep silence was broken by the low 
tones of the orsan, accompanied by soft and 
lieautif.il female voices, MMpM the doleful 
requiui.i. Tears were the slicht exptession 
if the -•motion which thrilled thiotigh every 
heart. This solemn music contini.ee; l..nt 
and feU moiunfully ou the ear, until, re. M 
ng :ls ii were into die instance, it uently 
sank into Silence. The voum; ii"v.ie was 
then taiscd, and. atlvaii' jsj 'o v;iii  the 
Cardinal, slie bent dow n, bssMuiSMJ at las 
ft »-t. while he i-m s lock of her hair, which 
she cast liom her, as a tjpe of the ceremony 
ihat was to deprive her of this, to her. no 
lenger valued ornament. Her attendant 
then despoiled her of the rich jew -!s with 
wh.chshe was adorned . her splendid upper 
vestures were thrown off. iumI replacid by a 
loose robe ol white, the mm « irnrb — her 
Ion? tre-*w * bound up. b  r templi - i »\e»red 
with lair linen, the whin ciowii. e:i blt-tu 
of iniiiKcuce. fixed on her html, and the 
crucifix plaifd in her t ; .ids. I la n niieel- 
ing low once more before the- altar, she 
hreailud her la i vow lo Heaven, Si w:i • h 
1 1 ion lent the organ and cborislers ln.i-: lorth 
in loud shiMiLs ol trjumph. She \v.i  then 
re. r : vid and embraced hy the I^ihly Abbes;., 
and by each of the nuns in turn, whilst 
their eyes sparkled, and a smile sciineti 
Mruggiing w ith ihe solemnity of the moment, 
in expression of their inaocetsl deligbl in 
beholding the approach of ber who had 
"th ud up her vows and became one of their 
community. It might have been the solemn 
lichi shed on the surrounding objects, ur the 
momentary .harm lent by enthusiasm. 
M eiviiig die eve ami the lieait, win. li fjam 
this fair lieme a fas. inatioii more than real . 
but such were my feelings, so fixed uir 
attention, that when the curtain again was 
drawn and their lorms failed Iron: mv view, 
and I turned again towards the busy thnuig 
anil crowded street, I felt • heavni.ss af 
heart even to jmuii weiuh upon me She 
shortly after appeared at ihe entrant e i if ihe 
conven:, and. apparently with a happy 
spirit, took a final adieu of her frien Is* 
from whom siri- was to be forever ^ paraied 
— severally offering her hand to her male 
friends, while she returned (he lin^erii'g 
embraces of ihoe*.- dear (o her of he, own 
sex. with ihnt happv resignation winch p;cty 
inspires, while yi'dinz to a sacrifice made 
to Heaven. I will not weary yo-i with a 
detail of the sad reflections whii h impressed 
me as 1 left that threshold, which she could 
not again repass ; but such is the illusion, 
sui h the sensation inspire.! by the solemn 
scene, which I believe he whose faith MmWt, 
or he whom a different persuasion lends to 
deplore the sacrifice, will yet. for die mo- 
ment, behold widi equal emotion 



The 

a candidate at his ex. 

he would use to pro 
mote persp ration i" • particular disease, 
the student exhausted all the resources of 
his memory and imagination, and still die 
pertinacious old man continued (o bore hii* 
widi — "Wall, sir, awl rf that failed, wbagt 
would you do? " Tbe lad, driven to h» 
wit's eikd, in last exclaimed — Then, s.r, ] 
would semi him to you to be . xauiined, and 
if that did mil make him sweat, it is my 
opinion his ca c xoiild Is hop* leas." 

How Ion;: did Adam remain in Paradise 
la-fore he sinned?' askisl an amiable . ara 
sposa of her living hnsSand. Till he 
gut a wife," answered the hoshantl talinlv 
It beiin; re|airtod tha( L.atly Caroline 
Lamb hath in a moment passion, siru- k 
down one of hci pages widi a stool, ihe 
|m.c. MiKin to Uioiii rv,  v. l  told by laord 
Stnuiglbrd. observeil — i)h, nothing us mon- 
natural for a literary lady than to double 
lovvn I pa.'' 

Kousseeu s sdvice to the Polc» watt — If 
voir could n .I prevent imir nerirhhors Iron; 
swallowirg yon. manage at least dial they 
may not dig- si you. ' 

AeoTHEons. — Ttmptr — It is easier to 
submit to the bad temper of others, than to 
control one's own lndtjmdrnct — No man 
can Iw independent of God and his neigh 
Imr Courn^t — I: net  L* iiK r.- 'ouiam i.. 
confess a fault than to defend it. Polite. 
iuss — Ugsi pvetry. it knows no medium, it 
is eiih« r srold oi ■Has* tJeiurosUy — It ■ 
less generous U) giv. duui to foririw. Mud 
ntss — The m ikI. like a shatieresi mirror 
yielding only disjointed r c ie ctkMU (W- 
ardwt — The hi^'b mad to ilanger, prude n  s 
..rT the \*}\. th- lights oi n  .iri • xiuuuisIhsI. 
.mil fear ruiuiinc avvav with th 
ll'MZiij'.ion — Th  a. - ol Uariiu "iir 
iiisloituiics a  well as those of oui neigh- 
bors. tt as»n — SuUluing instinci. and giiitl- 
uig i.na^ination Truth — Tb* shrim at 
which ihe gocsl of every age have v.tir 
duppt-d. Rtftntaiut — Can never begiu 
loo soon, nor end too late. CtcUtzatmn — 
To prove that there is nothing to learn from 
die savages. 

Ncwr trust with a secret a married man 
who loves his wife, or he will tell her — she 
will tell her sister, and her sister will all 
evcrybodv. 

Or. Johnsoi 
vears and knowledge, said, "i never take 
up a newspaper without findm^' sorirethim: 

I »!iou!d have deemed it a lf»s» not to have 
- (mi, never without deriving fiotu it in^tni' - 

Sapliir. '.be metaphysician of Vier.na, 
cites ti e followinf: as the heigtit of avail. ■• 
u FsaSSDMM Biijiiet. the iioiofious miser of 
Avigrun. upon being mid that it would i 
one 1 iiatired fiBiic.i at least to lie biui»d. 
couip.ained bitterly that it should cost n*»re 

I I die than to I ve. and lell his body to a 
hospital, in order to save u.oney.' — Al "ta- 
na, k of the 



Sairss. — This bird is to met Wits, 

most every quarter of the slope. MU 
in the icy regions of Siberia, sssi 
coubwon at tba Cape of Good Hn»- 
uvay also be found m the isl.t1.d4 A Ci 

and Japan. It swanns in South 
and, in fact, may be abundantly isafj 
111 all parts of America The three 

ties ponunonly known in tho 
the cotr.nMin, the jack, and th 
The gieat snipe is in many 

I — e 1 

•• sol.taiy srupr-. Inm alwayi 

alone. This variety is not vse 

in th.s cfMintrv. These turds aw 

tifnl in Irelantl. and are also 10 I 

hi considerable numbers in the 

south of Wale*. The v are  *M 

sT'ea' r -t . '• • r • vegy | 

Engjand. and around ibe lochs aod 
1. they asay bs) Mstj 

■ 



jllSM 
'■e-iiiif 



'aseedj 



when in di. fullntas of 



Intel Ht MIMTV To .'.VlS.tl- TilC 

Hainan Hi« }»ital. at Sarat. i» ilius de* r.beti 
hy FoiIks • It . ons.s  o! lar^' ji!h   ■ 
ground, enclose»i with hi eh walis. divaled 



into st v .ral courts or wards, for tht ac com 
ii'odation of animals in sickness They 
ine aili iui ti witii tin t. lui. ost . aie, and 
find ,•. nfjBTffal asylum fur ihe infirmities of 
When an iiiiiiiiii. lack' a limb, or .. 
..:!« iv..  1Ls.1l.I1d from si-rvii.g his master* 
h« citTTt 's him to the hospital wher 



du 



..1 



;.'i,. h ikvii refused admittance. I: 
recovers, he cannot be rec lainied. but musi 
ii-uiaiii in die hospital for life, subject t   
the tl r\ of .hawing for the pensioners, ilsa 
bh d l ij ;tge or disease from pn» unrur 11 for 
tin iiiselv •* At my visit the h .spital .011- 
•ni icil horses, mules, oxen. cn.r- moiiKev.. 
poiliiy, ami a variety of liirib. with an 
sged tortoise, that had been there for seven- 
ty-five years. The hospital ha* severr.i en- 
dow mints Within the walls of the city, 
lor such invalids and • oiivalescents to 
wh un [Hksturaire mid nuiitrva i may U 
ns oiiim -ridetf. and especially fiw the n.ain- 
taiiiiug the goau  purchased for sla ightrr on 
th. rumiv. rvi.-v   \ th- Mai.-. un.. dan festi- 
val" 



Kt-ogt f.:,c». — The best style, as Cole- 
ridge has remarked, h, that which forces us 
to think of the subject without paying at- 
tention to thi-partii ular phiascs in which il 
is cfothed. The true excellence of style is 
to mnke us feel that words are absorbed in 
things, and to lesve upon the mind a strong 
impression of die sense and the tenor ol 
reasoning, rather (hem a Iwoken and fk 
meal recnllectsjii of particn'tar expressions 
and images; tbe result, on the contrary, if 
not the intention, of too much pulpit ora 
tory. is to fill die ear with a miiltiiudc of 
grand terms, and bewilder the fancy with a 
crowd of tropes while it is comparatively 
inaffectual in stamping the general argu- 
ment or exhortation upon the unde islanding. 

' Critic. 



Nrvru Grow old —The best me,, niv  . 
a profound writer, are those who pr. serve 
the bov in them as loni: as thev hre Hg 
should not destroy the child The child is 
the original, and man is merelv a super, 
structure upon tbe hoy. It is an unfortu 
imte sign for a man's hnppiness. when he 
has forgotten his hovish feelings. Ami yet, 
how rarely we find it otherwise' Parents, 
in exercising authority over dieir children. 
lbra?et ihat they were young. They expect 
those whose hearts ihrob with the warmth 
and disiiiu restedness of youth, to think and 
act with the same cold, calculating, and sel- 
fish feelings which predominate iu llnir 
bnvasts. And theee feelings are the result 
of experience, they say! Verily, it is dear- 
ly bought, at the sacrifice of all the finer 
sensibilities and generous impulses of the 



\ kTCKlSARV SCt.NE IN ITe INF\ . — 

In a verv eCaUce work « ntitled. • ( »n ih. 
ti.ivi rum. nt of Cattle, gatheretl by Leonard 
M s all. « hief farrier to King Tsiuri. print- 
tsl 111 ltkij. we flikd the follow. n.- •«.»_':t. ' i« 
re.nedy • For a boi .- that m  w, lien wiih 
inn. h wiml in his NmIv ." — ■• S .tn horses 
with eating certain windy meats, or such 
herbs, will he swollen therewith, as though 
hi.- belly would burst and then will -at 
no men. but stand hangns: down his head, 
ready to fall, and so die. if he have not 
speedv help When von shall see anr 
horse ••, trie next remedy, as F can lesrn. 
ye shall take a sharp pointed knife, or boh 
kin. und arm it so with some st.iv that it co 
not too deep for piereinc his guts Then 
strike him therewith through the skin into 
the hirdy below the hollow place of the 
haun. h bone, hftlf a foot beneath the back 
Km.', and the wind will come out thereat. 
Then, if you put a hollow cjuill therein, tor 
some feather to keep it open awhile.) die 
wind will void ihe belter and so hcai again 
When a horse i* so. some do rake him. and ! 
some do ride him. to make him void wind, 
but dus hath been proved the best remedy 
to save your horse or ox." — page 1S7. — 
In a subsequent part Master Miscall reconi 
mend* the foliowing recipe : — •• If your 
horse chance to tire on the way — it spui 
and wand will not profit, vou shall put 



mf li 

U • iruis iu the uilensit 

pnxluclive of 

exist in vi t uintiUrsx. 

0/ emetic tartar, with • Iflfl 
aa 

first meal, in order to Caa^H 
wuriu ns ol uoj 

will usuaily 
wrtrms. 

. J-S 

'• . Mnm9 Cm 

(lamination of the i;;.per aif 
n. v -r fee lomr ut^recteej. 
a little mil. line will ib*uaflU 

lUid .xcaauMawl 
..f .ill tieaiiiieiii. ii w.ll degei 

v He  I 

prin. ipal seat of .nllamnistioo. 
will be shown hv evtrawrva 

breathing, a. . 0 ; .ur,. d Ly a 

,11- noiac. 

■set tsssasiibess of the larnryx 
external!) The w.ialpipe must be 1 
■1 wmSk t ases and tin kst id»ice will j 

• »i Slivitxoas , 
1 1 Si •— . Inf. nc or when it fitm ( 
the luniTs, w il !•«  the part afietMeetasWl 

Tr. s » i 'laractoViwMi 
quick aiM hard breathing, and 
wheezing sound, w.th the 
muci.  Here, too. dc isitss 
he niopteel. and a skilful 
ploied. His ass.starn e is equal Is. 
n diStemptrr. infiiienza, and epdemiesj 
nwines in«lieai:ri^ varieties of ihg 
disease and the product of 
ufluence differing 10 ■ 
• very -ea-» n. l«it in all chars 
intense infiammation of the mucus 1 
and rapid and 1 • it  n Ol' 9tre« 

anil in all (iemandimr ihe 
inflamriation. and v.-t . xj.n_rvi.t ir- 
vital 



Couch n.av tl. _t. .  r tte in:o innainnia: 
ol the limes, oi •.:.  I.arln! .. . » 
tv drvelopd without a «.i,.-.. ;  i e i 
^vmptom and piove tit i. ::■• . . •■ 
arid 1 ven in twelve hours. It 

by d'-adiiv • oldi • «.s 

expill.s "li Ol the II..' - . . 

ness of its iiii.ii.- m«mh.a:.. 
anxious counierian. e, 1 oiistani tra/nia; at 
flank, a. id *ai unw iil 'u:.. . v . 

succ i_-ssful treaUDeut of such a caae cms 
found old;, on tin .os; p o. ipt and ' 
and dec-sivt measures. The ian  1 1 ^f.. 
be freely used. C..t_n;er-:rritaats sbuci 
•ullow as soon as tU -.iolenc- of th. 
is in the? slight*-** dexrex- abated ; seua 
: v. ' must - ed to them, and fortuna 
will be he who often saves h'.s pat .i.t a:.- 

aii the lie lis Ve sVmpt.utis of " • 
orif. develop. 1 1. 

Anion.; *h.- coiw.;mi ne. - of •};«  c 
affct tions 01 iIh 1hii_l» tie 1 hiortii • _w 
no: always m icii .': ..1 u s.i ru ::; • - 
n«  s of tr-.- l. .r« \ but -• n. v asgravrs-r 
at times by any fresh a. cession of caesnh 
ami loo oft- u d- .iiierating into ti... * w , 
which always mxn:. ..\ ; u tei feres w.th : 
spe-^l of the hoors,' and in a great prop j. 
Hon of -ast? tern 1 it. - in broke:, w . 
I:   ran. huVmI. : .at i. ; ;ner of tLese case- 
admits o . T; • v ruction m s.. ;. 



par of :! 



ranal, w'ji' h va. 



in almes. . very h«.i»-. .unl products th« pe 
culiar sound Urmeel roarinat. a.-o : 



PtJSJMM or Hogs with Cos* sfl 
Charcoal — It ha- a bad appearance, and 
rw-auk- that then is not a little loss in feeti. 
iiU hojjs on the ground, and no man 
well afford to do it. To every .me w 
has not a eond frame pen 10. his hoes, with 
a gir. l floor to feed them on. an«i docs not 
mm to be st the expense of such. I w . 
•^trneatiy ree. imnie rvti to pnvure oak p'i - 
1 '■• thn k. and tiak.^ one. This mav va;r 
in size according to the design of fattening 
u.Oie or fewer hogs. A eood number n.av 
hi hi upon a flor 12 by 2» feet, ban 
the p.. ink well laid upon sleepers, and thr- 
outside ones either s:. i.ed by pin* in the 
sleep is or stakes 1 the ^Totind. Yoei inav 
bear in mind. 1 • p.-»rn -liar 



re pane 
baviru a ^« .I fl.. : 

of much , mi. bu; ... :he ci-nice feed 
ing he-.'s .. this fii r w.th the charcoal — 
You m iv    assur-.l th a charc-»sl w.ll 
do much aitl in fa"cii.n. y iui pork — 
sTssy abnuld have ii fresiv. they will not 
cat nt.v ino.e thr n ti . \ ai * and it is nev. 
er known r.» hurt ihem. bu 
good hea: t antl free from discs*- 
fiml a ^o,sl rloor bene fin a 
materia'*, a- p tuoes. turnips, pig 

S. L 



keeps th^ni in 
You wUl 



Tears do not dwell long upon die cheeks 
of youdi. Rata ihops easily from the bud, 
rests on the bosom of the rruturer fio 
and breaks down that one only 
lived iu day.— W. S. Under. 



Trith Most Solemn —The l.on.lon 
Court Journal makes the following remarks 
on Tom Thumb, the Dwarf Simnse ar» 
die honors nccordctl to this little being whose 
onlv recommendation is that nature has 
treated him so ill. We can conceive that 
idlers should rwpair 10 the place where this 
little deformity is exhibited to while aw;-v 
an half hour in satisfaction of a frivolous 
curiosity; but when we hear die tales rela- 
tiil bv the man who gains his livelihood bv 
exhibiting this libel on humanity, of the 
1 t-c.-puons given to General Tom Thumb 
by great European |x t. iiintes. wear" -truck 
with sstonishinent at reflecting on this 
strange freak of fortune. How many men, 
gifted with nature's choicest bounties, gen- 
ius, worth and bravery, languish in the 
shade, while this unfortunnte child, sold by 
his parents fur public exhibition, is loaded 
with favors and caresses by the great. 



tht** or four round peKble stones in one of) 
his cars; and so knit fast his ear. ihst the , 
stoneej shall not fall oui, and they will ml 
rattle within his ear that he will then go I 
faster, if he have anv spirit or power — J 
Some do throsi a bodkin through the midst , 
or flap of his ear. ami put therein a pin of 1 
wood . and ev er when he slack.* his pace 
the rider shall strike on ihat ear with his 
wand, and iO he will mend his pace there 
by ' — Master Miscall, we think, ought lo 
have hail his own ears nailed to the man- 
ger for such brutal 



THE coral prs«ec! 

M r. Darwin, on viaitme lhe»Cor»a 
Pweificarvi witnewaiae (be 
the |al -ir« of i!.e r ivrini*. of 
tecta. thus telle hu  ia ,.r- -ioua.1 

"1 can hardly egpL t a the 
tn my in in. I a const lerabie dewrwe of 
the view of thr outer ehorew of 
lands. There is a eimpliriiy in the 

Uir margin ..f g-rwen 
roaunla. the sol. 1 :! ,1 or , I r«-i 
erewt 

funoiishrertkera. allroun..ine  wit 




1xcossta5cv of the Mails. — An old 
lady, hearing somebody observe "The mails 
are very irregular," said, "It was just so in 
frfeUfi.if' any of 'em." 
Gatethtad Obi 



Ptt l I.IAIITIES Or THE HaRE. To few 

of her creatures has nature bee 
'1 ml than the hare. Its ears are so constrict- 
ed that they catch tie most remote eMinds. 
and thus enable tie animal to avoid the 
danger whilst yet at a considerable distance. 
This ivcetv of acoustic powr is of wonder 
ful service to the hare when being pursued, 
as it ei alih-s ii to heir all sounds from ber- 
imed, which prov. s rf more sex* ace to it in 
its attempts to cscap? from the hunt- men 
ihan its power of running, that beui* but n 
secteridan- talent. The eyes of ihe hare so- 
ever op:n. whether awake or asleep , for 
they portrude so greaily that the lids are not 
of a Mifncient length to cover them • oin 
pleiely when asleep. These organs of 
sight are so situated tnat the hare can when j 
seated, take in almost a whole circle, and 1 
see objects in all quarters. Being always   
lean, and its hind legs re-narkably long, the j 
bare possesses a great superiority over its , 
pursuers in ascending iaing ground, ibr 
which it generally mates when jrst started, j 




in viobsnce those of our temperate re - 
Stene. and whtch neerr  ■- .»• t%x rage- It is 1m- 
poseilale to hehoki t(i«-»e waree without f-elirtffe 
conviction Uiat an i-lr n.', tlioii-r't bin t of the- 
h ir.lesl rock, let it he | rr;ili\ry.rrj.iii. ur ;iiarti. 
would wlttuiulely vk-I i 01. i*-.. 11 ■  -ach 
ier.-«istih|e forres. Yet lhr-w low. inaiL'HinesBl 
coral iulets. stand »nd are victorioua; for hers 
another pn«-«r as ar.tiw»Biet to thr 
peart in the contest. Tawsijlwir t  r. 
the atonn of carbonale of lime otve by owe from 
the foaming breakers, and unite litem into a * '- 
metrieal atrncture. I.»i the hurricane rear up ita 
thoaaand huge frsjements; vet what will this leil 
aguimri the arewnaulated labors of m\ riadfe of 
architects st work night and day, month after 
month'' Thus da  »•«*» lite aoil mu gelatin- 
ous body of apodlypus, throsjgh the fegetaty of 
tke vital I«ws, ronejaering the growl mechanical 
pwwerorf the ware of aa ocean, which neither 
the art of man, nor the iaanisaat. 



tars, could suecawafiilK 



* 









awwof, 



W- 




Examiner (Louisville, Ky.), 1847-06-19

4 pages, edition 01

 Persistent Link: https://kentuckynewspapers.org/catalog/xt7tx921fs39
 Local Identifier: exa1847061901 : 23754
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Location
  Published in Louisville, Kentucky by P. Seymour
   Jefferson County (The Bluegrass Region)