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date (1869-12-08) topic_Church_Faith_and_Free_Thought newspaper_issue 






Nos. 72 and 74 FOURTH STUEKT, Louis- 
ville, Ky. 

No. 1114 MAIN STRKET. above Twelfth, 
Kichmoiid, V;i. 

A. CONVERSE, P. P.. \ 
B., \ 


REV. F. 

With the Co-operation of many Pastors and 
other \hK Writers in the Presbyterian Cbuich. 
FOR TERM.S.— Skh foot of Thibd Paok. 

titni'-k Vie at 

For the Observer and CommonvealtU. 
/ In a sermon upon the text lleb. 11 : t, 
which I heard a short time since, the min- 
ister remarked that "death terminated 
'our probation but did not terminate our 
respoueibility." The, idea titru 
oncea^uew, aijd if iTinj', oj. 
train of thought and reflection tiiat' was 
a,t once pleasing, solemn and vastly im- 
portant. The preacher was descanting 
upon the history and character of Abel, 
as affording an illustration of the truth 
that the character and inlluonce of men 
survive the death of their bodies, and 
continue to speak after they have been 
laid in their graves. And if men speak 
after they are dead, they are responsible 
for words thus spoken no less than for 
those uttered while living. They are 
ours in the one case as well as in the oth- 
er, and being ours we incur a personal re- 
sponsibility, for them. This seemed to 
be the drift of that portion of the ser- 
mon alluded t,o which the speaker said he 
deduced from the history of Abel. Let 

operating, and the ultimate amount of ' felt need of lliiii, where the heart has de- 
evil they may yet accomplish is still un- sired Him, there lie is; and this will be 

J . -1 ■ipi 1 „ ^.r :„c,i„iu., I the satisfaction of the believing soul 
determined. The leaven ot intiaelity 


they set to work may and doubtless will 
effect much more mischief before the end 
is reached. The cup of their iniqui- 
ty being not yet full, they are not prepar- 
ed to receive their final award. Neither 
has John Hunyan ceased speaking through 
his immortal Pilgrim. That work has done 
dreat good, is doing good still and will 
continue to do good doubtless to the end 
of time. Therefore the great Assize is 
wisely set as the grand finale, the closing 
scene in this mighty drama. 

What solemnity docs this doctrine 
throw around human life, and what an 
argument does it furnish for religion ! 
If men speak after death through their 
words and actions left behind them, how 
carefully should they speak and act while 
lii iiig ! A shor 
vei'y long 5fae by 

and all its influonces^and results are sum 
med up. Men speak louder after death 
than while living. Those who spoke any- 
thing worth remembering while alive, re- 
peat it with far greater force now that 
they are dead. Ahrahani, ^^oses and 
Paul speak more forcibly now, adilress 
larger audiences than they did two thous- 
and years ago. The dead exert a greater 
influence upon the weal or woe of man- 
kind than all the living. They are our 
teachers in every department of thought 
and study. We imbibe their principles, 
emulate their examples and venerate 
their memories. They are our masters, — 
they rule the world. What we f-ay and 
do here we will repeat after death. Our 
accountability wiU continue and we will 

the satisfa'ction of the believing 
throughout eternity, that lio liils it. 

rt lirfe will thu: become a ; watcafi 
y t^Ltiuie th^'Sini%;'')iiieB |'gct«'**i 

For ttie OhserviT ^iiil f'oinnionweaHh. 


Th at there are different orders of an- 
gels, and that .saints will differ in gK ry, 
we cannot doubt. It is true, however, 
that all saints will be perfectly holy and 
perfectly ad:ipte l to the rank and condi- 
tion, ill which llicy will be placed ; yet 
the rank of sonicwill be much higher, 
and the condition much more honorable 
than that of others. 

Many, I fear, labor under a gioiit mis- 
take, in reference to this monientoua sub- 
ject. Men, and even t!hr!stian men, 
seek the evanescent wealth, honor and 
glory of earth, for themselves, families 
and Irieuds, with unremilting energy and 
watchfulness; wlii'ic tlioj^ stifi',-, rely . for 

Christians — and what to non-doers inth? I one of two alternatives. One of these is the children are holy — that is within the 
Church of tJhrist, whether they be mcMi- radical reformation — the other radical pale of the church, and tlius entitled to 

hers, deacons, elders, or ministers sle( p 
ing at their posts ; while error is comi'i^ 
in like a flood, the love of many wa si 
cold, and the waves of eternal damnatio^i 
are rolling higher and higher before their 
eyes? I will say, " O, that they we v 
wise, that they understood this, that th' y 
would consider their latter end." 

J. T. 

■'J. T.'s" No. 5, sball apjicar next week. 

^lory of 

us look into this matter a little and in- | be rewarded or punished according to 
quire if this doctrine be correct, and if so I our actions, both while living and after 

6-v{?y, yr^tP)^ to 
vious duties, sustain daily and 
loss, than the wealth, honor and 
ten thousand worlds. 

They trim their way between conflict- 
ing cluims, as though all crowns were 
equally brigiit ; all mansions equally 
gorgeous ; all saints equally rich, hono- 
rable and glorious ; but this is au egre- 
gious mistake ; their reward will be in 
exact proportion to the faithfulness or 
unfaithfulness with which they perform 
their whole duty. Ministers, therefore, 
who lead men to perform their duly, or 
restrain them from sin by Gospel truth, 
confer upon them a greater blessing than 

When Thou Passest Through the Watr ; §. 
Tossed with rough winds, and faint with J^r, 
Above the tempest— soil and dear, 
What still sinuli .accents greet mine ear? 

'Tin 1 : be not afraid. 

"I'is I— who washed thy spirit white ; 
'Tis 1— who ^ciive thy blind eyes eight; 
'Tis 1- thy Lord, thy Life, thy Light ; 

'Tis I : be not aftaid. 

These ra;;ing winds, this surging sea , 
Bear not a breath of wrath to thee ; ' 

Richland. ; baptism. But if both parents are unbe- 
— • j lievers, the children are unclean, — that is 

For llic Oljscrverand Commonwealth. i without the pale of the visible chlirch. 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY AND THE , The practical working of the views ad- 
RIGHT TO BAPTISM i y**"'^'^ ^7 " - would lead to the spir- 

, , . . ''■""l decay of the church and to formal- 

Ihe last Assembly, in session at Mo- ism. This is no time to obscure thedis- 
bile, was overtured by the Presbytery tinction between the doctrine of faith and 
of Charleston in the following words: — | faith itself. " T. S." would accord to 
"Is it an infraction of our standards for , intellectual assent to the truth 

... . , ^. ■ c I of the Gospel the same privilege which 

one ot our ministers to baptize the infant i 1 i , .u i i- i 

^ luiauv ],eiougs to the personal, practical, exper- 

child of a parent, or the ward of a guardi ' ' ' ' ' ' 

That storm has all been speii 
Tis • 

n -Me. 

Shalt rest\^HTOt thousand 
i)ne wcll-liiiow ii voice thy h ^, 
Tis I : be not alraid. 

— SiiiNiNu Light. 

an standing in loco parentis, who has 
not professed personal faith in Christ, 
but who was baptized in infancy." The 
Assembly answered this overture in the 

The interpretation of the standards 
thus given has been called in question, 
ari.l the view taken by the Assembly de- 
clared to be unconstitutional, unpresby- 
tnd unscriptural, by some writer 

imental knowledge of Christ. We re- 
cogaize in these views of his, something 
very like the "storm birds" which her- 
ald the approach of destructive rational- 
ism in Germany. A recent author thus 
describes the state of the church in that 
country just preceding that dark eclipse 
of faith. "The orthodoxy of the State 
Church had been accustomed to consider 
all baptized persons as true believers if 
only they had been educated in whole- 
some doctrines. There was ageneral de- 
nial of that liv' 


1. " Faith without works is djg^." 
A profession of faith which producft) no 
fruit is a vain delusion. But this is no 
reason why we should rest our confidence 
on the fruits of faith instead of on Christ. 
Others can recognize our faith only as 
they see its effects. Yet they may be 
deceived, and may conclude that we have 
faith when we know that we do not^e- 
lieve. Back of all its effects, a man 
knows if his heart's confidence i: in 
Christ or not. Dr. Bonarsays, " 'Ih^con- 
i sciousnessof moving accompanies nioiion 

^cuu uiiMcnpiurai, ny some writer niai oi mac living, conscious self-faith 
^^icleoi^ appeiiod oiiualts.Uu'* which was vit^l in Luther, and had trians- 
^Tu'ofour relieious iournals.- f"' "^';'! world. The land, because it 

was furnished with the Gospel and the 
sacraments, was considered an evangeli- 
cal country. The contrast between true 
worldly and spiritual life, between the 
living and the dead members of the 
church, was practically abolished, though 
there still remained a theoretical distinc- 
tion between the visible and invisible 

J. V. L. 

you with manliness sufficient to overcome 
that fear, and He will reward you openly. 


Stanford, Ky. Nov. 1869. 

ou..;^ nrr Tu of our religious journals. — 
The 1 resbyterian Church, characterized 
by its strenuous advocacy of the right of 
infants to baptism, cannot, of course, be 
assumed as indifferent to the import of 
the question presented in the overture. — 
And if the Assembly has misconstrued 
the standards, and thus misrepresented 
the church, a subsequent Assembly 
should correct this error. But is the de- 
cision of the Assembly contrary to our 
standards ? The interpretation which it 
has given seems to us so obviously 
correct that no other conld be suggested 
by the articles of doctrine. The confes- 
sion of faith chap. 28, sec. 1, holds these 

the wealth and honor of the world. 

Let the reader, therefore, never, no | he consciousness of seeing accomp.inie8 ^^^j^. only those who do actually 

never forget, that human action has an i 'oooking; the consciousness of loving sc- 1 ... 

eternal bearing, and every thing which 

what consequences logically result. 

That death terminates our probation- 
ary state is certainly true. Life is the 
period during which man is upon trial to 
qualify himself for another state of be- 
ing, and when life terminates the trial is 
ended and the decision made. The ques- 
tion what that state is to be, — whether 
one of happiness or miserv, which all 

death. Ought we not, dear reader, to be 
very careful how we speak and act ? 

E. O. F. 

For the O\isorver and ('onimoiiwculth. 


"lb; \tid captivity captive' 

The fourth enemy which Christ has 

con(|uered is death. Of all enemies, 

this has always appeared the greatest 1 of His Father, with Ilis angels, and then 

eternity touches, assumes infiuite propor- 
tions. Let him never forget, that 
while every duty performed and grace 
improved, will brighten a Christian's 
crown ; every sin, whether of omLssion or 
commission will diminish its splendor. 

Confirmatory of these solemn truths, 
ponder the following Scripture : " For 
the Son of .Man sball come in the glory 

it is the design of religion to enable us 
to decide, will then be definitely and 
finall}' settled. But when our state after 
"^esth is determined, the question whethe 
• ion will suspend our accounta- 
bility for words and actions spoken and 
done during this life is not so clear, woo and destitution; they have chosen 

misery, wbicu all this has always appeared llio greatest i or ills p ainer, wiin ii is augois, ana men i jg^^^ . 
through life was undetermined, and which i to mankind. It is the /jf i/o.u/, which j He shall reward every man according to ' friend, it is. The Holy Ghost, the r,om 

the reckless suicide hardly considers, | his works." And again : " For wc must forter, will not glorify your faith. He 
that renders death so full of horrors. ' all appear before the judgment scat of' will not give it the honor of comforting 

you. He takes nothinir to comfort with 
I'e tho I " - — 

companies love; so the consciou^ness.,f be- P^^f.^'"" ^'''^^ ^''^ obedience unto 
lieving accompanies the act of believing. | Christ, but also the infants of one or both 
If not, there is no certainty in anything. I believing parents are to be baptized." 
If I am liable to be mistaken as to my 'Phe Larger Catechism, in answer to  iues- 
simple a.t of believing, I am much more | j^^j ^^^^j,^^ ^^^^ „ .^^^^^^ 
liable to be mistaken as to my cow)lex . - • , , , , 

act of examination into my own fe.4#frgs, ! '"g f'"^"' pa'-ents, either both or but one 
motives and principles." ' | them, professing faith in Christ and 

I 2. Faith is not my saviour, but Christ, I obedience to Him, are, in that respect 
is whom faith rests, llomaine says in a ; „it|,in the covenant, and are to be bap- 
letter. " You want comfort, and yorrtook i . , ,, cm /i . i ■ 
i to your faith. If faith could speaU, it | ^^'^ '^'^"^^''^ Catechism in an- 
I would say. Comfort is not in mo : 1... k to ^wer to question Sla, teaches that "the 
all in Him. Indeed, my I infants of such as are members of the vis- 

ible Church, are to be baptized." The 
Confession of Faith chap. 2.0, .see. 2. de- 

Men have endured whole worlds of 
wretchedness rather than rush upon 
death. They have been born in poverty 
and trodden its dreary paths of haggard 

There seems to be no reason why it 
should; for our words and actions do 
not die'with us. The influences for good 
or evil which wc -let in operation while 
living, will, go on operating after vrt: are 
da&.d. iU}.d-^3Uj;h tb"y|niay,  •  *";■ | i"t'^ 
and be compounded with the actionr.^ and 
motives of others, to the eye of Omnis- 
cience they never lose their identity or 
become entirely the property or the off- 
spring of others. Their paternity still 
cliogs to us, and it is reasonable to be- 
"lieve that as long as they continue to op- 
erate, even to the end of time, if they 
were beneficent and good, they will re- 
dound to our happiness ; or if they were 
evil, they will contribute to our misery. 

Good deeds are immortal. "Kind 
words can never die." Their authors die, 
but they live on, perpetuate their exis- 
tence here and exhale a sweet perfume 
that ascends to Heaven to enhance the 
felicity of their authors. Wickedness, 
unless pardoned and washed away in 
atoning blood, is no less immortal. Its 
authors may die, but it lives and propa- 
gates itself, — adding continually fresh 
scores to that account they must pay oft, 
though in another world. 

It would thus appear that the preacher 
was not wrong, and that the proposition 
is reasonable and plausible, if not cer- 
tain, that death ends our probation but 

long years of prison life rather than a 
momentary death upon the gibbet. And 
in instances not a few, they have fled 
around the world to escape judicial 
death, but with that either death ijpon 
♦h»m, Mf-  iVom ^hicb tkor" V-- - — ■ 

the upbraidings of an alarmed and angry 
conscience. Other enemies they may 
fight or fly; they may escape or elude; 
they may conquer or propitiate ; but 
death must come at last. The warrior in 
his triumph and the monarch in his pomp, 
are just as certain of death as the beg- 
gar. Hence, men have all their life-time 
been subject to bondage through fear of 
death. This has been a bondage too, 
covering the conditions of all men. It 
has shackled and troubled the spirit of 
inonarchs, philosophers and all. No 
power, that was human, could strike 
these shackles from the soul. And the 
poor, anxious spirit may well look around 
for deliverance from the remorseless 

But whither, or to whom, shall the 
trembling soul fly for this deliverance? 
On this subject philosophy is but a fan- 

Christ; that everyone may receivi 
things done in his body, according to 
that lie hath done, whether it be good or 

And again : " He that keepoth thy 
soul, doth He not know it ; and :diall not 
He render to every man according to his 


but the things of Christ, and His trings, 
not as used by you, but as given from 
Him. This lesson, I think. He is teach- 
ing you. He is bringing you off from 
looking at your faith. He intends^that 
you should not regard how you believe, 

, ,„ , J • ,(11 »i ■ 1 but to settle you in believing. The Spirit 

works?" And again: " hor thine eyes!, i . t,- » j 

,1°. c ii. , 1 has been teaohine me to draw my corn- 

are open upon all the ways ot tho sons ot » , ^ ,. , " n t i- u * 
^ r _r } ,• . L- fort not from how well 1 believe, but 

The ll'itneas. 

men, to give every man according to his 
ways, and according to the fruit of his 
doings." And again, when about to close 
a lyVlatj"^ of v.M! to i^iflii. If^jaid 
of Clirist ;^' And, behold, I come quick- 
ly ; and my reward is with me, to give 
every man -according as his work shall 

From these Scriptures, the rule of 
judgment, the parable of the talents, the 
parable of the sower, and many nilicr por- 
tions of revealed truth, we cannot ratiooJ 

ally doubt, that the differenc ^ b-itween thing is found in heaven, 
saints will be fully as great a- the dif- , ciroumstances there are 
ference in their lives and will ' un ospond 
with them. On this subject, 1 '.ml speaks 
very explicitly, and says : '■ Piiere are 
celestial bodies, and bodies t^'ricstrial ; 
but the glory of the celestial i.-. nue, and 
tho glory of the terrestrial is another. 
There is one glory of the sun, lunl anoth- 
er Ljlary of the moon, and aimlhei' glory 
of the stars ; ior one star diffrrrili from 
another star in glory. So aUn is tlie re- 
surrection of the dead." 

This language with its context teach- 
es, that as the sun, moon and star-i differ 
in glory ; and as stars differ amnng them- 
selves, so will saints differ in Heaven. 
And with this accords the teaching of 

fines " the visible church " to "consist 
of all those throughout the world, that 
profess the true religion, together with 
their children." 

The only legitimate interpretation of 
which these formulas are susceptible is 
that which is adopted by the Assembly, 
and exhibited in the uniform practice of 
the church. The only possible ground 

Fertile Observer ami Commonwealth. 


The nuptial ceremonies have been cel- 
ebrated, so far as the votes of Presbyte- 
ries could effect it, the Old and New 
School Assemblies of the North have be- 
come one. What man can foresee events 
or even guess them ? What event could 
have been more improbable (almost im- 
possible) than the above was in 1838 ? 
What event, more likelii, may be expec- 
ted to result in less than thirty years as 
the fruit of the late marriage ? Can it be 
as much of luve, as for the patrimony? 
Many of those who led the van, in 37 and 
;i8, are still alive, and who could have 
thought, they would ever be in the van 
again in the courtship? — Times have 
changed, and they have changed ! ! 

Kecently, Dr. A. A. Hodge's work on 
the Confession was published by the Old 
School Board, and a leading Old School 
paper, glowing for union, thought it very 
ill-limed, and injudicious, just at that 
juncture. Why ! Not, because the book 
was unsound ! No, that was the rub ! — 
It was likely too sound, for all parties — 
And if it had been delayed till after the 
wedding, it would never have been a 
child of that family, either by adoption, 

from Jesus Christ, in whom I beliova."— ofdillei-ence with the Assembly as to the ; or otherwise. But those who live ten or 

Heaven is a place where all is right. 
The mind hovers around that thought; is 
pleased with it ; settles down in it. We 
are living upon the surface of a shat- 
tered world. The earth is in the midst 
of an eclipse. A deformed race are born 
here, and here they die. No damaged 

The souls and 
just as they 
should be. Heaven is the chief joy amid 
the realms of God. Glorious land! how 
many sigh to reach thine abodes. In ex- 
ile we wander here ; in darkness ; in the 
midst of death. No day finds us well ; 
no hour is radiant with the light of the 
eternal morning. How the spirit tires 
in its toilsome way ; wishing that repose 
might come quite soon. We long for a 
righted nature; for a vision of complete 
life ; for a Divine Presence to beam upon 
us. What a moment that will be when 
we first reach heaven ! The soul embo- 
somed in bliss ; at home in the lands of 
eternity ; living with God ! 

teaching of the standards is the fallacy — 
— 44 ' perhaps |we sho"!j^ say grievous error — 
M , ^ i^n nijakin^ p d_^^Jitioiijhet^j^n "ajiro- 
r ' fession of the true religion," and "the 
profession of a personal faith in Christ;" 
which fallacy lies at the basis of the po- 
sition taken by " T. S." Certainly " per- 
sonal faith in Christ" is a very essential 
element of true religion — the very es- 
sence of the religion of the Gospel. — 
What " true religion" docs the man pro- 
fess who no faith in Christ? The 
standards in reference to adults, are the 

twenty years, hence, may see other 
sights. It is a glorious truth that the 
Lrard—i-AguB a.^S Wii kingdom shall" be 
established in righteousness. 
All is safe. 


For the (ihaervor ami rommnnwealth. 


There is a disposition on the part of 
some of the churches to form what is 

tastic resource, learning but a dumb and ; Daniel, who says ; "And many of them 
impotent advisor, and infidelity in all its ! t^"* ^'eep in the dust of the earth shall 

awake, some to everlasting lite, ami .some 
to shame and everlasting cout em jit. And 
they that be wise shall sliiiie as the 
brightness of the firmament ; ami they 

shapes and endless changes is but a 
world of confusion and a land of intense 
and terrific darkness. It 

answers no 

questions, dispels no fears, and generates, that turn many to righteousness, as the haps, as beautiful and rich as can be 

does not terminate our responsibility for i no hopes. A creed without faith and 

stars forever and ever." 

, , , . . , .... ■ , . 1 Daniel distinguishes here, fiisf, be- . . 

actions done and words we continue to without revelation is a house without a ■ ^^^^ righteous and the w.ckcd : and ""''■^6" 

speak after death. When will that ac- j foundation. It is therefore to Revelation ' " " 

countability then cease ? Obviou.sly not | that the enquirer must turn. He there 
until we cease to speak. " Abel though i finds that Christ hath abolished death. 

religion," "those who profess faith in 
Christ, and obedience to Him," "those 
who are members of the visible church," 
as equivalent expressions. And it is the 
children of persons thus described, which 
are declared entitled to baptism. 

Moreover the "Directory for Worship" 
in prescribing the manner of administer- 
ing baptism, represents tho parents, 
in presenting their child, as taking 
upon themselves certain covenant en- 
gagements, the discharge of which ne- 
cessarily implies " personal faith in 
Christ." And the church would be guil- 
ty of mockery in authorizing covenant 
forms with those who do not profess per- 
sonal faith in Christ. But it is useless to 
proceed further with a case so plain. — 
The standards, in their letter and obvi- 
ous intent, clearly sustain the decision 
of the Assembly. The charge of this 
doctrine being unscriptural must lie, 
found in the South. It numbers about I therefore, primarily against the stand- 

... 1-11 ards, for the Assembly has only re-utter- 

ministers, and includes ' j j 

descriptions "those who profess the true ^»owa as a "Union Prayer Meeting."— 

t From '• Sorrow,' 
ter it Brothers. 

published by Uobert Car- 

For the (ibscrvor anJ Commonwealth. 


Embraces a region of country, per- 

dead yet speaketh." And if he has con- 
tinued to speak up to the present, through 
four thousand, or nearly six thousand 
years, and is still speaking, the |iresump- 
tion is overwhelming that he will con- 
tinue to speak to the end of time. And 
if he still speaks, so do others ; so that 
the conclusion is inevitable that our ac- 
countability runs parallel with time and 

That ib, he has drawn its sting and des- 
troyed its power to create alarm and ter- 
ror in the heart of the believer. He 
has converted this most dreadful of ene- 
mies into tho greatest of fricnd.s. He 
has made it the door which opens into 
heavenly light, and introduces the soul 
into eternal day. "O grave, I will be 
thy destruction ; O death, 1 will be thy 

is co-existent with it. Well might Dan- plague." " The sting of death is sin; 

iel Webster therefore say that his per- 
sonal accountability to God was the 
greatest thought that ever entered his 
mind, because it is as lasting as time. He 
who leaves behind him at death a virtu- 
ous and holy example, has made an in- 
vestment earnings will go on accu- 
mulating to the end of time, and then be 
added on to the final " weight of glory," 
awarded at the consummation of all 
things. And he who leaves behind him 
a wicked example, makes an investment 
also, which though equally operative, 
will go on accumulating a harvest of 
misery to be superadded to his weight of 
sorrow at last. 

but thanks be to^ij^od who giveth us the 
victory through on/ Lord Jesus Christ." 
He has conquered for us, and laid death 
prostrate at our feet. His victory is 
ours, and his certainly of victory is no 
greater than the certainty of final vic- 
tory is to his believing and working peo- 
ple. The victory of faitli and of grace, 
in all its amplitude, is the victory over 
death. H. H. H. 

second, between the righteous them- twenty churches. Of these latter, seve- 

sclvcs, making the wise to shine as the ral, speaking figuratively, are on the lift, 

firmament flooded with light; and they if a traveller would go across the coun- 

that turn many to righteousness, with an Columbia, the Presbyterial 

additional glory, ccjual to tlio grandeur •' •' 

of the starry heavens. 

That this amazing change will certain- 

Dan, to Huntsville, the Beersheba, he 
would first come to old Betherei, which 

ed their testimony. But is this doctrine 
unscriptural t Does it deny to any their 
covenant right ? 

Another mistake is made in supposing 
the conditions of right to the ordinance of 
circumcision and to that of baptism as 
the same. Remotely they are the same, 
circumcision was given to Abraham as a 

This is particularly the case in our own 
villages and small towns — and in neigh- 
borhoods where there are several church- 
es of different denominations. The reas- 
ons given are somewhat plausible — 
namely — that there are so few "praying 
members " in each church, that in order 
to have a " quorum " of public praying 
n,ei,a union of the different sects is ne- 

Furthermore, it is argued with plausi- 
bility, that such a meeting engenders a 
spirit of brotherly love and christian fel- 
lowship among professing christians of 
different orders. We can find no valid 
objection to such prayer meetings; but we 
must enter our solemn protest against 
the practice which prevails in some 
communities of Presbyterian congrega- 
tions which consent to meet for prayer 
in other churches, to the ne ^lect of hold- 
in!;; their own mee/i/ins at least one 
night every week, in their own pla- 
ces of worship. In other and plainer 
terms — there should be prayer meetings 
in our own places of worship on some 
night, every week — and known as the 
" Presbyterian prayer meeting.." It 

settle in .Missouri. Next he would pass which he had, yet being uucircumcised- : to hold such a meeting ; and it is the du- 

, ., , .,, I ■ I .L But it was administered to his descend- ty, or should be, of every other denomi- 

Lewisburg and Cornersville, which the . , ,. . .i a i, i, xl i .■ „ „i.,;.f t„ a . i;t.«™;=„ 

' ants according to the flesh, because they nation ot christians, to do likewise. — 

Rev. Mr. Vernor has given up to be- ^g^g descended. The iiromise was to i Then, if we desire to attend the meetings 

come an evangelist. Next is Richland, him and his seed. Those who came from of others, it is our privilege to do so; and 

where the preacher is sick and the church his loins had a birth-right were heirs ' it christians desire to meet on some other 

is not finished. Below this is Pulaski, V, ^'""'^ promises and so en- j night, together, let them do so, and thus 

ly be effected we cannot doubt, without the Rev. 0. B. t'aldwell has just left to seal of the righteousness of the faith is our duty and should be our pleasure 
denying the veracity and omiiipotency of 
the .Son of tJod ; for Christ has said : 
"Then shall the righteous shine forth as 
the sun in the kingdom of the Father." 
And again of Christ, it is said : " Who 
shall change our vile body, that it may 
be fashioned like unto His glorious body, 
according to the working whereby He is '". ~ 
able'even to snbdue all things unto Him- 

In addition to the saints already noti- 
ced, who appear to form two classes dif- 
fering widely as to glory, there is ob- 
viously a much lower class^of Christians; 
who in.stead of building gold, .silver and 
precious stones upon Christ the only sure 
foundation — adhere to the foundation 

ev. T. 

to the 

t seal. The Jew m,ight | hold a ," union pruyer meeting" — but nev- 

, ."orfeit ^PT'irth right by personar un- 1 er let us consent to neglect our own place 
ed his charge, expecting to go to^Eu-  jjgiigf^ but he was by blood a member ; of worship. No church will be likely to 
rope, and the Rev. W.E.Caldwell will of the visible church. But with the ad- receive tho ble.ssed outpourings of the 

probably soon leave Bethany and go to 

As an offset to all this. Presbytery has 

mission of the (i entiles a new case pres- 
ents itself. The Abraham ic covenant is 
still in force, the church remains the neglected 

Holy Spirit that fails to keep up its 
weekly prayer meetings. It must not be 

but we are not the children of Ah- If but a few attend— let not that few 


"Do not 1 lill heaven and earth? saith 
the Lord." How full of comfort is this 
to the soul that desires to realize His 
presence! It may be a poor captive in a 
dungeon, or a solitary one on a sick-bed; 
This idea accords with and illustrates ;   • s""' "'^ alone, one groaning under op- 
pression, or perplexed, or iii difliculty, 
without human syrapatliy, circumstances 
1 aud prospects presenting nothing but dis- 
couragement. To such as these what a 
truth is this, " Do not I fill heaven and | 
earth? saith the Lord." Do not I, Je- j 
8U8? What a balm in that blessed' 
name ! 

the Scripture doctrine of a general judg- 
ment. If human accountability does not 
cease at death, — if men continue to speak 
after death and arc responsible for that 
sp«,^king, it is clear that they are not 
reaily for the general judgment. Their 
works not being complete, tbey are not 
prepared for the final awards. Their 
eternal state is decided at death, and they 
"immediately" pass into a state of hap- 
piness or misery, but the completion of 
their bliss or woe is reserved until they 
done speaking, their works are com- 
plete, their bodies raised from the grave, 
and then they shall " receive the things 
..done in the body whether they be good 
or bad." I'aine, Hume and \'oltaire, 

I n » Lll ^ iJ \AM n \J \j LA\J \. VllV.V'UltUtV'U W» AM. Kl- • • ■ — - — 

ordained perhaps, two ministers in four rahain according to the flesh, and are not be discouraged on account of small num 

years. There is a band of candidates therefore by reason of natural birth with- bers, for God has said " that where two 
aud will be saved ; yet holding corrupt g(j,„i„g of whom Presbytery is justly pale of the visible church 

doctrines, build wood, hay and stubble. ^^^j jj^^ ^^g ^^g ^( ■ ^ ^^^^^ ^^^^^^ by the Gospel that we are made fellow 

Of iill who buifd upon Christ, it is 1 ' , , r heirs and of the same body. We are 

said : " Kvery man's work shall be made ' w^i'd' Solomon names, as the fewest that t,jg ^.i.jldren of Abraham by faith. We 

manifest, for the day shall declare it ; can keep each other warm. And of are not " the natural branches " of the it shall be revealed by fire, and these, one is from another denomination "olive tree," but have been " grafted of a sigh " — "an upward glancing of an 

The people are liberal and generous in in." 3" 1 " «t=»nd by faith." And because eye, when none but Go,/ is nigh." If 

a- V. * .1. * I • I. .1 I. . we are not " the natural branches," and we, as a church, would receive the mam 

everything, but that which the church ^ur only connection with the covenant is fe.stations of His presence, we must go to 
needs most— their sons for the ministry, faith, where there is no faith there 

The Presbyterians once had an over- ' can be no covenant right. I nder the 

wheliuingly preponderating influence in gospel, members of the church are "made 1 next to the pulpit itself, — it is the means 

this country. Their entire membership not after the law of a carnal command- ; by which God often brings about^tliat 

■ "Tbey which are of faith" be glorious revival among his people which 

" The name that calms our tears. 
That bids our sorrows cease." 

the fire shall try every man's »ork of 
what sort it is. If any man's work aliide 
which he hath Imilt thereon, he shall re- 
ceive a reward. If any man's work shall 
be burned, he shall suffer loss ; but he 
him.self shall be saved, yet so as by fire." 

It is impossible that those who suffer 
the irreparable loss of all their works, 
and who are snatched from the devour- 
ing flame by which their works are con- 
sumed, should, on a Scriptural basis, re- 
ceive the same reward as the fiuilders of 
gold, silver and precious stones, and of 
them who turn many to righteousness. 

It is or three are gathered in my name, there 
I will be in the midst of them — and that 
to bless." What a precious promise? 
" We are not heard for our much speak- 
ing." — Prayer is often but the " burthen 

him in prayer. The prayer meeting is 
one of our most valuable auxiliaries — and 

It appears obvious from the Scriptures 
What a blush falls upon the soul, upon cited, and others on the same subject, 
creation, when the voice of the Loiil is that all the various acts, whether good or 
heard, aud, we know that His presence bad, of men, and the effects of such acts 

country, i neir entire memoership 
now, is perhaps not ten times greater than 
the aggregate of the ministers of other 

denominations. Matters are promising ding to the promise." 
to keep on in the same direction with ac- The covenant was administered accor 


they Jew or Gentile " the same arc the | keeps the very church itself from over- 
children of Abraham," " and heirs accor- throw or decay. 

But we should never meet for the mere 
sake of form and ceremony ; and out of a 

ding to the law, until the seed should sense of mere duty. This would make 

come" which is Christ. Now it is 
administered according to faith. It is 
not the children of baptized persons, but 

it but lip-servicfi, while our hearts would 
be far from HTm. We should endeavor 
to do it because we really desire to go to 

celerated velocity, 

It may not always be the fault of a peo- 
ple, that their ministers have to leave 

them to get bread, as the good and effi- . , . . 

cient men alluded to, have generally the children of believini: persons who j God asking for his blessings and mercies, 
been doing. But it is a shameful fault, are heirs according to the promise. The and thank Him for all he has done for 
pervades aud occupies all. Jt is as the j upon others; and also the omission of if they virtually prepare the way for the only cases of household baptism recorded us. In no other way can we approach 
glory filling the temple of old, or the good acts that might have been perform- ! extinction of the ministry, by teaching in the scriptures, are the households of Him so acceptably as by prayer. He has 
cloud enfolding the holy mount. " Do 1 ed, and the effect of such omissions upon their own sons to make money, and look- beliefinj^ parents. And Paul distinctly told us that he would not only hear, but 
not fill .heaven and earth? saith the ' others ; will, in the case of every man, ing for young men from abroad to lome announces the principle which governs would answer prayer. My christian 
Lord." What blessedness for a soul that and to an amazing extent, affect his eter- and preach to them. And how else can this whole subject: " For the unbeliev- brotlier, do i/oii attend the prayer meet- 
knows and is known of him! Can any nal destiny. In view of these momen- the* facts be interpreted;? It would be ing husband is sanctified by the wife, and ing? If so, do you engage publicly in 
thing mar the comfort of a soul in that tons truths, well might we exclaim : "And pleasant to thinl^^^^^ymi^ing evil, the unbelieving wife is sanctified by the prayer? It not — whynot? Areyouafraid 
pervading presence? Unperceived it ' who is sufficient for these things ?" j no immi|^^l|^^^^^^^BB||Hl^^jusban(^ were yoxir cliildren nn- to thank God for His mercies, or to ask 
though dead are still speaking through ,uay be by thousands ; but where there . And what shall I say to iaii\uonMe, \ ^e&T, tl^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^tttgtj^^^^a^tKt^mamiKlUimmm 
their writings. Their influence is still I has been waiting for Him, where there is ' formal, dancing, theatre and .show-going ' tain n^ 



The Rev. Dr. Guthrie presided at a 
semi-religious meeting in Edinburgh a 
few weeks ago; aud in his introductory 
address referred to the great change for 
the better which he had seen in Edin- 
burgh comparedjwith the state of things 
thirty years ago when he first settled in 
it; and also to the beneficial changes 
which had, in many respects, come over 
the habits of society throughout the 
country. Setting out with a reference to 
what the Free Church had done in the 
way of providing churches in one or two 
of the most degraded districts in the city. 
Dr. Guthrie said : 

" Travel with me from the Canal to 
the Palace of Holyrood. I cannot say 
what other denominations have done for 
the district — I believe they have done 
well. I shall speak of what the Church 
.o which I l.^ive the hvVjorUc boloug(-ha« 
done, and I know other 'Churches are 
working there; but in case I should make 
any mistake, I will confine myself to 
what my own Church has done there. 
We have now a church for the working, 
and I may say for the poorest classes, at 
the Canal, where Mr. Morgan ministers. 
Going a little further eastward, we have 
a church where -Mr. Tasker ministers; 
going a little further eastward, we have 
a church where Dr. Smith ministers ; 
a little further eastward, and we 
have a church where Mr. Pirie minis- 
ters ; a little further eastward still, and 
we have a church where Mr. Gall minis- 
ters ; and we finish with Mr. Balfour, 
close under the shadow of her Majesty's 
Royal Palace. I am happy to say that 
thirty years of Christian zeal, and the 
sense of duty on the part of all denom- 
inations in this town, have done much 
for the church-going habits of the peo- 
ple. Thirty years ago hundreds and 
thousands of wretched children were 
wandering in these streets, clad in rags, 
cruelly abused by drunken parents, un- 
educated, uncared for by any one, the 
police their terror, the streets their 
home, and their only chance of learning 
their letters or hearing of a Saviour t'leir 
being sent to prison. Such was the state 
of matters thirty years ago. 

Where are they now I In our ragged 
and reformatory schools — in those har- 
bors for those children, where they have 
exchanged their rags for pleasant robing, 
their famine for a full meal, cruel parents 
for kind guardians), ignorance for knowl- 
edge, shame for self-respect, and their 
cowed and guilty looks for honest bear- 
ing and faces that beam with smiles and 
bloom with health. (Loud applause.) 
That is what thirty years have produced. 
Thirty years ago our Government seemed 
to think its whole aim was to punish 
crime, and send children to prison to 
finish their education as criminals 
herding with hoary-headed ruffians r 
very much against their convictions . 
will, our judges sentenced infant.- 
our prisons received them within • , 
Kniid. Aye, ifijr IVicuu.}, iia'iftl u.jr 
found vent in tears, and my indigni. 
ccHild hardly be restrained, I have lo 
through an eyelet of a cell-door, . 
there, within four naked walls, I have 
seen a young creature — an infant, I may 
say — puny, pale, and in lonely solitude. 
We thundered at the door of Parlia- 
ment, we dunned it into the ears of our 
Ministers, until at length we got the 
Government of the country to think it 
had something else to do than punish 
crime — namely, to prevent it; and now 
we have our reformatory and our ragged 
school. And I s^y that if there is a 
ragged child in Edinburgh going about 
begging, it is not the fault of him who 
now addre.sses you, nor of our Govern- 
ment; for every man and woman present 
was entitled to take that child by tho 
coatneck and get him sent — the best of 
all sentences — to the ragged school. 
That is a sentence to the Bible and a 
sentence to porridge— a very good thing 
in this life. (Laughter.) 

Thirty years ago little was done, very 
little, to arrest the flood of drunkenness 
or cure the drunkard. T remember very 
well when the Total Abstinence Society 
was treated with scorn. I remember 
when I became a total abstainer on 
grounds of expediency, feeling I could 
do little good among those peopl   unless 
I was so. 1 remember going to dine in 
George Street, where there were three 
or four judges, and among them was Lord 
Jeffrey. It ceeded a great deal of cour- 
age to go there and avow myself a total 
abstainer. I would as soon have faced 
Mons Meg or a battery of cannon. 
Around went the bottles, and they pass- 
ed me the first and second time, but at 
the third round I was caught at length. 
Why, said a gentleman, are you passing 
the bottle f Then I gave an explanation 
of my reasons. 1 was very much struck 
with Lord Jeffrey, lie looked curious at 
first, but as I went on showing that I had 
a great work, and could not do it unless 
I became a total abstainer — that I could 
not say " Give up whiskey" so long as I 
held up wijue — that my Influence a& a 
minister for saving these poor wret(jhes 
from misery in this life, and perdition in 
tho life to come, was grealy increased 
by this course. I am bound to say, to 
Lord Jeffrey's honor, that if he had one 
grain of respect for me before, he had a 
pound of it after that. (Applause.) 

I remember that time, I remember it 
perfectly well, as it required great cour- 
age to avow oneself a total abstainer. 
What is the state of matters now ? The 
fact is this, that during the last thirty 
years there are hundreds of ministers be- 
longing to the Free Church, the Estab- 
lished Church, and the United Presbyteri- 
an Church, who have joined the ranks of 
I total abstinence. I now turn my eyes to 
England. There the great Convocation 
of Canterbury meet iu London, cheek by 
I jowl, alongside of Parliament, thinking 
I themselves — and no doubt they are — as 
wise as people in Parliament. What 
have they done ? They have published 
' a report on temperance, in which they 
; have homologated every statement that 
1 our temperance society has made. It 
was denied that sixty millions of money 
were spent on intoxicating liquors; and 
it was denied that sixty thousand 
lives were lost directly or indirectly 
through the drinking habits of the peo- 
I pie. The Convocation has recived a re- 
I port, drawn up by a friend of mine 
through letter, though not in person — 
.\rchdeacon .Sandford, son, of Bishop 
Sandford, of this city, one of the most 
distinguished and able ministers of the 
; Church of Fingland — and this report, 
signed by the [Dean of Canterbury and 
I the Dean of Westminster, homologates 
every statement of our total abstinence 
and temperance societies in this coun- 
try, And not only so, but I see the 

Archdeacon of York, Dr. Thompson, has 
brought the subject before his diocese. 
He has blamed the Church of England 
for her neglect of the masses in past 
times, and has declared before his clergy 
that the cause of temperance is one of 
the most important causes the Church 
can take up, and that it is within the 
province of her ministers. Such is the 
progress we have made during the thirty 
years now come to a close. And if tho 
last thirty years have done so much, 
what may we not, with God's blessing, 
expect the next thirty years will do ? " 


A writer in the JV. Y. Evauf;elisl 
gives the following notice.of three ser- 
mons which he recently heard in the city 
of Boston. He says : « We do not often 
wander from our own sanctuary, but cir- 
cumstances directly favoring, we stepped 
into Music Hall one Sunday morning. 
The theme was " Patriotism." And 
there, for half an hour or more, some 
hundreds of hearers, were entertaine-' 
with an elaborate ess«y on patriotism a-, 
a sentiment, a principle, and a passion. 
Theodore Parker had many more to In- 
ten to similar discourses from his lips, 
now turning to dust, from which fell 
bitterest speech against evangelical faith. 

We next entered Horticultural Hall, 
where the Rev. Rowland Connor was 
preaching upon superstition as compared 
with scientific progress. He closed by 
saying, « This science thus marching on 
is the world') Redeemer from ignorance 
and sin.' His benediction was original. 
It was nearly, if not exactly, in these 
words:   May the laws of nature and 
science lead you to a better knowledpo 
of the Infinite Spirit in whom all t 
are contained.' This Society is the 'Fra- 
ternal Association of ITniversalists.' We 
were quite as much pained under the 
preaching of an evangelical minister in 
the same Puritan city. He apologized 
for a 'theology of terror,' as if the glory 
of Sinai should be ignored in the glorv of 
Calvary. What can aid the bold cham 
pions of error more than such apologeti j 
speech or silence on these awful theme- ' 

Are we drifting, as men of deep e_- 
perience tell us, toward another declin 5 
in spiritual Christianity, with its att 
ant infidelity; or is ther'. ••: i \, a 
gradual improvement, wnereby the 
Church is steadily moving forward to a 
state of millenial peace and purity I 

For the Observer and C'ommoDwealth. 


More than a hundred years ago, an 
earnest man, named Morris, in Hanover 
county, Virginia, assembled his neigh- 
bors and instituted a Heading House. 
The book read was the Word of God. 
I rom that Reading House sprang o(-l o'" • 
and 'the result is the Prcsbytc...... 

Church in that section of Virginia. 

The Word of (iod ir all powerful. 
We Presbyterians believ'j every word of 
it ; and we are empha .ically what the 
edans call Protestants " Men of 
Let urf creiite at w ( 
as Morris did. Ten Christian men with 
an elder at their head, might meet in 
some upper room, and every Sabbath, 
and indeed every day, read aloud thi 
Word of God. Let them open a Sunda 
school in the same place, and g^ 1- . 
parents and children ; in time a church 
will grow up. I consider this public 
reading to b« one duty of our elders ; 
they are the reader.^.;; hear spoken of 
in Scripture ; Moses and the prophets, 
Christ and the evangelists should be read 
every Sabbtih day. 

if no other place can be Lad, thooo 
noros used for public schools during the 
veek might be secured for this sacred 
I, -e on Sunday. Every one of our large 
churches might have many of these out- 
post stations, and detail men for them 
exactly as soldiers are sent out on picket 
duty. There is a vast amount of unem- 
ployed power lying idle in our churches. 

I wish some able man would discipline 
the Presbyterians, and set them to work 
in evangelizing the world lying in wick- 
edness around us. If it could be done, 
they would soon turn the world upside 
down ; for there is enough latent power 
and energy among them to revolutionize 
the church, by assailing, to conquer the 
world. Just think of it ; here are a large 
body of men and women, who believe the 
Bible to be God's Holy Word, and that 
the whole of it is true ; they believe 
themselves to be under the special pro- 
tection of God, who will suffer no harm 
to come nigh those who trust in Him, 
and they believe that He has promised 
to help them in all efforts in His service. 
Now, here is material for the best kind 
of soldiers. Let them just be convinced 
that the marching order of our Captain, 
"Go into all the world and preach the 
gospel to every creature," applies not 
only to ministers and elders, but to every 
one of them. Let them arise, orga- 'ze 
under captains of teas, of nfties, an-i vf 
hundreds, suJ set to work, aud who .^^ . 
aa'vuiate the result ? 

Another thing, we have our Manual of 
Arms and Drill Book, I mean the Cate- 
chism. Suppose wti arrange ourselves 
into squads of ten, and learn thoroughly 
this Presbyterian drill ; "uppoio every 
Presbyterian perfect iu his catechism, 
subject to the orders of his chief, ready 
anil » I'lin? ^r'- "-^-nice • "'»m« "tronchol-' 
of Satan 

firmly held in the enemy's country, some 
hard duty to be done, these should be the 
men to do it. 

Let our people be drilled, let the ses- 
sion order and appoint to any work, 
whether it be to pray, to teach, to read, 
to contribute, and I mistake the stuff 
of which we are made, if the work 
be not done and well done. I would 
introduce the custom of the early church 
and appoint catechizers ; no one should 
enter on profession of faith, unless he 
was perfect in his Catechism and wil- 
ling to take any part of church duty 
to which the session may ai)point him. 
What would most of our Presbyterians 
think, if a summons were sent to visit 
and sit up with a poor and sick brother 
in Christ? What if required to give 
one-tenth of bis income to the needs of 
the poor 1 What if ordered to attend 
every church meeting, just as a soldier is 
required to appear on parade. Yet these 
things and more, were only part of those 
observed in the churches planted by the 
apostles ; they are but a part of the ser- 
vice required of those who are enlisted 
soldiers of Christ. Read the history of 
these ancient churches, and see what 
they were; and how these men toiled to 
conquer Paganism. 

If all the various churches 
Vere one closely uni'^ . formi 


Koration or society for mutual bene 
'd protection ; what injured one member 
lould hurt all. They meet frequently 
rToT instruction, for social intercourse and 
for planning important work. Kjery 
church was not only a place of preaching, 
of catechizing, and of admini:,tering sac- 
ramentsand receiving new members, but 
it was like a common-hall or ciub-house ; 
and also a school, both day and Sabbath, 
for children ; an infirmary and almshouse 
for the destitute, a hospital for the sick, 
a library for those needing instruction, 
a resort for Christian strangers, and a con- 
venient place of meeting for devotion, ac- 
uuaintance or duty. 

Imagine such a body at work in one of 
our large cities, see what they could do ; 
then, look at one of our large churches 
and see what they are not doing. Breth- 
ren, these things ought not to be. If 
our elders are indolent or incompetent 
let others be (.elected ; let us meet, or- 
ganize in tens, instruct and catechize each 
other, confess our sins of omission and 
commission, pray for light and strength 
and go to work. 

" The harvest is plenteous, the labor- 
ers few ; pray then to the Lord of the 
harvest, and work while it is day." 

L— e. 

spiritual exercises by the mathematics of 
the earth ? Was not the widow's mite a 
nobler offering than the treasures of the 
rich man, counted by thousands ? May 
not a single fervent prayer of a good man, 
whom the world knows not, have more 
influence at the throne of grace than 
hundreds of prayers which are engaged 
in as a matter of form, and published to 
the world as tokens of religious zeal t 
We would not disparage any Christian 
eff'ort by any body of men — but the re- 
ports designed apparently for self-glo- 
rification, which good men sometimes 
publish, are deprecated as taking away 
the heavenly reward that is promised to 
those whose alms and prayers are done 
in secret, looking only for the approval 
of Him who seeth in secret. 




In view of the re-union of the Old and 
New-School Churches, the JYew York 
Obifrver says : 

."We look With increased, instead of 
d''miniabsJ interest, to the fusion of oth- 
er branches of the same family into one 
church with this united host." 

" The tone of articles in the Southern 
Presbyterian papers is not favorable to 
early re-union with their churches. The 
leaders evidently fear the tendency to it, 
and we notice a strong effort in one or 
two papers to fire the Southern heart 
against re-union with the North. But 
the interests of the whole church are so 
plainly one; the old sores are so general- 
ly healed ; and the feelings of the great 
masses of the people on both sides are 
now so blended ; that there is no sufficient 
reason to delay the restoration of former 
church relations." 

If there be any strong effort ' ' to fire the 
Southern heart against re-union with the 
North," it is to be found in the acts and 
the present attitude of the Northern 
Church itself. The Southern people have 
not forgotten — even if it has escaped the 
memory of the JS'ewYork Observer, — 
how, at the commencement of the war, 
the Northern Assembly called upon its 
Southern members to turn traitors to the 
governments under which they lived, as 
a condition of church membership; — nor 
in what unmeasured terms they were de- 
nounced by succeeding Assemblies — nor 
how the Southern people were command- 
ed to repent of their sins in having faith 
fully discharged their duties as ChriS' 
tian slaveholders in years past — and their 
sin in defending their homes and fire 
sides when invaded — before they could 
be received into church fellowship. 

i^or has it been forgotten thbt for the 
crime ^f voting against these monstrous 
edicts of *he Assembly — and protesting 
a^'ainst th,^ wrong involved in them — 
and demont'Tating their unconstitutioU' 
ality with a clearness that was as pro- 
^j^ w^-i yuaiiMwerable, a ia«iority 
.;f tLc ministers 'auu Presbyterian people 
of Kentucky and Missouri were excom' 
municated without even a form of trial 
Nor can it be ignored that the persecu- 
tion against them is still continued with 
almost unabated virulence, and the 
Northern General Assembly t/ie//" is try- 
ing to wrest from them their church 
property, as a penalty for having more 
respect for the standards of the Church 
than for the ieliverances of a fanatical As- 
bly. Nor are the modes of warfare in 
auguraled under the auspices of that As 
sembiy — such as the support of paupers 
in a neighboring State to carry the law- 
saits into Federal Courts — and the em 
ployment of miserable negroes as the em- 
bodiment of the dignity of the venerable 
Assembly — in order to secure the inter 
position, it may be, of the Freedmen's 
Bureau — such as to win the respect or 
the love of the Presbyterians of the 
South — without which re-union is a mere 

The Northern Assemblies then, are 
"the leaders that fire the Southern heart 
against re-union with the North." Or 
ganic and external re-union is indeed a 
boon to be desired or sought in the 
Church. But the priceless crown of her 
blessed Lord and Redeemer, and the laws 
ef his Free Christian Commonwealth, are 
infinitely more precious than any bles- 
sing to be hoped for from a re-union 
with the great "united host" of the North. 
The Northern advocates of re-union are 
growing over-confident, if they presume 
that the Southern churches will sacrifice 
the ark of the covenant and its sacred 
contents at the altar of loyalty to Caesar's 
gods, for the doubtful advantages of mere 
'::xternal jouion. 

As long as this warfaro io nontinued 
by the Assembly, any professions of a de- 
sire for re-union cannot but be regarded 
as unmeaning words. If a majority de- 
sire it, let them repeal the obnoxious 
acts; — and if a minority, let them prove 
their sincerity by an earnest protest 
against these flagrant wr'""~3. 


The young Men's Christian Association 
of Springfield, Mass., has held 900 prayer 
meetings during the past year. The Sab- 
bath evening meetings have averaged 100 
attendants. The association has forwarded 
295 unstamped letters, and has received 
many grateful returns. The expenses for 
the year were $1,000. 

While all Christians rejoice in every 
effort made for the diffusion of a knowl- 
edge of Christ, such statistics as the 
above grate harshlj' on the feelings of 
humble, unostentatious followers of 
Christ. The piety of that man is ques- 
tioned who says or writes to his friend 
that he has offered up " twelve hundred 
petitions to God in public and private, 
performed three hundred charitable acts 
and made money by them, and repeated 
over ten thousand texts of Scripture 
within a given period of time." If one 
man takes the responsibility of making 
Buoh boasts, his piety and sincerity are 
doubted. Does the fact that a number 
of men, associated together, publish their 
own good deeds, alter the quality of the 
act involved in their publication? Is it 
to measure our devetions and 

For the Observer and Conimonwealth. 


Office op Sustentation, ) 
Columbus, S. C.Dec. 1, 1869. ( 
To the Chairmen of the Presbylerial 

Respected and Dear Brethren : — 

The General Assembly, at its meeting 
in Mobile, in May last, as you are aware, 
enjoined it upon the Presbyteries and the 
Executive Committee of Sustentation to 
make the effort to raise the salary of ev- 
ery laboring minister in the Church to 
$750 as the minimum amount. It is 
scarcely net'essary to dwell upon the im 
portanco of this measure. This, or some 
thing eqijivalent to ft, is indispensibly 
necessary to maintain the Couroh in the 
territory she has already acquired, to say 
nothing of the duty and urgency of ex- 
tending her influence beyond her present 
boundaries. Our ministerial force has 
already been alarmingly reduced by the 
drafts made upon it to supply vacant 
churches in the border states, to furnish 
teachers for our colleges and other insti- 
tutions of learning, and to provide agents 
for our various schemes of benevolence. 
The losses experienced in this way, for 
several years past, have by no means been 
counterbalanced by the recruits sent 
forth by our Theological Seminaries. It 
is impossible to see how this heavy drain 
age can be arrested, except by placing 
ministerial support on such a footing as 
will enable ministers to continue in the 
active discharge of the pastoral oflSce. — 
The plan of combining a number of 
churches under the same pastorate, has 
afforded but partial relief, and has alrea 
dy been carried as far as is compatible 
with the continued existence of many of 
those churches. The meaKure proposed 
by the Assembly is an important step in 
the right direction, and will remedy the 
evil altogether, if the Presbyterial Com 
mittees will only bestow upon the matter 
the care and attention which its great im- 
portance demands. A few hints in rela 
tion to the best mode of effecting this im 
portant object will, no doubt, be regarded 
with favor. 

A very important suggestion is, that 
every church, or union of churches, ex 
pecting aid from the Central Treasury in 
the support of the pastor, should be visit- 
ed by the chairman, or some other Iriri- 
cal member of the Committee, to : if 
they are really doing all that could be 
reasonably expected of them to s^if ^ort 
the Gospel, and to see furthei •■.heiher 
they could not, by kind and persuasive 
measures, be stimulated to a higher stand- 
ard of liberality. Some one, represen- 
ing the Committee, could speak more 
freely, and bring about more important 
results than the pastor himself could. A 
score of cases might be mentioned where 
churches, by such means, have been indu- 
ced to give twenty-five, fifty and even a 
hundred per cent more than they had 
been in the habit of giving, or supposed 
themselves capable of giving. It is 
scarcely necessary to add that in all such 
cases the preaching of the Gospel has 
been more highly valued on this very ac- 
count. The same course, so far as it may 
be found practicable, should be pursued 
where a larger number of churches has 
been placed under the care of an evanga- 
list. In a number of cases, we are glad 
to learn such churches are contributing 
enough for the full support of their 
evangelist, and are not, therefore, under 
the necessity of looking to the Central 
Treasury for any assistance whatever. 

Another not less important measure is, 
that you see to it that all of the churches 
in your respective Presbyteries contrib 
ute as liberally as possible to the general 
fund. To raiHC the salaries of ministers 
to the proposed standard, and at the 
same time meet the missionary wants of 
the whole field, will require an advance 
upon the contributions of the past year 
of from forty to fifty per cent. The ag- 
gregate receipts ought not to be less than 
$45,000. for the full amount will be 
needed. Nor can this bo regarded as a 
burthen, as it will not amount to an av- 
erage of more than fifty cents to each 
church member. We can not hold on to 
what we have at present, much less en- 
large our borders, unless we can do this. 
Texas, one great domestic miesionary 
field, will pass out of our hands altogeth- 
er, unless we can do more to uphold and 
extend the Gospel there than we have 
done for several years past. As much 
may be said, perhaps, in relation to large 
portions of Louisiana, Arkansas and 
Mississippi, as well as smaller sections 
of some of the older states. Every Pres- 
bytery therefore, and especially the eld- 
er ones, ought to aim to raise in their 
churches at least one fourth more than 
they will expect to draw from the com- 
mon treasury. In no other way can we 
possibly maintain ourselves, or enlarge 
our borders. What particular measures 
should be adopted to stimulate the 
churches to a higher standard of liberality 
must be left to the discretion of vhe Pres- 
byterial Committee themselves. Corres- 
pondence with ministerial brethren, per- 
sonal visitation of the churches and the 
circulation of printed circulars have all 
been tried with good effect, but none of 
them can be relied upon as the exclu- 
sive means. Much may be effected by 
enlisting our christian women in the 
work, especially by organizing them into 
missionary associations, under the direc- 
tion of the pastor and session, for the pro- 
motion of this important cause. 

Another, and perhaps a more impor- 
tant measure than either of the two al- 
ready indicated is, that we continue to 
stand firmly united in these great prin- 
ciples of unity and common brotherhood 
which lie at the foundation of the Sus- 
tentation scheme,and which have, with the 
blessing of Almighty God, preserved our 
church from disintegration and ruin. The 
temptation to break away from this unity 
and concert of action is especially strong 
in those presbyteries whose energies and 
resources are being more rapidly restored 
and who are more easily impressed with 
the destitutions immediately around 

them, than they can be by the wants of 
the church at large. 

That some of our Presbyteries, even 
at the present time, can do better, in a 
pecuniary point of view, by breaking off 
from all connection with the rest of the 
church, and devoting all their resources 
to the exclusive cultivation of the field 
immediately around them, cannot be de- 
nied. But in view of such a course, what 
becomes of those larger portions of the 
hurch which have not yet recovered from 
their prostration and impoverishment? 
Is it certain that the conquest aimed at in 
these new fields will compensate for the 
losses that must necessarily be sustained 
in the older ones? Would it not be bet- 
ter and more seemly for the whole church 
to rise together from the common pros- 
tration, than to have that irregular ac- 
tion introduced, by which one portion 
will rise and go forward whilst the re- 
mainder will be left indefinitely in the 
mire ? If the principle of separate action 
be adopted, what becomes of these efforts 
now being so successfully made to place 
ministerial support upon a proper foun- 
dation? But above all, if the principle 
of presbyterial independency ever be- 
comes the order of the day, what becomes 
of that great principle of unity and broth- 
erhood which sustained our beloved 
church in the darkest hour of her afflic- 
tion, and which, with the blessing of God, 
promises to place her ere long in the 
front ranks of the evangelical church in 
building up the Redeemer's kingdom on 
earth ? In the course of time, no doubt, 
regulations may be introduced into the 
Suatentation scheme by which a certain 
and definite proportion of all the contri- 
butions of the churches in a given Pres- 
bytery may be retur«ed to it for Ifical 
purposes. Indeed, the committee have 
all along acted upon this general princi- 
ple BO far as the wishes of the Presbyte- 
ries have been made known, and so far 
as it has been consistent with the wants 
of the more destitute portions of the 
church. But for the immediate present 
we must stand together, — hold with a firm 
hand all that God has given us in better 
days, and then, as He shall grant us the 
means and resources, go forward in a sol- 
id and united phalanx, not only to build 
up all our waste places, but to make our 
influence felt in every portion of this 
broad land. 

Yours in christian and fraternal bonds. 

Sec'y. of Sustentation. 
On behalf of the Executive Committee 
of Sustentation. 

Death or Rev. Wm, H. Poote, D. 

An esteemed _Chri3tian brother ando^- 
ister gives us^ the sad intelligence  . r the 
death of this good man, who departed tins 
life at his residence in Romney,iW*'-^l ^ 'r- 
ginia, Nov. 22d, 1869, aged about 7 ■ J-fara. 
At the meeting of the Synod in Ric^if id, 
the week in October, we heard 'l-i'. he 
was taken ill while on his way to thai meet- 
ing, but he has appeared so healtliy aiiil 
vigorous in his old age, that his friendH 
probably''did not apprehend that hi'' ; k 
on earth was done. He had been t ug:^- i 
in the work of the ministry about fifty 

The Romney Intelligencer says that he 'je- 
came pastor of the Presbyterian Church in 
that place in 1823, and hLs relations to tlis 
community, as pastor of the church and 
principal of its high school, at intervals, 
continued to the termination of his useful 
and active life. A man of remarkable «n- 
ergy, active, enterprising, foremost in ^h;* 
ever appeared to him conducive of th"- 
eralgood and public welfare, the valuo i^rfii 
usefulness of his long and well-spent Lit 
will now be rightly estimated, tince the go iji. 
man sleeps in death, and his good works do 
follow him. To hia liberality, industry, and 
cordial desire for good, this portion of l)« 
State is lastingly indebted, especially in ia 
religious and educational interests. 

It is the proper euology of a goo ' v. x 
that in hisdeath the community in w n : 
he lived and labored feels most deepl' 
sense of iti loss. To-day the ii,;. .:! 
gence. the respectability, the worth o! h. 
entire community mourn the loss th.i; 
hai sustained, and feels thatit is irrepai;i!i!i  

Dr. Foote was a graduate of Yale i ■ 
lege, a gentleman of great, various, nn,- 
id learning, of active mind and un 
dustry, of which his numerous w ^ 
happy evidence. r 

After tue above n'flf^t^e I^Koiir 
were full, we received thu (Bli^Wng i   

Oorrespondenca of the Obaerver and Commonvr 
Dkak Editors : While the year now arawin 

Humiliating Rrport. 

It is reported, on alleged good author- 
ity, that a large number of clergymen 
of the English P^stablished Church have 
signed a petition to the Ecumenical 
Council, praying, " That should the de- 
cision of the Council be unfavorable (as 
the petitioners believe it not improbable 
it will be) to the validity of Anglican 
orders, the petitioners and others of their 
body who have entered the ministry of 
the English Church through religious 
motives should be received into the Cath- 
olic Church, ordained as priests, em- 
ployed as such, and allowed, if married, 
to continue so until the death of their 
present wives — those married not to be 
employed as confessors." 

Are the clergy of the Church of Eng- 
land so far estranged from the Word of 
God and enslaved by Romish supersti- 
tion, as to send a petition of this char- 
aster to the Pope's Council ? They 
should be pitied truly. 

For the Obserrer and Commonwealtli. 

The great Apostle to the Gentiles wri- 
ting to the Churches of Galatia enjoins 
it upon them to do good unto all men, 
especially unto them who are of the house- 
hold of faith. It is the duty of Chris- 
tians as they have opportunity, to pro- 
mote the welfare of those with whom 
they associate ; and to contribute what 
they can to the aggregate of human hap- 
piness. There is no way perhaps in which 
we can impart pleasure to others with 
less trouble and expense to ourselves than 
by a polite and courteous manner to- 
wards all with whom we come in con- 
tact. A friendly demeanor often minis- 
ters comfort when the heart is sad, and 
strengthens a brother desponding under 
cares and troubles. It is not strange 
then that the Apostle Peter thought it 
not beneath his mission to exhort Chris- 
tians to bo " courteous." 

The thoughts in which the writer is now 
indulging were sn^^^-'isd by his expe- 
rience- in pastbrai lR)(t ^is^onaty labors 
in cities. He has come to the conclusion 
that in our large towns and cities there is 
often a great want of courtesy among 
Presbyterians towards strangers of like 
faith who have moved into their midst. 
This no doubt arises in a great measure 
from thoughtlessness. When the name 
of the new-comer is read from the pulpit, 
how seldom does the inquiry arise in the 
mind of the old member, " do not I owe 
some especial duty towards this brother 
or sister ? " Those who live in their old 
established homes, surrounded by their 
neighbors and friends, do not appreciate 
the lonely feelings of the stranger in a 
large city, without acquaintances. The 
writer has heard the complaint from good 
people, that they have worshipped in the 
same sanctuary with church members, 
sat necr them in the pew, and brushed 
by them in the aisle for years without 
ever having received one look of recogni- 

Others who have worshipped for months 
in some old established church, without 
receiving any notice whatever, have had 
their hearts so chilled by the neglect, 
that they abandon their purpose of hand- 
ing in their letters. Shall the stranger 
always feel as a stranger in his Father's 
house ? The writer has heard the com- 
plaint in Christian families, that though 
they have had long protracted sickness, 
not a single member of the Church has 
crossed their threshold for months. It 
is not strange that such members are in 
the frame of mind to be deeply impres- 
sed with attentions from those of other 
denominations who are proselyting in 
spirit. Whilst it is not a worthy motive 
to cause any one to leave their church, 
yet hundreds are lost to our Church, and 
go from under its influence for the want 
of more Christian courtesy on the part of 

Here is a field in which the female 
members of our Church can render great 
assistance to the pastor. The writer is 
well aware of the fact that we have many 
noble ladies who do efficient service in 
visiting the strangers, and ministering to 
the sick and afiiioted ; and many who have 
the desire, but cannot spare the time 
from household duties. But the ques- 
tion arises, are we not as a people very 
remiss in the discharge of the great duty 
of Christian courtesy ? For church-mem- 
bers to manifest a friendly interest in 
new comen, draws them nearer to the 
Church, and identifies them more warmly 
with its affairs. Church members, go and 
call on the strangeis in your midst, — 
even though they may be plain and un- 
interesting. Go to see them for the sake 
of their Master. 

The Saviour has been pleased to identi- 
fy himself with His people who are stran- 
gers and afflicted. The Lord Jesus will 
say on the last day " Inasmuch as ye have 
done it unto one of the least of these my 
brethren, he have done it unto me. 

P. n. T. 

26th Street, Dec. 1, 1869. 

The Conncil at Rome. 
A telegram from Rome on the 2d instant, 
says that four, hundred Bishops have al 

Correspondence of the Observer and Commonwealth, 

! Dear Observer: — 

I have often heard the question asked : 
, Is the Pacific Rail Road safe as a mode 
I jf travel ? Two kinds of danger are ap- 
I pf'-hended the one from the construction 
I and management of the rail road, the oth- 
 ■ fr. ni interference by, Indians or desper- 

to a close hag a mortuary record— rich in nnraen 
which the world delighted to honor— the ct 
of the 1 iving God has been called to mour. 
some of her truest and noblest sons, am. Uj 
should these pass away with nothing moie of 
commemoration than the brief notice of their 
departure— while said wailings are beard on 
every hand for the world's great ones ? Some- 
thing of this kind was present to my mind aH I 
but recently gazed upon the cncotUned form of 
one whose name is familiar as household woids^ 
throughout the Synod of Virginia— with whose 
history he has been closely identified for the last 
half a century. 

On Monday evening, November 22d, having 
nearly attained the ripe old age of seventy-live 
years, the Rev. William Henry Foote, D. D., 
pastor of the Presbyterian Church at Romney,, 
\'a., paased over the river to rest under the 

I i: -,   the coustruetioit and manuga 
t of the road is concerned, it is as 
j^i^^safe as any American railway. 'That 
I part of the Union Pacific Road which lies 
near the point of junction at Promontory, 
when first fini.shed rough and unsafe, 
■.ins would then too often run off the 
Irack. But this has been repaired, and 
the whole track from Omaha to San 
Francisco is now much smoother than 
the average of American roads. The de- 
scent of the Sierra Nevada is on a heavy 
grade along steep mountain sides and 
with many curves. But they always run 
over this part of the road slowly and by 
daylight. The track and the wheels are 
inspected frequently and the engineers 
seem to be careful. 

By the aid of sleeping oars or palace 

Correspondence of the Observer and Commonivealtli. 

Messrs. Editors : 

'Tis the last Monday morning of Novem- 
ber, and here in the " Land of Flowers," 
at Tallahassee, we are sitting with an open 
window enjoying the morning air, and the 
spectacle so new to us of a banana tree, 
with a heavy cluster of fruit, orange trees 
near by, forming a part of the yard adorn- 
ment of the hospitable dwelling where we 
are so pleasantly entertained. 

Coming here to attend the meeting of the 
Synod of Georgia, whose sessions have just 
closed, you shall have a few notes by the 
way. The Synod being a large one as to its 
territory, including the two States of Geor- 
gia and Florida, a full attendance was 
hardly expected. About fifty members 
in attendance. 


The question of chief interest before the 
Synod, was the disposition to be made of 
the Oglethorpe College. After a discussion 
of the matter, extending nearly a day and a 
half, it was decided by a vote of 26 to 22 
(two non liquet,) to remove the Institution 
to the thriving city of Atlanta, and attempt 
its successful re- establishment there. The 
friends of the plan, hope to build it up all 
the easier from the increased local patron- 
age of a large city. Oglethorpe has been 
a signal blessing to our church in past days 
— may it be made so hereafter. 

The ordinary synodical business was at- 
tended to — various religious services were 
hold, sunonc them, a missioniuy meeting 
«^wiU^a ldc£si|es, and the Synod aAjourned on 

shadow of the tree ol life. He had never known , , • r . , . , , 

rest from his labors before,-and the Master's ^he fatigue of travel is reduced to a 

not unexpected summons found him with the 
harness on, and joyously ready to obey the call. 
For some months his declining health bad given 
rise to great uneasiness to his Irlends,— but he 

he could go no further. After a lew days he 
rallied sufflclently to be brought back among 
his own people and quietly "went to sleep"— 
under the shadows of the mountains which 
were so dear to hini, and which had been silent 
witnesses of his abundant labors and untiring 
devotion to bis Master's cause. His last sermon 
closed his fiptistb year of ministerial work, 
and was preached from Ihe same text with that 
of his trial sermon for licensure: " By grace are 
ye saved through faith, and that not of your- 
selves ; it is the gilX of God." Fitting close of 
such a ministerial life ! Fifty years before, he 
had began to magnify the grace of God by 
preaching Christ cruciUed. How faithfully be 
preached Christ during those fifty years we all 

very little, and the conductors are atten 
tive to passengers. On the Central Pa- 
cific road (the western end) there is a 

continued to labor on with unwearied dillgencer 'lack of skillful arrangements. By acci- 
dent our party became separated, part in 
one sleeping car and part in another. — 
And after the train started, we found 
there was no one on board authorized to 
transfer us into vacant seats in the adjoin 

until the meeting of the Synod drew near, when 
he left home to perform the double duty of at- 
tending the sessions of bis " beloved Synod," 
and the meeting of the Klectors of Union Theo- 
logical Seminary, convened for the selection of a 
successor to his friend Dr. Wilson. But the 

painful illness which terminated his earthly ca- . . , . 

reer, developed so far al Fredericksburg that. -'°g car. Again our meal times were ir 

regular on tho western end of the line. 
One day they gave us an hour and a half 
for breakfast, — the next day they gave 
us less than fifteen minutes. The price 
of meals was from one dollar to one dol- 
lar and fifty cents. But when these were 
our great troubles, the reader may fancy 
the trip a comfortable one. 

The snow is not likely often to detain 
trains. The snow fences on the eastern 
end, and the snow sheds on the western 
end appear to afford ample protection. 

know. He pre-iol^iCbrist with his i^eel»,^'" 'e only have Indians or desperadoes 
hre«t*r- » » ♦-^^^ • foilerfeftd With fhe traol. "*At thit time 

On Wednesday morning (the 24th,) the most 
casual observer would have said that some great 

calamity had befallen the quiet village embosom- 
ed among the hills. Every countenance testl- 
tied a personal loss. Misunderstood he might 
have been by some during his life, but now, 
there was no misunderstanding the fact that 
all— yes, all appreciated their loss. It was a 
lamily bereaved of their parent ; a people 
mourning for their pastor ; a community strick- 
en by the loss of one who had been foremost in 
every good word and work. 

The ruling elders of the churches which he 
had served, bore him to the church where he so 
80 long had " led them like a flock." Eight of 
his brethren in the ministry were present to 
testily how they loved him. The funeral servi- 
ces were conducted by Rev. Messrs. C. White, 
Riddle, Scott and Graham, ol the Presbytery of 
Winchester, and then the whole congregation- 
white and colored— passed by and took a Inst 
tearful look of the venerated and loved,— and 
then his mortal remains were borne to " Indian 
Mound Cemetery," near the village,— and laid 
away under the watch and ward of King Jesus, 
who had crowned his faithful CROSS-BSARKa t 

•' A great man fell that day in Israel." Aye, 
great In strength of will- Indomitable perse- 
verance and fixedness of purpose— in burning 
love for Christ and His crown rights as the only 
King In Zion— in single hearted consecration 
to the work to which he bad given bis whole 
life— In self-denying " labors abundant "—such 
labors as few of his tounqeb brethren have 
either the courage to encounter, or the nerve 
to compass- great in the besclts ol bis work. 
For In "that day " many will rise up to call bim 
blessed! Many of his loved Christian friends- 
his spiritual children preceded him. Ob, what 
are-union was that of this sainted man of God 
with the saved ones gonc-bcfore— saved through 
his instrumentality. But pardon the length of 
this. Other and abler pens will doubtless do for 
liim what he has done lor many of the church's 
heroes— "embalm his memory for the blessing 
of those who survive." 

He was for a time my pastor— always my true, 
warm-hearted, unfaltering friend. In com- 
mon with others who loved him, I bless God 
that William Henry Foote evei lived amouc the 
mountains of Virginia. Grand old man ! It 
were wrong to mourn that the toil-worn and 
veteran laborer rests. " His works do follow 
him. " 

Crowding i^^^o-a. 

An exchange paper prm^s t 
ing picture of the crowded condition of 
New Orleans. In this respect, it is not 
unlike every other city. The great 
wealth of a few who are successful in 
business speculations, appears ai brilliant 
and as glorious to thousands in the coun- 
try, as the lamp light to the candle moth. 
Multitudes are attracted only to be 
grievousl/ disappointed in their expec- 
tations of city life — and to sink down 
unknown and uucared for among the 
poverty stricken, that suffer and die in 
obscurity — unloved and unlamented. 

The reason why New Orleans does not 
present the lively appearance now that it 
did ten years ago is partly because the 
increase of population has vastly in- 
creased the number of idlers — that is, 
there is not business enough, or labor 
enough, for the working population to 
do. The leading commercial jouanal of 
that city estimates that if the population 
of New Orleans were only 60,000, in- 
cluding 20,000 males over sixteen years 
old, these 20,000 could do all the busi- 
ness and work now offering ; but there 
are more than 2U0,UO0 people in New 
Orleans, of whom at least 70,000 are 
males of the working age, and hence 
there is an army of idlers, estimated at 
15,000 only partially employed and 15,- 
000 more wholly out of work. This ar- 
my of non-occupation is largely ino 

on i of those who made the attempt was 
hanged on the spot. The Indians regard 
the track with a sort of superstitious awe 
And there is not so much insecurity ol 
person and property in those wilds as 
the citizens of P]a8tern States suppose. — 
Wells, Fargo & Co. run their stages all 
over this territory — they carry large 
quantities of gold and silver. I am told 
that the drivers go unarmed, — and 
do not generally have an armed escort 
These stages are robbed sometimes once 
in two months, and sometimes twice a 
month. In a majority of cases the lost 
property is recovered. Rarely do the 
robbers take the horses or interfere seri- 
ously with the passengers. These and 
other stage lines run daily from the rail 
road to points twenty, a hundred or 
four hundred miles distant, changing 
horses every ten or twelve miles. From 
Elks, in Nevada, to the White Pine sil 
ver mines there are three daily lines of 
stage^ and several lines of freight wag 
gons making regular time. If now these 
stages run with such apparent security, 
the security of the rail road cars, where 
the number of passengers and employees 
is so much larger, must he greater. 

The population of the towns and cities 
of these mountains, would rather add to 
this feeling of security. Upon the line 
of tho rail road is Cheyenne with nearly 
fifteen hundred inhabitants; Laramie, 
two thousand five hundred, and a hospi- 
tal for the railroad employees; Klks, two 
thousand, and Truckee four thousand. 
Thence to the south are Denver with four 
or five thousand, and Hamilton, (White 
Pine district) with three thousand inhab- 
itants. To the north, Borse City in tho 
7' ' ? ff ■ '' liiMs i-ix thousand, Austin 
Virginia City thirteen 
thousand people. Of course these num- 
lers fluctuate greatly, for these miners 
rush from one part to another at fancy's 
bidding. Yet in communities approxima- 
ting to this size, where the pres.s issues 
its daily papers, and stores are kept with 
thousands of dollars worth of stock on 
hand, there must be large numbers whose 
interests are for the preservation of good 
order. And the usual manner of dealing 
with offenders tends to intimidate them. 
A short shrift and a long rope is a fre- 
quent remedy, though in the towns they 
have regular prisons. 

The religious wants of these communi- 
ties are great. In the towns mentioned 
there are one or two churches each. But 
in the vast intervening spaces there are 
none. The country needs a few earnest 
pious men, who will live upou the rail 
road, preach, when occasion offers. Sab- 
bath or week day ; and join in Iree con- 
versation with every body and any bidy. 
A grand demonstration by a crowd of 
a hundred men passing once over the 
road will not accomplish a tithe of the 
good which the quiet retirin); labors of 
a dozen pious evangelists would do. The 
Baptists are moving in the right direc- 
tion. They have already secured sites 
for small churches along the route. — 
There is room for the other churches too 
rk in the right 

Saturday night, after a busy session, to meet 
next October in Macon, Georgia. 

The missionary meeting suggests the re- 
mark, that it would be a good plan at all 
our Presbyteries and Synods to adopt the 
Assembly's plan of holding popular night 
meetings during the sessions, for the discus- 
sion of all the great objects before the 
church. This is better than regular reli- 
gious worship with preaching, it does more 
to "stir up the mind by way of remem- 
brance" as to the operations of the church 
for the world's conversion. 

We heard the question asked by several 
brethren in social conversation, what is the 
use of retaining the Synod in our system? 
Whether the long distance that many of 
the ministers had to travel to reach the 
Synod, or the short roll of ministers and el- 
ders present (not one half of the minister.-* 
of Synod, and representatives from one-fifth 
of the churches being on the ground,) sug 
gested the question we cannot tell. 'Tis a 
question, however, that we must soon tho- 
roughly discuss and settle. 

Is there any way, by which we can get 
some of the best and most honored of our 
ministers, who, whilst ever ready to act on 
committees, &c., at our ecclesiastical meet- 
ings, rarely say a word, to take part in mov 
ing on the business of the body in open ses 
sion ■? This work ought to be distributed 
as widely as possible through the body. It 
would thus be better done, and all the mem- 
bers would become presbyters, were this 
distribution more widely made. 

Some religious interest is manifest in this 
community. May this meeting of Synod, 
result to the glory of Jesus here and 
throughout the land. Viator, 

hurtful than 6e»Jl/;cio«»e answer is 
plain : — 

Point out to us a congregation whose 
members are always acti»ii and efficient 
in every good work, in providing for the 
support of their pastor and of mission- 
aries, in the Sunday school work, in 
the care of the poor — and that congrega- 
tion will be found to be one that liberal- 
ly patronizes the religious press. Then go 
to another congregation whose members 
are doing the least for Christ's kingdom 
and who seem^to be striving just barely 
to .squeeze into the kingdom of Heaven 
in some way or other, at the least pos- 
sible expense of money, and you will 
find among this people very few copies 
of any religious paper. 

One more remark on our friend's letter 
and we are done. 

Is it fair or charitable for our corres- 
pondent to assume that our most learned 
divines, or that any of them, or that any 
of our editors do uot cry to God for that 
"wisdom which is first pure then peace- 

Should we adopt the negative of the 
question proposed by our correspondent 
we would place ourselves in the same cat- 
egory with old Omar, who ordered that 
the Alexandrian Library, the collection of 
which had long been the work of kings 
Erd princes, volumes were nuiu- 
^erci by huntJeJs of .^thousapiis am 
which'it had t Aen centuries to gather- 
should be burned — because if the books 
" were in accordance with the teachings 
of the Koran, they were useless, if con 
trary to the Koran, they were perniciou.s 
and ought to be destroyed." 



"jk myself^ 
.read any 


In a business note, from a gentleman 
in a not distant city, the following query 
occurs : 

"It is a ci • ■ ■ T 
whetbek a 
thing f)ut tl: 

thing but the Lible. Whiie 
do much good, they often do much harm. 
I verily believe that the man who has a fair 
education, that confines himself to the Bible 
alone and holds sweet and often commun- 
ion with God, will be the man whom the 
Lord will enable to do the most good. 
Knowledge puff'eth up, but charity edifi- 
eth. Our most learned divines (learned as 
the world would say) do very little good 
in comparison with some of our ministers, 
who have but ordinary capacities and but 
little knowledge of the many works on re 
ligious subjects, but who ery to God for 
' Wi.sdom that is first pure,' &c., &c. 

" If convenient give me your views on 
this subject." 


Our friend offers a high compliment to 
an editor who has passed more than for 
ty years in editing a religious journal, by 
appealing to him for an unbiassed opin 
ion on the subject. In answer, we re 
mark that morally there are no rules or 
laws binding upon Christians, that are 
not also binding on the rest of the human 
race. If it is wrong for the Christian to 
read any thing but the Bible, it is wrong 
for the rest of the world to indulge in 
any other reading. If reading anything 
else is wrong, where is the line to be 
drawn? Is it not also wrong to listen to 
any thing else 1 — Satan being in every 
//lino- else, he is in our pulpits and this 
reasoning would cause the sanctuaries to 
be deserted. 

But our correspondent answers his own 
question, two or three sentences fur 
thor on. The maB who has a fair edu- 
cation, must refer to education from some 
other source than the Bible. Human na- 
ture being fallible — of course neither re- 
ligious newspapers nor books could be 
free from hurtful influence to some one 
who may chance to read them. 

That writers in religious papers some- 
tiroes indulge in language towards fellow 
Christians which would scarcely be toler- 
ated in the pulp't, and which even mem- 
bers of the bar would not use in a court 
room in speaking of their opponents in a 
trial, is a lamentable fact. 

Perhaps this may be accounted for by 
the fact, that while from Sabbath to Sab- 
bath and during the week, the prayers 
of God's people are constantly ascending 
to the throne of grace, for God's spirit 
to rest upon the pastors, office bearers 
and the Sunday school workers in the 
church, — how rarely are prayers offered 
to God for the conductors of the relig- 
ious press. They are almost as much 
neglected in the place ot prayer as our 
wealthy citizens are. 

The question, however, aimed at by our 
corres] 'jndent, seems to be : — Whether 
the Bible and the preached word are 
uot better without the religious press 
than with it. Whether our people would 
not be better off without hymn books, and 
cumiueiitarie.o, and Buuyan's Pilgrim's 
Progress and Sunday school library 
books and tracts than with them? Surely 
to state the question is to answer it. 

Even the apostle to the Gentiles did 
not disdain to draw upon tne heathen 
Greek poet in his great teachings, — who 
then shall debar the Christian of to-day 
from means of knowledge other than the 
Scriptures 1 

If then the question is simply this: — 
Is the religious periodical press more 

This faithful missionary to the Choc- 
taws recently died at Washington, Ar- 
kansas, whither he had come about a 
month previous to attend a meeting ol 
Synod. For three years or more, this 
brother has been suffering from poor 
health, caused liy his arduous labori 
among the red men, which, since the de 
cease of Father Byington, Hotchkin, and 
others, and the infirmities of the veteran 
still remaining in the field, Rev. Dr. C 
Kingsbury, have been thrown upon him 
with increased weight, and he was scarce- 
ly able to make the journey to Synod. 
His hope, however, and that of his family, 
was that absence from his field and asus 
pension of his labors for a period, with 
moderate travelling woul i in a measure 
restore him. But God had otherwise or- 
dered. He attended most of the services 
in the church from Thursday uight until 
Saturday, when his little remaining 
strength gave way, and he was taken tu 
his bed at the residence of one of the 
kindest families of our church in Wash- 
ington, General G. D. Roystou, where he 
lingered with symptoms alternately giv- 
ing hope and the contrary, with I'aithlu 
medical attendauce and nursing for three 
weeks, till the Saviour took him tu him 
self. To a brother who was with him 
several days before and after his com 
plete prostration, he more than once re 
marked, that he felt it very uncertain 
whether he should ever leave the place 
alive. This he spoke with true Chris 
tian calmness — death had no terrors fur 
him. Though away from his home and 
his family, it may be said truly of him 
that " ho died at his post," having come 
to Washington, as has been stated, to at 
tend to an jtmportaut Christian duty, for 
tLe peirforiBauce o| which ho was always 
s in every- no^jjiy prompt aud reliable, 
newspapem ,, ,,, , 

■ ■ Mr. Copelaud was favored with the 

graces and zeal which have been bestow- 
ed so largely ou his other associates. Fa- 
ther Kingsbury, Byiugtou, and others, 
and has performed a truly self-denyiiig 
work during the quarter century and 
more he has been iu his field. He has of- 
ten said iu the last four years, that with- 
out reinforcemeucs in the mission, his 
bodily strength would not hold out. Du- 
ring the war struggle, when remittances 
from the Missionary Coaimittee were les- 
sened, and part of the time wholly cut 
off, he set up a shop as a cooper and sup- 
ported his lamily in large part by ma- 
king tubs, buckets and other articles of 
this kind, which he exchanged for the 
necessaries of life — uot however suspend- 
ing his work as a preacher. Some other 
things of a secular character he was able 
to do during this period, which were nec- 
essary for his people, and which could be 
attended to when travelling. He assisted 
Father Byington during the last two years 
of the war, in completing translations of 
portions of the Old Testament in Choctaw 
As a speaker and preacher of their na 
tive tongue, no man ever excelled him, 
as promiuent members of the tribe have 
stated particularly to the writer of this. 
He had mastered this difficult and nec- 
essary acquirement most skilfully and 
perfectly. Ought not the comparatively 
early decease of one so well qualified to 
be useful to this people, caused as it has 
been beyond question by the heavy bur- 
dens he has for the last five years bad to 
bear in his work, to direct the attention 
of some now preparing or ready for mis- 
sionary work to this important and inter- 
esting field I 

Our brother has left a wife and several 
children in a state of dependence, we 
think — and we may say that deep domes- 
tic sorrow had been very heavy upon 
him. Twice, we remember, during the 
past few years, on returning from a pro- 
tracted absence on his duty as a minis- 
ter of the Gospel, has he found a dear 
child just departing, or already gone to 
the other worlds dne of these was a lovely 
daughter, the other a son twenty-one 
years of age, whose education away from 
home was just commencing. — Southern 
P resbyterian. 

Ministers In our Cliarcli. 

In a statement of the preaching force of 
our Church, published in the paper of Nov. 
'Ath, the total number of ministers was not 
tated— and there was a typographical error 
n the number of editors, teachers, &c., 
which caused the whole number to sum us 
IS nine more than we really have. Accord- 
iig to the minutes of the last General As- 
sembly, there are 857 ministers in our Con- 
nection. Of these, 300 are Pastors, 2 Co- 
Pastors, 34 Pastors Elect, 2-58 Stated Sup- 
plies, 84 without charges, 12 Evangelists, 
27 Missionaries, 140 Editors, Teachers, &c., 

The Presbyterian Church of Meridian, 
Miss., have given the Rev. D. F. Smith, of 
.lacksonville, Ala., a unanimous call to be- 
come their stated supply. He has accepted 
it, and his address will hereafter be Meri- 
dian, .Uiss. 


Rev. James Ilaynes ha^ taken   harge of 
the church at Gauley Bridge, Fayette coun- 
ty, West Virginia, to which place corres- 
pondents will please address him, instead of 
Blue Sulphur Springs. 

Jcflcrson, Texasi. 

John M. Lewis makes a strong appeal in 
the Southu-eitem Presbi/terian for the resTlsci- 
tatioii of the Presbyterian Church in Jef- 
ferson. The city has within its corporate 
limits and suburbs about Kl.ftO inhabitants, 
and is still rapidly growing. It i.s the prin- 
Vij -il shipping point for the people of 
I S'  -theastern ,Texii.s slim' • ostern Ar- 

, t^.i,, ias. W-iiHe several c, 
li;ivi' good houses of w. 
riiiu Church has ii 
ply, nor place of   
necessity her few ii t .n 
terian element in ' h 
dissipated and ab^-.riM 
ou hand raised by I'ue ladies for a new 
building, and witli the right man could 
make it $2,r)00, easier tlian a much smaller 
sum with " a lifeless, prosy 'preacher." 

Rev. Richard ^. Cjladney, 


.1- Prfesbyte- 
■ r, stated sup- 
.iiU from sheer 
I.-, and the Presby- 
-)mmunity is being 
1. They have $800 

The Bible in Ruseiia. 

It is stated that the British and For- 
eign Bible Society have finally failed in 
their attempts to obtain permission to 
send the Bible printed in the Russian 
language into Russia. The Kxchange 
Gazette, of St. Petersburg says: "We 
are positively informed that several 
thousand copies were sent under the ad- 
dress of a Russian general ... .all of 
which were stopped at the frontier, and 
then sent to the censors, who forwarded 
them to the Ecclesiastical Consistory. 
This body, after taking the advice of the 
holy synod, decided that it was impossi- 
ble to admit the circulation in Russia of 
a Bible published abroad, because the 
right of publishing the Bible for the use 
of the orthodox is enjoyed by the holy 
synod alone." 

Lay Delegation Among the Metho- 

Lay Delegation in the Methodist Church, 
the Christian Advocate, which strongly op- 
poses the measure, says is not yet assured. 
According to that paper it is necessary to 
have three-fourths of the clerical vote, and 
out of an aggregate of 3,111 votes thus far 
received 608 are against it, leaving 679 affir- 
mative votes uncanceled. 

Late of Aberdeen, Miss., died of appo- 
plexy at Artesia, on the 8th ult. He was a 
clius.smate and competitor for clas-s honors 
with the late Rev. Dr. J. H. Thornwell in 
South Caroliua College. 

An Unusual Scene in Church* 

The Rev. C. S. Thompson, pastor of the 

First Presbyterian Ohurcbr of Cincinnati, 

preached to young men one Sunday even- 
ing, on the subject " Sins of Youth— A bit- 
ter inheritance for manhood." During a 
vivid illustration, prefaced with the words, 
" Thou art the man," a young man in the 
back i)art of the house sprang to his feet, 
and exclaimed : " Ye.s, I am the man," and 
staggering two-thirds of the way up the 
aisle, sobbing, knelt and exclaimed, " Chris- 
tians, pray for me." A pause for two min- 
utes occurred in the sermon, while the con- 
gregation seemed petrified, and the discourse 
was then fini.shed. 

Bible .Socities iu New York. 

The following are the receipts during the 

past year of the several Bible Sotielies 
which centre in New York City : 
.\UK-rk-an Bible Society, Bales...HT4,94« 35 
.\iueric-un Bible Socletv, ilona- 

"""" .' 24S,160 SI |T23,1I'« 69 

American Bible I'nlon 16,127 TO 

.\nicricaii ami Koreisu Bible Society 4T,37S To 

.New VorK Bible Society *i,187 II 

l-'emak- Bible Society 11,0-ie 08 

New York Bible and C'oiiiinon Prayer 

Boon Society, estimated I0,ooo o« 

Total receipts ot Bible Soclotlei) isio.S Bi si 
For the Observer and CommonwealthT "'^^ 
Held an adjourned meeting in Waterford, 
Knox county, Ohio, November 2i*h. All 
the ministers were present, but only about 
half the elders, perhaps, that nusht to have 
attended. A good deal of business wa- 
transacted, amongst which are the follow- 
ing items : 

Rev. A. J^. Cowan ••hii^^ Jesive tab. -4., 
bor in Bucyrus until the next meeting of 

At the request of the church at West Car- 
lisle, the Rev. R. Bell was granted leave to 
labor half his time at that place ; also at the 
request of the churches in North Liberty 
and Bladenburg, the Rev. C. C. .Bomberger 
obtained leave to labor at each place half 
the time, until the Spring meeting af Pres- 
bytery. ^^-"..^ 

A candidate for the Gospel ministry was 
received under thecare of Presbytery. He is 
now attending school at Westminster Acad- 
emy, under the care of the Rev. R. Morri- 

The following committees of o nrrM nnn- — 
dence were appointed, viz: 

For Sustentation, the liev. A. M. Cowan • 
Foreign Missions, the licv. C. C. Bomberger; 
PuhUt-ation, the Kev. K. Hell ; and for Kduca- 
tion, the itcv. Itobert Morrison. 

Rev. C. C. Bomberger from the Commit- 
tee on the Minutes of the Assembly, presen- 
ted the following report, which was adop- 
ted, viz : 

The attention of the Presbytery is particular- 
ly called to Overture, No. S»: "Is it an infrac- 
tion of our standards lor one of our ministers to 
baptize the infant child oCa parent, or the ward 
ofa KUardmu standing in loco parkntis, who 
lias not professed person:il laith in Christ, but 
was bajjiized in inlaney 

'• The Committee recommend that the Over- 
ture be answered in the affirmative, and that 
the Assembly would refer the Tresbyteiy ma- 
king the Overture, to the following portions of 
i ur standards, as reasons lor this answer : F'irst, 
Section iv. of Chapter xxviii of the Confession 
or Knit li ; secondly, the answer to lOUth ques- 
lion otour Larger Catechism ; thirdly, tho an- 
swer of the Uoth question of our Shorter Cate- 

AUo, to the resolution touching' Sabbath 
schools, found ou pages 3TS, 279 ; also the ac- 
tion of the Assembly on Overture Ho.d, con- 
cerning conloriuity to the world and i hurch 
discipline therefor on pp. S'JJ, These mat- 
ters Were particiifirly coiumcMded to the con- 
sideraliou of the ministers, elders and mem- 
bers of our churches. 

The ( ouiniitlee further recommend the care- 
ful examination of the Hook of Order sent down 
to the Presbyteries by the Assembly, that the 
Presbytery may understandingly make its deci- 
sions in regard thereto at its ue.'Ct stated meet- 

The Committee appointed to report on 
the relation of ministers to the churches 
under the care of I'resbytery was contin- 

A Committee, of which the Rev. A. M. 
Cowan, is Chairman, was appointed to pre- 
pare an address to the churches aud people 
in our bounds, in reference to the late union 
of the Northern Did and New l*chooI 

At the close of the second day, Prer'bytery 
adjourned to meet in Bladensburg, Ohio, on 
Wednesday, April Otli, A. D., 1870, at 7 
o'clock, I*. M. 


New Blshopis in Great Britain. 

Mr. Gladstone appointed, during the past 
month, tive or six new bishops representing 
the three great divisions of the Episcopal 

New Churches in Madagascar. 

In Madagascar twenty or thirty new 
churches have been formed since the first of 
January, and about one hundred and twenty 
f bapols are being either rebuilt or enlarged. 
The most important results are anticipated 
from the adhesion to Christianity of the 
tiueen and Prime Minister. 

More Evidences orProgress. 

It is stated that the services of the Lon- 
don Missionary isociety in Madagascar, are 
now attended by about 30,000 natives in 148 
dill'erent congregations. One hundred and 
twenty chapels are now in process either of 
building or enlargement. In Autaiianana- 
rivo, the city where the Queen resides, there 
are nine large churches. 

Rev. James Wilson, niissionarr of the 
London Society at Tieii-Tcin, in China, was 
murdered a few d.iy.s ago by robbers a.s he 
was asleep in a boat on the river, in which 
he must have been visiting some out sta- 

A Convert oflligh Rank In Iudia  

The Scottish Free Church Becord calls at- 
tention to the recent baptism in India of 
Dr. Jayakar, a physician of the highest sec- 
ular caste, educated iu the Bombay Univer- ' 
sity and London College of Physiciaffs, sta^ 
tioned at the hospital of Ahmedebad, where 
be joined the Irish Presbyterians. 


e correction of an ariijle from "A. H." 
lu our next.— Several communications inteniled 
for tliis uumber are unavoidably deferred. 

A letter from Kev. T. E . C, dated at sea, 
approaching Yolsaboma, Japan, Oct. 27th, re- 
ports a pleasant voyage— the missionaries all 
In good health and si iritii, cfec. 

The friends of Davidson College are grat- 
ified to learn that Professor W. J. Martin 
has signified his acceptance of the chair of 
Chemistry and Natural History in that Col 
lege to which he was recently elected. 

Intereatlng liectures. 

A course of Fodr Lictubss will be delivered 
under the auspices of the Yocko Men's Chbis- 
TiiM Association, of Louisville, Ky., in Wel- 
slger Uall, Louisville, commencing on Monday, 
Dec. 13th, at S o'clock P. M. The openini; lec- 
ture is an interesting address on "Adventures 
in Northern Asia," by Geors^a Kcnnun. Tickets 
to the course $2. 

John B. Uough, the celebrated lecturer, will 
deliver two lectures in the course, and Henry 
Vincent, a distinguished and popular Knglish 
man, will also deliver one lecture. Ufthe three 
last named lectures we will have occasion to 
speak hereafter. 

I^or the Observer anJ Commonwealttu 
The Church at Eldorutio, ArU. 

Mesbbs. Editors: 

I came to Eldorado, on Saturday, and 1 
find our brethren here in adiQiculty. They 
are trying to get their house of wo'-hip 
ready for the Spring meeting of Oui ita 
P'esbytery. They have the building 
r ass of erection, but they are 1 
short of m eans. Can't you, by callir. 
tention of oar people in the South t( 
facts, help us? The organization is 
feeble and young. This is an important 
oint, and it is almost essential to our cause 
n this section of Arkansas to have a build- 
ng here. Do your best for us. Brother 
Eagleton is in charge of the flock of only 
fifteen. If any help comes, let it be addres- 
sed to Peter Craig, of Eldorado. The whole 
burden falls on hini. He is willing and ac- 
tive, but he is not able. Help us aud we 
will help you. May God bless our dear 
brethren. Thomas M. Boyd. 

Eldorado, Abe., November 22, 1869. 

' the 


TBI C'HsigTiAN Leadkrs op TBI Last oenturt ; 
OB Eholand a Uundbkd Years Aoo. by tlic 
Rev. J. C. Kyle, B. A., Christ Church, Ox- 
ford. Author ol E. cpositorv Thoughts. 
London: T. Nelson it .Sons, I'ater Nosier 
Kow ; Edinburgh and New York, 186y. 

Who'Vere^'tke Christian leaders of the 
eighteenth century '/ They were men whose 
lives were hidden in Christ with God, and 
illustrated the power of their faith by their 
devotion to His service. God honored them 
as His servants, and made them " co-work- 
era with Him '' in the great awakening 
which marked the progress of that period. 
In the volume named above, Mr. Ryle gives 
his readers plain, and we doubt not, faithful 
sketches of their lives, their ministry, and 
of many of the results of their labors. 
These sketches comprise biographical noti- 
ces of Whiteficld, Wesley, Grimshaw, Ro- 
maine, Rowland, Berridge, Venn, Walker, 
Hervey, Toplady and Fletcher, who 
" though dead, yet speak " with earnest- 
 tess on themes of undying interest 
to men. To ministers, students and ac- 
tive Christians, who would make the most 
of life, we would say — Read this work, and 
examine with care the spirit, the piety, the 
godliness of those good men who walked 
with God. 


States of Auebica, from the Karliest /Settle- 
iueu^ lo"(ho Present '^liov. liy W. N. Slc- 
Donald, A. M., Principal of the JIale High 
School, of Louisville, Kentucky, and J. S. 
Blackburn, Principal of the Alexandria High 
School, Virginia. Baltimore : George Lycett, 
No. 3.5 North Charles street. 18Ca. 12mo., 

Notice of this book in our next. In the 
meantime, we commend it to the attention 
'.r'lird fli*3Ughout the laud. 

Por the Observer and Commonwealib. 
Chickasaw Preabyterjr, 

To the Ministers and Churches within the 
bounds of Chickasaw Presbytery : 
Dear Brethren : You remember that 
at its late sessions the Synod of Memphis 
determined to raise $500 to aid in support- 
ing the Theological Seminary at Columbia, 
South Carolina, and for that purpose asses- 
sed the several presbyteries. The amount 
called for from Chickasaw is $100. Hav- 
ing been appointed by Synod to attend to 
the collection of this money, I take this 
method of calling your attention to the mat- 
ter and respectfully urge prompt ^compli- 
ance with the order of Synod. To facilitate 
your action I recomnieud the following ap- 
portionment : 

Tupelo  3; Pontotoc $C ; Rlpley$7; Oxford 
w8 ; Gaston 81 ; Oak Forest $1 ; Corinth ?2 ; 
Hopewell $5; Bethany $1; Lebanon $4 ; New 
Hope %i ; Kbenezer $4 ; Walnut CrceL $3 ; 
Providence *3 ; Zion $7; Unity %1\ llarmonv 
V  ; New Albany J2 ; Monroe $1 ; S-omervilfe 
|2 ; Fair\iew$2; Palmyra $1 ; Florence $8 ; 
Union Springs |1; Tuscunibia J8 ; Courlland 
$S ; SareplaJl ; Tallahatchie $1 : Hebron $3 : 
Ebenezer (M. D.) *3. 

Will you, brethren, without further no- 
tice or appeal proceed at once to raise these 
gums and forward them to me at Courtland, 
in order that I may send them to the Semi- 
nary as soon as possible ? 

Fraternally, yours, 
Courtland, Ala., Nov. 26, 1869. 


Dr. Livingstone's report on his explora- 
tions up to July, 1868, has been received 
and published. He was then in South Cen- 
tral Africa, near Lake Bangweolo, and had 
determined satisfactorily the sources of the 
Nile. He has thus earned, after 
pled labors, extending through more than 
ten years of tramping hardship and con- 
stant exposure to deadly peril, the honor of 
solving one of the great problems which 
have perplexed geographers since the earli- 
est dates of history. 

If the Nile rises where Dr. Livingstone 
supposes, it is by far the longest river in the 
world. It extends from latitude 10 or 1'.; 
degrees south to latitude 31 degrees north, 
a distance in 8 straight line of nearly or 
quite three thousand miles, or much more 
than the whole breadth of the temperate 
zone between the tropic of Cancer and po- 
lar circle, within which lies nineteen-twcn- 
tieths of the continent of North America. 



FOR 1870. 

The Christian Observer and Com- 
monwealth is devoted to the princi- 
ples of a Christianity pure and uncontam- 
inated by any alliance or support from 
civil power — to the true principles of 
Presbyterian ism. 

The paper has been so long known to 
most of the former readers of the Ob.sf.r- 
vER, and has been received with tokens 
of such cordial approbation by those of 
the Free Christian Commonwealth, 
that the editors doeni it unnecessary to 
make any extended promises as to the 
manner in wbioh it will be conducted, 
la its discussions of questions of interest 
and importanco to our clergy and people, 
it will be our study to present the Irulk 
in love. Its summary of intelligence of 
those things that afiect the welfare of the 
Presbyterian Church Ln the United 
States will be full, ijpcluding outlines of 
the proceedings of\Presbytcriea ' and 
Synods in all parts of the Church. Its 
department for the " Home Circle" re- 
ceives a great deal of attention aud im- 
parts many useful and interesting lessons 
to the young folks. 

It contains every week liints of practi- 
cal value to the house and on the farm, 
and will furnish weekly reports of the 
markets. While the general news of 
the day will receive a passing notice, 
the readers of the paper may feel se- 
cure that nothing will appear in the 
news oolutnns to offend the most fas- 
tidious taste. The advertising columns 
themselves will be found of practical 

The high reputation that the Obser- 
ver enjoyed for the system and accuracy 
of the mailing dtpurlmenl — which se- 
oured^its regular receipt in communities 
where frequent oomplaints of mail irreg- 
ularities were h«ard — will be maintain- 
ed. And all that persevering industry 
can accomplish will be done to convinue 
to merit the high encomiums which have 
been frequently bestowed. 

To secure the active co-operation of 
thousands of its readers — the following 
inducements are offered. It would be a 
source of much gratification if every sub- 
scriber in forwarding payment, would 
accompany it with the names of one or 
more new subscribers. 





The Rev. John McLean, D. D., LL. D., 
and ex-President of Nassau Hall, the Col- 
lege of New Jersey at Princeton, is engaged 
in writing the history of that institution 
It will doubtless be an interesting work. 

John St'iart Mill, the well known En- 
glish writer and social reformer, has been 
oll'ered by the Scottish Universities a seat 
in liie British Parliament, but he declines 
being a candidate for the election. 

John Murray, the London publisher^ has 
puM'shed in the"London Quarterly Review" 
several hitherto unpublished letters from 
Lady -Byron to Mrs. Leigh ia 181G, and 
which he says completely disprove the state- 
ments of Mrs. Harriet Beecher Sto we con- 
cerning the Byron scscidal. 

The Rev. I). V. McLean, D. D., a mem- 
ber of the Presbytery of Monmouth, and 
pastor of thfc Presbyterian Church at Red 
Bank, N. J., died at his residence in that 
place about ten days since, and was buried 
"n Friday, the 26th ult. Dr. McLean was 
tormerly President of Lafayette College, 
and had been for many vears a prominent 
member of the Synod of Kew Jersey. 

We will send the paper for one year to one 
old and one new Bubscriber for 

$5 25, instead of $6. 
One old and two new subscribers for 

$7 25, instead of $9. 
One old and three new subscribers for 

instead of $12. 
One old and seven new subscribers for 

$16, instead of 1120. 
One old and flfteen new aiibscrtbers lor 

$30, instead of $48. 
Or in lieu of the above cash rates, we will 
furnish either of the foUowinj; premiums. 
Church and Parlor Organs. 
Mason & Hamlin's Cabinet and Metropolitan 
Organs are pronounced the best of their class 
in the world by two hundred and six..y eminent 
musicians in this country. A good instramout 
of live octaves with one stop is sold for $100. A 
better Instrument with five stops— very suitable 
or a lecture-room, or small church, for (125; 
one with six stops for $150 ; with seven stops for 
$178 ; Cabinet Organs with live stops, including 
the Vox Humana, for $170— aud more costly In- 
struments at all prices. An illustrated cata- 
logue, showing them, will be furnished on ap- 

For '20 new subscribers, paying S3 each, 
we will give a credit on any organ selec- 
ted of fcS 09 
For 30 new subscribers, a credit of 45 00 
•' 40 «' •' " " 1)5 00 
« fio « a I. 8.5 00 

The Organ will be shipped from New York. 
Communloii Seta. 

For 30 new subscribers, paying three dollars 
each, a handsome communion service, heavily 
silver-plated, consisting of six' pieces, viz: a 
Flagon, Baptismal bowl, two goblets and two 
plates. These sets are manufKctured by the 
Meriden Urittania Company— the plating will 
last lor many years. 

For 16 new subscribers, a similar service, made 
of brittannia or white metal. But not plated. 

Hymn Books Tor New HnbMeriber!). 

We will send by mail, postpaid, a copy of the 
New Hymn Book ol our Church, to any one 
who will obtain audsend us one Nsw subscriber 
with payment (8.1) for one year in advance. 

f^nnday School Libraries. 

Any books that may be ordered for the Sun- 
day School or faQiily will be furnished as pre- 
miums to the extei^t of One Dollar's worth for 
every new subscriber. 

Smith  t Barnum'H Ttible Dictionary 

This rich and valuable work, containins 1,- 
'234 octavo pages, will be sent, — bound in mus- 
lin, liiricc $5, lor KouR new subscribers; l)ound in 
library sheep, price $0, for five, and in half mo 
rocco, price 7,00, for six new.subscribers, who 
pay $.") each for one year. 

Those sending us new subscribers will please 
notify us what premiums they wish. 

Send for extra copies to circulate 
among your friends. They will be fur- 
nished without charge. Send the request 
for them to the office in Louiavillr.. 

Kof'orm lu the Loudou MisNiouary 

Since the accession of Dr. Williams to 
the secretaryship of the Lom^on Missionary 
Society, there has been a general overhaul- 
ing of the work of the Society, with a view 
of bringing up the converts and native 
preachers to a habit of self-support. The 
English missionaries have been withdrawn 
from mere pastoral work, which has been 
committed to native preachers, who are to 
be supported by the people. Many thous- 
ands of pounds have been saved to the So- 
ciety in this wav. The Society are now mo- 
ving to undertake new work in the South 
Sea Islands, by the help of native students, 
who have been trained in the Seminaries. 
They are stretching upward from South 
Africa towards Central Africa, and have 
now nine mis-sionaries north of Orange 


The two houses of Congresi met in their 
respective halls in the Capitol on Monday 
last, and were called to order. Notices of 
proceedings in our next. 


The rapid growth of the South in manu- 
factures is indicated by the following item : 

Petersburg, Va., has C  large cotten facto- 
ries, nearly 20 tubacco factories, two or 
three largc llour and grist mills, three large 
distilleries and several rocliiying establish- 
ments, together with many smaller manu- 
facturing establish men fs. 

A large and iiitl-ential meeting of gen- 
tlemen, prominent in our batikiuL' and tra- 
ding circles, was liclil iu New York city, 
Nov. 23(1, at No. 22 William street, for the 
purpose of organizing an association, having 
for its object the erooiion of a monument to 
George Pcaliody. Mr. W. H. Noilson pre- 
sided. Tbe Chairman explained that the 
fund would be raised by dollarsubscriptions, 
and the nionuiiient wlioii couipleted would 
be erected in .sojie coiiiinanding position in 
Central Park. It was announced at the 
close of the meeting that the names of COO 
subscribers already been received. 


The statistics collected by the Congres- 
sional Coniniittec  m this subject show that 
American ship-building has steadily fallen 
oil' in the United Stales for the last eiglit 
years, growing less every year, until the car- 
rying trade almost disaiipearod from 
American bottoms. 


A heavv pressure lor iiicre ised mail labili- 
ties ill the South and West is being made 
upon t|ii' I'ostotiice Dcparhtcnt by the mem- 
bers arriving from lliosef ic'cff t»HT~ 'Jfesy 
represent that in iiiany i)ortions of their 
States an urgent nece.ssily exists for more 
extended mail services, and it is probable 
that quite an amount of additional service 
will be ordered by the Postmaster General. 

It is said the Postmaster General will 
recommend the abolition of the /ranting 
privilege in his report to Congress. 


Amos Kendall's will has been admitted 
to probate. He bequeaths $10,000 and his 
Arkansas lands to his grandson, divides his 
personal property between his foui daugh- 
ters, and directs his executors to distribute 
the rest of his real estate, amounting to 
5f3u0,000, among his heirs according to their 
own judgment. 


The New York Wurtd reports a gold 
excitement in that city, on Monday of last 
week ; the brokers were quite as excited as 
they were in the big panic in September. 
Crowds rushed around the Gold Room and 
Stock Exchange, the halls leading to the 
rooms were crowded by excited men, and 
the telegraph operators were worked to 
death. In the Gold Room, the scene was 
very instructive. Now and then a broker 
would juraj) into the pit and bawl, " 1 bid 
122^,' and immediately would be taken by 
another who had bought at 121S. And this 
was the case on many occasions. The bro- 
kers plucked up courage toward the end of 
the day aud went home, alter a hard day's 
labor, having succeeded in keeping uji the 
closing quotation at 122. 


The managers of the Pacific Railroad are 
prejiaring fuel and provision cars to run 
with every train during the winter, so that 
in case a train gets snowed in, the passen- 
gers will not freeze or starve to death. 


Reports from Galveston and Houston 
state that the vote iu two days is 1,500. 
It is estimated that Hamilton will carry the 
State by 30,000. In Jefferson, the election 
is progressing quietly, the colored voters be- 
ing largely in the majority. 

A letter from Cuba a few days since, re- 
ports the discovery of a formidable conspir- 
acy among the negro slaves at  Sagua, by 
which they were to massacre their Spanish 
masters, bum the. estates and decl.iro them- 
selves i'rcel Ti.clva of the leaders hi'f'ebeen- 
summarily .shot. 

Commissioner Capron of the I'. S. Agri- 
cultural Bureau, pronounces the \'irginia 
State Fair a great success. 


Miss Hattie Pearce, of Onslow county, 
N. C, has raised tea successfully this sea- 
son, and is now making a good thing out of 


J. A. Bailly has been directed lo proceed 
with the casting of tho equestrian statue of 
General Grant intended for the south front 
of the Treasury building in Wa-liington. 
The statue is colossal, will cost $55,000, and 
will be ready for unveiling about the 1st of 
next January. 



A dispatch from London says that Dr. Liv- 
ingstone writes under date of I'jeji, .May 13th, 
1809. " 1 am in good health and treiiUd wel 

Tho Bishop of Havana was broii^'lit lo Mad- 
rid, November 'iM, under guard. 

Wliy was he arrested / Of what crime was he 
accused '/ 

Many failures were reported uinonj;st the 
grain dealers of Liverpool about two weeks 
since, including many with exleUBive Aiiii rican 

The ship '•Spendthrift," from Shanghai, 
loaded with tea, was wrecked wiihiii forty 
miles of the home port. 


It 19 reported In Paris that the Viceroy of 
Egypt pn'.teiited to the Empi ess Kugenie a dia- 
dem of diamonds valued at 0,000,000 francs. 


The ceremony of opening the Sessions 
of the Senate and the Corps Lcgislatit', was 
the great event of last week iu Paris. The 
Emperor, in his speech, says: — That for 
months jjast society has been threatened by 
"subversive passics " and " the excess of 
the;" but the result has only shown 
"the soliclity of the edifice founded by pop- 
ular suffrage." 

" France wants order and liberty. Order 
I answer for; help me. Messieurs, to .secure 
liberty. Between those who would change 
all and those who would grant nothing, a 
l^rious course may be chosen." The Km - 
peror then referred to/the Senatus Consul- 
lum of September htst, which he said he had 
proposed with the piirpo.^e of inaugurating 
a new era of conciliation and progress. — 
The relations of France with foreign powers 
wore friendly. The Emperor continued: 

" We have reason to be proud of our 
epoch. The New World suppresses slavery; 
Russia frees the serfs; England renders jus- 
tice to Irelanil ; the Bishops are meeting at 
Rome for wise and conciliatory purposes ; 
the progress of science draws nations closer 
toj each other. While America unites the 
Atlanti:.' and the i'a itic, every where capi- 
tal and intelligence combine to connect by 
the electric wire all nations. France and 
Italy will soon be joined by a tunnel through 
the Alps, and the Suez Canal has already 
united the Mediterranean and Red Sea. — 
The Empress is not present to-day because 
I desired her to testify the sympathy of 
France with the wonderful genius and per- 
severance of a Frenchman." 

The Eini)eror concluded in the following 
words: "Messieurs, I hope the bodies of 
the Stale will apply loyally the modifica- 
tions lately made in the Constitution. There 
is to be a more direct participation of the 
nati on in its own alTairs. This will be a new 
force for the Empire. May the Chambers 
prove that without falliug into regretable 
excesses, France can support free institu- 
tions, which honor civilized nations." 

ncps which he bore with exemplary patience, 
enter into his rest, on the 2id day of November, 
l!-69 ; and 

2nd. Whereas his ministry among us was. In 
the goodness of God, continued for a period of 
about thirty-eight years, a period so much lon- 
ger than IS "usual for the pastoral relation ; and 

3d. WheiCiLs his faith and zeal in the service 
of our Lord and Saviour have been crowned 
with abundant success. Therefore, 

Resolvcfl 1st, That ritli a deep sense of bereave- 
nieiil, rcclliip that we are lnflee l bereaved of a wise, 
watclitul ami falthtul man of Ooii, we bow humbly un- 
der tlic haml of our Oo l, not questioning His right to 
take awav that which He has given, and believing 
that the Hedi'cmcr, the Holy One of Israel cannot err, 
but iliii'th all things well. 

RlsoIvi cI 2cl, That our thanks are due to the Divine 
Head iif the Church for this one of His Ascensioo gifts 
to us anil to our people, In that he did, by His Spirit, 
quicken and convert, and call and qualify, and then in 
Ills own Rooil iliiiB and wav, send among us, from a re-- 
mote region of our country, this Scr\-ant and Aniba-isa- 
dor of His, lo be the instructor and the (tuide, under 
the blessing of God. to our father^ to us and to our 
chlMrcn now comiug after us, thus to gather out from 
us aufl to edify and to separate a people who shall be 
the Lorifs at liis bright appearing. 
Z Resolved ;id, That throughout a long and useful min- 
istry aiiu iix us he has proven an able, earnest and 
faithful witness for the tnith of God, holding back noth- 
ing; iMit di'claring Miito us the whole counsel of t» Ml, 
cldstns a Ifuig testimonv of 50 years in the ministry, by 
declaring imto us as he did in his last pulpit dlscoiirse, 
" By Grace are ye saved through faith and that not of 
yourselves ; it Is the gift of God." 

Resolved -Ith, That we the surviving members of the 
Session are called and urKed by this most tonching 
testimony of our dear rleparteil Pastor, to remember 
the word of the Lord which he spake unto us and con- 
llriiied unto us by his long Ufe and by his ealm and 
peaceful ileath, and that we should be stlmulate I to 
new and lncre;islnjr diligence in our Master's servicn,. 
What our hands lind to do let ns do It with our might, 
that when the night shall come, we too may He down, 
Ui our rest, our work accoiupllslied. 

Resolved .Mh, That our syuipathlea and tears are an 
inadef|uate expression of our feelings towards the tjo- 
reaved family of onr deceased Pastor, that our prayers 
shall continue to aa  en l to our Oo l and their God for 
His kind and continued care of them, and for the con- 
solations of His (trace unto them. 

Resolved 6th, That a c opy of thin paper be sent to 
the family of the deceased pastor, and that the same be 
lead from our pulpit and published in the "Cent;*! 
Presbyterian, ' in the " Christian Observer and Free 
Christian Commonwealth," and " South Branch Intel- 
ligencer." By order of Session. . 

\Vm. a. Kctkkndaix, ClcrK. 

At a meeting of the Presbyterian Congrega- 
tion at Roinney, on the 28th of Movember, 
1809, the following paper was adopted : 

The Preamble anil I!esr lntlons of the Session 
ofthi*-Cliurehj - en»^ol^»e- 
reaveinent In tli^ deaiii ilitsUi V W^^Bipp/ 
Foote. D. D., o u venerable and beloved ? pas- 
tor. and of their views ot the goodness of Ood 
In sending him unto us and continuing blm 
among us so long to gather out for His name 
and lor bis glory a people here among us, hav- 
ing been read, It was 

Resolved, That the Congregation do adopt 
said Preamble and Kesolutlons as contatlSTbg a 
true e.Npression of their feelings, and that we 
feel called upon to humble ourselves under the 
mighty hand ol' our Ood, and earnestly to call 
upon His holy name to sanctity to us this most 
atllictive bereavement, and to bestow His 
Holy Spirit upon us iu abundant measure. 


The flgures quoted below are wholesale prica lo 
Louisville— retail are higher. 

Wheat— white, per bushel |1 lo to 1 13 ; redl oo to 

1 10. 

COBN— white, 90 to W. 
RVE— so cents. 

Flour- superfine, per barrel, $l SO to a oo ; extra 
uu to S Bo : extra family, (3 to 8 76 ; rye, |« io to 
B T4. 

BrCKWHEAT FLOCB-tT 48 tO 8 00. 

Oats — 65 cents. 

( OKNUKAL— kiln dried, t4 78 to S oo per Inrrej. 
Hay— per ton, 117 to 20 40. 

PROVISIONS.— sides, 19X : shoulders, 18)^ toie^. 
COFI KE— Rio, 18 4 to 26 ; Laguayra, Wi i to 86 ; Java, 
?2 to 34. 

srOAB— yellow, 14 to uj( ; extra C, 18 toiJvi : 
white, 17X to 18. 
MOLAsSKS— N. O., 86 to »0. 
BcrrER— common, 25 to 28 ; best, 80 to 3S. 
Lard— IS,"!; to 21. 
Chkkse- II to 19 4. 
Rice— to9  ;. 

Fish— mackerel, No. 4, per barrel, !8 to so ; cot her- 
ring, 7 90 to 7 TO. 

Salt— barrel, tl 38 to 4 do. 

White Potators— |l oo to 1 18. 

.Vpi'LUs— common to fair, per barrel, fi 60 to 2 T8 ; 
choice to prime, t3 8o to4 uo. 

Beans— prime navy, $3 00 to 3 80 per bushel', white, 
ti DO to 2 26 ; mixed, $1 50 to 1 80, 

P.AHK— tl2 to 15 per cord. 

Cranberries— Cultivated |16 to 16 B   per barrel. 

Canned Goods— oysters, 2 lbs, |2 8') to b ; gplced, 
%i 60 to 5 25 ; damson, 2 lb, $3 5u ; green corn, 2 lbs, 
$3 60 to 4 Mil. 

Oranges— IT ISO to 8 ooperbarrcL 

Hominv— H 75 to 6 00 per barrel. 

Beek— gross, t2 50 to 8 oo. 
M\-noN-|'! 00 10 4 .w. 
Pork— gross,|8 50 to 8 7.\ 
Egos— per dozen, 35 to .w eta. 
C'inCK]!.N8— 17 per dozen. 

Brown SniRTisGs— 14!  to 18 ; Wamsutta 20 ; Lons- 
dale IS : Tickings, 29 lo4o. 
Hops— Prime, 30 cts per Ih. 

HIOES— Oreen salted, in to 11 c ; dry flmt, 20 to 22c 
Iron Cotton Ties— 61, to 7c per lb. 
Coal— J ) per load, 26 bushels. 
^ ^CANDj.KSj-21 to 22 for full Weight , tallow, 13V to 

C?OTT0N-hrdlnary, 2SV to 2.1 cents ; mliliili^, ^ik!tL 
Wool— unwashed, 31 to 34 cents ; washed, 45 to So. 
Leaf Tobacco- medium hhd t9 60 to 11 ; goo l, 

112 75. 


In Catlettsburg, Ky. Nov. 24th, 18G0, bv the 
Rev. J. I). McClintock, JAMES K. FREEMAN 
to Miss ELIZABETH ROMAN, both of Law- 
rence county, Ohio. 

On Oct. 13th, 1869, by the Rev. E. C. David- 
son, at the residence of the bride's father, Water 
Valley Mlas.. C. C. BOYD to Miss BETTIE 

By the same, at the residence of S. H. Olgt, 
Water Valley .Miss., on the 21st of October, M. 
D. ItEAVES and Miss M. E. GREENE. 

By the same, at the residence of Mr. Hardy, 
near Water Valley, Miss., Nov. 7th 1869, S. C. 

By the same, at tho residence of the bnde's 
father. Water Valley Miss., on the ltd of No- 
vember, T. H. WIL.SON to Miss SOPHIA M. 

By the same, at the resltlecce of Mr. T. Price, 
near Water Valley, Miss., on the Itith of Nov., 

By the same, at the residence of Mr.- Phlpps, 
near Spring Dale, Miss., Nov. 2l8t. 1S60, St A. 
SUEAltER to Miss M. E. STEEDS. 

On the 2.5th ult., by tho Rev.S. M. Luckett, 
at the residence of the bride's father, in Chls- 
tlan county, Ky., JOHN W. McOEB, of suld 
county, to Miss VIRGINIA E. NICHOLS, re- 
cently from Virginia. " Central Presbyterian" 
please copy. 

By tho same, at the residence of Mr. E. Boyd, 
J. U. KOPER to Miss N . J. Dillon, all of Chris- 
tian county. 

On the 2lst of October, In Van Buren, Ar^ 
Kansas, by the Rev. W. A. Sample, WIL- 
ANDER, all ol that place. 


Notice.— Obituary notices must. In all cases- 
be accompanied with the names of those who 
send them. observe the terms for obitu- 
rles of over ten lines. In our advertisement in- 
serted at the foot of last column on the third 
page of every number. 

At Morristown, New Jersey, the 2»Jth of Nov., 
Mrs. HARRIKT TURNER, wlie of David 
Olyphant, of Morristown, and daughter of the 
late David J, Burr, of Richmond, Va., aged 32 

In I'etersburg, on tbelGfhof November, of 
pneumonia, Wl!. I. TK infant son of Robert and 

klla McCandlis 
Of such is the 

i« davs. 


Mrs. Bartlett, of Black River Falls, Wis., baa 
made with one " Wheeler & Wilson" needle 
six hundred pairs of hesvy canvas pants, worn 
by logiiers, earning within two years upward of 
six hundred dollars, beside doing the work for 
ber own and other families. Dec. 8. 

For the Observer and CommonwcaltlL 


At a meeting of the Session of the Roniney 
church, held at the parsonage on the 28th day 
of November, 18W), the following paper was 
adopted and ordered to be sjircad on the min- 
utes oftlie Session, viz : 

Ist. Whereas in the sovereign and inscruta- 
ble providence of God, the Rev. WM. HENRY 
FOOTE, D. D.. our venerable, faithful and be- 
loved pastor, did, aUer » aevere aud painful ill- 

In Sullivan county, l.tllll.^■.■l   
17th, 18C9, JAMES U. KING, in (jtitta 
of his age. 

The deceased was, for manv years, a memlicr 
of the Presbyterian Church, and lived a con- 
sistent and upright life; aud calmly fell asleep In 
the arms of Jesus. " Blessed be the dead which 
die in the Lord; yea, salth the Spirit, and their 
woiks do follow them."* He is resting on the 
bosom of his Father and his God. 

J. S.K. 


lict of Isaac D. Vanhook, was born in North 
Carolina, 13th of Nov., 1800— died the 6th of 
August, 18G!». For sixty-nine years God per- 
mitted her to tabernacle in the flesh— during 
which time she raised a family, but one by one 
her husband andchildren were taken from her, 
and at her advanced age she stood, aalt were, 
alone— only one child alive, and she a consider- 
able distance from her. And yet not alone, 
for her grand children (those of B. C. Alder- 
son, Es |., whose former wife was a daughter 
of the deceased) and the present Mrs. A. 
watched her as tenderly and constantly as the 
fondest children could have done. Her bodi- 
ly suttering was acute and considerably ex- 
tended, but this noble mother in Israel bore 
all patiently. "I'ray that I may be resigned, 
not that 1 may live "—and again fearing she 
was su tiering too much for me to read and 
pray with her she said, " oh no. it is my chief 
del'ghl to hear and think of Him who never 
knew sin, and yet suflered for a poor sinner 
like mysell. He is all my hope." Iter hopes 
were bright. She was a most excellent woman, 
noted for her kind heart and soundjudgemant. 
All spoke well of her, and everybody loved 
her. She was a member ol the Presbyterian 
Church. But she is gone. She closed her 
weary eyes on this cold world on Tuesilay 
evening at twilight. She was laid by her hus- 
band's side, there to rest until that morning 
when together 

"They will rise 

To hall Him in triumph ascending the skies." 

Three Cieeks, Aug. 20th, 1869. 

Major JAMES FINLEY died September 20th, 
1869— aged 57 years. It Is sad to announce the 
death of such a man— a good neighbor, valua- 
ble citizen, sffectlonata parent and htuband, 

and a warm and true friend. Though a native 
of Georgia, he has resided for many years in 
Union county Arkansas, near Hillsboro. Here 
he was exercised in doing good and ruling as an 
elder over the Lapile Church. He was the soul 

of this feeble organization and has been con- 
stant in his eflbrts to have it supplied with reg- 
ular preaching. Being a man of sound judg- 
ment and industry he amassed wealth, but 
liko thousands of others in the South, he sus- 
tained a heavy loss by the war. He did not 
complain, but evinced a submissive and even 
thankful spirit, saying to the wriier on one oc- 
casion,— I fo'-merly lived to accumulate world- 
ly goods; the good Lord punished me by de- 
priving me of the bulk of my property, and 
now I will strive to act as steward in Uis em- 
ploy—ever mindful that what 1 have is but a 
loan from my Ma.ster." 

He was erievously aillic.ted in body, and for 
several weeks prior to bis death suflered intense- 
ly—but e.vhihited that patience which comes 
from hope, and that resignation which arises 
from strong faith. He leav»s several children 
and his iiresent widow (to whom he was mar- 
ried in 1857)— and could soirow enter that bet- 
ter world, his sainted spirit would grieve to 
witness her suflering. Weep not, "the Lord 
gave and the Lord hath taken away." We 
ought to rejoice that God gave him grace to live 
for Christ, for we know that fur such a man to 
die was gain. 

" His sorrowing on earth has ceased ; 
His joy with Christ begun." * • • 

Oct. 2d, 1809. 

Died at her residence near Seaford, Delaware, 
November 17th, 1869, Mrs. SOPHIA MAR- 
TIN, relict of the late Captain Hugh Martin, 
of Seaford, Delaware, in the seventy -third year 
of her age. 

This estimable woman was for many years a 
consistent meipber of the Presbyterian Church. 
Although deprived during the l.Atler i art of her 
life of worshiping with those of like faith with 
hersell, she ever remained true to her vows, 
and loved the church of her choice. The Irc- 
quent and protracted absence ol her husband 
on the sea, devolved upon her the responsibil- 
ity oi training up a large laiuily of children, 
which she did In the fear of the Lord, and with 
a remaraabie firmness of discipline, blended 
with great sweetness of temper, and a most ex- 
traordinary love for her faiuily, which was re- 
^!V: . ■ 1,1 ! ' i m to the Viry close of her lile. 
S^r-.f Wl iil^l her eaKhiy reward : her 
jnous regaru for tueir wellarc was lil^sse'! ol 
God to the conversion of her husband and sev- 
eral of her children. Her devotional habits 
were intensiUed by her frequent deprivation of 
the public worship on the .Sabbath. The Bible 
and "Jay's Devotional Exercises' were her 
constant companions. Her illness was i)rotrac- 
ted and paintui, but she nuirmnrcd not. Her 
laith was strong, and she looked forward with 
perfect composure to her change, and longed to 
be " present with the Lord. ' The Sabbath 
preceding her death, she had her children cal- 
led one by one to her bedside and embraced 
aud kissed them, addressing each in the most 
tender and loving language, aud giving them 
her dying blessing. The colored servants of 
the family, wlom she had reared from child- 
hood, were also called and addressed by her in 
the same kind manner which hud always 
characterized herlreatment of them and thank- 
ed them for their attention to her. When this 
parting interview had closed, she said . 

" My suffering time will soon be o'er. 
When I shall sigh and weep ho more : 
Mt ransomed soul shall soar away 
To bing God's praise in endless day." 

She continued conscious to her end, and 
among the last words slie uttered were : "Hap- 
py, happy, I have no fear, 1 have no clouds." 
Such testimony as this from Christ's people when 
they die, cannot be too often put on record. It 
shuts the mouths of scod'ers, vindicates the 
truths of our holy religion ; and is an unspeak- 
able consohition to us who remain. 


(From the Henderson Reporter.) 
In Henderson county, Ky., Oct. 6th, 1869, 
Major FAY ETTE POSEY^, in the 85th year of 
his age. 

In the life of Dr. Archibald Alexander, it is 
mentioned that at the early age of seventeen he 
(Dr. A.) became tutor in the family of General 
Posey, who lesided in the Wilderness, twelve 
miles west of Fredericksburg, in the county of 
Spottsylvanla, Virginia, "The family residence'' 
(1 quote from the "Life of Dr. Alexander") 
" was in a very retired situation, where a few 
persons of wealth had valuable estates. — (ieu- 
eral Posey had done service in the Revolution 
as a commander of riflemen in Morgan's famous 
corps, in which he linaliy rose to be Colonel. 
He was a man ot noble a|)pearance and courtly 
manners. Mrs. Posey who had been a beauty 
m her youth, was now (1789) at the age of forty, 
a fine and stately person." ' • 

" 'rhough somewhat decayed in wealth, the 
Poseys maintained much of the style which be- 
longed to old Virginia families.'' 

The persons named in tho above extracts 
were the parents of the subject ot this notice, 
and it is believed be was born in the very fami- 
ly residence there alluded to. For he remem- 
bered, as he informed the writer, the presence 
of Mr. Alexander in his fatucr's house in the 
capacity of teacher, although himself too young 
to share the benefits of his instruction. It may be 
ad.ded that the father-General Thomas i'osey— 
atcerwafd held the position oi Gf»'oraor of the 
Northwestern Territory. 

Major Fayette Posey was born on the 24tb of 
October, A.D., 1784. Early in the present cen- 
tury, while yet a youth, he removed with the 
family to Kentucky and settled near what is 
now the town of Henderson, in the county of 
that name, and there he continued to reside un- 
til his death. 

His name was widely known, and he com- 
manded the respect and reverence ol the entire 
community. He was a man of great decision of 
character ; earnest in purpose and of invincible 
resolution, — Neither cold nor storm, even in 
advanced age. could detain biin from exposure 
when any of the large interests which be con- 
trolled required his supervision. His manners 
were simple, unostentatious and graceful, and 
he bore about bim the dignified character which 
Is said to appertain to his native State. He had 
a kind heart, and bis hospitality was tested 
without grudging. He possessed a clear iutel. 
lect and varied information. His views on all 
the great questions of interest which agitate 
the minds of men were deciiled, distinct, and 
manllested sound judgment and deliberate 

For sixty years he was a member, and a large 
portion of that period, a ruling elder in the 
Presbyterian Church. He was always interest- 
ed In its welfare, and was thoroughly acciuaiiit- 
ed with questions of polity which aflccled its 
destiny. As a politician, be took tlie side of 
the Union in the late conflict, but repudiated 
all actions of the General Assembly on the ques- 
tion as unsuitable to its mission, and stood de- 
•Idedly with those who denounced its political 

He was a contributor to the benevolent ob- 
jects ol the Chuich: always ready to " do good 
as he had opportunity to all men, especially to 
those of the household of faith." 

He died suddenly, while absent from home, 
on business connected with his estate, one son 
only of his family being jiresent when the sum- 
mons came. For many years be had been afflic- 
ted with a disease of the heart, and it was doubt- 
less tho messenger which God had commission- 
ed to summon liim to the eternal world. lie 
complained of slight cbillness, sat down by the 
fire, resting his face on his hands, and before 
th08« who stood near him were conscious of any 
danger his spirit had tied. 

Aud thus has passed away another oftheft- 
thers. A name dear to his surviving family, to 
the poor whom he had fed and clothed, and to 
the church ol God, is erased Ironi the records of 
the livingonearth. It isembaliiied in the hearts 
of many of the ministers of the Gospel who 
shared his bounty, and were gladdened by his 
words of cheer and kindness, some ot whom 
survive to cheer his memory, and others have 
gone before him to tiie better land. 

More than sixty years ago he was a student in 
Washington Coliene, now under the Prcsidemy 
of General Lee. He satiinderthe preaching of 
McGready, who, more than a quarter of a cen- 
tury ago, sunk into the grave. Uis mind was 
a store-house of rich remembrances of the long 

Major Posey was twice married. His second 
"'r bis ct3mi/A".ion and true helper through 
\-:"r . than forty years of his pil;;rimage, five 
and two daughters, with other numerous 
■ndents, survive him. " His children rise 
111! uid call htm blessed." May they follow his 
footsteps as he followed Chirst. J. W. 





Trains run to and from Louisville as follows : 

Leave. [Nov. 14, 18C9.1 .\rrlve. 

7rflo A. u. NashvUlc, Memphis A- N. O. Mall. 10:uii p. m. 

4^11 P. M. Memphis. N. O. 4 Mobile Express, scnft a. m. 
12:30 A. M. Nashv .t Southeastern Ex. Mall. 1 :;i5 p. m. 

8:30 A. M. Ulclimund4Mt» Vernon B.x. Mall. 2:o5 p. a. 

3:15 p. M. ...Bardstown .Accommodation — 8:30 a. M. 
t3'"Memphi3, New Orleans and Mobile Express, ami 
Nashville and Southeastern Express Mall run daily. 
All other trains daily except Sunday. 

t^For Through Tickets, Baggage Checks, and In- 
fonnatiiin as to sleeping Cars, ThruuKh Coniiectious 
with Kallroail aud stage Lines, Ac, apply ai Ticket om- 
ces, corner Third and Main streets, corner of Fourth 
aud Main streets, Louisville Hou l, Wlllard Hotel, Gait 
House, and at Depot, comer Niuthand Uroudwav. 
decstf ALBERT FINK, (jeu l Supt. 

LITTELL'S LIVING AGE, being published In weekly 
numbers of sLxty-four large pages each, making 
more than THRKK thocsand pages of reading matter 
vearlv, presents to Its readers the best literature of the 
karopeaii quarterlies, moiittilies and weeklies, with a 
ihoruuifhly satisfactory compi.ktknkss, as well as fresh- 
ness, ami at a small cost- The ablest living writers In 
all departments are constantly represented In Its pa- 
ges, and all who desire "a Thorough compendium of 
all that Is admirable and noteworttiy lu the liierary 
world," to keep pace with the si-teutlllc or political 
progress of the age, or to cultivate In himself or Ills 
family a taste for the best literature, cannot well dis- 
pense w ith The Livino Age. 

Considering the quantity of reading matter furnished, 
the subscription price t8s.oo a ytar) Is cheap; but for 
those who desire the ereani of both home aud foreign 
literature, a si III cheaper otter Is made, of which the 
lovers of the best literature will avail themselves in 
great numbers: viz., for $10,00 remltte l to the publish- 
ers of •' The Living Age, " they will send that inagazme 
weekly, and either one of the following, for a year: 
" Harper s Monthly, " "Weekly, " or "Bazaar," "The At- 
lantic -Monthly, " " The Gala-vy," " Putnam's Monthly, " 
"Llpplncott's Monthly," or "-\ppleton'3 .loumai" 
(weekly ;) or for ts.5ij, t'hey will send "The Linng Age" 
and the " Riverside Magazhie" for a vear. 

"The Living Age" Is pronounced by high critical au- 
thority to t e "the best of all our eelectic publica- 
tions;" and we can do our readers no better Ber\ice 
than bjcaUlngtbelrcaretul attention to lu decs. 



$100 TO 9^250 per Month guaranteed. 
SURE PAY. Salaries paid weekly to Agents everywhere 
selling our Patent EvERi-A-sriNOWmTE Wire Clotiiks 
Lines. Call at, or write for particulars to, the Glrard 
w Ire Mills, 2«1 North Third street, Philadelphia- 
Dec. 8, It. 

"Take It all in all. It Is the best magazine for chil- 
dren In the world."— The StrNDAT School Times. 



Is the most beautuul magazine published. 

For 1S70, It will exceed in interest and lieauty all pre- 
vious years. 

In the children's Hocr for Januan- will be publish- 
ed four original Illustrations, on tinted paper, by Ken- 
sell, and engraved bv Landerbach, of Longfellow's ex- 
quisite poem, 

"the children's hour." 

Alice Cary. Virginia F. Townsend, Phoeba Carv, Mrs. 
M. O. Johnson, K. a. Arthur, and many other glftcdau- 
thors. write regularly for 

THE children's HOUR. 

and will make It forlS70the most attracUveand charm- 
ing children's magazine Ui the country. 

THE children's HOUR 

Is pronounced by the secular and religious press, bv fa- 
thers and mothers all over the laml, bv ministers of all 
denominations, the purest and best magazine for chil- 
dren In the world. Young and old everywhere read 

THB children's hour 

with delight and proOt. It speaks, through simple 
form of language, the highest truths, and whUe the lit- 
tle ones are fascinated by Its sweet stories, these heav- 
enly truths drop like good seeds mto their minds to 
t ear In after yeara 

TERMS, IN advance. 

1 Oopy 11.25 

5 Copies 6.60 

lo Copies, and one to the getter up of club, lo oo 

Every one sending a club of five or more subscribers 

to THE Children's Hocr, will receive as a premium a 

copvof our splendid steel engravmgs, "BED-TIME,"' 



Tool-Chests, Books, Dolls, Sewmg Machines, Silver 
Ware, Organs, Ac, Ac, are oflered iiy the publishers as 
premiums for subscribers, jysend for premium list 
aud Specimen number. Address 


^ 809 and 811 Chesnut street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

- \ 


By a Virginia lady, of four years' experience, a situa- 
tion as Teacher, either In a private family or as an Ab- 
laut In an Academy. She Is thoroughly qualllled In Ihe 
various English branches, French, and a superior math- 
ematician — also the rudiments of .Music and Latin. 
References exchanged. AppUcants will please state 
salary, requirements, Ac. 

Address "Delta," care of the "Christian Observer," 
Richmond, Va. Dec. 8, tf. 

Mebaneville, N. C. 

THE Spring Term of IS70 opens .Tanuary I2th. 
Courss of Instruction CLASSICAL, M ATIIEM ATI- 
t AL and CO.MMERCL\L. For circulars address 



On and after THURSDAY', 25th Nov. 1869, the MAIL 
TRAIN will leave Richmond dally for White Sulphur 
Springs at 8:35 A .M-, and arrive at White Sulphur 
Springs at 9.5o P- M. Leave White Sulphur Springs 
at 3:4'  A. M. and arrive at Richmond at 4:4o p. .M., 
making close connexion at Gordonsvllle and Charlottes- 
ville, with Orange, -•Ue.tandrla and .Manassas Rallroads- 
Slall Trains for Alexandria, Washington, Baltimore, 
Philadelphia, New York, Ac. ; ahio for Lynchburg, 
Knoxvillc, Chattanooga, Memphis, New Orleans, Mont- 
gomery, Mobile, Ac 

At Goshen, with stages for Lexington, Natural 
Briilgeand Rockbridge Baths. 

At .Mlllboro, with stages for Bath Alum and Warm 
Springs, and at White Sulphur with stages for Lewls- 
burg, Charleston, Ac. 

Richmond and Washington nightly, except Sunday, 
without change of cars, leaving Richmond at 8 :3o P. 
M., and arrlviug at Richmond at 3 -M A. M., making ell 
through connections at Richmond and Washington. Cars will be attached to this train, and will 
be run through between Richmond and Washington 
without change. 

decl-tf General Ticket Agent 


The session of the UNION THEOLOGICAL SE.HI- 
NARY' of the General Assembly, under the care of the 
Synods of Vlrgmia and North Caroima, wUI begin Mon- 
day, Seplemlwr 13th, at 12 M. Students are urged to 
be punctually present at the beglnmng. The Faculty 
Rev. R. L. Dabnkt, D. D., Professor of systematic and 
Poleimc Theology and Sacred Rhetoric 

Rev. B. M. Smith, Professor Oriental and BIbUcal 

Rev. THoa. K. Pkce, TK D., Professor EocleslasUcal 
History and Polity. 

Rev. S. B. Wilson, D. D., Professor Pastoral Theology 
and Biblical Introduction, has deceased since the last 
term ; and his place will be Bllol by the Trustees. 

The Seminary furnishes tuition, rooms, and furniture 
GUATi.sto all students; and, moreover, by scholarships, 
extends AiiKqcATE aid to all students whose pecu- 
uiary circuiiistani^a recjuire It. The price of boarding 

'dct _.. 

Sperconl. K 
Catalogues glvli.g all details wlllbe sent by mall on 
application to R. I. DAB.NEY, 

au li — 4t Clerk of Faculty. 



Having leased for a term of years the lar^e 
and commodious residence of Mrs. C. W. Asu- 
by, I will open a select Female Academv, at 
Culpeper Court House, on the Uth of Septciaiber 
next. _ — 

Careful attention will be given to physical 
and mental culture— to morals and religion.— 
With an experience of nearly thirty years, 1 
pledge myself to a faithful discharge of my du- 


English, from $30 to 60 

French, Latin aud Greek 20 

Drawing 20 

Music 80 

Hoarding 200 

Payable one-half In advance, and one-hslt 
Februsry 1st, 1870. 

Circulars to be had by applving. 

aug 4-tf CHARLES H. NOURSK. 


N. Y., [opposite Troy,] established in IJQ'i, and 
which made the reputation of Tbot Bells, 

Church, Academt, Faotoet and CniMi Bells, 

made of pure copper and tin, fully guarantied, 
and nuNO with the best Patent Rotary 
MooNTiNos IN USE. We are now manufacturing 
more bells than any three founderles in the 
country, h.ave received more competitive First 
Premiums than any other founifcry, and our 
unsolicited testimonials average one hundred 
and hlty annually. Catalogues sent free. Ad- 
dress at West Trot, N. Y., 
mch24— ly E. A. .S; G. R. MENEELY. 

1 8 5 9. 



CAPITAL, $350,000! 

J. F. BOZEMAN, President, 

I . F. WlLCO-\, Secretaet. 

Continues to furnish perfect security against 

loss or damage by fire on all kinds of insurable 

property at adequate rates. 

Agents can be found at every prominent point In the 
Southern states, to whom applications for Insurance 
may be made. 

Apply to .1. H. MONT.^GUE, Aqkkt, So. 1119 Mam 
street, ■Richmond, Va. 
Oct 27, 2 moa. 

(Late Keim, Baldwiv & Co.) 
Comer Main and Tenth Streets, Richmond, Va. 
I Idee 19— ly Above Post Office. 2 

FOUNDED 1851. 




No. 1,000 Cary Street, Cemer lOtb Street, 
Dealers In 

roct 17— yr.) 2 



Chartered 1794. 
Office— Corner Tenth and Bank streets. 


 ilfi AAA AAA ^'^PI^*Jl**^'iTYPLEDO- 
flllU,UUU,l UU ED to make good losses. 
U. A. t'LAIBORNK, Principal Agent. 

JoBN B. Danfobtb, Secretary. 


Publishers, 13 Bible House, N. Y. 

Have unquestionably the best book for both agents 
and people. It may be had, with extra discount for 
sixty days, by applying at once, U 



With Interest at the Rate of 





In N. Y. or Europe, as may be Desired, 


Principal Maturing in 

from August, 1869, 


' The nndsrslgned, as representatives of the ST. JO- 
have the honor to oifer for sale the 



On their lUie of Railway which connects 8t. Joseph 
with Fort Kearney by rail, amonnting to Jl, 600,000. 
All that can be issnecL 

These bonds are secured by a first and only mort- 
gage to the Farmers' Loan and Trust Company of New 
York, 08 Trustees for the holders of these bouds, on 
the property of the Company, from St, Joseph, Mo., to 
Marysvllle, Kansas, lncln img its railroad, rights of 
way, franchises, equipments, rolling-stock, (engmes, 
cars, coaches tc,) machine-shops, depots, lands, and 
all kinds of property belonging to the Company In Do- 
niphan, Brown, Nemaha, and Marshall counties, in the 
Stale of Kansas, a distance of 111 miles, wlUch Is 
mortgaged to secure the bondholders at the rate of 
|lS,!i08per mUe, on a COMPLETED RAILROAD. 

They have the further security by the terms of the 
Trust Deetl, whereby the Farmers' Loan and Trust 
Company, as Trustees, are made the sole and absolute 
custodians of the bonds before they ara loaned, and 
are not permitted to deliver them or their proceeds un- 
til they have proper evidence that the road Is graded, 
tied, Ironed, and ready for the rolUng-slock, and then 
only at the rate of |l 2,000 per mile lor so many miles 
as shall be thus completed. This Is arranged In sec- 
tions of Ave miles. 

Bonds, to be valid, must be countersigned by the 
Farmers' Ixian and Trust Company. 

Parties purchasing any of these bonds have a safe 
and sure guarantee that the money they have Invest- 
ed flnds an equivalent In value In a completed rail, 
road, costing to bullil and equip more than double the 
amount they have Invested, all of which is pledged to 
pay the principal and interest of the bonds they have 
The security Is undoubted. 

The St. Joseph and Denver City Railroad Is mainly 
the extension of the llannlbnl ami St. .loseph Rail- 
road, with all Its exteudc I connections, North and 

reciuire It. The price of boardmg ^**'' ""^ Lo"'^ ^'^ •'0'' =P'» KaUroa l, with 
IS frbii»ti» 111*10 dcrmoulli. Waahhig, Jl,60. Wood, , -lu powerful connections South ondJ'.i'st via. Sj. Ij u|8 
8'^,'2iS per cord. \ ^ 

both imcs converging at St. Jojcph and connecting 
bnmedlatcly with the St. Joseph aud Denver City Rail- 
road, traveramg through Eastern Kansas to the heart 
of Nebraska and mterscctmg the Union Pacific Rail- 
road main line at the City of Fort Kearney, THUS MA- 

The Une 41 miles west from St. Joseph Is In complete 
ami successful operation, and the line to Marysvllle Is 
being rapidly completed. 

The ime from Marysvllle to Foit Kearney Is beUig 
rapidly pushed forwariL 

A Branch road Is being built rrom the SL Joseph 
and Denver City Railroad at Severance to the Kansas 
Pacific Railroad, giving at once a direct route to Den- 
ver City. 

The bonds are In denominations of tl,ooo and tsOO. 
They are Coupon bonds, but may be registered In the 
owner's name at the Farmer's Loan and Trust Compa- 
ny, and by the surrender of the Coupons can be con- 
verted hito a Registered bond, with interest payable t' 
the registered owner. 

The coupons, or the Interest Is made payable on the 
istli days of August and February m each year, m 
New York, Loudon, or Frankfort-oa-the-JIaln. at the 
option of the holder, and at the following equivalents : 
For six months interest on |1,000 bonds : 

At New York flo, gold. 

At London £3 4s. 4d. 

At Franktort-on-tbe-Malu lOO flor. 

On the %ioo bonds one-half of these amounts respect- 
ively. The Interest Is payable free of United States 

The principal Is payable m New York, m geld, Aug. 
IS, 1899. 

The Company have an authorized capital of 
110,000,000— to which nearly t2,oot),ooo has alrcatly 
been subscribed, and Is bchig expended on the road, 
and In addition to this the Company have a grant 
from the United States Government at Washington of 
1,600,000 acres of land, ten miles in width— on cither 
side of the line— (It is conceded that these lauds are of 
a superior order and among the best In the counlryl— 
which, at t3,B0 per acre, forms an asset of the Company 
of the value of H,ooo,ooo. 

The Company, with Its entire property, valued at 
16,000,000, free from debt, asks this loan of $1,500,000. 

We offer these bonds at the low price of 9'}^ and ac- 
crued Interest In currency, with the reserved right to 
ailvauce the price wlthont notice. 

* lAMS, 


«M. O. TAYLOR, J. c. 

WM. B. ISAAuS & 


Richmond, .Virginia. 
Dealers in COIN, BANK NOTES, STt «K.-' 
BONDS, and other SECURITIES, t.nd r01V 
EIQN and DOMESTIC Exchange. f 
DEPOSITES received. 2 sop 19-« 


B. H. MAURY & CO., 



ROAD BONDS and STOCKS, Ac., bought and 
sold on commission. 

Deposits received and Collections made on 
alPaccessible points in the United States. 

aug29-tf. 2 



Booksellers, Stationers, Book-Binders, 

Dec 6— Iv •  


No. 1113 Main St., Richmond, Va. 

No. 80 South Street, Baltimore, Maryland. 

nov 20 2 No. 23 Nassau Street. New York. 

RiaiDENOK corner of Marshall and 12th street. 
M18SAOS8 left, on the slate at tho drug store 
of A. SCOTT, comer of Broad and I'wenty- 
Filth street, will receive prompt nttention. 




THE CHORAL TI-i,r.r ' 

BY u g. i:- : 

Choristers and SUigers u i i, i ~,,'.r 

passes all other works of " „iuiid 


(Until November 1 -Clergymen, Choristers and Teach - 
ers who have not yet examined this valuable work, 
will bo supplied with a sUigle copy at iU^ — postage 

Price Sl,50 ; |13,.%0 per dozen. 
Oct 8 tc C. H. DITSON .V CO., New York. 


Those who have suffered from liicessnnt fevers. Ion 
of appetite, orliupmpiT dlRcsllon— niav easily be ciin-.i 
by the use of Bakkk's BiTiKiLS. We have known pi i 
sons entirely restorud to health liy these Bitters, ai; ■;■ 
visiting all the wiitiTing places wlthont receiving any 
benctlL If any of our readers are suffering from I)V[ - 
pepsla. Nervous Debility, Tonild Liver, Indigestion, 
Ague and Fever, Sour Stomach, or Loss of Appetite, 
they will Ilnd certain relief by using these Bitters us di- 
rected. Dellcute females may rest assured that them 
Bitters are admirably adapted to their illseases, uuil 
never fall hi quickculug nature and restormg the bloom 
of health to their cheeks. Teethmg Infants may also l  - 
improved by their use— whilst all cla-ssesand sexes will 
be benehtled by their strengtheulug properties. Aa a 
family medicine, these Bitters stand unrivalled, ami 
must eventually supercede all others. We Invite a trial 
at once. 

To be had of all prominent Druggists m Virginia 
and elsewhere. Orders filled by addressing the pro- 
prietor, E. B.UCER, 
Oct 6 Box 333. Richmond, Va. 



These Jnstly celebrated editions of the BIBLE have 
long been considered tho best that are anywhere pul - 
llshed as regards the type, paper and BiKDtNO. Au 
assortment of them may be found at all respectable 
Book Stores, or at the 

52 Bleeker STREET, New York. 




Author of " How to be Saved, or the Sinner .llr -rtcd 1 
the Saviour.'' Just Publisho L Price 60 


Price 50 cents. German Blltlon, paper cover, 20 ceni 1. 

This work has reached ft circulation of 65,oo0 copied. 

These or our other publications, ser' on receiptor 
retail price if not found m nearest bo"k^iore. 

J. W. .M.iNTVLK 
Theological and Sabbath School Publisliei i'. ' Book 
seller. No. 4 S. Klfth street, St. Louis, .V Jwp 






At Industrial Exhibitions in this Country, 
So that their work Is tho ACKNOWLEDGED ST \ ;- 
DAKDUK KXCELLEN'CE lulls department, re- 
fully uauouucc, that with extended aud pcrfeeti ; : . 
clhtles, and by the exclusive use of recent Imini ..-- 
ments, thev are now produeing YET .MOKK I'EltI'Li. ;' 
OKUANS THAN EVER BEKuRE, m great variety 
to style and price, ailapted to all public and prliuie 
uses, for Drawing Rooms, Libraries. Hualc Koooii, 
Concert Halls, Lodges, Churches, Schools, ac, mplnlu 
and elegant cases, all of which they are enabled by 
their unequalled facilities for manufacture to sell at 
prices of mferior work. 

The recent liupr "10,,, i„ these Organs have so 
Increased their 11 ' ■ .pniarltv that they 

are uuquestlouat' 
tuiuublc for fatiit 
Ac, while the pi i 
to J 1 000 each) m 
mcnts of all 1 1 1-- 
ular .and «a T 
py Utile 

'luraL,le, air l 

mstrumeuts ob- 
'lie.. Schools, 
offered (Jjo 
nd requirc- 
■l to yec- 
•', occu- 
r, (not 
'iue l 

cusj 10 le»ra to 

Governments and other securities received m pay- 
ment, without commission, at their market value. 
Bonds sent by express, or packages received m pay- 
ment, will be free of charge. 

Pamphlets, maps, and Information furnished on ap- 

Parties deelrmg safe and lucrative mvestments 
should lose no time In investigatmg these securities, as 
the loan Is being rapidly taken up. 


Commercial Agents, 
6* Pine street. New York. 


I'lscal Agents, 
19 Wall street. New York. 

Havitig bad all the papers and docu- 
mebta relating to this loan examined bj 
competent counsel and pronounced com- 
plete and sufficient, and having personal- 
ly examined the same, which wo tiod 
regular and perfect, and having bad our 
own engineers examine the road and prop- 
erty, whose reports are satisfactory, we 
do, with the utmost confidence and satis- 
faction, recommend the Eii^bt per Cent. 
First Mortgage Gold Bonds of the St. 
Joseph i Denvei' City Railroad Compa- 
ny as a safe, sure and profitable invest- 
ment, worthy the attention of capitalists, 
investors and others. 

W. p. CONVERSE t CO , 

^"Map of the road and pamphlet conti-' ^'ny v^r- 
tlculars, may be seen at the office of the '1.-;; 
OssERVEK AKo CoiiMOMWEii.TB," No. T4 FooTth Street, I 

urgau Coinpuin 1 
AVE ORciA.NS for*.' 
.NS, PlVE sTOl-.S, «itll i 
, lur $l», and Other Styles at 1: 

ale rait H, 

From testimony to the superiority of their Oigwis, 
the Mason antl Hamlin Organ •■■";r:n", .■■•-" 'Ctfully 
refcrtothe musical proie.-iM- ^Jorl'v 
of the most promiucut mii^ii . wiiU 

many of eminence lu Europr . :i _ 1 tes- 

timony that the Mason :.amlm L/rgan..- ^ l.^.  'lh- 

A circular containing this testimony lu full will be 
sent free to any one ileslriug ii, also a "desrilptivo cir- 
cular, containiiig full piirllculais rcspecuug these lu- 
strumeuts, with correct drawings of tho diirerent 
styles and the lowest prices, which are fixed and Inva- 
riable. Address 

590 Broadway, New Y'ork ; IM Tremont street, Bos- 
ton. nov«-Stp 


Keeps constantly on hand all kinds or 

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- f 


I For the Observer and Commonwealih. 

On JDedicating a Child to God in Baptism. 

Father, 1 bring unto Thy shrine, 
'This cherished little lamb of mine ; 
And with a uiother's gushing prayer 
Would yield it to Thy guardian care ! 

For all too powerless is my love. 
To lead it to Thy throne above ; 
Too oft my erring footsteps stray, 
To keep it in the narrow way. 

Then, Father, fold beneath Thy wing. 
This dear, delenceless ofterlng : 
The treasure is too rich and rare 
To trust it to a mortars care. 

' A Minister's Wifk. 

JoMs' Mill, Giorqia. 


My friend, Mr. James Brown, was a 
grocer in a country village. He vfas a 
man who never neglected his business, 
and yet his garden was always in good 
order ; and his vino, which grow over the 
back of the house, generally bore finer 
grapes than any other in the village, ex- 
cepting the vine in the scjuire's hothouse. 

People used to say to him, " I wonder 
Mr. Brown, how it is that you can keep 
your garden in such good order, with 
such a business as you have to attend 

And Mr. Brown would reply, "lou 
see, gardening is my pleasure. I must 
be doing something when business is over; 
and when I leave oft" work, I go to dig- 
ging, or pruning, or sowing seeds, or 
trailing the rose-bush that climbs around 
the window. Then, too, I have the 
pleasure of sending a nosegay to a friend, 
or a bunch of grapes to a sick neighbor, 
I vould not be without my garden, if [ 
had twice as much business to attend to." 

(t sometimes he would say, "It is a 
bad thing for a man to have nothing to 
do ; he gets into a lazy habit. As Dr. 

Watts says : — 

' Satan finds some mischief still 
For idle hands to do ;' 
and my garden employs my mind, as 
well as my hands, when I have a little 
time to spare." 

The fact i.s, my friend Brown was a 
man who feared Ood, and he had got in 
his memory a number of texts of Scrip- 
ture and verses of hymns, so that he could 
always think of a line or a verse that 
was just the thing for the occasion, either 
for doing himself good, or for reproving 
a wicked man, or for giving a good pre- 
cept, or for speaking a word ot comfort 
to somebody in trouble. In fact, he had 
a good word for anybody on any occa- 

It happened that, one summer's even- 
ing, as Mr. Brown had been garden- 
ing, and, being very warm, he foolishly 
gat down without his coat in the cool 
Bummer-hous". Ho was in a great heat 
with what he had been doing, and the 
consequence was that he caught cold, and 
bad an attack of fever, which laid him 
up for several weeks. One fine day in 
the autumn, when he was getting better, 
Mrs. Brown, his wife, came in with a 
dish of fine grapes, which shf had gath- 
ered for him from his own vine. He ate 
some of them, and very nice indeed they 
were; but while eating them, he picked 
out of the dish one fine large bunch. 
" Ah !" said he, "this bunch is too hand- 
some for me to eat. There's my neigh- 
bor, Richard Miles; he is just recovering 
from tho scarlet fever ; I am sure he will 
enjoy a few grapes, and he has not got a 
vine of his own. Send them to him, my 
dear, with my kind regards. 

iSo Mrs. Brown, when she went the next 
day to ask how Mr. Miles was, took the 
bunch of grapes to him, with the message 
from her husband. Richard Miles ad- 
mired them very much, and sent back 
his best tbar^ • '_'.' rHe--l' trwu fur 

■ ■Vingof him so kindly. When Mrs. 
^n had gone, Richard Miles took the 
L. j ioU ot grapes up by the stalk, and 
looked at it again and again with admira- 
tion. At last he said, " Well, they arc 
beauties — too handsome for me to spoil. 
There's poor Tom Robinson, the black- 
smith, who broke his leg, — he does not 
often get a taste of such a luxury; I will 
just taste two or three and send the rest 
to him. Now he is getting better he 
will enjoy them." So the bunch of 
grapes was sent ofT, with a kind message 
from iMr. Miles to poor Tom Robinson, 
the blacksmith. 

Tom Ro^iuson was very pleased at 
this kininess, and sent back his best 
thanks to Mr. Miles ; but afterwards, as 
Tom was taking up the bunch in his 
hands, and admiring it very much, he 
thought to himself, " Ah ! these grapes 
are very fine — too good for me to spoil ; 
and there is poor Mr. Brown just getting 
over the fever. How he would enjoy 
them ! Besides, he has always been very 
kind to me when I have been out of 
work, and I cannot return his kindness. 
I will send them to him." So he sent 
his wife, with "his respects, to Mr. 
Brown, and would he accept of a fine 
bunch of grapes?" Poor Tom Robinson 
did not think that Mr. Brown, the gro- 
cer, had a vine, and still less did he know 
that this very bunch of grapes had grown 
upon it. You may judge of Mr. Brown's 
surprise when he opened the little bas- 
ket in which the grapes had been brought 
to him, and took out of it the very same 
handsome bunch that he had sent to his 
neighbour Miles. 

However, without saying anything 
about that. Brown took it as a mark of 
good feeling on the part of poor Tom 
Robinson, and sent him his best thanks 
for thinking of him so kindly. 

Then, when Mrs. Robinson had left the 
bunch of grapes and gone home, Mr. 
Brown took it up by the stalk, and looked 
at it, and then he burst out into a hearty 
laugh (as well he juioht i, and called to 
his wife, "Dear tne, Mrs. Brown, what a 
quantity of good feeling has grown out 
of my bunch of grapes ! Here's neigh- Miles thanked me so heartily for it, 
and, after all, I do not see that it was so 
very grand a present for me to make, 
while I have more grapes than I can 
eat ; but betook itaskirfd of me : and 
then he thinks kindly of poor Tom Rob- 
inson and the aiUiution that he has had to 
suffer; and then poor Tom thinks kindly 
of me in my trouble, and my bunch of 
grapes comes back to me at last, with 
ever so much more kindness hanging to it 
than I believed it could possibly bear. 
Well, I will eat them now." Mr. 
Brown did eat them, and enjoyed them 
all the more for the love which they had 
been the means of carrying about from 
neighbour to neighbour. 

While he was eating them, he over- 
heard Harry Smith, his shopman, say to 
himself, " What is the use of 3Ir. Brown 
making presents of his grapes, if, after 
all, he has them sent back to him 1 " Mr. 
Brown took an opportunity of telling 
Smith how wrong such an idea was; and 
as he was always anxious to say a good 
word on a proper occasion, ho added, 
"And God gives us his love, and all he 
wants us to do is to take it, and give it 
back to him. Do you think, Harry, that 
it does God any good \ " 

Harry Smith replied, " I suppose 

And then Mr. Brown reminded him 
that nothing we can do is of any benefit 
to the great God who created all things, 
and can do all things ; and y^t he gave 
his Son to die for us, because, a.? tho Bi- 
ble says, " He delighteth in mercy. "It 
was for oar sakes he did so ; for our sakes 

Josus bore the ills of this life, and suf- 
fered a cruel death ; and all he requires 
of us in return is that we should accept 
his lore, and be reconciled to him, and 
lovo Him in return; for without we do so, 
we never can be happy with him in eter- 
nity. Wo are sinners, Harry, and una- 
ble to save ourselves ; but Ood so loved 
the world that he gave his only begotten 
Son, that whosoever believeth in him 
should not perish, but have everlasting 

"And then if we have tasted of the 
love of Jesus ourselves, we should try to 
bring others to taste it too; and so the 
sweetness of this lovo might bo made 
known one to another; and in the end the 
blessing might come back to our bosoms." 

Do you not think that my neighbor 
Brown drew a good lesson from his bunch 
of grapes? Now, if you take that lesson 
to heart, the bunch of grapes will bear 
still more the fruit of true charity. 


" You see I am a gentleman !" said 
Will Thompson. " I will not take an in- 
sult." And the little fellow strutted up 
and down in a rage. He had been throw- 
ing stones at Peter Jones, and thought 
that his anger proved him to bo a gentle- 

" If you want to be a gentleman, I 
think you ought to be a gentle boy first," 
said his teacher, " Gentlemen do not 
throw stones at their neighbors. Peter 
Jones did not throw stones at you, and I 
think he is much the more likely to prove 
a gentleman.'' 

" But he's got patches on bis knees," 
said Will. 

" Bad pantaloons don't keep a boy 
from being a gentleman," said the teach- 
er, " but a bad temper does. No?*, Wil- 
liam, if you~ want to be a gentle man you 
must boa gentle boy." 

A little further on, the teacher met 
Peter Jones. Some stones had hit him, 
and he was hurt by them. 

" Well, Peter, what's the matter be- 
tween you and Will this morning?" ask- 
ed the teacher. 

" I was throwing a ball at one of the 
boys in play, sir, and it missed him and 
hit Will Thompson's dog." 

" Why did you not throw back ?" 

" Because, sir, my mother says that to 
be a gentleman, I must be a gentle boy, 
and I thought best to keep out of his way 
till he cooled ofi" a little." 

The teacher walked on after praising 
Peter's conduct, but kept the boys in his 
mind ; and he lived to see Will Thomp' 
son a rowdy, and Peter Jones a gentle 
man, loved and respected by all. 

Remember, a gentle boy makes a gen- 
tleman.— TAr Lillle Fotki. 


Have you heard about Ida Lewis? 
She is called the "Grace Darling " of 
America. You know who Grace Darling 
is. Ida lives in tho lighthouse on Lime 
Rock, and Lime Rock is a high rock in 
the harbor of Newport. Her father is 
the light-housekeeper; only her father is 
helpless now. and Ida is keeper. 

One stormy afternoon last March, her 
brother spied through the spray a sail 
boat bottom up, with three men clinging 
to the keel. 

"Ida!" he cried, "Ida! Look ! see ! 
there's a boat capsized in the harbor!" 
Ida was sick that day. No matter ; she 
jumped up, saw the danger. "Quick 
quick!" she cried; and with nothing on 
her head she rushed out into the storm, 
launched their little boat, and with sure 
and rapid strokes she and her brother 
shot over the waves to the drowning 

One man was gone. The two were 
just ready to sink when they saw the 
boat. Hope ! hope ! Hold on I hold 
on ! But there was only a woman kt the 
oar ; yes, and a small boy. What pould 
they do? Hold on! With a well-timed 
stroke the boat backed up; one roan was 
drawn safely over the stern. Another 
backward pull, another lift, and in a 
moment the boat was scudding swiftly 
through the spray back to the rock again. 
Bravo ! bravo ! One man could hardly 
stagger ashore ; the other had to be 
carried in. In a few moments more 
both would have found a grave in the 
roaring waters. Ten years ago Ida 
saved four lives. I dare say you think 
Ida a big, strong woman. No, no; she 
is very slender, and Lot tall; has light 
hair and blue eyes. It is not strength 
so much that does it, it is Aear  ; not so 
much a stout arm as an unselfish 
spirit. IddL forgets keraelf. Duty calls. 
Ida is at her post; prompt, brave, skil- 
ful ; doing with her might whatever her 
hands find to do. 

A beautiful flag is being made for her 
in New York, picturing the rescue — a 
sail-boat upset, and Ida Lewis rowing to 
the scene. 

Ida is twenty-eight, and is as good at 
her needle as at her oar. Doing one 
thing well is pretty good promise that 
others will be well doue. 


BV HEV. j. c. holbrook, d. d. 

The people of Central New York are 
just now in a state of great excitement, 
over a marvellous discovery that has been 
made in one of the towns of Onondaga 
county. The exact locality is at Cardiff, 
in the town of Lafayette, some ten miles 
south of Syracuse, and about fifteen miles 
north of the place where I write. A far- 
mer, digging for a well, suddenly came 
upon the huge form of a man in stone, ly- 
ing about three feet from the surface, 
which on being uncovered measured ten 
feet and three inches in length, of the 
weight, probably, of nearly a ton. It 
was visited by the neighbors, and at once 
stories began to be circulated and theo- 
ries hrnachfid concerning it, that aroused 
the most intense interest. It was sug- 
gested to the owner that he might " make 
a good thing of it," by enclosing the spot 
and charging an entrance fee for the priv- 
ilege of examining it. He did so, erect- 
ing a tent over the spot, and exacting 
fifty cents per head of visitors. Several 
days ago, upwards of five thousand per- 
sons from far and near had visited the 
spot and paid the fee, and crowds are 
flocking thither at this time in increasing 
numbers. Meantime a few individuals, 
including a gentleman of this village, 
have purchased half the title at the rate 
of fifty thousand dollars, and intend to 
continue the "show" on the original 
spot, or possibly in Syracuse or New 

Among the visitors to this remarkable 
curiosity have been tho State Geologist 
and Dr. Wool worth, Secretary of the 
Board of Regents, of the University, and 
his brother. Judge Woolworlh, all of Al- 
bany, with numbers of ministers, physi- 
cians, teachers, and other educated per- 
sons, and they all agree in describing it 
as a most remarkable object in itself, 
and as clothed in a mystery as to its ori- 
gin. The material is limestone, and its 
execution is in the finest style of art. An 
eminent physician and aforetime pro- 
fessor in a medical college, says the anat- 
omical development is marvellous, and 
the whole form, including the features, 
of great perfection. There is no mistake 
on these points. 

Now, the question is, what is its origin 
and how came it where it was found ? 
Numerous theories have been broached, 
but none are altogether satisfactory. — 
At first it was said to be the petrifica- 
tion of the body of a giant. But against 

this it is urged that the stone bears marks 
of stratification, and there are no other 
petrifications around it or near it. Oth- 
ers insist that it was brought there by 
the Jesuits, a long time ago, for some 
purpose. And others claim that it is part 
of a trick to make money, it having been 
secretly deposited there, and then appar- 
ently accidentally discovered. But there 
is no trace of proof of this. 

But whatever its origin, it is a verita- 
ble wonder. As a work of art the best 
judges declare it worthy of the highest 
regard. These are the facts. I should 
have said, also, that tho image, or what- 
ever it may be, bears marks of considera- 
ble age. Such is the excitemont that 
two lines of stages have commenced run- 
ning to the spot from Syracuse, every 

"I don't'care." 

How often is this the reply of children 
to those who warn them ! 

" James, you will break Mr. Hart's 
window, if you throw your ball that 

" I don't care," says James. In afe* 
minutes the ball dashes through the 
pane. James is now frightened. Mr. 
Hart hears the noise, runs out and seizes 
the boy. He soon learns that it was no 
accident, for which James may be excu- 
sed, for he had been told of tho danger. 
What would he not give bow, if he had 
paid attention to the warning, and said : 
" I do care !" But Mr. Hart is a violent 
man when provoked and poor James will 
suffer for it. 

I hope it will cure him ; for he might 
grow up with the habit of not caring ; 
and the boy who will despise an admoni- 
tion, even in throwing a ball in his play, 
may become the msAi, who wheu waraed 
against intemperance, Sa1)^th-breaking 
and profanity, will say 
and go on to ruin. 

1 don't care,J' 



•' Around each pure domestic shrine 
Bright flowers ol Eden bloom and twine. 
Our heart's are altars all." 

No young lady can be too well instruc- 
ted in any thing which will affect the oom- 
fortjof a family. Whatever position in 
society she occupies, she needs a vracti- 
cal knowledge of the duties of a house- 
keeper. She may be placed in such cir- 
cumstances that it will not be necessary 
for her to perform much domestic labor; 
but on this account she needs no less 
knowledge than if she was obliged to 
preside personally over the cooking-stove 
and pantry. 

Children should be early taught to 
make themselves useful, to assist their 
parents in every way in their power, and 
to consider it a privilege to do so. — 
Young people cannot realize the impor- 
tance of a thorough knowledge of house- 
wifery; but those who have .-iuffered the 
inconveniences|and mortifications of igno- 
rance can well appreciate it. Little folks 
should be early indulged in their dispo- 
sition to bake and experiment in cooking 
in various ways. It is often but a "trou- 
blesome help" which they afford, still it 
is a great advantage to them. 

Daughters should thoroughly acquaint 
themselves with the business and cares of 
a family. These are among the first ob- 
jects of a woman's creation; they ought 
to be among the first branches of her ed- 
ucation. Every thing domestic or social 
depends on female character. As daugh- 
ters and sisters, they decide the charac- 
ter of the family. As wives, they em- 
phatically decide the character of their 
husbands, and their condition also. As 
mothers, they decide the character of 
their children. Nature has constructed 
them the early guardians and instructors 
of their children, and clothed them with 
sympathies suited to this end. 

Suab a home makes imn the better,— 
Pure and lusting Xs cuiitrm; 

Home with pure and'uright surroundings 
Leaven its impress r^u the soul." 


The whole world is striving after hap- 
piness. Some seek it in one direction, 
some in another. 1 know one lady who 
believes it is enjoyed by simply adhering 
to common sense, in both life and relig- 
ious sentiment; and cultivates that much 
neglected quality in her children with a 
view to making them happy. I shall give 
one case, to show how the good lady's 
views work. But first, I must mention 
that the family are highly respectable — 
none more so. Yet they are not rich. 
The mother is a widow, with straightened 
means, practicing the strictest economy, 
in order to give her children as good an 
education as they have talent to receive. 

One day she gave to Alfred, a boy of 
eleven years, a five-dollar bill to make 
some purchases for her. He was accus- 
tomed to do her shopping errands, and 
had always carried her money safely; 
but, upon this occasion, through some 
mischance, he lost the bill. After search- 
ing without avail, for the missing money, 
he returned to his mother and told her 
what had happened. 

" But mamma," he said, " I want you 
not to fret about it, for I mean, surely, 
to pay you." 

" No, my son," said Mrs. R., " I shan't 
fret about it — though it's a great loss to 
me, it's neither life nor limb — but how 
can you pay it  . you must not ask your 
uncle for it." 

" O, no, mamma," replied Alfred, "I 
never thought of asking uncle for it." 

" But, if you tell him of it," persisted 
Mrs. R., " it will only be another form 
of begging." 

The boy's face flushed. 

" Why, mamma, what makes you sus- 
pect sucbathing?" he asked. Then, 
with a proud lifting of his head, added, 
" I mean to earn the money, if you'll on- 
ly have patience with me until I get a 

'•0, if you are going to try to earn it," 
said Mrs. R., in a relieved tone, "you 
may count on my patience," and cheer- 
fully turning again to the occupation 
which her son's entrance had interrupted 
she thought no more of the money. 

Now Alfred had always calculated to 
earn his bread, and help his mother be- 
sides. When his education should be 
finished, he was to go to business ; and 
his business was to be of such a charac- 
ter as to keep him in the front rank of 
society. But the earning of money, now, 
while yet a child, had never entered his 
head until this loss, which be knew would 
greatly inconvenience his good mother, 
suddenly inspired him with the resolu- 
tion to do 80. 

And now comes the point of our story. 
Alfred was a little gentleman. Strik- 
ingly handsome, of distinguished air and 
bis tastes and feelings refined and eleva- 
ted; yet he possessed no royal gifts, 
which he could turn into gold, and, at 
the same time, make the world admire. 
No, if he wanted money, he must go down 
into the labor market, and sell his capa- 
bility for just as much as it would bring. 
And this his good sense decided him to 
do, without one demurrer on the part of 

So he began to look around for work — 
something, anything by which he could 
earn five dollars. And providence help- 
ed him, for, next day, down came a thick, 
heavy fall of snow. The following morn- 
ing Alfred was up early and putting on 
an old suit of clothes, first cleaned off his 
mother's side walk and then went to a 
rich neighbor, who had no boy, and of- 
fered to clean theirs, thereby earning fif- 
ty cents. 

Could Alfred have earned the needed 

sum at any more genteel employment, 
he would have much preferred it to work- 
ing in the street in old clothes. He had 
taste for drawing, painting and carving 
in wood ; but he had the sense to know 
that nothing he could do, in that line, 
would be saleable, whereas, he also knew 
that he could clean a stoop as well as it 
could be done. What he was fully com- 
petent to, was what he undertook; and, 
if some older people had the same judg- 
ment, there would be fewer disappoint- 
ments in the world. 

It was a severe winter, and the snow 
continued. Every morning, therWore, 
Alfred was able to earn fifty cents, be- 
sides cleaning his mother'.s stoop and side- 
walk; and yet be washed and dressed, 
his breakfast eaten and reach school in 
good time. Now Alfred attended the 
academy, where his associates were all 
rich men's sons; and, as some of them 
were neighbors of his, his snow shovel 
was seen and made the subject of much 
ridicule. But the boy held up his ha,nd- 
some head, and smiled placidly; feeling 
that the work which called forth their 
sneering jests was more manly than -^he 
silly pride which despised it. 

Alfred was very happy when he handed 
his mother the five dollars that redeemed 
her loss; and she rejoiced that her little 
son was et^ual to such an achievement. 
She had no fear for the welfare and hap- 
piness of her children, she said, so long 
as they were above noticing "the la,i;''i 
ter of fools," and had courage to 
wisely, though it made them seem eccu i - 
trio or peculiar. — Tlu Mother's Mt i;'t- 




W. C. CARRINGTON, President. 
R. H. MAUUY, Vice President. 
J. J. HOPKINS, Secretary. 

B. C. HARTSOOK, Assistant Secretary. 

C. H. PKKROW, Medical Adviser. 

GEORGE ROSS, M. D., Assistant Medical Adviser. 
JAMKS E. WOLFF, Sup't of Agencies. 





S. LEE, 



J. J. 





Squirrel Wisdom. 

Some one h.-n del *-:' ") i'' ■ 
lit t uri'.'sities aX'ha: 
sbells in the state they wave . 
of their kernel by a squirrel. Attention 
is called to the economy of the little ro- 
dent by pencil marks on the paper under 
them, as follows : 

It will be observed : 

1. That the opening is on that side oL. 
the nut which gives access to the flat side 
of the kernel. 

2. That the opening is nearest to the 
blunt end of the nut, where the most of 
the kernel lies. 

3. That the opening is no larger than 
is absolutely necessary, less than half an 
inch square. 

4. That every particle of kernel is ex- 

How does the squirrel know before 
trying, exactly where and how the ker- 
nel lies? There is only one nut in a 
great hoard which showed a liability of 
the squirrel to make a mistake. On 
this he began to gnaw on the wrong side, 
but he was evidently deceived by the un- 
usual prominence of the line that passes 
round the nut at right angles to the 
mesial. He soon discovered his mistake 
however, and worked round and struL-fc-- 
the kernel at the right spot. — Oneida 

DiviPEND paid policy holders 1st April, 1809, Forty pbr Cent. 

This Company has met with a success beyond all parallel in Life Insurance, and offers to the 
Southern public a Home enterprise equal to any and surpassed by none in existence. 
Commenced active operations about Nov. 1st, 1807. 
Assets 1st of April, IS«I. $4ii7.(H)0, now much Increased. 
Policies issued in elfjluecn months 3,U00, covering risks of $11,000,000. 

it has paid for losses of $31,000, and in every instance waived tb« ninety days' time and paid 
at once. 

It advises the payment of all cash prbhidms, because their dividends will continually de- 
crease each next payment until nothini; will be required, and the policy may be a source of in- 
come, but it v. ill allow one-half loan on life and joint life policies. One-third loan on other (lar- 
ticipatirij^ policies. 

It requires no notes lor loans of the part ot premiums, but endorses the' loan on its policies, 
until absorbed by dividends, or the policy is payable. 

It hax no restrictions on residence or travel. All Its policies are non-forleitable ; and the ri^bt 
o! parties friiaranteed on the face of tue policy, as a part of the contract. 

It has the lollowin^ valuable feature which no other Company jfives : The late war taiisjht 
many the penalty of beiiif? separated from the Home OIHce by having their payment forfeited. 
"The I'iedmoni" K'l'Tds against this in ukb polioiks, and in event of separation from its ol- 
lice by any intervention guarantees to such all the riifhis of non-forleiture, paid up policy, sur- 
render value and reinstatement, as thouKh there had benii n^ such intervenini; cause. 
Its investments are made tor henetit ol Southern advan'' ■oxt' . 

It, briuKS money to our people— keeps money with oui j.coplo. Then why should they con- 
■ In je to inipcivrrish tbeiii-elves by sending money off w I. ■ m as wisely — as easily — as prod- 

ly be- - ■ 

li' I' vlsh to iiimrelo cr. 

^^^^ miaiLL .. , , is-metits will e^oal auj 


rates— terms— prog^ss, with any 

je 23-tf 2 



FA Ml I • F8. 

lish over Four Hundred Books lor children, 
jiiire and evangelical in character, and not to be 
excelled in i beapness or beauty. 

Also, the CUOICK.ST Books from other |. ibllsh- 
ers, furnished at cataloj;iie prices. 

Sabbath .School Librahies furnished an • wir- 
ranted to please. 

Tickets, Upward Cards, Class Books, iivmn 
Books, and other Sabbath school requi'.les al- 
ways on hand. 

UISCOUA T allowed to the Trade, and AID 

A Monthly I'aper, always received with delight 
by the children. Eif;lit copies for the year, $1. 
Address T. L. D. WALFOKU, 

mav7-te. OU Main street. Itichmonrt. v«. 


sire to know how they may realize from Sl.Oiii^ to 
$ai)O0 a year, Introduciug valuable and popular books, 
may aO.lress LEE .1 SliEl'AKU, I'ulillshers, Boston, 
Mass. Write plauily — state wbat | ap«r you saw this In. 
Nov. 24, 4 1 0 

heTrtTTand home, 


Rural, Literary, and Family Weekly. 



.Assisteil bv an able corps or Associates 
in all Xlepartiuents. 



Author ol "Housekeepers' Encyclopedia." 

As this is the season for preparing corn- 
ed beef, pork, and hams, for summer use 
j'our readers may find the following di- 
rections useful. That part of beef con- 
taining fewest large blood-vessels is (he 
best for salting. Salt di.ssolves tibre, 
and consequently reduces the amount of 
the fluid in meat; if too much salt is us- 
ed too much tibre will be dissolved, and 
if the meat is lean it will be hard and un- 
healthy. Pork will spoil if packed in a 
beef barrel, no matter how perfeetlv ii 
is cleansed; or if a small bit ofbert is 
laid in a pork bi^rei, llie Whold wiii tc 
ruined. Use evaporated salt. Boiled 
salt often contains lime, and is uni'afe to 
use in preserving either meats or vegeta- 
bles, .^leat preserves best without bone. 
As saltpetre is often adulterated with 
salt, that prepared for druggists' use is 
best. The animal should not be cut up 
until quite cold. It injures beef mate- 
rially to freeze, and about ruins pork 
and hams. For dried beef select the 
hind-quarter ; we prefer it to tho fore- 
quarter always for family use, as it makes 
nice pieces to slice cold. Hot brine 
poured over beef has the same effect as 
plunging fresh beef in boiling wafer, 
which is to close the pores and shut in 
the natural juices of the meat. 


For one hundred pounds of beef take 
four quarts of coarse rock salt, or its 
equal in weight of ground evaporated ; ffve 
ounces of pure saltpetre, and two pounds 
of brown sugar. Dissolve these ingre- 
dients in two pails of soft water, boil 
and skim well. Pack the beef closely 
iu the barrel, place upon it sufficient 
weight to keep it compact, pour the 
brine while boiling hot over the beef, and 
cover tight. It will be lit to boil in 
twenty-four hours. This mode of curing 
beef is very line, but will not preserve 
it longer than the first of April. For 
summer use, increase the quantity of 
salt about one-half. Should the brine 
not cover the beef, make more more im- 
mediately, as after it is once scalded 
with this brine it will take no more salt. 


Spread over the bottom of the barrel 
a layer of rock or solar salt one and a 
half inches thick, pack the pork edge- 
wise as compactly as possible, cover it 
with salt as thick as the bottom layer, 
and so continue until the whole is pack- 
ed, finishing with salt. Put a weight on 
the pork, and make sufficient brine as 
strong as possible of rock or solar salt, 
to cover it several inches. 


Allow for every hundred pounds of 
ham two pounds of brown ■  ■ - frm^^L 
pounds of rock salt, pulve. '^Hff 
fourth of a pound or pure .^A,ij,ci,je pui^'^ 
verized ; mix these together and add suffi- 
cient molasses to make a thick batter. 
Rub the haras thoroughly with the bat- 
ter, and pack them close in a barrel, skin 
side down. Let them lay five days in a 
temperature above freezing, then take 
them out, rub each ham again, and re- 
pack, putting the top one down, thus re- 
versing the order of the hams, laying the 
skin side down, and let them lay five 
days longer. Take ley made of clean 
house ashes, strong enough to bear an 
egg, but not to float it, so that the great- 
er part is above the ley. Add to the ley 
the same quantity of rain-water, and all 
the rock salt it will dissolve cold. Let it 
stand to settle, then .  kim it, and pour it 
over the hams. Medium sized hams in a 
temperature above freezing will cure iu 
about twenty days. If difficult to make 
ley, use sufficient sal-soda dissolved in 
soft water, to make the requisite strength, 
and add to it three-quarters the quantity 
of soft water. When the hams are cured 
bang them in a cool place to drain, and 
when a little dried smoke them. dorn 
cobs make the best smoke. Place under 
the hams while smoking a piece of brim- 
stone as large as a small hickory nut, on 
three successive days, and they will smoke 
in that time; the brimstone leaves no 
taste or smell whatever; without the 
brimstone from si.x to ten days will be re- 
quired to smoke them. Before flies ap- 
pear, paste them in strong paper bags 
and bury them in wood ashes. I'se brim- 
stone also in smookin^ dried beef, and 
to keep it from becoming hard pack- it 
closely in a strong box or keg and com- 
press itwith great weights. 

HE,\K riI AND IIO.ME meets the wants of all mem- 
bers ot (tooil ramllles everywhere, and cuolalus the best 
of evcryihing (nr everybody In city, village aD l coun- 
try. It pives pr.ieilral Instnictlon, by the moat e.\pe- 
writers, upon all Kiiral topics— 

Farming, Fruit- Growing, Flower- Culture, Or- 
namental Gardening, Rural Architecture, 
Country and Citij Homes, their Furnishing and 
Adornment, Domestic. Economy, lloutekeeping 
Hints, &c. 

It has Choice filories. Sketches, Essays, Po- 
ems, Wit and Humor, the Neict, Money and 
Market Beports, Beautiful Pictures by the 
best artists, and, m short, all' the features of a 


It contains so iimcli room that every number has an 
abundant variety for Fathers, Mothers Sons, 
Daughters, down to the youngest child ! 


We have stocked our retail department with 
a full line of Mens', Boys' and Children's Suits, 
at prices to suit all cla.sscs of buyers. 

FALL OVERCOATS at Irom $7, $9, flO and 
$12 to $14. 


In large variety to select from for measure. 
Full line of Mens' and Boys' FURNISHING 

Washinij'ton Building, 
laa and lb7, W. Bait, street, 
Oct 2tS2 I 2 Baltimore, Md 


OFFERS his Pbopbssional Skbticrs to the 
citizens of Richmond and its vicinity. 

OtUce, between Tth and Hth streets, 
mb8— tf on Franklin. 


Importers, Wholesale and Retail Dealers in 


No. 120T Main street, lUcluaond, Va. 

We have removed to the large and elegant Store late- 
ly wcupied by .Messrs. Hutler ifc Hon, where, with lo- 
creaslng facilities and a much larger stock, we are pre- 
pared to offer to our friends and the public, a complete 
assortment of goods in our line, at very low prices. 

With grateful thanks for the verv liberal patronage 
extended to us heretofore, we respectfully solicit a 
continuance. KELI.OGO 4 (ilBSON, 

No. laoT Mam street. Eagle Square, 

Oct. 1 a 


Card to Life Size, taken la the most approved 
xtyles of the art and on the most reasonable 
terms at the 



020 Main .Stkbet. 

E3- Strict stteDtioD paid to Copying old 
Pictures. 2 tf 

*BEDT' ;£D RATES  FOR ife7o. 


Single Copies, $4 ; Three Copies, nil 
al one time, $9; Five Copies, $1'-'; 

Making HEARTH AND HOME, to a Club ot Five or 
more BUbscnliers at »«,4" each, the C1IEAPE.ST as It Is 
the Mo.ST CO.Ml'LliTE 


la the wiirlil. Subscribers before the first of January 

ne.\i, will get all numbers to that date FREE, and their 
year will end Jauuar}' 1, IS'l. Specimen nuinl)erHseut 
free. hEl'TENGlLL, HATES 4 CO., 

4W p. 37 Park Row, New York. 


A young lady who has had several years of success- 
ful experience in teaching, desires a situation to In- 
struct m Kuglish, French, aud Music. She can give un- 
exceptionable references. Applicants must apply im- 
mediately to Miss "V, M.." Ubsbhvkb oMce, Rich- 
mond, Va. 

$1140. How I made tt in six months. 
Secret aud sample mailed free. A J. FULLAM, N. 
Y. R 

TROY, Ji. Y.-(E8tablished IW'ja large as- 
sortment of Church. Aeademy, Fire Alarm, 
and other Bells constantly on hand and made 
to order. Lar^e Illustrated Catalogue sent free 
upon application to 

JONES & CO., TaoT, N. Y. 
marchl7-ly I 


For Churches, Schools, &c. 

Cincinnati, Ohio. 
These celebrated Bells (not Cast Iron or "Amalgam") 
rival In purity and volumf of tone those of copper and 
lln, are iiinre durable, and cost only onk tuikd as 
much. t*f-Scnd for Descriptive Circular. 
.Nov. 10. it 

Hanufkctnretl by 

The Nalional ffslch Co., 

UF KI.«nN, II.L. 

rrftniitinccd by  V]ilfh 
M:ikers. Ilailroiiil iind 

i"es\ MU'ii. I^iisl and Ucsf, 
to III' till* iticsl rorrt'ct 
Time Ki'f|nTs ninih-. 

Auiid i;ar!ii'S ad. 
yirtiv*' III f-fltd Ualrlies 

•■( .0.11." I'l ui'Oitrix; 

to lif of uur niiiki'. W ' 
furnish nem* for that 
|iiir|Mise. Tlii re lire inil- 
laliiin« In nuirkit. To 
K,t  JKM INK KI.iil.N 
WtTCISKS, »p|d) I'l di :ilprs in your inui lor.ilil) or 
I'is-'niii-n-, whom  iin kn(iw Iu lie honoralile. 
UaklnitH Onlce aiid Sales Uouiu 16'J ,X 1«1 Lake 
Hlreet. Chicaico, III. 

I oct«-*w.,eow. 




M'.w cuijKCH music. 




The demand for the " VICTORY " has been so great 
that the flrst edition— the largest ever printed ofa new 
Church Music Hook— Is already exhausted, leaving our 
orders only partially lilled. The second edition is be- 
ing pushed fcirward rapidly, and will l)e ready durtog 
the present week, 



Remeuiher! "THE VICTORY " contain-s 
the Latest Cuinposition.s, and a 

Sleel Portrait of the late JVilliam B. 


The Singing Class Department, In its simplicity, com- 
pretienslveness and st\le, surpasses anvtbing hereto- 
fore published. 

Piice, Single Copy, $l..'iO,- per Doz., $13.60. 

Until Dec, ist., Clergymen, Choristers and Teacher? 
will be sUpplled withoiieeuiiy, (post paid) for exaiulna- 
tloii, on receipt of |1,V5, 

BlULOW 4 MAIN, Publishers, New York, 
Successors to \Vii. B. BuADBrKV, dec,l tf,w 




U J^D E R T A K E R . 


No. 1215 Hroad St.. bet. 13th and Hth, 
J«n28-U a RICHMOND, VA. 

.1. A. BEi.v ! V. 


Between Mth and \Ath Streett, 
jan 23-tl !2 RICHMOND, ^ a. 


Fob Men's, Bovs' and Childbkn's Wbab. 

Our Stock Is now complete In all the latest styles, 
and will be sold at vkrv low fioi'RES kok casu. My 
long experience is a sulhcieut guarantee that 1 will give 
you goo l goiids at the Kt'LiNU raiCEii of the market. 
woolbn Si'its at all prices. 

mUe Dress Shirts, Combination French Yoke 
Shirts made to measure, from $2,.50 each to 
the best York Mills t Cotton, and a HI guaranteed, 


Always embraces the latest styles of Cloths, Cassi- 
MEKES and Vestinus, which will be made to order, per- 
fectly satisfactory to the customer. 

COLLARS, new styles of Paper Collars, cloth 
cover, that will not teak, made In the o 'cldent Style. 

t&'An especial examiiMtion is requested by 

1308 Mam street, Richmond, va. 

0. w. grant, ) 

K. A. SAi'NDBRS, V SALBSiiEN—mvlte their frlcnds. 

B. p. PECOB, ) 

Oct 13, iimoB 


tv\o patent rights on the 6th July, 18«!» — (co-in- 
cident wiih the great victory of civil liberty in 
Virf^inia) — making seven issued since the war, 
vi'liilst si.v had been issued prior to the war. 

The WATT I'LOW is now covered in all its 
parts and principles by the patent authority, 
and I trust that no manufacturer in the land 
will attempt to invade my rights, and I warn 
all that it is my purpose to guard them with the 
full power of the law. 

1 have been struggling for a quarter of a cen- 
tury to PiBFKCT the plow -the farmer's tirsi 
and greatest friend— and without vanity or pre- 
sumption, I think' I can claim lor the WATT 
PLOW merits which should commend it to ev- 
ery farmer in the land, UEO. WATT. 

CJ*Ab the fallowing season is now approach- 
ing, we are prepared to lurnish plows of all 
sizes— both right and left. W« would also call 
attention to our stock of WHEAT DRILLS, 
made by the Hagerstown Agricultural Imple- 
ment Co , which IS •'The Best," as its name iin- 

filles. They are fully warranted and sold oo 
iberal terms. 
Send for circulars and price lists. Herealtcr, 
our " retail trade" will be strictly cash, and 
no orders for small lots ot castings, will be 
tilled uaWss accompanied by the cash. 

1452 Franklin St.. Kictamond. 

A. Davidson. j. w. Nooksb 



72 Fourth Street, 

LouisviLL,^ Kt. 

We desire to call the attention of those wishing to 
fill up or procure libraries, to our large and comprehen- 
sive stock of Religious and .Miscellaneous Books— a few 
of the newest of which are cnumoratod below : 
Commentary on Confession of Faith, by Rev A A 

„,,, llodge, U. D I, ti 

1 ho Atonement, by Itev. A. A. Hodgo, D. D. . . i so 
Faith's r..,:;. s and Victories, by Rev. J.S.Gra.sty 1 oo 
Uiary and Uemimsoences of Henry Crabb Robin- 
son, 2 vols 4 00 

Frederick W.Kobertsou's Sermon's new ed. 2 voL 3 uu 

Country Parson ed. 8 vols lo oo 

Priest andNun, byauthorot .AlmostaNon 2su 

Almost a Nun, by .Mrs. J. .McNair Wright 1 5u 

Lldduu'a University Sermons i ao 

Bible Wonders, by Rev. Dr. Newton 126 

Life ot Samuel Mliler, 1). D., 2 vols 4 oo 

Days ot Kuox, by author of bark Year of Dundee 2 5o 

Christian Leaders, by liev. J. C. Rjle 2 fto 

Deus Semper, by author of Semper Dhus i T5 

RemlnlscencBs of Rev.C.P. Washburn 1 26 
Yesterday, To-Day and Forever, by Rov. K. 11. 

Bickersteth g oo 

Lange on Romans 500 

Jennay Ueddes 1 js 

Rcce Ccelum 1 26 

WA liberal discount 10 Ministers, from above prices. 

Besides our stock of Theological and .Miscellaneous 
Books, we have a most complete liueof Sabbath-scuool 
and ScuoOL Books, Blank Books, Papers ul all kinds, 
Plain and Fancy Statumery, and every duscriptiou of 
HOLIDAY GOODS, which are usually kept m Book- 

The attonUon ef Jlcrchauu Is especially Invited to 
our stock. 

Addruss all orders to A. D.AVIDSON 4 CO, 
72 Fourth Street, Lol'isvillk, Kt. 

OctlS. to 

P. H. KEAN. 

F. H. KEAN ? 

Oc ul 



AND Dealers in Provisions, Flour, and 
Genkral Produce. 


No. 63 West Main street, bet. Second & Third, 

Louisville, Kt. 

CoDBlgnmeuts solicited, and satisfaction 
ept. 8. 

A Datidsok. 



(Late Davidson ,k Robinson.) 





Being experiencdd in the business and understand-' 
Ing the wants oi .iit --ustoraers, we flatter ourselves) 
we Bh;'ll be ai/M- lo'-t ..-t the demands of ail buyers in* 
our Hue, and r^-.j.r lly solicit e.vanunation of our 
stock. This ill' ,'' jnd lo embrace the very best 

Religions, M^soellaneous and School 
Books ; Blank Books, Plain and 
Fancy Papers and Sta- 
tionery of all kinds, 

wtUoh we will sell at lowest prices. 

Special attention paid to flhmg orders for 


Uerotiants and Teachers supplied at lowest whole- 
sale rales. Addrass all orders to 


ants-tl. T2 Fourth Street, LoulsvlUe. Ky 


Memsrs. A. DAVIDSON It OO. beg to call attention 
to their extensive stock of 


Among their stock will be found some of the most beau- 
tiful GIFT BOOKS ever brought to this market, viz: 
Art Journal of the Parts Kxposltion, 1 vol. quarto, mor. 


The Desert World, 1 vol. large st va, mor. 12,oo 

The Bird, by Michelet, 1 voL " " " 10,00 

The same — cloth S,00 

Bunyan's Allegorical Work, 1 voL quarto, mor. 16,oo 
Burn's Works— (Prince Charlie Tartan) 1 vol. 8vo So.oo 
Merchant of Venice— 1 vol 4 to. Turk. Antique . . 7,60 

The Poultry Bixik— Handsomely Illustrateil »,oo 

Treasures of Art " •' 4,00 

Half Hours with the best French Authors, 1 vol. 

mor 111,00 

(iems of Kngllsh Poetry I,8o 

Story Without an End— quarto *,oo 

Touches of Nature and .•\rt— quarto 10,00 

Wandering Jew 1 voL quarto *,50 

Mlllals Collected IIIustratloDs. S.oo 

The Book of Job— Illustrated 8,00 

English Sacred Poetry b.'a 

Our Life Illustrated— by Pen and Pencil 8,2.1 

The Months •' " " " " 6,'a 

Gems of Literature 4,5o 

The Roses In Holly 4,50 

The Book of Elegant Extracts. 4,5(i 

Pen anil Pencil llctures from the Poets 4,50 

All the Poets— In Handsome and Plain blaillngs. 


Pictures and stories of Animals— 0 vols. |6,oi' 

Ballaiityne's Entertaluing Library for Boys, 4 vols «,uo 

Lycee Boy's Library— s vols. 4.oo 

The Favorite Library— S vols 4,00 

j Miifiiet Stories— 3 vols 9,36 

INlDimo's Pet IJbrary— Ovids.  ,so 

Roblason Crusoe Series— 6 vols , 2,00 

' !■ Jew el Case— 8 vols. 7,»0 

"'T- ': w in ana w ear berieal-« vols ' 7,6u 

1 !!• (jreen Mountain Stories— 0 vols 8,26 

The Crown Library — 4 vols 4,00 

Thi' OorlUa Uhrary— 3 vols, 4,IV) 

Till Boys Own Library — t vols. 4,o« 

Cousin Kate Library— 12 vols. 8,00 

Hans Anderson's Popular Tales — 4 vols 8,00 

Youths' Cabinet Library — 4 vols.— gilt edge 3,00 

The Lake Shore Series (Oliver Optic)— 4 vols 5,00 

The Boat Club Series " " 6 vols 7,70 

Woodvllle Stories " '■ 8 vohi 7,50 

Young AnL Atwood Series — 8 vols 9,00 

In addition to the above wo have a line assortment 
of TOY BOOKS— bound and in paper, 

BIBLES & HYM.y B 00 KJ— in 

ever)' variety of binding- W rltlng Desks, Work Boxes, 
Portfolios, Ac. 
lyorders will receive prompt sttcnUon. 

No. VI Fourth street, Louisville, Ky. 

Wholesale and Retail Dealers in 
104 Main St., between Third & Fourth, 
ap20— 3m Louisvilli. Kr. 


Messrs. A. Davidsoti .t Co. have Just received a large 
supply of "Faith's Battles and Virtitrles"— a new bouk, 
bj Kev. J. S. (irasty, of Shelbyville, Ky., which they 
are ready to fiirnisti to the trade on the most lii eral 
t«nus, or will send by mall to any address lor |1, 




In rear of the rooms ol the Presbyterian Com- 
mittee of Publication. 






The Second Great IJook of the age NOW READY. 
We hope for this work a sale equat to the 


The grandest .Subscription Book of 
modern times. 

The above works, with our PICTORIAL BIBLE OF 
l.OuO ILLUSTRATIONS, opens a held of surpassing 
richness to every eahn'Est wokkkk. 

Copies given to any person securing a good Agent. 

80 pages sent free. Address — stating Territory de- 
sired, GOODSl'KEU A CO., 
148 LakesL, Chicauo. 37 Park Row, Nkw York. tfA 



General R. E. LEE. President. 

CARTFR J. HARRIS, A. .M., Professor of Latla 
JA.MES J. WHITE, A. M., Professor of Greek. 
EDWARD S. JOY NES, A. M., Prof. Modern Languages. 

• Prolessor of English." 

Rkv. J. L KIRKPATRICK.D. D., Prof. Moral Philos- 

WM. PRE.STON JOHNSTON, A M.. Prof. History and 

English Literature. 
ALEXANDER L. NELSON, A M., I'ruf. Mathematics. 
WILLIA.M ALLAN, A. .M., Prof. Applied Mathematics. 
RICHARD S. Mcculloch, .a. M., PtoL .Natural Phi- 

JOHN L. C.\MPBELL, a M., Prof. Chemistry. 

t ProL Applied Chemistry. 

HON. J. W^ BROCKENBROCGH, LL. U., Prof. Ijiw. 
M W. IIUMPIIREVS, A.M.,Ass't. Prof. Latin and Greek 
RODES MASSIE, A. M., Ass t Prof. Mo t. Languages. 
DUNCAN C. L'V'LE, A. M., Ass t Priif. Mathematics. 
CHARLES A. GRAVES, A. M„ Ass t Prof. EuglUh. 
E. BERKELEY, .Ass t ProL Ap. Mathematics. 
JOSEPH B. WALKElt, Ass t ProL Chem:8try, and 
Principal of Business School. 



In addition to his olhclal duties, practices In the 
Courts of Baltimore, In the Maryland Court of .\ppeals, 
and In the Supreme Court of the U. S. 

Office : 2d floor, over Chesapeake Bank, 

Comer North and Fayette streets, Baltimore, Mary- 
laud. Dec 1. 


Rrv. O. p. STARK, Pbincipai. 

This Institution Is pleasantly lo 'ateil In the city of 
Paris, Lamar county, Texas. 'I'he building is the "lar- 
gest and most coniinodlous in the State. 

The design of this Institution Is to afford young ladies 
every facility for acquiring a Ilnlshed education. The 
course of study embraces all that Is usually pursued In Seminaries. 

Competent and experienced teachers are employed, 
who win aim to be thorough in their various depart- 

Ex| enses. (includmg board, tuition, room-rent, fuel, 
washing, Ac.,) for the scholastic year of ten months, 
(L'nited States currency,) |i4 i oo 

'rhe next session will commence on Wednesday, Sep- 

teml)er Isl, IsS'i. 
Circulars sout on application. septl6-6m 

 ti  p to $200 per month to Agents, salary or coramls- 
O I O slon to sell our Patent While Wire Clothes 
Lines. .Address, Hudson River Wire Works, "5 Wil- 
liam street, N. "V. ; Chicago, IlL ; Richmond, Va., or 
Memphis, Tenn. decl-K 

'For the present, the Instruction In English Is divided 
among the Professors of Moral I'hilosophy, Modern 
Languages, and History, with the aid of an Assbitan 

tThe duties of this Chair are discharged by the Pro- 
fessors of Chemt.strv aud Natural Philosophy. 


ffThe student selects his own course of study, under 
the advice of his Parents or of the Faculty. The several 
Schixils are so arranged as to admit of a complete 
course ot study In the folVpwing directions : 

1. Department of Arts; to which Is attached the De- 
gree of BACURLOK ok a H I'S. 

2. Department of Science— with the Degree of Bach- 
KLOB OK Science. 

3. Department of Philosophy — with the Degree of 


The Degree of .Ma.ster op Arts Is conferred on Stu- 
dents who have completed the course of study In eight 
of the Schools, and have taken the highest dlstlnctloD 
m seven of these. 


1. Department of Civil Engineering — with the Diplo- 
ma of Civil Enuinekk. 

2. Department nf Mining Engineering — with the Di- 
ploma of MiNINO Knoineek. 

3. De[)artiuent of and Equity — with the Degree 
of Bacuelok ok Law. 

It Is priipuscd still further to extend the practical 
and Sclentidc Departments In the direction of 

1. Mechanical Engineering. 2. Applied Chemistry 
3. Agriculture. 4. Commerce. 


This course embraces the subjects ot Latin, Greek, 
Mathematics and English, preparatory to the regular 
CoUege classes. 

4. Student's Business School. 

In this School Penmanship, Bookkeeping, Accounts, 
Ac, are taught, under the authority of the h acuity. 

As special Inducements to diligence, three Gold Me l- 
als anil five Honorary Sc lmlarships, the latter covering 
tuition and (.'oilege fees, are iLiinually awarded. 

Three .Ma.sters i»f -Arts are annually appointed as 
"Resident .Masters, " » llh valuable privileges and emol- 

The College educates, free of charge, all candidates 
for the Minlstrv, properly recommeniied. It apjfoints 
to free Scliolarships, twenty-live young men luieui.'ing 
to make Jlmrnali^^lll Iheir profession. It gives along 
credit to ineriKirlous young men without means. . 

The next session opens on the 16th of Sept., aud closes 
on the '^otli of June. 

Nece.ssar)' exiRnses need not exceed 1325 per annnm. 

For further iufonnation address J. M. LEECH, 
Clerk of Faculty, Lexington, Va. 



No. 20 Main Street, 

Between 1st and 2nd, I.ocisvillb, Kt., 

t3- Manufactures and keeps constantly on 
band, a general assortment of Carriages, Ik., 
&c., of the latest lasbiou. nov 'J'J— tl^ i 


35 cases ('oncentrated Lye . 

1 barrel White (Hue. 
20 dozen Hair Brushes. 

5 gros. Tooth Brushes. 

6 " Toilet .Soaps. 

fi •' Cooking Kxtracts. 
Received and for sale by 

Wholesale and Re tail Druggist. 
81, bet. Main uji1 Msrlret. 
apl IS — Hm 1 



No. 286 Main Street, 

Between Tth and 8th, Louisvillk, Kt., 

Would Invite the trade to examine his stock, 
which he will sell at the lowest prices, oonsist- 
ng in part of— 

Sole Leather, Tad Skins, 

Upper Leather, Enameled Leather, 

Bridle Leather, Stirrups, Bitts, Buukles, 

Harness Leather, Saddles, Bridles, 
Skirting Leather, Harness, Trunks, 
feb 8 Carriage Makers' Materials, 3k. 1 




184 Main Street, 

louisvii,i.e, ky. 


\. Bell Foimdry. 


Church, Academy, Factory, Farm, Fr 
Alarm Bells, &c., made of Pure Bell Meta 
(Copper Tin,) warranted in (luality, tone, du- 
rability, Ac, and mounted with our I'atent 
Improved Rotatiii;; llaiiKin^'s. Illustrated Cat- 
alogue sent liee. VAN DCZEN & TIFT. 
102 ,t 104 E. Second .St., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

feb 17— ly I 



The next session of this Institution, located at An- 
chorage, or Hobbs' Station, twelve miles from Louis- 
ville, Ky., on the Le.Mngton and ClucinnattI Railroad, 
will open on the FIRST MONDAY In SEPTEMBER, 
and continue forty \yeeks. 

Rev. W. W. lilLI., D. I)., Principal, teacher ot .Mental 
and Moral Science, Ixjgic, Rhetoric, Astronomy, Evi- 
dences of Christianity, & : 

MIssVALLlE E. IIAN.N A, Assistant Principal, teach- 
er of Mathematics, Englisli Gruniinar, liotany, Ac. Ac. 

J. De la BARRETTE native nf France, teacher of 
French, Painting aud Drawing, Latin and Natural Sci- 
ences, &c., &c. 

Miss .MULLIE McKEE, teacher of Priiiiao' Depart- 
ment, Needlework, Embroidery, &c., Ac 

Prof. EDWARD .MAHIt, teacher of Music on Ptano,^ 
Zlthar, Guitar, &c., &c. 

Mrs. B. F. POWERS, teacher ot Vocal Hiuls, with 
Piano aud Guitar, Ac, Ac. 

The new building lo supply the place . 
stroyed bv lire will becomplele ami rea-l'. 
by the 15th of August, al a cost of $i . 
more commodious aud beautidil thanlh' 
will .^eat, with desks, one hundred and liUy puiills. 

'r or tonus, addruss 

Rev. lilt, V \V. HII.L, 
Anchorage, iilon, 
. jyw , ^Li^l_ _ 



No. J4S East Walnut Stkeet, 
Louisville, Ky. 

Offlcc hours from 4 to 6, P. \L 
Oct 18 S mos 


2ii JvFBHsoN St., Soutijj:ast Coknek or Eiuirru, 

)EjSeii in 

Oold Band and French, China, Glass- 
ware, Toys, kc, 

VUpholstering, Vamlshlug aud Repairing, neatly 
Oct Hi a moa 




tVAll our stoves warranted...^ 
We manufacture all kinds of COAL GRATES. 

J. S. LITHGO W & CO. . 

Nos. 85 AND 87 

Third and Main Sts., 




lio. I 

I 00 
I 25 

1 50 
■I 00 
6 2 25 
712 .50 

8|y 00 

III 5 Ool 

2 - =-3 
e -. I ^ 

s: a- 


1 25 
1 50 

1 7.) 

2 25 

2 75 
8  sil 

3 25 

4 00 
4 5ii 
U 00 

1 50 

1 7ft 

2 00 

2 .50 

;j 00 

3 -2.1 
a 75 

4 ."SI 
0 00 
7 00 

I 2 K 

2 50 

;i iMi 

3 50 
o 75 

4 : 

4 : 

1 75 

2 25 

2 SO 

3 (K) 
3 50 

3 75 

4 26 

5 00 
7 00 

n B 

■A r- 

3 00 


4 51 

5 5(1 


I (ft 

(i 00 
0 5(1 
7 51) 
S 00 
10 00 

Sent by mall, or express, on receipt of price. 
If by mail, inclose stamp for return postage. 

Gold pens repaired, if sent by mall with 50 
cents and stanii) eai li. anil new Tens exchang- 
etl for old ones on liiiiTal terms. 

PI lin gold rings of any weight and quality 
made to order. 

I. 'omplete stocks ol tine watches, jewelry, sil- 
ver, and plated ware, iiid emblematic pins and 
charms always on h iiiil. 

Watches and jewelry repaired and warranted. 

Clergymen 8U)ip|ieil with pens at half the 
above prices, and sjiecial reductions on all oth- 
er goods. 

224 Main street, ;l.oiiisville Hotel BlockJ 

feb 28— tf 1 i.ouisville, Ky. 


Are elegant, useful and Instructive, Suitable for 
boys, amateurs and mechanics. Illustrated catalogue 
free. Address GEORGE PARR, BuHalo, New York, k 


We have received a portion of our Fall and Winter 
Stock of Boots, Shoes, and Trunks, consisting of six 
hundred cases. These Gooils have been selected with 
great care, from the beat nianiifai-tiirers and at the low- 
est prices— and the guality of them we will recommend 
to be as gotKl as can be ftiund In any house. North or 
South, and we will sell them as low. All we ask Is for 
our friends and the public to call and examine. We 
have many styles of goods in our luie that cannot be 
found elsewhere. H e keep the vekv best Goods that 
can be made, of all sizes aud shapes. 

Richmond, Va., Cot. l, 1869. ly 

A V A L U A Ii L E BOO K. 

Wb aniionnce with pleasure the reeeptinii of ihis val- 
uable «ork— and are prepared to fiinnsii it at shortest 

Price i:3p{)—to Ministers $3,00. 


by author of "Almost a Nun."»-.\.iho3t highly interest 

lug and truthful book— showing rl.' m l b 

ceptlons of Priests and Nuns in aC' 

young minds toward their system, j uii i 

and elegantly printed. Price |i,»u. 

Mov. -24 Tl Fourth street, Louisville, ky. 

Christian observer and free Christian commonwealth, 1869-12-08

4 pages, edition 01

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  Published in Louisville, Kentucky by Converse, & Co.
   Jefferson County (The Bluegrass Region)