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date (1861-06-28) newspaper_issue 




^ Religious ^etospjtr, giptei ta t^e promotion of Ipiets isrit^nut §igotrs iwsbsttriiinism toitfeoul Stdarianism. 




Fcrlht Prt$hyltrUin lltrald. 

, Narrative of the State of Religion. 

The General Assemhhj of the Preshyte 
rian Church of the United States of 
America to the Ministers, Ruling El- 
ders, and Churches under their care : 
Beloved Brethren : — The times 
through which we are passing fill us 
with solemnity. It is. wi'h more than 
usual earnestness that we send forth to 
you a narrative of God’s dealings with 
this branch of the Church of Christ dur- 
ing the year gone by. and address to j'ou 
words of exhortation. ^VeTook back at the 
pastandail seems bright; we look towards 
the future, and there is uncertainty and 
anxiety. Amidst this uncertainty, how 
much depends on the faithfulness of God’s 
people! We do beseech yoa to o(Ii 
your minds to a just appreciation of your 
true position as God’s living witnesses in 
the earth, that you may properly act in 
the present emergency. He that sinks 
to the level of the mere world in such a 

time as this, forgets the high vocation byteries record this experience. A num- 
wherewith the church i.s called. The | her of such revived churches have dou- 

salt has lost its savor ; and what roust 
become of the church or the world when 
the church falls from her steadfast 

bled, and one church has even trebled its 
numbers by this visitation, and one Pres- 
bytery has been raised from the verge of 

and fails to shine as a light in the world? extinction to prosperity and efficiency. 
On the contrary, let us only be assured j Even where these bright exceptions of 
that the Church of the living God will Revival are not recorded, there have been 
but do Aer duty, and we have no fears for in other Presbyteries equally numerous 
the effects of any storm that blows ; j signals of God’s blessing in other things 
Christ’s power within her is always equal ; (things outward, indeed, but still greatly 
to any emergency. j serviceable) — in the extinction of church 

We have received accounts of the debts, in the unusual prevalence of a 
State of Religion from 112 out of 171 spirit of prayer, in the decline of vice. 
Presbyteries. These cover all parts of and in the growth of a moral power 
the field except the south east portion of through the community, 
our country. The impression produced' 4. As a brighter fact still, many of our 
by these has gladdened our hearts ; we Presbyteries record special manife.sta- 
are constrained to say of our beloved tions of God’s Spirit in many, and in 
Church, “ Surely, God is in the midst of .some cases in even all their churches, 
her.” In giving you a condensed sum- Among these we may mention partieu- 

raary of these reports, let us say, first of 
all, there are many things in the year’s 
events for which we are bound to thank 
God in your behalf. Prominent among 
them is the regular growth and increas- 
ing influence of our Church. By this is 
not roeanf. merely the extension of her 

larly the Presbyteries of Beaver, New- 
ton, Coshocton, Huntingdon, Nassau, 
Long Island, North River, Sangamon, 
West Lexington, Louisville, Danville, 
Knoxville, Transylvania, Muhlenburg, 
Western District, Missouri, La Fayette, 
Monmouth, Iowa. In some of these the 

bounds, (gratifying as this fact is,) but ^Icssing has been more extensive than in 
the steady and gradual diffusion of light others. In a number of them the con- 
and truth by her means in dispelling er- ^orts are numbered by hundreds, 
ror, and in elevating men to a higher 
point of scriptural knowledge and faith 
in the Lord’ Jesus Christ. The salt is 
gradual'y doing its work in purifying the 
rtb. Listen to tliese facts : 

1. Nearly every one of the Presbyte- 

There are two other cases of the out- 
pouring of the Spirit, which we do not 
feel at liberty to pass by. These are 
both in the foreign field. There is a 
movement, in the providence of God, fn 
these days which must have arrested 
your attention. At the same moment 

ries on our outlving frontier posts speak , , . 

of the strong conflict between the truth trouble, God 

of the gospel and the various forms of ''"P^fCEdented manner, heard 

error and sin prevailing among them — i prayers of'his people, and opened 
Universalism, infidelity, spiritualism, sab unother among 

bath-breaking, drunkenness, and profani- j heathen ; and n)ore, he has opened 

ly. The forces are met hand to hand. : hearts of the heathen to the gospel 

This, in itself, is a token for good, for it preached. Never was the field so 

shows that the army of Christ’s Church while to the harvest. 

is not asleep, not slothful, not overcome 
by error, but awake and active. But 
more : these Presbyteries all speak, also, 
of this conflict being sustained on the 
part of the truth with vigor and with 
hope ; and they speak encouragingly, in 
almost every instance, of the victory man- 
ifestly declaring itself on the side of truth 
and godliness. The evidences reported 
of this are as follows: a larger attend 
ance upon the ministrations of the word ; 
a growing regularity in the services of 
the Sabbath ; the supply of pastors in 
the fields formerly vacant, or occasional- 
ly supplied ; the growth of religious in- 

Here are two cases to illu.strate this. 
The first comes from the Presbytery of 
Corisco, on ilio West Coast of Africa. 
See what G -I hath wrought ! Ten years 
ago the he» hen chiefs were met in pub- 
lic council to ask for missionaries. 'I’hen 
all was darkness, ignorance, superstition 
and crime ; and now there is a Presby- 
tery to send you its narrative — there is a 
church of 63 members, including 52 con- 
verts from heathenism, and 40 more are 
seeking a spiritual knowledge of Chris- 
tianity — there is an eldership, including 
3 native converts, all candidates for the 
ministry; there are Sabbath schools nuni- 

struction in the family ; the opening and bering ICO pupils. What renders this 

occupation of new fields; and last, though 
not least, the maturing of past labors in 
fields long occupied and cultivated with 
laborious effort. In short, the leaven is 
doing its silent yet effective work. We 
lose no ground already woo, and we make 

the more interesting, is that almost all 
this has been accomplished during the 
past year. From its beginning to its 
close, it has been a year of blessing. At 
its opening almost no special indications 
for good were visible, but almost imme- 

decided advances into new territory of 4'ately the showers began to fall, and 
the enemy. This is a feature not suffi- ; the wilderness blos.soms as the rose, 
ciently appreciated — a feature which we i fruits of this blessing, 43 have been 
often, indeed, fail to recognize in the admitted to the Lord’s table, and many 
presence of more striking results; and are inquiring ; the heathen women, 

vet it is a feature which demands devout I who, until this time, have invariably 
gratitude to God ; for it shows that the ! stood aloof from the gospel, have yielded 
tree is growing silently yet surely under and are sitting (meekly) at the feet of 
the rain and dew of God’s blessing. Let .Tesus. Nor have the converts been con- 
us not forget, in this connection, the hope- i fined to the pupils of the schools, but 
ful condition of our efforts among the ! others beyond their instruction have been 
German population in the West and apprehended by the Lord Jesus. Even 
North-West. The case of these has of-   beyond the precincts of Ihe island itself, 
ten presented a pioblem of particular dif- ; the work has been carried, and the hea- 
ficulty, but it is fast solving in the mostj then there have become steadfast believ- 
cheering way under the persevering ef- ' ers. They have abandoned superstitions, 
forts of faithful men of God in our Pres- 1 they have endured the cross of persecu- 
byteries in that region. Nor we tion, and they have been gifted with a 
omit to mention the growing success, re ' spirit of prayer surprising even to the 
ferred to by a number of the Presbyte- missionary brethren themselves, 
ries, in evangelizing the colored people in The other case is that of the Presby- 
our Southern and South-Western States. , tery of Ningpo, in China. You were re- 
These reports speak of increased atten- j ferred, in the Narrative of the last year, 
tion to this class, and of corresponding j to the work of God in this place. It is 
results. Besides opportunities to hear ! our joyful privilege to apprize you that 
the word under its regular ministrations j this work has continued with undiminish- 
among their white brethren, special mis- led power. During the year thirtv-five 
sionaries, in several of our Presbyteries, i persons have been added to the church, 
devote their whole time to this class ; and and these are from six different provinces, 
one Presbytery takes notice of particular , Besides, a manifest advance has been 
attention paid to family instruction, by j made in the knowledge, spirituality and 
means of Jones Catechism, among the | devotedness of the native assistants, and 

families of the colored people themselves. I of the candidates for  the ministry. A 

2. A second fact, which deserves com- 
memoration, is the testimony that comes 
to us from all quarters of the land, that 
our churches are enjoying peace and pros 


being next to none. Nor has this peace 
and prosperity been unattended by even 
brighter results. Even in cases where 
no special outpouring of the Spirit has 
been witnessed, the ordinary effects of 
the preached gospel have been secured 
in a goodly number of hopeful converts, 
in increased attendance on the Sabbath, 
in a deeper interest in Bible-classes and 
Sabbath schools ; churches have become 
self-sustaining, and new and commodious 
houses of worship built in feeble territo- 
ries have strengthened the position of 
God’s people in maintaining the truth in 
the midst of error; and throughout the 
whole field, with very rare exceptions, 
an increase is noted in the contributions 
to the objects of benevolence and the 
Boards of the Church. 

3. We notice, also, in the third place, 
that in many cases where no general vis- 
itation of the Holy Spirit’s converting 
Intluences is observed upon all the chur- 
ches in a Presbytery, exceptions in the 
case of one, two. or 'more churches are 
noted, where a year of copious fruitful- 
ness has been enjoyed, yielding even a 
hundred fold. As many as twelve Pres- 

becomes us to give thanksjto God, that 
his word has had such “ free course, and 
been glorified.” 

There is one feature presented in the 
reports which come to us from the whole 
field, deserving special notice. Through 
out our bounds the past year has wit- 
nessed a remarkable awakening of the 
zeal of God’s people in behalf of the 
young. This shows itself generally in 
an increased attention (marked every- 
where) to the ordinary means of teaching 
— Sabbath schools, Bible classes and 
family instruction; but more specijieally 
in unusual and particular efforts to bring 
the truth to bear upon the minds of chil 
dren, with fervent prayer for God’s bless- 
ing — in the zeal of our people in estab 
lishing mission schools among the neg- 
lected juvenile population of our cities, 
north, west and south — and especially in 
the signal blessing of God which has at- 

of some in piety, in others the decline of 
the spirit of benevolence. These things 
are cause for humiliation. And while we 
would exhort these desponding brethren 
who sigh over these things, to be hopeful 
in God, we do earnestly warn those of 
whom these things are true, of their sins 
before God. This spirit, beloved, com- 
eth not of Him that calleth you. The 
word of God is express, “Love not the 
world. If any man love the world, the 
love of the Father is not in him.” And 
we do remind all such as walk disorderly 
of the words of our Lord Jesus : “ Be 
ware, lest at any time your hearts be sur-. 
charged with surfeitings, with drunken 
ness, and the cares of this life, and so 
that day come upon you unawares; for 
as a snare shall it come upon the whole 
earth.” “The eyes of the Lord are as a 
flame of fire.'’ “ He searches the heart’ 
and tries the reins to give to every mai 

tended these efforts. VVe note, particu- Ig^gording as his work shall be.” "To 
larly, the Presbyteries of Londonderry, |jy patient continuing in well- 

New York First, Nassau, Mohawk, Gen- 
esee River, Ogdensburg, Raritan, Beav- 
er, Philadelphia, Donegal, St. Clairsville, 
and Michigan. 'The numbers of youth 

daily prayer-meeting at twelve o’clock, 
commencing with the week of prayer in 
January, 1860, has been established, and 
is generally well attended. Prejudices 

perity. No fell disaster has broken up are gradually giving way before the light 
congregations or destroyed the influence of truth, and never before have the mis- 
of the truth in any region. 'This testi- , sionaries of th* word been so hopeful and 
mony is almost uniform, the exceptions 1 so joyful in God. Surely, brethren, it 

prone to wait for ripe years before ex 
peeling to see the fruit of her labors, in 

pour out my Spirit on thy seed, and my 
blessing on thine offspring, and they shall 
grow up as among the grass, as willows 
by the water-courses.” 

On the other hand, we cannot pass by 
this feature of God’s work among us, 
without reminding pastors, elders and 
churches of one doty which grows out of 
it. We mean the careful instruction of 
these multitudes of young persons who 
have been thus brought to acknowledge 
their faith in Jesus. There are two ex- 
tremes which we wish to avoid. On the 
one side, we are far from believin:. that 

r.ot tc be lookeJTor, ind enconra red 
among the children of the church. Put 
on the other, we would as carefully gu . d 
you against the opinion that when yoi g 
persons are brought to confess their faith, 
ail that is necessary has been done, and 
that they may safely be left to them- 

early.^and very early fruits of pi. are guardianship of the Church upon the 

strongly impress it on your minds that 
these youth are in Christ’s school — still 

selves. On the contrary, we cannot too. cry of sadness on this very account reach- 

es us from not less than twenty Presby- 
teries ; and from all parts of the field — 

comparatively ignorant and weak, and north, west and south. Let it not be for- 

exposed to peculiar temptations. They gotten that in perilous times like these, 

demand special c..lture. 'They need, and t our only hope must be in the zeal, and 
they must have, particular watch and fidelity, and watchfulness of the Church 
particular instruction. We are persuad- of God itself. If the members of the 
ed that it has been the adoption of one Ohurch be forgetful of their duty, unsta- 
extreme view or the other, which has ble, carried headlong, what hope can we 

either kept back so many of our baptized j have of holding back the unsanctified 

children from the ordinances of the ! world to duty, to spirituality, to God, and 
church, or admitted them without any | to truth ? If the eye otyaTrA (ail to per- 
proper care, to be afterwards a clog and ceive, and to be impressed by the glory 

hindrance to the cause of Christ — men of the world to come, what hope can 

with a mere name to live. Feed, then, 
we be.seech you, these lambs of the flock. 
It is of the greatest moment to determine 

there be that the spiritually blind will 
be impressed by it ? 

And now, beloved brethren, we do “be 

what .sort of Christians these young per- seech you'by our Lord Jesus Christ, and 
sons shall become. And it is not too ' by the love of the Spirit,” that you will 
much to affirm, that on the labors of their [ 1" these times he doubly watchful, doub- 
elders who surround them, it will largely ly in earnest, as Christians. And that 
depend whether they become drones in you may understand us, we say, specifi- 
the church, or faithful, efficient, steadfast { cally, 1. Be watchful as to your own 
servants of .Jesus Christ — the glory of communion with God. It is with no or- 
the churches. 'dinary importunity that we assure you 

Appropriate to this subject are the ad i that contact with God in prayer, and the 
vices which come from a number of the | contact of your hearts with his truth, is 
Presbyteries of the increased efficiency 'n these times necessary to your safety. 

of the ruling eldership in their labors of 
love among the people. We hail, with 

2. Be prompt in the constant assem- 
bling of yourselves together in all Go.Ps 

we are glad to know that an effective rul- 
ing eldership is the moving spring of a 
church’s success. But. alasi in many 
more cases views of required duty fall 
far below the proper standard. With all 
loving kindness we beseech those who 
rule in the house of God to think of these 

Amidst these multiplied tokens of 
God’s favor and blessing throughout the 
length and breadlh of the field, there are 
some notes of mourning. 'To these, 
though hey are very few, we must, in 
all fidelity, give a passing notice. Some 
of our Presbyteries are full of lamenta- 
tion over the desecration of the Sabbath 
in their midst, the ardent pursuit of mere 

worldly wealth by the professed follow - 1 deep poverty should so abound unto the 
ers of Christ, vacant churches, unem-j riches of your liberality ” as in our pres- 

ployed ministers. Sabbath schools in a 
sickly condition, the children and youth 
growing up without the means of grace, 
the feeble and almost expiring condition 
of some of their churches — and decline 

doing, seek for glory and honor and im 
mortality, eternal life ; but to them that 
are contentious, and do not obey the 
truth, but obey unrighteousness, indigna 

brought into the communion of the tribulation and anguish 

church during the last year is remarka- 

of the Jew first, and also of the Gentile ; 

AYe here, beloved brethren, to j 

hold up your hands in this excellent work. | worketh good ; to the Jew first, and 
AVe are persuaded that the church of:^,,„ the Gentile, for there is no re- 
God has not practically felt the vast im- ,. 

portance of this sort of effort to promote ; circumslances 

her normal growth. She has been too providence has placed us 

as a Church and a nation, demands that 
we part not from you without a closing 
stead of looking for an early blessing up- ^^rd of expostulation. The times in 
on the souls whom she has dedicated to ^^ich we live are perilous to the interests 
God-whom she is training in obedience j^e Church of Christ. All past ex 
to his command, and for whom she con- i p.^ience prove this, and our daily historv 
tmually prays. AVe notice, then, with ; ,estifies the same. The danger we allude 
gratitude, that God in these days is point- 1 to is, the danger of allowing any duty 
ing out to the church, by her success in . ^hich we think we owe to the times to 
this respect, her privilege of ex|»ecting I gg absorbing as almost to dis- 

the fulfillment of the promise, “I will i place the affections from heavenly things, 

and confine them to what is merely earth- 
ly. It should never be forgotten that 
even positive obligations may, by excess, 
degenerate from high Christian principle 
to mere worldliness. A man owes a duty 
as a Christian to his family, to provide 
for its support; and yet who does not 
know that this duty may become so ah 
sorbing as to sink into mere covetous- 
ness? It is so with regard to political 
obligations. Times like the present so 
confine the attention to these that often 
heavenly tastes grow cold, spiritual du- 
ties are forgotten, th^ lioly watch and 

world ceases, iniquity abounds — even the 
very sanctifying motive which at first 
kindled and gave luster to the feeling of 
patriotism, is lost sight of — all that is 
spiritual declines, and all-becomes world- 
ly. Beloved brethren, we do not .“peak 
from mere apprehension. Already the 

marked pleasure, feature of the year’s ordinances  A\’'hoever is remiss in these 
history. This arm of the service in times, we beseech you suff-r not God’s 
Christ’s Church cannot be too highly es- ordinances to languish for the want of 
timated ; and we take the occasion to stir ' your presence. It was exactly in the 
up the minds of those who exercise this! times of great peril and worldliness that 
holy office to an increased proof of their' “ they who feared the Lord spake often 
zeal. Higher views of the importance one to another ; and the Lord hearkened 
and of the required labors of Ibis office and heard, and a book of remembrance 
must be attained among our ruling elders ! was written.” You need this Christian 
generally, before the fullest efficiency tf communion now more than ever; you 
our admirable form of church govern- i canrtot do without it. 3. Remit not your 
ment can be displayed. In many cases , labors for the instruction and salvation 

of souls. AVe do entreat you, let no ex- 
citement around you distract your atten- 
tion from your faithful labors to win souls 
to Christ. 4. Again, remember the cause 
of benevolence. AVe need not inform 
you how necessary is special effort on 
your part. The present year threatens to 
be one of sore difficulty to every scheme 
of charity. Beloved brethren, the cause 
of Christ appeals to you with imperative 
claims to do your duty. If you have 
withheld before, withhold not now; if you 
have heretofore given liberally, let not 
your hand be slack now ; if you have 
even been tried with poverty, be sure 
that there was never an occasion when 
the abundance of your joy and your 

ent circumstances. 5. And need we ex- 
hort you, brethren, in this solemn hour, 
to study the things which make for peace? 
Notwithstanding the strong and earnest 
differences of judgment on many subjects 

we have been deeply impressed with the 
fact that our beloved Church Is one in 
faith, me in order, one in all the great 
distinctive features of Presbyterianism. 
This Church cannot be rent asunder with- 
out great sin somewhere. Let our sup- 
plications be" incessant, that He who can 
bring light out of darkness, and order out 
of contusion, may so overrule all present 
diversities as to p.’’eserve the peace, unity 
and perpetuity of the Church. 

Finally, we would remind you that 
“we have received a kingdom which can 
not be moved.” AVhen the last shaking 
of the kingdom of the earth shall come, 
that immovable kingdom will alone re- 
main. Brethren, do not forget that that 
kingdom will alone remain. Brethren, 
do not forget that that kingdom is yours 
— above a” ther states or kingdoms. 
Its ‘ ■ 3 yours, above all other 

b! ? hich, after all, are only bless- 

Mgs b.. wa). Your citizenship is in 
heavn:,, “ from whence, also, we look for 
the Lord Jesus.” We exhort you to 
keep year hearts fixed on your true in- 
heritance. This will animate your pres- 
ent duty. This will lift you up above 
the defilements of mere worldliness under 
any excitements. This will subordinate 
every passing interest in your hearts to 
the one controlling desire of “laboring, 
that, whether present or absent, you may 
be accepted of the Lord Jesus.” 

And “now our Lord Jesus Christ him- 
self, and'God even our Father, who hath 
loved us and hath given us everlasting 
consolation and good hope through grace, 
comfort your hearts, and stablish you in 
every good word and work;” and "to 
Him who is able to keep you from falling, 
and to present you faultless before the 
presence of His glory with exceeding joy, 
to the only God our Saviour, be 
glory and majesty, dominion and power, 
both row and forever. Amen.” 

.JOHN C. BACKU.S, Moderator.- 



bin 1 

The Bible and the Fashions. 

AYe have lately met, says the British 
Missengcr, with one or two painful illus- 
trations of the ruinous influence of the 
love of dress. This circumstance, togeth- 
er with the consideration that in these 
days this love of dress would seem to be 
a besetting sin, even of multitudes whom 
it cannot be said to ruin, induce us to 
T' int the following weighty warnings 
counsels of a preacher of the eeven- 
, century-; 

Be not amtimoWsTT) aj 
ihion. Affect not to take the mode 
! forelock. Keep some paces be- 
iiose that are zealous to march in 
the ;iont of a novelty. When the danger 
is sinning, it is valorous enough to bring 
up the rear. AYhen custom has familiar- 
ized the strangness.when time has mellow- 
ed the harshness, and common usage has 
taken off the fierce edge of novelty, a 
good Christian may safely venture a little 
nearer, provided he leap not over those 
bounds prescribed by God, by nature, and 
decency. It is time enough to think of 
following, when the way is well beaten 
before us. A modest Christian, in con- 
science as well as courtesy, will not think 
scorn to let others go before him. 

Follow no fashions so far, so fazl, as to 
run your estates out at the heels. Costly 
apparel is like a prancing steed; he that 
will follow it too close, may have his 
brains knocked out for his folly. Advise 
first with conscience, what is lawful ; then 
your purse,"what is practicable. — 


Consult what you may do, and next what 
you can do. Some things may be done 
by others, which you may not do; and 
there are some things which you might 
lawfully do, if you could conveniently do 

them. “ A.11 things” indifferent “arc 
lawful” in themselves; “but all things 
are not expedient” to some under some 
circumstances; and what is not expedi- 
ent, so far as it is not so, is unlawful. 
1 Cor. X. 23. 

If you will drick by another man’s 
cup, you may be drunk when he is sober ; 
and if you will clothe at another man’s 
rate, you may be a beggar when he feels 
not the charge. But how many have 
run themselves out of their estates into 
debt, and from the height of gallantry 
sunk to the depth of poverty, forced 
either into a jail or out of their country, 
whilst they would strain to keep pace 
with a fashion that was too nimble and 
fleet for their revenues I 

3. Follow lawful fashions abreast with 
yout.-tgitals. But be sure you got right 
notions who are your equals. Some may 
be less than your equals in birth, who 
are more than so in estates ; pedigrees 
and titles will not discharge long bills 
and reckonings. And some may he your 
equals in both, who are not so in that 
wherein equality is most valuable. AV’^alk, 

then, hand-in-hand with them who are 
“heirs together” with you “of the grace 
of life” (1 Pet. iii. 7,) who are partakers 
with you of the same “precious faith ” 
(2 Pet. i. 1) — with those who have the 
same hopes with you “of the common 
salvation ” (Jude 3.) AA’hy should we 
zealously affect a conformity to those in 
apparel, from whom we must separate in 
a little time for eternity? 

4. Come not near those fashions whose 
numerous implements, trinkets, and tack- 
ling require much time in dressing and 
undressing. No cost of apparel is so ill 
bestowed as that of precious time in ap- 
parelling; and if common time be so ill 
spent, what is the solemn, sacred time 
laid out in such curiosity 1 How many 
Sabbaths, sermons, sacraments, prayers, 
praises, psalms, chapters, meditations, has 
this one vanity devoured ! Let me re- 
commend the counsel of holy Mr. Her- 
bert to you : 

“0, be dressed : 

Stay not for t’other pint Why, thou hast lost 
A joy for it worth worldsl Thus hell doth jest 
Away thy blessings, and extremely flouts thee. 
Thy clothes being fast, but thy soul loose, about 
thee ! ” 

5. Ill all apparel, keep a hule above 
contempt, and somewhat more below envy. 
lie that will ever nigh either extreme 

shall never avoid offence, either for sor- 
didness or superfluity. Let not your 
garments smell cither of antiquity or 
novelty. Shun as much an affected gravi- 
ty as a wanton levity : there may be as 
much pride in adhering to the antique 
garbs of our ancestors, as there is in 
courting the modern fooleries. A plain 
oleanliness is the true medium between 
sluttishness and gaudiness. Truth com- 
monly lies in the middle between the hot 
contenders, virtue in the middle between 
the extreme vices, and decency of apparel 
in the middle between the height of the 
fashion and a mere running counter and 
opposition. Only because our corrupt 
hearts are more prone to the excess than 
^e defect, I laid the rule, to keep a little 
i more below envy than above contempt. 

6. Get the heart mortified, and that will 
mortify the habit. The most compendi- 
ous way of reforming persons, families, 
nations, and churches, is to begin to deal 
■with the heart; as the shortest way to 
feel the tree is by sound blows at the root. 
Could we lay the axe to heart-pride, the 
branches would fall, the le.aves wither, 
the fruit fade, wi?h one aiid the saure 
labor. It is an endless labor to demolish 
this castle of pride by beginning at the 
top; undermine the foundation, and all 
the glory of the superstructure falls with 
it. As a pure living spring, will work 
itself clean from all the accidental filth 
that is thrown into it from without, so the 
cleansing of the heart will cleanse the 
rest. And when the Spirit of Christ 
shall undertake this work — to convince 
the soul effectually of sin — of the sin of 
nature, and the nature of sin — ail these 
little appendices and appurtenances of 
vanity will fall and drop of course. For 
this was our blessed Saviour’s method : 
“Cleanse the inside of the cup .or platter, 
and the outside will be clean also” (Matt, 
xxiii. 26.) And if we could (as super- 
natural grace only can) “make the tree 
good,” the fruit would he good by conse- 
quence (Matt. xii. 33) 

7. Let all your indifferences be brought 
j under the government and guidance of reli- 
\gion. Indifferbnt things in their general 

natures are neither good nor evil; but 
I when religion has the main stroke in 
j managing and ordering them, it will 
makej:'hem good, and not evil. Advise 
I with God’s glory what you shall eat, 

I what you shall drink, and what you shall 
I put on; that will teach us to deny our- 
selves in some particulars of our Chris- 
tian liberty: “Whether yc cat or drink, 
or whatsoever yo do” else, “do all to the 
glory of God” (Cor. x. 31.) Than which 
all the masters of the art are eating, all 
i the mistresses of the science of dressing, 

I cannot give you a more approved direc- 
! lory. 

I 8. Use all these indifferent things with 
an indifferent affection to them — an indif- 
ferent concern for them and about them. 

; Treat them, value them, as they deserve. 

I Clothes commend us not to God, nor to 
wise and good men ; why are we then so 
solicitous about them, as if the kingdom 
I of God lay in them ? 'fhe apostle, in 
consideration that “the timp is short,” 
have iW. “ use this_ world as not 
^^Ping it,” hcc^iuse “the fashion of this 
world passetli away” (1 Cor. vii. 29, 31.) 
Y'et a little while, and there will he no 
use, because no need of them. But God 
and the world are commonly of contrary 
judgments; and “that which is highly 
' esteemed among men is” oftentimes an 
I “abomination in the sight of God” (Luke 
xvi. 15.) Lukewarmness is a temper hot 
en ugh for what is neither good nor evil. 
How great, then, is our fin, who are stone- 
cold in those matters wherein God would 
have us “fervent in spirit” — but where 
he would have us cool and moderate, all 
of a flame I 

Let it have its due weight in your 
hearts, that you have another man, a new 
man, an inner man, to clothe, to adorn, 
beautify, and maintain. Think not with 
the atheist of Malmesbury, that you have 
enough to do to maintain one man well ; 
for you have two. And shall all the 
care, all the cost, be bestowed on the ease, 
the cabinet, the shell, when the jewel is 
neglected ? Think with yourselves, when 
you are harnessing out for some sumptu- 
ous feart, when the “gold ring and the 
gay clothing” go on, to conciliate respect 
in the eyes of others. “ Have I on my 
wedding garment? .Am I ready for the 
marriage of the Lamb ? Have I on the 
white garment, ‘that the shame of my 
nakedness appear not’ before a pure and 
holy God?” (Rev. iii. 18.) 

Look into the gospel wardrobe: Christ 
has provided complete apparel to clothe 
you, as well as complete armour to de- 
fend you; and he commands you to put 
on both. 

AA’ould you have a chain for your neck 
i which outshines the gold of Peru; or a 
1 tiara for your head which shames that of 
j the Persian kings? “ Hear the instruc- 
tion of thy father, and forsake not the 
law of thy mother,” and you have it 
(Prov. i. 8, 9 ) 

AA'ould you have clothing of wrought 
gold, and wear those robes [which] ‘ the 
. King’s daughter” glories in, when she is 
I brought into the King of glory, that ha 
I may take pleasure in her beauty? — 
j (Psalm xiv. 11-13.) 

j Would you wear that jewel “which in 
I the sight of God is of great price,” be- 
j yond those celebrated ones of Augustus 
i or Tiberius ? Then get the “ornament of 
a meek and quiet spirit” (1 Pet. iii. 4.) 

AVould you have that which dazzles 
j the diamond, and disparages the Orient 
, pearl? “Adorn” your souls “with mod- 
I esty, sharae-facedness, sobriety, and good 
; works, as women professing godliness” 

* (1 'fim. ii. 9, 10.) 

i Would you have the whole furniture of 
i the gospel ? — You have it provided by 
j the apostle; First “put off all these; an- 
jger, wrath, malice, blasphemy, lying” 

I (Col. iii. 8; Eph. iv. 25.) “Anger” 

I ferments to “ wrath,” “ wrath ” boils up 
^ to “malice,” “malice” swells up to “blas- 
' pbemy,” and all these break out into 
I “lying.” And “put on, as the elect of 
God, holy and beloved, bowels of mercies, 
kindness, humbleness of mind, meekness, 
long-suffering; forbearing one another, 
and forgiving one another” (Col. iii. 12, 
13.) And foi; an upper garment, “be 
clothed with humility ” 1 Pet. v. 5;) and 
that your clothes may not sit loose and 
indecently on you, but close and fast, 
gird yourselves with the girdle of truth 
(Eph. vi. 14.) And would you have all 
in one? Then “ put on the Lord Jesus 
Christ” (Rom. xiii. 14.) 

Here, then, is your real ornament, 
your truly gorgeous apparel ; if you have 
but faith to apply it, skill to use it, de- 
cently to put it on, and comely to wear 
it. In a word ; would you have the 
faithful mirror, that will impartially dis- 

NO. 52. 

cover all your spots, all your stains, and 
help you to judge whether they he “the 
spots of his children ” (Deut. xxxii. 5,) 
such as are consistent with the truth and 
power of godliness, and which will not 
only reveal them, but wash them away? 
Then take the glass of God a AVord ; 
therein view and dress your souls every 
day : but be sure you forget not what 
manner of persons that glass has repre- 
sented you to your own conscience : but 
“be doers of the AVord, and not hearers 
only, deceiving your own selves” (James 
i. 22-24.) 

Resting, not Rusting. 

When Christ promises to the believer 
a rest on earth as well as an enduring 
rest in heaven, he means something more 
than relief from the galling burdens of 
sin. He promises the repose of bless’ed 
activity, in contrast with the repose of 
selfish indolence. In other words, the 
proper state of a healthy Christian is, 
resting, not-rusting. 

We could hardly say of the waters of 
the Dismal Swamp that they are at test; 
for theirs is any thing else than the nor- 
mal condition or that crystal element as 
it came from the Creator’s hand. That 
fetid mass of sluggish liquid, scummed 
over with green slime, stirred by no 
breeze and polished by no sunbeam, 
breeding malaria and death, is a vivid 
emblem of a selfish soul in the stagna- 
tion of a Godless existence. But a run- 
ning brook, leaping to its own silvery 
music, prattling over the shining gravel, 
and sliding in and out over the sandy 
shallows, is not such a happy stream at 

said,“For me to live Is Christ,” is a 
shining example. Paui. could rest, but 
he could not rust. He never g cw weary, 
for in the congenial nature of his labors 
he found a perpetual repose. So was it 
with Chalmers ; when he ceased to rest 
on earth, he began to rest in heaven. 
And what i.s the rest of heaven but the 
exaltation of the soul beyond the reach 
of sin, and the occupation of the soul in 
the loftiest ministries of God’s praise? 
The “many mansions” which Christ 
hath prepared, at such infinite cost, for ' 
his redeemed ones, are no mere lounging- 
places for celestial indolence, no Moham- 
medan paradise of sensuous delights. 
Every hand shall be busy; every voice 
will find its part; every faculty shall be 
engrossed ; for there “ his servants shall 
serve him,” and “day and night” their 
ministries shall not cease. Unhampered 
by bodily weakness, and untouched by 
bodily decay, the glorified spirit of the 
saint shall pass through a cycle of never- 
ending activities, so exhilirating and de- 
liKhtiul, so unwearying and so ever fresh, 
that the Holy Spirit can use no term so 
descriptive as to style them “ the rest 
that remaineth for the people of God.” 
Reader, may it be yoirrs and mine for 
ever 1 

“ My Peace I Give unto You.” 

Every believer is permitted to feel that 
his afflictions, equally with his mercies, 
come from the hand of a living God. 
They form a part of the Divine plan of 
his life, and are all designed to draw him 
into closer union with God here, and to 
minister to his final blessedness and 

rest? Stop it for a moment by throwing '•  heaven. Nothing c.m happen 

some obstruction across its flow, and it is ! him contrary to the Divine plan ; and 
at ouce in unrest, foaming and boiling ' lit’'® bf Tfouhle, he wait on God, ho 
against the unwelcome hindrance. That i shall never fail to be comforted. 

stream is only at rest when running with 
obedient feet its heaven appointed course. 
Such is a healthy Christian’s rest, the 
rest of willing, joyful obedience. 

“ I had before prayed with much un- 
easiness,” wrote the German poet Klop- 
stock of his feelings at the time of the 
decease of his amiable and beloved Chris- 

Perhaps my reader has seen that ex- Jtian wife, 1 could now pray quite differ- 

quisitely constructed steam engine by 
which the dies arc stamped at the Mint; 
it is the perfect poetry of mechanism. 
A\’’ould that machine be at rest, if allowed 
to lie still until the devouring rust had . 

C'tly; I entreated perfect submission; 
my soul hung on God ; I was refreshed ; 
I was comforted and prepared for the 
stroke that was already near, nearer than 
I thought. I believed that she would 

corroded every wheel, and gnawed away yet live some hours; that was ray only 
every spring and cunning valve? That hope, and that, according to her wish 
would be only decay and destruction, expressed not long before I left her, I 
But just look for a moment at the large | might once more he permitted to pray 
fly wheel of that matchless engine when , with her. But how often are our thoughts 
at the top of its mazy speed. See it ; not as God’s thoughts. I said soon after 
swimming around so smoothly, so evenly, j her death, ‘She is not far from mo; wo 
so silently on its polished axle, that you are both in the hand of the Almighty.’ 
can scarcely be sure that it is moving at “After some time I wished to see what I 
all. You must watch it closely in order had just before called my Meta. They 
to detect its whirl. If you doubt it, just prevented me. I said to one of our 
thrust a bar of wood or iron into its fly- friends, ‘Then I will forbear; she will 
ing spokes, and the very havoc you make rise again.’ The second night came the 
shows the violence you are doing to the blessing of her death. Till then I had 
natural and beautiful uniformity of its | considered it only a trial. The blessing 
motion. ' of such a death in its full power came on 

A converted heart is God’s consum- me; I passed over an hour in silent rap- 
mate moral mechanism, restored and re- ture. Only once in my life did I ever 
arranged by the power of his grace, feel any thing similar, when in iny youth 
Left to prayerless inactivity, that soul I thought myself dying, but the moments 
would soon he overspread with rust ; fKe of my expected departure then were 
affections would lose their lusfer ;• faith somewhat different. My soul was raised 
Wuuld yrow dim ; f or ser vi ng G od with gratitude and joy, but that sweet 
anosaving souls would slowly r ?fTIwayT*siTiMi(’B was not u. The highest do- 
covetousness would eat out the very life gree of peace with which 1 am acquaint- 
of devotion ; courage would give place to ed was in my soul. This state began 
cowardice; indolence would palsy every with my recollecting that her Accom- 
sinew ; selfishness would silently over- plisher and my Advocate said, ‘ He who 
spread, with its hateful rust, the unopened loveth father or mother more than me is 
purse, the silent tongue, the unffted not worthy of me.’ It is impossible to 
hand, the unloving heart. On the other describe all the blessings of that hour, 
hand, that same converted man, if vio- I was never before with such certainty 
lently hindered in his free and holy ac- convinced of my salvation.” 
tivities, would feel— as Paul, John and The experience of Klopstock affords a 
Peter felt — wronged and persecuted; his beautiful illustration of the sympathy of 
whole spiritual power would rise up God with the believer in affliction. It is 
against and resent such opposition, for | a common experience that the Christian 
he is no more at rest in forced inaction is blessed with his highest spiritual joys 
than he would be in voluntary indolence, in the time of trial. It was to the chil- 
Neither one of them is his normal state dren of God in the fiery furnace that one 
as a healthful, happy child of God; there like unto the Son of God appeared. It 
is no rest for him but in the full, steady was to the bereaved sisters of Bethany, 
flow of blessed activity. and to the sorrowing disciples about to 

The Bible abounds in paradoxical de- be bereft of His presence, that the Sa- 
scriptions of the Christian. He is strong viour spoke the most comforting words 
when he is weak ; he is most rich when ever uttered on earth. It was when the 
ho is “poor in spirit”; he is loftiest i diseiples had gathered together in sad- 
when lying the lowest in the dust. So ness and fear, closing the door to hide 
he is only at rest when he is thoroughly them from an adverse world, that the in God’s service. This rest has risen Redeemer came and breathed on 
been very happily styled the rest of equi- \ them the Holy Ghost. It was to the ex- 
librium ; for a redeemed soul's powers iled evangelist at Patmos, grown old and 
are at their right balance, and find their j feeble with sorrows, that were revealed 
normal condition realized, only when m j the glorious visions of the Apocalypse. 
full play. Y^oucan not give repose to a ’ “I will not leave you comfortless; I 
live Christian by tying up his hands or | will come to you.” Precious words I 
chaining him down on his back. Such a ■ sweet consolation ! Reader, in your dark 
man can only reach a perfect serenity of and cloudy day, is it yours? 

spirit when in the full sail of Godly ac- 1 , , , , , 

tiyity— just as the swallow on the wing, | Praver 

while cleaving the air like an arrow, yet' _ . " 

seems at rest, so gracefully poised is it ^®u have a motto which is used, I 
on its outspread pinions. Toil that is know, by your missionaries, very often 
unfelt is no toil. ; in South Africa — “At it; all at it; and 

Set it down, then, that no Christian is | always at it.” This is aii old motto  
in a healthy spiritual state who does not I At it with the head ; at it with the hand; 
find his purest rest in working for Jesus. nT it with the heart; and at it with the 
To such a person the hardest work should 1 purse. All at it, and always at it, and 

be the finding nothing that he can do. 1 we shall gain a noble conquest. But wo 
As well might a true child of God try to j want a higher power than the mere truth 
be happy in the hold of a slave ship, as | nnd the mere efforts wo put forth in this 
in a rusting, wretched state of dolessness j way. AVe want the power of God’s Spirit 
in the church. Blessed be the man who to come down. That alone will do it, 

had found his word, and ha? surrendered and that Spirit is given in answer to 

himself to it! If he have toiled so un- 1 prayer— earnest, believing prayer. The 
successfully in any one line of labor that' prayer of God s Church, ascending up to 
it has become a tiresome disappointment his throne, will bring that Spirit down, 
and drudgery, then, like Peter, let him aud without that Spirit all our efforts 
“girt his fisher’s coat about him ”, and must prove utterly vain and utterly fruit- 
go back to his Master for fresh orders. i less. The rain is not more necessary to 
That Master will tell him where to cast ' cause the seed to grow, nor the sun more 
his net; and as he draws in the glitter- ; necessary to bring it to maturity, than 
ing spoil upon the strand, he is ready to ave the influences of that blessed fapirit 
cry out, “ Lord, thou knowest that I love ’ to give success to our efforts for the re-, and love thy work.” generation of a fallen and guilty world. 

One of the best methods for a Chris- W® ask you then to pray. You can not 
tian to prevent cither friction or corro- ^ more fully aid the work than when you 
sion in his spiritual work is to choose | are supporting the hand of the mission- 
that line of activity for which he is best ! ary. and pleading for the outpouring of 
fitted, and in which his powers can find God s Spirit at tiie footstool of Ilis prace. 
tlie freest and the fullest play. Then let Do you wish an example of prayer? let 
him get his rest in his spiritual employ- me give you one, ere I close, on the sub- 
ments; let him blend his work and wor- of India, and jou will see that it is 

ship in the same routine of delipent and an example that may be followed by 

delightful duties. It will t.M’n be aslotheis. There was one in our mission 
good as “meat and drink” to him todo. wbo long resisted the power of truth; 
his heavenly Father’s will. The “oil of we could not bring her to hear of Christ; 

joy " will so lubricate all his mental pow- 
ers that they will work smoothly and 
without friction ; commonly until a good 
old age the healthy heart will be propel- 
ling the active brain and the busy hand. 
How beautiful are the lives thus spent 
in sweet harmony with the Creator’s will 1 

“Nor know we any thing more fair 

Than is the smile upon their face; 

Flowers laugh before them on their beds, 

And fragrance in their fooling treads.” 

Those Christian biographies are the 
most refreshing and instructive to us 
which have in them the most of rest and 
the least of rust. The life of him who 

but, after receiving the truth, she wel- 
comed Christ to her heart, and has been 
a faithful follower of the Lord since. 
But she was not satisfied with that alone. 
She had a mother, and when that mother 
heard of Christ she would have none of 
Him, and when her daughter became a 
Christian she would not speak to her in 
the street. But the daughter knew that 
there was a power above that had touched 
her own heart, and she believed would 
touch her mother’s heart too. She plead- 
ed earnestly and constantly with GoC, 
and after a while, to our surprise — shaii 
I say to our surprise? — why should it be 
a surprise that God slinitld hear and .an- 

11 E S B Y T E R I ^ ]sr 

11 E R A. L B 

Bwer prayer? Ho who has revealed him j The wisest and best men are excited to 
aeir as the answerer of all nrayer, and L, that they themselves are totally 

who gives us constant lessons that he will | -phev ought to cool off, 

list ;n to our petitions — is it not a rebuke ; , ,, • r i-’ * i ^ 

to our faith tLt we should use such Ian. la^'l their feelings to calm down. 

gutiiC? We should rather wonder, my and hecoine accustomed to the new state 
Christian friends, that God does not an of things in which they are placed, be- 
swer. Be this as it may, the mother one action in the premises. It 

day met her daughter in the street and ^..^.^fually appear to be wisest and 

said, “0, daughter, I have been thinking . . , , , ^ 

on what you said to me, and a thought best for a'l parties, that they should take 

M*iU lU UJC, au\* 4* I 

has come across me that I should like to (the action proposed. Upon that point 
know more about Jesus, of whom you 
apeak.” She afterwards came to the mis- 
sion, heard of and embraced Christ, and 

lias since been a faithful follower of the 
Lord. The same woman had a sister 
also in heathen darkness. She pleaded 
for her sister, and that sister and the 
husband of that sister, with all the mem- 


we do not now propose to speak. But 
what we wish especially to suggest now 
is, that any^a^tton is premature just at 
this time. There is a stro; g and efficient 
minority in the North, with the ablest 
and most influential man in that section 
of the church at its head, opposed to the 

hers of the family, in answer to — _ . , , mi c 

prayers of that woman, became one fam- action of the Assembly. 1 hey, of cour. e, 
ily in Christ, to be united, I believe, for will he forced to discuss the question of 

ever before the throne of God and the 
Lamb. When the last of the family was 
brought in, the old mother brou. ht, as a 
token of her gratitude, ten shillings to 
the Missionary Society. The same wo- 
man, I must add, had a son, given, I be 
• lieve, in answer to her prayers, a most 
promising youth, who has been trained 
up to go forth and preach Christ to his 
perishing countrymen. There, my Chris- 
tian friends, is an example of prayer and 
the power of prayer. If there were more 

of that spirit of pleading with God amongst 
us, what might we not sco amongst our- 
selves throughout our country and the 
world. Then might we see in the moral 
and spiritual world that which we often 
see in the natural world of India — when, 
af ter a long and weary drought, the earth 

the province of the church to decide in 
reference to civil and political affairs, 
during the year to come. That, fo mo.sf 
of the ministers and leading men in that 
section of the country, is comparatively 
a new question — one that has been hut 
little discussed, and the little discussion 
that hss been had upon it, has not been 
of a kind to arrest general attention to it. 
Why may our Southern brethren 
wait untif they see the effect of that dis- 
cussion on the public mind? Those who 
have truth on their side can afford to 
calmly wait until passion subsides and 
reason resumes her sway. No great in- 
terest will suffer by waiting. If any of 
the Presbyteries do not fetl like sending 

For the Board of Education on the first j Ga.. on Thursday, before the third .Sab- 
Sabbath of March. : hath in August next, to consult upoti va- ' 

For the Board of Publication on the rious iinportent matters, especially our 

first Sabbath of May. 

For the Board of Church Extension on 
the first Sabbath of July. 

benevolent operations. 

Cth. We do hereby direct the church- 
es under our care, to lake up I heir collec- 

For Disabled Ministers’ Fund on the tions as usual, and retain them in hand 
first Sabbath of September. 1 until the proper organizations are pro- 

Resolved, 2d. That in all cases where it! pared ; and we invite all Presbyteries of 
may he found impracticable to fake up the i the South to act in a similar manner, 
annual collection on the days designatod, The Presbytery then directed the Sta ■ 

it be recommended that the collection be 
taken as soon thereafter as possible. 

Resolved, 3d. That the different Boards 
be directed to aid this cfi'oi t at simultane- 
ous collections by all proper means with- 
in their reach. 

Resolved, 4th. That this Assembly re- 
spccilully solicit the co-operation of the 
eoiiduclors of the various religious news- 
papers, circulating in our churches, in the 
effort now undertakcu. 

yor lh« PrethyUrian Iltrald. 

Action of the Presbytery of Memphis. 

At a meeting o[ the Presbytery of 
Memphis, held in Somnierville, according 
to adjournment, on Thursday, June 13, 

fed Clerk to send a copy of pro- 
ceeding.s to each of the Pre.sbyterlan pa- 
pers of the South, to the various papers 
in Memphis, and a copy of this report to 
I the Slated Clerk of each Presbytery in 
j the South. 

! On motion, Rev. J. II. Gray, D. I)., 
and Eldor George Thompson, principals, 
and Rev. J. N. Waddell. D. D., and El- 
der E. II. Porter, alternates, were ap- 
pointed to represent this Presbytery at 
Atlanta, Ga. 

R. R. EVANS, Stated Clerk 

Presbytery of Memphis. 

ciosira is. that the missionary woik may Dr. Breckinridge on the State of the 
nxpoiience no iuterruptious amongst us Country. 

ID coiisc |Ucii  e of the complications of We reprint, by request of the author, 
our public aft.iirs. When the I’resbyte- from the Juno number of the Danville 
ries an ) Synods meet, they will, of course. Review, the following article from the pen 
indicate iheir wishes on this whole mat- of the editor. Dr. R J. Breckinridge, on 
ter. Dr. ilsuu, as is already known, the stale of the country. It is of great 
has resigned his connection with the length, and goes more fully into the pure- 
Board in New York, and is now with us, ly political bearings of the question than 
and cousent.s to act with us, and other we are inclined to do in our columns, but 
friends of missions, in carrying out the Ut- B. is acknowledged fo be one of 
plans just indicated. His knowledge Bie great thinkers of the age, our readers, 
and familiarity with the work will enable n*" “H shades of political opinion, will, 
us to adopt such measures as. we trust, doubtless, be glad of the opportunity to 
will prove wise economical and satisfac- from his own pen, what he thinks of 
tory. We recommend, therefore, that ^1'® state of the country, whether they 
such of ihe churches as may see fit to ®Krce with him or not. We hope to con- 
employ this agency for the piesent should ®"® *1'® discussions of the state of the 
address their couiniunications and funds country, in our paper, hereafter, as much 
to J. Leighton Wilson, I). D., at this possible, to the moral and religious 
place, and they may feel assured they I'citttogs of the questions at issue, 
will be faithfully applied to the objects I. Civil War— Influence upon it, of the Idea of 

winch we have just endeavored to disclose Ihe tions. in the persecutions lavishly inflicted 
enthusiastic conviction of the nation itself; is upon Ihoiisands of persons, and in thesedno 
an a..,. .. 11 .. . 1 ..— .. . . vahhually employed 

For Prethyteriun Herald. 

Foreign Missions. 

a paper, prepared by j. H. Gray. ■ 

! D. D„ on the action of the General As- ; 

is baked, withered, parched, even fo very 
blackness so that you would imagine no 
more vegetation could by possibility ap -their representatives to the Assembly 
pear — suddenly the windows of heaven j confinues, fhey are not 

eie opened, the rain comes down in tor ^ single year may pro- 

rents, and, under the power of a burning i , u • .a 

sun, it is almost incredible to see the radical changes in the 

earth clothed in one sheet of living green. 
So when, in answer to the prayers of our 
earnest pleading, the Spiiit of God is 
poured forth upon the dry ground under 
the beams of the Sun of Righteousness, 
the wilderness and the solitary places 
shall be glad, and the desert shall lejoiee 
and blossom as the rose . — Address by 
Rev. J. S. Wardlaw at \Veshyan Missioii- 
ary Meeting. 

'JV. W. HI I. 3- 


T UK.cDAY, JUNE 28. 1861. 

A Division of the Presbyterian 

By a reference to the action of the 
Presbytery of Memphis, found in another 
column, it will be seen fhat preliminary 
steps have been taken by that body to 
wards separating from the General As- 
sembly, and forming another General 
Assembly, to he composed exclusively of 
members from Ihe seceding States. The 
Richmond (Va.) Enquirer gives notice 
that the following paper has been sent 
through that State and has received Ihe 
signatures of a number of the leading 
Presbyterian Ministers and Ruling Elders 
in it ; 

“ Whereas, The General Assembly of 
the Presbyterian Church, (O. S.,) with 

which we have heretofore been in cordial 
connection, has. by the vole of a large^.on. them, in all tbvir honict and earnwst 

majority of it-s meiiibers, ES reported to 
US, sustained the Government of the Uni 
ted Slates in waging the most unebris 
tian, criminal, and atrocious warfare of 
modern limes, upon the free and sover- 
eign States known as the Confederate 
States of America, thereby violating the 
first principles of our holy religion, in its 
injunction of “peace on earth and good 
will to men,” and in its prohibition of 
aggres.sive war upon any people si rug 
gling for their independence and liber 

" Therefore, The ministers and elders 
of the churches in said Confederate States 
are hereby invited to assemble in advif- 
ory convention, in such ratio of represen- 
tation as may seem fo them advisable, at 
Richmond, Va., on the 24lh day of July- 
next, to advise and recommend nieasure.s 
to ascertain the sense of the Presbyteri- 
ans in regard to the formation of a Gene 
ral Assembly of the Presbyterian Church 
in the Confederate States of America. 

'■ Ministers and menibers of the Pres 
byterian Church throughout the Confed 
erate States are requested to give circu- 
lation to this paper, obtain signatures, 
and forward lo Rev. M. D. Huge, Rich- 
mond, Va.” 

It is probable that any thing that we 
might write, id the present angry state 
of feeling that exists in the country, will 
have very little effect in giving shape to 
the movement which has thus been inau 
gurafed by our Southern brethren. They 
will do, we presume, what seems wise 
and proper to them, under the circum 
stance.s, regardless of any remonstrance.^ 
which their brethren in thi.s portion of 
the Church may utter. Our first deter 
mination was simply to chronicle their 
movements, and let things take their 
course without let or hindrance from us. 
But, on further reflection, we must be al 
lowed to say, that we think they are act 
ing precipitately, and without due delib 
eration in the matter. It is a grave- and 
serious thkig to rend the church of.Jesus 
Christ, even admitting that its highest 
judicatory has committed a great wrong. 
The doctrine of the Presbyterian Church 
is, that “all synods or councils, since the 
Apostles’ times, whether general or par- 
ticular, may err and many have erred — 
therefore, they are not to be made the 
rule of faith or practice, but to be used 
as helps in both.” It is not the first 
time that the General Assembly of the 
Pieshyterian Church has given a wrong 
decision. Separation from it is not the 
only recourse which those who disapprove 
of its acts have. They may protest and 
dissent, and oppose it in various ways, 
and who knows but that by so doing, pa 
tiently, perseveringly, and wisely, thej 
may eventually correct fhat which wa  
wrong, and convert their erring brethren 
The public mind is now wrought up to a 
pitch of intense excitement, both North 
and South, which peculiarly unfits it for 
Inang'untir-g any grave and important 
movem rt. such a* the one propo.sed. 

great anti radical cUanges 
coi.diiion of affairs. No man can predict 
wiih any certainty what his ow-ii opinions 
will he twolve months hence. 'I'liere are 
few men who have not already laid down 
at night thinking one thing, and gotten 
up in the morning thinking another and 
very different thing. This rushing on of 
the church, at. the heels nf Catsar, and 
following in hi.-i foot.vteps, is to us pecu- 
liarly painful and di.stasteful. Christ’s 
kingdom is not of this world, and it ought 
not to he essentially affected by the rev- 
olutions of the great world-powers. It 
ought lo he above them. For this rea- 
son we would have lieeii more willing to 
have seen the Presbsterian Church di 
vided at almost any other time within 
the last twenty \ ears than j ist row when 
the Slates are att  mplirg to divide. Ex- 
plain the matter as we may, the great 
outside world will say aid believe, that 
.-he divided, if she does so, simply bo 
cause the Stales did so. 

For these and other reasons, which we 
have not space lo detail now, we must 
be allowed lo say, that we think the 
movement for Ihe formation of a South- 
ern General Assembly is, at present, un- 
wise and premature, to say the least of 
it. If, however, oiir lirethren think oth- 
erwise, and go forward and organize an- 
other, we shall not he for declaring war 
against them, whatever we may think and 
feel in regard lo the wisdom and propri- 
ety of their course. \Ye shall esteem 
them as brethren still, and pray that 
God’s blessing may go with and rest up- 


I We, the undersigned, with feelings of 
I semlily on Ihe state of the country, wa.s „ . j- tj u . j 

e' great difunence, but under circutastances 

presen. ed, read, and, with any others urgent importance, liave taken the 
, that might be presented on the .same sub- ,;berty of addres.sing you on the subject 
ject, referred to a committee to consider Foreign Missions, now li-able to 

ami report thereon the next morning. ‘ grg ,t embarrassments in conse^T^e of 
, The committee consisted ol D. H Cum our national differences. A lifcTnum- 
niiiis, Eilwin Cater, and J. N. ^^addeII, beref churches in this region have taken 
D. D.. Mnusters. and George Thompson „p collections for this cause, which they 
and J«me.s 8miih. Elders. This com- ^re not willing to forward to New York; 
miitee reported the following preamble others are inclined to withhold their con ’ 
and resolutions, which were adopted by tributions altogether; and, ia this state 
the Presbytery unaninmiisly: of things, certain departments of the 

Whereas, Ihe la'e General Assembly missionary work in wliich the Southern 
of the Presbjteiian Church adopted the churches are particularly interested, and 
following preamble and resolutions on for the support of which they are under 
the state of the country : special obligations, are liable to "^reat 

“Gratefully ackimwledging the disfin- injury. The missions in the South west- 
gu.,-h-d bounty and care of Almighty God cm Indian territory form an important 

towards tliis tavor  d land, and also recoc:- *, o i i i . « 

, ® part ot this work, and need at ooce the 
iMZing our oidication to huhmit to every or  . . » , 

i: ^ c r .1 I 1 . I I* care It IS prospofed to bestow upon them 

dimuice of man fnr the Lord s sake, this ^ . 

General Assembly adopt tbo f., Mowing res- "i" I*® remembered, 

olutioms : “re to be found among the Creeks, the 

“I, Resolved. That, in view t»f the ['res- ^®minoles, the Chiekasaws and C hoc- 
ont agitated ami unhHjtpy Condition of this la^s ; and others ought to be established 
country. Ihe day of July next is set as soon as possible among the Cherokees, 
apart as a day of p ayi r throughout our Ihe only other prominent tribe in that 

hounds; and that on this day ministers ami territory. No department of the For- 

peoplearc call. d on humbly to confess and gign Missionary work has enjoyed more 
bewail ournali. nal sins, lo off-r our thanks frequent or richer to’Kcns of the Divine 
to, he Father ..f Light for his abundant and f,,.„r, and none have brighter or more 
unde.-srrvpd poodiifss lowHid US ns a nati(»n. . ... 

. , ,,, . encouraging prospects id relation to the 

to sc« k IMP puidaiici' ami !»U•g^lnfJ!5 upon our _ _ 

i rulers and their councils, as well ns on the connected with these 

Congress of the United .States ahont to as- 1“'®®'®"® Die present time as many as 
seini'le. and to imi'lore Him. in the name of ^*^®1'® Ordained missionaries, and as 
Jesus Christ, the great High Priest of the oiaoj' niore native preachers and licen- 
Christian profession, lo turn away his an- tia'es- A large number of churches 
ger from us, and speedily restore to us tho have been organized, and these embrace 
ble.-sings of an honorable peace. more than two thousand hopeful con- 

“2. Resolved. That this General Assem- verts, niany of whom are actively engaged 
bly, in the s(.i,if of that Chri-lian patriot- promoting the cause of religion and 
ism which the .Scriptures enjoin, and which Christian education among their less- 
has always chni-aclerized this Church, do countrymen. It is of the great- 


A. IV, Lkl.\nd, 
George Howe, 
Thomas Smvth, 

J. Leighto.n Wilson, 
F. P. .Mlllally, 

J. II. Thorn WELL, 

J. B. Adoer, 

James Woodrow, 

A. A. Porter. 

Gdumbia, S. C, June 8, 1861. 

For ike Preeisyterian Herald. 

To Scssicss of Presbyterian 

hereby acknowledge and declare our   bli- 

est importance that these missions be 

efforts lo build up Ili.s kingdom in the 
portion of Ihe earlh in which he has cast 
Iheir lot.s. We shall all soon meet, as 
we trust, in Ihe G-neral Assembly and 
Church of the First Born, whose names 
are written in heaven. Till then, let us 
."Irive to keep the unity of the faith in 
the bonds of peace. 

The Danville Hevit-w for June. 

The June number of this 'Review: 
reached us last week, but was carried off 
by a friend before we had time to notice' 
its contents It has seven articles, viz ; 
The Claims of Emanuel Swedenborg to 
Divine Revelation ; 'The Nature and Im- 
port of a Christian Profession; Ulfih-is; 
Ciiha, from a recent view; Dr Breckin- 
ridge’s fast day discoiir.-e, which we re- ’ 
published last January, and a new arti- j 
cle on the Present State of the Country,: 
which we re ['ublish in our present num- 1 
her; Bibliography, and Critical Notices, 
and New Publications. 

The eagerness with which our friends 
have sought for this numher would indi - 1 
cate that it is specially interesting to 
them, whilst it has deprived us of the, 
opportunity of doing it the justice its 
merits warrant. In two of t'-e articles 
wbicli we have read, we marked extracts 
for future insertion in our columns. As 
these are trying times for all periodicals 
of this class, its friends should make 
special efforts lo extend its ciic-jlution. 
It costs three dollars a year. 

giilion to promote and perpetuate, so far as . , ■ , 

r TT , vigorously sustained. The territory 

in us lies, the inlegrily ot these Lnited ■' 

State... and to strengthen, uphold and en- 

courage the Federal Government in ( h^^^^kilitj^^^s^^^bccom an integral part 

“ud itN^of 

Constitution, and lo this Cinstirution. i inTportanee, both to tbrt In- 
if.s provisions, requirements and principles, dians and Ihe whites, that the progress 
I we profess our unabated loyally. And to which the former are now making in 
av.iid all misconception, tho Assembly de- religion, Christian edueation and general 
Clares that by the term 'Federal G vern- civilization, should ifnt be arrested in the 
ment,’ as here used, is not meant any par- present important crisis. But in the 
- ticub.rAdminisii-ation, or the peculiar opin- present depressed stale of the finances 
ions of any polilieal party, but that central 

Administi-alion. which, being at any time • ^ . . 

, , in their power to support these missions, 

npi'ointed and inaugurated according to the , , ’ 

nor liave they the facilities, in the midst 

terms prescribed iii Ihe Constitution of tho 
United Stales, i.s the visible representative 
of our national existence.” 

of existing hostilities, of conveying the 
necessary funds and supplies for their 

And, W7 erca.e, We believe said action pecuniary 

ability to command them. This, how- 
ever, can easily- be done from the South- 

Js unconstitiitienal and unchristian, tran- 
scending Ihe Assembly’s ap[iro(iriate 

powers, encroaching upon Ihe province em country, by the employment of some 
of the State, deciding a grave political New Orleans, between 

question, and ther-hy creating new and which place and the Indian country there 
additional terms of memnership in the unrestricted intercourse. 

Church, which is the prerogative of Him arrangement has been made for the 

alone who ia Lord of Ihe conscience and ‘'‘®"®re'' ®f 'hese missions, nor is any 
Head of the Church-binding our con- eon'emplated by us, it being left for the 
sciences not only to ignore our own Gov- fteshyteries and Synods to take ,-uch 
eminent, hut also to promote and perpet- ‘bought desirable to 

iiale, strengthen, uphold, and encourage ***■ understood, however, that 

a government actually waging a war of Board in New York will cheerfully 
subjugation against us — thereby compell- relinquish their care of these missions to 
ing us to become guilty of treason against. bouihern churches whenever they 

our own government. And. uherea.,. thus appoint any suitable agency to take 

action virtually excommunicatesthe Pres- the charge of them; and a correspond- 
byterian church in the Confederate States opened at any time with the 

—consisting of ten Synod.s, containing ®"^‘ 

forty five Presbyteries, .seven hundred 

and six minister.., one thousand and eigh- ■ Besides this particular department of 

the Rcstoralion of the Union. 

The American people are in the midst of 
civil war. Thai calaiiiily which, in the jusi 
and almost universal judgment of mankind, is 
the direst wliicli can l efa11 nations, has already 
covered our couniry with its terrible shadow ; 
and the gloom thickens from day to day, por- 
tending a conflict as Irightlul as it is repulsive 
— whose issues are, in many respects, hardly 
less micci tain than they may be vast. Hun 
dreds of ihousaiids of armed men are hasten- 
ing to sl.ay each other — led by captains many 
of whom are worthy lo coniniand heroes, and 
provided w-illi every means of mutual destruc- 
tion which the science tind skill of tiie age 
can devise. Hundreds of iiiillious of dollars 
have already been expended in these immense 
and fatal preparations: au l so tburuuglily is 
the most warlike of all races aroused, and so 
^ oouiplotoly are tho oxigouoioo of tho times 
held to demand of every man a complete reaii- 
Deau Brethren: The last General iness to defend all that he is not willing to 

Assembly earnestly requested all our *b“b at whatever cos*, every one 

,,, i .1 . 1 e J • /. 1 capable of bearing arms will be armed, anil 

Churches that have no fixed time for the will use his arms with deadly effect, according 

purpose to take up an annual collection 'h® course of events may seduce or oblige 

in aid of the Board of Church Extension wotlerful'inierUsiiTon^^^^^^ or somVsud! 
tlie first Sabbath tf July, or as soon there- '*®" and heroic impulse falling upon the peo- 
p..,iu., ir,o. h,.. a„d 

time permit us to urge upon your Church ready to descend. It is equally fiossible that, 

compliance with this request. We have ~Vb!i* w**i br"'*odi great armies 

' _ ‘ which Jilreudj face eacli oilier, may have fought 

now on file applicants from 102 Churches those hloo^ly and decisive battles, whose 

calling for 839,250. Twenty-eight new **;*“'“ 'Iclennine the fate not only of wars but 
_ ^ ages. Igiiurant of all ilie fuiure, aiii im- 

Churches asking for 89,(50 have furn- perfectly informed concerning passing evcuis, 
ished the necessary information and are *' becomes us to speak with moderation and 
. „ candor of the prospects before us. I’euctraled 

only awaiting our receipt of means to wiib ibe deepest sorrow at the mournful, 
aid them. Twenty-fivcof these Churches •'‘o'lKh it be in many respects sublime, scene 
, oQ i-A 1 c L J 1 wb'cl* our couniry presenis, we would forbear 

asking lor ©O,-l 0 H nave tinished houses to speak at all, if it were not that ihe general 
imperilled by debt, or unfinished ones in wb«t we pur|io8c to ut-er, is designed 

, .1 . keep alive in (be beaus of our countrvnien 

such a stage ot progress that a stop age the cunviciion ibat the whole country 'may, 

will involve the los.s of u large part of ycL be resiored ; and to influence, so far 
I . 1 1 111 .-- anything we can do mav influence, the con- 

what has been ex[.cnded. It is represen- duel of all these terrible affairs, to that end, 

ted to us that that in fnost of these cases D is this wliich is t‘e Imr- 

.1 ij- (• -1 - 1 . • . den of all we have hitherto said and done — it 

the Wllholding ot aid will necessitate the is .his which justifies nearly any effort, any 

sacrifice of the Church edifice and di.sban- s®e -'hcci any sutl'ei-ing on the part of the im- 
..c ui. u T* .1 u ‘ion— it is this which we must keep before Ihe 
ding of the Church. Two or three hun- minds yf men if we would preserTc our coun- 

dred dollars would in nearly every in- ‘ 0 '"en from turning savages, uiuler the iurtu- 
„ u 0 * 1 . ij J u once of the civil war upon which we have di- 
stance avert this lesult. The Board has tered, and for the prosecution of which su.h 
hardly the means to pay pledges already enormous preparations ore made by both 
made, and can now give aid only as it is 8a'“ee- 

received. Ten rents from ,ach number of 

' _ •' -M.ijestic It npi'carancc of the Nalioii on tlie 

our Chlirrh will furnish am/de means lo scene of Affaiis. Great truths accepted, and 

save feeble fuels from dispersion, 'fryi g '** maintaiutd. 

as are the times can you not secure at Eor a long course of years political par- 
, . „ lies, sectional ructions, ami the clamor of dem- 

least this sum from your people for your agogues, had given that loriof political edii- 
fellow disciples in distress. Vic plead ee'*on  o the i copic, ami occupied the thoughts 
„ of men with that description of political ideas 

not lor new church enterprises, however^ and desires that ihe nation- the mighty Ameri- 

much they may be needed. We plead e®" Aat on— had disapi'cared I'rotn the area of 

....t 1 . o I T our general politics. It had been for a whole 

not lor means to carry on the Board. Its 

geueralion Whip, jind Democrat, and Itcpuhli- 
esp e«d ituics ahv.tjs as small as was con- een nni Know-.\othing, titid Secessionist, and 

sistent with tffuifDcy have IVom the be E.rc-Kater ; the people rent, 

• ^ aiul contiiS-d and maddened — Iraud ami vio- 

ginning been aimost entirely borne by a lence reigning in (he lieated canvasses and 

few individnsln, and this is expected to ^Icctionfi— -and the most shameless coit option 
. , ^ spreading like » pc^iilenceamongst prblicmen. 

continue. W c plead f*iinply for poor The glorious Nation had disappeared utterly, 
Churches pnt in peril by causes beyond “ the controlling element in national affairs- 
their control. 

to th 

Gamble, Treasurer, St, Louis, Mo., or to Go'ernniem rt-prrsented, and the oveilhr.'-w 
. T, T ••HI- the (.’oiistilution by viitue of which it exist! 

A. Davidson, Louisville, Ky. 

In behalf of the Board, 

Y’ours fraternally, 

II. I. COE, Secretary. 

St. Louis, June 20, 1861. 

an cqimlly clear apprehension of the dutyltiqus .,„-,ua..y eiiipmy?a a'-ainsl every 
wlm-li th« ii.itioii owes to loyal citi-iPiis in those doubtful, and the menaces against every 
tslMes 111 v.-Jiich the rcvolutioniiry parly has loyal ciiixcn. WhatisiiowpassiiiginTcii- 
giuii.M ill,. or lit which that [larty , nessce and Virginia, while welvrite, is full 

mav hci i-atmr gain it. This latter question, ns of significance as lo what might be expected 
lar a* we know, seems not, as yet, t i have if the ai my of the secessionists were driven 
m en lidly c-.nsi.iered or dcterniiitcd by the out of those States. What happened monlbs 'lovermiient. The secession party ' ago in various Southern Stales in wliich that 
seems to liave decide.l it at orce, ami accord- parly succeeded in sslablishiiig their despot- 
ingtoiis Violent insiino-s; and not only does ism— and wliat has recently happened in 
their Iiiiaiiiiiious judgment ilcmand of them Mary'aml, Missctiri, and Kentucky, where 
exile, death, or conversion— but their legal their desperate eftorts failed— is conclusive 
auHioritiee arc reputed to be prompt, and their as f  the great fact that the mass of the com- 
uiuquiious commiliecs of vigilance very ve- ntuiiilv everv where needed only to have been 
itcmeiit lit the execution of a code— itc irly as , wisely and bravely led. to Im'vc conquered 
simple ami efficacious as that of M.ihomet wliat seems to have been, almost every where 
iimse . Iliere is much reason to believe that that it existed, a faction of the minority, 
e .tctii.t ^ iii.ijority of votes was c^st against bat ntiiile it powerful, was its long previ- 
le secessionists in several States upon which | otts training— its activity and daring nt a 
I J i.tve seized; that in geveral others hvld momciil of great popular discontent, morti- 
 y ilicm, such a majority would have been cast, , ficaiioii and alarm— itml the fatal coniiiv- 
ail oppoi luiii y bud been allowed ; and that . ance of .Mr. Huclianan, remlercil decisive by 
in not one ot those Stales has there been a true the .active co-operation with the revolt of 
anti tan- popular ratification of secession; that those nietnbcrs of his Cabinet whose posi- 
oeiore the actual comnieiicemciil of aimed re- tions Im.l given them special opportunities 
sisiance on a large scale by the f' Gov- m promote its organiz ition and its first acts, 
erumeii , the actual majority of the people in It had, originally, no element of a national 
lie Lonlcdeiaie .States, taken as a, was movemciti— it has now no aspect of a iia- 
lioktile lo secession; and that, tindtiiiably, a tioiial revolution. And, in our judgiiieiit, 
certain number, and that considerable, of loy-al the iitoiuent it encotiulers signal defeat, a 
ciltzeiis, are in every one of those Stales. -VI- ^ counter revolution will set in, that will strip 
lowing that a s ale of things even tolerably j it of all that did not belong to it in its first 
near to that contained in the foregoing state- ; stages; and under just and wise treatment 
ment exists— limit. itg seems tons mote clear , will cvcntimlly restore to the Union every 
Ilian Ihiit the American people, and by coiise- I seceded Stale, cot excepting South Carolina 
I queiice 1 1, e Federal Goveruratnl, are bound to | itself. For ourselves, and we believe in this 
; put forth their utmost strength for the protec- we utter the sentiments of the whole na- 
I l.on of American citizens situated as persons lion, we desire for the peoole in the States 
I loyal '0 the Unioii are believed to be, in every „ow held in armed oppositimi to the Natioii- 
, Stale t ha- has seceded. Questions of property, al Goveriimeiit, iiolhiiig worse than their 
I questions of l ights of various kinds, questions complete deliverance, from Ihe iron despot- 
. of [.rofit and advantage may be compromised | jam of a disloy al and franuc party, and their 
or even gracefully sarrendere.1 on ma*ry occa- I speeily and complete restoration, in perfect 
! sioiis. I5ut no Government, no people, no ; equnliiv and renewed frateniiiv, to all the 
; gentleman, no Christian, can withdiaw protec- ; glory of otiv common nationality, and all 
lion ,iiid support from those who are bound to . the blessings of our true and regulated free- 
llie.n by the most sacred and tender iiiiilual ,l„in. 
ties, and leave them to be degraded, oppressed, 
an 1 perse- uted, witl.oul atrocious iniquity and 
boundless degradation. It seems to us that it 

tentlis of the people in every one of the Con- 
federate Stales were decided secessionists, that 
they sho ild be required to treat the loyal citi- 
zens of the United States, found casually 
ntuoiigst them, irtuch more those resident 
ninougst them upon the sudden outbreak of a 
revolt, with justice and humanity. If, how- 


3. Supposing we are mistaken in the es- 
sential conditions by whi''h the foregoing 
result \n to be obtained, there remains only 
4i ^ nf th  U'iumpk of the revolt 

over the nation, and the permanent inde- 
pendence of Ihe «ece led States. We do not 
propose to discuss, at this time, the conse- 
qiieuces of such a division of the nation — 
blit only to look calmly at some of the most 
obvious difficulties of its accohiplisliment. 
And in the very front of all these, is the 
ever, it is really true that the secessionists are question of the ability of the secession parly 

so utterly that a President of the United Slates 
was found capulile of conniving — whetlier 

God inclines you to cive anythinc: **“®'*^*‘ lolly, tlirough imhe- 
. A , s 1 oliO'i or through corruption, let posterity tle- 
is cause you can setia U to Archibald cid? — at the ruin of the nationality Yvhich his 


by viitue of which it existed. 
So utterly that a revolt openly conducted in 
flagrant contempt of the Piesideut, the Consti- 
tution and the nation, and attended in all its 
stag 3 by iiinuiiierable acts of war — was al- 
lowed to spread from State to State, without 
the slightest attempt of the nation, or any one 
representing it, to make itself felt or even 
heard; un’il the vast extent of the revolt, and 
the great number of States on which the pan- 
isans of it had seized, became the chief embar- 
rassment in dealing with it at all, and the 

the minoriiy in many of those States, upoo 
which they have seized by superior organiza- 
tion, and the suddenness and violence of their 
proceedingH, then undoubtedly the doty of the 
nation is as obvious lo deliver tlmse States fiom 
such a despotism as it would be if their op- 
pressors were foreign invaders. In like man- 
ner, it is the duty of the General Governineiii 
to furnish all the munition of war to its loyal 
citizens residing in States where it is necessary 
for them to deteud by arms their loyalty to the 
Union against armed conspiracies seeking lo 
force them into secession. 

2. Peaceable revolutions are made by voting, 
and the fundamental principle of republican 
govenimeiit, which the nation is bound by the 
Constitution to guarantee to every State, is 
that the majority of those entitled lo vote, and 
not an armed faction, repie.^eiiis the sovereign- 
ty. It would be curious to compare the uni- 
versal contempt ior popular rights and insli- 
tions an-j for all the principles and usages of 
American freedom, which has so conspicuously 
distinguished .he career of this secession revo. 
liition since the aristocratic minority has got 
possession of power, with tlie theory of “con- 
current majorities ’ so carefully elaborated by 
their first apostle. Mr. Calhoun, for the special 
pro.ectioii of the rights of minorilius in fice 
governments. WiiJely different from the j)riii- 
ciplc of .Mr. Calliouu’s theory is that now re- 
duced lo practice in the seceded States by get- 
ting logcllier a certain numher of persons 
calleil a “Convention,’’ in whom the sover- 
ciguty of the people is supposed to reside in a 
permanent and manageable form ; — bodies 
which in the revoPed Stales have been convert- 
ed into secret, permanent, and irresponsible 
engines fi st of rcvo-iiiion and then of despot- 
ism. We do not speak of the suppression of 
such desperate subsliiuics for republican gov- 
iiieni, nor will we stop to point out how fatally 
such j)roceeding8 reveal the anarchy from 
Yvliich they lake their rise and tl»e military 
despotism in the future to which tleyuneir- 
ingly point. Uhut we have to urge is the 
solemn duty cf the nation to protect loyal mi 
iiorities, much more loyal majorities, against 
the ferocious proceedings a already made mani- 
fest under the vorkiiigs of these institutions, 
and to warn those yet free from their pitiless 
grasp to prepare for slavery before they rush 
into the power of such riilors. 

3. Nor is it out of place to remind those 
who clafnor incessantly about the unanimity of 
the South and the folly and wickedness cf at- 
tempting to resist the settled purpose of a whole 
people who have resolved to leave a Union 
which tliey detest, that the nation does not be- 
lieve in either the alleged “unanimity” or the 
proclaimed “fixed purpose. ” Doubtless it is 
true that the peculiar notions of exclusive loy- 
ally to the State we live in, which prevail ex- 
tensively ill the Southern States, have caused 
many loyal people to submit to the despotism 
Yvhich forced them into secession, and Stale 

Church Extension — Tlie cMurohcs 
will please read the appeal of Rev. Mr. 
Coe. Secretary of the Board of Church j 
Extension, and act with reference to it| 
promptly and efficiently. Nothinf;; thatj 
wc can write would add to the force ofi 
the facts there stated. | 

ty nine churches, and seventy five thou- 
sand e.imniunicants, all of whom are cut 
off without a trial. And, whereas, it is 
cot trary to the former practice of the 
Pre,*.hyterian church, which has ever been 

work, there are missionaries from tho 
Southern country in different parts of 
the foreign field, who will naturally look 
to the churches in their native region for 
their support, and who ought not to he 

The Alumni Address — Rev. Henry; 
M. Scudder, of Elizaville, Ky., has been | 
selected by the Alumni Association of 
Danville Theological Seminary, to deliv r| 
the next annual address in May next 
the time and place to be hereafter desig- 
nated. ~ 

the bulwark, the defender, and conserva- “P®“ ’1*® Northern churches, to 

tor of civil and religious liberty, and is.j «hey can be hut partially, at-all, 

therefore, a perver.iion and prostitution of '‘"®"'n* support. There is one 

its high power and dignity to sectional i ‘f®"' G®®‘'g'®. another from Missis- 
partvism and fanaticism; therefore, | ®‘PP‘. “®w laboring in Chinq; one from 
Resolved, 1st That we bear thi.s sol-'^®’’'*' Carolina in Siam, and one from 
entn and public testimony against, the I ' '® ^ number of 

For the Pretbyierian Herald. 

Action of the General Assembly of 
1861, • 
On the Subject of Simultaneous Collections. 

yy hereas. Many of our churches do not 
contribute to our benevolent enterprises, 
and it is desirable to test the power of sim 
ultaneous effort ; and whereas, an emcr- 
uency has arisen, requiring the co opera- 
tion of all our churches, to save our Boards 
from most serious embarrassment ; there- 

Resolved, 1st. That the zYssembly ear - 1 
neslly request all our churches, that have ^ 
no fixed times for the purpose, to take up 
annual collections as follows, viz: 

For the Board of Domestic Missions on 
the first Sabbath of November. 

For the Board of Foreign Missions on 
the first .Sabbath of January. 

said act of the General Assembly. 

2d. ’lhat, in the fear of God, and in 
view of all Ihe consequence.s, we hereby 
renounce all their ecclesiastical supervi- 
sion, and declute our connection with the 
General Assembly of the United States 

3d. That a copy of this action be sent 
to all the Presbyteries of the South, re 
questing them, if they concur with us, 
that they appoint commissioners author- 
ized to organize a General Assembly. 

4th. That this Presbytery, without 
claiming pre eminence, or wi.shing to dic- 
tate to the Presbyteries, would tespect- 
fully nominate the First Presbyterian 
Church of Mtmphis as the place of the 
first meeting of the said General zYsseni- 
bly, and we do hereby cordially invite 
the commissioners fo meet there on the 
third Thursday of Ylay, A. D., 1862, at 
11 o’clock. A. M. 

.5th. That we suggest to all the Pres- 
byteries to call a special meeting, to con 
sider this subject, and appoint represen 
tatives fo a convention lo meet in the 
First Presbyterian Church of Atlanta, 

others now in this country recruiting 
their health, but who will desire to return 
to their re.spectixe fields of labor as soon 
as circumstances will allow. It is im- 
portant that some kind of relationship be 
maintained between these missionaries 
and tlie Southern churches, as they niay 
be made the nucleus of forming missions 
in all these countries in case the churches 
should deteruiiiie to enter upon this ercatj 
work on an independent basis. Funds 
may easily be remitted to those different | 
missionaries without any liability of, 
their deing diverted from the object fori 
which they are intended. j 

In assuming the responsibility of ad-; 
dressing the chnrches of the troufh on 
this subject, we disclaim all wish or in ] 
tention to forestall or give particular di-{ 
rection to any action which the churches 
may see proper to take when they assem- 
ble in their ecclesiastical character. All 
we propose to do is to give temporary 
support to the missions and missionaries 
above mentioned, and without which they 
are liable to suffer serious injury, even 
by a few months’ delay. What we greatly 

For (he Preibyterian Herald. 

Rev. J. S. Hays. 

At a meeting of the Church and con- main plea with timid stausmec wl.y tlis de- 

gjcgation cf the Second Psesbyterian K'’®'‘ed nation should accept its owu dcstiuc- 
,,, , /. V- T -I. m 1 ,, tion, as a fact fully accomplished. 

Uhurch of Nashville, Tenn., held on . 

ioio  . ^nighty alien has reappeared once 

1 uesday, June 18, 18bl, the following more on the theatre of affairs. All tliouj^btfal 

preamble and resolutions were adopted* knew that such a deslruciion as was at- 

^ “ tempted, could not be accomplished by war on 

riie menibers of the Second Presb^’te- one side, without begetting war on the other 

rian Church of Nashville, having learned 'naJuess in the 

... . ® Confederate Government to have jireferred ihc 

with deep regret that our faithful and be bomhardmeut of Fort SuiEpter, to its peaceable 

loved Pastor contemplates resigninfr his *“’'’e“ ler in three days, through siai-vation. 

. , , .j, , but It was a choice precisely in the spirit of 

pastoral relations with this Church, and every act towards the .-Vinerican nation and 
rC(|Uesting the congregation to unite with ''O'ernment, which had characterized the 
. ’ whole previous coui-se of the revolt, and which 

him in this request, . has marked the whole treatment extended to 

Therefore, the members of this Church ^ every seceding State, to the 

e 1 T . , present monieut. It was possible lo have di- 

and congrega.ion feel bound (though vided the American nation jieaeeahly, \u two 
painful as it is to them) to unite with or more nations, by the consent of the Ameri- 

l;... . .a r ®an people, and the change of the Federal 

hi in thi. request; therefore I Uonstiiution. Hut it was not, in the nature of 

Resolved, That we bear our willing and possible to rend it by a military revolt, 

ohoerCnl tocGninno (/x (L. f-.kf 1 ; eh«raclcrized by a Spirit of coulcmpluo'.is and 

Cheerful testimony to the faithfulness ' reckless violence, alike illegal, unjust, and 

and earnestness which he, as our I’astor, f»‘ah without arousing the omraged saiioii, 

(Rev. J. S. Hays) has exhibited in his "'e ‘•■'ghO questions at issue, 

^ ^ ^ ^ to that ai'hitranicnt ol arms which ibe sccc.— 

Master’s service while among us ; and we sionisis iiad chosen — ard by which, in one 

T.ul.1 .1,1, p,„r..„d 

and gratitude to the large increase in partisans of the present National Adminislra- 

memhers, and the many plea.sant seasons "''equate means of forming 

. 1 ^ . »ii opinion, as to wbcilior the particu ur ccca- 

through which we have passed, during sion and moment — or w-heiherearlier.orw-helli- 
his labors among us; and that we have ®r later, occasions and times — were best suite I 
,. . ,. . . . , ' for armed resistiincc by it, to ilic progress of 

seen nothing m his ministration in the . tl.o great nxHuary revolt, whose avowed oi.Jett.s 
piiLiit, or as a citizen, ohjection.'tble to us *ere the dcslruciioii ol tlie Govern men i, the 
, e 1 - /TL 1 I ! overtlirow of ll c (’oiisiituiion, and Ihe ruin of 

as members ol this Lhuich and congiega tfie nation. What we wish to signalize is the 

tion. But, on the contrary, his course ! ®' ‘''e 'Ducrican Nation 

, . , : ill Hie mighty scene — the simuliaueous nerish- 

meets our entire approval. | i„g „f „][ laciions, and disappearance of all 

Resolvid, 'fhat we lender to him our 
warmest sympathy and affection, in what- 
ever field of labor he may ho called; and 
that the prayers of this Church will ac- 
company him, that he may he useful; and 
for his happiness and that of his family. 

J. HUNTING i)y , Moderator. 

M. S. Stokes, Secretary. 

A Live Book. — A Boston writer save : 

** The 'oldest inhabitant' of this vicinity 
Im.s lately remarked that never during all 
his life has he been made so familiar with 
the imprecatory Tsalins. and with the his- 
tories and propht-cies of the Old Tesinmenf 
as during Ihe [last few weeks. He thinks 

parlies but tlie party of Ihe nation, and the 
parly of sccessiv'ii — ami the uiiauiuiuus con- 
viction of all American citizens loyal to ihcir 
country, ibai the National Guveniiiient is tbo 
true and only Ir.w’ful rcprescmaiive of lli« na- 
tion itself. With almost absolute unauiiiiii^* 
the iwiniy niilii..n3 of people in the nineteen 
Northern Stales; the great umjoriiy of the 
f’.'ur millions ol while pe sons in (be fiYe Dor- 
der Slave States; and. as we firmly believe, a 
very large noriionot the tour millions o! white 
people in Tlie ten remaining Slave Slates, 
though now cruelly oppressed and siUnceii, 
cordially recognize litese gieut irulhs, and w ill 
maimain iliem — namely, ihot the American 
people are a nation — that the UoiiSlitulioii and 
laws of the United States are supreme in (his 
nation — that the Federal Go ernment is the 
true and only legal representative of this na- 
tion, charged with the delenee of its solely, the 
execution of its laws, and the protection of its 
liberties — in the execution of which duties it 

there has beet, [.ublished a new edition of !'"T‘ 

. give greater iiiteiisiiy to the fuels aud pnu.-i- 

the Bible ic\is '(] and Corr€*cted for llie ; pics to which the foregoing statements relate, 
times, or else ho has been very negligent in ' ‘'“***." vumparisoii of what has occurred in all 

I f .u I 1 i-.- . ° i '*‘® Slates wliich have seceded, with what has 

tho perusal of the old edition. At any rate occurred in all -hose which havU not seceded- 

he was never so impressed with the fact that I touching the iiieaus by w bich the revoluiioii- 

the Bible is not only up to the limes, but is 
a con-iderahle distance ahead.” 

Kev. H. II. Johnson, Pastor of Ihe Pres- 
byterian Church at East Boston, Mass., has 
accepted a unanimous call from the Iteform- 
ed Dutch Cliurcli at H.aslings, upon the 
Hudson. Westfhester county, New York, 1 , 1- Next in impoi-tancc to the clear appre- 
, ’ henslou of the duly, which every loyal citizen 

and ©liters upon his labors the p^resentiof the nation owes to the National Govern- 
month. I moot, ill this most painful crisis— concerning 

ibis have gained the uta&lery and silenced op- 
position in the former, and tlie manner in 
which the nation has spoiituneou&ly roused it- 
self in its own defence in the latter. 

III. Duty of the Notion lo loyal citizens in the 
seceded Stales. Their subjection lo a Deign 
of Terror. Alleged unanimity in the seceded 

pride, affection for our native land, and man' 
Ollier considerations have swelled the ranks of 
the army of the seces.^ionists, since war on a 
large scale and imminent peril to their cause 
sinldenly and most unexpectedly met them in 
their violent career. But the American peo 
pie, in tliis great crisis of their des'iny, have 
solemn duties to perform, and hove a right to 
he satisfied that they are truly informed before 
they take steps which they may never be able 
to retrace. The American people fervently 
desire the entire restoration of the Union, wiili 
the entire consent of all the secession States. 
And they firmly believe that result, attended 
by the total overthrow of (he secession faction, 
would immediately succeed a reaction in the 
South not the tenth part as great as that w'hich 
has just occurred in (he North — not greater, 
indeed, than the one. in an opposite direction, 
wliich has occurred throughout the South with- 
in half a year. It is, just now, a question of 
testimony first, and then of duly founded there- 
on ; — a question, not between the South and 
the North, but between a nation of some twen- 
ty-six or seven millions, an l an active faction, 
possibly under one million, in revolt against it 

IV. The Seceded States may return to the Unioni 
or the Secession may maintain their 

Revolt by Arms. The War one of Self-Pre- 
servation on the Part of the Nation. Not 
aggressive and against the South — but de- 
fensive and against Secessionists. Suppos- 
ing the Triumph of the Secessionists ; insu- 
jiernlde Difticiilties. Kvery benefit contem- 
plated by .Secession defeated by the War into 
which it plunged. Restoration to the Union 
the true Result. 

1. We have already said that the issues of 
this iinnatiira’ war are in many respects as 
uncertain ns they will probably be vast. Con- 
tingently, however, the most immediate and 
direct issue of it can have but one of two re- 
sults. Either the sere led Stales must return 
to tlieir loyalty to the nation, and their posi- 
tion ns ntfiiit»or« of the United Stales of Amer- 
ica ; or the secession party must be able to vin- 
dicate by arms the course upon which they 
have entered, and, maintaining Ihe indepeml- 
ence of as many of the Sta*es as may finally 
adhere to them, those States must he acknowl- 
edged by the .American people and Government 
as a sepiratc nation. Of course, there can be 
no such result as the conquest of the seceded 
Slates, and tlie holding them as Province.s or 
Territories by the Federal Govcrnmcr.t. Such 
an atlen'pt is not to I e thought of as possible 
—nor lo be en'ei tainel for a moment, even if 
it were p'lssibfe, as a permanent policy — but 
easy, it won 

sible, than secession itse't, to tiie teeiings 
the American people, and the principles of 
American liberty. Which of these i.ssues will 
be realized depends, apparently, on the event 
of the war: concerning Yvhich we will add 
something presently, seeing tlie probnbiliiies 
of that event ought to be a very weighty con 

either to obtain from the consent of the na- 
tion the concession of the independence of 
the Confederate States, or its ability to wrest 
it from the nation by arms. The question 
of that consent is a question of peace, not 
of war; a question which the secession party 
disdained even to discuss before they flew 
to arms; a  |uestion which wiP, hereafter, 
depend essentially upon the state of the 
country, and the wishes of the States now 
under the dominion of (hat party, after the 
war is ended. The greet principle on which 
the consent of Gic nation could, in any clr- 
cunisiaiices be given, is precisely opposite 
to the great principle on which this revolt 
proceeds — namely, veneration for popular 
rights and Ihe popular will. What view the 
people of the 8ouili may take of their rights, 
and what may be their will loucliing their 
erection in'.o a separate nation — arc ques- 
tions which may be very greatly nflected by 
the progress of events— and the decision of 
which by themselves, may be very various, 
accci'tlingas ilicy arein circumstances which 
allow them to vote and act freely, or which 
oblige them to vote and act under a ubiqui- 
tous military despotism, adniini.'ttcrcd by 
armed revolutionary commit tees of vigilance. 
Wlial is passing now in Virginia and Ten- 
nessee — what has passed in every State that 
has already seceded — what was attempted 
in .Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri — 
would not, in all probability, be taken — by 
a great nation lo al to popular rights, and 
full of venerQiion for free institutions — for 
such an expression of the popular desire 
and will, ou the part of great numbers of 
its citizens, as would challenge its consent 
to its owu dismemberment. It is not to be 
disguiseil, Inwever, tnat even under the 
most favorable aspect in which the subject 
of tlie peaceable division of the nation could 
be presented, there are obstacles in the way 
of its accomplishment which nothing but 
the highest and noblest convictions of mu- 
tual obligat'ons, united with the profoiimlest 
sense of mutual forbearance and good will 
— could surmount. In the present state of 
the country, it is superfluous Ui discuss these 
obstacles. And iu the degree that ir'^8- 
pendence, by whatever m aiis, us tin  • ily 
alternative to restoration : • ih* Uiron, is 
environed wjtli diflicnktics: im the nnuliies' 
vf ihc secession novemctit manifest, and 
the duty of the nation to suppresti it clear. 

4. It seems to remain, then, tliD« !he 
tary result of the war is ilie rc&i.oratioQ of 
the seceded States to the Union, or the tri- 
umph of the arms of the sccessioni.sis over 
the nation. The more completely this great 
triuli is fixed in the minds of all parties the 
better for alb The more thoroughly the 
nation understands that it is fighting nei- 
ther for vengeance nor for conquest, hut 
directly for s^if-preservation — and remotely 
for the maiiitonaiice of its in«lepeudence in 
the face of all other nations, and for its fu- 
ture peace, security, and advancement in 
the glorious career now threatened to becut 
short; the more it will be dispoted to pros- 
ecute the war forced upon it, in the manner 
W'hich tecomes such a people driven into 
®uch a conflict. .*Vnd Ihe more completely 
those who are in arms against the nation 
realize that what they seek is, probably, not 
attainable; and the more clearly the States 
and the people now seduced oi terrified into 
a revolt so unnatural, undcrsiaml that the 
suppression of that revolt means, not their 
degradation, but their restoration lo all that 
was won by the valor, and confirmed by the 
wisdom of their ancestors; the more certain 

will be Ihe cure of their prescui frenzy 

the more rapid Iheir deliverance from the 
delusions under wliich they have erred ex- 
ceedingly — and the more ihorouglil}' their 
overthrow of the faction now leading them 
to destruction. 

5. To all human appearance, the estabUsh- 
mciit of the independence of the Confeder- 
ate States by the present war, is impossible. 
How much blood may be shed, how much 
treasure may ’ e squandered, how much suf- 
fering may be inflicted, how much ruin, in 
ten thousand ways, may be brought upon 
millions of people, and how near to the 
brink of destruction the country may be 
brought — cun now be known only to* the 
Ruler of the Universe. But so far as any 
object avowed, or even conceivable, which 
ever was, or can be, pro| 03ed as a benefit tq 
the Southern States, was expected to he pro- 
moted by secession; this war renders that 
object unattainable. We do not propose to 
enter into discussions from a military point 
of view, nor do we underrate tliC ditticullies 
of eve-y kind, which the General Govern- 
metu has to encounter. But it seems to its 
perfectly ‘nevitable, that without the specif 1 
interposition oX God for the destruction of 
this great nation, tho certainty is comple'e 
that ihe intlependence of the Confederate 
States cannot be established as the 
j'caulL of this war. In (he degree 
that ihis judgm''ut may be supposed to bo 
just, two conclusions, both of them of 

rent Wt i»iht, fj]lo v. 'I he first is. the wii ked- 
n'*sB Lntl folly not only of the revolt itself, but 
of the whole spirit and method iu which it has 
taen pro'Cfuted; the s c-md U the certainty 
that tho f.u*: itse f, in pr-'p  riion as it b *00111 ’« 
manifosr, must weaken, tnrou^bout the wh 4e 
S »uih, the purptjsc to prosecute a confl etso 
ruinous and h*o*Hloss. No doubt there are 
wd'8 which ni iy prosecuted t   the Iasi ex- 

all this, even if :t were politic ami j many ihousand^ of se- 

vonlil he even more abhor*'t*nt, if pos- 1 *^^‘‘*'^/“^*** have pcrsu \ded themselves that 
an secession itse’f. to the feelings of i J' or may have so deeply 

«rock- u all other hof»es thatj»nly this  lesp Taie 
'•ttikt; is Icit to th«*m. Bir the dictates of rea- 
son and morality — the judgm *nt of in inkind— 
and tfi«‘ irrever'ible decree of p-kstcriry, is dif- 
fercMt li *ro. Tai 4 is a revolt, wh» se complete 
Micce s w.*uld nut have ju cified the war into 
. . s . I . . I W’hich it has p'unged a creat conntrv* an l 

sideration with bo^h parties to it. In the ' thi  iint» /.f Oc f 1 'V , 

s .. . u * 1 .u . » . . ’ tn^rtr'jre, tnc ccrtaiotv or its f.iilurc robs its 

meantime let it be observed lhat the mere state- 
ment of ihe ca«e makes it manifes* that 

continimrce of all pre»exf. And such, at no 
, 1 .1 *• . * luiy be exp'ctedto be thejudg- 

w,ir e"'®''®'' ^ ®y nient of the great mass of the Southern pco- 

■ and 

aggression an.lcouq.tcst but one of scII-tlefence pK; and, by consequ. nce, their i«acefiil 
an. I selt-preservation, can be comlucied only , cordial return to the'r lovaltv, and to thce....- 
ns war upon the secession parly and Govern- else of all their rights Us citizens of the Uni- 
incut— and not as war against Ihc people of ted States— iustoad of being a preposterous 
the South; .a war. therefore, winch would end dream— is not only Ihe most probable, but ap- 
of itself, upon the , •overthrow of the secession paremlv the certain result, of a wise and 
party, and the suppression of the Confederate ; courageous treatment of affairs. 

Government erected by tliat parly. 

2. Upon the happening of such an evert, 
which certainly is possible, perhaps highly 
probable, the allegation is that no people — no 
South — would remain to reconstruct society 
and government, and restore tho seceded States 
to their place in the Union. We have already 
spoken of tlie want of faith iu all such extrav- , 1 . If wc consider for a moment the signal 

nganl statements an incredulity lortifiod ! y miscarriage of all the permanent objecTs of the 
the whole career ot the revolt, both in its me- secessionists, and the strange miscalculations 
llio’l of usurping power, and its method of pro- and absurd pretensions upon which their hofxjs 
ducing unanimity afterwards; to Yvliieti must of ultimate success rested, it will diminish, on 
be added the undeiiinble proofs existing in one hand, all distrust of the grounds on which 
public acts and records, in popular niovemeut.-i their hopes of establishing their indcpenUenco 
an votes, in numberless private communion- hy terrifying the nation into (*onsent, or con- 

V. Mi^cde’'lai inns of Secession. Mj?cftrr».’i(T6 as 
to H ‘ United Souih ’ And as to a “Dividt-d 
North” And as to the teenp »r and purjK»9e * 
of the And a'l to Expinsi^n. the 
SI’ive irate, Fies trsd» , Biund)e. s Froj-psrity, 
f)ott »n Monopoly, bec-ession a frightful and 
iiicalcuUblH luistuke. 



p II e: s t 3 y t 

;i T 

H E: R A. L D. 

qnerinff it by arm«, have been sh »^vn fo 
futilo; and will augment, on the u!herb;»nl, 
the just c mfidence of the nation that i‘ 
tor of ihe Rituation; and antjmont. the 

confidoneo with which even’ man in the S uth, 
whether loval or disloyal, oueht »o contem- 
plate the disastrous end of this rrvo-t. as inev- 
itable. To succeed in ostablishinp:, by force, 
the independence of the Stmth — using that 
word in its large sense, ns embracing 
all the Stave Slates — n'^ce^satily in- 
volved, ns the very first coed’Hon, the 
tmanim’ty  .f the whole South m the m 've- 
ment. Instead of this, such a line conduct 
WHS ad  ptcd as made the action of every 
S uth  ra Sta^c isol,»red; and this pMicy was 
pursued in sucli a manner as to m ike a resort 
to violenc'^sicressarv in securing nnan^mitv in 
any State — and as to make the princ pies ot 
de poti'*m •‘Upplant the p'incip'cs of fr»*edom, 
in every Sr.ire. The seeds of utter d feat w »re 
thiik’y sown in the first oj eu movement of 
the c  n piracv. To-day, instead of a com- 
plrtely unit' d, ih-Tc is a thonuigblv divided 
South. And we feel perfectly sari- tied that if 
every arm w’as removed from the fifteen S ave 
Spates. an l everv man in them all was .allowed 
freelv to c'n^ose his si le — ^nd then the whole 
popiiiaiion was cqmlly and coiuph ti ly armed, 
and the que.stion fought o»it, the result would 
be the suppression of the revolt. B »rn of 
Southern parents, in a Southern State— n ’ver 
having ow'cd or professed allegianccto any other 
government than that of the United States, and 
that of theCoinmonwealth of Kentii *kv — never 
having even resided, during a bfe far from 
short, exct'pt teirp  rHrily and for brief periods, 
out of the South — and having been ohlig* d hy 
onr course of life to acquire a large acquaint- 
ance with the'people, the institutions, and the 
interests of the South; tho opinion we have ex- 
pressed may he fairly weighe»l against a largo 
amomU of clamor. It would, we are convinc- 
ed, be vouched as tru* and sounil, on the con- 
ditions stated, by more than half a million of 
Si'uthern men— ready iipen fair occasion, and 
if noel required, to upht.M it with th *ir lives. 

2. Again, the second imp^rativi* nocesst'y, 

preliminary to any fl.ignint procordings by 
force, was the ab'OUue certainly that the pre- 
tensions of the South would be supported, at 
least by opinif'n. in the twmtv Stntna of the 
Nortn, in swch a way as to divide and weaken 
all concerte«i movemenu tA pr»*n»pi. 

tate the ovcrwludmtng force of twenty milb »ns 
of people, upon eiiht million® — if the whole 
South was united — w'irh four million's of slaves 
seaiterrd amongst them; concerning the free- 
dom or tlio ser’ itude of which slaves, the rev- 
olurionists pn f '^jsed that the chi- f cau^e of the 
war lay. Instead of that, the unanimity of 
the North proved, from the start, to l e com- 
plete, and its enthusiasm so grca», that a brief 
pro' laniation of the President, af-er the bom- 
bardment at Charlc.sion, cilled three or four 
hundred thousand volunteei*s to the standard 
of the nation; a single State Ohio) t-ff. ring 
more men »han were demanded f-ir the whole 
nation. With these two ficts. nothing can be 
more obvious than the utter incompetency or 
the desperate recklessness of those who pre- 
cipitated their followers into a conflict as une- 
qual as it was wneked — and did this with boast- 
ings and revilings as unseemly as they were 
unfi nnded. 

3. Again, no delusion was ev^r more com- 
plete than that into which the leader*? of the 
secession parry f*ll and slept, during their I mg 
c •n'*piracy of thirty years, of the true chrtrac- 
t(T, and actual p'sition and tennier of the 
American people, and of ihe^orec  -f the pow- 
er they had th» m^elvcs aorumnlated, and the 
vidiic of the preparation ti,ey had made f »r tbo 
set ring c»f a great n;ition at defiance They 
bad talked treas* n so long together, that 
they seemed to consider it a power of 
itself, and all patrioti*m extinct. Tne nation- 
al trea^urv made banknipr, the small army 
pul totally out of reach, and the arms ef the 
nation diligenrly stored where they could he 
se 7« d — *hc little navv laid up, or scattered in 
dirt* rent seas — ihcunhsppv Pre-sident deluded, 
fcdu'cd, or t'*rrifi«d — and a secret hand of 
swom allies ma le up of de.spcrate adventurers, 
di.'^loyal soldiers, and corrupt politicians sc»t- 
tered over the nation; these, as fur as the 
public are \et inf umed, seem to have lK*en 
the original iniplenu rts whi«;h wen' di'emed 
adequ ite f-r the fir^t start of a military revo- 
lution, who *e otj- et the ‘li''meri.l  rinert 
of one of thegreuest of exi't og n:*t ns of 
t i*' most warlike people, wiih the finest and 
fi m- sr. rmi- nality in the world. Their suh- 
siquent siu c ‘•s — four.dt*d iip-m a t tnporary 
fre« zy in the public min»i, and up m »h • mil- 
iur\ ardor ot the Soirhern p*‘ople, thei d •• 
VC tion to their domcMic iii'titurions, and 
their p rsonal and State pri- t — may b * al- 
lowed to n deeni, in some degn e , the miseal- 
ceUted forceof the conspiracy, from u t- rcon- 
te mpt. It is n-it, however, to the fc'cc or 
foi\-sight of tho conspiracy, but it is to the 
diso dered and p*rilous s ate c*f the country, 
it elf due to causes which we have developed 
in publications hitherto recently made; ihat 
the great pollrieal and midfarv mo\em'nts 

“arger p- r ion of the South, 
subsequent to the inauguration of M-*. Lin- 
coln, are fo be attributed These movements 
— in many points of view most deplorable, in 
many oiheis illiisirutive of noble traits of 
character of the Southern people, and which 
have given to the. secessi-m cause most of iu 
strength and all i s dignity — even if they 
Could have lieon foreseen as one element of tho 
future, are’ the possible from excusing 
lh«i revolt. For great as th» y may be and un- 
worthy as the chum; of »e  es.**iou may be of 
them— their inadequacy to nciiitve the objects 
proposed by the war, is n- ne the le-^s certain; — 
an inadequacy founded in the nature of 
things, and which wise leaders would have 
foreseen, aud generous leaders would not h ive 

4. When we turn our thoughts toward topics 
more remote thiin those hitherto ^eonpider- d, 
they all appear to conspire to the same rr.'ult 
— 'he euiire defeat of every p«-rman« nt 
object prop' sed t  be gained by ,fie 
accession war. If the w'holo of the slave 
States were unit**d, as the result of this 
war, in a separate Conftdrracy — .ill the ideas 
of the future expun^ion of the new narioh 
which have occiipud so large a space in the 
thoughts of men, might bt^ ‘urrendcred at 
once. One year would not clap-e, in all pro- 
ability, b«f »re au alliance of all nations inter- 
ested in the va-t and increasing commerce 
which must pass across the Isthmusof Pan 'ma, 
and among the islands of the Caribb*'an S »a, 
and acr *ss the waters of tho Gulf of M« xico; 
would itt* ctuallv close the q^le^lion of expan- 
sion, for the Confederate State®. In like 
manner, the qur-siion of the slave trade, U) tho 
free prosecution of which so much importance 
cr nrinucs to be attached, in the most earnest 
of the seceded States, may be considered defi-. 
nitivcly at an end, let this revolt terminate as 
it may. In like manner, the docirine of free 
tr ide, in favor of whidi tho  locrrine of seces- 
sion took its ri®o in South Carolina, and whii h 
ha® been continually and conspicuously held 
forth a® one of the pricelcKs blessings to b * se- 
cured by the revolt; is utrerly -suhverred by one 
of the earli 'St acts of the Confederate Con- 
gre**®, iinporing a duty on exfsirrs — a form of 
ob®Tuciing coTiimenie forbidden by the Feder- 
al Cons ilution. And the boasted career t f 
incalculable wealth which secession promised 
to inaiu'iiratc — in the first year of its existence 
i® signalized hy the charity of the people of 
Illinois sending c' m free of change to the 
sta* ving poor f)f Mi-^isdppq while, if the war 
shall continue tdl the Confederate States con- 
quer the Unit»*d States, their first year of 
peace will exhibit the heaviest ratable public 
debt, jK*rhap®, in the world, and the most bur- 
densome taxation ever b irne by an agricultur- 
al p''ople, and a bankruptcy as absolute as the 
grddon drew ms of secession were preposterous. 
To make but one suggestion more, it would, 
perh’p®, have been impossible for any madness 
less destructive' than this secession war, to 
have serifui'ly dis‘iirhf»d fi r a century to mme, 
the near approach which the South was making 
to the m ‘8t productive and extensive mon po- 
Iv ever pos.sessc i by any people in the products 
of the earth — in its growing control of the 
Cotton matket of the world. At pre®‘*iit. si 
imminent is the peril into which thi® boundless 
source of w'calth ha® been brought, n »t only for 
a few seasons, but it may be in p ‘rman-*nce — 
that the armed infen'ention of the great mari- 
time and manufacturing nati(*n® of the world, 
for the. d» liverancc and proieetit»n of the cotton 
of the Confederate! Stan*®, is amongst the des- 
perate hopes to which their situation gives ex- 
prossi n. 

5 Now it does appear to us, that these 
statements reveal principles an I facts of su- 
pnme bignilicarce, all pointing in the same 
direction, and challenging profound considera- 
tion. They appear to prove that secession, in 
its origin, iis prognss, its present condition, 
and its terrible future — is a blunder, a failure, 
a frightful and incalculable mistake, founded 
upon every sort of error and tniscalculaiion. 
It is in that view of them, and of their teach- 
ings, that we have arrayed them. Allowing 
whatever may be thought necessary for our 
nii.stakc, for our want of full knowledge, even 
for onr supposed prejudice or want of candor, 
enough remain.® to indicate, what wo have so 
earnestly ia.siste l on, that the complete resto- 
ration of the Union, is not only a glorious 
event within onr reach — which it is the highest 
duty and interest, both ef the nation and ot the 
seceded States, toacapt and act upon; but 
that the ordinary course of the immense and 
terrible affairs now passing before our eyes, 
leads, though it may be through friglitful suf- 
ferings, towards that result. Would to G*»d, 
it might have been in peace, and by reason and 
love, that the coun ry had been saved! Thank® 
be to G( d, fur a retuge to all parties, such as 
seem® to u.s to be set before them all, when 

the«e calamiiie.® are overpassed! For the blood 
ihn' I® shed, and the crimes that are coioniit- 
ted — let th IU who are rcsjsm:siblc answer to 
Go- : 

\’l. ’’ho n *’d^r 8 ’ A VO St fS'Ht. *f p iu 

1 l®i  » Mild »ecr-t K •vr'! iri«»u in Vi;-- 

,:.j p',. t»n' le rtr.'cf-. pd; ! .'-•i'* 

Western Vir.:in» i. ra) au-unf.-in r-ur-fo 

th-i c-»n ral S uth. Delaware. M:ir%lattd. .Mw- 
souri. Tha original S'. — rhe c»rvc-l 

out of ihmu — h®ou’’cha*ei S? Ch-. Ken ucky, 
her position, peril, temper, purp )?o. 

1. At the ®tart. thi® Recession movem''nt 
wis exclu®iv 'Iv c -nfined to the fli^ctph** of .Mr. 
Calhnuo — and they, having their chief s an in 
S nith Carolina, nod sch *o|  rather than par- 
ties in th-» tippv-T Slave S sit-'®, did not, hold the 
c mtndling I ow( r even in 1800, in one half of 
the Oo'ton Stues. Bv degree®, the I) mt- 
cratic party of the S- u h had hoc -me imbued, 
ued r the abuse I naini of “State Kight®,’ 
wi-h riie doctrines « f free tr d •, o'' the 
increase an 1 ex^ 'n^ion ot slavery, and seces- 
sion; nod th » d'RUiption of ihit party at 
Charit Stott and Bihimote, a.® far as the public 
are now inform-'d. was in the interest of th'‘®e 
now idea® and of th *®c old dt®eip'e® of Mr. 
Calhoun. The part'c® in the flfrei'n slave 
States which sup -orted Mr B ll a- d Mr. 
I) Miuri I® for the Frc^id n- y in 18GO coui.I, if 
they h:ul uni*' d, have carried nearly all those 
States, and. for the time, have put d »wn ®e- 
ccssi- n. If the Whig (^invention utBiUI- 
more had n-miinatod Gen Houston instead of 
Mr Bell, this result would probably have fol- 
lowed. If IS intttect the want of ability or 
the want of patriotism in the leaders of panit s 
in the slave States in 1800, to which a very part of the present danger of the nation 
is to be attributed. I*i the meantime the 
Diinocrafic p'lrty had air«'ady, b«.*tbre 18G0, 
acq. tired the predominance in all the f1.»vc 
S tates, and, whiui the sect ®®ion parry to »k up 
arms against the National Government, tho 
political and militar}' power of all iho®« States 
wa® iu the hand® of that p^*!' y. Tne elccrion 
of Mr Lincoln, wliich produced such a shock 
throughout the slave States, atf rded the 
opp rtunitv of crea ring a powerful agitation 
up *n the extreme pro slavery aspect of seces- 
sion; and it w.u® used with so little scruple and 
so great dtl'gcnce that to bo to the 
Union a’*d to be on aboU»ioni®t have come to 
mean the thing in rho v *c«hiil.'iry of sc- 

cc^tyioiii'.tH, and organ*z d political fanaiics and 
nirtian®, wherever they are not reprcs.®«'d by 
the f ar of crtcctui! resistatute, have, itn-ler 
that pretext, initiated a rcicn of terror. The 
comm  n predominance of the Democratic par- 
ty and the universnl existence of ihein-iitiuion 
of slavery in all those States were the bonds 
of union amongst them all, whereby those 
who meditated revolt exp clcd and sought to 
cany them all tor scce.®sion; the latter fact 
aff rding the scces^iomsis the m-»st j)*)'.veiful 
means of* it tUioing the pa®®ions of men, and 
tfe f. rmcr f i “t pr  viding the power to coerce 
such as could not be seduced. So far as the 
five Border Slave States were c.oncerned, of 
which we have n'*w to speak particularly (Del- 
aware, Mirvlaitd, Virginia, Kuttiicky. and 
Minsiouri). the Frestd* n lal election t f 18(»0 
broke the hick of this scheme hy breaking, in 
th' se five S?atc®, the p-iwcr of the party which 
supported M .j. B-eckinridge for the Fresid- n- 
cy. The oiher part of the scheme of the 
secesrionist®, eiicouhtt red, in those five States, 
ob**«aehs which prov d to heixtremely 8**rinu®. 
In the first ]^lac«•. the lovalty if the people wa® 
f r more Rtiihl orn than lia l t oen expected, .md 
the peril of aticiiipting to e vree them into 
disloyalty far more grave than had been en- 
couuiercd cNewhere. lo the second piac**, tho 
ir.®*iteii  n of t-lavir}', in'those States, sto-ul in 
a fOsitioD, and the people ^erupted towar-I it a 
rtdution, widely diflferent from tho corn®p'm l- 
ingf'er  in »he CoS'on Sratis: and the p*ople, 
s.tiihfied wiili the matter a® it ®to »d, saw noth- 
ing hat peril in tlte nmedy off r» d by seces- 
sion In the third plac»», the geographical' 
juMition of those State® givcihun immense 
wc'g’ot while peace couM be ma»iitrinc |, and 
made thtm Fe thca’rcofthe w.^r, w ihli rvery 
one could sec the secessionist® were m'lk’ng 
inevitabl ; so that pv-tv con idcraii m of wis- 
dom. pani.iri in, and '•• If rc'.p- c', admonished 
th- III to m tin ain, invi lahly, their poyiti u us 
ciriz iiS or ih-- L’ li t.d S an s 

2 Such, hrieflv, wa- the nature uf tho si*- 
uati n, gct«'ri.llv c »• s^l.'.r d, in the five B m- 
dtr Slave S at-s; which c 'n’ain more whi^e 
inhahitaiit®, and military rcsuu-co ^ than 'ho 
r m'iuini t  n tvi* '**raie® If these live 
S'atcs had ^toed ftrtn. the fate t‘f -cecssitm was 
seal d. Th" war mu® hive been ‘•liort, ®« the 
speedy an*l c mph*t" r»*®’or.i'ioii of th * U«ii «n 
c rtiin T c .'•U'lJo.u. * -crcr, an-1 dophiraMe 
r.'v-dtfion crcn«»®l in Vo*ginii by »• O-unv.ii- 
tion, p|.‘»'g’*'l t‘  the great m »j triiy t f h ^ po- 
pe wiio had clccfed them, an-l exp’'*-'®!/ 
bouml, 1)1 the law which creat-d riic h -tly, to 
take a wid-ly difl* ren* cour.®'; m c'ssai ily 
changed, iu many respects, the posture of 
even s, and tho n.®'ur«: jo d course of the war, 
I' c-omot, in our jii'fgm-’nt. as we httve shown, 
chnng' th«. fi'iul re-iiO. 1. will iiiflu t it cid- 
cnliihe injury iqion Viiginia htrelf — attd 
nni't, solar as she is cone rued, (ltd in the 
division of the commonwealth, or in ra-1 cal 
changes in the nature of her govi rnnictr, lu d 
in her inurnal policy. A® we undcrsi.'ind tho 
niat'cr, th^ f*o;»ul ir re|) 'c® n'-ti-m r-'sts  n a 
mixed and uthitrary ba-is of land, slaves, and 
voter®, di'-tri u ing ri pr« s“nt:irion bv yr *at 
hr® tion® of the State, and then by c-vunric®, 
and town® p Thaps, in those ®ectioas ro-pjc- 
tively; the result b. ing, that the 
great central sect i(.n of the State is uu q.ial- 
ly reprewn^cd a® compared with the ca'»icrn 
section, and the stiil groatci wc ?en 
tection still more une qually a® compored with 
bo:h the cthirs. Th ; governmen*, thus per- 
maD' iit’y thr own into the hai*d  of a miimri y 
of the pci'plc oc the ea'pvrit atid :-oiuh- 

eni sections ( f the State, has h cn long con- 
sidered disrc;. :F' the ordinary rights and 
t uhjict luajori'y. occupying the 
West: rii and h -nt sccri'Uis.of the S:.4i,'. A 
p rmanent a: igr nt in®ian.’^5 of this (hr. t.ic 

i  justice, is : iiicqual system of taxa i n, so 

fr.imcd as tt- relieve the iinm ‘nso aggregate 
w* alih, in tl . form - f slave®, h» Id by the rul- 
ing minori y, in largo p rt from any tax at 
all, at d as to the remainder, from a large pin 
of the pr-'perty tax, hy fixing a low and arbi- 
trary Value on fclaws, by act of A'sembly. 
AtKdher in-tanoe of the same sort i® alleged 
to exi t, iirihe sysumatic injustice with which 
the revenue thus frauduhmriy rat®»d, i® spent 
enrircly in the interest of tne same ruling mi- 
nority, with complete disregard of the special 
intercs's of the heavily tax'd majority. Tne 
Convenii‘ n which voted, in seoixt sesrion, the 
ordina^’Ci of secession, with a nvihof hO(» si' ti 
n ftlans, as is alleged, cl 'm *rittg al their re- 
luctant obedience to it® lK*hc®t ; passed, also, 
nml submitt, d with that rrdinaiice, to the peo- 
ple i'or ratification, au act pr »p'»Mng to eonc. d-j 
sornething concerning tbishlavc tax ition. Ev"n 
this concc.-sion, wnttig by the necessity of the 
occasion — vas characteristic of the ruling spirit; 
the great revolution, though submitted to the 
i In form of a popular vote, under the eyes of 
fifty thousand armed sc rcssioni.®r.s — b iitg ma le 
(ftcctiial and rxccuteil at once, a.s if already 
appr«)ved bv the peoph; the little act of eon- 
cc-rion, h*ing matJe »n If cuial, till r.itifi 'd by 
the |) 0 |nilar vt.te. Tms s'atement, ncr. ssa'y 
to the full tinderstantiing of the case between 
Ei®tern and Wc*‘tcm Virginia, makes it ail the 
more probable that the movement in the latter 
a'jainst secession, and against the dominant 
m nority in the firmer, will have con.® qiicnc(*Ji 
at once permaiient an«i important; all bearing 
directly ng.iin't the ifficuy of the revnlution- 
arv action of E i!»tcrn Virginia, and of thelate 

3. Not the least important of the conso- 
quenct s involved in the state of nffrtirs we have 
been disclosing, is that a perlectly prac- 
ticable military roum is thus oftened through 
the heart of the m s* loyal population of 
the whole Soirh, into the wry heart of 
the tniind s»»c ssion country; wlc rchy the 
I G ncrol^ G'»v* rninont may 1 '.nd nn army for the 
jiroK ctioii of loyal citizen® in the hack parts of 
* Georgia and h th tlie Carolina® on the left 
i hand, in Northern MiN-is ip;M and Alabama 
! in front, and in Wist 'r nncHS(.*o on the right, 
j Them untain ngion which covers WcHtern 
I Vir^tinia an.) Eisurn Kentucky and Tennes- 
' s o, penetrates into (J orgia, A'ahatna. and 
N  rth an 1 .South (Carolina, Two hundred 
iiiil-s wide fr »m ca^t to west, and d- iihle a® 
long from non t to S'unh, the lon.r valley® of 
thi® r«‘markahlc region, flutked everywhere hy 
m juntain range®, run precisely in the direction 
that an nrmv for the protection of loyal cir-zens 
of th*^ South vhouM tak". A mar*hof ten or 
fifte n days from theOiiio river, thr luh Wc'-t- 
(•nt Virg’ida, wouM place a force in the moun- 
taiu*. of E i®t Tcnnes®ve, catting the line of the 
railroad which connects the AtDnric oe an 
with the M'fsis'-ip; i river at M inplns. Th(t 
etf^jcis of such a for.vard mov  ineiit. invited by 
the cuidnct of Virginia, and indic.ited by 
the highest military and political ronsidcrations 
— would ta» ininiiMliare. and decisive, if suitain- 
ed by an adequate force, under an able com- 
mander. Aud our persecuted brethren in 
Eist Tennessee, North A'ahatn.i, and the back 
part® of Georgia and the Carolinas, m.iy sec — 
in the hints that we have ventured to throw 
ou» — that they are not out of the reach of ®U'-- 
cor. Wc believe that t»*n thousand volunteers 
from the mmiutainsof Kentucky, would follow 
Robert Anukrson in Mich an expeai ion, for 
such uo ofjecf; and it m iy be confidendy ad- 
ded, ttnihousanl more from Western Vir- 
ginia, and ICO ihoU'Cnd who would join lliein 
in Elat Tennessee No portion of America 
had less motive to betray heiself than Virginia 
bad; u. nc could ever put more at si vke, by one 
act of, whdt set m® to us, suicidal f-d-y, than she 
ha® done. K.nowned and veneiat- d nanK! — 
well do wc know that manv of vour heroic 

sons w'ill die for you, on the mere point of 
honor, . veil though they hlu®h at what vou ! 
h«v«t done! They will die in vain; neither j 
maintaining what you have decreed, nor wiping ’ 
out its stain! 

4. The po.Riure of Delaware and !il irv- 
land may l e considered definitively R«ltled, 
an 1, as to the result, e®-se.nriallv the sain •, in ‘ 
many nspc's; and that of M'ssouri is so 
anaDgoiis to that of Mtrvland, that we 
need not separate it from th- m, in the few 
remarks it i® necessary to make. Delaware 
ca«t® in her lot, with a prompt m vpntent and | 
a 1 »yal heart, with the nation of w'hich ®he i® j 
so small hut ^^o true a part The relation of , 
D 'laware to Maryland i® geogn phicallv such, ' 
that it Refill a great m arvel liiat both of them 
should, iu time® like the-^e, app ♦renily over- I 
b*/ k t^c great mutual iraportauce of their 
f rining the el-«e®f bond® with ca-'h other. 
Mtrvland looked to Virginia for guitiance — 
wii. n she an 1 Delaware united were reallv 
more im| orrani to the F- dernl Government 
than Virginia was; and far more entitled, in 
the etr( itmNfance®, to give the lead than to fol- 
low Virginia. Her great peril before the late 
revolt in IDItimiro, was her w’ant of prepara- 
tion, wa'cbfiilne-s, and self-relianc'; hich, 
but for th" wise, forbearing, and firm eoiiduct 
of the G- ner®! Governmutt, wou'd have coU 
her dear. Her great peril now is. from the 
scfiuclious of Virgitii.a, and the machinations 
of her own disloyal soti'?. As to her dcRtiny— - 
no discif**.! n can make it any plainer than it 
is already, to «v rv one who will reflect upon 
her whole pi»siti-^n. As long as the Federal 
G vernmeiit exists, and Washington is the 
capital of the Am rican nation, Mnyland is 
an indispen«ftble p-irti-m of that nation; and 
as such, has before her a b» uodle®s career of 
pr* sp"ri»y, fre- d »m, and honor. In her, dis- 
loyul'y to the nation i® not only wick.Nin-ss — 
it i,  folly. T.te same general state of case, 
though for reasons in some rcsp"cfs diff rent, 
cxi't® wi:h r-'gard toM .ssouri. * I ' the conn^rv 
west of Mts^omi is to n main a por i -n of tho 
nation, it is iinp- s»ihle fi..r the n*tion to allow State to separate from it. If the South 
is to become a separate i®fq ially 
impossible f »r tht* United State® to give up the 
military po-iri-m — Joe of the strongest in the 
world — covered by the mouths of the i fhio and 
Missouri rivi rs. The posiiiou of M'ssouri i® 
central, and unspeakably pow»-rful and inip'-r- 
tant, as a iiieml er of the F  (k*ral Union; and 
there is uo degree of wealth, power, and in- 
flu"n(x*, to which she may not attain, if the 
Union is maintained. So that her own inter- 
est, in every conceivahle way, points to the 
same great career, which the absolnte neresst- ; 
tie® (»f t’;c nation will secure for her, if she 
conriiiu"s loyal to it. To u®, we admit, this 
wh-de art’iir of secession ha® been an enigma, 
In thi- — that all the reasons and pretexts, 
alleged as ajusjiification, or even an excuse 
for the courK' which the rev« It has taken, 
have appeared to us so totally disp'*op')rtinnc(i 
to the cnndu(?t they profesvcd to explain; that 
we have felt a® if there must be oth* r grounds, 
as yet concealed fr»m the public, upon which 
men of sen®e .and honor pursued a lino of con- 
duct, app-irm’ly so monstrou®, as compared 
with all the known defences of it Wo regret 
to say that the s« ccssiunists in M's*oiiri, and 
we must a*ld, th -ugh f»erhap® in a less degree, 
in Miryland. ajjj ear to be signally amenable 
to th s charge, whether wc consider what it they attempted — or the means whi'h 
they p sorted t ’ — or the manner in which they 
(pi.iiled. when it b'*eamc neeessarv to a®- 
sumo the resnonsihility of wha* thev had 
done — or the niachinati-»ns thev have kept up, 
siuc^their conspiracy in b th tho«e States 
wa.s defeated. It i® clear to u® ih-it the mil- 
lion aud a half, or iipwanU, • f whit iuhahit- 
anfs, til D la ware, Maryland, and Missouri, 
inns* Ite counted out — whenever the strength 
of sere s’on is summed up. And we will now 
proc 'id t » sh *w that the million in Kcntiu-kv 
muM nKo l c d,*du 'u d. 

o. Th'To a'c very high senses in which all 
the Srate® are(qual, b th in fa"t, and in the 
contemplation of the F d"ral Oonsriuttion. 
NevertlterlcH':, ihcri‘ srt circum-fam."**? con- 
nected with the p.i®f history, and ind “ d with 
the origin, of all t c States, that seem 
1 1 place them in position® bv no m '.ins 
i Icntleal — touching »he * S n*"* U'gh*®,*’ ®nd 
the corn spending ''Nario^al Ri ht®. ” which 
enter «»  Urgclv in*o the  iirti u!»i *® prodiusMl 
by seces-ion. VVe have, in a ’‘»»‘in"r publica- 
tion, at’emp*ed to show rhat a N \ti 'ml G w- 
erum-'nt a»-«l ''lai-* G 'vernments united into 
one political i® the (*riginal, contin- 

uou®, exclU'ivc, and per|)6tuil font of gov- ' 
ernm *nt chi»s! n hy the American p ople »lnce 
ov- r »h"v w( re a narion, and hv all the com- 
ntonwculflis coni)M)*ing that nation since ever 
they were States; and wc have attempltd, 
after os'abli®hing tht® controlling truth, t) 
show its hearing iip-m 'ocos-ion, iu variou® 
points of vi' W. Want we have to say now is, 
that Rf the h;vr of r ’n*'on and c  ns"icncc, there 
i® a tlifT "'ciict* toiK liMig the rights claim 'd, os to 
hvt veen W - ' ' • .L ' ‘^lateg, . 
und the iw«ur\-onj^ : ^tid 

that there is a diflf n nce, ugrin, hctwecu thos(5 
out of rhc'C t'.vcuty one add (I S'ates, which 
W( rc acquired by conquest, treaty, or ptirch-ise, 
and th 's "htch were crca*cd out of porri-m® 
of the fir t tmrt’ en State®. 'The pDii of Vir- 
ginia or North Cardina, for example, might 
h tve a certain aspect entitling it to grave con- 
.••idcraUoi!; vvhilc the plea, for example, of 
Louisian®, Texas, and Florida, might pr ivokc 
(July dt rision; while the plea, for cxampl", of 
T nn-'s ee to h iv » the h*. nefit of t e U"ocr 1 
Ordinance of her nt ulu r North Carolina, 
might appear to be nearer, in cqut'y, to the , 
tir-f than to the '• of the twoorher cla.®s"«, 
O ir jiuL’mcnt is again-t the v;-|idity of the 
ven' highe®f of th' s*.* plea*-; and the lowest - f 
them seem to u® mon®troii-«, in every t oint of 
vh'w. Cousid. riiig the p.i't hi-t »ry of the case 
of L'nitsiana. for example, htr r cent conduct, 
s) fir from b^'ing fojindnl iu ju*-fice, i® even 
dC'tiinti*of a decent r-gard for app arance'^. 

0. Th" position oi K ntiick), ilietnly re- 
maining U-»rder SI. VC fc’t.ire, i- historicallv at 
the head of the clas® of ew Stat**® curved out 
of o1 I mu'*. Fr m lu r birth a® the first State 
added, nearly seventy years ago, to th • origin- 
al ihirieen, h ;r whole care* r h t® been marked 
bv the ii' hlo qiialiti'js of Virgici®, at that pe- 
riod, an-i bc*'ore, and long after, and v hich 
t?honc, with p?cu!i.'ir lustre, in the founders of 
the voting Oontmonwcalih. And wc confi. 
dently pre dict, th.u let Virginia falter and fill, 
as she may, her daughter will miiiuaiuher 
loyalty to the good, and will reject ih^ evil, in 
h^r example. Behold an example and a proo': 
Virginia aske-i her to meet ht r in coimsi l to 
preserve, the Union; meantime, Virginia sud- 
denly determined, before the api® irited day of 
counsel, to ti*' froy the Uni-tn K mtucky hav- 
ing accepted the li-rmer ctmnsel aud invitation, 
went on totally regardl. s® of the sul s»quent 
madnc's — ebeted her comnnssioners withnnt 

o. jpo'ilioii, and by the largest | opular vote she 
cv  r gave to any proposition — and kept tho ap- 
pointed day. There i.«, in fact, but one inter- 
nal pt*ril hanging over Kentucky. The exec- 
utive power of the Slate, und the command of 
her militar)' force, is in the h.and® of a Govern- 
or — having \ef two years to serve — who is to- 
tally ou* of pympathv with the great mass of 
the |»eopltf, and who ha® used the influence of 
hU offi 'C, and all its power, in a dir*crion, and 
toward® an  nd, hateful to the hu k f f ihase 
whose Governor he is. If Mr. Mig( ffin was 
a loyal Union man, th ; whole internai 
dirttculty of Kentucky would terminate in a 
week; unless the seccs-i'm minority should be 
mad enough to take up arm-?, and cull in Con- 
federate troop-.; in which ca^*e, of course, un- 
less K"nrucky should insraririy Ruppres® them, 
she would become one of the theatre® of the 
war. That event may happ n. It is lajli* vtd 
by many to be highly probable, under pn sent 
circuiiKtanccs. Situated as the Sta c i', it is 
a contingency which is conMantlv im| cn(ling; 
and to meet which, if it should happen, ili"rc 
is no way but hy arms. Th«s very ])hiincKt 
duty of the Union men of K- nuu ky, there- 
fori!, fi-r ut Hiths past, ha*  b-.*eii to arm and or- 
gariz? th( inselve®, to the very la^t man. and 
in the mj'St  ff* ‘lual manner, and in the short, 
cst ; osviblc time. We dcsin*. from the bottom 
of our heart, that G‘»v"in-»r Mig'fii i, and the 
party wuh which he acts, may he o »n*ent to 
gui-le. ihcir conduct by law, and in ohedi nee 
to th" known will of the p*op!e of K- ntuck); 
and that by so doing, he m »y keep the ralani- 
irifs of war from drsidating the State. But if 
he and his party will not do this, or cannot do 
it — upon both of which points there is 
a deep and wide distrust in the public 
mind — then he and thry must tiikc' 
the re ^jH*nMbility of all that may follow. 
And ho and they both well know that the peo- i 
pic of K'-ntucky will not submit to the d  spo- 
tifiiii of the C ui'cd- r.ite S ates — wi'l not allow j 
of a rtign of lerro. — will not tol rate rcvolu- ; 
tionarv c* mmitPe — w'ill not tamely submit to 
iujuric*, in'-ult®, O|)prcssions, or u«:urpaii! ns of 
any kind — md will not give up their loyalty to 
tho Araerit an nation, or their place in the 
American Union. The maps of the p ople o** 
K ntuc'ky ^inc■^ely desire the restoration of 
the entire Union; they strongly disapprove of I 
the whole course of the secesRionists from the \ 
beginning; they br lic\e, at the same time, that ' 
tho whole S mth has had great cause of dissat- * 
isfaciion— and they do not fevl free to take i 

p. irt in the war against the Confederate Rtate^: ■ 
nor will ihty take part against the Federal! 
Government, which, however they may di®- ' 
approve of it, or it® acts, they recognize as the 
representative of the nation of which they are 
a I »yal part, and the chief executive authority 
under that Constitution which is the supreme 
law. What they desire on'! pnq»o®e, ibcr". 
lore, is to take no part in thi® war; aud by 
thi® mean® they inttiid — in the fir?*t place, to 
express the true state of tcvir fc'ling'; in 
the second place, to oernpy a poRition in 

which, as a mediator, they mav, a® Roon and 
at often a.s occa^ion (flf:r.«, do all in their 
power to restore j caco and Uui'm, if that h ‘ 
possible; and in the third plac**, to preserve 
themselves and their State from the liorrors   f 
a conflict whi"!i th y liid all they cou'd to t-re- 
vent, w5»* *h !h"y cauaol in wi o n -toi d 

will, f nd wi i h, iu the di- id« d siatt • » 'q.ini 'U 
amongst her pi:ople, and by reH'*on ot ht-r 
oijraphical position, would probably be ruinou® 
to the State, by means of hir becoming active- 
ly engaged in it. 

7 Such we believe to be the cxi®ting state 
of opinion and slFiirs in Kenfu-kv. Wi h 
regard to it, we will tnakehu' two general re- 
marks. The first is, that in our judgment 
the state of opinion in Kentucky is chufly 
characterized by the public mind being torn by 
conflicting principles an«i pas"ion®, orten work- 
ing even in the same mird, in opp site dir c- 
tions — and, a® the general result, hogettiug a 
decil(d ^M'pular reluctance to any violent 
measure®, or any extreme courses, or any irre- 
coverable .step; but that the tendency of opin- 
mo hius been con®tant and rapid in f.ivor of the 
Union; and that, al every p Hod, and e*-p3cial- 
ly at present, the number of persons whow'ould 
vote to thke K 'n'itcky out of the Union is a 
comparativ. lv small portion of the people — 
made dangerous by their violence, their activ- 
ity, their organization, their b *ing cxb'nsive- 
ly armed, their good understanding with iha 
secession leaders and miitury otTi ers, and 
their sympathy with the chief ex cutive and 
military authorities in the Commonwealth. 
The second remark wc have to make is, that 
the same wise and l-ifty forbearance mimfested 
by the General Government towards Maty- 
land, and wc will add tnw’ards M ssouri, will 
be manifested, there i® every rea.son to believe, 
towards Kentucky, in the high but iinusnal 
position "he has felt it to be her dulv to as- 
sume. In the of Kentucky — an-l we may 
add Mi"S«*uri— this conduct of the Fresident, 
which those Suites certainly Rhmld applaud, 
and which would give them peace at ouce, if 
it were imitated by the C mfodcrate Govern- 
ment, is i xtreinriy sign-fic int; as it seem® lo 
ind'C ite that, in his opinion, tne neutral and 
yethnal p fsitiun of ih"se two gr 'at central 
Htate®, may, iu certain highly pr-diahle events 
of the war, be (urned to grea*. ndvautage, in 
that cf-mp*Ar*» r^stor • i'‘n of the Union, which 
the loyal citizens of bo h of those States ar- 
dently desire. 

VII, General Conclusion. 

There remain m my topics of great import- 
ance and siL'iiiticHtice, concerning which wo 
have s rid nothing. And yet the number and 
the magnitude of tho^e we have attempted to 
elucidate, compared with the narrowness of the 
space they occupy, might indicate that our er- 
ror may rather be in attempting t ^ o much, • 
than in nor attempting more T ic whole sub- 
ject is one, of which we never think seriouviy, 
without profound astonishment and anguish; 
about which we have never written a line with- 
out attempting to exercise tho sevcroit recii- 
tud?, as if we were speaking in the face of an- 
other generation. Ttii® civil i® r rorrible 
portent. All civiliz 'd nati ms tx'gard it wi’h 
horroi; and posterity will f e oblig'd to pro- 
noiince it an inconce ivable outrage iipmthft 
f-‘»*cdom, the morality, and the ci'il z^iion of 
the present age. To what end® God, in his 
adorable Providence, has allowed it, and will 
conduct it, and use it — it lichooves every one, 
who .acknowledges th.'ro i® a G *d, to p )iidcr 
deeply— and every on ', who professes to serve 
God, to "earch diligeiiriy. 

A few great truths seem to u® transparently 
clear — ,ind among"t th"in not one i® m »re im- 
pressive, at the present m m at, than that 
which we have attempted to riiu®irat 3 in this 
paper The Amorican N oion ought to b’ 
preserved, and ili" American Uai-m ought to 
be restop'd This war ought to he conducted 
by the N. ition— under the irapr -ssion of that 
8 )lemn neees"ity — which, as f ir as we can 
judge, is fcliown to b* attainable alike by the 
indications   f Divine pMvid -nee, and by all 
tne ciiciaii®r®nce  upon which enlightened hu- 
man judgments cm be form-'d. If in these 
things we err, Rothiug will rein rin, hut for the 
nati-'U to b uvit." augiis' h-ad rrvereiiriy b foi-e 
the known will of G m 1, an-l the irrc®i-tible 
for(V3 of destiny 1^ li.i® alrcadv redei m -d 
itself from fhe i_'n- mhiiou® late to which the 
last F'dcral A linini®?ra'i"ii liil co i'-igned it 
L"t it® dcsiruct'oii liear M ine jusi proportion 
to tho'glory of past life. 

I^cneral l.ildligcpfe. 

Newb ot th ) Week. 

No great biitle.® have b"cri fought since our 
last issue. Sev«'ral small skirmishes have been 
had, resulting in nothing dccisi veon either side. 
The Federal forces have taken possession of 

Ifarp*'' ® * t)iic»t*4 rnrtnp 

in We.sterii \ ^ ...... me Southern army is 

also rapidly increasing about Winchester, .Ma- 
nassas Junction and U'chinoml. No great bat- 
tle will probably be fougir imril Congress 
meets, which will take place next Tliursday. 
If the Confederates do meditate an attack on 
Washington, whicli is extremely doubtful, it 
will not be made until about that lime or a lit- = 
lie after. Freside'it Lincoln, it is rumored, j 
will recommend in his message a great increase j 
of the army and treasury, a «1 a more vigorous 
prosecution of the war, and t!' )ngreHs will pro- ' 
habi)' readily grant 'any increase he will ask. 
Compromises are talk;.*! of, but neither of the! 
active movers in the war, so far ms we can per- 
ceive, liave the slightc* t inclination lo make 
any co.Tipromi®e at present. Our own impres- 
sion is that we uiake up our minds lo a 
long aud expensive contest. 

Governor Harris, of Tennessee, in a me®sag e, 
recotumeuds the passage of a law requiring' 
payment lo be made of all sums due from the 
Slate to all person® or the goveroment on terras 
of peace, and advise® sucli a policy towar*! the i 
citizens of the belligerent S ates as the rules of : 
war justify. He recommend® the issue of trea- [ 
stiry notes to pay the expenses of tlie Provis-] 
ional governnient, to be receivable a® currency, j 

The .Maryland Legisla'ure have resoWetl that 
as the present war is w.ige-l ^or an unconstitu- 
tional purpose, no part of the expense incur- j 
red in carrying it on should be borne by thoirj 
State. Resolutions were ad »ptrd al®o in favor i 
of an immediate recognition of the Southern ' 
Confederacy. j 

Information was received by the .Vfrica, tlmt ' 
sixty officers in the Prussian army have beeiij 
granted leave of absence for two years, and j 
that their services will soon be leiidered lo the | 
United States Gdvernmeiit for that length of, 

The Government troop® in Missouri, after the 
battle at B'oneville, followed ihc Slate troops 
6outhward*lowards Springfield. Guv. Jackson 
has fled, il is said, into Arkansis, and is rais- 
ing troops to return to Missouri, and efforts are 
making lo indicc'ihe State Conveniiou to fill 
his place. The whole Slate is in a 'tateof in- 
tense excitement. 

A great riot occurred on Mnndiy in Milwau- 
kee, against the 15 inks of the city, growing out 
of tho fact that liiey threw out the notes of a 
large number of the Free Banks. Their hou- 
ses were lorn open and the furniture desiroy. 
ed. The city was put un-I'T^ martial law, and 
quiet restored by ihe Mayor. 

Jlie election re iirn®  n Kentucky for mem- 
bers o! Congress Inst week showndecidtd vic- 
tory to lie Union parly, they having elecird 
all their candidates by luige nmj'U'iiies except 
in Ihe first district, wl ich l as not been fully 
heard from. This reMilt will probably keep 
the Sinle quiet for the present at least, if not 

The telegraph informs us that the daaih of 
Vico President Stephens is reported at Wash- 

. We are also advised Ihat Wm. D. Gallagher, 
of this city, Secreinry Chase’s confidential Sec- 
retary, has been appointed Collector at the Port 
of New Orleans, and ha® started lor Cairo to 
enter upon his duties. 

The following are the official returns of the 
late election in Tennessee: 

Bep/iration. Xo S^pftrntion. 

K®st Tennessee 





5t;ii*Ue Teiineaseu 


W. St Tenn  ®®ee 


5Iilitar3 Camps 



5Iajor ty 




Hard OX Newspapers. — The New York Jour- 
nnl of Commerce tba*, owing lo Ihc pros- 

tration of hiisioe®®, and, ron'*equ(*nllv, of nd- 
veriisiDg, over thirty neAvsparu rs in the North 
h*iv« su'p^ndM in the l«j*f month. 

Foreign. — The Adriatic took out news that In this city, at the residence of Robert Mont- 

thc Britifli Government would not permit pri-' 
vateers or armed vessels lo take prizes into 
British ports. Lord John Russell, in his let-' 
ter to i!h- Loids of Admiralty, directing them ; 
iq ean v out ihis iiisiniclioii, says il is done to | 
secure the strictest neutrality. Mr. Liddell j 

gave notice that he would ask the Ministers if ^ ^ ~ 

this interdiction is not at variance with former 1“ Covington, Ky., at the residence of her un- 

gomery, Esq , on the evening of the 20th in- 
stant, by Rev. J. L. McKee, .Mr. Leverett 
Leonard, of BooneviBe, .Mo., and Miss Sal- 
LI.E R. Fry, eldest daughter of John Fry, 
Esq. of Danville, Ky. 

practice, and the reason for a change of mari- 
time policy. 

In relation to British Parliamentary proceed- 
ings, on the 13ili Mr. Gregory, the member w'ho 
postponed one of bis motions on Ihe subject of 
the recognition of the Smihern Confederacy, 
Wrote a letter to the Times, explaining why be 
desires a speedy recognition of the Montgom- 
ery Government. lie regards thi.s the course 
to be taken — contends that the North cannot 
held the South in permanent subjection, and 
urges for a peaceful separation. He believes 
a recognition by England and France will 
cause the Noilli to pause before plunging deep- 
er into the struggle, and concludes by disclaim- 
ing all hostility to the North, being actuated 
by a love of peace. 

cle, Dr. C. J. BUckburn. on the 17th instant^ 
Mrs. Prude.s'ce Lewis, in the fortieth 
year of her age. 

In BarJstown, Ky., on Monday, 10th instant, 
Mrs. Ruth 1Ia« rley, ag( d seventy-eight 
years, eight montlis and twenty-seven days. 
Mrs. llackley died very suddenly, probably 
from paralysis. She had been for many years 
a member of the Presby teri'iu Church in Bards- 

In Frankfort, Ry., on the 4th instant, Isaac 
Shelby .Magoffin. 

The subject of this notice was a boy of great 
promise. Lovely iu appearance and disposi- 
tion, living strictly up to his duty lo God aud 
to his friend®, be gave a beautiful return to 
The Liverpool Courier “Irrespectively those who had loved and instructed him, and 

of hostile complications, which we fear will excited high expectations of the man mirrored 
arise, we have in one sense lost our best cue- in tlie noble boy. But the insidious destroyer 
tomer. In April, 1859, we were selling to had marked him for his own ; scarcely had he 
Americ.a at the rate of £13 000,000 ; in April attained Ihe sweet age of fourteen. er » he was 
of the present year we sold at the rate of only called away from the do-iting hearts of % wide 
£3,600,006 a year. On the other hand, onr circle of mourning friends, “aud one is not, 
importations from America have increased , for for God hath took him.” M. 

Ihe Americans, buth North and Soutli, have 

flooded our market with every thing saleable. 1861, at the bouse of her 

They are pihl in money, and 
expended on war.” 


money is 

The Great Eistcrn was expected lo leave 
VnI^,»oo 1 in about a fortnight with lliree rogi- 
ments of infantry, a fiehl battery of artillery, 

son, McClure ^loore, of Bourbon County, 
Kentucky, of Pneumonia, Mrs. Margaret 
Curry, in the seventy-second year of her 

In 1806 she wa® married to James Moore, 
E«q., who died in 1822, leaving her the mother 

and a number of liorso®, for Quebec. It. is ad- of a family of small clrildren. the youngest of 
mi-led that ihis movement is suggested by Ihe whom is now (he Hm. Samuel M. Aloore, then 
Aniericin difficulties, hut is merely for nrotec- an infant. She reirmriied a widow until she 
tion, and will only raise the garrison from its raised her children, an«l in 1841 married John 
present weak stale to what it was ten years Curry, who had a family of chihlren by a for- 
ego. The movement is regarded by some as mcr wife, all of whom became greatly attacl ed 
an insult to the United States. l to her for her many virtues. For about fifty 

The London Kmej, in nn editorial on Ihc de- ?"*'■" sl e was a consistent member of the I’rcs- 
cision of the French Government on the Amc- , Church, and lived in the scrupulous 

rican difficulties, which is in coni|dele accord- 'discharge of her domestic, social and religious 
ance with that of Kngland, says it must tend ‘*‘® "-‘umphs cf faith, and 

to convince all reasonalite Americans that in i gone to lier reward. 

English acts there is neither hostility nor dou- 



The annual moeling of the Cotton Supply 
Association IiR'yieen held at Manchester. Tlie 
result of the exertious of the Association arc 
reported to be rather discouraging. Increased 
efforts in India and Western Africa to raise a 
supply were urged in view of the .\mericah 

Lord John Russell s-iid in Parliament that 
the Government hi»l no knowledge of the Ca- 
nadian Volunteer Regiment having ten lered 
their services to the United Stales Govern ment, 
an l, of course, could not say what action shouM 
be taken. 

The MonUeur formally announces that the 
Emperor is resolved to maintain a strict neu- 
trality in .Am^ricin affiirs, and publiihes a 
decree specifying me isiir s of neutrality to he 
observed by French subjects. 

The American war had caused such an ad- 
vance in iha price of cotton in Spain, that ma- 
ny of the sm ill f ictiries have been ob iged to 
close, thus throwing thousands of workmen out 
of employment. 

.A new Italian ministry has been formed, 
with Biron Rica® lias President and Minis- 
ter of Forf'iga .\ffi rs. Tho illness of Gari- 
baldi is officially denied. 

The London Times e'litorially replies lo the 
outcry of the Northern Stales against England, 
and shows that it is wholly ungroun'Ied. 

Th' British squadro^^ha«l leri nnd 

®Tro\ed P^:lo Ncvo,^^.ing^^^V hundred 

It is asserted that Count Cavour’s death will 
hasten the recognition of Italy by France. 

Prince Napoleon hid embarked for Spain. 


F;esbytor an TIerUri. 

Mork Pr.ace \IovB4K.srs. — We find from the 
Newark (New Jersey) papers says the Journal 
of Commerce, that the people of that city who 
are in favor of peace are holding meetings to 
express their views. At an adjourned meet- 
ing held on Wednesday last, the commilteo ap- 
pointed at a previous meeting lo draft a const i- 
tution and by-laws asked further titne. The 

Curran P-p®, Louisville May 1, 18'*2 

.. $2 00 

M rs. I'r t*'y. 

J luuitry l,’02 

... -2 1*9 

T. L. Barr.-t, " 

May l«.’»2 

... 2 (»0 

W Mur*b ck, *’ 

K**t»ru *ry 3,'n2 

.... 2 00 

Mr-. .M ,W. Barret, ” 

April !**,’n2 

... '2 00 

I) R. Y«»ur»/. 

.M.t'.’li !■» '02 'f.... 

... 2 (K  

Dr. J. A M'*or**, ’’ 

er 1 ,  i| 

... 2 1*0 

R \.Win,''i*', 

K* l.r.fir\ .’.’02 

... 2 « 0 

It. B. 1!, 

D c-nil  r t.*» 1. 

... 2 0(1 

M»»gii P.^rk-*, *’ 

.M..uh I'*. 1.2 

.... 2 tM» 

Ui*ii‘-rt R-fS. ” 

Ap*‘'l .'•.'■.J 

... 2 1S» 

G -orifv H.tmiltOD, ’* 

J*l -c* 2. ’lit 

.... 2 to 

I F. ” 

J 1 i«ury 14. ’02 

.... 2 ‘Kl 

5Ii*® Nancy Irvine.’’ 

51 *  i.’.;2 

... 2 (K) 

Mr-. ( « iir**r, ” 

Apr»| l,’ti2 

.... 2 0(» 

L. L W.irr**u, ” 

Ap il '2,V*2 

... 2 00 

J. M. H,rlau, 


... S t»0 

R S. Mc.xuy, 

F- bru.ii'\ l,’o2 

... 2 t.*0 

J*»hn Motnire, *' 

.May 27. 0*2 

... 2 0t( 

Mr». Am M*, ” 

March 1 

.... 2 (to 

Wm. 3Iix, ” 

Mau h J'2. G'2 

... 2 00 

Ja'lies l’**«l*l, ** 

J;j*.** l.-.i' 

... 2 ( 0 

.M. h.G. H Cocbr sn,’’ 

F-b nary 23, ’*52 

INDI \.v.a. 

.... 2 00 

H. M. WiUon, New F 

m'lk «*i t, J lilt uy 1,'02 

IO V  . 

.... 2 00 

Mr®. 51. J. K )gers, L*- 

Clair *, .r.|\ 18. ’ .2 

... 6 00 

Tho®B «ui ®crllK‘r® reui tfiux iiiooi-y wh «e unmos 
are ii  t found ab®ve, wiM Ritd Oifir uckiiowl di^ment® in 
the chnnue of (be d (to pi intod opposite their names on 
the paper. 

i 3 o X t o w . 


A special mi*eMi®g wiU be li d i t( Ru sellrUle on Wed* 
iiesday, July loth, 1811. at e'-ven o’cl-ick, a. m. Matters 
•f in ervMi cono-MrCed with ttie Pieil»yti*nul Academy at 
Greenville will he cun-id 'r * I, and ro a ur« s taken to 
supply he vacancy iu th ‘ ['iM'ltiitinn eccssiunod l y the 
r rsiguarion of ihe Profe®® »rs P tier*  ii. 

J. W KIDHUIDrjK. f«a(e l Oerk. 



Snhnrrihers 1 1 (he n®w f ind of Hanover College are 
rem nd  d ih it tho Ibir ) a’luii il i iKtnIlment will be due 
tiled St dar of June n»xt. It i® e trnc«ily desired that 
remilt iuces bo male a® soon a® practicable to tlie sub- 
scribor, directed to llauor.T, Jeff -n*on C-xinty, lodiaim. 

JAMES WOOD, Secretary. 


The sudden changes of ourcllm «te are sources of Pet- 
monart, Bao 'CUiAL,and AsthM'TIC Affrctions. Ex- 
perience haviuz proved that simple remedies often act 
ipeedity anil certainly ulicu takuu in tlie early sta;!e« of 
the di®oase. recourse sliould at ouce l e had to ^'liroten’$ 
lirftHchial Trochet," or L  zeu;fe5, let ilie Cold, Coug)i,or 
Irritation "f tlio Tliroat be ever s » slight, as by ttii® pre. 
caution a more serious att.ick may lieefTrcrudly warded 
uiT. Pi'DLic SPK^KRRS and SiNOESH will fln i tliem effect. 
. . , . , , ual forcleariug and strengthen n : the voice. 8aoadver. 

following resoluiion was uiianimoui'y »^dapt - i 

ed: I '■ 1 1 ' 

Whereas, That in view of the present deplor- 
able c 'nditioD of the country, the inc ubers of 
this meeting deem it their duty, an-l in accord- • 
ance witli their constitutional right®, lo petition ' 


Jiiffsrs jnvtlle Rtilroad. 

L K A V ES J E K E ItSO N V 1 1, L E 
tlie Coiigrefs of the UiiiieJ Simes nboiil lo as- ' si. I,.mi .rincii]n ni mil ChicaBo Exer... M. 

lorn K.\preAS 2.3u P .M. 

p p. M. 

Louisville end Le iliiefon Railro’d. 

I) ... /•- * .1 • • 1 ... (.'inriiinal i an I I ndianap*) i« K 

sembie, lo uiierpo-e (if lu their judgment it is sj Cairo Night i- 

I best for them to do) their power to put an eud 

to the present troubles now existing in this our P^-^'niror Triin V ». i * r».«o x M. 

once pro'*perous aud happy but now dislracVd , Accommodation Train 4 5u P. M. 

couniry, and lo save us from the ravages of | Ij juisville aud Nashville Railroad. 

civil war. - Mail Train Ni  I 7.4S A. M. 

- . ’ Exprrfti Traill No. 2 T.tHi p M 

"Jiesolved That a committee of ten he ap- Biristowu Branch N 0.2 2 .u*P..v.* 

pointed hy Ihe cimir 'o prep ire and circulate ^ J;'.!;*";;',; .i'.;;"; "i"" p;  !; 

a petition for si|;n ituree of all thos; persons | 'lomplin llran.-h No. 1 7.00 A. j{ 

who may he in favor of perinanenlly restoring | 
peace and prosperity to our unfortunate couu- j 

June Number of the 

Second Nu nbir of thi®*ri)‘i* Review, adited by 

Bankruptcy i.v New York City. — Wc find 
the following among the editorial articles in 
tho New York. Tribune: “The ftbric of New 
York's inorcaritile prosperity lies iu ruins, be- 
neath whicli ten thousand fortunes are buned. 
Mariya merchant had toiled early au l late, 
had pfutited and schemed when he should have 
slept, had denied himself needful relaxation 
niul enjoyment, in order to *make his pile, 
wiiich he had just about completed, and was 
preparing lo retire ami spend tho decline of 
life in ease and comfort, when the crash came 
evvry thing before it. Last Fall he 
WAS A cipiialUf; to-day ho is a bankrupt — 
bankrupt in energy, in hope, in resolution — 
and doomed to^o down to his grave a depend- 
ant and a wreck.” 


I I R  v Dr®. K b®«t j. Bkk 'kimuugc, Edward P. 

I IluNPURF.Y. nnd uth«^r loni tent Moudirrs of th® i*reAl»y- 
t ri tn i'iiiirch. will (m i on   h * 1.5tb of Juue. Bn- 
aides .Vr' tele-* «m J'wod oib »r , Co gi I'i • m n r*-c»*nt view, 
tt'i l odifr -ubjdct®, it will cunt ii • a "Olicr powerful Ar- 
i ticl«* t»y Dr. Hr'Ckliirid ® ur. th»* premit “dint® if the 
{ Country *' — in which h® m tin ai   ® tliit tlin War i® one 
! of «m the »  i*-i of »h - Nation — not 
: K rrSAive itid ag lin^t the South, t ut deft-UAive and against 
^iecoiKiunhU ; til t Hi'tttoratioii id Km* I'liion is the true 
Resui. and tiiat Seceseioii is i fri.;‘itfiil and inCHlculable 

I TEaM ».—f H p*‘r annum To C|nb'«, r-ur copies for on® 
I jenr, 510, If paid in ®dvr»®c^. To M i®'-i« iiarie«, oiiK 52. 

Single c*u*ie® of the Revirw will nt, t-» 

any fi r EiRlity iu udf.iuc-; or, if 51 be 

tw • copies "f IU-. ’s firtt Article on 

“OUR COUNTRY,” from th* U iivli .Number of the 
Rsvic'A', will bo eaut, in ad liti m. 

Publisher “DaariHe Zo \Ve®i Etoirih Street, 

June 2 L lS( l...'2t. Cincinnati. Ohio. 

Situation Wauled, 

1  T a marrlo'i G'rmm, who pr*crlr,illy und 'r«taTjdF» 
  in nil it® various branrfi«*ai. tin* ui *'t m d.*rn 

prnvoin *ntt in XgriciOu'e and HorrlrulOire, er**ctmg of 
Farm loiil ling®. Draining, r *cbiim iig of w ist ‘ Laiidii, 
cuitivati n **f R *ot4, ai.d tceneral ronliiie of Farming 
i crop**. He also und ‘rsiami.® tli® growing, pr pupating 
■ "■ ' nf Grape Vine® in ill*' oi^ . air «n*l f «r« ing, Vine murk 

The Post-offi'C Depart- : ing. tb® min it?em nt Fr iit, Flower nnd IClich-n 
Gard 'ii. Nnr®ery, ih'^ laving oiu f 'iud®cnpo Gantens in 
m 'd ‘rn styb*. ®nd al®*  U*   k-ke*‘P'iig He h be-n in 
J . 1 .. u • . 1 ! this cou trvft»rsixte^ var®. an I i*a® aorv* d In tho lir- 

regard any stamps on letters bearing the DDirk j , suMiri.m m® in G:*rm .ny and France, and had the 

of Express Companies, where there is reason-' 'a**nai*'me*ii -if sw^rai finii-oii®® genii m -n ® ol  ce*« in 
^ • Aui-rlc*. N“. 1 r»*f**roiice giv n as t • chartetar and nbll- 

10 believe they are carric l from disloyal States, ity t*i fnifuli whai tie pr .mi® 8 H® wi»b»a to enga o 
, ... e- r K "”th H gentte*n III wim will ftimlNh snlta‘*Ie Ian 1 and ne. 

but lo deli ver on paymout of full postage. A  -  R^rv •iiran® to «tart a Viut^\ani in c oini'criou with 

speciul ngvntha .1 bi-eu instructed lo iuvesti- .''J'J;’,',' V 
t ® or will engag'* a® man tg-' in the ahov® uain® I t»ualfTe »®. 

ffAte the iniUter of carrying letters over post.^ib answer to all reH-omabl® exp^'ctaiioo in Ills line. 
® ‘ Apply at tho office  if thi* p»per. Address A B , Lc*tler 

routes, by express and other comp inies, iii vio- Box 13I. Ve.®iiM-s, W'oodforJ County, Kentucky. 

, • .L 1 • ... 1 June *2S. 1861 ...3ra. 

lation Ot the law, as it must be stopped. i 

Postal Affairs. - 
ment has declared thi*t Postmasters must dis- 

From Lideria.- 

* Soldier Health," 

-.■Vdvices from Monrovia re-; Tvy Dr. W. W. Hah. 42 Irving I’Uc, K.w York 

ceived at New York, slate that the. election on i ’ !!""* 

’ I to t'uaM against the three pr»*va 1 ont e rases m all ar- 

the 8 lh of May resulted in the choice of Presi-I nu***. Fevor, Diarrhea and Dy-*eutery. and als*  tt con- 
_ . . (^■^d them by mean® which the soldier m®v almost a»»y 

dent Benson, by a large majority. I wii*»re conim*nd; a complete sy®iem of 0am p cooker*y 

'’"*• ] Hospital diet, with Scripture ra«ading and Hymn fur 
1 e tch day. with a night, morni g and Sunday prayer »u*l 
hymn ; radiatiug distances from 'Vaahingion. BaltL 
more. H.vrper's Fe'ry, Cairo ; cu't of all the f irU ; c'*d- 
sue of all th« 8 *ates— of the MilDia f e®ch Stale; fifty- 
nine health axiom® ; rank and pay of all the officers and 
private® in the Army, Ac., Ac. This Is a b«K k which 
would benefit every soldier phy®ic®Hy, mentally and 
morally. June IS, 1861. ..3t. 

3SdI .A. lEL R I E Ei 

In Washington, D. C., iu the New York Ave- 
nue Preebyterian Church, on the evening of 
the 9th instant, by Rev. P. D. Gurley, D, D, 
Lieut. William A. Elderki.v, United States 
Army, and .Miss Fan.nie M. Gurley, daugh- 
ter of the officiating clergyman. 

On the 18th instant, by Rev. J. N. Saunders, 
Mr. A. H. Field, of Shepherdsville, Ky., and 
Miss M. M. Miller, of .Ml. Washington, Ky. 

In Crittenden, Ky., on the 28ih of May, by 
Rev. J. A. Liggett, Dr. J. B. Kniffin and 
.Miss Hannah Henderson. 

In Arkadelphia, Arkansas, on the 2 I instant, 
by Rev. A. Beattie. Mr. Henry Waldrop, 
formerly of Cas-ville. Georgia, and Miss Isa- 
bella Bell, adop ed daughter of Oris Patten, 
formerly of Louisville, Ky. 

Situation Wanted. 

V LADY, of several years’ exp ri nee In Teaching, de- 
idrts a situ\i)on fur tlie Autumn She is prepared 
to ins'rnct in the common and higher English branches. 
Pencil and  ’r«ycin Drawing. OreciHn ami OH PHinting. 
French and GeniiRn The highest referencel g'ven and 
requiied. Platse atidres®, sratieg t^rm*, etc , V. R. E.. 
No. l,0l‘2 Cherry Street, Philadelphia, PeDu. 

June 13, 1861. 

The Teacher T/»achlng. 

^practical X'IEW of THE RKLATIONS AND 

By th® Author of “Twich**r Taught.” 371 pp.. I'Zmo 
Price 7.’) c*'ut®. Just pablUhed by (be Aiuerlcan Siin- 
dav-School Union 

If we W"nld have tho '^nudny-school ocenpy (h® post, 
tioti it de-erv«® and is d M;ln»d to hold, we m jst el* vat® 
th® stamlHril of tet**h ng: and this b »ok, with Q d's 
blessing is calculat 'd to du It. 

Dep’*«ltory, 313 Fouith Street, Leiii.®vlll® 

-Tfiuefi ia-1 WM. H BCr.KLKT. 


DCALras tv 



blank books, 

441 Maiu Street, butweau FuiutU aud Fifth, 

W Printing and Binding done in the beststyle 





r SCOTT k CO., New York, couiinue to puUlUb (be 
fullo®iiDg leading Dritish Periodicals, rit; 

1. THE LONDON OUAIiTEULV tCoiiwrvatit«;. 


|3. THE NORTH imiTIrtil REVIEW (pr.*; f „uicl L 



The present critical stale of Eurupeuu wD *its will run* 

' der th s« pubiic«tiuns uuuvualty iulereHiii.g curing the 
; torihcu.uiug year. They will occupy a ui.d*ii« ground 
between the basaly wruteu uews-ituus, erode dila- 
tions, and tlyiug rumors of tho daily Journ * 1 . *«itd the 
- poii'ieruusTomeofihetutare hislunau, wriituu sRcr tOe 
. living interest and excite of the great political v f«uu 
.01 tnetiiue shall huve p tssod away. It istoth*- 4 -Pe  t. 
, tinii rea l«rs must l.ioa fur the oulv rtailly iutflU / 

I LLUSTRATED Caiilogaes sent by msit grails on l^'^***! **'»d «■ ®ucn, 

application December 8, 18.^9 i »«• *ddiu.m to Jheir wsUt*«tabiUhed U.eraiy, scienufic 

• 'and tUtiulugiual charAcler, v e urge ibeiu upon tuei-wi.- 
I sideraiiou of the reading public. 


The receipt uf Admnce ShttiM from the RriHeh publUb- 
. ers gives ad'litioual value to (best* RepriuU, iuaemucli as 
they can now be placed iu liie bauds ot subscribers about 
as suou aa tne original editions. 




D E A L E ha I b' 





Wflolesala Sssl aad Agricultural 


I) K A I, E K I 

Choice Ficid rmU (.ardLU Seeila, 
Fruit A Oruameatal Tree., Shrubs, Plants, Vines, 
Cvronn.l \Vlie«( Mill., Power «nd Hand, Re«p- 
era, M-ewer®. riir-'sher®. Wagons, Agricultural and 
Horticultural Implements, and Machinery 
of 'ill 8 *rfj ; Pl.4®(er. 'eiiient, White 
Sand and tjim®. Railroad Rarrowi, 
and rinpK-ments geuorally, Ac., 

No. 348 Main Street, near Sixtli, 

At fritfe® to $uU ihe Timet, 


Mareh 28, 1861. ..8m. 

.McGKVIN’.S depot. 


I J. 0 *^ sny one of the four Reviest» gj 

For any two of the four Reviews 6 00 

1 For any three of the four Reviews 11] 7 oO 

('or all four uf the Reviews 8 uo 

For Blackwood's Maguzine !].!!!]]] '* 3 00 

For Blackwood and one Review * 6 OO 

For Bl.ickwood and two Reviews ..]]]] 7 qq 

For Blackwood aud three Reviews ]]]] 9 yy 

I lior Blackwood and the four !*evjews lo uo 

I ariloMi, eurrtnt III tk4 Slu/« irAn-a twK«  uttU k rrei. 

. sd rt/ par.MHt 


. A dUconnt of iwoiity-nvo p«r cent, from lU, .bore pri- 
I ces will be allowed to Clubt ordering four or more copies 
I ofauy one or more of tho above works. Thus • Four co- 
ple« uf Ulackwuod, ur of i ue Uovi.w, will be eent to one 
; adtlressfor $9 ; four copies of the four RuvJewsaad Black- 
, wood for $30; aud soou. 


C O m MISSION M E R C H A N T , i , ^*1 the principal cities and Towns these works will 

(Lite Todd T.ibacro WarehoiiAo I i V.® /»«« of pop&tys. When Sent by mail, the 

t le i ma i.ioacco Warehouse,) Postage to any part of the United States will be but 

Cornor of Mum and bevoiitb Streets, , A '*euiy-four Cents a ynir • r ” Blackw.jod,” and hut 

LOUISVILLE, KY Fourteen U*uts a year for eac theR*vlews. 

TTNF.Q,TAI.F.D .dr,....aa„ for S.„r,.,e and S.l. 1 
Grain and .Agrioiiltnral Implcinen s. Products, Ac. i 
N. R.^Safety iruni Fire e'luul to any h use in Louis- 
viH**. Janinry 31. 18®1 .3ni. ' 


ch ia, Acaitemid, SchnoU, Fnruit 
A-c., varying in size 
from 50 to AOOO 11 s. Wurrnut- 
d S‘tperiorfo any other Hell in 
Otr M-trkel—Ht (heexceeding- 
y low price I f 12^ cents per 
jHiittid. K«»rfuil parlicnlnrs 
relative to the Six®. Key®, 
^Hiingines. and H'arrantee, 
ni f»r Ci'cuKr® to tlie 
^lanufac Mirers. 



; To Scientific uud Finctical Agriculture 

January 17, 1861. ..3in. 

By JlE.NRY STEPHENS, V. n. .S.,of EdlMburgh, and the 
^ Pr« fi*SB' rof Scieiiiirtc Agriculture 

t'!v^“iFno * ‘''^**' ^**'1 Tw . Volumes, royal oc- 

ttio, loOO pages, and uuiuenma Engravings. 

Till! is, i;oiiluii«»lly, III. ni si c.miplfto work ou Aeri- 
ciillim. ever piiblii,li(il, and iu ordir to oivo ii a wid.r 
"mo to'”** ***" fasolveil to indue, th. 

Fiyi; DOl.LAits roit the two voEVMEsn 
Wti.-nsolll bymail(po.t-p.j.l)to Californ.a aud Oro- 
goii, til. price will be gf. To every otli r put of the 
ti.ioii, iiiid lo  J.iu».Ih (posl-p lU), Sii. OJi-TUu look U 
W*'T the old Ifook of the i'arm," 

9AT{Kavt«av V V 1 cH for any of the above pubDcutiuni should 

20Llberty8t.,N.Y. I eU„,. beaddresed, post-pai.l, to tlie I', 


* ’ n » «•» 1 *^t Goldatrool, New Toi k. 

I December 27, i860. ..Cm. 


J. A- Mcf'LMLL WO. 

r  E T I s T, I 

Ila® removed from (he corner of Fifth .and Waluut Streets i 
to the nndille of tho squire on Fifth Street, between 
Greoti an l " a!nut. Wfsiside. 

November 22, 


And Lamps for Churches, 
Chaudeliers, Brackets, 


And Lamps 

Of every style^for furiiisUing 

rnblic llalliv anti Private Resldeticrs. 


At WM. H. SKTTLR‘5, 

N   219 V )urtb street, between Main and Msrkut. 
June 29. 18*iO. Louisville. 

Publications of the 
No. 821 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, 
During May, 1901. 

J 111 r  J R (C V L. By C aTL\\DT V.\n Kr.x® 8 ELAca, 
D i» Illostr.i'e*! with an cxc’llerit Pur,rait ou iSit-el 
by Rllche. pp 41) PrioeSl. 

With ® S l *oM(ui from hi® 'brnioq®. By J H. Jomes, D. 
D.. Pa® 'fof tin .Six h IVa^brt- ia i Church, Phlla'lol- 
phit. With » P »r rail on Stool by Sirtitu. 12mo, pp. 
272. Price 7u cent® 

fNiUN TeR^^IONS. By L. B. J. l-uto, pp. 125. Pries 
6*1 n-nt® 

•V pr«ciuu® little b ok f r devotional study. It • 
sisrs of scriptural q i it vti* n®, iia»Tj*par.®ed with devo- 
ti oo*try. Tho idea of ilie book was sugg*^stei by 
Min® W ii'oer's *' (i'l-echv.” It a' tcmpis tu pre®eut what 
tho aiitlior stales coHHlersiynt, and proqft from 

Scripture oti a varii'ty  d' topics. 

DU JOSEPH FRtNZ ALLIOLI; or tho Uibl* Tru®, 
lu Gorman. t8mo piinphlet. pp. IU . Price lOcents. 

12ino Trs®t ®p as Prte® n - 

A.lJre®® or lers to WINTHROP 8AHGKST, 
May Jki, l®ul. lJutinen Uorrtrpowlent. 

COVt'DALK m;usl'iues, 

ClevelJi id, Ohio. 

T IIAVE a large and thrifty assortment of Fruit and 
Druimuut.l Numciy stock, which I am off-ring nt 
reasonable prices; esp**cially of Cuyahoga and Didaware, 
and tho other new varietiosof hardy Grape Vines. For 
further p Tticiilars send postage stampe for Descriptive 
Catalogue®. EDWARD TAA'LOR. 

March 14. Proprietor, 


1 'llK Foiiitli S-siioii of L» Urange Syuodioal Collcg. 
op -ued oil itiu Hub of boptember, and I. uow lu suc- 
ixMlul progross, uudor lb. following uewl,- org.uired 
Faculty i 

I. John \..\Vii.ueL, n. D., Prosidout, Frofess: rof 8». 
cred and Ancieut Literature. 

2 . JiiH.s H. Guat, D. D , Professor of Ethics, Metapbv- 
sics, Bilbs Lettres, aud lliatory. 

3. J )MN R. Blskc, M. A., Professor of Natural Philo- 
sophy, CheinisfTv, Ac. 

4 J.\MR® L. .Mgiu®, M A , Profosior of Mathematics, 
Astronomy, and Civil Eugiti'-ering. 

6 . WiLLiAX A. Eakin, M. a., Adjunct Professor of 
Languages aud Mitbeiuatics. 

Tuilion, (half pHyableal th«opeulug of the set- 

Sion .and the other half Ut Juouaiy) $.50 00 

Cuntingeiit fund 6 00 

Deposit fjr damages ..!!!!! 1 0 (‘ 

Total ColUge dues fur uine months $56 00 

Board c,an be obtained in the famillos of the most ro. 
spe- tilde citizens of the village of 1 i Orange and its 
vicinity, at prices varying from $i 2 lo $l 66 ttper month 
InclU'ting meats, lodgiu.-, fuel and washing. * 

The advantages of the Institution are such as entitle it 
to a sharu of public putroDog®, and these aro cunUunaliT 
becoming' gre-tur. The prospect of cumpleting theen- 
dowmeut of $2u0, OOO Is bright, $167,000 of It Uiug 4 iow 

The hetUh, moral tone and religious privileges cf La 
Grange compare Uvombly with those of any South-west- 
iTu village. It is accessibie by railway from ©Very point 
of tbe compass. 

For Ciial.igues apply to tho Prosldeut.or to any mem- 
ber of the Faculty . 

November l2.*r8W)...8lt 


[Bfstablished in 1855,] 

i s a reliable medium through which Families, and 
Schooti of Every Gride may ®ngige Expebiinckd akp 
I Act*oMPU'*iiRr) TK^cucKS A.Np PttoFEstioBS, for any de- 
i pariment of lustniction. KepecUtl JatAHitet for eecuring 
' Mnaic .Attention is giv,;u to Social as well as 

' Educatiuual adaptation. 

Teachers of worth aud ability are wanted. 

Re/ereHcs®.— Hon. Thoodoro Fielinghuyseo, LL. D., 

I and Faculty of Rutgers f'oUegc, New Jersey ; Hon. lion* 

I ry Barnard, LL. D., Chaiicollor University, Madison, 

I WIs. ; ILin. J. C. Rive®, WnHhington, D. C. ; J. F. Pearl, 

I A. M., Superinuiideut of Public Instruction, Nashville, 
{Teiin.; Dr (htrlis. LimestoM© Springs, .S, C. ; 31iltou E. 

I lUcou, President Aberdeen F'emale College, Mississippi. 
Bend for a Prospectus. 


I ana , oi.-w 

I Cud OheHluut Street, Philiulelphia. 

' Oorurr Broughton and Barnard Sts.. Savannah. Geo 
I 180 Washington •itreot, San Francisco, Cal. 

N. B.— Tho Proprietor of this paper, Uov. W. W. Hill 
D. D., 1$ also reteruncu for Sstmt, Woodman d 2o * 
October 25, 1860. ..6m. 

Clevelnnd, Ohio. 

S END for Circulars giving full infoniivtion. 

T. T. SEELY, Al. D., l*ropri«tor. 
Alarch 21. 18C1...3m. 



Prices to Suit the Times. 

^^'IR the very best Pictures, in every style known to 
the IMmt« gn«phic irt, on the most reasunabU- terms ; 

P**ci.illy for Children’® Picture's and Painted Photo* 
g aphs. H**liogr iphs. Ac., go to KLROD'J*, Nu.409 Main, 
helow F urth 8 in* t. All Pictures nmdo at this Galle- 
ry w-rmte.l tu Imt and pleas j the cu®t' .ner®. or co 
charge niado for sltiiiigs. J. C. ELROD, 

Former^' of Lexington, Ky. 

Febiaary 7. 1861...tT. g . ivy. 


ll^TILts I»e reopmed Vpril 8 th, I 86 i, ty r,.v g. g. 
V V Po r rhlt. M . Prin *ip®l, (lately one of the pro. 
prietors of Glendale Fern ilo Coll'-g®.) 

T K It BI S, 

For a SeuioH of Elei eM ITeeX#. 

Boai®! In the Tnst'tntion. room rurniahed. tultb*n 
in all the bra*tch“Sor tho regular coiirse, fuel, 

ll^h s an I washing 

Tuition day pupil® Oolhg® n*ptrtin''nt......!.!..!..!l 10 00 

l’r.*p®ratory Department, first 

cl g 

Tuition d*y pupils Preparatory Department, sec” 

ondcriSN g oo 

Miiric, Fr.-nrh and Drawing extra, the usual rates 
t’omp tentand exp rioncod Teachers In all thod pirt- 

Appllc itl  11 for Ad'ul*Bton and letters of inqtiirr or on 
busiue-s r liting to th • InsUtiitl .u, should be d'lrecled 
toth® Principal, Nor Albany, Indiana. 

April 4. lM 6 ! ,..4t. 

Cure Cough, Cold, lfonr*enet*, luAtimsa, 
any Irritation or Soreuett of the Throat, 

( litliere the llackiu-j t 'ou-jh in Ceu- 
•Hm/*/ion, HronchitU, .4s^^mu, 
ond Catarrh. Cleai amlgiv 
ttreugth to the coice of 

and SlNOEhS. 

Few ir** aware of the importance of checking a Cougli 
or '* Common Gjld” in its first stage ; that which in the 
beginning would yield to a mild remeily, if neglected. 
smiM attacks the Lungs. '‘Brotni't Itronchiat Trochee,'^ 
containing demulcent ingredieuts, allay Pulmonary aud 
Rrunebial Irritation. 

“Tint trouble In my Throat, (for which 
he “ Trochee” are a specific) having made me 
ifteii a mere whimperer.’* 


“ I recommend their u«o to Public Sprak- 
c* 8 .” Rrv. E. H. CHAPIN. 

“Great service in subduing Hoarsenrs®.’ 
Rkv. DANIEL WI,-'E. 

Of Lonitvill,. 

B oard of TRDSTKKS.— a. a. Qohdoh, Ouunuan ; 

John Belt., T. (Joiolcv, L. L. WABaEN,Tre«sur«r 
CORBAN Pope, B. F. Avert, S. S. Moobt, Sscretary • K 


8. B. Barton, A. M„ PrinoibRl. 
li»v F. Senohr, a. M„ Professor of Ancieut Lrueur- 
ges and jMiglish Literature. * 

ment" the Collegiate Depart- 

.Miss J. E. UooB, Teacher In th© Preparatory Donart- 

Vrs. S. B. Babton, Teacher in tbe Primary Doparl- 

ftons. D’Ouvilli, Profeesorof French Langnage. 
H.G S. WuiBpLE, Teacher of Drawing, Painting and 
Vocal Mu®ic. ® 

Tbe First Session of the ensuing Coll®g(ate year will 
comin®Dceon Monday. September 3d, I 860 , tbe Second 
Session Jaunary 28th. 1861. 


Primary Department, per session of twenty weeks JJ 6 00 
Preparatory “ “ “ “ •• . ^ 25 t»0 

OoUegiaie ** “ *’ “ •• ... 37 ^ 


Modern Languages, each per session of twenty weeks, $lu. 
Drawing $lu ; Painting, in Water colors ZY5, in OH $'20,* 
The Tuition Fees are to b-^* rid In advanse ; one-baU 
at the beginning, and one-ualf at the middle of each 

The .School building, which is large, eonveufently ar- 
rangedand well veutilated, is situated ou Sixth, l»®tween 
Walnut and Chestnut Streets, on elevated ground stifB- 
i-Ienll  oxteutive to afford the pupils ample space for re* 
cre.itinti A. A. GORDON, GAairmo* 

•August 18, of Board of TWstess 







•‘Atmori Instant relief in tbe distressing 
labor of breathing p* culi^r 10 Asthma 
i Rlv. a. C. EGGLESTON. 

BKOUN’Sj “ Coatnin no Opium or any thing injuri* 
TUOCHESlntis.” Dr. A. A. HAYES, 

Chrmitl, Boston 

BROWN’s! “A simple and pleasant combitiMtlnn for 
THOCHES|^'*^^’®^*» BIGELOW, 

I JSotton. 

*Rn/A,t.v..R. “ Beneficial in Bronukitis.'’ 

Dr. j. K. W. lane. 

TROCHES lio$ton 

I “ I have proved them excellent for Witooi*- 
BROWN’S iNo elicit. Rtv. 11. W. WARREN, 

troches! Doho,. 

i “Beneficial when compelled tospeak,suf 
BROWN’S from C  


Ruv. S. J. P. ANDERSON, 
Si. Louie. 

, “ ErrycrrAL In removing IToarsetiess and 

PROM N S irrimtion *-f the Tliroat, so common with 

UROWN’S La Grange. Get. 

TROCHES *^*’®^^***”^ Fem.ilo College 

“ Great benefit when taken beforeandafter 
noA«*w*c pre'-rhing.asthev prevent Iloargeners. From 
15KU r® A. pigteff^ct. I think they will l»eof per- 

TROCHESimaneDt advantage t" me ’’ 

Rr.v. E. ROWLEY, A. 5f., 

BROWN’S' Prosidentof AtheneOoUege, Tenn. 

TROCHES *»“Soldby all Druggists at TWENTY-FIVE 
CENTS A B0X.-e« 

December 13, 1860. 

Churcb Organ For Sale. 

"lirE offer f*w sale a h'lodsome and wril-tr'ned Churcb 
tI' Orem, entirely n-'W. of seven st* ps. vl*; I. Prin- 
cipal. fifly.six pipe®. 2. Stop I iapasoo. fiftv-fix pipes. 
3. Op *n Di*piHOti. firiy-®lx pipes. 4. Dulcivna, forty- 
f  11 r pipe®. .*» VioDna. fortr-funr pip‘'S- 6 . Clarabella. 
fortv-fi-nr pipes. 7. Pedal Ras , thirteen key*, from C 
to G. The in®trument is enclosed iu a neat case of urvln- 
e l tiak. with gilt front pipes. It seven feet wide and 
twelve f *ot high. Th- Organ I® of sufti -ieat conipass f *r 
a I .rge church, and 'vMI besobl on most reasonable termw. 
It Is the gift of a generous gentlem in of the city of Lou- 
isville to the Board of Domestic Missions. nn*l i® offrrAd 
f»»r f*ale f  r Ih® b n *fit »)f the same. Applvto Rev W. 
W. Hill, Louisville, Ky. April 4, 1 ^61 


beg leave to inform you that we have removed 

Fourth Street, under the National Hotel, 

where we will Uke pl®asure in waiting npou all who 
may favor ns with a call. 

W e have uow ou band an excellent assortment of 

Silver and Plated Ware, 
which we intuod to keep constautly replenished with 
the latest Styles, and will sell as cheap as the same qual- 
ity of goofis can d® bought elsewhere. 

Every description of 

Hair Jewelry 

made to order. Persons at a distance having Hair they 
wish to preserve. can forward it by mail, and bavslt 
made i to any style of Jewelry or Ornaments tl ev may 
wish. ' 

Watches and Jewelry ropaired, Silver-ware made 
to order. 

Feeliug th lokinl f.*r tie* many ftvon received at tbs 
hands of our rriundA. wv siiall endnavur merit a eon* 
timmQce,and vary respecthilly solicit   oar patronage. 



Louisville, 51. y 10, 18*i0... ly . 

Flower Seeds by Mail. 

UU own Solectiou of 

2‘) Varletiea for oq 

AO ” ” 2 00 

loo ” *’ ou 

Ptrson® onloring either of the above asaortineuis, may 

) .1 SIS. II u Is^tiiitirnT /I. .] ifv.fe ^ 


rely up u a beautiful collectiou. 

Address A. BORNKMAN, 

Verballh- 8 , Woodfwid County, Kentuck® 
Fobruaiy 1 4. 186i...2m. * 

Notice to Heirs. 

'I'lIE undersigned, Kxpcutorof James nUl, deceased, 
1 Lite of Bath County, Kentucky, desirous ot closing 
up tbebiisinesHof th" estate, ■ nd making a final dletrl 
button of effecle.dosirea all the legal heirs in this und 
« tlier States to come forward and layiu their claims. 
Thi® is to notily them that, if they do not come forward 
by the first of June next, they must l*ear th* conseout o- 
c woftbe neglect, us howill then flnalivciose uptbp 
cslHte. GBAS. C. WHALKY 

Octob®r 4, 18rt» 

The American Sunday*Scbool Hymi 

5 T  EXT anrl cholcecollectlor «tf fTvmn® desIgnedfoT 
S'ind»iv.®chooU. und i r**parrd l.y ® Committer of 
Pastors «nd '*up®rlnt‘-nd®nts In N**w York Price 12 
cents. P'ibi|®h' d hv the .American Snn*lay-8chcoIUD- : 
l* n. For s lie ®t ^13 Fonrt fc ■ • rent Louisville. 
Inivio.iaan H Rtttkt.vt 

New Sunday School Books, 

r UDLI 8 HE]i by tbe Aoierlcau Sunday School Vulou: 
The LaetSunday School Lesson It memboreJ; 36ct8. 
Little Allice’s Palace ; or, TheSuuny Heart; I2ctv. 
Gleanings from Goepel Story : Sbets. 

Maddiennd Lolly; 12cts. 

Faithlul Ruth ; 2 te(s. 

Miriam's Reward; I2cts. 

The Word of Life. By W. B. Mackenzie ; 40eis. 
Pallissy.tbe Huguenot Potter; 60c(a. 

Curious Eyes; l‘2c(8. 

Little Ernest ; or, The Land Beyord the River; llcls. 
Rest fortbeWoary;or,Th« Sturj of liannsh L«.a;.x.5cls 
Little Blart’s Three Homes ; I2cta. 

The Two LittleOrioles ; 26cl® 

What tbe Trees Taught tb« Little Girl ; I2cte. 
Pilgrim’s Progreso .new edition ; 76cts. 

Hetty Baker ; or. Proud and Ilnnible ; 12cte. 
D“poaiiorv. 313, Fourth Street, Louisville. 

August 2, *1860. WM. H. BULKLET. 

Dr . R. J. Breckinridge’s Theology, 
Volume Second. 

L SIDERED. B*^iDg the second part of Tbeolog 
considered as u Bcience of Positive Truth, both Indue 
tiveaud Deductive. By Robt. J. Breckinridgt, I). D. 
LL.D., Professor of Theology in the Semiusryat Dan* 
ville.Ky. Jubt published. Price $2 60. 

Forsaleby A. DAVIDSON^ 

Third Street, near Market 

May 26, 18.^9. LoRisvHle, Ky, 

Apples! Apples! ! Apples! ! ! 

T ^OR SALE— 30,000 Apple Trrer. at P120 %• the 
sand, of 'h® vsri- ti* * l»est suited to the South. Sou h- 
we«t and West. TheTr®ep tr *»»f ge^d wire. AD orders 
addn s ed t-' 05 or our Hgents. tbe •.•'verrl deni, u *a 
* 4 eds. Leni®vHle. Ky., will rereiv# pr‘^n*|if 

p*-*Tnl *rn IB't’* Sre I Tf»r' *, A «r*" 


Marrying Well. 

A real wife is a “help-meet,” an assis- 
tant suitable for her husband; a woman 
who adapts herself to the situation, cir- 
cumstances, and position of the man who 
has engaged to provide her with a house 
and home, and to defend and protect her 
until she dies. It would not be just to 
say that no girl educated in a boarding 
school ever became a good wife; but that 
boarding-school girls, as a class, make 
the worst of wives, is the impression of 
many a poor fellow who has had experi- 
ence in.that direction. 

The very first care of a young man 
who is about to marry, should be to select 
a woman of vigorous health, from among 
those of his own religion, of bis own 
neighborhood, and of his own grade|in 
society. If he is of no account, he de- 
serves nothing higher; if he is of sterling 
worth, he will elevate her from the hour, 
toward the position which he himself 
merits, with the happy result, that as he 
rises she will rise with him, become proud 
of him, while he will have reason to be 
proud of himself, and in time will carry 
with him that presence and that bearing 
which belong to the self-reliant and to 
those who have a consciousness of ability 
and moral worth. 

An important advantage in marrying 
from among one's neighbors is, that each 
party knows the social “status” of the 
other in a manner more perfect than is 
otherwise possible, and thus will all im- 
positions be avoided; for there are mul- 
titudes of persons whose inveterate aim 
is to impress those whom they have mar- 
ried with the idea of their position, their 
birth, and their blood, the more so as 
these all are questionable. The truly 
well-born never speak of these things 
voluntarily. It is not likely that Wil- 
liam B. Astor or the Duke of Devonshire 
would proffer to any man the information 
that they were rich. A lady does not 
dress in violent colors; her maid monop- 
olises these. 

To enjoy religion more and more, as 
we get older, is the true ambition, aim, 
and end of life; to do this to the fullest 
extent, there should be as few points of 
divergence and diversion as possible, 
whether in sentiment, in habit, or in 
practice. It is a sweet thing in declin- 
ing years for husband and wife to sit to- 
gether and read and sing and listen to 
the hymns which were familiar to them 
from childhood; to talk about the same 
ministers, the membe s of the same 
church, of mutual friends and neighbors, 
and of common schoolmates. The truth 
is, the more two old people have in com- 
mon, the sweeter will be their intercom- 
munions until they die. With considera- 
ble opportunities of observation over 
many degrees of lattitudo and longitude, 
the impression has been deepening for 
many years, that for domestic peace and 
happiness, and for the luscious cummun- 
ings of pious hearts, it is best, as a very 
general rule, the exceptions being rare, 
that the young should marry in their 
own neighborhood, their own circle, their 
own church, and their own State. A 
Southerner will always despise what is 
called the “picayunishness” of the North; 
while the free and hearty abandon of the 
South, the Northerner can never recon- 
cile himself to. The North is a precise 
old maid. The South is a reckless dare- 
devil. The North has not the power of 
accommodation. The South has "wonder- 
ful facilities of adaptation. The North- 
erner must have every thing just so, or 
ho is in a living purgatory. The South- 
erner readily conforms himself to priva- 
tion and laughs at what a Northerner 
would cry over. Within a year, a young 
lady of Brooklyn picked up a foreign 
husband at Newport; later on, she ap- 
peared at her father’s door, a refugee 
from the intolerable treatment of her 
“lord” whom she had left in Italy; she 
was a Quakeress by education, and mar- 
ried out of her sphere. 

In countless instances, “educated” wo 
men have made miserable wives. The 
fact is, in multitudes of cases, the wife is 
a slave, and like any other slave, the less 
she knows as an intellectual being [the 
less galling will the yoke matrimonial be, 
and the more likely will she be to dis- 
charge satisfactorily the material duties 
of a wife, which are the ordering of the 
household so that it shall be the haven 
and the heaven of the toiling husband, 
and the nestling, cozy refuge of the chil- 
dren. The truth is, the whole system of 
female fashionable education is an abor- 
tion and a curse. Our daughters are not 
trained for wives, in the true sense of the 
word, but for ladies, for puppets, for dolls, 
for playthings. Although John Bull 
has a high character for doing things in 
the right way, in respect to the girls 
born to him he is about as big a fool as 
Jonathan. In the European orphan 
schools and asylums of Calcutta and 
Madras, the children of soldiers are, with 
great liberality, taken to be educated, es- 
pecially [the daughters of soldiers and 
officers who have died in their country’s 
service; but in place of being taught 
needlework, cookery, reading, writing, 
and arithmetic, and in the domestic du- 
ties of wife and mother, they are instruc- 
ted in subjects which might be expected 
in a London boarding-school, and hence 
Dr. Mouat says he has often heard steady 
soldiers declare that they preferred an 
uneducated native wife to the best of the 
inmates of the institutions above men- 
tioned, because the former was gentle, 
quiet, obedient, fond of staying at home, 
careful and tender of the children, and 
anxious to minister to the comfort and 
happiness of the husband; whereas the 
latter was far too often a fine lady, alike 
regardless and ignorant of domestic duties, 
fond of gossip and flirtation, and altogeth- 
er ill calculated to produce happiness in 
her husband’s household. It is precisely 
this that is operating in New York and 
Philadelphia and Boston, and other large 
cities, and extending even to small towns 
and the country, too, to diminish the 
number of marriages, leaving the most 
beautiful blossoms to be ungathered, 
while the bar-room, the coffee-house, and 
the club are more and more crowded, and 
the home of honorable wedlock is re- 
placed by “liasons dangerous” in New 
York, and “les chambre garnee” of New 

In short, there is reason to fear that 
unless greater attention is paid to the 
education of the heart in both the princi- 
ples and practice of evangelical religion 
in our fcmale[schools, the time is not far 
distant when it may be said of the United 
States, as of the most corrupt capitals of 
Europe, that every third child is the off- 
spring of shame. Let the thoughtful 
mature the subject well. — Hall’s Journal 
of Health. 

A Soldier’s Pcn. — One of the soldier 
boys in Washington wrote home to his 
mother that he was having a first rate 
time, but that Washington was the “loorst 
/eJ”-eral Capital he ever saw. That boy 
ought to go home and engage on Vanity 
Fair. — Boston Pott. 

Doctor — John, did Mrs. Green get the 
medicine 1 ordered? 

DruggisCs Clerk. — I guess so, for I saw 
crape on the door this morning. 

Troublesome Children. 

When you get tired of their noise, just 
think what the change would be should it 
come to a total silence. Nature makes a 
provision for strengthening the children’s 
lungs by exercise. Babies cannot laugh 
so as to get much exercise in this way, but 
we never heard of one that could not cry. 
Crying, shouting, screaming, are nature’s 
lung exercise, and if you do not wish for 
it in the parlor, pray have a place devot- 
ed to it, and do not debar the girls from 
it, with the notion that it is improper for 
them to laugh, jump, cry, scream, and run 
races in the open air. After a while one 
gets used to this juvenile music, and can 
even write and think more consecutively 
with it than without it, provided it does 
not run into objurgatory forms. We re- 
member a boy that used to go to school 
past our study window, and he generally 
made a coniinu us stream of roar to the 
school house and back again. Wc sup- 
posed at first he had been nearly murder- 
ed by some'one, and had wasted consider- 
able compassion on the wrongs of infant 
innocence; but, on inquiring into his 
case, found him in perfectly good condi- 
tion. The truth was, that the poor li'tle 
fellow had no mirthfulness in his compo- 
sition, therefore could n’t laugh and shout, 
and so nature, in her wise compensations, 
had given him more largely the faculty of 
roaring. He seemed to thrive upon it, 
and we believe is still doing well. Laugh- 
ing and hallooing, however, are to I e pre- 
ferred, unless a child shows a decided in- 
capacity for those exercises. 

Our eye alights just now upon the fol- 
lowing touching little scrap, written by 
an English laborer, whose child had been 
killed by the falling of a beam ; 

“Sweet, laughing child I the cottage door 
Stands free and open now; 

But oh t its sunshine gilds no more 
The gladness of thy brow I 
Thy merry step hath passed away. 

Thy laughing sport is hushed (or aye. 

“Thy mother by the fireside sits 
And listens for thy call; 

And slowly — slowly as she knits. 

Her quiet tears down fall; 

Her UtlU hindering thing is gone. 

And undisturbed she may work on." 

— Religious Magazine. 

B autiful Sentiment. 

A man without some sort of religion is, 
at best, a poor reprobate — the foot-ball of 
destiny, with no tie linking him to infin- 
ity, and to the wondrous eternity that is 
within him ; but a woman without it is I 
even worse — a flame without heat, a rain- 
bow without color, a flower without per- 1 
fume. I 

A man may, in some sort, tie his frail 
hopes and honors, with weak, shifting 
ground tackle, to his business of the world; 
but a woman without the anchor called 
Faith is a drift and a wreck. A man may 
clumsily continue a kind of responsibility | 
or motive, but can find no ba^is in any: 
other system of right action than that of 
spiritual faith. A man may craze his 
thoughts and his brain to thoughtfulness ; 
in such poor harborage as Fame and Re- j 
putation may spread before him; but a' 
woman — where can she put her hope, in 
storms, if not in heaven ? 

And thatsweet truthfulness — thatabid- 
ing love, that endearing hope, mellowing , 
every scene of life, lighting them with ' 
pleasantest radiance, when the world’s cold 
storms break like an army with smoking i 
cannon — what can bestow it all but a holy | 
soul-tie to what is stronger than army with 
cannon ? Who that has enjoyed the love 
of a God-loving mother, but will echo the : 
thought with energy, and hallow it with 
a tear? — Ik. Marvel. \ 

Teach it to your Ciiildre.v. — Do! 
not fail to inculcate the faith which you. 
accept in your own home. If you really ! 
desire your children te become rational, | 
intelligent and happy believers, or if' 
you would prepare them for the duties 
and responsibilities of life, then carefully 
instruct them in the principles, while ' 
you enjoin the precepts of the religion of 
Christ. You can not safely let them 
alone. You must fill the barrel with 
wheat, and let the enemy find no room 
for tares. The minds of the young can : 
not remain unoccupied and empty. Neg- 
lect to teach truth — pure, inspiring, life- 
giving truth — and others will leach what 
you must regard as pernicious error. Be 
cautious. The infidel will whisper his | 
doubts concerning the providence andj 
even the existence of Godr The man ' 
who denies the miracles of the New Tes- : 
lament and rejects the authority of Christ 
will implant bis opinions in their young 
and unsuspecting hearts, and ere long, 
going a little beyond their teachers, it 
maybe they will plunge into open and' 
utter belief. Some individual, who ac- 1 
counts death a final and perpetual sleep, | 
will, by and by, persuade them that they i 
are in no way exalted above the brutes, j 
and that when they lie down in death* 
soul and body will inherit the same grave. 
To all these influences and dangers, as 
well as the temptations to vice and crime, 
our children are constantly exposed, and 
it is our bounden duty to be regular and 
constant in our efforts to nurture them 
in the doctrines and spirit of that Gospel 
which God has given for the guidance 
and redemption of man. 

The Printer’s Dollars. — Where are 
they? A dollar here and a dollar there, 
scattered over numerous small towns, all' 
over the country, miles and miles apart — ! 
how shall they be gathered together? 
The type founder has his hundreds of dol- 
lars against the printer; the paper mak- 
er, the building owner, the journeyman 
compositor, and all assistants to him car- 
rying on his business, have their demands, 
hardly over so small as a single dollar. 
But the mites from here and there must be 
diligently gathered and patiently hoard- 
ed, or the wherewith to discharge the large 
bills will never become bulky. We ima- 
gine the printer will have to get up an 
address to his widely scattered dollars 
something like the following : “ Dollars, 
halves, quarters, dimes, and all manner of 
fractions into which you are divided, col- 
lect yourselves and come home ! Yo are 
wanted ! Combinations of all sorts of 
men, that help the printer to become pro- 
prietor, gather in such force, and demand 
with such good reasons your appearance 
at this counter that nothing short of a 
sight of you will appease them. Collect 
yourselves, for valuable as you are in the 
aggregate, singly you will never pay the 
cost of gathering. Come in here in si- 
lent, single file, that the printer may form 
you into battalions, and send you forth 
again to battle for him and vindicate his 
feeble credit. Reader, arc you sure you 
have n’t a couple of the printer’s dollars 
sticking about your clothes? 

IIow many joys have quivered for us in 
past years — have flashed like harmless 
lightnings in Summer nights, and died 
forever I Memory can glean, but can ne- 
ver renew. It brings no joys faint as is 
the perfume of the flowers, faded and dried, 
of the Summer that is gone. — Henry Bard 

The real man is one who always finds 
excuses for others, but never excuses him- 


H E R A L ID. 

SeUcItii for Ike Preehl/lerian Herald. 

Our Idol. 

Close tbe door lightly. 

Bridle the breath. 

Our little earth-angel 
Is talking with Death; 

Gently he woos her; — 

She wishes to stay ; 

His arms are about her — 

He bears her away 1 

Music comes floating 
Down from the dome ; 

Angels are chanting 

The sweet welcome home, 

Come, stricken sleeper I 
Come to the bed ; 

Gaie on the sleeper — 

Our idol is dead ! 

Smooth out the ringlets. 

Close the blue eye — 

No wonder such beauty 
Was claimed in tbe sky I 
Cross the hands gently 
O’er the white breast; 

So like a wild spirit 
Strayed from the blest: 

Bear her out softly. 

This idol of ours. 

Let her grave slumbers 
Be mid the aweel Jtowera. 

Weep no more, lady, weep no more. 

Thy sorrow is in vain. 

For violets plucked, the sweetest showers 
Can ne'er make grow again. 

Men Pleasers. 

“Father,” said James Roberts, “is 
not Mr. Hall a good friend of Mr. Som- 

“ Yes,” said Mr. Roberts, “why do you 
ask the question?” 

“ Because, this morning, [ heard Mr. 
Green and some other men talking against 
Mr. Somers, and Mr. Hall did not defend 

“ Perhaps he thought it was unneces- 
sary, or unwise.” 

“ I thought he rather joined in it with 
Mr. Green; at least he laughed at some 
things they said about Mr. Somers.” 

“ Some kinds of folly are best met by 
being laughed at.” 

James’s impressions in regard to the 
conduet of Mr. Hall were according to 
the truth. 31r. Hall did not defend his 
friend as he should have done, and he did 
in some measure encourage the slanderer 
by smiling, in a way that was taken for 

Mr. Hall was a friend of Mr. Somers’s. 
He did no/, wish to see him injured. He 
would have greatly preferred to see him 
prai-cd rather than blamed. But Mr.: 
Hall was a man-pleaser. He loved pop-* 
ularity. He never was found in opposi- 
tion to any one, if he could possibly avoid ' 
it. He always assented to what was said 
in his hearing, if he possibly could. In 
consequence of this desire of pleasing 
men, he often displeased God. He failed 
to do the good he might have done. Men 
said he was a good man, but that he could 
not be relied upon to come up promptly 
to the mark at all times. — New York Ob- 

Woman’s Charity. — That was a beau- 
tiful idea of the wife of an Irish school- 
master, who, whilst poor himself, had giv- 
en gratuitous instrRCtions to poor schol- 
ars, but when increased in worldly goods, 
began to think that ho could not afford 
to give his services for nothing. “Oh! 
James, do n’t say the like of that,” said 
the gentle-hearti d woman, “don’t; a poor 
scholar never came into the house that I 
didn’t feel as if he brought fresh air from 
heaven with him. I never miss the bits 
1 gave them ; my heart warms te.the soft 
and homely sound of their bard feet on 
the floor, and the door almost opens itself 
to receive them in.” 

Total Depravity. — A Ministerwhile 
traveling through the West in a mission- 
ary capacity, several years ago, was hold- 
ing an animated theological conversation 
with an old lady upon whom he had call- 
ed, in the course of which he asked her 
what idea she had formed of the doctrine 
of total depravity. “ O,” said she, “I 
think it is a good doctrine, if people 
would only live up to it.” 


The Army 'Worm. 

Mr. C. Thomas, in tbe Prairie Farmer^ 
writes as follows ; 

I would not attempt at this time to 
give any histoiy of this insect if it were 
not for the attention now drawn to it by 
the great injury it is doing. I have not 
yet had time to trace it through all of its 
transformations, and consequently can 
not give it a positive localion in its order. 
It evidently, in its perfect state, is a moth, 
or “ miller ”, and consequently belongs to 
the order Lepidoptera, and to the family 
Noctitidee, or Owlet-moths, and I am in 
dined to the opinion that it is closely 
allied to the “clandestine Owlet-moth,” 
(noctua clandestina — Harris.) 

The larvae, or worm, when full grown, 
is about one inch and a  |uarter long, 
diameter usually something less than 
one-fourth of an inch ; has six true legs 
(legs with claws) two placed on each, the 
first, second and third segments back of 
tbe head ; also eight ventral pro-legs, 
two on each the sixth, seventh, eighth 
and ninth segments, and two legs at the 
latter end of the body. It is striped 
lengthwise with dirty-white and green- 
ish-brown or dusky stripes arranged as 
follows : Along the back is a broad, dark 
or dusty stripe, darker in ihe middle, 
fading toward the borders and bordered 
with black. Next below this, on each 
sides, comes a narrow whitish stripe; next 
below this comes a narrow dark stripe; 
and next comes another white stripe 
which frequently has a reddish cast; 
■his last stripe is immediately above the 
.cgs and along the line of tbe stigmata), 
ir breathing pores. All beneath, pale 
;reen. The legs are often marked with 
ipots or rings of black. The head is 
large, equal in diameter to the segment 
next to it; it is marked with two dark 
lines that arise from the sides of the 
mouth and extend over to the back part 
of the head ; they approach each other 
!n the middle and again recede behind; 
the prominent checks, or sides, bounded 
by these lines arc of a pale fulvous, che- 
ijuered over with narrow lines of dark 
brown. There are a few scattering hairs 
•iver the body and on the front part of 
Jic head. 

These larva) vary somewhat in their 
adoring, some being lighter than others; 
«ome also have on some of the segments 
■mooth tuberculous spots. And from 
these differences, and the fact that the 
upse differ in size, I am inclined to the 
elief that they belong to different spe- 
cies. This year they made their first 
.ppearance here about the last days of 
.kpril, and continued to appear in differ- 
• nt spots and meadows until the middle 
jf May. Even in the same field succes- 
■live broods made their appearance, or 
probably to speak more correctly I should 
ay young ones continued to appear for 
' everal weeks. Their life in the larvte 

stale, I tliink, depends more or less 
the weather, if cold and cloudy they live 
longer than when it is clear and warm. 
From the best estimate I ran make, I 
would state as the average of their larva) 
state about three weeks. Then they 
crawl under the clods, into the earth and 
various hiding places, cast their skins, 
and become pupte, or crysalids. These 
chrysalids are generally of a dark chest 
nut-red, from half to five eights of an 
inch in length. They do not spin coc- 
coons, or enclose themselves in any thing 
to undergo this change but simply cast 
their skin. 1 think their usual habit is 
to descend into the earth when about to 
undergo this change. I know the greater 
portion of those I fed and of those in the 
field that I watched did so; yet some of 
those I fed cast their skin without going 
into the earth that was in their cage. 

Although I have not traced this insect 
through its transformation, yet from a 
I number of facts, too numerous to give 
I here, I have formed the following theory 
jin regard to its history: In the Spring, 
j quite early, the female moths lay their 
I eggs on the stems of the grass, during 
I the night time; in a few days these 
hatch, and the larvae, after attaining their 
growth, descend into the ground, and 
change into crysalids that in a short 
time are transformed into moths, which, 
after pairing, lay their eggs and thus 
produce the second brood during the 
season; but this last brood, I think, is{ 
never numerous, and they only reach the l 
pupae state, in which they pass the winter. ^ 

Dr. Melsheimer, in speaking of a spe-' 
cies of Agrotis, which is doubtless closely 
related to the “Army Worm”, says; 
“When first disclosed from the eggs, 
they subsist on the various grasses. The v 
descend in the ground on the approai^T 
of severe frosts and reappear in the 
Spring about half grown.” 

And this may be the case with the 
i“Army Worm”, for I do not think a 
' pupae formed so early in the season would 

I remain in that state until next Spring, 
jyet such may be the case; but of this I 

mtiy be able to speak with more certainty 
when I SCO what becomes of those I am 
j watching. Although they do not appear 
in such numbers, only nowand then, yet 

I I do not think they have a periodical 
time for appearing, but that tlie state of 
the atmosphere and of the earth have 
much more to do with that. Their power 
of multiplication is so great that when a 
favorable setison comes, the few»that ac- ‘ 
tually appear can soon ‘produee the im-* 
mense numbers that wo see. They have 
some prrasites, which sometimes consid- 
erably check their progress. I have some 
specimens now in the pupae state, and 

.will have to wait their development be-, 
i fore I can give any information concern- 
ing them. 

I When we ascertain the moth that pro- 
duces the “Army Worm”, then its ap - 1 
pearance in the Spring will warn us of 
the danger; in fact an old lady in thi.s 
county this Spring told her neighbors 
she knew the “Army Worm ” would be 
here this season because she saw ‘ the 
miller ’ so abundant. | 

When they make tl.eir appearance in 
a meadow, if it is a cold, cloudy Spring, 
the best thing that can be done is to 
plow it under while the worms arc small, ; 
for by the time they extricate themselves 
and come to the surface they will be too 
weak to travel in search of food and will 
die; and it will then not be too late to 
plant the same ground in corn, turnips,' 
buckwheat, etc. 

It is said that burning over the grass 
by aid of straw answers tbe same pur- 
pose. When they have become half 
grown and able to travel, then the only 
method to stop their progress is by ditch- 
ing. Let t he sid e of tie ditch ngxt the 
place-^ be li^^erpenclieular, Or : 

slightly dislied under and six or eight 
inches deep. Make the ditch eight or 
jten inches wide — the opposite side may 
slope inward so as to allow the worms to 
descend ; at every ten or fifteen feet along 
the bottom of tbe ditch dig a square hole 
ten or twelve inches deep with smooth 
perpendicular sides, let one side corres- : 
pood with straight side of the ditch. In 
1 clayey land it would be still better if the 
; holes were partially filled with water. 
The philosophy of the plan is this: In 
sandy and loose soil the particles to which 
the little hooks on the feet of the worm 
attach, loosen from the mass and thus 
cause it to fall ; in stiff clay they succeed 
in passing over unless the ditch is very 
deep. The worms, like many other indi- 
viduals, when they set their heads to go 
one way, go they will, or “die a trying.” 
So when they reach the ditch, and tum- 
ble back a few times from its steep side, 
they move along in search of a better 
point for scaling, until, like the Scotch 
astronomer, down into the hole they go. 
This arrangement brings them into con- 
venient places to undergo capital punish- 
ment by fire, water or pestle; it also pre- 
vents deserters from going back. It 
sometimes happens that they are so ex- 
ceedingly numerous that the holes and 
ditches soon fill up and thus enable them 
to pass over. In this case, before the: 
ditch gits quite filled up, place straw,' 
leaves or shavings along on the top of 
them and fire it, and clean it out or dig 
another ditch. If they appear in a mea-, 
dow in moderate numbers, they may be 
destroyed by turning in upon them a 
number of hogs, which devour them with 

When they attack young corn there is 
no other method of saving it by killing 
the worms one by one, which can not be 
done if they are very numerous. Where 
they have reached a field of corn before 
a ditch could be made, then ditch across ■ 
tbe field so as to save as much as possible, ' 
and plow under that which can not-iis_ 
saved. If wheat has commenced hcadina ' 
out they arc not very apt to injure it| 
much, unless they are exceedingly nu- 
merous; in fact some farmers tWnk they 
prevent the rust from hurting it, by' 
trimming of the leaves and allowing a, 
free circulation of the air. But when 
they cut off the heads, as they sometimes i 
do, I am strongly inclined to the opinion ' 
it is slightly injurious. When they at- 
tack oats they mow it down as regularly, 
and much cleaner than a reaper. In 
one instance they started in upon a field 
of oats belonging to one of our citizens 
who was too busy watching other points 
to attend to this; after advancing some 
ten or fifteen feet into the field, cleaning 
every thing before them, they suddenly 
ceased their work of destruction and dis- 
appeared. At my suggestion he dug into 
the ground, found no worms, but num- 
bers. of chestnut-red crysalids. They 
appear to dislike red clover, and will 
even devour the common may-weed, or 
“dog fennel”, before they will touch the 
clover ; at least that is the way they acted 
here, though I hear of their eating clover 
in other places. There is a bird that is 
fond of these worms and generally ap- 
pears in considerable droves when the 
worms are plentiful, but this year I see 
but few about. 

I must close by saying this article has 
been hastily written and therefore is not 
very systematic. When I have had more 
time to study the history of this insect, 
and reach the order to which it belongs, 

I will try and give a more correct history 
of it in the series I am now at work 

Miirphysboro' , I llinois. 

The Editor of the Prairie Farmer has 
traveled through Southern Illinois, and 
writes his observations in reference to 
these wor::)s as follows to his paper : 

Knowing tbe interest felt in the pro- 
gress of the “Army Worm,” we have vis- 
ited several locations in the State during 
the past week, where its ravages have been 
the most extensive. We find the habits 
and characteristics are little known or un- 
derstood. There seems to be a mystery 
about it without any pains taken to solve 
it. Its sudden appearance and equally 
sudden disappearance (and none “know 
whence they come or whither they go,”) 
are matt rs of wonder. AVe find one who 
says that it always appears in years suc- 
ceeding that of the visits of grasshoppers 
in large numbers, and in some way con- 
necting the two together. AVe find it has 
appeared in some of the central counties 
of the State at various times during tbe twenty-six or twenty-seven years, and 
always first attacking the oldest meadows 
of timothy. From observation and infor- 
mation, we believe that their travel is not 
understood, that their journeys are short, 
and that they die or change very near 
where born, if a sufficiency of food is fur 
nished to develope them. Their growth 
is rapid, probably not occupying more 
than ten or twelve days to perfect them- 
selves in growth, although from the time 
of first appearance to final departure ran- 
ges from two to three weeks. They seem 
to be partial in their taste for food, pre- \ 
ferring timothy, “ which they strip com- , 
pletely of the leaf and head, eating the ; 
latter entire,” blue grass, young corn and | 
wheat, Hungarian grass, Ac., &o., avoid- 1 
ing clover whenever not driven to it by ■ 
extreme hunger. Several fields of clover 
and timothy, mixed, we have seen, show; 
that the timothy is entirely destroyed,: 
while every stool of clover remained whole ; 
and untouched, scattered all through it. 
AA’e found but one worm on clover, and 
that had eaten but a part of one leaf. ' 
AA’e have gathered the following facts, and I 
give them as promiscuously as obtained in ' 
the hasty manner we have passed over the ' 
country, commencing with the South part 
of the State: 

Near Clear Creek, about fifteen miles, 
west of Jonesboro, on the “American bot- 1 
tom,” rfhere the hay crop is one of the 
principal crops, the worm made its ap- 
pearance about three weeks since in the 
timothy meadows stripping them com- 
pletely of their foliage. One gentleman, 
a Mr. McClure, estimates his loss of that 
crop at . 54,000 ; they have gone into the 
wheat fields and stripped the blades from 
much of that joining the grass, but the 
berry is entirely uninjured, and one of 
the heaviest yields is expected ever grown 
in that section. The wheat harvest has 
already commenced, we having passed 
several fields already in the shock. The 
clover here is uninjured. 

At South Pass tlie worm is reported as 
having attacked old timothy meadows and 
the corn to a considerable extent. Ditch- 
ing has been practiced to keep them out 
of corn, with very good results. At this 
writing they have entirely disappeared 
from that region. Coming north at Cen- 
tralis wc hunted a considerable time to 
find a single worm where the grass had 
been entirely destroyed, but no traces of 
them were found ; the ground was com- 
pleiely covered with their droppings. AA'e 
here learned from Conductor Montross of 
the appearance of a peculiar miller in 
countless numbers which appeared about 
fruit tree blossoming. They visited the 
blossoms apparently to sip the honey from 
them; were seen at all times of day, but 
more towards night and on bright moon- 
light nights flew all night. Their color 
w.;is a yellowish brown, were about three- 

rthsofan inch long, and when wings 
spread extended pe;haps one inch 
t ,■! a half or one inch and three-fourths. 
A\ e regret that no more perfect descrip- 
tion or specimen could be had of it ; per- 
haps some others may have noticed the 
miller and saved specimens, and can de- 
scribe it, as it may or may not be the pa- 
rent of these worms. Their injury was 
confined mostly to timothy, blue grass and 
corn. This last was being replanted. At 
Okaw, Mr. Henry gave the same report; 
much corn was being replanted, wheat had 
been stripped of its leaf, but promised to 
fill well — it would soon be ready for the 
reaper. Their first appearance was no- 
ticed here eleven years since. AA'e learn- 
ed of the practice of several who had sav- 
ed their wheat when attacked, by taking 
a long rope or cord and drawing it over 
the heads of grain, this caused all the 
worms to fall to the ground, and they 
would not attempt to climb again ; this 
is a simple remedy, and should be prac- 
ticed, as a large field could be dragged 
over in a few hours. 

AA’e met here a gentleman who had been 
traveling the past ten days in Marion and 
Effingham counties, who says the major- , 
ity of timothy meadows were destroyed, 
also Hungarian grass — that much corn 
had been cut off and replanted, and that 
many wheat fields had suffered b/ the 
worms cutting off the beads in addition 
to stripping; he would not estimate the 
' damage at over one-fourth of crop, per- 
haps not as much. 

Mr. Gilbert, who has resided in what is 
now the north part of Vermillion county, 
states that the south part of the county 
has been visited by them throe or four 
times during the last twenty-six years — 
the first time he remembers twenty six 
years ago. They have never extended to 
his immediate locality; he has seen much 
of its work in the south part of the 'coun- 
ty and other parts of the State at various 
times, and finds that the oldest meadows 
are injured much the most, while new 
seeding is more exempt. In some in- 
_stanccs he says he has traced their origin 
to an old stack -yard, or yard where cattle 
have been fed during the winter. He 
related an instance of the rapidity with 
which they sometimes work. Last Sab- 
bath a friend of his having a piece of tim- 
othy near his house (about one acre) left 
home for church about nine or ten o’clock, 

A. M., on returning home (after dining on 
the way) found the whole piece had been 
riddled, and appeared as if fire had been 
over it. 

In Champaign county, iu company with 
M. L. Dunlap, we visited the farm of J. 

B. I’hinney, where the worm was actively 
at work, and made as thorough an exami 
nation as possible of the premises to learn 
whatwe could. A'isiling the piece of tim- 
othy where first seen some ten days before, 
we found every stalk of timothy stripped 
entirely of leaves and heads, presenting a 
desolate appearance ; considerable clover 
was mixed with it entirely untouched, on 
one side of this was a field of wheat in 
which they had advanced perhaps two 
rods, on another was a corn field into 
which they had advanced four or five 
rows, when a deep furrow plowed across 
it had entirely stopped their progress in 
that direction. In pulling up stools of 
the timothy, we found many worms who 
had eaten their allotted time and return 
ed to the ground, where they were under- 
going transformation into chrysalis, which 
they did by burrowing into the ground or 
among the debris at the bottom of stalks, 
[n a field of rye that had been attacked 
here, the ground at the base of the stools 
was full of these chrysalides. AA’e have 
oreserved specimens in all stages, and 

hall carefully watched all their develop 
nents and carefully note them. 

.JIdhII/s pepariincnl. 

The Lazy Boy. 

The lazy lad! and what's his name? 

I should not like to tell; 

But do n't you think it is a shame 
That he can't read or spell? 

lie 'd rather swing upon a gate, 

Or paddle in a brook, 

Than take his pencil and his slate. 

Or try to con his book. 

There, see! he 'a lounging down the street, 
llis hat without a rim ; 

He rather drags than lifts his feet — 
llis face unwashed and grim. 

He s lolling now against a post, 

But if you 've seen him once, 

You ’ll know the lad among a hest, 

For what he is, — a dunce. 

Do n’t ask me what 's the urchin’s name — 
1 do'bot choose to tell ; 

But this you ’ll know — it is Ihe same 

As bis who does not blush for shame. 

That he do n’t read or spell. 

“ AVe Shall be Changed.” 

story of the 'Worm. 


On one of our autumn days, during 
what we call our Indian summer, when 
the beaver and the musk rat do their last 
work on their winter homes, when the 
birds seem to be getting ready to wing 
themselves away to milder climates, when 
the sun spreads a warm haze over all the 
fields, a little child went out into his 
father’s home-lot. There he saw a little 
worm creeping towards a small bush. It 
was a rough, red, and ugly-looking thing. 
But he crept slowly and patiently along, 
as if he felt that he was a poor, unsightly 

“Little worm,” said the child, “where 
are you going?” 

“I am going to that little bush yonder, 
and there I amtgoing to weave my shroud 
and die. Nobody will be sorry, and that 
will be the end of me.” 

“No, no, little worm ! My father says 
that you won’t always die. He says you 
will be ‘changed,’ though I dont know 
what that means.” 

“Neither do I,” says the worm. “But 
I know, for I feel, that I am dying, and 
1 must hasten and get ready; so good-by, 
little child ! AA’e shall never meet again!” 
The worm moves on, climbs up the 
bush, and there weaves a sort of shroud 
all around himself. There it hangs on 
the bush, and the little creature dies. 
The little child goes home, and forgets 
all about it. The cold winter comes, and 
there hangs the worm, frozen through, 
all dead and buried. AA’ill it ever “live 
again?” AA'ill it ever be changed ?- 
AA'ho would think it? 

The storms, the snows, and the cold of 
winter go past. The warm, bright spring 
returns. The buds swell, the bee begins 
to hum, and the grass to grow green and 

The little child walks out^again, with 
his father, and says : 

“Father, on that little bush hangs the 
nest or house of a poor little worm. It 
must be dead now. But you said, one 
day, that sneh worms would ‘be changed. 
AVhat did you mean ? I don’t see any 
change ? ” 

“ I will show you in a few days,” says 
the father. 

He then carefully cuts off the small 
limbs on which the worm hangs, and 
carries it home. It looks like a little 
brown ball, or cone, about as large as a 
robin’s egg. The father hangs it up in 
the warm wiii.dow of tj(e south room, 
where the suIT may slUno on it. The 
child wonders what it all means? Sure 
enough, in a few days, hanging in the 
warm sun, the little tomb begins to swell, 
and then it bursts open, and out it comes; 
not the poor, unsightly worm that was 
buried in it, but a beautiful butterfly ! 
IIow it spreads out its gorgeous wings! 
The little child comes into the room, and 
claps its hands, and cries, 

“Oh ! it is changed ! The worm is 
‘changed’ into a beautiful butterfly ! Oh, 
father, how could it bo done?” 

“I don’t know, my child. I only know 
that the power of God did it. And here 
you see how and why we believe his 
promise, that we all shall be raised from 
the dead ! The Bible says, it does not 
yet appear what we shall be; but we shall 
be ‘changed.’ And we know that God, 
who |cun change that poor little worm 
into that beautiful creature — no more to 
creep on the ground — can change us 
our ‘vile bodies,’ and make them 'like 
Christ’s own glorious body.’ Does nr 
little boy understand me ? ” 

“Yes, father.” — Sunday School Times. 

Just what he 'Was when a Boy. 

A few evenings since, while slowly ma 
king ray exitfrom acrowded lecture-room, 
where an appreciative audience had been 
listening with absorbed interest to the 
glowing pictures of India, presented by 
a popular and gifted lecturer, an earnest 
voice by my side exclaimed : 

“Just what ho was when a boy. 
heard him offer his first prayer in public, 
j and I shall never forget my feelings. He 
wa.s just as earnest then as now. You 
could scarcely breathe for listening.” 
j “ But,” said a lady in reply, “can you 
' believe all he has said?” 
i “ Yes,” was the instant reply. “ That 
boy could never say what was not exact- 
ly true. I believe him just as much as 
I I believe the Bible.” 

[ 1 mused upon the words, “Just what 

I he was when a boyr’ The same quick 
I thoughts, glowing with poetic imagery- 
the same lervid eloquence, seemed to lift 
the hearer to some lofty stand point 
whence the far-famed luxuriance of East- 
ern climes, like a sea of verdure, stretches 
out before his admiring gaze, or amid this 
oriental grandeur of scenery sees the vast 
crowds held in thraldom of debasin'g er- 
rors, till his heart glows to stretch forth 
bis hand to those perishing millions, and 
pluck them as “ brands from the burn- 

Oh that these carelessly spoken words 
might have fallen upon the heart of eve 
ry boy in our land, making each realize 
that even now he is weaving the nianlle 
of his future manhood, tracing his char- 
acter in dim outline, to which future years 
shall only add the shading? How wise, 
then,-in youth, to follow noble ambitions, 
to do those things which are right! — 
Mothers’ Journal. 

[Sstablished in 1826.] 

THE Sabscribem inaDofacturo Aud 
hnTe eoDvtantly for Ral« At tlietr old 
Koundery, tb *ir euporior 
BELLS for Chnrchrs, Acadomies, Kac- 
boats, Locomotives, PIhu- 
tAlions, itc., mounted in the moat ap  
proved aud substHntial mHnner,with 
theirnrw Patented Yokeand otherini- 
proved Mouutlnes.and warranfrdiu ev. 
ery p.^rticulsr. For inform-illon in re- 
gard to Keys, BimensioiiH, .Muantiogs, Warrantee, die , 
send fora Circular. Address 


September27, 1860. West Troy, N. Y 

Coal Agency 

T he nodersigned has opened an Office fortheSaleof 
Street, near tho corner of Third. He proposes to keep 
on bund a full supply of tbo l est qualitieH of Coal at pri* 
ces fts reasonftble as thos® of »ny other office In the city. 
Ho solicits oi*ders from Uisfriends end the citlKens gen- 
erally. WM. A. POUVJK. 

January 24, 1861. 

Incorporated 1819. 

Assets July 1st. 1859, $2,030,423 80. 

N hMRkK l.oBaeti paiU 14,000, tlianioUD lover $12,- 
000,000. Numbt r Losses p^id in Louisville 153, 
niuuDtitig to 4 241,010 04. Excess oi Lussee In Lou* 
•.villeover receipts, !J34,988 47. Losses paid in Ken- 
ucky tti five yosrs only, $200,930 40 
Such facts show what the MTSA COMPANY has 
lODo, not only for the country at large, but forKon* 
• ncky and Louisville patticolarly. Such solid, substan* 
.ial services must, with its present Urge Capital aud 
V8sets,ADil Invaluable experience by which the busitieac 
*ia« been reduced to atcieuce, com mend It to the pHtron* 
geof all who uppreci^to the vuluo of certainly reliuble 
odeiii riiiy. 

Tho subscriber, having takeu charge of the Louisville 
Vgency of the .aSTNA COMPANY, desires, without in 
vidiotis contrast with, ora disposition to depreciate 
- ther Compunies, to present its claims, and solicit that 
■ hare of patronage to which thirty years substnutiul ser- 
vice in this city and vicinity entitle it. 

BMpeciat aftetUion given to Insurance of DWELLJIIOSi 
{Rd Contents, in this CUy and County, for terms of one to 
Iveyearst on facoraUe terms. 

Doth Fire and Inland NavigatioH risks solicited at rates 
• onslstent witli solvency and reusonatle profit. 

Losses promptly adjusted nnd paid at this Agency. 
Businehf attended to with fidelity avd dispatch by 
Office, 482 Mali) Street, over Wilson, Poter A Co. 
Octobers. I859. 

Spalding’s Prepared Glue ! 
Spalding’s Prepared Glue ! 
Save the Pieces ! 



“ A Stitob lit Toi* 8 av» Nm»r ^ 

A$ aaoidente teiU happen, even in meBrregxilaUd fimn^ 
liee. It is very desireble to have some cheep end oonvenlenl 
wey for repeU*ng Furniture, Toye, Crockery, 4c. 

meete ell ench emergenclee, end no hoosebold cen eflbrd to 
be without It It ie elweys reedy, end op to the etieklnf 
point There is no longer a neceasliy for limping chain, 
splintered veneers, hcadlees dolls, end broken cradles. It la 
Jtist tbe article for cone, Aeil, end other omementol werfc 
to popular with ledlee of refinement end teste. 

This admirable preparation Is nsed cold, being cbemleally 
held In solution, and pos.«esbing all the valuable qaalltiee 
tbe beet oabinet-makers' Glue. It may be used in tbe ploBa 
of ordinary mucilage, being vastly more adhesive. 


N. B.— A Brush aocompanies each bottle. Price, fib 

Wholesale Depot, No. 48 Cedar street, New Yerk. 


No. 80 West Fourth Street, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

 ircai Ueductiou in Prices. 

K^IBST PltEMIUM Awarded by the Virginia State 
L Fair. Mechanics’ Fair In Baltimore. Massachusetta 
•tate Fair, and Kentucky State Fair. 

These Machines will stitch, hem, fell, bind and gatb- 
r. They make a Htrong lock-stilch, that cannot be 
• avelled or pulled out. They make a beautiful, uniform 
titch, aliko on both sides of the work, withoutformina 
. idges undi-rnesth. ^ 

The Machines biive great atreugih, are perfectly sira 
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Any s{,ool ol cotton, thread or silk, may be used with- 
out re- .viDding. 

HEM FOLDERS of improved tylo and finish, accom 
panveach Machine. 

All Machines warranted, and full instructions given 
to enable purchasers to use them satltactorly. i 

Send for a Circular. I 

J. D. WILLIAMS, Agent, \ 
Novembers, 1859. Main Street. Lexington, Ky, j 

A ClasslHed List ol 



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TENT AND HARE.M ; or, Notes of an Oriental Trip 
By Caroline Paine. 1 vol., l2mo. $1 0 ). 

?K1KS. By WiliiaiD Cullen Bryant. 1 vol., 12mo 

IIJI AND FIJI.ANS. By Thomas Williams aud 
Unies Calvert. 1 vol., 6vo. $2 60. 

Works of Fiction. 

SEVEN YE.\RS. By Julia Kavaosgh. 1 vol., l2mo. 
Cloth, 60 cents, paper covers. 37 cents. 

MARTHA’S HOOKS AND EYES. I vol., 12roo. 3? 

MARY STAUNTON; or, the Pupils of Marvel Hall 
I vol.. 12mo. $1. 

LOSS AND GAIN ; or, Margaret's Home. By Alice 
0. Haven. lvol.,l2nio. 76 cents. 

l2mo. 81. 

Any of those Books sent by mail to any address on 
receipt of the price. 

Descriptive Catalogues sent to any address. 

February 2, 1800. 


Box No. 8.600, Niw Ton. 

New and Valuable Books. 

H odge on second Corinthians. $1 

Christ aud His Church, or Annotations on the 
i’salms ; by Andrew A. Bouar, D. D. 81 76. 

Paul tbe Preacher; by tho Rev. Dr. Kadie. 81 26. 
Jacobus on the Acts of tho Apostles. 81. 

Dr. Brooke OD Dancing. 30c. 

Leighton’s whole Works ; 1 vol., royal octavo. 82. 
The Auciont Church traced for tbe first 300 years: b\ 
’tr. Killnn. 83. 

Calvia's complete Works, in 48 vols. 854 60. 
Alexander on Alark. 8L. 26. 

Fairbairn's Typulugy of the Scriptures; 2 vols. 83. 
Fairbairn’s Hermeneutical Manual. 81 60. 
Uaiuilton's Metaphysics $3. 

Alford’s Greek Testamout, in 4 vols ; 1st vol. $6. 
Sermon on the Mount, by .Major Hill. 76c. 
Crucifixion of Christ, by .Major Hill. $1. 

Kurtib’s History of the Old Cuvouaut; 2 vols 84. 
Limits of Religious Thought. 81. 

Unity ol Mankind, by Prof. ^bcl. 81. 

Tholiick on the Gospel of St. John. 82 25. 

Sermons by the liav. H. Grattau Gniness. $1. 
Sprague’s Annals of the American Pulpit, iucludiug 
he Congregational, Presbyterian, Episcopal and Bap* 
list Denominations, in 6 vols. 816 60. 

Brook Farm. 00c. 

Also, all the Commentaries, tbo Books of the Board 
r Publication, with a larg   aseortiueut of Juvenilt 

For sale by A. DAVIDSON, 

November 10, 1369. Third Street, uoar Market 

Carriagea! Carriages! 1 

f HAVE onhundand am finishing the finestassort 
f ment of Carrlagesever offered in this market. M) 
wortnieijl being large, 1 can safely pledge myself to suti 
• llwbo may give me a call, both iu quality and price 
am now finishing a number of eulirely new patterns 
hicb,forne»tuess and durability, cannot besnrpassedi 
hecomfort-seeking piiidfc are invited to call, and w# 
*  nbt not they cun Entisfy themselves. Thebes tofrefer 
ices wlllbegiven. C. DB.ADLEY, 

No. 600 Mainstreet. JustaboveFirtt. 
December 10. 1869 

Twyman Hogue 

pWYMAN nOf?UK;or, Early Piety Illnstrsted. A 
L Biographical Sketch, by W. W. Ilii'. D.*l). ; with an 
itroductioii by L. W. Green, D. D, Price 30 cents 
nt l y mail, postage paid, 36 cents. For sale bv 

April 12, I860 Loii{sTi1l  , Ky. 


J S Published every week, (on Thursday raorning,) on 
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Any person who will send ns the names of flvi 
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stand any ollmate. 


I VSSrUZ. IN SVBHT B 0 U 80 . 












Manofactured by 


No.48 Cedarstreet, Naw Tark* 
Addreea Poet*Office, Box No. 8,000. 

Annexed is an Alphabetical List of Artlclea whlab, If 
damaged, may be restored to tbelr original strength am* 
usefulnees by 



B. ...Mends BURIUUS B 

O... .Mends CRADLES O 

D. .. .Mends DOLLS D 

E. ... Mends ATAOkKES B 

F. .. .Mends FANS F 

O. ...Mends GUITARS G 

H... .Mends HARPS H 

I ....Mends INLAID- WORK I 

J Mends JABS J 

K.... Mends KNOBS K 

L . . . .Mends LEATHER- WORK L 


N. ... Mends NEWEL POSTS N 

O. . ..Mends OTTOMANS O 

P. ... Mends PIANO-FORTES P 

Q. ... Mends QUILT-FRAMES Q 


6 ....Mends SOFAS B 

T. ... Mends TABLES T 

U. ... Mends U.MBRELLA-STICK8 U 

V. ... Mends • V 

W. .Mends WORK-BOXBw *11. T? 


y... .Mends YAKD-SITCKS - \ 


A.... In conelusion, SPALDING'S PREPARED GLUB 
is useful Id Libraries and Schools. 

1.. 8. ..Mends SOFAS 8 . l 

2.. P ..Mends PITCHERS P.. 2 

3. . A. .Mends ACC0RDE0N8 A.. 8 

4. . L ..Mends LETTER SEALING L.. 4 


6.. I ..Mends IMAGES I « 

7.. N . .Mends NEW BREAKAGES N.. T 

8. . G.. Mends GUN-STOCKS G.. 8 

»..S ..Mends 8CUOOL-BOOKB 8.. 9 

10. . P.. Mends PARASOLS P.. 10 

11. . R.. Mends RULERS R.. 11 

12. . E.. Mends ELECTRICAL MACHINES E.. 19 

18. . P.. Mends rAPEU-IIANQINGS P.. 18 

14. . A. .Mends ARM-CHAlliS A.. 14 

16. . K.. Mends RICKETY FURNITURE R.. 16 

16. . E.. Mends ERASEB-HANDLES E.. 16 

17. . D.. Mends DESKS D.. IT 

18. . G.. Mends GLOBES G.T 18 

19. . L.. Mends LOOSENED LEAVES L.. 19 

20. . U.. Mends UPHOLSTERED FURNITURE. .U.. 20 

21. . E.. Mends EGG-BEATERS K.. 21 

22 Mends ACORN-WOBK 29 

28 Mends CHESS-BOARDS 98 

24 Mends FIDDLES 24 

26 Mends SllELL-WORK 25 

26 Sends FILLET-WORK 26 



99 Mends MONEY-BOXES 29 


81 Mends SECRETARIES 31 

82 Mends VENEERING 89 


84 Mends PAPIER-MACHE 84 

85 Mends WARDROBES 85 

86 Mends PARIAN MARBLE 86 

87 Mends (5RIBS 87 

88 Mends BABY-JUMPERS 88 

89 Mends IVORY-WORK 89 

40 Mends MATCH-SAFES 40 

41 Mends PICTURES 41 

42. ...Mends QUILL-WHEELS A,. 49 

43 Mends TOWEL-RACKS 48 

44 Mends WASH-STANDS 44 

45 Mends BEDSTEADS 45 

46 Mends DRUMS 46 

47.. ..Mends CHESSMEN O. 47 

48 Mends BALLOT-BOXF.8 48 

49 Mends HERBARIUMS 49 


61 Mends BAND-BOXES 51 

62 Mends BLACK-BOARDS 69 

68 Mends BASS-VIOLS 68 


56 Mends BILLI AP.D-CUES 65 

66 Mends BIUD-CAQF^S 66 

57 Mends BROOMSTICKS 67 

58 Mends BOOK-CASES 68 

59 Mends BOOT-CKIMPS 69 

60 Mend* BRUSH-HANDLES 60 

61 Mends BRUSHES 61 

62 Mends CABINETS 69 

68 Mends CHURN ' 68 

64 Mends CLOCK- iSES 64 

65 Mends CKUTChAS 66 

66 Mends CUPBOARDS 66 

67 Mends CURTAINS 67 

68 Mends CASINGS 68 

69 Mends CADDIES 69 

70 Mends CAMERAS TO 

71 Mends CHAIRS H 

T2 Mends CHARTS T9 


74 Mends CARD-CASES Ta 

75, MomJ. CHESTS G.. T6 

76.. Mends DIARIES ...74 

77 Mends WORK-STANDS 77 


79 Mends DISHES 79 

80 Mends DIVANS 80 

81 Mends DICE-BOXES 81 

82 Mends DOORS 89 

83 Mends DOMINOES 88 


85 Mends FLUTES 86 

86 Mends BALLUSTERS 86 

87 Mends GLASSWARE 87 

88.. .. Mends HANDLES 88 


90 Mends KITES 90 

91 Mends TOPS 91 

92 Mends ORGANS 99 

98 Mends MODELS 98 


95 Mends 1»ANELS 95 


9T Mends PxUrrERNS 97 

98 .. ..Mends SIDEBOARDS 88 

99. ...Mends WOODEN-WARE 99 

100 Mends WILLOW-WAKE 100 












Manafrctureil by 


No. 48 C4dar atreet. New Yorl$ 


PosT-OmoE, Box No. 8,600. 

Presbyterian herald (Louisville, Ky.), 1861-06-28

4 pages, edition 01

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 Local Identifier: pre1861062801
 JSON Metadata:
  Published in Louisville, Ky., Kentucky by William W. Hill
   Jefferson County (The Bluegrass Region)